--->>2nd round of the document
authorgatemezing
Sun, 11 Mar 2012 20:22:24 +0100
changeset 119 a0ee2b730930
parent 118 50d3c11513cd
child 120 688f37714542
child 122 453a38e42250
--->>2nd round of the document
glossary/index.html
glossary/index.html~
glossary/respec-config.js
glossary/respec-config.js~
glossary/respec-ref.js
glossary/respec-ref.js~
--- a/glossary/index.html	Sat Mar 10 18:01:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/glossary/index.html	Sun Mar 11 20:22:24 2012 +0100
@@ -14,41 +14,259 @@
 <body>
 
 
-<section class="progress">
-  <p>This document is work in progress. </p>
+<section id="abstract">
+
+<p> This document is a glossary of terms defined and used in the <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/gld/raw-file/default/bp/index.html">Best Practice Document </a>Working Note. It is intended for use by Government Linked Data publishers and consumers in order to refer to a common coherent set of terminologies. 
+</p>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO EXPAND MORE @@</p>
 </section>
 
-<section class="intro">
-<h2>Introduction</h2>
-<p>
-This document provides a glossary of the terms used in the <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/gld/raw-file/default/bp/index.html"> Best Practices for Publishing Linked Data</a> document. 
-</p>
+<section id="sotd">
+
 </section>
 
-<section class="definitions">
+<section class="introductory">
+<h2>Scope</h2>
+
+<p>
+This document is aimed at assisting government IT managers, procurement officers, Web developers, vendors, and researchers who are interested in publishing open government data using W3C standards.  The benefits of using international standards for data exchange is to significantly increase interoperability of data.
+</p>
+<p>
+Readers of this document are expected to be familiar with delivery of content via the Web, and to have a general familiarity with the technologies involved, but are not required to have a background in semantic technologies or previous experience with Linked Data. Data stewards, curators, database administrators and other personnel involved in Open Government initiatives are encouraged to read this Linked Open Data Best Practices document. 
+</section>
+
+<section id="definitions">
 <h2> Definition </h2>
+<p class="todo"> @@TODO: add links to W3C documents, and new terms to the actual glossary @@</p>
+<h4 id="abox"> Abox </h4>
+One of two types of statements in an <a href="#ontology">ontology</a> (the other being <a href="#tbox">Tbox</a>).  Abox statements represent facts (or "assertions", hence the "A"), e.g. John is a Person (where Person is a defined class).
+
+<h4>Application Programmer Interface(API)</h4>
+An abstraction implemented in software that defines how others should make use of a software package such as a library or other reusable program.
+
+
+<h4>Closed world</h4>
+The presumption that what is not known to be true must be false.  The assumption underlying relational databases, most forms of logical programming, OWL DL and OWL Lite.
+
+<h4>Controlled vocabularies</h4>
+Carefully selected sets of terms that are used to describe units of information; used to create thesauri,  taxonomies and ontologies.
+
+<h4>Database to RDF Queueing</h4>
+A mechanism to query information in traditional management systems such as relational databases via the SPARQL query language.  D2RQ may refer to the language definition or the Open Source Software project.
+
+
+<h4>Data Cloud</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Data Hub</h4>
+The <a href="http://thedatahub.org/">Data Hub</a> is a community-run catalogue of useful sets of data on the Internet, powered using an open-source data cataloguing software called <a href="http://ckan.org/">CKAN</a>. It is an openly editable open data catalogue, in the style of Wikipedia.
+
+
+<h4>Data Market</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+
+
+<h4>DBpedia</h4>
+An RDF representation of the metadata held in Wikipedia and made available for SPARQL query on the World Wide Web.
+
+<h4>Directed Acyclic Graph</h4>
+
+A directed graph (like RDF) with the additional restriction that no loops or cycles are permitted.  A cycle is a path from a given node that would allow one to find their way back to the starting node.
+
+<h4 id="dgraph">Directed Graph</h4>
+
+A graph in which the links between nodes are directional (they only go from one node to another).  RDF represents things (nouns) and the relationships between them (verbs) in a directed graph.  In RDF, the links are differentiated by being assigned URIs.
+
+<h4>Document Type Definition</h4>
+A type of schema for defining a markup language, such as in XML or HTML (or their predecessor SGML).
+
+<h4>Domain Name System</h4> The Internet's mechanism for mapping between a human-readable host name (e.g. www.example.com) and an Internet Protocol (IP) Address (e.g. 203.20.51.10).
+
+<h4>Dublin Core Element Set</h4>
+ A vocabulary of fifteen properties for use in resource descriptions, such as may be found in a library card catalog (author, publisher, etc).  The most commonly used vocabulary for Semantic Web applications.
+
+<h4>Dublin Core Metadata Initiative</h4> 
+An open international organization engaged in the development of interoperable metadata standards, including the Dublin Core Element Set.
+
+<h4>Free/Libre/Open Source Software</h4>
+ A generic and internationalized term for software released under an Open Source license.
+
+
+<h4>Graph</h4>
+A collection of objects (represented by "nodes") any of which may be connected by links between them.  See also<a href="#dgraph">Directed Graph</a>.
+
+<h4>Hypertext Markup Language</h4> 
+The predominant markup language for hypertext pages on the Web.  HTML defines the structure of Web pages. A family of W3C standards.
+
+<h4>Hypertext Transfer Protocol</h4> 
+The standard transmission protocol used on the World Wide Web to transfer hypertext requests and information between Web servers and Web clients (such as browsers). An IETF standard.
