Add Last Call Working Draft
authorMarkus Lanthaler <mark_lanthaler@gmx.net>
Fri, 05 Apr 2013 16:50:33 +0200
changeset 1554 ec4c5297343c
parent 1553 75bef6e2825e
child 1555 3b0efbc3f38e
Add Last Call Working Draft

Changed the directory structure slightly to ensure that all relative links work.
spec/WD/20130411/json-ld-api/diff-20120712.html
spec/WD/20130411/json-ld-api/index.html
spec/WD/20130411/json-ld/diff-20120712.html
spec/WD/20130411/json-ld/index.html
spec/WD/20130411/json-ld/linked-data-graph.png
spec/WD/json-ld-api/20130404/diff-20120712.html
spec/WD/json-ld-api/20130404/index.html
spec/WD/json-ld-syntax/20130404/diff-20120712.html
spec/WD/json-ld-syntax/20130404/index.html
spec/WD/json-ld-syntax/20130404/linked-data-graph.png
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/spec/WD/20130411/json-ld-api/diff-20120712.html	Fri Apr 05 16:50:33 2013 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,42008 @@
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+
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+.diff-old:after
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+</head>
+
+<body><div class="head">
+<p>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/">
+<img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C" />
+</a>
+</p>
+<h1 class="title" id="title">
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">API
+</del>
+1.0
+<ins class="diff-new">Processing
+Algorithms
+and
+API
+</ins>
+</h1>
+<del class="diff-old">An
+Application
+Programming
+Interface
+for
+the
+JSON-LD
+Syntax
+</del>
+<h2 id="w3c-last-call-working-draft-11-april-2013">
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Last
+Call
+</ins>
+Working
+Draft
+<del class="diff-old">12
+July
+2012
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">11
+April
+2013
+</ins>
+</h2>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+This
+version:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-json-ld-api-20120712/
+</del>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-json-ld-api-20130411/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-json-ld-api-20130411/
+</ins>
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Latest
+published
+version:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld-api/">
+http://www.w3.org/TR/json-ld-api/
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Latest
+editor's
+draft:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/json-ld/raw-file/default/spec/latest/json-ld-api/index.html
+</del>
+<a href="http://json-ld.org/spec/latest/json-ld-api/index.html">
+<ins class="diff-chg">http://json-ld.org/spec/latest/json-ld-api/index.html
+</ins></a></dd><dt><ins class="diff-chg">
+Test
+suite:
+</ins></dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2013/json-ld-tests/"><ins class="diff-chg">
+http://www.w3.org/2013/json-ld-tests/
+</ins></a></dd><dt><ins class="diff-chg">
+Previous
+version:
+</ins></dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-json-ld-api-20120712/"><ins class="diff-chg">
+http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-json-ld-api-20120712/
+</ins>
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Editors:
+</dt>
+<dd rel="bibo:editor" inlist="">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<del class="diff-old">Manu
+Sporny
+</del>
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Markus Lanthaler" href="http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Markus
+Lanthaler
+</ins>
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">Digital
+Bazaar
+</del>
+<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://www.tugraz.at/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Graz
+University
+of
+Technology
+</ins>
+</a>
+</span>
+</dd>
+<dd rel="bibo:editor" inlist="">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Gregg Kellogg" href="http://greggkellogg.net/">
+Gregg
+Kellogg
+</a>,
+<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://kellogg-assoc.com/">
+Kellogg
+Associates
+</a>
+</span>
+</dd>
+<dd rel="bibo:editor" inlist="">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<del class="diff-old">Dave
+Longley
+</del>
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Manu Sporny" href="http://manu.sporny.org/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Manu
+Sporny
+</ins>
+</a>,
+<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://digitalbazaar.com/">
+Digital
+Bazaar
+</a>
+</span>
+</dd>
+<del class="diff-old">Markus
+Lanthaler
+,
+Graz
+University
+of
+Technology
+</del>
+<dt>
+Authors:
+</dt>
+<dd rel="dcterms:contributor">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Dave Longley" href="http://digitalbazaar.com/">
+Dave
+Longley
+</a>,
+<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://digitalbazaar.com/">
+Digital
+Bazaar
+</a>
+</span>
+</dd>
+<dd rel="dcterms:contributor">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<del class="diff-old">Manu
+Sporny
+,
+Digital
+Bazaar
+</del>
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Gregg Kellogg" href="http://greggkellogg.net/">
+Gregg
+Kellogg
+</a>,
+<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://kellogg-assoc.com/">
+Kellogg
+Associates
+</a>
+</span>
+</dd>
+<dd rel="dcterms:contributor">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Markus Lanthaler" href="http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/">
+Markus
+Lanthaler
+</a>,
+<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://www.tugraz.at/">
+Graz
+University
+of
+Technology
+</a>
+</span>
+</dd>
+<dd rel="dcterms:contributor">
+<span typeof="foaf:Person">
+<a rel="foaf:homepage" property="foaf:name" content="Manu Sporny" href="http://digitalbazaar.com/">
+<ins class="diff-new">Manu
+Sporny
+</ins></a>,<a rel="foaf:workplaceHomepage" href="http://digitalbazaar.com/"><ins class="diff-new">
+Digital
+Bazaar
+</ins></a></span></dd>
+</dl>
+<p>
+This
+document
+is
+also
+available
+in
+this
+non-normative
+format:
+<a rel="alternate" href="diff-20120712.html">
+diff
+to
+previous
+version
+</a>
+</p>
+<p class="copyright">
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">
+Copyright
+</a>

+<del class="diff-old">2010-2012
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">2010-2013
+</ins>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/">
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+</a>
+<sup>

+</sup>
+(
+<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/">
+<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">
+MIT
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.ercim.eu/">
+<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">
+ERCIM
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">
+Keio
+</a>,
+<a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/">
+<ins class="diff-new">Beihang
+</ins>
+</a>
+),
+All
+Rights
+Reserved.
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">
+liability
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">
+trademark
+</a>
+and
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">
+document
+use
+</a>
+rules
+apply.
+</p>
+<hr />
+</div>
+<section id="abstract" class="introductory" property="dcterms:abstract" datatype="" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#abstract" rel="bibo:chapter">
+<h2>
+Abstract
+</h2>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">JSON
+[
+RFC4627
+]
+has
+proven
+to
+be
+a
+highly
+useful
+object
+serialization
+and
+messaging
+format.
+JSON-LD
+[
+JSON-LD
+]
+harmonizes
+the
+representation
+of
+Linked
+Data
+in
+JSON
+by
+outlining
+a
+common
+JSON
+representation
+format
+for
+expressing
+directed
+graphs;
+mixing
+both
+Linked
+Data
+and
+non-Linked
+Data
+in
+a
+single
+document.
+</del>
+This
+<del class="diff-old">document
+outlines
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">specification
+defines
+</ins>
+an
+Application
+Programming
+Interface
+<ins class="diff-new">(API)
+</ins>
+and
+a
+set
+of
+algorithms
+for
+<del class="diff-old">programmatically
+transforming
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">programmatic
+transformations
+of
+</ins>
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">documents
+in
+order
+to
+make
+them
+easier
+to
+work
+with
+in
+programming
+environments
+like
+JavaScript,
+Python,
+and
+Ruby.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">documents.
+Restructuring
+data
+according
+the
+defined
+transformations
+often
+dramatically
+simplifies
+its
+usage.
+</ins>
+</p>
+</section>
+<section id="sotd" class="introductory" typeof="bibo:Chapter" resource="#sotd" rel="bibo:chapter">
+<h2>
+Status
+of
+This
+Document
+</h2>
+<p>
+<em>
+This
+section
+describes
+the
+status
+of
+this
+document
+at
+the
+time
+of
+its
+publication.
+Other
+documents
+may
+supersede
+this
+document.
+A
+list
+of
+current
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+publications
+and
+the
+latest
+revision
+of
+this
+technical
+report
+can
+be
+found
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/">
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+technical
+reports
+index
+</a>
+at
+http://www.w3.org/TR/.
+</em>
+</p>
+<p>
+This
+document
+has
+been
+under
+development
+for
+over
+<del class="diff-old">18
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">25
+</ins>
+months
+in
+the
+JSON
+for
+Linking
+Data
+Community
+Group.
+The
+document
+has
+recently
+been
+transferred
+to
+the
+RDF
+Working
+Group
+for
+review,
+improvement,
+and
+publication
+along
+the
+Recommendation
+track.
+<del class="diff-old">While
+this
+is
+a
+First
+Public
+Working
+Draft
+publication,
+the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+</ins>
+specification
+has
+undergone
+significant
+development,
+review,
+and
+changes
+during
+the
+course
+of
+the
+last
+<del class="diff-old">18
+months
+and
+is
+more
+mature
+than
+the
+First
+Public
+Working
+Draft
+status
+implies.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">25
+months.
+</ins>
+There
+are
+<del class="diff-old">currently
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">several
+independent
+</ins>
+<a href="http://json-ld.org/#impl">
+<del class="diff-old">five
+</del>
+interoperable
+implementations
+</a>
+of
+this
+<del class="diff-old">specification.
+There
+is
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">specification
+and
+</ins>
+a
+fairly
+complete
+test
+suite
+<del class="diff-old">and
+a
+live
+JSON-LD
+editor
+that
+is
+capable
+of
+demonstrating
+the
+features
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+While
+development
+on
+implementations,
+the
+test
+suite
+and
+the
+live
+editor
+will
+continue,
+they
+are
+believed
+to
+be
+mature
+enough
+to
+be
+integrated
+into
+a
+non-production
+system
+at
+this
+point
+in
+time
+with
+the
+expectation
+that
+they
+could
+be
+used
+in
+a
+production
+system
+within
+the
+next
+year.
+Issue
+1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">[
+</ins><cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD-TESTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD-TESTS
+</ins></a>
+<del class="diff-old">It
+is
+important
+for
+readers
+to
+understand
+that
+the
+scope
+of
+this
+document
+is
+currently
+under
+debate
+and
+new
+features
+may
+be
+added
+to
+the
+specification.
+Existing
+features
+may
+be
+modified
+heavily
+or
+removed
+entirely
+from
+the
+specification
+upon
+further
+review
+and
+feedback
+from
+the
+broader
+community.
+This
+is
+a
+work
+in
+progress
+and
+publication
+as
+a
+First
+Public
+Working
+Draft
+does
+not
+require
+that
+all
+Working
+Group
+members
+agree
+on
+the
+content
+of
+the
+document.
+</del>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+This
+document
+was
+published
+by
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/">
+RDF
+Working
+Group
+</a>
+as
+a
+<del class="diff-old">First
+Public
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Last
+Call
+</ins>
+Working
+Draft.
+This
+document
+is
+intended
+to
+become
+a
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+Recommendation.
+If
+you
+wish
+to
+make
+comments
+regarding
+this
+document,
+please
+send
+them
+to
+<a href="mailto:[email protected]">
[email protected]
+</a>
+(
+<a href="mailto:[email protected]?subject=subscribe">
+subscribe
+</a>,
+<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-rdf-comments/">
+archives
+</a>
+).
+<ins class="diff-new">The
+Last
+Call
+period
+ends
+11
+May
+2013.
+</ins>
+All
+<del class="diff-old">feedback
+is
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">comments
+are
+</ins>
+welcome.
+</p>
+<div style="padding: 1em; margin: 1em; border: 1px solid red;">
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-new">The
+Working
+Group
+welcomes
+reports
+of
+implementations,
+sent
+to
+the
+comments
+address.
+If
+we
+gather
+sufficient
+evidence
+of
+interoperable
+implementations,
+the
+group
+may
+request
+to
+skip
+Call
+for
+Implementations
+(Candidate
+Recommendation)
+drafts
+and
+have
+the
+next
+round
+of
+publications
+be
+Proposed
+Recommendations.
+</ins></p></div>
+<p>
+Publication
+as
+a
+<ins class="diff-new">Last
+Call
+</ins>
+Working
+Draft
+does
+not
+imply
+endorsement
+by
+the
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+Membership.
+This
+is
+a
+draft
+document
+and
+may
+be
+updated,
+replaced
+or
+obsoleted
+by
+other
+documents
+at
+any
+time.
+It
+is
+inappropriate
+to
+cite
+this
+document
+as
+other
+than
+work
+in
+progress.
+</p>
+<p>
+This
+<ins class="diff-new">is
+a
+Last
+Call
+Working
+Draft
+and
+thus
+the
+Working
+Group
+has
+determined
+that
+this
+document
+has
+satisfied
+the
+relevant
+technical
+requirements
+and
+is
+sufficiently
+stable
+to
+advance
+through
+the
+Technical
+Recommendation
+process.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-new">
+This
+</ins>
+document
+was
+produced
+by
+a
+group
+operating
+under
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">
+5
+February
+2004
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>.
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+maintains
+a
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46168/status" rel="disclosure">
+public
+list
+of
+any
+patent
+disclosures
+</a>
+made
+in
+connection
+with
+the
+deliverables
+of
+the
+group;
+that
+page
+also
+includes
+instructions
+for
+disclosing
+a
+patent.
+An
+individual
+who
+has
+actual
+knowledge
+of
+a
+patent
+which
+the
+individual
+believes
+contains
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">
+Essential
+Claim(s)
+</a>
+must
+disclose
+the
+information
+in
+accordance
+with
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">
+section
+6
+of
+the
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>.
+</p>
+</section>
+<section id="toc">
+<h2 class="introductory">
+Table
+of
+Contents
+</h2>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#introduction" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+1.
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Preface
+1.1
+Contributing
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Introduction
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#features" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+2.
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Introduction
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Features
+</ins>
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#expansion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+2.1
+</span>
+Expansion
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#compaction" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+2.2
+</span>
+Compaction
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#flattening" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+2.3
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Conversion
+to
+and
+from
+RDF
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Flattening
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#rdf-conversion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+2.4
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Framing
+and
+Normalization
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+Conversion
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#conformance" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+3.
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+Application
+Programming
+Interface
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Conformance
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#general-terminology" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">4.
