Integrated changes from Reto, Bruno and Stephane:
authorManu Sporny <msporny@digitalbazaar.com>
Sun, 18 Jul 2010 10:15:15 -0400
changeset 32805d44635286
parent 9 8f6a42637ac3
child 33 7a6d5c929fff
Integrated changes from Reto, Bruno and Stephane:

* Adding Reto and Bruno to the authors list
* Merging changes to Abstract from RBS trees
* Updated refs to RDF and RDF/XML in How To Read This Document Section
* Updated changes to Relation to OpenID section from RBS trees
* Updated Authentication section, but in a more simplified way than
the RBS trees.
* Updated Exchanging the Identification Certificate per RBS trees.
drafts/ED-webid-20100718/diff-20100711.html
drafts/ED-webid-20100718/index.html
index-respec.html
index.html
     1.1 --- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
     1.2 +++ b/drafts/ED-webid-20100718/diff-20100711.html	Sun Jul 18 10:15:15 2010 -0400
     1.3 @@ -0,0 +1,4224 @@
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     1.7 +<head>
     1.8 +    <title>WebID 1.0</title>
     1.9 +    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" />
    1.10 +    
    1.11 +<!--  
    1.12 +      === NOTA BENE ===
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    1.54 +.diff-old-a {
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    1.72 +</head>
    1.73 +<body style="display: inherit; ">
    1.74 +<div class="head">
    1.75 +<p>
    1.76 +</p>
    1.77 +<h1 rel="dcterms:title" class="title" id="title">
    1.78 +WebID
    1.79 +1.0
    1.80 +</h1>
    1.81 +<h2 rel="bibo:subtitle" id="subtitle">
    1.82 +Web
    1.83 +Identification
    1.84 +and
    1.85 +Discovery
    1.86 +</h2>
    1.87 +<h2 property="dcterms:issued" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2010-07-18T14:10:06+0000" id="unofficial-draft-18-july-2010">
    1.88 +Unofficial
    1.89 +Draft
    1.90 +<del class="diff-old">11
    1.91 +</del>
    1.92 +<ins class="diff-chg">18
    1.93 +</ins>
    1.94 +July
    1.95 +2010
    1.96 +</h2>
    1.97 +<dl>
    1.98 +<dt>
    1.99 +Editor:
   1.100 +</dt>
   1.101 +<dd rel="bibo:editor">
   1.102 +<span typeof="foaf:Person">
   1.103 +<span property="foaf:name">
   1.104 +Manu
   1.105 +Sporny
   1.106 +</span>,
   1.107 +<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://blog.digitalbazaar.com/">
   1.108 +Digital
   1.109 +Bazaar,
   1.110 +Inc.
   1.111 +</a>
   1.112 +<a rel="foaf:mbox" href="mailto:msporny@digitalbazaar.com">
   1.113 +msporny@digitalbazaar.com
   1.114 +</a>
   1.115 +</span>
   1.116 +</dd>
   1.117 +<dt>
   1.118 +Authors:
   1.119 +</dt>
   1.120 +<dd>
   1.121 +<span>
   1.122 +<a content="Toby Inkster" href="http://tobyinkster.co.uk/">
   1.123 +Toby
   1.124 +Inkster
   1.125 +</a>
   1.126 +</span>
   1.127 +</dd>
   1.128 +<dd>
   1.129 +<span>
   1.130 +<a content="Henry Story" href="http://bblfish.net/">
   1.131 +Henry
   1.132 +Story
   1.133 +</a>
   1.134 +</span>
   1.135 +</dd>
   1.136 +<dd>
   1.137 +<span>
   1.138 +<a content="Bruno Harbulot" href="http://blog.distributedmatter.net/">
   1.139 +<ins class="diff-new">Bruno
   1.140 +Harbulot
   1.141 +</ins></a></span></dd><dd><span><a content="Reto Bachmann-Gmür" href="http://www.facebook.com/farewellutopia"><ins class="diff-new">
   1.142 +Reto
   1.143 +Bachmann-Gmür
   1.144 +</ins></a></span></dd>
   1.145 +</dl>
   1.146 +<p>
   1.147 +<ins class="diff-new">This
   1.148 +document
   1.149 +is
   1.150 +also
   1.151 +available
   1.152 +in
   1.153 +this
   1.154 +non-normative
   1.155 +format:
   1.156 +</ins><a href="diff-20100711.html"><ins class="diff-new">
   1.157 +Diff
   1.158 +from
   1.159 +previous
   1.160 +Editors
   1.161 +Draft
   1.162 +</ins></a>.</p>
   1.163 +<p class="copyright">
   1.164 +This
   1.165 +document
   1.166 +is
   1.167 +licensed
   1.168 +under
   1.169 +a
   1.170 +<a class="subfoot" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" rel="license">
   1.171 +Creative
   1.172 +Commons
   1.173 +Attribution
   1.174 +3.0
   1.175 +License
   1.176 +</a>.
   1.177 +</p>
   1.178 +<hr>
   1.179 +</hr>
   1.180 +</div>
   1.181 +<div id="abstract" class="introductory section" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#abstract">
   1.182 +<h2>
   1.183 +Abstract
   1.184 +</h2>
   1.185 +<p>
   1.186 +<del class="diff-old">Identification
   1.187 +</del>
   1.188 +<ins class="diff-chg">Social
   1.189 +networking,
   1.190 +identity
   1.191 +</ins>
   1.192 +and
   1.193 +privacy
   1.194 +have
   1.195 +been
   1.196 +at
   1.197 +the
   1.198 +center
   1.199 +of
   1.200 +how
   1.201 +we
   1.202 +interact
   1.203 +with
   1.204 +<del class="diff-old">sites
   1.205 +on
   1.206 +</del>
   1.207 +the
   1.208 +<del class="diff-old">Web.
   1.209 +</del>
   1.210 +<ins class="diff-chg">Web
   1.211 +in
   1.212 +the
   1.213 +last
   1.214 +decade.
   1.215 +</ins>
   1.216 +The
   1.217 +explosion
   1.218 +of
   1.219 +<del class="diff-old">Websites
   1.220 +over
   1.221 +the
   1.222 +last
   1.223 +decade
   1.224 +and
   1.225 +a
   1.226 +half
   1.227 +</del>
   1.228 +<ins class="diff-chg">social
   1.229 +networking
   1.230 +sites
   1.231 +</ins>
   1.232 +has
   1.233 +<ins class="diff-new">brought
   1.234 +the
   1.235 +world
   1.236 +closer
   1.237 +together
   1.238 +as
   1.239 +well
   1.240 +as
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   1.242 +created
   1.243 +<del class="diff-old">a
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   1.245 +</del>
   1.246 +<ins class="diff-chg">new
   1.247 +points
   1.248 +</ins>
   1.249 +of
   1.250 +pain
   1.251 +<del class="diff-old">for
   1.252 +anyone
   1.253 +that
   1.254 +uses
   1.255 +</del>
   1.256 +<ins class="diff-chg">regarding
   1.257 +ease
   1.258 +of
   1.259 +use
   1.260 +and
   1.261 +</ins>
   1.262 +the
   1.263 +<del class="diff-old">Web
   1.264 +on
   1.265 +a
   1.266 +regular
   1.267 +basis.
   1.268 +</del>
   1.269 +<ins class="diff-chg">Web.
   1.270 +</ins>
   1.271 +Remembering
   1.272 +login
   1.273 +details,
   1.274 +passwords,
   1.275 +and
   1.276 +sharing
   1.277 +private
   1.278 +information
   1.279 +across
   1.280 +the
   1.281 +many
   1.282 +websites
   1.283 +<ins class="diff-new">and
   1.284 +social
   1.285 +groups
   1.286 +</ins>
   1.287 +that
   1.288 +<del class="diff-old">people
   1.289 +use
   1.290 +on
   1.291 +</del>
   1.292 +<ins class="diff-chg">we
   1.293 +are
   1.294 +</ins>
   1.295 +a
   1.296 +<del class="diff-old">daily
   1.297 +basis
   1.298 +</del>
   1.299 +<ins class="diff-chg">part
   1.300 +of
   1.301 +</ins>
   1.302 +has
   1.303 +become
   1.304 +more
   1.305 +difficult
   1.306 +and
   1.307 +complicated
   1.308 +than
   1.309 +necessary.
   1.310 +<ins class="diff-new">The
   1.311 +Social
   1.312 +Web
   1.313 +is
   1.314 +designed
   1.315 +to
   1.316 +ensure
   1.317 +that
   1.318 +control
   1.319 +of
   1.320 +identity
   1.321 +and
   1.322 +privacy
   1.323 +settings
   1.324 +is
   1.325 +always
   1.326 +simple
   1.327 +and
   1.328 +under
   1.329 +one's
   1.330 +control.
   1.331 +WebID
   1.332 +is
   1.333 +a
   1.334 +key
   1.335 +enabler
   1.336 +of
   1.337 +the
   1.338 +Social
   1.339 +Web.
   1.340 +</ins>
   1.341 +This
   1.342 +specification
   1.343 +outlines
   1.344 +a
   1.345 +simple
   1.346 +universal
   1.347 +identification
   1.348 +mechanism
   1.349 +that
   1.350 +is
   1.351 +distributed,
   1.352 +openly
   1.353 +extensible,
   1.354 +improves
   1.355 +privacy,
   1.356 +security
   1.357 +and
   1.358 +control
   1.359 +over
   1.360 +how
   1.361 +one
   1.362 +can
   1.363 +identify
   1.364 +themselves
   1.365 +and
   1.366 +control
   1.367 +access
   1.368 +to
   1.369 +their
   1.370 +information
   1.371 +on
   1.372 +the
   1.373 +Web.
   1.374 +</p>
   1.375 +<div typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#how-to-read-this-document" class="section">
   1.376 +<h3 id="how-to-read-this-document">
   1.377 +How
   1.378 +to
   1.379 +Read
   1.380 +this
   1.381 +Document
   1.382 +</h3>
   1.383 +<p>
   1.384 +There
   1.385 +are
   1.386 +a
   1.387 +number
   1.388 +of
   1.389 +concepts
   1.390 +that
   1.391 +are
   1.392 +covered
   1.393 +in
   1.394 +this
   1.395 +document
   1.396 +that
   1.397 +the
   1.398 +reader
   1.399 +may
   1.400 +want
   1.401 +to
   1.402 +be
   1.403 +aware
   1.404 +of
   1.405 +before
   1.406 +continuing.
   1.407 +General
   1.408 +knowledge
   1.409 +of
   1.410 +<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_cryptography">
   1.411 +public
   1.412 +key
   1.413 +cryptography
   1.414 +</a>
   1.415 +<ins class="diff-new">and
   1.416 +RDF
   1.417 +[
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   1.419 +RDF-PRIMER
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   1.423 +RDFa
   1.424 +[
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   1.426 +RDFA-CORE
   1.427 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
   1.428 +]
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   1.430 +is
   1.431 +necessary
   1.432 +to
   1.433 +understand
   1.434 +how
   1.435 +to
   1.436 +implement
   1.437 +this
   1.438 +specification.
   1.439 +WebID
   1.440 +<del class="diff-old">also
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   1.442 +uses
   1.443 +<ins class="diff-new">a
   1.444 +number
   1.445 +of
   1.446 +specific
   1.447 +technologies
   1.448 +like
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   1.450 +HTTP
   1.451 +over
   1.452 +TLS
   1.453 +[
   1.454 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">
   1.455 +HTTP-TLS
   1.456 +</a>
   1.457 +],
   1.458 +X.509
   1.459 +certificates
   1.460 +[
   1.461 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">
   1.462 +X509V3
   1.463 +</a>
   1.464 +],
   1.465 +<ins class="diff-new">RDF/XML
   1.466 +[
   1.467 +</ins><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR"><ins class="diff-new">
   1.468 +RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR
   1.469 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
   1.470 +]
   1.471 +</ins>
   1.472 +and
   1.473 +<del class="diff-old">RDFa
   1.474 +</del>
   1.475 +<ins class="diff-chg">XHTML+RDFa
   1.476 +</ins>
   1.477 +[
   1.478 +<del class="diff-old">RDFA-CORE
   1.479 +</del>
   1.480 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">
   1.481 +<ins class="diff-chg">XHTML-RDFA
   1.482 +</ins>
   1.483 +</a>
   1.484 +].
   1.485 +</p>
   1.486 +<p>
   1.487 +A
   1.488 +general
   1.489 +<a href="#introduction">
   1.490 +Introduction
   1.491 +</a>
   1.492 +is
   1.493 +provided
   1.494 +for
   1.495 +all
   1.496 +that
   1.497 +would
   1.498 +like
   1.499 +to
   1.500 +understand
   1.501 +why
   1.502 +this
   1.503 +specification
   1.504 +is
   1.505 +necessary
   1.506 +to
   1.507 +simplify
   1.508 +usage
   1.509 +of
   1.510 +the
   1.511 +Web.
   1.512 +</p>
   1.513 +<p>
   1.514 +The
   1.515 +terms
   1.516 +used
   1.517 +throughout
   1.518 +this
   1.519 +specification
   1.520 +are
   1.521 +listed
   1.522 +in
   1.523 +the
   1.524 +section
   1.525 +titled
   1.526 +<a href="#terminology">
   1.527 +Terminology
   1.528 +</a>.
   1.529 +</p>
   1.530 +<p>
   1.531 +Developers
   1.532 +that
   1.533 +are
   1.534 +interested
   1.535 +in
   1.536 +implementing
   1.537 +this
   1.538 +specification
   1.539 +will
   1.540 +be
   1.541 +most
   1.542 +interested
   1.543 +in
   1.544 +the
   1.545 +sections
   1.546 +titled
   1.547 +<a href="#authentication-sequence">
   1.548 +Authentication
   1.549 +Sequence
   1.550 +</a>
   1.551 +and
   1.552 +<a href="#authentication-sequence-details">
   1.553 +Authentication
   1.554 +Sequence
   1.555 +Details
   1.556 +</a>.
   1.557 +</p>
   1.558 +</div>
   1.559 +</div>
   1.560 +<div id="sotd" class="introductory section" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#sotd">
   1.561 +<h2>
   1.562 +Status
   1.563 +of
   1.564 +This
   1.565 +Document
   1.566 +</h2>
   1.567 +<p>
   1.568 +This
   1.569 +document
   1.570 +is
   1.571 +merely
   1.572 +a
   1.573 +public
   1.574 +working
   1.575 +draft
   1.576 +of
   1.577 +a
   1.578 +potential
   1.579 +specification.
   1.580 +It
   1.581 +has
   1.582 +no
   1.583 +official
   1.584 +standing
   1.585 +of
   1.586 +any
   1.587 +kind
   1.588 +and
   1.589 +does
   1.590 +not
   1.591 +represent
   1.592 +the
   1.593 +support
   1.594 +or
   1.595 +consensus
   1.596 +of
   1.597 +any
   1.598 +standards
   1.599 +organisation.
   1.600 +</p>
   1.601 +The
   1.602 +source
   1.603 +code
   1.604 +for
   1.605 +this
   1.606 +document
   1.607 +is
   1.608 +available
   1.609 +via
   1.610 +Github
   1.611 +at
   1.612 +the
   1.613 +following
   1.614 +URL:
   1.615 +<a href="http://github.com/msporny/webid-spec">
   1.616 +http://github.com/msporny/webid-spec
   1.617 +</a>
   1.618 +</div>
   1.619 +<div id="toc" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#toc" class="section">
   1.620 +<h2 class="introductory">
   1.621 +Table
   1.622 +of
   1.623 +Contents
   1.624 +</h2>
   1.625 +<ul class="toc">
   1.626 +<li class="tocline">
   1.627 +<a href="#introduction" class="tocxref">
   1.628 +<span class="secno">
   1.629 +1.
   1.630 +</span>
   1.631 +Introduction
   1.632 +</a>
   1.633 +<ul class="toc">
   1.634 +<li class="tocline">
   1.635 +<a href="#motivation" class="tocxref">
   1.636 +<span class="secno">
   1.637 +1.1
   1.638 +</span>
   1.639 +Motivation
   1.640 +</a>
   1.641 +</li>
   1.642 +<li class="tocline">
   1.643 +<a href="#relation-to-openid" class="tocxref">
   1.644 +<span class="secno">
   1.645 +1.2
   1.646 +</span>
   1.647 +Relation
   1.648 +to
   1.649 +OpenID
   1.650 +</a>
   1.651 +</li>
   1.652 +<li class="tocline">
   1.653 +<a href="#relation-to-oauth" class="tocxref">
   1.654 +<span class="secno">
   1.655 +1.3
   1.656 +</span>
   1.657 +Relation
   1.658 +to
   1.659 +OAuth
   1.660 +</a>
   1.661 +</li>
   1.662 +</ul>
   1.663 +</li>
   1.664 +<li class="tocline">
   1.665 +<a href="#the-webid-protocol" class="tocxref">
   1.666 +<span class="secno">
   1.667 +2.
   1.668 +</span>
   1.669 +The
   1.670 +WebID
   1.671 +Protocol
   1.672 +</a>
   1.673 +<ul class="toc">
   1.674 +<li class="tocline">
   1.675 +<a href="#terminology" class="tocxref">
   1.676 +<span class="secno">
   1.677 +2.1
   1.678 +</span>
   1.679 +Terminology
   1.680 +</a>
   1.681 +</li>
   1.682 +<li class="tocline">
   1.683 +<a href="#authentication-sequence" class="tocxref">
   1.684 +<span class="secno">
   1.685 +2.2
   1.686 +</span>
   1.687 +Authentication
   1.688 +Sequence
   1.689 +</a>
   1.690 +</li>
   1.691 +<li class="tocline">
   1.692 +<a href="#authentication-sequence-details" class="tocxref">
   1.693 +<span class="secno">
   1.694 +2.3
   1.695 +</span>
   1.696 +Authentication
   1.697 +Sequence
   1.698 +Details
   1.699 +</a>
   1.700 +<ul class="toc">
   1.701 +<li class="tocline">
   1.702 +<a href="#initiating-a-tls-connection" class="tocxref">
   1.703 +<span class="secno">
   1.704 +2.3.1
   1.705 +</span>
   1.706 +Initiating
   1.707 +a
   1.708 +TLS
   1.709 +Connection
   1.710 +</a>
   1.711 +</li>
   1.712 +<li class="tocline">
   1.713 +<a href="#exchanging-the-identification-certificate" class="tocxref">
   1.714 +<span class="secno">
   1.715 +2.3.2
   1.716 +</span>
   1.717 +Exchanging
   1.718 +the
   1.719 +Identification
   1.720 +Certificate
   1.721 +</a>
   1.722 +</li>
   1.723 +<li class="tocline">
   1.724 +<a href="#processing-the-webid-profile" class="tocxref">
   1.725 +<span class="secno">
   1.726 +2.3.3
   1.727 +</span>
   1.728 +Processing
   1.729 +the
   1.730 +WebID
   1.731 +Profile
   1.732 +</a>
   1.733 +</li>
   1.734 +<li class="tocline">
   1.735 +<a href="#extracting-webid-url-details" class="tocxref">
   1.736 +<span class="secno">
   1.737 +2.3.4
   1.738 +</span>
   1.739 +Extracting
   1.740 +<del class="diff-old">Identification
   1.741 +</del>
   1.742 +<ins class="diff-chg">WebID
   1.743 +</ins>
   1.744 +URL
   1.745 +Details
   1.746 +</a>
   1.747 +</li>
   1.748 +<li class="tocline">
   1.749 +<a href="#determining-access-privileges" class="tocxref">
   1.750 +<span class="secno">
   1.751 +2.3.5
   1.752 +</span>
   1.753 +Determining
   1.754 +Access
   1.755 +Privileges
   1.756 +</a>
   1.757 +</li>
   1.758 +</ul>
   1.759 +</li>
   1.760 +</ul>
   1.761 +</li>
   1.762 +<li class="tocline">
   1.763 +<a href="#references" class="tocxref">
   1.764 +<span class="secno">
   1.765 +A.
   1.766 +</span>
   1.767 +References
   1.768 +</a>
   1.769 +<ul class="toc">
   1.770 +<li class="tocline">
   1.771 +<a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref">
   1.772 +<span class="secno">
   1.773 +A.1
   1.774 +</span>
   1.775 +Normative
   1.776 +references
   1.777 +</a>
   1.778 +</li>
   1.779 +<li class="tocline">
   1.780 +<a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref">
   1.781 +<span class="secno">
   1.782 +A.2
   1.783 +</span>
   1.784 +Informative
   1.785 +references
   1.786 +</a>
   1.787 +</li>
   1.788 +</ul>
   1.789 +</li>
   1.790 +</ul>
   1.791 +</div>
   1.792 +<div class="informative section" id="introduction" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#introduction">
   1.793 +<h2>
   1.794 +<span class="secno">
   1.795 +1.
