Add a (machine-generated) diff to Process-2014 ED-20150303
authorRalph Swick <swick+git@w3.org>
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 16:43:59 -0500
branchED-20150303
changeset 149 4549146b2696
parent 148 356968630e27
child 150 68f2be460152
Add a (machine-generated) diff to Process-2014
cover.html
diff.html
--- a/cover.html	Tue Mar 03 17:48:06 2015 -0800
+++ b/cover.html	Wed Mar 04 16:43:59 2015 -0500
@@ -30,6 +30,8 @@
             href="http://yandex.ru"><span style="color: red;">Я</span>ндекс</a></dd>
         <dt>Previous editor:</dt>
         <dd>Ian Jacobs, <a href="http://www.w3.org/">W3C</a></dd>
+	<dt>Changes:</dt>
+	<dd><a href="diff">Diff to 2014 Process Document</a></dd>
       </dl>
       <p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 1996-2015 <a href="/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>®</sup>
         (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><abbr
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/diff.html	Wed Mar 04 16:43:59 2015 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,28812 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html lang="en">
+<head>
+<meta content="text/html; charset=utf-8" http-equiv="content-type">
+<meta name="keywords" content="W3C, World Wide Web, WWW, Consortium, process, Team, Recommendation, Advisory Committee, Advisory Board, Working Group, Coordination Group, Interest Group, W3C Activity, Workshop, Symposium, charter, Activity Proposal,Working Draft, Process Document, Candidate Recommendation, Director, Proposed Recommendation, Last Call, Submission request">
+<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/base.css">
+<title>World Wide Web Consortium Process Document</title>
+
+<style type="text/css">
+     .about { margin-left: 3em; margin-right: 3em; font-size: .83em}
+     table { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto }
+     .diagram { text-align: center; margin: 2.5em 0 }
+      .issue:before {content: "Issue: "}
+      .issue {border: 2px dashed red; background-color: #ffa;}
+      .issue .issue {background-color: #fcc;}
+      .rfc2119 {font-variant:small-caps}
+</style>
+<!--[if lt IE 9]><script src='undefined://www.w3.org/2008/site/js/html5shiv.js'></script><![endif]-->
+<style type='text/css'>
+.diff-old-a {
+  font-size: smaller;
+  color: red;
+}
+
+.diff-new { background-color: yellow; }
+.diff-chg { background-color: lime; }
+.diff-new:before,
+.diff-new:after
+    { content: "\2191" }
+.diff-chg:before, .diff-chg:after
+    { content: "\2195" }
+.diff-old { text-decoration: line-through; background-color: #FBB; }
+.diff-old:before,
+.diff-old:after
+    { content: "\2193" }
+:focus { border: thin red solid}
+</style>
+</head>
+<body>
+<div class="head">
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/">
+<img alt="W3C" src="https://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" height="48" width="72">
+</a>
+<h1>
+<del class="diff-old">World
+Wide
+Web
+Consortium
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">W3C
+Draft
+</ins>
+Process
+Document
+</h1>
+<h2 class="notoc">
+<del class="diff-old">1
+August
+2014
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">3
+March
+2015
+Editor's
+Draft
+</ins>
+</h2>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">This
+version
+-
+permanent
+URI:
+http://www.w3.org/2014/Process-20140801/
+</del>
+Latest
+Editor's
+version:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/cover.html">
+https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/cover.html
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Latest
+operative
+version:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/">
+http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">Previous
+operative
+version:
+14
+October
+2005
+Process
+</del>
+Editor:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+Charles
+McCathie
+Nevile,
+<a style="color:black" href="http://yandex.com">
+<span style="color: red;">
+Y
+</span>
+andex
+</a>
+—
+<a style="color:black" href="http://yandex.ru">
+<span style="color: red;">

+</span>
+ндекс
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Previous
+editor:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+Ian
+Jacobs,
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/">
+W3C
+</a>
+</dd>
+</dl>
+<p class="copyright">
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">
+Copyright
+</a>

+<del class="diff-old">1996-2014
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">1996-2015
+</ins>
+<a href="/">
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+</a>
+<sup>

+</sup>
+(
+<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/">
+<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">
+MIT
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.ercim.eu/">
+<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">
+ERCIM
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">
+Keio
+</a>,
+<a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/">
+Beihang
+</a>
+),
+All
+Rights
+Reserved.
+W3C
+<a href="/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">
+liability
+</a>,
+<a href="/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">
+trademark
+</a>,
+<a rel="Copyright" href="/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">
+document
+use
+</a>
+and
+<a rel="Copyright" href="/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software">
+software
+licensing
+</a>
+rules
+apply.
+Your
+interactions
+with
+this
+site
+are
+in
+accordance
+with
+our
+<a href="/Consortium/Legal/privacy-statement#Public">
+public
+</a>
+and
+<a href= "/Consortium/Legal/privacy-statement#Members">
+Member
+</a>
+privacy
+statements.
+</p>
+<hr>
+</div>
+<h2 class="notoc">
+<a id="abstract">
+Abstract
+</a>
+</h2>
+<p>
+The
+mission
+of
+the
+World
+Wide
+Web
+Consortium
+(
+<abbr>
+W3C
+</abbr>
+)
+is
+to
+lead
+the
+World
+Wide
+Web
+to
+its
+full
+potential
+by
+developing
+common
+protocols
+that
+promote
+its
+evolution
+and
+ensure
+its
+interoperability.
+The
+W3C
+Process
+Document
+describes
+the
+organizational
+structure
+of
+the
+W3C
+and
+the
+processes
+related
+to
+the
+responsibilities
+and
+functions
+they
+exercise
+to
+enable
+W3C
+to
+accomplish
+its
+mission.
+This
+document
+does
+not
+describe
+the
+internal
+workings
+of
+the
+Team
+or
+W3C's
+public
+communication
+mechanisms.
+</p>
+<p>
+For
+more
+information
+about
+the
+W3C
+mission
+and
+the
+history
+of
+W3C,
+please
+refer
+to
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/">
+About
+W3C
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-mission">
+PUB15
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h2 class="notoc" id="status">
+Status
+of
+this
+Document
+</h2>
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-new">W3C,
+including
+all
+existing
+chartered
+groups,
+follows
+the
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/"><ins class="diff-new">
+most
+recent
+operative
+Process
+Document
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+announced
+to
+the
+Membership.
+</ins></p><p>
+This
+<ins class="diff-new">document
+</ins>
+is
+<ins class="diff-new">developed
+by
+the
+Advisory
+Board's
+Process
+Task
+Force
+(which
+anyone
+may
+join)
+working
+within
+the
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/"><ins class="diff-new">
+Revising
+W3C
+Process
+Community
+Group
+</ins></a>.<ins class="diff-new">
+This
+is
+the
+25
+January
+2015
+Editor's
+draft
+for
+the
+proposed
+next
+version
+of
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">1
+August
+2014
+</del>
+W3C
+Process
+Document.
+This
+document
+<del class="diff-old">was
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+based
+on
+the
+30
+September
+review
+draft,
+itself
+based
+on
+the
+1
+August
+2014
+Process,
+</ins>
+developed
+between
+the
+<a href="/2002/ab/">
+W3C
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>
+and
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/">
+Revising
+W3C
+Process
+Community
+Group
+</a>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">reviewed
+twice
+by
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">adopted
+as
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+Membership.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">currently
+operative
+Process.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">W3C,
+including
+all
+existing
+chartered
+groups,
+follows
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+draft
+is
+expected
+to
+be
+proposed
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">most
+recent
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Advisory
+Committee
+as
+a
+working
+draft
+with
+an
+explicit
+request
+for
+comment,
+as
+a
+"last
+call"
+before
+a
+formal
+AC
+review
+on
+whether
+to
+adopt
+this
+as
+the
+new
+</ins>
+operative
+Process
+<del class="diff-old">Document
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">document.
+Further
+revision
+is
+expected,
+to
+be
+adopted
+in
+2016.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Note
+that
+sections
+have
+not
+been
+renumbered
+from
+the
+current
+Operative
+version.
+This
+is
+intended
+to
+facilitate
+comparison
+for
+review.
+Renumbering
+will
+occur
+before
+adoption
+of
+a
+New
+Process
+document.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+In
+</ins><em><ins class="diff-chg">
+this
+draft
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+the
+default
+channel
+for
+</ins><a href="#ACReview"><ins class="diff-chg">
+AC
+review
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">announced
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">has
+been
+removed
+in
+favor
+of
+a
+requirement
+for
+each
+review
+to
+specify
+a
+default
+(
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/issues/154"><ins class="diff-chg">
+ISSUE-154
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+),
+a
+procedure
+for
+</ins><a href="#resignation"><ins class="diff-chg">
+resignation
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+from
+Working
+(and
+Interest
+Groups
+has
+been
+provided
+(
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/issues/151"><ins class="diff-chg">
+ISSUE-151
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+),
+and
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/issues/152"><ins class="diff-chg">
+ISSUE-152
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+described.
+A
+</ins><a href="#changes"><ins class="diff-chg">
+change
+history
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+(compared
+</ins>
+to
+the
+<del class="diff-old">Membership.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">2014
+Process
+Document)
+forms
+part
+of
+the
+draft.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-new">Comment
+is
+invited
+on
+the
+draft.
+</ins>
+Please
+send
+comments
+<del class="diff-old">about
+this
+document
+</del>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">the
+Revising
+W3C
+Process
+Community
+Group
+</del>
+<a href="mailto:public-w3process@w3.org">
+<ins class="diff-chg">public-w3process@w3.org
+</ins>
+</a>
+(
+<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-w3process/">
+Mailing
+list
+archive
+</a>,
+publicly
+available)
+or
+to
+process-issues@w3.org
+(
+<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Member/process-issues">
+Member-only
+archive
+</a>
+).
+A
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/">
+Public
+Issue
+Tracker
+</a>
+and
+<a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/">
+detailed
+changelogs
+</a>
+are
+available
+online.
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+terms
+must
+,
+must
+not
+,
+should
+,
+should
+not
+,
+required
+,
+and
+may
+are
+used
+in
+accordance
+with
+RFC
+2119
+[
+RFC2119
+].
+The
+term
+not
+required
+is
+equivalent
+to
+the
+term
+may
+as
+defined
+in
+RFC
+2119.
+Some
+terms
+have
+been
+capitalized
+in
+this
+document
+(and
+in
+other
+W3C
+materials)
+to
+indicate
+that
+they
+are
+entities
+with
+special
+relevance
+to
+the
+W3C
+Process.
+These
+terms
+are
+defined
+herein,
+and
+readers
+should
+be
+aware
+that
+the
+ordinary
+(English)
+definitions
+are
+incomplete
+for
+purposes
+of
+understanding
+this
+document.
+</del>
+<h2 class="notoc" id="pp">
+Relation
+of
+Process
+Document
+to
+Patent
+Policy
+</h2>
+<p>
+W3C
+Members'
+attention
+is
+called
+to
+the
+fact
+that
+provisions
+of
+the
+Process
+Document
+are
+binding
+on
+Members
+per
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-agreement">
+PUB6
+</a>
+].
+The
+Patent
+Policy
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+]
+is
+incorporated
+by
+normative
+reference
+as
+a
+part
+of
+the
+Process
+Document,
+and
+is
+thus
+equally
+binding.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Patent
+Policy
+places
+additional
+obligations
+on
+Members,
+Team,
+and
+other
+participants
+in
+W3C.
+The
+Process
+Document
+does
+not
+restate
+those
+requirements
+but
+includes
+references
+to
+them.
+The
+Process
+Document
+and
+Patent
+Policy
+have
+been
+designed
+so
+that
+they
+may
+evolve
+independently.
+</p>
+<p>
+In
+the
+Process
+Document,
+the
+term
+"participant"
+refers
+to
+an
+individual,
+not
+an
+organization.
+</p>
+<h2 class=".notoc">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Conformance
+and
+specialized
+terms
+</ins></h2><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+The
+terms
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+not
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+should
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+should
+not
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+required
+</ins></em>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+are
+used
+in
+accordance
+with
+</ins><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RFC
+2119
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+[
+</ins><a href="#ref-RFC2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+RFC2119
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+].
+The
+term
+</ins><dfn>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">not
+required
+</ins></em></dfn><ins class="diff-chg">
+is
+equivalent
+to
+the
+term
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+as
+defined
+in
+RFC
+2119.&#160;
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Some
+terms
+have
+been
+capitalized
+in
+this
+document
+(and
+in
+other
+W3C
+materials)
+to
+indicate
+that
+they
+are
+entities
+with
+special
+relevance
+to
+the
+W3C
+Process.
+These
+terms
+are
+defined
+herein,
+and
+readers
+should
+be
+aware
+that
+the
+ordinary
+(English)
+definitions
+are
+incomplete
+for
+purposes
+of
+understanding
+this
+document.
