draft for purules checking
authorGuus Schreiber <guus.schreiber@vu.nl>
Mon, 01 Apr 2013 00:46:06 +0200
changeset 706 d5a98e1b87ae
parent 705 db99b05af3f6
child 707 b51df09ba4ba
draft for purules checking
drafts/N-Triples.html
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/drafts/N-Triples.html	Mon Apr 01 00:46:06 2013 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,1039 @@
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+</style><link href="N-Triples_files/W3C-WD.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8"><!-- base href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-turtle/n-triples.html#references" --></head>
+  <body style="display: inherit;"><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img alt="W3C" src="N-Triples_files/w3c_home.png" height="48" width="72"></a></p><h1 id="title" class="title" property="dcterms:title">N-Triples</h1><h2 id="subtitle" property="bibo:subtitle">A line-based syntax for an RDF graph</h2><h2 content="2013-04-01T22:00:00+0000" datatype="xsd:dateTime" property="dcterms:issued" id="w3c-working-draft-02-april-2013"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Working Draft 02 April 2013</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-n-triples-20130402/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-n-triples-20130402/</a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/n-triples/">http://www.w3.org/TR/n-triples/</a></dd><dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-turtle/n-triples.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-turtle/n-triples.html</a></dd><dt>Editor:</dt><dd rel="bibo:editor"><span typeof="foaf:Person"><a href="http://gavin.carothers.name/" content="Gavin Carothers" property="foaf:name" rel="foaf:homepage">Gavin Carothers</a>, <a href="https://lexmachina.com/" rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage">Lex Machina, Inc</a></span>
+</dd>
+<dt>Author:</dt><dd rel="dcterms:contributor"><span typeof="foaf:Person"><a href="http://www.dajobe.org/" content="David Beckett" property="foaf:name" rel="foaf:homepage">David Beckett</a></span>
+</dd>
+</dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright" rel="license">Copyright</a> © 2001-2013 <span rel="dcterms:publisher"><span typeof="foaf:Organization"><a href="http://www.w3.org/" content="World Wide Web Consortium" property="foaf:name" rel="foaf:homepage"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup></span></span> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr></div>
+    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#abstract" rel="bibo:chapter"><h2>Abstract</h2><p>
+    N-Triples is a line-based, plain text format for encoding an RDF graph.
+</p></div><div class="introductory section" id="sotd" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sotd" rel="bibo:chapter"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This
+ section describes the status of this document at the time of its 
+publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of 
+current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
+N-Triples was originally defined as a syntax for 
+the RDF Test Cases [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-TESTCASES">RDF-TESTCASES</a></cite>] document. Due to its populatity
+as exchange format the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/">RDF
+Working Group</a> decided to publish an updated
+version. This document is intended to become a Working Group Note. 
+      <p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/">RDF Working Group</a> as a First Public Working Draft. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a> (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-rdf-comments/">archives</a>). All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a Working Draft does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>
+ Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or 
+obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite 
+this document as other than work in progress.</p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. The group does not expect this document to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a rel="disclosure" href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46168/status">public list of any patent disclosures</a>
+ made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also 
+includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has 
+actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#toc" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#sec-triples" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1 </span>Introduction</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#n-triples-language" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2 </span>N-Triples Language</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#simple-triples" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Simple Triples</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#sec-iri" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>IRIs</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#sec-literals" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>RDF Literals</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#BNodes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>RDF Blank Nodes</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#n-triple-changes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3 </span>Changes from RDF Test Cases format</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#conformance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4 </span>Conformance</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#n-triples-mediatype" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Media Type and Content Encoding</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#other-media-types" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1.1 </span>Other Media Types</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#n-triple-grammar" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5 </span>Grammar</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#sec-parsing" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6 </span>Parsing</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#sec-diff-turtle" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A </span>Summary of diffrences in N-Triples and Turtle</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#triples" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Triples</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#iri-summary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.2 </span>IRI Representations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#literal-summary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.3 </span>Literal Representations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bnode-summary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A.4 </span>Summary of Blank Node Representations in N-Triples and Turtle</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#sec-mediaReg-n-triples" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B </span>N-Triples Internet Media Type, File Extension and Macintosh File Type </a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
+        
+<!--  BEGIN N-TRIPLES SPEC  -->
+
+
+      
+
+      <div id="sec-triples" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sec-triples" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+        <h2><span class="secno">1 </span>Introduction</h2>
+        <p>This document defines an easy to parse line-based subset of
+        Turtle [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TURTLE-TR">TURTLE-TR</a></cite>] named N-Triples.</p>
+        <p>The syntax is a revised version of N-Triples as originally defined in the RDF Test Cases [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-TESTCASES">RDF-TESTCASES</a></cite>] document. Its original intent was for writing test cases, but it has proven to be popular as a exchange format for RDF data.</p>
+      <p>An N-Triples document contains no parsing directives.