+</ins>
+</span>
+General
+Terminology
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<del class="diff-old">3.2
+JsonLdProcessor
+</del>
+<a href="#algorithm-terms" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.2.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">5.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Methods
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Algorithm
+Terms
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#context-processing-algorithms" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.3
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">6.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Callbacks
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Context
+Processing
+Algorithms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#context-processing-algorithm" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.3.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">6.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">JsonLdCallback
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Context
+Processing
+Algorithm
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#create-term-definition" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.3.1.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">6.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Methods
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Create
+Term
+Definition
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#iri-expansion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.3.2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">6.3
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">QuadCallback
+</del>
+<del class="diff-old">3.3.2.1
+Methods
+</del>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+<ins class="diff-chg">IRI
+</ins></abbr><ins class="diff-chg">
+Expansion
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#expansion-algorithms" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">7.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Data
+Structures
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Expansion
+Algorithms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#expansion-algorithm" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">7.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">URL
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Expansion
+Algorithm
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#value-expansion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">7.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">JsonLdOptions
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Value
+Expansion
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#compaction-algorithms" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.3
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">8.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Quad
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Compaction
+Algorithms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#compaction-algorithm" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.3.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">8.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Attributes
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Compaction
+Algorithm
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#inverse-context-creation" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.4
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">8.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Node
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Inverse
+Context
+Creation
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#iri-compaction" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.5
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">8.3
+</ins>
+</span>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.5.1
+Attributes
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Compaction
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.6
+Blank
+Node
+</del>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#term-selection" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.6.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">8.4
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Attributes
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Term
+Selection
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.7
+Literal
+</del>
+<a href="#value-compaction" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.7.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">8.5
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Attributes
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Value
+Compaction
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#flattening-algorithms" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">9.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<ins class="diff-new">Flattening
+</ins>
+Algorithms
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#flattening-algorithm" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">9.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+<ins class="diff-new">Flattening
+</ins>
+Algorithm
+<del class="diff-old">Terms
+</del>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#node-map-generation" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">9.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Context
+Processing
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Node
+Map
+Generation
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#generate-blank-node-identifier" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.3
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">9.3
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">IRI
+Expansion
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Generate
+Blank
+Node
+Identifier
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<del class="diff-old">4.4
+IRI
+Compaction
+</del>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#rdf-conversion-algorithms" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.4.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">IRI
+Compaction
+Algorithm
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+Conversion
+Algorithms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#convert-to-rdf-algorithm" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.4.2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Term
+Rank
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Convert
+to
+RDF
+</ins>
+Algorithm
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#object-to-rdf-conversion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.5
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Value
+Expansion
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Object
+to
+RDF
+Conversion
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#list-to-rdf-conversion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.6
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.3
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Value
+Compaction
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">List
+to
+RDF
+Conversion
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<del class="diff-old">4.7
+Expansion
+</del>
+<a href="#convert-from-rdf-algorithm" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.7.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.4
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Expansion
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Convert
+from
+RDF
+</ins>
+Algorithm
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#rdf-to-object-conversion" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.8
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.5
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Compaction
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+to
+Object
+Conversion
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#data-round-tripping" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.8.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">10.6
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Compaction
+Algorithm
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Data
+Round
+Tripping
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#the-application-programming-interface" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.9
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">11.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">RDF
+Conversion
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+Application
+Programming
+Interface
+</ins>
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<del class="diff-old">4.9.1
+Overview
+4.9.2
+Parsing
+Examples
+</del>
+<a href="#the-jsonldprocessor-interface" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.9.3
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">11.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Convert
+to
+RDF
+Algorithm
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+</ins><span class="formerLink">
+<code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JsonLdProcessor
+</ins></code>
+<del class="diff-old">4.9.4
+</del>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">List
+Conversion
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interface
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#callbacks" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.9.5
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">11.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Convert
+from
+RDF
+Algorithm
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Callbacks
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#data-structures" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">5.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">11.3
+</ins>
+</span>
+Data
+<del class="diff-old">Round
+Tripping
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Structures
+</ins>
+</a>
+</li>
+<del class="diff-old">A.
+Initial
+Context
+</del>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">B.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A.
+</ins>
+</span>
+Acknowledgements
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#references" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">C.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">B.
+</ins>
+</span>
+References
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">C.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">B.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+Normative
+references
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline">
+<a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref">
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">C.2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">B.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+Informative
+references
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</section>
+<section class="informative" id="introduction">
+<h2>
+<span class="secno">
+1.
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Preface
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Introduction
+</ins>
+</h2>
+<p>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-new">This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins></em></p>
+<p>
+This
+document
+is
+a
+detailed
+specification
+for
+an
+Application
+Programming
+Interface
+for
+the
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">Syntax.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">syntax.
+</ins>
+The
+document
+is
+primarily
+intended
+for
+the
+following
+audiences:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+<ins class="diff-new">Developers
+who
+want
+an
+overview
+of
+the
+JSON-LD
+API.
+</ins></li><li>
+Web
+authors
+and
+developers
+<del class="diff-old">that
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">who
+</ins>
+want
+a
+very
+detailed
+view
+of
+how
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-processor" href="#dfn-json-ld-processor">
+<ins class="diff-new">JSON-LD
+Processor
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+or
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-api-implementation" href="#dfn-json-ld-api-implementation">
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">processor
+and
+the
+</del>
+API
+<ins class="diff-new">Implementation
+</ins></a>
+operates.
+</li>
+<li>
+Software
+developers
+<del class="diff-old">that
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">who
+</ins>
+want
+to
+implement
+<del class="diff-old">processors
+and
+APIs
+for
+JSON-LD.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">the
+algorithms
+to
+transform
+JSON-LD
+documents.
+</ins>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+To
+understand
+the
+basics
+in
+this
+specification
+you
+must
+first
+be
+familiar
+with
+JSON,
+which
+is
+detailed
+in
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC4627">
+RFC4627
+</a>
+</cite>
+].
+You
+must
+also
+understand
+the
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">Syntax
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">syntax
+defined
+in
+</ins>
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD">
+JSON-LD
+</a>
+</cite>
+],
+which
+is
+the
+base
+syntax
+used
+by
+all
+of
+the
+algorithms
+in
+this
+document.
+To
+understand
+the
+API
+and
+how
+it
+is
+intended
+to
+operate
+in
+a
+programming
+environment,
+it
+is
+useful
+to
+have
+working
+knowledge
+of
+the
+JavaScript
+programming
+language
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-ECMA-262">
+ECMA-262
+</a>
+</cite>
+]
+and
+WebIDL
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-WEBIDL">
+WEBIDL
+</a>
+</cite>
+].
+To
+understand
+how
+JSON-LD
+maps
+to
+RDF,
+it
+is
+helpful
+to
+be
+familiar
+with
+the
+basic
+RDF
+concepts
+[
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">RDF-CONCEPTS
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+].
+</p>
+</section>
+<section class="informative" id="features">
+<h2>
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">1.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">2.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Contributing
+There
+are
+a
+number
+of
+ways
+that
+one
+may
+participate
+in
+the
+development
+of
+this
+specification:
+If
+you
+want
+to
+make
+sure
+that
+your
+feedback
+is
+formally
+addressed
+by
+the
+RDF
+Working
+Group,
+you
+should
+send
+it
+to
+public-rdf-comments:
[email protected]
+Ad-hoc
+technical
+discussion
+primarily
+occurs
+on
+the
+public
+community
+mailing
+list:
[email protected]
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Features
+</ins></h2>
+<del class="diff-old">Public
+JSON-LD
+Community
+Group
+teleconferences
+are
+held
+on
+Tuesdays
+at
+1500UTC
+every
+week.
+RDF
+Working
+Group
+teleconferences
+are
+held
+on
+Wednesdays
+at
+1500UTC
+every
+week.
+Participation
+is
+limited
+to
+RDF
+Working
+Group
+members.
+Specification
+bugs
+and
+issues
+should
+be
+reported
+in
+the
+issue
+tracker
+if
+you
+do
+not
+want
+to
+send
+an
+e-mail
+to
+the
+public-rdf-comments
+mailing
+list.
+</del>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">Source
+code
+for
+the
+specification
+can
+be
+found
+on
+Github.
+The
+#json-ld
+IRC
+channel
+</del>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+section
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">available
+for
+real-time
+discussion
+on
+irc.freenode.net.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">non-normative.
+</ins></em>
+<del class="diff-old">2.
+Introduction
+</del>
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+JSON-LD
+Syntax
+specification
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD">
+JSON-LD
+</a>
+</cite>
+]
+<del class="diff-old">outlines
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">defines
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">language
+that
+may
+be
+used
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">syntax
+</ins>
+to
+express
+Linked
+Data
+in
+JSON.
+<del class="diff-old">Often,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Because
+there
+is
+more
+than
+one
+way
+to
+express
+Linked
+Data
+using
+this
+syntax,
+</ins>
+it
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">often
+</ins>
+useful
+to
+be
+able
+to
+transform
+JSON-LD
+documents
+so
+that
+they
+may
+be
+<ins class="diff-new">more
+</ins>
+easily
+<del class="diff-old">processed
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">consumed
+by
+specific
+applications.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+uses
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+contexts
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+allow
+Linked
+Data
+to
+be
+expressed
+</ins>
+in
+a
+<del class="diff-old">programming
+environment
+like
+JavaScript,
+Python
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">way
+that
+is
+specifically
+tailored
+to
+a
+particular
+person
+</ins>
+or
+<del class="diff-old">Ruby.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">application.
+By
+providing
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+data
+can
+be
+expressed
+in
+a
+way
+that
+is
+a
+natural
+fit
+for
+a
+particular
+person
+or
+application
+whilst
+also
+indicating
+how
+the
+data
+should
+be
+understood
+at
+a
+global
+scale.
+In
+order
+for
+people
+or
+applications
+to
+share
+data
+that
+was
+created
+using
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+that
+is
+different
+from
+their
+own,
+a
+JSON-LD
+processor
+must
+be
+able
+to
+transform
+a
+document
+from
+one
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+another.
+Instead
+of
+requiring
+JSON-LD
+processors
+to
+write
+specific
+code
+for
+every
+imaginable
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+switching
+scenario,
+it
+is
+much
+easier
+to
+specify
+a
+single
+algorithm
+that
+can
+remove
+any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Similarly,
+another
+algorithm
+can
+be
+specified
+to
+subsequently
+apply
+any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+These
+two
+algorithms
+represent
+the
+most
+basic
+transformations
+of
+JSON-LD
+documents.
+They
+are
+referred
+to
+as
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="expansion" href="#dfn-expansion"><ins class="diff-chg">
+expansion
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="compaction" href="#dfn-compaction"><ins class="diff-chg">
+compaction
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+respectively.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+There
+are
+<del class="diff-old">three
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">four
+</ins>
+major
+types
+of
+transformation
+that
+are
+discussed
+in
+this
+<del class="diff-old">document;
+compaction,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">document:
+</ins>
+expansion,
+<ins class="diff-new">compaction,
+flattening,
+</ins>
+and
+RDF
+conversion.
+</p>
+<section class="informative" id="expansion">
+<h3>
+<span class="secno">
+2.1
+</span>
+Expansion
+</h3>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">Software
+algorithms
+are
+easiest
+to
+write
+when
+the
+data
+</del>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins></em></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+The
+algorithm
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">they
+are
+processing
+have
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">removes
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+called
+</ins><dfn title="expansion" id="dfn-expansion"><ins class="diff-chg">
+expansion
+</ins></dfn>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Before
+performing
+any
+other
+transformations
+on
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">regular
+form.
+Since
+information
+can
+be
+represented
+by
+</del>
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">in
+a
+variety
+of
+different
+ways,
+transforming
+all
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">document,
+it
+is
+easiest
+to
+remove
+any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+from
+it
+and
+to
+make
+data
+structures
+more
+regular.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+To
+get
+an
+idea
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">these
+methods
+into
+a
+uniform
+structure
+allows
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">how
+context
+and
+data
+structuring
+affects
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">developer
+to
+simplify
+their
+processing
+code.
+For
+example,
+note
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">same
+data,
+here
+is
+an
+example
+of
+JSON-LD
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">the
+following
+input
+</del>
+uses
+only
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+<del class="diff-old">term
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">terms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+and
+is
+fairly
+compact:
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  var input1 = {
+  &quot;@context&quot;: &quot;http://json-ld.org/contexts/person.jsonld&quot;
+  &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;,
+  &quot;homepage&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 1</span>: Sample JSON-LD document</div><pre class="example">{
+<ins class="diff-chg">  &quot;@context&quot;: {
+    &quot;name&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;,
+    &quot;homepage&quot;: {
+      &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;,
+      &quot;@type&quot;: &quot;@id&quot;
+    }
+  },
+  &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+  &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot;,
+  &quot;homepage&quot;: &quot;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;
+</ins>
+}
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+The
+next
+input
+example
+uses
+one
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>
+to
+express
+a
+<del class="diff-old">property,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">property
+and
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array"><ins class="diff-chg">
+array
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+encapsulate
+another,
+</ins>
+but
+leaves
+the
+rest
+of
+the
+information
+untouched.
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  var input2 = {
+  &quot;@context&quot;: &quot;http://json-ld.org/contexts/person.jsonld&quot;
+  &quot;&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;,
+  &quot;homepage&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 2</span>: Sample JSON-LD document using an IRI instead of a term to express a property</div><pre class="example">{
+<ins class="diff-chg">  &quot;@context&quot;: {
+</ins>    <span class="diff">&quot;website&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;</span><ins class="diff-chg">
+  },
+  &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+  &quot;<span class="diff">http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name</span>&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot;,
+</ins>  <span class="diff">&quot;website&quot;</span>: <span class="diff">{ &quot;@id&quot;:</span> &quot;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot; <span class="diff">}</span>
+}
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">While
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Note
+that
+</ins>
+both
+inputs
+are
+valid
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-LD,
+writing
+a
+program
+to
+handle
+every
+permutation
+of
+possible
+inputs
+can
+be
+difficult,
+especially
+when
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+and
+both
+represent
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">incoming
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">same
+information.
+The
+difference
+is
+in
+their
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context">
+context
+<del class="diff-old">could
+change
+as
+well.
+To
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">information
+and
+in
+the
+data
+structures
+used.
+A
+JSON-LD
+processor
+can
+remove
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins>
+ensure
+that
+the
+data
+<del class="diff-old">can
+be
+given
+a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+</ins>
+more
+<del class="diff-old">uniform
+structure,
+JSON-LD
+introduces
+the
+notion
+of
+expansion.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">regular
+by
+employing
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="expansion" href="#dfn-expansion"><ins class="diff-chg">
+expansion
+</ins></a>.</p><p><a class="tref internalDFN" title="expansion" href="#dfn-expansion">
+Expansion
+<del class="diff-old">performs
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">has
+</ins>
+two
+important
+<del class="diff-old">operations.
+The
+first
+is
+to
+expand
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">goals:
+removing
+any
+contextual
+information
+from
+the
+document,
+and
+ensuring
+</ins>
+all
+values
+<del class="diff-old">that
+</del>
+are
+<del class="diff-old">IRI
+s
+to
+their
+fully
+expanded
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">represented
+in
+a
+regular
+</ins>
+form.
