Combinar
authordgarijo
Sun, 14 Apr 2013 19:44:18 +0200
changeset 6154 1e11ad0ad8e3
parent 6153 54219116fbf8 (current diff)
parent 6152 aaccf3f8398c (diff)
child 6156 a920faf790b7
Combinar
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/Overview.html
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded-terms-example-all.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded-terms-example-blog-post.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost1.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost2.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded-terms-example-hdd-failure.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/expanded.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/qualified-patterns.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/starting-points-example.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/diagrams/starting-points.svg
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o-20130312.owl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o-20130312.ttl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o-inverses-20130312.owl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o-inverses-20130312.ttl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o-inverses.owl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o-inverses.ttl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o.owl
ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/ns/prov-o.ttl
--- a/dictionary/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/dictionary/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
 >
 
 <html><head> 
-    <title>PROV Dictionary</title> 
+    <title>PROV-Dictionary: Modeling Provenance for Dictionary Data Structures</title> 
     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"> 
 <link rel="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#has_provenance" href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/provenance/prov-dictionary"/>
 
@@ -618,7 +618,7 @@
       };
       var respecConfig = {
           // specification status (e.g. WD, LCWD, NOTE, etc.). If in doubt use ED.
-          specStatus:           "ED", //WD-NOTE
+          specStatus:           "NOTE", //WD-NOTE
           
           // the specification's short name, as in http://www.w3.org/TR/short-name/
           shortName:            "prov-dictionary",
@@ -629,7 +629,7 @@
 
  
           // if you wish the publication date to be other than today, set this
-          //publishDate:  "2013-03-12",
+          publishDate:  "2013-04-30",
  
           // if the specification's copyright date is a range of years, specify
           // the start date here:
@@ -637,11 +637,11 @@
  
           // if there is a previously published draft, uncomment this and set its YYYY-MM-DD date
           // and its maturity status
-          //previousPublishDate:  "2012-07-24",
-          //previousMaturity:  "ED",
+          previousPublishDate:  "2013-03-12",
+          previousMaturity:  "FPWD",
  
           // if there a publicly available Editor's Draft, this is the link
-          edDraftURI:           "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/dictionary/Overview.html",
+          //edDraftURI:           "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/dictionary/Overview.html",
  
           // if this is a LCWD, uncomment and set the end of its review period
           //lcEnd: "2012-09-18",
@@ -718,31 +718,31 @@
 This document is part of the PROV family of documents, a set of documents defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
 interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  These documents are listed below. Please consult the [[PROV-OVERVIEW]] for a guide to reading these documents. 
 <ul>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-overview-20130312/">PROV-OVERVIEW</a> (To be published as Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [[PROV-OVERVIEW]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-primer-20130312/">PROV-PRIMER</a> (To be published as Note), a primer for the PROV data model [[PROV-PRIMER]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-o-20130312/">PROV-O</a> (Proposed Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [[PROV-O]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-dm-20130312/">PROV-DM</a> (Proposed Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance [[PROV-DM]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/">PROV-N</a> (Proposed Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [[PROV-N]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-constraints-20130312/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a> (Proposed Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-xml-20130312/">PROV-XML</a> (To be published as Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-aq-20130312/">PROV-AQ</a> (To be published as Note), the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (To be published as Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [[PROV-DICTIONARY]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dc-20130312/">PROV-DC</a> (To be published as Note) provides a mapping between PROV and Dublic Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-sem-20130312/">PROV-SEM</a> (To be published as Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [[PROV-SEM]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-links-20130312/">PROV-LINKS</a> (To be published as Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles (this document).</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-overview-20130430/">PROV-OVERVIEW</a> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [[PROV-OVERVIEW]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-primer-20130430/">PROV-PRIMER</a> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [[PROV-PRIMER]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-o-20130430/">PROV-O</a> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of the PROV data model to RDF [[PROV-O]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/">PROV-DM</a> (Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance [[PROV-DM]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-n-20130430/">PROV-N</a> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [[PROV-N]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-constraints-20130430/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a> (Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs (this document);</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [[PROV-SEM]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [[PROV-LINKS]].</li>
 </ul>
 
+<h4>Implementations Encouraged</h4>
+<p>
+The Provenance Working Group encourages implementation of the material defined in this document.
+     Although work on this document by the Provenance Working Group is complete, 
+errors may be recorded in the  <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/errata.html">errata</a> or and these may be addressed in future revisions. 
+</p>
+
+<h4>Please Send Comments</h4>
+
 </section>
 
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
     <section id="introduction"> 
 <h2>Introduction</h2> 
 
@@ -770,7 +770,7 @@
 
 <section id="dictionary-conceptual-definition"> 
 <h2>Conceptual Definition of Dictionary</h2>
-<p>In this section a specific type of collection, as specified in [[PROV-DM]], is introduced. This new type of collection, Dictionary, is specified as follows.</p>
+<p>In this section a specific type of <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-dm-20130312/#component6">collection</a>, as specified in [[PROV-DM]], is introduced. This new type of collection, Dictionary, is specified as follows.</p>
 
 
 <span class="glossary-ref" data-ref="glossary-dictionary"></span>
@@ -779,14 +779,14 @@
 	This document provides a mechanism to assert the provenance for these types of data structures, in the most general way, as a collection of key-entity pairs, modified through insertions and deletions. Any more specialized structures can be modeled to some extent in terms of these key-entity pairs. 
 	Here, we will discuss the provenance of dictionaries structured in terms of key-entity pairs. However, how this key-entity pair structure is translated to more specialized data structures, is beyond the scope of this document.</p>
 
-<p>In this document, a dictionary is viewed as a snapshot of a data structure with key-entity pairs, following a sequence of state-changing insertion and removal operations. These  operations result in new snapshots, each snapshot forming a distinct and identifiable dictionary entity. Thus, when the structure of a dictionary changes (through insertions or removals), a new dictionary entity is defined, whereas the older dictionary entity remains the same.</p>
+<p>In this document, a dictionary is viewed as a snapshot of a data structure with key-entity pairs, following a sequence of state-changing insertion and removal operations. These  operations result in new snapshots, each snapshot forming a distinct and identifiable dictionary entity. Thus, when the structure of a dictionary changes (through insertions or removals), a new dictionary entity is defined, whereas the older dictionary entity remains the same. The concepts defined in this document can be used to specify the differences between these dictionary entities.</p>
 
 <!--
 <span class="glossary-ref" data-ref="glossary-empty-dictionary"></span>
 -->
 
 
-<p>Following the earlier definitions for generic collections,  PROV-Dictionary defines the following types related to dictionaries:</p>
+<p>Following the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-dm-20130312/#term-collection">definition of prov:Collection</a>,  PROV-Dictionary defines the following types related to dictionaries:</p>
 
 <ul>
   <li> <span class="name">prov:Dictionary</span> is a subtype of <span class="name">prov:Collection</span>. It denotes an entity of type dictionary, i.e. an entity that can participate in relations that involve dictionaries and their member entities;</li>
@@ -794,7 +794,7 @@
   <li><span class="name">prov:EmptyDictionary</span> is a subtype of both <span class="name">prov:EmptyCollection</span> and <span class="name">prov:Dictionary</span>. It denotes an empty dictionary.</li>
 </ul>
 
-<p>Note that the complete content of a dictionary is unknown unless it can be traced back to an empty dictionary through a series of insertions and removals. If an asserter wants to explicitly state that a dictionary is empty, it is recommended that the <span class="name">prov:type</span> <span class="name">prov:EmptyCollection</span> is used.
+<p>Note that the complete content of a dictionary is unknown unless it can be traced back to an empty dictionary through a series of insertions and removals. If an asserter wants to explicitly state that a dictionary is empty, it is recommended that the <span class="name">prov:type</span> <span class="name">prov:EmptyDictionary</span> is used.
 
 <div class="anexample">
 <pre class="codeexample">
@@ -827,7 +827,7 @@
 
 <div class="anexample">
 <pre class="codeexample">
-entity(d, [prov:type='prov:Dictionary' ])    // d1 is a dictionary, with (so far) unknown content
+entity(d, [prov:type='prov:Dictionary' ])    // d is a dictionary, with (so far) unknown content
 
 entity(e1)
 entity(e2)
@@ -866,10 +866,8 @@
 
 <p>
 An Insertion relation <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(id; d2, d1,  {(key_1, e_1), ..., (key_n, e_n)})</span> states that  <span class="name">d2</span> is the dictionary
-following the insertion of pairs <span class="name">(key_1, e_1)</span>, ..., <span class="name">(key_n, e_n)</span> into dictionary  <span class="name">d1</span>. 
-Note that insertion and the specified key-entity-set are considered to be complete. This means that we assume that no unknown keys were inserted in or removed from a dictionary after an insertion. This is formalized in <a href="#insertion-removal-membership-inference">Inference D8</a>.</p>
-
-
+following the insertion of key-entity pairs <span class="name">(key_1, e_1)</span>, ..., <span class="name">(key_n, e_n)</span> into dictionary  <span class="name">d1</span>. In other words, the set of key-entity pairs <span class="name">{(key_1, e_1), ...,(key_n, e_n)}</span> is to be seen as the difference between <span class="name">d1</span> and <span class="name">d2</span>.
+Note that this key-entity-set is considered to be complete. This means that we assume that no unknown keys were inserted in or removed from a dictionary derived by an insertion relation. This is formalized in <a href="#insertion-removal-membership-inference">Inference D8</a>.</p>
 
 <div class="anexample">
 <pre class="codeexample">
@@ -934,8 +932,8 @@
 </ul>
 </div>
 
-<p>A Removal relation <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(id; d2,d1, {key_1, ..., key_n})</span> states that  <span class="name">d2</span> is  the  dictionary following the removal of the set of pairs corresponding to keys  <span class="name">key_1...key_n</span> from  <span class="name">d1</span>. If a key that is not present in the dictionary is removed, the dictionary remains unchanged.
-  Note that removal and the specified key-set are considered to be complete. This means that we assume that no unknown keys were inserted in or removed from a dictionary after a removal. This is formalized in <a href="#insertion-removal-membership-inference">Inference D8</a>.
+<p>A Removal relation <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(id; d2,d1, {key_1, ..., key_n})</span> states that  <span class="name">d2</span> is  the  dictionary following the removal of the set of pairs corresponding to keys  <span class="name">key_1...key_n</span> from  <span class="name">d1</span>. 
+  In other words, the key-set <span class="name">{key_1,...,key_n}</span> is to be seen as the difference in keys and corresponding entities between <span class="name">d1</span> and <span class="name">d2</span>. Note that this key-set is considered to be complete. This means that we assume that no unknown keys were inserted in or removed from a dictionary derived by a removal relation. This is formalized in <a href="#insertion-removal-membership-inference">Inference D8</a>. 
 </p>
 
 <div class="anexample">
@@ -962,7 +960,7 @@
 <li><span class="name">d3</span> was the dictionary <span class="name">{ ("k2", e2) }</span> </li>
 <li><span class="name">d4</span> was the dictionary <span class="name">{ ("k2", e2) }</span> </li>
 </ul>
-Note that "k1" was not present in d3, and thus its removal to obtain d4 did not change the contents of the dictionary.
+Note that there is no constraint stating that removed keys had to be present in the original dictionary. For example, "k1" was not present in d3, and thus its removal to obtain d4 did not change the contents of the dictionary.
 </div>
 
 </section>  <!-- end removal -->
@@ -972,14 +970,11 @@
 <section id="dictionary-notation"> 
 <h2>PROV-N Notation of Dictionary Concepts</h2>
 The notation used for dictionaries in this document extends the standard PROV-N according to the principles described in <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#extensibility">the PROV-N extensibility chapter</a>.
-However, because dictionaries are defined in the same namespace as the rest of PROV-N, the terms in this document do not have a non-empty prefix. For the remainder of this document, we will assume that the default namespace http://www.w3.org/ns/prov# is used, and thus, no prefix is specified for the terms associated with dictionaries.
-<div class="note">Note that the use of a non-empty prefix for extensions of PROV-N is technically not valid. The terms used in this document can be made valid by the addition of a prefix "prov:" to all PROV-Dictionary terms. However, this would greatly reduce the readability of this document.
-  The Working Group is currently discussing how to address this issue before the next Working Draft of this document.</div>
-The [<a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/dictionary/prov-dictionary-grammar.txt">Grammar for PROV-Dictionary</a>] is available for download.
+The [<a href="prov-dictionary-grammar.txt">Grammar for PROV-Dictionary</a>] is available for download.
 
 <section id="expression-dictionary">
   <h3>Dictionary and EmptyDictionary Expression</h3>
-    PROV-Dictionary provides no dedicated syntax for Collection and EmptyCollection. Dictionaries are declared in <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#expression-collection">the same way</a> as Collections. A Dictionary or an EmptyDictionary MUST be expressed as an
+    PROV-Dictionary provides no dedicated syntax for Dictionary and EmptyDictionary. Dictionaries are declared in <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#expression-collection">the same way</a> as Collections. A Dictionary or an EmptyDictionary MUST be expressed as an
 <code class="content"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-entityExpression">entityExpression</a></code> with attribute 
 <span  id="provn-type-Dictionary"><code>prov:type='prov:Dictionary'</code></span>, or
 <span  id="provn-type-EmptyDictionary"><code>prov:type='prov:EmptyDictionary'</code></span>, respectively.
@@ -992,22 +987,26 @@
 </div>
 </section>
 <section id="expression-dictionary-membership">
-<h3>Membership</h3>
-
-<div class="grammar">
- <span class="nonterminal">membershipExpression</span>&nbsp;::=  
-<span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember</span> 
- <span class="name">(</span>
-<span class="nonterminal">dIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-  <span class="nonterminal">eIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-  <span class="nonterminal">key</span>
-  <span class="name">)</span>
-  <br>
-</div>
-
-<p>The following table summarizes how each constituent of a PROV-DM Membership maps to a non-terminal.</p>
+<h3>Dictionary Membership</h3>
+<table class="grammar">
+<tbody class="prod">
+<tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+<td><a id="prod-dictionaryMembershipExpression" data-name="prod-dictionaryMembershipExpression"></a>[<span class="prodNo">1</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+<td><code class="production prod">dictionaryMembershipExpression</code></td>
+<td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+<td><code class="content">"prov:hadDictionaryMember" "(" <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-dIdentifier">dIdentifier</a></span> 
+  "," 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-eIdentifier">eIdentifier</a></span> 
+  ","
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-key">key</a></span> 
+  ")"
+  </code>
+  </td> 
+</tr> 
+</tbody>
+</table>
+
+<p>The following table summarizes how each constituent of a PROV-Dictionary Membership maps to a non-terminal.</p>
 
 <div style="text-align: left; ">
 <table class="thinborder" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
@@ -1038,23 +1037,28 @@
 </section> <!-- membership -->
 <section id="expression-dictionary-insertion">
 <h3>Insertion</h3>
-<div class="grammar">
-	<span class="nonterminal">derivationByInsertionFromExpression</span>&nbsp;::=  
-<span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom</span> 
- <span class="name">(</span>
- <span class="optional"><span class="nonterminal">optionalIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">;</span></span>
-<span class="nonterminal">dIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-<span class="nonterminal">dIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-  <span class="name">{</span>
-  <span class="nonterminal">keyEntityPairs</span>
-   <span class="name">}</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-<span class="nonterminal">optionalAttributeValuePairs</span>
-  <span class="name">)</span>
-</div>
+<table class="grammar">
+<tbody class="prod">
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+<td><a id="prod-derivationByInsertionFromExpression" data-name="prod-derivationByInsertionFromExpression"></a>[<span class="prodNo">2</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+<td><code class="production prod">derivationByInsertionFromExpression</code></td>
+<td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+<td><code class="content">"prov:derivedByInsertionFrom" "(" 
+  (<span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-optionalIdentifier">optionalIdentifier</a></span> 
+  ";")? 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-dIdentifier">dIdentifier</a></span> 
+  "," 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-dIdentifier">dIdentifier</a></span> 
+  "," "{"
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-keyEntityPairs">keyEntityPairs</a></span> 
+  "}" 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-optionalAttributeValuePairs">optionalAttributeValuePairs</a></span> 
+  ")"
+  </code>
+  </td> 
+</tr> 
+</tbody>
+</table>
 
 
 <p>The following table summarizes how each constituent of a PROV-Dictionary Insertion maps to a non-terminal.</p>
@@ -1101,24 +1105,29 @@
 </section> <!-- Insertion -->
 <section id="expression-dictionary-removal">
 	<h3>Removal</h3>
-<div class="grammar">
- <span class="nonterminal">derivationByRemovalFromExpression</span>&nbsp;::=  
-<span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom</span> 
- <span class="name">(</span>
- <span class="optional"><span class="nonterminal">optionalIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">;</span></span>
-<span class="nonterminal">dIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-<span class="nonterminal">dIdentifier</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-  <span class="name">{</span>
-  <span class="nonterminal">keySet</span>
-   <span class="name">}</span>
- <span class="name">,</span>
-<span class="nonterminal">optionalAttributeValuePairs</span>
-  <span class="name">)</span>
-  <br>
-</div>
+<table class="grammar">
+<tbody class="prod">
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+<td><a id="prod-derivationByRemovalFromExpression" data-name="prod-derivationByRemovalFromExpression"></a>[<span class="prodNo">3</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+<td><code class="production prod">derivationByRemovalFromExpression</code></td>
+<td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+<td><code class="content">"prov:derivedByRemovalFrom" "(" 
+  (<span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-optionalIdentifier">optionalIdentifier</a></span> 
+  ";")? 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-dIdentifier">dIdentifier</a></span> 
+  "," 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-dIdentifier">dIdentifier</a></span> 
+  "," "{"
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="#prod-keySet">keySet</a></span> 
+  "}" 
+  <span class="prod"><a class="grammarRef" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-optionalAttributeValuePairs">optionalAttributeValuePairs</a></span> 
+  ")"
+  </code>
+  </td> 
+</tr> 
+</tbody>
+</table>  
+  
 
 <p>The following table summarizes how each constituent of a PROV-Dictionary Removal maps to a non-terminal.</p>
 <div style="text-align: left; ">
@@ -1148,7 +1157,7 @@
   </pre>
 <p>  Here
     <span class="name">id</span> is the optional removal identifier,
-  <span class="name">d1</span> is the  identifier for the collection after the removal,
+  <span class="name">d3</span> is the  identifier for the collection after the removal,
   <span class="name">d</span> is the  identifier for the collection before the removal,
   <span class="name"> {"k1", "k2"}</span> is the set of keys that have been removed from
   <span class="name">d</span>,
@@ -1169,23 +1178,52 @@
 	<h3>Other expressions</h3>
 	For the notation of dictionaries, we used some new non-terminals. We provide their production rules here.
 	
-<div class="grammar">
-<p id="prod-dIdentifier"><span class="nonterminal">dIdentifier</span>&nbsp;::=  
-  <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-identifier" class="nonterminal">identifier</a> </p>
-	
-<p id="prod-key"><span class="nonterminal">key</span>&nbsp;::=  
-  <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-literal" class="nonterminal">literal</a> </p>
-	
-	<p id="prod-keyEntityPairs"><span class="nonterminal">keyEntityPairs</span>&nbsp;::=  
-	<a href="#prod-keyEntityPair" class="nonterminal">keyEntityPair</a> <span class="star"><span class="name">,</span> <a href="#prod-keyEntityPair" class="nonterminal">keyEntityPair</a></span> </p>
-	
-	<p id="prod-keyEntityPair"><span class="nonterminal">keyEntityPair</span>&nbsp;::=  
-	<span class="name">(</span> <a href="#prod-key" class="nonterminal">key</a> <span class="name">,</span> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-eIdentifier" class="nonterminal">eIdentifier</a> <span class="name">)</span> </p>
-	
-	<p id="prod-keySet"><span class="nonterminal">keySet</span>&nbsp;::=  
-	<a href="#prod-key" class="nonterminal">key</a> <span class="star"><span class="name">,</span> <a href="#prod-key" class="nonterminal">key</a></span> </p>
-
-</div>
+<table class="grammar">
+<tbody class="prod">
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+  <td><a id="prod-dIdentifier" data-name="prod-dIdentifier"></a>[<span class="prodNo">4</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="production prod">dIdentifier</code></td>
+  <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="content"><span class="prod"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-identifier" class="nonterminal">identifier</a></span> 
+  </code></td> 
+  </tr> 
+  
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+  <td><a id="prod-key" data-name="prod-key"></a>[<span class="prodNo">5</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="production prod">key</code></td>
+  <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="content"><span class="prod"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-literal" class="nonterminal">literal</a></span> </code>
+    </td> 
+  </tr> 
+  
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+  <td><a id="prod-keyEntityPairs" data-name="prod-keyEntityPairs"></a>[<span class="prodNo">6</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="production prod">keyEntityPairs</code></td>
+  <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="content"><span class="prod"><a href="#prod-keyEntityPair" class="nonterminal">keyEntityPair</a></span> 
+  ("," <span class="prod"><a href="#prod-keyEntityPair" class="nonterminal">keyEntityPair</a></span>)*</code>
+    </td> 
+  </tr> 
+  
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+  <td><a id="prod-keyEntityPair" data-name="prod-keyEntityPair"></a>[<span class="prodNo">7</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="production prod">keyEntityPair</code></td>
+  <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="content">"(" <span class="prod"><a href="#prod-key" class="nonterminal">key</a> </span> 
+  "," <span class="prod"><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-n-20130312/#prod-eIdentifier" class="nonterminal">eIdentifier</a></span> ")"</code>
+    </td> 
+  </tr> 
+  
+  <tr style="vertical-align: baseline; ">
+  <td><a id="prod-keySet" data-name="prod-keySet"></a>[<span class="prodNo">8</span>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="production prod">keySet</code></td>
+  <td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;::=&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
+  <td><code class="content"><span class="prod"><a href="#prod-key" class="nonterminal">key</a></span> 
+  ("," <span class="prod"><a href="#prod-key" class="nonterminal">key</a></span>)*</code>
+    </td> 
+  </tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>  
 </section> <!-- other -->
 
 </section>
@@ -1193,9 +1231,8 @@
 <section id="dictionary-ontological-definition"> 
 <h2>PROV-O Representation of Dictionary</h2>
 <p>In this section, the ontological definition of <code>prov:Dictionary</code> is given, in order to extend [[PROV-O]] with dictionaries. For more information on the terminology, syntax and conventions used in this section, we refer to [[PROV-O]].</p>
-<p>The classes and properties defined in this document will be included in the default namespace of PROV.
-  Users of the ontology have the option of importing <code>&lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt;</code>, which includes all extensions, including PROV-Dictionary, or if they wish to have only [[PROV-O]] terms, they can import <code>&lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov-o#&gt;</code>. Similarly, <code>&lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov-dictionary#&gt;</code> holds only the PROV-Dictionary terms.
-The [<a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/dictionary/prov-dictionary.owl">OWL file for PROV-Dictionary</a>] is available for download. (Note that this file is unfinished at the time of this working draft, and may be subject to change.)</p>
+<p>The classes and properties defined in this document are included in the default namespace of PROV.
+  Users of the ontology have the option of importing <code>&lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt;</code>, which includes all extensions, including PROV-Dictionary. Additionally, the [<a href="prov-dictionary.owl">OWL file for PROV-Dictionary</a>] is available for download.</p>
   
   <p> A <code><a class="qname"
 	href='#Dictionary'>prov:Dictionary</a></code> is a <code
@@ -1363,12 +1400,12 @@
   <div id="Dictionary" class="entity">
     <h3>
       Class: <a href="#Dictionary"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Dictionary">prov:Dictionary</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
+    </h3>
+    <span class="backlink">
          back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
       </span>
-    </h3>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Dictionary</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>A dictionary is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the dictionary.</p>
+    <div class="definition"><p>A dictionary is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be members of the dictionary.</p>
     </div>
 
     <div class="example">
@@ -1427,12 +1464,13 @@
   <div id="EmptyDictionary" class="entity">
     <h3>
       Class: <a href="#EmptyDictionary"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyDictionary">prov:EmptyDictionary</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
+    </h3>
+    <span class="backlink">
          back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
+    </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyDictionary</p>
-
+    <div class="definition">
+<p>An empty dictionary is a dictionary that has no members.</p></div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@@ -1447,7 +1485,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <dl class="description">
-    <dd class="comment"><p>An empty dictionary (i.e. has no members).</p>
+    <dd class="comment">
     </dd>
 