   1.796 +</span>
   1.797 +Introduction
   1.798 +</h2>
   1.799 +<p>
   1.800 +<em>
   1.801 +This
   1.802 +section
   1.803 +is
   1.804 +non-normative.
   1.805 +</em>
   1.806 +</p>
   1.807 +<p>
   1.808 +The
   1.809 +WebID
   1.810 +specification
   1.811 +is
   1.812 +designed
   1.813 +to
   1.814 +help
   1.815 +alleviate
   1.816 +the
   1.817 +difficultly
   1.818 +that
   1.819 +remembering
   1.820 +different
   1.821 +logins,
   1.822 +passwords
   1.823 +and
   1.824 +settings
   1.825 +for
   1.826 +websites
   1.827 +has
   1.828 +created.
   1.829 +It
   1.830 +is
   1.831 +also
   1.832 +designed
   1.833 +to
   1.834 +provide
   1.835 +a
   1.836 +universal
   1.837 +and
   1.838 +extensible
   1.839 +mechanism
   1.840 +to
   1.841 +express
   1.842 +public
   1.843 +and
   1.844 +private
   1.845 +information
   1.846 +about
   1.847 +yourself.
   1.848 +This
   1.849 +section
   1.850 +outlines
   1.851 +the
   1.852 +motivation
   1.853 +behind
   1.854 +the
   1.855 +specification
   1.856 +and
   1.857 +the
   1.858 +relationship
   1.859 +to
   1.860 +other
   1.861 +similar
   1.862 +specifications
   1.863 +that
   1.864 +are
   1.865 +in
   1.866 +active
   1.867 +use
   1.868 +today.
   1.869 +</p>
   1.870 +<div class="informative section" id="motivation" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#motivation">
   1.871 +<h3>
   1.872 +<span class="secno">
   1.873 +1.1
   1.874 +</span>
   1.875 +Motivation
   1.876 +</h3>
   1.877 +<p>
   1.878 +<em>
   1.879 +This
   1.880 +section
   1.881 +is
   1.882 +non-normative.
   1.883 +</em>
   1.884 +</p>
   1.885 +<p>
   1.886 +It
   1.887 +is
   1.888 +a
   1.889 +fundamental
   1.890 +design
   1.891 +criteria
   1.892 +of
   1.893 +the
   1.894 +Web
   1.895 +to
   1.896 +enable
   1.897 +individuals
   1.898 +and
   1.899 +organizations
   1.900 +to
   1.901 +control
   1.902 +how
   1.903 +they
   1.904 +interact
   1.905 +with
   1.906 +the
   1.907 +rest
   1.908 +of
   1.909 +society.
   1.910 +This
   1.911 +includes
   1.912 +how
   1.913 +one
   1.914 +expresses
   1.915 +their
   1.916 +identity,
   1.917 +public
   1.918 +information
   1.919 +and
   1.920 +personal
   1.921 +details
   1.922 +to
   1.923 +social
   1.924 +networks,
   1.925 +Web
   1.926 +sites
   1.927 +and
   1.928 +services.
   1.929 +</p>
   1.930 +<p>
   1.931 +Semantic
   1.932 +Web
   1.933 +vocabularies
   1.934 +such
   1.935 +as
   1.936 +Friend-of-a-Friend
   1.937 +(FOAF)
   1.938 +permit
   1.939 +distributed
   1.940 +hyperlinked
   1.941 +social
   1.942 +networks
   1.943 +to
   1.944 +exist.
   1.945 +This
   1.946 +vocabulary,
   1.947 +along
   1.948 +with
   1.949 +other
   1.950 +vocabularies,
   1.951 +allow
   1.952 +one
   1.953 +to
   1.954 +add
   1.955 +information
   1.956 +and
   1.957 +services
   1.958 +protection
   1.959 +to
   1.960 +distributed
   1.961 +social
   1.962 +networks.
   1.963 +</p>
   1.964 +<p>
   1.965 +One
   1.966 +major
   1.967 +criticism
   1.968 +of
   1.969 +open
   1.970 +networks
   1.971 +is
   1.972 +that
   1.973 +they
   1.974 +seem
   1.975 +to
   1.976 +have
   1.977 +no
   1.978 +way
   1.979 +of
   1.980 +protecting
   1.981 +the
   1.982 +personal
   1.983 +information
   1.984 +distributed
   1.985 +on
   1.986 +the
   1.987 +web
   1.988 +or
   1.989 +limiting
   1.990 +access
   1.991 +to
   1.992 +resources.
   1.993 +Few
   1.994 +people
   1.995 +are
   1.996 +willing
   1.997 +to
   1.998 +make
   1.999 +all
  1.1000 +their
  1.1001 +personal
  1.1002 +information
  1.1003 +public,
  1.1004 +many
  1.1005 +would
  1.1006 +like
  1.1007 +large
  1.1008 +pieces
  1.1009 +to
  1.1010 +be
  1.1011 +protected,
  1.1012 +making
  1.1013 +it
  1.1014 +available
  1.1015 +only
  1.1016 +to
  1.1017 +a
  1.1018 +select
  1.1019 +group
  1.1020 +of
  1.1021 +agents.
  1.1022 +Giving
  1.1023 +access
  1.1024 +to
  1.1025 +information
  1.1026 +is
  1.1027 +very
  1.1028 +similar
  1.1029 +to
  1.1030 +giving
  1.1031 +access
  1.1032 +to
  1.1033 +services.
  1.1034 +There
  1.1035 +are
  1.1036 +many
  1.1037 +occasions
  1.1038 +when
  1.1039 +people
  1.1040 +would
  1.1041 +like
  1.1042 +services
  1.1043 +to
  1.1044 +only
  1.1045 +be
  1.1046 +accessible
  1.1047 +to
  1.1048 +members
  1.1049 +of
  1.1050 +a
  1.1051 +group,
  1.1052 +such
  1.1053 +as
  1.1054 +allowing
  1.1055 +only
  1.1056 +friends,
  1.1057 +family
  1.1058 +members,
  1.1059 +colleagues
  1.1060 +to
  1.1061 +post
  1.1062 +an
  1.1063 +article,
  1.1064 +photo
  1.1065 +or
  1.1066 +comment
  1.1067 +on
  1.1068 +a
  1.1069 +blog.
  1.1070 +How
  1.1071 +does
  1.1072 +one
  1.1073 +do
  1.1074 +this
  1.1075 +in
  1.1076 +a
  1.1077 +flexible
  1.1078 +way,
  1.1079 +without
  1.1080 +requiring
  1.1081 +a
  1.1082 +central
  1.1083 +point
  1.1084 +of
  1.1085 +access
  1.1086 +control?
  1.1087 +</p>
  1.1088 +<p>
  1.1089 +Using
  1.1090 +an
  1.1091 +process
  1.1092 +made
  1.1093 +popular
  1.1094 +by
  1.1095 +OpenID,
  1.1096 +we
  1.1097 +show
  1.1098 +how
  1.1099 +one
  1.1100 +can
  1.1101 +tie
  1.1102 +a
  1.1103 +User
  1.1104 +Agent
  1.1105 +to
  1.1106 +a
  1.1107 +URL
  1.1108 +by
  1.1109 +proving
  1.1110 +that
  1.1111 +one
  1.1112 +has
  1.1113 +write
  1.1114 +access
  1.1115 +to
  1.1116 +the
  1.1117 +URL.
  1.1118 +WebID
  1.1119 +is
  1.1120 +a
  1.1121 +simpler
  1.1122 +alternative
  1.1123 +to
  1.1124 +OpenID
  1.1125 +(fewer
  1.1126 +connections),
  1.1127 +that
  1.1128 +uses
  1.1129 +X.509
  1.1130 +certificates
  1.1131 +to
  1.1132 +tie
  1.1133 +a
  1.1134 +User
  1.1135 +Agent
  1.1136 +(Browser)
  1.1137 +to
  1.1138 +a
  1.1139 +Person
  1.1140 +identified
  1.1141 +via
  1.1142 +a
  1.1143 +URL.
  1.1144 +WebID
  1.1145 +also
  1.1146 +provides
  1.1147 +a
  1.1148 +few
  1.1149 +additional
  1.1150 +features
  1.1151 +to
  1.1152 +OpenID.
  1.1153 +These
  1.1154 +features
  1.1155 +include
  1.1156 +trust
  1.1157 +management,
  1.1158 +via
  1.1159 +digital
  1.1160 +signatures,
  1.1161 +and
  1.1162 +free-form
  1.1163 +extensibility
  1.1164 +via
  1.1165 +RDFa.
  1.1166 +By
  1.1167 +using
  1.1168 +the
  1.1169 +existing
  1.1170 +SSL
  1.1171 +certificate
  1.1172 +exchange
  1.1173 +mechanism,
  1.1174 +WebID
  1.1175 +integrates
  1.1176 +more
  1.1177 +smoothly
  1.1178 +with
  1.1179 +existing
  1.1180 +Web
  1.1181 +browsers,
  1.1182 +including
  1.1183 +browsers
  1.1184 +on
  1.1185 +mobile
  1.1186 +devices.
  1.1187 +WebID
  1.1188 +also
  1.1189 +permits
  1.1190 +automated
  1.1191 +session
  1.1192 +login
  1.1193 +in
  1.1194 +addition
  1.1195 +to
  1.1196 +interactive
  1.1197 +session
  1.1198 +login.
  1.1199 +Additionally,
  1.1200 +all
  1.1201 +data
  1.1202 +is
  1.1203 +encrypted
  1.1204 +and
  1.1205 +guaranteed
  1.1206 +to
  1.1207 +only
  1.1208 +be
  1.1209 +received
  1.1210 +by
  1.1211 +the
  1.1212 +person
  1.1213 +or
  1.1214 +organization
  1.1215 +that
  1.1216 +was
  1.1217 +intended
  1.1218 +to
  1.1219 +receive
  1.1220 +it.
  1.1221 +</p>
  1.1222 +</div>
  1.1223 +<div class="informative section" id="relation-to-openid" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#relation-to-openid">
  1.1224 +<h3>
  1.1225 +<span class="secno">
  1.1226 +1.2
  1.1227 +</span>
  1.1228 +Relation
  1.1229 +to
  1.1230 +OpenID
  1.1231 +</h3>
  1.1232 +<p>
  1.1233 +<em>
  1.1234 +This
  1.1235 +section
  1.1236 +is
  1.1237 +non-normative.
  1.1238 +</em>
  1.1239 +</p>
  1.1240 +<del class="diff-old">While
  1.1241 +some
  1.1242 +may
  1.1243 +say
  1.1244 +that
  1.1245 +OpenID
  1.1246 +</del>
  1.1247 +<p class="issue">
  1.1248 +<ins class="diff-chg">This
  1.1249 +section
  1.1250 +needs
  1.1251 +to
  1.1252 +be
  1.1253 +re-written.
  1.1254 +The
  1.1255 +flow
  1.1256 +</ins>
  1.1257 +and
  1.1258 +<del class="diff-old">WebID
  1.1259 +conflict,
  1.1260 +</del>
  1.1261 +<ins class="diff-chg">grammar
  1.1262 +leaves
  1.1263 +much
  1.1264 +to
  1.1265 +be
  1.1266 +desired.
  1.1267 +--
  1.1268 +manu
  1.1269 +</ins></p><p>
  1.1270 +WebID
  1.1271 +is
  1.1272 +<del class="diff-old">100%
  1.1273 +</del>
  1.1274 +compatible
  1.1275 +with
  1.1276 +<del class="diff-old">OpenID
  1.1277 +since
  1.1278 +both
  1.1279 +</del>
  1.1280 +<ins class="diff-chg">OpenID.
  1.1281 +Both
  1.1282 +protocols
  1.1283 +</ins>
  1.1284 +use
  1.1285 +a
  1.1286 +URL
  1.1287 +<del class="diff-old">for
  1.1288 +identification.
  1.1289 +</del>
  1.1290 +<ins class="diff-chg">that
  1.1291 +dereferences
  1.1292 +to
  1.1293 +a
  1.1294 +Personal
  1.1295 +Profile
  1.1296 +Document.
  1.1297 +This
  1.1298 +Personal
  1.1299 +Profile
  1.1300 +Document
  1.1301 +is
  1.1302 +where
  1.1303 +further
  1.1304 +information
  1.1305 +about
  1.1306 +an
  1.1307 +identity
  1.1308 +can
  1.1309 +be
  1.1310 +discovered.
  1.1311 +This
  1.1312 +mechanism
  1.1313 +is
  1.1314 +compatible
  1.1315 +with
  1.1316 +both
  1.1317 +WebID
  1.1318 +and
  1.1319 +OpenID.
  1.1320 +</ins>
  1.1321 +Therefore,
  1.1322 +WebID
  1.1323 +does
  1.1324 +not
  1.1325 +intend
  1.1326 +to
  1.1327 +replace
  1.1328 +OpenID,
  1.1329 +but
  1.1330 +can
  1.1331 +work
  1.1332 +beside
  1.1333 +OpenID
  1.1334 +<del class="diff-old">just
  1.1335 +as
  1.1336 +easily
  1.1337 +as
  1.1338 +providing
  1.1339 +a
  1.1340 +complete
  1.1341 +solution.
  1.1342 +</del>
  1.1343 +<ins class="diff-chg">by
  1.1344 +sharing
  1.1345 +the
  1.1346 +content
  1.1347 +in
  1.1348 +the
  1.1349 +Personal
  1.1350 +Profile
  1.1351 +Document.
  1.1352 +</ins></p><p>
  1.1353 +That
  1.1354 +said,
  1.1355 +there
  1.1356 +are
  1.1357 +a
  1.1358 +number
  1.1359 +of
  1.1360 +benefits
  1.1361 +that
  1.1362 +WebID
  1.1363 +achieves
  1.1364 +over
  1.1365 +OpenID:
  1.1366 +</p>
  1.1367 +<p>
  1.1368 +WebID
  1.1369 +gives
  1.1370 +people
  1.1371 +and
  1.1372 +other
  1.1373 +agents
  1.1374 +a
  1.1375 +<ins class="diff-new">WebID
  1.1376 +URL
  1.1377 +for
  1.1378 +identification.
  1.1379 +OpenID
  1.1380 +also
  1.1381 +provides
  1.1382 +a
  1.1383 +URL
  1.1384 +to
  1.1385 +a
  1.1386 +Personal
  1.1387 +Profile
  1.1388 +Document.
  1.1389 +However,
  1.1390 +in
  1.1391 +the
  1.1392 +case
  1.1393 +of
  1.1394 +WebID,
  1.1395 +one
  1.1396 +does
  1.1397 +not
  1.1398 +need
  1.1399 +to
  1.1400 +remember
  1.1401 +the
  1.1402 +URL
  1.1403 +since
  1.1404 +the
  1.1405 +User
  1.1406 +Agent
  1.1407 +remembers
  1.1408 +the
  1.1409 +URL
  1.1410 +on
  1.1411 +behalf
  1.1412 +of
  1.1413 +the
  1.1414 +person
  1.1415 +browsing.
  1.1416 +To
  1.1417 +log
  1.1418 +in
  1.1419 +on
  1.1420 +a
  1.1421 +WebID
  1.1422 +web
  1.1423 +site
  1.1424 +there
  1.1425 +is
  1.1426 +no
  1.1427 +need
  1.1428 +to
  1.1429 +enter
  1.1430 +any
  1.1431 +identifier
  1.1432 +like
  1.1433 +one
  1.1434 +has
  1.1435 +to
  1.1436 +do
  1.1437 +for
  1.1438 +OpenID.
  1.1439 +Just
  1.1440 +one
  1.1441 +click
  1.1442 +tells
  1.1443 +the
  1.1444 +browser
  1.1445 +to
  1.1446 +send
  1.1447 +the
  1.1448 +WebID
  1.1449 +URL.
  1.1450 +The
  1.1451 +person
  1.1452 +that
  1.1453 +is
  1.1454 +browsing
  1.1455 +does
  1.1456 +not
  1.1457 +need
  1.1458 +to
  1.1459 +remember
  1.1460 +either
  1.1461 +their
  1.1462 +WebID
  1.1463 +URL
  1.1464 +or
  1.1465 +the
  1.1466 +website
  1.1467 +password.
  1.1468 +The
  1.1469 +only
  1.1470 +password
  1.1471 +one
  1.1472 +may
  1.1473 +need
  1.1474 +to
  1.1475 +remember
  1.1476 +is
  1.1477 +the
  1.1478 +one
  1.1479 +that
  1.1480 +is
  1.1481 +used
  1.1482 +to
  1.1483 +access
  1.1484 +their
  1.1485 +collection
  1.1486 +of
  1.1487 +WebIDs
  1.1488 +in
  1.1489 +their
  1.1490 +browser,
  1.1491 +and
  1.1492 +that's
  1.1493 +only
  1.1494 +if
  1.1495 +they
  1.1496 +opt-in
  1.1497 +to
  1.1498 +password
  1.1499 +protect
  1.1500 +their
  1.1501 +WebIDs.
  1.1502 +</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-new">
  1.1503 +WebID
  1.1504 +gives
  1.1505 +people
  1.1506 +and
  1.1507 +other
  1.1508 +agents
  1.1509 +a
  1.1510 +</ins>
  1.1511 +Web
  1.1512 +ID
  1.1513 +URL
  1.1514 +for
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  1.2371 +be
  1.2372 +able
  1.2373 +to
  1.2374 +fully
  1.2375 +utilize
  1.2376 +your
  1.2377 +private
  1.2378 +OpenID
  1.2379 +credentials.
  1.2380 +The
  1.2381 +reason
  1.2382 +that
  1.2383 +there
  1.2384 +are
  1.2385 +a
  1.2386 +few
  1.2387 +large
  1.2388 +OpenID
  1.2389 +providers
  1.2390 +and
  1.2391 +very
  1.2392 +few
  1.2393 +small
  1.2394 +OpenID
  1.2395 +providers
  1.2396 +is
  1.2397 +because
  1.2398 +of
  1.2399 +this
  1.2400 +trust
  1.2401 +design
  1.2402 +issue
  1.2403 +related
  1.2404 +to
  1.2405 +OpenID.
  1.2406 +</p>
  1.2407 +<p>
  1.2408 +WebID
  1.2409 +does
  1.2410 +not
  1.2411 +require
  1.2412 +HTTP
  1.2413 +redirects.
  1.2414 +Redirects
  1.2415 +are
  1.2416 +<del class="diff-old">are
  1.2417 +</del>
  1.2418 +problematic
  1.2419 +on
  1.2420 +many
  1.2421 +cell
  1.2422 +phones,
  1.2423 +because
  1.2424 +telecoms
  1.2425 +heavily
  1.2426 +rely
  1.2427 +on
  1.2428 +proxys,
  1.2429 +which
  1.2430 +selectively
  1.2431 +block
  1.2432 +redirects.
  1.2433 +</p>
  1.2434 +<p>
  1.2435 +A
  1.2436 +WebID
  1.2437 +provider
  1.2438 +is
  1.2439 +100%
  1.2440 +compatible
  1.2441 +with
  1.2442 +an
  1.2443 +OpenID
  1.2444 +provider
  1.2445 +and
  1.2446 +thus
  1.2447 +can
  1.2448 +inter-operate
  1.2449 +with
  1.2450 +OpenID-powered
  1.2451 +networks.
  1.2452 +</p>
  1.2453 +</div>
  1.2454 +<div class="informative section" id="relation-to-oauth" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#relation-to-oauth">
  1.2455 +<h3>
  1.2456 +<span class="secno">
  1.2457 +1.3
  1.2458 +</span>
  1.2459 +Relation
  1.2460 +to
  1.2461 +OAuth
  1.2462 +</h3>
  1.2463 +<p>
  1.2464 +<em>
  1.2465 +This
  1.2466 +section
  1.2467 +is
  1.2468 +non-normative.
  1.2469 +</em>
  1.2470 +</p>
  1.2471 +<p>
  1.2472 +OAuth
  1.2473 +and
  1.2474 +WebID
  1.2475 +are
  1.2476 +mutually
  1.2477 +beneficial
  1.2478 +when
  1.2479 +used
  1.2480 +together.
  1.2481 +WebID
  1.2482 +can
  1.2483 +be
  1.2484 +used
  1.2485 +to
  1.2486 +provide
  1.2487 +RSA
  1.2488 +parameters
  1.2489 +to
  1.2490 +the
  1.2491 +RSA-SHA1
  1.2492 +signature
  1.2493 +method
  1.2494 +required
  1.2495 +by
  1.2496 +OAuth
  1.2497 +1.0.
  1.2498 +WebID
  1.2499 +can
  1.2500 +also
  1.2501 +be
  1.2502 +used
  1.2503 +to
  1.2504 +establish
  1.2505 +the
  1.2506 +consumer_key
  1.2507 +and
  1.2508 +HTTPS
  1.2509 +connection
  1.2510 +that
  1.2511 +will
  1.2512 +be
  1.2513 +used
  1.2514 +to
  1.2515 +transmit
  1.2516 +OAuth
  1.2517 +Tokens
  1.2518 +in
  1.2519 +OAuth
  1.2520 +2.0.
