Added diff
authorcharles
Tue, 11 Oct 2016 12:36:22 +0200
changeset 206 1a277c50c1b6
parent 205 b857268671d4
child 207 421417f9c1cb
Added diff
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--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
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@@ -0,0 +1,26873 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html>
+<html lang="en">
+<head>
+<meta charset="utf-8">
+<meta name="keywords" content="W3C Process, Consortium, Team, Recommendation, Advisory Committee, Advisory Board, Working Group, Coordination Group, Interest Group, W3C Activity, Workshop, charter, Working Draft, Process Document, Candidate Recommendation, Director, Proposed Recommendation, Submission request">
+<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/base.css">
+<title>World Wide Web Consortium Process Document</title>
+
+<style type="text/css">
+     .about { margin-left: 3em; margin-right: 3em; font-size: .83em}
+     table { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto }
+     .diagram { text-align: center; margin: 2.5em 0 }
+      .issue:before {content: "Issue: "}
+      .issue {border: 2px dashed red; background-color: #ffa;}
+      .issue .issue {background-color: #fcc;}
+      .rfc2119 {font-variant:small-caps}
+
+/*for the SVG - navigation highlighting */
+
+     :focus path, :focus polygon, :focus ellipse { stroke-width: 4}
+     g g:hover path, g g:hover polygon, g g:hover ellipse { stroke-width: 4}
+     :focus text, g g:hover text { stroke: black; stroke-width: .5}
+
+</style>
+<!--[if lt IE 9]><script src='undefined://www.w3.org/2008/site/js/html5shiv.js'></script><![endif]-->
+<title>Flowchart: The basic W3C Recommendation Track</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-fpwd-label">First Public Working Draft - Exclusion Opportunity</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-nodewd-label">Working Draft</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-repeatwd-label">Publish a New Working Draft</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-tocr-label">Advance to Candidate Recommendation</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-nodecr-label">Candidate recommendation - Patent Policy Exclusion Opportunity</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-repeatcr-label">Publish a revised CR</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-topr-label">Advance to Proposed Recommendation</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-backtowd-label">Return to Working Draft</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-nodepr-label">Proposed Recommendation - Advisory Committee Review</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-torec-label">Advance to Recommendation</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-backtocr-label">Return to Working Draft</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-prbacktowd-label">Return to Working Draft</title>
+<title id="Rectrac-noderec-label">W3C Recommendation</title>
+<title>Flowchart: Revising a W3C Recommendation</title>
+<title id="modif-fpwd-label">First Public Working Draft - Exclusion Opportunity</title>
+<title id="modif-nodewd-label">Working Draft</title>
+<title id="modif-repeatwd-label">Publish a New Working Draft</title>
+<title id="modif-tocr-label">Advance to Candidate Recommendation</title>
+<title id="modif-nodecr-label">Candidate recommendation - Patent Policy Exclusion Opportunity</title>
+<title id="modif-repeatcr-label">Publish a revised CR</title>
+<title id="modif-topr-label">Advance to Proposed Recommendation</title>
+<title id="modif-backtowd-label">Return to Working Draft</title>
+<title id="modif-nodepr-label">Proposed Recommendation - Advisory Committee Review</title>
+<title id="modif-torec-label">Advance to Recommendation</title>
+<title id="modif-backtocr-label">Return to Working Draft</title>
+<title id="modif-prbacktowd-label">Return to Working Draft</title>
+<title id="modif-noderec-label">W3C Recommendation</title>
+<title id="Modif-changeproposal-tit">Proposed change to a Recommendation</title>
+<title id="modif-overall-title">Initial maturity levels for a modification</title>
+<title id="modif-editedrec-title">Only editorial changes: Edited Recommendation</title>
+<title id="modif-nonewfeatures-label">No new features - return to Candidate Recommendation</title>
+<style type='text/css'>
+.diff-old-a {
+  font-size: smaller;
+  color: red;
+}
+
+.diff-new { background-color: yellow; }
+.diff-chg { background-color: lime; }
+.diff-new:before,
+.diff-new:after
+    { content: "\2191" }
+.diff-chg:before, .diff-chg:after
+    { content: "\2195" }
+.diff-old { text-decoration: line-through; background-color: #FBB; }
+.diff-old:before,
+.diff-old:after
+    { content: "\2193" }
+:focus { border: thin red solid}
+</style>
+</head>
+<body>
+<div class="head">
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/">
+<img alt="W3C" src="https://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" height="48" width="72">
+</a>
+<h1>
+<del class="diff-old">World
+Wide
+Web
+Consortium
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">W3C
+Editor's
+Draft
+</ins>
+Process
+Document
+</h1>
+<h2 class="notoc">
+<del class="diff-old">1
+September
+2015
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">11
+October
+2016
+Editor's
+Draft
+</ins>
+</h2>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+<del class="diff-old">This
+version
+-
+permanent
+URI:
+http://www.w3.org/2015/Process-20150901/
+</del>
+Latest
+Editor's
+version:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/cover.html">
+https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/cover.html
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Latest
+operative
+version:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<del class="diff-old">http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/
+Previous
+operative
+version:
+1
+August
+2014
+Process
+</del>
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/
+</ins>
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Editor:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+Charles
+McCathie
+Nevile,
+<a style="color:black" href="http://yandex.com">
+<span style="color: red;">
+Y
+</span>
+andex
+</a>
+—
+<a style="color:black" href="http://yandex.ru">
+<span style="color: red;">

+</span>
+ндекс
+</a>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+Previous
+editor:
+</dt>
+<dd>
+Ian
+Jacobs,
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/">
+W3C
+</a>
+</dd>
+</dl>
+<p class="copyright">
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">
+Copyright
+</a>

+<del class="diff-old">1996-2015
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">1996-2016
+</ins>
+<a href="/">
+<abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">
+W3C
+</abbr>
+</a>
+<sup>

+</sup>
+(
+<a href="https://www.csail.mit.edu/">
+<abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">
+MIT
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.ercim.eu/">
+<abbr title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">
+ERCIM
+</abbr>
+</a>,
+<a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">
+Keio
+</a>,
+<a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/">
+Beihang
+</a>
+),
+All
+Rights
+Reserved.
+W3C
+<a href="/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">
+liability
+</a>,
+<a href="/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">
+trademark
+</a>,
+<a rel="Copyright" href="/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">
+document
+use
+</a>
+and
+<a rel="Copyright" href="/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software">
+software
+licensing
+</a>
+rules
+apply.
+Your
+interactions
+with
+this
+site
+are
+in
+accordance
+with
+our
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+</del>
+<a href="/Consortium/Legal/privacy-statement#Public">
+<ins class="diff-chg">public
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+and
+</ins><a href= "/Consortium/Legal/privacy-statement#Members"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Member
+</ins></a>
+privacy
+<del class="diff-old">statements
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">statements.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<hr>
+</div>
+<h2 class="notoc">
+<a id="abstract">
+Abstract
+</a>
+</h2>
+<p>
+The
+mission
+of
+the
+World
+Wide
+Web
+Consortium
+(
+<abbr>
+W3C
+</abbr>
+)
+is
+to
+lead
+the
+World
+Wide
+Web
+to
+its
+full
+potential
+by
+developing
+common
+protocols
+that
+promote
+its
+evolution
+and
+ensure
+its
+interoperability.
+The
+W3C
+Process
+Document
+describes
+the
+organizational
+structure
+of
+the
+W3C
+and
+the
+processes
+related
+to
+the
+responsibilities
+and
+functions
+they
+exercise
+to
+enable
+W3C
+to
+accomplish
+its
+mission.
+This
+document
+does
+not
+describe
+the
+internal
+workings
+of
+the
+Team
+or
+W3C's
+public
+communication
+mechanisms.
+</p>
+<p>
+For
+more
+information
+about
+the
+W3C
+mission
+and
+the
+history
+of
+W3C,
+please
+refer
+to
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/">
+About
+W3C
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-mission">
+PUB15
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h2 class="notoc" id="status">
+Status
+of
+this
+Document
+</h2>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">This
+is
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">W3C,
+including
+all
+existing
+chartered
+groups,
+follows
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">1
+September
+2015
+W3C
+</del>
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">most
+recent
+operative
+</ins>
+Process
+<del class="diff-old">Document.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Document
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+announced
+to
+the
+Membership.
+</ins></p><p>
+This
+document
+<del class="diff-old">was
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">is
+</ins>
+developed
+<del class="diff-old">between
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">by
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+</del>
+Advisory
+<del class="diff-old">Board
+and
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Board's
+Process
+Task
+Force
+working
+within
+</ins>
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/community/w3process/">
+Revising
+W3C
+Process
+Community
+Group
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">and
+reviewed
+by
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">(which
+anyone
+can
+join).
+This
+is
+the
+11
+October
+2016
+Editor's
+draft
+for
+the
+proposed
+next
+version
+of
+</ins>
+the
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">Membership.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Process
+Document.
+This
+document
+is
+based
+on
+the
+</ins><a href="http://www.w3.org/2015/Process-20150901/"><ins class="diff-chg">
+1
+September
+2015
+Process
+Document
+</ins></a>,<ins class="diff-chg">
+which
+is
+the
+currently
+operative
+W3C
+Process.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">W3C,
+including
+all
+existing
+chartered
+groups,
+follows
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">This
+draft
+is
+proposed
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">most
+recent
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">W3C
+Advisory
+Board,
+for
+approval
+to
+request
+formal
+Advisory
+Committee
+review
+on
+whether
+to
+adopt
+this
+as
+the
+new
+</ins>
+operative
+Process
+<ins class="diff-new">document.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-new">
+Further
+revision
+is
+expected
+to
+take
+place
+in
+a
+new
+version
+of
+the
+Process
+as
+required.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-new">
+A
+</ins><a href="#changes"><ins class="diff-new">
+history
+of
+changes
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+since
+the
+1
+September
+2015
+Process
+</ins>
+Document
+<ins class="diff-new">is
+provided.
+A
+log
+of
+</ins><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/"><ins class="diff-new">
+all
+changes
+in
+diff
+format
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+available,
+as
+is
+an
+</ins><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/161011-150901-diff.html"><ins class="diff-new">
+"HTML
+diff-marked"
+comparison
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">announced
+</del>
+to
+the
+<del class="diff-old">Membership.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">1
+September
+document.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-new">Comment
+is
+invited
+on
+the
+draft.
