merge
authorTim L <lebot@rpi.edu>
Wed, 21 Nov 2012 11:46:11 -0500
changeset 4903 b93b628a2f52
parent 4902 28aef9905f4c (current diff)
parent 4901 e0e057291361 (diff)
child 4904 6de3a4614991
merge
testcases/constraints/process.html
--- a/dc-note/Overview.html	Tue Nov 20 11:01:50 2012 -0500
+++ b/dc-note/Overview.html	Wed Nov 21 11:46:11 2012 -0500
@@ -516,14 +516,14 @@
  <div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/">
  <img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C" /></a></p>
  <h1 class="title" id="title">Dublin Core to PROV Mapping</h1><h2 id="w3c-working-draft-19-august-2012">
- <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Editor's Draft 19 August 2012</h2>
- <dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/00b0a04d7c34/dc-note/Overview.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/00b0a04d7c34/dc-note/Overview.html</a></dd>
- <dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/00b0a04d7c34/dc-note/Overview.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/00b0a04d7c34/dc-note/Overview.html</a></dd>
- <dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/00b0a04d7c34/dc-note/Overview.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/00b0a04d7c34/dc-note/Overview.html</a></dd>
+ <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Editor's Draft 28 October 2012</h2>
+ <dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/38ace4244610/dc-note/Overview.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/38ace4244610/dc-note/Overview.html</a></dd>
+ <dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/38ace4244610/dc-note/Overview.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/38ace4244610/dc-note/Overview.html</a></dd>
+ <dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/dc-note/Overview.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/dc-note/Overview.html</a></dd>
  <dt>Editors:</dt> 
-<dd><a href="http://www.bib.uni-mannheim.de/279.html">Kai Eckert</a>, Manheim University Library, Manheim, Germany</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://www.oeg-upm.net/index.php/en/phdstudents/28-dgarijo">Daniel Garijo</a></span>, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid</dd>
-<dt>Authors:</dt>
+<dd><a href="http://www.kaiec.org/">Kai Eckert</a>, Manheim University Library, Germany</dd>
+<dd><a href="http://www.oeg-upm.net/index.php/en/phdstudents/28-dgarijo">Daniel Garijo</a></span>, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain</dd>
+<dt>Contributors:</dt>
 <dd><a href="http://www.inf.kcl.ac.uk/staff/simonm">Simon Miles</a>, King's College London, UK</dd>
 <dd><span>Michael Panzer </span>OCLC Online Computer Library center, USA</dd>
 </dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr /></div>
--- a/mention/prov-mention.html	Tue Nov 20 11:01:50 2012 -0500
+++ b/mention/prov-mention.html	Wed Nov 21 11:46:11 2012 -0500
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
 >
 
 <html><head> 
-    <title>PROV-Mention</title> 
+    <title>prov-links: linking across provenance bundles</title> 
     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"> 
     <!-- 
       === NOTA BENE ===
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@
 <!-- see http://www.somacon.com/p141.php for table configuration -->
     <style type="text/css">
       .note { font-size:small; margin-left:50px }
+code {
+    color:  black !important;
+}
 
 .diamond {
     font-weight: normal;
@@ -42,8 +45,529 @@
 	border-color: gray;
 	-moz-border-radius: ;
 }
+
+/* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
+.pending {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #BFEFFF;
+}
+
+.pending::before {
+    content:    "Pending Review";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+
+
+
+.resolved {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #9BCD9B;
+}
+
+.resolved::before {
+    content:    "Resolved";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+
+.inference {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+
+.inference-example {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+/* .inference[id]::before { */
+/*     content:    "Inference: " attr(id); */
+/*     width:  380px;  /\* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) *\/ */
+/* } */
+
+
+/* .inference::before { */
+/*     content:    "Inference"; */
+/*     display:    block; */
+/*     width:  150px; */
+/*     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0; */
+/*     font-weight:    bold; */
+/*     border: 1px solid #f00; */
+/*     background: #fff; */
+/*     padding:    3px 1em; */
+/* } */
+
+.syntax {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.syntax[id]::before {
+    content:    "Syntax: " attr(id);
+    width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) */
+}
+
+
+.syntax::before {
+    content:    "Syntax";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+.unamedconstraint {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+
+.unamedconstraint::before {
+    content:    "Constraint";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+
+
+.constraint {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.constraint-example {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+/* .constraint[id]::before { */
+/*     content:    "Constraint: " attr(id); */
+/*     width:  380px;  /\* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) *\/ */
+/* } */
+
+
+/* .constraint::before { */
+/*     content:    "Constraint"; */
+/*     display:    block; */
+/*     width:  150px; */
+/*     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0; */
+/*     font-weight:    bold; */
+/*     border: 1px solid #00f; */
+/*     background: #fff; */
+/*     padding:    3px 1em; */
+/* } */
+
+
+
+.interpretation {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.interpretation[id]::before {
+    content:    "Interpretation: " attr(id);
+    width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Interpretation: " attr(id) */
+}
+
+
+.interpretation::before {
+    content:    "Interpretation";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+.definition {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #777;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.definition-example {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #777;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+/* .definition[id]::before { */
+/*     content:    "Definition: " attr(id); */
+/*     width:  380px;  */
+/* } */
+
+
+/* .definition::before { */
+/*     content:    "Definition"; */
+/*     display:    block; */
+/*     width:  150px; */
+/*     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0; */
+/*     font-weight:    bold; */
+/*     border: 1px solid #000; */
+/*     background: #fff; */
+/*     padding:    3px 1em; */
+/* } */
+
+
+.deprecatedconstraint {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.deprecatedconstraint[id]::before {
+    content:    "Deprecated: " attr(id);
+    width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Deprecatedconstraint: " attr(id) */
+}
+
+
+.deprecatedconstraint::before {
+    content:    "Deprecated";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+.glossary-ref {
+    font-style:    italic;
+}
+
+.dfn {
+    font-weight:    bold;
+}
+
+
+.attribute {
+    font-style: italic;
+}
+
+
+.conditional {
+    color: blue;
+}
+
+.grammar {
+    margin-top: 1ex;
+    margin-bottom: 1ex;
+    padding-left: 1ex;
+    padding-right: 1ex;
+    padding-top: 1ex;
+    padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
+    border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
+    font-size: 95%;
+}
+.nonterminal {
+    font-weight: bold;
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 95%;
+}
+
+.name {
+    font-family: monospace;
+}
+
+.math {
+    font-family: roman;
+    font-style:italic;
+}
+
+
+.xmpl {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.xmpl::before {
+    content:    "Example";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+/*
+.anexample[count]::before {
+    content: "Example " attr(count) ;
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+.anexample:before {
+    content: "Example:";
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+*/
+
+.anexample {
+    margin-top: 1ex;
+    margin-bottom: 1ex;
+    padding-left: 1ex;
+    padding-right: 1ex;
+    padding-top: 1ex;
+    padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
+    border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
+    background-color: #f9f9f9;
+}
+.anexample table {
+    background-color: #f9f9f9;
+}
+
+.conceptexample:before {
+    content: "Example:";
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
+.conceptexample {
+    margin-top: 1ex;
+    margin-bottom: 1ex;
+    padding-left: 1ex;
+    padding-right: 1ex;
+    padding-top: 1ex;
+    padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
+    border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
+    background-color: #f9f9f9;
+}
+
+.pnExpression {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:120%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+}
+
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="name"]:before {
+    content: "'";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="name"]:after {
+    content: "'";
+}
+
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="optional"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="optional"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")?";
+}
+
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="plus"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="plus"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")+";
+}
+
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="star"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="star"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")*";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="choice"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="choice"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="group"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="group"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")";
+}
+
+table {
+    background-color: #f9f9f9;
+}
+
+.component1-color {
+ background-color: rgba(255,42,42,0.2);
+}
+
+.component2-color {
+ background-color: rgba(0,68,170,0.2);
+}
+
+.component3-color {
+ background-color: rgba(0,170,0,0.2);
+}
+.component4-color {
+ background-color: rgba(204,255,0,0.2);
+}
+
+.component5-color {
+ background-color: rgba(11,40,40,0.2);
+}
+
+.component6-color {
+ background-color: rgba(244,105,14,0.2);
+}
+
+.interpretation-forward::before {
+    content:    "Interpretation: ";
+    font-weight:    bold;
+}
+
+.structural-forward::before {
+    content:    "Structural constraint: ";
+    font-weight:    bold;
+}
+
+
+code {
+    color:  black;
+}
+
+.ruleTitle {
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+
+
+
+.remark {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px dashed #000;
+    background: #F0F0F0;
+}
+
+.remark::before {
+    content:    "Remark";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #000;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+table.thinborder {
+	border-width: 1px;
+	border-spacing: 0px;
+	border-style: none;
+	border-color: gray;
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+}
+table.thinborder th {
+	border-width: 1px;
+	padding: 0px;
+	border-style: solid;
+	border-color: gray;
+}
+table.thinborder td {
+	border-width: 1px;
+	padding: 2px;
+	border-style: solid;
+	border-color: gray;
+}
+
+
 </style>
     <script src="../model/grammar/ll.js" class="remove"></script>
+    <script src="../model/provbib.js" class="remove"></script>
 
     <script src="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js" class="remove"></script> 
     <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js" class="remove"></script>
@@ -410,11 +934,11 @@
           specStatus:           "ED",
           
           // the specification's short name, as in http://www.w3.org/TR/short-name/
-          shortName:            "prov-mention",
+          shortName:            "prov-links",
  
           // if your specification has a subtitle that goes below the main
           // formal title, define it here
-          subtitle   :  "A single document for prov-mention related material",
+          //subtitle   :  "A single document for prov-mention related material",
 
  
           // if you wish the publication date to be other than today, set this
@@ -422,7 +946,7 @@
  
           // if the specification's copyright date is a range of years, specify
           // the start date here:
-          copyrightStart: "2011",
+          //copyrightStart: "2011",
  
           // if there is a previously published draft, uncomment this and set its YYYY-MM-DD date
           // and its maturity status
@@ -437,7 +961,7 @@
  
           // if you want to have extra CSS, append them to this list
           // it is recommended that the respec.css stylesheet be kept
-          extraCSS:             ["http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css", "../model/extra-dm.css"],
+          extraCSS:             ["http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css"],
  
           // editors, add as many as you like
           // only "name" is required
@@ -472,7 +996,7 @@
           wgPatentURI:  "http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status",
 
           // Add extraReferences to bibliography database
-          preProcess: [addExtraReferences],
+          preProcess: [addExtraReferences, addProvReferences],
 
           postProcess: [updateSectionRefs, updateDfn, updateFigures],
       };
@@ -483,55 +1007,35 @@
     <section id="abstract">
 <p>
 Provenance is information about entities, activities, and people
-involved in producing a piece of data or thing, which can be used
- to form assessments about its quality, reliability or trustworthiness.
-PROV-DM is the conceptual data model that forms a basis for the W3C
-provenance (PROV) family of specifications.
-PROV-DM distinguishes core structures, forming the essence of provenance information, from
-extended structures catering for more specific uses of provenance. 
-PROV-DM is organized in six components, respectively dealing with: 
-(1) entities and activities, and the time at which they were created, used, or ended;
-(2) derivations of entities from entities;
-(3) agents bearing responsibility for entities that were generated and activities that happened;
-(4) a notion of bundle, a mechanism to support provenance of provenance; 
-(5) properties to link entities that refer to the same thing; and,
-(6) collections forming a logical structure for its members.
+involved in producing a piece of data or thing, which can be used to
+form assessments about its quality, reliability or trustworthiness.
+Bundles, defined sets of provenance descriptions, are a mechanism by
+which provenanceof provenance can be expressed.</p>
+
+<p>
+In  applications where provenance is created by multiple parties over time, it is useful for provenance descriptions of one party to link to provenance descriptions of another party. To address this issue, this document introduces a relation allowing a description entity to be linked to another entity described in antoher bundle.
 </p>
 
-<p>This document introduces the provenance concepts found in
-PROV and defines PROV-DM types and
-relations. The PROV data model is domain-agnostic, but is equipped with
-extensibility points allowing domain-specific information to be included. </p>
-
-<p>Two further documents complete the specification of PROV-DM.
-First, a companion document specifies the set of constraints that
-provenance should follow.  Second, 
-a separate document describes a provenance notation for expressing 
-instances of provenance for human consumption; this notation is used in examples in
-this document. </p>
 
     </section> 
 
 <section id="sotd">
-<h4>Last Call</h4>
-<p>This is the fifth public release of the PROV-DM document. 
-This is a Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected to change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time for external review.</p>
-
-
-
+<h4>PROV Family of Documents</h4>
+This document is part of the PROV family of documents, a set of documents defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
+interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  These documents are:
+<ul>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/">PROV-OVERVIEW</a> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [[PROV-OVERVIEW]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/">PROV-PRIMER</a> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [[PROV-PRIMER]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/">PROV-O</a> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [[!PROV-O]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/">PROV-DM</a> (Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance [[!PROV-DM]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/">PROV-N</a> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [[!PROV-N]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a> (Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [[!PROV-CONSTRAINTS]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
+<li> Prov-mention (this document).</li>
 
-<h4>PROV Family of Specifications</h4>
-This document is part of the PROV family of specifications, a set of specifications defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
-interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  The specifications are:
-<ul>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/">PROV-DM</a>, the PROV data model for provenance (this document);</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a>, a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/">PROV-N</a>, a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [[PROV-N]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">PROV-O</a>, the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [[PROV-O]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/">PROV-AQ</a>, the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/">PROV-PRIMER</a>, a primer for the PROV data model [[PROV-PRIMER]].</li>
 </ul>
-<h4>How to read the PROV Family of Specifications</h4>
+<h4>How to read the PROV Family of Documentation</h4>
 <ul>
 <li>The primer is the entry point to PROV offering an introduction to the provenance model.</li>
 <li>The Linked Data and Semantic Web community should focus on PROV-O defining PROV classes and properties specified in an OWL2 ontology. For further details, PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS specify the constraints applicable to the data model, and its interpretation. </li>
--- a/model/diff-c.html	Tue Nov 20 11:01:50 2012 -0500
+++ b/model/diff-c.html	Wed Nov 21 11:46:11 2012 -0500
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd'>
+<!DOCTYPE html>
 <html lang="en" dir="ltr">
 <head><style type="text/css"><!--
 
@@ -25,7 +25,10 @@
      
   
 
+
+
      
+
      
     
 
@@ -33,14 +36,15 @@
     
 
      
-  <link href="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8"><style type="text/css">
-<span class="delete">/*****************************************************************
- * ReSpec CSS
- * Robin Berjon (robin at berjon dot com)
- * v0.05 - 2009-07-31
+  <style>/*****************************************************************
+ * ReSpec <span class="insert">3 </span>CSS
+ * Robin Berjon <span class="delete">(robin at berjon dot com)
+ * v0.05 </span>- <span class="delete">2009-07-31</span><span class="insert">http://berjon.com/</span>
  *****************************************************************/
 
 
+
+
 /* --- INLINES --- */
 em.rfc2119 { 
     text-transform:     lowercase;
@@ -74,21 +78,27 @@
     text-decoration:    none;
 }
 
-code {
+<span class="insert">cite .bibref {
+    font-style: normal;
+}
+
+</span>code {
     color:  #ff4500;
 }
 
 
-/* --- WEB IDL --- */
-pre.idl {
+/* --- <span class="delete">WEB IDL </span>--- */
+<span class="delete">pre.idl</span><span class="insert">ol.algorithm</span> {<span class="delete">
     border-top: 1px solid #90b8de;
     border-bottom: 1px solid #90b8de;
     padding:    1em;
     line-height:    120%;
-}
-
-pre.idl::before {
-    content:    "WebIDL";
+</span><span class="insert"> counter-reset:numsection; list-style-type: none; </span>}<span class="delete">
+
+pre.idl::before</span><span class="insert">
+ol.algorithm li</span> {
+    <span class="insert"> margin: 0.5em 0; }
+ol.algorithm li:before { font-weight: bold; counter-increment: numsection; </span>content:<span class="delete">    "WebIDL";
     display:    block;
     width:      150px;
     background: #90b8de;
@@ -283,15 +293,24 @@
     border-spacing: 0;
     border-collapse:    collapse;
     width:  100%;
-}
+</span><span class="insert"> counters(numsection, ".") ") "; </span>}
 
 /* --- TOC --- */
-.toc a {
+.toc<span class="insert"> a, .tof</span> a {
     text-decoration:    none;
 }
 
-a .secno {
-    color:  #000;
+a <span class="delete">.secno</span><span class="insert">.secno, a .figno</span> {
+    color:  #000;<span class="insert">
+}
+
+ul.tof, ol.tof {
+    list-style: none outside none;
+}
+
+.caption {
+    margin-top: 0.5em;
+    font-style:   italic;</span>
 }
 
 /* --- TABLE --- */
@@ -338,7 +357,7 @@
 
 .section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd {
     margin-bottom:  0;
-}
+}<span class="delete">
 
 /* --- EXAMPLES --- */
 pre.example {
@@ -499,7 +518,7 @@
 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_attribute { color: #006400; }
 
 
-</span>/* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
+/* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
 .pending {
     padding:    1em;
     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
@@ -1017,20 +1036,84 @@
 	border-color: gray;
 }
 
-</style><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8"></head> 
-  <body style="display: inherit;"><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a></p><h1 class="title" id="title">Constraints of the Provenance Data Model</h1><h2 id="subtitle"><a href="diff-c.html"><span class="insert">Changes</span></a><span class="insert"> since Last Call Working Draft  (LC)</span></h2><h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> 11 <span class="delete">September</span><span class="insert">December</span> 2012</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120911/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/</span></a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</a></dd><dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html</a></dd><dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120503/</span><span class="delete"> (</span><span class="delete">color-coded diffs</span><span class="delete">)</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120911/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120911/</span></a></dd><dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh</dd>
+</span>
+</style><link rel="stylesheet" href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR"></head> 
+  <body><div class="head">
+  <p>
+    
+      <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a>
+    
+  </p>
+  <h1 class="title" id="title">Constraints of the Provenance Data Model</h1>
+  
+  <h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C<span class="delete"> Working Draft</span></abbr><span class="insert"> Candidate Recommendation</span> 11 <span class="delete">September</span><span class="insert">December</span> 2012</h2>
+  <dl>
+    
+      <dt>This version:</dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/</span></a></dd>
+      <dt><span class="insert">Latest published version:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Latest editor's draft:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Test suite:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/testcases/process.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/testcases/process.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Implementation report:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Previous version:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120911/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120911/</a> <a href="diff-c.html"><span class="insert">(colored-coded diff)</span></a></dd><span class="delete">Latest published version:</span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</span><span class="delete">Latest editor's draft:</span><span class="delete">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html</span><span class="delete">Previous version:</span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-constraints-20120503/</span><span class="delete"> (</span><span class="delete">color-coded diffs</span><span class="delete">)</span>
+    
+    
+    <dt>Editors:</dt>
+    <dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/people/Paolo.Missier">Paolo Missier</a>, Newcastle University</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~lavm/">Luc Moreau</a>, University of Southampton</dd>
-<dt>Author:</dt><dd><a href="http://users.ugent.be/~tdenies/">Tom De Nies</a>, IBBT - Ghent University</dd>
-</dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2012-2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr></div> 
-
-    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
+
+
+    
+      <dt>Author:</dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://users.ugent.be/~tdenies/">Tom De Nies</a>, IBBT - Ghent University</dd>
+
+
+    
+  </dl>
+  
+  
+  
+  
+    
+      <p class="copyright">
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> ©<span class="delete"> 2012-2012 </span><span class="insert"> 
+        2012
+        
+        </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>®</sup>  
+        (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr></a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. 
+        <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and 
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.
+      </p>
+    
+  
+  <hr>
+</div> 
+
+    <section id="abstract" class="introductory"><h2>Abstract</h2>
 <p>
 Provenance is information about entities, activities, and people
 involved in producing a piece of data or thing, which can be used to
 form assessments about its quality, reliability or
 trustworthiness. PROV-DM is the conceptual data model that forms a
-basis for the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> provenance (PROV) family of specifications.
+basis for the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> provenance (PROV) family of specifications.
 
 </p>
 
@@ -1053,25 +1136,36 @@
 bundles (that is, named instances) and documents (that is, a toplevel
 instance together with zero or more bundles).</p>
 
-</div><div id="sotd" class="introductory section"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
-<span class="delete">Last Call</span><h4 id="prov-family-of-documents"><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></h4>
+</section><section id="sotd" class="introductory"><h2>Status of This Document</h2>
+  
+    
+      
+        <p>
+          <em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other 
+          documents may supersede this document. A list of current <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> publications and the latest revision 
+          of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> technical reports 
+          index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em>
+        </p>
+<span class="delete">Last Call</span>
+        
+<h4 id="prov-family-of-documents"><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></h4>
 This <span class="insert">document </span>is <span class="delete">the second public release of the PROV-CONSTRAINTS document. 
-This is</span><span class="insert">part of the PROV family of documents,</span> a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected</span><span class="insert">set of documents defining various aspects that are necessary</span> to <span class="delete">change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time</span><span class="insert">achieve the vision of inter-operable
-interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  These documents are:
+This is</span><span class="insert">part of the PROV family of documents,</span> a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected</span><span class="insert">set of documents defining various aspects that are necessary</span> to <span class="delete">change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time for external review.</span>
+
+<span class="delete">This specification identifies</span><span class="insert">achieve the vision of inter-operable
+interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.</span>  <span class="delete">features at
+risk</span><span class="delete"> related to the at-risk Mention feature of</span><span class="insert">These documents are:
 </span><ul>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), a primer</span> for <span class="delete">external review.</span>
-
-<span class="delete">This specification identifies  </span><span class="delete">features at
-risk</span><span class="delete"> related</span><span class="insert">the PROV data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV</span> to <span class="delete">the at-risk Mention feature of</span><span class="insert">RDF [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-DM</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance</span> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite><span class="delete">]:
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents</span> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/">PROV-DM</a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">PROV-DM</span></a></cite><span class="delete">]:
 </span><span class="delete">Inference 22 (mention-specialization-inference)</span><span class="delete"> and
 </span><span class="delete">Constraint 31 (unique-mention)</span><span class="delete">.
 These might be removed from PROV-CONSTRAINTS.</span>
 
 <span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a><span class="insert">
 (Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to the </span>PROV <span class="delete">Family of Specifications</span><span class="delete">
 This document is part of the PROV family of specifications, a set of specifications defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
@@ -1080,8 +1174,8 @@
  <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="delete">, the PROV </span>data model<span class="delete"> for provenance;</span>
  <span class="delete">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span><span class="delete">, a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model  </span>
 (this document);</li>
-<li> <span class="delete">PROV-N</span><span class="delete">, a notation</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), the mechanisms</span> for <span class="insert">accessing and querying </span>provenance <span class="delete">aimed at human consumption;</span><span class="insert">[</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]; </span></li>
-<li> <span class="delete">PROV-O</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),  an XML schema for</span> the PROV <span class="delete">ontology,</span><span class="insert">data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].</span></li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-N</span><span class="delete">, a notation</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), the mechanisms</span> for <span class="insert">accessing and querying </span>provenance <span class="delete">aimed at human consumption;</span><span class="insert">[</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]; </span></li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-O</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),  an XML schema for</span> the PROV <span class="delete">ontology,</span><span class="insert">data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].</span></li>
 
 </ul>
 <h4 id="how-to-read-the-prov-family-of-documentation"><span class="insert">How to read the PROV Family of Documentation</span></h4>
@@ -1104,27 +1198,78 @@
 should focus on PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS.  PROV-O and PROV-N offer examples of mapping to RDF and text, respectively.</li>
 </ul>
 
-<p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft.</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.</span> This document is intended to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a> (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>). <span class="delete">The Last Call period ends 10 October</span><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></acronym><span class="insert"> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than 31 January</span> 2012. All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.<span class="delete">This is a Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</span></p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
-</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities--activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#validation-process-overview-1" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">4. </span></span><span class="insert">Basic concepts</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.</span><span class="insert">5.</span> </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.1</span><span class="insert">5.1</span> </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.2</span><span class="insert">5.2</span> </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.3</span><span class="insert">5.3</span> </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.4</span><span class="insert">5.4</span> </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.5</span><span class="insert">5.5</span> </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.1</span><span class="insert">6.1</span> </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2</span><span class="insert">6.2</span> </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.1</span><span class="insert">6.2.1</span> </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.2</span><span class="insert">6.2.2</span> </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.3</span><span class="insert">6.2.3</span> </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.3</span><span class="insert">6.3</span> </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.4</span><span class="insert">6.4</span> </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.1</span><span class="insert">7.1</span> </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">7.</span><span class="insert">8.</span> </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-last-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-    <div id="introduction" class="section"> 
+
+
+
+        <p>
+          This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. </span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.
+          
+            </span>This document is intended to become a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation. 
+          
+          If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to  
+          <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a>  
+          (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, 
+          <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>).<span class="delete"> The Last Call period ends 10 October</span>
+          
+          
+            <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert"> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed
+            to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This
+            Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than
+            31 January</span> 2012. 
+          
+          All feedback is welcome.
+        </p>
+        
+          <p>
+            Publication as a <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> does not imply endorsement by the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Membership. 
+            This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at  
+            any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.
+          </p>
+        
+        
+        <p>
+          
+            This <span class="delete">is</span><span class="insert">document was produced by</span> a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</span><span class="delete">This document was produced by a </span>group operating under the  
+            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>. 
+          
+          
+          
+            
+              <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a>  
+            
+            made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for  
+            disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains 
+            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the 
+            information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 
+            6 of the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>.
+          
+          
+        </p>
+        
+      
+    
+  
+</section><section id="toc"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
+</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#validation-process-overview-1" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">4. </span></span><span class="insert">Basic concepts</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.</span><span class="insert">5.</span> </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.1</span><span class="insert">5.1</span> </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.2</span><span class="insert">5.2</span> </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.3</span><span class="insert">5.3</span> </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.4</span><span class="insert">5.4</span> </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.5</span><span class="insert">5.5</span> </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.1</span><span class="insert">6.1</span> </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2</span><span class="insert">6.2</span> </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.1</span><span class="insert">6.2.1</span> </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.2</span><span class="insert">6.2.2</span> </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.3</span><span class="insert">6.2.3</span> </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.3</span><span class="insert">6.3</span> </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.4</span><span class="insert">6.4</span> </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.1</span><span class="insert">7.1</span> </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">7.</span><span class="insert">8.</span> </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-last-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+    <section id="introduction"> 
       <h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
 </h2> 
 
 <p>
 Provenance is a record that describes the people, institutions, entities, and activities involved in producing, influencing, or delivering a piece of data or a thing.
 This document complements
-  the PROV-DM specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] that defines a data model for
+  the PROV-DM specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] that defines a data model for
   provenance on the Web.  <span class="insert"> This document defines a form of validation for provenance. </span></p>
 
 
 
-    <div id="conventions" class="section"> 
+    <section id="conventions"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</h3>
 
 
@@ -1133,7 +1278,7 @@
       not">shall
       not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>",  "<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>", and
       "<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
-      [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
+      [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
 
 <p>In this document, logical formulas contain variables written as
     lower-case identifiers.  Some of these variables are written
@@ -1141,10 +1286,10 @@
     appear only once in the formula.  Such variables are
     provided merely as an aid to the reader.  </p>
 
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="purpose" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="purpose">
 
 <h3><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</h3>
 
@@ -1156,16 +1301,16 @@
 </span>together with zero or more <a>bundles</a>, or named <span class="delete">sets of
 statements.</span><span class="insert">instances.</span>  For
 example, a PROV document could be a .provn document, the result
-of a query, a triple store containing PROV statements in RDF, etc.<span class="delete">
-A PROV </span><span class="delete">instance</span><span class="delete"> is a set of PROV statements.</span>
-The
-PROV-DM specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] imposes minimal requirements upon
+of a query, a triple store containing PROV statements in RDF, etc.
+<span class="delete">A PROV </span><span class="delete">instance</span><span class="delete"> is a set of PROV statements.
+</span>The
+PROV-DM specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] imposes minimal requirements upon
 PROV instances. A <a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN">valid</a> PROV instance corresponds to a
 consistent history of objects and interactions to which logical
 reasoning can be safely applied. <span class="delete">By default, </span>PROV instances need not
 be <a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN">valid</a>.  <span class="insert">
 The term </span><a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">valid</span></a><span class="insert"> is chosen by analogy with
-notions of validity in other </span><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></acronym><span class="insert"> specifications. This
+notions of validity in other </span><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert"> specifications. This
 terminology differs from the usual meaning of "validity" in logic;
 our notion of validity of a PROV instance/document is closer to
 logical "consistency".
@@ -1181,8 +1326,8 @@
 constraints</em>.
 Further discussion
 of the semantics of PROV statements, which justifies the definitions, inferences
-and constraints,<span class="insert"> and relates the procedural specification approach
-taken here to a declarative specification,</span> can be found in the formal semantics [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>].
+and constraints, <span class="insert">and relates the procedural specification approach
+taken here to a declarative specification, </span>can be found in the formal semantics [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>].
 </p>
 
 <p>We define validity and equivalence in terms of a
@@ -1224,8 +1369,9 @@
 or digital signing, have good reasons to treat syntactically
 different, but equivalent, documents differently.</span>
 </p>
-</div>
-<div id="structure-of-this-document" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="structure-of-this-document">
 <h3><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</h3>
 
 <p><a href="#rationale">Section 2</a> gives a brief rationale
@@ -1239,7 +1385,7 @@
 <a href="#concepts"><span class="insert">Section 4</span></a><span class="insert"> defines basic concepts used in the
 rest of the specification.  </span></p>
 
-<p> <a href="#inferences">Section <span class="delete">4</span><span class="insert">5</span></a> presents definitions and inferences.  Definitions allow replacing shorthand notation in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>]
+<p> <a href="#inferences">Section <span class="delete">4</span><span class="insert">5</span></a> presents definitions and inferences.  Definitions allow replacing shorthand notation in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>]
 with more explicit and complete statements; inferences allow adding
 new facts representing implicit knowledge about the structure of
 provenance.  </p>
@@ -1261,11 +1407,12 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-<div id="audience" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="audience">
 <h3><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </h3>
 
-<p> The audience for this document is the same as for [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]: developers
+<p> The audience for this document is the same as for [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]: developers
 and users who wish to create, process, share or integrate provenance
 records on the (Semantic) Web.  Not all PROV-compliant applications
 need to perform inferences or check validity when processing provenance.
@@ -1274,21 +1421,22 @@
 applications by ruling out nonsensical or inconsistent information.
 </p>
 
-<p>This document assumes familiarity with [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and employs the
-[<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>] notation.
+<p>This document assumes familiarity with [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and employs the
+[<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>] notation.
 </p>
 
-</div>
-</div>
-
-<div id="rationale" class="informative section">
+
+</section>
+</section>
+
+<section id="rationale" class="informative">
 <h2><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
 <p> This section gives a high-level rationale that provides some
   further background for the constraints, but does not affect the
 technical content of the rest of the specification.</p>
 
-<div id="entities--activities-and-agents" class="section">
-<h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</h3>
+<section id="entities-activities-and-agents">
+<h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</h3><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 <p>
 One of the central challenges in representing provenance information
 is how to deal with change.  Real-world objects, information objects
@@ -1369,11 +1517,12 @@
 contrast, an activity is something that occurs, happens, unfolds, or
 develops through time.  This
 distinction is similar to the distinction between 'continuant' and
-'occurrent' in logic [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
-
-
-</div>
-<div id="events" class="section">
+'occurrent' in logic [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
+
+
+
+</section>
+<section id="events">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</h3>
 