+
+<h4>International Standards Organization</h4> 
+A network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries that cooperate to define international standards.  It Defines many standards including in the context  formats for dates and currency.
+
+<h4>Internet Engineering Task Force</h4>
+ An open international community concerned with the evolution of Internet architecture and the operation of the Internet. Defines standards such as HTTP and DNS.
+
+<h4>Jena</h4>
+ An Open Source Software implementation of a Semantic Web development framework.  Jena supports the storage, retrieval and analysis of RDF information. 
+
 
 <h4>Linked Open Data</h4>
-Linked Open Data: A pattern for hyper-linking machine-readable data sets to each other using Semantic Web techniques, especially via the use of RDF and URIs. Enables distributed SPAQL queries of the data sets and a “browsing” or “discovery” approach to finding information (as compared to a search strategy. (Source: Linking Enterprise Data, David Wood, Springer, 2010, p. 286)
+Linked Open Data: A pattern for hyper-linking machine-readable data sets to each other using Semantic Web techniques, especially via the use of RDF and URIs. Enables distributed SPAQL queries of the data sets and a “browsing” or “discovery” approach to finding information (as compared to a search strategy. 
+
+<h4>Linking Government Data</h4> 
+The use of tools and techniques of the Semantic Web to connect, expose and use data from government systems.
 
 <h4>Linked Open Data Cloud</h4>
-Linked Open Data that has been published is depicted in a LOD cloud diagram. The diagram shows connections between linked data sets and color codes them based on data type (e.g., government, media, life sciences, etc.). The diagram can be viewed at: <a href="http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/">Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/ </a>
+Linked Open Data that has been published is depicted in a LOD cloud diagram. The diagram shows connections between linked data sets and color codes them based on data type (e.g., government, media, life sciences, etc.). The diagram can be viewed at: <a href="http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/" target="blank">Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch.</a>
 
 
+<h4>Machine-Readable Cataloging system</h4> 
+A family of formats for the representation of bibliographic information in libraries (ISO 2709, ANSI/NISO Z39.2).
+
+<h4>Management, Resources and Results Structure</h4> 
+Government of Canada policy linking the management of government resources and program results to their organizational structures. It provides a representation of how a department is managed through a)  strategic outcomes; b) program activity architecture (PAA); and c)  governance structure. 
+
+<h4>Metadata</h4> 
+Information used to administer, describe, preserve, present, use or link other information held in resources, especially knowledge resources, be they physical or virtual.
+
+<h4>Metadata Object Description Schema</h4>
+ A bibliographic description system intended to be a compromise between MARC and DC metadata.  Implemented in XML Schema (see DC, MARC, XSD).
+
+
+<h4 id="n3">Notation 3</h4> An RDF syntax intended to be readable by humans.  See also <a href="#ttl">Turtle</a>.
+
+
+
+<h4 id="ontology"> Ontology</h4>
+A formal representation of relationships between items in a directed graph structure.  See <a href="#taxonomy">taxonomy</a>.
+
+<h4> Ontology matching</h4>
+
+
+
+<h4>Open World</h4>
+ The presumption that what is not known to be true may yet be true if additional information is later obtained.  The assumption underlying RDF and OWL Full.
+
+<h4>protocol</h4>
+ A set of instructions for transferring data from one computer to another over a network.  A protocol standard defines both message formats and the rules for sending and receiving those messages.
+
+<h4>Public Sector Information</h4>
+ Information created by a government in the course of governing.
+
+
+<h4>Quad Store</h4>
+ A colloquial phrase for an RDF database that stores RDF triples plus an additional element of information, often used to collect statements into groups.
+
+<h4>Raw Data</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
 <h4>RDF (Resource Description Framework)</h4>
- A language for representing information about resources in the World Wide Web. RDF is based on the idea of identifying things using Web identifiers (called Uniform Resource Identifiers, or URIs), and describing resources in terms of simple properties and property values. This enables RDF to represent simple statements about resources as a graph of nodes and arcs representing the resources, and their properties and values. (http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/)
+ A language for representing information about resources in the World Wide Web. RDF is based on the idea of identifying things using Web identifiers (called Uniform Resource Identifiers, or URIs), and describing resources in terms of simple properties and property values. This enables RDF to represent simple statements about resources as a graph of nodes and arcs representing the resources, and their properties and values [[!RDF-Primer]].
+
+<h4>RDF Database</h4>
+ A type of database designed specifically to store and retrieve RDF information.
+
+<h4>Schema</h4>
+ A data model that represents the relationships between a set of concepts.  Some types of schemas include relational database schemas (which define how data is stored and retrieved), taxonomies and ontologies. 
 
 <h4>Semantic Technologies</h4>
- The broad set of technologies that related to the extraction, representation, storage, retrieval and analysis of machine-readable information. The Semantic Web standards are a subset of semantic technologies and techniques. (Source: Linking Enterprise Data, David Wood, Springer, 2010, p. 286) Semantic Web: An evolution or part of the World Wide Web that consists of machine-readable data in RDF and an ability to query that information in standard ways (e.g. via SPARQL)
+ The broad set of technologies that related to the extraction, representation, storage, retrieval and analysis of machine-readable information. The Semantic Web standards are a subset of semantic technologies and techniques. 
+
+<h4> Semantic Web</h4>
+ An evolution or part of the World Wide Web that consists of machine-readable data in RDF and an ability to query that information in standard ways (e.g. via SPARQL)
 
 <h4>Semantic Web Standards</h4>
- Standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) relating to the Semantic Web, including RDF, RDFa, SKOS and OWL. (Source: Linking Enterprise Data, David Wood, Springer, 2010, p. 287)
+ Standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) relating to the Semantic Web, including RDF, RDFa, SKOS and OWL. 