+</ins>
+Please
+send
+comments
+<del class="diff-old">about
+this
+document
+</del>
+to
+<del class="diff-old">the
+Revising
+W3C
+Process
+Community
+Group
+</del>
+<a href="mailto:public-w3process@w3.org">
+<ins class="diff-chg">public-w3process@w3.org
+</ins>
+</a>
+(
+<del class="diff-old">mailing
+</del>
+<a href="https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-w3process/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Mailing
+</ins>
+list
+archive
+</a>,
+publicly
+available)
+or
+to
+process-issues@w3.org
+(
+<a href="https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Member/process-issues">
+Member-only
+<del class="diff-old">list
+</del>
+archive
+<del class="diff-old">.
+The
+terms
+must
+,
+must
+not
+,
+should
+,
+should
+not
+,
+required
+,
+and
+may
+are
+used
+in
+accordance
+with
+RFC
+2119
+</del>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">[
+RFC2119
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">).
+A
+</ins><a href="https://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Public
+Issue
+Tracker
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">].
+The
+term
+not
+required
+</del>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">equivalent
+to
+the
+term
+may
+as
+defined
+in
+RFC
+2119.
+Some
+terms
+have
+been
+capitalized
+in
+this
+document
+(and
+in
+other
+W3C
+materials)
+to
+indicate
+that
+they
+are
+entities
+with
+special
+relevance
+to
+the
+W3C
+Process.
+These
+terms
+are
+defined
+herein,
+and
+readers
+should
+be
+aware
+that
+the
+ordinary
+(English)
+definitions
+are
+incomplete
+for
+purposes
+of
+understanding
+this
+document.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">available
+online.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<h2 class="notoc" id="pp">
+Relation
+of
+Process
+Document
+to
+Patent
+Policy
+</h2>
+<p>
+W3C
+Members'
+attention
+is
+called
+to
+the
+fact
+that
+provisions
+of
+the
+Process
+Document
+are
+binding
+on
+Members
+per
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-agreement">
+PUB6
+</a>
+].
+The
+Patent
+Policy
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+]
+is
+incorporated
+by
+normative
+reference
+as
+a
+part
+of
+the
+Process
+Document,
+and
+is
+thus
+equally
+binding.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Patent
+Policy
+places
+additional
+obligations
+on
+Members,
+Team,
+and
+other
+participants
+in
+W3C.
+The
+Process
+Document
+does
+not
+restate
+those
+requirements
+but
+includes
+references
+to
+them.
+The
+Process
+Document
+and
+Patent
+Policy
+have
+been
+designed
+<del class="diff-old">so
+that
+they
+may
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">to
+allow
+them
+to
+</ins>
+evolve
+independently.
+</p>
+<p>
+In
+the
+Process
+Document,
+the
+term
+"participant"
+refers
+to
+an
+individual,
+not
+an
+organization.
+</p>
+<h2 class=".notoc">
+<ins class="diff-new">Conformance
+and
+specialized
+terms
+</ins></h2><p><ins class="diff-new">
+The
+terms
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+must
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+must
+not
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+should
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+should
+not
+</ins></em>,<em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+required
+</ins></em>,<ins class="diff-new">
+and
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
+are
+used
+in
+accordance
+with
+</ins><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><ins class="diff-new">
+RFC
+2119
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+[
+</ins><a href="#ref-RFC2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+RFC2119
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+].
+The
+term
+</ins><dfn><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+not
+required
+</ins></em></dfn><ins class="diff-new">
+is
+equivalent
+to
+the
+term
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
+as
+defined
+in
+[
+</ins><a href="#ref-RFC2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+RFC2119
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-new">
+].
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-new">
+Some
+terms
+have
+been
+capitalized
+in
+this
+document
+(and
+in
+other
+W3C
+materials)
+to
+indicate
+that
+they
+are
+entities
+with
+special
+relevance
+to
+the
+W3C
+Process.
+These
+terms
+are
+defined
+within
+this
+document,
+and
+readers
+are
+reminded
+that
+the
+ordinary
+English
+definitions
+are
+insufficient
+for
+the
+purpose
+of
+understanding
+this
+document.
+</ins></p>
+<div class="toc" role="navigation">
+<h2 class="notoc" id="toc">
+Table
+of
+Contents
+</h2>
+<div class="noprint">
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Intro" class="tocxref">
+1
+Introduction
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Organization" class="tocxref">
+2
+Members,
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Team,
+Advisory
+Board,
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Policies" class="tocxref">
+3
+General
+Policies
+for
+W3C
+Groups
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#dissemination" class="tocxref">
+4
+Dissemination
+Policies
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAGeneral" class="tocxref">
+5
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Reports" class="tocxref">
+6
+W3C
+Technical
+Report
+Development
+Process
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#ReviewAppeal" class="tocxref">
+7
+Advisory
+Committee
+Reviews,
+Appeals,
+and
+Votes
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAEvents" class="tocxref">
+8
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Liaisons" class="tocxref">
+9
+Liaisons
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Submission" class="tocxref">
+10
+Member
+Submission
+Process
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAProcess" class="tocxref">
+11
+Process
+Evolution
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#references" class="tocxref">
+12
+References
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#acks" class="tocxref">
+13
+Acknowledgments
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#changes" class="tocxref">
+14
+Changes
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="longtoc">
+<div class="noprint">
+<h3 class="notoc" id="fulltoc">
+Expanded
+table
+of
+contents
+</h3>
+</div>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Intro">
+1
+Introduction
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Organization">
+2
+Members,
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Team,
+Advisory
+Board,
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Members">
+2.1
+Members
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#MemberBenefits">
+2.1.1
+Rights
+of
+Members
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#RelatedAndConsortiumMembers">
+2.1.2
+<ins class="diff-new">Member
+Consortia,
+and
+</ins>
+Related
+Members
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AC">
+2.1.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+(AC)
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Team">
+2.2
+The
+W3C
+Team
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#TeamSubmission">
+2.2.1
+Team
+Submissions
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#AB">
+2.3
+Advisory
+Board
+(AB)
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#ABParticipation">
+2.3.1
+Advisory
+Board
+Participation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#TAG">
+2.4
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+(TAG)
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#tag-participation">
+2.4.1
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-participation">
+2.5
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-constraints">
+2.5.1
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+Constraints
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+2.5.2
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Elections
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#AB-TAG-vacated">
+2.5.3
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Vacated
+Seats
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Policies">
+3
+General
+Policies
+for
+W3C
+Groups
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ParticipationCriteria">
+3.1
+Individual
+Participation
+Criteria
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#coi">
+3.1.1
+Conflict
+of
+Interest
+Policy
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#member-rep">
+3.1.2
+Individuals
+Representing
+a
+Member
+Organization
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#GeneralMeetings">
+3.2
+Meetings
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Consensus">
+3.3
+Consensus
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#managing-dissent">
+3.3.1
+Managing
+Dissent
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGArchiveMinorityViews">
+3.3.2
+Recording
+and
+Reporting
+Formal
+Objections
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#formal-address">
+3.3.3
+Formally
+Addressing
+an
+Issue
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGChairReopen">
+3.3.4
+Reopening
+a
+Decision
+When
+Presented
+With
+New
+Information
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#Votes">
+3.4
+Votes
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#WGAppeals">
+3.5
+Appeal
+of
+a
+Chair's
+Decision
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#resignation">
+3.6
+Resignation
+from
+a
+Group
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#dissemination">
+4
+Dissemination
+Policies
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#confidentiality-levels">
+4.1
+Confidentiality
+Levels
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#confidentiality-change">
+4.1.1
+Changing
+Confidentiality
+Level
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAGeneral">
+5
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ReqsAllGroups">
+5.1
+Requirements
+for
+All
+Working
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#GroupsWG">
+5.2
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#group-participation">
+5.2.1
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Participation
+Requirements
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGCharterDevelopment">
+5.2.2
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Charter
+Development
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#CharterReview">
+5.2.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+Review
+of
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group
+Charter
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#cfp">
+5.2.4
+Call
+for
+Participation
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#charter-extension">
+5.2.5
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Charter
+Extension
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+5.2.6
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Charters
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#GeneralTermination">
+<del class="diff-old">5.2.8
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">5.2.7
+</ins>
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Closure
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Reports">
+6
+W3C
+Technical
+Report
+Development
+Process
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+6.1
+W3C
+Technical
+Reports
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#recs-and-notes" id="return-to-wg">
+6.1.1
+Recommendations
+and
+Notes
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#maturity-levels">
+6.1.2
+Maturity
+Levels
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#requirements-and-definitions">
+6.2
+General
+requirements
+and
+definitions
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#general-requirements">
+6.2.1
+General
+requirements
+for
+Technical
+Reports
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#transition-reqs">
+6.2.2
+Advancement
+on
+the
+Recommendation
+Track
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#substantive-change">
+6.2.2.1
+Substantive
+Change
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#doc-reviews">
+6.2.3
+Reviews
+and
+Review
+Responsibilities
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#wide-review">
+6.2.3.1
+Wide
+Review
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#implementation-experience">
+6.2.4
+Implementation
+Experience
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#correction-classes">
+6.2.5
+Classes
+of
+Changes
+to
+a
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#working-draft">
+6.3
+Working
+Draft
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#first-wd">
+6.3.1
+First
+Public
+Working
+Draft
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#revised-wd">
+6.3.2
+Revising
+Public
+Working
+Drafts
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#tr-end">
+6.3.3
+Stopping
+work
+on
+a
+specification
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#candidate-rec" id="cfi">
+6.4
+Candidate
+Recommendation
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#revised-cr">
+6.4.1
+Revising
+a
+Candidate
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-pr" id="cfr">
+6.5
+Proposed
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-publication">
+6.6
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-modify">
+6.7
+Modifying
+a
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li>
+<a href="#errata">
+6.7.1
+Errata
+Management
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#revised-rec" id="cfr-edited">
+6.7.2
+Revising
+a
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#Note">
+6.8
+Publishing
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group
+Note
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#rec-rescind">
+6.9
+<ins class="diff-new">Obsoleting
+or
+</ins>
+Rescinding
+a
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#further-reading">
+Further
+reading
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#ReviewAppeal">
+7
+Advisory
+Committee
+Reviews,
+Appeals,
+and
+Votes
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ACReview">
+7.1
+Advisory
+Committee
+Reviews
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#ACReviewStart">
+7.1.1
+Start
+of
+a
+Review
+Period
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#ACReviewAfter">
+7.1.2
+After
+the
+Review
+Period
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+7.2
+Appeal
+by
+Advisory
+Committee
+Representatives
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#ACVotes">
+7.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+Votes
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+8
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Liaisons">
+9
+Liaisons
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#Submission">
+10
+Member
+Submission
+Process
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#SubmissionRights">
+10.1
+Submitter
+Rights
+and
+Obligations
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#SubmissionScope">
+10.1.1
+Scope
+of
+Member
+Submissions
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline4">
+<a href="#SubmissionReqs">
+10.1.2
+Information
+Required
+in
+a
+Submission
+Request
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#TeamSubmissionRights">
+10.2
+Team
+Rights
+and
+Obligations
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#SubmissionYes">
+10.3
+Acknowledgment
+of
+a
+Submission
+Request
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+10.4
+Rejection
+of
+a
+Submission
+Request
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+11
+Process
+Evolution
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#references">
+12
+References
+</a>
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#public-refs">
+12.1
+Public
+Resources
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#member-refs">
+12.2
+Member-only
+Resources
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline3">
+<a href="#other-refs">
+12.3
+Other
+References
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#acks">
+13
+Acknowledgments
+</a>
+</li>
+<li class="tocline2">
+<a href="#changes">
+14
+Changes
+</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+<main>
+<h2 id="Intro">
+1
+Introduction
+</h2>
+<p>
+Most
+W3C
+work
+revolves
+around
+the
+standardization
+of
+Web
+technologies.