+    </p>
+    <p>N-Triples triples are a sequence of RDF terms representing the 
+subject, predicate and object of an RDF Triple. These may be seperated 
+by white space (spaces <code>#x20</code> or tabs <code>#x9</code>). This sequence is terminated by a '<code>.</code>' and a new line (optional at the end of a document).
+    </p>
+
+      <pre class="example"><script type="application/n-triples"><http://one.example/subject1> <http://one.example/predicate1> <http://one.example/object1> . # comments here
+# or on a line by themselves
+_:subject1 <http://an.example/predicate1> "object1" .
+_:subject2 <http://an.example/predicate2> "object2" .
+</script></pre>
+
+      <p>
+        N-Triples triples are also Turtle <a href="#simple-triples">simple triples</a>, but Turtle includes other <a href="#terms">representations of RDF Terms</a> and <a href="#predicate-lists">abbreviations of RDF Triples</a>.
+ When parsed by a Turtle parser, data in the N-Triples format will 
+produce exactly the same triples as a parser for the restricted 
+N-triples language.
+      </p>
+      <p>The RDF graph represented by an N-Triples document contains exactly each triple matching <a href="#prod-ntriples-triple">N-Triples <code>triple</code> production</a>.
+      </p></div>
+
+      <div id="n-triples-language" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#n-triples-language" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+        <h2><span class="secno">2 </span>N-Triples Language</h2>
+        <div id="simple-triples" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#simple-triples" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+          <h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Simple Triples</h3>
+          <p>The simplest triple statement is a sequence of (subject, predicate, object) terms, separated by whitespace and terminated by '<code>.</code>' after each triple.</p>
+          <pre class="example"><script type="application/n-triples"><http://example.org/#spiderman> <http://www.perceive.net/schemas/relationship/enemyOf> <http://example.org/#green-goblin> .</script></pre>
+        </div>
+              <div id="sec-iri" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sec-iri" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+        <h3><span class="secno">2.2 </span>IRIs</h3>
+
+        <p>
+            <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-concepts/index.html#dfn-iri">IRIs</a> may be written only as absolute IRIs. 
+            IRIs are enclosed in '&lt;' and '&gt;' and may contain <a href="#numeric">numeric escape sequences</a> (described below). For example <code>&lt;http://example.org/#green-goblin&gt;</code>.
+        </p>
+      </div>
+        <div id="sec-literals" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sec-literals" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+              <h3><span class="secno">2.3 </span>RDF Literals</h3>
+
+        <p><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-concepts/index.html#dfn-literal">Literals</a> are used to identify values such as strings, numbers, dates.</p>
+
+
+        <p>
+          Literals (Grammar production <a href="#grammar-production-RDFLiteral">RDFLiteral</a>) have a lexical form followed by a language tag, a datatype IRI, or neither.
+          The representation of the lexical form consists of an initial delimiter <code>"</code> (<span class="codepoint">U+0022</span>), a sequence of permitted characters or <a href="#numeric">numeric escape sequence</a> or <a href="#string">string escape sequence</a>, and a final delimiter. Literals may not contain the characters <code>"</code>, <code title="LINE FEED"><sub>LF</sub></code>, or <code title="CARRIAGE RETURN"><sub>CR</sub></code>. In addition '<code>\</code>' (<span class="codepoint">U+005C</span>) may not appear in any quoted literal except as part of an escape sequence.
+          The corresponding <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-concepts/index.html#dfn-lexical-form">RDF lexical form</a> is the characters between the delimiters, after processing any escape sequences.
+          If present, the <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-concepts/index.html#dfn-language-tagged-string">language tag</a> is preceded by a '<code>@</code>' (<span class="codepoint">U+0040</span>).
+          If there is no language tag, there may be a <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-concepts/index.html#dfn-datatype-URI">datatype IRI</a>, preceeded by '<code>^^</code>' (<span class="codepoint">U+005E</span> <span class="codepoint">U+005E</span>). If there is no datatype IRI and no language tag, the datatype is <code>xsd:string</code>.
+        </p>
+        <p class="issue">
+          Include examples with a few escapes for new lines, etc
+        </p>
+        </div>
+      <div id="BNodes" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#BNodes" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+        <h3><span class="secno">2.4 </span>RDF Blank Nodes</h3>
+        <p>
+          <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-concepts/index.html#dfn-blank-node">RDF blank nodes</a> in N-Triples are expressed as <code>_:</code> followed by a blank node label which is a series of name characters.
+          The characters in the label are built upon <a href="#grammar-production-PN_CHARS_BASE">PN_CHARS_BASE</a>, liberalized as follows:
+        </p>
+        <ul>
+          <li>The characters <code>_</code> and digits may appear anywhere in a blank node label.</li>
+          <li>The character <code>.</code> may appear anywhere except the first or last character.</li>
+          <li>The characters <code>-</code>, <code>U+00B7</code>, <code>U+0300</code> to <code>U+036F</code> and <code>U+203F</code> to <code>U+2040</code> are permitted anywhere except the first character.</li>
+        </ul>
+        <p>
+          A fresh RDF blank node is allocated for each unique blank node label in a document.