+
+<h4>Semantic Web Search Engine</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: Defi[email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Service Oriented Architecture</h4> 
+A set of architectural design guidelines used to expose services, often as Web Services.
+
+<h4>Sesame</h4> An Open Source Software implementation of a Semantic Web development framework.  Supports the storage, retrieval and analysis of RDF information. <a href="http://www.openrdf.org">See</a>
+
+<h4>Silk</h4>
+
+Silk(Silk Link Discovery Framework) is a tool for discovering relationships between data items within different Linked Data sources.
+
+<h4>Simple Knowledge Organisation System</h4> 
+A vocabulary description language for RDF designed for representing traditional knowledge organization systems such as enterprise taxonomies in RDF. A W3C standard.
+
 
 <h4>SPARQL</h4>
- Simple Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL) defines a standard query language and data access protocol for use with the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model. (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa303673.aspx) Just as SQL is used to query relational data, SPARQL is used to query graph, or linked, data.
+ Simple Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL) defines a standard query language and data access protocol for use with the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model.Just as SQL is used to query relational data, SPARQL is used to query graph, or linked, data.
+
+<h4>Structured Query Language</h4> 
+A query language standard for relational databases.
+
+
+<h4>Taxonomy</h4>
+ A formal representation of relationships between items in a hierarchical structure.  See <a href="#ontology">ontology</a>.
+
+<h4 id="tbox">Tbox</h4>
+One of two types of statements in an ontology (the other being <a href="#abox">Abox</a>).  Tbox statements describe a knowledge system in terms of controlled vocabularies (or "terminology", hence the "T"), e.g. A Person is a Mammal.
+
+<h4>Term</h4>
+ A term is an entry in a controlled vocabulary, schema, taxonomy or ontology.
+
+<h4>Triple</h4>
+ An RDF statement, consisting of two things (a "subject" and an "object") and a relationship between them (a verb, or "predicate").  This subject-predicate-object triple forms the smallest possible RDF graph (although most RDF graphs consist of many statements).
+
+<h4>Triple store</h4>
+ A colloquial phrase for an RDF database that stores RDF triples.
+
+<h4>Tuple</h4>
+ An ordered list of elements.  RDF statements are 3-tuples; an ordered list of three elements.
+
+<h4 id="ttl">Turtle</h4>
+ An RDF serialization format, designed to be easier to read than others such as RDF/XML.  It is also a subset of <a href="#n3">N3</a>.
+
+<h4>Uniform Resource Indicator</h4>
+ A global identifier for the Web standardized by joint action of the W3C and IETF.  A URI may or may not be resolvable on the Web (see <a href="#url">URL</a>).
+
+<h4>Universally Unique Identifier</h4>
+ A large hexadecimal number that may be calculated by anyone without significant central coordination and used to uniquely identify a resource.  A standard of the Open Software Foundation.
 
 <h4>Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs)</h4>
- URI’s play a key role in enabling linked data. To publish data on the Web, the items in a domain of interest must first be identified. These are the things whose properties and relationships will be described in the data, and may include Web documents as well as real-world entities and abstract concepts. As Linked Data builds directly on Web architecture [67], the Web architecture term resource is used to refer to these things of interest, which are, in turn, identified by HTTP URIs. Wide Web Consortium’s Government Linked Data (W3C/GLD) workgroup: http://www.w3.org/2011/gld/charter
+ URI’s play a key role in enabling linked data. To publish data on the Web, the items in a domain of interest must first be identified. These are the things whose properties and relationships will be described in the data, and may include Web documents as well as real-world entities and abstract concepts. As Linked Data builds directly on Web architecture [[!WEBARCH]], the Web architecture term resource is used to refer to these things of interest, which are, in turn, identified by HTTP URIs. 
+
+
+<h4 id="url">Uniform Resource Locator</h4>
+ A global identifier for Web resources standardized by joint action of the W3C and IETF.  A URL is resolvable on the Web and is commonly called a "Web address".
+
+
+<h4>Virtuoso</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Web 2.0</h4>
+ A colloquial description of the part of the World Wide Web that implements social networking, blogs, user comments and ratings and related human-centered activities.
+
+<h4>Web 3.0</h4>
+ A colloquial description of the part of the World Wide Web that implements machine-readable data and the ability to perform distributed queries and analysis on that data.  Considered synonymous with the phrases "Semantic Web" and "The Web of Data".
+
+<h4>Web Ontology Language</h4>
+ A family of knowledge representation and vocabulary description languages for authoring ontologies, based on RDF and standardized by the W3C.  Standardized variants include OWL Full, OWL DL (for "description logic") and OWL Lite.
+
+<h4>World Wide Web Consortium</h4> 
+An international community that develops standards for the World Wide Web. Defines standards such as HTML, XML and RDF.
+
+<h4>eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language</h4> 
+ A family of versions of HTML based on XML and standardized by the W3C.
+
+<h4>eXtensible Markup Language</h4> 
+ A specification for creating structured textual computer documents.  Many thousands of XML formats exist, including XHTML.  A family of standards from the W3C.
+
+<h4>XML Schema</h4> 
+Limitations on the content of an XML document that defines what structural elements are allowed.
+
+<h4>eXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformations</h4> 
+ Declarative programs to transform one XML document into another XML document.