+To
+accomplish
+this
+work,
+W3C
+follows
+processes
+that
+promote
+the
+development
+of
+high-quality
+standards
+based
+on
+the
+<a href="#Consensus">
+consensus
+</a>
+of
+the
+Membership,
+Team,
+and
+public.
+W3C
+processes
+promote
+fairness,
+responsiveness,
+and
+progress:
+all
+facets
+of
+the
+W3C
+mission.
+This
+document
+describes
+the
+processes
+W3C
+follows
+in
+pursuit
+of
+its
+mission.
+</p>
+<p>
+Here
+is
+a
+general
+overview
+of
+how
+W3C
+standardizes
+a
+Web
+technology.
+In
+many
+cases,
+the
+goal
+of
+this
+work
+is
+a
+<a href="#RecsW3C">
+W3C
+Recommendation
+<del class="diff-old">,
+the
+W3C
+equivalent
+of
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">-
+</ins>
+a
+Web
+standard.
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+People
+generate
+interest
+in
+a
+particular
+<del class="diff-old">topic
+(e.g.,
+Web
+services).
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">topic.
+</ins>
+For
+instance,
+Members
+express
+interest
+in
+the
+form
+of
+<a href="#Submission">
+Member
+Submissions
+</a>,
+and
+the
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+monitors
+work
+inside
+and
+outside
+of
+W3C
+for
+signs
+of
+interest.
+Also,
+W3C
+is
+likely
+to
+organize
+a
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshop
+</a>
+to
+bring
+people
+together
+to
+discuss
+topics
+that
+interest
+the
+W3C
+community.
+</li>
+<li>
+When
+there
+is
+enough
+interest
+in
+a
+topic
+(e.g.,
+after
+a
+successful
+Workshop
+and/or
+discussion
+on
+an
+<a href="#ACCommunication">
+Advisory
+Committee
+mailing
+list
+</a>
+),
+the
+Director
+announces
+the
+development
+of
+a
+proposal
+for
+one
+or
+more
+new
+<a href="#WGCharterDevelopment">
+Interest
+Group
+or
+Working
+Group
+charters
+</a>,
+depending
+on
+the
+breadth
+of
+the
+topic
+of
+interest.
+W3C
+Members
+<a href="#CharterReview">
+review
+</a>
+the
+proposed
+charters.
+When
+there
+is
+support
+within
+W3C
+for
+investing
+resources
+in
+the
+topic
+of
+interest,
+the
+Director
+approves
+the
+group(s)
+and
+they
+begin
+their
+work.
+</li>
+<li>
+There
+are
+three
+types
+of
+Working
+Group
+participants:
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+representatives
+</a>.
+Team
+representatives
+both
+contribute
+to
+the
+technical
+work
+and
+help
+ensure
+the
+group's
+proper
+integration
+with
+the
+rest
+of
+W3C.
+The
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+Working
+Group
+charter
+</a>
+sets
+expectations
+about
+each
+group's
+deliverables
+(e.g.,
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>,
+test
+suites,
+and
+tutorials).
+</li>
+<li>
+Working
+Groups
+generally
+create
+specifications
+and
+guidelines
+that
+undergo
+cycles
+of
+revision
+and
+review
+as
+they
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+advance
+to
+W3C
+Recommendation
+</a>
+status.
+The
+W3C
+process
+for
+producing
+these
+technical
+reports
+includes
+significant
+review
+by
+the
+Members
+and
+public,
+and
+requirements
+that
+the
+Working
+Group
+be
+able
+to
+show
+implementation
+and
+interoperability
+experience.
+At
+the
+end
+of
+the
+process,
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+reviews
+the
+mature
+technical
+report,
+and
+if
+there
+is
+support,
+W3C
+publishes
+it
+as
+a
+<a href="#RecsW3C">
+Recommendation
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+The
+Process
+Document
+promotes
+the
+goals
+of
+quality
+and
+fairness
+in
+technical
+decisions
+by
+encouraging
+<a href="#Consensus">
+consensus
+</a>,
+requiring
+reviews
+(by
+both
+Members
+and
+public)
+as
+part
+of
+the
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+report
+development
+process
+</a>,
+and
+through
+an
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+<del class="diff-old">appeal
+process
+for
+the
+</del>
+Advisory
+<del class="diff-old">Committee.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Committee
+Appeal
+process
+</ins></a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+other
+sections
+of
+the
+Process
+Document:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+set
+forth
+<a href="#Policies">
+policies
+</a>
+for
+participation
+in
+W3C
+groups,
+</li>
+<li>
+establish
+two
+permanent
+groups
+within
+W3C:
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+(TAG)
+</a>,
+to
+help
+resolve
+Consortium-wide
+technical
+issues;
+and
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+(AB)
+</a>,
+to
+help
+resolve
+Consortium-wide
+non-technical
+issues,
+and
+to
+manage
+the
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+evolution
+of
+the
+W3C
+process
+</a>,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+describe
+other
+interactions
+between
+the
+<a href="#Members">
+Members
+</a>
+(as
+represented
+by
+the
+<a href="#AC">
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>
+),
+the
+Team,
+and
+the
+general
+public.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<h2 id="Organization">
+2
+Members,
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Team,
+Advisory
+Board,
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</h2>
+<p>
+W3C's
+mission
+is
+to
+lead
+the
+Web
+to
+its
+full
+potential.
+W3C
+<a href="#Members">
+Member
+</a>
+organizations
+provide
+resources
+to
+this
+end,
+and
+the
+W3C
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+provides
+the
+technical
+leadership
+and
+organization
+to
+coordinate
+the
+effort.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Members">
+2.1
+Members
+</h3>
+<p>
+W3C
+Members
+are
+primarily
+represented
+in
+W3C
+processes
+as
+follows:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+The
+<a href="#AC">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>
+is
+composed
+of
+one
+representative
+from
+each
+Member
+organization
+(refer
+to
+the
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+list
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/ACList">
+current
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-current-ac">
+MEM1
+</a>
+]).
+The
+Advisory
+Committee:
+<ul>
+<li>
+reviews
+plans
+for
+W3C
+at
+each
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+</a>
+;
+</li>
+<li>
+reviews
+formal
+proposals
+from
+the
+W3C
+Director:
+<a href="#CharterReview">
+Charter
+Proposals
+</a>,
+<a href="#RecsPR">
+Proposed
+Recommendations
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+Proposed
+Process
+Documents
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+elects
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>
+participants
+other
+than
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+Chair.
+</li>
+<li>
+elects
+5
+of
+the
+9
+participants
+on
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+<del class="diff-old">have
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+initiate
+an
+</ins>
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+<del class="diff-old">appeal
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Advisory
+Committee
+Appeal
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">powers
+for
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins>
+some
+<del class="diff-old">processes
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">cases
+</ins>
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+</li>
+<li>
+Representatives
+of
+Member
+organizations
+participate
+in
+<a href="#GAGeneral">
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>
+and
+author
+and
+review
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p id="MemberSubscription">
+W3C
+membership
+is
+open
+to
+all
+entities,
+as
+described
+in
+"
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/join">
+How
+to
+Join
+W3C
+</a>
+"
+[
+<a href="#ref-join-w3c">
+PUB5
+</a>
+];
+(refer
+to
+the
+public
+list
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Member/List">
+current
+W3C
+Members
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-current-mem">
+PUB8
+</a>
+]).
+Organizations
+subscribe
+according
+to
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-agreement">
+PUB6
+</a>
+].
+The
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+ensure
+that
+Member
+participation
+agreements
+remain
+<a href="#Team-only">
+Team-only
+</a>
+and
+that
+no
+Member
+receives
+preferential
+treatment
+within
+W3C.
+</p>
+<p id="IndividualParticipation">
+W3C
+does
+not
+have
+a
+class
+of
+membership
+tailored
+to,
+or
+priced
+for
+individuals.
+However,
+an
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+join
+W3C
+as
+an
+Affiliate
+Member.
+In
+this
+case
+the
+same
+restrictions
+pertaining
+to
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+apply
+when
+the
+individual
+also
+<a href="#member-rep">
+represents
+</a>
+another
+W3C
+Member.
+</p>
+<h4 id="MemberBenefits">
+2.1.1
+Rights
+of
+Members
+</h4>
+<p>
+Each
+Member
+organization
+enjoys
+the
+following
+rights
+and
+benefits:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+A
+seat
+on
+the
+<a href="#AC">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>
+;
+</li>
+<li>
+Access
+to
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+information;
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+<a href="#Submission">
+Member
+Submission
+</a>
+process;
+</li>
+<li>
+Use
+of
+the
+W3C
+Member
+logo
+on
+promotional
+material
+and
+to
+publicize
+the
+Member's
+participation
+in
+W3C.