+          Repeated use of the same blank node label identifies the same RDF blank node.
+        </p>
+        <pre class="example"><script type="application/n-triples">_:alice <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows> _:bob .
+_:bob <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows> _:alice .</script></pre>
+  </div>
+
+    </div>
+
+      
+
+        <div class="informative section" id="n-triple-changes" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#n-triple-changes" rel="bibo:chapter">
+          <h2><span class="secno">3 </span>Changes from RDF Test Cases format</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
+          <ul>
+            <li>Encoding is UTF-8 rather than US-ASCII
+            </li><li>Uses IRIs rather than RDF URI References
+            </li><li>Defines a unique media type <code>application/n-triples</code>
+            </li><li>Subset of Turtle rather than Notation 3
+            </li><li>Comments may occur after a triple production
+            </li><li>Allows <code>\b</code> and <code>\f</code> for backspace and form feed
+            </li><li>More than one way to represent a single character
+          </li></ul>
+        </div>
+
+      <div id="conformance" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#conformance" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section"><h2><span class="secno">4 </span>Conformance</h2><p>As
+ well as sections marked as non-normative, all authoring guidelines, 
+diagrams, examples, and notes in this specification are non-normative. 
+Everything else in this specification is normative.</p>
+<p>The key words <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em>, <em class="rfc2119" title="must not">must not</em>, <em class="rfc2119" title="required">required</em>, <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>, <em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>, <em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>, <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>, and <em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em> in this specification are to be interpreted as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
+
+          <p>This specification defines conformance criteria for:</p>
+              <ul>
+                <li>N-Triple documents
+                </li><li>N-Triple parsers
+                </li><li>N-Triple seralizers
+              </li></ul>
+      <p>A conforming <strong>N-Triple document</strong> is a Unicode string that conforms to the grammar and additional constraints defined in <a class="sectionRef" href="#sec-grammar">section Not foundsec-grammar</a>, starting with the <a href="#grammar-production-ntriplesDoc"><code>ntriplesDoc</code> production</a>. A N-Triple document serializes an RDF graph.</p>
+
+      <p>A conforming <strong>N-Triple parser</strong> is a system 
+capable of reading N-Triple documents on behalf of an application. It 
+makes the serialized RDF graph, as defined in <a class="sectionRef" href="#sec-parsing">section 6 Parsing</a>, available to the application, usually through some form of API.</p>
+
+      <p class="issue">N-Triple seralizers are not defined here, will likely include optional behavior to conform to RDF Test Cases syntax as well.</p>
+
+      <p>The IRI that identifies the N-Triple language is: <code>http://www.w3.org/ns/formats/N-Triple</code></p>          
+
+        <div id="n-triples-mediatype" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#n-triples-mediatype" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+      <h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Media Type and Content Encoding</h3>
+          
+      <p>The media type of N-Triples is <code>application/n-triples</code>.
+      The content encoding of N-Triples is always UTF-8. 
+      See <a href="#sec-mediaReg-n-triples">N-Triples Media Type</a> for the media type 
+      registration form.
+      </p>
+
+      <div id="other-media-types" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#other-media-types" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+        <h4><span class="secno">4.1.1 </span>Other Media Types</h4>
+        <p>N-Triples has been historically provided with other media types. N-Triples may also be provided as <code>text/plain</code>. When used in this way N-Triples <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> use the escaped form of any character outside US-ASCII. As N-Triples is a subset of Turtle a N-Triples document <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> also be provided as <code>text/turtle</code>. In both of these cases the document is not an N-Triples document as an N-Triples document is only provided as <code>application/n-triples</code>.</p>
+      </div>
+
+        </div>
+        </div>
+
+        <div id="n-triple-grammar" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#n-triple-grammar" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+          <h2><span class="secno">5 </span>Grammar</h2>
+          <p>A N-Triples document is a Unicode[<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UNICODE">UNICODE</a></cite>] character string encoded in UTF-8.