+
+
+
 
 </section>
 
@@ -59,8 +277,7 @@
 <!--    ACK   -->
 <section class="appendix">
 <h2>Acknowledgments</h2>
-<p>
-The editors are very thankful for the contributions of David Wood and Springer and ....
+<p>The editors are very thankful for the contributions of David Wood and Springer.
 </p>
 </section>
 </body>
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/glossary/index.html~	Sun Mar 11 20:22:24 2012 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.1//EN"
+                      "http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/DTD/xhtml-rdfa-2.dtd">
+<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
+<head>
+	<title>Government Linked Data Glossary</title>
+	<meta name="description" content="Government Linked Data Glossary" />
+	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
+	<script type="text/javascript"src="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js" class="remove"></script>
+	<script src="respec-ref.js"></script>
+	<script src="respec-config.js"></script>
+	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="local-style.css" />
+</head>
+<body>
+
+
+<section id="abstract">
+
+<p> This document is a glossary of terms defined and used in the <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/gld/raw-file/default/bp/index.html">Best Practice Document </a>Working Note. It is intended for use by Government Linked Data publishers and consumers in order to refer to a common coherent set of terminologies. 
+</p>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO EXPAND MORE @@</p>
+</section>
+
+<section id="sotd">
+
+</section>
+
+<section class="introductory">
+<h2>Scope</h2>
+
+<p>
+This document is aimed at assisting government IT managers, procurement officers, Web developers, vendors, and researchers who are interested in publishing open government data using W3C standards.  The benefits of using international standards for data exchange is to significantly increase interoperability of data.
+</p>
+<p>
+Readers of this document are expected to be familiar with delivery of content via the Web, and to have a general familiarity with the technologies involved, but are not required to have a background in semantic technologies or previous experience with Linked Data. Data stewards, curators, database administrators and other personnel involved in Open Government initiatives are encouraged to read this Linked Open Data Best Practices document. 
+</section>
+
+<section id="definitions">
+<h2> Definition </h2>
+<p class="todo"> @@TODO: add links to W3C documents, and new terms to the actual glossary @@</p>
+<h4 id="abox"> Abox </h4>
+One of two types of statements in an <a href="#ontology">ontology</a> (the other being <a href="#tbox">Tbox</a>).  Abox statements represent facts (or "assertions", hence the "A"), e.g. John is a Person (where Person is a defined class).
+
+<h4>Application Programmer Interface(API)</h4>
+An abstraction implemented in software that defines how others should make use of a software package such as a library or other reusable program.
+
+
+<h4>Closed world</h4>
+The presumption that what is not known to be true must be false.  The assumption underlying relational databases, most forms of logical programming, OWL DL and OWL Lite.
+
+<h4>Controlled vocabularies</h4>
+Carefully selected sets of terms that are used to describe units of information; used to create thesauri,  taxonomies and ontologies.
+
+<h4>Database to RDF Queueing</h4>
+A mechanism to query information in traditional management systems such as relational databases via the SPARQL query language.  D2RQ may refer to the language definition or the Open Source Software project.
+
+<h4>Data Catalogue</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Data Cloud</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Data Hub</h4>
+The <a href="http://thedatahub.org/">Data Hub</a> is a community-run catalogue of useful sets of data on the Internet, powered using an open-source data cataloguing software called <a href="http://ckan.org/">CKAN</a>. It is an openly editable open data catalogue, in the style of Wikipedia.
+
+
+<h4>Data Market</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+
+
+<h4>DBpedia</h4>
+An RDF representation of the metadata held in Wikipedia and made available for SPARQL query on the World Wide Web.
+
+<h4>Directed Acyclic Graph</h4>
+
+A directed graph (like RDF) with the additional restriction that no loops or cycles are permitted.  A cycle is a path from a given node that would allow one to find their way back to the starting node.
+
+<h4 id="dgraph">Directed Graph</h4>
+
+A graph in which the links between nodes are directional (they only go from one node to another).  RDF represents things (nouns) and the relationships between them (verbs) in a directed graph.  In RDF, the links are differentiated by being assigned URIs.
+
+<h4>Document Type Definition</h4>
+A type of schema for defining a markup language, such as in XML or HTML (or their predecessor SGML).
+
+<h4>Domain Name System</h4> The Internet's mechanism for mapping between a human-readable host name (e.g. www.example.com) and an Internet Protocol (IP) Address (e.g. 203.20.51.10).
+
+<h4>Dublin Core Element Set</h4>
+ A vocabulary of fifteen properties for use in resource descriptions, such as may be found in a library card catalog (author, publisher, etc).  The most commonly used vocabulary for Semantic Web applications.
+
+<h4>Dublin Core Metadata Initiative</h4> 
+An open international organization engaged in the development of interoperable metadata standards, including the Dublin Core Element Set.
+
+<h4>Free/Libre/Open Source Software</h4>
+ A generic and internationalized term for software released under an Open Source license.
+
+
+<h4>Graph</h4>
+A collection of objects (represented by "nodes") any of which may be connected by links between them.  See also<a href="#dgraph">Directed Graph</a>.
+
+<h4>Hypertext Markup Language</h4> 
+The predominant markup language for hypertext pages on the Web.  HTML defines the structure of Web pages. A family of W3C standards.
+
+<h4>Hypertext Transfer Protocol</h4> 
+The standard transmission protocol used on the World Wide Web to transfer hypertext requests and information between Web servers and Web clients (such as browsers). An IETF standard.
+
+<h4>International Standards Organization</h4> 
+A network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries that cooperate to define international standards.  It Defines many standards including in the context  formats for dates and currency.