+<del class="diff-old">The
+second
+is
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">These
+goals
+are
+accomplished
+by
+expanding
+all
+properties
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">express
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">absolute
+IRIs
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+by
+expressing
+</ins>
+all
+values
+in
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array">
+<ins class="diff-chg">arrays
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+in
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="expanded-form" href="#dfn-expanded-form">
+expanded
+form
+<del class="diff-old">.
+To
+transform
+both
+inputs
+above
+to
+</del>
+</a>.
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="expanded-form" href="#dfn-expanded-form">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Expanded
+form
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">same
+representation,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">most
+verbose
+and
+regular
+way
+of
+expressing
+of
+values
+in
+JSON-LD;
+all
+contextual
+information
+from
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">developer
+could
+do
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">document
+is
+instead
+stored
+locally
+with
+each
+value.
+Running
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">following:
+  function expansionCallback(output) {
+   console.log(output);
+}
+</del>
+<a href="#expansion-algorithm">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Expansion
+algorithm
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+(
+</ins><code class="idlMemberName">
+<del class="diff-old">// the second parameter is 'null' because the developer does not wish to
+// inject another context value
+jsonld.expand(input1, null, expansionCallback);
+jsonld.expand(input2,
+null,
+expansionCallback);
+</del>
+<a href="#widl-JsonLdProcessor-expand-void-object-object---DOMString-input-JsonLdCallback-callback-JsonLdOptions-options">
+<ins class="diff-chg">expand
+</ins></a>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+output
+for
+both
+calls
+</del>
+</code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">operation)
+against
+the
+</ins>
+above
+<del class="diff-old">will
+be:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">examples
+results
+in
+the
+following
+output:
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  [{
+  &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [{
+    &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;
+  }],
+  &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;: [{
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+  }]
+}]
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 3</span>: Expanded sample document</div><pre class="example">[
+<ins class="diff-chg">  {
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot; }
+    ],
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot; }
+    ]
+  }
+]
+</ins>
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+Note
+that
+in
+the
+<del class="diff-old">example
+above;
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">output
+above
+</ins>
+all
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context">
+context
+</a>
+definitions
+have
+been
+removed,
+all
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+<del class="diff-old">term
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">terms
+</ins>
+</a>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">prefixes
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="compact-iri" href="#dfn-compact-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">compact
+IRIs
+</ins></a>
+have
+been
+expanded
+to
+<del class="diff-old">full
+IRIs,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">absolute
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRIs
+</ins></a>,
+and
+all
+<del class="diff-old">literal
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-value" href="#dfn-json-ld-value">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+values
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+are
+expressed
+in
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array">
+<ins class="diff-chg">arrays
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+in
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="expanded-form" href="#dfn-expanded-form">
+expanded
+form
+</a>.
+While
+the
+output
+is
+more
+<ins class="diff-new">verbose
+and
+</ins>
+difficult
+for
+a
+human
+to
+read,
+it
+<del class="diff-old">is
+easier
+for
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">establishes
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">software
+program
+to
+process
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">baseline
+that
+makes
+JSON-LD
+processing
+easier
+</ins>
+because
+of
+its
+very
+regular
+structure.
+</p>
+</section>
+<section class="informative" id="compaction">
+<h3>
+<span class="secno">
+2.2
+</span>
+Compaction
+</h3>
+<p>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-new">This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins></em></p>
+<p>
+While
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="expansion" href="#dfn-expansion">
+expansion
+<del class="diff-old">expands
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">removes
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+from
+</ins>
+a
+given
+<del class="diff-old">input
+as
+much
+as
+possible,
+compaction
+performs
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">input,
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="compaction" href="#dfn-compaction"><ins class="diff-chg">
+compaction's
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+primary
+function
+is
+to
+perform
+</ins>
+the
+opposite
+<del class="diff-old">operation
+-
+expressing
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">operation:
+to
+express
+</ins>
+a
+given
+input
+<del class="diff-old">as
+succinctly
+as
+possible.
+While
+expansion
+is
+meant
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">according
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">produce
+something
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+particular
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a>.<dfn title="compaction" id="dfn-compaction"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Compaction
+</ins></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+applies
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a>
+that
+<ins class="diff-new">specifically
+tailors
+the
+way
+information
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">easy
+to
+process
+by
+software
+programs,
+compaction
+is
+meant
+to
+produce
+something
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">expressed
+for
+a
+particular
+person
+or
+application.
+This
+simplifies
+applications
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">is
+easy
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">consume
+JSON
+or
+JSON-LD
+by
+expressing
+the
+data
+in
+application-specific
+terms,
+and
+it
+makes
+the
+data
+easier
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">ready
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">read
+</ins>
+by
+<del class="diff-old">software
+developers.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">humans.
+</ins></p><p><a class="tref internalDFN" title="compaction" href="#dfn-compaction">
+Compaction
+</a>
+uses
+a
+developer-supplied
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context">
+context
+</a>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">compresses
+all
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">shorten
+</ins>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<del class="diff-old">IRI
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">IRIs
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+to
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+<del class="diff-old">term
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">terms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+or
+<del class="diff-old">prefix
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="compact-iri" href="#dfn-compact-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">compact
+IRIs
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">es,
+</del>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">compacts
+all
+literal
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-value" href="#dfn-json-ld-value">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+values
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+expressed
+in
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="expanded-form" href="#dfn-expanded-form">
+expanded
+form
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-new">to
+simple
+values
+such
+</ins>
+as
+<del class="diff-old">much
+as
+possible.
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string">
+<ins class="diff-chg">strings
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="number" href="#dfn-number"><ins class="diff-chg">
+numbers
+</ins></a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">For
+example,
+assume
+the
+</ins>
+following
+<del class="diff-old">example
+expresses
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">expanded
+JSON-LD
+</ins>
+input
+<del class="diff-old">that
+has
+already
+been
+fully
+expanded:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">document:
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  var expandedInput = [{
+  &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [{
+    &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;
+  }],
+  &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;: [{
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+  }]
+}]
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 4</span>: Expanded sample document</div><pre class="example">[
+<ins class="diff-chg">  {
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot; }
+    ],
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot; }
+    ]
+  }
+]
+</ins>
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">A
+developer
+that
+wants
+to
+transform
+the
+data
+above
+into
+a
+more
+human-readable
+form,
+could
+do
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Additionally,
+assume
+</ins>
+the
+following
+<del class="diff-old">using
+the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">developer-supplied
+</ins>
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">API:
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">context
+</ins></a>:
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  function compactionCallback(output) {
+   console.log(output);
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 5</span>: JSON-LD context</div><pre class="example">{
+<ins class="diff-chg">  &quot;@context&quot;: {
+    &quot;name&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;,
+    &quot;homepage&quot;: {
+      &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;,
+      &quot;@type&quot;: &quot;@id&quot;
+    }
+  }
+</ins>
+}
+<del class="diff-old">jsonld.compact(expandedInput,
+&quot;http://json-ld.org/contexts/person.jsonld&quot;,
+compactionCallback);
+</del>
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+following
+would
+be
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Running
+the
+</ins><a href="#compaction-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Compaction
+Algorithm
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+(
+</ins><code class="idlMemberName"><a href="#widl-JsonLdProcessor-compact-void-object-object---DOMString-input-object-DOMString-context-JsonLdCallback-callback-JsonLdOptions-options"><ins class="diff-chg">
+compact
+</ins></a></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+operation)
+given
+</ins>
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">context
+supplied
+above
+against
+the
+JSON-LD
+input
+document
+provided
+above
+would
+</ins>
+result
+<del class="diff-old">of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">call
+above:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">following
+output:
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  {
+  &quot;@context&quot;: &quot;http://json-ld.org/contexts/person.jsonld&quot;
+  &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;,
+  &quot;homepage&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 6</span>: Compacted sample document</div><pre class="example">{
+<ins class="diff-chg">  &quot;@context&quot;: {
+    &quot;name&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;,
+    &quot;homepage&quot;: {
+      &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;,
+      &quot;@type&quot;: &quot;@id&quot;
+    }
+  },
+  &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+  &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot;,
+  &quot;homepage&quot;: &quot;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;
+</ins>
+}
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+Note
+that
+all
+<del class="diff-old">of
+the
+term
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">IRIs
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+have
+been
+<del class="diff-old">compressed
+and
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">compacted
+to
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-chg">
+terms
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+as
+specified
+in
+</ins>
+the
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context">
+context
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-chg">which
+</ins>
+has
+been
+injected
+into
+the
+output.
+While
+compacted
+output
+is
+<del class="diff-old">most
+</del>
+useful
+to
+humans,
+it
+<del class="diff-old">can
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+</ins>
+also
+<del class="diff-old">be
+carefully
+</del>
+used
+to
+generate
+structures
+that
+are
+easy
+to
+<del class="diff-old">use
+for
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">program
+against.
+Compaction
+enables
+</ins>
+developers
+to
+<del class="diff-old">program
+against
+as
+well.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">map
+any
+expanded
+document
+into
+an
+application-specific
+compacted
+document.
+While
+the
+context
+provided
+above
+mapped
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
+http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
+name
+</ins></code>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+it
+could
+also
+have
+been
+mapped
+to
+any
+other
+term
+provided
+by
+the
+developer.
+</ins>
+</p>
+</section>
+<section class="informative" id="flattening">
+<h3>
+<span class="secno">
+2.3
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Conversion
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Flattening
+</ins></h3><p><em><ins class="diff-chg">
+This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins></em></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+While
+expansion
+ensures
+that
+a
+document
+is
+in
+a
+uniform
+structure,
+flattening
+goes
+a
+step
+further
+</ins>
+to
+<ins class="diff-new">ensure
+that
+the
+shape
+of
+the
+data
+is
+deterministic.
+In
+expanded
+documents,
+the
+properties
+of
+a
+single
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node"><ins class="diff-new">
+node
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+may
+be
+spread
+across
+a
+number
+of
+different
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-new">
+JSON
+objects
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-new">
+By
+flattening
+a
+document,
+all
+properties
+of
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node"><ins class="diff-new">
+node
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+are
+collected
+in
+a
+single
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-new">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">from
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">all
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node" href="#dfn-blank-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+nodes
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+are
+labeled
+with
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node-identifier" href="#dfn-blank-node-identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+node
+identifier
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+This
+may
+drastically
+simplify
+the
+code
+required
+to
+process
+JSON-LD
+data
+in
+certain
+applications.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+For
+example,
+assume
+the
+following
+JSON-LD
+input
+document:
+</ins></p>    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 7</span>: Sample JSON-LD document</div><pre class="example">{<ins class="diff-chg">
+  &quot;@context&quot;: {
+    &quot;name&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;,
+    &quot;knows&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows&quot;
+  },
+  &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+  &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot;,
+  &quot;knows&quot;: [
+    {
+      &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Dave Longley&quot;
+    }
+  ]
+}
+</ins></pre></div><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Running
+the
+</ins><a href="#flattening-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Flattening
+algorithm
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+(
+</ins><code class="idlMemberName"><a href="#widl-JsonLdProcessor-flatten-void-object-object---DOMString-input-object-DOMString-context-JsonLdCallback-callback-JsonLdOptions-options"><ins class="diff-chg">
+flatten
+</ins></a></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+operation)
+with
+a
+context
+set
+to
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null"><ins class="diff-chg">
+null
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+prevent
+compaction
+returns
+the
+following
+document:
+</ins></p>    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 8</span>: Flattened sample document in expanded form</div><pre class="example">[<ins class="diff-chg">
+  {
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;_:t0&quot;,
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Dave Longley&quot; }
+    ]
+  },
+  {
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot; }
+    ],
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;_:t0&quot; }
+    ]
+  }
+]
+</ins></pre></div><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Note
+how
+in
+the
+output
+above
+all
+properties
+of
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+node
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+are
+collected
+in
+a
+single
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+how
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node" href="#dfn-blank-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+node
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+representing
+&quot;Dave
+Longley&quot;
+has
+been
+assigned
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node-identifier" href="#dfn-blank-node-identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+node
+identifier
+</ins></a><code><ins class="diff-chg">
+_:t0
+</ins></code>.</p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+To
+make
+it
+easier
+for
+humans
+to
+read
+or
+for
+certain
+applications
+to
+process
+it,
+a
+flattened
+document
+can
+be
+compacted
+by
+passing
+a
+context.
+Using
+the
+same
+context
+as
+the
+input
+document,
+the
+flattened
+and
+compacted
+document
+looks
+as
+follows:
+</ins></p>    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 9</span>: Flattened and compacted sample document</div><pre class="example">{<ins class="diff-chg">
+  &quot;@context&quot;: {
+    &quot;name&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;,
+    &quot;knows&quot;: &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows&quot;
+  },
+  &quot;@graph&quot;: [
+    {
+      &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;_:t0&quot;,
+      &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Dave Longley&quot;
+    },
+    {
+      &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+      &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot;,
+      &quot;knows&quot;: { &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;_:t0&quot; }
+    }
+  ]
+}
+</ins></pre></div><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Please
+note
+that
+the
+result
+of
+flattening
+and
+compacting
+a
+document
+is
+always
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+which
+contains
+an
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+member
+that
+represents
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="default-graph" href="#dfn-default-graph"><ins class="diff-chg">
+default
+graph
+</ins></a>.</p></section><section class="informative" id="rdf-conversion"><h3><span class="secno"><ins class="diff-chg">
+2.4
+</ins></span>
+RDF
+<ins class="diff-new">Conversion
+</ins>
+</h3>
+<p>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-new">This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins></em></p>
+<p>
+JSON-LD
+can
+be
+used
+to
+<del class="diff-old">losslessly
+express
+the
+RDF
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">serialize
+</ins>
+data
+<del class="diff-old">model
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">expressed
+in
+RDF
+</ins>
+as
+described
+in
+<del class="diff-old">the
+RDF
+Concepts
+document
+</del>
+[
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">RDF-CONCEPTS
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+].
+This
+ensures
+that
+data
+can
+be
+round-tripped
+<ins class="diff-new">to
+and
+</ins>
+from
+any
+RDF
+<del class="diff-old">syntax,
+like
+N-Triples
+or
+TURTLE,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">syntax
+</ins>
+without
+any
+loss
+in
+<del class="diff-old">the
+fidelity
+of
+the
+data.
+Assume
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">fidelity.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+For
+example,
+assume
+</ins>
+the
+following
+RDF
+input
+<ins class="diff-new">serialized
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">N-Triples
+format:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Turtle
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-TURTLE"><ins class="diff-chg">
+TURTLE
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+]:
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  var data = &quot;
+&lt;http://manu.sporny.org/about/#manu&gt; &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&gt; \&quot;Manu Sporny\&quot; .\n
+&lt;http://manu.sporny.org/about/#manu&gt;
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 10</span>: Sample Turtle document</div><pre class="example">&lt;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&gt; &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&gt; &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot; .