 <p> Although time is important for provenance, provenance can be used
@@ -1389,7 +1538,7 @@
 transitions in the world.  Events include generation, usage, or
 invalidation of entities, as well as start or end of activities.  This
 notion of event is not first-class in the data model, but it is useful
-for explaining its other concepts and its semantics [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>].
+for explaining its other concepts and its semantics [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>].
 Thus, events help justify  <i>inferences</i> on provenance as well as
 <i>validity</i> constraints indicating when provenance is
   self-consistent.
@@ -1426,9 +1575,9 @@
 cessation of an entity, after which the entity is  no longer available
 for use.  The entity no longer exists after this event.</p>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="typing-section" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="typing-section">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</h3>
 
 <p> As set out in other specifications, the identifiers used in PROV
@@ -1632,16 +1781,17 @@
  </tbody></table>
     </div>
 
-</div>
-<div id="validation-process-overview-1" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="validation-process-overview-1">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</h3>
 
 
     <p>
   This section collects common concepts and operations that are used
   throughout the specification, and relates them to background
-  terminology and ideas from logic [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>], constraint programming
-  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-CHR">CHR</a></cite>], and database constraints [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  This section
+  terminology and ideas from logic [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>], constraint programming
+  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-CHR">CHR</a></cite>], and database constraints [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  This section
   does not attempt to provide a complete introduction to these topics,
   but it is provided in order to aid readers familiar with one or more
   of these topics in understanding the specification, and to clarify
@@ -1662,21 +1812,21 @@
 implementers, while the procedural approach adopted here immediately demonstrates
 implementability and provides an adequate (polynomial-time) default implementation.  In
 this section we relate the declarative meaning of formulas to their
-procedural meaning.  [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-SEM"><span class="insert">PROV-SEM</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] will provide an alternative,
+procedural meaning.  [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM"><span class="insert">PROV-SEM</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] will provide an alternative,
 declarative characterization of validity and equivalence which could
 be used as a starting point for other implementation strategies.  </span></p>
 
 
  
- <h4 id="constants--variables-and-placeholders">Constants, Variables and Placeholders</h4>
+ <h3 id="constants-variables-and-placeholders">Constants, Variables and Placeholders</h3>
   <p>
   PROV statements involve identifiers, literals, 
-  placeholders, and attribute lists.  Identifiers are, according to PROV-N, expressed as <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">qualified names</a> which can be mapped to URIs [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-IRI">IRI</a></cite>].
+  placeholders, and attribute lists.  Identifiers are, according to PROV-N, expressed as <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">qualified names</a> which can be mapped to URIs [<cite><span class="delete">IRI</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987"><span class="insert">RFC3987</span></a></cite>].
   However, in order to specify
   constraints over PROV instances, we also need <em>variables</em>
   that represent unknown identifiers, literals, or placeholders.
   These variables are similar to those in first-order
-  logic [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].  A variable is a symbol that can be replaced by
+  logic [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].  A variable is a symbol that can be replaced by
   other symbols, including either other variables or constant
   identifiers, literals, or placeholders.  In a few special cases, we
   also use variables for unknown attribute lists. 
@@ -1705,7 +1855,7 @@
 </p>
 
   
- <h4 id="substitution-1">Substitution</h4>
+ <h4 id="substitution-1">Substitution</h4><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 <p>A <em>substitution</em> is a function that maps variables to terms. Concretely, since we only
   need to consider substitutions of finite sets of variables, we can
   write substitutions as <span class="math">[x<sub>1</sub> = t<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>=t<sub>n</sub>]</span>.  A substitution
@@ -1762,7 +1912,7 @@
   specification can also be viewed as logical formulas, built up out
   of atomic formulas, logical connectives "and" (∧), "implies" (⇒),
   and quantifiers "for all" (∀) and "there exists" (∃).  For more
-  background on logical formulas, see a logic textbook such as [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
+  background on logical formulas, see a logic textbook such as [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
 <ul>
   <li>
   A definition of the form <span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
@@ -1782,7 +1932,7 @@
   </ul>
 
 
- <h4 id="satisfying-definitions--inferences--and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h4 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
   <p>
   In logic, a formula's meaning is defined by saying when it is
   <em>satisfied</em>.  We can view
@@ -1849,7 +1999,7 @@
 
   
 
- <h4 id="applying-definitions--inferences--and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h4 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
 <p>Formulas can also be interpreted as having computational
   content.  That is, if an instance does not satisfy a formula, we can
   often <em>apply</em> the formula to the instance to produce another
@@ -1907,8 +2057,8 @@
   The process of applying definitions, inferences, and constraints
   to a PROV instance until all of them are satisfied is similar to
   what is sometimes 
-  called <em>chasing</em> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] or <em>saturation</em>
-  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-CHR">CHR</a></cite>].  We call this process <em>normalization</em>.
+  called <em>chasing</em> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] or <em>saturation</em>
+  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-CHR">CHR</a></cite>].  We call this process <em>normalization</em>.
   </p>
   <p><span class="insert">
   Although this specification outlines one particular way of
@@ -1916,7 +2066,7 @@
   normalization, implementations can use any other equivalent
   algorithm.  The logical formulas corresponding to the definitions,
   inferences, and constraints outlined above (and further elaborated
-  in [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-SEM"><span class="insert">PROV-SEM</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]) provides an equivalent specification, and any
+  in [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM"><span class="insert">PROV-SEM</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]) provides an equivalent specification, and any
   implementation that correctly checks validity and equivalence (whether it performs normalization or not) complies
   with this specification.</span>
   </p>
@@ -1936,7 +2086,7 @@
   guaranteed because the definitions, inferences and uniqueness/key
   constraints correspond to a <em>weakly acyclic</em> set of
   tuple-generating and equality-generating dependencies, in the
-  terminology of [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  The termination of the remaining
+  terminology of [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  The termination of the remaining
   ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints is easy to show.  <a href="#termination">Appendix
   <span class="delete">C</span><span class="insert">A</span></a> gives a proof that the definitions, inferences, and uniqueness
   and key constraints are weakly acyclic and therefore terminating.
@@ -1977,7 +2127,7 @@
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-1-overview-of-the-validation-process">
 <img src="images/constraints/prov-c.graffle.svg/overview.svg" alt="validation process overview">
 <br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="validation-process-overview">Figure 1<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#validation-process-overview"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> Overview of the Validation Process</span>
@@ -1985,7 +2135,7 @@
 </div>
 
 
- <h4 id="checking-ordering--typing--and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h4>
+ <h4 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h4>
   <p>
   The ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints are checked
   rather than applied.  This means that they do not generate new
@@ -2133,9 +2283,9 @@
 property than requiring that there be a single isomorphism that works
 for all of the corresponding instances.
 </p>
-</div>
-
-<div id="summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="summary-of-inferences-and-constraints">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</h3>
 
 <p><a href="">Table 2</a> summarizes the inferences, and
@@ -2357,12 +2507,12 @@
 
 <tr class="component4-color">
 	<td><a title="bundle">Bundle constructor</a></td>
-	<td>No specific constraints; see <a href="#bundle-constraints" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> Bundles and Documents</a></td>
+	<td>No specific constraints; see <a href="#bundle-constraints" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> Bundles and Documents</a></td>
 	<td rowspan="2" style="text-align: center; "><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/#component4" title="Component 4: Bundles">4</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr class="component4-color">
 	<td class="provType"><a title="bundle">Bundle type</a></td>
-	<td> No specific constraints; see <a href="#bundle-constraints" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> Bundles and Documents</a>
+	<td> No specific constraints; see <a href="#bundle-constraints" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> Bundles and Documents</a>
         </td>
 </tr>
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
@@ -2413,35 +2563,35 @@
 </div>
 
   
-</div>
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="compliance" class="section">
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="compliance">
 <h2><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</h2>
 
 <p>
   For the purpose of compliance, the normative sections of this document
-  are <a href="#compliance" class="sectionRef">section 3. Compliance with this document</a>, 
-<a href="#concepts" class="sectionRef"><span class="insert">section 4. Basic concepts</span></a><span class="insert">,
-</span><a href="#inferences" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">4.</span><span class="insert">5.</span> Definitions and Inferences</a>, 
-<a href="#constraints" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> Constraints</a>, and 
-<a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>.  
+  are <a href="#compliance" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section 3. Compliance with this document</a>, 
+<a href="#concepts" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section 4. <span class="insert">Basic concepts</span></a><span class="insert">,
+</span><a href="#inferences" class="sectionRef sec-ref"><span class="insert">section 5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a>, 
+<a href="#constraints" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> Constraints</a>, and 
+<a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>.  
 
 
  To be compliant:
   </p><ol><li>When processing provenance, an
-    application <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> apply the inferences and definitions in <a href="#inferences" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">4.</span><span class="insert">5.</span> Definitions and Inferences</a>.</li>
+    application <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> apply the inferences and definitions in <a href="#inferences" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">4.</span><span class="insert">5.</span> Definitions and Inferences</a>.</li>
    <li>If determining whether a PROV instance or document is <a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN">valid</a>, an
     application <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> <span class="delete">check that</span><span class="insert">determine whether</span> all of the
-    constraints of <a href="#constraints" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> Constraints</a> are
+    constraints of <a href="#constraints" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> Constraints</a> are
   satisfied   on 
   the <a href="#dfn-normal-form" class="internalDFN">normal form</a> of the instance or document.  </li>
    <li> If producing provenance meant for other applications to
-    use, the application <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> produce <a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN">valid</a> provenance, as specified in <a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>. </li>
+    use, the application <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> produce <a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN">valid</a> provenance, as specified in <a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>. </li>
     <li>If determining whether two PROV instances or documents are
   <a href="#dfn-equivalent" class="internalDFN">equivalent</a>, an application <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> determine whether their
-  normal forms are equal, as specified in <a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>.
+  normal forms are equal, as specified in <a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>.
   </li></ol>
 
   <p><span class="delete">Compliant </span><span class="insert">This specification defines validity and equivalence procedurally
@@ -2469,14 +2619,14 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
+
 
  
 
 
-
-
- <div id="concepts" class="section">
+</section>
+
+ <section id="concepts">
   <h2><span class="secno">4. </span><span class="insert">Basic concepts</span></h2>
 
   <p><span class="insert">This section specifies the key concepts of terms, statements, instances, substitution,
@@ -2486,7 +2636,7 @@
 
   <p><span class="insert">Many PROV relation statements have an identifier, identifying a
   link between two or more related objects.  Identifiers can sometimes
-  be omitted in [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] notation.  For the purpose of inference and
+  be omitted in [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] notation.  For the purpose of inference and
   validity checking, we generate special identifiers called
   </span><dfn id="dfn-variables"><span class="insert">variables</span></dfn><span class="insert"> denoting the unknown values.
   Generally, identifiers occurring in constraints and inferences are
@@ -2580,13 +2730,13 @@
   </span><span class="math"><span class="insert">S(I) = I'</span></span><span class="insert">.</span></p>
 
 
-</div>
-<div id="inferences" class="section">
+</section>
+<section id="inferences">
 <h2><span class="secno"><span class="insert">5. </span></span>Definitions and Inferences</h2>
 <p>
 This section  describes <a title="definition" href="#definition" class="internalDFN">definitions</a> and <a title="inference" href="#inference" class="internalDFN">inferences</a> that <em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em> be used on
   provenance data, and <span class="insert">that </span>preserve <a>equivalence</a> on <a href="#dfn-valid" class="internalDFN">valid</a>
-PROV instances (as detailed in <a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>).
+PROV instances (as detailed in <a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="sectionRef sec-ref">section <span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a>).
 A <dfn id="definition">definition</dfn> is a rule that can be applied to
   PROV instances to replace defined <span class="delete">expressions</span><span class="insert">statements</span> with <span class="delete">definitions.</span><span class="insert">other statements.</span> An  <dfn id="inference">inference</dfn> is a rule that can be applied
   to PROV instances to add new PROV statements.  A definition states that a
@@ -2644,18 +2794,19 @@
   generating fresh identifiers <span class="name">a<sub>1</sub></span>,...,<span class="name">a<sub>m</sub></span> for the existential variables.  These fresh
   identifiers might later be found to be equal to known identifiers;
   they play a similar role in PROV constraints to existential
-  variables in <span class="delete">logic, to "labeled nulls" in</span><span class="insert">logic [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Logic"><span class="insert">Logic</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] or</span> database theory
-  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite><span class="delete">],  or</span><span class="insert">].
+  variables in <span class="delete">logic, to "labeled nulls" in database theory
+  </span><span class="insert">logic </span>[<cite><span class="delete">DBCONSTRAINTS</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic"><span class="insert">Logic</span></a></cite><span class="delete">],  </span><span class="insert">] </span>or <span class="delete">to blank nodes in </span><span class="insert">database theory
+  </span>[<cite><span class="delete">RDF</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">DBCONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].
   
-  In general, omitted optional parameters</span> to<span class="delete"> blank nodes in </span>
-  [<cite><span class="delete">RDF</span><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] statements, or explicit </span><span class="name"><span class="insert">-</span></span><span class="insert">
+  In general, omitted optional parameters to
+  [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">] statements, or explicit </span><span class="name"><span class="insert">-</span></span><span class="insert">
   markers, are placeholders for existentially quantified variables;
   that is, they denote unknown values.  There are a few exceptions to
   this general rule, which are specified in </span><a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-placeholders"><span><span class="insert">Definition 4 (optional-placeholders)</span></span></a><span class="insert">.</span></p>
 
 <p><span class="insert"> Definitions and inferences can be viewed as logical formulas;
-  similar formalisms are often used in rule-based reasoning [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-CHR"><span class="insert">CHR</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]
-  and in databases [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">DBCONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite>].  In <span class="delete">general, omitted optional parameters to
+  similar formalisms are often used in rule-based reasoning [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-CHR"><span class="insert">CHR</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]
+  and in databases [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">DBCONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite>].  In <span class="delete">general, omitted optional parameters to
   [</span><span class="delete">PROV-N</span><span class="delete">] statements, or explicit </span><span class="delete">-</span><span class="delete">
   markers, are placeholders for existentially quantified variables;
   that is, they denote unknown values.  There are a few exceptions to
@@ -2686,7 +2837,7 @@
 	as an ordered list, the scope of the variables in each rule is at the level of list elements, and so reuse of 
 	variable names in different rules does not affect the meaning.
 </p>
-<div id="optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="section">
+<section id="optional-identifiers-and-attributes">
   <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.1</span><span class="insert">5.1</span> </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</h3>
 
   <span class="delete">Many PROV relation statements have an identifier, identifying a
@@ -2825,7 +2976,7 @@
 
 
 <p id="optional-placeholders_text">Finally,  most optional parameters (written <span class="name">-</span>) are, for the purpose of this document,
-  considered to be distinct, fresh existential variables.  Optional parameters are defined in  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>] for each type of PROV statement.
+  considered to be distinct, fresh existential variables.  Optional parameters are defined in  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>] for each type of PROV statement.
   Thus,
   before proceeding to apply other definitions or inferences, most
   occurrences of <span class="name">-</span> are to be replaced
@@ -2980,9 +3131,9 @@
 
  <p>Let us consider a system, in which a derivation is underpinned by multiple activities. Conceptually, one could also model such a system with a new activity that encompasses the two original activities and underpins the derivation.   The inferences defined in this specification do not allow the latter modelling to be inferred from the former. Hence, the two  modellings of the same system are regarded as different in the context of this specification.</p>
     </div>
-</div>
+</section>
     
-<div id="entities-and-activities" class="section">
+<section id="entities-and-activities">
   <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.2</span><span class="insert">5.2</span> </span>Entities and Activities</h3>
 
 
@@ -3031,7 +3182,7 @@
     information) it is impossible for <span class="name">a3</span> to have used an entity generated by <span class="name">a1</span>. This is illustrated in <a href="#counterexample-wasInformedBy">Figure 2</a>.</p>
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-2-counter-example-for-transitivity-of-wasinformedby">
 <img src="images/constraints/informedByNonTransitive.png" alt="non transitivity of wasInformedBy">
 <br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="counterexample-wasInformedBy">Figure 2<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#counterexample-wasInformedBy"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> Counter-example for transitivity of wasInformedBy</span>
@@ -3107,9 +3258,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
- <div id="derivations" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+ <section id="derivations"> 
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.3</span><span class="insert">5.3</span> </span>Derivations</h3>
 
 
@@ -3149,10 +3300,10 @@
   There is no inference stating that <span class="name">wasDerivedFrom</span> is
   transitive.  
   </div>
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="agents" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="agents">
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.4</span><span class="insert">5.4</span> </span>Agents</h3>
 
 <p id="attribution-inference_text"> Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.  An
@@ -3184,7 +3335,7 @@
   merged </span><span class="insert"> unified
 </span>with a constant identifier, another existential variable, or a
   placeholder <span class="name">-</span>, as explained
-  in the definition of <span class="delete">merging</span><a href="#dfn-unification" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">unification</span></a>.
+  in the definition of <span class="delete">merging</span><a><span class="insert">unification</span></a>.
   </div>
 <hr>
 <p id="delegation-inference_text"> Delegation relates agents where one agent acts on behalf of
@@ -3214,7 +3365,7 @@
   <span class="name">_pl1</span> and <span class="name">_pl2</span>
   can be replaced with constant identifiers, existential variables, or
   placeholders <span class="name">-</span> independently, as explained
-  in the definition of <span class="delete">merging</span><a href="#dfn-unification" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">unification</span></a>.
+  in the definition of <span class="delete">merging</span><a><span class="insert">unification</span></a>.
   </div>
 
 <hr>
@@ -3268,11 +3419,11 @@
   specific relationship.
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-
-
- <div id="alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+ <section id="alternate-and-specialized-entities"> 
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">4.5</span><span class="insert">5.5</span> </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</h3>
 
 
@@ -3378,17 +3529,17 @@
 
   
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="constraints" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="constraints">
 <h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.</span><span class="insert">6.</span> </span>Constraints</h2>
 
 
@@ -3423,7 +3574,7 @@
 	as an ordered list, the scope of the variables in each rule is at the level of list elements, and so reuse of 
 	variable names in different rules does not affect the meaning.
 </p>
-  <div id="uniqueness-constraints" class="section">
+  <section id="uniqueness-constraints">
 
 
  
@@ -3764,9 +3915,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>  
-
-<div id="event-ordering-constraints" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+<section id="event-ordering-constraints">
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2</span><span class="insert">6.2</span> </span>Event Ordering Constraints</h3>
 
 
@@ -3784,7 +3935,7 @@
 
 
 <p>To allow for minimalistic clock assumptions, like Lamport
-[<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-CLOCK">CLOCK</a></cite>], PROV relies on a notion of relative ordering of <a title="instantaneous event" href="#dfn-event" class="internalDFN">instantaneous events</a>,
+[<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-CLOCK">CLOCK</a></cite>], PROV relies on a notion of relative ordering of <a title="instantaneous event" href="#dfn-event" class="internalDFN">instantaneous events</a>,
 without using physical clocks. This specification assumes that a <a href="#dfn-preorder" class="internalDFN">preorder</a> exists between <a title="instantaneous event" href="#dfn-event" class="internalDFN">instantaneous events</a>.
 </p>
 
@@ -3839,7 +3990,7 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="activity-constraints" class="section">
+<section id="activity-constraints">
 <h4><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.1</span><span class="insert">6.2.1</span> </span>Activity constraints</h4>
 
 <p>
@@ -3854,7 +4005,7 @@
 start and endpoints of its lifetime.
 </p>
 
-<p><a href="#ordering-activity">Figure 3</a> summarizes the ordering
+<p><a href="#ordering-activity" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a> summarizes the ordering
   constraints on activities in a
 graphical manner. For this and subsequent figures, an event time line points to the
 right. Activities are represented by rectangles, whereas entities are
@@ -3893,7 +4044,7 @@
 The existence of an activity implies that the <a href="#dfn-start-event" class="internalDFN">activity start
 event</a> always <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a> the corresponding <a href="#dfn-end-event" class="internalDFN">activity end
 event</a>.  This is illustrated by
-<a href="#ordering-activity">Figure 3</a>
+<a href="#ordering-activity" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a>
 (a) and expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#start-precedes-end"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">32</span><span class="insert">30</span> (start-precedes-end)</span></a>.</p>
 
 <div class="constraint" id="start-precedes-end"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#start-precedes-end">Constraint <span class="delete">32</span><span class="insert">30</span> (start-precedes-end)</a></div>
@@ -3957,7 +4108,7 @@
 <hr>
 
 <p id="usage-within-activity_text">A usage implies ordering of <a title="instantaneous event" href="#dfn-event" class="internalDFN">events</a>, since the <a title="entity usage event" href="#dfn-usage-event" class="internalDFN">usage event</a> had to occur during the associated activity. This is
-illustrated by <a href="#ordering-activity">Figure 3</a> (b) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#usage-within-activity"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">35</span><span class="insert">33</span> (usage-within-activity)</span></a>.</p>
+illustrated by <a href="#ordering-activity" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a> (b) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#usage-within-activity"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">35</span><span class="insert">33</span> (usage-within-activity)</span></a>.</p>
 
 <div class="constraint" id="usage-within-activity"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#usage-within-activity">Constraint <span class="delete">35</span><span class="insert">33</span> (usage-within-activity)</a></div>
 <ol>
@@ -3990,7 +4141,7 @@
 
 
 <p id="generation-within-activity_text">A generation implies ordering of <a title="instantaneous event" href="#dfn-event" class="internalDFN">events</a>, since the <a title="entity generation event" href="#dfn-generation-event" class="internalDFN">generation event</a> had to occur during the associated activity. This is
-illustrated by <a href="#ordering-activity">Figure 3</a> (c) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#generation-within-activity"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">36</span><span class="insert">34</span> (generation-within-activity)</span></a>.</p> 
+illustrated by <a href="#ordering-activity" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a> (c) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#generation-within-activity"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">36</span><span class="insert">34</span> (generation-within-activity)</span></a>.</p> 
 
 <div class="constraint" id="generation-within-activity"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#generation-within-activity">Constraint <span class="delete">36</span><span class="insert">34</span> (generation-within-activity)</a></div>
    <ol>
@@ -4028,7 +4179,7 @@
 implies that the start event of <span class="name">a1</span> cannot
 follow the end event of <span class="name">a2</span>. This is
 illustrated by
-<a href="#ordering-activity">Figure 3</a>
+<a href="#ordering-activity" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a>
 (d) and expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#wasInformedBy-ordering"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">37</span><span class="insert">35</span> (wasInformedBy-ordering)</span></a>.</p>
 
 <div class="constraint" id="wasInformedBy-ordering"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#wasInformedBy-ordering">Constraint <span class="delete">37</span><span class="insert">35</span> (wasInformedBy-ordering)</a></div>
@@ -4049,25 +4200,29 @@
 
 
 
-</p></div>
-
-<div id="entity-constraints" class="section">
+</p></section>
+
+<section id="entity-constraints">
 <h4><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.2</span><span class="insert">6.2.2</span> </span> Entity constraints</h4>
 
 
-<span class="delete">The figure(s) in this section should have vertical lines with visual styles that match the diagonal arrow that they go with. </span>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<p>
+
+
+
+
+
+<p><span class="insert">
+As with activities, entities have lifetimes: they are generated, then
+can be used, other entities can be derived from them, and finally they
+can be invalidated. </span>The <span class="delete">figure(s)</span><span class="insert">constraints on these events are
+illustrated graphically</span> in <span class="delete">this section should have vertical lines with visual styles that match the diagonal arrow that they go with. </span>
+
+<span class="delete">
 As with activities, entities have lifetimes: they are generated, then
 can be used, other entities can be derived from them, and finally they
 can be invalidated. The constraints on these events are
-illustrated graphically in <a href="#ordering-entity">Figure 4</a> and
-<a href="#ordering-entity-trigger">Figure 5</a>.
+illustrated graphically in </span><a href="#ordering-entity" class="fig-ref">Figure 4</a> and
+<a href="#ordering-entity-trigger" class="fig-ref">Figure 5</a>.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -4110,7 +4265,7 @@
 <p id="generation-precedes-usage_text"> 
 A usage and a generation for a given entity implies ordering of <a title="instantaneous event" href="#dfn-event" class="internalDFN">events</a>, since the <a title="entity generation
 event" href="#dfn-generation-event" class="internalDFN">generation event</a> had to precede the <a title="entity usage event" href="#dfn-usage-event" class="internalDFN">usage event</a>. This is
-illustrated by <a href="#ordering-entity">Figure 4</a>(a) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#generation-precedes-usage"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">39</span><span class="insert">37</span> (generation-precedes-usage)</span></a>.</p>
+illustrated by <a href="#ordering-entity" class="fig-ref">Figure 4</a>(a) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#generation-precedes-usage"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">39</span><span class="insert">37</span> (generation-precedes-usage)</span></a>.</p>
 
 <div class="constraint" id="generation-precedes-usage"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#generation-precedes-usage">Constraint <span class="delete">39</span><span class="insert">37</span> (generation-precedes-usage)</a></div>
 <p>  <span class="conditional">IF</span>
@@ -4239,7 +4394,7 @@
 <div class="remark">
   <p>This constraint requires the derived
     entity to be generated strictly following the generation of the
-    original entity. This follows from the [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] definition of
+    original entity. This follows from the [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] definition of
     derivation: <em>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into
     another, an update of an entity resulting in a new one, or the
     construction of a new entity based on a pre-existing entity</em>, thus
@@ -4255,7 +4410,7 @@
 <p id="wasStartedBy-ordering_text">
 The entity that triggered the start of an activity must exist before the activity starts.
 This is
-illustrated by <a href="#ordering-entity-trigger">Figure 5</a>(a) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#wasStartedBy-ordering"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">45</span><span class="insert">43</span> (wasStartedBy-ordering)</span></a>.</p>
+illustrated by <a href="#ordering-entity-trigger" class="fig-ref">Figure 5</a>(a) and  expressed by <a class="rule-ref" href="#wasStartedBy-ordering"><span>Constraint <span class="delete">45</span><span class="insert">43</span> (wasStartedBy-ordering)</span></a>.</p>
 
 
 <div class="constraint" id="wasStartedBy-ordering"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#wasStartedBy-ordering">Constraint <span class="delete">45</span><span class="insert">43</span> (wasStartedBy-ordering)</a></div>
@@ -4287,7 +4442,7 @@
 <p id="wasEndedBy-ordering_text"> Similarly, the entity that triggered
 the end of an activity must exist before the activity ends, as
 illustrated by
-<a href="#ordering-entity-trigger">Figure 5</a>(b).</p>
+<a href="#ordering-entity-trigger" class="fig-ref">Figure 5</a>(b).</p>
 
 
 <div class="constraint" id="wasEndedBy-ordering"><div class="ruleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#wasEndedBy-ordering">Constraint <span class="delete">46</span><span class="insert">44</span> (wasEndedBy-ordering)</a></div>
@@ -4352,9 +4507,9 @@
 </p>
   </div>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="agent-constraints" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="agent-constraints">
 <h4><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.2.3</span><span class="insert">6.2.3</span> </span> Agent constraints</h4>
 
 <p> Like entities and activities, agents have lifetimes that follow a
@@ -4511,13 +4666,13 @@
 
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>  
-
-
-
-<div id="type-constraints" class="section">
+</section>
+
+</section>  
+
+
+
+<section id="type-constraints">
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.3</span><span class="insert">6.3</span> </span>Type Constraints</h3>
 
 <p id="typing_text">The following <span class="delete">rule  establishes</span><span class="insert">rules assign</span> types <span class="delete">denoted by</span><span class="insert">to</span> identifiers<span class="delete"> from</span><span class="insert">
@@ -4737,9 +4892,9 @@
 </li></ol>
 </div>
 
-</div> 
-
-<div id="impossibility-constraints" class="section">
+</section> 
+
+<section id="impossibility-constraints">
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">5.4</span><span class="insert">6.4</span> </span>Impossibility constraints</h3>
 
 <p> Impossibility constraints require that certain patterns of
@@ -4905,12 +5060,12 @@
 
 
  
-</div> 
-
-
-</div> 
-
-  <div id="normalization-validity-equivalence" class="section">
+</section> 
+
+
+</section> 
+
+  <section id="normalization-validity-equivalence">
 <h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.</span><span class="insert">7.</span> </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</h2>
 
 
@@ -4918,7 +5073,7 @@
 <a title="equivalence">equivalence</a> of PROV documents and instances.  We first define these concepts
 for PROV instances and then extend them to PROV documents.</p>
 
-<div id="instances" class="section">
+<section id="instances">
   <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.1</span><span class="insert">7.1</span> </span>Instances</h3>
   
 <div class="remark">
@@ -4971,7 +5126,7 @@
   dependencies</a> and <a>equality-generating dependencies</a> that
   satisfy a termination condition called <a>weak acyclicity</a> that
   has been studied in the context of relational databases
-  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  Therefore, the above algorithm terminates, independently
+  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  Therefore, the above algorithm terminates, independently
   of the order in which inferences and constraints are applied.
   <a href="#termination">Appendix <span class="delete">C</span><span class="insert">A</span></a> gives a proof that normalization terminates and produces
   a unique (up to isomorphism) normal form.
@@ -5059,12 +5214,12 @@
   <li>
   Applying inference rules, definitions, and uniqueness constraints preserves equivalence.  That is, a <a href="#instance" class="internalDFN">PROV
   instance</a> is equivalent to the instance obtained by applying any
-  inference rule or definition, or by <a title="unification" href="#dfn-unification" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">unifying</span></a><span class="insert"> two terms or</span> <a href="#dfn-merging" class="internalDFN">merging</a> two statements to
+  inference rule or definition, or by <a title="unification"><span class="insert">unifying</span></a><span class="insert"> two terms or</span> <a href="#dfn-merging" class="internalDFN">merging</a> two statements to
   enforce a uniqueness constraint.
   </li>
   <li>Equivalence is <a href="#dfn-reflexive" class="internalDFN">reflexive</a>, <a href="#dfn-symmetric" class="internalDFN">symmetric</a>, and 
   <a href="#dfn-transitive" class="internalDFN">transitive</a>.<span class="insert">  (This is because a valid instance has a unique
-  normal form up to isomorphism [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">DBCONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]). </span></li>
+  normal form up to isomorphism [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">DBCONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]). </span></li>
 </ul>
 
 <p> An application that processes PROV data <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> handle
@@ -5076,9 +5231,9 @@
 provenance, where the</span> order <span class="insert">and syntactic form </span>of statements <span class="delete">in a file and avoid expanding
 inferences.)</span><span class="insert">matters.</span>  </p>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="bundle-constraints" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="bundle-constraints">
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">6.2</span><span class="insert">7.2</span> </span>Bundles and Documents</h3>
 
 
@@ -5135,22 +5290,22 @@
 b'<sub>P(i)</sub></span> and <span class="name"><span class="delete">B</span><span class="insert">I</span><sub>i</sub></span> is equivalent to <span class="name"><span class="delete">B'</span><span class="insert">I'</span><sub>P(i)</sub></span>.
 </p>
 
-</div> 
-
-
-</div> 
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<div class="glossary section" id="glossary"> 
+</section> 
+
+
+</section> 
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+<section class="glossary" id="glossary"> 
       <h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">7.</span><span class="insert">8.</span> </span>Glossary</h2>
 