+
+<h4>Internet Engineering Task Force</h4>
+ An open international community concerned with the evolution of Internet architecture and the operation of the Internet. Defines standards such as HTTP and DNS.
+
+<h4>Jena</h4>
+ An Open Source Software implementation of a Semantic Web development framework.  Jena supports the storage, retrieval and analysis of RDF information. 
+
+
+<h4>Linked Open Data</h4>
+Linked Open Data: A pattern for hyper-linking machine-readable data sets to each other using Semantic Web techniques, especially via the use of RDF and URIs. Enables distributed SPAQL queries of the data sets and a “browsing” or “discovery” approach to finding information (as compared to a search strategy. 
+
+<h4>Linking Government Data</h4> 
+The use of tools and techniques of the Semantic Web to connect, expose and use data from government systems.
+
+<h4>Linked Open Data Cloud</h4>
+Linked Open Data that has been published is depicted in a LOD cloud diagram. The diagram shows connections between linked data sets and color codes them based on data type (e.g., government, media, life sciences, etc.). The diagram can be viewed at: <a href="http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/" target="blank">Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch.</a>
+
+
+<h4>Machine-Readable Cataloging system</h4> 
+A family of formats for the representation of bibliographic information in libraries (ISO 2709, ANSI/NISO Z39.2).
+
+<h4>Management, Resources and Results Structure</h4> 
+Government of Canada policy linking the management of government resources and program results to their organizational structures. It provides a representation of how a department is managed through a)  strategic outcomes; b) program activity architecture (PAA); and c)  governance structure. 
+
+<h4>Metadata</h4> 
+Information used to administer, describe, preserve, present, use or link other information held in resources, especially knowledge resources, be they physical or virtual.
+
+<h4>Metadata Object Description Schema</h4>
+ A bibliographic description system intended to be a compromise between MARC and DC metadata.  Implemented in XML Schema (see DC, MARC, XSD).
+
+
+<h4 id="n3">Notation 3</h4> An RDF syntax intended to be readable by humans.  See also <a href="#ttl">Turtle</a>.
+
+
+
+<h4 id="ontology"> Ontology</h4>
+A formal representation of relationships between items in a directed graph structure.  See <a href="#taxonomy">taxonomy</a>.
+
+<h4> Ontology matching</h4>
+
+
+
+<h4>Open World</h4>
+ The presumption that what is not known to be true may yet be true if additional information is later obtained.  The assumption underlying RDF and OWL Full.
+
+<h4>protocol</h4>
+ A set of instructions for transferring data from one computer to another over a network.  A protocol standard defines both message formats and the rules for sending and receiving those messages.
+
+<h4>Public Sector Information</h4>
+ Information created by a government in the course of governing.
+
+
+<h4>Quad Store</h4>
+ A colloquial phrase for an RDF database that stores RDF triples plus an additional element of information, often used to collect statements into groups.
+
+<h4>Raw Data</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>RDF (Resource Description Framework)</h4>
+ A language for representing information about resources in the World Wide Web. RDF is based on the idea of identifying things using Web identifiers (called Uniform Resource Identifiers, or URIs), and describing resources in terms of simple properties and property values. This enables RDF to represent simple statements about resources as a graph of nodes and arcs representing the resources, and their properties and values [[!RDF-Primer]].
+
+<h4>RDF Database</h4>
+ A type of database designed specifically to store and retrieve RDF information.
+
+<h4>Schema</h4>
+ A data model that represents the relationships between a set of concepts.  Some types of schemas include relational database schemas (which define how data is stored and retrieved), taxonomies and ontologies. 
+
+<h4>Semantic Technologies</h4>
+ The broad set of technologies that related to the extraction, representation, storage, retrieval and analysis of machine-readable information. The Semantic Web standards are a subset of semantic technologies and techniques. 
+
+<h4> Semantic Web</h4>
+ An evolution or part of the World Wide Web that consists of machine-readable data in RDF and an ability to query that information in standard ways (e.g. via SPARQL)
+
+<h4>Semantic Web Standards</h4>
+ Standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) relating to the Semantic Web, including RDF, RDFa, SKOS and OWL. 
+
+<h4>Semantic Web Search Engine</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Service Oriented Architecture</h4> 
+A set of architectural design guidelines used to expose services, often as Web Services.
+
+<h4>Sesame</h4> An Open Source Software implementation of a Semantic Web development framework.  Supports the storage, retrieval and analysis of RDF information. <a href="http://www.openrdf.org">See</a>
+
+<h4>Silk</h4>
+
+Silk(Silk Link Discovery Framework) is a tool for discovering relationships between data items within different Linked Data sources.
+
+<h4>Simple Knowledge Organisation System</h4> 
+A vocabulary description language for RDF designed for representing traditional knowledge organization systems such as enterprise taxonomies in RDF. A W3C standard.
+
+
+<h4>SPARQL</h4>
+ Simple Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL) defines a standard query language and data access protocol for use with the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model.Just as SQL is used to query relational data, SPARQL is used to query graph, or linked, data.
+
+<h4>Structured Query Language</h4> 
+A query language standard for relational databases.
+
+
+<h4>Taxonomy</h4>
+ A formal representation of relationships between items in a hierarchical structure.  See <a href="#ontology">ontology</a>.
+
+<h4 id="tbox">Tbox</h4>
+One of two types of statements in an ontology (the other being <a href="#abox">Abox</a>).  Tbox statements describe a knowledge system in terms of controlled vocabularies (or "terminology", hence the "T"), e.g. A Person is a Mammal.