+For
+more
+information,
+please
+refer
+to
+the
+Member
+logo
+usage
+policy
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-new-member">
+MEM4
+</a>
+].
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+Furthermore,
+<ins class="diff-new">subject
+to
+further
+restrictions
+included
+in
+the
+Member
+Agreement,
+</ins>
+representatives
+of
+Member
+organizations
+participate
+in
+W3C
+as
+follows:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+In
+<a href="#GAGeneral">
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+In
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshops
+and
+Symposia
+</a>
+;
+</li>
+<li>
+On
+the
+Team,
+as
+<a href="#fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">In
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">The
+rights
+and
+benefits
+of
+W3C
+membership
+are
+contingent
+upon
+conformance
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">case
+(described
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">processes
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+The
+vast
+majority
+of
+W3C
+Members
+faithfully
+follow
+the
+spirit
+as
+well
+as
+the
+letter
+of
+these
+processes.
+When
+serious
+and/or
+repeated
+violations
+do
+occur,
+and
+repeated
+attempts
+to
+address
+these
+violations
+have
+not
+resolved
+the
+situation,
+the
+Director
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+take
+disciplinary
+action.
+Arbitration
+</ins>
+in
+<ins class="diff-new">the
+case
+of
+further
+disagreement
+is
+governed
+by
+</ins>
+paragraph
+<del class="diff-old">5g
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">19
+</ins>
+of
+the
+Membership
+<del class="diff-old">Agreement
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Agreement.
+Refer
+to
+the
+</ins><a href="https://www.w3.org/2002/09/discipline"><ins class="diff-chg">
+Guidelines
+for
+Disciplinary
+Action
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">),
+where
+a
+Member
+organization
+is
+itself
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">[
+</ins><a href="#ref-discipline-gl"><ins class="diff-chg">
+MEM14
+</ins></a><ins class="diff-chg">
+].
+</ins></p><h4 id="RelatedAndConsortiumMembers"><ins class="diff-chg">
+2.1.2
+Membership
+Consortia
+and
+related
+Members
+</ins></h4><h5 id="MemberConsortia"><ins class="diff-chg">
+2.1.2.1
+Membership
+Consortia
+</ins></h5><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+A
+"Member
+Consortium"
+means
+</ins>
+a
+consortium,
+user
+society,
+or
+<del class="diff-old">otherwise
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">association
+of
+two
+or
+more
+individuals,
+companies,
+organizations
+or
+governments,
+or
+any
+combination
+of
+these
+entities
+which
+</ins>
+has
+<del class="diff-old">members
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">the
+purpose
+of
+participating
+in
+a
+common
+activity
+</ins>
+or
+<del class="diff-old">sponsors,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">pooling
+resources
+to
+achieve
+a
+common
+goal
+other
+than
+participation
+in,
+or
+achieving
+certain
+goals
+in,
+W3C.
+A
+joint-stock
+corporation
+or
+similar
+entity
+is
+not
+a
+"Member
+Consortium"
+merely
+because
+it
+has
+shareholders
+or
+stockholders.
+If
+it
+is
+not
+clear
+whether
+a
+prospective
+Member
+qualifies
+as
+a
+Member
+Consortium,
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">organization's
+paid
+staff
+and
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+exercise
+all
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Director
+may
+reasonably
+make
+the
+determination.
+For
+a
+Member
+Consortium,
+</ins>
+the
+rights
+and
+privileges
+of
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">membership.
+In
+addition,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Membership
+described
+in
+the
+W3C
+Process
+Document
+extend
+to
+</ins>
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">Member
+Consortium's
+officers
+and
+staff,
+including
+their
+</ins>
+Advisory
+Committee
+<del class="diff-old">representative
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">representative.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+Member
+Consortia
+</ins>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+<ins class="diff-new">also
+</ins>
+designate
+up
+to
+four
+(or
+more
+at
+the
+Team's
+discretion)
+individuals
+who,
+though
+not
+employed
+by
+the
+organization,
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+exercise
+the
+rights
+of
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>.
+<del class="diff-old">These
+</del>
+</p>
+<p>
+<ins class="diff-chg">For
+Member
+Consortia
+that
+have
+individual
+people
+as
+members
+these
+</ins>
+individuals
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+disclose
+their
+employment
+affiliation
+when
+participating
+in
+W3C
+work.
+Provisions
+for
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+apply.
+Furthermore,
+these
+individuals
+<del class="diff-old">are
+expected
+to
+</del>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+<ins class="diff-chg">must
+</ins></em>
+represent
+the
+broad
+interests
+of
+the
+W3C
+Member
+organization
+and
+not
+the
+<del class="diff-old">parochial
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">particular
+</ins>
+interests
+of
+their
+employers.
+</p>
+<p>
+<del class="diff-old">The
+rights
+and
+benefits
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">For
+Member
+Consortia
+that
+have
+organizations
+as
+Members,
+all
+such
+designated
+representatives
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+be
+an
+official
+representative
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">W3C
+membership
+are
+contingent
+upon
+conformance
+to
+</del>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">processes
+described
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Member
+organization
+(e.g.
+a
+Committee
+or
+Task
+Force
+Chairperson)
+and
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+disclose
+their
+employment
+affiliation
+when
+participating
+</ins>
+in
+<del class="diff-old">this
+document.
+The
+vast
+majority
+of
+</del>
+W3C
+<ins class="diff-new">work.
+Provisions
+for
+</ins><a href="#MemberRelated"><ins class="diff-new">
+related
+</ins>
+Members
+<del class="diff-old">faithfully
+follow
+the
+spirit
+as
+well
+as
+</del>
+</a>
+<ins class="diff-chg">apply.
+Furthermore,
+these
+individuals
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+represent
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">letter
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">broad
+interests
+</ins>
+of
+<del class="diff-old">these
+processes.
+When
+serious
+and/or
+repeated
+violations
+do
+occur,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">the
+W3C
+Member
+organization
+</ins>
+and
+<del class="diff-old">repeated
+attempts
+to
+address
+these
+violations
+have
+</del>
+not
+<del class="diff-old">resolved
+the
+situation,
+the
+Director
+may
+take
+disciplinary
+action.
+Arbitration
+in
+</del>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">case
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">particular
+interests
+of
+their
+employers.
+</ins></p><p><ins class="diff-chg">
+For
+all
+representatives
+of
+a
+Member
+Consortium,
+IPR
+commitments
+are
+made
+on
+behalf
+</ins>
+of
+<ins class="diff-new">the
+Member
+Consortium,
+unless
+a
+</ins>
+further
+<del class="diff-old">disagreement
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">IPR
+commitment
+</ins>
+is
+<del class="diff-old">governed
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">made
+</ins>
+by
+<del class="diff-old">paragraph
+19
+of
+the
+Membership
+Agreement.
+Refer
+to
+</del>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">Guidelines
+for
+Disciplinary
+Action
+[
+MEM14
+].
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">individuals'
+employers.
+</ins>
+</p>
+<del class="diff-old">2.1.2
+</del>
+<h5 id="MemberRelated">
+<ins class="diff-chg">2.1.2.2
+</ins>
+Related
+Members
+</h5>
+<p>
+In
+the
+interest
+of
+ensuring
+the
+integrity
+of
+the
+consensus
+process,
+Member
+involvement
+in
+some
+of
+the
+processes
+in
+this
+document
+is
+affected
+by
+related
+Member
+status.
+As
+used
+herein,
+two
+Members
+are
+related
+if:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+Either
+Member
+is
+a
+subsidiary
+of
+the
+other,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+Both
+Members
+are
+subsidiaries
+of
+a
+common
+entity,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+Members
+have
+an
+employment
+contract
+or
+consulting
+contract
+that
+affects
+W3C
+participation.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+A
+<em>
+subsidiary
+</em>
+is
+an
+organization
+of
+which
+effective
+control
+and/or
+majority
+ownership
+rests
+with
+another,
+single
+organization.
+</p>
+<p>
+Related
+Members
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+disclose
+these
+relationships
+according
+to
+the
+mechanisms
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-new-member">
+MEM4
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="AC">
+2.1.3
+Advisory
+Committee
+(AC)
+</h4>
+<p>
+When
+an
+organization
+joins
+W3C
+(see
+"
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/join">
+How
+to
+Join
+W3C
+</a>
+"
+[
+<a href="#ref-join-w3c">
+PUB5
+</a>
+]),
+it
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+name
+its
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Membership
+Agreement.
+The
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>
+explains
+how
+to
+subscribe
+or
+unsubscribe
+to
+Advisory
+Committee
+mailing
+lists,
+provides
+information
+about
+Advisory
+Committee
+<del class="diff-old">meetings,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Meetings,
+</ins>
+explains
+how
+to
+name
+a
+new
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative,
+and
+more.
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+follow
+the
+<a href="#coi">
+conflict
+of
+interest
+policy
+</a>
+by
+disclosing
+information
+according
+to
+the
+mechanisms
+described
+in
+the
+New
+Member
+Orientation.
+See
+also
+the
+additional
+roles
+of
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<p>
+Additional
+information
+for
+Members
+is
+available
+at
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/">
+Member
+Web
+site
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-web">
+MEM6
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h5 id="ACCommunication">
+2.1.3.1
+Advisory
+Committee
+Mailing
+Lists
+</h5>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+provide
+two
+mailing
+lists
+for
+use
+by
+the
+Advisory
+Committee:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+One
+for
+official
+announcements
+(e.g.,
+those
+required
+by
+this
+document)
+from
+the
+Team
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+This
+list
+is
+read-only
+for
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives.
+</li>
+<li>
+One
+for
+discussion
+among
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives.
+Though
+this
+list
+is
+primarily
+for
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives,
+the
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+monitor
+discussion
+and
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+participate
+in
+discussion
+when
+appropriate.
+Ongoing
+detailed
+discussions
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+be
+moved
+to
+other
+appropriate
+lists
+(new
+or
+existing,
+such
+as
+a
+mailing
+list
+created
+for
+a
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshop
+</a>
+).
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+An
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+request
+that
+additional
+individuals
+from
+their
+organization
+be
+subscribed
+to
+these
+lists.
+Failure
+to
+contain
+distribution
+internally
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+result
+in
+suspension
+of
+additional
+email
+addresses,
+at
+the
+discretion
+of
+the
+Team.