+          Unicode codepoints only in the range U+0 to U+10FFFF inclusive are allowed.</p>
+          <p>The <abbr title="Extended Backus–Naur Form">EBNF</abbr> used here is defined in XML 1.0
+            [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-EBNF-NOTATION">EBNF-NOTATION</a></cite>].</p>
+          <p><a href="#sec-escapes">Escape sequence rules</a> are the same as Turtle. However, as only the <code>STRING_LITERAL2</code> production is allowed new lines in literals <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be escaped.</p>
+          <div><table class="grammar">
+    <tbody class="grammar-productions">
+            <tr data-grammar-expression="(',', [('?', ('id', 'triple')), ('*', (',', [('id', 'EOL'), ('id', 'triple')])), ('?', ('id', 'EOL'))])" data-grammar-original="[1]  ntriplesDoc        ::= triple? (EOL triple)* EOL?" id="grammar-production-ntriplesDoc">
+    <td>[1]</td>
+    <td><code>ntriplesDoc</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-triple">triple</a>? (<a href="#grammar-production-EOL">EOL</a> <a href="#grammar-production-triple">triple</a>)<code class="grammar-star">*</code> <a href="#grammar-production-EOL">EOL</a>?</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr data-grammar-expression="(',', [('*', ('id', 'WS')), ('id', 'subject'), ('+', ('id', 'WS')), ('id', 'predicate'), ('+', ('id', 'WS')), ('id', 'object'), ('*', ('id', 'WS')), (&quot;'&quot;, '.'), ('*', ('id', 'WS'))])" data-grammar-original="[2]  triple             ::= WS* subject WS+ predicate WS+ object WS* '.' WS*" id="grammar-production-triple">
+    <td>[2]</td>
+    <td><code>triple</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-WS">WS</a><code class="grammar-star">*</code> <a href="#grammar-production-subject">subject</a> <a href="#grammar-production-WS">WS</a><code class="grammar-plus">+</code> <a href="#grammar-production-predicate">predicate</a> <a href="#grammar-production-WS">WS</a><code class="grammar-plus">+</code> <a href="#grammar-production-object">object</a> <a href="#grammar-production-WS">WS</a><code class="grammar-star">*</code> '<code class="grammar-literal">.</code>' <a href="#grammar-production-WS">WS</a><code class="grammar-star">*</code></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr data-grammar-expression="('|', [('id', 'IRIREF'), ('id', 'BLANK_NODE_LABEL')])" data-grammar-original="[3]  subject            ::= IRIREF | BLANK_NODE_LABEL" id="grammar-production-subject">
+    <td>[3]</td>
+    <td><code>subject</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-IRIREF">IRIREF</a> <code>| </code> <a href="#grammar-production-BLANK_NODE_LABEL">BLANK_NODE_LABEL</a></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr data-grammar-expression="('id', 'IRIREF')" data-grammar-original="[4]  predicate          ::= IRIREF" id="grammar-production-predicate">
+    <td>[4]</td>
+    <td><code>predicate</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-IRIREF">IRIREF</a></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr data-grammar-expression="('|', [('id', 'IRIREF'), ('id', 'BLANK_NODE_LABEL'), ('id', 'literal')])" data-grammar-original="[5]  object             ::= IRIREF | BLANK_NODE_LABEL | literal" id="grammar-production-object">
+    <td>[5]</td>
+    <td><code>object</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-IRIREF">IRIREF</a> <code>| </code> <a href="#grammar-production-BLANK_NODE_LABEL">BLANK_NODE_LABEL</a> <code>| </code> <a href="#grammar-production-literal">literal</a></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr data-grammar-expression="(',', [('id', 'STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE'), ('?', ('|', [(',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '^^'), ('id', 'IRIREF')]), (',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '@'), ('id', 'LANG')])]))])" data-grammar-original="[6]  literal            ::= STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE ('^^' IRIREF | ('@' LANG) )?" id="grammar-production-literal">
+    <td>[6]</td>
+    <td><code>literal</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE">STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE</a> ('<code class="grammar-literal">^^</code>' <a href="#grammar-production-IRIREF">IRIREF</a> <code>| </code> '<code class="grammar-literal">@</code>' <a href="#grammar-production-LANG">LANG</a>)?</td>
+</tr>
+<tr><td colspan="5"><h4 id="terminals">Productions for terminals</h4></td></tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="(',', [('+', ('[', 'a-zA-Z')), ('*', (',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '-'), ('+', ('[', 'a-zA-Z0-9'))]))])" data-grammar-original="[7]  LANG               ::= [a-zA-Z]+ ( &quot;-&quot; [a-zA-Z0-9]+ )*" id="grammar-production-LANG">
+    <td>[7]</td>
+    <td><code>LANG</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>[<code class="grammar-chars">a-zA-Z</code>]<code class="grammar-plus">+</code> ('<code class="grammar-literal">-</code>' [<code class="grammar-chars">a-zA-Z0-9</code>]<code class="grammar-plus">+</code>)<code class="grammar-star">*</code></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('+', ('[', '#xD#xA'))" data-grammar-original="[8]  EOL                ::= [#xD#xA]+" id="grammar-production-EOL">
+    <td>[8]</td>
+    <td><code>EOL</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>[<code class="grammar-chars">#xD#xA</code>]<code class="grammar-plus">+</code></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('[', '#x20#x9')" data-grammar-original="[9]  WS                 ::= [#x20#x9]" id="grammar-production-WS">
+    <td>[9]</td>