+
+<h4>Term</h4>
+ A term is an entry in a controlled vocabulary, schema, taxonomy or ontology.
+
+<h4>Triple</h4>
+ An RDF statement, consisting of two things (a "subject" and an "object") and a relationship between them (a verb, or "predicate").  This subject-predicate-object triple forms the smallest possible RDF graph (although most RDF graphs consist of many statements).
+
+<h4>Triple store</h4>
+ A colloquial phrase for an RDF database that stores RDF triples.
+
+<h4>Tuple</h4>
+ An ordered list of elements.  RDF statements are 3-tuples; an ordered list of three elements.
+
+<h4 id="ttl">Turtle</h4>
+ An RDF serialization format, designed to be easier to read than others such as RDF/XML.  It is also a subset of <a href="#n3">N3</a>.
+
+<h4>Uniform Resource Indicator</h4>
+ A global identifier for the Web standardized by joint action of the W3C and IETF.  A URI may or may not be resolvable on the Web (see <a href="#url">URL</a>).
+
+<h4>Universally Unique Identifier</h4>
+ A large hexadecimal number that may be calculated by anyone without significant central coordination and used to uniquely identify a resource.  A standard of the Open Software Foundation.
+
+<h4>Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs)</h4>
+ URI’s play a key role in enabling linked data. To publish data on the Web, the items in a domain of interest must first be identified. These are the things whose properties and relationships will be described in the data, and may include Web documents as well as real-world entities and abstract concepts. As Linked Data builds directly on Web architecture [[!WEBARCH]], the Web architecture term resource is used to refer to these things of interest, which are, in turn, identified by HTTP URIs. 
+
+
+<h4 id="url">Uniform Resource Locator</h4>
+ A global identifier for Web resources standardized by joint action of the W3C and IETF.  A URL is resolvable on the Web and is commonly called a "Web address".
+
+
+<h4>Virtuoso</h4>
+<p class="todo">@@TODO: [email protected]@</p>
+
+<h4>Web 2.0</h4>
+ A colloquial description of the part of the World Wide Web that implements social networking, blogs, user comments and ratings and related human-centered activities.
+
+<h4>Web 3.0</h4>
+ A colloquial description of the part of the World Wide Web that implements machine-readable data and the ability to perform distributed queries and analysis on that data.  Considered synonymous with the phrases "Semantic Web" and "The Web of Data".
+
+<h4>Web Ontology Language</h4>
+ A family of knowledge representation and vocabulary description languages for authoring ontologies, based on RDF and standardized by the W3C.  Standardized variants include OWL Full, OWL DL (for "description logic") and OWL Lite.
+
+<h4>World Wide Web Consortium</h4> 
+An international community that develops standards for the World Wide Web. Defines standards such as HTML, XML and RDF.
+
+<h4>eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language</h4> 
+ A family of versions of HTML based on XML and standardized by the W3C.
+
+<h4>eXtensible Markup Language</h4> 
+ A specification for creating structured textual computer documents.  Many thousands of XML formats exist, including XHTML.  A family of standards from the W3C.
+
+<h4>XML Schema</h4> 
+Limitations on the content of an XML document that defines what structural elements are allowed.
+
+<h4>eXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformations</h4> 
+ Declarative programs to transform one XML document into another XML document.
+
+
+
+
+</section>
+
+
+
+
+
+<!--    ACK   -->
+<section class="appendix">
+<h2>Acknowledgments</h2>
+<p>The editors are very thankful for the contributions of David Wood and Springer.
+</p>
+</section>
+</body>
+</html>
--- a/glossary/respec-config.js	Sat Mar 10 18:01:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/glossary/respec-config.js	Sun Mar 11 20:22:24 2012 +0100
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 var respecConfig = {
     // specification status (e.g. WD, LCWD, NOTE, etc.). If in doubt use ED.
     specStatus:           "ED",
-    publishDate:          "2012-03-12",
+    publishDate:          "2012-03-15",
     //copyrightStart:       "2010",
 
     // the specification's short name, as in http://www.w3.org/TR/short-name/
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/glossary/respec-config.js~	Sun Mar 11 20:22:24 2012 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+var respecConfig = {
+    // specification status (e.g. WD, LCWD, NOTE, etc.). If in doubt use ED.
+    specStatus:           "ED",
+    publishDate:          "2012-03-12",
+    //copyrightStart:       "2010",
+
+    // the specification's short name, as in http://www.w3.org/TR/short-name/
+    shortName:            "gld-gloss",
+    //subtitle:             "",
+    // if you wish the publication date to be other than today, set this
+    // publishDate:  "2009-08-06",
+
+    // if there is a previously published draft, uncomment this and set its YYYY-MM-DD date
+    // and its maturity status
+    //previousPublishDate:  "2011-06-26",
+    //previousMaturity:     "ED",
+    //previousDiffURI:      "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/gld/bp/",
+    diffTool:             "http://www.aptest.com/standards/htmldiff/htmldiff.pl",
+
+    // if there a publicly available Editor's Draft, this is the link
+    edDraftURI:           "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/gld/gld-gloss/",
+
+    // if this is a LCWD, uncomment and set the end of its review period
+    // lcEnd: "2009-08-05",
+
+    // if you want to have extra CSS, append them to this list
+    // it is recommended that the respec.css stylesheet be kept
+    extraCSS:             [
+        "http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css"
+    ],
+
+    // editors, add as many as you like
+    // only "name" is required
+    editors:  [
+        		{ name: "Bernadette Hyland", url: "https://twitter.com/bernhyland",  company: "3 Round Stones", companyURL: "http://3roundstones.com/"},
+		{ name: "Ghislain Atemezing", url: "http://www.eurecom.fr/~atemezin",  company: "INSTITUT TELECOM, Eurecom", companyURL: "http://www.eurecom.fr"}
+    ],
+
+    // authors, add as many as you like. 