+</ins></p><div class="toc" role="navigation"><h2 class="notoc" id="toc">
+Table
+of
+Contents
+</h2>
+<div class="noprint">
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Intro" class="tocxref">
+1
+Introduction
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Organization" class="tocxref">
+2
+Members,
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Team,
+Advisory
+Board,
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Policies" class="tocxref">
+3
+General
+Policies
+for
+W3C
+Groups
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#dissemination" class="tocxref">
+4
+Dissemination
+Policies
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<s>
+5
+Activities
+</s>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAGeneral" class="tocxref">
+6
+Working
+<del class="diff-old">Groups,
+Interest
+Groups,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Groups
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interest
+</ins>
+Groups
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Reports" class="tocxref">
+7
+W3C
+Technical
+Report
+Development
+Process
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#ReviewAppeal" class="tocxref">
+8
+Advisory
+Committee
+Reviews,
+Appeals,
+and
+Votes
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAEvents" class="tocxref">
+9
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Liaisons" class="tocxref">
+10
+Liaisons
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Submission" class="tocxref">
+11
+Member
+Submission
+Process
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAProcess" class="tocxref">
+12
+Process
+Evolution
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#references" class="tocxref">
+13
+References
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#acks" class="tocxref">
+14
+Acknowledgments
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#changes" class="tocxref">
+15
+Changes
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="longtoc">
+<div class="noprint">
+<h3 class="notoc" id="fulltoc">
+Expanded
+table
+of
+contents
+</h3>
+</div>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Intro">
+1
+Introduction
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Organization">
+2
+Members,
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Team,
+Advisory
+Board,
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Members">
+2.1
+Members
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#MemberBenefits">
+2.1.1
+Rights
+of
+Members
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+2.1.2
+Related
+Members
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AC">
+2.1.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+(AC)
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Team">
+2.2
+The
+W3C
+Team
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#TeamSubmission">
+2.2.1
+Team
+Submissions
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#AB">
+2.3
+Advisory
+Board
+(AB)
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#ABParticipation">
+2.3.1
+Advisory
+Board
+Participation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#TAG">
+2.4
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+(TAG)
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#tag-participation">
+2.4.1
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-participation">
+2.5
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-constraints">
+2.5.1
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+Constraints
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+2.5.2
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Elections
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-vacated">
+2.5.3
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Vacated
+Seats
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Policies">
+3
+General
+Policies
+for
+W3C
+Groups
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ParticipationCriteria">
+3.1
+Individual
+Participation
+Criteria
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#coi">
+3.1.1
+Conflict
+of
+Interest
+Policy
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#member-rep">
+3.1.2
+Individuals
+Representing
+a
+Member
+Organization
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#GeneralMeetings">
+3.2
+Meetings
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Consensus">
+3.3
+Consensus
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#managing-dissent">
+3.3.1
+Managing
+Dissent
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGArchiveMinorityViews">
+3.3.2
+Recording
+and
+Reporting
+Formal
+Objections
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#formal-address">
+3.3.3
+Formally
+Addressing
+an
+Issue
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGChairReopen">
+3.3.4
+Reopening
+a
+Decision
+When
+Presented
+With
+New
+Information
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Votes">
+3.4
+Votes
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#WGAppeals">
+3.5
+Appeal
+of
+a
+Chair's
+Decision
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#resignation">
+3.6
+Resignation
+from
+a
+Group
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#dissemination">
+4
+Dissemination
+Policies
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#confidentiality-levels">
+4.1
+Confidentiality
+Levels
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#confidentiality-change">
+4.1.1
+Changing
+Confidentiality
+Level
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<del class="diff-old">5
+Activities
+5.1
+Activity
+Proposal
+Development
+5.2
+Advisory
+Committee
+Review
+of
+an
+Activity
+Proposal
+5.3
+Modification
+of
+an
+Activity
+5.4
+Extension
+of
+an
+Activity
+5.5
+Activity
+Closure
+5.6
+Activity
+Proposals
+</del>
+<a href="#GAGeneral">
+6
+Working
+<del class="diff-old">Groups,
+Interest
+Groups,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Groups
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interest
+</ins>
+Groups
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ReqsAllGroups">
+6.1
+Requirements
+for
+All
+<del class="diff-old">Working,
+Interest,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Working
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interest
+</ins>
+Groups
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#GroupsWG">
+6.2
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#group-participation">
+6.2.1
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Participation
+Requirements
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGCharterDevelopment">
+6.2.2
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Charter
+Development
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#CharterReview">
+6.2.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+Review
+of
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group
+Charter
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#cfp">
+6.2.4
+Call
+for
+Participation
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#charter-extension">
+6.2.5
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Charter
+Extension
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+6.2.6
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Charters
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<del class="diff-old">6.2.7
+Working
+Group
+"Heartbeat"
+Requirement
+</del>
+<a href="#GeneralTermination">
+6.2.8
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Closure
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<del class="diff-old">6.3
+Coordination
+Groups
+6.3.1
+Coordination
+Group
+Participation
+Requirements
+6.3.2
+Coordination
+Group
+Creation
+and
+Closure
+6.3.3
+Coordination
+Group
+Charters
+</del>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Reports">
+7
+W3C
+Technical
+Report
+Development
+Process
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+7.1
+W3C
+Technical
+Reports
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#recs-and-notes" id="return-to-wg">
+7.1.1
+Recommendations
+and
+Notes
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#maturity-levels">
+7.1.2
+Maturity
+Levels
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#requirements-and-definitions">
+7.2
+General
+requirements
+and
+definitions
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#general-requirements">
+7.2.1
+General
+requirements
+for
+Technical
+Reports
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#transition-reqs">
+7.2.2
+Advancement
+on
+the
+Recommendation
+Track
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#substantive-change">
+7.2.2.1
+Substantive
+Change
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#doc-reviews">
+7.2.3
+Reviews
+and
+Review
+Responsibilities
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#wide-review">
+7.2.3.1
+Wide
+Review
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#implementation-experience">
+7.2.4
+Implementation
+Experience
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#correction-classes">
+7.2.5
+Classes
+of
+Changes
+to
+a
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#working-draft">
+7.3
+Working
+Draft
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#first-wd">
+7.3.1
+First
+Public
+Working
+Draft
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#revised-wd">
+7.3.2
+Revising
+Public
+Working
+Drafts
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#tr-end">
+7.3.3
+Stopping
+work
+on
+a
+specification
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#candidate-rec" id="cfi">
+7.4
+Candidate
+Recommendation
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#revised-cr">
+7.4.1
+Revising
+a
+Candidate
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-pr" id="cfr">
+7.5
+Proposed
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-publication">
+7.6
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-modify">
+7.7
+Modifying
+a
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#errata">
+7.7.1
+Errata
+Management
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#revised-rec" id="cfr-edited">
+7.7.2
+Revising
+a
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#Note">
+7.8
+Publishing
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group
+Note
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-rescind">
+7.9
+Rescinding
+a
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#further-reading">
+Further
+reading
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#ReviewAppeal">
+8
+Advisory
+Committee
+Reviews,
+Appeals,
+and
+Votes
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ACReview">
+8.1
+Advisory
+Committee
+Reviews
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#ACReviewStart">
+8.1.1
+Start
+of
+a
+Review
+Period
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#ACReviewAfter">
+8.1.2
+After
+the
+Review
+Period
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+8.2
+Appeal
+by
+Advisory
+Committee
+Representatives
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ACVotes">
+8.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+Votes
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+9
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Liaisons">
+10
+Liaisons
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Submission">
+11
+Member
+Submission
+Process
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#SubmissionRights">
+11.1
+Submitter
+Rights
+and
+Obligations
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#SubmissionScope">
+11.1.1
+Scope
+of
+Member
+Submissions
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#SubmissionReqs">
+11.1.2
+Information
+Required
+in
+a
+Submission
+Request
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#TeamSubmissionRights">
+11.2
+Team
+Rights
+and
+Obligations
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#SubmissionYes">
+11.3
+Acknowledgment
+of
+a
+Submission
+Request
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+11.4
+Rejection
+of
+a
+Submission
+Request
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+12
+Process
+Evolution
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#references">
+13
+References
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#public-refs">
+13.1
+Public
+Resources
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#member-refs">
+13.2
+Member-only
+Resources
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#other-refs">
+13.3
+Other
+References
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#acks">
+14
+Acknowledgments
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#changes">
+15
+Changes
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+<main>
+<h2 id="Intro">
+1
+Introduction
+</h2>
+<p>
+Most
+W3C
+work
+revolves
+around
+the
+standardization
+of
+Web
+technologies.
+To
+accomplish
+this
+work,
+W3C
+follows
+processes
+that
+promote
+the
+development
+of
+high-quality
+standards
+based
+on
+the
+<a href="#Consensus">
+consensus
+</a>
+of
+the
+Membership,
+Team,
+and
+public.
+W3C
+processes
+promote
+fairness,
+responsiveness,
+and
+progress:
+all
+facets
+of
+the
+W3C
+mission.
+This
+document
+describes
+the
+processes
+W3C
+follows
+in
+pursuit
+of
+its
+mission.
+</p>
+<p>
+Here
+is
+a
+general
+overview
+of
+how
+W3C
+standardizes
+a
+Web
+technology.
+In
+many
+cases,
+the
+goal
+of
+this
+work
+is
+a
+<a href="#RecsW3C">
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>,
+the
+W3C
+equivalent
+of
+a
+Web
+standard.
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+People
+generate
+interest
+in
+a
+particular
+topic
+(e.g.,
+Web
+services).
+For
+instance,
+Members
+express
+interest
+in
+the
+form
+of
+<a href="#Submission">
+Member
+Submissions
+</a>,
+and
+the
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+monitors
+work
+inside
+and
+outside
+of
+W3C
+for
+signs
+of
+interest.
+Also,
+W3C
+is
+likely
+to
+organize
+a
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshop
+</a>
+to
+bring
+people
+together
+to
+discuss
+topics
+that
+interest
+the
+W3C
+community.
+<del class="diff-old">This
+was
+the
+case,
+for
+example,
+with
+Web
+services.
+</del>
+</li>
+<li>
+When
+there
+is
+enough
+interest
+in
+a
+topic
+(e.g.,
+after
+a
+successful
+Workshop
+and/or
+discussion
+on
+an
+<a href="#ACCommunication">
+Advisory
+Committee
+mailing
+list
+</a>
+),
+the
+Director
+announces
+the
+<a href="#ActivityDevelopment">
+development
+of
+a
+proposal
+for
+<del class="diff-old">a
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">one
+or
+more
+</ins>
+new
+<del class="diff-old">Activity
+</del>
+</a>
+or
+<ins class="diff-new">Interest
+Group
+or
+</ins>
+<a href="#WGCharterDevelopment">
+Working
+Group
+charter
+</a>,
+depending
+on
+the
+breadth
+of
+the
+topic
+of
+interest.
+<del class="diff-old">An
+Activity
+Proposal
+describes
+the
+scope,
+duration,
+and
+other
+characteristics
+of
+the
+intended
+work,
+and
+includes
+the
+charters
+of
+one
+or
+more
+Working
+Groups,
+Interest
+Groups,
+and
+possibly
+Coordination
+Groups
+to
+carry
+out
+the
+work.
+</del>
+W3C
+Members
+<a href="#ActivityCreation">
+review
+<del class="diff-old">each
+Activity
+Proposal
+</del>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">and
+</del>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">associated
+Working
+Group
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">proposed
+</ins>
+charters.
+When
+there
+is
+support
+within
+W3C
+for
+investing
+resources
+in
+the
+topic
+of
+interest,
+the
+Director
+approves
+the
+<del class="diff-old">new
+Activity
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">group(s)
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">groups
+get
+down
+to
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">they
+begin
+their
+</ins>
+work.
+<del class="diff-old">For
+the
+Web
+Services
+Activity,
+the
+initial
+Activity
+Proposal
+called
+for
+one
+Working
+Group
+to
+work
+on
+Web
+Services
+Architecture
+and
+one
+to
+work
+on
+a
+language
+for
+Web
+Services
+Description.
+The
+Activity
+Proposal
+also
+incorporated
+an
+existing
+Working
+Group
+(from
+another
+Activity)
+working
+on
+XML
+Protocols.
+</del>
+</li>
+<li>
+There
+are
+three
+types
+of
+Working
+Group
+participants:
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+representatives
+</a>.
+Team
+representatives
+both
+contribute
+to
+the
+technical
+work
+and
+help
+ensure
+the
+group's
+proper
+integration
+with
+the
+rest
+of
+W3C.
+The
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+Working
+Group
+charter
+</a>
+sets
+expectations
+about
+each
+group's
+deliverables
+(e.g.,
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>,
+test
+suites,
+and
+tutorials).
+</li>
+<li>
+Working
+Groups
+generally
+create
+specifications
+and
+guidelines
+that
+undergo
+cycles
+of
+revision
+and
+review
+as
+they
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+advance
+to
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+status.
+The
+W3C
+process
+for
+producing
+these
+technical
+reports
+includes
+significant
+review
+by
+the
+Members
+and
+public,
+and
+requirements
+that
+the
+Working
+Group
+be
+able
+to
+show
+implementation
+and
+interoperability
+experience.
+At
+the
+end
+of
+the
+process,
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+reviews
+the
+mature
+technical
+report,
+and
+if
+there
+is
+support,
+W3C
+publishes
+it
+as
+a
+<a href="#RecsW3C">
+Recommendation
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+The
+Process
+Document
+promotes
+the
+goals
+of
+quality
+and
+fairness
+in
+technical
+decisions
+by
+encouraging
+<a href="#Consensus">
+consensus
+</a>,
+requiring
+reviews
+(by
+both
+Members
+and
+public)
+as
+part
+of
+the
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+report
+development
+process
+</a>,
+and
+through
+an
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+appeal
+process
+</a>
+for
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+other
+sections
+of
+the
+Process
+Document:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+set
+forth
+<a href="#Policies">
+policies
+</a>
+for
+participation
+in
+W3C
+groups,
+</li>
+<li>
+establish
+two
+permanent
+groups
+within
+W3C:
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+(TAG)
+</a>,
+to
+help
+resolve
+Consortium-wide
+technical
+issues;
+and
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+(AB)
+</a>,
+to
+help
+resolve
+Consortium-wide
+non-technical
+issues,
+and
+to
+manage
+the
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+evolution
+of
+the
+W3C
+process
+</a>,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+describe
+other
+interactions
+between
+the
+<a href="#Members">
+Members
+</a>
+(as
+represented
+by
+the
+<a href="#AC">
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>
+),
+the
+Team,
+and
+the
+general
+public.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<h2 id="Organization">
+2
+Members,
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Team,
+Advisory
+Board,
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</h2>
+<p>
+W3C's
+mission
+is
+to
+lead
+the
+Web
+to
+its
+full
+potential.