  1.2521 +</p>
  1.2522 +</div>
  1.2523 +</div>
  1.2524 +<div class="normative section" id="the-webid-protocol" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#the-webid-protocol">
  1.2525 +<h2>
  1.2526 +<span class="secno">
  1.2527 +2.
  1.2528 +</span>
  1.2529 +The
  1.2530 +WebID
  1.2531 +Protocol
  1.2532 +</h2>
  1.2533 +<div class="normative section" id="terminology" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#terminology">
  1.2534 +<h3>
  1.2535 +<span class="secno">
  1.2536 +2.1
  1.2537 +</span>
  1.2538 +Terminology
  1.2539 +</h3>
  1.2540 +<dl>
  1.2541 +<dt>
  1.2542 +<dfn title="Verification_Agent" id="dfn-verification_agent">
  1.2543 +Verification
  1.2544 +Agent
  1.2545 +</dfn>
  1.2546 +</dt>
  1.2547 +<dd>
  1.2548 +Performs
  1.2549 +authentication
  1.2550 +on
  1.2551 +provided
  1.2552 +WebID
  1.2553 +credentials
  1.2554 +and
  1.2555 +determines
  1.2556 +if
  1.2557 +an
  1.2558 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.2559 +Identification
  1.2560 +Agent
  1.2561 +</a>
  1.2562 +can
  1.2563 +have
  1.2564 +access
  1.2565 +to
  1.2566 +a
  1.2567 +particular
  1.2568 +resource.
  1.2569 +A
  1.2570 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.2571 +Verification
  1.2572 +Agent
  1.2573 +</a>
  1.2574 +is
  1.2575 +typically
  1.2576 +a
  1.2577 +Web
  1.2578 +server,
  1.2579 +but
  1.2580 +may
  1.2581 +also
  1.2582 +be
  1.2583 +a
  1.2584 +peer
  1.2585 +on
  1.2586 +a
  1.2587 +peer-to-peer
  1.2588 +network.
  1.2589 +</dd>
  1.2590 +<dt>
  1.2591 +<dfn title="Identification_Agent" id="dfn-identification_agent">
  1.2592 +Identification
  1.2593 +Agent
  1.2594 +</dfn>
  1.2595 +</dt>
  1.2596 +<dd>
  1.2597 +Provides
  1.2598 +identification
  1.2599 +credentials
  1.2600 +to
  1.2601 +a
  1.2602 +Verification
  1.2603 +Agent.
  1.2604 +The
  1.2605 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.2606 +Identification
  1.2607 +Agent
  1.2608 +</a>
  1.2609 +is
  1.2610 +typically
  1.2611 +also
  1.2612 +a
  1.2613 +User
  1.2614 +Agent.
  1.2615 +</dd>
  1.2616 +<dt>
  1.2617 +<dfn title="Identification_Certificate" id="dfn-identification_certificate">
  1.2618 +Identification
  1.2619 +Certificate
  1.2620 +</dfn>
  1.2621 +</dt>
  1.2622 +<dd>
  1.2623 +An
  1.2624 +X.509
  1.2625 +[
  1.2626 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">
  1.2627 +X509V3
  1.2628 +</a>
  1.2629 +]
  1.2630 +Certificate
  1.2631 +that
  1.2632 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.2633 +must
  1.2634 +</em>
  1.2635 +contain
  1.2636 +<del class="diff-old">the
  1.2637 +</del>
  1.2638 +<ins class="diff-chg">a
  1.2639 +</ins>
  1.2640 +<code>
  1.2641 +Subject
  1.2642 +Alternative
  1.2643 +Name
  1.2644 +</code>
  1.2645 +<del class="diff-old">field
  1.2646 +pointing
  1.2647 +to
  1.2648 +</del>
  1.2649 +<ins class="diff-chg">extension
  1.2650 +with
  1.2651 +a
  1.2652 +URI
  1.2653 +entry.
  1.2654 +The
  1.2655 +URI
  1.2656 +</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="should"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2657 +should
  1.2658 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2659 +be
  1.2660 +a
  1.2661 +URL,
  1.2662 +and
  1.2663 +</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="should not"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2664 +should
  1.2665 +not
  1.2666 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2667 +be
  1.2668 +</ins>
  1.2669 +a
  1.2670 +<ins class="diff-new">URN.
  1.2671 +The
  1.2672 +</ins>
  1.2673 +URL
  1.2674 +<del class="diff-old">that
  1.2675 +is
  1.2676 +</del>
  1.2677 +<ins class="diff-chg">identifies
  1.2678 +the
  1.2679 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2680 +Identification
  1.2681 +Agent
  1.2682 +</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2683 +The
  1.2684 +URL
  1.2685 +</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="must"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2686 +must
  1.2687 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2688 +be
  1.2689 +</ins>
  1.2690 +dereference-able
  1.2691 +and
  1.2692 +<del class="diff-old">results
  1.2693 +</del>
  1.2694 +<ins class="diff-chg">result
  1.2695 +</ins>
  1.2696 +in
  1.2697 +a
  1.2698 +document
  1.2699 +containing
  1.2700 +RDF
  1.2701 +data.
  1.2702 +For
  1.2703 +<del class="diff-old">example
  1.2704 +</del>
  1.2705 +<ins class="diff-chg">example,
  1.2706 +</ins>
  1.2707 +the
  1.2708 +certificate
  1.2709 +would
  1.2710 +contain
  1.2711 +<code>
  1.2712 +http://example.org/webid#public
  1.2713 +</code>,
  1.2714 +known
  1.2715 +as
  1.2716 +a
  1.2717 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">
  1.2718 +WebID
  1.2719 +URL
  1.2720 +</a>,
  1.2721 +as
  1.2722 +the
  1.2723 +<code>
  1.2724 +Subject
  1.2725 +Alternative
  1.2726 +Name
  1.2727 +</code>:
  1.2728 +<code><pre>
  1.2729 +X509v3 extensions:
  1.2730 +   ...
  1.2731 +   X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
  1.2732 +      URI:http://example.org/webid#public
  1.2733 +</pre>
  1.2734 +</code>
  1.2735 +</dd>
  1.2736 +<dt>
  1.2737 +<dfn title="WebID_URL" id="dfn-webid_url">
  1.2738 +WebID
  1.2739 +URL
  1.2740 +</dfn>
  1.2741 +</dt>
  1.2742 +<dd>
  1.2743 +A
  1.2744 +URL
  1.2745 +specified
  1.2746 +<del class="diff-old">in
  1.2747 +</del>
  1.2748 +<ins class="diff-chg">via
  1.2749 +</ins>
  1.2750 +the
  1.2751 +<code>
  1.2752 +Subject
  1.2753 +Alternative
  1.2754 +Name
  1.2755 +</code>
  1.2756 +<del class="diff-old">field
  1.2757 +</del>
  1.2758 +<ins class="diff-chg">extension
  1.2759 +</ins>
  1.2760 +of
  1.2761 +the
  1.2762 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">
  1.2763 +Identification
  1.2764 +Certificate
  1.2765 +</a>
  1.2766 +that
  1.2767 +identifies
  1.2768 +<ins class="diff-new">an
  1.2769 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.2770 +Identification
  1.2771 +Agent
  1.2772 +</ins></a>.</dd><dt><dfn title="public_key" id="dfn-public_key"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.2773 +public
  1.2774 +key
  1.2775 +</ins></dfn></dt><dd><ins class="diff-new">
  1.2776 +A
  1.2777 +widely
  1.2778 +distributed
  1.2779 +crytographic
  1.2780 +key
  1.2781 +that
  1.2782 +can
  1.2783 +be
  1.2784 +used
  1.2785 +to
  1.2786 +verify
  1.2787 +digital
  1.2788 +signatures
  1.2789 +and
  1.2790 +encrypt
  1.2791 +data
  1.2792 +between
  1.2793 +</ins>
  1.2794 +a
  1.2795 +<del class="diff-old">WebID
  1.2796 +Profile
  1.2797 +</del>
  1.2798 +<ins class="diff-chg">sender
  1.2799 +and
  1.2800 +a
  1.2801 +receiver.
  1.2802 +A
  1.2803 +public
  1.2804 +key
  1.2805 +is
  1.2806 +always
  1.2807 +included
  1.2808 +in
  1.2809 +an
  1.2810 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.2811 +Identification
  1.2812 +Certificate
  1.2813 +</ins>
  1.2814 +</a>
  1.2815 +<del class="diff-old">document.
  1.2816 +</del>
  1.2817 +</dd>
  1.2818 +<dt>
  1.2819 +<dfn title="WebID_Profile" id="dfn-webid_profile">
  1.2820 +WebID
  1.2821 +Profile
  1.2822 +</dfn>
  1.2823 +</dt>
  1.2824 +<dd>
  1.2825 +A
  1.2826 +structured
  1.2827 +document
  1.2828 +that
  1.2829 +contains
  1.2830 +identification
  1.2831 +credentials
  1.2832 +for
  1.2833 +the
  1.2834 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.2835 +Identification
  1.2836 +Agent
  1.2837 +</a>
  1.2838 +expressed
  1.2839 +using
  1.2840 +the
  1.2841 +Resource
  1.2842 +Description
  1.2843 +Framework
  1.2844 +[
  1.2845 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">
  1.2846 +RDF-CONCEPTS
  1.2847 +</a>
  1.2848 +].
  1.2849 +<del class="diff-old">The
  1.2850 +</del>
  1.2851 +<ins class="diff-chg">Either
  1.2852 +the
  1.2853 +</ins>
  1.2854 +XHTML+RDFa
  1.2855 +1.1
  1.2856 +[
  1.2857 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">
  1.2858 +XHTML-RDFA
  1.2859 +</a>
  1.2860 +]
  1.2861 +serialization
  1.2862 +format
  1.2863 +<ins class="diff-new">or
  1.2864 +the
  1.2865 +RDF/XML
  1.2866 +[
  1.2867 +</ins><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.2868 +RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR
  1.2869 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
  1.2870 +]
  1.2871 +serialization
  1.2872 +format
  1.2873 +</ins>
  1.2874 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.2875 +must
  1.2876 +</em>
  1.2877 +be
  1.2878 +supported
  1.2879 +by
  1.2880 +the
  1.2881 +mechanism,
  1.2882 +e.g.
  1.2883 +a
  1.2884 +Web
  1.2885 +Service,
  1.2886 +providing
  1.2887 +the
  1.2888 +WebID
  1.2889 +Profile
  1.2890 +document.
  1.2891 +Alternate
  1.2892 +RDF
  1.2893 +serialization
  1.2894 +formats,
  1.2895 +such
  1.2896 +as
  1.2897 +N3
  1.2898 +[
  1.2899 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-N3">
  1.2900 +N3
  1.2901 +</a>
  1.2902 +<del class="diff-old">],
  1.2903 +</del>
  1.2904 +<ins class="diff-chg">]
  1.2905 +or
  1.2906 +</ins>
  1.2907 +Turtle
  1.2908 +[
  1.2909 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TURTLE">
  1.2910 +TURTLE
  1.2911 +</a>
  1.2912 +],
  1.2913 +<del class="diff-old">or
  1.2914 +RDF/XML
  1.2915 +[
  1.2916 +RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR
  1.2917 +]
  1.2918 +</del>
  1.2919 +<em class="rfc2119" title="may">
  1.2920 +may
  1.2921 +</em>
  1.2922 +be
  1.2923 +supported
  1.2924 +by
  1.2925 +the
  1.2926 +mechanism
  1.2927 +providing
  1.2928 +the
  1.2929 +WebID
  1.2930 +Profile
  1.2931 +document.
  1.2932 +</dd>
  1.2933 +</dl>
  1.2934 +<p class="issue">
  1.2935 +<ins class="diff-new">Whether
  1.2936 +or
  1.2937 +not
  1.2938 +RDF/XML,
  1.2939 +XHTML+RDFa
  1.2940 +1.1,
  1.2941 +both
  1.2942 +or
  1.2943 +neither
  1.2944 +serialization
  1.2945 +of
  1.2946 +RDF
  1.2947 +should
  1.2948 +be
  1.2949 +required
  1.2950 +serialization
  1.2951 +formats
  1.2952 +in
  1.2953 +the
  1.2954 +specification
  1.2955 +is
  1.2956 +currently
  1.2957 +under
  1.2958 +heavy
  1.2959 +debate.
  1.2960 +</ins></p>
  1.2961 +</div>
  1.2962 +<div class="normative section" id="authentication-sequence" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#authentication-sequence">
  1.2963 +<h3>
  1.2964 +<span class="secno">
  1.2965 +2.2
  1.2966 +</span>
  1.2967 +Authentication
  1.2968 +Sequence
  1.2969 +</h3>
  1.2970 +<p>
  1.2971 +The
  1.2972 +following
  1.2973 +steps
  1.2974 +are
  1.2975 +executed
  1.2976 +by
  1.2977 +Verification
  1.2978 +Agents
  1.2979 +and
  1.2980 +Identification
  1.2981 +Agents
  1.2982 +to
  1.2983 +determine
  1.2984 +if
  1.2985 +access
  1.2986 +should
  1.2987 +be
  1.2988 +granted
  1.2989 +to
  1.2990 +a
  1.2991 +particular
  1.2992 +resource.
  1.2993 +</p>
  1.2994 +<ol>
  1.2995 +<li>
  1.2996 +The
  1.2997 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.2998 +Identification
  1.2999 +Agent
  1.3000 +</a>
  1.3001 +attempts
  1.3002 +to
  1.3003 +access
  1.3004 +a
  1.3005 +resource
  1.3006 +using
  1.3007 +HTTP
  1.3008 +over
  1.3009 +TLS
  1.3010 +[
  1.3011 +<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">
  1.3012 +HTTP-TLS
  1.3013 +</a>
  1.3014 +]
  1.3015 +via
  1.3016 +the
  1.3017 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3018 +Verification
  1.3019 +Agent
  1.3020 +</a>.
  1.3021 +</li>
  1.3022 +<li>
  1.3023 +The
  1.3024 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3025 +Verification
  1.3026 +Agent
  1.3027 +</a>
  1.3028 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3029 +must
  1.3030 +</em>
  1.3031 +request
  1.3032 +the
  1.3033 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">
  1.3034 +Identification
  1.3035 +Certificate
  1.3036 +</a>
  1.3037 +of
  1.3038 +the
  1.3039 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.3040 +Identification
  1.3041 +Agent
  1.3042 +</a>
  1.3043 +as
  1.3044 +a
  1.3045 +part
  1.3046 +of
  1.3047 +the
  1.3048 +TLS
  1.3049 +client-cerificate
  1.3050 +retrieval
  1.3051 +protocol.
  1.3052 +</li>
  1.3053 +<li>
  1.3054 +The
  1.3055 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3056 +Verification
  1.3057 +Agent
  1.3058 +</a>
  1.3059 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3060 +must
  1.3061 +</em>
  1.3062 +extract
  1.3063 +the
  1.3064 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3065 +<ins class="diff-new">public
  1.3066 +key
  1.3067 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3068 +and
  1.3069 +the
  1.3070 +</ins>
  1.3071 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">
  1.3072 +WebID
  1.3073 +URL
  1.3074 +</a>
  1.3075 +contained
  1.3076 +in
  1.3077 +the
  1.3078 +<code>
  1.3079 +Subject
  1.3080 +Alternative
  1.3081 +Name
  1.3082 +</code>
  1.3083 +<del class="diff-old">field
  1.3084 +</del>
  1.3085 +<ins class="diff-chg">extension
  1.3086 +</ins>
  1.3087 +of
  1.3088 +the
  1.3089 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">
  1.3090 +Identification
  1.3091 +Certificate
  1.3092 +</a>.
  1.3093 +</li>
  1.3094 +<li>
  1.3095 +The
  1.3096 +<del class="diff-old">WebID
  1.3097 +Profile
  1.3098 +document
  1.3099 +must
  1.3100 +be
  1.3101 +dereferenced
  1.3102 +and
  1.3103 +all
  1.3104 +triples
  1.3105 +pertaining
  1.3106 +to
  1.3107 +the
  1.3108 +</del>
  1.3109 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3110 +public
  1.3111 +key
  1.3112 +</a>
  1.3113 +<ins class="diff-new">information
  1.3114 +</ins>
  1.3115 +associated
  1.3116 +with
  1.3117 +the
  1.3118 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">
  1.3119 +WebID
  1.3120 +URL
  1.3121 +</a>
  1.3122 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3123 +must
  1.3124 +</em>
  1.3125 +be
  1.3126 +<del class="diff-old">extracted.
  1.3127 +The
  1.3128 +remote
  1.3129 +document
  1.3130 +triples
  1.3131 +</del>
  1.3132 +<ins class="diff-chg">verified
  1.3133 +by
  1.3134 +the
  1.3135 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3136 +Verification
  1.3137 +Agent
  1.3138 +</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3139 +This
  1.3140 +</ins>
  1.3141 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3142 +must
  1.3143 +</em>
  1.3144 +be
  1.3145 +<del class="diff-old">queried
  1.3146 +for
  1.3147 +information
  1.3148 +about
  1.3149 +</del>
  1.3150 +<ins class="diff-chg">performed
  1.3151 +by
  1.3152 +validating
  1.3153 +</ins>
  1.3154 +the
  1.3155 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3156 +public
  1.3157 +key
  1.3158 +</a>
  1.3159 +<ins class="diff-new">associated
  1.3160 +with
  1.3161 +the
  1.3162 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3163 +WebID
  1.3164 +URL
  1.3165 +</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-new">
  1.3166 +This
  1.3167 +process
  1.3168 +</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="should"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3169 +should
  1.3170 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3171 +occur
  1.3172 +either
  1.3173 +by
  1.3174 +dereferencing
  1.3175 +the
  1.3176 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3177 +WebID
  1.3178 +URL
  1.3179 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3180 +and
  1.3181 +extracting
  1.3182 +RDF
  1.3183 +data
  1.3184 +from
  1.3185 +the
  1.3186 +resulting
  1.3187 +document,
  1.3188 +or
  1.3189 +by
  1.3190 +utilizing
  1.3191 +a
  1.3192 +cached
  1.3193 +version
  1.3194 +of
  1.3195 +the
  1.3196 +RDF
  1.3197 +data
  1.3198 +</ins>
  1.3199 +contained
  1.3200 +in
  1.3201 +the
  1.3202 +<del class="diff-old">Identification
  1.3203 +Certificate
  1.3204 +</del>
  1.3205 +<ins class="diff-chg">document
  1.3206 +or
  1.3207 +other
  1.3208 +data
  1.3209 +source
  1.3210 +that
  1.3211 +is
  1.3212 +up-to-date
  1.3213 +and
  1.3214 +trusted
  1.3215 +by
  1.3216 +the
  1.3217 +</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3218 +Verification
  1.3219 +Agent
  1.3220 +</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3221 +The
  1.3222 +processing
  1.3223 +and
  1.3224 +extraction
  1.3225 +mechanism
  1.3226 +is
  1.3227 +further
  1.3228 +detailed
  1.3229 +in
  1.3230 +the
  1.3231 +sections
  1.3232 +titled
  1.3233 +</ins><a href="#processing-the-webid-profile"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3234 +Processing
  1.3235 +the
  1.3236 +WebID
  1.3237 +Profile
  1.3238 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3239 +and
  1.3240 +</ins><a href="#extracting-webid-url-details"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3241 +Extracting
  1.3242 +WebID
  1.3243 +URL
  1.3244 +Details
  1.3245 +</ins>
  1.3246 +</a>.
  1.3247 +</li>
  1.3248 +<li>
  1.3249 +If
  1.3250 +the
  1.3251 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3252 +public
  1.3253 +key
  1.3254 +</a>
  1.3255 +in
  1.3256 +the
  1.3257 +<del class="diff-old">certificate
  1.3258 +</del>
  1.3259 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">
  1.3260 +<ins class="diff-chg">Identification
  1.3261 +Certificate
  1.3262 +</ins></a>
  1.3263 +is
  1.3264 +found
  1.3265 +in
  1.3266 +the
  1.3267 +list
  1.3268 +of
  1.3269 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3270 +public
  1.3271 +<del class="diff-old">keys
  1.3272 +</del>
  1.3273 +<ins class="diff-chg">key
  1.3274 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3275 +s
  1.3276 +</ins>
  1.3277 +associated
  1.3278 +with
  1.3279 +the
  1.3280 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">
  1.3281 +WebID
  1.3282 +URL
  1.3283 +</a>,
  1.3284 +the
  1.3285 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3286 +Verification
  1.3287 +Agent
  1.3288 +</a>
  1.3289 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3290 +must
  1.3291 +</em>
  1.3292 +assume
  1.3293 +that
  1.3294 +the
  1.3295 +client
  1.3296 +has
  1.3297 +write
  1.3298 +access
  1.3299 +to
  1.3300 +the
  1.3301 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">
  1.3302 +WebID
  1.3303 +Profile
  1.3304 +</a>
  1.3305 +and
  1.3306 +therefore
  1.3307 +owns
  1.3308 +the
  1.3309 +document.