       <ul> 
@@ -5185,10 +5340,10 @@
      
      
       </ul> 
-    </div> 
-
-
-      <div class="appendix informative section" id="termination">
+    </section> 
+
+
+      <section class="appendix informative" id="termination">
       <h2><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
 
       <p>
@@ -5211,7 +5366,7 @@
 
       <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  For
       these instances, uniqueness and key constraints can be
-      As shown in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], termination of normalization can be
+      As shown in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], termination of normalization can be
       shown by checking that the inference rules are <em>weakly
       acyclic</em>.  In addition, weak acyclicity can be checked
       in a modular fashion for our system, because there are only a few possible
@@ -5283,7 +5438,7 @@
       involved, so they are weakly acyclic.
        </li>
        <li>For stage 6, we check weak acyclicity using the algorithm
-      in       [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], namely:
+      in       [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], namely:
        <ul><li> Given a formula <span class="math">φ(x<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>) ⇒
       ∃y<sub>1</sub>,...,y<sub>m</sub>. ψ(x<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>,y<sub>1</sub>,...,y<sub>m</sub>)</span></li>
       <li>For every <span class="math">x</span> that occurs in  <span class="math">ψ</span>, and for every
@@ -5329,10 +5484,10 @@
        lead to an infinite sequence of translated normalization steps
        on instances with explicit attributes.
        </p>
-</div>
-
-<div class="appendix section" id="changes-since-last-version"> 
-      <h2><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></h2> 
+</section>
+
+<section class="appendix" id="changes-since-last-version"> 
+      <h2><span class="secno">B. </span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></h2> 
     <p><span class="insert">   Please see the </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicComments"><span class="insert">
       Responses to Public Comments on the Last Call Working Draft</span></a><span class="insert">
       for more details about the justification of these changes.</span></p>
@@ -5388,13 +5543,13 @@
   <li><span class="insert">Miscellaneous final cleanup prior to CR staging.</span></li>
 </ul>
 
-</div>
+</section>
        
-<div class="appendix section" id="acknowledgements"> 
-      <h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</h2> 
+<section class="appendix" id="acknowledgements"> 
+      <h2><span class="secno"><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</h2> 
       <p> 
 
-This  document has been produced by the PROV Working Group, and its contents reflect extensive discussion within the Working Group as a whole. The editors extend special thanks to Ivan Herman (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym>), Paul Groth, Tim Lebo, Simon Miles, Stian Soiland-Reyes,  for their thorough reviews.
+This  document has been produced by the PROV Working Group, and its contents reflect extensive discussion within the Working Group as a whole. The editors extend special thanks to Ivan Herman (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr>), Paul Groth, Tim Lebo, Simon Miles, Stian Soiland-Reyes,  for their thorough reviews.
       </p> 
 
 <p>
@@ -5421,9 +5576,9 @@
 Paul Groth (Vrije Universiteit),
 Olaf Hartig (Invited expert),
 David Hau (National Cancer Institute, NCI),
-Sandro Hawke (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym>),
+Sandro Hawke (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr>),
 Jörn Hees (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Gmbh),
-Ivan Herman, (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym>),
+Ivan Herman, (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr>),
 Ralph Hodgson (TopQuadrant),
 Hook Hua (Invited expert),
 Trung Dong Huynh (University of Southampton),
@@ -5458,32 +5613,7 @@
 Jun Zhao (University of Oxford),
 Yuting Zhao (University of Aberdeen, Computing Science).
 </p>
-    </div> 
-
- 
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- 
+     
 
  
 
@@ -5508,30 +5638,56 @@
 
 
 
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="references" class="appendix section"><h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-IRI">[IRI]</dt><dd>M. Duerst, M. Suignard. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite>Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRI).</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</a> 
-</dd><span class="delete">[RDF]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">[PROV-DM]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Graham Klyne and Jeremy J. Carroll (eds.) </span><span class="insert">Luc Moreau; Paolo Missier; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax</span><span class="insert">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2004,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> W3C <span class="insert">Candidate </span>Recommendation. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/</span></a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">[PROV-N]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Luc Moreau; Paolo Missier; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">[PROV-O]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Timothy Lebo; Satya Sahoo; Deborah McGuinness; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Provenance Formal Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
+</section> 
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+<section id="references" class="appendix"><h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</h2><section id="normative-references"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><span class="delete">[IRI]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">[PROV-DM]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">M. Duerst, M. Suignard. </span><span class="insert">Luc Moreau; Paolo Missier; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRI).</span><span class="insert">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="delete"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987.</span><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</span> 
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[RDF]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">[PROV-N]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Graham Klyne and Jeremy J. Carroll (eds.) </span><span class="insert">Luc Moreau; Paolo Missier; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax</span><span class="insert">PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2004,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> W3C <span class="insert">Candidate </span>Recommendation. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">[PROV-O]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Timothy Lebo; Satya Sahoo; Deborah McGuinness; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Provenance Formal Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</span></a>
 </dd><dt id="bib-RFC2119">[RFC2119]</dt><dd>S. Bradner. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><cite>Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels.</cite></a> March 1997. Internet RFC 2119.  URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt</a> 
-</dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-CHR">[CHR]</dt><dd>Thom Frühwirth <a href="http://constraint-handling-rules.org/"><cite>Constraint        Handling Rules</cite></a>. Cambridge University Press  URL: <a href="http://constraint-handling-rules.org/">http://constraint-handling-rules.org/</a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-CLOCK">[CLOCK]</dt><dd>Lamport, L. <a href="http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf"><cite>Time, clocks, and the ordering of events in a distributed system</cite></a>. Communications of the ACM 21 (7): 558–565. 1978. URL: <a href="http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf">http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf</a> DOI: doi:10.1145/359545.359563.
-</dd><dt id="bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">[DBCONSTRAINTS]</dt><dd> Ronald Fagin, Phokion G. Kolaitis, Renée J. Miller, and Lucian Popa  <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033"><cite>Data        exchange: Semantics and query answering</cite></a>.  Theoretical computer science 336(1):89-124   Elsevier  URL: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033">http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033</a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-Logic">[Logic]</dt><dd>W. E. Johnson<a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html"><cite>Logic: Part III</cite></a>.1924. URL: <a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html">http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html</a>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-DM]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">[PROV-AQ]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Reza B'Far, James Cheney, Stephen Cresswell, Yolanda Gil,</span><span class="insert">Graham Klyne;</span> Paul <span class="delete">Groth, Graham Klyne, Jim McCusker, Simon Miles, James Myers, Satya Sahoo, and Curt Tilmes </span><span class="insert">Groth; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</span><span class="insert">Provenance Access and Query</span></cite></a>. <span class="insert">19 June </span>2012, Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-N]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">[PROV-OVERVIEW]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.), James Cheney, Stian Soiland-Reyes </span><span class="insert">Editors TBD. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-N:</span><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW:</span> The <span class="delete">Provenance Notation</span><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-O]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">[PROV-PRIMER]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik </span><span class="insert">Yolanda Gil; Simon Miles; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Provenance Formal</span><span class="insert">Prov</span> Model<span class="insert"> Primer</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-SEM">[PROV-SEM]</dt><dd>James <span class="delete">Cheney</span><span class="insert">Cheney; ed.</span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman"><cite>Formal Semantics Strawman</cite></a>. 2011, Work in progress. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman</a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">[PROV-XML]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Hook Hua; Curt Tilmes; Stephan Zednik; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-XML: The PROV XML Schema</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, Working Draft. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd></dl></div></div></body></html>
-
+</dd><dt id="bib-RFC3987"><span class="insert">[RFC3987]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">M. Dürst; M. Suignard. </span><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite><span class="insert">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs).</span></cite></a><span class="insert"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987. URL: </span><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><span class="insert">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</span></a> 
+</dd></dl></section><section id="informative-references"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-CHR">[CHR]</dt><dd>Thom <span class="delete">Frühwirth</span><span class="insert">Frühwirth.</span> <a href="http://constraint-handling-rules.org/"><cite>Constraint        Handling Rules</cite></a>. Cambridge University Press  URL: <a href="http://constraint-handling-rules.org/">http://constraint-handling-rules.org/</a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-CLOCK">[CLOCK]</dt><dd><span class="delete">Lamport, </span>L.<span class="insert"> Lamport.</span> <a href="http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf"><cite>Time, clocks, and the ordering of events in a distributed system</cite></a>. Communications of the ACM 21 (7): 558–565. 1978. URL: <a href="http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf">http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf</a> DOI: doi:10.1145/359545.359563.
+</dd><dt id="bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">[DBCONSTRAINTS]</dt><dd> Ronald <span class="delete">Fagin,</span><span class="insert">Fagin;</span> Phokion G. <span class="delete">Kolaitis,</span><span class="insert">Kolaitis;</span> Renée J. <span class="delete">Miller, and</span><span class="insert">Miller;</span> Lucian <span class="delete">Popa</span><span class="insert">Popa.</span>  <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033"><cite>Data        exchange: Semantics and query answering</cite></a>.  Theoretical computer science 336(1):89-124   Elsevier  URL: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033">http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033</a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-Logic">[Logic]</dt><dd>W. E. <span class="delete">Johnson</span><span class="insert">Johnson. </span><a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html"><cite>Logic: Part III</cite></a>.1924. URL: <a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html">http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html</a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-DM]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">[PROV-AQ]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Reza B'Far, James Cheney, Stephen Cresswell, Yolanda Gil,</span><span class="insert">Graham Klyne;</span> Paul <span class="delete">Groth, Graham Klyne, Jim McCusker, Simon Miles, James Myers, Satya Sahoo, and Curt Tilmes </span><span class="insert">Groth; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</span><span class="insert">Provenance Access and Query</span></cite></a>. <span class="insert">19 June </span>2012, Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-N]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">[PROV-OVERVIEW]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.), James Cheney, Stian Soiland-Reyes </span><span class="insert">Editors TBD. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-N:</span><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW:</span> The <span class="delete">Provenance Notation</span><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-O]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">[PROV-PRIMER]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik </span><span class="insert">Yolanda Gil; Simon Miles; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Provenance Formal</span><span class="insert">Prov</span> Model<span class="insert"> Primer</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-SEM">[PROV-SEM]</dt><dd>James <span class="delete">Cheney</span><span class="insert">Cheney; ed.</span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman"><cite>Formal Semantics Strawman</cite></a>. 2011, Work in progress. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman</a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">[PROV-XML]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Hook Hua; Curt Tilmes; Stephan Zednik; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-XML: The PROV XML Schema</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, Working Draft. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd></dl></section></section></body></html>
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-.attributes dd, .methods dd, .constants dd, .fields dd, .dictionary-members dd {
+.attributes dd, .methods dd, .constants dd, .fields dd, .dictionary-members</span><span class="insert">
+
+.section</span> dd {
     margin-bottom:  1em;
 }
 
-table.parameters, table.exceptions {
+<span class="delete">table.parameters, table.exceptions {
     border-spacing: 0;
     border-collapse:    collapse;
     margin: 0.5em 0;
@@ -1366,9 +1414,9 @@
     margin-bottom:  1em;
 }
 
-.section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd {
+</span>.section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd {
     margin-bottom:  0;
-}
+}<span class="delete">
 
 /* --- EXAMPLES --- */
 pre.example {
@@ -1462,6 +1510,9 @@
 
 /* --- SYNTAX HIGHLIGHTING --- */
 pre.sh_sourceCode {</span>
+</style><link rel="stylesheet" href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR"></head> 
+
+  <body><div class="head">
   <span class="delete">background-color: white;
   color: black;
   font-style: normal;
@@ -1528,23 +1579,80 @@
 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_paren { color: red; }
 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_attribute { color: #006400; }
 
-</span><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8"></head> 
-   
-
-  <body style="display: inherit; "><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a></p><h1 class="title" id="title">PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</h1><h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <span class="delete">Working Draft 24 July</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation 11 December</span> 2012</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120724/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/</span></a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</a></dd><dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html</a></dd><dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120503/</span><span class="delete">  (</span><span class="delete">color-coded diffs</span><span class="delete">)</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120724/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120724/</span></a></dd><dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~lavm/">Luc Moreau</a>, University of Southampton</dd>
+</span> 
+  <p>
+    
+      <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a>
+    
+  </p>
+  <h1 class="title" id="title">PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</h1>
+  
+  <h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C<span class="delete"> Working Draft 24 July</span></abbr><span class="insert"> Candidate Recommendation 11 December</span> 2012</h2>
+  <dl>
+    
+      <dt>This version:</dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/</span></a></dd>
+      <dt><span class="insert">Latest published version:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Latest editor's draft:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Implementation report:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Previous version:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120724/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120724/</a> <a href="diff-n.html"><span class="insert">(colored-coded diff)</span></a></dd><span class="delete">Latest published version:</span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</span><span class="delete">Latest editor's draft:</span><span class="delete">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html</span><span class="delete">Previous version:</span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-n-20120503/</span><span class="delete">  (</span><span class="delete">color-coded diffs</span><span class="delete">)</span>
+    
+    
+    <dt>Editors:</dt>
+    <dd><a href="http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~lavm/">Luc Moreau</a>, University of Southampton</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/people/Paolo.Missier">Paolo Missier</a>, Newcastle University</dd>
-<dt>Contributors:</dt><dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh</dd>
+
+
+    
+      <dt>Contributors:</dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://soiland-reyes.com/stian/">Stian Soiland-Reyes</a>, University of Manchester</dd>
-</dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr></div> 
+
+
+    
+  </dl>
+  
+  
+  
+  
+    
+      <p class="copyright">
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> ©  
+        2012 
+        
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>®</sup>  
+        (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr></a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. 
+        <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and 
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.
+      </p>
+    
+  
+  <hr>
+</div> 
 
      
-    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
+    <section id="abstract" class="introductory"><h2>Abstract</h2>
 
 <p>
 Provenance is information about entities, activities, and people
 involved in producing a piece of data or thing, which can be used
  to form assessments about its quality, reliability or trustworthiness.
-PROV-DM is the conceptual data model that forms a basis for the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>
+PROV-DM is the conceptual data model that forms a basis for the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>
 provenance (PROV) family of specifications.
 PROV-DM distinguishes core structures, forming the essence of provenance information, from
 extended structures catering for more specific uses of provenance. 
@@ -1561,8 +1669,19 @@
 mapping of the PROV data model to concrete syntax, and is used as the basis for a
 formal semantics of PROV.  The purpose of this document is to define the PROV-N notation.
 </p>
-    </div><div id="sotd" class="introductory section"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
-<span class="delete">Last Call</span><h4 id="prov-family-of-documents"><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></h4>
+    </section><section id="sotd" class="introductory"><h2>Status of This Document</h2>
+  
+    
+      
+        <p>
+          <em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other 
+          documents may supersede this document. A list of current <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> publications and the latest revision 
+          of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> technical reports 
+          index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em>
+        </p>
+<span class="delete">Last Call</span>
+        
+<h4 id="prov-family-of-documents"><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></h4>
 
 This <span class="insert">document </span>is <span class="insert">part of the PROV family of documents, </span>a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected to change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time for external review.</span>
 
@@ -1574,15 +1693,15 @@
 This document is part of the PROV family of specifications, a set of specifications</span><span class="insert">documents</span> defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
 interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  <span class="delete">The specifications</span><span class="insert">These documents</span> are:
 <ul>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/">PROV-DM</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> the PROV data model for <span class="delete">provenance;</span><span class="insert">provenance [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">PROV-DM</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/">PROV-DM</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> the PROV data model for <span class="delete">provenance;</span><span class="insert">provenance [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">PROV-DM</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
 <li> <span class="delete">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span><span class="delete">, a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model;</span>
  <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/">PROV-N</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption  (this document);</li>
-<li> <span class="delete">PROV-O</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to</span> the PROV <span class="delete">ontology, </span><span class="insert">data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]; </span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),  </span>an <span class="delete">OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of</span><span class="insert">XML schema for the</span> PROV <span class="delete">to RDF;</span><span class="insert">data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].</span></li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-O</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to</span> the PROV <span class="delete">ontology, </span><span class="insert">data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]; </span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),  </span>an <span class="delete">OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of</span><span class="insert">XML schema for the</span> PROV <span class="delete">to RDF;</span><span class="insert">data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].</span></li>
  <span class="delete">PROV-AQ</span><span class="delete">, the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance; </span>
  <span class="delete">PROV-PRIMER</span><span class="delete">, a primer for the PROV data model.</span>
 
@@ -1598,26 +1717,76 @@
 <li>Readers seeking to implement other PROV serializations
 should focus on PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS.  PROV-O and PROV-N offer examples of mapping to RDF and text, respectively.</li>
 </ul>
-<p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft.</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.</span> This document is intended to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a> (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>). <span class="delete">The Last Call period ends 18 September 2012.</span><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></acronym><span class="insert"> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than 31 January 2013.</span> All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.<span class="delete">This is a Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</span></p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Purpose of this Document and Target Audience</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance-with-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.2 </span></span><span class="insert">Compliance with this Document</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.2</span><span class="insert">1.3</span> </span>Structure of this Document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#notational-conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.3</span><span class="insert">1.4</span> </span>Notational Conventions</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#general-conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>General grammar considerations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#functional-syntax" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Functional-style Syntax</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#grammar-notation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>EBNF Grammar</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#main-productions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Main Productions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-n-optionals" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Optional terms in expressions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-n-standard-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Identifiers and attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#comments" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.6 </span>Comments</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-n-expressions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>PROV-N Productions per Component</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#component1" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Component 1: Entities and Activities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Entity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.1 </span>Entity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Activity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.2 </span>Activity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Generation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.3 </span>Generation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Usage" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.4 </span>Usage</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-wasInformedBy" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.5 </span>Communication</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Start" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.6 </span>Start</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-End" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.7 </span>End</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Invalidation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.8 </span>Invalidation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component2" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Component 2: Derivations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#Derivation-Relation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.1 </span>Derivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Revision" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.2 </span>Revision</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-quotation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.3 </span>Quotation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-primary-source" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.4 </span>Primary Source</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component3" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, and Influence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Agent" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.1 </span>Agent</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-attribution" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.2 </span>Attribution</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Association" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.3 </span>Association</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-delegation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.4 </span>Delegation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-influence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.5 </span>Influence</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component4" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.4 </span>Component 4: Bundles</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-bundle-constructor" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.4.1 </span>Bundle Constructor</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-bundle-type" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.4.2 </span>Bundle Type</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component5" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.5 </span>Component 5: Alternate Entities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-alternate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.5.1 </span>Alternate</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-specialization" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.5.2 </span>Specialization</a></li><span class="delete">3.5.3 </span><span class="delete">Mention</span></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component6" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.6 </span>Component 6: Collections</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-collection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.6.1 </span>Collection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-collection-membership" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.6.2 </span>Membership</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#subexpressions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7 </span>Further Expressions</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-identifier" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.1 </span>Identifier</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-attribute" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.2 </span>Attribute</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-literal" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.3 </span>Literal</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-types" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.3.1 </span>Reserved Type Values</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Time" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.3.2 </span>Time Values</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-NamespaceDeclaration" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.4 </span>Namespace Declaration</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#semantic-rules-summary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.5 </span>Summary of additional semantic rules</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span><span class="delete">Toplevel Bundle</span><span class="insert">Document</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extensibility" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Extensibility</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#media-type" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Media Type</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-last-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">A. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">A.</span><span class="insert">B.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">C.1</span> </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">C.2</span> </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div> 
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="introduction" class="section"> 
+
+
+        <p>
+          This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. </span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.
+          
+            </span>This document is intended to become a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation. 
+          
+          If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to  
+          <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a>  
+          (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, 
+          <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>).<span class="delete"> The Last Call period ends 18 September 2012. </span>
+          
+          
+            <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert"> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed
+            to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This
+            Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than
+            31 January 2013.
+          
+          </span>All feedback is welcome.
+        </p>
+        
+          <p>
+            Publication as a <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> does not imply endorsement by the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Membership. 
+            This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at  
+            any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.
+          </p>
+        
+        
+        <p>
+          
+            This <span class="delete">is</span><span class="insert">document was produced by</span> a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</span><span class="delete">This document was produced by a </span>group operating under the  
+            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>. 
+          
+          
+          
+            
+              <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a>  
+            
+            made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for  
+            disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains 
+            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the 
+            information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 
+            6 of the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>.
+          
+          
+        </p>
+        
+      
+    
+  
+</section><section id="toc"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Purpose of this Document and Target Audience</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance-with-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.2 </span></span><span class="insert">Compliance with this Document</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.2</span><span class="insert">1.3</span> </span>Structure of this Document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#notational-conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.3</span><span class="insert">1.4</span> </span>Notational Conventions</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#general-conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>General grammar considerations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#functional-syntax" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Functional-style Syntax</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#grammar-notation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>EBNF Grammar</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#main-productions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Main Productions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-n-optionals" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Optional terms in expressions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-n-standard-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Identifiers and attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#comments" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.6 </span>Comments</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-n-expressions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>PROV-N Productions per Component</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#component1" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Component 1: Entities and Activities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Entity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.1 </span>Entity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Activity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.2 </span>Activity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Generation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.3 </span>Generation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Usage" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.4 </span>Usage</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-wasInformedBy" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.5 </span>Communication</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Start" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.6 </span>Start</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-End" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.7 </span>End</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Invalidation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1.8 </span>Invalidation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component2" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Component 2: Derivations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#Derivation-Relation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.1 </span>Derivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Revision" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.2 </span>Revision</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-quotation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.3 </span>Quotation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-primary-source" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2.4 </span>Primary Source</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component3" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, and Influence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Agent" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.1 </span>Agent</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-attribution" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.2 </span>Attribution</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Association" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.3 </span>Association</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-delegation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.4 </span>Delegation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-influence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3.5 </span>Influence</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component4" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.4 </span>Component 4: Bundles</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-bundle-constructor" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.4.1 </span>Bundle Constructor</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-bundle-type" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.4.2 </span>Bundle Type</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component5" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.5 </span>Component 5: Alternate Entities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-alternate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.5.1 </span>Alternate</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-specialization" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.5.2 </span>Specialization</a></li><span class="delete">3.5.3 </span><span class="delete">Mention</span></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component6" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.6 </span>Component 6: Collections</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-collection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.6.1 </span>Collection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-collection-membership" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.6.2 </span>Membership</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#subexpressions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7 </span>Further Expressions</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-identifier" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.1 </span>Identifier</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-attribute" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.2 </span>Attribute</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-literal" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.3 </span>Literal</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-types" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.3.1 </span>Reserved Type Values</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-Time" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.3.2 </span>Time Values</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#expression-NamespaceDeclaration" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.4 </span>Namespace Declaration</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#semantic-rules-summary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.7.5 </span>Summary of additional semantic rules</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span><span class="delete">Toplevel Bundle</span><span class="insert">Document</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extensibility" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Extensibility</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#media-type" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Media Type</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-last-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">A. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">A.</span><span class="insert">B.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">C.1</span> </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">C.2</span> </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section> 
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="introduction"> 
 <h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</h2>
 
 <p> Provenance is a record that describes the people,
 institutions, entities, and activities, involved in producing,
 influencing, or delivering a piece of data or a thing in the world.  Two
 companion specifications respectively define PROV-DM, a data model for
-provenance, allowing provenance descriptions to be expressed  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]  and a set of constraints that provenance descriptions are expected to satisfy   [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].
+provenance, allowing provenance descriptions to be expressed  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]  and a set of constraints that provenance descriptions are expected to satisfy   [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].
 </p>
 
-<div id="purpose" class="section"> 
+<section id="purpose"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Purpose of this Document and Target Audience</h3>
 
 A key goal of PROV is the specification of a machine-processable data model for provenance. However, communicating provenance between humans is also important when teaching, illustrating, formalizing, and discussing provenance-related issues. 
@@ -1636,9 +1805,9 @@
   
 PROV-N has several known uses:
 <ul>
-<li> It is the notation used in the examples found in  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>], as well as in the definition of PROV constraints [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>]; </li>
-<li>  It is a source language for the encoding of PROV data model instances into a variety of target languages, including amongst others  RDF [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-RDF">PROV-RDF</a></cite>] and XML [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>]; </li>
-<li> It provides the basis for a formal semantics of the PROV data model  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>], in which an interpretation is given to each element of the PROV-N language.
+<li> It is the notation used in the examples found in  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>], as well as in the definition of PROV constraints [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>]; </li>
+<li>  It is a source language for the encoding of PROV data model instances into a variety of target languages, including amongst others  RDF [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-RDF">PROV-RDF</a></cite>] and XML [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>]; </li>
+<li> It provides the basis for a formal semantics of the PROV data model  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>], in which an interpretation is given to each element of the PROV-N language.
 </li></ul>
 
 <p>This document introduces the PROV-N grammar along with examples of its usage.</p>
@@ -1646,15 +1815,15 @@
 </p><ul>
 <li>Developers of provenance management applications, as well as implementors of new PROV data model encodings, and thus in particular of PROV-N parsers. These readers may be interested in the entire structure of the grammar, starting from the top level nonterminal 
 <code><span class="delete">bundle</span><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-document"><span class="insert">document</span></a></code>.</li>
-<li>Readers of the  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and of  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] documents, who are interested in the details of the formal language underpinning the notation used in the examples and in the definition of the constraints. Those readers may find the  <code><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-expression">expression</a></code> nonterminal a useful entry point into the grammar.</li>
+<li>Readers of the  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and of  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] documents, who are interested in the details of the formal language underpinning the notation used in the examples and in the definition of the constraints. Those readers may find the  <code><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-expression">expression</a></code> nonterminal a useful entry point into the grammar.</li>
 </ul>
 
-</div>
-
-    
-
-<div id="compliance-with-this-document" class="section"> 
-<h3><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.2 </span></span><span class="insert">Compliance with this Document</span></h3>
+
+
+    </section>
+
+<section id="compliance-with-this-document"> 
+<h3><span class="secno">1.2 </span><span class="insert">Compliance with this Document</span></h3>
 
 
 <p><span class="insert">For the purpose of compliance, all sections of this document are normative, except 
@@ -1666,11 +1835,11 @@
 <li><span class="insert"> Text in boxes labeled "Example" is informative.
 </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Productions (displayed in boxes) are normative, as opposed to the separate </span><a href="grammar.txt"><span class="insert">file</span></a><span class="insert"> grouping  all productions for convenience of programmers, which is informative.
 </span></li></ul>
-</div>
-
-
-    <div id="structure-of-this-document" class="section"> 
-<h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.2</span><span class="insert">1.3</span> </span>Structure of this Document</h3>
+</section>
+
+
+    <section id="structure-of-this-document"> 
+<h3><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.3 </span></span>Structure of this Document</h3>
 
 <p>This document is structured as follows.
 
@@ -1685,10 +1854,10 @@
 <p><a href="#media-type">Section 6</a> defines media type for the PROV-N notation.</p>
 
 
-    </div> 
-
-
-<div id="notational-conventions" class="section">
+    </section> 
+
+
+<section id="notational-conventions">
  <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.3</span><span class="insert">1.4</span> </span>Notational Conventions</h3>
 
 
@@ -1697,7 +1866,7 @@
       not">shall
       not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>",  "<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>", and
       "<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
-      [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
+      [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
 
 
 
@@ -1710,22 +1879,22 @@
 <caption id="namespace-table">Table 1: Prefix and Namespaces used in this specification</caption>
 <tbody><tr><td><a><b>prefix</b></a></td><td><b>namespace uri</b></td> <td><b>definition</b></td></tr>
 <tr><td><a>prov</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</td><td>The PROV namespace (see Section <a href="#expression-NamespaceDeclaration">3.7.4</a>)</td></tr>
-<tr><td><a>xsd</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2000/10/XMLSchema#</td><td>XML Schema Namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-<tr><td><a>(others)</a></td><td>(various)</td><td>All other namespace prefixes are used in examples only. <br> In particular, URIs starting with "http://example.com" represent<br> some application-dependent URI [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-URI">URI</a></cite>]</td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>xsd</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2000/10/XMLSchema#</td><td>XML Schema Namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>]</td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>(others)</a></td><td>(various)</td><td>All other namespace prefixes are used in examples only. <br> In particular, URIs starting with "http://example.com" represent<br> some application-dependent URI [<cite><span class="delete">URI</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3986"><span class="insert">RFC3986</span></a></cite>]</td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
-</div> 
-
-</div> 
-
-<div id="general-conventions" class="section">
+</section> 
+
+</section> 
+
+<section id="general-conventions">
 <h2><span class="secno">2. </span>General grammar considerations</h2>
 
 <p><span class="insert">For convenience, all productions presented in this document have been grouped in a
 separate </span><a href="grammar.txt"><span class="insert">file</span></a><span class="insert">.</span></p>
 
-<div id="functional-syntax" class="section"> 
+<section id="functional-syntax"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Functional-style Syntax</h3>
 
 <p> PROV-N adopts a functional-style syntax consisting of a predicate name and an ordered list of terms.</p>
@@ -1760,14 +1929,16 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="grammar-notation" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="grammar-notation">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.2 </span>EBNF Grammar</h3>
 
 <p>The grammar is specified using a subset of the Extended Backus-Naur
 Form (EBNF) notation, as defined in Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.1
-[<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XML11">XML11</a></cite>] section <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml11-20060816/#sec-notation">6
+[<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XML11">XML11</a></cite>] section <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml11-20060816/#sec-notation">6
 Notation</a>.
 </p>
 
@@ -1834,11 +2005,13 @@
 </ul>
 
 
-<p>Where suitable, the PROV-N grammar reuses production and terminal names of the SPARQL grammar [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">RDF-SPARQL-QUERY</a></cite>].</p>
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="main-productions" class="section">
+<p>Where suitable, the PROV-N grammar reuses production and terminal names of the SPARQL grammar [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">RDF-SPARQL-QUERY</a></cite>].</p>
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="main-productions">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Main Productions</h3>
 
 <p>Two productions are entry points to the grammar.</p>
@@ -1861,10 +2034,10 @@
 provides the overall structure of PROV-N descriptions.  It is a wrapper  for
  a set of expressions, such that the text for an element matches the corresponding <code><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-expression">expression</a></code> production,  and some namespace declarations.</p>
 
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="prov-n-optionals" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="prov-n-optionals"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Optional terms in expressions</h3>
 
 Some terms in an expression may be optional. For example:
@@ -1902,9 +2075,11 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="prov-n-standard-terms" class="section"> 
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="prov-n-standard-terms"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Identifiers and attributes</h3>
 
 <p>Almost all expressions defined in the grammar include an identifier (see <a href="#expression-identifier">Section 3.7.1</a> for the full syntax of identifiers). Most expressions
@@ -1932,9 +2107,11 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="comments" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="comments">
 <h3><span class="secno">2.6 </span>Comments</h3>
 
 
@@ -1946,19 +2123,23 @@
 </li></ul>
 <p>Comments are treated as white space.</p>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="prov-n-expressions" class="section"> 
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="prov-n-expressions"> 
 <h2><span class="secno">3. </span>PROV-N Productions per Component</h2>
 
 <p>This section  introduces grammar productions for each expression, followed by small examples of expressions illustrating the grammar. Strings conforming to the grammar are valid expressions in the PROV-N language.</p>
 
-<div id="component1" class="section"> 
+<section id="component1"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Component 1: Entities and Activities</h3>
 
-<div id="expression-Entity" class="section"> 
+<section id="expression-Entity"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.1 </span>Entity</h4>
 
 
@@ -2003,8 +2184,8 @@
 
 
 
-</div> 
-<div id="expression-Activity" class="section"> 
+</section> 
+<section id="expression-Activity"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.2 </span>Activity</h4>
 