+</p>
+<h5 id="ACMeetings">
+2.1.3.2
+Advisory
+Committee
+Meetings
+</h5>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+organizes
+a
+<a href="#ftf-meeting">
+face-to-face
+meeting
+</a>
+for
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+<span class="time-interval">
+twice
+a
+year
+</span>.
+The
+Team
+appoints
+the
+Chair
+of
+these
+meetings
+(generally
+the
+CEO).
+At
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting,
+the
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+provide
+an
+update
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+about:
+</p>
+<dl>
+<dt>
+<em>
+Resources
+</em>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ul>
+<li>
+The
+number
+of
+<del class="diff-old">Full
+and
+Affiliate
+</del>
+W3C
+<del class="diff-old">Members.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Members
+at
+each
+level.
+</ins>
+</li>
+<li>
+An
+overview
+of
+the
+financial
+status
+of
+W3C.
+</li>
+</ul>
+</dd>
+<dt>
+<em>
+Allocations
+</em>
+</dt>
+<dd>
+<ul>
+<li>
+The
+allocation
+of
+the
+annual
+budget,
+including
+size
+of
+the
+Team
+and
+their
+approximate
+deployment.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+list
+of
+all
+activities
+(including
+but
+not
+limited
+to
+Working
+and
+Interest
+Groups)
+and
+brief
+status
+statement
+about
+each,
+in
+particular
+those
+started
+or
+terminated
+since
+the
+previous
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+allocation
+of
+resources
+to
+pursuing
+<a href="#Liaisons">
+liaisons
+</a>
+with
+other
+organizations.
+</li>
+</ul>
+</dd>
+</dl>
+<p>
+Each
+Member
+organization
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+send
+one
+<a href="#member-rep">
+representative
+</a>
+to
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+<del class="diff-old">meeting.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Meeting.
+</ins>
+In
+exceptional
+circumstances
+(e.g.,
+during
+a
+period
+of
+transition
+between
+representatives
+from
+an
+organization),
+the
+meeting
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+allow
+a
+Member
+organization
+to
+send
+two
+representatives
+to
+a
+meeting.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+announce
+the
+date
+and
+location
+of
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+no
+later
+than
+at
+the
+end
+of
+the
+previous
+meeting;
+<span class="time-interval">
+one
+year's
+</span>
+notice
+is
+preferred.
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+announce
+the
+region
+of
+each
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+at
+least
+<span class="time-interval">
+one
+year
+</span>
+in
+advance.
+</p>
+<p>
+More
+information
+about
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/Meeting/">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-ac-meetings">
+MEM5
+</a>
+]
+is
+available
+at
+the
+Member
+Web
+site.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Team">
+2.2
+The
+W3C
+Team
+</h3>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+consists
+of
+the
+Director,
+CEO,
+W3C
+paid
+staff,
+unpaid
+interns,
+and
+W3C
+Fellows.
+<dfn id="fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+</dfn>
+are
+Member
+employees
+working
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Team;
+see
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Recruitment/Fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+Program
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-fellows">
+PUB32
+</a>
+].
+The
+Team
+provides
+technical
+leadership
+about
+Web
+technologies,
+organizes
+and
+manages
+W3C
+activities
+to
+reach
+goals
+within
+practical
+constraints
+(such
+as
+resources
+available),
+and
+communicates
+with
+the
+Members
+and
+the
+public
+about
+the
+Web
+and
+W3C
+technologies.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Director
+and
+CEO
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+delegate
+responsibility
+(generally
+to
+other
+individuals
+in
+the
+Team)
+for
+any
+of
+their
+roles
+described
+in
+this
+document.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+<dfn id="def-Director">
+Director
+</dfn>
+is
+the
+lead
+technical
+architect
+at
+W3C.
+His
+responsibilities
+are
+identified
+throughout
+this
+document
+in
+relevant
+places.
+Some
+key
+ones
+include:
+assessing
+<a href="#def-Consensus" id="DirectorDecision">
+consensus
+</a>
+within
+W3C
+for
+architectural
+choices,
+publication
+of
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>,
+and
+chartering
+new
+Groups;
+appointing
+group
+<a href="#GeneralChairs">
+Chairs
+</a>
+;
+<ins class="diff-new">adjudicating
+as
+</ins>
+"tie-breaker"
+for
+<a href="#WGAppeals">
+<del class="diff-old">appeal
+of
+a
+Working
+</del>
+Group
+decision
+<ins class="diff-new">appeals
+</ins>
+</a>
+and
+deciding
+on
+the
+outcome
+of
+formal
+objections;
+the
+Director
+is
+generally
+Chair
+of
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+TAG
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+Team
+administrative
+information
+such
+as
+Team
+salaries,
+detailed
+budgeting,
+and
+other
+business
+decisions
+are
+<a href="#Team-only">
+Team-only
+</a>,
+subject
+to
+oversight
+by
+the
+Host
+institutions.
+</p>
+<p>
+<strong>
+Note:
+</strong>
+W3C
+is
+not
+currently
+incorporated.
+For
+legal
+contracts,
+W3C
+is
+represented
+by
+four
+<dfn id="hosts">
+"Host"
+institutions
+</dfn>:
+Beihang
+University,
+the
+European
+Research
+Consortium
+for
+Informatics
+and
+Mathematics
+(
+<abbr>
+ERCIM
+</abbr>
+),
+Keio
+University,
+and
+the
+Massachusetts
+Institute
+of
+Technology
+(
+<abbr>
+MIT
+</abbr>
+).
+Within
+W3C,
+the
+Host
+institutions
+are
+governed
+by
+hosting
+agreements;
+the
+Hosts
+themselves
+are
+not
+W3C
+Members.
+</p>
+<h4 id="TeamSubmission">
+2.2.1
+Team
+Submissions
+</h4>
+<p>
+Team
+members
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+request
+that
+the
+Director
+publish
+information
+at
+the
+W3C
+Web
+site.
+At
+the
+Director's
+discretion,
+these
+documents
+are
+published
+as
+"Team
+Submissions".
+These
+documents
+are
+analogous
+to
+<a href="#Submission">
+Member
+Submissions
+</a>
+(e.g.,
+in
+<a href="#SubmissionScope">
+expected
+scope
+</a>
+).
+However,
+there
+is
+no
+additional
+Team
+comment.
+The
+<a href="#DocumentStatus">
+document
+status
+section
+</a>
+of
+a
+Team
+Submission
+indicates
+the
+level
+of
+Team
+consensus
+about
+the
+published
+material.
+</p>
+<p>
+Team
+Submissions
+are
+<strong>
+not
+</strong>
+part
+of
+the
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+report
+development
+process
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+list
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/">
+published
+Team
+Submissions
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-team-submission-list">
+PUB16
+</a>
+]
+is
+available
+at
+the
+W3C
+Web
+site.
+</p>
+<h3 id="AB">
+2.3
+Advisory
+Board
+(AB)
+</h3>
+<p>
+Created
+in
+March
+1998,
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+provides
+ongoing
+guidance
+to
+the
+Team
+on
+issues
+of
+strategy,
+management,
+legal
+matters,
+process,
+and
+conflict
+resolution.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+also
+serves
+the
+Members
+by
+tracking
+issues
+raised
+between
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings,
+soliciting
+Member
+comments
+on
+such
+issues,
+and
+proposing
+actions
+to
+resolve
+these
+issues.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+manages
+the
+<a href="#GAProcess">
+evolution
+of
+the
+Process
+Document
+</a>.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+hears
+<del class="diff-old">appeals
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins>
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+<del class="diff-old">Member
+</del>
+Submission
+<del class="diff-old">requests
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Appeal
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">that
+are
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">when
+a
+Member
+Submission
+is
+</ins>
+rejected
+for
+reasons
+unrelated
+to
+Web
+architecture;
+see
+also
+the
+<a href="#TAG">
+TAG
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+is
+<strong>
+not
+</strong>
+a
+board
+of
+directors
+and
+has
+no
+decision-making
+authority
+within
+W3C;
+its
+role
+is
+strictly
+advisory.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+make
+available
+a
+mailing
+list
+for
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+to
+use
+for
+its
+<del class="diff-old">communication,
+confidential
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">communication,confidential
+</ins>
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Team.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+send
+a
+summary
+of
+each
+of
+its
+meetings
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+and
+other
+group
+Chairs.
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+also
+report
+on
+its
+activities
+at
+each
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+Details
+about
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+(e.g.,
+the
+list
+of
+Advisory
+Board
+participants,
+mailing
+list
+information,
+and
+summaries
+of
+Advisory
+Board
+meetings)
+are
+available
+at
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/2002/ab/">
+Advisory
+Board
+home
+page
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-ab-home">
+PUB30
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="ABParticipation">
+2.3.1
+Advisory
+Board
+Participation
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+consists
+of
+nine
+elected
+participants
+and
+a
+Chair.
+The
+Team
+appoints
+the
+Chair
+of
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>,
+who
+is
+generally
+the
+CEO.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+remaining
+nine
+Advisory
+Board
+participants
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee
+following
+the
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+AB/TAG
+nomination
+and
+election
+process
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+With
+the
+exception
+of
+the
+Chair,
+the
+terms
+of
+all
+Advisory
+Board
+participants
+are
+for
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+years
+</span>.
+Terms
+are
+staggered
+so
+that
+each
+year,
+either
+four
+or
+five
+terms
+expire.
+If
+an
+individual
+is
+elected
+to
+fill
+an
+incomplete
+term,
+that
+individual's
+term
+ends
+at
+the
+normal
+expiration
+date
+of
+that
+term.
+Regular
+Advisory
+Board
+terms
+begin
+on
+1
+July
+and
+end
+on
+30
+June.
+</p>
+<h3 id="TAG">
+2.4
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+(TAG)
+</h3>
+<p>
+Created
+in
+February
+2001,
+the
+mission
+of
+the
+TAG
+is
+stewardship
+of
+the
+Web
+architecture.
+There
+are
+three
+aspects
+to
+this
+mission:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+to
+document
+and
+build
+consensus
+around
+principles
+of
+Web
+architecture
+and
+to
+interpret
+and
+clarify
+these
+principles
+when
+necessary;
+</li>
+<li>
+to
+resolve
+issues
+involving
+general
+Web
+architecture
+brought
+to
+the
+TAG;
+</li>
+<li>
+to
+help
+coordinate
+cross-technology
+architecture
+developments
+inside
+and
+outside
+W3C.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+hears
+<del class="diff-old">appeals
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">a
+</ins>
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+<del class="diff-old">Member
+</del>
+Submission
+<del class="diff-old">requests
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Appeal
+</ins>
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">that
+are
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">when
+a
+Member
+Submission
+is
+</ins>
+rejected
+for
+reasons
+related
+to
+Web
+architecture;
+see
+also
+the
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+TAG's
+scope
+is
+limited
+to
+technical
+issues
+about
+Web
+architecture.