+<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&gt;
+</ins>
+&lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&gt;
+<del class="diff-old">&lt;http://manu.sporny.org/&gt;
+.&quot;;
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">&lt;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&gt;
+.
+</ins>
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">A
+developer
+can
+use
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Using
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-LD
+API
+to
+</del>
+<a href="#convert-from-rdf-algorithm">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Convert
+from
+RDF
+algorithm
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+a
+developer
+could
+</ins>
+transform
+<del class="diff-old">the
+markup
+above
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">this
+document
+</ins>
+into
+<del class="diff-old">a
+JSON-LD
+document:
+  function conversionCallback(result)
+{
+  console.log(&quot;JSON-LD Document: &quot;, result);
+};
+jsonld.fromRDF(data,
+conversionCallback,
+{&quot;format&quot;:
+&quot;ntriples&quot;});
+The
+following
+</del>
+expanded
+<del class="diff-old">output
+would
+be
+the
+result
+of
+the
+call
+above:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD:
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  [{
+  &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/about/#manu&quot;,
+  &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [{
+    &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;
+  }],
+  &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;: [{
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+  }]
+}]
+</del>
+    <div class="example"><div class="example-title"><span>Example 11</span>: Sample Turtle document converted to JSON-LD</div><pre class="example">[
+<ins class="diff-chg">  {
+    &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://me.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot;,
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@value&quot;: &quot;Markus Lanthaler&quot; }
+    ],
+    &quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage&quot;: [
+      { &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://www.markus-lanthaler.com/&quot; }
+    ]
+  }
+]
+</ins>
+</pre>
+</div>
+<p>
+Note
+that
+the
+output
+<del class="diff-old">above,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">above
+</ins>
+could
+easily
+be
+compacted
+<del class="diff-old">to
+produce
+the
+following
+</del>
+using
+the
+technique
+outlined
+in
+the
+previous
+<del class="diff-old">section:
+  {
+  &quot;@context&quot;: &quot;http://json-ld.org/contexts/person.jsonld&quot;,
+  &quot;@id&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/about/#manu&quot;,
+  &quot;name&quot;: &quot;Manu Sporny&quot;,
+  &quot;homepage&quot;: &quot;http://manu.sporny.org/&quot;
+}
+Transforming
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">section.
+It
+is
+also
+possible
+to
+transform
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">object
+above
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+document
+</ins>
+back
+to
+RDF
+<del class="diff-old">is
+as
+simple
+as
+calling
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">using
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">toRDF()
+method:
+</del>
+<a href="#convert-to-rdf-algorithm">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Convert
+to
+RDF
+algorithm
+</ins></a>.
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">  var jsonldDocument = ...; // assign the JSON-LD document here
+function rdfCallback(quads)
+{
+  console.log(&quot;RDF Data: &quot;, quads);
+};
+jsonld.toRDF(jsonldDocument,
+rdfCallback);
+</del>
+</section>
+</section>
+<section id="conformance">
+<h2>
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">2.4
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">3.
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Framing
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Conformance
+</ins></h2><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+All
+examples
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Normalization
+Issue
+2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">notes
+as
+well
+as
+sections
+marked
+as
+non-normative
+in
+this
+specification
+are
+non-normative.
+Everything
+else
+in
+this
+specification
+is
+normative.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+The
+keywords
+</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="MUST"><ins class="diff-chg">
+MUST
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119" title="MUST NOT"><ins class="diff-chg">
+MUST
+NOT
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119" title="REQUIRED"><ins class="diff-chg">
+REQUIRED
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119" title="SHOULD"><ins class="diff-chg">
+SHOULD
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119" title="SHOULD NOT"><ins class="diff-chg">
+SHOULD
+NOT
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119" title="RECOMMENDED"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RECOMMENDED
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119" title="MAY"><ins class="diff-chg">
+MAY
+</ins></em>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="OPTIONAL"><ins class="diff-chg">
+OPTIONAL
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+in
+this
+specification
+are
+to
+be
+interpreted
+as
+described
+in
+[
+</ins><cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RFC2119
+</ins></a>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins></p><p>
+There
+are
+<del class="diff-old">currently
+two
+other
+API
+methods
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">three
+classes
+of
+products
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">are
+in
+active
+development
+and
+were
+not
+ready
+for
+publication
+at
+the
+time
+this
+document
+was
+published.
+Framing
+allows
+a
+developer
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">can
+claim
+conformance
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">force
+a
+different
+layout
+for
+the
+data
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">this
+specification:
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-processor" href="#dfn-json-ld-processor"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+Processors
+</ins></a>,<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-api-implementation" href="#dfn-json-ld-api-implementation"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+API
+Implementations
+</ins></a>,
+and
+<del class="diff-old">effectively
+perform
+query-by-example
+on
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-rdf-converter" href="#dfn-json-ld-rdf-converter">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD-RDF
+Converters
+</ins></a>.</p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+conforming
+</ins><dfn title="json-ld-processor" id="dfn-json-ld-processor">
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">documents
+-
+this
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Processor
+</ins></dfn>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">most
+useful
+when
+</del>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-LD-based
+REST
+API
+does
+not
+know
+the
+exact
+form
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">system
+which
+can
+perform
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">data
+it
+is
+getting
+in,
+but
+still
+wants
+to
+operate
+upon
+it
+if
+some
+bare
+essentials
+are
+found
+</del>
+<a href="#expansion-algorithm">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Expansion
+</ins></a>,<a href="#compaction-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Compaction
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a href="#flattening-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Flattening
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+operations
+defined
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">the
+data.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">this
+specification.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+conforming
+</ins><dfn title="json-ld-api-implementation" id="dfn-json-ld-api-implementation">
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">normalization
+allows
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">API
+Implementation
+</ins></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+a
+conforming
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-processor" href="#dfn-json-ld-processor">
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">documents
+to
+be
+deterministically
+serialized
+such
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Processor
+</ins></a>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">they
+can
+be
+digitally
+signed
+or
+be
+used
+to
+find
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">exposes
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">differences
+between
+two
+linked
+data
+graph
+</del>
+<a href="#the-application-programming-interface">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Application
+Programming
+Interface
+(API)
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">defined
+in
+this
+specification.
+</ins>
+It
+<del class="diff-old">is
+expected
+that
+framing
+will
+be
+a
+part
+of
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119" title="MUST">
+<ins class="diff-chg">MUST
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+implement
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">final
+API.
+It
+is
+expected
+that
+normalization
+will
+be
+an
+optional
+feature
+that
+JSON-LD
+processors
+may
+implement.
+</del>
+<code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">json-ld-1.0
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+processing
+mode
+(for
+further
+details,
+see
+the
+</ins><code class="idlMemberName">
+<a href="#widl-JsonLdOptions-processingMode">
+<ins class="diff-chg">processingMode
+</ins></a>
+<del class="diff-old">3.
+The
+Application
+Programming
+Interface
+</del>
+</code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">option
+of
+</ins><a href="#idl-def-JsonLdOptions" class="idlType"><code><ins class="diff-chg">
+JsonLdOptions
+</ins></code></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+).
+</ins></p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">This
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-processor" href="#dfn-json-ld-processor">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+Processors
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-api-implementation" href="#dfn-json-ld-api-implementation">
+API
+<del class="diff-old">provides
+a
+clean
+mechanism
+that
+enables
+developers
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Implementations
+</ins></a><em class="rfc2119" title="MUST NOT"><ins class="diff-chg">
+MUST
+NOT
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+attempt
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">convert
+JSON-LD
+data
+into
+a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">correct
+malformed
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRIs
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+language
+tags;
+however,
+they
+</ins><em class="rfc2119" title="MAY"><ins class="diff-chg">
+MAY
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+issue
+validation
+warnings.
+IRIs
+are
+not
+modified
+other
+than
+converted
+between
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="relative-iri" href="#dfn-relative-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+relative
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+absolute
+IRIs
+</ins></a>.</p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+conforming
+</ins><dfn title="json-ld-rdf-converter" id="dfn-json-ld-rdf-converter"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD-RDF
+Converter
+</ins></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">variety
+of
+output
+formats
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">system
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">are
+easier
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">can
+perform
+</ins><a href="#convert-to-rdf-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Conversion
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">work
+with
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a href="#convert-from-rdf-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Conversion
+from
+RDF
+</ins></a>.</p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+The
+algorithms
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">various
+programming
+languages.
+If
+a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">this
+specification
+are
+generally
+written
+with
+more
+concern
+for
+clarity
+than
+efficiency.
+Thus,
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-processor" href="#dfn-json-ld-processor">
+JSON-LD
+<ins class="diff-new">Processors
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+and
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-api-implementation" href="#dfn-json-ld-api-implementation">
+API
+<del class="diff-old">is
+provided
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Implementations
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+may
+implement
+the
+algorithms
+given
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">a
+programming
+environment,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">this
+specification
+in
+any
+way
+desired,
+so
+long
+as
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">entirety
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">end
+result
+is
+indistinguishable
+from
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">following
+API
+must
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">result
+that
+would
+</ins>
+be
+<del class="diff-old">implemented.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">obtained
+by
+the
+specification's
+algorithms.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">3.1
+General
+Terminology
+</del>
+<div class="note">
+<div class="note-title">
+<span>
+<del class="diff-old">Issue
+3
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Note
+</ins>
+</span>
+</div>
+<p class="">
+<del class="diff-old">The
+intent
+of
+the
+Working
+Group
+and
+the
+Editors
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Implementers
+can
+partially
+check
+their
+level
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">this
+specification
+is
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">conformance
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">eventually
+align
+terminology
+used
+in
+</del>
+this
+<del class="diff-old">document
+with
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">specification
+by
+successfully
+passing
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">terminology
+used
+in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">test
+cases
+of
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">RDF
+Concepts
+document
+to
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+test
+suite
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD-TESTS"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD-TESTS
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+].
+Note,
+however,
+that
+passing
+all
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">extent
+to
+which
+it
+makes
+sense
+to
+do
+so.
+In
+general,
+if
+there
+is
+an
+analogue
+to
+terminology
+used
+in
+this
+document
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">tests
+</ins>
+in
+the
+<del class="diff-old">RDF
+Concepts
+document,
+the
+preference
+is
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">test
+suite
+does
+not
+imply
+complete
+conformance
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">use
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">this
+specification.
+It
+only
+implies
+that
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">terminology
+in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">implementation
+conforms
+to
+aspects
+tested
+by
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">RDF
+Concepts
+document.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">test
+suite.
+</ins>
+</p>
+</div>
+</section>
+<section id="general-terminology">
+<h2>
+<span class="secno">
+<ins class="diff-new">4.
+</ins></span><ins class="diff-new">
+General
+Terminology
+</ins></h2>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+document
+uses
+the
+</ins>
+following
+<del class="diff-old">is
+an
+explanation
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">terms
+as
+defined
+in
+JSON
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC4627"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RFC4627
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+].
+Refer
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">general
+terminology
+used
+</del>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON
+Grammar
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+section
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">this
+document:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC4627"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RFC4627
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+]
+for
+formal
+definitions.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="json-object" id="dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+An
+object
+structure
+is
+represented
+as
+a
+pair
+of
+curly
+brackets
+surrounding
+zero
+or
+more
+<del class="diff-old">name-value
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key-value
+</ins>
+pairs.
+A
+<del class="diff-old">name
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key
+</ins>
+is
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string">
+string
+</a>.
+A
+single
+colon
+comes
+after
+each
+<del class="diff-old">name,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key,
+</ins>
+separating
+the
+<del class="diff-old">name
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key
+</ins>
+from
+the
+value.
+A
+single
+comma
+separates
+a
+value
+from
+a
+following
+<del class="diff-old">name.
+The
+names
+within
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key.
+In
+contrast
+to
+JSON,
+in
+JSON-LD
+the
+keys
+in
+</ins>
+an
+object
+<del class="diff-old">should
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins>
+be
+unique.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="array" id="dfn-array">
+array
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+An
+array
+<ins class="diff-new">structure
+</ins>
+is
+represented
+as
+square
+brackets
+surrounding
+zero
+or
+more
+<del class="diff-old">values
+that
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">values.
+Values
+</ins>
+are
+separated
+by
+commas.
+<ins class="diff-new">In
+JSON,
+an
+array
+is
+an
+</ins><em><ins class="diff-new">
+ordered
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
+sequence
+of
+zero
+or
+more
+values.
+While
+JSON-LD
+uses
+the
+same
+array
+representation
+as
+JSON,
+the
+collection
+is
+</ins><em><ins class="diff-new">
+unordered
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
+by
+default.
+While
+order
+is
+preserved
+in
+regular
+JSON
+arrays,
+it
+is
+not
+in
+regular
+JSON-LD
+arrays
+unless
+specifically
+defined
+(see
+</ins><cite><a href="../json-ld/#sets-and-lists"><ins class="diff-new">
+Sets
+and
+Lists
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-new">
+in
+the
+JSON-LD
+specification
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD"><ins class="diff-new">
+JSON-LD
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-new">
+]).
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="string" id="dfn-string">
+string
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+string
+is
+a
+sequence
+of
+zero
+or
+more
+Unicode
+<del class="diff-old">(UTF-8)
+</del>
+characters,
+wrapped
+in
+double
+quotes,
+using
+backslash
+escapes
+(if
+necessary).
+A
+character
+is
+represented
+as
+a
+single
+character
+string.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="number" id="dfn-number">
+number
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+number
+is
+similar
+to
+that
+used
+in
+most
+programming
+languages,
+except
+that
+the
+octal
+and
+hexadecimal
+formats
+are
+not
+used
+and
+that
+leading
+zeros
+are
+not
+allowed.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="true" id="dfn-true">
+true
+</dfn>
+and
+<dfn title="false" id="dfn-false">
+false
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+Values
+that
+are
+used
+to
+express
+one
+of
+two
+possible
+boolean
+states.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="null" id="dfn-null">
+null
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">Unless
+otherwise
+specified,
+a
+JSON-LD
+processor
+must
+act
+as
+if
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null"><ins class="diff-chg">
+null
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+value.
+A
+key-value
+pair
+in
+the
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+where
+the
+value,
+or
+the
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+of
+the
+value,
+is
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null"><ins class="diff-chg">
+null
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+explicitly
+decouples
+</ins>
+a
+<ins class="diff-new">term's
+association
+with
+an
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-new">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr>.<ins class="diff-new">
+A
+</ins>
+key-value
+pair
+in
+the
+body
+of
+a
+JSON-LD
+document
+<del class="diff-old">was
+never
+declared
+when
+the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">whose
+</ins>
+value
+<del class="diff-old">equals
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null">
+null
+<del class="diff-old">.