  1.3310 +</li>
  1.3311 +<li>
  1.3312 +<del class="diff-old">At
  1.3313 +this
  1.3314 +point,
  1.3315 +</del>
  1.3316 +<ins class="diff-chg">If
  1.3317 +</ins>
  1.3318 +the
  1.3319 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3320 +Verification
  1.3321 +Agent
  1.3322 +</a>
  1.3323 +has
  1.3324 +verified
  1.3325 +that
  1.3326 +the
  1.3327 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">
  1.3328 +WebID
  1.3329 +Profile
  1.3330 +</a>
  1.3331 +is
  1.3332 +owned
  1.3333 +by
  1.3334 +the
  1.3335 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.3336 +Identification
  1.3337 +Agent
  1.3338 +<del class="diff-old">.
  1.3339 +The
  1.3340 +</del>
  1.3341 +</a>,
  1.3342 +<ins class="diff-chg">the
  1.3343 +</ins>
  1.3344 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3345 +Verification
  1.3346 +Agent
  1.3347 +</a>
  1.3348 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3349 +must
  1.3350 +</em>
  1.3351 +use
  1.3352 +the
  1.3353 +<del class="diff-old">now
  1.3354 +</del>
  1.3355 +verified
  1.3356 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3357 +public
  1.3358 +key
  1.3359 +</a>
  1.3360 +contained
  1.3361 +in
  1.3362 +the
  1.3363 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">
  1.3364 +Identification
  1.3365 +Certificate
  1.3366 +</a>
  1.3367 +for
  1.3368 +all
  1.3369 +TLS-based
  1.3370 +communication
  1.3371 +with
  1.3372 +the
  1.3373 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.3374 +Identification
  1.3375 +Agent
  1.3376 +</a>.
  1.3377 +</li>
  1.3378 +</ol>
  1.3379 +<p>
  1.3380 +The
  1.3381 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">
  1.3382 +Identification
  1.3383 +Agent
  1.3384 +</a>
  1.3385 +<em class="rfc2119" title="may">
  1.3386 +may
  1.3387 +</em>
  1.3388 +re-establish
  1.3389 +a
  1.3390 +different
  1.3391 +identity
  1.3392 +at
  1.3393 +any
  1.3394 +time
  1.3395 +by
  1.3396 +executing
  1.3397 +all
  1.3398 +of
  1.3399 +the
  1.3400 +steps
  1.3401 +in
  1.3402 +the
  1.3403 +Authentication
  1.3404 +Sequence
  1.3405 +again.
  1.3406 +Additional
  1.3407 +algorithms,
  1.3408 +detailed
  1.3409 +in
  1.3410 +the
  1.3411 +next
  1.3412 +section,
  1.3413 +<em class="rfc2119" title="may">
  1.3414 +may
  1.3415 +</em>
  1.3416 +be
  1.3417 +performed
  1.3418 +to
  1.3419 +determine
  1.3420 +if
  1.3421 +the
  1.3422 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3423 +Verification
  1.3424 +Agent
  1.3425 +</a>
  1.3426 +can
  1.3427 +access
  1.3428 +a
  1.3429 +particular
  1.3430 +resource
  1.3431 +after
  1.3432 +the
  1.3433 +last
  1.3434 +step
  1.3435 +of
  1.3436 +the
  1.3437 +Authentication
  1.3438 +Sequence
  1.3439 +has
  1.3440 +been
  1.3441 +completed.
  1.3442 +</p>
  1.3443 +</div>
  1.3444 +<div class="normative section" id="authentication-sequence-details" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#authentication-sequence-details">
  1.3445 +<h3>
  1.3446 +<span class="secno">
  1.3447 +2.3
  1.3448 +</span>
  1.3449 +Authentication
  1.3450 +Sequence
  1.3451 +Details
  1.3452 +</h3>
  1.3453 +<p>
  1.3454 +This
  1.3455 +section
  1.3456 +covers
  1.3457 +details
  1.3458 +about
  1.3459 +each
  1.3460 +step
  1.3461 +in
  1.3462 +the
  1.3463 +authentication
  1.3464 +process.
  1.3465 +</p>
  1.3466 +<div class="normative section" id="initiating-a-tls-connection" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#initiating-a-tls-connection">
  1.3467 +<h4>
  1.3468 +<span class="secno">
  1.3469 +2.3.1
  1.3470 +</span>
  1.3471 +Initiating
  1.3472 +a
  1.3473 +TLS
  1.3474 +Connection
  1.3475 +</h4>
  1.3476 +<p class="issue">
  1.3477 +This
  1.3478 +section
  1.3479 +will
  1.3480 +detail
  1.3481 +how
  1.3482 +the
  1.3483 +TLS
  1.3484 +connection
  1.3485 +process
  1.3486 +is
  1.3487 +started
  1.3488 +and
  1.3489 +used
  1.3490 +by
  1.3491 +WebID
  1.3492 +to
  1.3493 +create
  1.3494 +a
  1.3495 +secure
  1.3496 +channel
  1.3497 +between
  1.3498 +the
  1.3499 +Identification
  1.3500 +Agent
  1.3501 +and
  1.3502 +the
  1.3503 +Verification
  1.3504 +Agent.
  1.3505 +</p>
  1.3506 +</div>
  1.3507 +<div class="normative section" id="exchanging-the-identification-certificate" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#exchanging-the-identification-certificate">
  1.3508 +<h4>
  1.3509 +<span class="secno">
  1.3510 +2.3.2
  1.3511 +</span>
  1.3512 +Exchanging
  1.3513 +the
  1.3514 +Identification
  1.3515 +Certificate
  1.3516 +</h4>
  1.3517 +<p class="issue">
  1.3518 +This
  1.3519 +section
  1.3520 +will
  1.3521 +detail
  1.3522 +how
  1.3523 +the
  1.3524 +certificate
  1.3525 +is
  1.3526 +selected
  1.3527 +and
  1.3528 +sent
  1.3529 +to
  1.3530 +the
  1.3531 +Verification
  1.3532 +Agent.
  1.3533 +</p>
  1.3534 +</div>
  1.3535 +<div class="normative section" id="processing-the-webid-profile" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#processing-the-webid-profile">
  1.3536 +<h4>
  1.3537 +<span class="secno">
  1.3538 +2.3.3
  1.3539 +</span>
  1.3540 +Processing
  1.3541 +the
  1.3542 +WebID
  1.3543 +Profile
  1.3544 +</h4>
  1.3545 +<p>
  1.3546 +A
  1.3547 +<ins class="diff-new">Verification
  1.3548 +Agent
  1.3549 +</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="must"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3550 +must
  1.3551 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3552 +be
  1.3553 +able
  1.3554 +to
  1.3555 +process
  1.3556 +documents
  1.3557 +in
  1.3558 +RDF/XML
  1.3559 +[
  1.3560 +</ins><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3561 +RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR
  1.3562 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3563 +]
  1.3564 +and
  1.3565 +XHTML+RDFa
  1.3566 +[
  1.3567 +</ins><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3568 +XHTML-RDFA
  1.3569 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3570 +].
  1.3571 +A
  1.3572 +</ins>
  1.3573 +server
  1.3574 +responding
  1.3575 +to
  1.3576 +a
  1.3577 +WebID
  1.3578 +Profile
  1.3579 +request
  1.3580 +<em class="rfc2119" title="should">
  1.3581 +<ins class="diff-new">should
  1.3582 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3583 +support
  1.3584 +HTTP
  1.3585 +content
  1.3586 +negotiation.
  1.3587 +The
  1.3588 +server
  1.3589 +</ins>
  1.3590 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">
  1.3591 +must
  1.3592 +</em>
  1.3593 +<del class="diff-old">support
  1.3594 +returning
  1.3595 +an
  1.3596 +XHTML+RDFa
  1.3597 +[
  1.3598 +XHTML-RDFA
  1.3599 +]
  1.3600 +document
  1.3601 +with
  1.3602 +either
  1.3603 +</del>
  1.3604 +<ins class="diff-chg">return
  1.3605 +</ins>
  1.3606 +a
  1.3607 +<ins class="diff-new">representation
  1.3608 +in
  1.3609 +RDF/XML
  1.3610 +for
  1.3611 +media
  1.3612 +type
  1.3613 +</ins><code><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3614 +application/rdf+xml
  1.3615 +</ins></code>.<ins class="diff-new">
  1.3616 +The
  1.3617 +server
  1.3618 +</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="must"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3619 +must
  1.3620 +</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
  1.3621 +return
  1.3622 +a
  1.3623 +representation
  1.3624 +in
  1.3625 +XHTML+RDFa
  1.3626 +for
  1.3627 +media
  1.3628 +type
  1.3629 +</ins>
  1.3630 +<code>
  1.3631 +text/html
  1.3632 +</code>
  1.3633 +or
  1.3634 +<ins class="diff-new">media
  1.3635 +type
  1.3636 +</ins>
  1.3637 +<code>
  1.3638 +application/xhtml+xml
  1.3639 +<del class="diff-old">MIMEtype.
  1.3640 +A
  1.3641 +server
  1.3642 +</del>
  1.3643 +</code>.
  1.3644 +<a class="tref" title="Verification_Agents">
  1.3645 +<ins class="diff-chg">Verification
  1.3646 +Agents
  1.3647 +</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3648 +and
  1.3649 +</ins><a class="tref" title="Identification_Agents"><ins class="diff-chg">
  1.3650 +Identification
  1.3651 +Agents
  1.3652 +</ins></a>
  1.3653 +<em class="rfc2119" title="may">
  1.3654 +may
  1.3655 +</em>
  1.3656 +support
  1.3657 +<ins class="diff-new">any
  1.3658 +other
  1.3659 +RDF
  1.3660 +format
  1.3661 +via
  1.3662 +</ins>
  1.3663 +HTTP
  1.3664 +content
  1.3665 +<del class="diff-old">negotiation
  1.3666 +and
  1.3667 +return
  1.3668 +a
  1.3669 +document
  1.3670 +that
  1.3671 +conforms
  1.3672 +to
  1.3673 +N3
  1.3674 +[
  1.3675 +N3
  1.3676 +],
  1.3677 +Turtle
  1.3678 +[
  1.3679 +TURTLE
  1.3680 +],
  1.3681 +or
  1.3682 +RDF/XML
  1.3683 +[
  1.3684 +RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR
  1.3685 +].
  1.3686 +</del>
  1.3687 +<ins class="diff-chg">negotiation.
  1.3688 +</ins>
  1.3689 +</p>
  1.3690 +<p class="issue">
  1.3691 +This
  1.3692 +section
  1.3693 +will
  1.3694 +explain
  1.3695 +how
  1.3696 +a
  1.3697 +Verification
  1.3698 +Agent
  1.3699 +extracts
  1.3700 +semantic
  1.3701 +data
  1.3702 +describing
  1.3703 +the
  1.3704 +identification
  1.3705 +credentials
  1.3706 +from
  1.3707 +a
  1.3708 +WebID
  1.3709 +Profile.
  1.3710 +</p>
  1.3711 +</div>
  1.3712 +<div class="normative section" id="extracting-webid-url-details" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#extracting-webid-url-details">
  1.3713 +<h4>
  1.3714 +<span class="secno">
  1.3715 +2.3.4
  1.3716 +</span>
  1.3717 +Extracting
  1.3718 +<del class="diff-old">Identification
  1.3719 +</del>
  1.3720 +<ins class="diff-chg">WebID
  1.3721 +</ins>
  1.3722 +URL
  1.3723 +Details
  1.3724 +</h4>
  1.3725 +<p>
  1.3726 +The
  1.3727 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">
  1.3728 +Verification
  1.3729 +Agent
  1.3730 +</a>
  1.3731 +may
  1.3732 +use
  1.3733 +a
  1.3734 +number
  1.3735 +of
  1.3736 +different
  1.3737 +methods
  1.3738 +to
  1.3739 +extract
  1.3740 +the
  1.3741 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3742 +public
  1.3743 +key
  1.3744 +</a>
  1.3745 +information
  1.3746 +from
  1.3747 +the
  1.3748 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">
  1.3749 +WebID
  1.3750 +Profile
  1.3751 +</a>.
  1.3752 +</p>
  1.3753 +The
  1.3754 +following
  1.3755 +SPARQL
  1.3756 +query
  1.3757 +outlines
  1.3758 +one
  1.3759 +way
  1.3760 +in
  1.3761 +which
  1.3762 +the
  1.3763 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">
  1.3764 +public
  1.3765 +key
  1.3766 +</a>
  1.3767 +could
  1.3768 +be
  1.3769 +extracted
  1.3770 +from
  1.3771 +the
  1.3772 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">
  1.3773 +WebID
  1.3774 +Profile
  1.3775 +</a>:
  1.3776 +<code><pre>
  1.3777 +PREFIX cert: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/cert#&gt;
  1.3778 +PREFIX rsa: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/rsa#&gt;
  1.3779 +SELECT ?modulus ?exp
  1.3780 +WHERE {
  1.3781 +   ?key cert:identity &lt;http://example.org/webid#public&gt;;
  1.3782 +      a rsa:RSAPublicKey;
  1.3783 +      rsa:modulus [ cert:hex ?modulus; ];
  1.3784 +      rsa:public_exponent [ cert:decimal ?exp ] .
  1.3785 +}
  1.3786 +</pre>
  1.3787 +</code>
  1.3788 +<p class="issue">
  1.3789 +This
  1.3790 +section
  1.3791 +still
  1.3792 +needs
  1.3793 +more
  1.3794 +information.
  1.3795 +</p>
  1.3796 +</div>
  1.3797 +<div class="normative section" id="determining-access-privileges" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#determining-access-privileges">
  1.3798 +<h4>
  1.3799 +<span class="secno">
  1.3800 +2.3.5
  1.3801 +</span>
  1.3802 +Determining
  1.3803 +Access
  1.3804 +Privileges
  1.3805 +</h4>
  1.3806 +<p class="issue">
  1.3807 +This
  1.3808 +section
  1.3809 +will
  1.3810 +explain
  1.3811 +how
  1.3812 +a
  1.3813 +Verification
  1.3814 +Agent
  1.3815 +may
  1.3816 +use
  1.3817 +the
  1.3818 +information
  1.3819 +discovered
  1.3820 +via
  1.3821 +a
  1.3822 +WebID
  1.3823 +URL
  1.3824 +to
  1.3825 +determine
  1.3826 +if
  1.3827 +one
  1.3828 +should
  1.3829 +be
  1.3830 +able
  1.3831 +to
  1.3832 +access
  1.3833 +a
  1.3834 +particular
  1.3835 +resource.
  1.3836 +It
  1.3837 +will
  1.3838 +explain
  1.3839 +how
  1.3840 +a
  1.3841 +Verification
  1.3842 +Agent
  1.3843 +can
  1.3844 +use
  1.3845 +links
  1.3846 +to
  1.3847 +other
  1.3848 +RDFa
  1.3849 +documents
  1.3850 +to
  1.3851 +build
  1.3852 +knowledge
  1.3853 +about
  1.3854 +the
  1.3855 +given
  1.3856 +WebID.
  1.3857 +</p>
  1.3858 +</div>
  1.3859 +</div>
  1.3860 +<div id="appendix" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#appendix" class="section">
  1.3861 +<div class="informative section" id="history" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#history">
  1.3862 +<h4>
  1.3863 +Change
  1.3864 +History
  1.3865 +</h4>
  1.3866 +<p>
  1.3867 +<em>
  1.3868 +This
  1.3869 +section
  1.3870 +is
  1.3871 +non-normative.
  1.3872 +</em>
  1.3873 +</p>
  1.3874 +<p>
  1.3875 +2010-07-11
  1.3876 +Initial
  1.3877 +version.
  1.3878 +</p>
  1.3879 +</div>
  1.3880 +<div class="informative section" id="acknowledgements" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#acknowledgements">
  1.3881 +<h4>
  1.3882 +Acknowledgments
  1.3883 +</h4>
  1.3884 +<p>
  1.3885 +<em>
  1.3886 +This
  1.3887 +section
  1.3888 +is
  1.3889 +non-normative.
  1.3890 +</em>
  1.3891 +</p>
  1.3892 +<p>
  1.3893 +The
  1.3894 +following
  1.3895 +people
  1.3896 +have
  1.3897 +been
  1.3898 +instrumental
  1.3899 +in
  1.3900 +providing
  1.3901 +thoughts,
  1.3902 +feedback,
  1.3903 +reviews,
  1.3904 +criticism
  1.3905 +and
  1.3906 +input
  1.3907 +in
  1.3908 +the
  1.3909 +creation
  1.3910 +of
  1.3911 +this
  1.3912 +specification:
  1.3913 +</p>
  1.3914 +<ul>
  1.3915 +<li>
  1.3916 +Melvin
  1.3917 +Carvalho
  1.3918 +</li>
  1.3919 +<li>
  1.3920 +Bruno
  1.3921 +Harbulot
  1.3922 +</li>
  1.3923 +<li>
  1.3924 +Toby
  1.3925 +Inkster
  1.3926 +</li>
  1.3927 +<li>
  1.3928 +Ian
  1.3929 +Jacobi
  1.3930 +</li>
  1.3931 +<li>
  1.3932 +Jeff
  1.3933 +Sayre
  1.3934 +</li>
  1.3935 +<li>
  1.3936 +Henry
  1.3937 +Story
  1.3938 +</li>
  1.3939 +</ul>
  1.3940 +</div>
  1.3941 +</div>
  1.3942 +</div>
  1.3943 +<div id="references" class="appendix section" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#references">
  1.3944 +<h2>
  1.3945 +<span class="secno">
  1.3946 +A.
  1.3947 +</span>
  1.3948 +References
  1.3949 +</h2>
  1.3950 +<div id="normative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#normative-references" class="section">
  1.3951 +<h3>
  1.3952 +<span class="secno">
  1.3953 +A.1
  1.3954 +</span>
  1.3955 +Normative
  1.3956 +references
  1.3957 +</h3>
  1.3958 +<dl class="bibliography" about="">
  1.3959 +<dt id="bib-HTTP-TLS">
  1.3960 +[HTTP-TLS]
  1.3961 +</dt>
  1.3962 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.3963 +E.
  1.3964 +Rescorla.
  1.3965 +<a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt">
  1.3966 +<cite>
  1.3967 +HTTP
  1.3968 +Over
  1.3969 +TLS.
  1.3970 +</cite>
  1.3971 +</a>
  1.3972 +May
  1.3973 +2000.
  1.3974 +Internet
  1.3975 +RFC
  1.3976 +2818.
  1.3977 +URL:
  1.3978 +<a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt">
  1.3979 +http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt
  1.3980 +</a>
  1.3981 +</dd>
  1.3982 +<dt id="bib-N3">
  1.3983 +[N3]
  1.3984 +</dt>
  1.3985 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.3986 +Tim
  1.3987 +Berners-Lee;
  1.3988 +Dan
  1.3989 +Connolly.
  1.3990 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/">
  1.3991 +<cite>
  1.3992 +Notation3
  1.3993 +(N3):
  1.3994 +A
  1.3995 +readable
  1.3996 +RDF
  1.3997 +syntax.
  1.3998 +</cite>
  1.3999 +</a>
  1.4000 +14
  1.4001 +January
  1.4002 +2008.
  1.4003 +W3C
  1.4004 +Team
  1.4005 +Submission.
  1.4006 +URL:
  1.4007 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/">
  1.4008 +http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/
  1.4009 +</a>
  1.4010 +</dd>
  1.4011 +<dt id="bib-RDF-PRIMER">
  1.4012 +<ins class="diff-new">[RDF-PRIMER]
  1.4013 +</ins></dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.4014 +Frank
  1.4015 +Manola;
  1.4016 +Eric
  1.4017 +Miller.
  1.4018 +</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/"><cite><ins class="diff-new">
  1.4019 +RDF
  1.4020 +Primer.
  1.4021 +</ins></cite></a><ins class="diff-new">
  1.4022 +10
  1.4023 +February
  1.4024 +2004.
  1.4025 +W3C
  1.4026 +Recommendation.
  1.4027 +URL:
  1.4028 +</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/"><ins class="diff-new">
  1.4029 +http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/
  1.4030 +</ins></a></dd>
  1.4031 +<dt id="bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">
  1.4032 +[RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]
  1.4033 +</dt>
  1.4034 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.4035 +Dave
  1.4036 +Beckett.
  1.4037 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210">
  1.4038 +<cite>
  1.4039 +RDF/XML
  1.4040 +Syntax
  1.4041 +Specification
  1.4042 +(Revised).