       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
@@ -1458,15 +1496,70 @@
     </dl>
   </div>
 
+  <div id="KeyEntityPair" class="entity">
+    <h3>
+      Class: <a href="#KeyEntityPair"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#KeyEntityPair">prov:KeyEntityPair</span></a>
+    </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
+    <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#KeyEntityPair</p>
+<div class="definition"><p>A key-entity pair. Part of a prov:Dictionary through prov:hadDictionaryMember. The key is any RDF Literal, the value is a prov:Entity.</p>
+    </div>
+    <div class="example">
+      <strong>Example</strong>
+      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
+
+
+:our-baseball-team-field-positions
+   a prov:Dictionary, 
+         :FieldPositions;
+    prov:hadDictionaryMember [
+       a prov:KeyEntityPair;
+       prov:pairKey &quot;first-baseman&quot;^^xsd:string;
+       prov:pairEntity :george;
+    ];
+    prov:hadDictionaryMember [
+       a prov:KeyEntityPair;
+       prov:pairKey &quot;pitcher&quot;^^xsd:string;
+       prov:pairEntity :carl;
+    ];
+.
+
+:george a prov:Entity .
+:carl   a prov:Entity . 
+</pre>
+    </div>
+
+    <dl class="description">
+    <dd class="comment"></dd>
+
+      <dt>described with properties</dt>
+      <dd>
+        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairKey" href="#pairKey">prov:pairKey</a><sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
+        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairEntity" href="#pairEntity">prov:pairEntity</a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
+      </dd>
+
+      <dt>in range of</dt>
+      <dd>
+        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadDictionaryMember" href="#hadDictionaryMember">prov:hadDictionaryMember</a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
+        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#insertedKeyEntityPair" href="#insertedKeyEntityPair">prov:insertedKeyEntityPair</a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
+      </dd>
+    </dl>
+  </div>
   <div id="Insertion" class="entity">
     <h3>
       Class: <a href="#Insertion"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Insertion">prov:Insertion</span></a>
+    </h3>
       <span class="backlink">
          back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
       </span>
-    </h3>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Insertion</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>Insertion is a derivation that transforms a dictionary into another, by insertion of one or more key-entity pairs.</p>
+    <div class="definition"><p>Insertion is a derivation that describes the transformation of a dictionary into another, by insertion of one or more key-entity pairs.</p>
     </div>
 
     <div class="example">
@@ -1499,8 +1592,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <dl class="description">
-    <dd class="comment"><p>Insertion is a derivation that transforms a dictionary into another, by insertion of one or more key-entity pairs.</p>
-    </dd>
+    <dd class="comment"></dd>
 
       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
       <dd>
@@ -1523,72 +1615,15 @@
       </dd>
     </dl>
   </div>
-
-  <div id="KeyEntityPair" class="entity">
+  <div id="Removal" class="entity">
     <h3>
-      Class: <a href="#KeyEntityPair"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#KeyEntityPair">prov:KeyEntityPair</span></a>
+      Class: <a href="#Removal"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Removal">prov:Removal</span></a>
+    </h3>
       <span class="backlink">
          back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
       </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#KeyEntityPair</p>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong>Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-
-:our-baseball-team-field-positions
-   a prov:Dictionary, 
-         :FieldPositions;
-    prov:hadDictionaryMember [
-       a prov:KeyEntityPair;
-       prov:pairKey &quot;first-baseman&quot;^^xsd:string;
-       prov:pairEntity :george;
-    ];
-    prov:hadDictionaryMember [
-       a prov:KeyEntityPair;
-       prov:pairKey &quot;pitcher&quot;^^xsd:string;
-       prov:pairEntity :carl;
-    ];
-.
-
-:george a prov:Entity .
-:carl   a prov:Entity . 
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-    <dd class="comment"><p>A key-entity pair. Part of a prov:Dictionary through prov:hadDictionaryMember. The key is any RDF Literal, the value is a prov:Entity.</p>
-    </dd>
-
-      <dt>described with properties</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairKey" href="#pairKey">prov:pairKey</a><sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairEntity" href="#pairEntity">prov:pairEntity</a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>in range of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadDictionaryMember" href="#hadDictionaryMember">prov:hadDictionaryMember</a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#insertedKeyEntityPair" href="#insertedKeyEntityPair">prov:insertedKeyEntityPair</a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Removal" class="entity">
-    <h3>
-      Class: <a href="#Removal"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Removal">prov:Removal</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Removal</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>Removal is a derivation that transforms a dictionary into another, by removing one or more key-entity pairs.</p>
+    <div class="definition"><p>Removal is a derivation that describes the transformation of a dictionary into another, by removing one or more keys.</p>
     </div>
 
     <div class="example">
@@ -1616,8 +1651,7 @@
     </div>
 <div>
     <dl class="description">
-    <dd class="comment"><p>Removal is a derivation that transforms a dictionary into another, by removing one or more key-entity pairs specified by <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#removedKey" href="#removedKey">prov:removedKey</a>.</p>
-    </dd>
+    <dd class="comment"></dd>
 
       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
       <dd>
@@ -1652,8 +1686,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#derivedByInsertionFrom"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#derivedByInsertionFrom">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#derivedByInsertionFrom</p>
-
+<div class="definition"><p>The dictionary was derived from the other by insertion. Can be qualified with prov:qualifiedInsertion, which shows details of the insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</p>
+      </div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -1687,8 +1725,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The dictionary was derived from the other by insertion. prov:qualifiedInsertion shows details of the insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</p>
-      </div>
+      <div class="comment"></div>
       <dl>
 
         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
@@ -1739,8 +1776,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#derivedByRemovalFrom"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#derivedByRemovalFrom">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#derivedByRemovalFrom</p>
-
+<div class="definition"><p>The dictionary was derived from the other by removal. Can be qualified with prov:qualifiedRemoval, which shows details of the removal, in particular the removed keys.</p>
+      </div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -1765,8 +1806,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The dictionary was derived from the other by removal. prov:qualifiedRemoval shows details of the removal, in particular the removed key-entity pairs.</p>
-      </div>
+      <div class="comment"></div>
       <dl>
 
         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
@@ -1817,8 +1857,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#dictionary"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#dictionary">prov:dictionary</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#dictionary</p>
-
+    <div class="definition"><p>The property used by a prov:Insertion and prov:Removal to cite the prov:Dictionary that was prov:derivedByInsertionFrom or prov:derivedByRemovalFrom another dictionary. </p>
+      </div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@@ -1845,8 +1889,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The property used by a prov:Insertion and prov:Removal to cite the prov:Dictionary that was prov:derivedByInsertionFrom or prov:derivedByRemovalFrom another dictionary. </p>
-      </div>
+      <div class="comment"></div>
       <dl>
 
         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
@@ -1886,8 +1929,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#insertedKeyEntityPair"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#insertedKeyEntityPair">prov:insertedKeyEntityPair</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#insertedKeyEntityPair</p>
-
+<div class="definition"><p>An object property to refer to the prov:KeyEntityPair inserted into a prov:Dictionary.</p>
+      </div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -1918,7 +1965,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>An object property to refer to the prov:KeyEntityPair inserted into a prov:Dictionary.</p>
+      <div class="comment">
       </div>
       <dl>
 
@@ -1949,8 +1996,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#hadDictionaryMember"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadDictionaryMember">prov:hadDictionaryMember</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadDictionaryMember</p>
-
+<div class="definition"><p>Describes the key-entity pair that was member of a prov:Dictionary. A dictionary can have multiple members.</p>
+      </div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -1979,7 +2030,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>Describes the key-entity pair that was member of a prov:Dictionary. A dictionary can have multiple members.</p>
+      <div class="comment">
       </div>
       <dl>
 
@@ -2011,8 +2062,11 @@
       Property: <a href="#pairKey"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairKey">prov:pairKey</span></a><sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairKey</p>
-
+    <div class="definition"><p>The key of a prov:KeyEntityPair, which is an element of a prov:Dictionary.</p></div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -2041,7 +2095,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The key of a KeyEntityPair, which is an element of a prov:Dictionary.</p>
+      <div class="comment">
       </div>
       <p><strong>has characteristics</strong> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Functional_Object_Properties"> Functional</a>      </p>
       <dl>
@@ -2073,8 +2127,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#pairEntity"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairEntity">prov:pairEntity</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#pairEntity</p>
 
+    <div class="definition"><p>The entity of a prov:KeyEntityPair, which is an element of a prov:Dictionary.</p></div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -2103,8 +2161,6 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The value of a KeyEntityPair.</p>
-      </div>
       <p><strong>has characteristics</strong> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Functional_Object_Properties"> Functional</a>      </p>
       <dl>
 
@@ -2135,8 +2191,11 @@
       Property: <a href="#qualifiedInsertion"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInsertion">prov:qualifiedInsertion</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInsertion</p>
-
+    <div class="definition"><p>prov:qualifiedInsertion shows the details of an insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</p></div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -2170,8 +2229,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The dictionary was derived from the other by insertion. prov:qualifiedInsertion shows details of the insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</p>
-      </div>
+      <div class="comment"></div>
       <dl>
 
         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
@@ -2215,8 +2273,12 @@
       Property: <a href="#qualifiedRemoval"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRemoval">prov:qualifiedRemoval</span></a><sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRemoval</p>
 
+    <div class="definition"><p>prov:qualifiedRemoval shows the details of a removal, in particular the removed keys.</p></div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -2284,8 +2346,11 @@
       Property: <a href="#removedKey"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#removedKey">prov:removedKey</span></a><sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
       
     </h3>
+      <span class="backlink">
+         back to <a href="#prov-dictionary-owl-terms-at-a-glance">overview</a>
+      </span>
     <p><strong>IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#removedKey</p>
-
+    <div class="definition"><p>The key removed in a Removal.</p></div>
     <div class="example">
       <strong>Example</strong>
       <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@@ -2311,7 +2376,7 @@
     </div>
 
     <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment"><p>The key removed in a Removal.</p>
+      <div class="comment">
       </div>
       <dl>
 
@@ -2344,12 +2409,11 @@
 <section id="dictionary-xml-schema"> 
 <h2>PROV-XML Representation of Dictionary</h2>
 This section details how to describe dictionaries with
-the [[PROV-XML]] serialization. The [<a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/xml/schema/prov-dictionary.xsd">XML schema for PROV-Dictionary</a>] is available for download. 
-<div class="note">The Working Group is currently discussing the best way of disseminating the XML Schema for PROV-DM and its extensions. For now, we recommend importing both the [<a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/xml/prov-xml.html#prov-xml-schema">PROV-XML Schema</a>] and the [<a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/xml/schema/prov-dictionary.xsd">XML schema for PROV-Dictionary</a>].</div>
+the [[PROV-XML]] serialization. The [<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-xml-20130312/schema/prov-dictionary.xsd">XML schema for PROV-Dictionary</a>] is available for download, and includes <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-xml-20130312/schema/prov-core.xsd">prov-core.xsd</a>, the core schema of PROV. Alternatively, the default schema, <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-xml-20130312/schema/prov.xsd">prov.xsd</a> can be used, which imports <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-xml-20130312/schema/prov-core.xsd">prov-core.xsd</a> and all extension schemas developed by the Working Group.
 <section id="term-Dictionary">
 <h3>Dictionary</h3>
 <div class="glossary-ref" data-ref="glossary-dictionary"></div>
-<p>To specialize an Entity as a Dictionary, include a <code>prov:type</code> with the value "prov:Dictionary".</p>
+<p>To specialize an Entity as a prov:Dictionary or prov:EmptyDictionary, the element <code>&lt;prov:dictionary&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;prov:emptyDictionary&gt;</code> is used, respectively.<p>
 <pre class="schema-type">
 &lt;xs:complexType xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" name="Dictionary"  &gt;
   &lt;xs:complexContent&gt;
@@ -2357,6 +2421,7 @@
   &lt;/xs:complexContent&gt;
 &lt;/xs:complexType&gt;
 </pre>
+<p>Usage in XML:<p>
 <pre class="schema-usage">
 &lt;xs:element name="dictionary" type="prov:Dictionary" substitutionGroup="prov:internalElement" /&gt;
 </pre>
@@ -2368,9 +2433,11 @@
   &lt;/xs:complexContent&gt;
 &lt;/xs:complexType&gt;
 </pre>
+<p>Usage in XML:<p>
 <pre class="schema-usage">
 &lt;xs:element name="emptyDictionary" type="prov:EmptyDictionary" substitutionGroup="prov:internalElement" /&gt;
 </pre>
+  
 <pre class="example">
 &lt;prov:document
     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
@@ -2379,14 +2446,10 @@
     xmlns:ex="http://example.com/ns/ex#"&gt;
 
   &lt;!-- d0 is an empty dictionary --&gt;
-  <b>&lt;prov:entity prov:id="d0"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:EmptyDictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;</b>
+  <b>&lt;prov:emptyDictionary prov:id="d0" /&gt;</b>
 
   &lt;!-- d1 is a dictionary, with (so far) unknown content --&gt;
-  <b>&lt;prov:entity prov:id="d1"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:Dictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;</b>
+  <b>&lt;prov:dictionary prov:id="d1" /&gt;</b>
 
 &lt;/prov:document&gt;
 </pre>
@@ -2400,8 +2463,8 @@
 <pre class="schema-type">
 &lt;xs:complexType xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" name="KeyEntityPair"  &gt;
   &lt;xs:sequence&gt;
+    &lt;xs:element name="key" type="xs:anySimpleType" /&gt;
     &lt;xs:element name="entity" type="prov:IDRef" /&gt;
-    &lt;xs:element name="key" type="xs:anySimpleType" /&gt;
   &lt;/xs:sequence&gt;
 &lt;/xs:complexType&gt;
 </pre>
@@ -2419,13 +2482,13 @@
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e1"/&gt;
   
   <b>&lt;prov:keyEntityPair&gt;
+    &lt;prov:key&gt;k0&lt;/prov:key&gt;
     &lt;prov:entity prov:ref="e0"/&gt;
-    &lt;prov:key&gt;k0&lt;/prov:key&gt;
   &lt;/prov:keyEntityPair&gt;
   
   &lt;prov:keyEntityPair&gt;
+    &lt;prov:key&gt;k1&lt;/prov:key&gt;
     &lt;prov:entity prov:ref="e1"/&gt;
-    &lt;prov:key&gt;k1&lt;/prov:key&gt;
   &lt;/prov:keyEntityPair&gt;</b>
 &lt;/prov:document&gt;
 </pre>
@@ -2439,7 +2502,7 @@
 &lt;xs:complexType xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" name="DictionaryMembership"&gt;
   &lt;xs:sequence&gt;
     &lt;xs:element name="dictionary" type="prov:IDRef"/&gt;
-    &lt;xs:element name="keyEntityPair type="prov:KeyEntityPair" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
+    &lt;xs:element name="keyEntityPair type="prov:KeyEntityPair" minOccurs=1 maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
   &lt;/xs:sequence&gt;
 &lt;/xs:complexType&gt;
 </pre>
@@ -2456,9 +2519,7 @@
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e1"/&gt;
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e2"/&gt;
 
-  &lt;prov:entity prov:id="d"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:Dictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;
+  &lt;prov:dictionary prov:id="d" /&gt;
 
   <b>&lt;prov:hadDictionaryMember&gt;
     &lt;prov:dictionary prov:ref="d"/&gt;
@@ -2489,7 +2550,7 @@
   &lt;xs:sequence&gt;
     &lt;xs:element name="newDictionary" type="prov:IDRef"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:element name="oldDictionary" type="prov:IDRef"/&gt;
-    &lt;xs:element name="keyEntityPair type="prov:KeyEntityPair" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
+    &lt;xs:element name="keyEntityPair type="prov:KeyEntityPair" minOccurs=1 maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:element ref="prov:label" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:element ref="prov:type" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
@@ -2510,13 +2571,9 @@
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e1"/&gt;
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e2"/&gt;
 
-  &lt;prov:entity prov:id="d1"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:Dictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;
+  &lt;prov:dictionary prov:id="d1" /&gt;
   
-  &lt;prov:entity prov:id="d2"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:Dictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;
+  &lt;prov:dictionary prov:id="d2" /&gt;
 
   &lt;prov:hadDictionaryMember&gt;
     &lt;prov:dictionary prov:ref="d1"/&gt;
@@ -2551,7 +2608,7 @@
   &lt;xs:sequence&gt;
     &lt;xs:element name="newDictionary" type="prov:IDRef"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:element name="oldDictionary" type="prov:IDRef"/&gt;
-    &lt;xs:element name="key" type="xs:anySimpleType" maxOccurs="unbounded" /&gt;
+    &lt;xs:element name="key" type="xs:anySimpleType" minOccurs=1 maxOccurs="unbounded" /&gt;
     &lt;xs:element ref="prov:label" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:element ref="prov:type" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
     &lt;xs:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/&gt;
@@ -2572,13 +2629,9 @@
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e1"/&gt;
   &lt;prov:entity prov:id="e2"/&gt;
 
-  &lt;prov:entity prov:id="d1"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:Dictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;
+  &lt;prov:dictionary prov:id="d1" /&gt;
   
-  &lt;prov:entity prov:id="d2"&gt;
-    &lt;prov:type xsi:type="xsd:QName"&gt;prov:Dictionary&lt;/prov:type&gt;
-  &lt;/prov:entity&gt;
+  &lt;prov:dictionary prov:id="d2" /&gt;
 
   &lt;prov:hadDictionaryMember&gt;
     &lt;prov:dictionary prov:ref="d1"/&gt;
@@ -2649,23 +2702,20 @@
    <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">e1 = e2</span>
 </p></div>
 
-<p id="membership-insertion-membership-inference_text">If a dictionary was derived from another dictionary by an insertion, then the former holds all key-entity pairs of the latter, except those updated by the insertion.</p>
+<p id="membership-insertion-membership-inference_text">If a dictionary was derived from another dictionary by an insertion, then the former holds all key-entity pairs of the latter, except those updated by the insertion. 
+  Similarly, all members of a dictionary that was derived from another dictionary by an insertion were also members of the latter dictionary, except those added or updated by the insertion.</p>
 	 <div class='inference' id='membership-insertion-membership-inference'>
 	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#membership-insertion-membership-inference">Inference D4 (membership-insertion-membership)</a></span>
 <p>Here, KV1 is a set of key-entity pairs and K1 is the key-set of KV1.</p>
-  <p>
-<span class="conditional">IF</span>  <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d1, e, k)</span>
+  <ol>
+<li><span class="conditional">IF</span>  <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d1, e, k)</span>
    and <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span> and <span class="name">k</span> &notin; <span class="name">K1</span>
-   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d2, e, k)</span>
-</p></div>
-<!--REMOVED CONSTRAINT <p id="membership-update-membership-inference_text">Insertion provides an "update semantics" for the keys that are already present in a dictionary. A new pair replaces an existing pair with the same key in the new dictionary. </p>
-	 <div class='inference' id='membership-update-membership-inference'>
-<p>
-<span class="conditional">IF</span>  <span class="name">hadDictionaryMember(d1, e1, "k1")</span>
-   and <span class="name">derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, {("k1", e2)})</span>
-   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">hadDictionaryMember(d2, e2, "k1"))</span>
-</p></div>
-/REMOVED CONSTRAINT-->
+   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d2, e, k)</span></li>
+   
+<li><span class="conditional">IF</span>  <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d2, e, k)</span>
+   and <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span> and <span class="name">k</span> &notin; <span class="name">K1</span>
+   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d1, e, k)</span></li>
+  </ol></div>
 
 <p id="insertion-membership-inference_text">A dictionary that was derived by an insertion of key-entity pairs, holds all these specified key-entity pairs. This inference also means that Insertion provides an "update semantics" for the keys that are already present in a dictionary.</p>
 	 <div class='inference' id='insertion-membership-inference'>
@@ -2673,29 +2723,20 @@
  <p>Here, KV1 is a set of key-entity pairs.</p>
   <p>
 <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span> 
-   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d2, e, k) for each (e, k) &in; KV1</span>
+   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:hadDictionaryMember(d2, e, k) for each (k, e) &in; KV1</span>
 </p></div>
 
-
-<!--REMOVED CONSTRAINT <p id="removal-membership-inference_text">Only keys that actually mapped to an entity in a dictionary can be removed from it.</p>
-	 <div class='inference' id='removal-membership-inference'>
-<p>
-<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d1, {"k1"})</span> 
-   <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">hadDictionaryMember(d1, e1, "k1")</span>
-</p></div>
-  <div class="remark"><b>Note from the editors:</b> this constraint seems too restrictive for some implementations, and the editors would like to remove it, unless there is strong consensus to keep it. Removal of this constraint would also allow for duplicate dictionaries to be derived by "removal" of a non-existing key.</div>
-/REMOVED CONSTRAINT-->
-
 <p id="insertion-derivation-inference_text">Insertion and removal are special cases of derivation.</p>
 	 <div class='inference' id='insertion-derivation-inference'>
 	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#insertion-derivation-inference">Inference D6 (insertion-derivation)</a></span>
- <p>Here, KV1 is a set of key-entity pairs and K1 is a set of keys.</p>
+ <p>Here, KV1 is a set of key-entity pairs.</p>
  <p>
 <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span> 
    <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:wasDerivedFrom(d2, d1)</span>
 </p></div>
 	 <div class='inference' id='removal-derivation-inference'>
 	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#removal-derivation-inference">Inference D7 (removal-derivation)</a></span>
+   <p>Here, K1 is a set of keys.</p>
 <p>
 <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d1, K1)</span> 
    <span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span class="name">prov:wasDerivedFrom(d2, d1)</span>
@@ -2719,7 +2760,7 @@
 </ol>
 </div>
   <div class="remark">
-  Note that this inference, together with constraints <a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-removal-insertion-constraint">D9</a>, <a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-insertion-insertion-constraint">D10</a> and <a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-removal-removal-constraint">D11</a>, and the fact that an EmptyDictionary does not contain any key-entity pairs, guarantees <b>completeness</b> of a dictionary, if it can be traced back to an EmptyDictionary through insertions and removals.
+  Note that this inference, together with constraints <a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-removal-insertion-constraint">D9</a>, <a class="internalDFN" href="#unique-insertion-constraint">D10</a> and <a class="internalDFN" href="#unique-removal-constraint">D11</a>, and the fact that an EmptyDictionary does not contain any key-entity pairs, guarantees <b>completeness</b> of a dictionary, if it can be traced back to an EmptyDictionary through insertions and removals.
   Here, completeness means that all key-entity pairs of the dictionary are known through a hadDictionaryMember statement.
 	  </div>
 
@@ -2742,26 +2783,28 @@
 	<p id="impossible-removal-insertion_text">A dictionary must not be derived through multiple insertion or removal relations.</p>
 	 <div class='constraint' id='impossible-removal-insertion-constraint'>
 	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-removal-insertion-constraint">Constraint D10 (impossible-removal-insertion)</a></span>
-  <p>Here, <span class="name">K1</span> is a set of keys and <span class="name">KV2</span> is a set of key-entity pairs.</p>
+  <p>Here, <span class="name">K0</span> is a set of keys and <span class="name">KV1</span> is a set of key-entity pairs.</p>
 <p>
-<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d1, K1)</span> and 
-    <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV2)</span><span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span
+<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d0, K0)</span> and 
+    <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span><span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span
 	 class="conditional">INVALID</span>
 </p></div>
-<div class='constraint' id='impossible-insertion-insertion-constraint'>
-	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-insertion-insertion-constraint">Constraint D10 (impossible-insertion-insertion)</a></span>
-<p>Here, <span class="name">KV1</span> and <span class="name">KV2</span> are sets of key-entity pairs.</p>
+<div class='constraint' id='unique-insertion-constraint'>
+	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#unique-insertion-constraint">Constraint D11 (unique-insertion)</a></span>
+<p>Here, <span class="name">KV0</span> and <span class="name">KV1</span> are sets of key-entity pairs.</p>
 <p>
-<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span> and 
-    <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV2)</span><span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span
+<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d0, KV0)</span> and 
+    <span class="name">prov:derivedByInsertionFrom(d2, d1, KV1)</span><span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span
+	 class="name">d0 = d1</span> and  <span
 	 class="name">KV1 = KV2</span>
 </p></div>
-<div class='constraint' id='impossible-removal-removal-constraint'>
-	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#impossible-removal-removal-constraint">Constraint D12 (impossible-removal-removal)</a></span>
-<p>Here, <span class="name">K1</span> and <span class="name">K2</span> are sets of keys.</p>
+<div class='constraint' id='unique-removal-constraint'>
+	<span class='ruleTitle'><a class="internalDFN" href="#unique-removal-constraint">Constraint D12 (unique-removal)</a></span>
+<p>Here, <span class="name">K0</span> and <span class="name">K1</span> are sets of keys.</p>
 <p>
-<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d1, K1)</span> and 
-    <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d1, K2)</span><span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span
+<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d0, K0)</span> and 
+    <span class="name">prov:derivedByRemovalFrom(d2, d1, K1)</span><span class='conditional'>THEN</span> <span
+	 class="name">d0 = d1</span> and <span
 	 class="name">K1 = K2</span>
 </p></div>
 