+W3C
+<a href="#Members">
+Member
+</a>
+organizations
+provide
+resources
+to
+this
+end,
+and
+the
+W3C
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+provides
+the
+technical
+leadership
+and
+organization
+to
+coordinate
+the
+effort.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Members">
+2.1
+Members
+</h3>
+<p>
+W3C
+Members
+are
+primarily
+represented
+in
+W3C
+processes
+as
+follows:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+The
+<a href="#AC">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>
+is
+composed
+of
+one
+representative
+from
+each
+Member
+organization
+(refer
+to
+the
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+list
+of
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/ACList">
+current
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-current-ac">
+MEM1
+</a>
+]).
+The
+Advisory
+Committee:
+<ul>
+<li>
+reviews
+plans
+for
+W3C
+at
+each
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+</a>
+;
+</li>
+<li>
+reviews
+formal
+proposals
+from
+the
+W3C
+Director:
+<del class="diff-old">Activity
+</del>
+<a href="#CharterReview">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Charter
+</ins>
+Proposals
+</a>,
+<a href="#RecsPR">
+Proposed
+Recommendations
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+Proposed
+Process
+Documents
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+elects
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>
+participants
+other
+than
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+Chair.
+</li>
+<li>
+elects
+5
+of
+the
+9
+participants
+on
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+have
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+appeal
+</a>
+powers
+for
+some
+processes
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+</li>
+<li>
+Representatives
+of
+Member
+organizations
+participate
+in
+<a href="#GAGeneral">
+Working
+<del class="diff-old">Groups,
+Interest
+Groups,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Groups
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interest
+</ins>
+Groups
+</a>
+and
+author
+and
+review
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p id="MemberSubscription">
+W3C
+membership
+is
+open
+to
+all
+entities,
+as
+described
+in
+"
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/join">
+How
+to
+Join
+W3C
+</a>
+"
+[
+<a href="#ref-join-w3c">
+PUB5
+</a>
+];
+(refer
+to
+the
+public
+list
+of
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Member/List">
+current
+W3C
+Members
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-current-mem">
+PUB8
+</a>
+]).
+Organizations
+subscribe
+according
+to
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-agreement">
+PUB6
+</a>
+].
+The
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+ensure
+that
+Member
+participation
+agreements
+remain
+<a href="#Team-only">
+Team-only
+</a>
+and
+that
+no
+Member
+receives
+preferential
+treatment
+within
+W3C.
+</p>
+<p id="IndividualParticipation">
+W3C
+does
+not
+have
+a
+class
+of
+membership
+tailored
+to,
+or
+priced
+for
+<del class="diff-old">individuals
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">individuals.
+</ins>
+However,
+an
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+join
+W3C
+as
+an
+Affiliate
+Member.
+In
+this
+case
+the
+same
+restrictions
+pertaining
+to
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+apply
+when
+the
+individual
+also
+<a href="#member-rep">
+represents
+</a>
+another
+W3C
+Member.
+</p>
+<h4 id="MemberBenefits">
+2.1.1
+Rights
+of
+Members
+</h4>
+<p>
+Each
+Member
+organization
+enjoys
+the
+following
+rights
+and
+benefits:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+A
+seat
+on
+the
+<a href="#AC">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>
+;
+</li>
+<li>
+Access
+to
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+information;
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+<a href="#Submission">
+Member
+Submission
+</a>
+process;
+</li>
+<li>
+Use
+of
+the
+W3C
+Member
+logo
+on
+promotional
+material
+and
+to
+publicize
+the
+Member's
+participation
+in
+W3C.
+For
+more
+information,
+please
+refer
+to
+the
+Member
+logo
+usage
+policy
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-new-member">
+MEM4
+</a>
+].
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+Furthermore,
+representatives
+of
+Member
+organizations
+participate
+in
+W3C
+as
+follows:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+In
+<a href="#GAGeneral">
+Working
+<del class="diff-old">Groups,
+Interest
+Groups,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Groups
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interest
+</ins>
+Groups
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+In
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+</a>
+;
+</li>
+<li>
+On
+the
+Team,
+as
+<a href="#fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+In
+the
+case
+(described
+in
+paragraph
+5g
+of
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+),
+where
+a
+Member
+organization
+is
+itself
+a
+consortium,
+user
+society,
+or
+otherwise
+has
+members
+or
+sponsors,
+the
+organization's
+paid
+staff
+and
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+exercise
+all
+the
+rights
+and
+privileges
+of
+W3C
+membership.
+In
+addition,
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+designate
+up
+to
+four
+(or
+more
+at
+the
+Team's
+discretion)
+individuals
+who,
+though
+not
+employed
+by
+the
+organization,
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+exercise
+the
+rights
+of
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>.
+These
+individuals
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+disclose
+their
+employment
+affiliation
+when
+participating
+in
+W3C
+work.
+Provisions
+for
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+apply.
+Furthermore,
+these
+individuals
+are
+expected
+to
+represent
+the
+broad
+interests
+of
+the
+W3C
+Member
+organization
+and
+not
+the
+parochial
+interests
+of
+their
+employers.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+rights
+and
+benefits
+of
+W3C
+membership
+are
+contingent
+upon
+conformance
+to
+the
+processes
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+The
+vast
+majority
+of
+W3C
+Members
+faithfully
+follow
+the
+spirit
+as
+well
+as
+the
+letter
+of
+these
+processes.
+When
+serious
+and/or
+repeated
+violations
+do
+occur,
+and
+repeated
+attempts
+to
+address
+these
+violations
+have
+not
+resolved
+the
+situation,
+the
+Director
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+take
+disciplinary
+action.
+Arbitration
+in
+the
+case
+of
+further
+disagreement
+is
+governed
+by
+paragraph
+19
+of
+the
+Membership
+Agreement.
+Refer
+to
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/09/discipline">
+Guidelines
+for
+Disciplinary
+Action
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-discipline-gl">
+MEM14
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="MemberRelated">
+2.1.2
+Related
+Members
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+the
+interest
+of
+ensuring
+the
+integrity
+of
+the
+consensus
+process,
+Member
+involvement
+in
+some
+of
+the
+processes
+in
+this
+document
+is
+affected
+by
+related
+Member
+status.
+As
+used
+herein,
+two
+Members
+are
+related
+if:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+Either
+Member
+is
+a
+subsidiary
+of
+the
+other,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+Both
+Members
+are
+subsidiaries
+of
+a
+common
+entity,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+Members
+have
+an
+employment
+contract
+or
+consulting
+contract
+that
+affects
+W3C
+participation.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+A
+<em>
+subsidiary
+</em>
+is
+an
+organization
+of
+which
+effective
+control
+and/or
+majority
+ownership
+rests
+with
+another,
+single
+organization.
+</p>
+<p>
+Related
+Members
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+disclose
+these
+relationships
+according
+to
+the
+mechanisms
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-new-member">
+MEM4
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="AC">
+2.1.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+(AC)
+</h4>
+<p>
+When
+an
+organization
+joins
+W3C
+(see
+"
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/join">
+How
+to
+Join
+W3C
+</a>
+"
+[
+<a href="#ref-join-w3c">
+PUB5
+</a>
+]),
+it
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+name
+its
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Membership
+Agreement.
+The
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>
+explains
+how
+to
+subscribe
+or
+unsubscribe
+to
+Advisory
+Committee
+mailing
+lists,
+provides
+information
+about
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings,
+explains
+how
+to
+name
+a
+new
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative,
+and
+more.
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+follow
+the
+<a href="#coi">
+conflict
+of
+interest
+policy
+</a>
+by
+disclosing
+information
+according
+to
+the
+mechanisms
+described
+in
+the
+New
+Member
+Orientation.
+See
+also
+the
+additional
+roles
+of
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<p>
+Additional
+information
+for
+Members
+is
+available
+at
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/">
+Member
+Web
+site
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-web">
+MEM6
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h5 id="ACCommunication">
+2.1.3.1
+Advisory
+Committee
+Mailing
+Lists
+</h5>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+provide
+two
+mailing
+lists
+for
+use
+by
+the
+Advisory
+Committee:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+One
+for
+official
+announcements
+(e.g.,
+those
+required
+by
+this
+document)
+from
+the
+Team
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+This
+list
+is
+read-only
+for
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives.
+</li>
+<li>
+One
+for
+discussion
+among
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives.
+Though
+this
+list
+is
+primarily
+for
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives,
+the
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+monitor
+discussion
+and
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+participate
+in
+discussion
+when
+appropriate.
+Ongoing
+detailed
+discussions
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+be
+moved
+to
+other
+appropriate
+lists
+(new
+or
+existing,
+such
+as
+a
+mailing
+list
+created
+for
+a
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshop
+</a>
+).
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+An
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+request
+that
+additional
+individuals
+from
+their
+organization
+be
+subscribed
+to
+these
+lists.
+Failure
+to
+contain
+distribution
+internally
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+result
+in
+suspension
+of
+additional
+email
+addresses,
+at
+the
+discretion
+of
+the
+Team.
+</p>
+<h5 id="ACMeetings">
+2.1.3.2
+Advisory
+Committee
+Meetings
+</h5>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+organizes
+a
+<a href="#ftf-meeting">
+face-to-face
+meeting
+</a>
+for
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+<span class="time-interval">
+twice
+a
+year
+</span>.
+The
+Team
+appoints
+the
+Chair
+of
+these
+meetings
+(generally
+the
+<a href="#def-W3CChair">
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+Chair
+or
+Chief
+Operating
+Officer
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">CEO
+</ins>
+</a>
+).
+At
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting,
+the
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+provide
+an
+update
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+about:
+</p>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+<em>
+Resources
+</em>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ul>
+<li>
+The
+number
+of
+Full
+and
+Affiliate
+W3C
+Members.
+</li>
+<li>
+An
+overview
+of
+the
+financial
+status
+of
+W3C.
+</li>
+</ul>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<em>
+Allocations
+</em>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ul>
+<li>
+The
+allocation
+of
+the
+annual
+budget,
+including
+size
+of
+the
+Team
+and
+their
+approximate
+deployment.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+list
+of
+all
+<del class="diff-old">Activities
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">activities
+(including
+but
+not
+limited
+to
+Working
+and
+Interest
+Groups)
+</ins>
+and
+brief
+status
+statement
+about
+each,
+in
+particular
+those
+started
+or
+terminated
+since
+the
+previous
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+allocation
+of
+resources
+to
+pursuing
+<a href="#Liaisons">
+liaisons
+</a>
+with
+other
+organizations.
+</li>
+</ul>
+</dd>
+</dl>
+<p>
+Each
+Member
+organization
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+send
+one
+<a href="#member-rep">
+representative
+</a>
+to
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting.
+In
+exceptional
+circumstances
+(e.g.,
+during
+a
+period
+of
+transition
+between
+representatives
+from
+an
+organization),
+the
+meeting
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+allow
+a
+Member
+organization
+to
+send
+two
+representatives
+to
+a
+meeting.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+announce
+the
+date
+and
+location
+of
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+no
+later
+than
+at
+the
+end
+of
+the
+previous
+meeting;
+<span class="time-interval">
+one
+year's
+</span>
+notice
+is
+preferred.
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+announce
+the
+region
+of
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+at
+least
+<span class="time-interval">
+one
+year
+</span>
+in
+advance.
+</p>
+<p>
+More
+information
+about
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Meeting/">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-ac-meetings">
+MEM5
+</a>
+]
+is
+available
+at
+the
+Member
+Web
+site.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Team">
+2.2
+The
+W3C
+Team
+</h3>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+consists
+of
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">Director,
+CEO,
+</ins>
+W3C
+paid
+staff,
+unpaid
+interns,
+and
+W3C
+Fellows.
+<dfn id="fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+</dfn>
+are
+Member
+employees
+working
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Team;
+see
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Recruitment/Fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+Program
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-fellows">
+PUB32
+</a>
+].
+The
+Team
+provides
+technical
+leadership
+about
+Web
+technologies,
+organizes
+and
+manages
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">Activities
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">activities
+</ins>
+to
+reach
+goals
+within
+practical
+constraints
+(such
+as
+resources
+available),
+and
+communicates
+with
+the
+Members
+and
+the
+public
+about
+the
+Web
+and
+W3C
+technologies.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+<del class="diff-old">Team
+is
+led
+by
+the
+Director,
+W3C
+Chair,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Director
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Chief
+Operating
+Officer.
+These
+individuals
+MAY
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">CEO
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+may
+</ins></em>
+delegate
+responsibility
+(generally
+to
+other
+individuals
+in
+the
+Team)
+for
+any
+of
+their
+roles
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+<dfn id="def-Director">
+Director
+</dfn>
+is
+the
+lead
+technical
+architect
+at
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+and
+as
+such,
+is
+responsible
+for
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">W3C.
+His
+responsibilities
+are
+identified
+throughout
+this
+document
+in
+relevant
+places
+Some
+key
+ones
+include:
+</ins>
+assessing
+<a href="#def-Consensus" id="DirectorDecision">
+consensus
+</a>
+within
+W3C
+for
+architectural
+choices,
+publication
+of
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>,
+and
+new
+<del class="diff-old">Activities
+.
+The
+Director
+appoints
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">activities;
+appointing
+</ins>
+group
+<a href="#GeneralChairs">
+Chairs
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">and
+has
+the
+role
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">;
+</ins>
+"tie-breaker"
+for
+<del class="diff-old">questions
+of
+Good
+Standing
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+</del>
+<a href="#WGAppeals">
+appeal
+of
+a
+Working
+Group
+decision
+<del class="diff-old">.