 
@@ -2053,8 +2234,9 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-<div id="expression-Generation" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="expression-Generation">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.3 </span>Generation</h4>
 
 
@@ -2116,9 +2298,11 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-Usage" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-Usage">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.4 </span>Usage</h4>
 
 
@@ -2171,9 +2355,11 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-wasInformedBy" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-wasInformedBy">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.5 </span>Communication</h4>
 
 
@@ -2216,11 +2402,11 @@
 wasInformedBy(i; ex:a1, ex:a2, [ex:param1="a", ex:param2="b"])
 </pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="expression-Start" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="expression-Start">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.6 </span>Start</h4>
 
 
@@ -2273,9 +2459,11 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-End" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-End">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.7 </span>End</h4>
 
 
@@ -2329,15 +2517,15 @@
 
 <p>Additional semantic rules (<a href="#semantic-rules-summary">Section 3.7.5</a>) apply to <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-endExpression">endExpression</a></code>.</p>
 
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="expression-Invalidation" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="expression-Invalidation">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.1.8 </span>Invalidation</h4>
 
 
@@ -2397,22 +2585,24 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="component2" class="section"> 
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="component2"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Component 2: Derivations</h3>
-<div id="Derivation-Relation" class="section">
+<section id="Derivation-Relation">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.2.1 </span>Derivation</h4>
 
 
@@ -2479,8 +2669,9 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-<div id="expression-Revision" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="expression-Revision">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.2.2 </span>Revision</h4>
 
 <p id="provn-type-Revision">
@@ -2500,8 +2691,8 @@
 </p></div>
 
 
-</div>  
-<div id="expression-quotation" class="section">
+</section>  
+<section id="expression-quotation">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.2.3 </span>Quotation</h4>
 
 <p id="provn-type-Quotation">
@@ -2521,10 +2712,10 @@
 </p></div>
 
 
-</div>  
-
-
-<div id="expression-primary-source" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+
+<section id="expression-primary-source">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.2.4 </span>Primary Source</h4>
 
 
@@ -2544,14 +2735,14 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>  
-
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="component3" class="section"> 
+</section>  
+
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="component3"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, and Influence</h3>
-<div id="expression-Agent" class="section">
+<section id="expression-Agent">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.3.1 </span>Agent</h4>
 
 
@@ -2592,8 +2783,9 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-<div id="expression-attribution" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="expression-attribution">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.3.2 </span>Attribution</h4>
 
 
@@ -2639,10 +2831,10 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>  
-
-
-<div id="expression-Association" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+
+<section id="expression-Association">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.3.3 </span>Association</h4>
 
 
@@ -2754,8 +2946,8 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-<div id="expression-delegation" class="section">
+</section>
+<section id="expression-delegation">
 <h4><span class="secno"><span class="insert">3.3.4 </span></span><span class="insert">Delegation</span></h4>
 
 
@@ -2808,9 +3000,11 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-influence" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-influence">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.3.5 </span>Influence</h4>
 
 
@@ -2853,14 +3047,18 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="component4" class="section"> 
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="component4"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">3.4 </span>Component 4: Bundles</h3>
 
-<div id="expression-bundle-constructor" class="section"> 
+<section id="expression-bundle-constructor"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">3.4.1 </span>Bundle Constructor</h4>
 
 <table class="grammar">
@@ -2907,9 +3105,11 @@
 
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-bundle-type" class="section"> 
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-bundle-type"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">3.4.2 </span>Bundle Type</h4>
 
 <p id="provn-type-Bundle">
@@ -2922,12 +3122,14 @@
 <pre class="codeexample"><span class="insert">  entity(ex:author-view,   [ prov:type='prov:Bundle' ])
 </span></pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-</div>
-
-<div id="component5" class="section"> 
+
+
+</section>
+</section>
+
+<section id="component5"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">3.5 </span>Component 5: Alternate Entities</h3>
-<div id="expression-alternate" class="section">
+<section id="expression-alternate">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.5.1 </span>Alternate</h4>
 
 
@@ -2961,8 +3163,9 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-<div id="expression-specialization" class="section">
+
+</section>
+<section id="expression-specialization">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.5.2 </span>Specialization</h4>
 
 
@@ -2999,7 +3202,15 @@
     Here  <span class="name">tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215</span> is a specialization of <span class="name">tr:prov-dm</span>.
 </div>
 
-</div>
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+</section>
 
 
 
@@ -3058,19 +3269,11 @@
 
 
 
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="component6" class="section"> 
+<section id="component6"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">3.6 </span>Component 6: Collections</h3>
 
 
-<div id="expression-collection" class="section">
+<section id="expression-collection">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.6.1 </span>Collection</h4>
 
 
@@ -3082,16 +3285,17 @@
 
 
 
+
 <div class="anexample" id="example_33"><div class="anexampleTitle"><a class="internalDFN" href="#example_33"><span class="insert">Example 33</span></a></div>
 <p><span class="insert">The  following two expressions are about a collection and an empty collection, respectively.
 </span></p><pre class="codeexample"><span class="insert">  entity(ex:col1,   [ prov:type='prov:Collection' ])
   entity(ex:col2,   [ prov:type='prov:EmptyCollection' ])
 </span></pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="expression-collection-membership" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="expression-collection-membership">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.6.2 </span>Membership</h4>
 
 
@@ -3131,13 +3335,6 @@
 
 </p></div>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>   
-
-
-
-
 
 
    
@@ -3146,13 +3343,22 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="subexpressions" class="section">
+
+</section>
+
+</section>   
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="subexpressions">
 <h3><span class="secno">3.7 </span>Further Expressions</h3>
 
 This section defines further expressions of PROV-N.
 
 
-<div id="expression-identifier" class="section">
+<section id="expression-identifier">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.7.1 </span>Identifier</h4>
 
 <p>Various kinds of identifiers are used in productions.</p>
@@ -3191,14 +3397,14 @@
 
 
 
-<p>A PROV-N qualified name (production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code>) has a more permissive syntax then XML's <code class="content"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-xml-names-20091208/#NT-QName">QName</a></code> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XML-NAMES">XML-NAMES</a></cite>]
-and SPARQL <code class="content"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115/#rPrefixedName">PrefixedName</a></code> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">RDF-SPARQL-QUERY</a></cite>]. 
-A <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code> consists of a prefix and a local part. Prefixes follow the production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/#rPN_PREFIX">PN_PREFIX</a></code> defined by SPARQL [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">RDF-SPARQL-QUERY</a></cite>]. Local parts have to be conformant with <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PN_LOCAL">PN_LOCAL</a></code>, which extends the original SPARQL <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/#rPN_LOCAL">PN_LOCAL</a></code> definition 
+<p>A PROV-N qualified name (production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code>) has a more permissive syntax then XML's <code class="content"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-xml-names-20091208/#NT-QName">QName</a></code> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XML-NAMES">XML-NAMES</a></cite>]
+and SPARQL <code class="content"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115/#rPrefixedName">PrefixedName</a></code> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">RDF-SPARQL-QUERY</a></cite>]. 
+A <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code> consists of a prefix and a local part. Prefixes follow the production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/#rPN_PREFIX">PN_PREFIX</a></code> defined by SPARQL [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">RDF-SPARQL-QUERY</a></cite>]. Local parts have to be conformant with <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PN_LOCAL">PN_LOCAL</a></code>, which extends the original SPARQL <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/#rPN_LOCAL">PN_LOCAL</a></code> definition 
 by allowing further characters (see <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PN_CHARS_OTHERS">PN_CHARS_OTHERS</a></code>):</p>
 <ul>
 <li> an extra set of characters commonly encountered in IRIs;
 </li><li> %-escaped characters (see <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PERCENT">PERCENT</a></code>) to be interpreted as per
- Section 3.1.  Mapping of IRIs to URIs in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>];</li>
+ Section 3.1.  Mapping of IRIs to URIs in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> and \-escaped characters (see <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PN_CHARS_ESC">PN_CHARS_ESC</a></code>).</li>
 </ul>
 
@@ -3221,7 +3427,7 @@
 
 
 
-<p>A PROV-N qualified name <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code> can be mapped to a valid IRI [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-IRI">IRI</a></cite>] by concatenating the namespace denoted  its local name <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/#rPN_PREFIX">PN_PREFIX</a></code> to the local name <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PN_LOCAL">PN_LOCAL</a></code>, whose \-escaped characters have been unescaped by dropping the character '\' (backslash).</p>
+<p>A PROV-N qualified name <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code> can be mapped to a valid IRI [<cite><span class="delete">IRI</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987"><span class="insert">RFC3987</span></a></cite>] by concatenating the namespace denoted  its local name <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/#rPN_PREFIX">PN_PREFIX</a></code> to the local name <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-PN_LOCAL">PN_LOCAL</a></code>, whose \-escaped characters have been unescaped by dropping the character '\' (backslash).</p>
 
  
 <table class="grammar">
@@ -3297,9 +3503,11 @@
 </p>
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-attribute" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-attribute">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.7.2 </span>Attribute</h4>
 
 
@@ -3310,7 +3518,7 @@
 
 
 <p>The  reserved attributes in the PROV namespace are the following.
-Their meaning is explained by [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] (see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/#term-attribute">Section 5.7.2: Attribute</a>).
+Their meaning is explained by [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] (see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/#term-attribute">Section 5.7.2: Attribute</a>).
 </p>
 
 <ol>
@@ -3322,13 +3530,13 @@
 </li></ol>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="expression-literal" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="expression-literal">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.7.3 </span>Literal</h4>
 
 
@@ -3345,7 +3553,7 @@
 <tbody class="term"> <tr valign="baseline"> <td><a id="prod-QUALIFIED_NAME_LITERAL" name="prod-QUALIFIED_NAME_LITERAL"></a>[<span class="prodNo"><span class="delete">70</span><span class="insert">61</span></span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td> <td>&lt;<code class="production term">QUALIFIED_NAME_LITERAL</code>&gt;</td> <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td> <td><code class="content">"'" <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></span> "'"</code></td> </tr> </tbody>
 </table>
 
-<p>In production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-datatype">datatype</a></code>, the <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code> is used to denote a <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/#term-value">PROV data type</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>].
+<p>In production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-datatype">datatype</a></code>, the <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">QUALIFIED_NAME</a></code> is used to denote a <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/#term-value">PROV data type</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>].
 
 
 </p><p>The non terminals
@@ -3409,11 +3617,11 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="expression-types" class="section">
+<section id="expression-types">
 <h5><span class="secno">3.7.3.1 </span>Reserved Type Values</h5>
 
 <p>The  reserved type values in the PROV namespace are the following.
-Their meaning is defined [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] (see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/#term-attribute-type">Section 5.7.2.4: prov:type</a>).
+Their meaning is defined [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] (see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/#term-attribute-type">Section 5.7.2.4: prov:type</a>).
 </p>
 
 <ol>
@@ -3438,12 +3646,14 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="expression-Time" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="expression-Time">
 <h5><span class="secno">3.7.3.2 </span>Time Values</h5>
 
-<p><dfn id="dfn-time">Time instants</dfn> are defined according to xsd:dateTime [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].</p> 
+<p><dfn id="dfn-time">Time instants</dfn> are defined according to xsd:dateTime [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].</p> 
 
 <table class="grammar">
 <tbody class="prod"> <tr valign="baseline"> <td><a id="prod-time" name="prod-time"></a>[<span class="prodNo"><span class="delete">46</span><span class="insert">44</span></span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td> <td><code class="production prod">time</code></td> <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td> <td><code class="content"><span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema11-2/#nt-dateTimeRep">DATETIME</a></span></code></td> </tr> </tbody>
@@ -3460,16 +3670,16 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="expression-NamespaceDeclaration" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="expression-NamespaceDeclaration">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.7.4 </span>Namespace Declaration</h4>
 
 
@@ -3553,22 +3763,22 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="semantic-rules-summary" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="semantic-rules-summary">
 <h4><span class="secno">3.7.5 </span>Summary of additional semantic rules</h4>
 
-<p>Some of the grammar productions allow for expressions that are syntactically correct, and yet according to [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] they are not acceptable, because additional semantic rules are defined for those expressions.
+<p>Some of the grammar productions allow for expressions that are syntactically correct, and yet according to [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] they are not acceptable, because additional semantic rules are defined for those expressions.
  The following table provides a summary of such expressions along with examples of syntactically correct but unacceptable forms, and the additional semantic rules.</p>
 
 <div style="text-align: left;">
 <table class="thinborder" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
 <caption id="validity-rules-table">Summary of additional semantic rules for grammar productions</caption>
-<tbody><tr><td><a href="#dfn-production" class="internalDFN"><b>Production</b></a></td>
+<tbody><tr><td><a><b>Production</b></a></td>
      <td><b>Examples of syntactically correct expressions</b></td>
      <td><b>Additional semantic rule</b></td>
 </tr>
@@ -3607,22 +3817,24 @@
 
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-</div>
-
-
-</div>  
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="document" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+
+</section>  
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="document">
 <h2><span class="secno">4. </span><span class="delete">Toplevel Bundle</span><span class="insert">Document</span></h2>
 
 <p>A <span class="delete">toplevel bundle</span><dfn id="dfn-document"><span class="insert">document</span></dfn> is a house-keeping construct of PROV-N capable of packaging up PROV-N <a title="expression">expressions</a> and namespace declarations.  A <span class="delete">toplevel bundle</span><span class="insert">document</span> forms a self-contained package of provenance descriptions for the purpose of <em>exchanging</em> them.  A <span class="delete">toplevel bundle</span><span class="insert">document</span> may be used
- to  package up PROV-N <a title="record">expressions</a> in response to a request for the provenance of something ([<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]).</p>
+ to  package up PROV-N <a title="record">expressions</a> in response to a request for the provenance of something ([<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]).</p>
 
 <p> Given its status of house keeping construct for the purpose of exchanging provenance expressions,  a <span class="delete">toplevel bundle</span><span class="insert">document</span> is not defined as a PROV-N expression (production <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-expression">expression</a></code>).</p> 
 
@@ -3669,15 +3881,17 @@
 
 <span class="delete">endBundle</span><span class="insert">endDocument</span>
 </pre>
-<p>This container could for instance be returned as the result of a query to a provenance store for the provenance of entity <span class="name">e2</span> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>].  
+<p>This container could for instance be returned as the result of a query to a provenance store for the provenance of entity <span class="name">e2</span> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>].  
 </p>
 </div>
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="extensibility" class="section">
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="extensibility">
 <h2><span class="secno">5. </span>Extensibility</h2>
 
 <p>The PROV data model is extensible by means of attributes <span class="name">prov:type</span> and <span class="name">prov:role</span> allowing subtyping of expressions.  For some applications, novel  syntax may also be convenient. Hence, the normative requirements are as follow.
@@ -3730,14 +3944,14 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="media-type" class="section">
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="media-type">
 <h2><span class="secno">6. </span>Media Type</h2>
 
 <p>
@@ -3749,7 +3963,7 @@
       <dt>Contact:</dt> 
       <dd>Ivan Herman</dd> 
       <dt>See also:</dt> 
-      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/06/registering-mediatype">How to Register a Media Type for a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Specification</a></dd> 
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/06/registering-mediatype">How to Register a Media Type for a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Specification</a></dd> 
       <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/tag/2002/0129-mime">Internet Media Type registration, consistency of use</a><br>TAG Finding 3 June 2002 (Revised 4 September 2002)</dd> 
     </dl> 
     <p>The Internet Media Type / MIME Type for PROV-N is "text/provenance-notation".</p> 
@@ -3767,16 +3981,16 @@
       <dd><span class="delete">charset</span><span class="delete"> — this parameter is mandatory. The value of </span><span class="delete">charset</span><span class="delete"> is always </span><span class="delete">UTF-8</span><span class="delete">.</span><span class="insert">None</span></dd> 
 
       <dt>Encoding considerations:<span class="insert"> 8bit</span></dt> 
-      <dd>The syntax of PROV-N is expressed over code points in Unicode [<cite><span class="delete">UNICODE5</span><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UNICODE"><span class="insert">UNICODE</span></a></cite>]. The encoding is always UTF-8 [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UTF-8">UTF-8</a></cite>].</dd> 
+      <dd>The syntax of PROV-N is expressed over code points in Unicode [<cite><span class="delete">UNICODE5</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-UNICODE"><span class="insert">UNICODE</span></a></cite>]. The encoding is always UTF-8 [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-UTF-8">UTF-8</a></cite>].</dd> 
       <dd>Unicode code points may also be expressed using an \uXXXX (U+0 to U+FFFF) or \UXXXXXXXX syntax (for U+10000 onwards) where X is a hexadecimal digit [0-9A-F]</dd> 
       <dt>Security considerations:</dt> 
-      <dd>PROV-N is a general-purpose language for describing the provenance of things; applications may evaluate given data to infer more descriptions or to dereference URIs, invoking the security considerations of the scheme for that URI. Note in particular, the privacy issues in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3023">RFC3023</a></cite>] section 10 for HTTP URIs. Data obtained from an inaccurate or malicious data source may lead to inaccurate or misleading conclusions, as well as the dereferencing of unintended URIs. Care must be taken to align the trust in consulted resources with the sensitivity of the intended use of the data.</dd> 
+      <dd>PROV-N is a general-purpose language for describing the provenance of things; applications may evaluate given data to infer more descriptions or to dereference URIs, invoking the security considerations of the scheme for that URI. Note in particular, the privacy issues in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3023">RFC3023</a></cite>] section 10 for HTTP URIs. Data obtained from an inaccurate or malicious data source may lead to inaccurate or misleading conclusions, as well as the dereferencing of unintended URIs. Care must be taken to align the trust in consulted resources with the sensitivity of the intended use of the data.</dd> 
       <dd>PROV-N is used to express the provenance of arbitrary application data; security considerations will vary by domain of use. Security tools and protocols applicable to text (e.g. PGP encryption, MD5 sum validation, password-protected compression) may also be used on PROV-N documents. Security/privacy protocols must be imposed which reflect the sensitivity of the embedded information.  </dd> 
-      <dd>PROV-N can express data which is presented to the user, for example, by means of label attributes. Application rendering strings retrieved from untrusted PROV-N documents must ensure that malignant strings may not be used to mislead the reader. The security considerations in the media type registration for XML ([<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3023">RFC3023</a></cite>] section 10) provide additional guidance around the expression of arbitrary data and markup.</dd> 
+      <dd>PROV-N can express data which is presented to the user, for example, by means of label attributes. Application rendering strings retrieved from untrusted PROV-N documents must ensure that malignant strings may not be used to mislead the reader. The security considerations in the media type registration for XML ([<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3023">RFC3023</a></cite>] section 10) provide additional guidance around the expression of arbitrary data and markup.</dd> 
       <dd>PROV-N is a language for describing the provenance of things, and therefore a PROV-N document is metadata for other resources.  Untrusted PROV-N documents may mislead its consumers by indicating that a third-party resource has a reputable lineage, when it has not. Provenance of PROV-N document should be sought. </dd>
       <dd>PROV-N uses qualified names mappeable to IRIs as term identifiers. Applications interpreting data expressed in PROV-N should address the security issues of
-  <a class="norm" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs)</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>] Section 8, as well as
-  <a class="norm" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3986">RFC3986</a></cite>] Section 7.</dd> 
+  <a class="norm" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs)</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>] Section 8, as well as
+  <a class="norm" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3986">RFC3986</a></cite>] Section 7.</dd> 
       <dd>Multiple IRIs may have the same appearance. Characters in different scripts may 
 look similar (a Cyrillic "о" may appear similar to a Latin "o"). A character followed 
 by combining characters may have the same visual representation as another character 
@@ -3786,9 +4000,9 @@
 Any person or application that is writing or interpreting data in PROV-N must take care to use the IRI that matches the intended semantics, and avoid IRIs that make look similar.
 Further information about matching of similar characters can be found 
 in <a class="inform" href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/">Unicode Security 
-Considerations</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UNISEC">UNISEC</a></cite>] and
+Considerations</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-UNISEC">UNISEC</a></cite>] and
 <a class="norm" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt">Internationalized Resource 
-Identifiers (IRIs)</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>] Section 8.
+Identifiers (IRIs)</a> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987">RFC3987</a></cite>] Section 8.
 </dd> 
  
       <dt>Interoperability considerations:</dt> 
@@ -3814,18 +4028,18 @@
       <dt>Restrictions on usage:</dt> 
       <dd>None</dd> 
       <dt>Author/Change controller:</dt> 
-      <dd>The PROV-N specification is the product of the World Wide Web Consortium's PROV Working Group. The <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> has change control over this specification.</dd> 
+      <dd>The PROV-N specification is the product of the World Wide Web Consortium's PROV Working Group. The <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> has change control over this specification.</dd> 
     </dl> 
  
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<div class="appendix informative section" id="changes-since-last-version"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+<section class="appendix informative" id="changes-since-last-version"> 
       <h2><span class="secno">A. </span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></h2><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p> 
 <p><span class="insert"> Please see the </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicComments"><span class="insert">Responses to Public Comments on the Last Call Working Draft</span></a><span class="insert"> for more details about the justification of these changes.</span></p>
 <ul>
@@ -3838,20 +4052,22 @@
 </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Moved feature at Risk mention into a separate note.
 </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Editorial's pass pre-publication.
 </span></li></ul>
-</div>
-
-<div class="appendix informative section" id="acknowledgements"> 
+</section>
+
+<section class="appendix informative" id="acknowledgements"> 
       <h2><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span>Acknowledgements</h2><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p> 
       <p> 
 
 This  document has been produced by the PROV Working Group, and its contents reflect extensive discussion within the Working Group as a whole. 
-      </p> 
+      <span class="insert"> The editors extend special thanks to  Sandro Hawke (</span><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert">/</span><abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology"><span class="insert">MIT</span></abbr><span class="insert">) and Ivan Herman (</span><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert">/</span><abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics"><span class="insert">ERCIM</span></abbr><span class="insert">), </span><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert"> contacts for the PROV Working Group.
+      </span></p> 
 
 
  
 
-<p><span class="insert">
-The editors acknowledge valuable contributions from the following:
+<p>
+<span class="insert">The editors acknowledge valuable contributions from the following:
+Tom Baker,
 David Booth,
 Robert Freimuth,
 Satrajit Ghosh,
@@ -3889,9 +4105,9 @@
 Paul Groth (Vrije Universiteit),
 Olaf Hartig (Invited expert),
 David Hau (National Cancer Institute, NCI),
-Sandro Hawke (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym>),
+Sandro Hawke (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr>),
 Jörn Hees (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Gmbh),
-Ivan Herman, (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym>),
+Ivan Herman, (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr>),
 Ralph Hodgson (TopQuadrant),
 Hook Hua (Invited expert),
 Trung Dong Huynh (University of Southampton),
@@ -3927,33 +4143,33 @@
 Yuting Zhao (University of Aberdeen, Computing Science).
 </p>
 
-    </div> 
+    </section> 
 
 
  
-<div id="references" class="appendix section"><h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">C.1</span> </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-IRI">[IRI]</dt><dd>M. Duerst, M. Suignard. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite>Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRI).</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</a> 
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.), Tom De Nies. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Constraints of the PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">[PROV-DM]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Reza B'Far, James Cheney, Sam Coppens, Stephen Cresswell, Yolanda Gil, Paul Groth, Graham Klyne, Tim Lebo, Jim McCusker, Simon Miles, James Myers, Satya Sahoo, and Curt Tilmes </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Working Draft. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/</span></a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">[PROV-O]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, Stephan Zednik, and Jun Zhao. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Provenance Formal Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">[RDF-SPARQL-QUERY]</dt><dd>Andy Seaborne; Eric Prud'hommeaux. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115"><cite>SPARQL Query Language for RDF.</cite></a> 15 January 2008. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115">http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115</a> 
+<section id="references" class="appendix"><h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>References</h2><section id="normative-references"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">C.1</span> </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><span class="delete">[IRI]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">M. Duerst, M. Suignard. </span><span class="insert">James Cheney; Paolo Missier; Luc Moreau; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRI).</span><span class="insert">Constraints of the PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="delete"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987.</span><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</span> 
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-DM"><span class="insert">[PROV-DM]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Luc Moreau; Paolo Missier; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">[PROV-O]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Timothy Lebo; Satya Sahoo; Deborah McGuinness; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Provenance Formal Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-SPARQL-QUERY">[RDF-SPARQL-QUERY]</dt><dd>Andy Seaborne; Eric Prud'hommeaux. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115"><cite>SPARQL Query Language for RDF.</cite></a> 15 January 2008. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115">http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-rdf-sparql-query-20080115</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-RFC2119">[RFC2119]</dt><dd>S. Bradner. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><cite>Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels.</cite></a> March 1997. Internet RFC 2119.  URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-RFC3023">[RFC3023]</dt><dd>M. Murata; S. St.Laurent; D. Kohn. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3023.txt"><cite>XML Media Types</cite></a> January 2001. Internet RFC 3023. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3023.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3023.txt</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-RFC3986">[RFC3986]</dt><dd>T. Berners-Lee; R. Fielding; L. Masinter. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt"><cite>Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax.</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3986. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-RFC3987">[RFC3987]</dt><dd>M. Dürst; M. Suignard. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite>Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs).</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</a> 
-</dd><dt id="bib-UNICODE"><span class="insert">[UNICODE]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">The Unicode Consortium.  </span><a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html"><cite><span class="insert">The Unicode Standard.</span></cite></a><span class="insert">.  Defined by: The Unicode Standard, Version 6.2.0, (Mountain View, CA: The Unicode Consortium, 2012. ISBN 978-1-936213-07-8) , as updated from time to time by the publication of new versions URL: </span><a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html"><span class="insert">http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html</span></a> 
-</dd><dt id="bib-URI">[URI]</dt><dd>T. Berners-Lee; R. Fielding; L. Masinter. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt"><cite>Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): generic syntax.</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3986. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt</a> 
+</dd><span class="delete">[URI]</span><dt id="bib-UNICODE"><span class="insert">[UNICODE]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">T. Berners-Lee; R. Fielding; L. Masinter. </span><span class="insert">The Unicode Consortium.  </span><a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html"><cite><span class="delete">Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): generic syntax.</span><span class="insert">The Unicode Standard.</span></cite></a><span class="delete"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3986.</span><span class="insert">  Defined by: The Unicode Standard, Version 6.2.0, (Mountain View, CA: The Unicode Consortium, 2012. ISBN 978-1-936213-07-8) , as updated from time to time by the publication of new versions</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt</span><a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html"><span class="insert">http://www.unicode.org/unicode/standard/versions/enumeratedversions.html</span></a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-UTF-8">[UTF-8]</dt><dd>F. Yergeau. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt"><cite>UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646</cite></a>. IETF RFC 3629. November 2003. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt</a>
 </dd><dt id="bib-XML-NAMES">[XML-NAMES]</dt><dd>Richard Tobin; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-xml-names-20091208/"><cite>Namespaces in XML 1.0 (Third Edition).</cite></a> 8 December 2009. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-xml-names-20091208/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-xml-names-20091208/</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-XML11">[XML11]</dt><dd>Eve Maler; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml11-20060816"><cite>Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.1 (Second Edition).</cite></a> 16 August 2006. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml11-20060816">http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml11-20060816</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">[XMLSCHEMA11-2]</dt><dd>Henry S. Thompson; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/"><cite>W3C XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) 1.1 Part 2: Datatypes.</cite></a> 5 April 2012. W3C Recommendation URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/</a> 
-</dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">C.2</span> </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ">[PROV-AQ]</dt><dd>Graham Klyne and Paul Groth (eds.) Luc Moreau, Olaf Hartig, Yogesh Simmhan, James Meyers, Timothy Lebo, Khalid Belhajjame, and Simon <span class="delete">Miles </span><span class="insert">Miles. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><cite>Provenance Access and Query</cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">[PROV-OVERVIEW]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.)</span><span class="insert">AUTHORS TBD. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Constraints</span><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW: The PROV Family</span> of <span class="delete">the Prov Data Model</span><span class="insert">Documents</span></cite></a>. 2012, Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-DM]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">[PROV-PRIMER]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau</span><span class="insert">Yolanda Gil</span> and <span class="insert">Simon Miles (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Helena Deus, Daniel Garijo, Graham Klyne, </span>Paolo <span class="delete">Missier (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Reza B'Far, Stephen Cresswell, Yolanda Gil, Paul Groth, Graham Klyne, Jim McCusker, Simon Miles, James Myers, Satya Sahoo,</span><span class="insert">Missier, Stian Soiland-Reyes,</span> and <span class="delete">Curt Tilmes</span><span class="insert">Stephan Zednik. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-DM: The PROV Data</span><span class="insert">Prov</span> Model<span class="insert"> Primer</span></cite></a>. 2012, Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
+</dd></dl></section><section id="informative-references"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">C.2</span> </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ">[PROV-AQ]</dt><dd>Graham <span class="delete">Klyne and</span><span class="insert">Klyne;</span> Paul <span class="delete">Groth (eds.) Luc Moreau, Olaf Hartig, Yogesh Simmhan, James Meyers, Timothy Lebo, Khalid Belhajjame, and Simon Miles </span><span class="insert">Groth; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><cite>Provenance Access and Query</cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">19 June 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">[PROV-OVERVIEW]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.)</span><span class="insert">Editors TBD. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Constraints</span><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW: The PROV Family</span> of <span class="delete">the Prov Data Model</span><span class="insert">Documents</span></cite></a>. <span class="insert">11 December </span>2012, Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-DM]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">[PROV-PRIMER]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Reza B'Far, Stephen Cresswell, </span>Yolanda <span class="delete">Gil, Paul Groth, Graham Klyne, Jim McCusker,</span><span class="insert">Gil;</span> Simon <span class="delete">Miles, James Myers, Satya Sahoo, and Curt Tilmes</span><span class="insert">Miles; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-DM: The PROV Data</span><span class="insert">Prov</span> Model<span class="insert"> Primer</span></cite></a>. <span class="insert">11 December </span>2012, Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/</span></a>
 </dd><dt id="bib-PROV-RDF">[PROV-RDF]</dt><dd>James Cheney <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvRDF"><cite>PROV-RDF Mapping </cite></a>2012, Working in Progress. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvRDF">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvRDF</a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-SEM">[PROV-SEM]</dt><dd>James <span class="delete">Cheney</span><span class="insert">Cheney.</span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman"><cite>Formal Semantics Strawman</cite></a>. 2011, Work in progress. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman</a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-XML">[PROV-XML]</dt><dd><span class="delete">James Cheney </span><span class="insert">Hook Hua, Curt Tilmes, and Stephan Zednik (eds.) Luc Moreau. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-XML Mapping </span><span class="insert">PROV-XML: The PROV XML Schema</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. </span>2012, <span class="delete">Working in Progress.</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvXML</span>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-SEM">[PROV-SEM]</dt><dd>James <span class="delete">Cheney</span><span class="insert">Cheney; ed.</span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman"><cite>Formal Semantics Strawman</cite></a>. 2011, Work in progress. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/FormalSemanticsStrawman</a>
+ 
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-XML">[PROV-XML]</dt><dd><span class="delete">James Cheney </span><span class="insert">Hook Hua; Curt Tilmes; Stephan Zednik; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-XML Mapping </span><span class="insert">PROV-XML: The PROV XML Schema</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December </span>2012, Working <span class="delete">in Progress.</span><span class="insert">Draft.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvXML</span>
 <span class="delete">[UNICODE5]</span><span class="delete">The Unicode Consortium. </span><span class="delete">The Unicode Standard, Version 5.1.0.</span><span class="delete"> Addison-Wesley. 2007. ISBN 0-321-48091-0. URL: </span><span class="delete">http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.1.0/</span> 
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-UNISEC">[UNISEC]</dt><dd> Mark Davis and Michel Suignard. <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/"><cite>Unicode Security Considerations<cite></cite></cite></a>.  4 August 2010. URL: <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/">http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/</a>
-</dd></dl></div></div></body></html>
-
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-UNISEC">[UNISEC]</dt><dd> Mark <span class="delete">Davis and</span><span class="insert">Davis;</span> Michel Suignard. <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/"><cite>Unicode Security Considerations<cite></cite></cite></a>.  4 August 2010. URL: <a href="http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/">http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/</a>
+</dd></dl></section></section></body></html>
+
--- a/model/diff.html	Tue Nov 20 11:01:50 2012 -0500
+++ b/model/diff.html	Wed Nov 21 11:46:11 2012 -0500
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd'>
+<!DOCTYPE html>
 <html lang="en" dir="ltr">
 <head><style type="text/css"><!--
 