@@ -2824,10 +2867,30 @@
 	
 </section>
 
+<section class="appendix"> 
+<h2>Change Log</h2>
+<section>
+      <h3>Change Log Since First Public Working Draft</h3> 
+<ul>
+<li>Added the full title of the document.</li>
+<li>Added namespace and convention sections.</li>
+<li>Made <span class="name">prov:</span> prefix explicit.</li>
+<li>Changed all mentions of "key-value pair" to the more accurate "key-entity pair".</li>
+<li>Clarified that insertions and removals are to be seen as differences rather than as operations in the context of provenance.</li>
+<li>Updated PROV-N grammar.</li>
+<li>Made <a href="#qualifiedInsertion">prov:qualifiedInsertion</a> and <a href="#qualifiedRemoval">prov:qualifiedRemoval</a> sub-properties of <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-o-20130312/#qualifiedDerivation">qualifiedDerivation</a>.</li>
+<li>Updated XML schema definition.</li>
+<li>Added an notations and conventions paragraph to the constraints.</li>
+<li>Added <a href="#cmembership-dmembership-inference">inference D2</a> (collection-membership-dictionary-membership).</li>
+<li>Various corrections</li>
+</ul>
+</section>
+</section>
 
 
 <section class="appendix"> 
       <h2>Acknowledgements</h2> 
+      <p>This document has been produced by the PROV Working Group, and its contents reflect extensive discussion within the Working Group as a whole.</p>
       <p> 
         Members of the Provenance Working Group at the time of publication of this document were: Ilkay Altintas (Invited expert), Reza B'Far (Oracle Corporation), Khalid Belhajjame (University of Manchester), James Cheney (University of Edinburgh, School of Informatics), Sam Coppens (iMinds - Ghent University), David Corsar (University of Aberdeen, Computing Science), Stephen Cresswell (The National Archives), Tom De Nies (iMinds - Ghent University), Helena Deus (DERI Galway at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland), Simon Dobson (Invited expert), Martin Doerr (Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas(FORTH)), Kai Eckert (Invited expert), Jean-Pierre EVAIN (European Broadcasting Union, EBU-UER), James Frew (Invited expert), Irini Fundulaki (Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas(FORTH)), Daniel Garijo (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid), Yolanda Gil (Invited expert), Ryan Golden (Oracle Corporation), Paul Groth (Vrije Universiteit), Olaf Hartig (Invited expert), David Hau (National Cancer Institute, NCI), Sandro Hawke (W3C/MIT), Jörn Hees (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Gmbh), Ivan Herman, (W3C/ERCIM), Ralph Hodgson (TopQuadrant), Hook Hua (Invited expert), Trung Dong Huynh (University of Southampton), Graham Klyne (University of Oxford), Michael Lang (Revelytix, Inc.), Timothy Lebo (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), James McCusker (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Deborah McGuinness (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Simon Miles (Invited expert), Paolo Missier (School of Computing Science, Newcastle university), Luc Moreau (University of Southampton), James Myers (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Vinh Nguyen (Wright State University), Edoardo Pignotti (University of Aberdeen, Computing Science), Paulo da Silva Pinheiro (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Carl Reed (Open Geospatial Consortium), Adam Retter (Invited Expert), Christine Runnegar (Invited expert), Satya Sahoo (Invited expert), David Schaengold (Revelytix, Inc.), Daniel Schutzer (FSTC, Financial Services Technology Consortium), Yogesh Simmhan (Invited expert), Stian Soiland-Reyes (University of Manchester), Eric Stephan (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory), Linda Stewart (The National Archives), Ed Summers (Library of Congress), Maria Theodoridou (Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas(FORTH)), Ted Thibodeau (OpenLink Software Inc.), Curt Tilmes (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), Craig Trim (IBM Corporation), Stephan Zednik (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), Jun Zhao (University of Oxford), Yuting Zhao (University of Aberdeen, Computing Science). 
       </p> 
--- a/dictionary/prov-dictionary-grammar.txt	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/dictionary/prov-dictionary-grammar.txt	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-[1] membershipExpression ::= "hadDictionaryMember" "(" dIdentifier "," eIdentifier "," key ")"
+[1] dictionaryMembershipExpression ::= "hadDictionaryMember" "(" dIdentifier "," eIdentifier "," key ")"
 [2] derivationByInsertionFromExpression ::= "derivedByInsertionFrom" "(" optionalIdentifier ";" dIdentifier "," dIdentifier "," "{" keyEntityPairs "}" "," optionalAttributeValuePairs ")"
 [3] derivationByRemovalFromExpression ::= "derivedByRemovalFrom" "(" optionalIdentifier ";" dIdentifier "," dIdentifier "," "{" keySet "}" "," optionalAttributeValuePairs ")"
 [4] dIdentifier ::= identifier 
--- a/dictionary/prov-dictionary.owl	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/dictionary/prov-dictionary.owl	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@
         <constraints rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#dictionary-constraints</constraints>
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#expression-dictionary-insertion</n>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-insertion</dm>
-        <definition>The dictionary was derived from the other by insertion. prov:qualifiedInsertion shows details of the insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</definition>
+        <definition>The dictionary was derived from the other by insertion. Can be qualified with prov:qualifiedInsertion, which shows details of the insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</definition>
         <component>collections</component>
         <category>collections</category>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#expression-dictionary-removal</n>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-removal</dm>
         <component>collections</component>
-        <definition>The dictionary was derived from the other by removal. prov:qualifiedRemoval shows details of the removal, in particular the removed key-entity pairs.</definition>
+        <definition>The dictionary was derived from the other by removal. Can be qualified with prov:qualifiedRemoval, which shows details of the removal, in particular the removed keys.</definition>
         <category>collections</category>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
         <rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Dictionary"/>
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-membership</dm>
         <category>collections</category>
         <component>collections</component>
-        <definition>The value of a KeyEntityPair.</definition>
+        <definition>The entity of a prov:KeyEntityPair, which is an element of a prov:Dictionary.</definition>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
         <rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity"/>
         <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#KeyEntityPair"/>
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@
         <constraints rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#dictionary-constraints</constraints>
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#expression-dictionary-insertion</n>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-insertion</dm>
-        <definition>The dictionary was derived from the other by insertion. prov:qualifiedInsertion shows details of the insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</definition>
+        <definition>prov:qualifiedInsertion shows the details of an insertion, in particular the inserted key-entity pairs.</definition>
         <category>collections</category>
         <component>collections</component>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
@@ -174,7 +174,7 @@
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-removal</dm>
         <category>collections</category>
         <component>collections</component>
-        <definition>The dictionary was derived from the other by removal. prov:qualifiedRemoval shows details of the removal, in particular the removed keys.</definition>
+        <definition>prov:qualifiedRemoval shows the details of a removal, in particular the removed keys.</definition>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
         <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Dictionary"/>
         <rdfs:range rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Removal"/>
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#expression-dictionary-membership</n>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-membership</dm>
         <component>collections</component>
-        <definition>The key of a KeyEntityPair, which is an element of a prov:Dictionary.</definition>
+        <definition>The key of a prov:KeyEntityPair, which is an element of a prov:Dictionary.</definition>
         <category>collections</category>
         <rdfs:range rdf:resource="&rdfs;Literal"/>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@
         <constraints rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#dictionary-constraints</constraints>
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#expression-dictionary-insertion</n>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-insertion</dm>
-        <definition>Insertion is a derivation that transforms a dictionary into another, by insertion of one or more key-entity pairs.</definition>
+        <definition>Insertion is a derivation that describes the transformation of a dictionary into another, by insertion of one or more key-entity pairs.</definition>
         <category>collections</category>
         <component>collections</component>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
@@ -348,7 +348,7 @@
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#expression-dictionary-removal</n>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-prov-dictionary-20130312/#term-dictionary-removal</dm>
         <category>collections</category>
-        <definition>Removal is a derivation that transforms a dictionary into another, by removing one or more key-entity pairs.</definition>
+        <definition>Removal is a derivation that describes the transformation of a dictionary into another, by removing one or more keys.</definition>
         <component>collections</component>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
         <unqualifiedForm rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#derivedByRemovalFrom"/>
--- a/links/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/links/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
     color: #b9ab2d;
 }
 div.issue-title { color: #e05252; }
-div.note-title { color: #52e052; }
+div.note-title { color: <span class="delete">#52e052;</span><span class="insert">#2b2;</span> }
 div.issue-title span, div.note-title span {
     text-transform: uppercase;
 }
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
     border-left-style: solid;
 }
 div.issue, div.note {
-    padding: 0.5em;
+    padding:<span class="insert"> 1em 1.2em</span> 0.5em;
     margin: 1em 0;
     position: relative;
     clear: both;
@@ -855,7 +855,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and <span class="delete">Dublic</span><span class="insert">Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles (this document).</li>
 </ul>
@@ -955,7 +955,7 @@
 
 <p>This <span class="delete">document</span><span class="insert">specification</span> introduces a new concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> allowing an entity to be described as the specialization of another entity, itself described in another bundle. <span class="delete">The document</span><span class="insert">This specification</span> provides not only a conceptual definition  of <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a>, but also the corresponding ontological, schema, and notational definitions, for the various representations of PROV. It also includes constraints that apply to this construct specifically. It is our aim to promote  interoperability by defining <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> conceptually and in the representations of PROV.</p>
 
-<div class="note"><div class="note-title"><span>Note</span></div><div class="">The concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> is experimental, and for this reason was not defined in PROV recommendation-track documents. The Provenance Working Group is seeking feedback from the community on its usefulness in practical scenarios.
+<div class="note"><div class="note-title" role="heading" aria-level="3"><span>Note</span></div><div class="">The concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> is experimental, and for this reason was not defined in PROV recommendation-track documents. The Provenance Working Group is seeking feedback from the community on its usefulness in practical scenarios.
 </div></div>
 
 
--- a/links/prov-links.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/links/prov-links.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -750,7 +750,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [[PROV-DICTIONARY]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [[PROV-SEM]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles (this document).</li>
 </ul>
--- a/links/releases/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/links/releases/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@
     color: #b9ab2d;
 }
 div.issue-title { color: #e05252; }
-div.note-title { color: #52e052; }
+div.note-title { color: #2b2; }
 div.issue-title span, div.note-title span {
     text-transform: uppercase;
 }
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@
     border-left-style: solid;
 }
 div.issue, div.note {
-    padding: 0.5em;
+    padding: 1em 1.2em 0.5em;
     margin: 1em 0;
     position: relative;
     clear: both;
@@ -838,7 +838,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles (this document).</li>
 </ul>
@@ -931,7 +931,7 @@
 
 <p>This specification introduces a new concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> allowing an entity to be described as the specialization of another entity, itself described in another bundle. This specification provides not only a conceptual definition  of <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a>, but also the corresponding ontological, schema, and notational definitions, for the various representations of PROV. It also includes constraints that apply to this construct specifically. It is our aim to promote  interoperability by defining <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> conceptually and in the representations of PROV.</p>
 
-<div class="note"><div class="note-title"><span>Note</span></div><div class="">The concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> is experimental, and for this reason was not defined in PROV recommendation-track documents. The Provenance Working Group is seeking feedback from the community on its usefulness in practical scenarios.
+<div class="note"><div class="note-title" role="heading" aria-level="3"><span>Note</span></div><div class="">The concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> is experimental, and for this reason was not defined in PROV recommendation-track documents. The Provenance Working Group is seeking feedback from the community on its usefulness in practical scenarios.
 </div></div>
 
 
--- a/links/releases/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/links/releases/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
     color: #b9ab2d;
 }
 div.issue-title { color: #e05252; }
-div.note-title { color: #52e052; }
+div.note-title { color: <span class="delete">#52e052;</span><span class="insert">#2b2;</span> }
 div.issue-title span, div.note-title span {
     text-transform: uppercase;
 }
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
     border-left-style: solid;
 }
 div.issue, div.note {
-    padding: 0.5em;
+    padding:<span class="insert"> 1em 1.2em</span> 0.5em;
     margin: 1em 0;
     position: relative;
     clear: both;
@@ -855,7 +855,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and <span class="delete">Dublic</span><span class="insert">Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles (this document).</li>
 </ul>
@@ -955,7 +955,7 @@
 
 <p>This <span class="delete">document</span><span class="insert">specification</span> introduces a new concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> allowing an entity to be described as the specialization of another entity, itself described in another bundle. <span class="delete">The document</span><span class="insert">This specification</span> provides not only a conceptual definition  of <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a>, but also the corresponding ontological, schema, and notational definitions, for the various representations of PROV. It also includes constraints that apply to this construct specifically. It is our aim to promote  interoperability by defining <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> conceptually and in the representations of PROV.</p>
 
-<div class="note"><div class="note-title"><span>Note</span></div><div class="">The concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> is experimental, and for this reason was not defined in PROV recommendation-track documents. The Provenance Working Group is seeking feedback from the community on its usefulness in practical scenarios.
+<div class="note"><div class="note-title" role="heading" aria-level="3"><span>Note</span></div><div class="">The concept <a href="#concept-mention" class="internalDFN">Mention</a> is experimental, and for this reason was not defined in PROV recommendation-track documents. The Provenance Working Group is seeking feedback from the community on its usefulness in practical scenarios.
 </div></div>
 
 
--- a/model/diff-c.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/diff-c.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -815,7 +815,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV and Dublic</span><span class="insert">PROV-O and Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
@@ -902,7 +902,7 @@
     
   
 </section><section id="toc"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
-</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale (Informative)</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Basic concepts</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.1 </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2 </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.1 </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.2 </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.3 </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.3 </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.4 </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.2 </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">8. </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#change-log" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Change Log</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B.1 </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since Proposed Recommendation</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-this-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">B.2</span> </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-last-call-working-draft-to-candidate-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">B.3</span> </span>Changes from Last Call Working Draft to Candidate Recommendation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
+</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale (Informative)</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Basic concepts</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.1 </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2 </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.1 </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.2 </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.3 </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.3 </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.4 </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.2 </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">8. </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#change-log" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Change Log</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.1 </span>Changes <span class="insert">since Proposed Recommendation</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B.2 </span></span><span class="insert">Changes </span>from Candidate Recommendation to <span class="delete">this version</span><span class="insert">Proposed Recommendation</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-last-call-working-draft-to-candidate-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">B.3</span> </span>Changes from Last Call Working Draft to Candidate Recommendation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
 
 
 
@@ -1434,8 +1434,8 @@
 implementers, while the procedural approach adopted here immediately demonstrates
 implementability and provides an adequate (polynomial-time) default implementation.  In
 this section we relate the declarative meaning of formulas to their
-procedural meaning.  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>] will provide an alternative,
-declarative characterization of validity and equivalence which could
+procedural meaning.  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>] <span class="delete">will provide</span><span class="insert">provides</span> an alternative,
+declarative characterization of validity<span class="delete"> and equivalence</span> which could
 be used as a starting point for other implementation strategies.  </p>
 
 
@@ -1477,7 +1477,7 @@
 </p>
 
   
- <h4 id="substitution-1">Substitution</h4><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
+ <h3 id="substitution-1">Substitution<span class="delete">This section is non-normative.</span></h3>
 <p>A <em>substitution</em> is a function that maps variables to terms. Concretely, since we only
   need to consider substitutions of finite sets of variables, we can
   write substitutions as <span class="math">[x<sub>1</sub> = t<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>=t<sub>n</sub>]</span>.  A substitution
@@ -1499,7 +1499,7 @@
   
  
 
- <h4 id="formulas">Formulas</h4>
+ <h3 id="formulas">Formulas</h3>
   <p>
   For the purpose of constraint checking, we view PROV statements
   (possibly involving existential variables) as
@@ -1514,7 +1514,7 @@
   <li>Uniqueness constraints employ atomic equational formulas <span class="math">t =
   t'</span>.</li>
   <li>Ordering constraints employ atomic precedence relations that can
-  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math">strictly_precedes(t,t')</span>
+  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math"><span class="delete">strictly_precedes(t,t')</span><span class="insert">strictlyPrecedes(t,t')</span></span>
   </li>
   <li>Typing constraints <span class="name">'type' ∈ typeOf(id)</span>
   can be represented as a atomic formulas <span class="name">typeOf(id,'type')</span>.
@@ -1529,24 +1529,24 @@
   background on logical formulas, see a logic textbook such as [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
 <ul>
   <li>
-  A definition of the form <span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>
+  A definition of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span><span class="insert">"</span>
   can be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>. A ⇔ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the definition.  
 </li>
-<li>An inference of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span> can
+<li>An inference of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span><span class="insert">"</span> can
   be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the inference.  
 </li>
-<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span><span class="insert">"</span> can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ C</span>.  </li>
-<li>A constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A constraint of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span><span class="insert">"</span> can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ False</span>.  </li>
   </ul>
 
 
- <h4 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
   <p>
   In logic, a formula's meaning is defined by saying when it is
   <em>satisfied</em>.  We can view
@@ -1565,7 +1565,7 @@
   B<sub>k</sub></span> are either both true or both false.
     </li>
   <li>A logical implication as used in an inference is
-   satisfied with the formula  <span class="math">∀
+   satisfied <span class="delete">with</span><span class="insert">when</span> the formula  <span class="math">∀
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> holds, that is, for any substitution of
@@ -1586,7 +1586,7 @@
   substitution for <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub></span> making <span class="math">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> true.
 </li></ol>  
 
-<h4 id="unification-and-merging">Unification and Merging</h4>
+<h3 id="unification-and-merging">Unification and Merging</h3>
 
   <p><em>Unification</em> is an operation that takes two terms and compares them to
   determine whether they can be made equal by substituting an
@@ -1609,7 +1609,7 @@
 
   
 
- <h4 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
 <p>Formulas can also be interpreted as having computational
   content.  That is, if an instance does not satisfy a formula, we can
   often <em>apply</em> the formula to the instance to produce another
@@ -1635,7 +1635,7 @@
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> can be applied by searching for  any occurrences of <span class="math"> A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
-  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such match,
+  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such <span class="delete">match,</span><span class="insert">match</span>
 for which the entire conclusion does not already hold (for some <span class="math">y<sub>1</sub>,...,y<sub>m</sub></span>),
 adding <span class="math">B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> to the instance, generating fresh existential
@@ -1682,7 +1682,7 @@
   </p>
 
  
- <h4 id="termination-1">Termination</h4>
+ <h3 id="termination-1">Termination</h3>
   <p>
  In general, applying sets of logical formulas of the above
   definition, inference, and constraint forms is not guaranteed to
@@ -1745,7 +1745,7 @@
 </div>
 
 
- <h4 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h3>
   <p>
   The ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints are checked
   rather than applied.  This means that they do not generate new
@@ -1811,7 +1811,7 @@
 
 
 
- <h4 id="equivalence-and-isomorphism">Equivalence and Isomorphism</h4>
+ <h3 id="equivalence-and-isomorphism">Equivalence and Isomorphism</h3>
   <p> Given two normal forms, a natural question is whether they contain
   the same information, that is, whether they are equivalent (if so,
   then the original instances are also equivalent.)  By analogy with
@@ -1865,7 +1865,7 @@
     <li>every pair of invalid instances are equivalent</li>
   </ol>
   
-<h4 id="from-instances-to-bundles-and-documents">From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h4>
+<h3 id="from-instances-to-bundles-and-documents">From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h3>
 
 <p>PROV documents can contain multiple instances: a <a href="#dfn-toplevel-instance" class="internalDFN">toplevel
 instance</a>, and
@@ -2501,7 +2501,8 @@
 
 
  <div class="remark">
-  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>Definition 1 (optional-identifiers)</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>Definition 2 (optional-attributes)</span></a>.  
+  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>Definition 1 (optional-identifiers)</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>Definition 2 (optional-attributes)</span></a><span class="delete">.  
+</span>
 do not apply to <span class="name">alternateOf</span> and <span class="name">specializationOf</span>, which do not have identifiers and attributes.
 </p>
  </div>
@@ -2643,7 +2644,7 @@
   Essentially, the definitions state that parameters  
 <span class="name">g,u</span> are expandable only if the activity is specified, i.e., if parameter <span class="name">a</span> is provided.
 