+    // This is optional, uncomment if you have authors as well as editors.
+    // only "name" is required. Same format as editors.
+
+    //authors:  [],
+
+    // name of the WG
+    wg:           "Government Linked Data Working Group",
+
+    // URI of the public WG page
+    wgURI:        "http://www.w3.org/2011/gld/",
+
+    // name of the public mailing to which comments are due
+    wgPublicList: "public-gld-wg",
+
+    // URI of the patent status for this WG, for Rec-track documents
+    // !!!! IMPORTANT !!!!
+    // This is important for Rec-track documents, do not copy a patent URI from a random
+    // document unless you know what you're doing. If in doubt ask your friendly neighbourhood
+    // Team Contact.
+    wgPatentURI:  "",
+    maxTocLevel: 3,
+    preProcess: [ preProc ]
+    //alternateFormats: [ {uri: "diff-20110507.html", label: "diff to previous version"} ],
+};
+
+function updateExample(doc, content) {
+  // perform transformations to make it render and prettier
+  content = content.replace(/<!--/, '');
+  content = content.replace(/-->/, '');
+  content = doc._esc(content);
+  content = content.replace(/\*\*\*\*([^*]*)\*\*\*\*/g, '<span class="diff">$1</span>') ;
+  return content ;
+}
+
+function updateDTD(doc, content) {
+  // perform transformations to
+  // make it render and prettier
+  content = '<pre class="dtd">' + doc._esc(content) + '</pre>';
+  content = content.replace(/!ENTITY % ([^ \t\r\n]*)/g, '!ENTITY <span class="entity">% $1</span>');
+  content = content.replace(/!ELEMENT ([^ \t$]*)/mg, '!ELEMENT <span class="element">$1</span>');
+  return content;
+}
+
+function updateSchema(doc, content) {
+  // perform transformations to
+  // make it render and prettier
+  content = '<pre class="dtd">' + doc._esc(content) + '</pre>';
+  content = content.replace(/&lt;xs:element\s+name=&quot;([^&]*)&quot;/g, '&lt;xs:element name="<span class="element" id="schema_element_$1">$1</span>"') ;
+  return content;
+}
+
+function updateTTL(doc, content) {
+  // perform transformations to
+  // make it render and prettier
+  content = '<pre class="sh_sourceCode">' + doc._esc(content) + '</pre>';
+  content = content.replace(/@prefix/g, '<span class="sh_keyword">@prefix</span>');
+  return content;
+}
--- a/glossary/respec-ref.js	Sat Mar 10 18:01:47 2012 +0100
+++ b/glossary/respec-ref.js	Sun Mar 11 20:22:24 2012 +0100
@@ -1,7 +1,8 @@
 var preProc = {
       apply:  function(c) {
                 // extend the bibliography entries
-		berjon.biblio["RDF"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/\">RDF Primer</a></cite>  Frank Manola; et al. 10 February 2004.  W3C Recommendation. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/ ";
+		berjon.biblio["WEBARCH"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch/\">Web architecture</a></cite> Ian Jacobs, Norman Walsh (Editors). 15 December 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch/ ";
+		berjon.biblio["RDF-Primer"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/\">RDF-Primer</a></cite> Frank Manola, Eric Miller (Editors). 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/ ";
                 berjon.biblio["MICRODATA"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/microdata/\">Microdata</a></cite> Ian Hickson; et al. 04 March 2010. W3C Working Draft. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/microdata/ ";
                 berjon.biblio["XHTML-RDFA"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa/\">XHTML+RDFa</a></cite> Manu Sporny; et al. 31 March 2011. W3C Working Draft. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa/ ";
                 berjon.biblio["HTML-RDFA"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://dev.w3.org/html5/rdfa/\">HTML+RDFa</a></cite> Manu Sporny; et al. 24 May 2011. W3C Working Draft. URL: http://dev.w3.org/html5/rdfa/ ";
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/glossary/respec-ref.js~	Sun Mar 11 20:22:24 2012 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@
+var preProc = {
+      apply:  function(c) {
+                // extend the bibliography entries
+		berjon.biblio["WEBARCH"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch/\">Web architecture</a></cite>Ian Jacobs, Norman Walsh (Editors). 15 December 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch/ ";
+		berjon.biblio["RDF-Primer"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/\">RDF-Primer</a></cite> Frank Manola, Eric Miller (Editors). 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/ ";
+                berjon.biblio["MICRODATA"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/microdata/\">Microdata</a></cite> Ian Hickson; et al. 04 March 2010. W3C Working Draft. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/microdata/ ";
+                berjon.biblio["XHTML-RDFA"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa/\">XHTML+RDFa</a></cite> Manu Sporny; et al. 31 March 2011. W3C Working Draft. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa/ ";
+                berjon.biblio["HTML-RDFA"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://dev.w3.org/html5/rdfa/\">HTML+RDFa</a></cite> Manu Sporny; et al. 24 May 2011. W3C Working Draft. URL: http://dev.w3.org/html5/rdfa/ ";
+                berjon.biblio["HOWTO-LODP"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://linkeddata.org/docs/how-to-publish\">How to Publish Linked Data on the Web</a></cite>, C. Bizer, R. Cyganiak, and Tom Heath, Community Tutorial 17 July 2008. URL: http://linkeddata.org/docs/how-to-publish";
+                berjon.biblio["COOL-SWURIS"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/cooluris/\">Cool URIs for the Semantic Web</a></cite>, L. Sauermann and R. Cyganiak, W3C Interest Group Note 03 December 2008. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/cooluris/";
+                berjon.biblio["VOID-GUIDE"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/TR/void/\">Describing Linked Datasets with the VoID Vocabulary</a></cite>, K. Alexander, R. Cyganiak, M. Hausenblas, and J. Zhao, W3C Interest Group Note 03 March 2011. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/void/";
+                berjon.biblio["RDFA-CORE-PROFILE"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/profile/rdfa-1.1\">RDFa Core Default Profile</a></cite>, I. Herman, W3C RDF Web Applications Working Group 02 June 2011. URL: http://www.w3.org/profile/rdfa-1.1";
+                berjon.biblio["XHTML-RDFA-PROFILE"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/profile/html-rdfa-1.1\">HTML+RDFa Core Default Profile</a></cite>, I. Herman, W3C RDF Web Applications Working Group 24 May 2011. URL: http://www.w3.org/profile/html-rdfa-1.1";
+                berjon.biblio["RFC2616"] = "<cite><a href=\"http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616.html\">Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1</a></cite>, R. Fielding; et al. June 1999. Internet RFC 2616. URL: http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616.html."