+The
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">and
+deciding
+on
+the
+outcome
+of
+formal
+objections;
+the
+</ins>
+Director
+is
+generally
+Chair
+of
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+TAG
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+W3C
+Chair
+leads
+Member
+relations,
+and
+liaisons
+with
+other
+organizations,
+governments,
+and
+the
+public.
+The
+Chief
+Operating
+Officer
+(
+COO
+)
+leads
+the
+operation
+of
+W3C
+as
+an
+organization:
+a
+collection
+of
+people,
+Host
+institutions
+,
+and
+processes.
+</del>
+Team
+administrative
+information
+such
+as
+Team
+salaries,
+detailed
+budgeting,
+and
+other
+business
+decisions
+are
+<a href="#Team-only">
+Team-only
+</a>,
+subject
+to
+oversight
+by
+the
+Host
+institutions.
+</p>
+<p>
+<strong>
+Note:
+</strong>
+W3C
+is
+not
+currently
+incorporated.
+For
+legal
+contracts,
+W3C
+is
+represented
+by
+<del class="diff-old">three
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">four
+</ins><dfn id="hosts">
+"Host"
+institutions
+<del class="diff-old">:
+</del>
+</dfn>:
+<ins class="diff-chg">Beihang
+University,
+</ins>
+the
+European
+Research
+Consortium
+for
+Informatics
+and
+Mathematics
+(
+<abbr>
+ERCIM
+</abbr>
+),
+Keio
+University,
+and
+the
+Massachusetts
+Institute
+of
+Technology
+(
+<abbr>
+MIT
+</abbr>
+).
+Within
+W3C,
+the
+Host
+institutions
+are
+governed
+by
+<del class="diff-old">joint
+sponsorship
+contracts;
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">hosting
+agreements;
+</ins>
+the
+Hosts
+themselves
+are
+not
+W3C
+Members.
+</p>
+<h4 id="TeamSubmission">
+2.2.1
+Team
+Submissions
+</h4>
+<p>
+Team
+members
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+request
+that
+the
+Director
+publish
+information
+at
+the
+W3C
+Web
+site.
+At
+the
+Director's
+discretion,
+these
+documents
+are
+published
+as
+"Team
+Submissions".
+These
+documents
+are
+analogous
+to
+<a href="#Submission">
+Member
+Submissions
+</a>
+(e.g.,
+in
+<a href="#SubmissionScope">
+expected
+scope
+</a>
+).
+However,
+there
+is
+no
+additional
+Team
+comment.
+The
+<a href="#DocumentStatus">
+document
+status
+section
+</a>
+of
+a
+Team
+Submission
+indicates
+the
+level
+of
+Team
+consensus
+about
+the
+published
+material.
+</p>
+<p>
+Team
+Submissions
+are
+<strong>
+not
+</strong>
+part
+of
+the
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+report
+development
+process
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+list
+of
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/">
+published
+Team
+Submissions
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-team-submission-list">
+PUB16
+</a>
+]
+is
+available
+at
+the
+W3C
+Web
+site.
+</p>
+<h3 id="AB">
+2.3
+Advisory
+Board
+(AB)
+</h3>
+<p>
+Created
+in
+March
+1998,
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+provides
+ongoing
+guidance
+to
+the
+Team
+on
+issues
+of
+strategy,
+management,
+legal
+matters,
+process,
+and
+conflict
+resolution.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+also
+serves
+the
+Members
+by
+tracking
+issues
+raised
+between
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings,
+soliciting
+Member
+comments
+on
+such
+issues,
+and
+proposing
+actions
+to
+resolve
+these
+issues.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+manages
+the
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+evolution
+of
+the
+Process
+Document
+</a>.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+hears
+appeals
+of
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+Member
+Submission
+requests
+</a>
+that
+are
+rejected
+for
+reasons
+unrelated
+to
+Web
+architecture;
+see
+also
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+TAG
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+is
+<strong>
+not
+</strong>
+a
+board
+of
+directors
+and
+has
+no
+decision-making
+authority
+within
+W3C;
+its
+role
+is
+strictly
+advisory.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+make
+available
+a
+mailing
+list
+for
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+to
+use
+for
+its
+communication,
+confidential
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Team.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+send
+a
+summary
+of
+each
+of
+its
+meetings
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+and
+other
+group
+Chairs.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+also
+report
+on
+its
+activities
+at
+each
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+Details
+about
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+(e.g.,
+the
+list
+of
+Advisory
+Board
+participants,
+mailing
+list
+information,
+and
+summaries
+of
+Advisory
+Board
+meetings)
+are
+available
+at
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/ab/">
+Advisory
+Board
+home
+page
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-ab-home">
+PUB30
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="ABParticipation">
+2.3.1
+Advisory
+Board
+Participation
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+consists
+of
+nine
+elected
+participants
+and
+a
+Chair.
+The
+Team
+appoints
+the
+Chair
+of
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>,
+who
+is
+generally
+the
+<a href="#def-W3CChair">
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+Chair
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">CEO
+</ins>
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+remaining
+nine
+Advisory
+Board
+participants
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee
+following
+the
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+AB/TAG
+nomination
+and
+election
+process
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+With
+the
+exception
+of
+the
+Chair,
+the
+terms
+of
+all
+Advisory
+Board
+participants
+are
+for
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+years
+</span>.
+Terms
+are
+staggered
+so
+that
+each
+year,
+either
+four
+or
+five
+terms
+expire.
+If
+an
+individual
+is
+elected
+to
+fill
+an
+incomplete
+term,
+that
+individual's
+term
+ends
+at
+the
+normal
+expiration
+date
+of
+that
+term.
+Regular
+Advisory
+Board
+terms
+begin
+on
+1
+July
+and
+end
+on
+30
+June.
+</p>
+<h3 id="TAG">
+2.4
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+(TAG)
+</h3>
+<p>
+Created
+in
+February
+2001,
+the
+mission
+of
+the
+TAG
+is
+stewardship
+of
+the
+Web
+architecture.
+There
+are
+three
+aspects
+to
+this
+mission:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+to
+document
+and
+build
+consensus
+around
+principles
+of
+Web
+architecture
+and
+to
+interpret
+and
+clarify
+these
+principles
+when
+necessary;
+</li>
+<li>
+to
+resolve
+issues
+involving
+general
+Web
+architecture
+brought
+to
+the
+TAG;
+</li>
+<li>
+to
+help
+coordinate
+cross-technology
+architecture
+developments
+inside
+and
+outside
+W3C.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+hears
+appeals
+of
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+Member
+Submission
+requests
+</a>
+that
+are
+rejected
+for
+reasons
+related
+to
+Web
+architecture;
+see
+also
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+TAG's
+scope
+is
+limited
+to
+technical
+issues
+about
+Web
+architecture.
+The
+TAG
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+NOT
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+not
+</ins></em>
+consider
+administrative,
+process,
+or
+organizational
+policy
+issues
+of
+W3C,
+which
+are
+generally
+addressed
+by
+the
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Advisory
+Board,
+and
+Team.
+Please
+refer
+to
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/07/19-tag">
+TAG
+charter
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-tag-charter">
+PUB25
+</a>
+]
+for
+more
+information
+about
+the
+background
+and
+scope
+of
+the
+TAG,
+and
+the
+expected
+qualifications
+of
+TAG
+participants.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+make
+available
+two
+mailing
+lists
+for
+the
+TAG:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+a
+public
+discussion
+(not
+just
+input)
+list
+for
+issues
+of
+Web
+architecture.
+The
+TAG
+will
+conduct
+its
+public
+business
+on
+this
+list.
+</li>
+<li>
+a
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+list
+for
+discussions
+within
+the
+TAG
+and
+for
+requests
+to
+the
+TAG
+that,
+for
+whatever
+reason,
+cannot
+be
+made
+on
+the
+public
+list.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+also
+request
+the
+creation
+of
+additional
+topic-specific,
+public
+mailing
+lists.
+For
+some
+TAG
+discussions
+(e.g.,
+an
+appeal
+of
+a
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+rejected
+Member
+Submission
+request
+</a>
+),
+the
+TAG
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+use
+a
+list
+that
+will
+be
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+send
+a
+summary
+of
+each
+of
+its
+<a href="#GeneralMeetings">
+meetings
+</a>
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+and
+other
+group
+Chairs.
+The
+TAG
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+also
+report
+on
+its
+activities
+at
+each
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+When
+the
+TAG
+votes
+to
+resolve
+an
+issue,
+each
+TAG
+participant
+(whether
+appointed,
+elected,
+or
+the
+Chair)
+has
+one
+vote;
+see
+also
+the
+section
+on
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/07/19-tag#Voting">
+voting
+in
+the
+TAG
+charter
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-tag-charter">
+PUB25
+</a>
+]
+and
+the
+general
+section
+on
+<a href="#Votes">
+votes
+</a>
+in
+this
+Process
+Document.
+</p>
+<p>
+Details
+about
+the
+TAG
+(e.g.,
+the
+list
+of
+TAG
+participants,
+mailing
+list
+information,
+and
+summaries
+of
+TAG
+meetings)
+are
+available
+at
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/tag/">
+TAG
+home
+page
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-tag-home">
+PUB26
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="tag-participation">
+2.4.1
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+consists
+of
+eight
+elected
+or
+appointed
+participants
+and
+a
+Chair.
+The
+Team
+appoints
+the
+Chair
+of
+the
+TAG,
+who
+is
+generally
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+Three
+TAG
+participants
+are
+appointed
+by
+the
+Director.
+Appointees
+are
+<del class="diff-old">NOT
+REQUIRED
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">not
+required
+</ins></em>
+to
+be
+on
+the
+W3C
+Team.
+The
+Director
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+appoint
+<a href="#fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+</a>
+to
+the
+TAG.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+remaining
+five
+TAG
+participants
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee
+following
+the
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+AB/TAG
+nomination
+and
+election
+process
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+With
+the
+exception
+of
+the
+Chair,
+the
+terms
+of
+all
+TAG
+participants
+are
+for
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+years
+</span>.
+Terms
+are
+staggered
+so
+that
+each
+year,
+either
+two
+or
+three
+elected
+terms,
+and
+either
+one
+or
+two
+appointed
+terms
+expire.
+If
+an
+individual
+is
+appointed
+or
+elected
+to
+fill
+an
+incomplete
+term,
+that
+individual's
+term
+ends
+at
+the
+normal
+expiration
+date
+of
+that
+term.
+Regular
+TAG
+terms
+begin
+on
+1
+February
+and
+end
+on
+31
+January.
+</p>
+<h3 id="AB-TAG-participation">
+2.5
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</h3>
+<p>
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+have
+a
+special
+role
+within
+W3C:
+they
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+Membership
+and
+appointed
+by
+the
+Director
+with
+the
+expectation
+that
+they
+will
+use
+their
+best
+judgment
+to
+find
+the
+best
+solutions
+for
+the
+Web,
+not
+just
+for
+any
+particular
+network,
+technology,
+vendor,
+or
+user.
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+are
+expected
+to
+participate
+regularly
+and
+fully.
+<del class="diff-old">Good
+Standing
+rules
+as
+defined
+for
+Working
+Group
+participants
+also
+apply
+to
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants.
+</del>
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+attend
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+participates
+on
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+from
+the
+moment
+the
+individual's
+term
+begins
+until
+the
+term
+ends
+or
+the
+seat
+is
+<a href="#AB-TAG-vacated">
+vacated
+</a>.
+Although
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+do
+not
+advocate
+for
+the
+commercial
+interests
+of
+their
+employers,
+their
+participation
+does
+carry
+the
+responsibilities
+associated
+with
+Member
+representation,
+Invited
+Expert
+status,
+or
+Team
+representation
+(as
+described
+in
+the
+section
+on
+the
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+AB/TAG
+nomination
+and
+election
+process
+</a>
+).
+See
+also
+the
+licensing
+obligations
+on
+TAG
+participants
+in
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">
+section
+3
+</a>
+of
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+],
+and
+the
+claim
+exclusion
+process
+of
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Exclusion">
+section
+4
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h4 id="AB-TAG-constraints">
+2.5.1
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+Constraints
+</h4>
+<p>
+Given
+the
+few
+seats
+available
+on
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+the
+TAG,
+and
+in
+order
+to
+ensure
+that
+the
+diversity
+of
+W3C
+Members
+is
+represented:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+A
+Member
+organization
+is
+permitted
+at
+most
+one
+participant
+on
+the
+<del class="diff-old">TAG.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">TAG
+except
+when
+having
+more
+than
+one
+participant
+is
+caused
+by
+a
+change
+of
+affiliation
+of
+an
+existing
+participant.
+At
+the
+completion
+of
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+for
+the
+TAG,
+the
+Member
+organization
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+have
+returned
+to
+having
+at
+most
+one
+participant.
+</ins>
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+Member
+organization
+is
+permitted
+at
+most
+one
+participant
+on
+the
+AB.
+</li>
+<li>
+An
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+NOT
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+not
+</ins></em>
+participate
+on
+both
+the
+TAG
+and
+the
+AB.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+If,
+for
+whatever
+reason,
+these
+constraints
+are
+not
+satisfied
+(e.g.,
+because
+<del class="diff-old">a
+TAG
+or
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">an
+</ins>
+AB
+participant
+changes
+jobs),
+one
+participant
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+cease
+<del class="diff-old">TAG
+or
+</del>
+AB
+participation
+until
+the
+situation
+has
+been
+resolved.
+If
+after
+<span class="time-interval">
+30
+days
+</span>
+the
+situation
+has
+not
+been
+resolved,
+the
+Chair
+will
+declare
+one
+participant's
+seat
+to
+be
+vacant.