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">has
+the
+same
+meaning
+as
+if
+the
+key-value
+pair
+was
+not
+defined.
+</ins>
+If
+<code>
[email protected]
+</code>,
+<code>
[email protected]
+</code>,
+or
+<code>
[email protected]
+</code>
+is
+set
+to
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null">
+null
+</a>
+in
+expanded
+form,
+then
+the
+entire
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+</a>
+is
+ignored.
+<del class="diff-old">If
[email protected]
+is
+set
+to
+null
+,
+</del>
+</dd>
+</dl>
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Furthermore,
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">active
+context
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">following
+terminology
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">reset
+and
+when
+</del>
+used
+<del class="diff-old">within
+a
+context
+,
+it
+removes
+any
+definition
+associated
+with
+the
+key,
+unless
+otherwise
+specified.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">throughout
+this
+document:
+</ins></p><dl>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">subject
+definition
+</del>
+<dfn title="keyword" id="dfn-keyword">
+<ins class="diff-chg">keyword
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+JSON
+<del class="diff-old">object
+used
+to
+represent
+a
+subject
+and
+one
+or
+more
+properties
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">subject.
+A
+JSON
+object
+</del>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">a
+subject
+definition
+if
+it
+does
+not
+contain
+they
+keys
[email protected]
+,
[email protected]
+or
[email protected]
+and
+it
+has
+one
+or
+more
+keys
+other
+than
[email protected]
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">specific
+to
+JSON-LD,
+specified
+in
+the
+section
+</ins><cite>
+<del class="diff-old">subject
+reference
+</del>
+<a href="../json-ld/#syntax-tokens-and-keywords">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Syntax
+Tokens
+and
+Keywords
+</ins></a>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">of
+the
+JSON-LD
+specification
+[
+</ins><cite>
+<del class="diff-old">A
+JSON
+object
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">used
+to
+reference
+a
+subject
+having
+only
+the
[email protected]
+key.
+</del>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">Linked
+Data
+</del>
+<dfn title="context" id="dfn-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">context
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+set
+of
+<del class="diff-old">documents,
+each
+containing
+a
+representation
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">rules
+for
+interpreting
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">linked
+data
+graph
+.
+linked
+data
+graph
+or
+dataset
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+document
+as
+specified
+in
+the
+section
+</ins><cite>
+<del class="diff-old">An
+unordered
+labeled
+directed
+graph,
+where
+node
+s
+are
+subject
+</del>
+<a href="../json-ld/#the-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+Context
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+or
+object
+</del>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">of
+the
+JSON-LD
+specification
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s,
+and
+edges
+are
+properties.
+</del>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">node
+</del>
+<dfn title="json-ld-document" id="dfn-json-ld-document">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+document
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">piece
+of
+information
+that
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-document" href="#dfn-json-ld-document">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+document
+</ins></a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">represented
+in
+</del>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">linked
+data
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">serialization
+of
+a
+collection
+of
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-graph" href="#dfn-json-ld-graph"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+graphs
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+comprises
+exactly
+one
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="default-graph" href="#dfn-default-graph"><ins class="diff-chg">
+default
+</ins>
+graph
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-new">and
+zero
+or
+more
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="named-graph" href="#dfn-named-graph"><ins class="diff-new">
+named
+graphs
+</ins>
+</a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="named-graph" id="dfn-named-graph">
+named
+graph
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">linked
+data
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">named
+</ins>
+graph
+<del class="diff-old">that
+has
+one
+or
+more
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+a
+pair
+consisting
+of
+an
+</ins>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">that
+are
+used
+to
+refer
+to
+it.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node" href="#dfn-blank-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+node
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+(the
+</ins><dfn title="graph-name" id="dfn-graph-name">
+graph
+name
+</dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">An
+IRI
+that
+is
+a
+reference
+to
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">)
+and
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">named
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-graph" href="#dfn-json-ld-graph">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+</ins>
+graph
+</a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="default-graph" id="dfn-default-graph">
+default
+graph
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">When
+executing
+an
+algorithm,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+default
+graph
+is
+</ins>
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">only
+</ins>
+graph
+<del class="diff-old">where
+data
+should
+be
+placed
+if
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">named
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+document
+which
+has
+no
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="graph-name" href="#dfn-graph-name">
+graph
+<del class="diff-old">is
+not
+specified.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">name
+</ins></a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">subject
+</del>
+<dfn title="json-ld-graph" id="dfn-json-ld-graph">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+graph
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">Any
+node
+in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+labeled
+directed
+graph,
+i.e.,
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">linked
+data
+graph
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">set
+of
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+nodes
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">with
+at
+least
+one
+outgoing
+edge.
+IRI
+An
+Internationalized
+Resource
+Identifier
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">connected
+by
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="edge" href="#dfn-edge"><ins class="diff-chg">
+edges
+</ins></a>,
+as
+<del class="diff-old">described
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">specified
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">[
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">the
+</ins>
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">RFC3987
+</del>
+<a href="../json-ld/#data-model">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Data
+Model
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+<del class="diff-old">]).
+object
+A
+node
+in
+a
+linked
+data
+graph
+with
+at
+least
+one
+incoming
+edge.
+property
+An
+edge
+of
+the
+linked
+data
+graph
+.
+literal
+An
+object
+with
+a
+label
+that
+is
+not
+an
+IRI
+.
+quad
+A
+piece
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">section
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">information
+that
+contains
+four
+items;
+a
+subject
+,
+a
+property
+,
+a
+object
+,
+and
+a
+graph
+name
+.
+context
+A
+JSON
+object
+that
+contains
+rules
+for
+interpreting
+a
+JSON-LD
+document.
+keyword
+A
+JSON
+key
+that
+is
+specific
+to
+JSON-LD,
+specified
+in
+</del>
+the
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">Syntax
+</del>
+specification
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-JSON-LD">
+JSON-LD
+</a>
+</cite>
+<del class="diff-old">]
+in
+the
+section
+titled
+Syntax
+Tokens
+and
+Keywords
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<del class="diff-old">3.2
+JsonLdProcessor
+The
+JSON-LD
+Processor
+interface
+is
+the
+high-level
+programming
+structure
+that
+developers
+use
+to
+access
+the
+JSON-LD
+transformation
+methods.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.2.1
+Methods
+</del>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">compact
+</del>
+<dfn title="edge" id="dfn-edge">
+<ins class="diff-chg">edge
+</ins></dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">Compacts
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Every
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="edge" href="#dfn-edge"><ins class="diff-chg">
+edge
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">the
+given
+input
+using
+the
+context
+according
+to
+the
+steps
+in
+the
+Compaction
+Algorithm
+.
+The
+input
+must
+be
+copied,
+compacted
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">has
+a
+direction
+associated
+with
+it
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">returned
+if
+there
+are
+no
+errors.
+If
+the
+compaction
+fails,
+an
+appropriate
+exception
+must
+be
+thrown.
+Parameter
+Type
+Nullable
+Optional
+Description
+input
+object
+or
+object[]
+or
+URL
+✘
+✘
+The
+JSON-LD
+object
+or
+array
+of
+JSON-LD
+objects
+to
+perform
+the
+compaction
+upon
+or
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+labeled
+with
+</ins>
+an
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">referencing
+the
+JSON-LD
+document
+to
+compact.
+context
+object
+</del>
+or
+<del class="diff-old">URL
+✘
+✘
+The
+context
+to
+use
+when
+compacting
+the
+input
+;
+either
+in
+the
+form
+of
+an
+JSON
+object
+or
+as
+IRI
+.
+callback
+JsonLdCallback
+✘
+✘
+A
+callback
+that
+is
+called
+when
+processing
+is
+complete
+on
+the
+given
+input
+.
+options
+JsonLdOptions
+✘
+✔
+A
+set
+of
+options
+that
+may
+affect
+the
+expansion
+algorithm
+such
+as,
+e.g.,
+the
+input
+document's
+base
+IRI
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node-identifier" href="#dfn-blank-node-identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+node
+identifier
+</ins>
+</a>.
+<del class="diff-old">This
+also
+includes
+optimize
+,
+which
+if
+set
+will
+cause
+processor-specific
+optimization.
+Return
+type:
+void
+expand
+Expands
+the
+given
+input
+according
+to
+the
+steps
+in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Within
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">Expansion
+Algorithm
+.
+The
+input
+must
+be
+copied,
+expanded
+and
+returned
+if
+there
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+syntax
+these
+edge
+labels
+</ins>
+are
+<del class="diff-old">no
+errors.
+If
+the
+expansion
+fails,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">called
+</ins><dfn title="property" id="dfn-property"><ins class="diff-chg">
+properties
+</ins></dfn>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Whenever
+possible,
+</ins>
+an
+<del class="diff-old">appropriate
+exception
+must
+be
+thrown.
+Parameter
+Type
+Nullable
+Optional
+Description
+input
+object
+or
+object[]
+or
+URL
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="edge" href="#dfn-edge">
+<ins class="diff-chg">edge
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">✘
+✘
+The
+JSON-LD
+object
+or
+array
+of
+JSON-LD
+objects
+to
+perform
+the
+expansion
+upon
+or
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+be
+labeled
+with
+</ins>
+an
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">referencing
+the
+JSON-LD
+document
+to
+expand.
+context
+object
+or
+URL
+✔
+✘
+An
+optional
+external
+context
+to
+use
+additionally
+to
+the
+context
+embedded
+in
+input
+when
+expanding
+the
+input
+.
+callback
+JsonLdCallback
+✘
+✘
+A
+callback
+that
+is
+called
+when
+processing
+is
+complete
+on
+the
+given
+input
+.
+options
+JsonLdOptions
+✘
+✔
+A
+set
+of
+options
+that
+may
+affect
+the
+expansion
+algorithm
+such
+as,
+e.g.,
+the
+input
+document's
+base
+IRI
+</del>
+</a>.
+<del class="diff-old">Return
+type:
+void
+</del>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">fromRDF
+Creates
+a
+JSON-LD
+document
+given
+an
+set
+of
+Quads
+.
+Parameter
+Type
+Nullable
+Optional
+Description
+input
+Quad
+[]
+✘
+✘
+A
+dataset
+represented
+as
+an
+array
+of
+Quads
+.
+callback
+JsonLdCallback
+✘
+✘
+A
+callback
+that
+is
+called
+when
+processing
+is
+complete
+on
+the
+given
+input
+.
+options
+JsonLdOptions
+✘
+✔
+A
+set
+of
+options
+that
+will
+affect
+the
+algorithm.
+This
+includes
+notType
+,
+which
+if
+set
+to
+true
+causes
+the
+resulting
+document
+to
+use
+rdf:type
+as
+a
+property,
+instead
+of
[email protected]
+.
+Return
+type:
+void
+toRDF
+</del>
+<dfn title="node" id="dfn-node">
+<ins class="diff-chg">node
+</ins></dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">Processes
+the
+input
+according
+to
+the
+Convert
+to
+RDF
+Algorithm
+,
+calling
+the
+provided
+callback
+for
+each
+Quad
+generated.
+Parameter
+Type
+Nullable
+Optional
+Description
+input
+object
+or
+object[]
+or
+URL
+✘
+✘
+The
+JSON-LD
+object
+or
+array
+of
+JSON-LD
+objects
+to
+convert
+to
+RDF
+or
+a
+URL
+referencing
+the
+JSON-LD
+document
+to
+convert
+to
+RDF.
+callback
+QuadCallback
+✘
+✘
+A
+callback
+that
+is
+called
+when
+a
+Quad
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Every
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+node
+</ins>
+</a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">created
+from
+processing
+the
+given
+input
+.
+options
+JsonLdOptions
+✘
+✔
+A
+set
+of
+options
+that
+may
+affect
+the
+conversion
+to
+RDF
+such
+as,
+e.g.,
+the
+input
+document's
+base
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">.
+Return
+type:
+void
+3.3
+Callbacks
+3.3.1
+JsonLdCallback
+The
+JsonLdCallback
+is
+used
+to
+return
+</del>
+</a>,
+a
+<del class="diff-old">processed
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node" href="#dfn-blank-node">
+<ins class="diff-chg">blank
+node
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-value" href="#dfn-json-ld-value">
+JSON-LD
+<del class="diff-old">representation
+as
+the
+result
+of
+processing
+an
+API
+method.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.3.1.1
+Methods
+jsonLd
+This
+callback
+is
+invoked
+when
+processing
+is
+complete.
+Parameter
+Type
+Nullable
+Optional
+Description
+jsonld
+object
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">value
+</ins></a>,
+or
+<del class="diff-old">object
+[]
+✘
+✘
+The
+processed
+JSON-LD
+document.
+Return
+type:
+void
+3.3.2
+QuadCallback
+The
+QuadCallback
+is
+called
+whenever
+the
+processor
+generates
+</del>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">quad
+during
+the
+quad()
+call.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.3.2.1
+Methods
+quad
+This
+callback
+is
+invoked
+whenever
+a
+quad
+is
+generated
+by
+the
+processor.
+Parameter
+Type
+Nullable
+Optional
+Description
+quad
+Quad
+✘
+✘
+The
+quad.
+Return
+type:
+void
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="list" href="#dfn-list">
+<ins class="diff-chg">list
+</ins></a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">3.4
+Data
+Structures
+This
+section
+describes
+datatype
+definitions
+used
+within
+the
+JSON-LD
+API.
+3.4.1
+URL
+The
+URL
+datatype
+is
+a
+string
+representation
+of
+an
+</del>
+<dfn title="iri" id="dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">.
+typedef
+DOMString
+URL
+;
+</del>
+</dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">This
+datatype
+indicates
+that
+the
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ins class="diff-chg">An
+</ins>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">is
+interpreted
+as
+a
+Universal
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">(Internationalized
+</ins>
+Resource
+<del class="diff-old">Locator
+identifying
+a
+document,
+which
+when
+parsed
+as
+JSON
+yields
+either
+a
+JSON
+object
+or
+array
+.
+3.4.2
+JsonLdOptions
+The
+JsonLdOptions
+type
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Identifier)
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">used
+to
+convert
+</del>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">set
+of
+options
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">string
+that
+conforms
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">an
+interface
+method.
+typedef
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">the
+syntax
+defined
+in
+[
+</ins><cite>
+<del class="diff-old">object
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RFC3987
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">JsonLdOptions
+;
+</del>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins></dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">URL
+base
+The
+Base
+</del>
+<dfn title="absolute-iri" id="dfn-absolute-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">absolute
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">to
+use
+when
+expanding
+the
+document.