+
+                // process the document before anything else is done
+                var refs = document.querySelectorAll('adef') ;
+                for (var i = 0; i < refs.length; i++) {
+                    var item = refs[i];
+                    var p = item.parentNode ;
+                    var con = item.innerHTML ;
+                    var sp = document.createElement( 'dfn' ) ;
+                    var tit = item.getAttribute('title') ;
+                    if (!tit) {
+                        tit = con;
+                    }
+                    sp.className = 'adef' ;
+                    sp.title=tit ;
+                    sp.innerHTML = con ;
+                    p.replaceChild(sp, item) ;
+                }
+                refs = document.querySelectorAll('aref') ;
+                for (var i = 0; i < refs.length; i++) {
+                    var item = refs[i];
+                    var p = item.parentNode ;
+                    var con = item.innerHTML ;
+                    var sp = document.createElement( 'a' ) ;
+                    sp.className = 'aref' ;
+                    sp.setAttribute('title', con);
+                    sp.innerHTML = '@'+con ;
+                    p.replaceChild(sp, item) ;
+                }
+                // local datatype references
+                refs = document.querySelectorAll('ldtref') ;
+                for (var i = 0; i < refs.length; i++) {
+                    var item = refs[i];
+                    if (!item) continue ;
+                    var p = item.parentNode ;
+                    var con = item.innerHTML ;
+                    var ref = item.getAttribute('title') ;
+                    if (!ref) {
+                        ref = item.textContent ;
+                    }
+                    if (ref) {
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\n/g, '_') ;
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\s+/g, '_') ;
+                    }
+                    var sp = document.createElement( 'a' ) ;
+                    sp.className = 'datatype';
+                    sp.title = ref ;
+                    sp.innerHTML = con ;
+                    p.replaceChild(sp, item) ;
+                }
+                // external datatype references
+                refs = document.querySelectorAll('dtref') ;
+                for (var i = 0; i < refs.length; i++) {
+                    var item = refs[i];
+                    if (!item) continue ;
+                    var p = item.parentNode ;
+                    var con = item.innerHTML ;
+                    var ref = item.getAttribute('title') ;
+                    if (!ref) {
+                        ref = item.textContent ;
+                    }
+                    if (ref) {
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\n/g, '_') ;
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\s+/g, '_') ;
+                    }
+                    var sp = document.createElement( 'a' ) ;
+                    sp.className = 'externalDFN';
+                    sp.title = ref ;
+                    sp.innerHTML = con ;
+                    p.replaceChild(sp, item) ;
+                }
+                // now do terms
+                refs = document.querySelectorAll('tdef') ;
+                for (var i = 0; i < refs.length; i++) {
+                    var item = refs[i];
+                    if (!item) continue ;
+                    var p = item.parentNode ;
+                    var con = item.innerHTML ;
+                    var ref = item.getAttribute('title') ;
+                    if (!ref) {
+                        ref = item.textContent ;
+                    }
+                    if (ref) {
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\n/g, '_') ;
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\s+/g, '_') ;
+                    }
+                    var sp = document.createElement( 'dfn' ) ;
+                    sp.title = ref ;
+                    sp.innerHTML = con ;
+                    p.replaceChild(sp, item) ;
+                }
+                // now term references
+                refs = document.querySelectorAll('tref') ;
+                for (var i = 0; i < refs.length; i++) {
+                    var item = refs[i];
+                    if (!item) continue ;
+                    var p = item.parentNode ;
+                    var con = item.innerHTML ;
+                    var ref = item.getAttribute('title') ;
+                    if (!ref) {
+                        ref = item.textContent ;
+                    }
+                    if (ref) {
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\n/g, '_') ;
+                        ref = ref.replace(/\s+/g, '_') ;
+                    }
+
+                    var sp = document.createElement( 'a' ) ;
+                    var id = item.textContent ;
+                    sp.className = 'tref' ;
+                    sp.title = ref ;
+                    sp.innerHTML = con ;
+                    p.replaceChild(sp, item) ;
+                }
+            }
+    } ;