+When
+more
+than
+one
+individual
+is
+involved,
+the
+<a href="#random">
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+procedure
+</a>
+described
+below
+will
+be
+used
+to
+choose
+one
+person
+for
+continued
+participation.
+</p>
+<h4 id="AB-TAG-elections">
+2.5.2
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Elections
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+a
+portion
+of
+the
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+An
+election
+begins
+when
+the
+Team
+sends
+a
+Call
+for
+Nominations
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+Any
+Call
+for
+Nominations
+specifies
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+the
+deadline
+for
+nominations,
+and
+the
+address
+where
+nominations
+are
+sent.
+The
+Director
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+announce
+appointments
+no
+later
+than
+the
+start
+of
+a
+nomination
+period,
+and
+generally
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Call
+for
+Nominations.
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+Member
+(or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+)
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+nominate
+one
+individual.
+A
+nomination
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+made
+with
+the
+consent
+of
+the
+nominee.
+In
+order
+for
+an
+individual
+to
+be
+nominated
+as
+a
+Member
+representative,
+the
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+qualify
+for
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representation
+</a>
+and
+the
+Member's
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+include
+in
+the
+nomination
+the
+(same)
+<a href="#member-rep-info">
+information
+required
+for
+a
+Member
+representative
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</a>.
+In
+order
+for
+an
+individual
+to
+be
+nominated
+as
+an
+Invited
+Expert,
+the
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+provide
+the
+(same)
+<a href="#inv-expert-info">
+information
+required
+for
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</a>
+and
+the
+nominating
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+include
+that
+information
+in
+the
+nomination.
+In
+order
+for
+an
+individual
+to
+be
+nominated
+as
+a
+Team
+representative,
+the
+nominating
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+first
+secure
+approval
+from
+Team
+management.
+A
+nominee
+is
+<span class="rfc2119">
+NOT
+REQUIRED
+</span>
+to
+be
+an
+employee
+of
+a
+Member
+organization,
+and
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+be
+a
+<a href="#fellows">
+W3C
+Fellow
+</a>.
+Each
+nomination
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+include
+a
+few
+informative
+paragraphs
+about
+the
+nominee.
+</p>
+<p>
+If,
+after
+the
+deadline
+for
+nominations,
+the
+number
+of
+nominees
+is:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+Equal
+to
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+those
+nominees
+are
+thereby
+elected.
+This
+situation
+constitutes
+a
+tie
+for
+the
+purposes
+of
+assigning
+<a href="#short-term">
+short
+terms
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+Less
+than
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+Calls
+for
+Nominations
+are
+issued
+until
+a
+sufficient
+number
+of
+people
+have
+been
+nominated.
+Those
+already
+nominated
+do
+not
+need
+to
+be
+renominated
+after
+a
+renewed
+call.
+</li>
+<li>
+Greater
+than
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+the
+Team
+issues
+a
+Call
+for
+Votes
+that
+includes
+the
+names
+of
+all
+candidates,
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+the
+deadline
+for
+votes,
+and
+the
+address
+where
+votes
+are
+sent.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+When
+there
+is
+a
+vote,
+each
+Member
+(or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+)
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+vote
+for
+as
+many
+candidates
+as
+there
+are
+available
+seats;
+see
+the
+section
+on
+<a href="#ACVotes">
+Advisory
+Committee
+votes
+</a>.
+Once
+the
+deadline
+for
+votes
+has
+passed,
+the
+Team
+announces
+the
+results
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+The
+candidates
+with
+the
+most
+votes
+are
+elected
+to
+the
+available
+seats.
+In
+case
+of
+a
+tie
+where
+there
+are
+more
+apparent
+winners
+than
+available
+seats
+(e.g.,
+three
+candidates
+receive
+10
+votes
+each
+for
+two
+seats),
+the
+<a href="#random">
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+procedure
+</a>
+described
+below
+will
+be
+used
+to
+fill
+the
+available
+seats.
+</p>
+<p id="short-term">
+The
+shortest
+term
+is
+assigned
+to
+the
+elected
+individual
+who
+received
+the
+fewest
+votes,
+the
+next
+shortest
+to
+the
+elected
+individual
+who
+received
+the
+next
+fewest,
+and
+so
+on.
+In
+the
+case
+of
+a
+tie
+among
+those
+eligible
+for
+a
+short
+term,
+the
+<a href="#random">
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+procedure
+</a>
+described
+below
+will
+be
+used
+to
+assign
+the
+short
+term.
+</p>
+<p>
+Refer
+to
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/10/election-howto">
+How
+to
+Organize
+an
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+election
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-election-howto">
+MEM15
+</a>
+]
+for
+more
+details.
+</p>
+<h5 id="random">
+2.5.2.1
+Verifiable
+Random
+Selection
+Procedure
+</h5>
+<p>
+When
+it
+is
+necessary
+to
+use
+a
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+process
+(e.g.,
+in
+an
+AB
+or
+TAG
+election,
+to
+"draw
+straws"
+in
+case
+of
+a
+tie
+or
+to
+fill
+a
+short
+term),
+W3C
+uses
+the
+random
+and
+verifiable
+procedure
+defined
+in
+<a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2777.txt">
+RFC
+2777
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-RFC2777">
+RFC2777
+</a>
+].
+The
+procedure
+orders
+an
+input
+list
+of
+names
+(listed
+in
+alphabetical
+order
+by
+family
+name
+unless
+otherwise
+specified)
+into
+a
+"result
+order."
+</p>
+<p>
+W3C
+applies
+this
+procedure
+as
+follows:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+When
+N
+people
+have
+tied
+for
+M
+(less
+than
+N)
+seats.
+In
+this
+case,
+only
+the
+names
+of
+the
+N
+individuals
+who
+tied
+are
+provided
+as
+input
+to
+the
+procedure.
+The
+M
+seats
+are
+assigned
+in
+result
+order.
+</li>
+<li>
+After
+all
+elected
+individuals
+have
+been
+identified,
+when
+N
+people
+are
+eligible
+for
+M
+(less
+than
+N)
+short
+terms.
+In
+this
+case,
+only
+the
+names
+of
+those
+N
+individuals
+are
+provided
+as
+input
+to
+the
+procedure.
+The
+short
+terms
+are
+assigned
+in
+result
+order.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<h4 id="AB-TAG-vacated">
+2.5.3
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Vacated
+Seats
+</h4>
+<p>
+An
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+participant's
+seat
+is
+vacated
+when
+either
+of
+the
+following
+occurs:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+participant
+<a href="#resignation">
+resigns
+</a>,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+Chair
+asks
+the
+participant
+to
+<a href="#resignation">
+resign
+<del class="diff-old">,
+for
+example
+because
+the
+participant
+has
+failed
+to
+remain
+in
+Good
+Standing
+</del>
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+When
+an
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+participant
+changes
+affiliations,
+as
+long
+as
+<a href="#AB-TAG-constraints">
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participation
+constraints
+</a>
+are
+respected,
+the
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+continue
+to
+participate
+until
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+for
+that
+group.
+Otherwise,
+the
+seat
+is
+vacated.
+</p>
+<p>
+Vacated
+seats
+are
+filled
+according
+to
+this
+schedule:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+When
+an
+appointed
+TAG
+seat
+is
+vacated,
+the
+Director
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+re-appoint
+someone
+immediately,
+but
+no
+later
+than
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election.
+</li>
+<li>
+When
+an
+elected
+seat
+on
+either
+the
+AB
+or
+TAG
+is
+vacated,
+the
+seat
+is
+filled
+at
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+for
+the
+group
+unless
+the
+group
+Chair
+requests
+that
+W3C
+hold
+an
+election
+before
+then
+(for
+instance,
+due
+to
+the
+group's
+workload).
+The
+group
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+NOT
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+not
+</ins></em>
+request
+an
+exceptional
+election
+if
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+is
+fewer
+than
+three
+months
+away.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<h2 id="Policies">
+3
+General
+Policies
+for
+W3C
+Groups
+</h2>
+<p>
+This
+section
+describes
+general
+policies
+for
+W3C
+groups
+regarding
+participation,
+meeting
+requirements,
+and
+decision-making.
+These
+policies
+apply
+to
+<span id="participant">
+participants
+</span>
+in
+the
+following
+groups:
+<a href="#AC">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>,
+<a href="#ABParticipation">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>,
+<a href="#tag-participation">
+TAG
+</a>,
+<a href="#wgparticipant">
+Working
+Groups
+</a>,
+<ins class="diff-new">and
+</ins>
+<a href="#igparticipant">
+Interest
+Groups
+<del class="diff-old">,
+and
+Coordination
+Groups
+</del>
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h3 id="ParticipationCriteria">
+3.1
+Individual
+Participation
+Criteria
+</h3>
+<p>
+There
+are
+three
+qualities
+an
+individual
+is
+expected
+to
+demonstrate
+in
+order
+to
+participate
+in
+W3C:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+Technical
+competence
+in
+one's
+role
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+ability
+to
+act
+fairly
+</li>
+<li>
+Social
+competence
+in
+one's
+role
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+who
+nominate
+individuals
+from
+their
+organization
+for
+participation
+in
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">Activities
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">activities
+</ins>
+are
+responsible
+for
+assessing
+and
+attesting
+to
+the
+qualities
+of
+those
+nominees.
+</p>
+<p>
+See
+also
+the
+participation
+requirements
+described
+in
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Disclosure">
+section
+6
+</a>
+of
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="coi">
+3.1.1
+Conflict
+of
+Interest
+Policy
+</h4>
+<p>
+Individuals
+participating
+materially
+in
+W3C
+work
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+disclose
+significant
+relationships
+when
+those
+relationships
+might
+reasonably
+be
+perceived
+as
+creating
+a
+conflict
+of
+interest
+with
+the
+individual's
+role
+at
+W3C.
+These
+disclosures
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+kept
+up-to-date
+as
+the
+individual's
+affiliations
+change
+and
+W3C
+membership
+evolves
+(since,
+for
+example,
+the
+individual
+might
+have
+a
+relationship
+with
+an
+organization
+that
+joins
+or
+leaves
+W3C).
+Each
+section
+in
+this
+document
+that
+describes
+a
+W3C
+group
+provides
+more
+detail
+about
+the
+disclosure
+mechanisms
+for
+that
+group.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+ability
+of
+an
+individual
+to
+fulfill
+a
+role
+within
+a
+group
+without
+risking
+a
+conflict
+of
+interest
+is
+clearly
+a
+function
+of
+the
+individual's
+affiliations.
+When
+these
+affiliations
+change,
+the
+individual's
+assignment
+to
+the
+role
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+evaluated.
+The
+role
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+be
+reassigned
+according
+to
+the
+appropriate
+process.
+For
+instance,
+the
+Director
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+appoint
+a
+new
+group
+Chair
+when
+the
+current
+Chair
+changes
+affiliations
+(e.g.,
+if
+there
+is
+a
+risk
+of
+conflict
+of
+interest,
+or
+if
+there
+is
+risk
+that
+the
+Chair's
+new
+employer
+will
+be
+over-represented
+within
+a
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">Activity).
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">activity).
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+following
+are
+some
+scenarios
+where
+disclosure
+is
+appropriate:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+Paid
+consulting
+for
+an
+organization
+whose
+activity
+is
+relevant
+to
+W3C,
+or
+any
+consulting
+compensated
+with
+equity
+(shares
+of
+stock,
+stock
+options,
+or
+other
+forms
+of
+corporate
+equity).
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+decision-making
+role/responsibility
+(such
+as
+participating
+on
+the
+Board)
+in
+other
+organizations
+relevant
+to
+W3C.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+position
+on
+a
+publicly
+visible
+advisory
+body,
+even
+if
+no
+decision
+making
+authority
+is
+involved.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+Individuals
+seeking
+assistance
+on
+these
+matters
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+contact
+the
+Team.
+</p>
+<p>
+Team
+members
+are
+subject
+to
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/06-conflictpolicy">
+W3C
+Team
+conflict
+of
+interest
+policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-coi">
+PUB23
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="member-rep">
+3.1.2
+Individuals
+Representing
+a
+Member
+Organization
+</h4>
+<p>
+Generally,
+individuals
+representing
+a
+Member
+in
+an
+official
+capacity
+within
+W3C
+are
+employees
+of
+the
+Member
+organization.
+However,
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+designate
+a
+non-employee
+to
+represent
+the
+Member.
+Non-employee
+Member
+representatives
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+disclose
+relevant
+affiliations
+to
+the
+Team
+and
+to
+any
+group
+in
+which
+the
+individual
+participates.
+</p>
+<p>
+In
+exceptional
+circumstances
+(e.g.,
+situations
+that
+might
+jeopardize
+the
+progress
+of
+a
+group
+or
+create
+a
+<a href="#coi">
+conflict
+of
+interest
+</a>
+),
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+decline
+to
+allow
+an
+individual
+designated
+by
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+to
+participate
+in
+a
+group.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+charter
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+limit
+the
+number
+of
+individuals
+representing
+a
+W3C
+Member
+(or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+).
+</p>
+<h3 id="GeneralMeetings">
+3.2
+Meetings
+</h3>
+<p>
+W3C
+groups
+(including
+the
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>,
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>,
+<a href="#TAG">
+TAG
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#GroupsWG">
+Working
+Groups
+</a>
+)
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+observe
+the
+meeting
+requirements
+in
+this
+section.
+</p>
+<p>
+W3C
+distinguishes
+two
+types
+of
+meetings:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+A
+<dfn id="ftf-meeting">
+face-to-face
+meeting
+</dfn>
+is
+one
+where
+most
+of
+the
+attendees
+are
+expected
+to
+participate
+in
+the
+same
+physical
+location.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+<dfn id="distributed-meeting">
+distributed
+meeting
+</dfn>
+is
+one
+where
+most
+of
+the
+attendees
+are
+expected
+to
+participate
+from
+remote
+locations
+(e.g.,
+by
+telephone,
+video
+conferencing,
+or
+<abbr title="Internet Relay Chat">
+IRC
+</abbr>
+).
