update
authorGuus Schreiber <guus.schreiber@vu.nl>
Mon, 17 Feb 2014 09:55:18 +0100
changeset 1925 aeeb630e9e9a
parent 1924 d828dcdbd36c
child 1926 421cf5aa4082
update
REC-drafts/REC-rdf-schema-20140225/diff.html
REC-drafts/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20140225/diff.html
--- a/REC-drafts/REC-rdf-schema-20140225/diff.html	Mon Feb 17 01:40:58 2014 +0100
+++ b/REC-drafts/REC-rdf-schema-20140225/diff.html	Mon Feb 17 09:55:18 2014 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,269 @@
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+    /*]]&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">--- INLINES --- </span> */ <span class="insert">em.rfc2119 { text-transform: lowercase; font-variant: small-caps; font-style: normal; color: #900; } h1 acronym, h2 acronym, h3 acronym, h4 acronym, h5 acronym, h6 acronym, a acronym, h1 abbr, h2 abbr, h3 abbr, h4 abbr, h5 abbr, h6 abbr, a abbr { border: none; } dfn { font-weight: bold; } a.internalDFN { color: inherit; border-bottom: 1px solid #99c; text-decoration: none; } a.externalDFN { color: inherit; border-bottom: 1px dotted #ccc; text-decoration: none; } a.bibref { text-decoration: none; } cite .bibref { font-style: normal; } code { color: #ff4500; } /* --- TOC --- */ .toc a, .tof a { text-decoration: none; } a .secno, a .figno { color: #000; } ul.tof, ol.tof { list-style: none outside none; } .caption { margin-top: 0.5em; font-style: italic; } /* --- TABLE --- */ table.simple { border-spacing: 0; border-collapse: collapse; border-bottom: 3px solid #005a9c; } .simple th { background: #005a9c; color: #fff; padding: 3px 5px; text-align: left; } .simple th[scope="row"] { background: inherit; color: inherit; border-top: 1px solid #ddd; } .simple td { padding: 3px 10px; border-top: 1px solid #ddd; } .simple tr:nth-child(even) { background: #f0f6ff; } /* --- DL --- */ .section dd > p:first-child { margin-top: 0; } .section dd > p:last-child { margin-bottom: 0; } .section dd { margin-bottom: 1em; } .section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd { margin-bottom: 0; } @media print { .removeOnSave { display: none; } } </span> </style> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;link rel=&quot;stylesheet&quot; type=&quot;text/css&quot;
+  href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-REC&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;style&gt;</tt></span> <style> <span class="insert">/* --- EXAMPLES --- */ div.example-title { min-width: 7.5em; color: #b9ab2d; } div.example-title span { text-transform: uppercase; } aside.example, div.example, div.illegal-example { padding: 0.5em; margin: 1em 0; position: relative; clear: both; } div.illegal-example { color: red } div.illegal-example p { color: black } aside.example, div.example { padding: .5em; border-left-width: .5em; border-left-style: solid; border-color: #e0cb52; background: #fcfaee; } aside.example div.example { border-left-width: .1em; border-color: #999; background: #fff; } aside.example div.example div.example-title { color: #999; } </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/style&gt;</tt></span> </style> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;style&gt;</tt></span> <style> <span class="insert">/* --- ISSUES/NOTES --- */ div.issue-title, div.note-title { padding-right: 1em; min-width: 7.5em; color: #b9ab2d; } div.issue-title { color: #e05252; } div.note-title { color: #2b2; } div.issue-title span, div.note-title span { text-transform: uppercase; } div.note, div.issue { margin-top: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; } .note > p:first-child, .issue > p:first-child { margin-top: 0 } .issue, .note { padding: .5em; border-left-width: .5em; border-left-style: solid; } div.issue, div.note { padding: 1em 1.2em 0.5em; margin: 1em 0; position: relative; clear: both; } span.note, span.issue { padding: .1em .5em .15em; } .issue { border-color: #e05252; background: #fbe9e9; } .note { border-color: #52e052; background: #e9fbe9; } </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/style&gt;</tt></span> </style> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;link rel=&quot;stylesheet&quot; href=&quot;https://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-REC&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-REC" /> </head> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;body&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;head&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;body class=&quot;h-entry&quot; role=&quot;document&quot; id=&quot;respecDocument&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <body class="h-entry" role="document" id="respecDocument"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;head&quot; role=&quot;contentinfo&quot; id=&quot;respecHeader&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="head" role="contentinfo" id="respecHeader"> <p> <a href="http://www.w3.org/"> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;img height=&quot;48&quot; width=&quot;72&quot;
+src=&quot;http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home&quot; alt=&quot;W3C&quot; border=&quot;0&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h1 id=&quot;title&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;img width=&quot;72&quot; height=&quot;48&quot; alt=&quot;W3C&quot; src=&quot;https://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <img width="72" height="48" alt="W3C" src="https://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" /> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h1 property=&quot;dcterms:title&quot; id=&quot;title&quot; class=&quot;title p-name&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h1 property="dcterms:title" id="title" class="title p-name"> RDF Schema <span class="insert">1.1 </span> </h1> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2 id=&quot;doctype&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 content=&quot;2014-02-24T23:00:00.000Z&quot; datatype=&quot;xsd:dateTime&quot; property=&quot;dcterms:issued&quot; id=&quot;w3c-recommendation-25-february-2014&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 content="2014-02-24T23:00:00.000Z" datatype="xsd:dateTime" property="dcterms:issued" id="w3c-recommendation-25-february-2014"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> W3C <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> Recommendation <span class="delete">10 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;time datetime=&quot;2014-02-25&quot; class=&quot;dt-published&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <time datetime="2014-02-25" class="dt-published"> <span class="insert">25 </span> February <span class="delete">2004 </span> <span class="insert">2014 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/time&gt;</tt></span> </time> </h2> <dl> <dt> This <span class="delete">Version: </span> <span class="insert">version: </span> </dt> <dd> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf-schema-20140225/&quot; class=&quot;u-url&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf-schema-20140225/" class="u-url"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf-schema-20140225/ </span> </a> </dd> <dt> Latest <span class="delete">Version: </span> <span class="insert">published version: </span> </dt> <dd> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/"> http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/ </a> </dd> <dt> Previous <span class="delete">Version: </span> <span class="insert">version: </span> </dt> <dd> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/PR-rdf-schema-20031215/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/PR-rdf-schema-20031215/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/PER-rdf-schema-20140109/&quot; rel=&quot;dcterms:replaces&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/PER-rdf-schema-20140109/" rel="dcterms:replaces"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/PER-rdf-schema-20140109/ </span> </a> </dd> <dt> Editors: </dt> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/People/DanBri/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd inlist=&quot;&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:editor&quot; class=&quot;p-author h-card vcard&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd inlist="" rel="bibo:editor" class="p-author h-card vcard"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span typeof=&quot;foaf:Person&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span typeof="foaf:Person"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://danbri.org/&quot; content=&quot;Dan Brickley&quot; property=&quot;foaf:name&quot; rel=&quot;foaf:homepage&quot; class=&quot;u-url url p-name fn&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://danbri.org/" content="Dan Brickley" property="foaf:name" rel="foaf:homepage" class="u-url url p-name fn"> Dan Brickley </a> , <span class="delete">W3C &lt; </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[email protected] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&gt; </span> <span class="insert">Google </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> </dd> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd inlist=&quot;&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:editor&quot; class=&quot;p-author h-card vcard&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd inlist="" rel="bibo:editor" class="p-author h-card vcard"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span typeof=&quot;foaf:Person&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span typeof="foaf:Person"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;p-name fn&quot; property=&quot;foaf:name&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="p-name fn" property="foaf:name"> R.V. <span class="delete">Guha, IBM &lt; </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;mailto:[email protected]&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[email protected] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&gt; </span> <span class="insert">Guha </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">, Google </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> </dd> <dt> <span class="delete">Series editor: </span> <span class="insert">Previous Editors: </span> </dt> <dd> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www-uk.hpl.hp.com/people/bwm/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> Brian McBride <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">(Hewlett Packard Labs) &lt; </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;mailto:[email protected]&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[email protected] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&gt; </span> </dd> </dl> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_acknowledgments&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Acknowledgments </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <p> Please <span class="delete">refer to the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/errata#rdf-schema&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">check the </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2014/rdf1.1-errata&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2014/rdf1.1-errata"> <strong> errata </strong> </a> for <span class="insert">any errors or issues reported since publication. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">This document is also available in </span> this <span class="delete">document, which </span> <span class="insert">non-normative format: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;diff.html&quot; rel=&quot;alternate&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="diff.html" rel="alternate"> <span class="insert">diff w.r.t. 2004 Recommendation </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">The English version of this specification is the only normative version. Non-normative </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Translation/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Translation/"> <span class="insert">translations </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> may <span class="delete">include some normative corrections. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">See </span> also <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/translation/rdf-schema&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">translations </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. </span> <span class="insert">be available. </span> </p> <p class="copyright"> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright"> Copyright </a> <span class="delete">&#xa9; 2004 </span> <span class="insert">© 2004-2014 </span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/"> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;acronym title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> W3C <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/acronym&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> </a> <sup> <span class="delete">&#xae; </span> <span class="insert">® </span> </sup> ( <a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;acronym title=&quot;Massachusetts Institute of Technology&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;Massachusetts Institute of Technology&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology"> MIT <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/acronym&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> </a> , <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.ercim.org/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;acronym title=&quot;European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.ercim.eu/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics"> ERCIM <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/acronym&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> </a> , <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/"> Keio <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">, </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/"> <span class="insert">Beihang </span> </a> ), All Rights Reserved. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> W3C <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer"> liability </a> , <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks"> trademark </a> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="insert">and </span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents"> document use </a> <span class="delete">and </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">software licensing </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> rules apply. </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;hr /&gt;</tt></span> <hr /> </div> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;hr /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;abstract&quot; class=&quot;introductory&quot; property=&quot;dcterms:abstract&quot; datatype=&quot;&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="abstract" class="introductory" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_abstract&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_abstract"> Abstract </h2> <p> <span class="delete">The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a general-purpose language for representing information in the Web. This specification describes how to use RDF to describe RDF vocabularies. This specification defines a </span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema provides a data-modelling </span> vocabulary for <span class="delete">this purpose and defines other built-in RDF vocabulary initially specified in the RDF Model and Syntax Specification. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;status&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2 class=&quot;nonum&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;status&quot; name=&quot;status&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">RDF data. RDF Schema is an extension of the basic RDF vocabulary. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;introductory&quot; id=&quot;sotd&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="introductory" id="sotd" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_sotd&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_sotd"> Status of <span class="delete">this </span> <span class="insert">This </span> Document <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </h2> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">This document has been reviewed by W3C Members and other interested parties, and it has been endorsed by the Director as a </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2003/06/Process-20030618/tr.html#RecsW3C&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">W3C Recommendation </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. W3C's role in making the Recommendation is to draw attention to the specification and to promote its widespread deployment. This enhances the functionality and interoperability of the Web. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">This is one document in a </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Introduction&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">set of six </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">( </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Primer </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Concepts </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Syntax </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-mt-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Semantics </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Vocabulary </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, and </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-testcases-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Test Cases </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">) intended to jointly replace the original Resource Description Framework specifications, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-rdf-syntax-19990222/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Model and Syntax (1999 Recommendation) </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">and </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/CR-rdf-schema-20000327/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Schema (2000 Candidate Recommendation) </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. It has been developed by the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Core Working Group </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">as part of the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">W3C Semantic Web Activity </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">( </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/Activity&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Activity Statement </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2002/11/swv2/charters/RDFCoreWGCharter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Group Charter </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">) for publication on 10 February 2004. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Changes to this document since the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/PR-rdf-schema-20031215/&quot;
+shape=&quot;rect&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Proposed Recommendation Working Draft </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">are detailed in the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#changes&quot; shape=&quot;rect&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">change log </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">The public is invited to send comments to </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;mailto:[email protected]&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[email protected] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">( </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-comments/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">archive </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">) and to participate in general discussion of related technology on </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;mailto:[email protected]&quot;
+shape=&quot;rect&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[email protected] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">( </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-interest/&quot;
+shape=&quot;rect&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">archive </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">). </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">A list of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/impls&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">implementations </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is available. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">The W3C maintains a list of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/ipr-statements&quot; 
+rel=&quot;disclosure&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">any patent disclosures related to this work </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <em> This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> W3C <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> W3C <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> technical reports index </a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/. </em> </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_contents&quot; name=&quot;ch_contents&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">This document is an edited version of the 2004 RDF Schema Recommendation. The purpose of this revision is to make this document available as part of the RDF 1.1 document set. Changes are limited to errata, revised references, terminology updates, and adaptations to the introduction. The title of the document was changed from &quot;RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema&quot; to &quot;RDF Schema 1.1&quot;. The technical content of the document is unchanged. Details of the changes are listed in the </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#PER-changes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#PER-changes"> <span class="insert">Changes </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">section. Since the edits to this document do not constitute a technical change the Director decided no new implementation report was required. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">This document was published by the </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/"> <span class="insert">RDF Working Group </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">as a Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;mailto:[email protected]&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="mailto:[email protected]"> <span class="insert">[email protected] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">( </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe"> <span class="insert">subscribe </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">, </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-rdf-comments/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-rdf-comments/"> <span class="insert">archives </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">). All comments are welcome. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">This document has been reviewed by </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">Members, by software developers, and by other </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">groups and interested parties, and is endorsed by the Director as a </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">Recommendation. It is a stable document and may be used as reference material or cited from another document. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">'s role in making the Recommendation is to draw attention to the specification and to promote its widespread deployment. This enhances the functionality and interoperability of the Web. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">This document was produced by a group operating under the </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/&quot; rel=&quot;w3p:patentRules&quot; about=&quot;&quot; id=&quot;sotd_patent&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/" rel="w3p:patentRules" about="" id="sotd_patent"> <span class="insert">5 February 2004 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">Patent Policy </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">maintains a </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a rel=&quot;disclosure&quot; href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46168/status&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a rel="disclosure" href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46168/status"> <span class="insert">public list of any patent disclosures </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential"> <span class="insert">Essential Claim(s) </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">must disclose the information in accordance with </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure"> <span class="insert">section 6 of the </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">Patent Policy </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 class=&quot;introductory&quot; aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 class="introductory" aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_toc"> <span class="insert">Table of </span> Contents </h2> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;blockquote&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot; role=&quot;directory&quot; id=&quot;respecContents&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc" role="directory" id="respecContents"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_introduction&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_introduction" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 1. <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_introduction&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Introduction </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_classes&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_classes" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2. <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_classes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Classes </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Resource </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Class </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Literal </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_datatype&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_datatype" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.4 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_datatype&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Datatype </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_langstring&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_langstring" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.5 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_xmlliteral&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">rdf:langString </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_html&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_html" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">2.6 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_xmlliteral&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_xmlliteral" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">2.7 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:XMLLiteral </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; 2.6 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">2.8 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Property </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_properties&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_properties" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3. <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_properties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Properties </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:range </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:domain </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_type&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_type" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_type&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:type </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subclassof&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subclassof" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.4 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subclassof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:subClassOf </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subpropertyof&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subpropertyof" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.5 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subpropertyof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:subPropertyOf </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_label&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_label" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.6 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_label&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:label </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_comment&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_comment" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.7 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_comment&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:comment </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domainrange&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domainrange" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 4. <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domainrange&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Using the Domain and Range vocabulary <span class="delete">(Informative) </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_othervocab&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_othervocab" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5. <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_othervocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Other vocabulary </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_containervocab&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_containervocab" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_containervocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Container Classes and Properties </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_container&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_container" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+  href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Container </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_bag&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_bag" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_bag&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Bag </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seq&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_seq" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seq&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Seq </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_alt" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.4 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Alt </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_containermembershipproperty" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.5 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+  href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+  /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_member&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_member" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.6 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_member&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:member </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_collectionvocab&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_collectionvocab" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_collectionvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> RDF Collections </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_list&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_list" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:List </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_first&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_first" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_first&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:first </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_rest&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_rest" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_rest&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:rest </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_nil&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_nil" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.4 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_nil&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:nil </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_reificationvocab&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_reificationvocab" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_reificationvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Reification Vocabulary </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+  href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Statement </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subject&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subject" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subject&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:subject </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_predicate&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_predicate" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+  href=&quot;#ch_predicate&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:predicate </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_object&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_object" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.4 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_object&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:object </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_utilvocab&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_utilvocab" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_utilvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Utility Properties </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seealso&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_seealso" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seealso&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:seeAlso </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+  /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_isdefinedby&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_isdefinedby" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+  href=&quot;#ch_isdefinedby&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:isDefinedBy </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_value&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_value" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_value&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:value </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_summary&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_summary" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 6. <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_summary&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> RDF Schema summary <span class="delete">(Informative) </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_sumclasses&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_sumclasses" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 6.