@@ -514,7 +514,14 @@
     
 
      
-  <script type="text/javascript">
+  
+
+
+     
+
+    
+
+    <script type="text/javascript">
 /*
 	Written by Jonathan Snook, http://www.snook.ca/jonathan
 	Add-ons by Robert Nyman, http://www.robertnyman.com
@@ -522,6 +529,27 @@
 	From http://www.robertnyman.com/2005/11/07/the-ultimate-getelementsbyclassname/
 */
 
+function setContributors () {
+    $('dt').each(function(index) {
+        var content=$(this).text();
+        if (content== "Authors:") {
+         console.log( "content " +  content);
+         $(this).text("Contributors:")
+        }
+    })
+}
+
+function setColoredDiffs () {
+    $('dt').each(function(index) {
+        var content=$(this).text();
+        if (content== "Previous version:") {
+         console.log( "content " +  content);
+	  $(this).next().append(" ").append($('<a>').attr('href','diff.html').append("(colored-coded diff)"));
+        }
+    })
+}
+
+
 function getElementsByClassName(oElm, strTagName, oClassNames){
 	var arrElements = (! (! (strTagName == "*") || ! (oElm.all)))? oElm.all : oElm.getElementsByTagName(strTagName);
 	var arrReturnElements = new Array();
@@ -1495,10 +1523,164 @@
 
 </span></style>
 
-  <link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8"></head> 
-  <body style="display: inherit; "><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a></p><h1 class="title" id="title">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</h1><h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <span class="delete">Working Draft 24 July</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation 11 December</span> 2012</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120724/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/</span></a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</a></dd><dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html</a></dd><dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120503/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120724/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120724/</span></a> (<a href="diff.html">color-coded diffs</a>)</dd><dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~lavm/">Luc Moreau</a>, University of Southampton</dd>
+  <style><span class="insert">/*****************************************************************
+ * ReSpec 3 CSS
+ * Robin Berjon - http://berjon.com/
+ *****************************************************************/
+
+/* --- INLINES --- */
+em.rfc2119 { 
+    text-transform:     lowercase;
+    font-variant:       small-caps;
+    font-style:         normal;
+    color:              #900;
+}
+
+h1 acronym, h2 acronym, h3 acronym, h4 acronym, h5 acronym, h6 acronym, a acronym,
+h1 abbr, h2 abbr, h3 abbr, h4 abbr, h5 abbr, h6 abbr, a abbr {
+    border: none;
+}
+
+dfn {
+    font-weight:    bold;
+}
+
+a.internalDFN {
+    color:  inherit;
+    border-bottom:  1px solid #99c;
+    text-decoration:    none;
+}
+
+a.externalDFN {
+    color:  inherit;
+    border-bottom:  1px dotted #ccc;
+    text-decoration:    none;
+}
+
+a.bibref {
+    text-decoration:    none;
+}
+
+cite .bibref {
+    font-style: normal;
+}
+
+code {
+    color:  #ff4500;
+}
+
+
+/* --- --- */
+ol.algorithm { counter-reset:numsection; list-style-type: none; }
+ol.algorithm li { margin: 0.5em 0; }
+ol.algorithm li:before { font-weight: bold; counter-increment: numsection; content: counters(numsection, ".") ") "; }
+
+/* --- TOC --- */
+.toc a, .tof a {
+    text-decoration:    none;
+}
+
+a .secno, a .figno {
+    color:  #000;
+}
+
+ul.tof, ol.tof {
+    list-style: none outside none;
+}
+
+.caption {
+    margin-top: 0.5em;
+    font-style:   italic;
+}
+
+/* --- TABLE --- */
+table.simple {
+    border-spacing: 0;
+    border-collapse:    collapse;
+    border-bottom:  3px solid #005a9c;
+}
+
+.simple th {
+    background: #005a9c;
+    color:  #fff;
+    padding:    3px 5px;
+    text-align: left;
+}
+
+.simple th[scope="row"] {
+    background: inherit;
+    color:  inherit;
+    border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
+}
+
+.simple td {
+    padding:    3px 10px;
+    border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
+}
+
+.simple tr:nth-child(even) {
+    background: #f0f6ff;
+}
+
+/* --- DL --- */
+.section dd > p:first-child {
+    margin-top: 0;
+}
+
+.section dd > p:last-child {
+    margin-bottom: 0;
+}
+
+.section dd {
+    margin-bottom:  1em;
+}
+
+.section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd {
+    margin-bottom:  0;
+}
+</span></style><link rel="stylesheet" href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR"></head> 
+  <body><div class="head">
+  <p>
+    
+      <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a>
+    
+  </p>
+  <h1 class="title" id="title">PROV-DM: The PROV Data Model</h1>
+  
+  <h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C<span class="delete"> Working Draft 24 July</span></abbr><span class="insert"> Candidate Recommendation 11 December</span> 2012</h2>
+  <dl>
+    
+      <dt>This version:</dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/</span></a></dd>
+      <dt><span class="insert">Latest published version:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Latest editor's draft:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Test suite:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/testcases/process.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/testcases/constraints/process.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Implementation report:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html"><span class="insert">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html</span></a></dd>
+    
+    
+    
+      <dt><span class="insert">Previous version:</span></dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120724/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120724/</a> <a href="diff.html"><span class="insert">(colored-coded diff)</span></a></dd><span class="delete">Latest published version:</span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</span><span class="delete">Latest editor's draft:</span><span class="delete">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html</span><span class="delete">Previous version:</span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-dm-20120503/</span><span class="delete"> (</span><span class="delete">color-coded diffs</span><span class="delete">)</span>
+    
+    
+    <dt>Editors:</dt>
+    <dd><a href="http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~lavm/">Luc Moreau</a>, University of Southampton</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/people/Paolo.Missier">Paolo Missier</a>, Newcastle University</dd>
-<dt>Contributors:</dt><dd><a href="http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Khalid_Belhajjame">Khalid Belhajjame</a>, University of Manchester</dd>
+
+
+    
+      <dt>Contributors:</dt>
+      <dd><a href="http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Khalid_Belhajjame">Khalid Belhajjame</a>, University of Manchester</dd>
 <dd><span>Reza B'Far</span>, Oracle Corporation</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh</dd>
 <dd><span>Sam Coppens</span>, IBBT - Ghent University</dd>
@@ -1512,14 +1694,38 @@
 <dd><a href="http://www.rpi.edu/research/ccni/">James Myers</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute</dd>
 <dd><a href="http://cci.case.edu/cci/index.php/Satya_Sahoo">Satya Sahoo</a>, Case Western Reserve University</dd>
 <dd><span>Curt Tilmes</span>, National Aeronautics and Space Administration</dd>
-</dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2011-2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr></div> 
-
-    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
+
+
+    
+  </dl>
+  
+  
+  
+  
+    
+      <p class="copyright">
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> ©  
+        2011-2012 
+        
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>®</sup>  
+        (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr></a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. 
+        <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, 
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and 
+        <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.
+      </p>
+    
+  
+  <hr>
+</div> 
+
+    <section id="abstract" class="introductory"><h2>Abstract</h2>
 <p>
 Provenance is information about entities, activities, and people
 involved in producing a piece of data or thing, which can be used
  to form assessments about its quality, reliability or trustworthiness.
-PROV-DM is the conceptual data model that forms a basis for the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>
+PROV-DM is the conceptual data model that forms a basis for the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>
 provenance (PROV) family of specifications.
 PROV-DM distinguishes core structures, forming the essence of provenance information, from
 extended structures catering for more specific uses of provenance. 
@@ -1546,8 +1752,19 @@
 
 <p><span class="insert">The PROV Document Overview describes the overall state of PROV, and should be read before other PROV documents.</span></p>
 
-    </div><div id="sotd" class="introductory section"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
-<span class="delete">Last Call</span><h4 id="prov-family-of-documents"><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></h4>
+    </section><section id="sotd" class="introductory"><h2>Status of This Document</h2>
+  
+    
+      
+        <p>
+          <em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other 
+          documents may supersede this document. A list of current <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> publications and the latest revision 
+          of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> technical reports 
+          index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em>
+        </p>
+<span class="delete">Last Call</span>
+        
+<h4 id="prov-family-of-documents"><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></h4>
 This <span class="insert">document </span>is <span class="delete">the fifth public release of the PROV-DM document. 
 This is</span><span class="insert">part of the PROV family of documents,</span> a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected to change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time for external review.</span>
 
@@ -1559,16 +1776,15 @@
 This document is part of the PROV family of specifications, a </span>set of <span class="delete">specifications</span><span class="insert">documents</span> defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
 interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  <span class="delete">The specifications</span><span class="insert">These documents</span> are:
 <ul>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">PROV-O</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/">PROV-DM</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> the PROV data model for provenance (this document);</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <span class="delete">PROV-N</span><span class="delete">, a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [</span><span class="delete">PROV-N</span><span class="delete">];</span>
- <span class="delete">PROV-O</span><span class="delete">, the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [</span><span class="delete">PROV-O</span><span class="delete">];</span>
- <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/">PROV-AQ</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Note),</span> the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
-<li> <span class="delete">PROV-PRIMER</span><span class="delete">, a primer</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),  an XML schema</span> for the PROV data model [<cite><span class="delete">PROV-PRIMER</span><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a></cite>].</li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), an overview of</span> the PROV <span class="delete">data model for provenance (this document);</span>
+ <span class="delete">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span><span class="delete">, a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model</span><span class="insert">family of documents</span> [<cite><span class="delete">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW</span></a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-N</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),</span> a <span class="delete">notation</span><span class="insert">primer</span> for <span class="delete">provenance aimed at human consumption</span><span class="insert">the PROV data model</span> [<cite><span class="delete">PROV-N</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER"><span class="insert">PROV-PRIMER</span></a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/">PROV-O</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-O">PROV-O</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-AQ</span><span class="delete">, the mechanisms</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-DM</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), the PROV data model</span> for <span class="delete">accessing and querying </span>provenance<span class="insert"> (this document);</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption</span> [<cite><span class="delete">PROV-AQ</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">PROV-N</span></a></cite>]; </li>
+<li> <span class="delete">PROV-PRIMER</span><span class="delete">,</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a><span class="insert"> (Recommendation),</span> a <span class="delete">primer for</span><span class="insert">set of constraints applying to</span> the PROV data model [<cite><span class="delete">PROV-PRIMER</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</span></a></cite><span class="insert">];</span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note), the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ"><span class="insert">PROV-AQ</span></a></cite><span class="insert">]; </span></li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a><span class="insert"> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">PROV-XML</span></a></cite>].</li>
 
 
 </ul>
@@ -1580,29 +1796,79 @@
 <li>Readers seeking to implement other PROV serializations
 should focus on PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS.  PROV-O and PROV-N offer examples of mapping to RDF and text, respectively.</li>
 </ul>
-<p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft.</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.</span> This document is intended to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a> (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>). <span class="delete">The Last Call period ends 18 September 2012.</span><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></acronym><span class="insert"> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than 01 July 2014.</span> All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.<span class="delete">This is a Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</span></p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
-</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance-with-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.1 </span></span><span class="insert">Compliance with this Document</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.1</span><span class="insert">1.2</span> </span>Structure of this Document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.2</span><span class="insert">1.3</span> </span>Notational Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#namespaces" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.3</span><span class="insert">1.4</span> </span>Namespaces</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV Overview</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#core-structures" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>PROV Core Structures</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-entity-activity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1.1 </span>Entity and Activity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-derivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1.2 </span>Derivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1.3 </span>Agents and Responsibility</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-extended-structures" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>PROV Extended Structures</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-mechanisms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1 </span>Mechanisms to Define Extended Structures</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-subtyping" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.1 </span>Subtyping</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-expanded-relation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.2 </span>Expanded Relations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-optional-identification" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.3 </span>Optional Identification</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-further-relations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.4 </span>Further Relations</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-provenance-of-provnance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.2 </span>Provenance of Provenance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-collections" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.3 </span>Collections</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-overview-components" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Modular Organization</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-notation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>The Provenance Notation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-dm-example" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Illustration of PROV-DM by an Example</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-example-one" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Example: The Authors View</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-example-two" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Example: The Process View</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-example-c" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Example: Attribution of Provenance</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#data-model-components" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>PROV-DM Types and Relations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#component1" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Component 1: Entities and Activities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-entity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.1 </span>Entity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Activity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.2 </span>Activity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Generation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.3 </span>Generation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Usage" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.4 </span>Usage</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Communication" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.5 </span>Communication</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Start" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.6 </span>Start</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-End" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.7 </span>End</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Invalidation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.8 </span>Invalidation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component2" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Component 2: Derivations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Derivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.1 </span>Derivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-revision" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.2 </span>Revision</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-quotation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.3 </span>Quotation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-primary-source" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.4 </span>Primary Source</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component3" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, and Influence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-agent" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.1 </span>Agent</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribution" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.2 </span>Attribution</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Association" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.3 </span>Association</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-delegation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.4 </span>Delegation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-influence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.5 </span>Influence</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component4" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Component 4: Bundles</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-bundle" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4.1 </span>Bundle constructor</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-bundle-entity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4.2 </span>Bundle Type</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component5" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Component 5: Alternate Entities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-specialization" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5.1 </span>Specialization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-alternate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5.2 </span>Alternate<span class="delete">5.5.3 </span><span class="delete">Mention</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component6" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.6 </span>Component 6: Collections</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-collection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.6.1 </span>Collection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-membership" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.6.2 </span>Membership</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#second-class-elements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7 </span>Further Elements of PROV-DM</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-identifier" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.1 </span>Identifier</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2 </span>Attribute</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-label" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.1 </span>prov:label</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-location" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.2 </span>prov:location</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-role" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.3 </span>prov:role</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-type" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.4 </span>prov:type</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-value" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.5 </span>prov:value</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-value" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.3 </span>Value</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-NamespaceDeclaration" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.4 </span>Namespace Declaration</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-qualified-name" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.5 </span>Qualified Name</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extensibility-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>PROV-DM Extensibility Points</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#valid-provenance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Creating Valid Provenance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-references-to-prov-o-and-prov-n" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-last-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div> 
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-
-
-
-
-
-    <div id="introduction" class="section"> 
+
+
+        <p>
+          This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft. </span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation.
+          
+            </span>This document is intended to become a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation. 
+          
+          If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to  
+          <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a>  
+          (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, 
+          <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>).<span class="delete"> The Last Call period ends 18 September 2012. </span>
+          
+          
+            <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert"> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed
+            to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This
+            Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than
+            31 January 2013.
+          
+          </span>All feedback is welcome.
+        </p>
+        
+          <p>
+            Publication as a <span class="delete">Working Draft</span><span class="insert">Candidate Recommendation</span> does not imply endorsement by the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Membership. 
+            This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at  
+            any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.
+          </p>
+        
+        
+        <p>
+          
+            This <span class="delete">is</span><span class="insert">document was produced by</span> a <span class="delete">Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</span><span class="delete">This document was produced by a </span>group operating under the  
+            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>. 
+          
+          
+          
+            
+              <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a>  
+            
+            made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for  
+            disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains 
+            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the 
+            information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 
+            6 of the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>.
+          
+          
+        </p>
+        
+      
+    
+  
+</section><section id="toc"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
+</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance-with-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.1 </span></span><span class="insert">Compliance with this Document</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.1</span><span class="insert">1.2</span> </span>Structure of this Document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.2</span><span class="insert">1.3</span> </span>Notational Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#namespaces" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.3</span><span class="insert">1.4</span> </span>Namespaces</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV Overview</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#core-structures" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>PROV Core Structures</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-entity-activity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1.1 </span>Entity and Activity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-derivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1.2 </span>Derivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1.3 </span>Agents and Responsibility</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-extended-structures" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>PROV Extended Structures</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-mechanisms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1 </span>Mechanisms to Define Extended Structures</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-subtyping" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.1 </span>Subtyping</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-expanded-relation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.2 </span>Expanded Relations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-optional-identification" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.3 </span>Optional Identification</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-prov-extended-approach-further-relations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.1.4 </span>Further Relations</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-provenance-of-provnance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.2 </span>Provenance of Provenance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-collections" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2.3 </span>Collections</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-overview-components" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Modular Organization</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-notation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>The Provenance Notation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-dm-example" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Illustration of PROV-DM by an Example</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-example-one" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Example: The Authors View</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-example-two" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Example: The Process View</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#section-example-c" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Example: Attribution of Provenance</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#data-model-components" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>PROV-DM Types and Relations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#component1" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Component 1: Entities and Activities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-entity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.1 </span>Entity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Activity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.2 </span>Activity</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Generation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.3 </span>Generation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Usage" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.4 </span>Usage</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Communication" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.5 </span>Communication</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Start" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.6 </span>Start</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-End" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.7 </span>End</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Invalidation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1.8 </span>Invalidation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component2" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Component 2: Derivations</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Derivation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.1 </span>Derivation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-revision" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.2 </span>Revision</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-quotation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.3 </span>Quotation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-primary-source" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2.4 </span>Primary Source</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component3" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, and Influence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-agent" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.1 </span>Agent</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribution" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.2 </span>Attribution</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-Association" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.3 </span>Association</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-delegation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.4 </span>Delegation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-influence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3.5 </span>Influence</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component4" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Component 4: Bundles</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-bundle" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4.1 </span>Bundle constructor</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-bundle-entity" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4.2 </span>Bundle Type</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component5" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Component 5: Alternate Entities</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-specialization" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5.1 </span>Specialization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-alternate" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5.2 </span>Alternate<span class="delete">5.5.3 </span><span class="delete">Mention</span></a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#component6" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.6 </span>Component 6: Collections</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-collection" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.6.1 </span>Collection</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-membership" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.6.2 </span>Membership</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#second-class-elements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7 </span>Further Elements of PROV-DM</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-identifier" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.1 </span>Identifier</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2 </span>Attribute</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-label" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.1 </span>prov:label</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-location" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.2 </span>prov:location</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-role" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.3 </span>prov:role</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-type" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.4 </span>prov:type</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-attribute-value" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.2.5 </span>prov:value</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-value" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.3 </span>Value</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-NamespaceDeclaration" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.4 </span>Namespace Declaration</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#term-qualified-name" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.7.5 </span>Qualified Name</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#extensibility-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>PROV-DM Extensibility Points</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#valid-provenance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Creating Valid Provenance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-references-to-prov-o-and-prov-n" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-last-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul> 
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+    </section> 
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+    <section id="introduction"> 
       <h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
 </h2> 
 
@@ -1636,7 +1902,7 @@
 <em>extended structures</em>: core structures form the essence of
 provenance information, and are commonly found in various
 domain-specific vocabularies that deal
-with provenance or similar kinds of information [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Mappings">Mappings</a></cite>].
+with provenance or similar kinds of information [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Mappings">Mappings</a></cite>].
 Extended structures enhance and refine core
 structures with more expressive capabilities to cater for more
 advanced uses of provenance.
@@ -1663,7 +1929,7 @@
 
 <p>However, if something about which provenance is expressed is subject to change, then it is challenging to express its provenance precisely (e.g. the data from which a daily weather report is derived  changes from day to day).
 This is addressed in a companion
- specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] by proposing formal constraints on
+ specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] by proposing formal constraints on
  the way that provenance is related to the things it
  describes (such as the use of attributes, temporal information and
  specialization of entities), and additional conclusions that are valid
@@ -1673,7 +1939,7 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="compliance-with-this-document" class="section"> 
+<section id="compliance-with-this-document"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">1.1 </span><span class="delete">Structure of</span><span class="insert">Compliance with</span> this Document</h3>
 
 
@@ -1688,10 +1954,10 @@
 <li><span class="insert"> All figures (including UML diagrams) are informative. </span></li>
 <li><span class="insert"> Text in boxes labeled "Example" is informative.
 </span></li></ul>
-</div>
-
-
-<div class="informative section" id="structure-of-this-document"> 
+</section>
+
+
+<section class="informative" id="structure-of-this-document"> 
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="insert">1.2 </span></span><span class="insert">Structure of this Document</span></h3><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 <p><a href="#section-prov-overview">Section 2</a> provides an overview of the PROV <span class="delete">Data Model,</span><span class="insert">data model,</span>  distinguishing a core set of types and  relations, commonly found in provenance, from extended structures catering for more specific uses. It also introduces a modular organization of the data model in components. </p>
@@ -1709,12 +1975,12 @@
 
 <p><a href="#extensibility-section">Section 6</a> summarizes PROV-DM extensibility points.</p>
 
-<p><a href="#valid-provenance">Section 7</a> introduces the idea that constraints can be applied to the PROV data model to validate provenance; these are covered in the companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].</p>
-
-
-</div> 
-
-<div id="conventions" class="section"> 
+<p><a href="#valid-provenance">Section 7</a> introduces the idea that constraints can be applied to the PROV data model to validate provenance; these are covered in the companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].</p>
+
+
+</section> 
+
+<section id="conventions"> 
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.2</span><span class="insert">1.3</span> </span>Notational Conventions</h3>
 
 
@@ -1723,17 +1989,17 @@
       not">shall
       not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>",  "<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>", and
       "<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
-      [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
+      [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
 
 <p> 
   Examples throughout this document use the PROV-N Provenance
-  Notation, briefly introduced in <a href="#prov-notation">Section 3</a> and specified fully in a separate document [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>].</p>
-
-
-
-</div> 
-
-<div class="informative section" id="namespaces"> 
+  Notation, briefly introduced in <a href="#prov-notation">Section 3</a> and specified fully in a separate document [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>].</p>
+
+
+
+</section> 
+
+<section class="informative" id="namespaces"> 
 <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">1.3</span><span class="insert">1.4</span> </span>Namespaces</h3><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 <p>
@@ -1744,20 +2010,20 @@
 <caption id="namespace-table"><span>Table 1<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#namespace-table"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> </span>Prefix and Namespaces used in this specification</caption> 
 <tbody><tr><td><a><b>prefix</b></a></td><td><b>namespace <span class="delete">uri</span><span class="insert">IRI</span></b></td> <td><b>definition</b></td></tr>
 <tr><td><a>prov</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</td><td>The PROV namespace (see <a class="section-ref" href="#term-NamespaceDeclaration"><span>Section 5.7.4</span></a>)</td></tr>
-<tr><td><a>xsd</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2000/10/XMLSchema#</td><td>XML Schema Namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-<tr><td><a>rdf</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#</td><td>The RDF namespace  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-<tr><td><a>(others)</a></td><td>(various)</td><td>All other namespace prefixes are used in examples only. <br> In particular, <span class="delete">URIs</span><span class="insert">IRIs</span> starting with "http://example.com" represent<br> some application-dependent <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> [<cite><span class="delete">URI</span><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-IRI"><span class="insert">IRI</span></a></cite>]</td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>xsd</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2000/10/XMLSchema#</td><td>XML Schema Namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>]</td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>rdf</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#</td><td>The RDF namespace  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>]</td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>(others)</a></td><td>(various)</td><td>All other namespace prefixes are used in examples only. <br> In particular, <span class="delete">URIs</span><span class="insert">IRIs</span> starting with "http://example.com" represent<br> some application-dependent <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> [<cite><span class="delete">URI</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987"><span class="insert">RFC3987</span></a></cite>]</td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
 
-</div> 
-
-</div> 
-
-
-
-<div class="informative section" id="section-prov-overview"> 
+</section> 
+
+</section> 
+
+
+
+<section class="informative" id="section-prov-overview"> 
 <h2><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV Overview</h2><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 <p>This section introduces provenance concepts with informal explanations and illustrative
@@ -1765,8 +2031,8 @@
 </p>
 
 
-<div id="core-structures" class="section"> 
-<h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>PROV Core Structures</h3>
+<section id="core-structures"> 
+<h3><span class="secno">2.1 </span>PROV Core Structures</h3><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 <p>At its core, provenance describes the use and production of
 <em>entities</em> by <em>activities</em>, which may be 
@@ -1774,7 +2040,7 @@
 various ways by <em>agents</em>.  These core types and their relationships
 are illustrated
 by
-the UML diagram of <a href="#prov-core-structures-top">Figure 1</a>.</p>
+the UML diagram of <a href="#prov-core-structures-top" class="fig-ref">Figure 1</a>.</p>
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center; ">
@@ -1800,16 +2066,16 @@
 <caption id="overview-types-and-relations"><span>Table 2<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#overview-types-and-relations"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> </span>Mapping of PROV core concepts to  types and relations</caption> 
 <tbody><tr><td><a><b>PROV Concepts</b></a></td><td><b>PROV-DM types or relations</b></td><td><b>Name</b></td><td><b>Overview</b></td></tr>
 <tr>
-<td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td><td rowspan="3" style="text-align: center;">PROV-DM Types</td><td><a title="dfn-Entity" href="#dfn-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a></td><td><a title="dfn-Activity" href="#dfn-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td><td><a title="dfn-agent" href="#dfn-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"><span>Section 2.1.3</span></a></td></tr>
+<td><a>Entity</a></td><td rowspan="3" style="text-align: center;">PROV-DM Types</td><td><a title="dfn-Entity" href="#dfn-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>Activity</a></td><td><a title="dfn-Activity" href="#dfn-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>Agent</a></td><td><a title="dfn-agent" href="#dfn-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"><span>Section 2.1.3</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a></td><td rowspan="7" style="text-align: center;">PROV-DM Relations</td><td><a title="wasGeneratedBy" href="#dfn-wasgeneratedby" class="internalDFN">WasGeneratedBy</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr><td><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a></td><td><a title="used" href="#dfn-used" class="internalDFN">Used</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr><td><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN">Communication</a></td><td><a title="wasInformedBy" href="#dfn-wasinformedby" class="internalDFN">WasInformedBy</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-entity-activity"><span>Section 2.1.1</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a></td><td><a title="wasDerivedFrom" href="#dfn-wasderivedfrom" class="internalDFN">WasDerivedFrom</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-derivation"><span>Section 2.1.2</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>Derivation</a></td><td><a title="wasDerivedFrom" href="#dfn-wasderivedfrom" class="internalDFN">WasDerivedFrom</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-derivation"><span>Section 2.1.2</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr><td><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN">Attribution</a></td><td><a title="wasAttributedTo" href="#dfn-wasattributedto" class="internalDFN">WasAttributedTo</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"><span>Section 2.1.3</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">Association</a></td><td><a title="wasAssociatedWith" href="#dfn-wasassociatedwith" class="internalDFN">WasAssociatedWith</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"><span>Section 2.1.3</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a>Association</a></td><td><a title="wasAssociatedWith" href="#dfn-wasassociatedwith" class="internalDFN">WasAssociatedWith</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"><span>Section 2.1.3</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr><td><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN">Delegation</a></td><td><a title="actedOnBehalfOf" href="#dfn-actedonbehalfof" class="internalDFN">ActedOnBehalfOf</a></td><td style="text-align: center;"><a class="section-ref" href="#section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"><span>Section 2.1.3</span></a></td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
@@ -1842,8 +2108,8 @@
 
 
   
-    <div id="section-entity-activity" class="section"> 
-<h4><span class="secno">2.1.1 </span>Entity and Activity</h4>
+    <section id="section-entity-activity"> 
+<h4><span class="secno">2.1.1 </span>Entity and Activity</h4><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 
 <p>In PROV, things we want to describe the provenance of are called <em>entities</em> and have some fixed aspects. The term "things" encompasses a broad diversity of notions, including digital objects such as a file or web page, 
@@ -1977,9 +2243,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-    <div id="section-derivation" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+    <section id="section-derivation"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">2.1.2 </span>Derivation</h4>
 
 
@@ -2001,10 +2267,10 @@
 </div>
 
 
-<p><span class="insert">
-The focus of derivation is on connecting a generated entity to a used
-entity.</span>
-While the basic idea is simple, the concept of derivation can be quite
+<p>
+<span class="insert">The focus of derivation is on connecting a generated entity to a used
+entity.
+</span>While the basic idea is simple, the concept of derivation can be quite
 subtle: implicit is the notion that the generated entity was affected
 in some way by the used entity.  
 
@@ -2021,11 +2287,11 @@
 derivation to hold between entities, it is not sufficient; some
 form of influence occurring during the activities involved is also needed. 
 </p>
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="section-agents-attribution-association-delegation" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="section-agents-attribution-association-delegation"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">2.1.3 </span>Agents and Responsibility</h4>
 
 <p>For many purposes, a key consideration
@@ -2115,12 +2381,12 @@
 told the student to put up the web page.  
 </p>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="section-extended-structures" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="section-extended-structures"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">2.2 </span>PROV Extended Structures</h3>
 
 <p>While the core of PROV focuses on essential provenance structures commonly found in provenance descriptions, extended structures 
@@ -2130,7 +2396,7 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="section-prov-extended-mechanisms" class="section"> 
+<section id="section-prov-extended-mechanisms"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">2.2.1 </span>Mechanisms to Define Extended Structures</h4>
 
 <p>Extended structures are defined by a variety of mechanisms 
@@ -2138,8 +2404,8 @@
 identification, and new relations.</p>
 
 
-<div id="section-prov-extended-approach-subtyping" class="section"> 
-<h5><span class="secno">2.2.1.1 </span>Subtyping</h5>
+<section id="section-prov-extended-approach-subtyping"> 
+<h5><span class="secno">2.2.1.1 </span>Subtyping</h5><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 <p>Subtyping can be applied to core types. For example, a software agent is special kind of agent, defined as follows.</p>
 
@@ -2152,9 +2418,9 @@
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   A <span class="dfn">revision</span>   is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. </span></p>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="section-prov-extended-approach-expanded-relation" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+<section id="section-prov-extended-approach-expanded-relation"> 
 <h5><span class="secno">2.2.1.2 </span>Expanded Relations</h5>
 
 <p><a class="section-ref" href="#core-structures"><span>Section 2.1</span></a> shows that seven concepts are mapped to binary relations in the core of PROV.  However, some advanced uses of these concepts cannot be captured by a binary relation, but require relations to be expanded to n-ary relations.</p>
@@ -2199,10 +2465,10 @@
 an XSLT transform (an activity) launched by a user (an agent) based on an XSL style sheet (a plan).
 