-The rationale for this is that when a is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
+The rationale for this is that when <span class="name">a</span> is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
 
 
 <p>  A  later constraint, <a class="rule-ref" href="#impossible-unspecified-derivation-generation-use"><span>Constraint 51 (impossible-unspecified-derivation-generation-use)</span></a>,
@@ -4145,7 +4146,7 @@
 That is,  <span class="name">typeOf(e)</span> returns the set of types
 associated with identifier  <span class="name">e</span>. The function
 <span class="name">typeOf</span> is not a PROV statement, but a
-construct used only during validation PROV, similar to <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a>.
+construct used only during <span class="delete">validation PROV,</span><span class="insert">validation,</span> similar to <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a>.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -4521,10 +4522,23 @@
 <a title="equivalence">equivalence</a> of PROV documents and instances.  We first define these concepts
 for PROV instances and then extend them to PROV documents.</p>
 
-<section id="instances">
+<div class="remark"><span class="insert">
+  Implementations should expand
+  namespace prefixes and  perform any appropriate reasoning about
+  co-reference of identifiers, and rewrite the instance (by
+  replacing co-referent identifiers with a single common identifier) to
+  make this explicit, before doing validation, equivalence checking,
+  or normalization.
+  All of the following definitions assume that the application has
+  already determined which URIs in the PROV instance are co-referent
+  (e.g. </span><span class="name"><span class="insert">owl:sameAs</span></span><span class="insert"> as a result of OWL
+  reasoning).
+  </span></div>
+
+  <section id="instances">
   <h3><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</h3>
   
-<div class="remark">
+<span class="delete">
   Before normalization or validation, implementations should expand
   namespace prefixes and  perform any appropriate reasoning about
   co-reference of identifiers, and rewrite the instance (by
@@ -4533,9 +4547,12 @@
   or normalization.
   All of the following definitions assume that the application has
   already determined which URIs in the PROV instance are co-referent
-  (e.g. <span class="name">owl:sameAs</span> as a result of OWL
+  (e.g. </span><span class="delete">owl:sameAs</span><span class="delete"> as a result of OWL
   reasoning).
-  </div>
+  </span>
+
+
+  
 
 <p> We define the <dfn id="dfn-normal-form">normal form</dfn> of a PROV instance as the set
 of provenance statements resulting from applying all definitions,
@@ -4794,8 +4811,9 @@
       attributes would also arise from one with no attributes.
       </p>
 
-      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  For
+      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b><span class="delete">  For
       these instances, uniqueness and key constraints can be
+      </span>  
       As shown in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], termination of normalization can be
       shown by checking that the inference rules are <em>weakly
       acyclic</em>.  In addition, weak acyclicity can be checked
@@ -4923,13 +4941,20 @@
 <ul>
 <li><span class="insert"> Changed the status of this document section.
 </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Changed all URLs to  PROV documents.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed some minor typos in section 2.4.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in remark after definition 2.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in paragraph after table 2.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in sec. 6.3.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed wording in remark in sec. 7.1, and moved it before
+      section heading.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in appendix A.
 </span></li></ul>
 
 </section>
 
 
-<section class="appendix" id="changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-this-version"> 
-      <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">B.2</span> </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</h3> 
+<section class="appendix" id="changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-proposed-recommendation"> 
+      <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">B.2</span> </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to <span class="delete">this version</span><span class="insert">Proposed Recommendation</span></h3> 
     <p>   Please see the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicCommentsCR">
       Responses to Public Comments on the Candidate Recommendation</a>
       for more details about the justification of these changes.</p>
--- a/model/diff-n.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/diff-n.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -895,7 +895,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and <span class="delete">Dublic</span><span class="insert">Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -919,7 +919,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and <span class="delete">Dublic</span><span class="insert">Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/prov-constraints.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/prov-constraints.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -848,7 +848,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [[PROV-DICTIONARY]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [[PROV-SEM]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [[PROV-LINKS]].</li>
 </ul>
@@ -1382,7 +1382,7 @@
 
 </section>
 <section id="overview" class="informative">
-<h4>Validation Process Overview</h4>
+<h2>Validation Process Overview</h2>
 
 
     <p>
@@ -1407,13 +1407,13 @@
 implementers, while the procedural approach adopted here immediately demonstrates
 implementability and provides an adequate (polynomial-time) default implementation.  In
 this section we relate the declarative meaning of formulas to their
-procedural meaning.  [[PROV-SEM]] will provide an alternative,
-declarative characterization of validity and equivalence which could
+procedural meaning.  [[PROV-SEM]] provides an alternative,
+declarative characterization of validity which could
 be used as a starting point for other implementation strategies.  </p>
 
 
  
- <h4>Constants, Variables and Placeholders</h4>
+ <h3>Constants, Variables and Placeholders</h3>
   <p>
   PROV statements involve identifiers, literals, 
  placeholders, and attribute lists.  Identifiers are, according to PROV-N, expressed as <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-n-20130430/#prod-QUALIFIED_NAME">qualified names</a> which can be mapped to URIs [[!RFC3987]].
@@ -1450,7 +1450,7 @@
 </p>
 
   
- <h4>Substitution</h4>
+ <h3>Substitution</h3>
 <p>A <em>substitution</em> is a function that maps variables to terms. Concretely, since we only
   need to consider substitutions of finite sets of variables, we can
   write substitutions as <span class="math">[x<sub>1</sub> = t<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>=t<sub>n</sub>]</span>.  A substitution
@@ -1482,7 +1482,7 @@
   
  
 
- <h4>Formulas</h4>
+ <h3>Formulas</h3>
   <p>
   For the purpose of constraint checking, we view PROV statements
   (possibly involving existential variables) as
@@ -1497,7 +1497,7 @@
   <li>Uniqueness constraints employ atomic equational formulas <span class="math">t =
   t'</span>.</li>
   <li>Ordering constraints employ atomic precedence relations that can
-  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math">strictly_precedes(t,t')</span>
+  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math">strictlyPrecedes(t,t')</span>
   </li>
   <li>Typing constraints <span class="name">'type' ∈ typeOf(id)</span>
   can be represented as a atomic formulas <span class="name">typeOf(id,'type')</span>.
@@ -1512,24 +1512,24 @@
   background on logical formulas, see a logic textbook such as [[Logic]].</p>
 <ul>
   <li>
-  A definition of the form <span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>
+  A definition of the form "<span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>"
   can be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>. A ⇔ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the definition.  
 </li>
-<li>An inference of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span> can
+<li>An inference of the form "<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>" can
   be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the inference.  
 </li>
-<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form "<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span>" can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ C</span>.  </li>
-<li>A constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A constraint of the form "<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span>" can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ False</span>.  </li>
   </ul>
 
 
- <h4>Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3>Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
   <p>
   In logic, a formula's meaning is defined by saying when it is
   <em>satisfied</em>.  We can view
@@ -1548,7 +1548,7 @@
   B<sub>k</sub></span> are either both true or both false.
     </li>
   <li>A logical implication as used in an inference is
-   satisfied with the formula  <span class="math">∀
+   satisfied when the formula  <span class="math">∀
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> holds, that is, for any substitution of
@@ -1569,7 +1569,7 @@
   substitution for <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub></span> making <span class="math">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> true.
 </ol>  
 
-<h4>Unification and Merging</h4>
+<h3>Unification and Merging</h3>
 
   <p><em>Unification</em> is an operation that takes two terms and compares them to
   determine whether they can be made equal by substituting an
@@ -1592,7 +1592,7 @@
 
   
 
- <h4>Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3>Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
 <p>Formulas can also be interpreted as having computational
   content.  That is, if an instance does not satisfy a formula, we can
   often <em>apply</em> the formula to the instance to produce another
@@ -1621,7 +1621,7 @@
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> can be applied by searching for  any occurrences of <span
     class="math"> A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
-  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such match,
+  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such match
 for which the entire conclusion does not already hold (for some <span class="math">y<sub>1</sub>,...,y<sub>m</sub></span>),
 adding <span class="math">B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> to the instance, generating fresh existential
@@ -1668,7 +1668,7 @@
   </p>
 
  
- <h4>Termination</h4>
+ <h3>Termination</h3>
   <p>
  In general, applying sets of logical formulas of the above
   definition, inference, and constraint forms is not guaranteed to
@@ -1735,7 +1735,7 @@
 </div>
 
 
- <h4>Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h4>
+ <h3>Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h3>
   <p>
   The ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints are checked
   rather than applied.  This means that they do not generate new
@@ -1801,7 +1801,7 @@
 
 
 
- <h4>Equivalence and Isomorphism</h4>
+ <h3>Equivalence and Isomorphism</h3>
   <p> Given two normal forms, a natural question is whether they contain
   the same information, that is, whether they are equivalent (if so,
   then the original instances are also equivalent.)  By analogy with
@@ -1858,7 +1858,7 @@
     <li>every pair of invalid instances are equivalent</li>
   </ol>
   
-<h4>From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h4>
+<h3>From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h3>
 
 <p>PROV documents can contain multiple instances: a <a>toplevel
 instance</a>, and
@@ -1888,7 +1888,7 @@
 </section>
 
 <section class="informative">
-<h4>Summary of inferences and constraints</h4>
+<h2>Summary of inferences and constraints</h2>
 
 <p><a href="">Table 2</a> summarizes the inferences, and
 constraints specified in this document, broken down by component and
@@ -2542,7 +2542,7 @@
 
 
  <div class="remark">
-  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>TBD</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>TBD</span></a>.  
+  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>TBD</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>TBD</span></a>
 do not apply to <span class="name">alternateOf</span> and <span class="name">specializationOf</span>, which do not have identifiers and attributes.
 </p>
  </div>
@@ -2722,7 +2722,7 @@
   Essentially, the definitions state that parameters  
 <span class="name">g,u</span> are expandable only if the activity is specified, i.e., if parameter <span class="name">a</span> is provided.
 
-The rationale for this is that when a is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
+The rationale for this is that when <span class="name">a</span> is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
 
 
 <p>  A  later constraint, <a class="rule-ref"
@@ -4562,7 +4562,7 @@
 That is,  <span class="name">typeOf(e)</span> returns the set of types
 associated with identifier  <span class="name">e</span>. The function
 <span class="name">typeOf</span> is not a PROV statement, but a
-construct used only during validation PROV, similar to <a>precedes</a>.
+construct used only during validation, similar to <a>precedes</a>.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -4982,11 +4982,8 @@
 <a title="equivalence">equivalence</a> of PROV documents and instances.  We first define these concepts
 for PROV instances and then extend them to PROV documents.</p>
 
-<section id="instances">
-  <h2>Instances</h2>
-  
 <div class="remark">
-  Before normalization or validation, implementations should expand
+  Implementations should expand
   namespace prefixes and  perform any appropriate reasoning about
   co-reference of identifiers, and rewrite the instance (by
   replacing co-referent identifiers with a single common identifier) to
@@ -4998,6 +4995,10 @@
   reasoning).
   </div>
 
+  <section id="instances">
+  <h2>Instances</h2>
+  
+
 <p> We define the <dfn>normal form</dfn> of a PROV instance as the set
 of provenance statements resulting from applying all definitions,
   inferences, and uniqueness constraints, obtained as follows:</p>
@@ -5259,8 +5260,7 @@
       attributes would also arise from one with no attributes.
       </p>
 
-      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  For
-      these instances, uniqueness and key constraints can be
+      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  
       As shown in [[DBCONSTRAINTS]], termination of normalization can be
       shown by checking that the inference rules are <em>weakly
       acyclic</em>.  In addition, weak acyclicity can be checked
@@ -5389,13 +5389,20 @@
 <ul>
 <li> Changed the status of this document section.
 <li> Changed all URLs to  PROV documents.
+  <li> Fixed some minor typos in section 2.4.
+  <li> Fixed typo in remark after definition 2.
+  <li> Fixed typo in paragraph after table 2.
+  <li> Fixed typo in sec. 6.3.
+  <li> Fixed wording in remark in sec. 7.1, and moved it before
+      section heading.
+  <li> Fixed typo in appendix A.
 </ul>
 
 </section>
 
 
 <section class="appendix"> 
-      <h2>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</h2> 
+      <h2>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to Proposed Recommendation</h2> 
     <p>   Please see the <a
       href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicCommentsCR">
       Responses to Public Comments on the Candidate Recommendation</a>
--- a/model/prov-dm.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/prov-dm.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -869,7 +869,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [[PROV-DICTIONARY]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [[PROV-SEM]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [[PROV-LINKS]].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/prov-n.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/prov-n.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -833,7 +833,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [[PROV-XML]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [[PROV-AQ]]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [[PROV-DICTIONARY]];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [[PROV-DC]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [[PROV-SEM]];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [[PROV-LINKS]].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/releases/REC-prov-constraints-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/releases/REC-prov-constraints-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -802,7 +802,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
@@ -852,7 +852,7 @@
     
   
 </section><section id="toc"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
-</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale (Informative)</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Basic concepts</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.1 </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2 </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.1 </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.2 </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.3 </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.3 </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.4 </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.2 </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">8. </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#change-log" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Change Log</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.1 </span>Changes since Proposed Recommendation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-this-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.2 </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-last-call-working-draft-to-candidate-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.3 </span>Changes from Last Call Working Draft to Candidate Recommendation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
+</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale (Informative)</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Basic concepts</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.1 </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2 </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.1 </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.2 </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.3 </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.3 </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.4 </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.2 </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">8. </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#change-log" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Change Log</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.1 </span>Changes since Proposed Recommendation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.2 </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to Proposed Recommendation</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-last-call-working-draft-to-candidate-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.3 </span>Changes from Last Call Working Draft to Candidate Recommendation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
 
 
 
@@ -1398,8 +1398,8 @@
 implementers, while the procedural approach adopted here immediately demonstrates
 implementability and provides an adequate (polynomial-time) default implementation.  In
 this section we relate the declarative meaning of formulas to their
-procedural meaning.  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>] will provide an alternative,
-declarative characterization of validity and equivalence which could
+procedural meaning.  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>] provides an alternative,
+declarative characterization of validity which could
 be used as a starting point for other implementation strategies.  </p>
 
 
@@ -1441,7 +1441,7 @@
 </p>
 
   
- <h4 id="substitution-1">Substitution</h4><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
+ <h3 id="substitution-1">Substitution</h3>
 <p>A <em>substitution</em> is a function that maps variables to terms. Concretely, since we only
   need to consider substitutions of finite sets of variables, we can
   write substitutions as <span class="math">[x<sub>1</sub> = t<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>=t<sub>n</sub>]</span>.  A substitution
@@ -1473,7 +1473,7 @@
   
  
 
- <h4 id="formulas">Formulas</h4>
+ <h3 id="formulas">Formulas</h3>
   <p>
   For the purpose of constraint checking, we view PROV statements
   (possibly involving existential variables) as
@@ -1488,7 +1488,7 @@
   <li>Uniqueness constraints employ atomic equational formulas <span class="math">t =
   t'</span>.</li>
   <li>Ordering constraints employ atomic precedence relations that can
-  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math">strictly_precedes(t,t')</span>
+  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math">strictlyPrecedes(t,t')</span>
   </li>
   <li>Typing constraints <span class="name">'type' ∈ typeOf(id)</span>
   can be represented as a atomic formulas <span class="name">typeOf(id,'type')</span>.
@@ -1503,24 +1503,24 @@
   background on logical formulas, see a logic textbook such as [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
 <ul>
   <li>
-  A definition of the form <span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>
+  A definition of the form "<span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>"
   can be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>. A ⇔ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the definition.  
 </li>
-<li>An inference of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span> can
+<li>An inference of the form "<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>" can
   be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the inference.  
 </li>
-<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form "<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span>" can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ C</span>.  </li>
-<li>A constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A constraint of the form "<span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span>" can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ False</span>.  </li>
   </ul>
 
 
- <h4 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
   <p>
   In logic, a formula's meaning is defined by saying when it is
   <em>satisfied</em>.  We can view
@@ -1539,7 +1539,7 @@
   B<sub>k</sub></span> are either both true or both false.
     </li>
   <li>A logical implication as used in an inference is
-   satisfied with the formula  <span class="math">∀
+   satisfied when the formula  <span class="math">∀
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> holds, that is, for any substitution of
@@ -1560,7 +1560,7 @@
   substitution for <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub></span> making <span class="math">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> true.
 </li></ol>  
 
-<h4 id="unification-and-merging">Unification and Merging</h4>
+<h3 id="unification-and-merging">Unification and Merging</h3>
 
   <p><em>Unification</em> is an operation that takes two terms and compares them to
   determine whether they can be made equal by substituting an
@@ -1583,7 +1583,7 @@
 
   
 
- <h4 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
 <p>Formulas can also be interpreted as having computational
   content.  That is, if an instance does not satisfy a formula, we can
   often <em>apply</em> the formula to the instance to produce another
@@ -1609,7 +1609,7 @@
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> can be applied by searching for  any occurrences of <span class="math"> A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
-  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such match,
+  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such match
 for which the entire conclusion does not already hold (for some <span class="math">y<sub>1</sub>,...,y<sub>m</sub></span>),
 adding <span class="math">B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> to the instance, generating fresh existential
@@ -1656,7 +1656,7 @@
   </p>
 
  
- <h4 id="termination-1">Termination</h4>
+ <h3 id="termination-1">Termination</h3>
   <p>
  In general, applying sets of logical formulas of the above
   definition, inference, and constraint forms is not guaranteed to
@@ -1719,7 +1719,7 @@
 </div>
 
 
- <h4 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h3>
   <p>
   The ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints are checked
   rather than applied.  This means that they do not generate new
@@ -1785,7 +1785,7 @@
 
 
 
- <h4 id="equivalence-and-isomorphism">Equivalence and Isomorphism</h4>
+ <h3 id="equivalence-and-isomorphism">Equivalence and Isomorphism</h3>
   <p> Given two normal forms, a natural question is whether they contain
   the same information, that is, whether they are equivalent (if so,
   then the original instances are also equivalent.)  By analogy with
@@ -1842,7 +1842,7 @@
     <li>every pair of invalid instances are equivalent</li>
   </ol>
   
-<h4 id="from-instances-to-bundles-and-documents">From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h4>
+<h3 id="from-instances-to-bundles-and-documents">From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h3>
 
 <p>PROV documents can contain multiple instances: a <a href="#dfn-toplevel-instance" class="internalDFN">toplevel
 instance</a>, and
@@ -2498,7 +2498,7 @@
 
 
  <div class="remark">
-  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>Definition 1 (optional-identifiers)</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>Definition 2 (optional-attributes)</span></a>.  
+  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>Definition 1 (optional-identifiers)</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>Definition 2 (optional-attributes)</span></a>
 do not apply to <span class="name">alternateOf</span> and <span class="name">specializationOf</span>, which do not have identifiers and attributes.
 </p>
  </div>
@@ -2670,7 +2670,7 @@
   Essentially, the definitions state that parameters  
 <span class="name">g,u</span> are expandable only if the activity is specified, i.e., if parameter <span class="name">a</span> is provided.
 
-The rationale for this is that when a is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
+The rationale for this is that when <span class="name">a</span> is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
 
 
 <p>  A  later constraint, <a class="rule-ref" href="#impossible-unspecified-derivation-generation-use"><span>Constraint 51 (impossible-unspecified-derivation-generation-use)</span></a>,
@@ -4405,7 +4405,7 @@
 That is,  <span class="name">typeOf(e)</span> returns the set of types
 associated with identifier  <span class="name">e</span>. The function
 <span class="name">typeOf</span> is not a PROV statement, but a
-construct used only during validation PROV, similar to <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a>.
+construct used only during validation, similar to <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a>.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -4809,11 +4809,8 @@
 <a title="equivalence">equivalence</a> of PROV documents and instances.  We first define these concepts
 for PROV instances and then extend them to PROV documents.</p>
 
-<section id="instances">
-  <h3><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</h3>
-  
 <div class="remark">
-  Before normalization or validation, implementations should expand
+  Implementations should expand
   namespace prefixes and  perform any appropriate reasoning about
   co-reference of identifiers, and rewrite the instance (by
   replacing co-referent identifiers with a single common identifier) to
@@ -4825,6 +4822,10 @@
   reasoning).
   </div>
 
+  <section id="instances">
+  <h3><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</h3>
+  
+
 <p> We define the <dfn id="dfn-normal-form">normal form</dfn> of a PROV instance as the set
 of provenance statements resulting from applying all definitions,
   inferences, and uniqueness constraints, obtained as follows:</p>
@@ -5082,8 +5083,7 @@
       attributes would also arise from one with no attributes.
       </p>
 
-      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  For
-      these instances, uniqueness and key constraints can be
+      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  
       As shown in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], termination of normalization can be
       shown by checking that the inference rules are <em>weakly
       acyclic</em>.  In addition, weak acyclicity can be checked
@@ -5211,13 +5211,20 @@
 <ul>
 <li> Changed the status of this document section.
 </li><li> Changed all URLs to  PROV documents.
+  </li><li> Fixed some minor typos in section 2.4.
+  </li><li> Fixed typo in remark after definition 2.
+  </li><li> Fixed typo in paragraph after table 2.
+  </li><li> Fixed typo in sec. 6.3.
+  </li><li> Fixed wording in remark in sec. 7.1, and moved it before
+      section heading.
+  </li><li> Fixed typo in appendix A.
 </li></ul>
 
 </section>
 
 
-<section class="appendix" id="changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-this-version"> 
-      <h3><span class="secno">B.2 </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</h3> 
+<section class="appendix" id="changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-proposed-recommendation"> 
+      <h3><span class="secno">B.2 </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to Proposed Recommendation</h3> 
     <p>   Please see the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicCommentsCR">
       Responses to Public Comments on the Candidate Recommendation</a>
       for more details about the justification of these changes.</p>
--- a/model/releases/REC-prov-constraints-20130430/diff-c.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/releases/REC-prov-constraints-20130430/diff-c.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -815,7 +815,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV and Dublic</span><span class="insert">PROV-O and Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
@@ -902,7 +902,7 @@
     
   
 </section><section id="toc"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction<br>
-</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale (Informative)</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Basic concepts</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.1 </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2 </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.1 </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.2 </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.3 </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.3 </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.4 </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.2 </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">8. </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#change-log" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Change Log</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B.1 </span></span><span class="insert">Changes since Proposed Recommendation</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-this-version" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">B.2</span> </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-last-call-working-draft-to-candidate-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">B.3</span> </span>Changes from Last Call Working Draft to Candidate Recommendation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
+</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#conventions" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#purpose" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Purpose of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#structure-of-this-document" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Structure of this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#audience" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.4 </span> Audience </a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#rationale" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>Rationale (Informative)</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-activities-and-agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.1 </span>Entities, Activities and Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#events" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.2 </span>Events</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#typing-section" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.3 </span>Types</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#overview" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.4 </span>Validation Process Overview</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#summary-of-inferences-and-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2.5 </span>Summary of inferences and constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>Compliance with this document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#concepts" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Basic concepts</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inferences" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5. </span>Definitions and Inferences</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#optional-identifiers-and-attributes" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.1 </span>Optional Identifiers and Attributes</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entities-and-activities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.2 </span>Entities and Activities</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#derivations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.3 </span>Derivations</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agents" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.4 </span>Agents</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#alternate-and-specialized-entities" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">5.5 </span>Alternate and Specialized Entities</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6. </span>Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#uniqueness-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.1 </span>Uniqueness Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#event-ordering-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2 </span>Event Ordering Constraints</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#activity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.1 </span>Activity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#entity-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.2 </span> Entity constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#agent-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.2.3 </span> Agent constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#type-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.3 </span>Type Constraints</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#impossibility-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">6.4 </span>Impossibility constraints</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#normalization-validity-equivalence" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7. </span>Normalization, Validity, and Equivalence</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#instances" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#bundle-constraints" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">7.2 </span>Bundles and Documents</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#glossary" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">8. </span>Glossary</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#termination" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>Termination of normalization</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#change-log" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Change Log</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B.1 </span>Changes <span class="insert">since Proposed Recommendation</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-proposed-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="insert">B.2 </span></span><span class="insert">Changes </span>from Candidate Recommendation to <span class="delete">this version</span><span class="insert">Proposed Recommendation</span></a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-from-last-call-working-draft-to-candidate-recommendation" class="tocxref"><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.2</span><span class="insert">B.3</span> </span>Changes from Last Call Working Draft to Candidate Recommendation</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></section>
 
 
 
@@ -1434,8 +1434,8 @@
 implementers, while the procedural approach adopted here immediately demonstrates
 implementability and provides an adequate (polynomial-time) default implementation.  In
 this section we relate the declarative meaning of formulas to their
-procedural meaning.  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>] will provide an alternative,
-declarative characterization of validity and equivalence which could
+procedural meaning.  [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>] <span class="delete">will provide</span><span class="insert">provides</span> an alternative,
+declarative characterization of validity<span class="delete"> and equivalence</span> which could
 be used as a starting point for other implementation strategies.  </p>
 
 
@@ -1477,7 +1477,7 @@
 </p>
 
   
- <h4 id="substitution-1">Substitution</h4><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
+ <h3 id="substitution-1">Substitution<span class="delete">This section is non-normative.</span></h3>
 <p>A <em>substitution</em> is a function that maps variables to terms. Concretely, since we only
   need to consider substitutions of finite sets of variables, we can
   write substitutions as <span class="math">[x<sub>1</sub> = t<sub>1</sub>,...,x<sub>n</sub>=t<sub>n</sub>]</span>.  A substitution
@@ -1499,7 +1499,7 @@
   
  
 
- <h4 id="formulas">Formulas</h4>
+ <h3 id="formulas">Formulas</h3>
   <p>
   For the purpose of constraint checking, we view PROV statements
   (possibly involving existential variables) as
@@ -1514,7 +1514,7 @@
   <li>Uniqueness constraints employ atomic equational formulas <span class="math">t =
   t'</span>.</li>
   <li>Ordering constraints employ atomic precedence relations that can
-  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math">strictly_precedes(t,t')</span>
+  be thought of as binary formulas <span class="math">precedes(t,t')</span> or <span class="math"><span class="delete">strictly_precedes(t,t')</span><span class="insert">strictlyPrecedes(t,t')</span></span>
   </li>
   <li>Typing constraints <span class="name">'type' ∈ typeOf(id)</span>
   can be represented as a atomic formulas <span class="name">typeOf(id,'type')</span>.
@@ -1529,24 +1529,24 @@
   background on logical formulas, see a logic textbook such as [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-Logic">Logic</a></cite>].</p>
 <ul>
   <li>
-  A definition of the form <span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span>
+  A definition of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="name">A</span> <span class="conditional">IF AND ONLY IF</span> there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span><span class="insert">"</span>
   can be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>. A ⇔ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the definition.  
 </li>
-<li>An inference of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
-  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span> can
+<li>An inference of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">A<sub>p</sub></span>  <span class="conditional">THEN</span>  there
+  exists <span class="name">y<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="name">y<sub>m</sub></span> such that <span class="name">B<sub>1</sub></span> and ... and <span class="name">B<sub>k</sub></span><span class="insert">"</span> can
   be thought of as a formula <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span>, where <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub></span>...<span class="math">x<sub>n</sub></span> are the
   free variables of the inference.  
 </li>
-<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A uniqueness, ordering, or typing constraint of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN</span> <span class="name">C</span><span class="insert">"</span> can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ C</span>.  </li>
-<li>A constraint of the form <span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span> can be viewed as a formula
+<li>A constraint of the form <span class="insert">"</span><span class="conditional">IF</span> <span class="name">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> <span class="conditional">THEN INVALID</span><span class="insert">"</span> can be viewed as a formula
   <span class="math">∀ x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub>. A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ False</span>.  </li>
   </ul>
 