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_sumclasses&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Classes </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">RDF classes </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_sumproperties&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_sumproperties" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 6.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_sumproperties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Properties </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">7. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">RDF properties </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_acknowledgements&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_acknowledgements" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">A. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">Acknowledgments </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#PER-changes&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#PER-changes" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">B. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">Change since 2004 Recommendation </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#references&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#references" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">C. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> References </a> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; 7.1 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_normreferences&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul class=&quot;toc&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <ul class="toc"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#normative-references&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">C.1 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Normative <span class="delete">References </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+  /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&nbsp; &nbsp; 7.2 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_inforeferences&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Informational References </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">8. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_acknowledgments&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Acknowledgments </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Appendix A </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_appendix_rdfs&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Schema as RDF/XML </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/blockquote&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;hr /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_introduction&quot; name=&quot;ch_introduction&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">references </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li class=&quot;tocline&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <li class="tocline"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#informative-references&quot; class=&quot;tocxref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">C.2 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">Informative references </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_introduction&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_introduction" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_introduction&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_introduction"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 1. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Introduction </h2> <p> <span class="delete">The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a general-purpose language </span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema provides a data-modelling vocabulary </span> for <span class="delete">representing information in the Web. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">This specification is one of several [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-primer&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-syntax&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SYNTAX </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-concepts&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-semantics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SEMANTICS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-tests&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-TESTS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] related to RDF. The reader is referred to the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#rdfschema&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF schema chapter </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">in the RDF Primer [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-primer&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] for an informal introduction and examples of the use of the concepts specified in this document. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">This specification introduces RDF's vocabulary description language, RDF Schema. </span> <span class="insert">RDF data. </span> It is complemented by several companion documents which describe <span class="delete">RDF's XML encoding </span> <span class="insert">the basic concepts and abstract syntax of RDF </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-syntax&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SYNTAX </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS"> <span class="insert">RDF11-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ], <span class="delete">mathematical foundations </span> <span class="insert">the formal semantics of RDF </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-semantics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SEMANTICS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] and Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-MT&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-MT"> <span class="insert">RDF11-MT </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">], and various concrete syntaxes for RDF, such as Turtle </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-concepts&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-TURTLE&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-TURTLE"> <span class="insert">TURTLE </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">], TriG, [ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-TRIG&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-TRIG"> <span class="insert">TRIG </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">], and JSON-LD [ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-JSON-LD&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD"> <span class="insert">JSON-LD </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ]. The RDF Primer [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-primer&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-PRIMER&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-PRIMER"> <span class="insert">RDF11-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ] provides an informal introduction and examples of the use of the concepts specified in this document. </p> <p> This document is intended to provide a clear specification of <span class="delete">the RDF vocabulary description language </span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema </span> to those who find the formal semantics <span class="delete">specification, RDF Semantics </span> <span class="insert">specification </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-semantics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SEMANTICS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-MT&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-MT"> <span class="insert">RDF11-MT </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ] daunting. Thus, this document duplicates material also specified in the RDF Semantics <span class="delete">specification . </span> <span class="insert">specification. </span> Where there is disagreement between this document and the RDF Semantics specification, the RDF Semantics specification should be taken to be correct. </p> <p> RDF <span class="delete">properties may be thought of as attributes of resources and in this sense correspond to traditional attribute-value pairs. RDF properties also represent relationships between resources. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF however, provides no mechanisms for describing these properties, nor does it provide any mechanisms for describing the relationships between these properties and other resources. That is the role of the RDF vocabulary description language, RDF Schema. RDF </span> Schema <span class="delete">defines classes and properties that may be used to describe classes, properties and other resources. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">This document does not specify a vocabulary of descriptive properties such as "author". Instead it specifies mechanisms that may be used to name and describe properties and the classes of resource they describe. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF's vocabulary description language, RDF Schema, is a </span> <span class="insert">is a </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-mt/#semantic-extensions-and-entailment-regimes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-mt/#semantic-extensions-and-entailment-regimes"> semantic extension <span class="delete">(as </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-mt/#intro&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">defined </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">in [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-semantics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SEMANTICS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">]) </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> of RDF. It provides mechanisms for describing groups of related resources and the relationships between these resources. RDF Schema <span class="delete">vocabulary descriptions are </span> <span class="insert">is </span> written in RDF using the terms described in this document. These resources are used to determine characteristics of other resources, such as the <a href="#ch_domain"> domains </a> and <a href="#ch_range"> ranges </a> of properties. </p> <p> The RDF <span class="delete">vocabulary description language </span> <span class="insert">Schema </span> class and property system is similar to the type systems of object-oriented programming languages such as Java. RDF <span class="insert">Schema </span> differs from many such systems in that instead of defining a class in terms of the properties its instances may have, <span class="delete">the RDF vocabulary description language </span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema </span> describes properties in terms of the classes of resource to which they apply. This is the role of the <a href="#ch_domain"> domain </a> and <a href="#ch_range"> range </a> mechanisms described in this specification. For example, we could define the <code> eg:author </code> property to have a domain of <code> eg:Document </code> and a range of <code> eg:Person </code> , whereas a classical object oriented system might typically define a class <code> eg:Book </code> with an attribute called <code> eg:author </code> of type <code> eg:Person </code> . Using the RDF approach, it is easy for others to subsequently define additional properties with a domain of eg: <code> Document </code> or a range of <code> eg:Person </code> . This can be done without the need to re-define the original description of these classes. One benefit of the RDF property-centric approach is that it allows anyone to extend the description of existing resources, one of the architectural principles of the Web [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#rdfnotcite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-BERNERS-LEE98&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-BERNERS-LEE98"> BERNERS-LEE98 </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ]. </p> <p> This specification does not attempt to enumerate all the possible forms of <span class="delete">vocabulary description that are useful for </span> representing the meaning of RDF classes and properties. Instead, the RDF <span class="delete">vocabulary description </span> <span class="insert">Schema </span> strategy is to acknowledge that there are many techniques through which the meaning of classes and properties can be described. Richer vocabulary or 'ontology' languages such as <span class="delete">DAML+OIL, W3C's </span> <span class="insert">OWL </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-owl&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">OWL </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] language, </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW"> <span class="insert">OWL2-OVERVIEW </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">], </span> inference rule languages and other formalisms (for example temporal logics) will each contribute to our ability to capture meaningful generalizations about data in the Web. <span class="delete">RDF vocabulary designers can create and deploy Semantic Web applications using the RDF vocabulary description language 1.0 facilities, while exploring richer vocabulary description languages that share this general approach. </span> </p> <p> The language defined in this specification consists of a collection of RDF resources that can be used to describe <span class="delete">properties of </span> other RDF resources <span class="delete">(including properties) </span> in application-specific RDF vocabularies. The core vocabulary is defined in a namespace informally called <span class="delete">'rdfs' </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> here. That namespace is identified by the <span class="delete">URI-Reference </span> <span class="insert">IRI </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;blockquote&gt;</tt></span> <blockquote> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema# <span class="delete">and is </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/blockquote&gt;</tt></span> </blockquote> <span class="insert">and is conventionally </span> associated with the prefix <span class="delete">'rdfs'. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">. </span> This specification also uses the prefix <span class="delete">'rdf' </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> to refer to the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/#section-Namespace&quot;&gt;</tt></span> RDF namespace <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;blockquote&gt;</tt></span> <blockquote> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns# </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/blockquote&gt;</tt></span> </blockquote> <p> For convenience and readability, this specification uses an abbreviated form to represent <span class="delete">URI-References. </span> <span class="insert">IRIs. </span> A name of the form prefix:suffix should be interpreted as a <span class="delete">URI-Reference </span> <span class="insert">IRI </span> consisting of the <span class="delete">URI-Reference </span> <span class="insert">IRI </span> associated with the prefix concatenated with the suffix. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a name=&quot;ch_classes&quot; id=&quot;ch_classes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_classes&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_classes" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_classes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_classes"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Classes <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </h2> <p> Resources may be divided into groups called classes. The members of a class are known as <em> instances </em> of the class. Classes are themselves resources. They are often identified by <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Graph-URIref&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF URI References </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-IRIs&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-IRIs"> <span class="insert">IRIs </span> </a> and may be described using RDF properties. The <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_type&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_type&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_type"> rdf:type </a> </code> property may be used to state that a resource is an instance of a class. </p> <p> RDF distinguishes between a class and the set of its instances. Associated with each class is a set, called the class extension of the class, which is the set of the instances of the class. Two classes may have the same set of instances but be different classes. For example, the tax office may define the class of people living at the same address as the editor of this document. The Post Office may define the class of people whose address has the same zip code as the address of the author. It is possible for these classes to have exactly the same instances, yet to have different properties. Only one of the classes has the property that it was defined by the tax office, and only the other has the property that it was defined by the Post Office. </p> <p> A class may be a member of its own class extension and may be an instance of itself. </p> <p> The group of resources that are RDF Schema classes is itself a class called <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a name=&quot;def-subclass&quot; id=&quot;def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p id=&quot;def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <p id="def-subclass"> If a class C is a <em> subclass </em> of a class C', then all instances of C will also be instances of C'. The <a href="#ch_subclassof"> <code> rdfs:subClassOf </code> </a> property may be used to state that one class is a subclass of another. The term super-class is used as the inverse of subclass. If a class C' is a super-class of a class C, then all instances of C are also instances of C'. </p> <p> The RDF Concepts and Abstract Syntax [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-concepts&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS"> <span class="insert">RDF11-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ] specification defines the RDF concept of an <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Datatypes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Datatypes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Datatypes"> RDF datatype </a> . All datatypes are classes. The instances of a class that is a datatype are the members of the value space of the datatype. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_resource&quot; name=&quot;ch_resource&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_resource&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_resource" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_resource"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Resource <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> All things described by RDF are called <em> resources </em> , and are instances of the class <code> rdfs:Resource </code> . This is the class of everything. All other classes are <a href="#def-subclass"> subclasses </a> of this class. <code> rdfs:Resource </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_class&quot; name=&quot;ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_class&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_class" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_class"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Class <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> This is the class of resources that are RDF classes. <code> rdfs:Class </code> is an instance of <code> rdfs:Class. </code> </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_literal&quot; name=&quot;ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_literal&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_literal" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_literal"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.3 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Literal <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> The class <code> rdfs:Literal </code> is the class of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Literals&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Graph-Literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Graph-Literal"> literal </a> values such as strings and integers. Property values such as textual strings are examples of RDF literals. <span class="delete">Literals may be </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#dfn-plain-literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">plain </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">or </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#dfn-typed-literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">typed </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. A typed literal </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:Literal </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> is an instance of <span class="delete">a datatype class. This specification does not define the class of plain literals. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:Literal </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is an instance of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . rdfs:Literal is a <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_datatype&quot; name=&quot;ch_datatype&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_datatype&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_datatype" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_datatype&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_datatype"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.4 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Datatype <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdfs:Datatype </code> is the class of datatypes. All instances of <code> rdfs:Datatype </code> correspond to the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Datatypes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Datatypes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Datatypes"> RDF model of a datatype </a> described in the RDF Concepts specification [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-concepts&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS"> <span class="insert">RDF11-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ]. <code> rdfs:Datatype </code> is both an instance of and a <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . Each instance of <code> rdfs:Datatype </code> is a <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of rdfs:Literal. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_xmlliteral&quot; name=&quot;ch_xmlliteral&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_langstring&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_langstring" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_langstring&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_langstring"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 2.5 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">rdf:langString </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">The class </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:langString </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is the class of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-language-tagged-string&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-language-tagged-string"> <span class="insert">language-tagged string values </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:langString </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is an instance of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:Datatype </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">and a </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subclass"> <span class="insert">subclass </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:Literal </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;informative&quot; id=&quot;ch_html&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="informative" id="ch_html" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_html"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">2.6 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">The class </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is the class of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-html"> <span class="insert">HTML literal values </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is an instance of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:Datatype </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">and a </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subclass"> <span class="insert">subclass </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:Literal </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;informative&quot; id=&quot;ch_xmlliteral&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="informative" id="ch_xmlliteral" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_xmlliteral&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_xmlliteral"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">2.7 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:XMLLiteral <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <p> The class <code> rdf:XMLLiteral </code> is the class of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#dfn-rdf-XMLLiteral&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-XMLLiteral&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-XMLLiteral"> XML literal values </a> . <code> rdf:XMLLiteral </code> is an instance of <code> rdfs:Datatype </code> and a <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal"> <code> rdfs:Literal </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_property&quot; name=&quot;ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">2.6 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_property&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_property" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_property"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">2.8 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Property <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdf:Property </code> is the class of RDF properties. <code> rdf:Property </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a name=&quot;ch_properties&quot; id=&quot;ch_properties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_properties&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_properties" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_properties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_properties"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Properties <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </h2> <p> The RDF Concepts and Abstract Syntax specification [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-concepts&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS"> <span class="insert">RDF11-CONCEPTS </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ] describes the concept of an RDF property as a relation between subject resources and object resources. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a name=&quot;def-subproperty&quot; id=&quot;def-subproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p id=&quot;def-subproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <p id="def-subproperty"> This specification defines the concept of subproperty. The <a href="#ch_subclassof"> <code> rdfs:subPropertyOf </code> </a> property may be used to state that one property is a subproperty of another. If a property P is a subproperty of property P', then all pairs of resources which are related by P are also related by P'. The term super-property is often used as the inverse of subproperty. If a property P' is a super-property of a property P, then all pairs of resources which are related by P are also related by P'. This specification does not define a top property that is the super-property of all properties. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;strong&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;note&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="note"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;note-title&quot; aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h_note_1&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="note-title" aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h_note_1"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span&gt;</tt></span> <span> Note <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/strong&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> </div> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p class=&quot;&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <p class=""> The basic facilities provided by <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> and <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> do not provide any direct way to indicate property restrictions that are local to a class. Although it is possible to combine use <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a  
+href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> and <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> with sub-property hierarchies, direct support for such declarations are provided by richer <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/WebOnt/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> Web Ontology <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> languages such as <span class="insert">OWL </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-owl&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">OWL </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW"> <span class="insert">OWL2-OVERVIEW </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ]. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_range&quot; name=&quot;ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> </div> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_range&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_range" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_range"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:range <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdfs:range </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to state that the values of a property are instances of one or more classes. </p> <p> The triple </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> P rdfs:range C <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that P is an instance of the class <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> , that C is an instance of the class <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> and that the resources denoted by the objects of triples whose predicate is P are instances of the class C. </p> <p> Where P has more than one rdfs:range property, then the resources denoted by the objects of triples with predicate P are instances of all the classes stated by the <code> rdfs:range </code> properties. </p> <p> The <code> rdfs:range </code> property can be applied to itself. The rdfs:range of <code> rdfs:range </code> is the class <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . This states that any resource that is the value of an <code> rdfs:range </code> property is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . </p> <p> The <code> rdfs:range </code> property is applied to properties. This can be represented in RDF using the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> property. The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:range </code> is the class <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> . This states that any resource with an <code> rdfs:range </code> property is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_domain&quot; name=&quot;ch_domain&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_domain&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_domain" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_domain"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:domain <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdfs:domain </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to state that any resource that has a given property is an instance of one or more classes. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> P rdfs:domain C <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that P is an instance of the class <code> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> , that C is a instance of the class <code> <a href="#ch_class"> rdfs:Class </a> </code> and that the resources denoted by the subjects of triples whose predicate is P are instances of the class C. </p> <p> Where a property P has more than one rdfs:domain property, then the resources denoted by subjects of triples with predicate P are instances of all the classes stated by the <code> rdfs:domain </code> properties. </p> <p> The <code> rdfs:domain </code> property may be applied to itself. The rdfs:domain of <code> rdfs:domain </code> is the class <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> . This states that any resource with an <code> rdfs:domain </code> property is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> . </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:domain </code> is the class <code> <a href="#ch_class"> rdfs:Class </a> </code> . This states that any resource that is the value of an <code> rdfs:domain </code> property is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_class"> rdfs:Class </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_type&quot; name=&quot;ch_type&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_type&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_type" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_type&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_type"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.3 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:type <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdf:type </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to state that a resource is an instance of a class. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> R rdf:type C <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that C is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> and R is an instance of C. </p> <p> The <code> <a href="#ch_domain"> rdfs:domain </a> </code> of <code> rdf:type </code> is <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of rdf:type is <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_subclassof&quot; name=&quot;ch_subclassof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_subclassof&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_subclassof" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_subclassof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_subclassof"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.4 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:subClassOf <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> The property <code> rdfs:subClassOf </code> is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> that is used to state that all the instances of one class are instances of another. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> C1 rdfs:subClassOf C2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that C1 is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> rdfs:Class </a> </code> , C2 is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:Class </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">and C1 is a </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">subclass </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of C2. The </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:subClassOf </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">property is transitive. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">The </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:domain </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:subClassOf </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> rdfs:Class </a> </code> <span class="insert">and C1 is a </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subclass"> <span class="insert">subclass </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">of C2. The </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:subClassOf </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">property is transitive. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">The </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:domain </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:subClassOf </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <span class="insert">rdfs:Class </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:subClassOf </code> is <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_subpropertyof&quot; name=&quot;ch_subpropertyof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_subpropertyof&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_subpropertyof" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_subpropertyof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_subpropertyof"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.5 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:subPropertyOf <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> The property <code> rdfs:subPropertyOf </code> is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> that is used to state that all resources related by one property are also related by another. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> P1 rdfs:subPropertyOf P2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that P1 is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> , P2 is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> and P1 is a <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#def-subproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subproperty"> subproperty </a> of P2. The <code> rdfs:subPropertyOf </code> property is transitive. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:subPropertyOf </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of rdfs:subPropertyOf is <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_label&quot; name=&quot;ch_label&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_label&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_label" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_label&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_label"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.6 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:label <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdfs:label </code> is an instance of <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that may be used to provide a human-readable version of a resource's name. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> R rdfs:label L <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that L is a human readable label for R. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:label </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of rdfs:label is <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal"> <code> rdfs:Literal </code> </a> . </p> <p> Multilingual labels are supported using the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Graph-Literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Graph-Literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Graph-Literal"> language tagging </a> facility of RDF literals. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_comment&quot; name=&quot;ch_comment&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_comment&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_comment" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_comment&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_comment"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 3.7 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:comment <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <p> <code> rdfs:comment </code> is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> that may be used to provide a human-readable description of a resource. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> R rdfs:comment L <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that L is a human readable description of R. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:comment </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of rdfs:comment is <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal"> <code> rdfs:Literal </code> </a> . </p> <p> A textual comment helps clarify the meaning of RDF classes and properties. Such in-line documentation complements the use of both formal techniques (Ontology and rule languages) and informal (prose documentation, examples, test cases). A variety of documentation forms can be combined to indicate the intended meaning of the classes and properties described in an RDF vocabulary. Since RDF vocabularies are expressed as RDF graphs, vocabularies defined in other namespaces may be used to provide richer documentation. </p> <p> Multilingual documentation is supported through use of the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-Graph-Literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Graph-Literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#section-Graph-Literal"> language tagging </a> facility of RDF literals. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_domainrange&quot; name=&quot;ch_domainrange&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_domainrange&quot; class=&quot;informative&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_domainrange" class="informative" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_domainrange&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_domainrange"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 4. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Using the Domain and Range <span class="delete">Vocabulary (Informative) </span> <span class="insert">vocabulary </span> </h2> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <p> This specification introduces an RDF vocabulary for describing the meaningful use of properties and classes in RDF data. For example, an RDF vocabulary might describe limitations on the types of values that are appropriate for some property, or on the classes to which it makes sense to ascribe such properties. </p> <p> <span class="delete">The RDF Vocabulary Description language </span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema </span> provides a mechanism for describing this information, but does not say whether or how an application should use it. For example, while an RDF vocabulary can assert that an <code> author </code> property is used to indicate resources that are instances of the class <code> Person </code> , it does not say whether or how an application should act in processing that range information. Different applications will use this information in different ways. For example, data checking tools might use this to help discover errors in some data set, an interactive editor might suggest appropriate values, and a reasoning application might use it to infer additional information from instance data. </p> <p> RDF vocabularies can describe relationships between vocabulary items from multiple independently developed vocabularies. Since <span class="delete">URI-References </span> <span class="insert">IRIs </span> are used to identify classes and properties <span class="delete">in </span> <span class="insert">on </span> the Web, it is possible to create new properties that have a <code> domain </code> or <code> range </code> whose value is a class defined in another namespace. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_othervocab&quot; name=&quot;ch_othervocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_othervocab&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_othervocab" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_othervocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_othervocab"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Other vocabulary </h2> <p> Additional classes and properties, including constructs for representing containers and RDF statements, and for deploying RDF vocabulary descriptions in the World Wide <span class="delete">Web </span> <span class="insert">Web, </span> are defined in this section. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_containervocab&quot; name=&quot;ch_containervocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;informative&quot; id=&quot;ch_containervocab&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="informative" id="ch_containervocab" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_containervocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_containervocab"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Container Classes and Properties </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <p> RDF containers are resources that are used to represent collections. <span class="delete">An </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#containers&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">introduction </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">to RDF containers with examples may be found in the RDF Primer [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ref-rdf-primer&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">]. </span> The same resource may appear in a container more than once. Unlike containment in the physical world, a container may be contained in itself. </p> <p> Three different kinds of container are defined. Whilst the formal semantics [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-semantics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SEMANTICS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a class=&quot;bibref&quot; href=&quot;#bib-RDF11-MT&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-MT"> <span class="insert">RDF11-MT </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> ] of all three classes of container are identical, different classes may be used to indicate informally further information. An rdf:Bag is used to indicate that the container is intended to be unordered. An rdf:Seq is used to indicate that the order indicated by the numerical order of the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_containermembershipproperty"> container <span class="delete">member ship </span> <span class="insert">membership </span> properties </a> of the container is intended to be significant. An rdf:Alt container is used to indicate that typical processing of the container will be to select one of the members. </p> <p> Just as a hen house may have the property that it is made of wood, that does not mean that all the hens it contains are made of wood, a property of a container is not necessarily a property of all of its members. </p> <p> RDF containers are defined by the following classes and properties. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_container&quot; name=&quot;ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_container&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_container" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_container"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:Container </h4> <p> The <code> rdfs:Container </code> class is a super-class of the RDF Container classes, i.e. <code> <a href="#ch_bag"> rdf:Bag </a> </code> , <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_seq&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seq&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_seq"> rdf:Seq </a> </code> , <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_alt"> rdf:Alt </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_bag&quot; name=&quot;ch_bag&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_bag&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_bag" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_bag&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_bag"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Bag </h4> <p> The <code> rdf:Bag </code> class is the class of RDF 'Bag' containers. It is a <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_container"> rdfs:Container </a> </code> . Whilst formally it is no different from an <code> <a href="#ch_seq"> rdf:Seq </a> </code> or an <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_alt"> rdf:Alt </a> </code> , the <code> rdf:Bag </code> class is used conventionally to indicate to a human reader that the container is intended to be unordered. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_seq&quot; name=&quot;ch_seq&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_seq&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_seq" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_seq&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_seq"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.3 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Seq </h4> <p> The <code> rdf:Seq </code> class is the class of RDF 'Sequence' containers. It is a <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_container"> rdfs:Container </a> </code> . Whilst formally it is no different from an <code> <a href="#ch_bag"> rdf:Bag </a> </code> or an <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_alt"> rdf:Alt </a> </code> , the <code> rdf:Seq </code> class is used conventionally to indicate to a human reader that the numerical ordering of the <a href="#ch_containermembershipproperty"> container membership properties </a> of the container is intended to be significant. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_alt&quot; name=&quot;ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_alt&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_alt" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_alt"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.4 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Alt </h4> <p> The <code> rdf:Alt </code> class is the class of RDF 'Alternative' containers. It is a <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_container"> rdfs:Container </a> </code> . Whilst formally it is no different from an <code> <a href="#ch_seq"> rdf:Seq </a> </code> or an <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_bag&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_bag&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_bag"> rdf:Bag </a> </code> , the <code> rdf:Alt </code> class is used conventionally to indicate to a human reader that typical processing will be to select one of the members of the container. The first member of the container, i.e. the value of the <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_containermembershipproperty"> rdf:_1 </a> </code> property, is the default choice. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;
+name=&quot;ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_containermembershipproperty&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_containermembershipproperty" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_containermembershipproperty"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.5 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty </h4> <p> The <code> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty </code> class has as instances the properties <code> rdf:_1, rdf:_2, rdf:_3 ... </code> that are used to state that a resource is a member of a container. <code> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty </code> is a <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subclass&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subclass"> subclass </a> of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> . Each instance of <code> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty </code> is an <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_subpropertyof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subpropertyof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subpropertyof"> <code> rdfs:subPropertyOf </code> </a> the <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_member&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_member&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_member"> rdfs:member </a> </code> property. </p> <p> Given a container C, a triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> C rdf:_nnn O <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> where <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> nnn <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> is the decimal representation of an integer greater than 0 with no leading zeros, states that O is a member of the container C. </p> <p> Container membership properties may be applied to resources other than containers. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_member&quot; name=&quot;ch_member&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_member&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_member" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_member&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_member"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.1.6 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:member </h4> <p> <code> rdfs:member </code> is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> that is a super-property of all the container membership properties i.e. each container membership property has an <a href="#ch_subpropertyof"> <code> rdfs:subPropertyOf </code> </a> relationship to the property <code> rdfs:member </code> . </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdfs:member </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:Resource </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. The </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:range </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:member </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_collectionvocab&quot; name=&quot;ch_collectionvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">The </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:range </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:member </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> <span class="insert">rdfs:Resource </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;informative&quot; id=&quot;ch_collectionvocab&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="informative" id="ch_collectionvocab" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_collectionvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_collectionvocab"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> RDF Collections </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <p> RDF containers are open in the sense that the core RDF specifications define no mechanism to state that there are no more members. The RDF Collection vocabulary of classes and properties can describe a closed collection, i.e. one that can have no more members. <span class="delete">The reader is referred to the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#collections&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">collections </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">section of the RDF primer for an informal introduction to collections with examples. </span> </p> <p> A collection is represented as a list of items, a representation that will be familiar to those with experience of Lisp and similar programming languages. There is a <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/#section-Syntax-parsetype-Collection&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/turtle/#collections&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/turtle/#collections"> shorthand notation </a> in the <span class="delete">RDF/XML </span> <span class="insert">Turtle </span> syntax specification <span class="delete">[ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-syntax&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-SYNTAX </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] </span> for representing collections. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;strong&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;note&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="note"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;note-title&quot; aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h_note_2&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="note-title" aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h_note_2"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span&gt;</tt></span> <span> Note <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/strong&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> </div> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p class=&quot;&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <p class=""> RDFS does not require that there be only one first element of a list-like structure, or even that a list-like structure have a first element. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_list&quot; name=&quot;ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> </div> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_list&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_list" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_list"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:List </h4> <p> <code> rdf:List </code> is an instance of <a href="#ch_class"> <code> rdfs:Class </code> </a> that can be used to build descriptions of lists and other list-like structures. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_first&quot; name=&quot;ch_first&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_first&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_first" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_first&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_first"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:first </h4> <p> <code> rdf:first </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that can be used to build descriptions of lists and other list-like structures. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> L rdf:first O <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that there is a first-element relationship between L and O. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdf:first </code> is <code> <a href="#ch_list"> rdf:List </a> </code> . The <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of <code> rdf:first </code> is <code> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_rest&quot; name=&quot;ch_rest&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_rest&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_rest" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_rest&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_rest"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.3 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:rest </h4> <p> <code> rdf:rest </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that can be used to build descriptions of lists and other list-like structures. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> L rdf:rest O <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that there is a rest-of-list relationship between L and O. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdf:rest </code> is <code> <a href="#ch_list"> rdf:List </a> </code> . The <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of <code> rdf:rest </code> is <code> <a href="#ch_list"> rdf:List </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_nil&quot; name=&quot;ch_nil&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_nil&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_nil" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_nil&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_nil"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.2.4 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:nil </h4> <p> The resource <code> rdf:nil </code> is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_list"> rdf:List </a> </code> that can be used to represent an empty list or other list-like structure. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> L rdf:rest rdf:nil <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that L is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_list"> rdf:List </a> </code> that has one item; that item can be indicated using the <code> <a href="#ch_first"> rdf:first </a> </code> property. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_reificationvocab&quot; name=&quot;ch_reificationvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;informative&quot; id=&quot;ch_reificationvocab&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="informative" id="ch_reificationvocab" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_reificationvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_reificationvocab"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3 <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Reification Vocabulary </h3> <p> <span class="delete">The original RDF Model and Syntax Specification [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;#rdfmscite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDFMS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] defined a vocabulary for describing RDF statements without stating them. [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#rdfmscite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDFMS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] did not provide a formal semantics for this vocabulary, and the informal definition that was provided was somewhat inconsistent. The current RDF specification does not assign a normative formal semantics to this vocabulary. However, an intended meaning of this vocabulary (which generally clarifies the intent of the [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#rdfmscite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDFMS </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">] definition) is described here. An informal introduction to the reification vocabulary, with examples, may be found in the RDF Primer [ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#reification&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">]. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_statement&quot; name=&quot;ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_statement&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_statement" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_statement"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:Statement </h4> <p> <code> rdf:Statement </code> is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_class"> rdfs:Class. </a> </code> It is intended to represent the class of RDF statements. An RDF statement is the statement made by a token of an RDF <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-triples&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">triple </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. </span> <span class="insert">triple. </span> The subject of an RDF statement is the instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> identified by the subject of the triple. The predicate of an RDF statement is the instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> identified by the predicate of the triple. The object of an RDF statement is the instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> identified by the object of the triple. <code> rdf:Statement </code> is in the domain of the properties <code> <a href="#ch_predicate"> rdf:predicate </a> </code> , <code> <a href="#ch_subject"> rdf:subject </a> </code> and <code> <a href="#ch_object"> rdf:object </a> </code> . Different individual <code> rdf:Statement </code> instances may have the same values for their <code> <a href="#ch_predicate"> rdf:predicate </a> </code> , <code> <a href="#ch_subject"> rdf:subject </a> </code> and <code> <a href="#ch_object"> rdf:object </a> </code> properties. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_subject&quot; name=&quot;ch_subject&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_subject&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_subject" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_subject&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_subject"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:subject </h4> <p> <code> rdf:subject </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to state the subject of a statement. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> S rdf:subject R <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that S is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdf:Statement </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">and that the subject of S is R. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p class=&quot;schemacomment&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">The </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:domain </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdf:subject </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is </span> <code> <a href="#ch_statement"> rdf:Statement </a> </code> <span class="insert">and that the subject of S is R. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p class=&quot;schemacomment&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <p class="schemacomment"> <span class="insert">The </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:domain </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:subject </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement"> <span class="insert">rdf:Statement </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of <code> rdf:subject </code> is <code> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_predicate&quot; name=&quot;ch_predicate&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_predicate&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_predicate" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_predicate&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_predicate"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.3 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:predicate </h4> <p> rdf:predicate is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to state the predicate of a statement. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> S rdf:predicate P <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that S is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement"> rdf:Statement </a> </code> , that P is an instance of <code> <a href="#ch_property"> rdf:Property </a> </code> and that the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/#section-data-model&quot;&gt;</tt></span> predicate <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> of S is P. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdf:predicate </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement"> rdf:Statement </a> </code> and the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> is <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> <code> rdfs:Resource </code> </a> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_object&quot; name=&quot;ch_object&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_object&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_object" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_object&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_object"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.3.4 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:object </h4> <p> rdf:object is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to state the object of a statement. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> S rdf:object O <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that S is an instance of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement"> rdf:Statement </a> </code> and that the object of S is O. </p> <p> The <a href="#ch_domain"> <code> rdfs:domain </code> </a> of <code> rdf:object </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement"> rdf:Statement </a> </code> . The <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <code> rdfs:range </code> </a> of <code> rdf:object </code> is <code> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_utilvocab&quot; name=&quot;ch_utilvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_utilvocab&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_utilvocab" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_utilvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_utilvocab"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Utility Properties </h3> <p> The following utility classes and properties are defined in the RDF core namespaces. </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_seealso&quot; name=&quot;ch_seealso&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_seealso&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_seealso" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_seealso&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_seealso"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:seeAlso </h4> <p> <code> rdfs:seeAlso </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to indicate a resource that might provide additional information about the subject resource. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> S rdfs:seeAlso O <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that the resource O may provide additional information about S. It may be possible to retrieve representations of O from the Web, but this is not required. When such representations may be retrieved, no constraints are placed on the format of those representations. </p> <p> The <code> <a href="#ch_domain"> rdfs:domain </a> </code> of <code> rdfs:seeAlso </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:Resource </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. The </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:range </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:seeAlso </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_isdefinedby&quot; name=&quot;ch_isdefinedby&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">The </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <span class="insert">rdfs:range </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:seeAlso </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> <span class="insert">rdfs:Resource </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_isdefinedby&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_isdefinedby" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_isdefinedby&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_isdefinedby"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdfs:isDefinedBy </h4> <p> <code> rdfs:isDefinedBy </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that is used to indicate a resource defining the subject resource. This property may be used to indicate an RDF vocabulary in which a resource is described. </p> <p> A triple of the form: </p> <blockquote> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> S rdfs:isDefinedBy O <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> </blockquote> <p> states that the resource O defines S. It may be possible to retrieve representations of O from the Web, but this is not required. When such representations may be retrieved, no constraints are placed on the format of those representations. <code> rdfs:isDefinedBy </code> is a <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#def-subproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#def-subproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#def-subproperty"> subproperty </a> of <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_seealso&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seealso&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_seealso"> rdfs:seeAlso </a> </code> . </p> <p> The <code> <a href="#ch_domain"> rdfs:domain </a> </code> of <code> rdfs:isDefinedBy </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:Resource </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. The </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:range </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">rdfs:isDefinedBy </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h4&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_value&quot; name=&quot;ch_value&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">The </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> <span class="insert">rdfs:range </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">of </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdfs:isDefinedBy </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">is </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> <span class="insert">rdfs:Resource </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_value&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_value" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h4 aria-level=&quot;3&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h4_ch_value&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h4 aria-level="3" role="heading" id="h4_ch_value"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 5.4.3 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> rdf:value </h4> <p> <code> rdf:value </code> is an instance of <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <code> rdf:Property </code> </a> that may be used in describing structured values. </p> <p> rdf:value has no meaning on its own. It is provided as a piece of vocabulary that may be used in idioms such as illustrated in <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#example16&quot;&gt;</tt></span> example <span class="delete">16 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of the RDF primer </span> <span class="insert">below: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;example&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="example"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;example-title&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <div class="example-title"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span&gt;</tt></span> <span> <span class="insert">Example 1 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> </div> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;pre class=&quot;example&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <pre class="example"> <span class="insert">&lt;http://www.example.com/2002/04/products#item10245&gt; &lt;http://www.example.org/terms/weight&gt; </span> [ <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ref-rdf-primer&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF-PRIMER </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">]. </span> <span class="insert">rdf:value 2.4 ; &lt;http://www.example.org/terms/units&gt; &lt;http://www.example.org/units/kilograms&gt; ] . </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/pre&gt;</tt></span> </pre> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> </div> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> Despite the lack of formal specification of the meaning of this property, there is value in defining it to encourage the use of a common idiom in examples of this kind. </p> <p> The <code> <a href="#ch_domain"> rdfs:domain </a> </code> of <code> rdf:value </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . The <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> rdfs:range </a> </code> of <code> rdf:value </code> is <code> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource </a> </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_summary&quot; name=&quot;ch_summary&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_summary&quot; class=&quot;informative&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_summary" class="informative" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_summary&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_summary"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 6. <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> RDF Schema summary <span class="delete">(Informative) </span> </h2> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> This <span class="delete">table presents </span> <span class="insert">section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">The tables in this section provide </span> an overview of the <span class="delete">vocabulary of RDF, drawing together vocabulary originally defined in the RDF Model and Syntax specification with classes and properties that originate with RDF Schema. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_sumclasses&quot; name=&quot;ch_sumclasses&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema vocabulary. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_sumclasses&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_sumclasses" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_sumclasses&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_sumclasses"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 6.1 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> RDF classes </h3> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;table border=&quot;1&quot; summary=&quot;RDF classes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tbody valign=&quot;top&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;table&gt;</tt></span> <table> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;tbody&gt;</tt></span> <tbody> <tr> <th> Class name </th> <th> comment </th> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_resource&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_resource"> rdfs:Resource <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class resource, everything. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_literal&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_literal"> rdfs:Literal <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of literal values, e.g. textual strings and integers. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="delete">rdf:XMLLiteral </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_langstring&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_langstring"> <span class="insert">rdf:langString </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of <span class="delete">XML literals </span> <span class="insert">language-tagged string literal </span> values. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="delete">rdfs:Class </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_html"> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of <span class="delete">classes. </span> <span class="insert">HTML literal values. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="delete">rdf:Property </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_xmlliteral&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_xmlliteral"> <span class="insert">rdf:XMLLiteral </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of <span class="delete">RDF properties. </span> <span class="insert">XML literal values. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="delete">rdfs:Datatype </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_class&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_class"> <span class="insert">rdfs:Class </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of <span class="delete">RDF datatypes. </span> <span class="insert">classes. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="delete">rdf:Statement </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_property&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_property"> <span class="insert">rdf:Property </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of RDF <span class="delete">statements. </span> <span class="insert">properties. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_datatype&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_datatype"> <span class="insert">rdfs:Datatype </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/td&gt;</tt></span> </td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;td&gt;</tt></span> <td> <span class="insert">The class of RDF datatypes. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/td&gt;</tt></span> </td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/tr&gt;</tt></span> </tr> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;tr&gt;</tt></span> <tr> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;td&gt;</tt></span> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_statement&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_statement"> <span class="insert">rdf:Statement </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/td&gt;</tt></span> </td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;td&gt;</tt></span> <td> <span class="insert">The class of RDF statements. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/td&gt;</tt></span> </td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/tr&gt;</tt></span> </tr> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;tr&gt;</tt></span> <tr> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;td&gt;</tt></span> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_bag&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_bag"> rdf:Bag <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of unordered containers. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seq&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_seq"> rdf:Seq <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of ordered containers. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_alt&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_alt"> rdf:Alt <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of containers of alternatives. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_container&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_container"> rdfs:Container <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of RDF containers. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_containermembershipproperty&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_containermembershipproperty"> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of container membership properties, rdf:_1, rdf:_2, ..., all of which are sub-properties of 'member'. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_list&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_list"> rdf:List <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The class of RDF Lists. </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_sumproperties&quot; name=&quot;ch_sumproperties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_sumproperties&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_sumproperties" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_ch_sumproperties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_ch_sumproperties"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> 6.2 <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> RDF properties </h3> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;table border=&quot;1&quot; summary=&quot;RDF properties&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tbody valign=&quot;top&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;table&gt;</tt></span> <table> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;tbody&gt;</tt></span> <tbody> <tr> <th> Property name </th> <th> comment </th> <th> domain </th> <th> range </th> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_type&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_type"> rdf:type <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The subject is an instance of a class. </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Class </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subclassof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subclassof"> rdfs:subClassOf <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The subject is a subclass of a class. </td> <td> rdfs:Class </td> <td> rdfs:Class </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subpropertyof&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subpropertyof"> rdfs:subPropertyOf <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The subject is a subproperty of a property. </td> <td> rdf:Property </td> <td> rdf:Property </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_domain&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_domain"> rdfs:domain <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> A domain of the subject property. </td> <td> rdf:Property </td> <td> rdfs:Class </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_range&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_range"> rdfs:range <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> A range of the subject property. </td> <td> rdf:Property </td> <td> rdfs:Class </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_label&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_label"> rdfs:label <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> A human-readable name for the subject. </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Literal </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_comment&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_comment"> rdfs:comment <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> A description of the subject resource. </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Literal </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_member&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_member"> rdfs:member <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> A member of the subject resource. </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_first&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_first"> rdf:first <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The first item in the subject RDF list. </td> <td> rdf:List </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_rest&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_rest"> rdf:rest <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The rest of the subject RDF list after the first item. </td> <td> rdf:List </td> <td> rdf:List </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_seealso&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_seealso"> rdfs:seeAlso <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> Further information about the subject resource. </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_isdefinedby&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_isdefinedby"> rdfs:isDefinedBy <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The definition of the subject resource. </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_value&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_value"> rdf:value <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> Idiomatic property used for structured <span class="delete">values (see the RDF Primer for </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+        href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#example16&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">an example </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">of its usage). </span> <span class="insert">values. </span> </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_subject&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_subject"> rdf:subject <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The subject of the subject RDF statement. </td> <td> rdf:Statement </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_predicate&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_predicate"> rdf:predicate <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The predicate of the subject RDF statement. </td> <td> rdf:Statement </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_object&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_object"> rdf:object <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> </td> <td> The object of the subject RDF statement. </td> <td> rdf:Statement </td> <td> rdfs:Resource </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> In addition to these classes and properties, RDF also uses properties called <code> rdf:_1 </code> , <code> rdf:_2 </code> , <code> rdf:_3 </code> ... etc., each of which is both a sub-property of <code> rdfs:member </code> and an instance of the class <code> rdfs:ContainerMembershipProperty </code> . There is also an instance of <code> rdf:List </code> called <code> rdf:nil </code> that is an empty <code> rdf:List </code> . </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_cores&quot; name=&quot;ch_cores&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;hr /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_references&quot; name=&quot;ch_references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">7. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">References </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_normreferences&quot; name=&quot;ch_normreferences&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">7.1 Normative References </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dl&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref-rdf-concepts&quot;
+          name=&quot;ref-rdf-concepts&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[RDF-CONCEPTS] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Graham Klyne and Jeremy J. Carroll, Editors, W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-concepts/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Latest version </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">available at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-concepts/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref-rdf-semantics&quot;
+          name=&quot;ref-rdf-semantics&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[RDF-SEMANTICS] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-mt-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Semantics </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Patrick Hayes, Editor, W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-mt-20040210/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-mt/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Latest version </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">available at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-mt/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref-rdf-syntax&quot;
+          name=&quot;ref-rdf-syntax&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[RDF-SYNTAX] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF/XML Syntax Specification (Revised) </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Dave Beckett, Editor, W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Latest version </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">available at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref-rdf-tests&quot;
+          name=&quot;ref-rdf-tests&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[RDF-TESTS] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-testcases-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Test Cases </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Jan Grant and Dave Beckett, Editors, W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-testcases-20040210/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-testcases/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Latest version </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">available at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-testcases/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;rdfmscite&quot; name=&quot;rdfmscite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[RDFMS] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-rdf-syntax-19990222/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, W3C Recommendation, 22 February 1999 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-rdf-syntax-19990222/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-rdf-syntax-19990222/ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;xmlnscite&quot; name=&quot;xmlnscite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[XMLNS] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Namespaces in XML </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">; W3C Recommendation, 14 January 1999 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dl&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_inforeferences&quot; name=&quot;ch_inforeferences&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">7.2 Informational References </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dl&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref-rdf-primer&quot; name=&quot;ref-rdf-primer&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[RDF-PRIMER] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF Primer </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Frank Manola and Eric Miller, Editors, W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Latest version </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">available at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;rdfnotcite&quot; name=&quot;rdfnotcite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[BERNERS-LEE98] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">What the Semantic Web can represent </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Tim Berners-Lee, 1998 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;xlcite&quot; name=&quot;xlcite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[EXTWEB] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-webarch-extlang-19980210&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Web Architecture: Extensible Languages </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly, 1998 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-webarch-extlang-19980210&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-webarch-extlang-19980210 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref_dcmi&quot; name=&quot;ref_dcmi&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[DCMI] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.dublincore.org/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Dublin Core Metadata Initiative </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.dublincore.org/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.dublincore.org/ </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ref-owl&quot; name=&quot;ref-owl&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[OWL] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-owl-ref-20040210/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">OWL Web Ontology Language Reference </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, Mike Dean and Guus Schreiber, Editors, W3C Recommendation, 10 February 2004, http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-owl-ref-20040210/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-ref/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Latest version </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">available at http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-ref/ . </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;cccite&quot; name=&quot;cccite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[SCHEMA-ARCH] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/NOTE-schema-arch-19991007&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">The Cambridge Communiqué </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, W3C NOTE, 7 October 1999, Swick and Thompson </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/NOTE-schema-arch-19991007&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/NOTE-schema-arch-19991007 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;dtdcite&quot; name=&quot;dtdcite&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">[XML] </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-xml-19980210&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, W3C Recommendation, 10-February-1988, Section 3.2 Element Type Declarations </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+      href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-xml-19980210.html#elemdecls&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-xml-19980210.html#elemdecls </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tt&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/small&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;br
+      /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/dl&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_acknowledgements&quot; name=&quot;ch_acknowledgements&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+id=&quot;ch_acknowledgments&quot; name=&quot;ch_acknowledgments&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">8. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;ch_acknowledgements&quot; class=&quot;appendix informative&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="ch_acknowledgements" class="appendix informative" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_ch_acknowledgements&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_ch_acknowledgements"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">A. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> Acknowledgments </h2> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <p> The RDF Schema design was originally produced by the RDF Schema Working Group (1997-2000). The current specification is largely an editorial clarification of that design, and has benefited greatly from the hard work of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/"> RDF Core Working Group </a> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/#Membership"> members </a> , and from implementation feedback from many members of the <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/RDF/Interest/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/RDF/Interest/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/RDF/Interest/"> RDF Interest Group </a> . <span class="insert">In 2013-2014 Guus Schreiber edited this document on behalf of the </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/"> <span class="insert">RDF Working Group </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">to bring it in line with the RDF 1.1 specifications. </span> </p> <p> David Singer of IBM was the chair of the original RDF Schema group throughout most of the development of this specification; we thank David for his efforts and thank IBM for supporting him and us in this endeavor. Particular thanks are also due to Andrew Layman for his editorial work on early versions of this specification. </p> <p> The original RDF Schema Working Group membership included: </p> <p> Nick Arnett (Verity), Dan Brickley (ILRT / University of Bristol), Walter Chang (Adobe), Sailesh Chutani (Oracle), Ron Daniel (DATAFUSION), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), Joe Lapp (webMethods Inc.), Patrick Gannon (CommerceNet), RV Guha (Epinions, previously of Netscape Communications), Tom Hill (Apple Computer), Renato Iannella (DSTC), Sandeep Jain (Oracle), Kevin Jones, (InterMind), Emiko Kezuka (Digital Vision Laboratories), Ora Lassila (Nokia Research Center), Andrew Layman (Microsoft), John McCarthy (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), Michael Mealling (Network Solutions), Norbert Mikula (DataChannel), Eric Miller (OCLC), Frank Olken (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), Sri Raghavan (Digital/Compaq), Lisa Rein (webMethods Inc.), Tsuyoshi Sakata (Digital Vision Laboratories), Leon Shklar (Pencom Web Works), David Singer (IBM), Wei (William) Song (SISU), Neel Sundaresan (IBM), Ralph Swick <span class="delete">(W3C), </span> <span class="insert">( </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;abbr title=&quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"> <span class="insert">W3C </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/abbr&gt;</tt></span> </abbr> <span class="insert">), </span> Naohiko Uramoto (IBM), Charles Wicksteed (Reuters Ltd.), Misha Wolf (Reuters Ltd.) </p> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_appendix_figs&quot; name=&quot;ch_appendix_figs&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;PER-changes&quot; class=&quot;appendix informative&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="PER-changes" class="appendix informative" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_PER-changes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_PER-changes"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">B. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">Change since 2004 Recommendation </span> </h2> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;changes&quot; name=&quot;changes&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;em&gt;</tt></span> <em> <span class="insert">This section is non-normative. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/em&gt;</tt></span> </em> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> Changes <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">The following is an outline of the main changes made to this specification, latest first, since the Last Call Working Draft of </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/WD-rdf-schema-20030123/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">23 January 2003 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. See the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/20030123-issues/#schema&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Last Call issue tracking document </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> for <span class="delete">details of the specific issues raised regarding this specification. </span> <span class="insert">RDF 1.1 Recommendation </span> </p> <ul> <li> <span class="delete">Amended </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_appendix_rdfs&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Appendix A </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">to note that the RDF/XML description of RDF and RDFS terms is not directly published at the RDFS namespace, but split between the 'rdf:' and 'rdfs:' namespace documents. Also removed the pre-REC warning that the WG might choose to change the namespace URI prior to Recommendation. </span> <span class="insert">No changes. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/ul&gt;</tt></span> </ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <p> <span class="insert">Changes for RDF 1.1 Proposed Edited Recommendation </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> </p> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;ul&gt;</tt></span> <ul> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <li> <span class="insert">Conversion to ReSpec, including formatting of examples and notes. </span> </li> <li> <span class="delete">Amended rdfs:range specification for rdf:predicate for consistency </span> <span class="insert">References to RDF 1.0 documents where appropriate replaced by references to RDF 1.1 documents. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <li> <span class="insert">Replaced the term &quot;URI Reference&quot; </span> with the <span class="delete">Semantics document (previously rdf:Property; now, rdfs:Resource) </span> <span class="insert">term &quot;IRI&quot;. </span> </li> <li> Removed <span class="delete">reference to RDF mimetypes doc, </span> <span class="insert">discussion about distinction between plain and typed literals, </span> as <span class="delete">the IETF draft </span> <span class="insert">this distinction is absent in RDF 1.1 and </span> has <span class="delete">expired and is 404 missing </span> <span class="insert">no technical bearing </span> on <span class="delete">their site. </span> <span class="insert">RDF Schema. </span> </li> <li> <span class="delete">Reification vocabulary redescribed ( </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-rdfcore-wg/2003Aug/0161.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">details </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">). </span> <span class="insert">Removed the introductory paragraph of Sec. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;#ch_reificationvocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="#ch_reificationvocab"> <span class="insert">&quot;Reification Vocabulary&quot; </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">, as this discussion is not related to the technical content and is irrelevant and confusing now. </span> </li> <li> <span class="delete">Reworded rdfs:comment for rdfs:member, changing "container" to "resource" </span> <span class="insert">Update of affiliation of the editors. </span> </li> <li> <span class="delete">Reworded lead-in to Appendix A per </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-comments/2003JulSep/0170.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">0170.html </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">Added RDF WG to the Acknowledgements section. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <li> <span class="insert">Renamed the document from &quot;RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema&quot; to &quot;RDF Schema 1.1&quot;, as the term Vocabulary Description Language has led to confusion. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <li> <span class="insert">Three paragraphs of the Introduction were left out. These paragraphs described the things that RDF Schema does not do and are now much less relevant than in 2004. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> </li> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <li> <span class="insert">Added the datatypes </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:langString </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">and </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> . </li> <li> <span class="delete">OWL references </span> <span class="insert">Removed Appendix &quot;RDF Schema in RDF/XML&quot;. It was informative, but </span> now <span class="delete">go to OWL specs rather than WebOnt homepage. Fixed minor typos per </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-comments/2003JanMar/0373.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">0373.html </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">) </span> <span class="insert">out of date, in terms of content and in terms of syntax. </span> </li> <li> <span class="delete">Reworded rdf:nil to tone down the imperative style. </span> <span class="insert">Marked </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:HTML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">and </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;code&gt;</tt></span> <code> <span class="insert">rdf:XMLLiteral </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/code&gt;</tt></span> </code> <span class="insert">as non-normative. </span> </li> <li> <span class="delete">Added note to Properties section warning about over-use of sub-property, and referencing OWL, an editorial suggestion </span> <span class="insert">Removed references to 2004 Primer </span> from <span class="delete">Bijan Parsia. ( </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-comments/2003AprJun/0177.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">details </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">). </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Regarding </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/RDFCore/20030123-issues/#pfps-12&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">pfps-12 </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-comments/2003AprJun/0277.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">discussion </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">led to rdf:first/rest/List/nil rewritten per Peter Patel-Schneider's suggestion. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Change to description of subProperty and subClass, to match </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-mt-20040210/#change&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">changes to RDF Semantics </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">. See </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-rdfcore-wg/2003Jul/0161.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">discussion </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="insert">Secs. 5.1, 5.2 and 5.4.3. In the latter case the example referred to was moved into this document </span> for <span class="delete">details. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/li&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;li&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Edits </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a 