+    <td><code>WS</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>[<code class="grammar-chars">#x20#x9</code>]</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="(',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '&lt;'), ('*', ('|', [('[', '^#x00-#x20&lt;&gt;&quot;{}|^`\\'), ('id', 'UCHAR')])), (&quot;'&quot;, '&gt;')])" data-grammar-original="[10] IRIREF ::=  '&lt;' ([^#x00-#x20&lt;&gt;&quot;{}|^`\] | UCHAR)* '&gt;'" id="grammar-production-IRIREF">
+    <td>[10]</td>
+    <td><code>IRIREF</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>'<code class="grammar-literal">&lt;</code>' ([<code class="grammar-chars">^#x00-#x20&lt;&gt;"{}|^`\</code>] <code>| </code> <a href="#grammar-production-UCHAR">UCHAR</a>)<code class="grammar-star">*</code> '<code class="grammar-literal">&gt;</code>'</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="(',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '&quot;'), ('*', ('|', [('[', '^#x22#x5C#xA#xD'), ('id', 'ECHAR'), ('id', 'UCHAR')])), (&quot;'&quot;, '&quot;')])" data-grammar-original="[11] STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE ::= '&quot;' ( [^#x22#x5C#xA#xD] | ECHAR | UCHAR )* '&quot;'" id="grammar-production-STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE">
+    <td>[11]</td>
+    <td><code>STRING_LITERAL_QUOTE</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>'<code class="grammar-literal">"</code>' ([<code class="grammar-chars">^#x22#x5C#xA#xD</code>] <code>| </code> <a href="#grammar-production-ECHAR">ECHAR</a> <code>| </code> <a href="#grammar-production-UCHAR">UCHAR</a>)<code class="grammar-star">*</code> '<code class="grammar-literal">"</code>'</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="(',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '_:'), ('|', [('id', 'PN_CHARS_U'), ('[', '0-9')]), ('?', (',', [('*', ('|', [('id', 'PN_CHARS'), (&quot;'&quot;, '.')])), ('id', 'PN_CHARS')]))])" data-grammar-original="[141s] BLANK_NODE_LABEL ::= '_:' ( PN_CHARS_U | [0-9] ) ((PN_CHARS|'.')* PN_CHARS)?" id="grammar-production-BLANK_NODE_LABEL">
+    <td>[141s]</td>
+    <td><code>BLANK_NODE_LABEL</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>'<code class="grammar-literal">_:</code>' (<a href="#grammar-production-PN_CHARS_U">PN_CHARS_U</a> <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">0-9</code>]) ((<a href="#grammar-production-PN_CHARS">PN_CHARS</a> <code>| </code> '<code class="grammar-literal">.</code>')<code class="grammar-star">*</code> <a href="#grammar-production-PN_CHARS">PN_CHARS</a>)?</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('|', [(',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '\\u'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX')]), (',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '\\U'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX'), ('id', 'HEX')])])" data-grammar-original="[12] UCHAR ::= ( &quot;\u&quot; HEX HEX HEX HEX )| ( &quot;\U&quot; HEX HEX HEX HEX HEX HEX HEX HEX )" id="grammar-production-UCHAR">
+    <td>[12]</td>
+    <td><code>UCHAR</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>'<code class="grammar-literal">\u</code>' <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <code>| </code> '<code class="grammar-literal">\U</code>' <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a> <a href="#grammar-production-HEX">HEX</a></td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="(',', [(&quot;'&quot;, '\\'), ('[', 'tbnrf&quot;\'')])" data-grammar-original="[153s] ECHAR ::= &quot;\&quot; [tbnrf&quot;']" id="grammar-production-ECHAR">
+    <td>[153s]</td>
+    <td><code>ECHAR</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>'<code class="grammar-literal">\</code>' [<code class="grammar-chars">tbnrf"'</code>]</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('|', [('[', 'A-Z'), ('[', 'a-z'), ('[', '#x00C0-#x00D6'), ('[', '#x00D8-#x00F6'), ('[', '#x00F8-#x02FF'), ('[', '#x0370-#x037D'), ('[', '#x037F-#x1FFF'), ('[', '#x200C-#x200D'), ('[', '#x2070-#x218F'), ('[', '#x2C00-#x2FEF'), ('[', '#x3001-#xD7FF'), ('[', '#xF900-#xFDCF'), ('[', '#xFDF0-#xFFFD'), ('[', '#x10000-#xEFFFF')])" data-grammar-original="[157s] PN_CHARS_BASE    ::= [A-Z]| [a-z]| [#x00C0-#x00D6]| [#x00D8-#x00F6]| [#x00F8-#x02FF]| [#x0370-#x037D]| [#x037F-#x1FFF]| [#x200C-#x200D]| [#x2070-#x218F]| [#x2C00-#x2FEF]| [#x3001-#xD7FF]| [#xF900-#xFDCF]| [#xFDF0-#xFFFD]| [#x10000-#xEFFFF]" id="grammar-production-PN_CHARS_BASE">
+    <td>[157s]</td>
+    <td><code>PN_CHARS_BASE</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>[<code class="grammar-chars">A-Z</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">a-z</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x00C0-#x00D6</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x00D8-#x00F6</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x00F8-#x02FF</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x0370-#x037D</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x037F-#x1FFF</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x200C-#x200D</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x2070-#x218F</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x2C00-#x2FEF</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x3001-#xD7FF</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#xF900-#xFDCF</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#xFDF0-#xFFFD</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x10000-#xEFFFF</code>]</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('|', [('id', 'PN_CHARS_BASE'), (&quot;'&quot;, '_'), (&quot;'&quot;, ':')])" data-grammar-original="[158s] PN_CHARS_U       ::=  PN_CHARS_BASE| '_'| ':'" id="grammar-production-PN_CHARS_U">
+    <td>[158s]</td>