 
- <h4 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="satisfying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Satisfying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
   <p>
   In logic, a formula's meaning is defined by saying when it is
   <em>satisfied</em>.  We can view
@@ -1565,7 +1565,7 @@
   B<sub>k</sub></span> are either both true or both false.
     </li>
   <li>A logical implication as used in an inference is
-   satisfied with the formula  <span class="math">∀
+   satisfied <span class="delete">with</span><span class="insert">when</span> the formula  <span class="math">∀
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> holds, that is, for any substitution of
@@ -1586,7 +1586,7 @@
   substitution for <span class="math">x<sub>1</sub>...x<sub>n</sub></span> making <span class="math">A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧ A<sub>p</sub></span> true.
 </li></ol>  
 
-<h4 id="unification-and-merging">Unification and Merging</h4>
+<h3 id="unification-and-merging">Unification and Merging</h3>
 
   <p><em>Unification</em> is an operation that takes two terms and compares them to
   determine whether they can be made equal by substituting an
@@ -1609,7 +1609,7 @@
 
   
 
- <h4 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="applying-definitions-inferences-and-constraints">Applying definitions, inferences, and constraints</h3>
 <p>Formulas can also be interpreted as having computational
   content.  That is, if an instance does not satisfy a formula, we can
   often <em>apply</em> the formula to the instance to produce another
@@ -1635,7 +1635,7 @@
   x<sub>1</sub>,....,x<sub>n</sub>.  A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
   A<sub>p</sub> ⇒ ∃ y<sub>1</sub>...y<sub>m</sub> . B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> can be applied by searching for  any occurrences of <span class="math"> A<sub>1</sub> ∧ ... ∧
-  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such match,
+  A<sub>p</sub></span> in the instance and, for each such <span class="delete">match,</span><span class="insert">match</span>
 for which the entire conclusion does not already hold (for some <span class="math">y<sub>1</sub>,...,y<sub>m</sub></span>),
 adding <span class="math">B<sub>1</sub> ∧
   ... ∧ B<sub>k</sub></span> to the instance, generating fresh existential
@@ -1682,7 +1682,7 @@
   </p>
 
  
- <h4 id="termination-1">Termination</h4>
+ <h3 id="termination-1">Termination</h3>
   <p>
  In general, applying sets of logical formulas of the above
   definition, inference, and constraint forms is not guaranteed to
@@ -1745,7 +1745,7 @@
 </div>
 
 
- <h4 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h4>
+ <h3 id="checking-ordering-typing-and-impossibility-constraints">Checking ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints</h3>
   <p>
   The ordering, typing, and impossibility constraints are checked
   rather than applied.  This means that they do not generate new
@@ -1811,7 +1811,7 @@
 
 
 
- <h4 id="equivalence-and-isomorphism">Equivalence and Isomorphism</h4>
+ <h3 id="equivalence-and-isomorphism">Equivalence and Isomorphism</h3>
   <p> Given two normal forms, a natural question is whether they contain
   the same information, that is, whether they are equivalent (if so,
   then the original instances are also equivalent.)  By analogy with
@@ -1865,7 +1865,7 @@
     <li>every pair of invalid instances are equivalent</li>
   </ol>
   
-<h4 id="from-instances-to-bundles-and-documents">From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h4>
+<h3 id="from-instances-to-bundles-and-documents">From Instances to Bundles and Documents</h3>
 
 <p>PROV documents can contain multiple instances: a <a href="#dfn-toplevel-instance" class="internalDFN">toplevel
 instance</a>, and
@@ -2501,7 +2501,8 @@
 
 
  <div class="remark">
-  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>Definition 1 (optional-identifiers)</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>Definition 2 (optional-attributes)</span></a>.  
+  <p>Definitions  <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-identifiers"><span>Definition 1 (optional-identifiers)</span></a> and <a class="rule-ref" href="#optional-attributes"><span>Definition 2 (optional-attributes)</span></a><span class="delete">.  
+</span>
 do not apply to <span class="name">alternateOf</span> and <span class="name">specializationOf</span>, which do not have identifiers and attributes.
 </p>
  </div>
@@ -2643,7 +2644,7 @@
   Essentially, the definitions state that parameters  
 <span class="name">g,u</span> are expandable only if the activity is specified, i.e., if parameter <span class="name">a</span> is provided.
 
-The rationale for this is that when a is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
+The rationale for this is that when <span class="name">a</span> is provided, then there have to be two events, namely <span class="name">u</span> and <span class="name">g</span>, which account for the usage of <span class="name">e1</span> and the generation of <span class="name">e2</span>, respectively, by <span class="name">a</span>. Conversely, if <span class="name">a</span> is not provided, then one cannot tell whether one or more activities are involved in the derivation, and the explicit introduction of such events, which correspond to a single activity, would therefore not be justified.  </p>
 
 
 <p>  A  later constraint, <a class="rule-ref" href="#impossible-unspecified-derivation-generation-use"><span>Constraint 51 (impossible-unspecified-derivation-generation-use)</span></a>,
@@ -4145,7 +4146,7 @@
 That is,  <span class="name">typeOf(e)</span> returns the set of types
 associated with identifier  <span class="name">e</span>. The function
 <span class="name">typeOf</span> is not a PROV statement, but a
-construct used only during validation PROV, similar to <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a>.
+construct used only during <span class="delete">validation PROV,</span><span class="insert">validation,</span> similar to <a href="#dfn-precedes" class="internalDFN">precedes</a>.
 </p>
 
 
@@ -4521,10 +4522,23 @@
 <a title="equivalence">equivalence</a> of PROV documents and instances.  We first define these concepts
 for PROV instances and then extend them to PROV documents.</p>
 
-<section id="instances">
+<div class="remark"><span class="insert">
+  Implementations should expand
+  namespace prefixes and  perform any appropriate reasoning about
+  co-reference of identifiers, and rewrite the instance (by
+  replacing co-referent identifiers with a single common identifier) to
+  make this explicit, before doing validation, equivalence checking,
+  or normalization.
+  All of the following definitions assume that the application has
+  already determined which URIs in the PROV instance are co-referent
+  (e.g. </span><span class="name"><span class="insert">owl:sameAs</span></span><span class="insert"> as a result of OWL
+  reasoning).
+  </span></div>
+
+  <section id="instances">
   <h3><span class="secno">7.1 </span>Instances</h3>
   
-<div class="remark">
+<span class="delete">
   Before normalization or validation, implementations should expand
   namespace prefixes and  perform any appropriate reasoning about
   co-reference of identifiers, and rewrite the instance (by
@@ -4533,9 +4547,12 @@
   or normalization.
   All of the following definitions assume that the application has
   already determined which URIs in the PROV instance are co-referent
-  (e.g. <span class="name">owl:sameAs</span> as a result of OWL
+  (e.g. </span><span class="delete">owl:sameAs</span><span class="delete"> as a result of OWL
   reasoning).
-  </div>
+  </span>
+
+
+  
 
 <p> We define the <dfn id="dfn-normal-form">normal form</dfn> of a PROV instance as the set
 of provenance statements resulting from applying all definitions,
@@ -4794,8 +4811,9 @@
       attributes would also arise from one with no attributes.
       </p>
 
-      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b>  For
+      <p><b>Termination for instances without attributes.</b><span class="delete">  For
       these instances, uniqueness and key constraints can be
+      </span>  
       As shown in [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-DBCONSTRAINTS">DBCONSTRAINTS</a></cite>], termination of normalization can be
       shown by checking that the inference rules are <em>weakly
       acyclic</em>.  In addition, weak acyclicity can be checked
@@ -4923,13 +4941,20 @@
 <ul>
 <li><span class="insert"> Changed the status of this document section.
 </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Changed all URLs to  PROV documents.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed some minor typos in section 2.4.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in remark after definition 2.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in paragraph after table 2.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in sec. 6.3.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed wording in remark in sec. 7.1, and moved it before
+      section heading.
+  </span></li><li><span class="insert"> Fixed typo in appendix A.
 </span></li></ul>
 
 </section>
 
 
-<section class="appendix" id="changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-this-version"> 
-      <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">B.2</span> </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to this version</h3> 
+<section class="appendix" id="changes-from-candidate-recommendation-to-proposed-recommendation"> 
+      <h3><span class="secno"><span class="delete">B.1</span><span class="insert">B.2</span> </span>Changes from Candidate Recommendation to <span class="delete">this version</span><span class="insert">Proposed Recommendation</span></h3> 
     <p>   Please see the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ResponsesToPublicCommentsCR">
       Responses to Public Comments on the Candidate Recommendation</a>
       for more details about the justification of these changes.</p>
--- a/model/releases/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/releases/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -906,7 +906,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/releases/REC-prov-dm-20130430/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/releases/REC-prov-dm-20130430/diff.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -919,7 +919,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and <span class="delete">Dublic</span><span class="insert">Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/releases/REC-prov-n-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/releases/REC-prov-n-20130430/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -882,7 +882,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublin Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/model/releases/REC-prov-n-20130430/diff-n.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/model/releases/REC-prov-n-20130430/diff-n.html	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -895,7 +895,7 @@
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span>  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note), the</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
+<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> provides a mapping between <span class="delete">PROV</span><span class="insert">PROV-O</span> and <span class="delete">Dublic</span><span class="insert">Dublin</span> Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note),</span><span class="insert">(Note),</span> a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
 <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> <span class="delete">(To be published as Note)</span><span class="insert">(Note)</span> introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
 </ul>
--- a/ontology/ProvenanceOntology.owl	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ b/ontology/ProvenanceOntology.owl	Sun Apr 14 19:44:18 2013 +0200
@@ -28,7 +28,6 @@
         <owl:versionIRI rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov-o-20130312"/>
     </owl:Ontology>
     
-    <owl:Ontology rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"></owl:Ontology>
 
 
     <!-- 
@@ -88,10 +87,10 @@
         <rdfs:subPropertyOf rdf:resource="&rdfs;seeAlso"/>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
     </owl:AnnotationProperty>
-    <owl:AnnotationProperty rdf:about="&owl;versionInfo"/>
     <owl:AnnotationProperty rdf:about="&rdfs;seeAlso">
         <rdfs:comment xml:lang="en"></rdfs:comment>
     </owl:AnnotationProperty>
+    <owl:AnnotationProperty rdf:about="&owl;versionInfo"/>
     <owl:AnnotationProperty rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">
         <rdfs:label>specializationOf</rdfs:label>
         <constraints rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-constraints.html#prov-dm-constraints-fig</constraints>
@@ -849,8 +848,8 @@
         </owl:propertyChainAxiom>
     </owl:ObjectProperty>
     <owl:Axiom>
+        <rdfs:comment>Attribution is a particular case of trace (see http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/#concept-trace), in the sense that it links an entity to the agent that ascribed it.</rdfs:comment>
         <definition>IF wasAttributedTo(e2,ag1,aAttr) holds, THEN wasInfluencedBy(e2,ag1) also holds. </definition>
-        <rdfs:comment>Attribution is a particular case of trace (see http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/#concept-trace), in the sense that it links an entity to the agent that ascribed it.</rdfs:comment>
         <owl:annotatedProperty rdf:resource="&rdfs;subPropertyOf"/>
         <owl:annotatedSource rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo"/>
         <owl:annotatedTarget rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy"/>
@@ -935,13 +934,13 @@
     <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:about="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">
         <rdfs:label>wasInfluencedBy</rdfs:label>
         <rdfs:comment xml:lang="en">Because prov:wasInfluencedBy is a broad relation, its more specific subproperties (e.g. prov:wasInformedBy, prov:actedOnBehalfOf, prov:wasEndedBy, etc.) should be used when applicable.</rdfs:comment>
-        <rdfs:comment>This property has multiple RDFS domains to suit multiple OWL Profiles. See &lt;a href=&quot;#owl-profile&quot;&gt;PROV-O OWL Profile&lt;/a&gt;.</rdfs:comment>
         <editorialNote xml:lang="en">The sub-properties of prov:wasInfluencedBy can be elaborated in more detail using the Qualification Pattern. For example, the binary relation :baking prov:used :spoon can be qualified by asserting :baking prov:qualifiedUsage [ a prov:Usage; prov:entity :spoon; prov:atLocation :kitchen ] .
 
 Subproperties of prov:wasInfluencedBy may also be asserted directly without being qualified.
 
 prov:wasInfluencedBy should not be used without also using one of its subproperties. 
 </editorialNote>
+        <rdfs:comment>This property has multiple RDFS domains to suit multiple OWL Profiles. See &lt;a href=&quot;#owl-profile&quot;&gt;PROV-O OWL Profile&lt;/a&gt;.</rdfs:comment>
         <category>qualified</category>
         <inverse>influenced</inverse>
         <component>agents-responsibility</component>
@@ -984,8 +983,8 @@
         </owl:annotatedTarget>
     </owl:Axiom>
     <owl:Axiom>
+        <definition>influencee: an identifier (o2) for an entity, activity, or agent; </definition>
         <dm>http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html#term-influence</dm>
-        <definition>influencee: an identifier (o2) for an entity, activity, or agent; </definition>
         <owl:annotatedProperty rdf:resource="&rdfs;domain"/>
         <owl:annotatedSource rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy"/>
         <owl:annotatedTarget>
@@ -1597,7 +1596,7 @@
         <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent"/>
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html#term-agent</dm>
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html#expression-types</n>
-        <definition>Agents of type Organization are social institutions such as companies, societies etc.</definition>
+        <definition>An organization is a social or legal institution such as a company, society, etc.</definition>
         <category>expanded</category>
         <component>agents-responsibility</component>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
@@ -1613,8 +1612,8 @@
         <dm rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html#term-agent</dm>
         <n rdf:datatype="&xsd;anyURI">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-n.html#expression-types</n>
         <category>expanded</category>
-        <definition xml:lang="en">Agents of type Person are people.</definition>
         <component>agents-responsibility</component>
+        <definition xml:lang="en">Person agents are people.</definition>
         <rdfs:isDefinedBy rdf:resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#"/>
     </owl:Class>
     