 </p></div>
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="section-prov-extended-approach-optional-identification" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="section-prov-extended-approach-optional-identification"> 
 <h5><span class="secno">2.2.1.3 </span>Optional Identification</h5>
 
 <p>Some concepts exhibit both a core use, expressed as
@@ -2220,22 +2486,23 @@
 </p></div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="section-prov-extended-approach-further-relations" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="section-prov-extended-approach-further-relations"> 
 <h5><span class="secno">2.2.1.4 </span>Further Relations</h5>
 
 <p>Finally, <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> supports further relations that are not subtypes or expanded versions of existing relations (such as <a href="#concept-specialization" class="internalDFN">specialization</a>, <a href="#concept-alternate" class="internalDFN">alternate</a>).</p>
 
 
-</div>
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="section-provenance-of-provnance" class="section"> 
+
+</section>
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="section-provenance-of-provnance"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">2.2.2 </span>Provenance of Provenance</h4>
 
 
@@ -2260,9 +2527,9 @@
 In a decision making situation, decision makers may be presented with the same piece of knowledge, issued by multiple sources.  In order to validate this piece of knowledge, decision makers can consider its provenance, but also the provenance of <span class="delete">their</span><span class="insert">its</span> provenance, which may help determine whether it can be trusted.
 </p>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-<div id="section-collections" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+<section id="section-collections"> 
 <h4><span class="secno">2.2.3 </span>Collections</h4>
 
 <p>
@@ -2275,15 +2542,15 @@
 </p></div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="section-overview-components" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="section-overview-components"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Modular Organization</h3>
 
 <p>Besides the separation between core and extended structures, PROV-DM
@@ -2306,17 +2573,17 @@
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>
-
-
-<div class="informative section" id="prov-notation">  
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+
+<section class="informative" id="prov-notation">  
 <h2><span class="secno">3. </span>The Provenance Notation</h2><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 
 <p>To illustrate the application of PROV concepts to a concrete example (see <a href="#prov-dm-example">Section 4</a>) and to provide examples of concepts (see <a href="#data-model-components">Section 5</a>),
-we introduce PROV-N, a notation for writing instances of the PROV data model. For full <span class="delete">details,</span><span class="insert">details and for a normative reference,</span> the reader is referred to the companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>].
+we introduce PROV-N, a notation for writing instances of the PROV data model. For full <span class="delete">details,</span><span class="insert">details and for a normative reference,</span> the reader is referred to the companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>].
 PROV-N is a notation  aimed at human consumption, with the following characteristics:</p>
 <ul>
 <li>PROV-N expressions adopt a <em>functional notation</em> consisting
@@ -2363,10 +2630,10 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-<div class="informative section" id="prov-dm-example"> 
+</section>
+
+
+<section class="informative" id="prov-dm-example"> 
 <h2><span class="secno">4. </span>Illustration of PROV-DM by an Example</h2><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 <p><a href="#section-prov-overview">Section 2</a> has introduced some provenance concepts, and how they are expressed as types or relations in the PROV data model. The purpose of this section is to put these concepts into practice in order to express the provenance of some document published on the Web.  
@@ -2375,11 +2642,11 @@
 
 <p>In this example, we consider one of the many documents published by the World Wide Web Consortium, and describe its provenance. 
 Specifically, we consider the document identified by
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111215">http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111215</a>. Its provenance can be expressed from several perspectives: first,  provenance can take the authors' viewpoint; second, it can be concerned with the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> process. Then, attribution of these two provenance descriptions is provided.</p>
-
-
-<div id="section-example-one" class="section"> 
-<h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Example: The Authors View</h3>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111215">http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111215</a>. Its provenance can be expressed from several perspectives: first,  provenance can take the authors' viewpoint; second, it can be concerned with the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> process. Then, attribution of these two provenance descriptions is provided.</p>
+
+
+<section id="section-example-one"> 
+<h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Example: The Authors View</h3><p><em><span class="insert">This section is non-normative.</span></em></p>
 
 
 <p style="font-style:italic; "><b>Description:</b> A document
@@ -2395,7 +2662,7 @@
 
 
 
-<p>We paraphrase some <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> descriptions, express them with the PROV-N notation, and depict them with a graphical illustration (see <a href="#prov-a-document1-top">Figure 2</a>).
+<p>We paraphrase some <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> descriptions, express them with the PROV-N notation, and depict them with a graphical illustration (see <a href="#prov-a-document1-top" class="fig-ref">Figure 2</a>).
 Full details of the provenance record can be found <a href="examples/w3c-publication1.provn">here</a>.</p>
 
 <div style="text-align: center; ">
@@ -2438,7 +2705,7 @@
 
 <p>
 Provenance descriptions can be <em>illustrated</em> graphically. The illustration is not intended to represent all the details of the model, but it is intended to show the essence of a set of
-provenance <span class="delete">descriptions.</span><span class="insert">descriptions [</span><cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-LAYOUT"><span class="insert">PROV-LAYOUT</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].</span>  Therefore, it should not be seen as an alternate notation for expressing provenance.</p>
+provenance <span class="delete">descriptions.</span><span class="insert">descriptions [</span><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LAYOUT"><span class="insert">PROV-LAYOUT</span></a></cite><span class="insert">].</span>  Therefore, it should not be seen as an alternate notation for expressing provenance.</p>
 
 <p>The graphical illustration takes the form of a graph. Entities, activities and agents are represented as nodes, with oval, rectangular, and pentagonal shapes, respectively.  Usage,
 Generation, Derivation, and Association are represented as directed edges.</p>
@@ -2448,9 +2715,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="section-example-two" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+<section id="section-example-two"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Example: The Process View</h3>
 
 
@@ -2460,12 +2727,12 @@
 accomplished by working groups. Every publication of a working draft
 must be preceded by a "publication request" to the Webmaster.  The
 very first version of a document must also be preceded by a
-"transition request" to be approved by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> director.  All working
+"transition request" to be approved by the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> director.  All working
 drafts are made available at a unique <span class="delete">URI.</span><span class="insert">IRI.</span>  In this scenario, we consider two successive versions of a given document, the policy according to which they were published, and the associated requests.
 </p>
 
 <p>
-We describe the kind of provenance record that the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium">WWW Consortium</a> could keep for auditors to check that due processes are followed. All entities involved in this example are Web resources, with well-defined <span class="delete">URIs</span><span class="insert">IRIs</span> (some of which refer archived email messages, available to <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Members).</p>
+We describe the kind of provenance record that the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium">WWW Consortium</a> could keep for auditors to check that due processes are followed. All entities involved in this example are Web resources, with well-defined <span class="delete">URIs</span><span class="insert">IRIs</span> (some of which refer archived email messages, available to <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Members).</p>
 
 <ul>
 <li> Two versions of a document were involved: <span class="name"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111215">tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215</a></span> (second working draft) and <span class="name"><span class="name"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111018">tr:WD-prov-dm-20111018</a></span></span> (first working draft);</li>
@@ -2482,7 +2749,7 @@
 </ul>
 
 <p>
-We now paraphrase some PROV descriptions, and express them with the PROV-N notation, and depict them with a graphical illustration (see <a href="#prov-a-document2-top">Figure 3</a>). Full details of the provenance record can be found <a href="examples/w3c-publication2.provn">here</a>.
+We now paraphrase some PROV descriptions, and express them with the PROV-N notation, and depict them with a graphical illustration (see <a href="#prov-a-document2-top" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a>). Full details of the provenance record can be found <a href="examples/w3c-publication2.provn">here</a>.
 
 </p><div style="text-align: center;">
   <span class="figure" id="prov-a-document2-top">
@@ -2532,13 +2799,13 @@
 
 
 
-<p> This simple example has shown a variety of PROV concepts, such as Entity, Agent, Activity, Usage, Generation, Derivation, and Association. In this example, it happens that all entities were already Web resources, with readily available <span class="delete">URIs,</span><span class="insert">IRIs,</span> which we used. We note that some of the resources are public, whereas others have restricted access: provenance statements only make use of their identifiers. If identifiers do not pre-exist, e.g. for activities, then they can be generated, for instance <span class="name">ex:act2</span>, occurring in the namespace identified by prefix <span class="name">ex</span>.  We note that the <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> scheme developed by <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> is particularly suited for expressing provenance of these documents, since each <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> denotes a specific version of a document. It then becomes easy to relate the various versions with  <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> relations. We note that an Association is a ternary relation (represented by a multi-edge labeled wasAssociatedWith) from an activity to an agent and a plan.</p>
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="section-example-c" class="section"> 
+<p> This simple example has shown a variety of PROV concepts, such as Entity, Agent, Activity, Usage, Generation, Derivation, and Association. In this example, it happens that all entities were already Web resources, with readily available <span class="delete">URIs,</span><span class="insert">IRIs,</span> which we used. We note that some of the resources are public, whereas others have restricted access: provenance statements only make use of their identifiers. If identifiers do not pre-exist, e.g. for activities, then they can be generated, for instance <span class="name">ex:act2</span>, occurring in the namespace identified by prefix <span class="name">ex</span>.  We note that the <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> scheme developed by <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> is particularly suited for expressing provenance of these documents, since each <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> denotes a specific version of a document. It then becomes easy to relate the various versions with  <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> relations. We note that an Association is a ternary relation (represented by a multi-edge labeled wasAssociatedWith) from an activity to an agent and a plan.</p>
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="section-example-c"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Example: Attribution of Provenance</h3>
 
 <p>The two previous sections  offer two different perspectives on the provenance of a document.  PROV allows for multiple sources to provide the provenance of a subject. For users to decide whether they can place their trust in the document, they may want to analyze its provenance, but also determine who the provenance is attributed to, and when it was
@@ -2576,12 +2843,12 @@
 wasAttributedTo(ex:process-view, w3:Consortium)
 </pre>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="data-model-components" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="data-model-components"> 
 
 <h2><span class="secno">5. </span>PROV-DM Types and Relations</h2>
 
@@ -2603,7 +2870,7 @@
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-4-prov-dm-components-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img usemap="#componentMap" src="images/dm/components-dependencies.png" alt="PROV-DM Components" style="max-width: 90%; ">
 <map id="componentMap" name="componentMap">
 <area title="agents/responsibility" href="#component3" coords="0,0,67,268" alt="agents/responsibility" shape="rect">
@@ -2636,9 +2903,9 @@
 <caption id="relations-at-a-glance"><span>Table 4<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#relations-at-a-glance"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> </span>PROV-DM Relations At a Glance</caption> 
 <tbody><tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td colspan="6">Object</td></tr> 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td colspan="2">Entity</td><td colspan="2">Activity</td><td colspan="2">Agent</td></tr> 
-<tr><td rowspan="3">Subject</td><td>Entity</td><td colspan="2"><div class="component2-color"><a class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-wasderivedfrom">WasDerivedFrom</a><br><a href="#concept-revision" class="internalDFN">Revision</a><br><a href="#concept-quotation" class="internalDFN">Quotation</a><br><a>PrimarySource</a></div><div class="component5-color"><a href="#dfn-alternateof" class="internalDFN">AlternateOf</a><br><a href="#dfn-specializationof" class="internalDFN">SpecializationOf</a><span class="delete">MentionOf</span></div><div class="component6-color"><a href="#dfn-hadmember" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">HadMember</span></a></div></td><td class="component1-color"><a class="essential internalDFN" title="wasGeneratedBy" href="#dfn-wasgeneratedby">WasGeneratedBy</a><br><a title="wasInvalidatedBy" href="#dfn-wasinvalidatedby" class="internalDFN">WasInvalidatedBy</a></td><td class="component1-color" style="font-style: italic; "><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">R</a><br><a title="time" href="#dfn-time" class="internalDFN">T</a><br><a title="location" href="#concept-location" class="internalDFN">L</a><br></td><td class="component3-color" colspan="2"><a class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-wasattributedto">WasAttributedTo</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td>Activity</td><td class="component1-color"><a class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-used">Used</a><br><a href="#dfn-wasstartedby" class="internalDFN">WasStartedBy</a><br><a href="#dfn-wasendedby" class="internalDFN">WasEndedBy</a></td><td class="component1-color" style="font-style: italic; "><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">R</a><br><a title="time" href="#dfn-time" class="internalDFN">T</a><br><a title="location" href="#concept-location" class="internalDFN">L</a><br></td><td colspan="2" class="component1-color"><a class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-wasinformedby">WasInformedBy</a></td><td class="component3-color"><a class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-wasassociatedwith">WasAssociatedWith</a></td><td class="component3-color" style="font-style: italic; "><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">R</a><br></td></tr>
-<tr><td>Agent</td><td colspan="2">—</td><td colspan="2">—</td><td class="component3-color" colspan="2"><a class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-actedonbehalfof">ActedOnBehalfOf</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td rowspan="3">Subject</td><td>Entity</td><td colspan="2"><div class="component2-color"><a class="essential">WasDerivedFrom</a><br><a>Revision</a><br><a>Quotation</a><br><a>PrimarySource</a></div><div class="component5-color"><a>AlternateOf</a><br><a>SpecializationOf</a><span class="delete">MentionOf</span></div><div class="component6-color"><a><span class="insert">HadMember</span></a></div></td><td class="component1-color"><a class="essential internalDFN" title="wasGeneratedBy" href="#dfn-wasgeneratedby">WasGeneratedBy</a><br><a title="wasInvalidatedBy" href="#dfn-wasinvalidatedby" class="internalDFN">WasInvalidatedBy</a></td><td class="component1-color" style="font-style: italic; "><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">R</a><br><a title="time" href="#dfn-time" class="internalDFN">T</a><br><a title="location" href="#concept-location" class="internalDFN">L</a><br></td><td class="component3-color" colspan="2"><a class="essential">WasAttributedTo</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td>Activity</td><td class="component1-color"><a class="essential">Used</a><br><a>WasStartedBy</a><br><a>WasEndedBy</a></td><td class="component1-color" style="font-style: italic; "><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">R</a><br><a title="time" href="#dfn-time" class="internalDFN">T</a><br><a title="location" href="#concept-location" class="internalDFN">L</a><br></td><td colspan="2" class="component1-color"><a class="essential">WasInformedBy</a></td><td class="component3-color"><a class="essential">WasAssociatedWith</a></td><td class="component3-color" style="font-style: italic; "><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">R</a><br></td></tr>
+<tr><td>Agent</td><td colspan="2">—</td><td colspan="2">—</td><td class="component3-color" colspan="2"><a class="essential">ActedOnBehalfOf</a></td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
@@ -2663,9 +2930,9 @@
 <caption id="secondary-elements-relations-at-a-glance"><span><span class="insert">Table 5</span><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#secondary-elements-relations-at-a-glance"><span class="diamond"><span class="insert"> ◊:</span></span></a></sup> </span><span class="insert">Secondary optional elements in PROV-DM Relations</span></caption> 
 <tbody><tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td colspan="3"><span class="insert">Secondary Object</span></td></tr> 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td><span class="insert">Entity</span></td><td><span class="insert">Activity</span></td><td><span class="insert">Agent</span></td></tr> 
-<tr><td rowspan="3"><span class="insert">Subject</span></td><td><span class="insert">Entity</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td><td class="component2-color"><a href="#dfn-wasderivedfrom" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">WasDerivedFrom</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#derivation.activity"><span class="insert">activity</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td></tr>
-<tr><td><span class="insert">Activity</span></td><td class="component3-color"><a href="#dfn-wasassociatedwith" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">WasAssociatedWith</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#association.plan"><span class="insert">plan</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td class="component1-color"><a href="#dfn-wasstartedby" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">WasStartedBy</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#start.starter"><span class="insert">starter</span></a><span class="insert">)</span><br><a href="#dfn-wasendedby" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">WasEndedBy</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#end.ender"><span class="insert">ender</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td></tr>
-<tr><td><span class="insert">Agent</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td><td class="component3-color"><a href="#dfn-actedonbehalfof" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">ActedOnBehalfOf</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#delegation.activity"><span class="insert">activity</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td></tr>
+<tr><td rowspan="3"><span class="insert">Subject</span></td><td><span class="insert">Entity</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td><td class="component2-color"><a><span class="insert">WasDerivedFrom</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#derivation.activity"><span class="insert">activity</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td></tr>
+<tr><td><span class="insert">Activity</span></td><td class="component3-color"><a><span class="insert">WasAssociatedWith</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#association.plan"><span class="insert">plan</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td class="component1-color"><a><span class="insert">WasStartedBy</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#start.starter"><span class="insert">starter</span></a><span class="insert">)</span><br><a><span class="insert">WasEndedBy</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#end.ender"><span class="insert">ender</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td></tr>
+<tr><td><span class="insert">Agent</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td><td class="component3-color"><a><span class="insert">ActedOnBehalfOf</span></a><span class="insert"> (</span><a href="#delegation.activity"><span class="insert">activity</span></a><span class="insert">)</span></td><td><span class="insert">—</span></td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
@@ -2679,8 +2946,8 @@
 <tbody><tr><td><a><b>Type or Relation Name</b></a></td><td><b>Representation in the PROV-N notation</b></td><td><b>Component</b></td></tr>
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
-<tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td><td><a title="dfn-Entity" class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-entity">entity(id, [ attr1=val1, ...])</a></td><td rowspan="8"><a href="#component1">Component 1: Entities/Activities</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a></td><td><a title="dfn-Activity" class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-activity">activity(id, st, et, [ attr1=val1, ...])</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a>Entity</a></td><td><a title="dfn-Entity" class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-entity">entity(id, [ attr1=val1, ...])</a></td><td rowspan="8"><a href="#component1">Component 1: Entities/Activities</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a>Activity</a></td><td><a title="dfn-Activity" class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-activity">activity(id, st, et, [ attr1=val1, ...])</a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a></td><td><a title="wasGeneratedBy" href="#dfn-wasgeneratedby" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasGeneratedBy(</span>id;<span class="essential">e,a</span>,t,attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a></td><td><a title="used" href="#dfn-used" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">used(</span>id;<span class="essential">a,e</span>,t,attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component1-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN">Communication</a></td><td><a title="wasInformedBy" href="#dfn-wasinformedby" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasInformedBy(</span>id;<span class="essential">a2,a1</span>,attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
@@ -2690,19 +2957,19 @@
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
 
-<tr class="component2-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a></td><td><a title="wasDerivedFrom" href="#dfn-wasderivedfrom" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasDerivedFrom(</span>id; <span class="essential">e2, e1</span>, a, g2, u1, attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td><td rowspan="4"><a href="#component2">Component 2: Derivations</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-revision" class="internalDFN">Revision</a></td><td><a title="dfn-revision">... prov:type='prov:Revision' ...</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-quotation" class="internalDFN">Quotation</a></td><td><a title="dfn-quotation">... prov:type='prov:Quotation' ...</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-primary-source" class="internalDFN">Primary Source</a></td><td><a title="dfn-primary-source">... prov:type='prov:PrimarySource' ...</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component2-color"><td class="essential"><a>Derivation</a></td><td><a title="wasDerivedFrom" href="#dfn-wasderivedfrom" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasDerivedFrom(</span>id; <span class="essential">e2, e1</span>, a, g2, u1, attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td><td rowspan="4"><a href="#component2">Component 2: Derivations</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a>Revision</a></td><td><a title="dfn-revision">... prov:type='prov:Revision' ...</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a>Quotation</a></td><td><a title="dfn-quotation">... prov:type='prov:Quotation' ...</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a>Primary Source</a></td><td><a title="dfn-primary-source">... prov:type='prov:PrimarySource' ...</a></td></tr>
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
-<tr class="component3-color" style="border-collapse: collapse; "><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td><td><a title="dfn-agent" class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-agent">agent(id, [ attr1=val1, ...])</a></td><td rowspan="9"><a href="#component3">Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, Influence</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component3-color" style="border-collapse: collapse; "><td class="essential"><a>Agent</a></td><td><a title="dfn-agent" class="essential internalDFN" href="#dfn-agent">agent(id, [ attr1=val1, ...])</a></td><td rowspan="9"><a href="#component3">Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, Influence</a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component3-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN">Attribution</a></td><td><a title="wasAttributedTo" href="#dfn-wasattributedto" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasAttributedTo(</span>id;<span class="essential">e,ag</span>,attr<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component3-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">Association</a></td><td><a title="wasAssociatedWith" href="#dfn-wasassociatedwith" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasAssociatedWith(</span>id;<span class="essential">a,ag</span>,pl,attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component3-color"><td class="essential"><a>Association</a></td><td><a title="wasAssociatedWith" href="#dfn-wasassociatedwith" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">wasAssociatedWith(</span>id;<span class="essential">a,ag</span>,pl,attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component3-color"><td class="essential"><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN">Delegation</a></td><td><a title="actedOnBehalfOf" href="#dfn-actedonbehalfof" class="internalDFN"><span class="essential">actedOnBehalfOf(</span>id;<span class="essential">ag2,ag1</span>,a,attrs<span class="essential">)</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN">Plan</a></td><td><a title="plan" href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Plan' ...</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN">Person</a></td><td><a title="person" href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Person' ...</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-organization" class="internalDFN">Organization</a></td><td><a title="organization" href="#concept-organization" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Organization' ...</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a>Plan</a></td><td><a title="plan" href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Plan' ...</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a>Person</a></td><td><a title="person" href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Person' ...</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-organization" class="internalDFN">Organization</a></td><td><a title="organization">... prov:type='prov:Organization' ...</a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component3-color"><td class="provType"><a title="software-agent" href="#concept-software-agent" class="internalDFN">SoftwareAgent</a></td><td><a title="software-agent" href="#concept-software-agent" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:SoftwareAgent' ...</a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component3-color"><td><a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN">Influence</a></td><td><a title="wasInfluencedBy" href="#dfn-wasinfluencedby" class="internalDFN">wasInfluencedBy(id;e2,e1,attrs)</a></td></tr>
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
@@ -2713,13 +2980,13 @@
 <tr class="component4-color"><td class="provType"><a title="bundle" href="#concept-bundle" class="internalDFN">Bundle type</a></td><td><a title="bundle" href="#concept-bundle" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Bundle' ...</a></td></tr>
 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
-<tr class="component5-color"><td><a href="#concept-alternate" class="internalDFN">Alternate</a></td><td><a title="alternateOf" href="#dfn-alternateof" class="internalDFN">alternateOf(alt1, alt2)</a></td><td rowspan="2"><a href="#component5">Component 5: Alternate</a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component5-color"><td><a href="#concept-specialization" class="internalDFN">Specialization</a></td><td><a title="specializationOf" href="#dfn-specializationof" class="internalDFN">specializationOf(infra, supra)</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component5-color"><td><a>Alternate</a></td><td><a title="alternateOf" href="#dfn-alternateof" class="internalDFN">alternateOf(alt1, alt2)</a></td><td rowspan="2"><a href="#component5">Component 5: Alternate</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component5-color"><td><a>Specialization</a></td><td><a title="specializationOf" href="#dfn-specializationof" class="internalDFN">specializationOf(infra, supra)</a></td></tr>
 <span class="delete">Mention</span><span class="delete">mentionOf(infra, supra,bundle)</span> 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
 
-<tr class="component6-color"><td class="provType"><a href="#concept-collection" class="internalDFN">Collection</a></td><td><a title="collection" href="#concept-collection" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Collection' ...</a></td><td rowspan="3"><a href="#component6">Component 6: Collections</a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component6-color"><td class="provType"><a>Collection</a></td><td><a title="collection" href="#concept-collection" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:Collection' ...</a></td><td rowspan="3"><a href="#component6">Component 6: Collections</a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component6-color"><td class="provType"><a title="empty collection" href="#concept-empty-collection" class="internalDFN">EmptyCollection</a></td><td><a title="empty collection" href="#concept-empty-collection" class="internalDFN">... prov:type='prov:EmptyCollection' ...</a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component6-color"><td><a href="#concept-membership" class="internalDFN">Membership</a></td><td><a title="hadMember" href="#dfn-hadmember" class="internalDFN">hadMember(c,e)</a></td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
@@ -2731,15 +2998,15 @@
  illustrated with PROV-N examples.</p>
 
 
-<div id="component1" class="section"> 
+<section id="component1"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Component 1: Entities and Activities</h3>
 
 <p>The first component of PROV-DM is concerned with <a title="entity" href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">entities</a> and <a title="activity" href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">activities</a>, and their interrelations: <span class="insert">Used (</span><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasGeneratedBy (</span><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasStartedBy (</span><a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasEndedBy (</span><a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasInvalidatedBy (</span><a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> and <span class="insert">WasInformedBy (</span><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN">Communication</a><span class="delete">.</span><span class="insert">).</span>  <a href="#figure-component1">Figure 5</a> uses UML to depict the first component.
-Core structures are displayed in the yellow area, consisting of two classes (<a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a>, <a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a>) and three binary associations between <span class="delete">them</span><span class="insert">them: Used</span> (<a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasGeneratedBy (</span><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> and <span class="insert">WasInformedBy (</span><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN">Communication</a>). The rest of the figure displays extended structures, including UML association classes (see [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-UML">UML</a></cite>], section 7.3.4, p. 42), represented in gray, to express expanded n-ary relations <span class="delete">(for </span><span class="insert">for Used (</span><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasGeneratedBy (</span><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasInvalidatedBy (</span><a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasStartedBy (</span><a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasEndedBy (</span><a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a>). The figure also makes explicit associations with <em>time</em> for these concepts (time being marked with the primitive stereotype).   When not specified, cardinality is assumed to be 0..*.
+Core structures are displayed in the yellow area, consisting of two classes (<a>Entity</a>, <a>Activity</a>) and three binary associations between <span class="delete">them</span><span class="insert">them: Used</span> (<a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasGeneratedBy (</span><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> and <span class="insert">WasInformedBy (</span><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN">Communication</a>). The rest of the figure displays extended structures, including UML association classes (see [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-UML">UML</a></cite>], section 7.3.4, p. 42), represented in gray, to express expanded n-ary relations <span class="delete">(for </span><span class="insert">for Used (</span><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasGeneratedBy (</span><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasInvalidatedBy (</span><a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasStartedBy (</span><a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasEndedBy (</span><a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a>). The figure also makes explicit associations with <em>time</em> for these concepts (time being marked with the primitive stereotype).   When not specified, cardinality is assumed to be 0..*.
 </p>
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-5-entities-and-activities-component-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img src="uml/component1.png" alt="entities and activities"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component1">Figure 5<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component1"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> Entities and Activities Component Overview<span class="insert"> (Informative)</span></span> 
 </span>
@@ -2749,7 +3016,7 @@
 
 
 
-   <div id="term-entity" class="section"> 
+   <section id="term-entity"> 
       
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.1 </span>Entity</h4>
 
@@ -2776,9 +3043,9 @@
 
 
 
-    </div> 
-
-    <div id="term-Activity" class="section"> 
+    </section> 
+
+    <section id="term-Activity"> 
       
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.2 </span>Activity</h4>
 
@@ -2806,14 +3073,14 @@
 <p>Further considerations:</p>
 <ul>
 <li>An activity is not an entity. This distinction is similar to the distinction between 
-'continuant' and 'occurrent' in logic [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].
+'continuant' and 'occurrent' in logic [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].
 </li>
 </ul>
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-Generation" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-Generation">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.3 </span>Generation</h4>
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   <dfn id="concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-generation"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation. </div>
@@ -2859,10 +3126,10 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="term-Usage" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="term-Usage">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.4 </span>Usage</h4>
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   <dfn id="concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-usage"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity. </span>  (Note: This definition is formulated for a given usage; it is permitted for an activity to have used a same entity multiple times.)</p>
@@ -2904,9 +3171,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-Communication" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-Communication">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.5 </span>Communication</h4>
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   <dfn id="concept-communication" class="internalDFN">Communication</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-communication"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is the exchange of some unspecified entity by two activities, one activity using some entity generated by the other. </div>
@@ -2939,9 +3206,9 @@
 </pre>
 The last line indicates that some implicit entity was generated by  <span class="name">a1</span> and used by  <span class="name">a2</span>; this entity may be a traffic ticket that had a notice of fine, amount, and payment mailing details.
 </div>
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-Start" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-Start">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.6 </span>Start</h4>
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   <dfn id="concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-start"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is when an activity is deemed to have <span class="delete">started.  The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to</span><span class="insert">been started by</span> an entity, known as <dfn id="concept-start-trigger" class="internalDFN">trigger</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-start-trigger"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">.  The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to a trigger entity</span> that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as <dfn id="concept-start-starter" class="internalDFN">starter</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-start-starter"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup>, that generated the trigger. </div>
@@ -3019,9 +3286,9 @@
 
 <p>The relations wasStartedBy and used are orthogonal, and thus need to be expressed independently, according to the situation being described.</p>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-End" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-End">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.7 </span>End</h4>
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   <dfn id="concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-end"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is when an activity is deemed to have <span class="delete">ended.  The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to</span><span class="insert">been ended by</span> an entity, known as <dfn id="concept-end-trigger" class="internalDFN">trigger</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-end-trigger"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">.  The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to a trigger entity</span> that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as <dfn id="concept-end-ender" class="internalDFN">ender</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-end-ender"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> that generated the trigger. </div>
@@ -3054,9 +3321,9 @@
 wasEndedBy(a1, e1)
 </pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-Invalidation" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-Invalidation">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.1.8 </span>Invalidation</h4>
 
 
@@ -3160,38 +3427,38 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="component2" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="component2"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Component 2: Derivations</h3>
 
 
 
-<p>The <span class="delete">third</span><span class="insert">second</span> component of PROV-DM is concerned with: <a title="derivation" href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">derivations</a> of <a title="entity" href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">entities</a> from other entities and derivation subtypes <span class="insert">WasRevisionOf (</span><a href="#concept-revision" class="internalDFN">Revision</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasQuotedFrom (</span><a href="#concept-quotation" class="internalDFN">Quotation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> and <span class="insert">HasPrimarySource (</span><a href="#concept-primary-source" class="internalDFN">Primary Source</a><span class="delete">.</span><span class="insert">).</span>
+<p>The <span class="delete">third</span><span class="insert">second</span> component of PROV-DM is concerned with: <a title="derivation" href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">derivations</a> of <a title="entity" href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">entities</a> from other entities and derivation subtypes <span class="insert">WasRevisionOf (</span><a>Revision</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasQuotedFrom (</span><a>Quotation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> and <span class="insert">HasPrimarySource (</span><a>Primary Source</a><span class="delete">.</span><span class="insert">).</span>
  <a href="#figure-component2">Figure 6</a> depicts the third component
 with PROV core structures in the yellow area, including two classes
-(<a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a>, <a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a>) and binary association<span class="insert"> WasDerivedFrom</span>
-(<a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a>). PROV extended structures are found outside this
+(<a>Entity</a>, <a>Activity</a>) and binary association<span class="insert"> WasDerivedFrom</span>
+(<a>Derivation</a>). PROV extended structures are found outside this
 area. UML association classes express expanded n-ary relations.
 The subclasses are marked by the UML stereotype "prov:type" to indicate that the corresponding types are valid values for the attribute <a href="#term-attribute-type">prov:type</a>.
 </p>
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-6-derivation-component-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img src="uml/component2.png" alt="derivation"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component2">Figure 6<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component2"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> Derivation Component Overview<span class="insert"> (Informative)</span></span> 
 </span>
 </div>
 
-<div id="term-Derivation" class="section">
+<section id="term-Derivation">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.2.1 </span>Derivation</h4>
 
 
@@ -3242,9 +3509,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-revision" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-revision">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.2.2 </span>Revision</h4>
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   A <dfn id="concept-revision" class="internalDFN">revision</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-revision"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup>   is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. </span></p>
@@ -3282,9 +3549,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>  
-
-<div id="term-quotation" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+<section id="term-quotation">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.2.3 </span>Quotation</h4>
 
 <p> 
@@ -3322,10 +3589,10 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>  
-
-
-<div id="term-primary-source" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+
+<section id="term-primary-source">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.2.4 </span>Primary Source</h4>
 
 <p>
@@ -3375,39 +3642,40 @@
 
 
 