  1.4043 +</cite>
  1.4044 +</a>
  1.4045 +10
  1.4046 +February
  1.4047 +2004.
  1.4048 +W3C
  1.4049 +Recommendation.
  1.4050 +URL:
  1.4051 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210">
  1.4052 +http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210
  1.4053 +</a>
  1.4054 +</dd>
  1.4055 +<dt id="bib-RDFA-CORE">
  1.4056 +[RDFA-CORE]
  1.4057 +</dt>
  1.4058 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.4059 +Shane
  1.4060 +McCarron;
  1.4061 +et
  1.4062 +al.
  1.4063 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422">
  1.4064 +<cite>
  1.4065 +RDFa
  1.4066 +Core
  1.4067 +1.1:
  1.4068 +Syntax
  1.4069 +and
  1.4070 +processing
  1.4071 +rules
  1.4072 +for
  1.4073 +embedding
  1.4074 +RDF
  1.4075 +through
  1.4076 +attributes.
  1.4077 +</cite>
  1.4078 +</a>
  1.4079 +22
  1.4080 +April
  1.4081 +2010.
  1.4082 +W3C
  1.4083 +Working
  1.4084 +Draft.
  1.4085 +URL:
  1.4086 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422">
  1.4087 +http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422
  1.4088 +</a>
  1.4089 +</dd>
  1.4090 +<dt id="bib-TURTLE">
  1.4091 +[TURTLE]
  1.4092 +</dt>
  1.4093 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.4094 +David
  1.4095 +Beckett,
  1.4096 +Tim
  1.4097 +Berners-Lee.
  1.4098 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/">
  1.4099 +Turtle:
  1.4100 +Terse
  1.4101 +RDF
  1.4102 +Triple
  1.4103 +Language
  1.4104 +</a>
  1.4105 +January
  1.4106 +2008.
  1.4107 +W3C
  1.4108 +Team
  1.4109 +Submission.
  1.4110 +URL:
  1.4111 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/">
  1.4112 +http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/
  1.4113 +</a>
  1.4114 +</dd>
  1.4115 +<dt id="bib-X509V3">
  1.4116 +[X509V3]
  1.4117 +</dt>
  1.4118 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.4119 +<cite>
  1.4120 +ITU-T
  1.4121 +Recommendation
  1.4122 +X.509
  1.4123 +version
  1.4124 +3
  1.4125 +(1997).
  1.4126 +"Information
  1.4127 +Technology
  1.4128 +-
  1.4129 +Open
  1.4130 +Systems
  1.4131 +Interconnection
  1.4132 +-
  1.4133 +The
  1.4134 +Directory
  1.4135 +Authentication
  1.4136 +Framework"
  1.4137 +ISO/IEC
  1.4138 +9594-8:1997
  1.4139 +</cite>.
  1.4140 +</dd>
  1.4141 +<dt id="bib-XHTML-RDFA">
  1.4142 +[XHTML-RDFA]
  1.4143 +</dt>
  1.4144 +<dd rel="dcterms:requires">
  1.4145 +Shane
  1.4146 +McCarron;
  1.4147 +et.
  1.4148 +al.
  1.4149 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422">
  1.4150 +<cite>
  1.4151 +XHTML+RDFa
  1.4152 +1.1.
  1.4153 +</cite>
  1.4154 +</a>
  1.4155 +22
  1.4156 +April
  1.4157 +2010.
  1.4158 +W3C
  1.4159 +Working
  1.4160 +Draft.
  1.4161 +URL:
  1.4162 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422">
  1.4163 +http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422
  1.4164 +</a>
  1.4165 +</dd>
  1.4166 +</dl>
  1.4167 +</div>
  1.4168 +<div id="informative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#informative-references" class="section">
  1.4169 +<h3>
  1.4170 +<span class="secno">
  1.4171 +A.2
  1.4172 +</span>
  1.4173 +Informative
  1.4174 +references
  1.4175 +</h3>
  1.4176 +<dl class="bibliography" about="">
  1.4177 +<dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">
  1.4178 +[RDF-CONCEPTS]
  1.4179 +</dt>
  1.4180 +<dd rel="dcterms:references">
  1.4181 +Graham
  1.4182 +Klyne;
  1.4183 +Jeremy
  1.4184 +J.
  1.4185 +Carroll.
  1.4186 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210">
  1.4187 +<cite>
  1.4188 +Resource
  1.4189 +Description
  1.4190 +Framework
  1.4191 +(RDF):
  1.4192 +Concepts
  1.4193 +and
  1.4194 +Abstract
  1.4195 +Syntax.
  1.4196 +</cite>
  1.4197 +</a>
  1.4198 +10
  1.4199 +February
  1.4200 +2004.
  1.4201 +W3C
  1.4202 +Recommendation.
  1.4203 +URL:
  1.4204 +<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210">
  1.4205 +http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210
  1.4206 +<del class="diff-old">[RDF-PRIMER]
  1.4207 +Frank
  1.4208 +Manola;
  1.4209 +Eric
  1.4210 +Miller.
  1.4211 +RDF
  1.4212 +Primer.
  1.4213 +10
  1.4214 +February
  1.4215 +2004.
  1.4216 +W3C
  1.4217 +Recommendation.
  1.4218 +URL:
  1.4219 +http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/
  1.4220 +</del>
  1.4221 +</a>
  1.4222 +</dd>
  1.4223 +</dl>
  1.4224 +</div>
  1.4225 +</div>
  1.4226 +</body>
  1.4227 +</html>
     2.1 --- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
     2.2 +++ b/drafts/ED-webid-20100718/index.html	Sun Jul 18 10:15:15 2010 -0400
     2.3 @@ -0,0 +1,541 @@
     2.4 +<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
     2.5 +<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.0//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/DTD/xhtml-rdfa-1.dtd'>
     2.6 +<html dir="ltr" about="" property="dcterms:language" content="en" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:dcterms='http://purl.org/dc/terms/' xmlns:bibo='http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/' xmlns:foaf='http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/' xmlns:xsd='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#'>
     2.7 +<head>
     2.8 +    <title>WebID 1.0</title>
     2.9 +    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" />
    2.10 +    
    2.11 +<!--  
    2.12 +      === NOTA BENE ===
    2.13 +      For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
    2.14 +      out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
    2.15 +      -->
    2.16 +
    2.17 +<style type="text/css">
    2.18 +code           { font-family: monospace; }
    2.19 +
    2.20 +span.hilite { color: red; /* font-weight: bold */ }
    2.21 +
    2.22 +li p           { margin-top: 0.3em;
    2.23 +                 margin-bottom: 0.3em; }
    2.24 +
    2.25 +div.explanation { background-color: #ADD8E6;
    2.26 +                   width: 80%;
    2.27 +                   margin: 12px; padding: 8px; }
    2.28 +div.explanation li { margin-top: 8px; }
    2.29 +div.explanation dd { margin: 4px; }
    2.30 +
    2.31 +.adef { 
    2.32 +	font-family: monospace; 
    2.33 +	font-weight: bold; 
    2.34 +    color: #ff4500 !important;
    2.35 +}
    2.36 +
    2.37 +.aref { 
    2.38 +	font-family: monospace; 
    2.39 +	font-weight: bold; 
    2.40 +    color: #ff4500 !important;
    2.41 +}
    2.42 +
    2.43 +span.entity { color: red; }
    2.44 +
    2.45 +span.element { color: green; }
    2.46 +</style>
    2.47 +
    2.48 +     
    2.49 +
    2.50 +<!--     <script src='/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js' class='remove'></script>  -->
    2.51 +
    2.52 +    
    2.53 +  <link href="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/w3c-unofficial" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /></head><body style="display: inherit; "><div class="head"><p></p><h1 rel="dcterms:title" class="title" id="title">WebID 1.0</h1><h2 rel="bibo:subtitle" id="subtitle">Web Identification and Discovery</h2><h2 property="dcterms:issued" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2010-07-18T14:10:06+0000" id="unofficial-draft-18-july-2010">Unofficial Draft 18 July 2010</h2><dl><dt>Editor:</dt><dd rel="bibo:editor"><span typeof="foaf:Person"><span property="foaf:name">Manu Sporny</span>, <a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://blog.digitalbazaar.com/">Digital Bazaar, Inc.</a> <a rel="foaf:mbox" href="mailto:msporny@digitalbazaar.com">msporny@digitalbazaar.com</a> </span>
    2.54 +</dd>
    2.55 +<dt>Authors:</dt><dd><span><a content="Toby Inkster" href="http://tobyinkster.co.uk/">Toby Inkster</a></span>
    2.56 +</dd>
    2.57 +<dd><span><a content="Henry Story" href="http://bblfish.net/">Henry Story</a></span>
    2.58 +</dd>
    2.59 +<dd><span><a content="Bruno Harbulot" href="http://blog.distributedmatter.net/">Bruno Harbulot</a></span>
    2.60 +</dd>
    2.61 +<dd><span><a content="Reto Bachmann-Gmür" href="http://www.facebook.com/farewellutopia">Reto Bachmann-Gmür</a></span>
    2.62 +</dd>
    2.63 +</dl><p>This document is also available in this non-normative format: <a href="diff-20100711.html">Diff from previous Editors Draft</a>.</p><p class="copyright">This document is licensed under a <a class="subfoot" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>.</p><hr></hr></div>
    2.64 +    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#abstract"><h2>Abstract</h2>
    2.65 +
    2.66 +<p>Social networking, identity and privacy have been at the center of how we 
    2.67 +interact with the Web in the last decade. The explosion of social networking 
    2.68 +sites has brought the world closer together as well as created new points of
    2.69 +pain regarding ease of use and the Web. Remembering login details, passwords,
    2.70 +and sharing private information across the many websites and social groups
    2.71 +that we are a part of has become more difficult and complicated than necessary. 
    2.72 +The Social Web is designed to ensure that control of identity and privacy 
    2.73 +settings is always simple and under one's control. WebID is a key enabler of the 
    2.74 +Social Web. This specification outlines a simple universal identification 
    2.75 +mechanism that is distributed, openly extensible, improves privacy, security 
    2.76 +and control over how one can identify themselves and control access to their 
    2.77 +information on the Web.
    2.78 +</p>
    2.79 +  
    2.80 +<div typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#how-to-read-this-document" class="section">
    2.81 +<h3 id="how-to-read-this-document">How to Read this Document</h3>
    2.82 +  
    2.83 +<p>There are a number of concepts that are covered in this document that the
    2.84 +reader may want to be aware of before continuing. General knowledge of
    2.85 +<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_cryptography">public key cryptography</a> 
    2.86 +and RDF [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-PRIMER">RDF-PRIMER</a>] and RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDFA-CORE">RDFA-CORE</a>] is necessary to understand how 
    2.87 +to implement this specification. WebID uses a number of specific technologies 
    2.88 +like HTTP over TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>], X.509 certificates [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>], 
    2.89 +RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] and XHTML+RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>].</p>
    2.90 +
    2.91 +<p>A general <a href="#introduction">Introduction</a> is provided for all that
    2.92 +would like to understand why this specification is necessary to simplify usage
    2.93 +of the Web.</p>
    2.94 +
    2.95 +<p>The terms used throughout this specification are listed in the section
    2.96 +titled <a href="#terminology">Terminology</a>.</p>
    2.97 +
    2.98 +<p>Developers that are interested in implementing this specification will be
    2.99 +most interested in the sections titled 
   2.100 +<a href="#authentication-sequence">Authentication Sequence</a> and 
   2.101 +<a href="#authentication-sequence-details">Authentication Sequence Details</a>.
   2.102 +  
   2.103 +</p></div>
   2.104 +</div><div id="sotd" class="introductory section" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#sotd"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p>This document is merely a public working draft of a potential specification. It has no official standing of any kind and does not represent the support or consensus of any standards organisation.</p>
   2.105 +
   2.106 +<!--  <p>This document has been reviewed by W3C Members, by software
   2.107 +developers, and by other W3C groups and interested parties, and is
   2.108 +endorsed by the Director as a W3C Recommendation. It is a stable
   2.109 +document and may be used as reference material or cited from another
   2.110 +document. W3C's role in making the Recommendation is to draw attention
   2.111 +to the specification and to promote its widespread deployment. This
   2.112 +enhances the functionality and interoperability of the Web.</p>  -->
   2.113 +
   2.114 +
   2.115 +The source code for this document is available via Github at the following
   2.116 +URL: <a href="http://github.com/msporny/webid-spec">http://github.com/msporny/webid-spec</a>
   2.117 +
   2.118 +</div><div id="toc" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#motivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Motivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#relation-to-openid" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Relation to OpenID</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#relation-to-oauth" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Relation to OAuth</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#the-webid-protocol" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>The WebID Protocol</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#terminology" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Terminology</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#authentication-sequence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Authentication Sequence</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#authentication-sequence-details" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Authentication Sequence Details</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#initiating-a-tls-connection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.1 </span>Initiating a TLS Connection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#exchanging-the-identification-certificate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.2 </span>Exchanging the Identification Certificate</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#processing-the-webid-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.3 </span>Processing the WebID Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extracting-webid-url-details" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.4 </span>Extracting WebID URL Details</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#determining-access-privileges" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.5 </span>Determining Access Privileges</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
   2.119 +
   2.120 +
   2.121 +
   2.122 +<div class="informative section" id="introduction" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#introduction">
   2.123 +
   2.124 +<!-- OddPage -->
   2.125 +<h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
   2.126 +
   2.127 +<p>
   2.128 +The WebID specification is designed to help alleviate the difficultly that
   2.129 +remembering different logins, passwords and settings for websites has created. 
   2.130 +It is also designed to provide a universal and extensible mechanism to express 
   2.131 +public and private information about yourself. This section outlines the 
   2.132 +motivation behind the specification and the relationship to other similar 
   2.133 +specifications that are in active use today.
   2.134 +</p>
   2.135 +
   2.136 +<div class="informative section" id="motivation" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#motivation">
   2.137 +<h3><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Motivation</h3><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
   2.138 +
   2.139 +<p>
   2.140 +It is a fundamental design criteria of the Web to enable individuals and
   2.141 +organizations to control how they interact with the rest of society. This
   2.142 +includes how one expresses their identity, public information and personal 
   2.143 +details to social networks, Web sites and services.
   2.144 +</p>
   2.145 +
   2.146 +<p>
   2.147 +Semantic Web vocabularies such as Friend-of-a-Friend (FOAF) permit distributed 
   2.148 +hyperlinked social networks to exist. This vocabulary, along with other 
   2.149 +vocabularies, allow one to add information and services protection to 
   2.150 +distributed social networks.
   2.151 +</p>
   2.152 +
   2.153 +<p>
   2.154 +One major criticism of open networks is that they seem to have no way of
   2.155 +protecting the personal information distributed on the web or limiting
   2.156 +access to resources. Few people are willing to make all their personal
   2.157 +information public, many would like large pieces to be protected, making
   2.158 +it available only to a select group of agents. Giving access to
   2.159 +information is very similar to giving access to services. There are many
   2.160 +occasions when people would like services to only be accessible to
   2.161 +members of a group, such as allowing only friends, family members,
   2.162 +colleagues to post an article, photo or comment on a blog. How does one do
   2.163 +this in a flexible way, without requiring a central point of
   2.164 +access control?
   2.165 +</p>
   2.166 +
   2.167 +<p>
   2.168 +Using an process made popular by OpenID, we show how one can tie a User
   2.169 +Agent to a URL by proving that one has write access to the URL. WebID is
   2.170 +a simpler alternative to OpenID (fewer connections), that uses X.509 
   2.171 +certificates to tie a User Agent (Browser) to a Person identified via a URL. 
   2.172 +WebID also provides a few additional features to OpenID. These
   2.173 +features include trust management, via digital signatures, and free-form 
   2.174 +extensibility via RDFa. By using the existing SSL certificate exchange
   2.175 +mechanism, WebID integrates more smoothly with existing Web browsers, including
   2.176 +browsers on mobile devices. WebID also permits automated session login
   2.177 +in addition to interactive session login. Additionally, all data is encrypted
   2.178 +and guaranteed to only be received by the person or organization that was 
   2.179 +intended to receive it.
   2.180 +</p>
   2.181 +
   2.182 +</div>
   2.183 +
   2.184 +<div class="informative section" id="relation-to-openid" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#relation-to-openid">
   2.185 +<h3><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Relation to OpenID</h3><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
   2.186 +
   2.187 +<p class="issue">This section needs to be re-written. The flow and grammar
   2.188 +leaves much to be desired. -- manu</p>
   2.189 +
   2.190 +<p>WebID is compatible with OpenID. Both protocols use a URL that dereferences
   2.191 +to a Personal Profile Document. This Personal Profile Document is where further
   2.192 +information about an identity can be discovered. This mechanism is compatible
   2.193 +with both WebID and OpenID. Therefore, WebID does not intend to replace OpenID, 
   2.194 +but can work beside OpenID by sharing the content in the Personal Profile
   2.195 +Document.</p>
   2.196 +
   2.197 +<p>That said, there are a number of benefits that WebID achieves over OpenID:
   2.198 +</p>
   2.199 +
   2.200 +<p>WebID gives people and other agents a WebID URL for identification. OpenID 
   2.201 +also provides a URL to a Personal Profile Document. However, in the case of 
   2.202 +WebID, one does not need to remember the URL since the User Agent remembers
   2.203 +the URL on behalf of the person browsing. To log in on a WebID web site there 
   2.204 +is no need to enter any identifier like one has to do for OpenID. Just one click 
   2.205 +tells the browser to send the WebID URL. The person that is browsing does 
   2.206 +not need to remember either their WebID URL or the website password. The only 
   2.207 +password one may need to remember is the one that is used to access their 
   2.208 +collection of WebIDs in their browser, and that's only if they opt-in to 
   2.209 +password protect their WebIDs.
   2.210 +</p>
   2.211 +
   2.212 +<p>WebID gives people and other agents a Web ID URL for identification. OpenID
   2.213 +also provides a URL to a Personal Profile Document. However, in the case of 
   2.214 +WebID, the user does not need to remember the URL, the browser or User Agent 
   2.215 +does. A login button on a WebID web site is just a button. No need to enter any 
   2.216 +identifier like one has to for OpenID. Just click the button. Your browser will 
   2.217 +then ask you what identity you wish to use. The person that is browsing does 
   2.218 +not need to remember either the WebID URL or the website password. The only 
   2.219 +password one needs to remember is the one that is used to access their 
   2.220 +collection of WebIDs in their browser.</p>
   2.221 +
   2.222 +<p>The WebID protocol requires just one direct network connection to establish
   2.223 +identity via the client. The server requires one connection to the client and
   2.224 +one connection to retrieve the WebID Profile if it does not have the credential
   2.225 +information cached. Compare this to the much more complex OpenID sequence, which
   2.226 +requires six connections by the client to establish a login. In a world of 
   2.227 +distributed data where each site can point to data on any other site, multiple 
   2.228 +connections become costly to manage.</p>
   2.229 +
   2.230 +<p>WebID builds on a number of well established Internet and Web standards;
   2.231 +<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REST">REST</a>, 
   2.232 +RDF [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-PRIMER">RDF-PRIMER</a>], RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDFA-CORE">RDFA-CORE</a>], RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>], 
   2.233 +TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>], and X.509 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>]. By building on previous standards, 
   2.234 +it makes both explaining and implementing WebID easier on developers.</p>
   2.235 +
   2.236 +<p>Since WebID is RESTful, you can perform basic HTTP operations to 
   2.237 +<code>GET</code> your WebID, and if you needed update it, you can use
   2.238 +HTTP <code>PUT</code> semantics. You can also create a WebID via 
   2.239 +<code>POST</code>. This is improved from the OpenID specification, which
   2.240 +requires a new set of operations described in the OpenID Attribute Exchange
   2.241 +specification.</p>
   2.242 +
   2.243 +<p>WebID is built on RDF and thus enables all of the advanced semantic web
   2.244 +concepts that RDF enables. For example, a developer may perform machine
   2.245 +reasoning with a WebID. One can construct machine-executable statements like
   2.246 +"If this WebID claims to be a friend of one of our partner WebIDs that is
   2.247 +trusted and the relationship is bi-directional, trust the WebID." 
   2.248 +While OpenID attempts to support this use case by mapping OpenID to RDF, it's
   2.249 +far easier to do with WebID because WebID is natively RDF-aware.</p>
   2.250 +
   2.251 +<p>It is easy to extend a WebID with new attributes via RDF. The power of
   2.252 +RDF allows developers to add extensions to WebID by defining new
   2.253 +vocabularies that they publish. There is no authorization process necessary
   2.254 +and thus WebID allows for distributed innovation. Every WebID property is
   2.255 +a URI, which when clicked, can give you yet more information about what the
   2.256 +property means. A developer can create new usage classes by extending their
   2.257 +vocabulary at will. A developer can add relationships to a WebID by simply
   2.258 +adding more HTML to the developer's page. OpenID does not provide any type of
   2.259 +distributed innovation akin to RDF.</p>
   2.260 +
   2.261 +<p>Implementing WebID is easier than OpenID because all of the basic 
   2.262 +technologies have been working and integrated into Web browsers for many years. 