--- a/ontology/releases/FR-prov-o/Overview.html	Sun Apr 14 19:43:18 2013 +0200
+++ /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
@@ -1,10609 +0,0 @@
-<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd'>
-<html lang="en" dir="ltr">
-<head>
-    <title>PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</title>
-    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8">
-    <link rel="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#has_provenance" href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/provenance/prov-o">
-
-    <style type="text/css">
-      /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/owl.css */
-      .RFC2119 {
-        text-transform: lowercase;
-        font-style: italic;
-      }
-      .nonterminal {
-          font-weight: bold;
-          font-family: sans-serif;
-          font-size: 95%;
-      }
-      #abstract br {
-         /* doesn't work right SOMETIMES 
-         margin-bottom: 1em;   */
-      }
-      .name {
-          font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      .buttonpanel {
-          margin-top: 1ex;
-          margin-bottom: 1ex;
-          padding-left: 1ex;
-          padding-right: 1ex;
-          padding-top: 1ex;
-          padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
-          border: 1px dotted black; 
-      }
-      .grammar {
-          margin-top: 1ex;
-          margin-bottom: 1ex;
-          padding-left: 1ex;
-          padding-right: 1ex;
-          padding-top: 1ex;
-          padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
-          border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
-          font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      .image {
-          text-align: center;
-      }
-      .centered {
-          text-align: center;
-          padding-top: 4ex;
-          padding-bottom: 4ex;
-      }
-      .centered table {
-          margin: 0 auto;
-          text-align: left;
-      }
-      .caption {
-          font-weight: bold;
-      }
-      .indent {
-          margin-left: 20px;
-      }
-      .atrisknote {
-          padding: 5px;
-          margin-top: 10px;
-          margin-bottom: 10px;
-          border: solid 2px blue;
-          background-color: #FFA;
-      }
-      .atrisknotehead {
-          font-style: italic; 
-      }
-
-      /* Stying the examples. */
-
-      .anexample:before {
-          content: "Example:";
-          font-family: sans-serif;
-          font-size: 1.6ex;
-          font-weight: bold;
-      }
-      .anexample {
-          margin-top: 1ex;
-          margin-bottom: 1ex;
-          padding-left: 1ex;
-          padding-right: 1ex;
-          padding-top: 1ex;
-          padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
-          border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
-          background-color: #f9f9f9;
-      }
-      .anexample table {
-          background-color: #f9f9f9;
-      }
-
-      /* Styling the parts in the functional-style syntax. */
-
-      div.fss {
-          margin-top: 10px; 
-          margin-bottom: 10px; 
-          margin-left: 20px; 
-          margin-right: 20px; 
-          font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      table.fss {
-          margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
-          padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
-          width: 100%;
-      }
-      table.fss caption.fss {
-          font-size: 1.5ex;
-          font-weight: bold;
-          text-align: left;
-          padding-left: 10px;
-      }
-      table.fss td:first-child {
-          font-family: monospace;
-          padding-left: 20px;
-          padding-right: 20px;
-          width: 60%;
-      }
-
-      /* Styling the parts in the RDF syntax. */
-
-      div.rdf{
-          margin-top: 10px; 
-          margin-bottom: 10px; 
-          margin-left: 20px; 
-          margin-right: 20px; 
-          font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      table.rdf {
-          margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
-          padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
-          width: 100%;
-      }
-      table.rdf caption.rdf {
-          font-size: 1.5ex;
-          font-weight: bold;
-          text-align: left;
-          padding-left: 10px;
-      }
-      table.rdf td:first-child {
-          font-family: monospace;
-          padding-left: 20px;
-          padding-right: 20px;
-          width: 60%;
-      }
-
-      /* Styling the XML syntax. */
-
-      div.xmlsyn {
-          margin-top: 10px; 
-          margin-bottom: 10px; 
-          margin-left: 20px; 
-          margin-right: 20px; 
-          font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      div.axioms {
-          margin-top: 10px; 
-          margin-bottom: 10px; 
-          margin-left: 20px; 
-          margin-right: 20px; 
-      }
-
-      /* Other styles. */
-
-      table.complexity td {
-          text-align: center;
-      }
-      table.allname td {
-         font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      table.canonicalparsing {
-          margin-left: 20px;
-          border-style: none;
-      }
-      table.canonicalparsing td {
-          vertical-align: top;
-          padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
-      }
-      table.canonicalparsing td.two {
-          padding-left: 30px;
-      }
-
-      /* The following are classes for templates used in the editing process. */
-
-      .review {
-          padding: 5px;
-          border: solid 1px black;
-          margin-left: 10%;
-          margin-top: 10px;
-          margin-bottom: 10px;
-          background-color: #FFA;
-          font-size: smaller;
-      }
-      .reviewauthor {
-          font-size: smaller;
-          font-style: italic;
-      }
-      .ednote {
-          padding: 5px;
-          border: solid 1px black;
-          margin-top: 10px;
-          margin-bottom: 10px;
-      }
-      .ednotehead {
-         font-weight: bold;
-      }
-
-      /* override mediawiki's beautiful DL styling... */
-      dl {
-          background: white;
-          width: 100%;
-          border: none;
-          margin-top: 0;
-          margin-bottom: 0;
-          padding-top: 0;
-          padding-bottom: 0;
-      }
-
-      div {
-          margin-top: 0;
-          margin-bottom: 0;
-      }
-      #fulltitle {
-        font-size: 140%; 
-        font-weight: bold;
-      }
-
-      .xml {
-       color: red
-      }
-
-      .rdbms{
-      color: red
-      }
-
-      /* just copying from wiki, so it stays through TR. Currently
-        affects Primer, at least */
-      pre {
-        background-color:#F9F9F9;
-        border:1px dashed #2F6FAB;
-        color:black;
-        line-height:1.1em;
-        padding:1em;
-      }
-    </style>
-
-    <style type="text/css">
-      /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/Primer.css . */
-
-      /* define a class "noprint" for sections which don't get printed */  
-      .noprint { display: none; }
-
-      /* our syntax menu for switching */
-      div.syntaxmenu {
-        border: 1px dotted black;
-        padding:0.5em;
-        margin: 1em; 
-      }
-
-      @media print {
-         div.syntaxmenu { display:none; }
-      }
-
-      /* use tab-like headers for syntax examples */
-      div.exampleheader {
-        font-size: 90%;
-        float: left;
-        background: #F9F9F9;
-        color: #2F6FAB;
-        border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
-        border-bottom: 0px;
-        padding-top: 2px;
-      }
-
-      div.exampleheader span.exampleheader {
-        background: #F9F9F9;
-        padding-top: 0px;
-        padding-right: 10px;
-        padding-left: 10px;
-        padding-bottom: 3px;
-        padding-top: 0px;
-      }
-
-      /* Also copy MediaWiki style here, so it will not look different when exported */
-      div.fssyntax pre, div.rdfxml pre, div.owlxml pre, div.turtle pre, div.manchester pre  {
-        background-color: #F9F9F9;
-        border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
-        color: black;
-        line-height: 1.1em;
-        padding: 1em;
-        clear: both;
-        margin-left: 0em;
-      }
-      /* (further styles directly embedded in header template) */
-    </style>
-
-    <style type="text/css">
-      /* prov:wasDerivedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/rec.css . */
-
-      /* Style for a "Recommendation" */
-
-      /*
-         Copyright 1997-2003 W3C (MIT, ERCIM, Keio). All Rights Reserved.
-         The following software licensing rules apply:
-         http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software */
-
-      /* $Id: base.css,v 1.25 2006/04/18 08:42:53 bbos Exp $ */
-
-      body {
-        padding: 2em 1em 2em 70px;
-        margin: 0;
-        font-family: sans-serif;
-        color: black;
-        background: white;
-        background-position: top left;
-        background-attachment: fixed;
-        background-repeat: no-repeat;
-      }
-      :link { color: #00C; background: transparent }
-      :visited { color: #609; background: transparent }
-      a:active { color: #C00; background: transparent }
-
-      a:link img, a:visited img { border-style: none } /* no border on img links */
-
-      a img { color: white; }        /* trick to hide the border in Netscape 4 */
-      @media all {                   /* hide the next rule from Netscape 4 */
-        a img { color: inherit; }    /* undo the color change above */
-      }
-
-      th, td { /* ns 4 */
-        font-family: sans-serif;
-      }
-
-      h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 { text-align: left }
-      /* background should be transparent, but WebTV has a bug */
-      h1, h2, h3 { color: #005A9C; background: white }
-      h1 { font: 170% sans-serif }
-      h2 { font: 140% sans-serif }
-      h3 { font: 120% sans-serif }
-      h4 { font: bold 100% sans-serif }
-      h5 { font: italic 100% sans-serif }
-      h6 { font: small-caps 100% sans-serif }
-
-      .hide { display: none }
-
-      div.head { margin-bottom: 1em }
-      div.head h1 { margin-top: 2em; clear: both }
-      div.head table { margin-left: 2em; margin-top: 2em }
-
-      p.copyright { font-size: small }
-      p.copyright small { font-size: small }
-
-      @media screen {  /* hide from IE3 */
-      a[href]:hover { background: #ffa }
-      }
-
-      pre { margin-left: 2em }
-      /*
-      p {
-        margin-top: 0.6em;
-        margin-bottom: 0.6em;
-      }
-      */
-      dt, dd { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0 } /* opera 3.50 */
-      dt { font-weight: bold }
-
-      pre, code { font-family: monospace } /* navigator 4 requires this */
-
-      ul.toc, ol.toc {
-        list-style: disc;     /* Mac NS has problem with 'none' */
-        list-style: none;
-      }
-
-      /*@media aural {  
-        h1, h2, h3 { stress: 20; richness: 90 }
-        .hide { speak: none }
-        p.copyright { volume: x-soft; speech-rate: x-fast }
-        dt { pause-before: 20% }
-        pre { speak-punctuation: code } 
-      }*/
-
-      /*body {
-        background-image: url(http://lode.sourceforge.net/img/LODELogo.png);
-      }*/
-    </style>
-
-    <style type="text/css">
-      /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/extra.css . */
-
-      body {
-          text-align: justify;    
-      }
-
-      h1 {
-          line-height: 110%;    
-      }
-
-      .hlist {
-          border: 1px solid navy;
-          padding:5px;
-          background-color: #F4FFFF; 
-      }
-
-      .hlist li {
-          display: inline;
-          display: inline-table;
-          list-style-type: none;
-          padding-right: 20px;
-          
-      }
-
-      .entity {
-          border: 1px solid navy;
-          margin:5px 0px 5px 0px;
-          padding: 5px;    
-      }
-
-      .type-c {
-          cursor:help;
-          color:orange;
-      }
-
-      .type-op {
-          cursor:help;
-          color:navy;    
-      }
-
-      .type-dp {
-          cursor:help;
-          color:green;    
-      }
-
-      .type-ap {
-          cursor:help;
-          color:maroon;    
-      }
-
-      .type-ni {
-          cursor:help;
-          color:brown;    
-      }
-
-      .logic {
-          color:purple;
-          font-weight:bold;    
-      }
-
-      h3 {
-          margin-top: 3px;
-          padding-bottom: 5px;
-          border-bottom: 1px solid navy;
-      }
-
-      h2 {
-          margin-top:40px;    
-      }
-
-      .dotted {
-          border-bottom: 1px dotted gray;
-      }
-
-      dt {
-          margin-top:5px;
-      }
-
-      .description {
-          border-top: 1px dashed gray;
-          border-bottom: 1px dashed gray;
-          background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
-          margin-top:5px;
-          padding-bottom:5px;
-      }
-
-      .description dl {
-          background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
-      }
-
-      .description ul {
-          padding-left: 12px;
-          margin-top: 0px;
-      }
-
-      .backlink {
-          font-size:10pt;
-          text-align:right;
-          float:right;
-          color:black;
-          padding: 2px;
-          border: 1px dotted navy;
-          background-color: #F4FFFF;
-      }
-
-      .imageblock {
-         text-align: center;
-      }
-
-      .imageblock img {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-      }
-
-      .endnote {
-         margin-top: 40px;
-         border-top: 1px solid gray;
-         padding-top: 10px;
-         text-align: center;
-         color:gray;
-         font-size:50%;
-      }
-    </style>
-    <!-- link rel="provenance" href="http://www.w3.org/2007/08/pyRdfa/extract?format=turtle&uri=http://aquarius.tw.rpi.edu/prov-wg/prov-o"/ -->
-
-    <!-- 
-      === NOTA BENE ===
-      For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
-      out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
-     -->
-
-   <!-- From DM -->
-   
-   <!-- From DM -->
-   <style type="text/css">
-      .note { font-size:small; margin-left:50px }
-       table { text-align: center; vertical-align: middle }
-
-      table.thinborder {
-         border-width: 1px;
-         border-spacing: 0px;
-         border-style: none;
-         border-color: gray;
-         border-collapse: collapse;
-      }
-      table.thinborder th {
-         border-width: 1px;
-         padding: 0px;
-         border-style: solid;
-         border-color: gray;
-      }
-      table.thinborder td {
-         border-width: 1px;
-         padding: 2px;
-         border-style: solid;
-         border-color: gray;
-         background-color: rgb(246,246,246);
-      }
-   </style>
-
-   <style type="text/css">
-      /* This CSS written by Tim Lebo for PROV-O HTML (all other CSS was taken from elsewhere) */
-      table.qualified-forms {
-         width: 75%;
-      }
-      ul.hlist {
-         margin: 20px;
-      }
-      table {
-         margin: 20px; 
-         border:1px solid navy;
-         background-color: #F4FFFF;
-      }
-      table th {
-         background-color: LightGoldenRodYellow;
-      }
-      table tr {
-         padding: 2px;
-         border: 1px solid navy;
-      }
-      table td {
-         text-align: left;
-         padding-top: 5px;
-         padding-bottom: 5px;
-         padding-left: 15px;
-         padding-right: 15px;
-      }
-      table td.prov-attribute {
-         width: 20%
-      }
-      table.prov-detail a:visited {
-          color:black; text-decoration:none; 
-      }
-      table.prov-detail a:link {
-          color:black; text-decoration:none; 
-      }
-      .component-entities-activities {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-         background-color: #FFD4D4
-      }
-      .component-agents-responsibility {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-         background-color: #CCD9EE;
-      }
-      .component-derivations {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-         background-color: #CCEED9;
-      }
-      .component-collections {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-         background-color: #CED4D4;
-      }
-      .component-alternate {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-         background-color: #F4FFD9;
-      }
-      .component-annotations {
-         border:1px solid gray;
-         background-color: #FCE1CE;
-      }
-      span.repeated {
-         font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      a.qname {
-         font-family: monospace;
-      }
-      strong.crossreference {
-         padding-right: 15px;
-      }
-      div.feature-at-risk {
-         color: red;
-      }
-     </style>
-
-     
-     
-   
-    
-  <style type="text/css">
-/*****************************************************************
- * ReSpec CSS
- * Robin Berjon (robin at berjon dot com)
- * v0.05 - 2009-07-31
- *****************************************************************/
-
-
-/* --- INLINES --- */
-em.rfc2119 { 
-    text-transform:     lowercase;
-    font-variant:       small-caps;
-    font-style:         normal;
-    color:              #900;
-}
-
-h1 acronym, h2 acronym, h3 acronym, h4 acronym, h5 acronym, h6 acronym, a acronym,
-h1 abbr, h2 abbr, h3 abbr, h4 abbr, h5 abbr, h6 abbr, a abbr {
-    border: none;
-}
-
-dfn {
-    font-weight:    bold;
-}
-
-a.internalDFN {
-    color:  inherit;
-    border-bottom:  1px solid #99c;
-    text-decoration:    none;
-}
-
-a.externalDFN {
-    color:  inherit;
-    border-bottom:  1px dotted #ccc;
-    text-decoration:    none;
-}
-
-a.bibref {
-    text-decoration:    none;
-}
-
-code {
-    color:  #ff4500;
-}
-
-
-/* --- WEB IDL --- */
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-<link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-REC" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8"></head>
-  <body style="display: inherit;"><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C"></a></p><h1 class="title" id="title">PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</h1><h2 id="w3c-recommendation-30-april-2013"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation 30 April 2013</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-o-20130430/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-o-20130430/</a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</a></dd><dt>Implementation report:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-implementations-20130430/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-implementations-20130430/</a></dd><dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-o-20130312/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/PR-prov-o-20130312/</a></dd>
-
-<dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/TimLebo">Timothy Lebo</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://cci.case.edu/cci/index.php/Satya_Sahoo">Satya Sahoo</a>, Case Western Reserve University, USA</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/Deborah_L_McGuinness">Deborah McGuinness</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
-<dt>Contributors:</dt><dd><span>(In alphabetical order)</span></dd>
-<dd><a href="http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Khalid_Belhajjame">Khalid Belhajjame</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh, UK</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://homepages.abdn.ac.uk/dcorsar/pages/">David Corsar</a>, University of Aberdeen, UK</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://www.oeg-upm.net/index.php/en/phdstudents/28-dgarijo">Daniel Garijo</a>, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://soiland-reyes.com/stian/">Stian Soiland-Reyes</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/web/person/StephanZednik">Stephan Zednik</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
-<dd><a href="http://users.ox.ac.uk/~zool0770/">Jun Zhao</a>, University of Oxford, UK</dd>
-</dl>
-
-    <p>
-      Please refer to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/errata.html"><strong>errata</strong></a> for this document, which may include some normative corrections.
-    </p>
-
-<p>The English version of this specification is the only normative version. Non-normative <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Translation/">translations</a> may also be available.</p>
-
-<p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2011-2013 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>, <a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/">Beihang</a>), All Rights Reserved. W3C <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p>
-
-
-<hr></div>
-
-    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
-         <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) expresses the PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] using the OWL2 Web Ontology Language (OWL2) [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW">OWL2-OVERVIEW</a></cite>]. It provides a set of classes, properties, and restrictions that can be used to represent and interchange provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. 
-It can also be specialized to create new classes and properties to model provenance information for different applications and domains.
-        The <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/">PROV Document Overview</a> describes the overall state of PROV, and should be read before other PROV documents.
-        </p>
-
-
-        <p style="text-align: center;">The namespace for all PROV-O terms is <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</span>.
-        </p>
-
-        <p style="text-align: center;">The OWL encoding of the PROV Ontology is available <a href="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov-o">here</a>.
-        </p>
-    </div>
-
-
-
-
-<div id="sotd" class="introductory section">
-<h2>Status of This Document</h2>
-  
-    
-      
-        <p>
-          <em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other
-          documents may supersede this document. A list of current <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> publications and the latest revision
-          of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> technical reports
-          index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em>
-        </p>
-        
-<h4 id="prov-family-of-documents">PROV Family of Documents</h4>
-This document is part of the PROV family of documents, a set of documents defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
-interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  These documents are listed below. Please consult the [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW">PROV-OVERVIEW</a></cite>] for a guide to reading these documents. 
-<ul>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-overview-20130430/">PROV-OVERVIEW</a> (Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW">PROV-OVERVIEW</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-primer-20130430/">PROV-PRIMER</a> (Note), a primer for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-o-20130430/">PROV-O</a> (Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of the PROV data model to RDF (this document);</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/">PROV-DM</a> (Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-n-20130430/">PROV-N</a> (Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-constraints-20130430/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a> (Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-xml-20130430/">PROV-XML</a> (Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-aq-20130430/">PROV-AQ</a> (Note), mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dictionary-20130430/">PROV-DICTIONARY</a> (Note) introduces a specific type of collection, consisting of key-entity pairs [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DICTIONARY">PROV-DICTIONARY</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-dc-20130430/">PROV-DC</a> (Note) provides a mapping between PROV-O and Dublic Core Terms [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-DC">PROV-DC</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-sem-20130430/">PROV-SEM</a> (Note), a declarative specification in terms of first-order logic of the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-SEM">PROV-SEM</a></cite>];</li>
-<li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/NOTE-prov-links-20130430/">PROV-LINKS</a> (Note) introduces a mechanism to link across bundles [<cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-PROV-LINKS">PROV-LINKS</a></cite>].</li>
-</ul>
-
-<h4 id="endorsed-by-w3c">Endorsed By <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></h4>
-
-<p>This document has been reviewed by <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Members, by software developers, and by other <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> groups and interested parties, and is endorsed by the Director as a <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Recommendation. It is a stable document and may be used as reference material or cited from another document. <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>'s role in making the Recommendation is to draw attention to the specification and to promote its widespread deployment. This enhances the functionality and interoperability of the Web.</p>
-
-<h4 id="please-send-comments">Please Send Comments</h4>
-
-        <p>
-          This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a Recommendation.
-          
-          
-          If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to 
-          <a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a> 
-          (<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>,
-          <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>).
-          
-          
-          
-          
-        All comments are welcome.
-        
-        
-        
-        </p><p>
-          
-            This document was produced by a group operating under the 
-            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>.
-          
-          
-          
-            
-              <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a> 
-            
-            made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for 
-            disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains
-            <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the
-            information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section
-            6 of the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr> Patent Policy</a>.
-          
-          
-        </p>
-        
-      
-    
-  
-</div>
-
-
-
-
-
-<div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Compliance with this Document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#notations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Notational Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#namespaces" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Namespaces</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-o-at-a-glance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>The&nbsp;PROV-O&nbsp;Ontology&nbsp;Description</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference&nbsp;for&nbsp;PROV-O&nbsp;classes&nbsp;and&nbsp;properties</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-index" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.4 </span>Term Index</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#owl-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>PROV-O OWL Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inverse-names" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Names of inverse properties</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-wd-prov-o-20120724" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Changes since WD-prov-o-20120724</a></li>
-
-<li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-cr-prov-o-20121211" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>Changes since CR-prov-o-20121211</a></li>
-<li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-pr-prov-o-20130312" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">E. </span>Changes since PR-prov-o-20130312</a></li>
-
-<li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">F. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li>
-<li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">G. </span>References</a><ul class="toc">
-<li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">G.1 </span>Normative references</a></li>
-<li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">G.2 </span>Informative references</a></li>
-</ul></li></ul></div>
-  
- 
-    
-
-
-     <div id="introduction" class="section">    
-         <!--OddPage--><h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</h2>  
-         <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) defines the OWL2 Web Ontology Language encoding of the PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]. This document describes the set of classes, properties, and restrictions that constitute the PROV Ontology. This ontology specification provides the foundation to implement provenance applications in different domains that can represent, exchange, and integrate provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. Together with the PROV Access and Query [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>] and PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>], this document forms a framework for provenance information interchange in domain-specific Web-based applications.
-         </p>
-        <p>
-         PROV-O is a lightweight ontology that can be adopted in a wide range of applications. 
-         With the exception of <a href="#owl-profile">five axioms</a>, PROV-O conforms to the OWL-RL profile [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-PRIMER">OWL2-PRIMER</a></cite>]. 
-         The PROV Ontology classes and properties are defined such that they can not only be used directly to represent provenance information, 
-         but also can be specialized for modeling application-specific provenance details in a variety of domains. 
-         Thus, the PROV Ontology is expected to be both directly usable in applications as well as serve as a <i>reference model</i> 
-         for creating domain-specific provenance ontologies and thereby facilitates interoperable provenance modeling. 
-         To demonstrate the use of PROV-O classes and properties, this document uses an example provenance scenario similar to the one introduced in the PROV-Primer [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>].
-        </p>
-         <p> The PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] introduces a set of concepts to represent provenance information in a variety of application domains. This document maps the PROV Data Model to PROV Ontology using the OWL2 ontology language [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW">OWL2-OVERVIEW</a></cite>]. 
-        </p>
-
-        <p> We briefly introduce some of the OWL2 modeling terms that will be used to describe the PROV Ontology. 
-         An OWL2 <i>instance</i> is an individual object in a domain of discourse, for example a person named Alice or a car named KITT. 
-         A set of individuals sharing common characteristics constitutes a <i>class</i>.
-
-         Person and Car are examples of classes representing the set of individual persons and cars respectively. 
-         The OWL2 object properties are used to link individuals, classes, or create a property hierarchy. 
-         For example, the object property "hasOwner" can be used to link car with person. 
-         The OWL2 datatype properties are used to link individuals or classes to data values, including XML Schema datatypes [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].   
-        </p>
-
-    <div id="compliance" class="section">    
-       <h3><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Compliance with this Document</h3>  
-      <p>For the purpose of compliance, the normative sections of this document are 
-         <a href="#compliance">Section 1.1</a>, 
-         <a href="#notations">Section 1.2</a>,
-         <a href="#description">Section 3</a>,
-         <a href="#cross-reference">Section 4</a>, and
-         <a href="#inverse-names">Appendix B</a>
-      </p>
-      <ul>
-         <li>Information in tables is normative if it appears in a normative section.</li>
-         <li>All figures and diagrams are informative.</li>
-         <li>All examples are informative.</li>
-      </ul>
-    </div>
-
-    <div id="notations" class="section">    
-       <h3><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Notational Conventions</h3>  
-
-        <p>The key words "<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="must not">must not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="required">required</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="shall">shall</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="shall not">shall not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>", "<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>",  "<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>", and       "<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
-    </div>
-
-      <div class="informative section" id="namespaces">
-         <h3><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Namespaces</h3><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
-         <p>The following namespace prefixes are used throughout this document.
-
-         </p><div style="text-align: left;">
-            <table class="thinborder" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
-            <caption id="namespace-table"><a href="#namespace-table">Table 1</a>: Prefix and Namespaces used in this specification</caption> <!-- Table 1-->
-            <tbody><tr><td><a><b>prefix</b></a></td><td><b>namespace IRI</b></td> <td><b>definition</b></td></tr>
-
-            <tr><td><a>rdf</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#</td><td>The RDF namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-
-            <tr><td><a>xsd</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2000/10/XMLSchema#</td><td>XML Schema Namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-
-            <tr><td><a>owl</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#</td><td>The OWL namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW">OWL2-OVERVIEW</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-
-            <tr><td><a>prov</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</td>
-                <td>The PROV namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-
-            <tr><td><a>(others)</a></td><td>(various)</td><td>All other namespace prefixes are used in examples only. <br> 
-                  In particular, IRIs starting with "http://example.com" represent<br> some application-dependent IRI [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-IRI">IRI</a></cite>]</td></tr>
-            </tbody></table>
-         </div>
-      </div>
-   </div>
-
-   <div id="prov-o-at-a-glance" class="informative section">
-      <!--OddPage--><h2><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
-
-      <p>PROV-O users may only need to use parts of the entire ontology, depending on their needs and according to how much detail they want to include in their provenance information. For this, the PROV-O terms (classes and properties) are grouped into three categories to provide an incremental introduction to the ontology: Starting Point terms, Expanded terms, and terms for Qualifying relationships.
-      </p>
-
-      <div id="prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
-         <p><strong>Starting Point classes and properties</strong> provide the basis for the rest of the PROV Ontology and thus it is recommended that readers become comfortable with how to apply these terms before continuing to the remaining categories. These terms are used to create simple provenance descriptions that can be elaborated using terms from other categories. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
-         
-<div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-<div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-      </div>
-
-      <div id="prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
-         <p><strong>Expanded classes and properties</strong> provide additional terms that can be used to relate classes in the Starting Point category. The terms in this category are applied in the same way as the terms in the Starting Point category. Many of the terms in this category are subclasses or subproperties of those in the Starting Point category. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
-         
-<div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-<div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-      </div>
-
-      <div id="prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
-         <p><strong>Qualified classes and properties</strong> provide elaborated information about binary relations asserted using Starting Point and Expanded properties. The terms in this category are applied using a pattern that differs from those in the Starting Point and Expanded categories. While the relations from the previous two categories are applied as direct, binary assertions, the terms in this category are used to provide additional attributes of the binary relations. The pattern used in this category allows users to provide elaborate details that are not available using only Starting Point and Expanded terms. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
-         
-<div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#PrimarySource">prov:PrimarySource</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-<div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedPrimarySource">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#p_entity">prov:entity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#p_activity">prov:activity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#p_agent">prov:agent</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-      </div>
-
-      <div>
-       
-      </div>
-
-   </div> <!-- PROV-O at a glance -->
-
-
-
-    <div id="description" class="section">
-      <!--OddPage--><h2><span class="secno">3. </span>The&nbsp;PROV-O&nbsp;Ontology&nbsp;Description</h2>       
-      <p>This section introduces the terms in each of the following categories:
-      </p>     
-      <ul>
-         <li><a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
-         <li><a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
-         <li><a href="#description-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
-      </ul>
-
-     <div id="description-starting-point-terms" class="section">
-      <h3><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
-       <p>The Starting Point category is a small set of classes and properties that can be used to create simple, initial provenance descriptions.
-         Three classes provide a basis for the rest of PROV-O:  
-       </p>
-         <ul>
-            <li>An <a class="qname" href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a> is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary.  
-            </li>
-            <li>An <a class="qname" href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a> is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.  
-            </li>
-            <li>An <a class="qname" href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a> is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. 
-            </li>
-         </ul> 
-      <p>The three primary classes relate to one another and to themselves using the properties shown in the following figure.</p>
-
-      <p>Activities <strong>start</strong> and <strong>end</strong> at particular points in time (described using properties 
-      <a href="#startedAtTime" class="qname">prov:startedAtTime</a> and <a href="#endedAtTime" class="qname">prov:endedAtTime</a>, respectively) 
-      and during their lifespan can  <strong>use</strong> and <strong>generate</strong> a variety of Entities (described with 
-      <a href="#used" class="qname">prov:used</a> and <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="qname">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>, respectively). 
-      For example, a blog writing activity may use a particular dataset and generate a bar chart. 
-      By expressing usage and generation, one can construct provenance chains comprising both Activities and Entities.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>In addition, we can say that an Activity <a href="#wasInformedBy" class="qname">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
-      another Activity to provide some dependency information without explicitly providing the activities' start and end times. 
-      A <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> relation between Activities suggests that the informed Activity used an Entity that was generated by the informing 
-      Activity, but the Entity itself is unknown or is not of interest. 
-      So, the <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> property allows the construction of provenance chains comprising only Activities.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>Provenance chains comprising only Entities can be formed using the <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> property.
-         A derivation is a transformation of one entity into another. For example, if the Activity that created the bar chart is not known or is not of interest,