+The
+TAG
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+not
+</em>
+consider
+administrative,
+process,
+or
+organizational
+policy
+issues
+of
+W3C,
+which
+are
+generally
+addressed
+by
+the
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee,
+Advisory
+Board,
+and
+Team.
+Please
+refer
+to
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/2004/10/27-tag">
+TAG
+charter
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-tag-charter">
+PUB25
+</a>
+]
+for
+more
+information
+about
+the
+background
+and
+scope
+of
+the
+TAG,
+and
+the
+expected
+qualifications
+of
+TAG
+participants.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+make
+available
+two
+mailing
+lists
+for
+the
+TAG:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+a
+public
+discussion
+(not
+just
+input)
+list
+for
+issues
+of
+Web
+architecture.
+The
+TAG
+will
+conduct
+its
+public
+business
+on
+this
+list.
+</li>
+<li>
+a
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+list
+for
+discussions
+within
+the
+TAG
+and
+for
+requests
+to
+the
+TAG
+that,
+for
+whatever
+reason,
+cannot
+be
+made
+on
+the
+public
+list.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+also
+request
+the
+creation
+of
+additional
+topic-specific,
+public
+mailing
+lists.
+For
+some
+TAG
+discussions
+(e.g.,
+<del class="diff-old">an
+appeal
+of
+</del>
+a
+<a href="#SubmissionNo">
+<del class="diff-old">rejected
+Member
+</del>
+Submission
+<del class="diff-old">request
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Appeal
+</ins>
+</a>
+),
+the
+TAG
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+use
+a
+list
+that
+will
+be
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+send
+a
+summary
+of
+each
+of
+its
+<a href="#GeneralMeetings">
+meetings
+</a>
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+and
+other
+group
+Chairs.
+The
+TAG
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+also
+report
+on
+its
+activities
+at
+each
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meeting
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+When
+the
+TAG
+votes
+to
+resolve
+an
+issue,
+each
+TAG
+participant
+(whether
+appointed,
+elected,
+or
+the
+Chair)
+has
+one
+vote;
+see
+also
+the
+section
+on
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/2004/10/27-tag#Voting">
+voting
+in
+the
+TAG
+charter
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-tag-charter">
+PUB25
+</a>
+]
+and
+the
+general
+section
+on
+<a href="#Votes">
+votes
+</a>
+in
+this
+Process
+Document.
+</p>
+<p>
+Details
+about
+the
+TAG
+(e.g.,
+the
+list
+of
+TAG
+participants,
+mailing
+list
+information,
+and
+summaries
+of
+TAG
+meetings)
+are
+available
+at
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/2001/tag/">
+TAG
+home
+page
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-tag-home">
+PUB26
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="tag-participation">
+2.4.1
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+TAG
+consists
+of
+eight
+elected
+or
+appointed
+participants
+and
+a
+Chair.
+The
+Team
+appoints
+the
+Chair
+of
+the
+TAG,
+who
+is
+generally
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+Three
+TAG
+participants
+are
+appointed
+by
+the
+Director.
+Appointees
+are
+<em class="rfc2119">
+not
+required
+</em>
+to
+be
+on
+the
+W3C
+Team.
+The
+Director
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+appoint
+<a href="#fellows">
+W3C
+Fellows
+</a>
+to
+the
+TAG.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+remaining
+five
+TAG
+participants
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+W3C
+Advisory
+Committee
+following
+the
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+AB/TAG
+nomination
+and
+election
+process
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+With
+the
+exception
+of
+the
+Chair,
+the
+terms
+of
+all
+TAG
+participants
+are
+for
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+years
+</span>.
+Terms
+are
+staggered
+so
+that
+each
+year,
+either
+two
+or
+three
+elected
+terms,
+and
+either
+one
+or
+two
+appointed
+terms
+expire.
+If
+an
+individual
+is
+appointed
+or
+elected
+to
+fill
+an
+incomplete
+term,
+that
+individual's
+term
+ends
+at
+the
+normal
+expiration
+date
+of
+that
+term.
+Regular
+TAG
+terms
+begin
+on
+1
+February
+and
+end
+on
+31
+January.
+</p>
+<h3 id="AB-TAG-participation">
+2.5
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+</h3>
+<p>
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+have
+a
+special
+role
+within
+W3C:
+they
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+Membership
+and
+appointed
+by
+the
+Director
+with
+the
+expectation
+that
+they
+will
+use
+their
+best
+judgment
+to
+find
+the
+best
+solutions
+for
+the
+Web,
+not
+just
+for
+any
+particular
+network,
+technology,
+vendor,
+or
+user.
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+are
+expected
+to
+participate
+regularly
+and
+fully.
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+attend
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+meetings
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+participates
+on
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+from
+the
+moment
+the
+individual's
+term
+begins
+until
+the
+term
+ends
+or
+the
+seat
+is
+<a href="#AB-TAG-vacated">
+vacated
+</a>.
+Although
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participants
+do
+not
+advocate
+for
+the
+commercial
+interests
+of
+their
+employers,
+their
+participation
+does
+carry
+the
+responsibilities
+associated
+with
+Member
+representation,
+Invited
+Expert
+status,
+or
+Team
+representation
+(as
+described
+in
+the
+section
+on
+the
+<a href="#AB-TAG-elections">
+AB/TAG
+nomination
+and
+election
+process
+</a>
+).
+See
+also
+the
+licensing
+obligations
+on
+TAG
+participants
+in
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">
+section
+3
+</a>
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+],
+and
+the
+claim
+exclusion
+process
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Exclusion">
+section
+4
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h4 id="AB-TAG-constraints">
+2.5.1
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Participation
+Constraints
+</h4>
+<p>
+Given
+the
+few
+seats
+available
+on
+the
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+the
+TAG,
+and
+in
+order
+to
+ensure
+that
+the
+diversity
+of
+W3C
+Members
+is
+represented:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+A
+Member
+organization
+is
+permitted
+at
+most
+one
+participant
+on
+the
+TAG
+except
+when
+having
+more
+than
+one
+participant
+is
+caused
+by
+a
+change
+of
+affiliation
+of
+an
+existing
+participant.
+At
+the
+completion
+of
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+for
+the
+TAG,
+the
+Member
+organization
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+have
+returned
+to
+having
+at
+most
+one
+participant.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+Member
+organization
+is
+permitted
+at
+most
+one
+participant
+on
+the
+AB.
+</li>
+<li>
+An
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+not
+</em>
+participate
+on
+both
+the
+TAG
+and
+the
+AB.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+If,
+for
+whatever
+reason,
+these
+constraints
+are
+not
+satisfied
+(e.g.,
+because
+an
+AB
+participant
+changes
+jobs),
+one
+participant
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+cease
+AB
+participation
+until
+the
+situation
+has
+been
+resolved.
+If
+after
+<span class="time-interval">
+30
+days
+</span>
+the
+situation
+has
+not
+been
+resolved,
+the
+Chair
+will
+declare
+one
+participant's
+seat
+to
+be
+vacant.
+When
+more
+than
+one
+individual
+is
+involved,
+the
+<a href="#random">
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+procedure
+</a>
+described
+below
+will
+be
+used
+to
+choose
+one
+person
+for
+continued
+participation.
+</p>
+<h4 id="AB-TAG-elections">
+2.5.2
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Elections
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+a
+portion
+of
+the
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+are
+elected
+by
+the
+Advisory
+<del class="diff-old">Committee.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Committee,
+using
+a
+Single
+Transferable
+Vote
+system.
+</ins>
+An
+election
+begins
+when
+the
+Team
+sends
+a
+Call
+for
+Nominations
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+Any
+Call
+for
+Nominations
+specifies
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+the
+deadline
+for
+nominations,
+<ins class="diff-new">details
+about
+the
+specific
+vote
+tabulation
+system
+selected
+by
+the
+Team
+for
+the
+election,
+</ins>
+and
+<ins class="diff-new">operational
+information.
+The
+Team
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-new">
+may
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-new">
+modify
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">address
+where
+nominations
+are
+sent.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">tabulation
+system
+after
+the
+Call
+for
+Nominations
+but
+</ins><em class="rfc2119"><ins class="diff-chg">
+must
+</ins></em><ins class="diff-chg">
+stabilize
+it
+no
+later
+than
+the
+Call
+for
+Votes.
+</ins>
+The
+Director
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+announce
+appointments
+no
+later
+than
+the
+start
+of
+a
+nomination
+<del class="diff-old">period,
+and
+generally
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">period
+</ins>
+as
+part
+of
+the
+Call
+for
+Nominations.
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+Member
+(or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+)
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+nominate
+one
+individual.
+A
+nomination
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+made
+with
+the
+consent
+of
+the
+nominee.
+In
+order
+for
+an
+individual
+to
+be
+nominated
+as
+a
+Member
+representative,
+the
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+qualify
+for
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representation
+</a>
+and
+the
+Member's
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+include
+in
+the
+nomination
+the
+(same)
+<a href="#member-rep-info">
+information
+required
+for
+a
+Member
+representative
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</a>.
+In
+order
+for
+an
+individual
+to
+be
+nominated
+as
+an
+Invited
+Expert,
+the
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+provide
+the
+(same)
+<a href="#inv-expert-info">
+information
+required
+for
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</a>
+and
+the
+nominating
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+include
+that
+information
+in
+the
+nomination.
+In
+order
+for
+an
+individual
+to
+be
+nominated
+as
+a
+Team
+representative,
+the
+nominating
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+first
+secure
+approval
+from
+Team
+management.
+A
+nominee
+is
+<em class="rfc2119">
+not
+required
+</em>
+to
+be
+an
+employee
+of
+a
+Member
+organization,
+and
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+be
+a
+<a href="#fellows">
+W3C
+Fellow
+</a>.
+Each
+nomination
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+include
+a
+few
+informative
+paragraphs
+about
+the
+nominee.