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+A
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+invite
+an
+individual
+with
+a
+particular
+expertise
+to
+attend
+a
+meeting
+on
+an
+exceptional
+basis.
+This
+person
+is
+a
+meeting
+guest,
+not
+a
+group
+<a href="#participant">
+participant
+</a>.
+Meeting
+guests
+do
+not
+have
+<a href="#Votes">
+voting
+rights
+</a>.
+It
+is
+the
+responsibility
+of
+the
+Chair
+to
+ensure
+that
+all
+meeting
+guests
+respect
+the
+chartered
+<a href="#confidentiality-levels">
+level
+of
+confidentiality
+</a>
+and
+other
+group
+requirements.
+</p>
+<p>
+Meeting
+announcements
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+be
+sent
+to
+all
+appropriate
+group
+mailing
+lists,
+i.e.,
+those
+most
+relevant
+to
+the
+anticipated
+meeting
+participants.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+following
+table
+lists
+requirements
+for
+organizing
+a
+meeting:
+</p>
+<table border="1">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th>
+<br>
+</th>
+<th>
+Face-to-face
+meetings
+</th>
+<th>
+Distributed
+meetings
+</th>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Meeting
+announcement
+(before)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+eight
+weeks
+<sup>
+*
+</sup>
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+one
+week
+<sup>
+*
+</sup>
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Agenda
+available
+(before)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+weeks
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+24
+hours
+</span>
+(or
+longer
+if
+a
+meeting
+is
+scheduled
+after
+a
+weekend
+or
+holiday)
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Participation
+confirmed
+(before)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+three
+days
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+24
+hours
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Action
+items
+available
+(after)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+three
+days
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+24
+hours
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Minutes
+available
+(after)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+weeks
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+48
+hours
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<p>
+<sup>
+*
+</sup>
+To
+allow
+proper
+planning
+(e.g.,
+travel
+arrangements),
+the
+Chair
+is
+responsible
+for
+giving
+sufficient
+advance
+notice
+about
+the
+date
+and
+location
+of
+a
+meeting.
+Shorter
+notice
+for
+a
+meeting
+is
+allowed
+provided
+that
+there
+are
+no
+objections
+from
+group
+participants.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Consensus">
+3.3
+Consensus
+</h3>
+<p>
+Consensus
+is
+a
+core
+value
+of
+W3C.
+To
+promote
+consensus,
+the
+W3C
+process
+requires
+Chairs
+to
+ensure
+that
+groups
+consider
+all
+legitimate
+views
+and
+objections,
+and
+endeavor
+to
+resolve
+them,
+whether
+these
+views
+and
+objections
+are
+expressed
+by
+the
+active
+participants
+of
+the
+group
+or
+by
+others
+(e.g.,
+another
+W3C
+group,
+a
+group
+in
+another
+organization,
+or
+the
+general
+public).
+Decisions
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+be
+made
+during
+meetings
+(
+<a href="#ftf-meeting">
+face-to-face
+</a>
+or
+<a href="#distributed-meeting">
+distributed
+</a>
+)
+as
+well
+as
+through
+email.
+<strong>
+Note:
+</strong>
+The
+Director,
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+Chair,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">CEO,
+</ins>
+and
+COO
+have
+the
+role
+of
+assessing
+consensus
+within
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+following
+terms
+are
+used
+in
+this
+document
+to
+describe
+the
+level
+of
+support
+for
+a
+decision
+among
+a
+set
+of
+eligible
+individuals:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+<dfn id="def-Consensus">
+Consensus
+<del class="diff-old">:
+</del>
+</dfn>:
+A
+substantial
+number
+of
+individuals
+in
+the
+set
+support
+the
+decision
+and
+nobody
+in
+the
+set
+registers
+a
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</a>.
+Individuals
+in
+the
+set
+may
+abstain.
+Abstention
+is
+either
+an
+explicit
+expression
+of
+no
+opinion
+or
+silence
+by
+an
+individual
+in
+the
+set.
+<dfn id="def-Unanimity">
+Unanimity
+</dfn>
+is
+the
+particular
+case
+of
+consensus
+where
+all
+individuals
+in
+the
+set
+support
+the
+decision
+(i.e.,
+no
+individual
+in
+the
+set
+abstains).
+</li>
+<li>
+<dfn id="def-Dissent">
+Dissent
+<del class="diff-old">:
+</del>
+</dfn>:
+At
+least
+one
+individual
+in
+the
+set
+registers
+a
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+By
+default,
+the
+set
+of
+individuals
+eligible
+to
+participate
+in
+a
+decision
+is
+the
+set
+of
+group
+<del class="diff-old">participants
+in
+Good
+Standing
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">participants.
+</ins>
+The
+Process
+Document
+does
+not
+require
+a
+quorum
+for
+decisions
+(i.e.,
+the
+minimal
+number
+of
+eligible
+participants
+required
+to
+be
+present
+before
+the
+Chair
+can
+call
+a
+question).
+A
+charter
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+include
+a
+quorum
+requirement
+for
+consensus
+decisions.
+</p>
+<p>
+Where
+unanimity
+is
+not
+possible,
+a
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+strive
+to
+make
+consensus
+decisions
+where
+there
+is
+significant
+support
+and
+few
+abstentions.
+The
+Process
+Document
+does
+not
+require
+a
+particular
+percentage
+of
+eligible
+participants
+to
+agree
+to
+a
+motion
+in
+order
+for
+a
+decision
+to
+be
+made.
+To
+avoid
+decisions
+where
+there
+is
+widespread
+apathy,
+(i.e.,
+little
+support
+and
+many
+abstentions),
+groups
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+set
+minimum
+thresholds
+of
+active
+support
+before
+a
+decision
+can
+be
+recorded.
+The
+appropriate
+percentage
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+vary
+depending
+on
+the
+size
+of
+the
+group
+and
+the
+nature
+of
+the
+decision.
+A
+charter
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+include
+threshold
+requirements
+for
+consensus
+decisions.
+For
+instance,
+a
+charter
+might
+require
+a
+supermajority
+of
+eligible
+participants
+(i.e.,
+some
+established
+percentage
+above
+50%)
+to
+support
+certain
+types
+of
+consensus
+decisions.
+</p>
+<h4 id="managing-dissent">
+3.3.1
+Managing
+Dissent
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+some
+cases,
+even
+after
+careful
+consideration
+of
+all
+points
+of
+view,
+a
+group
+might
+find
+itself
+unable
+to
+reach
+consensus.
+The
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+record
+a
+decision
+where
+there
+is
+dissent
+(i.e.,
+there
+is
+at
+least
+one
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</a>
+)
+so
+that
+the
+group
+may
+make
+progress
+(for
+example,
+to
+produce
+a
+deliverable
+in
+a
+timely
+manner).
+Dissenters
+cannot
+stop
+a
+group's
+work
+simply
+by
+saying
+that
+they
+cannot
+live
+with
+a
+decision.
+When
+the
+Chair
+believes
+that
+the
+Group
+has
+duly
+considered
+the
+legitimate
+concerns
+of
+dissenters
+as
+far
+as
+is
+possible
+and
+reasonable,
+the
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+move
+on.
+</p>
+<p>
+Groups
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+favor
+proposals
+that
+create
+the
+weakest
+objections.
+This
+is
+preferred
+over
+proposals
+that
+are
+supported
+by
+a
+large
+majority
+but
+that
+cause
+strong
+objections
+from
+a
+few
+people.
+As
+part
+of
+making
+a
+decision
+where
+there
+is
+dissent,
+the
+Chair
+is
+expected
+to
+be
+aware
+of
+which
+participants
+work
+for
+the
+same
+(or
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+</a>
+)
+Member
+organizations
+and
+weigh
+their
+input
+accordingly.
+</p>
+<h4 id="WGArchiveMinorityViews">
+3.3.2
+Recording
+and
+Reporting
+Formal
+Objections
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+the
+W3C
+process,
+an
+individual
+may
+register
+a
+Formal
+Objection
+to
+a
+decision.
+A
+<dfn id="FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</dfn>
+to
+a
+group
+decision
+is
+one
+that
+the
+reviewer
+requests
+that
+the
+Director
+consider
+as
+part
+of
+evaluating
+the
+related
+decision
+(e.g.,
+in
+response
+to
+a
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+request
+to
+advance
+</a>
+a
+technical
+report).
+<strong>
+Note:
+</strong>
+In
+this
+document,
+the
+term
+"Formal
+Objection"
+is
+used
+to
+emphasize
+this
+process
+implication:
+Formal
+Objections
+receive
+Director
+consideration.
+The
+word
+"objection"
+used
+alone
+has
+ordinary
+English
+connotations.
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+who
+registers
+a
+Formal
+Objection
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+cite
+technical
+arguments
+and
+propose
+changes
+that
+would
+remove
+the
+Formal
+Objection;
+these
+proposals
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+be
+vague
+or
+incomplete.
+Formal
+Objections
+that
+do
+not
+provide
+substantive
+arguments
+or
+rationale
+are
+unlikely
+to
+receive
+serious
+consideration
+by
+the
+Director.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+record
+of
+each
+Formal
+Objection
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+<a href="#confidentiality-change">
+publicly
+available
+</a>.
+A
+Call
+for
+Review
+(of
+a
+document)
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+identify
+any
+Formal
+Objections.
+</p>
+<h4 id="formal-address">
+3.3.3
+Formally
+Addressing
+an
+Issue
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+the
+context
+of
+this
+document,
+a
+group
+has
+formally
+addressed
+an
+issue
+when
+it
+has
+sent
+a
+public,
+substantive
+response
+to
+the
+reviewer
+who
+raised
+the
+issue.
+A
+substantive
+response
+is
+expected
+to
+include
+rationale
+for
+decisions
+(e.g.,
+a
+technical
+explanation,
+a
+pointer
+to
+charter
+scope,
+or
+a
+pointer
+to
+a
+requirements
+document).
+The
+adequacy
+of
+a
+response
+is
+measured
+against
+what
+a
+W3C
+reviewer
+would
+generally
+consider
+to
+be
+technically
+sound.
+If
+a
+group
+believes
+that
+a
+reviewer's
+comments
+result
+from
+a
+misunderstanding,
+the
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+seek
+clarification
+before
+reaching
+a
+decision.
+</p>
+<p>
+As
+a
+courtesy,
+both
+Chairs
+and
+reviewers
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+set
+expectations
+for
+the
+schedule
+of
+responses
+and
+acknowledgments.
+The
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+reply
+to
+a
+reviewer's
+initial
+comments
+in
+a
+timely
+manner.
+The
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+set
+a
+time
+limit
+for
+acknowledgment
+by
+a
+reviewer
+of
+the
+group's
+substantive
+response;
+a
+reviewer
+cannot
+block
+a
+group's
+progress.
+It
+is
+common
+for
+a
+reviewer
+to
+require
+a
+week
+or
+more
+to
+acknowledge
+and
+comment
+on
+a
+substantive
+response.
+The
+group's
+responsibility
+to
+respond
+to
+reviewers
+does
+not
+end
+once
+a
+reasonable
+amount
+of
+time
+has
+elapsed.
+However,
+reviewers
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+realize
+that
+their
+comments
+will
+carry
+less
+weight
+if
+not
+sent
+to
+the
+group
+in
+a
+timely
+manner.
+</p>
+<p>
+Substantive
+responses
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+be
+recorded.
+The
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+maintain
+an
+accurate
+summary
+of
+all
+substantive
+issues
+and
+responses
+to
+them
+(e.g.,
+in
+the
+form
+of
+an
+issues
+list
+with
+links
+to
+mailing
+list
+archives).
+</p>
+<h4 id="WGChairReopen">
+3.3.4
+Reopening
+a
+Decision
+When
+Presented
+With
+New
+Information
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+reopen
+a
+decision
+when
+presented
+with
+new
+information,
+including:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+additional
+technical
+information,
+</li>
+<li>
+comments
+by
+email
+from
+participants
+who
+were
+unable
+to
+attend
+a
+scheduled
+meeting,
+</li>
+<li>
+comments
+by
+email
+from
+meeting
+attendees
+who
+chose
+not
+to
+speak
+out
+during
+a
+meeting
+(e.g.,
+so
+they
+could
+confer
+later
+with
+colleagues
+or
+for
+cultural
+reasons).
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+record
+that
+a
+decision
+has
+been
+reopened,
+and
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+do
+so
+upon
+request
+from
+a
+group
+participant.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Votes">
+3.4
+Votes
+</h3>
+<p>
+A
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+only
+conduct
+a
+vote
+to
+resolve
+a
+<em>
+substantive
+issue
+</em>
+after
+the
+Chair
+has
+determined
+that
+all
+available
+means
+of
+<a href="#Consensus">
+reaching
+consensus
+</a>
+through
+technical
+discussion
+and
+compromise
+have
+failed,
+and
+that
+a
+vote
+is
+necessary
+to
+break
+a
+deadlock.
+In
+this
+case
+the
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+record
+(e.g.,
+in
+the
+minutes
+of
+the
+meeting
+or
+in
+an
+archived
+email
+message):
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+an
+explanation
+of
+the
+issue
+being
+voted
+on;
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+decision
+to
+conduct
+a
+vote
+(e.g.,
+a
+simple
+majority
+vote)
+to
+resolve
+the
+issue;
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+outcome
+of
+the
+vote;
+</li>
+<li>
+any
+Formal
+Objections.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+In
+order
+to
+vote
+to
+resolve
+a
+substantive
+issue,
+an
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+a
+group
+<a href="#participant">
+participant
+<del class="diff-old">in
+Good
+Standing
+</del>
+</a>.