+This
+overrides
+the
+value
+of
+input
+if
+it
+is
+a
+</del>
+<del class="diff-old">URL
+</del>
+</dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">or
+if
+it
+is
+a
+object
+or
+object[]
+.
+boolean
+optimize
+If
+set
+to
+true
+,
+the
+JSON-LD
+processor
+is
+allowed
+to
+optimize
+the
+output
+of
+the
+Compaction
+Algorithm
+to
+produce
+even
+compacter
+representations.
+The
+algorithm
+for
+compaction
+optimization
+is
+beyond
+the
+scope
+of
+this
+specification
+and
+thus
+not
+defined.
+Consequently,
+different
+implementations
+may
+implement
+different
+optimization
+algorithms.
+boolean
+noType
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">If
+set
+to
+true
+,
+the
+JSON-LD
+processor
+will
+not
+use
+the
[email protected]
+property
+when
+generating
+the
+output,
+and
+will
+use
+the
+expanded
+rdf:type
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">An
+absolute
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">as
+the
+property
+instead
+of
[email protected]
+.
+The
+following
+data
+structures
+are
+used
+for
+representing
+data
+about
+RDF
+quads.
+They
+are
+used
+for
+normalization,
+fromRDF
+,
+and
+from
+toRDF
+interfaces.
+3.4.3
+Quad
+The
+Quad
+interface
+represents
+an
+RDF
+Quad.
+See
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+defined
+in
+</ins>
+[
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">RDF-CONCEPTS
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RFC3987
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+]
+<del class="diff-old">definition
+for
+RDF
+triple
+,
+which
+most
+closely
+aligns
+to
+Quad
+.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.4.3.1
+Attributes
+graphName
+of
+type
+Node
+,
+readonly,
+nullable
+If
+present,
+the
+name
+associated
+with
+the
+Quad
+identifying
+it
+as
+a
+member
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">containing
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">named
+graph
+.
+If
+it
+is
+missing,
+the
+quad
+is
+</del>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-chg">scheme
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+along
+with
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">member
+of
+the
+default
+graph
+.
+Issue
+4
+This
+element
+is
+at
+risk,
+</del>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-chg">path
+</ins></em>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">may
+be
+removed.
+object
+of
+type
+Node
+,
+readonly
+The
+object
+associated
+with
+the
+Quad
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">optional
+</ins><em><ins class="diff-chg">
+query
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+fragment
+segments.
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">predicate
+of
+type
+Node
+,
+readonly
+The
+predicate
+associated
+with
+the
+Quad
+</del>
+<dfn title="relative-iri" id="dfn-relative-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">relative
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">.
+Within
+JSON-LD,
+an
+RDF
+predicate
+</del>
+</dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">is
+refered
+to
+as
+a
+property
+subject
+of
+type
+</del>
+<del class="diff-old">Node
+,
+readonly
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+subject
+associated
+with
+the
+Quad
+.
+3.4.4
+Node
+Node
+is
+the
+base
+class
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+relative
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">,
+BlankNode
+,
+and
+Literal
+.
+It
+</del>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">the
+IDL
+representation
+of
+a
+linked
+data
+graph
+node
+.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.4.5
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">A
+node
+</del>
+that
+is
+<del class="diff-old">an
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">relative
+some
+other
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+absolute
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.4.5.1
+Attributes
+value
+of
+type
+DOMString
+</del>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">,
+readonly
+The
+IRI
+identifier
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">;
+in
+the
+case
+</ins>
+of
+<ins class="diff-new">JSON-LD
+this
+is
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">node
+as
+a
+[
+UNICODE
+]
+string.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">base
+location
+of
+the
+document.
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.6
+Blank
+Node
+</del>
+<dfn title="blank-node" id="dfn-blank-node">
+<ins class="diff-chg">blank
+node
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node">
+node
+</a>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">the
+linked
+data
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-graph" href="#dfn-json-ld-graph"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+</ins>
+graph
+</a>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">does
+not
+contain
+a
+de-reference-able
+identifier
+because
+it
+</del>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">either
+ephemeral
+in
+nature
+or
+does
+not
+contain
+information
+that
+needs
+to
+be
+linked
+to
+from
+outside
+of
+the
+linked
+data
+graph
+.
+A
+blank
+node
+is
+assigned
+an
+identifier
+starting
+with
+the
+prefix
+_:
+and
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">neither
+</ins>
+an
+<del class="diff-old">implementation
+dependent,
+auto-generated
+suffix
+that
+is
+unique
+to
+all
+information
+associated
+with
+the
+particular
+blank
+node.
+    ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.4.6.1
+Attributes
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+<ins class="diff-chg">IRI
+</ins></abbr>
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-chg">nor
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-value" href="#dfn-json-ld-value"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+value
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+nor
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="list" href="#dfn-list"><ins class="diff-chg">
+list
+</ins></a>.</dd><dt>
+<dfn title="blank-node-identifier" id="dfn-blank-node-identifier">
+<ins class="diff-chg">blank
+node
+</ins>
+identifier
+<del class="diff-old">of
+type
+DOMString
+</del>
+</dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">,
+readonly
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+temporary
+identifier
+of
+the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins>
+blank
+node
+<del class="diff-old">.
+The
+</del>
+identifier
+<del class="diff-old">must
+not
+be
+relied
+upon
+in
+any
+way
+between
+two
+separate
+processing
+runs
+of
+the
+same
+document
+or
+with
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">different
+document.
+Note
+Developers
+and
+authors
+must
+not
+assume
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">string
+</ins>
+that
+<del class="diff-old">the
+value
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">can
+be
+used
+as
+an
+identifier
+for
+</ins>
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node" href="#dfn-blank-node">
+blank
+node
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">will
+remain
+the
+same
+between
+two
+processing
+runs.
+BlankNode
+values
+are
+only
+valid
+for
+the
+most
+recent
+processing
+run
+on
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">within
+</ins>
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">scope
+of
+a
+JSON-LD
+</ins>
+document.
+<ins class="diff-chg">Blank
+node
+identifiers
+begin
+with
+</ins>
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">BlankNode
+values
+will
+often
+be
+generated
+differently
+by
+different
+processors.
+Note
+Implementers
+must
+ensure
+that
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">_:
+</ins></code>.</dd><dt>
+<del class="diff-old">BlankNode
+</del>
+<dfn title="json-ld-value" id="dfn-json-ld-value">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+value
+</ins></dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ins class="diff-new">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-value" href="#dfn-json-ld-value"><ins class="diff-new">
+JSON-LD
+value
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">values
+are
+unique
+within
+the
+current
+environment,
+two
+BlankNodes
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string"><ins class="diff-chg">
+string
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="number" href="#dfn-number"><ins class="diff-chg">
+number
+</ins></a>,<a class="tref internalDFN" title="true" href="#dfn-true"><ins class="diff-chg">
+true
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">are
+considered
+equal
+if,
+and
+only
+if,
+their
+values
+are
+strictly
+equal.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="false" href="#dfn-false"><ins class="diff-chg">
+false
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="typed-value" href="#dfn-typed-value"><ins class="diff-chg">
+typed
+value
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="language-tagged-string" href="#dfn-language-tagged-string"><ins class="diff-chg">
+language-tagged
+string
+</ins></a>.</dd><dt>
+<dfn title="typed-value" id="dfn-typed-value">
+<ins class="diff-chg">typed
+value
+</ins></dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">3.4.7
+Literal
+Literals
+represent
+values
+such
+as
+numbers,
+dates
+and
+strings
+in
+RDF
+data.
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">Literal
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="typed-value" href="#dfn-typed-value">
+<ins class="diff-chg">typed
+value
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">is
+comprised
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">consists
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">three
+attributes:
+</del>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">lexical
+form
+of
+the
+value
+an
+optional
+language
+tag
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">value,
+which
+is
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">datatype
+specified
+by
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">string,
+and
+a
+type,
+which
+is
+</ins>
+an
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="language-tagged-string" id="dfn-language-tagged-string">
+<ins class="diff-chg">language-tagged
+string
+</ins></dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">Literals
+representing
+plain
+text
+in
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="language-tagged-string" href="#dfn-language-tagged-string"><ins class="diff-chg">
+language-tagged
+string
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+consists
+of
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">natural
+language
+may
+have
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">string
+and
+</ins>
+a
+<ins class="diff-chg">non-empty
+</ins>
+language
+tag
+<del class="diff-old">specified
+by
+a
+string
+token,
+</del>
+as
+<del class="diff-old">specified
+in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">defined
+by
+</ins>
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-BCP47">
+BCP47
+</a>
+</cite>
+<del class="diff-old">],
+normalized
+to
+lowercase
+(e.g.,
+'en'
+,
+'fr'
+,
+'en-gb'
+).
+They
+also
+have
+a
+datatype
+attribute
+such
+as
+xsd:string
+.
+If
+unspecified,
+the
+datatype
+defaults
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+The
+language
+tag
+must
+be
+well-formed
+according
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">xsd:string
+.
+Literals
+representing
+values
+with
+a
+specific
+datatype,
+such
+as
+the
+integer
+72,
+may
+have
+a
+datatype
+attribute
+specified
+in
+the
+form
+of
+a
+IRI
+(e.g.,
+xsd:integer
+).
+See[
+RDF-CONCEPTS
+]
+definition
+for
+literal
+.
+      ]
+interface  {
+};
+3.4.7.1
+Attributes
+datatype
+</del>
+<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/bcp47#section-2.2.9">
+<ins class="diff-chg">section
+2.2.9
+Classes
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">type
+IRI
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Conformance
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">,
+readonly,
+nullable
+An
+optional
+datatype
+identified
+by
+a
+IRI
+.
+language
+</del>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">type
+DOMString
+,
+readonly,
+nullable
+An
+optional
+language
+tag
+as
+defined
+in
+</del>
+[
+<cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-BCP47">
+BCP47
+</a>
+</cite>
+],
+<ins class="diff-new">and
+is
+</ins>
+normalized
+to
+lowercase.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">value
+of
+type
+DOMString
+</del>
+<dfn title="list" id="dfn-list">
+<ins class="diff-chg">list
+</ins></dfn>
+<del class="diff-old">,
+readonly
+</del>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+lexical
+form
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="list" href="#dfn-list"><ins class="diff-chg">
+list
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+an
+ordered
+sequence
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">the
+Literal's
+value.
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">IRIs
+</ins></a>,<a class="tref internalDFN" title="blank-node" href="#dfn-blank-node"><ins class="diff-chg">
+blank
+nodes
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-value" href="#dfn-json-ld-value"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+values
+</ins></a>.
+</dd>
+</dl>
+</section>
+<section id="algorithm-terms">
+<h2>
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.
+Algorithms
+All
+algorithms
+described
+in
+this
+section
+are
+intended
+to
+operate
+on
+language-native
+data
+structures.
+That
+is,
+the
+serialization
+to
+a
+text-based
+JSON
+document
+isn't
+required
+as
+input
+or
+output
+to
+any
+of
+these
+algorithms
+and
+language-native
+data
+structures
+must
+be
+used
+where
+applicable.
+4.1
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">5.
+</ins>
+</span>
+Algorithm
+Terms
+</h2>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">initial
+context
+</del>
+<dfn title="active-graph" id="dfn-active-graph">
+<ins class="diff-chg">active
+graph
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">a
+context
+that
+is
+specified
+to
+the
+algorithm
+before
+processing
+begins.
+</del>
+The
+<del class="diff-old">contents
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">name
+</ins>
+of
+the
+<del class="diff-old">initial
+context
+is
+defined
+in
+Appendix
+A
+.
+active
+subject
+the
+</del>
+currently
+active
+<del class="diff-old">subject
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">graph
+</ins>
+that
+the
+processor
+should
+use
+when
+processing.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="active-subject" id="dfn-active-subject">
+active
+<del class="diff-old">property
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">subject
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+</ins>
+currently
+active
+<del class="diff-old">property
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">subject
+</ins>
+that
+the
+processor
+should
+use
+when
+processing.
+<del class="diff-old">The
+active
+property
+is
+represented
+in
+the
+original
+lexical
+form,
+which
+is
+used
+for
+finding
+coercion
+mappings
+in
+the
+active
+context
+.
+</del>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="active-property" id="dfn-active-property">
+active
+<del class="diff-old">object
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">property
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+</ins>
+currently
+active
+<del class="diff-old">object
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="property" href="#dfn-property">
+<ins class="diff-chg">property
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="keyword" href="#dfn-keyword"><ins class="diff-chg">
+keyword
+</ins></a>
+that
+the
+processor
+should
+use
+when
+processing.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="active-context" id="dfn-active-context">
+active
+context
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins>
+context
+that
+is
+used
+to
+resolve
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+<del class="diff-old">term
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">terms
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">s
+</del>
+while
+the
+processing
+algorithm
+is
+running.
+<del class="diff-old">The
+active
+</del>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="local-context" id="dfn-local-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">local
+</ins>
+context
+<del class="diff-old">is
+the
+</del>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins>
+context
+<del class="diff-old">contained
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">that
+is
+specified
+</ins>
+within
+<ins class="diff-new">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-new">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-new">
+specified
+via
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">processor
+state
+</del>
+<code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@context
+</ins></code><a class="tref internalDFN" title="keyword" href="#dfn-keyword"><ins class="diff-chg">
+keyword
+</ins>
+</a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<dfn title="json-ld-input" id="dfn-json-ld-input">
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON-LD
+input
+</ins></dfn></dt><dd><ins class="diff-chg">
+The
+JSON-LD
+data
+structure
+that
+is
+provided
+as
+input
+to
+the
+algorithm.
+</ins></dd><dt><dfn title="term" id="dfn-term"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+</ins></dfn></dt><dd><ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+a
+short
+word
+defined
+in
+a
+context
+that
+may
+be
+expanded
+to
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="iri" href="#dfn-iri"><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></a></dd><dt><dfn title="compact-iri" id="dfn-compact-iri">
+compact
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins>
+compact
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">is
+</del>
+has
+the
+form
+of
+<dfn title="prefix" id="dfn-prefix">
+prefix
+<del class="diff-old">and
+</del>
+</dfn>:
+<em>
+suffix
+</em>
+and
+is
+used
+as
+a
+way
+of
+expressing
+an
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+without
+needing
+to
+define
+separate
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+term
+</a>
+definitions
+for
+each
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+contained
+within
+a
+common
+vocabulary
+identified
+by
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="prefix" href="#dfn-prefix">
+prefix
+</a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">local
+context
+</del>
+<dfn title="node-object" id="dfn-node-object">
+<ins class="diff-chg">node
+object
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ins class="diff-new">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="node-object" href="#dfn-node-object"><ins class="diff-new">
+node
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+represents
+zero
+or
+more
+properties
+of
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">context
+that
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="node" href="#dfn-node">
+<ins class="diff-chg">node
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+in
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-ld-graph" href="#dfn-json-ld-graph"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON-LD
+graph
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+serialized
+by
+the
+JSON-LD
+document.