+</p>
+<p>
+If,
+after
+the
+deadline
+for
+nominations,
+the
+number
+of
+nominees
+is:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+Equal
+to
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+those
+nominees
+are
+thereby
+elected.
+This
+situation
+constitutes
+a
+tie
+for
+the
+purposes
+of
+assigning
+<a href="#short-term">
+short
+terms
+</a>.
+</li>
+<li>
+Less
+than
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+Calls
+for
+Nominations
+are
+issued
+until
+a
+sufficient
+number
+of
+people
+have
+been
+nominated.
+Those
+already
+nominated
+do
+not
+need
+to
+be
+renominated
+after
+a
+renewed
+call.
+</li>
+<li>
+Greater
+than
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+the
+Team
+issues
+a
+Call
+for
+Votes
+that
+includes
+the
+names
+of
+all
+candidates,
+the
+number
+of
+available
+seats,
+the
+deadline
+for
+votes,
+<del class="diff-old">and
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">details
+about
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">address
+where
+votes
+are
+sent.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">vote
+tabulation
+system
+selected
+by
+the
+Team
+for
+the
+election,
+and
+operational
+information.
+</ins>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+When
+there
+is
+a
+vote,
+each
+Member
+(or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+)
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+<del class="diff-old">vote
+for
+as
+many
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">submit
+one
+ballot
+that
+ranks
+</ins>
+candidates
+<del class="diff-old">as
+there
+are
+available
+seats;
+see
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">in
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">section
+on
+Advisory
+Committee
+votes
+.
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">Member's
+preferred
+order.
+</ins>
+Once
+the
+deadline
+for
+votes
+has
+passed,
+the
+Team
+announces
+the
+results
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+<del class="diff-old">The
+candidates
+with
+the
+most
+votes
+are
+elected
+to
+the
+available
+seats.
+</del>
+In
+case
+of
+a
+tie
+<del class="diff-old">where
+there
+are
+more
+apparent
+winners
+than
+available
+seats
+(e.g.,
+three
+candidates
+receive
+10
+votes
+each
+for
+two
+seats),
+</del>
+the
+<a href="#random">
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+procedure
+</a>
+described
+below
+will
+be
+used
+to
+fill
+the
+available
+seats.
+</p>
+<p id="short-term">
+The
+shortest
+term
+is
+assigned
+to
+the
+elected
+<del class="diff-old">individual
+who
+received
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">candidate
+ranked
+lowest
+by
+</ins>
+the
+<del class="diff-old">fewest
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">tabulation
+of
+</ins>
+votes,
+the
+next
+shortest
+<ins class="diff-new">term
+</ins>
+to
+the
+<ins class="diff-new">next-lowest
+ranked
+</ins>
+elected
+<del class="diff-old">individual
+who
+received
+the
+next
+fewest,
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">candidate,
+</ins>
+and
+so
+on.
+In
+the
+case
+of
+a
+tie
+among
+those
+eligible
+for
+a
+short
+term,
+the
+<a href="#random">
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+procedure
+</a>
+described
+below
+will
+be
+used
+to
+assign
+the
+short
+term.
+</p>
+<p>
+Refer
+to
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/2002/10/election-howto">
+How
+to
+Organize
+an
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+election
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-election-howto">
+MEM15
+</a>
+]
+for
+more
+details.
+</p>
+<h5 id="random">
+2.5.2.1
+Verifiable
+Random
+Selection
+Procedure
+</h5>
+<p>
+When
+it
+is
+necessary
+to
+use
+a
+verifiable
+random
+selection
+process
+(e.g.,
+in
+an
+AB
+or
+TAG
+election,
+to
+"draw
+straws"
+in
+case
+of
+a
+tie
+or
+to
+fill
+a
+short
+term),
+W3C
+uses
+the
+random
+and
+verifiable
+procedure
+defined
+in
+<a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2777.txt">
+RFC
+2777
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-RFC2777">
+RFC2777
+</a>
+].
+The
+procedure
+orders
+an
+input
+list
+of
+names
+(listed
+in
+alphabetical
+order
+by
+family
+name
+unless
+otherwise
+specified)
+into
+a
+"result
+order."
+</p>
+<p>
+W3C
+applies
+this
+procedure
+as
+follows:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+When
+N
+people
+have
+tied
+for
+M
+(less
+than
+N)
+seats.
+In
+this
+case,
+only
+the
+names
+of
+the
+N
+individuals
+who
+tied
+are
+provided
+as
+input
+to
+the
+procedure.
+The
+M
+seats
+are
+assigned
+in
+result
+order.
+</li>
+<li>
+After
+all
+elected
+individuals
+have
+been
+identified,
+when
+N
+people
+are
+eligible
+for
+M
+(less
+than
+N)
+short
+terms.
+In
+this
+case,
+only
+the
+names
+of
+those
+N
+individuals
+are
+provided
+as
+input
+to
+the
+procedure.
+The
+short
+terms
+are
+assigned
+in
+result
+order.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<h4 id="AB-TAG-vacated">
+2.5.3
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+Technical
+Architecture
+Group
+Vacated
+Seats
+</h4>
+<p>
+An
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+participant's
+seat
+is
+vacated
+when
+either
+of
+the
+following
+occurs:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+participant
+<a href="#resignation">
+resigns
+</a>,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+Chair
+asks
+the
+participant
+to
+<a href="#resignation">
+resign
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+When
+an
+Advisory
+Board
+or
+TAG
+participant
+changes
+affiliations,
+as
+long
+as
+<a href="#AB-TAG-constraints">
+Advisory
+Board
+and
+TAG
+participation
+constraints
+</a>
+are
+respected,
+the
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+continue
+to
+participate
+until
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+for
+that
+group.
+Otherwise,
+the
+seat
+is
+vacated.
+</p>
+<p>
+Vacated
+seats
+are
+filled
+according
+to
+this
+schedule:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+When
+an
+appointed
+TAG
+seat
+is
+vacated,
+the
+Director
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+re-appoint
+someone
+immediately,
+but
+no
+later
+than
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election.
+</li>
+<li>
+When
+an
+elected
+seat
+on
+either
+the
+AB
+or
+TAG
+is
+vacated,
+the
+seat
+is
+filled
+at
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+for
+the
+group
+unless
+the
+group
+Chair
+requests
+that
+W3C
+hold
+an
+election
+before
+then
+(for
+instance,
+due
+to
+the
+group's
+workload).
+The
+group
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+not
+</em>
+request
+an
+exceptional
+election
+if
+the
+next
+regularly
+scheduled
+election
+is
+fewer
+than
+three
+months
+away.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<h2 id="Policies">
+3
+General
+Policies
+for
+W3C
+Groups
+</h2>
+<p>
+This
+section
+describes
+general
+policies
+for
+W3C
+groups
+regarding
+participation,
+meeting
+requirements,
+and
+decision-making.
+These
+policies
+apply
+to
+<span id="participant">
+participants
+</span>
+in
+the
+following
+groups:
+<a href="#AC">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>,
+<a href="#ABParticipation">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>,
+<a href="#tag-participation">
+TAG
+</a>,
+<a href="#wgparticipant">
+Working
+Groups
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#igparticipant">
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h3 id="ParticipationCriteria">
+3.1
+Individual
+Participation
+Criteria
+</h3>
+<p>
+There
+are
+three
+qualities
+an
+individual
+is
+expected
+to
+demonstrate
+in
+order
+to
+participate
+in
+W3C:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+Technical
+competence
+in
+one's
+role
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+ability
+to
+act
+fairly
+</li>
+<li>
+Social
+competence
+in
+one's
+role
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+who
+nominate
+individuals
+from
+their
+organization
+for
+participation
+in
+W3C
+activities
+are
+responsible
+for
+assessing
+and
+attesting
+to
+the
+qualities
+of
+those
+nominees.
+</p>
+<p>
+See
+also
+the
+participation
+requirements
+described
+in
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Disclosure">
+section
+6
+</a>
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="coi">
+3.1.1
+Conflict
+of
+Interest
+Policy
+</h4>
+<p>
+Individuals
+participating
+materially
+in
+W3C
+work
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+disclose
+significant
+relationships
+when
+those
+relationships
+might
+reasonably
+be
+perceived
+as
+creating
+a
+conflict
+of
+interest
+with
+the
+individual's
+role
+at
+W3C.
+These
+disclosures
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+kept
+up-to-date
+as
+the
+individual's
+affiliations
+change
+and
+W3C
+membership
+evolves
+(since,
+for
+example,
+the
+individual
+might
+have
+a
+relationship
+with
+an
+organization
+that
+joins
+or
+leaves
+W3C).
+Each
+section
+in
+this
+document
+that
+describes
+a
+W3C
+group
+provides
+more
+detail
+about
+the
+disclosure
+mechanisms
+for
+that
+group.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+ability
+of
+an
+individual
+to
+fulfill
+a
+role
+within
+a
+group
+without
+risking
+a
+conflict
+of
+interest
+<del class="diff-old">is
+clearly
+a
+function
+of
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">depends
+on
+</ins>
+the
+individual's
+affiliations.
+When
+these
+affiliations
+change,
+the
+individual's
+assignment
+to
+the
+role
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+evaluated.
+The
+role
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+be
+reassigned
+according
+to
+the
+appropriate
+process.
+For
+instance,
+the
+Director
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+appoint
+a
+new
+group
+Chair
+when
+the
+current
+Chair
+changes
+affiliations
+(e.g.,
+if
+there
+is
+a
+risk
+of
+conflict
+of
+interest,
+or
+if
+there
+is
+risk
+that
+the
+Chair's
+new
+employer
+will
+be
+over-represented
+within
+a
+W3C
+activity).
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+following
+are
+some
+scenarios
+where
+disclosure
+is
+appropriate:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+Paid
+consulting
+for
+an
+organization
+whose
+activity
+is
+relevant
+to
+W3C,
+or
+any
+consulting
+compensated
+with
+equity
+(shares
+of
+stock,
+stock
+options,
+or
+other
+forms
+of
+corporate
+equity).
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+decision-making
+role/responsibility
+(such
+as
+participating
+on
+the
+Board)
+in
+other
+organizations
+relevant
+to
+W3C.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+position
+on
+a
+publicly
+visible
+advisory
+body,
+even
+if
+no
+decision
+making
+authority
+is
+involved.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+Individuals
+seeking
+assistance
+on
+these
+matters
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+contact
+the
+Team.