+    <td><code>PN_CHARS_U</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-PN_CHARS_BASE">PN_CHARS_BASE</a> <code>| </code> '<code class="grammar-literal">_</code>' <code>| </code> '<code class="grammar-literal">:</code>'</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('|', [('id', 'PN_CHARS_U'), (&quot;'&quot;, '-'), ('[', '0-9'), ('#', '#x00B7'), ('[', '#x0300-#x036F'), ('[', '#x203F-#x2040')])" data-grammar-original="[160s] PN_CHARS         ::= PN_CHARS_U| &quot;-&quot;| [0-9]| #x00B7| [#x0300-#x036F]| [#x203F-#x2040]" id="grammar-production-PN_CHARS">
+    <td>[160s]</td>
+    <td><code>PN_CHARS</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td><a href="#grammar-production-PN_CHARS_U">PN_CHARS_U</a> <code>| </code> '<code class="grammar-literal">-</code>' <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">0-9</code>] <code>| </code> <code class="grammar-char-escape">#x00B7</code> <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x0300-#x036F</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">#x203F-#x2040</code>]</td>
+</tr>
+            <tr class="grammar-token" data-grammar-expression="('|', [('[', '0-9'), ('[', 'A-F'), ('[', 'a-f')])" data-grammar-original="[162s] HEX              ::= [0-9] | [A-F] | [a-f]" id="grammar-production-HEX">
+    <td>[162s]</td>
+    <td><code>HEX</code></td>
+    <td>::=</td>
+    <td>[<code class="grammar-chars">0-9</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">A-F</code>] <code>| </code> [<code class="grammar-chars">a-f</code>]</td>
+</tr>
+</tbody></table>
+</div>
+        </div>
+        <div id="sec-parsing" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sec-parsing" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+          <h2><span class="secno">6 </span>Parsing</h2>
+          <p class="issue">It may be simple, but should still be defined.</p>
+        </div>
+
+        <div class="appendix informative section" id="sec-diff-turtle" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sec-diff-turtle" rel="bibo:chapter">
+          <h2><span class="secno">A </span>Summary of diffrences in N-Triples and Turtle</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
+          <div id="triples" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#triples" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+            <h3><span class="secno">A.1 </span>Triples</h3>
+            <p>N-Triples only allows for <a href="#simple-triples">simple triple</a> statements which <em class="rfc2119" title="must not">must not</em> contain new lines. A single triple is always a single line of the document.</p>
+          </div>
+    <div id="iri-summary" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#iri-summary" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+      <h3><span class="secno">A.2 </span>IRI Representations</h3>
+
+      <table style="border-collapse:collapse;margin: 2em;" class="separated" id="term2escape">
+        <thead>
+    <tr>
+      <th></th>
+      <th>Turtle</th>
+      <th>N-Triples</th>
+      <th>example</th>
+    </tr>
+        </thead>
+        <tbody>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">absolute IRI</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td><code>&lt;http://a.example/some/path/&gt;</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">relative IRI</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>&lt;/some/path/&gt;</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">prefixed name</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>rdfs:label</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r"><code>a</code> for the predicate <code>rdf:type</code></td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>a</code></td>
+    </tr>
+        </tbody>
+      </table>
+        </div>
+
+    <div id="literal-summary" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#literal-summary" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+          <h3><span class="secno">A.3 </span>Literal Representations</h3>
+
+      <table style="border-collapse:collapse;margin: 2em;" class="separated" id="term2escape">
+        <thead>
+    <tr>
+      <th></th>
+      <th>Turtle</th>
+      <th>N-Triples</th>
+      <th>example</th>
+    </tr>
+        </thead>
+        <tbody>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">single-quoted single-line lexical representation</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>'some literal'</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">double-quoted single-line lexical representation</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td><code>"some literal"</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">single-quoted multi-line lexical representation</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>'''some<br>literal'''</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">double-quoted multi-line lexical representation</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>"""some<br>literal"""</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">abbreviated numeric</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>13</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">abbreviated boolean</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>true</code></td>
+    </tr>
+        </tbody>
+      </table>
+        </div>
+                <div id="bnode-summary" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#bnode-summary" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section">
+          <h3><span class="secno">A.4 </span>Summary of Blank Node Representations in N-Triples and Turtle</h3>
+
+      <table style="border-collapse:collapse;margin: 2em;" class="separated" id="term2escape">
+        <thead>
+    <tr>
+      <th></th>