+A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">specified
+within
+</del>
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="node-object" href="#dfn-node-object">
+<ins class="diff-chg">node
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+if
+it
+exists
+outside
+of
+the
+JSON-LD
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and:
+</ins><ul><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+it
+does
+not
+contain
+the
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code>,<code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+keywords,
+or
+</ins></li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+it
+is
+not
+the
+top-most
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+<del class="diff-old">,
+specified
+via
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins>
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">JSON-LD
+document
+consisting
+of
+no
+other
+members
+than
+</ins>
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">@context
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@graph
+</ins>
+</code>
+<del class="diff-old">keyword
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">and
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code>.</li></ul>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">processor
+state
+</del>
+<dfn title="value-object" id="dfn-value-object">
+<ins class="diff-chg">value
+object
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">the
+processor
+state
+,
+which
+includes
+the
+active
+context
+,
+active
+subject
+,
+and
+active
+property
+.
+The
+processor
+state
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="value-object" href="#dfn-value-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+value
+object
+</ins>
+</a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">managed
+as
+a
+stack
+with
+elements
+from
+the
+previous
+processor
+state
+copied
+into
+a
+new
+processor
+state
+when
+entering
+</del>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">new
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+<del class="diff-old">.
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">that
+has
+an
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+member.
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-LD
+input
+</del>
+<dfn title="list-object" id="dfn-list-object">
+<ins class="diff-chg">list
+object
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+JSON-LD
+data
+structure
+that
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="list-object" href="#dfn-list-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+list
+object
+</ins></a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">provided
+as
+input
+to
+the
+algorithm.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+that
+has
+an
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+member.
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-LD
+output
+</del>
+<dfn title="set-object" id="dfn-set-object">
+<ins class="diff-chg">set
+object
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+JSON-LD
+data
+structure
+that
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="set-object" href="#dfn-set-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+set
+object
+</ins></a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">produced
+as
+output
+by
+the
+algorithm.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+that
+has
+an
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+member.
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">term
+</del>
+<dfn title="scalar" id="dfn-scalar">
+<ins class="diff-chg">scalar
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">term
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">scalar
+</ins>
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">either
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">short
+word
+defined
+in
+a
+context
+that
+may
+be
+expanded
+to
+an
+IRI
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">JSON
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string"><ins class="diff-chg">
+string
+</ins></a>,<a class="tref internalDFN" title="number" href="#dfn-number"><ins class="diff-chg">
+number
+</ins></a>,<a class="tref internalDFN" title="true" href="#dfn-true"><ins class="diff-chg">
+true
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="false" href="#dfn-false"><ins class="diff-chg">
+false
+</ins></a>.
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">prefix
+</del>
+<dfn title="rdf-subject" id="dfn-rdf-subject">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+subject
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">prefix
+is
+a
+term
+</del>
+<a class="tref externalDFN" title="subject" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-subject">
+<ins class="diff-chg">subject
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">that
+expands
+to
+a
+vocabulary
+base
+IRI
+.
+It
+is
+typically
+used
+along
+with
+a
+suffix
+to
+form
+a
+compact
+IRI
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">as
+specified
+by
+[
+</ins><cite>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-new">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">to
+create
+an
+IRI
+within
+a
+vocabulary.
+</del>
+</cite>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">language-tagged
+literal
+</del>
+<dfn title="rdf-predicate" id="dfn-rdf-predicate">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+predicate
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">language-tagged
+literal
+is
+a
+literal
+</del>
+<a class="tref externalDFN" title="predicate" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-predicate">
+<ins class="diff-chg">predicate
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">without
+a
+datatype,
+including
+a
+language.
+See
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">as
+specified
+by
+[
+</ins>
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">literal
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+<del class="diff-old">in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins></dd><dt><dfn title="rdf-object" id="dfn-rdf-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RDF
+object
+</ins></dfn></dt><dd><ins class="diff-chg">
+An
+</ins><a class="tref externalDFN" title="object" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+as
+specified
+by
+</ins>
+[
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">RDF-CONCEPTS
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+].
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">typed
+literal
+</del>
+<dfn title="rdf-triple" id="dfn-rdf-triple">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF
+triple
+</ins>
+</dfn>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+A
+<del class="diff-old">typed
+literal
+is
+a
+literal
+with
+an
+associated
+IRI
+</del>
+<a class="tref externalDFN" title="triple" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-rdf-triple">
+<ins class="diff-chg">triple
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">which
+indicates
+the
+literal's
+datatype.
+See
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">as
+specified
+by
+[
+</ins>
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">language-tagged
+string
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+<del class="diff-old">in
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">].
+</ins></dd><dt><dfn title="rdf-dataset" id="dfn-rdf-dataset"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RDF
+dataset
+</ins></dfn></dt><dd><ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+</ins><a class="tref externalDFN" title="dataset" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-rdf-dataset"><ins class="diff-chg">
+dataset
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+as
+specified
+by
+</ins>
+[
+<cite>
+<del class="diff-old">RDF-CONCEPTS
+</del>
+<a class="bibref" href="#bib-RDF11-CONCEPTS">
+<ins class="diff-chg">RDF11-CONCEPTS
+</ins>
+</a>
+</cite>
+<del class="diff-old">].
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">]
+representing
+a
+collection
+of
+</ins><a class="tref externalDFN" title="rdf-graphs" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-rdf-graph"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RDF
+graphs
+</ins></a>.
+</dd>
+</dl>
+</section>
+<section id="context-processing-algorithms">
+<h2>
+<span class="secno">
+<del class="diff-old">4.2
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">6.
+</ins></span><ins class="diff-chg">
+Context
+Processing
+Algorithms
+</ins></h2><section id="context-processing-algorithm"><h3><span class="secno"><ins class="diff-chg">
+6.1
+</ins>
+</span>
+Context
+Processing
+<ins class="diff-new">Algorithm
+</ins>
+</h3>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">Processing
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">When
+processing
+a
+</ins>
+JSON-LD
+data
+<del class="diff-old">structure
+is
+managed
+recursively.
+During
+processing,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">structure,
+</ins>
+each
+<ins class="diff-new">processing
+</ins>
+rule
+is
+applied
+using
+information
+provided
+by
+the
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context">
+active
+context
+</a>.
+<del class="diff-old">Processing
+begins
+by
+pushing
+a
+new
+processor
+state
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+section
+describes
+how
+to
+produce
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a>.</p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+The
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">onto
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">contains
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">processor
+state
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">active
+</ins><dfn title="term-definition" id="dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definitions
+</ins></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+which
+specify
+how
+properties
+and
+values
+have
+to
+be
+interpreted
+as
+well
+as
+the
+current
+</ins><dfn title="base-iri" id="dfn-base-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></dfn>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+the
+</ins><dfn title="vocabulary-mapping" id="dfn-vocabulary-mapping"><ins class="diff-chg">
+vocabulary
+mapping
+</ins></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+the
+</ins><dfn title="default-language" id="dfn-default-language"><ins class="diff-chg">
+default
+language
+</ins></dfn>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Each
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definition
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">stack
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">consists
+of
+an
+</ins><dfn title="iri-mapping" id="dfn-iri-mapping"><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr><ins class="diff-chg">
+mapping
+</ins></dfn>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+a
+boolean
+flag
+</ins><dfn title="reverse-property" id="dfn-reverse-property"><ins class="diff-chg">
+reverse
+property
+</ins></dfn>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+an
+optional
+</ins><dfn title="type-mapping" id="dfn-type-mapping"><ins class="diff-chg">
+type
+mapping
+</ins></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins><dfn title="language-mapping" id="dfn-language-mapping"><ins class="diff-chg">
+language
+mapping
+</ins></dfn>,
+and
+<del class="diff-old">initializing
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+optional
+</ins><dfn title="container-mapping" id="dfn-container-mapping"><ins class="diff-chg">
+container
+mapping
+</ins></dfn>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definition
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+can
+not
+only
+be
+used
+to
+map
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+an
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+but
+also
+to
+map
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="keyword" href="#dfn-keyword"><ins class="diff-chg">
+keyword
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+in
+which
+case
+it
+is
+referred
+to
+as
+a
+</ins><dfn title="keyword-alias" id="dfn-keyword-alias"><ins class="diff-chg">
+keyword
+alias
+</ins></dfn>.</p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+When
+processing,
+</ins>
+the
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context">
+active
+context
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">with
+the
+initial
+context
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+initialized
+without
+any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definitions
+</ins></a>,<a class="tref internalDFN" title="vocabulary-mapping" href="#dfn-vocabulary-mapping"><ins class="diff-chg">
+vocabulary
+mapping
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="default-language" href="#dfn-default-language"><ins class="diff-chg">
+default
+language
+</ins>
+</a>.
+If
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context">
+local
+context
+</a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">encountered,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">encountered
+during
+processing,
+a
+new
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+created
+by
+cloning
+the
+existing
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Then
+the
+</ins>
+information
+from
+the
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context">
+local
+context
+</a>
+is
+merged
+into
+the
+<ins class="diff-chg">new
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context">
+active
+context
+</a>.
+<ins class="diff-new">Given
+that
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-new">
+local
+contexts
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+may
+contain
+references
+to
+remote
+contexts,
+this
+includes
+their
+retrieval.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<section class="informative">
+<h4 id="overview">
+<ins class="diff-new">Overview
+</ins></h4>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+</del>
+<em>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins></em></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+First
+we
+prepare
+a
+new
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context">
+active
+context
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">is
+used
+for
+expanding
+properties
+and
+values
+</del>
+<i>
+<ins class="diff-chg">result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+by
+cloning
+the
+current
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Then
+we
+normalize
+the
+form
+of
+the
+passed
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array"><ins class="diff-chg">
+array
+</ins></a>.<a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Local
+contexts
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+may
+be
+in
+the
+form
+</ins>
+of
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+<del class="diff-old">(or
+elements
+of
+</del>
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string"><ins class="diff-chg">
+string
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+</ins>
+an
+<del class="diff-old">array)
+using
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array">
+<ins class="diff-chg">array
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+containing
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">term
+mapping
+.
+It
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">combination
+of
+the
+two.
+Finally
+we
+process
+each
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+contained
+in
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a><a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array"><ins class="diff-chg">
+array
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+as
+follows.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+If
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">also
+used
+to
+maintain
+coercion
+mapping
+s
+from
+terms
+to
+datatypes,
+language
+mapping
+s
+from
+terms
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string"><ins class="diff-chg">
+string
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+it
+represents
+a
+reference
+</ins>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">language
+codes,
+and
+list
+mapping
+s
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+remote
+context.
+We
+dereference
+the
+remote
+context
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">set
+mapping
+s
+for
+terms.
+Processors
+must
+use
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">replace
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+with
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">lexical
+form
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">value
+</ins>
+of
+the
+<del class="diff-old">property
+when
+creating
+a
+mapping,
+as
+lookup
+</del>
+<code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@context
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+key
+of
+the
+top-level
+object
+in
+the
+retrieved
+JSON-LD
+document.
+If
+there's
+no
+such
+key,
+an
+invalid
+remote
+context
+has
+been
+detected.
+Otherwise,
+we
+process
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+by
+recursively
+using
+this
+algorithm
+ensuring
+that
+there
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">performed
+on
+lexical
+forms,
+not
+expanded
+IRI
+representations.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">no
+cyclical
+reference.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">A
+local
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">If
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="context" href="#dfn-context">
+context
+</a>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">identified
+within
+</del>
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-new">we
+first
+update
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="base-iri" href="#dfn-base-iri"><ins class="diff-new">
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-new">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></a>,<ins class="diff-new">
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="vocabulary-mapping" href="#dfn-vocabulary-mapping"><ins class="diff-new">
+vocabulary
+mapping
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-new">
+and
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="default-language" href="#dfn-default-language"><ins class="diff-new">
+default
+language
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">having
+a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">by
+processing
+three
+specific
+keywords:
+</ins>
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">@context
+property
+with
+a
+string
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@base
+</ins></code>,<code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+These
+are
+handled
+before
+any
+other
+keys
+in
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+because
+they
+affect
+how
+the
+other
+keys
+are
+processed.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Then,
+for
+every
+other
+key
+in
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins>
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">array
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">we
+update
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definition
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">or
+a
+JSON
+object
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i>.<ins class="diff-chg">
+Since
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definitions
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">value.
+When
+processing
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins>
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context">
+local
+context
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-new">may
+themselves
+contain
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-new">
+terms
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+or
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="compact-iri" href="#dfn-compact-iri"><ins class="diff-new">
+compact
+IRIs
+</ins>
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">special
+processing
+rules
+apply:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">we
+may
+need
+to
+recurse.
+When
+doing
+so,
+we
+must
+ensure
+that
+there
+is
+no
+cyclical
+dependency,
+which
+is
+an
+error.
+After
+we
+have
+processed
+any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definition
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+dependencies,
+we
+update
+the
+current
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+definition
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+which
+may
+be
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="keyword-alias" href="#dfn-keyword-alias"><ins class="diff-chg">
+keyword
+alias
+</ins></a>.
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">Create
+</del>
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Finally,
+we
+return
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+as
+the
+new
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a>.</p></section><section><h4 id="algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Algorithm
+</ins></h4><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+This
+algorithm
+specifies
+how
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">new,
+empty
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">new
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+updated
+with
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context">
+local
+context
+</a>.
+<del class="diff-old">Let
+context
+be
+the
+value
+of
[email protected]
+If
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+algorithm
+takes
+three
+input
+variables:
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+</ins>
+context
+<del class="diff-old">equals
+null
+</del>
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">reset
+the
+active
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+</ins>
+context
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-new">and
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array"><ins class="diff-new">
+array
+</ins>
+</a>
+<i>
+<ins class="diff-new">remote
+contexts
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+which
+is
+used
+to
+detect
+cyclical
+context
+inclusions.
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+remote
+contexts
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+not
+passed,
+it
+is
+initialized
+to
+an
+empty
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array"><ins class="diff-new">
+array
+</ins></a>.</p><ol class="algorithm"><li><ins class="diff-new">
+Initialize
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+result
+</ins></i>
+to
+the
+<del class="diff-old">initial
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">result
+of
+cloning
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+</ins>
+context
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+If
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">local
+</ins>
+context
+</a>
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">not
+</ins>
+an
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array">
+array
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">process
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">set
+it
+to
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="array" href="#dfn-array"><ins class="diff-chg">
+array
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+containing
+only
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a>.</li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+For
+</ins>
+each
+<del class="diff-old">element
+as
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">item
+</ins><i>
+context
+</i>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">order
+by
+starting
+at
+Step
+2.1
+.