+href=&quot;http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-rdf-comments/2003AprJun/0099.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">closing </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">'what is rdf schema' issue by clarifying that RDFS is a semantic extension of RDF, as defined in the RDF Semantics document. This closes rdfcore last call issue pfps-24. </span> <span class="insert">readability purposes. </span> </li> </ul> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;h2&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a id=&quot;ch_appendix_rdfs&quot; name=&quot;ch_appendix_rdfs&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">Appendix A: RDF Schema as RDF/XML </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section class=&quot;appendix&quot; id=&quot;references&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section class="appendix" id="references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h2 aria-level=&quot;1&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h2_references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_references"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">C. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">References </span> </h2> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">An RDFS description of the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-mt-20040210/#InterpVocab&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF vocabulary </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">and </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-mt-20040210/#rdfs_interp&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDFS vocabulary </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">is given here in RDF/XML syntax. It includes statements describing RDF resources originally introduced by the 1999 RDF Model and Syntax specification, as well as definitions for resources introduced in the RDF Core Schema vocabulary. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">This material is also </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;normative-references&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="normative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_normative-references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_normative-references"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">C.1 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">Normative references </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dl class=&quot;bibliography&quot; about=&quot;&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dl class="bibliography" about=""> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-JSON-LD&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-JSON-LD"> <span class="insert">[JSON-LD] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:requires&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:requires"> <span class="insert">Manu Sporny, Gregg Kellogg, Markus Lanthaler, Editors. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld/"> <span class="insert">JSON-LD 1.0 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">. 16 January 2014. W3C Recommendation. URL: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS"> <span class="insert">[RDF11-CONCEPTS] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:requires&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:requires"> <span class="insert">Richard Cyganiak, David Wood, Markus Lanthaler. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-concepts-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-concepts-20140225/"> <span class="insert">RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">W3C Recommendation, 25 February 2014. URL: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-concepts-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-concepts-20140225/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-concepts-20140225/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. The latest edition is </span> available <span class="delete">as </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;rdfs-namespace&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">a separate RDF/XML document </span> <span class="insert">at </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-RDF11-MT&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-RDF11-MT"> <span class="insert">[RDF11-MT] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:requires&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:requires"> <span class="insert">Patrick J. Hayes, Peter F. Patel-Schneider. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-mt-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-mt-20140225/"> <span class="insert">RDF 1.1 Semantics. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">W3C Recommendation, 25 February 2014. URL: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-mt-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-mt-20140225/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf11-mt-20140225/ </span> </a> . <span class="delete">It does not necessarily match the content published </span> <span class="insert">The latest edition is available </span> at <span class="delete">the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a
+href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDF namespace URI </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">or the </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">RDFS namespace URI </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">, which may evolve over time. </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;table cellpadding=&quot;5&quot; border=&quot;1&quot; width=&quot;95%&quot; summary=&quot;RDF Schema in RDF&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tbody&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;tr&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;td&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;pre&gt;</tt></span> <span class="delete">&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#" xmlns:owl="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#"&gt; &lt;owl:Ontology rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Resource&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class resource, everything.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;type&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The subject is an instance of a class.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Class&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of classes.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#subClassOf"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;subClassOf&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The subject is a subclass of a class.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#subPropertyOf"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;subPropertyOf&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The subject is a subproperty of a property.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Property&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of RDF properties.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#comment"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;comment&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;A description of the subject resource.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#label"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;label&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;A human-readable name for the subject.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#domain"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;domain&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;A domain of the subject property.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#range"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;range&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;A range of the subject property.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#seeAlso"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;seeAlso&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;Further information about the subject resource.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#isDefinedBy"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#seeAlso"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;isDefinedBy&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The defininition of the subject resource.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Literal&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of literal values, eg. textual strings and integers.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Statement"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Statement&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of RDF statements.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#subject"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;subject&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The subject of the subject RDF statement.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Statement"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#predicate"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;predicate&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The predicate of the subject RDF statement.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Statement"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#object"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;object&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The object of the subject RDF statement.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Statement"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Container"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Container&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of RDF containers.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Bag"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Bag&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of unordered containers.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Container"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Seq"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Seq&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of ordered containers.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Container"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Alt"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Alt&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of containers of alternatives.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Container"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#ContainerMembershipProperty"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;ContainerMembershipProperty&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of container membership properties, rdf:_1, rdf:_2, ..., all of which are sub-properties of 'member'.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#Property"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#member"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;member&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;A member of the subject resource.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#value"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;value&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;Idiomatic property used for structured values.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;!-- the following are new additions, Nov 2002 --&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#List"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;List&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of RDF Lists.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt;&lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdf:List rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#nil"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;nil&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The empty list, with no items in it. If the rest of a list is nil then the list has no more items in it.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;/rdf:List&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#first"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;first&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The first item in the subject RDF list.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#List"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Resource"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdf:Property rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#rest"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;rest&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The rest of the subject RDF list after the first item.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#List"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#List"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Property&gt; &lt;rdfs:Class rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Datatype"&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;Datatype&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of RDF datatypes.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Class"/&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Class&gt; &lt;rdfs:Datatype rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#XMLLiteral"&gt; &lt;rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#Literal"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"/&gt; &lt;rdfs:label&gt;XMLLiteral&lt;/rdfs:label&gt; &lt;rdfs:comment&gt;The class of XML literal values.&lt;/rdfs:comment&gt; &lt;/rdfs:Datatype&gt; &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"&gt; &lt;rdfs:seeAlso rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema-more"/&gt; &lt;/rdf:Description&gt; &lt;/rdf:RDF&gt; </span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/pre&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/td&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tr&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/tbody&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/table&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;hr /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;div class=&quot;metadata&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;metadata.rdf&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;img border=&quot;0&quot;
+src=&quot;http://www.w3.org/RDF/icons/rdf_metadata_button.40&quot;
+alt=&quot;RDF/XML Metadata&quot; /&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/p&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;/div&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-mt/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-mt/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-mt/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-TRIG&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-TRIG"> <span class="insert">[TRIG] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:requires&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:requires"> <span class="insert">Gavin Carothers, Andy Seaborne. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-trig-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-trig-20140225/"> <span class="insert">TriG: RDF Dataset Language </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">. W3C Recommendation, 25 February 2014. URL: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-trig-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-trig-20140225/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-trig-20140225/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. The latest edition is available at </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/trig/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/trig/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/trig/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-TURTLE&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-TURTLE"> <span class="insert">[TURTLE] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:requires&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:requires"> <span class="insert">Eric Prud'hommeaux, Gavin Carothers. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-turtle-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-turtle-20140225/"> <span class="insert">RDF 1.1 Turtle: Terse RDF Triple Language. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">W3C Recommendation, 25 February 2014. URL: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-turtle-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-turtle-20140225/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-turtle-20140225/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. The latest edition is available at </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/turtle/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/turtle/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/turtle/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dl&gt;</tt></span> </dl> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;section id=&quot;informative-references&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot; resource=&quot;#ref&quot; rel=&quot;bibo:Chapter&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <section id="informative-references" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;h3 aria-level=&quot;2&quot; role=&quot;heading&quot; id=&quot;h3_informative-references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_informative-references"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;span class=&quot;secno&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="secno"> <span class="insert">C.2 </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/span&gt;</tt></span> </span> <span class="insert">Informative references </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/h3&gt;</tt></span> </h3> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dl class=&quot;bibliography&quot; about=&quot;&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dl class="bibliography" about=""> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-BERNERS-LEE98&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-BERNERS-LEE98"> <span class="insert">[BERNERS-LEE98] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:references"> <span class="insert">Tim Berners-Lee. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html"> <span class="insert">What the Semantic Web can represent </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">. 1998. URI: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/RDFnot.html </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW"> <span class="insert">[OWL2-OVERVIEW] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:references"> <span class="insert">W3C OWL Working Group. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/"> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="insert">OWL 2 Web Ontology Language Document Overview (Second Edition) </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. 11 December 2012. W3C Recommendation. URL: </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dt id=&quot;bib-RDF11-PRIMER&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dt id="bib-RDF11-PRIMER"> <span class="insert">[RDF11-PRIMER] </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dt&gt;</tt></span> </dt> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;dd rel=&quot;dcterms:references&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <dd rel="dcterms:references"> <span class="insert">Guus Schreiber, Yves Raimond. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;cite&gt;</tt></span> <cite> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/NOTE-rdf11-primer-20140225/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/NOTE-rdf11-primer-20140225/"> <span class="insert">RDF 1.1 Primer </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/cite&gt;</tt></span> </cite> <span class="insert">. W3C Working Group Note, 25 February 2014. The latest version is available at </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;a href=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-primer/&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-primer/"> <span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-primer/ </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/a&gt;</tt></span> </a> <span class="insert">. </span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dd&gt;</tt></span> </dd> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/dl&gt;</tt></span> </dl> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;/section&gt;</tt></span> </section> </body> </html> 
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+<span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;utf-8&quot;?&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC &quot;-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN&quot; &quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagDelete">delete: <tt>&lt;html xmlns=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml&quot; lang=&quot;en&quot; xml:lang=&quot;en&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;!DOCTYPE html&gt;</tt></span> <!DOCTYPE html> <span class="tagInsert">insert: <tt>&lt;html lang=&quot;en&quot; typeof=&quot;bibo:Document w3p:REC&quot; about=&quot;&quot; property=&quot;dcterms:language&quot; content=&quot;en&quot; prefix=&quot;bibo: http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/ w3p: http://www.w3.org/2001/02pd/rec54#&quot; xmlns=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml&quot;&gt;</tt></span> <html lang="en" typeof="bibo:Document w3p:REC" about="" property="dcterms:language" content="en" prefix="bibo: http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/ w3p: http://www.w3.org/2001/02pd/rec54#" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head><style type="text/css"><!--
 
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-<img width="72" height="48" alt="W3C" src="https://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" />
-</a>
-</p>
-<h1 property="dcterms:title" id="title" class="title p-name">
-RDF
-1.1
-XML
-Syntax
-</h1>
-<h2 content="2014-02-24T23:00:00.000Z" datatype="xsd:dateTime" property="dcterms:issued" id="w3c-recommendation-25-february-2014">
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-<del class="diff-old">Proposed
-Edited
-</del>
-Recommendation
-<del class="diff-old">09
-January
-</del>
-<time datetime="2014-02-25" class="dt-published">
-<ins class="diff-chg">25
-February
-</ins>
-2014
-</time>
-</h2>
-<dl>
-<dt>
-This
-version:
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<del class="diff-old">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/PER-rdf-syntax-grammar-20140109/
-</del>
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20140225/" class="u-url">
-<ins class="diff-chg">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20140225/
-</ins>
-</a>
-</dd>
-<dt>
-Latest
-published
-version:
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar/">
-http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar/
-</a>
-</dd>
-<dt>
-<del class="diff-old">Latest
-editor's
-draft:
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Test
-suite:
-</ins>
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<del class="diff-old">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/rdf/raw-file/default/rdf-xml/index.html
-</del>
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/NOTE-rdf11-testcases-20140225/">
-<ins class="diff-chg">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/NOTE-rdf11-testcases-20140225/
-</ins>
-</a>
-</dd>
-<dt>
-Previous
-version:
-</dt>
-<dd>
-<del class="diff-old">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/
-</del>
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/PER-rdf-syntax-grammar-20140109/" rel="dcterms:replaces">
-<ins class="diff-chg">http://www.w3.org/TR/2014/PER-rdf-syntax-grammar-20140109/
-</ins>
-</a>
-</dd>
-<dt>
-Editors:
-</dt>
-<dd inlist="" rel="bibo:editor" class="p-author h-card vcard">
-<span typeof="foaf:Person">
-<a href="http://fabien.info/" content="Fabien Gandon" property="foaf:name" rel="foaf:homepage" class="u-url url p-name fn">
-Fabien
-Gandon
-</a>,
-<a href="http://www.inria.fr" class="p-org org h-org h-card" rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage">
-INRIA
-</a>
-</span>
-</dd>
-<dd inlist="" rel="bibo:editor" class="p-author h-card vcard">
-<span typeof="foaf:Person">
-<a href="http://www.cs.vu.nl/~guus/" content="Guus Schreiber" property="foaf:name" rel="foaf:homepage" class="u-url url p-name fn">
-Guus
-Schreiber
-</a>,
-<a href="http://www.vu.nl" class="p-org org h-org h-card" rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage">
-VU
-University
-Amsterdam
-</a>
-</span>
-</dd>
-<dt>
-Previous
-Editors:
-</dt>
-<dd>
-Dave
-Beckett
-</dd>
-</dl>
-<p>
-<ins class="diff-new">Please
-check
-the
-</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/2014/rdf1.1-errata"><strong><ins class="diff-new">
-errata
-</ins></strong></a><ins class="diff-new">
-for
-any
-errors
-or
-issues
-reported
-since
-publication.
-</ins></p><p>
-This
-document
-is
-also
-available
-in
-this
-non-normative
-format:
-<a href="diff.html" rel="alternate">
-diff
-w.r.t.
-2004
-Recommendation
-</a>
-</p>
-<p>
-<ins class="diff-new">The
-English
-version
-of
-this
-specification
-is
-the
-only
-normative
-version.
-Non-normative
-</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Translation/"><ins class="diff-new">
-translations
-</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
-may
-also
-be
-available.
-</ins>
-</p>
-<p class="copyright">
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">
-Copyright
-</a>

-2004-2014
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/">
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-</a>
-<sup>

-</sup>
-(
-<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/">
-<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">
-MIT
-</abbr>
-</a>,
-<a href="http://www.ercim.eu/">
-<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">
-ERCIM
-</abbr>
-</a>,
-<a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">
-Keio
-</a>,
-<a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/">
-Beihang
-</a>
-),
-All
-Rights
-Reserved.
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">
-liability
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-document
-use
-</a>
-rules
-apply.
-</p>
-<hr />
-</div>
-<section id="abstract" class="introductory" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_abstract">
-Abstract
-</h2>
-<p>
-<del class="diff-old">The
-Resource
-Description
-Framework
-(RDF)
-is
-a
-general-purpose
-language
-for
-representing
-information
-in
-the
-Web.
-</del>
-This
-document
-defines
-an
-XML
-syntax
-for
-RDF
-called
-RDF/XML
-in
-terms
-of
-Namespaces
-in
-XML,
-the
-XML
-Information
-Set
-and
-XML
-Base.
-</p>
-</section>
-<section class="introductory" id="sotd" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_sotd">
-Status
-of
-This
-Document
-</h2>
-<p>
-<em>
-This
-section
-describes
-the
-status
-of
-this
-document
-at
-the
-time
-of
-its
-publication.
-Other
-documents
-may
-supersede
-this
-document.
-A
-list
-of
-current
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-publications
-and
-the
-latest
-revision
-of
-this
-technical
-report
-can
-be
-found
-in
-the
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/">
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-technical
-reports
-index
-</a>
-at
-http://www.w3.org/TR/.
-</em>
-</p>
-<p>
-This
-document
-is
-an
-edited
-version
-of
-the
-2004
-RDF
-XML
-Syntax
-Specification
-Recommendation.
-The
-purpose
-of
-this
-revision
-is
-to
-make
-this
-document
-available
-as
-part
-of
-the
-RDF
-1.1
-document
-set.
-Changes
-are
-limited
-to
-<del class="diff-old">errata,
-</del>
-revised
-references,
-terminology
-updates,
-and
-adaptations
-to
-the
-introduction.
-The
-technical
-content
-of
-the
-document
-is
-unchanged,
-except
-for
-the
-fact
-that
-the
-datatype
-XMLLiiteral
-is
-marked
-as
-non-normative
-in
-RDF
-1.1.
-The
-(non-normative)
-algorithm
-for
-parsing
-XMLLiteral
-(
-<a href="#parseTypeLiteralPropertyElt">
-Sec.
-7.2.17
-</a>
-)
-has
-been
-updated
-to
-be
-in
-line
-with
-the
-current
-state
-of
-XML
-technology.
-Details
-of
-the
-changes
-are
-listed
-in
-the
-<a href="#changes-rdf11">
-Changes
-</a>
-section.
-Since
-the
-edits
-to
-this
-document
-do
-not
-invalidate
-previous
-implementations
-the
-Director
-decided
-no
-new
-implementation
-report
-was
-required.
-</p>
-<p>
-This
-document
-was
-published
-by
-the
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/">
-RDF
-Working
-Group
-</a>
-as
-a
-<del class="diff-old">Proposed
-Edited
-Recommendation.This
-document
-is
-intended
-to
-become
-a
-W3C
-</del>
-Recommendation.
-<del class="diff-old">The
-W3C
-Membership
-and
-other
-interested
-parties
-are
-invited
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">If
-you
-wish
-</ins>
-to
-<del class="diff-old">review
-the
-document
-and
-send
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">make
-</ins>
-comments
-<ins class="diff-new">regarding
-this
-document,
-please
-send
-them
-</ins>
-to
-<a href="mailto:[email protected]">
[email protected]
-</a>
-(
-<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">
-subscribe
-</a>,
-<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-rdf-comments/">
-archives
-</a>
-<del class="diff-old">)
-through
-09
-February
-2014.
-Advisory
-Committee
-Representatives
-should
-consult
-their
-WBS
-questionnaires
-.
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">).
-</ins>
-All
-comments
-are
-welcome.
-</p>
-<p>
-<del class="diff-old">Publication
-as
-a
-Proposed
-Edited
-Recommendation
-does
-not
-imply
-endorsement
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">This
-document
-has
-been
-reviewed
-by
-</ins><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><ins class="diff-chg">
-W3C
-</ins></abbr><ins class="diff-chg">
-Members,
-by
-software
-developers,
-and
-by
-other
-</ins><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><ins class="diff-chg">
-W3C
-</ins></abbr><ins class="diff-chg">
-groups
-and
-interested
-parties,
-and
-is
-endorsed
-</ins>
-by
-the
-<ins class="diff-new">Director
-as
-a
-</ins>
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-<del class="diff-old">Membership.
-This
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Recommendation.
-It
-</ins>
-is
-a
-<del class="diff-old">draft
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">stable
-</ins>
-document
-and
-may
-be
-<del class="diff-old">updated,
-replaced
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">used
-as
-reference
-material
-</ins>
-or
-<del class="diff-old">obsoleted
-by
-other
-documents
-at
-any
-time.
-It
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">cited
-from
-another
-document.
-</ins><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><ins class="diff-chg">
-W3C
-</ins></abbr><ins class="diff-chg">
-'s
-role
-in
-making
-the
-Recommendation
-</ins>
-is
-<del class="diff-old">inappropriate
-</del>
-to
-<del class="diff-old">cite
-this
-document
-as
-other
-than
-work
-in
-progress.
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">draw
-attention
-to
-the
-specification
-and
-to
-promote
-its
-widespread
-deployment.
-This
-enhances
-the
-functionality
-and
-interoperability
-of
-the
-Web.
-</ins>
-</p>
-<p>
-This
-document
-was
-produced
-by
-a
-group
-operating
-under
-the
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/" rel="w3p:patentRules" about="" id="sotd_patent">
-5
-February
-2004
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-Patent
-Policy
-</a>.
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-maintains
-a
-<a rel="disclosure" href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46168/status">
-public
-list
-of
-any
-patent
-disclosures
-</a>
-made
-in
-connection
-with
-the
-deliverables
-of
-the
-group;
-that
-page
-also
-includes
-instructions
-for
-disclosing
-a
-patent.
-An
-individual
-who
-has
-actual
-knowledge
-of
-a
-patent
-which
-the
-individual
-believes
-contains
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">
-Essential
-Claim(s)
-</a>
-must
-disclose
-the
-information
-in
-accordance
-with
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">
-section
-6
-of
-the
-<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
-W3C
-</abbr>
-Patent
-Policy
-</a>.
-</p>
-</section>
-<section id="toc">
-<h2 class="introductory" aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_toc">
-Table
-of
-Contents
-</h2>
-<ul class="toc" role="directory" id="respecContents">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Introduction" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-1.
-</span>
-Introduction
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.
-</span>
-An
-XML
-Syntax
-for
-RDF
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-intro" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.1
-</span>
-Introduction
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-node-property-elements" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.2
-</span>
-Node
-Elements
-and
-Property
-Elements
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-multiple-property-elements" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.3
-</span>
-Multiple
-Property
-Elements
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-empty-property-elements" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.4
-</span>
-Empty
-Property
-Elements
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-property-attributes" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.5
-</span>
-Property
-Attributes
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-complete-document" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.6
-</span>
-Completing
-the
-Document:
-Document
-Element
-and
-XML
-Declaration
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-languages" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.7
-</span>
-Languages:
-<code>
-xml:lang
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-XML-literals" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.8
-</span>
-XML
-Literals:
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Literal&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Literal"
-</ins>
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-datatyped-literals" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.9
-</span>
-Typed
-Literals:
-<code>
-rdf:datatype
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-blank-nodes" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.10
-</span>
-Identifying
-Blank
-Nodes:
-<code>
-rdf:nodeID
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-parsetype-resource" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.11
-</span>
-Omitting
-Blank
-Nodes:
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Resource&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Resource"
-</ins>
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-property-attributes-on-property-element" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.12
-</span>
-Omitting
-Nodes:
-Property
-Attributes
-on
-an
-empty
-Property
-Element
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-typed-nodes" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.13
-</span>
-Typed
-Node
-Elements
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-ID-xml-base" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.14
-</span>
-Abbreviating
-URIs:
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-xml:base
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-list-elements" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.15
-</span>
-Container
-Membership
-Property
-Elements:
-<code>
-rdf:li
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-rdf:_
-</code>
-<em>
-n
-</em>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-parsetype-Collection" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.16
-</span>
-Collections:
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Collection&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Collection"
-</ins>
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Syntax-reifying" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-2.17
-</span>
-Reifying
-Statements:
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Terminology" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-3.
-</span>
-Terminology
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-MIME-Type" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-4.
-</span>
-RDF
-MIME
-Type,
-File
-Extension
-and
-Macintosh
-File
-Type
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Global" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-5.