+      <th>Turtle</th>
+      <th>N-Triples</th>
+      <th>example</th>
+    </tr>
+        </thead>
+        <tbody>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">labeled blank node</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td><code>&lt;http://a.example/who#Alice&gt; &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows&gt; _:bob .</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">anonymous node</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>&lt;http://a.example/who#Alice&gt; foaf:knows [] .</code></td>
+    </tr>
+    <tr>
+      <td class="r">blank node property list</td>
+      <td style="background-color: green; border:1px solid black;">yes</td>
+      <td>no</td>
+      <td><code>&lt;http://a.example/who#Alice&gt; foaf:knows [ foaf:name "Bob" ] .</code></td>
+    </tr>
+        </tbody>
+      </table>
+        </div>
+      </div>
+
+
+
+<!--  END N-TRIPLES SPEC  -->
+
+
+      <div class="appendix section" id="sec-mediaReg-n-triples" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sec-mediaReg-n-triples" rel="bibo:chapter">
+        <h2><span class="secno">B </span>N-Triples Internet Media Type, File Extension and Macintosh File Type </h2>
+        <dl>
+          <dt>Contact:</dt>
+          <dd>Eric Prud'hommeaux</dd>
+          <dt>See also:</dt>
+
+          <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/06/registering-mediatype">How to Register a Media Type for a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Specification</a></dd>
+          <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/tag/2002/0129-mime">Internet Media Type registration, consistency of use</a><br>TAG Finding 3 June 2002 (Revised 4 September 2002)</dd>
+        </dl>
+        <p>The Internet Media Type / MIME Type for N-Triples is "application/n-triples".</p>
+        <p>It is recommended that N-Triples files have the extension ".nt" (all lowercase) on all platforms.</p>
+
+        <p>It is recommended that N-Triples files stored on Macintosh HFS file systems be given a file type of "TEXT".</p>
+        <p>This information that follows will be submitted to the IESG for review, approval, and registration with IANA.</p>
+        <dl>
+          <dt>Type name:</dt>
+          <dd>application</dd>
+
+          <dt>Subtype name:</dt>
+          <dd>n-triples</dd>
+          <dt>Required parameters:</dt>
+          <dd>None</dd>
+          <dt>Optional parameters:</dt>
+          <dd>None</dd>
+
+          <dt>Encoding considerations:</dt>
+          <dd>The syntax of N-Triples is expressed over code points in Unicode [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UNICODE">UNICODE</a></cite>]. The encoding is always UTF-8 [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UTF-8">UTF-8</a></cite>].</dd>
+          <dd>Unicode code points may also be expressed using an \uXXXX 
+(U+0 to U+FFFF) or \UXXXXXXXX syntax (for U+10000 onwards) where X is a 
+hexadecimal digit [0-9A-F]</dd>
+          <dt>Security considerations:</dt>
+          <dd>N-Triples is a general-purpose assertion language; 
+applications may evaluate given data to infer more assertions or to 
+dereference IRIs, invoking the security considerations of the scheme for
+ that IRI. Note in particular, the privacy issues in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3023">RFC3023</a></cite>]
+ section 10 for HTTP IRIs. Data obtained from an inaccurate or malicious
+ data source may lead to inaccurate or misleading conclusions, as well 
+as the dereferencing of unintended IRIs. Care must be taken to align the
+ trust in consulted resources with the sensitivity of the intended use 
+of the data; inferences of potential medical treatments would likely 
+require different trust than inferences for trip planning.</dd>
+
+          <dd>N-Triples is used to express arbitrary application data; 
+security considerations will vary by domain of use. Security tools and 
+protocols applicable to text (e.g. PGP encryption, MD5 sum validation, 
+password-protected compression) may also be used on N-Triples documents.
+ Security/privacy protocols must be imposed which reflect the 
+sensitivity of the embedded information.</dd>
+          <dd>N-Triples can express data which is presented to the user,
+ for example, RDF Schema labels. Application rendering strings retrieved
+ from untrusted N-Triples documents must ensure that malignant strings 
+may not be used to mislead the reader. The security considerations in 
+the media type registration for XML ([<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3023">RFC3023</a></cite>] section 10) provide additional guidance around the expression of arbitrary data and markup.</dd>
+          <dd>N-Triples uses IRIs as term identifiers. Applications 
+interpreting data expressed in N-Triples should address the security 
+issues of
+      <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt" class="norm">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs)</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>] Section 8, as well as
+      <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt" class="norm">Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3986">RFC3986</a></cite>] Section 7.</dd>
+
+          <dd>Multiple IRIs may have the same appearance. Characters in different scripts may 
+    look similar (a Cyrillic "о" may appear similar to a Latin "o"). A character followed 
+    by combining characters may have the same visual representation as another character 
+    (LATIN SMALL LETTER E followed by COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT has the same visual representation 
+    as LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE).