   2.263 +There were already three interoperable implementations of WebID before this 
   2.264 +specification was written.</p>
   2.265 +
   2.266 +<p>WebID is truly decentralized - with WebID you get a web of trust. 
   2.267 +OpenID only supports the Web of Trust model if you indirectly trust the
   2.268 +OpenID provider. In other words - OpenID is not truly decentralized. In OpenID
   2.269 +you must trust OpenID providers. With WebID you only have to trust the people
   2.270 +and the organizations with which you are communicating. In other words, you
   2.271 +don't have to ask anyone whether or not you can trust your friends. You can
   2.272 +query people that you trust directly to see if someone is trustworthy or not.
   2.273 +There is no need for a central WebID authority.
   2.274 +</p>
   2.275 +
   2.276 +<p>WebID is fully distributed, anyone can setup a WebID by placing a single
   2.277 +file on a web server of their choosing. There is no need for a special 
   2.278 +OpenID-like provider service. The only thing anyone that wants a WebID needs
   2.279 +is a web account where you can post your WebID file, ideally on your own domain 
   2.280 +name. You can also use a WebID hosting provider, but it's not necessary for
   2.281 +WebID to work. While it is possible to run an OpenID server, other
   2.282 +OpenID applications may not trust you and thus you won't be able to fully
   2.283 +utilize your private OpenID credentials. The reason that there are a few
   2.284 +large OpenID providers and very few small OpenID providers is because of this
   2.285 +trust design issue related to OpenID.</p>
   2.286 +
   2.287 +<p>WebID does not require HTTP redirects. Redirects are problematic on many
   2.288 +cell phones, because telecoms heavily rely on proxys, which selectively block
   2.289 +redirects.</p>
   2.290 +
   2.291 +<p>A WebID provider is 100% compatible with an OpenID provider and thus can 
   2.292 +inter-operate with OpenID-powered networks.</p>
   2.293 +
   2.294 +</div>
   2.295 +
   2.296 +<div class="informative section" id="relation-to-oauth" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#relation-to-oauth">
   2.297 +<h3><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Relation to OAuth</h3><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
   2.298 +
   2.299 +<p>
   2.300 +OAuth and WebID are mutually beneficial when used together. WebID can be
   2.301 +used to provide RSA parameters to the RSA-SHA1 signature method required by
   2.302 +OAuth 1.0. WebID can also be used to establish the consumer_key and HTTPS 
   2.303 +connection that will be used to transmit OAuth Tokens in OAuth 2.0.
   2.304 +</p>
   2.305 +
   2.306 +</div>
   2.307 +</div>
   2.308 +
   2.309 +<div class="normative section" id="the-webid-protocol" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#the-webid-protocol">
   2.310 +
   2.311 +<!-- OddPage -->
   2.312 +<h2><span class="secno">2. </span>The WebID Protocol</h2>
   2.313 +
   2.314 +<div class="normative section" id="terminology" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#terminology">
   2.315 +<h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Terminology</h3>
   2.316 +
   2.317 +<dl>
   2.318 +
   2.319 +<dt><dfn title="Verification_Agent" id="dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</dfn></dt>
   2.320 +<dd>Performs authentication on provided WebID credentials and determines if
   2.321 +an <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> can have access to a particular 
   2.322 +resource. A <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> is typically a Web server, but 
   2.323 +may also be a peer on a peer-to-peer network.</dd>
   2.324 +
   2.325 +<dt><dfn title="Identification_Agent" id="dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</dfn></dt>
   2.326 +<dd>Provides identification credentials to a Verification Agent. The
   2.327 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> is typically also a User Agent.</dd>
   2.328 +
   2.329 +<dt><dfn title="Identification_Certificate" id="dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</dfn></dt>
   2.330 +<dd>An X.509 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>] Certificate that <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> contain a 
   2.331 +<code>Subject Alternative Name</code> extension with a URI entry. The URI
   2.332 +<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> be a URL, and <em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em> be a URN. The URL
   2.333 +identifies the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>. The URL <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be 
   2.334 +dereference-able and result in a document containing RDF data. For example, 
   2.335 +the certificate would contain <code>http://example.org/webid#public</code>,
   2.336 +known as a <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>, as the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code>:
   2.337 +<code><pre>
   2.338 +X509v3 extensions:
   2.339 +   ...
   2.340 +   X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
   2.341 +      URI:http://example.org/webid#public
   2.342 +</pre></code>
   2.343 +
   2.344 +</dd><dt><dfn title="WebID_URL" id="dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</dfn></dt>
   2.345 +<dd>A URL specified via the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> extension 
   2.346 +of the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> that identifies an 
   2.347 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>.</dd>
   2.348 +
   2.349 +<dt><dfn title="public_key" id="dfn-public_key">public key</dfn></dt>
   2.350 +<dd>A widely distributed crytographic key that can be used to verify 
   2.351 +digital signatures and encrypt data between a sender and a receiver. A public
   2.352 +key is always included in an <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a></dd>
   2.353 +
   2.354 +<dt><dfn title="WebID_Profile" id="dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</dfn></dt>
   2.355 +<dd>
   2.356 +A structured document that contains identification credentials for the 
   2.357 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> expressed using the Resource Description
   2.358 +Framework [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a>]. Either the XHTML+RDFa 1.1 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>] 
   2.359 +serialization format or the RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] serialization
   2.360 +format <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be supported by the mechanism, e.g. a Web Service, providing the
   2.361 +WebID Profile document. Alternate RDF serialization
   2.362 +formats, such as N3 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-N3">N3</a>] or Turtle [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TURTLE">TURTLE</a>], <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> be supported by the 
   2.363 +mechanism providing the WebID Profile document.
   2.364 +</dd>
   2.365 +
   2.366 +</dl>
   2.367 +
   2.368 +<p class="issue">Whether or not RDF/XML, XHTML+RDFa 1.1, both or neither
   2.369 +serialization of RDF should be required serialization formats in the 
   2.370 +specification is currently under heavy debate.</p>
   2.371 +
   2.372 +</div>
   2.373 +
   2.374 +<div class="normative section" id="authentication-sequence" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#authentication-sequence">
   2.375 +<h3><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Authentication Sequence</h3>
   2.376 +
   2.377 +<p>The following steps are executed by Verification Agents and Identification
   2.378 +Agents to determine if access should be granted to a particular resource.
   2.379 +</p>
   2.380 +
   2.381 +<ol>
   2.382 +<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> attempts to access a resource
   2.383 +using HTTP over TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>] via the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a>.</li>
   2.384 +
   2.385 +<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> request the 
   2.386 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> of the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>
   2.387 +as a part of the TLS client-cerificate retrieval protocol.</li>
   2.388 +
   2.389 +<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> extract the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> and the
   2.390 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> contained in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> 
   2.391 +extension of the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a>.</li>
   2.392 +
   2.393 +<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> information associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> 
   2.394 +be verified by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a>. This <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be performed
   2.395 +by validating the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>. This 
   2.396 +process <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> occur either by dereferencing the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> and 
   2.397 +extracting RDF data from the resulting document, or by utilizing a cached 
   2.398 +version of the RDF data contained in the document or other data source that is 
   2.399 +up-to-date and trusted by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a>. The processing
   2.400 +and extraction mechanism is further detailed in the sections titled 
   2.401 +<a href="#processing-the-webid-profile">Processing the WebID Profile</a> and
   2.402 +<a href="#extracting-webid-url-details">Extracting WebID URL Details</a>.
   2.403 +</li>
   2.404 +
   2.405 +<li>If the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> in the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> is found 
   2.406 +in the list of <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a>s associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>, the 
   2.407 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> assume that the client has write access to 
   2.408 +the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> and therefore owns the document.</li>
   2.409 +
   2.410 +<li>If the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> has verified that the
   2.411 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> is owned by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>, the
   2.412 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> use the verified <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> contained 
   2.413 +in the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> for all TLS-based communication
   2.414 +with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>.
   2.415 +</li></ol>
   2.416 +
   2.417 +<p>
   2.418 +The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> re-establish a different identity at 
   2.419 +any time by executing all of the steps in the Authentication Sequence again. 
   2.420 +Additional algorithms, detailed in the next section, <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> be performed to 
   2.421 +determine if the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> can access a particular 
   2.422 +resource after the last step of the Authentication Sequence has been
   2.423 +completed.
   2.424 +</p>
   2.425 +
   2.426 +</div>
   2.427 +
   2.428 +<div class="normative section" id="authentication-sequence-details" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#authentication-sequence-details">
   2.429 +<h3><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Authentication Sequence Details</h3>
   2.430 +
   2.431 +<p>This section covers details about each step in the authentication process.
   2.432 +</p>
   2.433 +
   2.434 +<div class="normative section" id="initiating-a-tls-connection" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#initiating-a-tls-connection">
   2.435 +<h4><span class="secno">2.3.1 </span>Initiating a TLS Connection</h4>
   2.436 +
   2.437 +<p class="issue">This section will detail how the TLS connection process is
   2.438 +started and used by WebID to create a secure channel between the 
   2.439 +Identification Agent and the Verification Agent.</p>
   2.440 +</div>
   2.441 +
   2.442 +<div class="normative section" id="exchanging-the-identification-certificate" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#exchanging-the-identification-certificate">
   2.443 +<h4><span class="secno">2.3.2 </span>Exchanging the Identification Certificate</h4>
   2.444 +
   2.445 +<p class="issue">This section will detail how the certificate is selected and
   2.446 +sent to the Verification Agent.</p>
   2.447 +</div>
   2.448 +
   2.449 +<div class="normative section" id="processing-the-webid-profile" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#processing-the-webid-profile">
   2.450 +<h4><span class="secno">2.3.3 </span>Processing the WebID Profile</h4>
   2.451 +
   2.452 +<p>A Verification Agent <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be able to process documents in RDF/XML 
   2.453 +[<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] and XHTML+RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>]. A server responding to 
   2.454 +a WebID Profile request <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> support HTTP content negotiation. The server
   2.455 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> return a representation in RDF/XML for media type
   2.456 +<code>application/rdf+xml</code>.
   2.457 +The server <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> return a representation in XHTML+RDFa for media type
   2.458 +<code>text/html</code> or media type 
   2.459 +<code>application/xhtml+xml</code>. <a class="tref" title="Verification_Agents">Verification Agents</a> and 
   2.460 +<a class="tref" title="Identification_Agents">Identification Agents</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> support any other RDF format via 
   2.461 +HTTP content negotiation.
   2.462 +</p> 
   2.463 +
   2.464 +<p class="issue">This section will explain how a Verification Agent extracts 
   2.465 +semantic data describing the identification credentials from a WebID Profile.</p>
   2.466 +</div>
   2.467 +
   2.468 +<div class="normative section" id="extracting-webid-url-details" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#extracting-webid-url-details">
   2.469 +<h4><span class="secno">2.3.4 </span>Extracting WebID URL Details</h4>
   2.470 +
   2.471 +<p>
   2.472 +The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> may use a number of different methods to
   2.473 +extract the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> information from the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a>.
   2.474 +</p>
   2.475 +The following SPARQL query outlines one way in which the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a>
   2.476 +could be extracted from the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a>:
   2.477 +<code><pre>
   2.478 +PREFIX cert: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/cert#&gt;
   2.479 +PREFIX rsa: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/rsa#&gt;
   2.480 +SELECT ?modulus ?exp
   2.481 +WHERE {
   2.482 +   ?key cert:identity &lt;http://example.org/webid#public&gt;;
   2.483 +      a rsa:RSAPublicKey;
   2.484 +      rsa:modulus [ cert:hex ?modulus; ];
   2.485 +      rsa:public_exponent [ cert:decimal ?exp ] .
   2.486 +}
   2.487 +</pre></code>
   2.488 +
   2.489 +<p class="issue">This section still needs more information.</p>
   2.490 +
   2.491 +</div>
   2.492 +
   2.493 +<div class="normative section" id="determining-access-privileges" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#determining-access-privileges">
   2.494 +<h4><span class="secno">2.3.5 </span>Determining Access Privileges</h4>
   2.495 +
   2.496 +<p class="issue">This section will explain how a Verification Agent may
   2.497 +use the information discovered via a WebID URL to determine if one should
   2.498 +be able to access a particular resource. It will explain how a Verification
   2.499 +Agent can use links to other RDFa documents to build knowledge about the
   2.500 +given WebID.</p>
   2.501 +
   2.502 +</div>
   2.503 +
   2.504 +</div>
   2.505 +
   2.506 +<div id="appendix" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#appendix" class="section">
   2.507 +
   2.508 +<div class="informative section" id="history" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#history">
   2.509 +<h4>Change History</h4><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
   2.510 +<p>2010-07-11 Initial version.</p>
   2.511 +</div>
   2.512 +
   2.513 +<div class="informative section" id="acknowledgements" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#acknowledgements">
   2.514 +<h4>Acknowledgments</h4><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
   2.515 +
   2.516 +<p>The following people have been instrumental in providing thoughts, feedback,
   2.517 +reviews, criticism and input in the creation of this specification:</p>
   2.518 +
   2.519 +<ul>
   2.520 +<li>Melvin Carvalho</li>
   2.521 +<li>Bruno Harbulot</li>
   2.522 +<li>Toby Inkster</li>
   2.523 +<li>Ian Jacobi</li>
   2.524 +<li>Jeff Sayre</li>
   2.525 +<li>Henry Story</li>
   2.526 +</ul>
   2.527 +
   2.528 +</div>
   2.529 +</div>
   2.530 +  
   2.531 +
   2.532 +
   2.533 +</div><div id="references" class="appendix section" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#references">
   2.534 +<!-- OddPage -->
   2.535 +<h2><span class="secno">A. </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#normative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography" about=""><dt id="bib-HTTP-TLS">[HTTP-TLS]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">E. Rescorla. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt"><cite>HTTP Over TLS.</cite></a> May 2000. Internet RFC 2818. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt</a> 
   2.536 +</dd><dt id="bib-N3">[N3]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Tim Berners-Lee; Dan Connolly. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/"><cite>Notation3 (N3): A readable RDF syntax.</cite></a> 14 January 2008. W3C Team Submission. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/">http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/</a> 
   2.537 +</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-PRIMER">[RDF-PRIMER]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Frank Manola; Eric Miller. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/"><cite>RDF Primer.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/</a> 
   2.538 +</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">[RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Dave Beckett. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210"><cite>RDF/XML Syntax Specification (Revised).</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210</a> 
   2.539 +</dd><dt id="bib-RDFA-CORE">[RDFA-CORE]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Shane McCarron; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422"><cite>RDFa Core 1.1: Syntax and processing rules for embedding RDF through attributes.</cite></a>22 April 2010. W3C Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422">http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422</a> 
   2.540 +</dd><dt id="bib-TURTLE">[TURTLE]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">David Beckett, Tim Berners-Lee. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/">Turtle: Terse RDF Triple Language</a> January 2008. W3C Team Submission. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/">http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/</a> 
   2.541 +</dd><dt id="bib-X509V3">[X509V3]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires"><cite>ITU-T Recommendation X.509 version 3 (1997). "Information Technology - Open Systems Interconnection - The Directory Authentication Framework"  ISO/IEC 9594-8:1997</cite>.
   2.542 +</dd><dt id="bib-XHTML-RDFA">[XHTML-RDFA]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Shane McCarron; et. al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422"><cite>XHTML+RDFa 1.1.</cite></a> 22 April 2010. W3C Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422">http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422</a> 
   2.543 +</dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#informative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">A.2 </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography" about=""><dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">[RDF-CONCEPTS]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:references">Graham Klyne; Jeremy J. Carroll. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210"><cite>Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210</a> 
   2.544 +</dd></dl></div></div></body></html>
     3.1 --- a/index-respec.html	Sun Jul 11 21:02:35 2010 -0400
     3.2 +++ b/index-respec.html	Sun Jul 18 10:15:15 2010 -0400
     3.3 @@ -179,8 +179,9 @@
     3.4  
     3.5            // if there is a previously published draft, uncomment this and set its YYYY-MM-DD date
     3.6            // and its maturity status
     3.7 -          //previousPublishDate:  "2010-04-22",
     3.8 -          //previousMaturity:  "FPWD",
     3.9 +          previousPublishDate:  "2010-07-11",
    3.10 +          previousMaturity:  "ED",
    3.11 +          previousURI:       "http://payswarm.com/webid/drafts/ED-webid-20100711/",
    3.12  
    3.13  
    3.14            // if there a publicly available Editors Draft, this is the link
    3.15 @@ -205,8 +206,10 @@
    3.16            // only "name" is required. Same format as editors.
    3.17  
    3.18            authors:  [
    3.19 -              { name: "Toby Inkster" },
    3.20 -              { name: "Henry Story", url: "http://bblfish.net/" }
    3.21 +              { name: "Toby Inkster", url: "http://tobyinkster.co.uk/" },
    3.22 +              { name: "Henry Story", url: "http://bblfish.net/" },
    3.23 +              { name: "Bruno Harbulot", url: "http://blog.distributedmatter.net/" },
    3.24 +              { name: "Reto Bachmann-Gmür", url: "http://www.facebook.com/farewellutopia" }
    3.25            ],
    3.26  
    3.27  //          errata: 'http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/2008/REC-rdfa-syntax-20081014-errata',
    3.28 @@ -220,6 +223,11 @@
    3.29            // name (with the @w3c.org) of the public mailing to which comments are due
    3.30            wgPublicList: "socialweb-xg",
    3.31            
    3.32 +          // alternate formats for this document
    3.33 +          alternateFormats: [
    3.34 +              { uri: 'diff-20100711.html', 
    3.35 +                  label: "Diff from previous Editors Draft" }],
    3.36 +
    3.37            // URI of the patent status for this WG, for Rec-track documents
    3.38            // !!!! IMPORTANT !!!!
    3.39            // This is important for Rec-track documents, do not copy a patent URI from a random
    3.40 @@ -269,15 +277,18 @@
    3.41    <body>
    3.42      <section id='abstract'>
    3.43  
    3.44 -<p>Identification and privacy have been at the center of how we
    3.45 -interact with sites on the Web. The explosion of Websites over the last decade
    3.46 -and a half has created a point of pain for anyone that uses the Web on a
    3.47 -regular basis. Remembering login details, passwords,
    3.48 -and sharing private information across the many websites that people use on a
    3.49 -daily basis has become more difficult and complicated than necessary. This 
    3.50 -specification outlines a simple universal identification mechanism that is
    3.51 -distributed, openly extensible, improves privacy, security and control over how 
    3.52 -one can identify themselves and control access to their information on the Web.
    3.53 +<p>Social networking, identity and privacy have been at the center of how we 
    3.54 +interact with the Web in the last decade. The explosion of social networking 
    3.55 +sites has brought the world closer together as well as created new points of
    3.56 +pain regarding ease of use and the Web. Remembering login details, passwords,
    3.57 +and sharing private information across the many websites and social groups
    3.58 +that we are a part of has become more difficult and complicated than necessary. 
    3.59 +The Social Web is designed to ensure that control of identity and privacy 
    3.60 +settings is always simple and under one's control. WebID is a key enabler of the 
    3.61 +Social Web. This specification outlines a simple universal identification 
    3.62 +mechanism that is distributed, openly extensible, improves privacy, security 
    3.63 +and control over how one can identify themselves and control access to their 
    3.64 +information on the Web.
    3.65  </p>
    3.66    
    3.67  <section>
    3.68 @@ -286,9 +297,10 @@
    3.69  <p>There are a number of concepts that are covered in this document that the
    3.70  reader may want to be aware of before continuing. General knowledge of
    3.71  <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_cryptography">public key cryptography</a> 
    3.72 -is necessary to understand how to implement this specification. 