-</span>
-Global
-Issues
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Namespace" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-5.1
-</span>
-The
-RDF
-Namespace
-and
-Vocabulary
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Identifiers" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-5.2
-</span>
-Identifiers
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-baseURIs" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-5.3
-</span>
-Resolving
-IRIs
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-constraints" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-5.4
-</span>
-Constraints
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-conformance" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-5.5
-</span>
-Conformance
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Data-Model" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.
-</span>
-Syntax
-Data
-Model
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Nodes" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1
-</span>
-Events
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-root-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.1
-</span>
-Root
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-element-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.2
-</span>
-Element
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-end-element-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.3
-</span>
-End
-Element
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-attribute-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.4
-</span>
-Attribute
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-text-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.5
-</span>
-Text
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-identifier-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.6
-</span>
-IRI
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-blank-nodeid-event" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.7
-</span>
-Blank
-Node
-Identifier
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-literal-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.8
-</span>
-Plain
-Literal
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-typed-literal-node" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.1.9
-</span>
-Typed
-Literal
-Event
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Mapping" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.2
-</span>
-Information
-Set
-Mapping
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Grammar-Notation" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.3
-</span>
-Grammar
-Notation
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Grammar-General" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.3.1
-</span>
-Grammar
-General
-Notation
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Grammar-Matching" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.3.2
-</span>
-Grammar
-Event
-Matching
-Notation
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Grammar-Action" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-6.3.3
-</span>
-Grammar
-Action
-Notation
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Grammar" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.
-</span>
-RDF/XML
-Grammar
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-grammar-summary" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.1
-</span>
-Grammar
-summary
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-grammar-productions" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2
-</span>
-Grammar
-Productions
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#start" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.1
-</span>
-Grammar
-start
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#coreSyntaxTerms" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.2
-</span>
-Production
-coreSyntaxTerms
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#syntaxTerms" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.3
-</span>
-Production
-syntaxTerms
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#oldTerms" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.4
-</span>
-Production
-oldTerms
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#nodeElementURIs" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.5
-</span>
-Production
-nodeElementURIs
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#propertyElementURIs" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.6
-</span>
-Production
-propertyElementURIs
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#propertyAttributeURIs" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.7
-</span>
-Production
-propertyAttributeURIs
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#doc" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.8
-</span>
-Production
-doc
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#RDF" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.9
-</span>
-Production
-RDF
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#nodeElementList" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.10
-</span>
-Production
-nodeElementList
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#nodeElement" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.11
-</span>
-Production
-nodeElement
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#ws" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.12
-</span>
-Production
-ws
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#propertyEltList" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.13
-</span>
-Production
-propertyEltList
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#propertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.14
-</span>
-Production
-propertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#resourcePropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.15
-</span>
-Production
-resourcePropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#literalPropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.16
-</span>
-Production
-literalPropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseTypeLiteralPropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.17
-</span>
-Production
-parseTypeLiteralPropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseTypeResourcePropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.18
-</span>
-Production
-parseTypeResourcePropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseTypeCollectionPropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.19
-</span>
-Production
-parseTypeCollectionPropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseTypeOtherPropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.20
-</span>
-Production
-parseTypeOtherPropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#emptyPropertyElt" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.21
-</span>
-Production
-emptyPropertyElt
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#idAttr" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.22
-</span>
-Production
-idAttr
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#nodeIdAttr" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.23
-</span>
-Production
-nodeIdAttr
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#aboutAttr" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.24
-</span>
-Production
-aboutAttr
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#propertyAttr" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.25
-</span>
-Production
-propertyAttr
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#resourceAttr" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.26
-</span>
-Production
-resourceAttr
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#datatypeAttr" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.27
-</span>
-Production
-datatypeAttr
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseLiteral" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.28
-</span>
-Production
-parseLiteral
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseResource" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.29
-</span>
-Production
-parseResource
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseCollection" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.30
-</span>
-Production
-parseCollection
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#parseOther" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.31
-</span>
-Production
-parseOther
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#URI-reference" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.32
-</span>
-Production
-IRI
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#literal" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.33
-</span>
-Production
-literal
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#rdf-id" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.2.34
-</span>
-Production
-rdf-id
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Reification" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.3
-</span>
-Reification
-Rules
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-List-Expand" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-7.4
-</span>
-List
-Expansion
-Rules
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Serialising" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-8.
-</span>
-Serializing
-an
-RDF
-Graph
-to
-RDF/XML
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-rdf-in-SVG" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-9.
-</span>
-Using
-RDF/XML
-with
-SVG
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Acknowledgments" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-A.
-</span>
-Acknowledgments
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#changes-rdf11" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-B.
-</span>
-Changes
-<del class="diff-old">to
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">since
-</ins>
-2004
-Recommendation
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-Schemas" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-C.
-</span>
-Syntax
-Schemas
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#section-RELAXNG-Schema" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-C.1
-</span>
-<del class="diff-old">RELAX NG
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">RELAX&#160;NG
-</ins>
-Compact
-Schema
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#references" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-D.
-</span>
-References
-</a>
-<ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-D.1
-</span>
-Normative
-references
-</a>
-</li>
-<li class="tocline">
-<a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref">
-<span class="secno">
-D.2
-</span>
-Informative
-references
-</a>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Introduction" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_section-Introduction">
-<span class="secno">
-1.
-</span>
-Introduction
-</h2>
-<p>
-This
-document
-defines
-the
-XML
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-XML10">
-XML10
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-syntax
-for
-RDF
-graphs.
-</p>
-<p>
-This
-document
-revises
-the
-original
-RDF/XML
-grammar
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDFMS">
-RDFMS
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-in
-terms
-of
-XML
-Information
-Set
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-XML-INFOSET">
-XML-INFOSET
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-information
-items
-which
-moves
-away
-from
-the
-rather
-low-level
-details
-of
-XML,
-such
-as
-particular
-forms
-of
-empty
-elements.
-This
-allows
-the
-grammar
-to
-be
-more
-precisely
-recorded
-and
-the
-mapping
-from
-the
-XML
-syntax
-to
-the
-RDF
-Graph
-more
-clearly
-shown.
-The
-mapping
-to
-the
-RDF
-graph
-is
-done
-by
-emitting
-statements
-in
-the
-N-Triples
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-N-TRIPLES">
-N-TRIPLES
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-format.
-</p>
-<p>
-This
-document
-is
-part
-of
-the
-suite
-of
-RDF
-1.1
-documents.
-Other
-documents
-in
-this
-suite
-are:
-</p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-A
-document
-describing
-the
-basic
-concepts
-underlying
-RDF,
-as
-well
-as
-abstract
-syntax
-<del class="diff-old">(&quot;RDF
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">("RDF
-</ins>
-Concepts
-and
-Abstract
-<del class="diff-old">Syntax&quot;)
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Syntax")
-</ins>
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
-RDF11-CONCEPTS
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-</li>
-<li>
-A
-document
-describing
-the
-formal
-model-theoretic
-semantics
-of
-RDF
-<del class="diff-old">(&quot;RDF
-Semantics&quot;)
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">("RDF
-Semantics")
-</ins>
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-MT">
-RDF11-MT
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-</li>
-<li>
-Specifications
-of
-concrete
-syntaxes
-for
-RDF:
-<ul>
-<li>
-Turtle
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-TURTLE">
-TURTLE
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-and
-TriG
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-TRIG">
-TRIG
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-</li>
-<li>
-JSON-LD
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD">
-JSON-LD
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-(JSON
-based)
-</li>
-<li>
-RDFa
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDFA-PRIMER">
-RDFA-PRIMER
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-(for
-HTML
-embedding)
-</li>
-<li>
-N-Triples
-and
-N-Quads
-(line-based
-exchange
-formats)
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li>
-A
-document
-describing
-RDF
-Schema
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-SCHEMA">
-RDF11-SCHEMA
-</a>
-</cite>
-],
-which
-provides
-a
-data-modeling
-vocabulary
-for
-RDF
-data.
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p>
-For
-a
-longer
-introduction
-to
-the
-RDF/XML
-syntax
-with
-a
-historical
-perspective,
-see
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;RDF:
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">"RDF:
-</ins>
-Understanding
-the
-Striped
-RDF/XML
-<del class="diff-old">Syntax&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Syntax"
-</ins>
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-STRIPEDRDF">
-STRIPEDRDF
-</a>
-</cite>
-].
-</p>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_section-Syntax">
-<span class="secno">
-2.
-</span>
-An
-XML
-Syntax
-for
-RDF
-</h2>
-<p>
-This
-section
-introduces
-the
-RDF/XML
-syntax,
-describes
-how
-it
-encodes
-RDF
-graphs
-and
-explains
-this
-with
-examples.
-If
-there
-is
-any
-conflict
-between
-this
-informal
-description
-and
-the
-formal
-description
-of
-the
-syntax
-and
-grammar
-in
-sections
-<a href="#section-Data-Model">
-6
-Syntax
-Data
-Model
-</a>
-and
-<a href="#section-Infoset-Grammar">
-7
-RDF/XML
-Grammar
-</a>,
-the
-latter
-two
-sections
-take
-precedence.
-</p>
-<section id="section-Syntax-intro" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-intro">
-<span class="secno">
-2.1
-</span>
-Introduction
-</h3>
-<p>
-The
-RDF
-Concepts
-and
-Abstract
-Syntax
-document
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
-RDF11-CONCEPTS
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-defines
-the
-RDF
-Graph
-data
-model
-and
-the
-RDF
-Graph
-abstract
-syntax.
-Along
-with
-the
-RDF
-Semantics
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-MT">
-RDF11-MT
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-this
-provides
-an
-abstract
-syntax
-with
-a
-formal
-semantics
-for
-it.
-The
-RDF
-graph
-has
-<em>
-nodes
-</em>
-and
-labeled
-directed
-<em>
-arcs
-</em>
-that
-link
-pairs
-of
-nodes
-and
-this
-is
-represented
-as
-a
-set
-of
-RDF
-triples
-where
-each
-triple
-contains
-a
-<em>
-subject
-node
-</em>,
-<em>
-predicate
-</em>
-and
-<em>
-object
-node
-</em>.
-Nodes
-are
-IRIs,
-literals,
-or
-blank
-nodes.
-Blank
-nodes
-may
-be
-given
-a
-document-local
-identifier
-called
-a
-blank
-node
-identifier.
-Predicates
-are
-IRIs
-and
-can
-be
-interpreted
-as
-either
-a
-relationship
-between
-the
-two
-nodes
-or
-as
-defining
-an
-attribute
-value
-(object
-node)
-for
-some
-subject
-node.
-</p>
-<p>
-In
-order
-to
-encode
-the
-graph
-in
-XML,
-the
-nodes
-and
-predicates
-have
-to
-be
-represented
-in
-XML
-terms
-—
-element
-names,
-attribute
-names,
-element
-contents
-and
-attribute
-values.
-RDF/XML
-uses
-XML
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#NT-QName">
-QNames
-</a>
-as
-defined
-in
-Namespaces
-in
-XML
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-XML-NAMES">
-XML-NAMES
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-to
-represent
-IRIs.
-All
-QNames
-have
-a
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#dt-NSName">
-namespace
-name
-</a>
-which
-is
-an
-IRI
-and
-a
-short
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#NT-LocalPart">
-local
-name
-</a>.
-In
-addition,
-QNames
-can
-either
-have
-a
-short
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#NT-Prefix">
-prefix
-</a>
-or
-be
-declared
-with
-the
-default
-namespace
-declaration
-and
-have
-none
-(but
-still
-have
-a
-namespace
-name)
-</p>
-<p>
-The
-IRI
-represented
-by
-a
-QName
-is
-determined
-by
-appending
-the
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#NT-LocalPart">
-local
-name
-</a>
-part
-of
-the
-QName
-after
-the
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#dt-NSName">
-namespace
-name
-</a>
-(IRI)
-part
-of
-the
-QName.
-This
-is
-used
-to
-shorten
-the
-IRI
-of
-all
-predicates
-and
-some
-nodes.
-IRIs
-identifying
-subject
-and
-object
-nodes
-can
-also
-be
-stored
-as
-XML
-attribute
-values.
-RDF
-literals
-which
-can
-only
-be
-object
-nodes,
-become
-either
-XML
-element
-text
-content
-or
-XML
-attribute
-values.
-</p>
-<p>
-A
-graph
-can
-be
-considered
-a
-collection
-of
-paths
-of
-the
-form
-node,
-predicate
-arc,
-node,
-predicate
-arc,
-node,
-predicate
-arc,
-...
-node
-which
-cover
-the
-entire
-graph.
-In
-RDF/XML
-these
-turn
-into
-sequences
-of
-elements
-inside
-elements
-which
-alternate
-between
-elements
-for
-nodes
-and
-predicate
-arcs.
-This
-has
-been
-called
-a
-series
-of
-node/arc
-stripes.
-The
-node
-at
-the
-start
-of
-the
-sequence
-turns
-into
-the
-outermost
-element,
-the
-next
-predicate
-arc
-turns
-into
-a
-child
-element,
-and
-so
-on.
-The
-stripes
-generally
-start
-at
-the
-top
-of
-an
-RDF/XML
-document
-and
-always
-begin
-with
-nodes.
-</p>
-<p>
-Several
-RDF/XML
-examples
-are
-given
-in
-the
-following
-sections
-building
-up
-to
-complete
-RDF/XML
-documents.
-<a href="#example7">
-Example
-7
-</a>
-is
-the
-first
-complete
-RDF/XML
-document.
-</p>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-node-property-elements" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-node-property-elements">
-<span class="secno">
-2.2
-</span>
-Node
-Elements
-and
-Property
-Elements
-</h3>
-<figure id="figure1">
-<img alt="Graph for RDF/XML Example" src="figure1.png" />
-<figcaption>
-Fig.
-<span class="figno">
-1
-</span>
-<span class="fig-title">
-Graph
-for
-RDF/XML
-Example
-(
-<a href="figure1.svg">
-SVG
-version
-</a>
-)
-</span>
-</figcaption>
-</figure>
-<p>
-An
-RDF
-graph
-is
-given
-in
-<a href="#figure1" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-1
-</a>
-where
-the
-nodes
-are
-represented
-as
-ovals
-and
-contain
-their
-IRIs
-where
-they
-have
-them,
-all
-the
-predicate
-arcs
-are
-labeled
-with
-IRIs
-and
-string
-literals
-nodes
-have
-been
-written
-in
-rectangles.
-</p>
-<p>
-If
-we
-follow
-one
-node,
-predicate
-arc
-...
-,
-node
-path
-through
-the
-graph
-shown
-in
-<a href="#figure2" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-2
-</a>:
-</p>
-<figure id="figure2">
-<img alt="One Path Through the Graph" src="figure2.png" />
-<figcaption>
-Fig.
-<span class="figno">
-2
-</span>
-<span class="fig-title">
-One
-Path
-Through
-the
-Graph
-(
-<a href="figure2.svg">
-SVG
-version
-</a>
-)
-</span>
-</figcaption>
-</figure>
-<p>
-The
-left
-hand
-side
-of
-the
-<a href="#figure2" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-2
-</a>
-graph
-corresponds
-to
-the
-node/predicate
-arc
-stripes:
-</p>
-<ol>
-<li>
-Node
-with
-IRI
-<code>
-http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar
-</code>
-</li>
-<li>
-Predicate
-Arc
-labeled
-with
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/terms/editor
-</code>
-</li>
-<li>
-Node
-with
-no
-IRI
-</li>
-<li>
-Predicate
-Arc
-labeled
-with
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/terms/homePage
-</code>
-</li>
-<li>
-Node
-with
-IRI
-<code>
-http://purl.org/net/dajobe/
-</code>
-</li>
-</ol>
-<p>
-In
-RDF/XML,
-the
-sequence
-of
-5
-nodes
-and
-predicate
-arcs
-on
-the
-left
-hand
-side
-of
-<a href="#figure2" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-2
-</a>
-corresponds
-to
-the
-usage
-of
-five
-XML
-elements
-of
-two
-types,
-for
-the
-graph
-nodes
-and
-predicate
-arcs.
-These
-are
-conventionally
-called
-<em>
-node
-elements
-</em>
-and
-<em>
-property
-elements
-</em>
-respectively.
-In
-the
-striping
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example1">
-Example
-1
-</a>,
-<code>
-rdf:Description
-</code>
-is
-the
-node
-element
-(used
-three
-times
-for
-the
-three
-nodes)
-and
-<code>
-ex:editor
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-ex:homePage
-</code>
-are
-the
-two
-property
-elements.
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">	
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-1
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example1" class="example"><strong>Striped RDF/XML (nodes and predicate arcs)</strong><ins class="diff-chg">
-        
-</ins>
-<code>&lt;rdf:Description&gt;</code>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-    <code>&lt;rdf:Description&gt;</code>
-      &lt;ex:homePage&gt;
-        <code>&lt;rdf:Description&gt;</code>
-        <code>&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;</code>
-      &lt;/ex:homePage&gt;
-    <code>&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;</code>
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</del>
-<code>&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;</code>
-</pre>
-</div>
-<p>
-The
-<a href="#figure2" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-2
-</a>
-graph
-consists
-of
-some
-nodes
-that
-are
-IRIs
-(and
-others
-that
-are
-not)
-and
-this
-can
-be
-added
-to
-the
-RDF/XML
-using
-the
-<code>
-rdf:about
-</code>
-attribute
-on
-node
-elements
-to
-give
-the
-result
-in
-<a href="#example2">
-Example
-2
-</a>:
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">	
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-2
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example2" class="example"><strong>Node Elements with IRIs added</strong><ins class="diff-chg">
-        
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;ex:homePage&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">        &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">        &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"&gt;
-</ins>
-        &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;/ex:homePage&gt;
-    &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-<p>
-Adding
-the
-other
-two
-paths
-through
-the
-<a href="#figure1" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-1
-</a>
-graph
-to
-the
-RDF/XML
-in
-<a href="#example2">
-Example
-2
-</a>
-gives
-the
-result
-in
-<a href="#example3">
-Example
-3
-</a>
-(this
-example
-fails
-to
-show
-that
-the
-blank
-node
-is
-shared
-between
-the
-two
-paths,
-see
-<a href="#section-Syntax-blank-nodes">
-2.10
-</a>
-):
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-3
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example3" class="example"><strong>Complete description of all graph paths</strong><ins class="diff-chg">
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;ex:homePage&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">        &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">        &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"&gt;
-</ins>
-        &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;/ex:homePage&gt;
-    &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;ex:fullName&gt;Dave Beckett&lt;/ex:fullName&gt;
-    &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;dc:title&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-multiple-property-elements" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-multiple-property-elements">
-<span class="secno">
-2.3
-</span>
-Multiple
-Property
-Elements
-</h3>
-<p>
-There
-are
-several
-abbreviations
-that
-can
-be
-used
-to
-make
-common
-uses
-easier
-to
-write
-down.