-          then we can say that the bar chart <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> the dataset.
-         Arbitrary RDF properties can be used to describe the fixed aspects of an Entity that are interesting within a particular application (for example, 
-         the file size and format of the dataset, or the aspect ratio of the bar chart).
-      </p>
-
-      <p>While the properties <span class="repeated">prov:used</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span>, 
-         <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span>, and <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> can be used to construct provenance chains among 
-         Activities and Entities, Agents may also be ascribed responsibility for any Activity or Entity within a provenance chain. 
-         An Agent's responsibility for an Activity or Entity is described using the properties <a href="#wasAssociatedWith" class="qname">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> and 
-         <a href="#wasAttributedTo" class="qname">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>, respectively. 
-         Agents can also be responsible for other Agents' actions. In this case of delegation, the influencing Agent <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" class="qname">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> 
-         another Agent that also bears responsibility for the influenced Activity or Entity.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>The properties rdf:type and rdfs:label are used to express <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html#term-attribute-type">prov:type</a> 
-         and <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/prov-dm.html#term-attribute-label">prov:label</a>, respectively.
-      </p>
-
-      <div id="starting-points-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
-            <!-- When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/ -->
-            <!--img src="prov-o-diagrams/Starting-points-terms.png"-->
-            <img src="diagrams/starting-points.svg" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms">
-            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#starting-points-figure">Figure 1</a>. 
-            The three Starting Point classes and the properties that relate them.<br>
-            The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals,<br>
-            Activities as blue rectangles, and Agents as orange pentagons.<br>
-            The responsibility properties are shown in pink.
-            </div>
-      </div>
-
-        <div id="narrative-example-simple-1" class="exampleOuter">
-           <p>
-            <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">Example 1</a>: The following PROV-O describes the resources involved when creating a chart about crime statistics. The example uses only Starting Point terms and serves as a basis for elaboration that will be described in subsequent sections. In the example, Derek performs an aggregation of some government crime data, grouping by national regions that are described in a separate dataset by a civil action group.
-           </p> 
-           <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
-
-:bar_chart
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy  :illustrationActivity;
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom  :aggregatedByRegions;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
-.
-
-:derek
-   a foaf:Person, prov:Agent;
-   foaf:givenName       "Derek";
-   foaf:mbox            &lt;mailto:[email protected]&gt;;
-   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :natonal_newspaper_inc;
-.
-
-:national_newspaper_inc 
-   a foaf:Organization, prov:Agent;
-   foaf:name "National Newspaper, Inc.";
-.
-
-:illustrationActivity 
-   a prov:Activity; 
-   prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
-   prov:wasInformedBy     :aggregationActivity;
-.
-
-:aggregatedByRegions
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy  :aggregationActivity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
-.
-
-:aggregationActivity
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:startedAtTime    "2011-07-14T01:01:01Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
-   prov:used              :crimeData;
-   prov:used              :nationalRegionsList;
-   prov:endedAtTime      "2011-07-14T02:02:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:crimeData
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :government;
-.
-:government a foaf:Organization, prov:Agent .
-
-:nationalRegionsList 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :civil_action_group;
-.
-:civil_action_group a foaf:Organization, prov:Agent .</pre>
-        </div>
-
-      <p>The example states that the agent <code>:derek</code> was associated with two 
-      activities: <code>:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>:illustrationActivity</code>. The 
-      activity <code>:aggregationActivity</code> used 
-      the entities <code>:crimeData</code> (a crime statistics dataset) and <code>:nationalRegionsList</code> (a list of national regions), and 
-      generated a new entity, <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> that aggregates the statistics in
-       <code>:crimeData</code> according to the regions in <code>:nationalRegionsList</code>. 
-      The <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> entity was then used by the <code>:illustrationActivity</code> activity, 
-      to generate a new entity <code>:bar_chart</code> that depicts the aggregated statistics.
-      </p>
-
-      <p> The example also states that the activity <code>:illustrationActivity</code> was 
-      informed by the activity <code>:aggregationActivity</code>. Indeed, the former used
-       the entity <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code>, which was generated by the latter.
-      </p>
-
-      <p> Because the agent <code>:derek</code> was associated with the activities 
-      <code>:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>:illustrationActivity</code>, the entities 
-      generated by these activities, i.e., <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> and <code>:bar_chart</code>, were also 
-      attributed to him.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>Finally, the example states that the agent <code>:derek</code> acted on behalf of the organization <code>:national_newspaper_inc</code>.
-      </p>   
-
-      <div id="narrative-example-simple-1-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
-            <img src="diagrams/starting-points-example.svg" style="width: 90%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="Illustration of Derek making a bar chart from some aggregated government data.">
-            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#narrative-example-simple-1-figure">Figure 2</a>. 
-            A graphical illustration of the PROV-O in <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">Example 1</a>, 
-            showing how the three Starting Point classes relate.<br>
-            The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals, Activities as blue rectangles,<br>
-            and Agents as orange pentagons. The responsibility properties are shown in pink.
-            </div>
-      </div>
-
-     </div> <!-- Starting Points  in PROV-O -->
-
-     <div id="description-expanded-terms" class="section">
-      <h3><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
-
-      <p>The terms introduced in this section provide additional ways to describe the provenance among Entities, Activities, and Agents.
-         The additional terms are illustrated in the following figure and can be separated into five different categories.</p>
-
-      <div id="expanded-terms-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
-            <img src="diagrams/expanded.svg" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms">
-            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-terms-figure">Figure 3</a>.
-            The expanded terms build upon those in the <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Points section</a>.<br>
-            The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals, Activities as blue rectangles, and Agents as orange pentagons.<br>
-            The domain of <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> (<span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Agent</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:InstantaneousEvent</span>) is not illustrated.
-            </div>
-      </div>
-
-
-     <p>The <strong>first</strong> category extends the <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point terms</a> with subclasses, subproperties, and a superproperty.</p>
-
-     <p>Three subclasses of Agent (<a href="#Person" class="qname">prov:Person</a>, <a href="#Organization" class="qname">prov:Organization</a>, and
-      <a href="#SoftwareAgent" class="qname">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>) and
-      three subclasses of Entity are provided (<a href="#Collection" class="qname">prov:Collection</a>, <a href="#Bundle" class="qname">prov:Bundle</a>,
-      and <a href="#Plan" class="qname">prov:Plan</a>).
-      </p>
-
-      <p>
-      A <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> is an Entity that provides a structure (e.g. set, list, etc.) to some constituents (which are themselves Entities).
-      The <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> class can be used to express the provenance of the collection itself:
-      e.g. who maintained the collection, which members it contained as it evolved, and how it was assembled.
-      The <a href="#hadMember" class="qname">prov:hadMember</a> property is used to assert membership in a collection.
-      </p>
-
-      <div id="description-bundle">
-         <p>
-         A <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> is a named set of provenance descriptions, which may itself have provenance.
-         The named set of provenance descriptions may be expressed as PROV-O or any other form.
-         The subclass of Bundle that names a set of PROV-O assertions is not provided by PROV-O, since it is more appropriate to do so using other recommendations,
-         standards, or technologies. In any case, a Bundle of PROV-O assertions is an abstract set of RDF triples, and adding or removing a triple creates a new distinct
-         Bundle of PROV-O assertions.
-         </p>
-      </div>
-
-      <p>A <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> is an entity that represents a set of actions or steps intended by one or more agents to achieve some goals.
-      </p>
-
-
-     <p>
-      More general and more specific properties are also provided by the expanded terms. More generally, the property
-      <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="qname">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> is a superproperty that relates any influenced Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other
-      influencing Entity, Activity, or Agent that had an effect on its characteristics.
-
-      Three subproperties of <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> are also provided for certain kinds of derivation among Entities:
-      <a href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> cites a potentially larger Entity (such as a book, blog, or image) from which a new Entity was created
-      by repeating some or all of the original,
-      <a href="#wasRevisionOf" class="qname">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> indicates that the derived Entity contains substantial content from the original Entity
-      (e.g., two editions of a book), and
-      <a href="#hadPrimarySource" class="qname">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> cites a preceding Entity produced by some agent with direct experience and
-      knowledge about the topic (such as a reading from a sensor, or a journal written during an historical event).
-      </p>
-   
-     <p>The <strong>second</strong> category of expanded terms relates Entities according to their levels of abstraction, where some Entities may present more specific aspects than their more general counterparts.
-      While <a href="#specializationOf" class="qname">prov:specializationOf</a> links a more specific Entity to a more general one (e.g., today's BBC news home page versus BBC's news home page on any day), <a href="#alternateOf" class="qname">prov:alternateOf</a> links Entities that present aspects of the same thing, but not necessarily the same aspects or at the same time (e.g., the serialization of a document in different formats or a backup copy of a computer file).
-     </p>
-   
-      <p>
-      The <strong>third</strong> category of expanded terms allows further description of Entities. The property <a href="#value" class="qname">prov:value</a>
-      provides a literal value that is a direct representation of an entity.
-      For example, the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of a quote could be a string of the sentences stated, or the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of an Entity involved in a numeric calculation could be the xsd:integer four.
-      The property <a href="#atLocation" class="qname">prov:atLocation</a> can be used to describe the <a href="#Location" class="qname">prov:Location</a> of any
-      Entity, Activity, Agent, or <a href="#InstantaneousEvent" class="qname">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
-      (i.e., the starting or ending of an activity or the generation, usage, or invalidation of an entity).
-      The properties used to describe instances of <span class="repeated">prov:Location</span> are outside the scope of PROV-O;
-      reuse of other existing vocabulary is encouraged.
-      </p>
-
-
-      <p>The <strong>fourth</strong> category of expanded terms describes the lifetime of an Entity beyond being <strong>generated</strong> by an Activity and <strong>used</strong> by other Activities. For example, a painting could not have been displayed before it was painted, and it could not be sold after it was destroyed by fire.
-      Similar to how Activities have start and end times, an Entity may be bound by points in time for which it was generated or is no longer usable.
-The properties <a href="#generatedAtTime" class="qname">prov:generatedAtTime</a> and <a href="#invalidatedAtTime" class="qname">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> can be used to bound the starting and ending moments of an Entity's existence. The Activities that led to the generation or invalidation of an Entity can be provided using <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy" class="qname">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>, respectively.
-<a href="#generated" class="qname">prov:generated</a> and <a href="#invalidated" class="qname">prov:invalidated</a> are the inverses of <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span>, respectively, and are defined to facilitate Activity-as-subject as well as Entity-as-subject descriptions.
-      For more about inverses, see the <a href="#inverse-names">Appendix B</a>.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>The <strong>fifth</strong> category of expanded terms describes the lifetime of an Activity beyond its start and end times and predecessor Activities.
-      Activities may also be started or ended by Entities, which are described using the properties <a href="#wasStartedBy" class="qname">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
-      and <a href="#wasEndedBy" class="qname">prov:wasEndedBy</a>, respectively. Since Entities may start or end Activities, and Agents may be Entities,
-      then Agents may also start or end Activities.
-      </p>
-
-        <div id="narrative-example-expanded-1"class="exampleOuter">
-           <p>The following examples illustrate the expanded terms by elaborating the <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">crime chart example</a> from the previous section.
-              After aggregating the dataset and creating the chart, Derek published a post to exhibit his work.
-           </p>
-           <p>
-              <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 2</a>:
-           </p>
-
-           <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] my:   &lt;http://www.example.org/vocab#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://www.example.org#&gt; .
[email protected]         &lt;http://www.example.com/derek-bundle.ttl&gt; .
-
-&lt;&gt; 
-   a prov:Bundle, prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2011-07-16T02:52:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:derek
-   a prov:Person, prov:Agent; ## prov:Agent is inferred from prov:Person
-   foaf:givenName       "Derek";
-   foaf:mbox            &lt;mailto:[email protected]&gt;;
-   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
-.
-
-:national_newspaper_inc 
-   a prov:Organization, prov:Agent;        ## prov:Agent is inferred from prov:Organization
-   foaf:name "National Newspaper, Inc.";
-.
-
-:postEditor 
-   a prov:SoftwareAgent, prov:Agent;       ## prov:Agent is inferred from prov:SoftwareAgent
-   foaf:name "Post Editor 3000";
-.   
-
-:more-crime-happens-in-cities
-   a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
-   sioc:latest_version   :post9821v2;
-   sioc:previous_version :post9821v1;
-.
-
-## Version 1 of the post
-
-:post9821v1
-   a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;   
-   prov:specializationOf  :more-crime-happens-in-cities; ## PERMALINK to the latest revision.
-   sioc:title             "More crime happens in cities";
-   prov:value             "I was currius...";            ## The text of this version (with a typo).
-   prov:generatedAtTime   "2011-07-16T01:52:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy    :publicationActivity1123;
-   prov:wasInfluencedBy   :aggregatedByRegions; ## This blog was influenced by Derek's data analysis.
-   prov:hadPrimarySource  :crimeData;           ## Derek's blog derives from the crime data originally
-                                                ## gathered by the government.
-   prov:invalidatedAtTime "2011-07-16T02:02:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:publicationActivity1123 
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:startedAtTime     "2011-07-16T01:01:01Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasStartedBy      :derek;
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :postEditor;
-   prov:generated         :post9821v1;
-   prov:endedAtTime       "2011-07-16T01:52:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasEndedBy        :derek;
-.
-
-:aggregatedByRegions
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:atLocation &lt;file://Users/aggr.txt&gt;;
-.
-&lt;file://Users/aggr.txt&gt; a prov:Location .
-
-:crimeData
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :government;
-.
-:government 
-   a prov:Organization, prov:Agent;
-.
-
-## Version 2 of the post
-
-:post9821v2
-   a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
-   prov:specializationOf :more-crime-happens-in-cities; ## PERMALINK to the latest revision.
-   prov:value            "I was curious...";            ## The text of this version (with fixed typo).
-   prov:generatedAtTime  "2011-07-16T02:02:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasRevisionOf    :post9821v1;
-   prov:alternateOf      :post9821v1;
-.</pre>
-        </div>
-      
-         <p>Agent <code>:derek</code>, acting again on behalf of the <code>:national_newspaper_inc</code> organization,
-         used the <code>:postEditor</code> tool to publish a post about his recent data analysis <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code>.
-         The blog editing tool tracked Derek's actions as PROV-O assertions and published them as a Bundle (the current file <code>&lt;&gt;</code>).
-         The tool recorded that <code>:derek</code> started and ended the publishing activity (<code>:publicationActivity1123</code>)
-         that generated the post <code>:post9821v1</code>. The post
-         included a permanent link where the content of the latest version is available
-         (<code>:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>) in addition to a textual snapshot of the current version (using prov:value).
-         Derek also included additional domain-specific descriptions of the post, such as its title.
-         </p>
-
-         <p>Shortly after publishing the post, Derek noticed a typographical error in his narrative.
-         Because the fix would be minimal, he did not record the activity that led to the new version.
-         Instead, he related the new version (<code>:post9821v2</code>) as a revision of the previous (<code>:post9821v1</code>).
-         Since both versions of the blog are forms of the long-standing blog permalink <code>:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>,
-         the revisions are alternates of one another and each is a <a href="#specializationOf" class="qname">prov:specializationOf</a> of <code>:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>.
-         </p>     
-
-         <div id="expanded-example-illustration-1" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
-
-               <img src="diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost.svg" style="width: 95%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms">
-
-               <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-example-illustration-1">Figure 4</a>.
-                  An illustration of the PROV-O assertions in <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 2</a>, where Derek<br>
-                  published two versions of a blog for the National Newspaper, Inc.<br>
-                  The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals, Activities as blue rectangles,<br>
-                  and Agents as orange pentagons. The responsibility properties are shown in pink.
-               </div>
-         </div>
-
-
-
-       <div id="narrative-example-expanded-2"class="exampleOuter">
-           <p>Shortly after Derek published his blog post, Monica adapted the text for a wider audience in a new post (<code>:post9822</code>).
-            This rewrite is an alternate, abbreviated view of the same topic that Derek wrote about and was created from his original text.
-            Since the provenance produced by the activities of Derek and Monica corresponded to different user views, the system
-            automatically published it in a different <a href="#Bundle" class="qname">prov:Bundle</a>.
-            The tool also asserted provenance about the bundle that it produced (e.g., the date of creation, its creator, and the fact that it Derek's bundle was used).
-            Because a bundle is a kind of entity, all provenance assertions that can be made about entities can also be made about bundles.
-            The use of bundles enables the creation of provenance of provenance.
-            </p>     
-            <p>
-               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-2">Example 3</a>:
-            </p>
-            <pre  class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://www.example.org#&gt; .
[email protected]         &lt;http://www.example.com/monica-bundle.ttl&gt; .
-
-&lt;&gt;
-   a prov:Bundle, prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor;
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom  &lt;http://www.example.com/derek-bundle.ttl&gt; .
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2011-07-16T03:03:03Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:monica
-   a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
-   foaf:givenName "Monica";
-   foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:[email protected]&gt;;
-.
-
-## Revised post for a different audience is a new resource.
-
-:post9822
-   a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
-   sioc:title "More crime happens in cities (for dummies)";
-   prov:wasAttributedTo  :monica,
-                         :postEditor;
-   prov:alternateOf      :more-crime-happens-in-cities;    ## This post is an alternate of Derek's blog.
-   prov:value            "A quick overview of Derek's..."; ## Snapshot with the content of this version
-   prov:wasRevisionOf    :post9821v2;                      ## Monica rewrote Derek's version 2 to create hers.
-.</pre>
-        </div>
-      
-         <div id="narrative-example-expanded-3"  class="exampleOuter" >
-            <p>After some time, John wrote his own conclusions in his own post (<code>:post19201</code>) quoting the previous two posts. 
-               Each quote that John makes (<code>:quote_from_monica</code> and <code>:quote_from_derek</code>) is a new entity derived from the 
-               previous blogs and is annotated with the time that the quote was taken.
-               The provenance of John's blog notes that his post is the result of the quotes that he took from Derek and Monica.
-               The blog post is also derived from Derek's <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> dataset because John inspected it and found a 
-               concern that he discusses in his blog. All the provenance statements related to John's post are grouped in a new <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span>.
-            </p>
-            <p>
-               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-3">Example 4</a>:
-            </p>
-            <pre  class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://www.example.org#&gt; .
[email protected]         &lt;http://www.example.com/john-bundle.ttl&gt; .
-
-&lt;&gt; 
-   a prov:Bundle, prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor;
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom &lt;http://www.example.com/derek-bundle.ttl&gt;,
-                       &lt;http://www.example.com/monica-bundle.ttl&gt;;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-08-08T08:08:08Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:publicationActivity1124
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor,
-                        :john;
-   prov:generated :post19201;
-.
-
-:post19201
-   a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :john;
-   prov:value "I'm not so sure that...";
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom :quote_from_derek,
-                       :quote_from_monica,
-                       :aggregatedByRegions;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1124;
-.
-
-:john 
-   a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
-   foaf:name "John";
-.
-
-:quote_from_derek
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:value "Analysis of the datasets demonstrates that there is more crime.";
-   prov:wasQuotedFrom   :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-08-08T01:01:01Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-   
-:quote_from_monica
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:value "In summary, there are clearly more crimes in the country.";
-   prov:wasQuotedFrom   :post9822;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-08-08T02:02:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.</pre>
-         </div>
-      
-   
-         <div id="narrative-example-expanded-4" class="exampleOuter" >
-            <p>Unfortunately, there was a problem in the servers where <code>:post19201</code> was being stored, and all the data related to the post was lost permanently.
-            Thus, the system invalidated the entity automatically and notified John about the error.
-            </p>     
-            <p>
-               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-4">Example 5</a>:
-            </p>
-            <pre  class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
-
-:post19201
-   a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
-   prov:invalidatedAtTime "2012-09-02T01:31:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasInvalidatedBy :hard_disk_failure;
-.
-
-:hard_disk_failure
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:endedAtTime "2012-09-02T01:31:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.</pre>
-         </div>
-     </div>
-
-<!-- incorporate https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/rev/e3ecc51f4598 -->
-     <div id="description-qualified-terms" class="section">
-       <h3><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
-
-       <p>The Qualified Terms category is the result of
-         applying the <strong>Qualification Pattern</strong> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-LD-Patterns-QR">LD-Patterns-QR</a></cite>] to the simple (unqualified)
-         relations available in the <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Starting Point</a> and 
-         <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Expanded</a> categories.  
-         The terms in this category are for users who wish to provide further details about the provenance-related influence among
-         Entities, Activities, and Agents.
-       </p>
-
-       <p>The Qualification Pattern restates an unqualified influence 
-         relation by using an intermediate class that represents the influence between two resources. 
-         This new instance, in turn, can be annotated with additional descriptions of the influence that one resource had upon another.
-         The following two tables list the influence relations that can be qualified using the Qualification Pattern, along with the properties used to qualify them. 
-
-         For example, the second row of the first table indicates that to elaborate how an <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span>
-         <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> a particular <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span>, one creates an instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>
-         that indicates the influencing entity with the <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property.
-         Meanwhile, the influenced <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> indicates the <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> with the property 
-         <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span>.
-         The resulting structure that qualifies the an Activity's usage of an Entity is illustrated in <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4a</a> below.
-       </p>
-
-      <div id="qualified-forms-starting-point" style="padding: 10px">
-         <p>Seven <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point</a> relations can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
-            They are listed in the following normative table.
-         </p>
-         <div style="text-align: center">
-            <table class="qualified-forms">
-  <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 2</a>: Qualification Property and Qualified Influence Class used to qualify a Starting-point Property.</caption>
-  <tbody><tr>
-    <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlclass">prov:Generation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#p_activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="owlproperty">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlclass">prov:Derivation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo" class="owlproperty">prov:wasAttributedTo</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" href="#Attribution" class="owlclass">prov:Attribution</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#p_agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used" class="owlproperty">prov:used</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedUsage</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" href="#Usage" class="owlclass">prov:Usage</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInformedBy</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" href="#Communication" class="owlclass">prov:Communication</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#p_activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith" class="owlproperty">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" href="#Association" class="owlclass">prov:Association</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#p_agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" class="owlproperty">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" href="#Delegation" class="owlclass">prov:Delegation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#p_agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
-  </tr>
-</tbody></table>
-
-         </div>
-      </div>
-
-      <div id="qualified-forms-expanded" style="padding: 10px">
-         <p>Seven <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded</a> relations can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
-            They are listed in the following normative table.
-         </p>
-         <div style="text-align: center">
-            <table class="qualified-forms">
-  <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 3</a>: Qualification Property and Qualified Influence Class used to qualify an Expanded Property.</caption>
-  <tbody><tr>
-    <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
-    <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td style="text-align: center">
-        <a title="provEntity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a> or
-        <a title="provActivity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a> or
-        <a title="provAgent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>    </td>
-    <td><a title="provwasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a></td>
-    <td style="text-align: center">
-        <a title="provEntity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a> or
-        <a title="provActivity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a> or
-        <a title="provAgent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>    </td>
-    <td><a title="provqualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a></td>
-    <td><a title="provInfluence" href="#Influence" class="owlclass">prov:Influence</a></td>
-    <td><a title="provinfluencer" href="#influencer" class="owlproperty">prov:influencer</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource" class="owlproperty">prov:hadPrimarySource</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedPrimarySource" href="#qualifiedPrimarySource" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#PrimarySource" href="#PrimarySource" class="owlclass">prov:PrimarySource</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="owlproperty">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" href="#qualifiedQuotation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation" href="#Quotation" class="owlclass">prov:Quotation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf" class="owlproperty">prov:wasRevisionOf</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" href="#qualifiedRevision" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedRevision</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision" href="#Revision" class="owlclass">prov:Revision</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" href="#Invalidation" class="owlclass">prov:Invalidation</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#p_activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasStartedBy</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" href="#qualifiedStart" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedStart</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" href="#Start" class="owlclass">prov:Start</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-  <tr>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasEndedBy</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" href="#qualifiedEnd" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedEnd</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" href="#End" class="owlclass">prov:End</a></td>
-    <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
-  </tr>
-</tbody></table>
-
-         </div>
-      </div>
-
-
-      <p>The qualification classes and properties shown in the previous two tables can also be found in the normative <a href="#cross-reference">cross reference</a> 
-        in the next section of this document. 
-
-         All influence classes (e.g. <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>) are extensions of 
-         <a class="qname" href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a> and either 
-         <a class="qname" href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>, 
-         <a class="qname" href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>, or
-         <a class="qname" href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>, which determine the property used to cite the influencing resource (either
-         <a class="qname" href="#p_entity">prov:entity</a>,
-         <a class="qname" href="#p_activity">prov:activity</a>, or
-         <a class="qname" href="#p_agent">prov:agent</a>, respectively). 
-         Because <span class="repeated">prov:Influence</span> is a broad relation, its most specific subclasses (e.g. <span class="repeated">prov:Communication</span>, 
-         <span class="repeated">prov:Delegation</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:End</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:Revision</span>, etc.) should be used when applicable.
-
-         </p><div id="narrative-example-qualified-1"  class="exampleOuter" >
-            <p>
-               <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-1">Example 6</a>:
-            </p>
-            <p>
-               For example, given the unqualified statement:
-               </p><pre class="example">:e1 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1;
-.
-
-:a1 a prov:Activity .</pre>
-            <p></p>
-         </div>
-
-         <p>One can find that <a class="qname" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> 
-            can be qualified using the qualification property <a class="qname" href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>,
-            the class <a class="qname" href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a> (a subclass of <a class="qname" href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>),
-            and the property <a class="qname" href="#p_activity">prov:activity</a>.
-            From this, the influence relation above can be restated with the <em>qualification pattern</em> as:
-         </p>
-
-         <div id="narrative-example-qualified-2"  class="exampleOuter" >
-            <p>
-               <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-2">Example 7</a>:
-            </p>
-            <pre class="example">:e1 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy      :a1;
-   prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen; # Add the qualification.
-.
-
-:e1Gen 
-   a prov:Generation;
-   prov:activity            :a1;    # Cite the influencing Activity.
-   ex:foo                   :bar;   # Describe the Activity :a1's influence upon the Entity :e1.
-.
-
-:a1 a prov:Activity .</pre>
-         </div>
-
-         <p>
-            The asserter can thus attach additional properties to <code>:e1Gen</code> to describe the generation of <code>:e1</code> by <code>:a1</code>.
-         </p>
-
-         <p>
-            As can be seen in this example, qualifying an influence relation provides a second form (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen</code>) to express an equivalent influence relation 
-            (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1</code>).
-            It is correct and acceptable for an implementer to use either qualified or unqualified forms as they choose (or both), 
-            and a consuming application should be prepared to recognize either form. 
-            Consuming applications <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> recognize both qualified and unqualified forms, and treat the qualified form as implying the unqualified form.
-            Because the qualification form is more verbose, the unqualified form should be favored in cases where additional properties are not provided.
-            When the qualified form is expressed, including the equivalent unqualified form can facilitate PROV-O consumption, and is thus encouraged.
-        </p>
-            <!-- To simplify client queries, 
-            any qualified relation SHOULD be accompanied by the equivalent unqualified statement. 
-            Unqualified properties SHOULD NOT have the equivalent qualified form
-            asserted unless it adds additional information. -->
-
-      <p>In addition to the previous two tables, <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a> 
-         illustrates the classes and properties needed to apply the qualification pattern to ten of the fourteen qualifiable influence relations. 
-
-         For example, while <a class="qname" href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>, 
-         <a class="qname" href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>, and <a class="qname" href="#p_entity">prov:entity</a> are used to qualify 
-         <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relations, 
-   
-         <a class="qname" href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>, <a class="qname" href="#Association">prov:Association</a>, 
-         and <a class="qname" href="#p_agent">prov:agent</a> are used to qualify <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> 