    3.73 -WebID also uses HTTP over TLS [[!HTTP-TLS]], X.509 certificates
    3.74 -[[!X509V3]], and RDFa [[!RDFA-CORE]].</p>
    3.75 +and RDF [[!RDF-PRIMER]] and RDFa [[!RDFA-CORE]] is necessary to understand how 
    3.76 +to implement this specification. WebID uses a number of specific technologies 
    3.77 +like HTTP over TLS [[!HTTP-TLS]], X.509 certificates [[!X509V3]], 
    3.78 +RDF/XML [[!RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]] and XHTML+RDFa [[!XHTML-RDFA]].</p>
    3.79  
    3.80  <p>A general <a href="#introduction">Introduction</a> is provided for all that
    3.81  would like to understand why this specification is necessary to simplify usage
    3.82 @@ -382,22 +394,40 @@
    3.83  <section class='informative'>
    3.84  <h1>Relation to OpenID</h1>
    3.85  
    3.86 -<p>While some may say that OpenID and WebID conflict, WebID is 100% compatible
    3.87 -with OpenID since both use a URL for identification. Therefore, WebID does not
    3.88 -intend to replace OpenID, but can work beside OpenID just as easily as providing
    3.89 -a complete solution. That said, there are a number of benefits that WebID
    3.90 -achieves over OpenID:
    3.91 +<p class='issue'>This section needs to be re-written. The flow and grammar
    3.92 +leaves much to be desired. -- manu</p>
    3.93 +
    3.94 +<p>WebID is compatible with OpenID. Both protocols use a URL that dereferences
    3.95 +to a Personal Profile Document. This Personal Profile Document is where further
    3.96 +information about an identity can be discovered. This mechanism is compatible
    3.97 +with both WebID and OpenID. Therefore, WebID does not intend to replace OpenID, 
    3.98 +but can work beside OpenID by sharing the content in the Personal Profile
    3.99 +Document.</p>
   3.100 +
   3.101 +<p>That said, there are a number of benefits that WebID achieves over OpenID:
   3.102  </p>
   3.103  
   3.104 -<p>WebID gives people and other agents a Web ID URL for identification, just
   3.105 -like OpenId does. However, in the case of WebID, the user does not need to
   3.106 -remember the URL, the browser or User Agent does. A login button on a
   3.107 -WebID web site is just a button. No need to enter any identifier like one
   3.108 -has to for OpenID. Just click the button. Your browser will then ask you what 
   3.109 -identity you wish to use. The person that is browsing does not need to 
   3.110 -remember either the WebID URL or the website password. The only password one
   3.111 -needs to remember is the one that is used to access their collection of
   3.112 -WebIDs in their browser.</p>
   3.113 +<p>WebID gives people and other agents a WebID URL for identification. OpenID 
   3.114 +also provides a URL to a Personal Profile Document. However, in the case of 
   3.115 +WebID, one does not need to remember the URL since the User Agent remembers
   3.116 +the URL on behalf of the person browsing. To log in on a WebID web site there 
   3.117 +is no need to enter any identifier like one has to do for OpenID. Just one click 
   3.118 +tells the browser to send the WebID URL. The person that is browsing does 
   3.119 +not need to remember either their WebID URL or the website password. The only 
   3.120 +password one may need to remember is the one that is used to access their 
   3.121 +collection of WebIDs in their browser, and that's only if they opt-in to 
   3.122 +password protect their WebIDs.
   3.123 +</p>
   3.124 +
   3.125 +<p>WebID gives people and other agents a Web ID URL for identification. OpenID
   3.126 +also provides a URL to a Personal Profile Document. However, in the case of 
   3.127 +WebID, the user does not need to remember the URL, the browser or User Agent 
   3.128 +does. A login button on a WebID web site is just a button. No need to enter any 
   3.129 +identifier like one has to for OpenID. Just click the button. Your browser will 
   3.130 +then ask you what identity you wish to use. The person that is browsing does 
   3.131 +not need to remember either the WebID URL or the website password. The only 
   3.132 +password one needs to remember is the one that is used to access their 
   3.133 +collection of WebIDs in their browser.</p>
   3.134  
   3.135  <p>The WebID protocol requires just one direct network connection to establish
   3.136  identity via the client. The server requires one connection to the client and
   3.137 @@ -407,11 +437,11 @@
   3.138  distributed data where each site can point to data on any other site, multiple 
   3.139  connections become costly to manage.</p>
   3.140  
   3.141 -<p>WebID builds on well established Internet and Web standards;
   3.142 +<p>WebID builds on a number of well established Internet and Web standards;
   3.143  <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REST">REST</a>, 
   3.144 -RDF [[RDF-PRIMER]], RDFa [[!RDFA-CORE]], TLS [[!HTTP-TLS]], and X.509 
   3.145 -[[!X509V3]]. By building on previous standards, it makes both explaining and 
   3.146 -implementing WebID easier on developers.</p>
   3.147 +RDF [[RDF-PRIMER]], RDFa [[!RDFA-CORE]], RDF/XML [[!RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]], 
   3.148 +TLS [[!HTTP-TLS]], and X.509 [[!X509V3]]. By building on previous standards, 
   3.149 +it makes both explaining and implementing WebID easier on developers.</p>
   3.150  
   3.151  <p>Since WebID is RESTful, you can perform basic HTTP operations to 
   3.152  <code>GET</code> your WebID, and if you needed update it, you can use
   3.153 @@ -420,16 +450,6 @@
   3.154  requires a new set of operations described in the OpenID Attribute Exchange
   3.155  specification.</p>
   3.156  
   3.157 -<p>It is easy to extend a WebID with new attributes via RDF. The power of
   3.158 -RDF and RDFa allows developers to add extensions to WebID by defining new
   3.159 -vocabularies that they publish. There is no authorization process necessary
   3.160 -and thus WebID allows for distributed innovation. Every WebID property is
   3.161 -a URI, which when clicked, can give you yet more information about what the
   3.162 -property means. A developer can create new usage classes by extending their
   3.163 -vocabulary at will. A developer can add relationships to a WebID by simply
   3.164 -adding more HTML to the developer's page. OpenID does not provide any type of
   3.165 -distributed innovation akin to RDF or RDFa.</p>
   3.166 -
   3.167  <p>WebID is built on RDF and thus enables all of the advanced semantic web
   3.168  concepts that RDF enables. For example, a developer may perform machine
   3.169  reasoning with a WebID. One can construct machine-executable statements like
   3.170 @@ -438,6 +458,16 @@
   3.171  While OpenID attempts to support this use case by mapping OpenID to RDF, it's
   3.172  far easier to do with WebID because WebID is natively RDF-aware.</p>
   3.173  
   3.174 +<p>It is easy to extend a WebID with new attributes via RDF. The power of
   3.175 +RDF allows developers to add extensions to WebID by defining new
   3.176 +vocabularies that they publish. There is no authorization process necessary
   3.177 +and thus WebID allows for distributed innovation. Every WebID property is
   3.178 +a URI, which when clicked, can give you yet more information about what the
   3.179 +property means. A developer can create new usage classes by extending their
   3.180 +vocabulary at will. A developer can add relationships to a WebID by simply
   3.181 +adding more HTML to the developer's page. OpenID does not provide any type of
   3.182 +distributed innovation akin to RDF.</p>
   3.183 +
   3.184  <p>Implementing WebID is easier than OpenID because all of the basic 
   3.185  technologies have been working and integrated into Web browsers for many years. 
   3.186  There were already three interoperable implementations of WebID before this 
   3.187 @@ -464,7 +494,7 @@
   3.188  large OpenID providers and very few small OpenID providers is because of this
   3.189  trust design issue related to OpenID.</p>
   3.190  
   3.191 -<p>WebID does not require HTTP redirects. Redirects are are problematic on many
   3.192 +<p>WebID does not require HTTP redirects. Redirects are problematic on many
   3.193  cell phones, because telecoms heavily rely on proxys, which selectively block
   3.194  redirects.</p>
   3.195  
   3.196 @@ -505,12 +535,13 @@
   3.197  <tref>Identification Agent</tref> is typically also a User Agent.</dd>
   3.198  
   3.199  <dt><tdef>Identification Certificate</tdef></dt>
   3.200 -<dd>An X.509 [[!X509V3]] Certificate that MUST contain the 
   3.201 -<code>Subject Alternative Name</code> field pointing to a URL that is
   3.202 -dereference-able and results in a document containing RDF data. For example 
   3.203 +<dd>An X.509 [[!X509V3]] Certificate that MUST contain a 
   3.204 +<code>Subject Alternative Name</code> extension with a URI entry. The URI
   3.205 +SHOULD be a URL, and SHOULD NOT be a URN. The URL
   3.206 +identifies the <tref>Identification Agent</tref>. The URL MUST be 
   3.207 +dereference-able and result in a document containing RDF data. For example, 
   3.208  the certificate would contain <code>http://example.org/webid#public</code>,
   3.209 -known as a <tref>WebID URL</tref>, as
   3.210 -the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code>:
   3.211 +known as a <tref>WebID URL</tref>, as the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code>:
   3.212  <code><pre>
   3.213  X509v3 extensions:
   3.214     ...
   3.215 @@ -519,24 +550,33 @@
   3.216  </pre></code>
   3.217  
   3.218  <dt><tdef>WebID URL</tdef></dt>
   3.219 -<dd>A URL specified in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> field of the
   3.220 -<tref>Identification Certificate</tref> that identifies a 
   3.221 -<tref>WebID Profile</tref> document.</dd>
   3.222 +<dd>A URL specified via the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> extension 
   3.223 +of the <tref>Identification Certificate</tref> that identifies an 
   3.224 +<tref>Identification Agent</tref>.</dd>
   3.225 +
   3.226 +<dt><tdef>public key</tdef></dt>
   3.227 +<dd>A widely distributed crytographic key that can be used to verify 
   3.228 +digital signatures and encrypt data between a sender and a receiver. A public
   3.229 +key is always included in an <tref>Identification Certificate</tref></dd>
   3.230  
   3.231  <dt><tdef>WebID Profile</tdef></dt>
   3.232  <dd>
   3.233  A structured document that contains identification credentials for the 
   3.234  <tref>Identification Agent</tref> expressed using the Resource Description
   3.235 -Framework [[RDF-CONCEPTS]]. The XHTML+RDFa 1.1 [[!XHTML-RDFA]] serialization
   3.236 +Framework [[RDF-CONCEPTS]]. Either the XHTML+RDFa 1.1 [[!XHTML-RDFA]] 
   3.237 +serialization format or the RDF/XML [[!RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]] serialization
   3.238  format MUST be supported by the mechanism, e.g. a Web Service, providing the
   3.239  WebID Profile document. Alternate RDF serialization
   3.240 -formats, such as N3 [[!N3]], Turtle [[!TURTLE]], or RDF/XML 
   3.241 -[[!RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]] MAY be supported by the mechanism providing the 
   3.242 -WebID Profile document.
   3.243 +formats, such as N3 [[!N3]] or Turtle [[!TURTLE]], MAY be supported by the 
   3.244 +mechanism providing the WebID Profile document.
   3.245  </dd>
   3.246  
   3.247  </dl>
   3.248  
   3.249 +<p class="issue">Whether or not RDF/XML, XHTML+RDFa 1.1, both or neither
   3.250 +serialization of RDF should be required serialization formats in the 
   3.251 +specification is currently under heavy debate.</p>
   3.252 +
   3.253  </section>
   3.254  
   3.255  <section class='normative'>
   3.256 @@ -554,23 +594,30 @@
   3.257  <tref>Identification Certificate</tref> of the <tref>Identification Agent</tref>
   3.258  as a part of the TLS client-cerificate retrieval protocol.</li>
   3.259  
   3.260 -<li>The <tref>Verification Agent</tref> MUST extract the <tref>WebID URL</tref> 
   3.261 -contained in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> field of the 
   3.262 -<tref>Identification Certificate</tref>. The <tref>WebID Profile</tref> document
   3.263 -MUST be dereferenced and all triples pertaining to the public key associated 
   3.264 -with the <tref>WebID URL</tref> MUST be extracted.
   3.265 +<li>The <tref>Verification Agent</tref> MUST extract the <tref>public key</tref> and the
   3.266 +<tref>WebID URL</tref> contained in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> 
   3.267 +extension of the <tref>Identification Certificate</tref>.</li>
   3.268 +
   3.269 +<li>The <tref>public key</tref> information associated with the <tref>WebID URL</tref> MUST 
   3.270 +be verified by the <tref>Verification Agent</tref>. This MUST be performed
   3.271 +by validating the <tref>public key</tref> associated with the <tref>WebID URL</tref>. This 
   3.272 +process SHOULD occur either by dereferencing the <tref>WebID URL</tref> and 
   3.273 +extracting RDF data from the resulting document, or by utilizing a cached 
   3.274 +version of the RDF data contained in the document or other data source that is 
   3.275 +up-to-date and trusted by the <tref>Verification Agent</tref>. The processing
   3.276 +and extraction mechanism is further detailed in the sections titled 
   3.277 +<a href="#processing-the-webid-profile">Processing the WebID Profile</a> and
   3.278 +<a href="#extracting-webid-url-details">Extracting WebID URL Details</a>.
   3.279  </li>
   3.280  
   3.281 -<li>The remote document triples MUST be queried for information about the 
   3.282 -public key contained in the <tref>Identification Certificate</tref>. 
   3.283 -If the public key in the certificate is found in the list of public keys 
   3.284 -associated with the <tref>WebID URL</tref>, the <tref>Verification Agent</tref>
   3.285 -MUST assume that the client has write access to the <tref>WebID Profile</tref> and
   3.286 -therefore owns the document.</li>
   3.287 +<li>If the <tref>public key</tref> in the <tref>Identification Certificate</tref> is found 
   3.288 +in the list of <tref>public key</tref>s associated with the <tref>WebID URL</tref>, the 
   3.289 +<tref>Verification Agent</tref> MUST assume that the client has write access to 
   3.290 +the <tref>WebID Profile</tref> and therefore owns the document.</li>
   3.291  
   3.292 -<li>At this point, the <tref>Verification Agent</tref> has verified that the
   3.293 -<tref>WebID Profile</tref> is owned by the <tref>Identification Agent</tref>. The
   3.294 -<tref>Verification Agent</tref> MUST use the now verified public key contained 
   3.295 +<li>If the <tref>Verification Agent</tref> has verified that the
   3.296 +<tref>WebID Profile</tref> is owned by the <tref>Identification Agent</tref>, the
   3.297 +<tref>Verification Agent</tref> MUST use the verified <tref>public key</tref> contained 
   3.298  in the <tref>Identification Certificate</tref> for all TLS-based communication
   3.299  with the <tref>Identification Agent</tref>.
   3.300  </ol>
   3.301 @@ -610,24 +657,30 @@
   3.302  <section class='normative'>
   3.303  <h2>Processing the WebID Profile</h2>
   3.304  
   3.305 -<p>A server responding to a WebID Profile request MUST support returning an
   3.306 -XHTML+RDFa [[!XHTML-RDFA]] document with either a <code>text/html</code> or
   3.307 -<code>application/xhtml+xml</code> MIMEtype. A server MAY support HTTP content
   3.308 -negotiation and return a document that conforms to N3 [[!N3]], Turtle
   3.309 -[[!TURTLE]], or RDF/XML [[!RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]].
   3.310 +<p>A Verification Agent MUST be able to process documents in RDF/XML 
   3.311 +[[!RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]] and XHTML+RDFa [[!XHTML-RDFA]]. A server responding to 
   3.312 +a WebID Profile request SHOULD support HTTP content negotiation. The server
   3.313 +MUST return a representation in RDF/XML for media type
   3.314 +<code>application/rdf+xml</code>.
   3.315 +The server MUST return a representation in XHTML+RDFa for media type
   3.316 +<code>text/html</code> or media type 
   3.317 +<code>application/xhtml+xml</code>. <tref>Verification Agents</tref> and 
   3.318 +<tref>Identification Agents</tref> MAY support any other RDF format via 
   3.319 +HTTP content negotiation.
   3.320 +</p> 
   3.321  
   3.322  <p class="issue">This section will explain how a Verification Agent extracts 
   3.323  semantic data describing the identification credentials from a WebID Profile.</p>
   3.324  </section>
   3.325  
   3.326  <section class='normative'>
   3.327 -<h2>Extracting Identification URL Details</h2>
   3.328 +<h2>Extracting WebID URL Details</h2>
   3.329  
   3.330  <p>
   3.331  The <tref>Verification Agent</tref> may use a number of different methods to
   3.332 -extract the public key information from the <tref>WebID Profile</tref>.
   3.333 +extract the <tref>public key</tref> information from the <tref>WebID Profile</tref>.
   3.334  </p>
   3.335 -The following SPARQL query outlines one way in which the public key
   3.336 +The following SPARQL query outlines one way in which the <tref>public key</tref>
   3.337  could be extracted from the <tref>WebID Profile</tref>:
   3.338  <code><pre>
   3.339  PREFIX cert: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/cert#&gt;
     4.1 --- a/index.html	Sun Jul 11 21:02:35 2010 -0400
     4.2 +++ b/index.html	Sun Jul 18 10:15:15 2010 -0400
     4.3 @@ -47,24 +47,31 @@
     4.4  <!--     <script src='/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js' class='remove'></script>  -->
     4.5  
     4.6      
     4.7 -  <link href="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/w3c-unofficial" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /></head><body style="display: inherit; "><div class="head"><p></p><h1 rel="dcterms:title" class="title" id="title">WebID 1.0</h1><h2 rel="bibo:subtitle" id="subtitle">Web Identification and Discovery</h2><h2 property="dcterms:issued" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2010-07-12T01:01:38+0000" id="unofficial-draft-11-july-2010">Unofficial Draft 11 July 2010</h2><dl><dt>Editor:</dt><dd rel="bibo:editor"><span typeof="foaf:Person"><span property="foaf:name">Manu Sporny</span>, <a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://blog.digitalbazaar.com/">Digital Bazaar, Inc.</a> <a rel="foaf:mbox" href="mailto:msporny@digitalbazaar.com">msporny@digitalbazaar.com</a> </span>
     4.8 +  <link href="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/w3c-unofficial" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /></head><body style="display: inherit; "><div class="head"><p></p><h1 rel="dcterms:title" class="title" id="title">WebID 1.0</h1><h2 rel="bibo:subtitle" id="subtitle">Web Identification and Discovery</h2><h2 property="dcterms:issued" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2010-07-18T14:10:06+0000" id="unofficial-draft-18-july-2010">Unofficial Draft 18 July 2010</h2><dl><dt>Editor:</dt><dd rel="bibo:editor"><span typeof="foaf:Person"><span property="foaf:name">Manu Sporny</span>, <a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://blog.digitalbazaar.com/">Digital Bazaar, Inc.</a> <a rel="foaf:mbox" href="mailto:msporny@digitalbazaar.com">msporny@digitalbazaar.com</a> </span>
     4.9  </dd>
    4.10 -<dt>Authors:</dt><dd><span><span>Toby Inkster</span></span>
    4.11 +<dt>Authors:</dt><dd><span><a content="Toby Inkster" href="http://tobyinkster.co.uk/">Toby Inkster</a></span>
    4.12  </dd>
    4.13  <dd><span><a content="Henry Story" href="http://bblfish.net/">Henry Story</a></span>
    4.14  </dd>
    4.15 -</dl><p class="copyright">This document is licensed under a <a class="subfoot" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>.</p><hr></hr></div>
    4.16 +<dd><span><a content="Bruno Harbulot" href="http://blog.distributedmatter.net/">Bruno Harbulot</a></span>
    4.17 +</dd>
    4.18 +<dd><span><a content="Reto Bachmann-Gmür" href="http://www.facebook.com/farewellutopia">Reto Bachmann-Gmür</a></span>
    4.19 +</dd>
    4.20 +</dl><p>This document is also available in this non-normative format: <a href="diff-20100711.html">Diff from previous Editors Draft</a>.</p><p class="copyright">This document is licensed under a <a class="subfoot" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>.</p><hr></hr></div>
    4.21      <div id="abstract" class="introductory section" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#abstract"><h2>Abstract</h2>
    4.22  
    4.23 -<p>Identification and privacy have been at the center of how we
    4.24 -interact with sites on the Web. The explosion of Websites over the last decade
    4.25 -and a half has created a point of pain for anyone that uses the Web on a
    4.26 -regular basis. Remembering login details, passwords,
    4.27 -and sharing private information across the many websites that people use on a
    4.28 -daily basis has become more difficult and complicated than necessary. This 
    4.29 -specification outlines a simple universal identification mechanism that is
    4.30 -distributed, openly extensible, improves privacy, security and control over how 
    4.31 -one can identify themselves and control access to their information on the Web.
    4.32 +<p>Social networking, identity and privacy have been at the center of how we 
    4.33 +interact with the Web in the last decade. The explosion of social networking 
    4.34 +sites has brought the world closer together as well as created new points of
    4.35 +pain regarding ease of use and the Web. Remembering login details, passwords,
    4.36 +and sharing private information across the many websites and social groups
    4.37 +that we are a part of has become more difficult and complicated than necessary. 
    4.38 +The Social Web is designed to ensure that control of identity and privacy 
    4.39 +settings is always simple and under one's control. WebID is a key enabler of the 
    4.40 +Social Web. This specification outlines a simple universal identification 
    4.41 +mechanism that is distributed, openly extensible, improves privacy, security 
    4.42 +and control over how one can identify themselves and control access to their 
    4.43 +information on the Web.