+Each
+organization
+represented
+in
+the
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+have
+at
+most
+one
+vote,
+even
+when
+the
+organization
+is
+represented
+by
+several
+participants
+in
+the
+group
+(including
+Invited
+Experts).
+For
+the
+purposes
+of
+voting:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+A
+Member
+or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+is
+considered
+a
+single
+organization.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+is
+considered
+an
+organization.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+Unless
+the
+charter
+states
+otherwise,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+vote.
+</p>
+<p>
+If
+a
+participant
+is
+unable
+to
+attend
+a
+vote,
+that
+individual
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+authorize
+anyone
+at
+the
+meeting
+to
+act
+as
+a
+<dfn id="proxy">
+proxy
+<del class="diff-old">.
+</del>
+</dfn>.
+The
+absent
+participant
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+inform
+the
+Chair
+in
+writing
+who
+is
+acting
+as
+proxy,
+with
+written
+instructions
+on
+the
+use
+of
+the
+proxy.
+For
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group,
+see
+the
+related
+requirements
+regarding
+an
+individual
+who
+attends
+a
+meeting
+as
+a
+<a href="#mtg-substitute">
+substitute
+</a>
+for
+a
+participant.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+vote
+for
+other
+purposes
+than
+to
+resolve
+a
+substantive
+issue.
+For
+instance,
+the
+Chair
+often
+conducts
+a
+"straw
+poll"
+vote
+as
+a
+means
+of
+determining
+whether
+there
+is
+consensus
+about
+a
+potential
+decision.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+also
+vote
+to
+make
+a
+process
+decision.
+For
+example,
+it
+is
+appropriate
+to
+decide
+by
+simple
+majority
+whether
+to
+hold
+a
+meeting
+in
+San
+Francisco
+or
+San
+Jose
+(there's
+not
+much
+difference
+geographically).
+When
+simple
+majority
+votes
+are
+used
+to
+decide
+minor
+issues,
+the
+minority
+are
+<del class="diff-old">NOT
+REQUIRED
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">not
+required
+</ins></em>
+to
+state
+the
+reasons
+for
+their
+dissent,
+and
+the
+group
+is
+<del class="diff-old">NOT
+REQUIRED
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">not
+required
+</ins></em>
+to
+record
+individual
+votes.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+charter
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+include
+formal
+voting
+procedures
+(e.g.,
+quorum
+or
+threshold
+requirements)
+for
+making
+decisions
+about
+substantive
+issues.
+</p>
+<p>
+Procedures
+for
+<a href="#ACVotes">
+Advisory
+Committee
+votes
+</a>
+are
+described
+separately.
+</p>
+<h3 id="WGAppeals">
+3.5
+Appeal
+of
+a
+Chair's
+Decision
+</h3>
+<p>
+Groups
+resolve
+issues
+through
+dialog.
+Individuals
+who
+disagree
+strongly
+with
+a
+decision
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+register
+with
+the
+Chair
+any
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objections
+</a>
+(e.g.,
+to
+a
+decision
+made
+as
+the
+result
+of
+a
+<a href="#Votes">
+vote
+</a>
+).
+</p>
+<p>
+When
+group
+participants
+believe
+that
+their
+concerns
+are
+not
+being
+duly
+considered
+by
+the
+group,
+they
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+ask
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>
+(for
+representatives
+of
+a
+Member
+organization,
+via
+their
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative)
+to
+confirm
+or
+deny
+the
+decision.
+The
+participants
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+also
+make
+their
+requests
+known
+to
+the
+<a href="#TeamContact">
+Team
+Contact
+</a>.
+The
+Team
+Contact
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+inform
+the
+Director
+when
+a
+group
+participant
+has
+raised
+concerns
+about
+due
+process.
+</p>
+<p>
+Any
+requests
+to
+the
+Director
+to
+confirm
+a
+decision
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+include
+a
+summary
+of
+the
+issue
+(whether
+technical
+or
+procedural),
+decision,
+and
+rationale
+for
+the
+objection.
+All
+counter-arguments,
+rationales,
+and
+decisions
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+recorded.
+</p>
+<p>
+Procedures
+for
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+Advisory
+Committee
+appeals
+</a>
+are
+described
+separately.
+</p>
+<h3 id="resignation">
+3.6
+Resignation
+from
+a
+Group
+</h3>
+<p>
+A
+W3C
+Member
+or
+Invited
+Expert
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+resign
+from
+a
+group.
+<del class="diff-old">The
+Team
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">On
+written
+notification
+from
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+or
+Invited
+Expert
+to
+the
+team,
+the
+Member
+and
+their
+representatives
+or
+the
+Invited
+Expert
+</ins>
+will
+<del class="diff-old">establish
+administrative
+procedures
+for
+resignation.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">be
+deemed
+to
+have
+resigned
+from
+the
+relevant
+group.
+</ins>
+See
+section
+4.2.
+of
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+]
+for
+information
+about
+obligations
+remaining
+after
+resignation
+from
+certain
+groups.
+</p>
+<section id="chapterDissemination">
+<h2 id="dissemination">
+4
+Dissemination
+Policies
+</h2>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+is
+responsible
+for
+managing
+communication
+within
+W3C
+and
+with
+the
+general
+public
+(e.g.,
+news
+services,
+press
+releases,
+managing
+the
+Web
+site
+and
+access
+privileges,
+and
+managing
+calendars).
+Members
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+solicit
+review
+by
+the
+Team
+prior
+to
+issuing
+press
+releases
+about
+their
+work
+within
+W3C.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+makes
+every
+effort
+to
+ensure
+the
+persistence
+and
+availability
+of
+the
+following
+public
+information:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+<a href="#Reports">
+W3C
+technical
+reports
+</a>
+whose
+publication
+has
+been
+approved
+by
+the
+Director.
+Per
+the
+Membership
+Agreement,
+W3C
+technical
+reports
+(and
+software)
+are
+available
+free
+of
+charge
+to
+the
+general
+public;
+(refer
+to
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">
+W3C
+Document
+License
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-doc-license">
+PUB18
+</a>
+]).
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/mission">
+mission
+statement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-mission">
+PUB15
+</a>
+]
+that
+explains
+the
+purpose
+and
+mission
+of
+W3C,
+the
+key
+benefits
+for
+Members,
+and
+the
+organizational
+structure
+of
+W3C.
+</li>
+<li>
+Legal
+documents,
+including
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-agreement">
+PUB6
+</a>
+])
+and
+documentation
+of
+any
+legal
+commitments
+W3C
+has
+with
+other
+entities.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+Process
+Document.
+</li>
+<li>
+Public
+results
+of
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">Activities
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">activities
+</ins>
+and
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshops
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+To
+keep
+the
+Members
+abreast
+of
+W3C
+meetings,
+Workshops,
+and
+review
+deadlines,
+the
+Team
+provides
+them
+with
+a
+regular
+(e.g.,
+weekly)
+news
+service
+and
+maintains
+a
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Eventscal">
+calendar
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-calendar">
+MEM3
+</a>
+]
+of
+official
+W3C
+events.
+Members
+are
+encouraged
+to
+send
+schedule
+and
+event
+information
+to
+the
+Team
+for
+inclusion
+on
+this
+calendar.
+</p>
+<h3>
+4.1
+Confidentiality
+Levels
+</h3>
+<p>
+There
+are
+three
+principal
+levels
+of
+access
+to
+W3C
+information
+(on
+the
+W3C
+Web
+site,
+in
+W3C
+meetings,
+etc.):
+public,
+Member-only,
+and
+Team-only.
+</p>
+<p>
+While
+much
+information
+made
+available
+by
+W3C
+is
+public,
+<dfn id="Member-only">
+"Member-only"
+information
+</dfn>
+is
+available
+to
+authorized
+parties
+only,
+including
+representatives
+of
+Member
+organizations,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>,
+the
+Advisory
+Board,
+the
+TAG,
+and
+the
+Team.
+For
+example,
+the
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+charter
+</a>
+of
+some
+Working
+Groups
+may
+specify
+a
+Member-only
+confidentiality
+level
+for
+group
+proceedings.
+</p>
+<p id="Team-only">
+"Team-only"
+information
+is
+available
+to
+the
+Team
+and
+other
+authorized
+parties.
+</p>
+<p>
+Those
+authorized
+to
+access
+Member-only
+and
+Team-only
+information:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+treat
+the
+information
+as
+confidential
+within
+W3C,
+</li>
+<li>
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+use
+reasonable
+efforts
+to
+maintain
+the
+proper
+level
+confidentiality,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+NOT
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+not
+</ins></em>
+release
+this
+information
+to
+the
+general
+public
+or
+press.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+provide
+mechanisms
+to
+protect
+the
+confidentiality
+of
+Member-only
+information
+and
+ensure
+that
+authorized
+parties
+have
+proper
+access
+to
+this
+information.
+Documents
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+clearly
+indicate
+whether
+they
+require
+Member-only
+confidentiality.
+Individuals
+uncertain
+of
+the
+confidentiality
+level
+of
+a
+piece
+of
+information
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+contact
+the
+Team.
+</p>
+<p>
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+authorize
+Member-only
+access
+to
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>
+and
+other
+individuals
+employed
+by
+the
+Member
+who
+are
+considered
+appropriate
+recipients.
+For
+instance,
+it
+is
+the
+responsibility
+of
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+and
+other
+employees
+and
+official
+representatives
+of
+the
+organization
+to
+ensure
+that
+Member-only
+news
+announcements
+are
+distributed
+for
+internal
+use
+only
+within
+their
+organization.
+Information
+about
+Member
+mailing
+lists
+is
+available
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h4 id="confidentiality-change">
+4.1.1
+Changing
+Confidentiality
+Level
+</h4>
+<p>
+As
+a
+benefit
+of
+membership,
+W3C
+provides
+some
+Team-only
+and
+Member-only
+channels
+for
+certain
+types
+of
+communication.
+For
+example,
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+can
+send
+<a href="#ACReview">
+reviews
+</a>
+to
+a
+Team-only
+channel.
+However,
+for
+W3C
+processes
+with
+a
+significant
+public
+component,
+such
+as
+the
+technical
+report
+development
+process,
+it
+is
+also
+important
+for
+information
+that
+affects
+decision-making
+to
+be
+publicly
+available.
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+need
+to
+communicate
+Team-only
+information
+to
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+the
+public.
+Similarly,
+a
+Working
+Group
+whose
+proceedings
+are
+Member-only
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+make
+public
+information
+pertinent
+to
+the
+technical
+report
+development
+process.
+</p>
+<p>
+This
+document
+clearly
+indicates
+which
+information
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+available
+to
+Members
+or
+the
+public,
+even
+though
+that
+information
+was
+initially
+communicated
+on
+Team-only
+or
+Member-only
+channels.
+Only
+the
+Team
+and
+parties
+authorized
+by
+the
+Team
+change
+the
+level
+of
+confidentiality
+of
+this
+information.
+When
+doing
+so:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+use
+a
+version
+of
+the
+information
+that
+was
+expressly
+provided
+by
+the
+author
+for
+the
+new
+confidentiality
+level.
+In
+Calls
+for
+Review
+and
+other
+similar
+messages,
+the
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+</ins></em>
+remind
+recipients
+to
+provide
+such
+alternatives.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+NOT
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+not
+</ins></em>
+attribute
+the
+version
+for
+the
+new
+confidentiality
+level
+to
+the
+author
+without
+the
+author's
+consent.
+</li>
+<li>
+If
+the
+author
+has
+not
+conveyed
+to
+the
+Team
+a
+version
+that
+is
+suitable
+for
+another
+confidentiality
+level,
+the
+Team
+<del class="diff-old">MAY
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em>
+make
+available
+a
+version
+that
+reasonably
+communicates
+what
+is
+required,
+while
+respecting
+the
+original
+level
+of
+confidentiality,
+and
+without
+attribution
+to
+the
+original
+author.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<del class="diff-old">5
+Activities
+This
+section
+describes
+the
+mechanisms
+for
+establishing
+consensus
+within
+the
+areas
+of
+Web
+development
+the
+Consortium
+chooses
+to
+pursue.
+An
+Activity
+organizes
+the
+work
+necessary
+for
+the
+development
+or
+evolution
+of
+a
+Web
+technology.
+W3C
+starts
+an
+Activity
+based
+on
+interest
+from
+the
+Members
+and
+Team.
+W3C
+Members
+build
+interest
+around
+new
+work
+through
+discussions
+among
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives,
+Chairs,
+and
+Team,
+and
+through
+the
+Submission
+process
+.
+The
+Team
+tracks
+Web
+developments
+inside
+and
+outside
+W3C,
+manages
+liaisons
+,
+and
+organizes
+Workshops
+.
+Based
+on
+input
+from
+the
+Team
+and
+Members
+about
+the
+structure
+and
+scope
+of
+an
+Activity,
+the
+Team
+sends
+an
+Activity
+Proposal
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+This
+is
+a
+proposal
+to
+dedicate
+Team
+and
+Member
+resources
+to
+a
+particular
+area
+of
+Web
+technology
+or
+policy,
+and
+when
+there
+is
+consensus
+about
+the
+motivation,
+scope,
+and
+structure
+of
+the
+proposed
+work,
+W3C
+starts
+a
+new
+Activity.
+Each
+Activity
+has
+its
+own
+structure
+that
+generally
+includes
+</del>
+</section>
+<section id="ChapterGroups">
+<h2 id="GAGeneral">
+<ins class="diff-chg">6
+</ins>
+Working
+<del class="diff-old">Groups,
+Interest
+Groups,
+and
+Coordination
+Groups.