-In
-particular,
-it
-is
-common
-that
-a
-subject
-node
-in
-the
-RDF
-graph
-has
-multiple
-outgoing
-predicate
-arcs.
-RDF/XML
-provides
-an
-abbreviation
-for
-the
-corresponding
-syntax
-when
-a
-node
-element
-about
-a
-resource
-has
-multiple
-property
-elements.
-This
-can
-be
-abbreviated
-by
-using
-multiple
-child
-property
-elements
-inside
-the
-node
-element
-describing
-the
-subject
-node.
-</p>
-<p>
-Taking
-<a href="#example3">
-Example
-3
-</a>,
-there
-are
-two
-node
-elements
-that
-can
-take
-multiple
-property
-elements.
-The
-subject
-node
-with
-IRI
-<code>
-http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar
-</code>
-has
-property
-elements
-<code>
-ex:editor
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-ex:title
-</code>
-and
-the
-node
-element
-for
-the
-blank
-node
-can
-take
-<code>
-ex:homePage
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-ex:fullName
-</code>.
-This
-abbreviation
-gives
-the
-result
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example4">
-Example
-4
-</a>
-(this
-example
-does
-show
-that
-there
-is
-a
-single
-blank
-node):
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">	  
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-4
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example4" class="example"><strong>Using multiple property elements on a node element</strong><ins class="diff-chg">
-          
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;ex:homePage&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">        &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">        &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"&gt;
-</ins>
-        &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-      &lt;/ex:homePage&gt;
-      &lt;ex:fullName&gt;Dave Beckett&lt;/ex:fullName&gt;
-    &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-  &lt;dc:title&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-empty-property-elements" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-empty-property-elements">
-<span class="secno">
-2.4
-</span>
-Empty
-Property
-Elements
-</h3>
-<p>
-When
-a
-predicate
-arc
-in
-an
-RDF
-graph
-points
-to
-an
-object
-node
-which
-has
-no
-further
-predicate
-arcs,
-which
-appears
-in
-RDF/XML
-as
-an
-empty
-node
-element
-<code>
-&lt;rdf:Description
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:about=&quot;...&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:about="..."&gt;
-</ins>
-</code>
-<code>
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</code>
-(or
-<code>
-&lt;rdf:Description
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:about=&quot;...&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:about="..."
-</ins>
-/&gt;
-</code>
-)
-this
-form
-can
-be
-shortened.
-This
-is
-done
-by
-using
-the
-IRI
-of
-the
-object
-node
-as
-the
-value
-of
-an
-XML
-attribute
-<code>
-rdf:resource
-</code>
-on
-the
-containing
-property
-element
-and
-making
-the
-property
-element
-empty.
-</p>
-<p>
-In
-this
-example,
-the
-property
-element
-<code>
-ex:homePage
-</code>
-contains
-an
-empty
-node
-element
-with
-the
-IRI
-<code>
-http://purl.org/net/dajobe/
-</code>.
-This
-can
-be
-replaced
-with
-the
-empty
-property
-element
-form
-giving
-the
-result
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example5">
-Example
-5
-</a>:
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">	  
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-5
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example5" class="example"><strong>Empty property elements</strong><ins class="diff-chg">
-          
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:Description&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">      &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">      &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"/&gt;
-</ins>
-      &lt;ex:fullName&gt;Dave Beckett&lt;/ex:fullName&gt;
-    &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-  &lt;dc:title&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-property-attributes" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-property-attributes">
-<span class="secno">
-2.5
-</span>
-Property
-Attributes
-</h3>
-<p>
-When
-a
-property
-element's
-content
-is
-string
-literal,
-it
-may
-be
-possible
-to
-use
-it
-as
-an
-XML
-attribute
-on
-the
-containing
-node
-element.
-This
-can
-be
-done
-for
-multiple
-properties
-on
-the
-same
-node
-element
-only
-if
-the
-property
-element
-name
-is
-not
-repeated
-(required
-by
-XML
-—
-attribute
-names
-are
-unique
-on
-an
-XML
-element)
-and
-any
-in-scope
-<code>
-xml:lang
-</code>
-on
-the
-property
-element's
-string
-literal
-(if
-any)
-are
-the
-same
-(see
-<a href="#section-Syntax-languages">
-Section
-2.7
-</a>
-)
-This
-abbreviation
-is
-known
-as
-a
-<em>
-Property
-Attribute
-</em>
-and
-can
-be
-applied
-to
-any
-node
-element.
-</p>
-<p>
-This
-abbreviation
-can
-also
-be
-used
-when
-the
-property
-element
-is
-<code>
-rdf:type
-</code>
-and
-it
-has
-an
-<code>
-rdf:resource
-</code>
-attribute
-the
-value
-of
-which
-is
-interpreted
-as
-a
-IRI
-object
-node.
-</p>
-<p>
-In
-<a href="#example5">
-Example
-5
-</a>:,
-there
-are
-two
-property
-elements
-with
-string
-literal
-content,
-the
-<code>
-dc:title
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-ex:fullName
-</code>
-property
-elements.
-These
-can
-be
-replaced
-with
-property
-attributes
-giving
-the
-result
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example6">
-Example
-6
-</a>:
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">	  
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;
-           dc:title=&quot;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-6
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example6" class="example"><strong>Replacing property elements with string literal content into property attributes</strong><ins class="diff-chg">
-          
-&lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"
-           dc:title="RDF 1.1 XML Syntax"&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">    &lt;rdf:Description ex:fullName=&quot;Dave Beckett&quot;&gt;
-      &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">    &lt;rdf:Description ex:fullName="Dave Beckett"&gt;
-      &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"/&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-complete-document" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-complete-document">
-<span class="secno">
-2.6
-</span>
-Completing
-the
-Document:
-Document
-Element
-and
-XML
-Declaration
-</h3>
-<p>
-To
-create
-a
-complete
-RDF/XML
-document,
-the
-serialization
-of
-the
-graph
-into
-XML
-is
-usually
-contained
-inside
-an
-<code>
-rdf:RDF
-</code>
-XML
-element
-which
-becomes
-the
-top-level
-XML
-document
-element.
-Conventionally
-the
-<code>
-rdf:RDF
-</code>
-element
-is
-also
-used
-to
-declare
-the
-XML
-namespaces
-that
-are
-used,
-although
-that
-is
-not
-required.
-When
-there
-is
-only
-one
-top-level
-node
-element
-inside
-<code>
-rdf:RDF
-</code>,
-the
-<code>
-rdf:RDF
-</code>
-can
-be
-omitted
-although
-any
-XML
-namespaces
-must
-still
-be
-declared.
-</p>
-<p>
-The
-XML
-specification
-also
-permits
-an
-XML
-declaration
-at
-the
-top
-of
-the
-document
-with
-the
-XML
-version
-and
-possibly
-the
-XML
-content
-encoding.
-This
-is
-optional
-but
-recommended.
-</p>
-<p>
-Completing
-the
-RDF/XML
-could
-be
-done
-for
-any
-of
-the
-correct
-complete
-graph
-examples
-from
-<a href="#example4">
-Example
-4
-</a>
-onwards
-but
-taking
-the
-smallest
-<a href="#example6">
-Example
-6
-</a>
-and
-adding
-the
-final
-components,
-gives
-a
-complete
-RDF/XML
-representation
-of
-the
-original
-<a href="#figure1" class="fig-ref">
-Figure
-1
-</a>
-graph
-in
-<a href="#example7">
-Example
-7
-</a>:
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">Complete RDF/XML description of Figure 1 graph 
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-7
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example7" class="example"><strong>Complete RDF/XML description of Figure 1 graph 
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example07.rdf">example07.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example07.nt">example07.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;
-             dc:title=&quot;RDF1.1 XML Syntax&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"
-             dc:title="RDF1.1 XML Syntax"&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;ex:editor&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">      &lt;rdf:Description ex:fullName=&quot;Dave Beckett&quot;&gt;
-        &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot; /&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">      &lt;rdf:Description ex:fullName="Dave Beckett"&gt;
-        &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/" /&gt;
-</ins>
-      &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-    &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-<p>
-It
-is
-possible
-to
-omit
-<code>
-rdf:RDF
-</code>
-in
-<a href="#example7">
-Example
-7
-</a>
-above
-since
-there
-is
-only
-one
-<code>
-rdf:Description
-</code>
-inside
-<code>
-rdf:RDF
-</code>
-but
-this
-is
-not
-shown
-here.
-</p>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-languages" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-languages">
-<span class="secno">
-2.7
-</span>
-Languages:
-<code>
-xml:lang
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-RDF/XML
-permits
-the
-use
-of
-the
-<code>
-xml:lang
-</code>
-attribute
-as
-defined
-by
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml#sec-lang-tag">
-2.12
-Language
-Identification
-</a>
-of
-XML
-1.0
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-XML10">
-XML10
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-to
-allow
-the
-identification
-of
-content
-language.
-The
-<code>
-xml:lang
-</code>
-attribute
-can
-be
-used
-on
-any
-node
-element
-or
-property
-element
-to
-indicate
-that
-the
-included
-content
-is
-in
-the
-given
-language.
-<a href="#section-Syntax-datatyped-literals">
-Typed
-literals
-</a>
-which
-includes
-<a href="#section-Syntax-XML-literals">
-XML
-literals
-</a>
-are
-not
-affected
-by
-this
-attribute.
-The
-most
-specific
-in-scope
-language
-present
-(if
-any)
-is
-applied
-to
-property
-element
-string
-literal
-content
-or
-property
-attribute
-values.
-The
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">xml:lang=&quot;&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">xml:lang=""
-</ins>
-</code>
-form
-indicates
-the
-absence
-of
-a
-language
-identifier.
-</p>
-<p>
-Some
-examples
-of
-marking
-content
-languages
-for
-RDF
-properties
-are
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example8">
-Example
-8
-</a>:
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-8
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example8" class="example"><strong>Complete example of <code>xml:lang</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example08.rdf">example08.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example08.nt">example08.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;utf-8&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;dc:title&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">    &lt;dc:title xml:lang=&quot;en&quot;&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-    &lt;dc:title xml:lang=&quot;en-US&quot;&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">    &lt;dc:title xml:lang="en"&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-    &lt;dc:title xml:lang="en-US"&gt;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/buecher/baum&quot; xml:lang=&quot;de&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/buecher/baum" xml:lang="de"&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;dc:title&gt;Der Baum&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-    &lt;dc:description&gt;Das Buch ist außergewöhnlich&lt;/dc:description&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">    &lt;dc:title xml:lang=&quot;en&quot;&gt;The Tree&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">    &lt;dc:title xml:lang="en"&gt;The Tree&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section class="informative" id="section-Syntax-XML-literals" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-XML-literals">
-<span class="secno">
-2.8
-</span>
-XML
-Literals:
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Literal&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Literal"
-</ins>
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-<em>
-This
-section
-is
-non-normative.
-</em>
-</p>
-<p>
-RDF
-allows
-XML
-literals
-[RDF11-CONCEPTS]
-to
-be
-given
-as
-the
-object
-node
-of
-a
-predicate.
-These
-are
-written
-in
-RDF/XML
-as
-content
-of
-a
-property
-element
-(not
-a
-property
-attribute)
-and
-indicated
-using
-the
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Literal&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Literal"
-</ins>
-</code>
-attribute
-on
-the
-containing
-property
-element.
-</p>
-<p>
-An
-example
-of
-writing
-an
-XML
-literal
-is
-given
-in
-<a href="#example9">
-Example
-9
-</a>
-where
-there
-is
-a
-single
-RDF
-triple
-with
-the
-subject
-node
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/item01
-</code>,
-the
-predicate
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/stuff/1.0/prop
-</code>
-(from
-<code>
-ex:prop
-</code>
-)
-and
-the
-object
-node
-with
-XML
-literal
-content
-beginning
-<code>
-a:Box
-</code>.
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-9
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example9" class="example"><strong>Complete example of <code>rdf:parseType="Literal"</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example09.rdf">example09.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example09.nt">example09.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">	  
-&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">          
-&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/item01&quot;&gt; 
-    &lt;ex:prop rdf:parseType=&quot;Literal&quot; xmlns:a=&quot;http://example.org/a#&quot;&gt;
-      &lt;a:Box required=&quot;true&quot;&gt;
-        &lt;a:widget size=&quot;10&quot; /&gt;
-        &lt;a:grommit id=&quot;23&quot; /&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/item01"&gt; 
-    &lt;ex:prop rdf:parseType="Literal" xmlns:a="http://example.org/a#"&gt;
-      &lt;a:Box required="true"&gt;
-        &lt;a:widget size="10" /&gt;
-        &lt;a:grommit id="23" /&gt;
-</ins>
-      &lt;/a:Box&gt;
-    &lt;/ex:prop&gt;
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-datatyped-literals" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-datatyped-literals">
-<span class="secno">
-2.9
-</span>
-Typed
-Literals:
-<code>
-rdf:datatype
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-RDF
-allows
-typed
-literals
-to
-be
-given
-as
-the
-object
-node
-of
-a
-predicate.
-Typed
-literals
-consist
-of
-a
-literal
-string
-and
-a
-datatype
-IRI.
-These
-are
-written
-in
-RDF/XML
-using
-the
-same
-syntax
-for
-literal
-string
-nodes
-in
-the
-property
-element
-form
-(not
-property
-attribute)
-but
-with
-an
-additional
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:datatype=&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:datatype="
-</ins>
-</code>
-<em>
-datatypeURI
-</em>
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">"
-</ins>
-</code>
-attribute
-on
-the
-property
-element.
-Any
-IRI
-can
-be
-used
-in
-the
-attribute.
-</p>
-<p>
-An
-example
-of
-an
-RDF
-typed
-literal
-is
-given
-in
-<a href="#example10">
-Example
-10
-</a>
-where
-there
-is
-a
-single
-RDF
-triple
-with
-the
-subject
-node
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/item01
-</code>,
-the
-predicate
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/stuff/1.0/size
-</code>
-(from
-<code>
-ex:size
-</code>
-)
-and
-the
-object
-node
-with
-the
-typed
-literal
-<del class="diff-old">(&quot;123&quot;,
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">("123",
-</ins>
-<code>
-http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#int
-</code>
-)
-to
-be
-interpreted
-as
-an
-XML
-Schema
-[
-<cite>
-<a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA-2">
-XMLSCHEMA-2
-</a>
-</cite>
-]
-datatype
-<code>
-int
-</code>.
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-10
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example10" class="example"><strong>Complete example of <code>rdf:datatype</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example10.rdf">example10.rdf</a>,  output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example10.nt">example10.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">	  
-&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">          
-&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/item01&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:size rdf:datatype=&quot;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#int&quot;&gt;123&lt;/ex:size&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/item01"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:size rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#int"&gt;123&lt;/ex:size&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-blank-nodes" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-blank-nodes">
-<span class="secno">
-2.10
-</span>
-Identifying
-Blank
-Nodes:
-<code>
-rdf:nodeID
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-Blank
-nodes
-in
-the
-RDF
-graph
-are
-distinct
-but
-have
-no
-IRI
-identifier.
-It
-is
-sometimes
-required
-that
-the
-same
-graph
-blank
-node
-is
-referred
-to
-in
-the
-RDF/XML
-in
-multiple
-places,
-such
-as
-at
-the
-subject
-and
-object
-of
-several
-RDF
-triples.
-In
-this
-case,
-a
-blank
-node
-identifier
-can
-be
-given
-to
-the
-blank
-node
-for
-identifying
-it
-in
-the
-document.
-Blank
-node
-identifiers
-in
-RDF/XML
-are
-scoped
-to
-the
-containing
-XML
-Information
-Set
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xml-infoset/#infoitem.document">
-document
-information
-item
-</a>.
-A
-blank
-node
-identifier
-is
-used
-on
-a
-node
-element
-to
-replace
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:about=&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:about="
-</ins>
-</code>
-<em>
-IRI
-</em>
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">"
-</ins>
-</code>
-or
-on
-a
-property
-element
-to
-replace
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:resource=&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:resource="
-</ins>
-</code>
-<em>
-IRI
-</em>
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">"
-</ins>
-</code>
-with
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:nodeID=&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:nodeID="
-</ins>
-</code>
-<em>
-blank
-node
-identifier
-</em>
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">"
-</ins>
-</code>
-in
-both
-cases.
-</p>
-<p>
-Taking
-<a href="#example7">
-Example
-7
-</a>
-and
-explicitly
-giving
-a
-blank
-node
-identifier
-of
-<code>
-abc
-</code>
-to
-the
-blank
-node
-in
-it
-gives
-the
-result
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example11">
-Example
-11
-</a>.
-The
-second
-<code>
-rdf:Description
-</code>
-property
-element
-is
-about
-the
-blank
-node.
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old"> identifying the blank node
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-11
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example11" class="example"><strong>Complete RDF/XML description of graph using <code>rdf:nodeID</code> identifying the blank node
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example11.rdf">example11.rdf</a>,  output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example11.nt">example11.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;
-             dc:title=&quot;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:editor rdf:nodeID=&quot;abc&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"
-             dc:title="RDF 1.1 XML Syntax"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:editor rdf:nodeID="abc"/&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:nodeID=&quot;abc&quot; ex:fullName=&quot;Dave Beckett&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:nodeID="abc" ex:fullName="Dave Beckett"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"/&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-parsetype-resource" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-parsetype-resource">
-<span class="secno">
-2.11
-</span>
-Omitting
-Blank
-Nodes:
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Resource&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Resource"
-</ins>
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-Blank
-nodes
-(not
-IRI
-nodes)
-in
-RDF
-graphs
-can
-be
-written
-in
-a
-form
-that
-allows
-the
-<code>
-&lt;rdf:Description&gt;
-</code>
-<code>
-&lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-</code>
-pair
-to
-be
-omitted.