    4.44  </p>
    4.45    
    4.46  <div typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#how-to-read-this-document" class="section">
    4.47 @@ -73,9 +80,10 @@
    4.48  <p>There are a number of concepts that are covered in this document that the
    4.49  reader may want to be aware of before continuing. General knowledge of
    4.50  <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_key_cryptography">public key cryptography</a> 
    4.51 -is necessary to understand how to implement this specification. 
    4.52 -WebID also uses HTTP over TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>], X.509 certificates
    4.53 -[<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>], and RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDFA-CORE">RDFA-CORE</a>].</p>
    4.54 +and RDF [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-PRIMER">RDF-PRIMER</a>] and RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDFA-CORE">RDFA-CORE</a>] is necessary to understand how 
    4.55 +to implement this specification. WebID uses a number of specific technologies 
    4.56 +like HTTP over TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>], X.509 certificates [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>], 
    4.57 +RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] and XHTML+RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>].</p>
    4.58  
    4.59  <p>A general <a href="#introduction">Introduction</a> is provided for all that
    4.60  would like to understand why this specification is necessary to simplify usage
    4.61 @@ -104,7 +112,7 @@
    4.62  The source code for this document is available via Github at the following
    4.63  URL: <a href="http://github.com/msporny/webid-spec">http://github.com/msporny/webid-spec</a>
    4.64  
    4.65 -</div><div id="toc" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#motivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Motivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#relation-to-openid" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Relation to OpenID</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#relation-to-oauth" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Relation to OAuth</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#the-webid-protocol" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>The WebID Protocol</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#terminology" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Terminology</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#authentication-sequence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Authentication Sequence</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#authentication-sequence-details" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Authentication Sequence Details</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#initiating-a-tls-connection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.1 </span>Initiating a TLS Connection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#exchanging-the-identification-certificate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.2 </span>Exchanging the Identification Certificate</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#processing-the-webid-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.3 </span>Processing the WebID Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extracting-identification-url-details" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.4 </span>Extracting Identification URL Details</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#determining-access-privileges" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.5 </span>Determining Access Privileges</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
    4.66 +</div><div id="toc" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#motivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Motivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#relation-to-openid" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Relation to OpenID</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#relation-to-oauth" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Relation to OAuth</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#the-webid-protocol" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>The WebID Protocol</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#terminology" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Terminology</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#authentication-sequence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Authentication Sequence</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#authentication-sequence-details" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Authentication Sequence Details</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#initiating-a-tls-connection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.1 </span>Initiating a TLS Connection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#exchanging-the-identification-certificate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.2 </span>Exchanging the Identification Certificate</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#processing-the-webid-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.3 </span>Processing the WebID Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extracting-webid-url-details" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.4 </span>Extracting WebID URL Details</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#determining-access-privileges" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3.5 </span>Determining Access Privileges</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
    4.67  
    4.68  
    4.69  
    4.70 @@ -173,22 +181,40 @@
    4.71  <div class="informative section" id="relation-to-openid" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#relation-to-openid">
    4.72  <h3><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Relation to OpenID</h3><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
    4.73  
    4.74 -<p>While some may say that OpenID and WebID conflict, WebID is 100% compatible
    4.75 -with OpenID since both use a URL for identification. Therefore, WebID does not
    4.76 -intend to replace OpenID, but can work beside OpenID just as easily as providing
    4.77 -a complete solution. That said, there are a number of benefits that WebID
    4.78 -achieves over OpenID:
    4.79 +<p class="issue">This section needs to be re-written. The flow and grammar
    4.80 +leaves much to be desired. -- manu</p>
    4.81 +
    4.82 +<p>WebID is compatible with OpenID. Both protocols use a URL that dereferences
    4.83 +to a Personal Profile Document. This Personal Profile Document is where further
    4.84 +information about an identity can be discovered. This mechanism is compatible
    4.85 +with both WebID and OpenID. Therefore, WebID does not intend to replace OpenID, 
    4.86 +but can work beside OpenID by sharing the content in the Personal Profile
    4.87 +Document.</p>
    4.88 +
    4.89 +<p>That said, there are a number of benefits that WebID achieves over OpenID:
    4.90  </p>
    4.91  
    4.92 -<p>WebID gives people and other agents a Web ID URL for identification, just
    4.93 -like OpenId does. However, in the case of WebID, the user does not need to
    4.94 -remember the URL, the browser or User Agent does. A login button on a
    4.95 -WebID web site is just a button. No need to enter any identifier like one
    4.96 -has to for OpenID. Just click the button. Your browser will then ask you what 
    4.97 -identity you wish to use. The person that is browsing does not need to 
    4.98 -remember either the WebID URL or the website password. The only password one
    4.99 -needs to remember is the one that is used to access their collection of
   4.100 -WebIDs in their browser.</p>
   4.101 +<p>WebID gives people and other agents a WebID URL for identification. OpenID 
   4.102 +also provides a URL to a Personal Profile Document. However, in the case of 
   4.103 +WebID, one does not need to remember the URL since the User Agent remembers
   4.104 +the URL on behalf of the person browsing. To log in on a WebID web site there 
   4.105 +is no need to enter any identifier like one has to do for OpenID. Just one click 
   4.106 +tells the browser to send the WebID URL. The person that is browsing does 
   4.107 +not need to remember either their WebID URL or the website password. The only 
   4.108 +password one may need to remember is the one that is used to access their 
   4.109 +collection of WebIDs in their browser, and that's only if they opt-in to 
   4.110 +password protect their WebIDs.
   4.111 +</p>
   4.112 +
   4.113 +<p>WebID gives people and other agents a Web ID URL for identification. OpenID
   4.114 +also provides a URL to a Personal Profile Document. However, in the case of 
   4.115 +WebID, the user does not need to remember the URL, the browser or User Agent 
   4.116 +does. A login button on a WebID web site is just a button. No need to enter any 
   4.117 +identifier like one has to for OpenID. Just click the button. Your browser will 
   4.118 +then ask you what identity you wish to use. The person that is browsing does 
   4.119 +not need to remember either the WebID URL or the website password. The only 
   4.120 +password one needs to remember is the one that is used to access their 
   4.121 +collection of WebIDs in their browser.</p>
   4.122  
   4.123  <p>The WebID protocol requires just one direct network connection to establish
   4.124  identity via the client. The server requires one connection to the client and
   4.125 @@ -198,11 +224,11 @@
   4.126  distributed data where each site can point to data on any other site, multiple 
   4.127  connections become costly to manage.</p>
   4.128  
   4.129 -<p>WebID builds on well established Internet and Web standards;
   4.130 +<p>WebID builds on a number of well established Internet and Web standards;
   4.131  <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/REST">REST</a>, 
   4.132 -RDF [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-PRIMER">RDF-PRIMER</a>], RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDFA-CORE">RDFA-CORE</a>], TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>], and X.509 
   4.133 -[<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>]. By building on previous standards, it makes both explaining and 
   4.134 -implementing WebID easier on developers.</p>
   4.135 +RDF [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-PRIMER">RDF-PRIMER</a>], RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDFA-CORE">RDFA-CORE</a>], RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>], 
   4.136 +TLS [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-HTTP-TLS">HTTP-TLS</a>], and X.509 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>]. By building on previous standards, 
   4.137 +it makes both explaining and implementing WebID easier on developers.</p>
   4.138  
   4.139  <p>Since WebID is RESTful, you can perform basic HTTP operations to 
   4.140  <code>GET</code> your WebID, and if you needed update it, you can use
   4.141 @@ -211,16 +237,6 @@
   4.142  requires a new set of operations described in the OpenID Attribute Exchange
   4.143  specification.</p>
   4.144  
   4.145 -<p>It is easy to extend a WebID with new attributes via RDF. The power of
   4.146 -RDF and RDFa allows developers to add extensions to WebID by defining new
   4.147 -vocabularies that they publish. There is no authorization process necessary
   4.148 -and thus WebID allows for distributed innovation. Every WebID property is
   4.149 -a URI, which when clicked, can give you yet more information about what the
   4.150 -property means. A developer can create new usage classes by extending their
   4.151 -vocabulary at will. A developer can add relationships to a WebID by simply
   4.152 -adding more HTML to the developer's page. OpenID does not provide any type of
   4.153 -distributed innovation akin to RDF or RDFa.</p>
   4.154 -
   4.155  <p>WebID is built on RDF and thus enables all of the advanced semantic web
   4.156  concepts that RDF enables. For example, a developer may perform machine
   4.157  reasoning with a WebID. One can construct machine-executable statements like
   4.158 @@ -229,6 +245,16 @@
   4.159  While OpenID attempts to support this use case by mapping OpenID to RDF, it's
   4.160  far easier to do with WebID because WebID is natively RDF-aware.</p>
   4.161  
   4.162 +<p>It is easy to extend a WebID with new attributes via RDF. The power of
   4.163 +RDF allows developers to add extensions to WebID by defining new
   4.164 +vocabularies that they publish. There is no authorization process necessary
   4.165 +and thus WebID allows for distributed innovation. Every WebID property is
   4.166 +a URI, which when clicked, can give you yet more information about what the
   4.167 +property means. A developer can create new usage classes by extending their
   4.168 +vocabulary at will. A developer can add relationships to a WebID by simply
   4.169 +adding more HTML to the developer's page. OpenID does not provide any type of
   4.170 +distributed innovation akin to RDF.</p>
   4.171 +
   4.172  <p>Implementing WebID is easier than OpenID because all of the basic 
   4.173  technologies have been working and integrated into Web browsers for many years. 
   4.174  There were already three interoperable implementations of WebID before this 
   4.175 @@ -255,7 +281,7 @@
   4.176  large OpenID providers and very few small OpenID providers is because of this
   4.177  trust design issue related to OpenID.</p>
   4.178  
   4.179 -<p>WebID does not require HTTP redirects. Redirects are are problematic on many
   4.180 +<p>WebID does not require HTTP redirects. Redirects are problematic on many
   4.181  cell phones, because telecoms heavily rely on proxys, which selectively block
   4.182  redirects.</p>
   4.183  
   4.184 @@ -298,12 +324,13 @@
   4.185  <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> is typically also a User Agent.</dd>
   4.186  
   4.187  <dt><dfn title="Identification_Certificate" id="dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</dfn></dt>
   4.188 -<dd>An X.509 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>] Certificate that <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> contain the 
   4.189 -<code>Subject Alternative Name</code> field pointing to a URL that is
   4.190 -dereference-able and results in a document containing RDF data. For example 
   4.191 +<dd>An X.509 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-X509V3">X509V3</a>] Certificate that <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> contain a 
   4.192 +<code>Subject Alternative Name</code> extension with a URI entry. The URI
   4.193 +<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> be a URL, and <em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em> be a URN. The URL
   4.194 +identifies the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>. The URL <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be 
   4.195 +dereference-able and result in a document containing RDF data. For example, 
   4.196  the certificate would contain <code>http://example.org/webid#public</code>,
   4.197 -known as a <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>, as
   4.198 -the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code>:
   4.199 +known as a <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>, as the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code>:
   4.200  <code><pre>
   4.201  X509v3 extensions:
   4.202     ...
   4.203 @@ -312,24 +339,33 @@
   4.204  </pre></code>
   4.205  
   4.206  </dd><dt><dfn title="WebID_URL" id="dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</dfn></dt>
   4.207 -<dd>A URL specified in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> field of the
   4.208 -<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> that identifies a 
   4.209 -<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> document.</dd>
   4.210 +<dd>A URL specified via the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> extension 
   4.211 +of the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> that identifies an 
   4.212 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>.</dd>
   4.213 +
   4.214 +<dt><dfn title="public_key" id="dfn-public_key">public key</dfn></dt>
   4.215 +<dd>A widely distributed crytographic key that can be used to verify 
   4.216 +digital signatures and encrypt data between a sender and a receiver. A public
   4.217 +key is always included in an <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a></dd>
   4.218  
   4.219  <dt><dfn title="WebID_Profile" id="dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</dfn></dt>
   4.220  <dd>
   4.221  A structured document that contains identification credentials for the 
   4.222  <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a> expressed using the Resource Description
   4.223 -Framework [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a>]. The XHTML+RDFa 1.1 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>] serialization
   4.224 +Framework [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a>]. Either the XHTML+RDFa 1.1 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>] 
   4.225 +serialization format or the RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] serialization
   4.226  format <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be supported by the mechanism, e.g. a Web Service, providing the
   4.227  WebID Profile document. Alternate RDF serialization
   4.228 -formats, such as N3 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-N3">N3</a>], Turtle [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TURTLE">TURTLE</a>], or RDF/XML 
   4.229 -[<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> be supported by the mechanism providing the 
   4.230 -WebID Profile document.
   4.231 +formats, such as N3 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-N3">N3</a>] or Turtle [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TURTLE">TURTLE</a>], <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> be supported by the 
   4.232 +mechanism providing the WebID Profile document.
   4.233  </dd>
   4.234  
   4.235  </dl>
   4.236  
   4.237 +<p class="issue">Whether or not RDF/XML, XHTML+RDFa 1.1, both or neither
   4.238 +serialization of RDF should be required serialization formats in the 
   4.239 +specification is currently under heavy debate.</p>
   4.240 +
   4.241  </div>
   4.242  
   4.243  <div class="normative section" id="authentication-sequence" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#authentication-sequence">
   4.244 @@ -347,23 +383,30 @@
   4.245  <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> of the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>
   4.246  as a part of the TLS client-cerificate retrieval protocol.</li>
   4.247  
   4.248 -<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> extract the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> 
   4.249 -contained in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> field of the 
   4.250 -<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a>. The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> document
   4.251 -<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be dereferenced and all triples pertaining to the public key associated 
   4.252 -with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be extracted.
   4.253 +<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> extract the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> and the
   4.254 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> contained in the <code>Subject Alternative Name</code> 
   4.255 +extension of the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a>.</li>
   4.256 +
   4.257 +<li>The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> information associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> 
   4.258 +be verified by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a>. This <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be performed
   4.259 +by validating the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>. This 
   4.260 +process <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> occur either by dereferencing the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a> and 
   4.261 +extracting RDF data from the resulting document, or by utilizing a cached 
   4.262 +version of the RDF data contained in the document or other data source that is 
   4.263 +up-to-date and trusted by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a>. The processing
   4.264 +and extraction mechanism is further detailed in the sections titled 
   4.265 +<a href="#processing-the-webid-profile">Processing the WebID Profile</a> and
   4.266 +<a href="#extracting-webid-url-details">Extracting WebID URL Details</a>.
   4.267  </li>
   4.268  
   4.269 -<li>The remote document triples <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be queried for information about the 
   4.270 -public key contained in the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a>. 
   4.271 -If the public key in the certificate is found in the list of public keys 
   4.272 -associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>, the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a>
   4.273 -<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> assume that the client has write access to the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> and
   4.274 -therefore owns the document.</li>
   4.275 +<li>If the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> in the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> is found 
   4.276 +in the list of <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a>s associated with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_URL" href="#dfn-webid_url">WebID URL</a>, the 
   4.277 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> assume that the client has write access to 
   4.278 +the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> and therefore owns the document.</li>
   4.279  
   4.280 -<li>At this point, the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> has verified that the
   4.281 -<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> is owned by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>. The
   4.282 -<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> use the now verified public key contained 
   4.283 +<li>If the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> has verified that the
   4.284 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a> is owned by the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>, the
   4.285 +<a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> use the verified <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> contained 
   4.286  in the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Certificate" href="#dfn-identification_certificate">Identification Certificate</a> for all TLS-based communication
   4.287  with the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Identification_Agent" href="#dfn-identification_agent">Identification Agent</a>.
   4.288  </li></ol>
   4.289 @@ -403,24 +446,30 @@
   4.290  <div class="normative section" id="processing-the-webid-profile" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#processing-the-webid-profile">
   4.291  <h4><span class="secno">2.3.3 </span>Processing the WebID Profile</h4>
   4.292  
   4.293 -<p>A server responding to a WebID Profile request <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> support returning an
   4.294 -XHTML+RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>] document with either a <code>text/html</code> or
   4.295 -<code>application/xhtml+xml</code> MIMEtype. A server <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> support HTTP content
   4.296 -negotiation and return a document that conforms to N3 [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-N3">N3</a>], Turtle
   4.297 -[<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TURTLE">TURTLE</a>], or RDF/XML [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>].
   4.298 +<p>A Verification Agent <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be able to process documents in RDF/XML 
   4.299 +[<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR</a>] and XHTML+RDFa [<a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XHTML-RDFA">XHTML-RDFA</a>]. A server responding to 
   4.300 +a WebID Profile request <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> support HTTP content negotiation. The server
   4.301 +<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> return a representation in RDF/XML for media type
   4.302 +<code>application/rdf+xml</code>.
   4.303 +The server <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> return a representation in XHTML+RDFa for media type
   4.304 +<code>text/html</code> or media type 
   4.305 +<code>application/xhtml+xml</code>. <a class="tref" title="Verification_Agents">Verification Agents</a> and 
   4.306 +<a class="tref" title="Identification_Agents">Identification Agents</a> <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> support any other RDF format via 
   4.307 +HTTP content negotiation.
   4.308 +</p> 
   4.309  
   4.310 -</p><p class="issue">This section will explain how a Verification Agent extracts 
   4.311 +<p class="issue">This section will explain how a Verification Agent extracts 
   4.312  semantic data describing the identification credentials from a WebID Profile.</p>
   4.313  </div>
   4.314  
   4.315 -<div class="normative section" id="extracting-identification-url-details" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#extracting-identification-url-details">
   4.316 -<h4><span class="secno">2.3.4 </span>Extracting Identification URL Details</h4>
   4.317 +<div class="normative section" id="extracting-webid-url-details" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#extracting-webid-url-details">
   4.318 +<h4><span class="secno">2.3.4 </span>Extracting WebID URL Details</h4>
   4.319  
   4.320  <p>
   4.321  The <a class="tref internalDFN" title="Verification_Agent" href="#dfn-verification_agent">Verification Agent</a> may use a number of different methods to
   4.322 -extract the public key information from the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a>.
   4.323 +extract the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a> information from the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a>.
   4.324  </p>
   4.325 -The following SPARQL query outlines one way in which the public key
   4.326 +The following SPARQL query outlines one way in which the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="public_key" href="#dfn-public_key">public key</a>
   4.327  could be extracted from the <a class="tref internalDFN" title="WebID_Profile" href="#dfn-webid_profile">WebID Profile</a>:
   4.328  <code><pre>
   4.329  PREFIX cert: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/auth/cert#&gt;
   4.330 @@ -482,11 +531,11 @@
   4.331  <!-- OddPage -->
   4.332  <h2><span class="secno">A. </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#normative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography" about=""><dt id="bib-HTTP-TLS">[HTTP-TLS]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">E. Rescorla. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt"><cite>HTTP Over TLS.</cite></a> May 2000. Internet RFC 2818. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2818.txt</a> 
   4.333  </dd><dt id="bib-N3">[N3]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Tim Berners-Lee; Dan Connolly. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/"><cite>Notation3 (N3): A readable RDF syntax.</cite></a> 14 January 2008. W3C Team Submission. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/">http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/2008/SUBM-n3-20080114/</a> 
   4.334 +</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-PRIMER">[RDF-PRIMER]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Frank Manola; Eric Miller. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/"><cite>RDF Primer.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/</a> 
   4.335  </dd><dt id="bib-RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR">[RDF-SYNTAX-GRAMMAR]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Dave Beckett. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210"><cite>RDF/XML Syntax Specification (Revised).</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210</a> 
   4.336  </dd><dt id="bib-RDFA-CORE">[RDFA-CORE]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Shane McCarron; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422"><cite>RDFa Core 1.1: Syntax and processing rules for embedding RDF through attributes.</cite></a>22 April 2010. W3C Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422">http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-rdfa-core-20100422</a> 
   4.337  </dd><dt id="bib-TURTLE">[TURTLE]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">David Beckett, Tim Berners-Lee. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/">Turtle: Terse RDF Triple Language</a> January 2008. W3C Team Submission. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/">http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/turtle/</a> 
   4.338  </dd><dt id="bib-X509V3">[X509V3]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires"><cite>ITU-T Recommendation X.509 version 3 (1997). "Information Technology - Open Systems Interconnection - The Directory Authentication Framework"  ISO/IEC 9594-8:1997</cite>.
   4.339  </dd><dt id="bib-XHTML-RDFA">[XHTML-RDFA]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Shane McCarron; et. al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422"><cite>XHTML+RDFa 1.1.</cite></a> 22 April 2010. W3C Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422">http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xhtml-rdfa-20100422</a> 
   4.340  </dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" about="#informative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">A.2 </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography" about=""><dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">[RDF-CONCEPTS]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:references">Graham Klyne; Jeremy J. Carroll. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210"><cite>Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210</a> 
   4.341 -</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-PRIMER">[RDF-PRIMER]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:references">Frank Manola; Eric Miller. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/"><cite>RDF Primer.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/</a> 
   4.342  </dd></dl></div></div></body></html>