+    
+<!--  (<code>foo:resum&#40751;code> and <code>f&#1086;&#1086;:resume&#769;</code>) -->
+
+    Any person or application that is writing or interpreting data in 
+Turtle must take care to use the IRI that matches the intended 
+semantics, and avoid IRIs that make look similar.
+    Further information about matching of similar characters can be 
+found 
+    in <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/" class="inform">Unicode Security 
+    Considerations</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UNISEC">UNISEC</a></cite>] and
+    <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt" class="norm">Internationalized Resource 
+    Identifiers (IRIs)</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>] Section 8.
+      </dd>
+
+          <dt>Interoperability considerations:</dt>
+          <dd>There are no known interoperability issues.</dd>
+          <dt>Published specification:</dt>
+          <dd>This specification.</dd>
+          <dt>Applications which use this media type:</dt>
+
+          <dd>No widely deployed applications are known to use this 
+media type. It may be used by some web services and clients consuming 
+their data.</dd>
+          <dt>Additional information:</dt>
+          <dt>Magic number(s):</dt>
+          <dd>None.</dd>
+          <dt>File extension(s):</dt>
+          <dd>".nt"</dd>
+
+          <dt>Macintosh file type code(s):</dt>
+          <dd>"TEXT"</dd>
+          <dt>Person &amp; email address to contact for further information:</dt>
+
+          <dd>Eric Prud'hommeaux &lt;[email protected]&gt;</dd>
+          <dt>Intended usage:</dt>
+          <dd>COMMON</dd>
+          <dt>Restrictions on usage:</dt>
+          <dd>None</dd>
+          <dt>Author/Change controller:</dt>
+
+          <dd>The N-Triples specification is the product of the RDF WG. The <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> reserves change control over this specifications.</dd>
+        </dl>
+      </div>
+
+  
+
+<div id="references" class="appendix section" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#references" rel="bibo:chapter"><h2><span class="secno">C </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#normative-references" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">C.1 </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography" about=""><dt id="bib-EBNF-NOTATION">[EBNF-NOTATION]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Tim Bray; Jean Paoli; C. M. Sperberg-McQueen; Eve Maler; François Yergeau. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/#sec-notation"><cite>EBNF Notation</cite></a> 26 November 2008. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/#sec-notation">http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml/#sec-notation</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-TESTCASES">[RDF-TESTCASES]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Jan Grant; Dave Beckett. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-testcases-20040210"><cite>RDF Test Cases.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-testcases-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-testcases-20040210</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-RFC2119">[RFC2119]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">S. Bradner. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><cite>Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels.</cite></a> March 1997. Internet RFC 2119.  URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-RFC3023">[RFC3023]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">M. Murata; S. St.Laurent; D. Kohn. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3023.txt"><cite>XML Media Types</cite></a> January 2001. Internet RFC 3023. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3023.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3023.txt</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-RFC3986">[RFC3986]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">T. Berners-Lee; R. Fielding; L. Masinter. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt"><cite>Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax.</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3986. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-RFC3987">[RFC3987]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">M. Dürst; M. Suignard. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite>Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs).</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-TURTLE-TR">[TURTLE-TR]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">Eric Prud'hommeaux; Gavin Carothers. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/CR-turtle-20130219/"><cite>Turtle: Terse Triple Language</cite></a> 19 February 2013. W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/CR-turtle-20130219/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/CR-turtle-20130219/</a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-UNICODE">[UNICODE]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">The Unicode Consortium. <a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html"><cite>The Unicode Standard.</cite></a>.
+ Defined by: The Unicode Standard, Version 6.2.0, (Mountain View, CA: 
+The Unicode Consortium, 2012. ISBN 978-1-936213-07-8) , as updated from 
+time to time by the publication of new versions URL: <a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html">http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-UTF-8">[UTF-8]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:requires">F. Yergeau. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt"><cite>UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646</cite></a>. IETF RFC 3629. November 2003. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt</a>
+</dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#informative-references" rel="bibo:chapter" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">C.2 </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography" about=""><dt id="bib-UNISEC">[UNISEC]</dt><dd rel="dcterms:references">Mark Davis; Michel Suignard. <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/"><cite>Unicode Security Considerations</cite></a> 4 August 2010. URL: <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/">http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/</a>
+</dd></dl></div></div></body></html>
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