-The
-omission
-is
-done
-by
-putting
-an
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Resource&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Resource"
-</ins>
-</code>
-attribute
-on
-the
-containing
-property
-element
-that
-turns
-the
-property
-element
-into
-a
-property-and-node
-element,
-which
-can
-itself
-have
-both
-property
-elements
-and
-property
-attributes.
-Property
-attributes
-and
-the
-<code>
-rdf:nodeID
-</code>
-attribute
-are
-not
-permitted
-on
-property-and-node
-elements.
-</p>
-<p>
-Taking
-the
-earlier
-<a href="#example7">
-Example
-7
-</a>,
-the
-contents
-of
-the
-<code>
-ex:editor
-</code>
-property
-element
-could
-be
-alternatively
-done
-in
-this
-fashion
-to
-give
-the
-form
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example12">
-Example
-12
-</a>:
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-12
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example12" class="example"><strong>Complete example using <code>rdf:parseType="Resource"</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example12.rdf">example12.rdf</a>, output: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example12.nt">example12.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">	  
-&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;
-                   dc:title=&quot;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:editor rdf:parseType=&quot;Resource&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">          
-&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"
-                   dc:title="RDF 1.1 XML Syntax"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:editor rdf:parseType="Resource"&gt;
-</ins>
-      &lt;ex:fullName&gt;Dave Beckett&lt;/ex:fullName&gt;
-<del class="diff-old">      &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource=&quot;http://purl.org/net/dajobe/&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">      &lt;ex:homePage rdf:resource="http://purl.org/net/dajobe/"/&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;/ex:editor&gt;
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-property-attributes-on-property-element" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-property-attributes-on-property-element">
-<span class="secno">
-2.12
-</span>
-Omitting
-Nodes:
-Property
-Attributes
-on
-an
-empty
-Property
-Element
-</h3>
-<p>
-If
-all
-of
-the
-property
-elements
-on
-a
-blank
-node
-element
-have
-string
-literal
-values
-with
-the
-same
-in-scope
-<code>
-xml:lang
-</code>
-value
-(if
-present)
-and
-each
-of
-these
-property
-elements
-appears
-at
-most
-once
-and
-there
-is
-at
-most
-one
-<code>
-rdf:type
-</code>
-property
-element
-with
-a
-IRI
-object
-node,
-these
-can
-be
-abbreviated
-by
-moving
-them
-to
-be
-property
-attributes
-on
-the
-containing
-property
-element
-which
-is
-made
-an
-empty
-element.
-</p>
-<p>
-Taking
-the
-earlier
-<a href="#example5">
-Example
-5
-</a>,
-the
-<code>
-ex:editor
-</code>
-property
-element
-contains
-a
-blank
-node
-element
-with
-two
-property
-elements
-<code>
-ex:fullname
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-ex:homePage
-</code>.
-<code>
-ex:homePage
-</code>
-is
-not
-suitable
-here
-since
-it
-does
-not
-have
-a
-string
-literal
-value,
-so
-it
-is
-being
-<em>
-ignored
-</em>
-for
-the
-purposes
-of
-this
-example.
-The
-abbreviated
-form
-removes
-the
-<code>
-ex:fullName
-</code>
-property
-element
-and
-adds
-a
-new
-property
-attribute
-<code>
-ex:fullName
-</code>
-with
-the
-string
-literal
-value
-of
-the
-deleted
-property
-element
-to
-the
-<code>
-ex:editor
-</code>
-property
-element.
-The
-blank
-node
-element
-becomes
-implicit
-in
-the
-now
-empty
-<code>
-ex:editor
-</code>
-property
-element.
-The
-result
-is
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example13">
-Example
-13
-</a>.
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">Complete example of property attributes on an empty property element
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-13
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example13" class="example"><strong>Complete example of property attributes on an empty property element
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example13.rdf">example13.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example13.nt">example13.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar&quot;
-            dc:title=&quot;RDF 1.1 XML Syntax&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:editor ex:fullName=&quot;Dave Beckett&quot; /&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar"
-            dc:title="RDF 1.1 XML Syntax"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:editor ex:fullName="Dave Beckett" /&gt;
-</ins>
-            &lt;!-- Note the ex:homePage property has been ignored for this example --&gt;
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-typed-nodes" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-typed-nodes">
-<span class="secno">
-2.13
-</span>
-Typed
-Node
-Elements
-</h3>
-<p>
-It
-is
-common
-for
-RDF
-graphs
-to
-have
-<code>
-rdf:type
-</code>
-predicates
-from
-subject
-nodes.
-These
-are
-conventionally
-called
-<em>
-typed
-nodes
-</em>
-in
-the
-graph,
-or
-<em>
-typed
-node
-elements
-</em>
-in
-the
-RDF/XML.
-RDF/XML
-allows
-this
-triple
-to
-be
-expressed
-more
-concisely.
-by
-replacing
-the
-<code>
-rdf:Description
-</code>
-node
-element
-name
-with
-the
-namespaced-element
-corresponding
-to
-the
-IRI
-of
-the
-value
-of
-the
-type
-relationship.
-There
-may,
-of
-course,
-be
-multiple
-<code>
-rdf:type
-</code>
-predicates
-but
-only
-one
-can
-be
-used
-in
-this
-way,
-the
-others
-must
-remain
-as
-property
-elements
-or
-property
-attributes.
-</p>
-<p>
-The
-typed
-node
-elements
-are
-commonly
-used
-in
-RDF/XML
-with
-the
-built-in
-classes
-in
-the
-<a href="#section-Namespace">
-RDF
-vocabulary
-</a>:
-<code>
-rdf:Seq
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:Bag
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:Alt
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:Statement
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:Property
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-rdf:List
-</code>.
-</p>
-<p>
-For
-example,
-the
-RDF/XML
-in
-<a href="#example14">
-Example
-14
-</a>
-could
-be
-written
-as
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example15">
-Example
-15
-</a>.
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-14
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example14" class="example"><strong>Complete example with <code>rdf:type</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example14.rdf">example14.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example14.nt">example14.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/thing&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:type rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/Document&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/thing"&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:type rdf:resource="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/Document"/&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;dc:title&gt;A marvelous thing&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-15
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example15" class="example"><strong>Complete example using a typed node element to replace an <code>rdf:type</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example15.rdf">example15.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example15.nt">example15.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;ex:Document rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/thing&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;ex:Document rdf:about="http://example.org/thing"&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;dc:title&gt;A marvelous thing&lt;/dc:title&gt;
-  &lt;/ex:Document&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-ID-xml-base" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-ID-xml-base">
-<span class="secno">
-2.14
-</span>
-Abbreviating
-URIs:
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-xml:base
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-RDF/XML
-allows
-further
-abbreviating
-IRIs
-in
-XML
-attributes
-in
-two
-ways.
-The
-XML
-Infoset
-provides
-a
-base
-URI
-attribute
-<code>
-xml:base
-</code>
-that
-sets
-the
-base
-URI
-for
-resolving
-relative
-IRIs,
-otherwise
-the
-base
-URI
-is
-that
-of
-the
-document.
-The
-base
-URI
-applies
-to
-all
-RDF/XML
-attributes
-that
-deal
-with
-IRIs
-which
-are
-<code>
-rdf:about
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:resource
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-rdf:datatype
-</code>.
-</p>
-<p>
-The
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-attribute
-on
-a
-node
-element
-(not
-property
-element,
-that
-has
-another
-meaning)
-can
-be
-used
-instead
-of
-<code>
-rdf:about
-</code>
-and
-gives
-a
-relative
-IRI
-equivalent
-to
-<code>
-#
-</code>
-concatenated
-with
-the
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-attribute
-value.
-So
-for
-example
-if
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:ID=&quot;name&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:ID="name"
-</ins>
-</code>,
-that
-would
-be
-equivalent
-to
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:about=&quot;#name&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:about="#name"
-</ins>
-</code>.
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-provides
-an
-additional
-check
-since
-the
-same
-<em>
-name
-</em>
-can
-only
-appear
-once
-in
-the
-scope
-of
-an
-<code>
-xml:base
-</code>
-value
-(or
-document,
-if
-none
-is
-given),
-so
-is
-useful
-for
-defining
-a
-set
-of
-distinct,
-related
-terms
-relative
-to
-the
-same
-IRI.
-</p>
-<p>
-Both
-forms
-require
-a
-base
-URI
-to
-be
-known,
-either
-from
-an
-in-scope
-<code>
-xml:base
-</code>
-or
-from
-the
-URI
-of
-the
-RDF/XML
-document.
-</p>
-<p>
-<a href="#example16">
-Example
-16
-</a>
-shows
-abbreviating
-the
-node
-IRI
-of
-<code>
-http://example.org/here/#snack
-</code>
-using
-an
-<code>
-xml:base
-</code>
-of
-<code>
-http://example.org/here/
-</code>
-and
-an
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-on
-the
-<code>
-rdf:Description
-</code>
-node
-element.
-The
-object
-node
-of
-the
-<code>
-ex:prop
-</code>
-predicate
-is
-an
-absolute
-IRI
-resolved
-from
-the
-<code>
-rdf:resource
-</code>
-XML
-attribute
-value
-using
-the
-in-scope
-base
-URI
-to
-give
-the
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/here/fruit/apple
-</code>.
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old"> for shortening URIs
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-16
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example16" class="example"><strong>Complete example using <code>rdf:ID</code> and <code>xml:base</code> for shortening URIs
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example16.rdf">example16.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example16.nt">example16.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;
-            xml:base=&quot;http://example.org/here/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"
-            xml:base="http://example.org/here/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:ID=&quot;snack&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:prop rdf:resource=&quot;fruit/apple&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:ID="snack"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:prop rdf:resource="fruit/apple"/&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-list-elements" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-list-elements">
-<span class="secno">
-2.15
-</span>
-Container
-Membership
-Property
-Elements:
-<code>
-rdf:li
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-rdf:_
-</code>
-<em>
-n
-</em>
-</h3>
-<p>
-RDF
-has
-a
-set
-of
-container
-membership
-properties
-and
-corresponding
-property
-elements
-that
-are
-mostly
-used
-with
-instances
-of
-the
-<code>
-rdf:Seq
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:Bag
-</code>
-and
-<code>
-rdf:Alt
-</code>
-classes
-which
-may
-be
-written
-as
-typed
-node
-elements.
-The
-list
-properties
-are
-<code>
-rdf:_1
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:_2
-</code>
-etc.
-and
-can
-be
-written
-as
-property
-elements
-or
-property
-attributes
-as
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example17">
-Example
-17
-</a>.
-There
-is
-an
-<code>
-rdf:li
-</code>
-special
-property
-element
-that
-is
-equivalent
-to
-<code>
-rdf:_1
-</code>,
-<code>
-rdf:_2
-</code>
-in
-order,
-explained
-in
-detail
-in
-<a href="#section-List-Expand">
-section
-7.4
-</a>.
-The
-mapping
-to
-the
-container
-membership
-properties
-is
-always
-done
-in
-the
-order
-that
-the
-<code>
-rdf:li
-</code>
-special
-property
-elements
-appear
-in
-XML
-—
-the
-document
-order
-is
-significant.
-The
-equivalent
-RDF/XML
-to
-<a href="#example17">
-Example
-17
-</a>
-written
-in
-this
-form
-is
-shown
-in
-<a href="#example18">
-Example
-18
-</a>.
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old">Complex example using RDF list properties
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-17
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example17" class="example"><strong>Complex example using RDF list properties
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example17.rdf">example17.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example17.nt">example17.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Seq rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/favourite-fruit&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:_1 rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/banana&quot;/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:_2 rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/apple&quot;/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:_3 rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/pear&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Seq rdf:about="http://example.org/favourite-fruit"&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:_1 rdf:resource="http://example.org/banana"/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:_2 rdf:resource="http://example.org/apple"/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:_3 rdf:resource="http://example.org/pear"/&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Seq&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-<del class="diff-old"> property element for list properties
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-18
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example18" class="example"><strong>Complete example using <code>rdf:li</code> property element for list properties
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example18.rdf">example18.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example18.nt">example18.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Seq rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/favourite-fruit&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:li rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/banana&quot;/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:li rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/apple&quot;/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:li rdf:resource=&quot;http://example.org/pear&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Seq rdf:about="http://example.org/favourite-fruit"&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:li rdf:resource="http://example.org/banana"/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:li rdf:resource="http://example.org/apple"/&gt;
-    &lt;rdf:li rdf:resource="http://example.org/pear"/&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Seq&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-parsetype-Collection" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-parsetype-Collection">
-<span class="secno">
-2.16
-</span>
-Collections:
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Collection&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Collection"
-</ins>
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-RDF/XML
-allows
-an
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:parseType=&quot;Collection&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:parseType="Collection"
-</ins>
-</code>
-attribute
-on
-a
-property
-element
-to
-let
-it
-contain
-multiple
-node
-elements.
-These
-contained
-node
-elements
-give
-the
-set
-of
-subject
-nodes
-of
-the
-collection.
-This
-syntax
-form
-corresponds
-to
-a
-set
-of
-triples
-connecting
-the
-collection
-of
-subject
-nodes,
-the
-exact
-triples
-generated
-are
-described
-in
-detail
-in
-<a href="#parseTypeCollectionPropertyElt">
-Section
-7.2.19
-Production
-parseTypeCollectionPropertyElt
-</a>.
-The
-collection
-construction
-is
-always
-done
-in
-the
-order
-that
-the
-node
-elements
-appear
-in
-the
-XML
-document.
-Whether
-the
-order
-of
-the
-collection
-of
-nodes
-is
-significant
-is
-an
-application
-issue
-and
-not
-defined
-here.
-</p>
-<p>
-<a href="#example19">
-Example
-19
-</a>
-shows
-a
-collection
-of
-three
-nodes
-elements
-at
-the
-end
-of
-the
-<code>
-ex:hasFruit
-</code>
-property
-element
-using
-this
-form.
-</p>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-19
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example19" class="example"><strong>Complete example of a RDF collection of nodes using <code>rdf:parseType="Collection"</code>
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example19.rdf">example19.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example19.nt">example19.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"&gt;
-</ins>
-<del class="diff-old">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/basket&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:hasFruit rdf:parseType=&quot;Collection&quot;&gt;
-      &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/banana&quot;/&gt;
-      &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/apple&quot;/&gt;
-      &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/pear&quot;/&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/basket"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:hasFruit rdf:parseType="Collection"&gt;
-      &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/banana"/&gt;
-      &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/apple"/&gt;
-      &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/pear"/&gt;
-</ins>
-    &lt;/ex:hasFruit&gt;
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Syntax-reifying" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h3 aria-level="2" role="heading" id="h3_section-Syntax-reifying">
-<span class="secno">
-2.17
-</span>
-Reifying
-Statements:
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-</h3>
-<p>
-The
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-attribute
-can
-be
-used
-on
-a
-property
-element
-to
-reify
-the
-triple
-that
-it
-generates
-(See
-<a href="#section-Reification">
-section
-7.3
-Reification
-Rules
-</a>
-for
-the
-full
-details).
-The
-identifier
-for
-the
-triple
-should
-be
-constructed
-as
-a
-IRI
-made
-from
-the
-relative
-IRI
-<code>
-#
-</code>
-concatenated
-with
-the
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-attribute
-value,
-resolved
-against
-the
-in-scope
-base
-URI.
-So
-for
-example
-if
-<code>
-<del class="diff-old">rdf:ID=&quot;triple&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">rdf:ID="triple"
-</ins>
-</code>,
-that
-would
-be
-equivalent
-to
-the
-IRI
-formed
-from
-relative
-IRI
-<code>
-#triple
-</code>
-against
-the
-base
-URI.
-Each
-(
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-attribute
-value,
-base
-URI)
-pair
-has
-to
-be
-unique
-in
-an
-RDF/XML
-document,
-see
-<a href="#constraint-id">
-constraint-id
-</a>.
-</p>
-<p>
-<a href="#example20">
-Example
-20
-</a>
-shows
-a
-<code>
-rdf:ID
-</code>
-being
-used
-to
-reify
-a
-triple
-made
-from
-the
-<code>
-ex:prop
-</code>
-property
-element
-giving
-the
-reified
-triple
-the
-IRI
-<code>
-http://example.org/triples/#triple1
-</code>.
-</p>
-<del class="diff-old"> reifying a property element
-</del>
-<div class="example">
-<div class="example-title">
-<span>
-<ins class="diff-chg">Example
-20
-</ins></span></div><pre id="example20" class="example"><strong>Complete example of <code>rdf:ID</code> reifying a property element
-(<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example20.rdf">example20.rdf</a>, output <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-syntax-grammar-20040210/example20.nt">example20.nt</a>)</strong>
-<del class="diff-old">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;
-            xmlns:ex=&quot;http://example.org/stuff/1.0/&quot;
-            xml:base=&quot;http://example.org/triples/&quot;&gt;
-  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about=&quot;http://example.org/&quot;&gt;
-    &lt;ex:prop rdf:ID=&quot;triple1&quot;&gt;blah&lt;/ex:prop&gt;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;
-&lt;rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
-            xmlns:ex="http://example.org/stuff/1.0/"
-            xml:base="http://example.org/triples/"&gt;
-  &lt;rdf:Description rdf:about="http://example.org/"&gt;
-    &lt;ex:prop rdf:ID="triple1"&gt;blah&lt;/ex:prop&gt;
-</ins>
-  &lt;/rdf:Description&gt;
-&lt;/rdf:RDF&gt;
-</pre>
-</div>
-</section>
-</section>
-<section id="section-Terminology" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#ref" rel="bibo:Chapter">
-<h2 aria-level="1" role="heading" id="h2_section-Terminology">
-<span class="secno">
-3.
-</span>
-Terminology
-</h2>
-<p>
-The
-key
-words
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">"
-</ins>
-<em class="rfc2119" title="MUST">
-MUST
-</em>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;,
-&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">",
-"
-</ins>
-<em class="rfc2119" title="MUST NOT">
-MUST
-NOT
-</em>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;,
-&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">",
-"
-</ins>
-<em class="rfc2119" title="REQUIRED">
-REQUIRED
-</em>
-<del class="diff-old">&quot;,
-&quot;
-</del>
-<ins class="diff-chg">",
-"
-</ins>
-<em class="rfc2119" title="SHALL">
-SHALL
-</em>
-<del class="diff-old">&a