-</div>  
-
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="component3" class="section"> 
+</section>  
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="component3"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Component 3: Agents, Responsibility, and Influence</h3>
 
 <p>The <span class="delete">second</span><span class="insert">third</span> component of PROV-DM, depicted in  <a href="#figure-component3">Figure 7</a>, is concerned with <a title="agent" href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">agents</a> and the <span class="delete">notions of
 </span><span class="insert">relations WasAttributedTo
-(</span><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN">Attribution</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasAssociatedWith (</span><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">Association</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), ActedOnBehalfOf (</span><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN">Delegation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> relating agents to entities, activities, and agents, respectively.
- Core structures are displayed in the yellow area and include three classes and three binary associations. Outside the yellow area, extended structures comprise UML association classes to express expanded n-ary relations, and subclasses <a href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN">Plan</a>, <a href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN">Person</a>, <a title="software-agent" href="#concept-software-agent" class="internalDFN">SofwareAgent</a>, and <a href="#concept-organization" class="internalDFN">Organization</a>. The subclasses are marked by the UML stereotype "prov:type" to indicate that that these are valid values for the attribute <a href="#term-attribute-type">prov:type</a><span class="insert">.</span>
+(</span><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN">Attribution</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), WasAssociatedWith (</span><a>Association</a><span class="delete">, </span><span class="insert">), ActedOnBehalfOf (</span><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN">Delegation</a><span class="delete">,</span><span class="insert">),</span> relating agents to entities, activities, and agents, respectively.
+ Core structures are displayed in the yellow area and include three classes and three binary associations. Outside the yellow area, extended structures comprise UML association classes to express expanded n-ary relations, and subclasses <a>Plan</a>, <a>Person</a>, <a title="software-agent" href="#concept-software-agent" class="internalDFN">SofwareAgent</a>, and <a href="#concept-organization" class="internalDFN">Organization</a>. The subclasses are marked by the UML stereotype "prov:type" to indicate that that these are valid values for the attribute <a href="#term-attribute-type">prov:type</a><span class="insert">.</span>
 </p>
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-7-agents-and-responsibility-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img src="uml/component3.png" alt="agents and responsibilities"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component3">Figure 7<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component3"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> Agents and Responsibility Overview<span class="insert"> (Informative)</span></span> 
 </span>
 </div>
 
-<p>Component 3 further defines a general notion of <a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN">influence</a>, <span class="delete">as </span>a <span class="delete">super-relation of</span><span class="insert">relation implied by</span> all relations defined so far. <a href="#figure-component3b">Figure 8</a> displays one new association class, generalizing previously introduced associations.</p>
+<p>Component 3 further defines a general notion of <a>influence</a>, <span class="delete">as </span>a <span class="delete">super-relation of</span><span class="insert">relation implied by</span> all relations defined so far. <a href="#figure-component3b">Figure 8</a> displays one new association class, generalizing previously introduced associations.</p>
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-8-influence-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img src="uml/Component3b.png" alt="Influence Overview"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component3b">Figure 8<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component3b"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> Influence<span class="insert"> Overview (Informative)</span></span> 
 </span>
 </div>
 
-<div id="term-agent" class="section">
+<section id="term-agent">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.3.1 </span>Agent</h4>
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   An <dfn id="concept-agent" class="internalDFN">agent</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-agent"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. </div>
@@ -3462,9 +3730,9 @@
 <p>It is optional to specify the type of an agent. When present, it is expressed using the <span class="name">prov:type</span> attribute.</p>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-attribution" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-attribution">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.3.2 </span>Attribution</h4> 
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   <dfn id="concept-attribution" class="internalDFN">Attribution</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-attribution"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is the ascribing of an entity to an agent. </div>
@@ -3494,10 +3762,10 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>  
-
-
-<div id="term-Association" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+
+<section id="term-Association">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.3.3 </span>Association</h4>
 
 <div class="glossary-ref">   An activity <dfn id="concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">association</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-activityAssociation"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity. </div>
@@ -3550,9 +3818,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>  
-
-<div id="term-delegation" class="section">
+</section>  
+
+<section id="term-delegation">
 
 <h4><span class="secno">5.3.4 </span>Delegation</h4>
 
@@ -3597,9 +3865,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-influence" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-influence">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.3.5 </span>Influence</h4>
 
 <p>
@@ -3622,14 +3890,14 @@
 </ul></div>
 
 <p>
-<a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">start</a>, <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">end</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">invalidation</a>, <a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN">communication</a>, <a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">derivation</a>, <a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN">attribution</a>, <a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">association</a>, and <a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN">delegation</a> are <span class="delete">particular cases of  influence.</span><span class="insert">also </span><a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">influence</span></a><span class="insert">.</span> It is <em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em> to adopt these more specific relations when writing provenance descriptions. It is anticipated that the <a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN">Influence</a> relation may be useful to express queries over provenance information.
+<a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a>start</a>, <a>end</a>, <a>generation</a>, <a>invalidation</a>, <a>communication</a>, <a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">derivation</a>, <a>attribution</a>, <a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">association</a>, and <a>delegation</a> are <span class="delete">particular cases of  influence.</span><span class="insert">also </span><a><span class="insert">influence</span></a><span class="insert">.</span> It is <em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em> to adopt these more specific relations when writing provenance descriptions. It is anticipated that the <a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN">Influence</a> relation may be useful to express queries over provenance information.
 </p>
 
 
 <div id="mapping-relations-to-influence-table_text" style="text-align: left;"><span class="insert">
 The following table establishes the correspondence between 
 the attributes </span><a class="attribute" href="#influence.influencee"><span class="insert">influencee</span></a><span class="insert"> and </span><a class="attribute" href="#influence.influencer"><span class="insert">influencer</span></a><span class="insert">, and attributes of
-</span><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">usage</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">start</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">end</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">generation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">invalidation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">communication</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">derivation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">attribution</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">association</span></a><span class="insert">, and </span><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">delegation</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
+</span><a><span class="insert">usage</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">start</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">end</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">generation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">invalidation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">communication</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">derivation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">attribution</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">association</span></a><span class="insert">, and </span><a><span class="insert">delegation</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
 
 <table class="thinborder" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
 <caption id="mapping-relations-to-influence-table"><span><span class="insert">Table 7</span><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#mapping-relations-to-influence-table"><span class="diamond"><span class="insert"> ◊:</span></span></a></sup> </span><span class="insert">Mapping Relations to Influence</span></caption> 
@@ -3645,20 +3913,20 @@
 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
-<tr class="component2-color"><td><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Derivation</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#derivation.generatedEntity"><span class="insert">generatedEntity</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#derivation.usedEntity"><span class="insert">usedEntity</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component2-color"><td><a><span class="insert">Derivation</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#derivation.generatedEntity"><span class="insert">generatedEntity</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#derivation.usedEntity"><span class="insert">usedEntity</span></a></td></tr>
 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
 
 <tr class="component3-color"><td><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Attribution</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#attribution.entity"><span class="insert">entity</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#attribution.agent"><span class="insert">agent</span></a></td></tr>
-<tr class="component3-color"><td><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Association</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#association.activity"><span class="insert">activity</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#association.agent"><span class="insert">agent</span></a></td></tr>
+<tr class="component3-color"><td><a><span class="insert">Association</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#association.activity"><span class="insert">activity</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#association.agent"><span class="insert">agent</span></a></td></tr>
 <tr class="component3-color"><td><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Delegation</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#delegation.delegate"><span class="insert">delegate</span></a></td><td><a class="attribute" href="#delegation.responsible"><span class="insert">responsible</span></a></td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
 
 <div class="anexample" id="influence-example"><div class="anexampleTitle">Example <span class="delete">38</span><span class="insert">39</span><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#influence-example"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup></div>
-<p>We refer to the example of <a class="section-ref" href="#section-example-two"><span>Section 4.2</span></a>, and specifically to <a href="#prov-a-document2-top">Figure 3</a>.
+<p>We refer to the example of <a class="section-ref" href="#section-example-two"><span>Section 4.2</span></a>, and specifically to <a href="#prov-a-document2-top" class="fig-ref">Figure 3</a>.
 We could have expressed that the influence of
 <span class="name">w3:Consortium</span> 
 on <span class="name">tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215</span>.
@@ -3672,23 +3940,23 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="component4" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="component4"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Component 4: Bundles</h3>
 
 
 <p>The fourth component of PROV-DM is concerned with bundles, a mechanism to support provenance of provenance. 
-<a href="#figure-component4">Figure 9</a>  depicts a UML class diagram for the fourth component.  It comprises a <a href="#concept-bundle" class="internalDFN">Bundle</a> class defined as a subclass of <a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a>.
+<a href="#figure-component4">Figure 9</a>  depicts a UML class diagram for the fourth component.  It comprises a <a>Bundle</a> class defined as a subclass of <a>Entity</a>.
 </p>
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-9-bundle-component-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 
 <img src="uml/component4.png" alt="bundles"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component4">Figure 9<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component4"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> <span class="delete">Figure 9: </span>Bundle Component Overview<span class="insert"> (Informative)</span></span>
@@ -3697,7 +3965,7 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="term-bundle" class="section"> 
+<section id="term-bundle"> 
 
 <h4><span class="secno">5.4.1 </span>Bundle constructor</h4>
 
@@ -3722,13 +3990,13 @@
 </div>
 
 <p>There may be other kinds of bundles not directly expressible by this constructor, such as provenance descriptions handwritten on a letter or a whiteboard, etc.  Whatever the means by which bundles are expressed, all can be described, as in the following section.</p>
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="term-bundle-entity" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="term-bundle-entity"> 
 
 <h4><span class="secno">5.4.2 </span>Bundle Type</h4>
 
@@ -3823,17 +4091,17 @@
 </p></div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-</div> 
-
-
-<div id="component5" class="section"> 
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+</section> 
+
+
+<section id="component5"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Component 5: Alternate Entities</h3>
 
 
@@ -3845,7 +4113,7 @@
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-10-alternates-component-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img src="uml/component5.png" alt="alternates"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component5">Figure 10<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component5"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> <span class="delete">Figure 10: </span>Alternates Component Overview<span class="insert"> (Informative)</span></span>
 </span>
@@ -3861,7 +4129,7 @@
 that allow entities  to be linked together. They are defined as follows. </p>
 
 
-<div id="term-specialization" class="section">
+<section id="term-specialization">
 
 <h4><span class="secno">5.5.1 </span>Specialization</h4>
 
@@ -3908,9 +4176,9 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-alternate" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-alternate">
 
 <h4><span class="secno">5.5.2 </span>Alternate</h4>
 
@@ -3970,7 +4238,7 @@
 <p>They are both specialization of the page <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</a>.</p>
 </div>
 
-</div>
+
 
 
 
@@ -3988,7 +4256,8 @@
  descriptions about this entity </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete">: how </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete"> was generated and used, which activities </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete"> is involved with, the agents </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete"> is attributed to, etc. Other bundles may contain other descriptions about the same entity </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete">.
 Some applications may want to interpret
 this entity </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete"> with respect to the descriptions found in the bundle </span><span class="delete">b</span><span class="delete"> it occurs in. To this end, PROV allows a new entity </span><span class="delete">e2</span><span class="delete"> to be created, which is a specialization of the original entity </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete">, and which presents an additional aspect:  the bundle </span><span class="delete">b</span><span class="delete"> containing some descriptions of </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete">.  With this relation, applications that process </span><span class="delete">e2</span><span class="delete">
-can know that the attributes of </span><span class="delete">e2</span><span class="delete"> may have been computed according to the descriptions of </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete"> in </span><span class="delete">b</span><span class="delete">.</span>
+can know that the attributes of </span><span class="delete">e2</span><span class="delete"> may have been computed according to the descriptions of </span><span class="delete">e1</span><span class="delete"> in </span><span class="delete">b</span><span class="delete">.</span></section>
+</section>
 
 
 
@@ -4087,19 +4356,18 @@
 They denote entities which are specializations of </span><span class="delete">ex:report1</span><span class="delete"> and </span><span class="delete">ex:report2</span><span class="delete">, described in bundle </span><span class="delete">obs:bundle1</span><span class="delete">, with visualization attribute for the color to be used when rendering these entities.   </span>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="component6" class="section"> 
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="component6"> 
 <h3><span class="secno">5.6 </span>Component 6: Collections</h3>
 
 <p>The sixth component of PROV-DM is concerned with the notion of collections. 
@@ -4111,14 +4379,14 @@
 
 
 <div style="text-align: center;">
-<span class="figure" style="max-width: 95%; ">
+<span class="figure" id="fig-figure-11-collections-component-overview-informative" style="max-width: 95%; ">
 <img src="uml/component6.png" alt="collection"><br>
 <span class="figcaption" id="figure-component6">Figure 11<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#figure-component6"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> <span class="delete">Figure 11: </span>Collections Component Overview<span class="insert"> (Informative)</span></span>
 </span>
 </div>
 
 
-<div id="term-collection" class="section">
+<section id="term-collection">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.6.1 </span>Collection</h4>
 
 <span class="glossary-ref">   A <dfn id="concept-collection" class="internalDFN">collection</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-collection"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is an entity that provides a structure to some <span class="delete">constituents, which are</span><span class="insert">constituents that must</span> themselves<span class="insert"> be</span> entities. These constituents are said to be <dfn id="dfn-member-of" class="internalDFN">member of</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-member-of"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> the collections.  </span>
@@ -4145,9 +4413,9 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-membership" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-membership">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.6.2 </span>Membership</h4>
 
 <p>A <strong>membership</strong> relation is defined, to allow stating the  members of a Collection. </p>
@@ -4186,18 +4454,18 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
+</section>
 
 
 
   
-</div>   
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="second-class-elements" class="section">
+</section>   
+
+
+
+
+
+<section id="second-class-elements">
 <h3><span class="secno">5.7 </span>Further Elements of PROV-DM</h3>
 
 This section introduces further elements of PROV-DM.
@@ -4205,7 +4473,7 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="term-identifier" class="section">
+<section id="term-identifier">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.7.1 </span>Identifier</h4>
 
 <p>
@@ -4213,13 +4481,13 @@
  name</a>. 
 </p>
 
-<p><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Entity</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Activity</span></a><span class="insert">, and </span><a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Agent</span></a><span class="insert"> have a mandatory identifier. Two entities (resp. activities, agents) are equal if they have the same identifier.</span></p>
-
-<p><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Generation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Usage</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Communication</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Start</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">End</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Invalidation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Derivation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Attribution</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Association</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Delegation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Influence</span></a><span class="insert"> have an optional identifier. Two generations (resp. usages, communications, etc.) are equal if they have the same identifier.
-
-</span></p></div>
-
-<div id="term-attribute" class="section">
+<p><a><span class="insert">Entity</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">Activity</span></a><span class="insert">, and </span><a><span class="insert">Agent</span></a><span class="insert"> have a mandatory identifier. Two entities (resp. activities, agents) are equal if they have the same identifier.</span></p>
+
+<p><a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Generation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Usage</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-communication" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Communication</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Start</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">End</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Invalidation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">Derivation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-attribution" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Attribution</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a><span class="insert">Association</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-delegation" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Delegation</span></a><span class="insert">, </span><a href="#concept-influence" class="internalDFN"><span class="insert">Influence</span></a><span class="insert"> have an optional identifier. Two generations (resp. usages, communications, etc.) are equal if they have the same identifier.
+
+</span></p></section>
+
+<section id="term-attribute">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.7.2 </span>Attribute</h4>
 
 <p>An <dfn title="dfn-attribute" id="dfn-attribute" class="internalDFN">attribute</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-attribute"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is a <a href="#concept-qualifiedName" class="internalDFN">qualified name</a>. 
@@ -4233,11 +4501,11 @@
 <caption id="attributes-at-a-glance"><span>Table <span class="delete">6</span><span class="insert">8</span><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#attributes-at-a-glance"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> </span>PROV-DM Attributes At a Glance</caption> 
 <tbody><tr><td><b>Attribute</b></td><td><b>Allowed In</b></td><td><b>value</b></td><td><b>Section</b></td></tr> 
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="label" href="#concept-label" class="internalDFN">prov:label</a></td><td><em>any construct</em></td><td>A <a href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a> of type <a class="section-ref" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema11-2/#string">xsd:string</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-label"><span>Section 5.7.2.1</span></a> </td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="location" href="#concept-location" class="internalDFN">prov:location</a></td><td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a>, <a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a>, <a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a>, <a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a>, and <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-location"><span>Section 5.7.2.2</span></a> </td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">prov:role</a></td><td><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a>, <a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">Association</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a>, and <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-role"><span>Section 5.7.2.3</span></a> </td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="label" href="#concept-label" class="internalDFN">prov:label</a></td><td><em>any construct</em></td><td>A <a>Value</a> of type <a class="section-ref" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema11-2/#string">xsd:string</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-label"><span>Section 5.7.2.1</span></a> </td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="location" href="#concept-location" class="internalDFN">prov:location</a></td><td><a>Entity</a>, <a>Activity</a>, <a>Agent</a>, <a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a>, and <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-location"><span>Section 5.7.2.2</span></a> </td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="role" href="#concept-role" class="internalDFN">prov:role</a></td><td><a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a>, <a>Association</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a>, and <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-role"><span>Section 5.7.2.3</span></a> </td></tr>
 <tr><td><a title="type" href="#concept-type" class="internalDFN">prov:type</a></td><td><em>any construct</em></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-type"><span>Section 5.7.2.4</span></a> </td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="value-attribute" href="#concept-value-attribute" class="internalDFN">prov:value</a></td><td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-value"><span>Section 5.7.2.5</span></a> </td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="value-attribute" href="#concept-value-attribute" class="internalDFN">prov:value</a></td><td><a>Entity</a></td><td>A <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-attribute-value"><span>Section 5.7.2.5</span></a> </td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 </div>
 
@@ -4245,7 +4513,7 @@
 
 
 
-<div id="term-attribute-label" class="section">
+<section id="term-attribute-label">
 <h5><span class="secno">5.7.2.1 </span>prov:label</h5>
 
 
@@ -4262,10 +4530,10 @@
 <pre class="codeexample"> entity(ex:car01, [ prov:label="Voiture 01"@fr, prov:label="Car 01"@en ])
 </pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="term-attribute-location" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="term-attribute-location">
 <h5><span class="secno">5.7.2.2 </span>prov:location</h5>
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   A <dfn id="concept-location" title="location" class="internalDFN">location</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-location"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column.  </span>
@@ -4274,7 +4542,7 @@
 
 
 <p>
-The attribute <span class="name">prov:location</span> is an <em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em> attribute of <a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a>, <a href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a>, <a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a>, <a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a>, and <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a>.  The value associated with the  attribute <span class="name">prov:location</span> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be a PROV-DM <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a>, expected to denote a location.
+The attribute <span class="name">prov:location</span> is an <em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em> attribute of <a>Entity</a>, <a>Activity</a>, <a>Agent</a>, <a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">Usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">Generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">Invalidation</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">Start</a>, and <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">End</a>.  The value associated with the  attribute <span class="name">prov:location</span> <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be a PROV-DM <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a>, expected to denote a location.
 </p>
 
 <p><span class="insert">While the attribute </span><span class="name"><span class="insert">prov:location</span></span><span class="insert"> is allowed for several PROV concepts, it may not make sense to use it in some cases. For example, an activity that describes the relocation of an entity will have start and end locations, as well as every place in between those points.</span></p>
@@ -4287,15 +4555,15 @@
 <pre class="codeexample"> entity(ex:cell, [ prov:location="(5,5)", prov:value="10" %% xsd:integer ])
 </pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div id="term-attribute-role" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section id="term-attribute-role">
 <h5><span class="secno">5.7.2.3 </span>prov:role</h5>
 
 
-<p><span class="glossary-ref">   A <dfn id="concept-role" class="internalDFN">role</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-role"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is the function of an entity or agent with respect to an activity, in the context of a <a href="#concept-usage" class="internalDFN">usage</a>, <a href="#concept-generation" class="internalDFN">generation</a>, <a href="#concept-invalidation" class="internalDFN">invalidation</a>,  <a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">association</a>, <a href="#concept-start" class="internalDFN">start</a>, and  <a href="#concept-end" class="internalDFN">end</a>. </span></p>
+<p><span class="glossary-ref">   A <dfn id="concept-role" class="internalDFN">role</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-role"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is the function of an entity or agent with respect to an activity, in the context of a <a>usage</a>, <a>generation</a>, <a>invalidation</a>,  <a href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">association</a>, <a>start</a>, and  <a>end</a>. </span></p>
 
 <p>
 The attribute <span class="name">prov:role</span> is allowed to occur multiple times in a list of attribute-value pairs. The value associated with a <span class="name">prov:role</span> attribute <em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em> be a PROV-DM <a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a>.</p>
@@ -4308,9 +4576,9 @@
 <pre class="codeexample">used(ex:div01, ex:cell, [ prov:role="divisor" ])
 </pre>
 </div>
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-attribute-type" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-attribute-type">
 <h5><span class="secno">5.7.2.4 </span>prov:type</h5>
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   The attribute <dfn id="concept-type" title="type" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:type</span></dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-type"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup>  provides further typing information  for any construct with an optional set of attribute-value pairs. </span></p>
@@ -4334,22 +4602,22 @@
 <caption id="prov-dm-predefined-types"><span>Table <span class="delete">7</span><span class="insert">9</span><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#prov-dm-predefined-types"><span class="diamond"> ◊:</span></a></sup> </span>PROV-DM Predefined Types</caption> 
 <tbody><tr><td><b>Type</b></td><td><b>Specification</b></td><td><b>Core concept</b></td></tr>
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="bundle" href="#concept-bundle" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Bundle</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-bundle"><span>Section 5.4.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="collection" href="#concept-collection" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Collection</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-collection"><span>Section 5.6.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="empty collection" href="#concept-empty-collection" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:EmptyCollection</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-collection"><span>Section 5.6.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="organization" href="#concept-organization" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Organization</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-agent"><span>Section 5.3.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="person" href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Person</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-agent"><span>Section 5.3.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="plan" href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Plan</span></a></td> <td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-entity"><span>Section 5.1.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="primary source" href="#concept-primary-source" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:PrimarySource</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-primary-source"><span>Section 5.2.4</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="Quotation" href="#concept-quotation" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Quotation</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-quotation"><span>Section 5.2.3</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="Revision" href="#concept-revision" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Revision</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-revision"><span>Section 5.2.2</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a></td></tr>
-<tr><td><a title="software-agent" href="#concept-software-agent" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:SoftwareAgent</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-agent"><span>Section 5.3.1</span></a></td><td><a href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="bundle" href="#concept-bundle" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Bundle</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-bundle"><span>Section 5.4.1</span></a></td><td><a>Entity</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="collection" href="#concept-collection" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Collection</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-collection"><span>Section 5.6.1</span></a></td><td><a>Entity</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="empty collection" href="#concept-empty-collection" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:EmptyCollection</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-collection"><span>Section 5.6.1</span></a></td><td><a>Entity</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="organization"><span class="name">prov:Organization</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-agent"><span>Section 5.3.1</span></a></td><td><a>Agent</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="person" href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Person</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-agent"><span>Section 5.3.1</span></a></td><td><a>Agent</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="plan" href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:Plan</span></a></td> <td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-entity"><span>Section 5.1.1</span></a></td><td><a>Entity</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="primary source" href="#concept-primary-source" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:PrimarySource</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-primary-source"><span>Section 5.2.4</span></a></td><td><a>Derivation</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="Quotation"><span class="name">prov:Quotation</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-quotation"><span>Section 5.2.3</span></a></td><td><a>Derivation</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="Revision"><span class="name">prov:Revision</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-revision"><span>Section 5.2.2</span></a></td><td><a>Derivation</a></td></tr>
+<tr><td><a title="software-agent" href="#concept-software-agent" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:SoftwareAgent</span></a></td><td><a class="section-ref" href="#term-agent"><span>Section 5.3.1</span></a></td><td><a>Agent</a></td></tr>
 </tbody></table>
 
-</div>
-
-
-<div id="term-attribute-value" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="term-attribute-value">
 <h5><span class="secno">5.7.2.5 </span>prov:value</h5>
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   The attribute <dfn id="concept-value-attribute" title="value-attribute" class="internalDFN"><span class="name">prov:value</span></dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-value-attribute"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup>  provides a <span class="insert">value  that is a direct representation of an entity as a PROV-DM </span><a title="value" href="#concept-value" class="internalDFN">Value</a><span class="delete"> for an entity.</span><span class="insert">.</span> </span></p>
@@ -4393,18 +4661,18 @@
 </div>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-value" class="section">
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-value">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.7.3 </span>Value</h4>
 
 <p><span class="glossary-ref">   A <dfn id="concept-value" title="value" class="internalDFN">value</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#concept-value"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup>  is a constant such as a string, number, time, qualified name, IRI, and encoded binary data, whose interpretation  is outside the scope of PROV. </span> Values can occur in attribute-value pairs. </p>
@@ -4412,8 +4680,8 @@
 <p>Each kind of such values is called a <em>datatype</em>.
  Use of the following data types is <em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>. </p>
 <ul>
-<li> The RDF-compatible [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>] types, including those taken from 
-the set of XML Schema Datatypes [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> The RDF-compatible [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>] types, including those taken from 
+the set of XML Schema Datatypes [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> Qualified names introduced in this specification.</li>
 </ul>
 <p>
@@ -4428,19 +4696,19 @@
 
 
 
-<p id="conformance-to-rdf-datatypes"><b>Conformance to RDF Datatypes</b> As of the publication of this document, RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS11">RDF-CONCEPTS11</a></cite>] is not yet a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation (see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/</a> for the latest version). 
-Both the PROV Working Group and the RDF Working Group are confident that there will be only minor changes before it becomes a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. In order to take advantage of the anticipated corrections and new features sooner, while also providing stability in case the specification does not advance as expected, conformance to PROV as it relates to RDF Datatypes is defined as follows:</p>
+<p id="conformance-to-rdf-datatypes"><b>Conformance to RDF Datatypes</b> As of the publication of this document, RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS11">RDF-CONCEPTS11</a></cite>] is not yet a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation (see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/</a> for the latest version). 
+Both the PROV Working Group and the RDF Working Group are confident that there will be only minor changes before it becomes a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation. In order to take advantage of the anticipated corrections and new features sooner, while also providing stability in case the specification does not advance as expected, conformance to PROV as it relates to RDF Datatypes is defined as follows:</p>
 
 <ul>
-<li>If RDF 1.1  Concepts and Abstract Syntax becomes a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation, all references in PROV to
+<li>If RDF 1.1  Concepts and Abstract Syntax becomes a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation, all references in PROV to
 RDF Concepts and Abstract Syntax will be normative references to the 1.1 Recommendation.
 </li><li>Until that time, references in PROV to RDF Concepts and Abstract Syntax features operate as follows:
 <ul>
-<li> If RDF 1.0 defines the features, then the reference is normative to the 1.0 definition [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> If RDF 1.0 defines the features, then the reference is normative to the 1.0 definition [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>];</li>
 <li>otherwise, the feature is optional in PROV and the reference is informative only.</li>
 </ul>
 </li></ul>
-<p>This "change in normative reference" is effective as of the publication of RDF 1.1 as a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. However, <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> expects to publish a new edition of PROV once RDF 1.1 becomes a Recommendation to update the reference explicitly.</p>
+<p>This "change in normative reference" is effective as of the publication of RDF 1.1 as a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation. However, <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> expects to publish a new edition of PROV once RDF 1.1 becomes a Recommendation to update the reference explicitly.</p>
 
 
 
@@ -4463,7 +4731,7 @@
   "http://example.org/foo" %% xsd:anyURI
 </pre>
 <p>The following example shows a value of type <span class="name">prov:QUALIFIED_NAME</span> (see
-<span class="name"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">prov:QUALIFIED_NAME</a></span> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>]).
+<span class="name"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">prov:QUALIFIED_NAME</a></span> [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>]).
 The prefix <span class="name">ex</span>  must be bound to a <a href="#dfn-namespace" class="internalDFN">namespace</a> declared in a <a href="#dfn-namespaceDeclaration" class="internalDFN">namespace declaration</a>.</p>
 <pre class="codeexample"> 
   "ex:value" %% prov:QUALIFIED_NAME
@@ -4474,24 +4742,24 @@
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-<p>We note that <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> <dfn title="time" id="dfn-time" class="internalDFN">time instants</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-time"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> are defined according to xsd:dateTime [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].</p> 
+<p>We note that <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> <dfn title="time" id="dfn-time" class="internalDFN">time instants</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-time"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> are defined according to xsd:dateTime [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].</p> 
 
 
 <div class="anexample" id="anexample-time"><div class="anexampleTitle">Example 55<sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#anexample-time"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup></div>
 <p>
 In the following example, the generation time of entity <span class="name">e1</span> is expressed according to 
-<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema11-2/#dateTime">xsd:dateTime</a>  [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].</p>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema11-2/#dateTime">xsd:dateTime</a>  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].</p>
 <pre class="codeexample"> 
   wasGeneratedBy(e1,a1, 2001-10-26T21:32:52)
 </pre>
 </div>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-NamespaceDeclaration" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-NamespaceDeclaration">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.7.4 </span>Namespace Declaration</h4>
 
-<p>A <span class="delete">PROV-DM </span><dfn id="dfn-namespace" class="internalDFN">namespace</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-namespace"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is identified by an IRI [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-IRI">IRI</a></cite>]. In PROV-DM, attributes, identifiers, and values with <a title="qualified name" href="#concept-qualifiedName" class="internalDFN">qualified names</a> as data type can be placed in a namespace using the mechanisms described in this specification. </p>
+<p>A<span class="delete"> PROV-DM</span> <dfn id="dfn-namespace" class="internalDFN">namespace</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-namespace"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is identified by an IRI [<cite><span class="delete">IRI</span><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987"><span class="insert">RFC3987</span></a></cite>]. In PROV-DM, attributes, identifiers, and values with <a title="qualified name" href="#concept-qualifiedName" class="internalDFN">qualified names</a> as data type can be placed in a namespace using the mechanisms described in this specification. </p>
 
 
 <p>A <dfn id="dfn-namespaceDeclaration" class="internalDFN">namespace declaration</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-namespaceDeclaration"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> consists of a binding between a prefix and a namespace. Every qualified name with this prefix in the scope of this
@@ -4502,9 +4770,9 @@
 
 <p>The <dfn title="prov-namespace" id="dfn-prov-namespace" class="internalDFN">PROV namespace</dfn><sup><a class="internalDFN" href="#dfn-prov-namespace"><span class="diamond"> ◊</span></a></sup> is identified by the <span class="delete">URI</span><span class="insert">IRI</span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</a>.</p>
 
-</div>
-
-<div id="term-qualified-name" class="section">
+</section>
+
+<section id="term-qualified-name">
 <h4><span class="secno">5.7.5 </span>Qualified Name</h4>
 
 
@@ -4517,18 +4785,18 @@
  qualified name, it refers to a <a href="#dfn-namespace" class="internalDFN">namespace</a> declared in a namespace declaration.  In the absence of prefix, the qualified name 
  refers to the <a title="default namespace declaration" href="#dfn-defaultNamespaceDeclaration" class="internalDFN">default namespace</a>.</p>
 
-</div>
-
-</div>
+</section>
+
+</section>
  
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-    <div id="extensibility-section" class="section"> 
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+    <section id="extensibility-section"> 
 <h2><span class="secno">6. </span>PROV-DM Extensibility Points</h2>
 