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">local
+context
+</ins></a>:<ol class="algorithm"><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null"><ins class="diff-chg">
+null
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+set
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+a
+newly-initialized
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+continue
+with
+the
+next
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i>.
+</li>
+<li>
+If
+<i>
+context
+</i>
+is
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string">
+string
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">it
+must
+have
+</del>
+<ol class="algorithm">
+<li>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Set
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+the
+result
+of
+resolving
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+against
+the
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr><ins class="diff-chg">
+which
+is
+established
+as
+specified
+in
+</ins><cite><a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-5.1"><ins class="diff-chg">
+section
+5.1
+Establishing
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">lexical
+form
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Base
+URI
+</ins></a></cite>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">absolute
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3986"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RFC3986
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+].
+Only
+the
+basic
+algorithm
+in
+</ins><cite><a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-5.2"><ins class="diff-chg">
+section
+5.2
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+of
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3986"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RFC3986
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+]
+is
+used;
+neither
+</ins><cite><a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-6.2.2"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Syntax-Based
+Normalization
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+nor
+</ins><cite><a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-6.2.3"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Scheme-Based
+Normalization
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-chg">
+are
+performed.
+Characters
+additionally
+allowed
+in
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<ins class="diff-new">references
+are
+treated
+in
+the
+same
+way
+that
+unreserved
+characters
+are
+treated
+in
+URI
+references,
+per
+</ins><cite><a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3987#section-6.5"><ins class="diff-new">
+section
+6.5
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-new">
+of
+[
+</ins><cite><a class="bibref" href="#bib-RFC3987"><ins class="diff-new">
+RFC3987
+</ins></a></cite><ins class="diff-new">
+].
+</ins></li><li><ins class="diff-new">
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+in
+the
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+remote
+contexts
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+array,
+a
+</ins><code class="error">
+<a href="#idl-def-JsonLdErrorCode.recursive-context-inclusion">
+<ins class="diff-new">recursive
+context
+inclusion
+</ins></a></code><ins class="diff-new">
+error
+has
+been
+detected
+and
+processing
+is
+aborted;
+otherwise,
+add
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+to
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+remote
+contexts
+</ins></i>.</li><li><ins class="diff-new">
+Initialize
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+context
+no
+base
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+to
+the
+result
+of
+cloning
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-new">
+active
+context
+</ins>
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+<del class="diff-old">Dereference
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Remove
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="base-iri" href="#dfn-base-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+of
+</ins><i>
+context
+<del class="diff-old">.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">no
+base
+</ins></i>.
+</li>
+<li>
+<ins class="diff-new">Dereference
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+context
+</ins></i>.
+If
+the
+<del class="diff-old">resulting
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">dereferenced
+</ins>
+document
+<del class="diff-old">is
+a
+JSON
+document,
+extract
+the
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">has
+no
+</ins>
+top-level
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+<ins class="diff-new">JSON
+object
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+with
+an
+</ins>
+<code>
[email protected]
+</code>
+<del class="diff-old">element
+using
+the
+JSON
+Pointer
+&quot;/@context&quot;
+as
+described
+in
+[
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">member,
+an
+</ins><code class="error">
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-POINTER
+</del>
+<a href="#idl-def-JsonLdErrorCode.invalid-remote-context">
+<ins class="diff-chg">invalid
+remote
+context
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">].
+</del>
+</code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">has
+been
+detected
+and
+processing
+is
+aborted;
+otherwise,
+set
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+the
+value
+of
+that
+member.
+</ins></li><li>
+Set
+<i>
+context
+</i>
+to
+the
+<del class="diff-old">extracted
+content
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">result
+of
+recursively
+calling
+this
+algorithm,
+passing
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+no
+base
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+for
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a>,<i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+for
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a>,
+and
+<del class="diff-old">process
+it
+by
+starting
+at
+Step
+2.1
+.
+</del>
+<i>
+<ins class="diff-chg">remote
+contexts
+</ins></i>.</li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+has
+no
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="base-iri" href="#dfn-base-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+but
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+does,
+set
+the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="base-iri" href="#dfn-base-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+of
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+the
+one
+of
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i>.</li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+Overwrite
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+with
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+continue
+with
+the
+next
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+</li>
+<li>
+If
+<i>
+context
+</i>
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">not
+</ins>
+a
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object">
+JSON
+object
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">perform
+the
+following
+steps:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins><code class="error"><a href="#idl-def-JsonLdErrorCode.invalid-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+invalid
+local
+context
+</ins></a></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+error
+has
+been
+detected
+and
+processing
+is
+aborted.
+</ins></li>
+<li>
+If
+<i>
+context
+</i>
+has
+<del class="diff-old">a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins>
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">@language
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@base
+</ins>
+</code>
+<del class="diff-old">property,
+it
+must
+have
+a
+value
+of
+a
+simple
+string
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">key:
+</ins><div class="issue atrisk"><div class="issue-title"><span><ins class="diff-chg">
+Feature
+at
+Risk
+1
+</ins></span>:<ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+keyword
+</ins></div><div class="atrisk"><p class="atrisk-head"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Note:
+This
+feature
+is
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi"><ins class="diff-chg">
+&quot;at
+risk&quot;
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">or
+null
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">and
+may
+be
+removed
+from
+this
+specification
+based
+on
+feedback.
+Please
+send
+feedback
+to
+</ins><a href="mailto:[email protected]"><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins>
+</a>.
+<del class="diff-old">Add
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">For
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">language
+to
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">current
+status
+see
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/rdf-wg/wiki/JSON-LD_Features_at_Risk"><ins class="diff-chg">
+features
+&quot;at
+risk&quot;
+in
+JSON-LD
+1.0
+</ins></a></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Support
+for
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">local
+context
+.
+Otherwise,
+</del>
+<code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@base
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+keyword
+might
+be
+removed
+from
+JSON-LD
+1.0
+if
+implementation
+experience
+reveals
+that
+the
+fact
+that
+a
+document
+may
+have
+multiple
+base
+IRIs
+is
+confusing
+</ins>
+for
+<del class="diff-old">each
+property
+in
+context
+perform
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">developers.
+It
+is
+also
+being
+discussed
+whether
+relative
+IRIs
+are
+allowed
+as
+values
+of
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+or
+whether
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">following
+steps:
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">empty
+string
+should
+be
+used
+to
+explicitly
+specify
+that
+there
+isn't
+a
+base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+which
+could
+be
+used
+to
+ensure
+that
+relative
+IRIs
+remain
+relative
+when
+expanding.
+</ins></p></div></div>
+<ol class="algorithm">
+<li>
+<ins class="diff-new">Initialize
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+to
+the
+value
+associated
+with
+the
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-new">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-new">
+key.
+</ins></li><li>
+If
+<i>
+<ins class="diff-new">value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null"><ins class="diff-new">
+null
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-new">
+remove
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">property's
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="base-iri" href="#dfn-base-iri">
+<ins class="diff-chg">base
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+of
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i>.</li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+Otherwise,
+if
+</ins><i>
+value
+</i>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">a
+simple
+string
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+absolute
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr>
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">determine
+</del>
+the
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="base-iri" href="#dfn-base-iri">
+<ins class="diff-new">base
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">mapping
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">of
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+set
+to
+</ins><i>
+value
+<del class="diff-old">by
+performing
+</del>
+</i>.
+<ins class="diff-chg">If
+it
+is
+not
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+absolute
+</ins><abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier"><ins class="diff-chg">
+IRI
+</ins></abbr>
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-new">an
+</ins><code class="error"><a href="#idl-def-JsonLdErrorCode.invalid-base-IRI"><ins class="diff-new">
+invalid
+base
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+<del class="diff-old">Expansion
+</del>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">on
+</del>
+</code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">error
+has
+been
+detected
+and
+processing
+is
+aborted.
+</ins></li></ol></li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+has
+an
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+key:
+</ins><ol class="algorithm"><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+Initialize
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">value
+</ins>
+associated
+<del class="diff-old">value.
+If
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">with
+</ins>
+the
+<code>
+<ins class="diff-new">@vocab
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-new">
+key.
+</ins></li><li><ins class="diff-new">
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null"><ins class="diff-new">
+null
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-new">
+remove
+any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="vocabulary-mapping" href="#dfn-vocabulary-mapping"><ins class="diff-new">
+vocabulary
+mapping
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+from
+</ins><i>
+result
+<del class="diff-old">of
+the
+</del>
+</i>.
+</li>
+<li>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Otherwise,
+if
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+an
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri"><ins class="diff-chg">
+absolute
+</ins>
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-new">the
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="vocabulary-mapping" href="#dfn-vocabulary-mapping"><ins class="diff-new">
+vocabulary
+</ins>
+mapping
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-new">of
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+set
+to
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+value
+</ins></i>.<ins class="diff-new">
+If
+it
+</ins>
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">not
+</ins>
+an
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="absolute-iri" href="#dfn-absolute-iri">
+absolute
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<del class="diff-old">merge
+the
+property
+into
+the
+local
+context
+term
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins><code class="error"><a href="#idl-def-JsonLdErrorCode.invalid-vocab-mapping"><ins class="diff-chg">
+invalid
+vocab
+</ins>
+mapping
+<del class="diff-old">,
+unless
+the
+property
+</del>
+</a>
+</code>
+<ins class="diff-chg">error
+has
+been
+detected
+and
+processing
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">a
+JSON-LD
+keyword
+,
+in
+which
+case
+throw
+an
+exception.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">aborted.
+</ins></li></ol>
+</li>
+<li>
+<del class="diff-old">Otherwise,
+if
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+has
+an
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-chg">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-chg">
+key:
+</ins><ol class="algorithm"><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+Initialize
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">property's
+</del>
+value
+<ins class="diff-new">associated
+with
+the
+</ins><code><ins class="diff-new">
[email protected]
+</ins></code><ins class="diff-new">
+key.
+</ins></li><li><ins class="diff-new">
+If
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+value
+</ins></i>
+is
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="null" href="#dfn-null">
+null
+</a>,
+remove
+<del class="diff-old">mapping,
+coercion,
+container
+and
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">any
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="default-language" href="#dfn-default-language"><ins class="diff-chg">
+default
+</ins>
+language
+<del class="diff-old">information
+associated
+with
+property
+</del>
+</a>
+from
+<del class="diff-old">the
+local
+context
+.
+</del>
+<i>
+<ins class="diff-chg">result
+</ins></i>.
+</li>
+<li>
+Otherwise,
+<ins class="diff-new">if
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string"><ins class="diff-new">
+string
+</ins></a>,
+the
+<del class="diff-old">property
+'s
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="default-language" href="#dfn-default-language">
+<ins class="diff-chg">default
+language
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+of
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+set
+to
+lowercased
+</ins><i>
+value
+<del class="diff-old">must
+be
+a
+JSON
+object
+.
+</del>
+</i>.
+If
+<del class="diff-old">the
+property
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">it
+</ins>
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">not
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">JSON-LD
+keyword
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="string" href="#dfn-string">
+<ins class="diff-chg">string
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+an
+</ins><code class="error"><a href="#idl-def-JsonLdErrorCode.invalid-default-language"><ins class="diff-chg">
+invalid
+default
+language
+</ins>
+</a>
+</code>
+<ins class="diff-new">error
+has
+been
+detected
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">the
+value
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">processing
+is
+aborted.
+</ins></li></ol></li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+Create
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="json-object" href="#dfn-json-object"><ins class="diff-chg">
+JSON
+object
+</ins></a><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+defined
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+use
+to
+keep
+track
+of
+whether
+or
+not
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-chg">
+term
+</ins></a>
+has
+<ins class="diff-new">already
+been
+defined
+or
+currently
+being
+defined
+during
+recursion.
+</ins></li><li><ins class="diff-new">
+For
+each
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+key
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+-
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+value
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+pair
+in
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+where
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-new">
+key
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+not
+</ins>
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">@id
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@base
+</ins>
+</code>,
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">@language
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@vocab
+</ins></code>,
+or
+<code>
+<del class="diff-old">@type
+properties,
+throw
+an
+exception.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">@language
+</ins></code>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+invoke
+the
+</ins><a href="#create-term-definition"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Create
+Term
+Definition
+algorithm
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+passing
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+for
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+active
+context
+</ins></a>,<i><ins class="diff-chg">
+context
+</ins></i><ins class="diff-chg">
+for
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a>,<i><ins class="diff-chg">
+key
+</ins></i>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+defined
+</ins></i>.</li></ol></li><li><ins class="diff-chg">
+Return
+</ins><i><ins class="diff-chg">
+result
+</ins></i>.</li></ol></section></section><section id="create-term-definition"><h3>
+<del class="diff-old">Issue
+5
+</del>
+<span class="secno">
+<ins class="diff-chg">6.2
+</ins>
+</span>
+<del class="diff-old">Undecided
+if
[email protected]
+or
[email protected]
+can
+take
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Create
+Term
+Definition
+</ins></h3><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+This
+algorithm
+is
+called
+from
+the
+</ins><a href="#context-processing-algorithm"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Context
+Processing
+algorithm
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+to
+create
+</ins>
+a
+<del class="diff-old">@container
+with
[email protected]
+.
+If
+</del>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition">
+<ins class="diff-chg">term
+definition
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+in
+</ins>
+the
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="active-context" href="#dfn-active-context">
+<ins class="diff-new">active
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+for
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term"><ins class="diff-new">
+term
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+being
+processed
+in
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-new">
+local
+context
+</ins></a>.</p><section class="informative"><h4 id="overview-1"><ins class="diff-new">
+Overview
+</ins></h4><p>
+<em>
+<del class="diff-old">property
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+section
+is
+non-normative.
+</ins>
+</em>
+<del class="diff-old">has
+</del>
+</p>
+<p>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term-definition" href="#dfn-term-definition">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Term
+definitions
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+are
+created
+by
+parsing
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">form
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">information
+in
+the
+given
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="local-context" href="#dfn-local-context"><ins class="diff-chg">
+local
+context
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+for
+the
+given
+</ins>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+term
+<del class="diff-old">,
+its
+value
+must
+have
+an
[email protected]
+property
+with
+a
+string
+value
+which
+must
+have
+</del>
+</a>.
+<ins class="diff-chg">If
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">form
+of
+a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">given
+</ins>
+<a class="tref internalDFN" title="term" href="#dfn-term">
+term
+<del class="diff-old">,
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+a
+</ins><a class="tref internalDFN" title="compact-iri" href="#dfn-compact-iri">
+compact
+<abbr title="Internationalized Resource Identifier">
+IRI
+</abbr>