-         relations. This pattern applies to the twelve other influence relations that can be qualified.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>In subfigure <strong>a</strong> the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property and references an instance of 
-      <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relation between the Activity and Entity. 
-      The <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property is used to cite the Entity that was used by the Activity. 
-      In this case, the time that the Activity used the Entity is provided using the <a href="#atTime" class="qname">prov:atTime</a> property and a literal 
-      <span class="repeated">xsd:dateTime</span> value. The <span class="repeated">prov:atTime</span> property can be used to describe any 
-      <a href="#InstantaneousEvent" class="qname">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a> (including 
-      <a href="#Start" class="qname">prov:Start</a>, 
-      <a href="#Generation" class="qname">prov:Generation</a>, 
-      <a href="#Usage" class="qname">prov:Usage</a>, 
-      <a href="#Invalidation" class="qname">prov:Invalidation</a>, and
-      <a href="#End" class="qname">prov:End</a>).
-      </p>
-
-      <p>Similarly in subfigure <strong>j</strong>, the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
-      <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property and references an instance of 
-      <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the 
-      <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> relation between the Activity and Agent. The 
-      <span class="repeated">prov:agent</span> property is used to cite the Agent that influenced the Activity. 
-      In this case, the plan of actions and steps that the Agent used to achieve its goals is provided using the 
-      <a href="#hadPlan" class="qname">prov:hadPlan</a> property and an instance of <a href="#Plan" class="qname">prov:Plan</a>. Further, the 
-      <a href="#hadRole" class="qname">prov:hadRole</a> property and <a href="#Role" class="qname">prov:Role</a> 
-      class can be used to describe the function that the agent served with respect to the Activity. 
-      Both <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:Role</span> are left to be extended by applications.
-      </p>
-
-       <div id="qualified-terms-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
-            <!-- When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/ -->
-            <!--img src="prov-o-diagrams/Qualified-Association.png"-->
-            <img src="diagrams/qualified-patterns.svg" style="width: 70%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 70em" alt="Express association between an activity and an agent using a binary relationship and an alternatie qualified relationship">
-            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a>: 
-            Illustration of the properties and classes to use (<span style="color: blue">in blue</span>)
-            to qualify the 
-            <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">starting point</a> and 
-            <a href="#description-expanded-terms">expanded</a> influence relations (<strong>dotted black</strong>). <br>
-            The diagrams in this document depict Entities as ovals, Activities as rectangles, and Agents as pentagons.
-            <a href="#Quotation">Quotation</a>, <a href="#Revision">Revision</a>, and <a href="#PrimarySource">PrimarySource</a> 
-             are omitted because they are special forms of <a href="#Derivation">Derivation</a> and follow the same pattern as subfigure <strong>g</strong>.</div>
-       </div>
-
-
-
-
-      <p>The following two examples show the result of applying the Usage and Association patterns to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
-      </p>
-
-      <div id="narrative-example-qualified-3"  class="exampleOuter" >
-         <p>
-            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-3">Example 8</a>:
-         </p>
-          <div class="exampleOuter">
-             <div><b>Qualified Usage</b></div>
-               <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>:illustrationActivity</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> cites the data used (<code>:aggregatedByRegions</code>) and the time the activity used it (<code>2011-07-14T03:03:03Z</code>).
-             </p>
-                <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
-
-:illustrationActivity 
-   a prov:Activity;                ## Using Starting Point terms,
-   prov:used :aggregatedByRegions; ##   the illustration activity used the aggregated data (to create the bar chart).
-.
-
-:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
-
-:illustrationActivity      
-   prov:qualifiedUsage [                                ## Qualify how the :illustrationActivity
-      a prov:Usage;                                     ##   used
-      prov:entity :aggregatedByRegions;                 ##     the Entity :aggregatedByRegions
-
-      prov:atTime "2011-07-14T03:03:03Z"^^xsd:dateTime; ## Qualification: The aggregated data was used 
-                                                        ##   at a particular time to create the bar chart..
-   ];
-.</pre>
-          </div>
-      </div>
-
-      <div id="narrative-example-qualified-4"  class="exampleOuter" >
-         <p>
-            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-4">Example 9</a>:
-         </p>
-        <div class="exampleOuter">
-           <div><b>Qualified Association</b></div>
-            <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
-            <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property to provide an additional description about the <code>:illustrationActivity</code> that Derek influenced. 
-            The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span> cites the influencing agent (<code>:derek</code>) that followed the instructions (<code>:tutorial_blog</code>). 
-            Further, Derek served the role of <code>:illustrationist</code> during the activity.
-            </p>
-              <pre class="example">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
-
-:illustrationActivity
-   a prov:Activity;                ## Using Starting Point terms,
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;  ##   the illustration activity was associated with Derek in some way.
-.
-
-:derek a prov:Agent .
-
-:illustrationActivity
-   prov:qualifiedAssociation [       ## Qualify how the :illustrationActivity
-      a prov:Association;            ##   was associated with
-      prov:agent   :derek            ##     the Agent Derek.
-
-      prov:hadRole :illustrationist; ## Qualification: The role that Derek served.
-      prov:hadPlan :tutorial_blog;   ## Qualification: The plan (or recipe, instructions)
-                                     ##   that Derek followed when creating the graphical chart.
-   ];
-.
-
-:tutorial_blog   a prov:Plan, prov:Entity .
-:illustrationist a prov:Role .</pre>
-        </div>
-      </div>
-
-
-       <p>This section finishes with two more examples of qualification as applied to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
-       </p>
-
-
-      <div id="narrative-example-qualified-5"  class="exampleOuter" >
-         <p>
-            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-5">Example 10</a>:
-         </p>
-        <div class="exampleOuter">
-           <div><b>Qualified Generation</b></div>
-            <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedGeneration</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>:bar_chart</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Generation</span> cites the time (2011-07-14T15:52:14Z) that the activity (<code>:illustrationActivity</code>) generated the chart (<code>:bar_chart</code>).
-            </p>
-              <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
-
-:bar_chart
-   a prov:Entity;                              ## Using Starting Point terms,
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrationActivity;  ##   the chart was generated in an illustration activity.
-.
-
-:illustrationActivity a prov:Activity .
-
-:bar_chart
-   prov:qualifiedGeneration [                           ## Qualify how the :bar_chart
-      a prov:Generation;                                ##   was generated by
-      prov:activity :illustrationActivity;              ##     the Activity :illustrationActivity.
-
-      prov:atTime "2011-07-14T15:52:14Z"^^xsd:dateTime; ## Qualification: The Activity generated
-                                                        ##   the bar_chart at a particular time.
-   ];
-.</pre>
-        </div>
-      </div>
-
-      <div id="narrative-example-qualified-6"  class="exampleOuter" >
-         <p>
-            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-6">Example 11</a>:
-         </p>
-        <div class="exampleOuter">
-           <div><b>Qualified Derivation</b></div>
-           <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedDerivation</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> 
-              property to provide an additional description to <code>:bar_chart</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Derivation</span> 
-              cites the activity (<code>:illustrationActivity</code>) and the Usages and Generations that the activity conduced to create the <code>:bar_chart</code>.
-           </p>
-           <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
-
-:bar_chart
-   a prov:Entity;                             ## Using Starting Point terms,
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;  ##   the chart was derived from the aggregated dataset.
-.
-
-:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
-
-:bar_chart
-   prov:qualifiedDerivation [                      ## Qualify
-      a prov:Derivation;                           ##   how :bar_chart was derived from
-      prov:entity        :aggregatedByRegions;     ##     the dataset Entity :aggregatedByRegions.
-
-      prov:hadActivity   :aggregating_activity;    ## Qualification: The activity that derived the :bar_chart.
-      prov:hadUsage      :use_of_aggregatedData;   ## Qualification: How the activity used :aggregatedByRegions.
-      prov:hadGeneration :generation_of_bar_chart; ## Qualification: How the activity generated the :bar_chart.
-   ];
-.</pre>
-        </div>
-      </div>
-
-     </div>
-
-
-    </div>
-
- 
-
-   <div id="cross-reference" class="normative section">
-      <!-- prov:tracedTo [ prov:wasGeneratedBy [ a prov:Activity; 
-           dcterms:description "python eg-24-prov-o-html-examples.py http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/ProvenanceOntology.owl" ] ] ] -->
-      <!--OddPage--><h2><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference&nbsp;for&nbsp;PROV-O&nbsp;classes&nbsp;and&nbsp;properties</h2>
-      <p>This section provides details for each class and property defined by the PROV Ontology, grouped by the categories described above:
-      </p>     
-      <ul>
-         <li><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
-         <li><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
-         <li><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
-      </ul>
-
-      <p>
-      The superscripts <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup> and <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup> denote that a property is an OWL <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Object_Properties">object property</a> or <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Data_Properties">data property</a>, respectively.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>Each PROV-O term in this cross reference links to the corresponding PROV-DM concept. The PROV-DM's table 
-         <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#prov-dm-to-prov-o-and-prov-n">Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</a> 
-         provides an overview of the correspondences between PROV-O and PROV-DM.
-
-      </p>
-
-      <p>
-         The qualification classes and properties shown in <a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 2</a> and 
-         <a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 3</a> of the previous section can also be found in each entry of this cross reference.
-         If the property can be qualified, the <strong>can be qualified with</strong>
-         header indicates the qualifying property and influence class that should be used.
-         Conversely, the <strong>qualifies</strong> headers in the listings for qualification terms indicate the unqualified property that they qualify.
-         In the OWL file itself, the annotation properties <span class="qname repeated">prov:qualifiedForm</span> and <span class="qname repeated">prov:unqualifiedForm</span>
-         provide the same linkages between the unqualified properties and their qualifiying terms.
-      </p>
-
-      <p>Most examples shown in this cross reference are encoded using the Turtle RDF serialization. 
-         When it is convenient to do so (e.g., when an example describes a <span class="qname repeated">prov:Bundle</span>), it may use the [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TRIG">TRIG</a></cite>] syntax. 
-         Although this document does not specify how to encode Bundles in RDF, TriG's named graph construct is used only to illustrate the concept of 
-         creating a named set of PROV assertions. Note that <a href="#compliance">all examples are non-normative</a>.
-      </p>
-
-      <div id="cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="section">
-         <h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
-         <p>The classes and properties that provide a basis for all other PROV-O terms are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
-         
-<div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-<div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-         <div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes crossreference">
-
-  <div id="Entity" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x1--------class--prov-entity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg1">(1)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Entity"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>An entity is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary. </p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
[email protected] prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:bar_chart 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   dcterms:title "Aggregated statistics from the crime file"^^xsd:string;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
-.
-
-:derek a prov:Agent .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime" href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime" href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedPrimarySource" href="#qualifiedPrimarySource">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value" href="#value">prov:value</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" href="#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#p_entity">prov:entity</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used">prov:used</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" href="#Collection" class="owlclass">prov:Collection</a>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan" href="#Plan" class="owlclass">prov:Plan</a>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" href="#Bundle" class="owlclass">prov:Bundle</a>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-entity">entity</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Activity" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x2--------class--prov-activity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg2">(2)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Activity"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>An activity is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:graduation
-   a prov:Activity, :Graduation;
-   prov:startedAtTime "2012-04-15T13:00:00-04:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:used          :ms_smith;
-   prov:generated     :doctor_smith;
-   prov:endedAtTime   "2012-04-15T14:30:00-04:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-:ms_smith     a prov:Entity .
-:doctor_smith a prov:Entity .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" href="#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used">prov:used</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime" href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime" href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#p_activity">prov:activity</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity" href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Activity">Activity</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Agent" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x3--------class--prov-agent-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg3">(3)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Agent"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>An agent is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. </p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com#&gt; .
-
-:derek
-   a prov:Agent, prov:Person;
-   foaf:givenName      "Derek"^^xsd:string;
-   foaf:mbox           &lt;mailto:[email protected]&gt;;
-   foaf:homePage       &lt;http://derek.example.com&gt;;
-   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
-.
-
-:national_newspaper_inc
-   a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
-   foaf:name "National Newspaper, Inc.";
-. 
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#p_agent">prov:agent</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization" href="#Organization" class="owlclass">prov:Organization</a>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person" href="#Person" class="owlclass">prov:Person</a>
-        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent" href="#SoftwareAgent" class="owlclass">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-</div>
-<div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties crossreference" >
-  <div id="wasGeneratedBy" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x4--------property--prov-wasgeneratedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg4">(4)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#wasGeneratedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:bar_chart
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrating;
-.
-
-:illustrating a prov:Activity .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlclass">prov:Generation</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Generation">Generation</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="wasDerivedFrom" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x5--------property--prov-wasderivedfrom-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg5">(5)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#wasDerivedFrom"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into another, an update of an entity resulting in a new one, or the construction of a new entity based on a pre-existing entity.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:bar_chart 
-   a prov:Entity, ex:Barchart;
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
-.
-
-:aggregatedByRegions
-   a prov:Entity, ex:Dataset;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>The more specific subproperties of prov:wasDerivedFrom (i.e., prov:wasQuotedFrom, prov:wasRevisionOf, prov:hadPrimarySource) should be used when applicable.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource" class="owlclass">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="owlclass">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf" class="owlclass">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlclass">prov:Derivation</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Derivation">Derivation</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="wasAttributedTo" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x6--------property--prov-wasattributedto-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg6">(6)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#wasAttributedTo"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:geneSequencing
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:startedAtTime "2012-04-25T01:30:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
-   prov:endedAtTime   "2012-04-25T03:40:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:drosophilaSample-84  
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :lab-technician-FE-56;
-.
-
-:lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
-:lab-technician-FE-56 a prov:Agent .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" href="#Attribution" class="owlclass">prov:Attribution</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-attribution">attribution</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="startedAtTime" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x7--------property--prov-startedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg7">(7)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#startedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have been started by an entity, known as trigger. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to a trigger entity that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:geneSequencing
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:startedAtTime "2012-04-25T01:30:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
-   prov:endedAtTime   "2012-04-25T03:40:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
-:lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity started. See also prov:endedAtTime.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" href="#Start" class="owlclass">prov:Start</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" href="#atTime" class="owlproperty">prov:atTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Start">Start</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="used" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x8--------property--prov-used-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg8">(8)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#used"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:sortActivity
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:atTime     "2011-07-16T01:52:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:used       :datasetA;
-   prov:generated  :datasetB;
-.
-
-:datasetA a prov:Entity.
-:datasetB a prov:Entity.
-
-# See qualified Usage for example on how the role of :datasetA can be described for this Activity
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>A prov:Entity that was used by this prov:Activity. For example, :baking prov:used :spoon, :egg, :oven .</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" href="#Usage" class="owlclass">prov:Usage</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Usage">Usage</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="wasInformedBy" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x9--------property--prov-wasinformedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg9">(9)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#wasInformedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Communication is the exchange of an entity by two activities, one activity using the entity generated by the other.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:writing-celebrity-gossip 
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:wasInformedBy :voicemail-interception;
-.
-
-:voicemail-interception a prov:Activity .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>An activity a2 is dependent on or informed by another activity a1, by way of some unspecified entity that is generated by a1 and used by a2.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" href="#Communication" class="owlclass">prov:Communication</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Communication">Communication</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="endedAtTime" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x10--------property--prov-endedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg10">(10)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#endedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have been ended by an entity, known as trigger. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to a trigger entity that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:geneSequencing
-   a prov:Activity;
-   prov:startedAtTime "2012-04-25T01:30:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
-   prov:endedAtTime   "2012-04-25T03:40:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
-:lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity ended. See also prov:startedAtTime.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" href="#End" class="owlclass">prov:End</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" href="#atTime" class="owlproperty">prov:atTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-End">End</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="wasAssociatedWith" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x11--------property--prov-wasassociatedwith-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg11">(11)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#wasAssociatedWith"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>An activity association is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:illustrating
-   a prov:Activity; 
-   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
-.
-
-:derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>An prov:Agent that had some (unspecified) responsibility for the occurrence of this prov:Activity.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" href="#Association" class="owlclass">prov:Association</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-Association">Association</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="actedOnBehalfOf" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x12--------property--prov-actedonbehalfof-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg12">(12)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to an agent (by itself or by another agent) to carry out a specific activity as a delegate or representative, while the agent it acts on behalf of retains some responsibility for the outcome of the delegated work.
-
-For example, a student acted on behalf of his supervisor, who acted on behalf of the department chair, who acted on behalf of the university; all those agents are responsible in some way for the activity that took place but we do not say explicitly who bears responsibility and to what degree.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:derek
-   a prov:Agent;
-   foaf:givenName "Derek"^^xsd:string;
-   foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:[email protected]&gt;;
-   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc; 
-.
-
-:national_newspaper_inc 
-   a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
-   foaf:name "National Newspaper, Inc.";
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>An object property to express the accountability of an agent towards another agent. The subordinate agent acted on behalf of the responsible agent in an actual activity. </p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" href="#Delegation" class="owlclass">prov:Delegation</a>
-            </li>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-delegation">delegation</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-</div>
-
-      </div>
-
-      <div id="cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="section">
-         <h3><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
-         <p>The additional terms used to describe relations among Starting Point classes are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
-         
-<div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
-    </li>
-    <li>
-      <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-<div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
-  <ul class="hlist">
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="datatype-property">
-      <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
-    </li>
-    <li class="object-property">
-      <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
-    </li>
-  </ul>
-</div>
-
-         <div class="prov-expanded owl-classes crossreference" >
-
-  <div id="Collection" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x13--------class--prov-collection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg13">(13)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Collection"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
[email protected] owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] ex:      &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
[email protected] :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:todays-us-supreme-court
-   a prov:Collection, :RobertsCourt;
-
-   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
-      a prov:Generation;
-      
-      # The generation is being qualified to be imprecise;
-      # prov:generatedAtTime and prov:atTime specify exact instants in time.
-      dcterms:date "2012"^^xsd:gYear; 
-   ];                                 
-
-   prov:hadMember
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
-      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   
-
-   prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;
-
-   dcterms:description :copied-string;
-.
-
-:copied-string
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:value """2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
-                 S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan""";
-   prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
-.
-
-:page-by-seat
-   a prov:Entity, ex:WikipediaPage;
-   prov:specializationOf &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-seat&gt;;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2011-08-31T12:51:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-:page-by-composition
-   a prov:Entity, ex:WikipediaPage;
-   prov:specializationOf &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-composition&gt;;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-05-16T14:33:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-
-      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-      </dd>
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>has subclass</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection" href="#EmptyCollection" class="owlclass">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-collection">collection</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="EmptyCollection" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x14--------class--prov-emptycollection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg14">(14)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#EmptyCollection"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>An empty collection is a collection without members.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.org/&gt; .
-
-:c a prov:EmptyCollection . # The collection is believed to not contain members.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-
-      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" href="#Collection" class="owlclass">prov:Collection</a>
-      </dd>
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Bundle" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x15--------class--prov-bundle-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg15">(15)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Bundle"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle">prov:Bundle</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>A bundle is a named set of provenance descriptions, and is itself an Entity, so allowing provenance of provenance to be expressed.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] my:      &lt;http://example.com/my#&gt; .
[email protected] :        &lt;http://example.com/#&gt; .
[email protected] &lt;http://www.example.com/example.ttl&gt; .
-
-&lt;&gt; # A provenance file located at http://www.example.com/example.ttl
-   a prov:Bundle;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-05-24T09:30:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bob;
-.
-
-:report1
-   a my:Report, prov:Entity;
-   my:version "1";
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-05-24T01:00:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bob;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-    <dd class="comment"><p>Note that there are kinds of bundles (e.g. handwritten letters, audio recordings, etc.) that are not expressed in PROV-O, but can be still be described by PROV-O.</p>
-    </dd>
-
-      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-bundle-entity">bundle-entity</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Person" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x16--------class--prov-person-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg16">(16)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Person"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person">prov:Person</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Person are people.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;
-   a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
-   foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-
-      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-      </dd>
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="SoftwareAgent" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x17--------class--prov-softwareagent-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg17">(17)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#SoftwareAgent"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>A software agent is running software.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-# Googlebot is Google's web crawling bot; 
-# it can initiate and participate in web-crawling activities.
-
-:googlebot
-   a prov:SoftwareAgent;
-   rdfs:label "Googlebot"^^xsd:string;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-
-      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-      </dd>
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Organization" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x18--------class--prov-organization-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg18">(18)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Organization"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization">prov:Organization</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Organization are social institutions such as companies, societies etc.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> 
-   a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
-   foaf:name "World Wide Web Consortium";
-. 
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-
-      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
-      </dd>
-      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
-
-      <dt></dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="Location" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x19--------class--prov-location-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg19">(19)</span>
-      Class: <a href="#Location"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location">prov:Location</span></a>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location</p>
-    <div class="definition"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-# A Location can be a path or a geographical location.
-
-:post9821 
-   a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
-   prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
-   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
-      a prov:Generation;
-      prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
-      prov:atTime     "2011-07-16T01:52:02Z"^^xsd:dateTime; 
-      prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
-   ];
-.
-
-:publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity.
-:more-crime-happens-in-cities a prov:Location.
-&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location. 
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <dl class="description">
-
-      <dt>in range of</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-        <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-attribute-location">attribute-location</a>      </dd>
-    </dl>
-  </div>
-</div>
-<div class="prov-expanded owl-properties crossreference" >
-  <div id="alternateOf" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x20--------property--prov-alternateof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg20">(20)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#alternateOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Two alternate entities present aspects of the same thing. These aspects may be the same or different, and the alternate entities may or may not overlap in time.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:bbc a prov:Agent .
-
-:london_forecast_0412 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
-      a prov:Activity;
-      prov:endedAtTime "2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   ];
-   prov:alternateOf :london_forecast_0413;
-.
-
-:london_forecast_0413 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
-      a prov:Activity;
-      prov:endedAtTime "2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   ];
-   prov:alternateOf :london_forecast_0412;
-.
-
-## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
-## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast
-
-:london_forecast 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
-.
-
-:london_forecast_0412
-   prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
-.
-:london_forecast_0413
-   prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf" class="owlclass">prov:specializationOf</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-alternate">alternate</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="specializationOf" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x21--------property--prov-specializationof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg21">(21)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#specializationOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>An entity that is a specialization of another shares all aspects of the latter, and additionally presents more specific aspects of the same thing as the latter. In particular, the lifetime of the entity being specialized contains that of any specialization. Examples of aspects include a time period, an abstraction, and a context associated with the entity.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-:london_forecast_0412 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
-      a prov:Activity;
-      prov:endedAtTime "2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   ];
-.
-
-:london_forecast_0413 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
-   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
-      a prov:Activity;
-      prov:endedAtTime "2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00"^^xsd:dateTime;
-   ];
-.
-
-:london_forecast 
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
-.
-
-## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
-## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast
-
-:london_forecast_0412  
-   prov:alternateOf      :london_forecast_0413;
-   prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
-.
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf" class="owlclass">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
-      <dd>
-         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/REC-prov-dm-20130430/Overview.html#term-specialization">specialization</a>      </dd>
-
-      </dl>
-    </div>
-  </div>
-
-  <div id="generatedAtTime" class="entity">
-    <h3 id="x22--------property--prov-generatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
-      <span class="xref" id="eg22">(22)</span>
-      Property: <a href="#generatedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
-      <span class="backlink">
-         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
-      </span>
-    </h3>
-    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime</p>
-    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="example">
-      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
-      <pre>@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
[email protected] xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
[email protected] owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
[email protected] prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
[email protected] :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
-
-# A widget was generated 1:35:23 PM on April 3, 2012 UTC
-
-:widget-789532
-   a prov:Entity;
-   prov:generatedAtTime "2012-04-03T13:35:23Z"^^xsd:dateTime;
-.
-
-# The above statement is equivalent to:
-# :widget-789532 prov:qualifiedGeneration [ prov:atTime "2012-04-03T13:35:23Z"^^xsd:dateTime ] .
-</pre>
-    </div>
-
-    <div class="description">
-      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was completely created and is available for use.</p>
-      </div>
-      <dl>
-
-        <dt>has domain</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>
-              <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
-            </li>
-          </ul>
-        </dd>
-
-        <dt>has range</dt>
-        <dd>
-          <ul>
-            <li>