 
@@ -4589,15 +4857,15 @@
 </ul>
 
 <p>The PROV data model is designed to be application and technology independent, but implementers are welcome and encouraged to specialize PROV-DM to specific domains and applications.  To ensure interoperability, specializations of
-the PROV data model that exploit the extensibility points summarized in this section must preserve the semantics specified in this document and in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>]. </p>
-
-
-
-    </div> 
-
-
-
-<div id="valid-provenance" class="section">
+the PROV data model that exploit the extensibility points summarized in this section must preserve the semantics specified in this document and in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>]. </p>
+
+
+
+    </section> 
+
+
+
+<section id="valid-provenance">
 <h2><span class="secno">7. </span>Creating Valid Provenance</h2>
 
 
@@ -4611,7 +4879,7 @@
 express that an entity was used before it was generated, or that the
 activity that generated an entity <span class="delete">began its existence</span><span class="insert">started</span> after the entity
 generation.  A set of constraints have been defined for <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> and
-can be found in a companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].
+can be found in a companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].
 They <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> be used by developers to compose provenance descriptions that are valid, and
 by implementers of reasoning engines aiming to check whether provenance descriptions have problems. </li>
 
@@ -4620,7 +4888,7 @@
 <li>
 <p> The example of <a href="#prov-dm-example">section 3</a> contains identifiers such as <span class="name"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111215">tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215</a></span>, which denotes a specific version of a technical report.  On the other hand, <span class="delete">a URI</span><span class="insert">an IRI</span> such as <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/</a> denotes the latest version of a document. One needs to ensure that provenance descriptions for the latter resource remain valid as the resource state changes. </p>
 
-<p>To this end, <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> allows asserters to describe "<em>partial states</em>" of entities by means of attributes and associated values. Some further constraints apply to the use of these attributes, since the values associated with them are expected to remain unchanged for some period of time. The constraints associated to attributes allow provenance descriptions to be refined, they can also be found in the companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].</p>
+<p>To this end, <span class="delete">PROV-DM</span><span class="insert">PROV</span> allows asserters to describe "<em>partial states</em>" of entities by means of attributes and associated values. Some further constraints apply to the use of these attributes, since the values associated with them are expected to remain unchanged for some period of time. The constraints associated to attributes allow provenance descriptions to be refined, they can also be found in the companion specification [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].</p>
 
 
 </li>
@@ -4639,15 +4907,15 @@
 </ul>
 
 
-</div>
-
-
-
-<div class="appendix section" id="cross-references-to-prov-o-and-prov-n">
+</section>
+
+
+
+<section class="appendix" id="cross-references-to-prov-o-and-prov-n">
 <h2><span class="secno">A. </span>Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</h2>
 
 <p>PROV-DM is a conceptual data model which can be serialized in various ways. 
-The following table contains the PROV-O classes and properties, as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-O">PROV-O</a></cite>], and PROV-N productions, as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>] that correspond to PROV-DM concepts.</p> 
+The following table contains the PROV-O classes and properties, as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-O">PROV-O</a></cite>], and PROV-N productions, as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>] that correspond to PROV-DM concepts.</p> 
 
 <div id="prov-dm-to-prov-o-and-prov-n-fig" style="text-align: left;">
 <table class="thinborder" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
@@ -4656,13 +4924,13 @@
 <tr><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td><td style="border-width: 0px; "></td></tr>
 
 <tr class="component1-color">
-<td><a title="Entity" href="#concept-entity" class="internalDFN">Entity</a></td>
+<td><a title="Entity">Entity</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Entity">Entity</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-entityExpression">entityExpression</a></code>
 </td><td rowspan="8"><a href="#component1">Component 1:<br> Entities/Activities</a></td></tr>
 
 <tr class="component1-color">
-<td><a title="Activity" href="#concept-activity" class="internalDFN">Activity</a></td>
+<td><a title="Activity">Activity</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Entity">Activity</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-activityExpression">activityExpression</a></code></td>
 </tr>
@@ -4708,25 +4976,25 @@
 
 
 <tr class="component2-color">
-<td><a title="Derivation" href="#concept-derivation" class="internalDFN">Derivation</a></td>
+<td><a title="Derivation">Derivation</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#wasDerivedFrom">wasDerivedFrom</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Derivation">Derivation</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-derivationExpression">derivationExpression</a></code></td>
 <td rowspan="4"><a href="#component2">Component 2:<br> Derivations</a></td>
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component2-color">
-<td class="provType"><a title="Revision" href="#concept-revision" class="internalDFN">Revision</a></td>
+<td class="provType"><a title="Revision">Revision</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#wasRevisionOf">wasRevisionOf</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Revision">Revision</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-Revision">Revision</a></code></td>
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component2-color">
-<td class="provType"><a title="Quotation" href="#concept-quotation" class="internalDFN">Quotation</a></td>
+<td class="provType"><a title="Quotation">Quotation</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#wasQuotedFrom">wasQuotedFrom</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Quotation">Quotation</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-Quotation">Quotation</a></code></td>
 </tr>
 
-<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a title="Primary Source" href="#concept-primary-source" class="internalDFN">Primary Source</a></td>
+<tr class="component2-color"><td class="provType"><a title="Primary Source">Primary Source</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#hadPrimarySource">hadPrimarySource</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Source">Source</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-Primary-Source">PrimarySource</a></code></td>
 </tr>
@@ -4736,7 +5004,7 @@
 
 
 <tr class="component3-color" style="border-collapse: collapse; ">
-<td><a title="Agent" href="#concept-agent" class="internalDFN">Agent</a></td>
+<td><a title="Agent">Agent</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Agent">Agent</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-agentExpression">agentExpression</a></code></td>
 <td rowspan="9"><a href="#component3">Component 3: <br>Agents, Responsibility, <br>Influence</a></td>
@@ -4749,7 +5017,7 @@
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component3-color">
-<td><a title="Association" href="#concept-activityAssociation" class="internalDFN">Association</a></td>
+<td><a title="Association">Association</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#wasAssociatedWith">wasAssociatedWith</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Association">Association</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-associationExpression">associationExpression</a></code></td>
 </tr>
@@ -4761,13 +5029,13 @@
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component3-color">
-<td><a title="Plan" href="#concept-plan" class="internalDFN">Plan</a></td>
+<td><a title="Plan">Plan</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Plan">Plan</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-Plan">Plan</a></code></td>
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component3-color">
-<td><a title="Person" href="#concept-person" class="internalDFN">Person</a></td>
+<td><a title="Person">Person</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Person">Person</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-Person">Person</a></code></td>
 </tr>
@@ -4811,14 +5079,14 @@
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component5-color">
-<td><a title="Alternate" href="#concept-alternate" class="internalDFN">Alternate</a></td>
+<td><a title="Alternate">Alternate</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#alternateOf">alternateOf</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-alternateExpression">alternateExpression</a></code></td>
 <td rowspan="2"><a href="#component4">Component 5: <br> Alternate</a></td>
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component5-color">
-<td><a title="Specialization" href="#concept-specialization" class="internalDFN">Specialization</a></td>
+<td><a title="Specialization">Specialization</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#specializationOf">specializationOf</a></td>
 <td><code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#prod-specializationExpression">specializationExpression</a></code></td>
 </tr>
@@ -4836,14 +5104,14 @@
 
 
 <tr class="component6-color">
-<td><a title="Collection" href="#concept-collection" class="internalDFN">Collection</a></td>
+<td><a title="Collection">Collection</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#Collection">Collection</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-Collection">Collection</a></code></td>
 <td rowspan="3"><a href="#component6">Component 6: <br> Collections</a></td>
 </tr>
 
 <tr class="component6-color">
-<td><a title="Empty Collection" href="#concept-empty-collection" class="internalDFN">EmptyCollection</a></td>
+<td><a title="Empty Collection">EmptyCollection</a></td>
 <td><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/#EmptyCollection">EmptyCollection</a></td>
 <td>type <code><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/#provn-type-EmptyCollection">EmptyCollection</a></code></td>
 </tr>
@@ -4858,10 +5126,10 @@
 
 
 
-</div>
-
-<div class="appendix section" id="changes-since-last-version"> 
-      <h2><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B. </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></h2> 
+</section>
+
+<section class="appendix" id="changes-since-last-version"> 
+      <h2><span class="secno">B. </span><span class="insert">Changes since last version</span></h2> 
       <p><span class="insert"> Please see the </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicComments"><span class="insert">Responses to Public Comments on the Last Call Working Draft</span></a><span class="insert"> for more details about the justification of these changes.</span></p>
 
 <ul>
@@ -4898,18 +5166,19 @@
 </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Moved feature at risk, Mention, to note document (prov-mention).
 </span></li></ul>
 
-</div>
-
-
-<div class="appendix section" id="acknowledgements"> 
-      <h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.</span><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</h2> 
+</section>
+
+
+<section class="appendix" id="acknowledgements"> 
+      <h2><span class="secno"><span class="insert">C.</span> </span>Acknowledgements</h2> 
       <p> 
 
-This  document has been produced by the PROV Working Group, and its contents reflect extensive discussion within the Working Group as a whole. The editors extend special thanks to  Sandro Hawke (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym>), Ivan Herman (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym>), Tom Baker for their thorough reviews.
+This  document has been produced by the PROV Working Group, and its contents reflect extensive discussion within the Working Group as a whole. The editors extend special thanks to  Sandro Hawke (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr><span class="insert">) and Ivan Herman (</span><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium"><span class="insert">W3C</span></abbr><span class="insert">/</span><abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics"><span class="insert">ERCIM</span></abbr>), <span class="delete">Ivan Herman (</span><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C<span class="delete">/</span><span class="delete">ERCIM</span><span class="delete">), Tom Baker</span></abbr><span class="insert"> contacts</span> for <span class="delete">their thorough reviews.</span><span class="insert">the PROV Working Group.</span>
       </p> 
 
 <p>
 <span class="insert">The editors acknowledge valuable contributions from the following:
+Tom Baker,
 David Booth,
 Robert Freimuth,
 Satrajit Ghosh,
@@ -4923,8 +5192,6 @@
 Antoine Zimmermann.
 </span></p>
 
-
-
 <p>
 Members of the PROV Working Group at the time of publication of this document were:
 
@@ -4949,9 +5216,9 @@
 Paul Groth (Vrije Universiteit),
 Olaf Hartig (Invited expert),
 David Hau (National Cancer Institute, NCI),
-Sandro Hawke (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym>),
+Sandro Hawke (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr>),
 Jörn Hees (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Gmbh),
-Ivan Herman, (<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym>/<acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym>),
+Ivan Herman, (<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>/<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr>),
 Ralph Hodgson (TopQuadrant),
 Hook Hua (Invited expert),
 Trung Dong Huynh (University of Southampton),
@@ -4986,28 +5253,29 @@
 Jun Zhao (University of Oxford),
 Yuting Zhao (University of Aberdeen, Computing Science).
 </p>
-    </div> 
+    </section> 
 
 
  
 
-<div id="references" class="appendix section"><h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-IRI">[IRI]</dt><dd>M. Duerst, M. Suignard. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite>Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRI).</cite></a> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987. URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</a> 
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.), Tom De Nies. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Constraints of the PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">[PROV-N]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) James Cheney, Stian Soiland-Reyes. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">[PROV-O]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, Stephan Zednik, and Jun Zhao. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Provenance Formal Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">[RDF-CONCEPTS]</dt><dd>Graham Klyne; Jeremy J. Carroll. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210"><cite>Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210</a> 
+<section id="references" class="appendix"><h2><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.</span><span class="insert">D.</span> </span>References</h2><section id="normative-references"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.1</span><span class="insert">D.1</span> </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><span class="delete">[IRI]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS"><span class="insert">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">M. Duerst, M. Suignard. </span><span class="insert">James Cheney; Paolo Missier; Luc Moreau; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRI).</span><span class="insert">Constraints of the PROV Data Model</span></cite></a><span class="delete"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987.</span><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</span> 
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-N"><span class="insert">[PROV-N]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Luc Moreau; Paolo Missier; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O"><span class="insert">[PROV-O]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Timothy Lebo; Satya Sahoo; Deborah McGuinness; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">Provenance Formal Model</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">[RDF-CONCEPTS]</dt><dd>Graham Klyne; Jeremy J. Carroll. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210"><cite>Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210</a> 
 </dd><dt id="bib-RFC2119">[RFC2119]</dt><dd>S. Bradner. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><cite>Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels.</cite></a> March 1997. Internet RFC 2119.  URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt</a> 
-</dd><dt id="bib-UML">[UML]</dt><dd>Object Management Group <a href="http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/"><cite>Unified Modeling Language: Superstructure</cite></a>. version 2.0, 2005 URL: <a href="http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/">http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/</a>
-</dd><span class="delete">[URI]</span><span class="delete">T. Berners-Lee; R. Fielding; L. Masinter. </span><span class="delete">Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): generic syntax.</span><span class="delete"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3986. URL: </span><span class="delete">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt</span> 
-<dt id="bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">[XMLSCHEMA11-2]</dt><dd>Henry S. Thompson; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/"><cite>W3C XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) 1.1 Part 2: Datatypes.</cite></a> 5 April 2012. W3C Recommendation URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/</a> 
-</dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-Logic">[Logic]</dt><dd>W. E. Johnson <a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html"><cite>Logic: Part III</cite></a>.1924. URL: <a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html">http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html</a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-Mappings">[Mappings]</dt><dd>Satya Sahoo and Paul Groth and Olaf Hartig and Simon Miles and Sam Coppens and James Myers and Yolanda Gil and Luc Moreau and Jun Zhao and Michael Panzer and Daniel Garijo <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/prov/wiki/Provenance_Vocabulary_Mappings"><cite>Provenance Vocabulary Mappings</cite></a>. August 2010 URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/prov/wiki/Provenance_Vocabulary_Mappings">http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/prov/wiki/Provenance_Vocabulary_Mappings</a>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ">[PROV-AQ]</dt><dd>Graham Klyne and Paul Groth (eds.) Luc Moreau, Olaf Hartig, Yogesh Simmhan, James Meyers, Timothy Lebo, Khalid Belhajjame, and Simon <span class="delete">Miles </span><span class="insert">Miles. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><cite>Provenance Access and Query</cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-LAYOUT"><span class="insert">[PROV-LAYOUT]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.) </span><span class="insert">W3C PROV Working Group. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/Diagrams/"><cite><span class="delete">Constraints of the </span>PROV <span class="delete">Data Model</span><span class="insert">Graph Layout Conventions</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011, Working Draft.</span><span class="insert">2012.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/Diagrams/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/Diagrams/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-N]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">[PROV-OVERVIEW]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) James Cheney, Stian Soiland-Reyes </span><span class="insert">AUTHORS TBD. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-N:</span><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW:</span> The <span class="delete">Provenance Notation</span><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</span>
-<span class="delete">[PROV-O]</span><span class="delete">Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik </span><span class="delete">Provenance Formal Model</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/</span></a>.<span class="delete"> 2011, Working Draft. URL: </span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</span>
-</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER">[PROV-PRIMER]</dt><dd>Yolanda Gil and Simon Miles (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Helena Deus, Daniel Garijo, Graham Klyne, Paolo Missier, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan <span class="delete">Zednik </span><span class="insert">Zednik. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><cite>Prov Model Primer</cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.
-</span></dd><dt id="bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">[PROV-XML]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Hook Hua, Curt Tilmes, and Stephan Zednik (eds.) Luc Moreau. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-XML: The PROV XML Schema</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 2012, Candidate Recommendation. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/</span></a><span class="insert">.</span>
-</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS11">[RDF-CONCEPTS11]</dt><dd>Richard Cyganiak and David Wood (eds.) RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/"><cite>RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax</cite></a>. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/</a>
-</dd></dl></div></div></body></html>
-
+</dd><span class="delete">[UML]</span><dt id="bib-RFC3987"><span class="insert">[RFC3987]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Object Management Group </span><span class="insert">M. Dürst; M. Suignard. </span><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><cite><span class="delete">Unified Modeling Language: Superstructure</span><span class="insert">Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs).</span></cite></a><span class="delete">. version 2.0, 2005</span><span class="insert"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3987.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/</span>
+<span class="delete">[URI]</span><span class="delete">T. Berners-Lee; R. Fielding; L. Masinter. </span><span class="delete">Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): generic syntax.</span><span class="delete"> January 2005. Internet RFC 3986. URL: </span><span class="delete">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt</span><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt"><span class="insert">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3987.txt</span></a> 
+</dd><dt id="bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">[XMLSCHEMA11-2]</dt><dd>Henry S. Thompson; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/"><cite>W3C XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) 1.1 Part 2: Datatypes.</cite></a> 5 April 2012. W3C Recommendation URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/</a> 
+</dd></dl></section><section id="informative-references"><h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">C.2</span><span class="insert">D.2</span> </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-Logic">[Logic]</dt><dd>W. E. <span class="delete">Johnson</span><span class="insert">Johnson.</span> <a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html"><cite>Logic: Part III</cite></a>.1924. URL: <a href="http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html">http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html</a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-Mappings">[Mappings]</dt><dd>Satya <span class="delete">Sahoo and</span><span class="insert">Sahoo;</span> Paul <span class="delete">Groth and</span><span class="insert">Groth;</span> Olaf <span class="delete">Hartig and</span><span class="insert">Hartig;</span> Simon <span class="delete">Miles and</span><span class="insert">Miles;</span> Sam <span class="delete">Coppens and</span><span class="insert">Coppens;</span> James <span class="delete">Myers and</span><span class="insert">Myers;</span> Yolanda <span class="delete">Gil and</span><span class="insert">Gil;</span> Luc <span class="delete">Moreau and</span><span class="insert">Moreau;</span> Jun <span class="delete">Zhao and</span><span class="insert">Zhao;</span> Michael <span class="delete">Panzer and</span><span class="insert">Panzer;</span> Daniel Garijo <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/prov/wiki/Provenance_Vocabulary_Mappings"><cite>Provenance Vocabulary Mappings</cite></a>. August 2010 URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/prov/wiki/Provenance_Vocabulary_Mappings">http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/prov/wiki/Provenance_Vocabulary_Mappings</a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ">[PROV-AQ]</dt><dd>Graham <span class="delete">Klyne and</span><span class="insert">Klyne;</span> Paul <span class="delete">Groth (eds.) Luc Moreau, Olaf Hartig, Yogesh Simmhan, James Meyers, Timothy Lebo, Khalid Belhajjame, and Simon Miles </span><span class="insert">Groth; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><cite>Provenance Access and Query</cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">19 June 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-LAYOUT"><span class="insert">[PROV-LAYOUT]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.) </span><span class="insert">W3C PROV Working Group. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/Diagrams"><cite><span class="delete">Constraints of the </span>PROV <span class="delete">Data Model</span><span class="insert">Graph Layout Conventions</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011, Working Draft.</span><span class="insert">2012.</span> URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/Diagrams"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/Diagrams</span></a>
+</dd><span class="delete">[PROV-N]</span><dt id="bib-PROV-OVERVIEW"><span class="insert">[PROV-OVERVIEW]</span></dt><dd><span class="delete">Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) James Cheney, Stian Soiland-Reyes </span><span class="insert">Editors TBD. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><cite><span class="delete">PROV-N:</span><span class="insert">PROV-OVERVIEW:</span> The <span class="delete">Provenance Notation</span><span class="insert">PROV Family of Documents</span></cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</span>
+<span class="delete">[PROV-O]</span><span class="delete">Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik </span><span class="delete">Provenance Formal Model</span><span class="delete">. 2011, Working Draft. URL: </span><span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER">[PROV-PRIMER]</dt><dd>Yolanda <span class="delete">Gil and</span><span class="insert">Gil;</span> Simon <span class="delete">Miles (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Helena Deus, Daniel Garijo, Graham Klyne, Paolo Missier, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik </span><span class="insert">Miles; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><cite>Prov Model Primer</cite></a>. <span class="delete">2011,</span><span class="insert">11 December 2012,</span> Working Draft. URL: <span class="delete">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/</span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-XML"><span class="insert">[PROV-XML]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Hook Hua; Curt Tilmes; Stephan Zednik; eds. </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><cite><span class="insert">PROV-XML: The PROV XML Schema</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. 11 December 2012, Working Draft. URL: </span><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/"><span class="insert">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/</span></a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-CONCEPTS11">[RDF-CONCEPTS11]</dt><dd>Richard <span class="delete">Cyganiak and</span><span class="insert">Cyganiak;</span> David <span class="delete">Wood (eds.)</span><span class="insert">Wood; eds.</span> RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/"><cite>RDF 1.1 Concepts and Abstract Syntax</cite></a>. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/">http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/</a>
+</dd><dt id="bib-UML"><span class="insert">[UML]</span></dt><dd><span class="insert">Object Management Group </span><a href="http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/"><cite><span class="insert">Unified Modeling Language: Superstructure</span></cite></a><span class="insert">. version 2.0, 2005 URL: </span><a href="http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/"><span class="insert">http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/Superstructure/PDF/</span></a>
+</dd></dl></section></section></body></html>
+
--- a/model/diff/Makefile	Tue Nov 20 11:01:50 2012 -0500
+++ b/model/diff/Makefile	Wed Nov 21 11:46:11 2012 -0500
@@ -12,8 +12,10 @@
 rel:
 	./htmldiff ../releases/WD-prov-n-20120724/Overview.html ../releases/CR-prov-n-20121211/Overview.html  > ../diff-n.html
 	./htmldiff ../releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html ../releases/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html > ../diff.html
+	./htmldiff ../releases/WD-prov-constraints-20120911/Overview.html ../releases/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/Overview.html > ../diff-c.html
 	cp ../diff-n.html ../releases/CR-prov-n-20121211/
 	cp ../diff.html ../releases/CR-prov-dm-20121211/
+	cp ../diff-c.html ../releases/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/
 
 
 
--- a/model/prov-constraints.html	Tue Nov 20 11:01:50 2012 -0500
+++ b/model/prov-constraints.html	Wed Nov 21 11:46:11 2012 -0500
@@ -11,14 +11,548 @@
 <!-- PM -->
     <style type="text/css">
       .note { font-size:small; margin-left:50px }
+
+
+/* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
+.pending {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #BFEFFF;
+}
+
+.pending::before {
+    content:    "Pending Review";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+
+
+
+.resolved {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #9BCD9B;
+}
+
+.resolved::before {
+    content:    "Resolved";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+
+.inference {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+
+.inference-example {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+/* .inference[id]::before { */
+/*     content:    "Inference: " attr(id); */
+/*     width:  380px;  /\* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) *\/ */
+/* } */
+
+
+/* .inference::before { */
+/*     content:    "Inference"; */
+/*     display:    block; */
+/*     width:  150px; */
+/*     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0; */
+/*     font-weight:    bold; */
+/*     border: 1px solid #f00; */
+/*     background: #fff; */
+/*     padding:    3px 1em; */
+/* } */
+
+.syntax {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.syntax[id]::before {
+    content:    "Syntax: " attr(id);
+    width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) */
+}
+
+
+.syntax::before {
+    content:    "Syntax";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+.unamedconstraint {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+
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+    content:    "Constraint";
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+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+
+
+.constraint {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
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+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.constraint-example {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+/* .constraint[id]::before { */
+/*     content:    "Constraint: " attr(id); */
+/*     width:  380px;  /\* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) *\/ */
+/* } */
+
+
+/* .constraint::before { */
+/*     content:    "Constraint"; */
+/*     display:    block; */
+/*     width:  150px; */
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+/*     font-weight:    bold; */
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+/*     background: #fff; */
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+/* } */
+
+
+
+.interpretation {
+    padding:    1em;
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+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.interpretation[id]::before {
+    content:    "Interpretation: " attr(id);
+    width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Interpretation: " attr(id) */
+}
+
+
+.interpretation::before {
+    content:    "Interpretation";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+.definition {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #777;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
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+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
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+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+/* .definition[id]::before { */
+/*     content:    "Definition: " attr(id); */
+/*     width:  380px;  */
+/* } */
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+/*     content:    "Definition"; */
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+/*     font-weight:    bold; */
+/*     border: 1px solid #000; */
+/*     background: #fff; */
+/*     padding:    3px 1em; */
+/* } */
+
+
+.deprecatedconstraint {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.deprecatedconstraint[id]::before {
+    content:    "Deprecated: " attr(id);
+    width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Deprecatedconstraint: " attr(id) */
+}
+
+
+.deprecatedconstraint::before {
+    content:    "Deprecated";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #00f;
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+}
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+}
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+}
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+
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+}
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+
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+    color: blue;
+}
+
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+    margin-bottom: 1ex;
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+}
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+}
+
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+    font-family: monospace;
+}
+
+.math {
+    font-family: roman;
+    font-style:italic;
+}
+
+
+.xmpl {
+    padding:    1em;
+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+}
+
+.xmpl::before {
+    content:    "Example";
+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
+    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #f00;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
+/*
+.anexample[count]::before {
+    content: "Example " attr(count) ;
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+.anexample:before {
+    content: "Example:";
+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
+
+*/
+
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+    margin-top: 1ex;
+    margin-bottom: 1ex;
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+    padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
+    border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
+    background-color: #f9f9f9;
+}
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+}
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+    font-family: sans-serif;
+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
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+}
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+}
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+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="name"]:before {
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+div[class="grammar"] span[class="name"]:after {
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+}
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+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="optional"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
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+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="optional"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")?";
+}
+
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="plus"]:before {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="plus"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")+";
+}
+
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="star"]:before {
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+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: "(";
+}
+
+div[class="grammar"] span[class="group"]:after {
+    font-weight: normal;
+    font-size:130%;
+    font-family: monospace;
+    content: ")";
+}
+
+table {
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+}
+
+.component1-color {
+ background-color: rgba(255,42,42,0.2);
+}
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+}
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+    font-weight:    bold;
+}
+
+.structural-forward::before {
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+    font-weight:    bold;
+}
+
+
+code {
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+}
+
+.ruleTitle {
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+    font-size: 1.6ex;
+    font-weight: bold;
+}
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+
+
+
+.remark {
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+    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
+    border: 1px dashed #000;
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+}
+
+.remark::before {
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+    display:    block;
+    width:  150px;
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+    font-weight:    bold;
+    border: 1px solid #000;
+    background: #fff;
+    padding:    3px 1em;
+}
+
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+	border-width: 1px;
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+	border-style: none;
+	border-color: gray;
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+	border-width: 1px;
+	padding: 0px;
+	border-style: solid;
+	border-color: gray;
+}
+table.thinborder td {
+	border-width: 1px;
+	padding: 2px;
+	border-style: solid;
+	border-color: gray;
+}
+
+
      </style>
 
-    <script src="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js" class="remove"></script> 
+<!--    <script src="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js" class="remove"></script>  -->
+    <script src="http://www.w3.org/Tools/respec/respec-w3c-common" class="remove" async></script> 
+
     <script src="http://www.w3.org/2007/OWL/toggles.js" class="remove"></script> 
     <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js" class="remove"></script>
 
     <script class="remove"> 
 
+function setColoredDiffs () {
+    $('dt').each(function(index) {
+        var content=$(this).text();
+        if (content== "Previous version:") {
+         console.log( "content " +  content);
+	  $(this).next().append(" ").append($('<a>').attr('href','diff-c.html').append("(colored-coded diff)"));
+        }
+    })
+}
+
+
       function updateRules() {
         var count=1;
         $('.constraint,.definition,.inference').each(function(index) {
@@ -233,6 +767,16 @@
         updateRules();
         updateRulesRefs();
         updateFigCaptions();
+	if (typeof String.prototype.startsWith != 'function') {
+            String.prototype.startsWith = function (str) {
+					    return this.indexOf(str) == 0;
+					  };
+        }
+	if (typeof String.prototype.contains != 'function') {
+            String.prototype.contains  = function (str) {
+					    return this.indexOf(str) >= 0;
+					  };
+        }
 
 
 
@@ -250,12 +794,12 @@
 
       var extraReferences = {
         "CHR":
-         "Thom Frühwirth "+
+         "Thom Frühwirth. "+
          "<a        href=\"http://constraint-handling-rules.org/\"><cite>Constraint        Handling Rules</cite></a>."+
          " Cambridge University Press "+
          " URL: <a href=\"http://constraint-handling-rules.org/\">http://constraint-handling-rules.org/</a>",
         "CLOCK":
-         "Lamport, L. "+
+         "L. Lamport. "+
          "<a href=\"http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf\"><cite>Time, clocks, and the ordering of events in a distributed system</cite></a>."+
          " Communications of the ACM 21 (7): 558–565. 1978. "+
          "URL: <a href=\"http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf\">http://research.microsoft.com/users/lamport/pubs/time-clocks.pdf</a> " +
@@ -266,12 +810,12 @@
          "Prentice-Hall. 1985"+
          "URL: <a href=\"http://www.usingcsp.com/cspbook.pdf\">http://www.usingcsp.com/cspbook.pdf</a>",
         "DBCONSTRAINTS":
-         " Ronald Fagin, Phokion G. Kolaitis, Renée J. Miller, and Lucian Popa "+
+         " Ronald Fagin; Phokion G. Kolaitis; Renée J. Miller; Lucian Popa. "+
          " <a href=\"http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033\"><cite>Data        exchange: Semantics and query answering</cite></a>.  Theoretical computer science 336(1):89-124 "+
          "  Elsevier "+
          " URL: <a href=\"http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033\">http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2004.10.033</a>",
 	    "Logic":
-          "W. E. Johnson"+
+          "W. E. Johnson. "+
           "<a href=\"http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html\"><cite>Logic: Part III</cite></a>."+
           "1924. "+
           "URL: <a href=\"http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html\">http://www.ditext.com/johnson/intro-3.html</a>",
@@ -291,7 +835,7 @@
  
           // if your specification has a subtitle that goes below the main
           // formal title, define it here
-          subtitle : "<a href=\"diff-c.html\">Changes</a> since Last Call Working Draft  (LC)",
+          //subtitle : "<a href=\"diff-c.html\">Changes</a> since Last Call Working Draft  (LC)",
 
 
 
@@ -312,14 +856,19 @@
  
           // if there a publicly available Editor's Draft, this is the link
           edDraftURI:           "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html",
+
+         implementationReportURI: "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html",
+
+          testSuiteURI: "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/testcases/process.html",
+
  
           // if this is a LCWD, uncomment and set the end of its review period
          //lcEnd: "2012-10-10", 
-          crEnd: "2012-01-31",
+          crEnd: "2013-01-31",
 
           // if you want to have extra CSS, append them to this list
           // it is recommended that the respec.css stylesheet be kept
-          extraCSS:             ["http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css", "./extra.css"],
+          //extraCSS:             ["http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css", "./extra.css"],
  
           // editors, add as many as you like
           // only "name" is required
@@ -362,7 +911,7 @@
           // Add extraReferences to bibliography database
           preProcess: [addExtraReferences, addProvReferences],
 
-          postProcess: [updateFigures, removeDataAttributes],
+          postProcess: [updateFigures, removeDataAttributes, checkLinksToW3CReports, setColoredDiffs],
       };
     </script> 
   </head> 
@@ -607,12 +1156,12 @@
 </section>
 
 <section id='rationale' class="informative">
-<h3>Rationale</h3>
+<h3>Rationale (Informative)</h3>
 <p> This section gives a high-level rationale that provides some
   further background for the constraints, but does not affect the
 technical content of the rest of the specification.</p>
 
-<section>
+<section class="informative">
 <h4>Entities, Activities and Agents</h4>
 <p>
 One of the central challenges in representing provenance information
@@ -698,7 +1247,7 @@
 
 
 </section>
-<