+Within
+the
+framework
+of
+an
+Activity,
+these
+groups
+produce
+technical
+reports,
+review
+the
+work
+of
+other
+groups,
+and
+develop
+sample
+code
+or
+test
+suites.
+The
+progress
+of
+each
+Activity
+is
+documented
+in
+an
+Activity
+Statement
+.
+Activity
+Statements
+describe
+the
+goals
+of
+the
+Activity,
+completed
+and
+unfinished
+deliverables,
+changing
+perspectives
+based
+on
+experience,
+and
+future
+plans.
+At
+least
+before
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+,
+the
+Team
+SHOULD
+revise
+the
+Activity
+Statement
+for
+each
+Activity
+that
+has
+not
+been
+closed.
+Refer
+to
+the
+list
+of
+W3C
+Activities
+[
+PUB9
+].
+Note:
+This
+list
+MAY
+include
+some
+Activities
+that
+began
+prior
+to
+the
+formalization
+in
+1997
+of
+the
+Activity
+creation
+process.
+5.1
+Activity
+Proposal
+Development
+The
+Team
+MUST
+notify
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+when
+a
+proposal
+for
+a
+new
+or
+modified
+Activity
+is
+in
+development.
+This
+is
+intended
+to
+raise
+awareness,
+even
+if
+no
+formal
+proposal
+is
+yet
+available.
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+MAY
+express
+their
+general
+support
+on
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+discussion
+list
+.
+The
+Team
+MAY
+incorporate
+discussion
+points
+into
+an
+Activity
+Proposal.
+Refer
+to
+additional
+tips
+on
+getting
+to
+Recommendation
+faster
+[
+PUB27
+].
+5.2
+Advisory
+Committee
+Review
+of
+an
+Activity
+Proposal
+The
+Director
+MUST
+solicit
+Advisory
+Committee
+review
+of
+every
+proposal
+to
+create,
+substantively
+modify,
+or
+extend
+an
+Activity.
+After
+a
+Call
+for
+Review
+from
+the
+Director,
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+reviews
+and
+comments
+on
+the
+proposal.
+The
+review
+period
+MUST
+be
+at
+least
+four
+weeks
+.
+The
+Director
+announces
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+whether
+there
+is
+consensus
+within
+W3C
+to
+create
+or
+modify
+the
+Activity
+(possibly
+with
+changes
+suggested
+during
+the
+review).
+For
+a
+new
+Activity,
+this
+announcement
+officially
+creates
+the
+Activity.
+This
+announcement
+MAY
+include
+a
+Call
+for
+Participation
+in
+any
+groups
+created
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Activity.
+If
+there
+was
+dissent
+,
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+MAY
+appeal
+a
+decision
+to
+create,
+modify,
+or
+extend
+the
+Activity.
+Note:
+There
+is
+no
+appeal
+of
+a
+decision
+not
+to
+create
+an
+Activity;
+in
+general,
+drafting
+a
+new
+Activity
+Proposal
+will
+be
+simpler
+than
+following
+the
+appeal
+process.
+5.3
+Modification
+of
+an
+Activity
+Activities
+are
+intended
+to
+be
+flexible.
+W3C
+expects
+participants
+to
+be
+able
+to
+adapt
+in
+the
+face
+of
+new
+ideas
+(e.g.,
+Member
+Submission
+requests)
+and
+increased
+understanding
+of
+goals
+and
+context,
+while
+remaining
+true
+to
+the
+intent
+of
+the
+original
+Activity
+Proposal.
+If
+it
+becomes
+necessary
+to
+make
+substantive
+changes
+to
+an
+Activity
+(e.g.,
+because
+significant
+additional
+resources
+are
+necessary
+or
+because
+the
+Activity's
+scope
+has
+clearly
+changed
+from
+the
+original
+proposal),
+then
+the
+Director
+MUST
+solicit
+Advisory
+Committee
+review
+of
+a
+complete
+Activity
+Proposal
+,
+including
+rationale
+for
+the
+changes.
+5.4
+Extension
+of
+an
+Activity
+When
+the
+Director
+solicits
+Advisory
+Committee
+review
+of
+a
+proposal
+to
+extend
+the
+duration
+of
+an
+Activity
+with
+no
+other
+substantive
+modifications
+to
+the
+composition
+of
+the
+Activity,
+the
+proposal
+MUST
+indicate
+the
+new
+duration
+and
+include
+rationale
+for
+the
+extension.
+The
+Director
+is
+NOT
+REQUIRED
+to
+submit
+a
+complete
+Activity
+Proposal
+.
+5.5
+Activity
+Closure
+An
+Activity
+Proposal
+specifies
+a
+duration
+for
+the
+Activity.
+The
+Director,
+subject
+to
+appeal
+by
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives,
+MAY
+close
+an
+Activity
+prior
+to
+the
+date
+specified
+in
+the
+proposal
+in
+any
+of
+the
+following
+circumstances:
+</del>
+Groups
+<del class="diff-old">in
+the
+Activity
+fail
+to
+produce
+chartered
+deliverables.
+Groups
+in
+the
+Activity
+produce
+chartered
+deliverables
+ahead
+of
+schedule.
+There
+are
+insufficient
+resources
+to
+maintain
+the
+Activity,
+according
+to
+priorities
+established
+within
+W3C.
+The
+Director
+closes
+an
+Activity
+by
+announcement
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+5.6
+Activity
+Proposals
+An
+Activity
+Proposal
+defines
+the
+initial
+scope
+</del>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">structure
+of
+an
+Activity.
+The
+proposal
+MUST
+include
+or
+reference
+the
+following
+information:
+An
+Activity
+summary.
+What
+is
+the
+nature
+of
+the
+Activity
+(e.g.,
+to
+track
+developments,
+create
+technical
+reports,
+develop
+code,
+organize
+pilot
+experiments,
+or
+for
+education)?
+Who
+or
+what
+group
+wants
+this
+(providers
+or
+users)?
+Context
+information.
+Why
+is
+this
+Activity
+being
+proposed
+now?
+What
+is
+the
+situation
+in
+the
+world
+(e.g.,
+with
+respect
+to
+the
+Web
+community,
+market,
+research,
+or
+society)?
+within
+the
+scope
+of
+the
+proposal?
+Who
+or
+what
+currently
+exists
+that
+is
+pertinent
+to
+this
+Activity?
+Is
+the
+community
+mature/growing/developing
+a
+niche?
+What
+competing
+technologies
+exist?
+What
+competing
+organizations
+exist?
+A
+description
+of
+the
+Activity's
+scope.
+How
+might
+a
+potential
+Recommendation
+interact
+and
+overlap
+with
+existing
+international
+standards
+and
+Recommendations?
+What
+organizations
+are
+likely
+to
+be
+affected
+by
+potential
+overlap
+(see
+the
+section
+on
+liaisons
+with
+other
+organizations
+)?
+What
+should
+be
+changed
+if
+the
+Activity
+is
+approved?
+A
+description
+of
+the
+Activity's
+initial
+deployment,
+including:
+The
+duration
+of
+the
+Activity.
+What
+groups
+will
+be
+created
+as
+part
+of
+this
+Activity
+and
+how
+those
+groups
+will
+be
+coordinated.
+For
+each
+group,
+the
+proposal
+MUST
+include
+a
+provisional
+charter.
+Groups
+MAY
+be
+scheduled
+to
+run
+concurrently
+or
+sequentially
+(either
+because
+of
+a
+dependency
+or
+an
+expected
+overlap
+in
+membership
+and
+the
+desirability
+of
+working
+on
+one
+subject
+at
+a
+time).
+These
+charters
+MAY
+be
+amended
+based
+on
+review
+comments
+before
+the
+Director
+issues
+a
+Call
+for
+Participation
+.
+The
+expected
+timeline
+of
+the
+Activity,
+including
+proposed
+deliverable
+dates
+and
+scheduled
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+.
+If
+known,
+the
+date
+of
+the
+first
+face-to-face
+meeting
+of
+each
+proposed
+group.
+The
+date
+of
+the
+first
+face-to-face
+meeting
+of
+a
+proposed
+group
+MUST
+NOT
+be
+sooner
+than
+eight
+weeks
+after
+the
+date
+of
+the
+Activity
+Proposal
+.
+A
+summary
+of
+resources
+(Member,
+Team,
+administrative,
+technical,
+and
+financial)
+expected
+to
+be
+dedicated
+to
+the
+Activity.
+The
+proposal
+MAY
+specify
+the
+threshold
+level
+of
+effort
+that
+Members
+are
+expected
+to
+pledge
+in
+order
+for
+the
+Activity
+to
+be
+accepted.
+Information
+about
+known
+dependencies
+within
+W3C
+or
+outside
+of
+W3C.
+Intellectual
+property
+information.
+What
+are
+the
+intellectual
+property
+(including
+patents
+and
+copyright)
+considerations
+affecting
+the
+success
+of
+the
+Activity?
+In
+particular,
+is
+there
+any
+reason
+to
+believe
+that
+it
+will
+be
+difficult
+to
+meet
+the
+Royalty-Free
+licensing
+goals
+of
+section
+2
+of
+the
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+[
+PUB33
+]?
+A
+list
+of
+supporters
+and
+references.
+What
+community
+is
+expected
+to
+benefit
+from
+this
+Activity?
+Are
+members
+of
+this
+community
+part
+of
+W3C
+now?
+Are
+they
+expected
+to
+join
+the
+effort?
+6
+Working
+Groups,
+</del>
+Interest
+<del class="diff-old">Groups,
+and
+Coordination
+</del>
+Groups
+</h2>
+<p id="GAGroups">
+This
+document
+defines
+<del class="diff-old">three
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">two
+</ins>
+types
+of
+groups:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+<a href="#GroupsWG">
+Working
+Groups.
+</a>
+Working
+Groups
+typically
+produce
+deliverables
+(e.g.,
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+Recommendation
+Track
+technical
+reports
+</a>,
+software,
+test
+suites,
+and
+reviews
+of
+the
+deliverables
+of
+other
+groups).
+There
+are
+<del class="diff-old">Good
+Standing
+requirements
+for
+Working
+Group
+participation
+as
+well
+as
+</del>
+additional
+participation
+requirements
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#GroupsIG">
+Interest
+Groups.
+</a>
+The
+primary
+goal
+of
+an
+Interest
+Group
+is
+to
+bring
+together
+people
+who
+wish
+to
+evaluate
+potential
+Web
+technologies
+and
+policies.
+An
+Interest
+Group
+is
+a
+forum
+for
+the
+exchange
+of
+ideas.
+</li>
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+Groups.
+A
+Coordination
+Group
+manages
+dependencies
+and
+facilitates
+communication
+with
+other
+groups,
+within
+or
+outside
+of
+W3C.
+</del>
+</ol>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">Neither
+</del>
+Interest
+Groups
+<del class="diff-old">nor
+Coordination
+Groups
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">do
+not
+</ins>
+publish
+<a href="#RecsW3C">
+Recommendation
+Track
+technical
+reports
+</a>
+;
+see
+information
+about
+<a href="#WGNote">
+maturity
+levels
+for
+Interest
+Groups
+<del class="diff-old">and
+Coordination
+Groups
+</del>
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h3 id="ReqsAllGroups">
+6.1
+Requirements
+for
+All
+<del class="diff-old">Working,
+Interest,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Working
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">Coordination
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Interest
+</ins>
+Groups
+</h3>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+have
+a
+charter.
+Requirements
+for
+the
+charter
+depend
+on
+the
+group
+type.
+All
+group
+charters
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+public
+(even
+if
+other
+proceedings
+of
+the
+group
+are
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+).
+Existing
+charters
+that
+are
+not
+yet
+public
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+be
+made
+public
+when
+next
+revised
+or
+extended
+(with
+attention
+to
+<a href="#confidentiality-change">
+changing
+confidentiality
+level
+</a>
+).
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+have
+a
+<dfn id="GeneralChairs">
+Chair
+</dfn>
+(or
+co-Chairs)
+to
+coordinate
+the
+group's
+tasks.
+The
+Director
+appoints
+(and
+re-appoints)
+Chairs
+for
+all
+groups.
+The
+Chair
+is
+a
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representative
+</a>,
+a
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+representative
+</a>,
+or
+an
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Expert
+</a>
+(invited
+by
+the
+Director).
+The
+requirements
+of
+this
+document
+that
+apply
+to
+those
+types
+of
+participants
+apply
+to
+Chairs
+as
+well.
+The
+<a href="/Guide/chair-roles">
+role
+of
+the
+Chair
+[MEM14]
+</a>
+is
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="http://www.w3.org/Guide/">
+Member
+guide
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-guide">
+MEM9
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+have
+a
+<dfn id="TeamContact">
+Team
+Contact
+<del class="diff-old">,
+</del>
+</dfn>,
+who
+acts
+as
+the
+interface
+between
+the
+Chair,
+group
+participants,
+and
+the
+rest
+of
+the
+Team.
+The
+<a href="/Guide/staff-contact">
+role
+of
+the
+Team
+Contact
+</a>
+is
+described
+in
+the
+Member
+guide.
+The
+Chair
+and
+the
+Team
+Contact
+of
+a
+group
+<del class="diff-old">SHOULD
+NOT
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">should
+not
+</ins></em>
+be
+the
+same
+individual.
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<del class="diff-old">MUST
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+have
+an
+archived
+mailing
+list
+for
+formal
+group
+communication
+(e.g.,
+for
+meeting
+announcements
+and
+minutes,
+documentation
+of
+decisions,
+and
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objections
+</a>
+to
+decisions).
+It
+is
+the
+responsibility
+of
+the
+Chair
+and
+Team
+Contact
+to
+ensure
+that
+ne