+</p>
+<p>
+Team
+members
+are
+subject
+to
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/2000/09/06-conflictpolicy">
+W3C
+Team
+conflict
+of
+interest
+policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-coi">
+PUB23
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<h4 id="member-rep">
+3.1.2
+Individuals
+Representing
+a
+Member
+Organization
+</h4>
+<p>
+Generally,
+individuals
+representing
+a
+Member
+in
+an
+official
+capacity
+within
+W3C
+are
+employees
+of
+the
+Member
+organization.
+However,
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+designate
+a
+non-employee
+to
+represent
+the
+Member.
+Non-employee
+Member
+representatives
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+disclose
+relevant
+affiliations
+to
+the
+Team
+and
+to
+any
+group
+in
+which
+the
+individual
+participates.
+</p>
+<p>
+In
+exceptional
+circumstances
+(e.g.,
+situations
+that
+might
+jeopardize
+the
+progress
+of
+a
+group
+or
+create
+a
+<a href="#coi">
+conflict
+of
+interest
+</a>
+),
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+decline
+to
+allow
+an
+individual
+designated
+by
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+to
+participate
+in
+a
+group.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+charter
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+limit
+the
+number
+of
+individuals
+representing
+a
+W3C
+Member
+(or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+).
+</p>
+<h3 id="GeneralMeetings">
+3.2
+Meetings
+</h3>
+<p>
+W3C
+groups
+(including
+the
+<a href="#ACMeetings">
+Advisory
+Committee
+</a>,
+<a href="#AB">
+Advisory
+Board
+</a>,
+<a href="#TAG">
+TAG
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#GroupsWG">
+Working
+Groups
+</a>
+)
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+observe
+the
+meeting
+requirements
+in
+this
+section.
+</p>
+<p>
+W3C
+distinguishes
+two
+types
+of
+meetings:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+A
+<dfn id="ftf-meeting">
+face-to-face
+meeting
+</dfn>
+is
+one
+where
+most
+of
+the
+attendees
+are
+expected
+to
+participate
+in
+the
+same
+physical
+location.
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+<dfn id="distributed-meeting">
+distributed
+meeting
+</dfn>
+is
+one
+where
+most
+of
+the
+attendees
+are
+expected
+to
+participate
+from
+remote
+locations
+(e.g.,
+by
+telephone,
+video
+conferencing,
+or
+<abbr title="Internet Relay Chat">
+IRC
+</abbr>
+).
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+A
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+invite
+an
+individual
+with
+a
+particular
+expertise
+to
+attend
+a
+meeting
+on
+an
+exceptional
+basis.
+This
+person
+is
+a
+meeting
+guest,
+not
+a
+group
+<a href="#participant">
+participant
+</a>.
+Meeting
+guests
+do
+not
+have
+<a href="#Votes">
+voting
+rights
+</a>.
+It
+is
+the
+responsibility
+of
+the
+Chair
+to
+ensure
+that
+all
+meeting
+guests
+respect
+the
+chartered
+<a href="#confidentiality-levels">
+level
+of
+confidentiality
+</a>
+and
+other
+group
+requirements.
+</p>
+<p>
+Meeting
+announcements
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+be
+sent
+to
+all
+appropriate
+group
+mailing
+lists,
+i.e.,
+those
+most
+relevant
+to
+the
+anticipated
+meeting
+participants.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+following
+table
+lists
+requirements
+for
+organizing
+a
+meeting:
+</p>
+<table border="1">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<th>
+<br>
+</th>
+<th>
+Face-to-face
+meetings
+</th>
+<th>
+Distributed
+meetings
+</th>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Meeting
+announcement
+(before)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+eight
+weeks
+<sup>
+*
+</sup>
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+one
+week
+<sup>
+*
+</sup>
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Agenda
+available
+(before)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+weeks
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+24
+hours
+</span>
+(or
+longer
+if
+a
+meeting
+is
+scheduled
+after
+a
+weekend
+or
+holiday)
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Participation
+confirmed
+(before)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+three
+days
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+24
+hours
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Action
+items
+available
+(after)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+three
+days
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+24
+hours
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<th>
+Minutes
+available
+(after)
+</th>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+two
+weeks
+</span>
+</td>
+<td>
+<span class="time-interval">
+48
+hours
+</span>
+</td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<p>
+<sup>
+*
+</sup>
+To
+allow
+proper
+planning
+(e.g.,
+travel
+arrangements),
+the
+Chair
+is
+responsible
+for
+giving
+sufficient
+advance
+notice
+about
+the
+date
+and
+location
+of
+a
+meeting.
+Shorter
+notice
+for
+a
+meeting
+is
+allowed
+provided
+that
+there
+are
+no
+objections
+from
+group
+participants.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Consensus">
+3.3
+Consensus
+</h3>
+<p>
+Consensus
+is
+a
+core
+value
+of
+W3C.
+To
+promote
+consensus,
+the
+W3C
+process
+requires
+Chairs
+to
+ensure
+that
+groups
+consider
+all
+legitimate
+views
+and
+objections,
+and
+endeavor
+to
+resolve
+them,
+whether
+these
+views
+and
+objections
+are
+expressed
+by
+the
+active
+participants
+of
+the
+group
+or
+by
+others
+(e.g.,
+another
+W3C
+group,
+a
+group
+in
+another
+organization,
+or
+the
+general
+public).
+Decisions
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+be
+made
+during
+meetings
+(
+<a href="#ftf-meeting">
+face-to-face
+</a>
+or
+<a href="#distributed-meeting">
+distributed
+</a>
+)
+as
+well
+as
+through
+email.
+<strong>
+Note:
+</strong>
+The
+Director,
+CEO,
+and
+COO
+have
+the
+role
+of
+assessing
+consensus
+within
+the
+Advisory
+Committee.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+following
+terms
+are
+used
+in
+this
+document
+to
+describe
+the
+level
+of
+support
+for
+a
+decision
+among
+a
+set
+of
+eligible
+individuals:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+<dfn id="def-Consensus">
+Consensus
+</dfn>:
+A
+substantial
+number
+of
+individuals
+in
+the
+set
+support
+the
+decision
+and
+nobody
+in
+the
+set
+registers
+a
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</a>.
+Individuals
+in
+the
+set
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+abstain.
+Abstention
+is
+either
+an
+explicit
+expression
+of
+no
+opinion
+or
+silence
+by
+an
+individual
+in
+the
+set.
+<dfn id="def-Unanimity">
+Unanimity
+</dfn>
+is
+the
+particular
+case
+of
+consensus
+where
+all
+individuals
+in
+the
+set
+support
+the
+decision
+(i.e.,
+no
+individual
+in
+the
+set
+abstains).
+</li>
+<li>
+<dfn id="def-Dissent">
+Dissent
+</dfn>:
+At
+least
+one
+individual
+in
+the
+set
+registers
+a
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+By
+default,
+the
+set
+of
+individuals
+eligible
+to
+participate
+in
+a
+decision
+is
+the
+set
+of
+group
+participants.
+The
+Process
+Document
+does
+not
+require
+a
+quorum
+for
+decisions
+(i.e.,
+the
+minimal
+number
+of
+eligible
+participants
+required
+to
+be
+present
+before
+the
+Chair
+can
+call
+a
+question).
+A
+charter
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+include
+a
+quorum
+requirement
+for
+consensus
+decisions.
+</p>
+<p>
+Where
+unanimity
+is
+not
+possible,
+a
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+strive
+to
+make
+consensus
+decisions
+where
+there
+is
+significant
+support
+and
+few
+abstentions.
+The
+Process
+Document
+does
+not
+require
+a
+particular
+percentage
+of
+eligible
+participants
+to
+agree
+to
+a
+motion
+in
+order
+for
+a
+decision
+to
+be
+made.
+To
+avoid
+decisions
+where
+there
+is
+widespread
+apathy,
+(i.e.,
+little
+support
+and
+many
+abstentions),
+groups
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+set
+minimum
+thresholds
+of
+active
+support
+before
+a
+decision
+can
+be
+recorded.
+The
+appropriate
+percentage
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+vary
+depending
+on
+the
+size
+of
+the
+group
+and
+the
+nature
+of
+the
+decision.
+A
+charter
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+include
+threshold
+requirements
+for
+consensus
+decisions.
+For
+instance,
+a
+charter
+might
+require
+a
+supermajority
+of
+eligible
+participants
+(i.e.,
+some
+established
+percentage
+above
+50%)
+to
+support
+certain
+types
+of
+consensus
+decisions.
+</p>
+<h4 id="managing-dissent">
+3.3.1
+Managing
+Dissent
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+some
+cases,
+even
+after
+careful
+consideration
+of
+all
+points
+of
+view,
+a
+group
+might
+find
+itself
+unable
+to
+reach
+consensus.
+The
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+record
+a
+decision
+where
+there
+is
+dissent
+(i.e.,
+there
+is
+at
+least
+one
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</a>
+)
+so
+that
+the
+group
+<del class="diff-old">may
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">can
+</ins>
+make
+progress
+(for
+example,
+to
+produce
+a
+deliverable
+in
+a
+timely
+manner).
+Dissenters
+cannot
+stop
+a
+group's
+work
+simply
+by
+saying
+that
+they
+cannot
+live
+with
+a
+decision.
+When
+the
+Chair
+believes
+that
+the
+Group
+has
+duly
+considered
+the
+legitimate
+concerns
+of
+dissenters
+as
+far
+as
+is
+possible
+and
+reasonable,
+the
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+move
+on.
+</p>
+<p>
+Groups
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+favor
+proposals
+that
+create
+the
+weakest
+objections.
+This
+is
+preferred
+over
+proposals
+that
+are
+supported
+by
+a
+large
+majority
+but
+that
+cause
+strong
+objections
+from
+a
+few
+people.
+As
+part
+of
+making
+a
+decision
+where
+there
+is
+dissent,
+the
+Chair
+is
+expected
+to
+be
+aware
+of
+which
+participants
+work
+for
+the
+same
+(or
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+</a>
+)
+Member
+organizations
+and
+weigh
+their
+input
+accordingly.
+</p>
+<h4 id="WGArchiveMinorityViews">
+3.3.2
+Recording
+and
+Reporting
+Formal
+Objections
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+the
+W3C
+process,
+an
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+register
+a
+Formal
+Objection
+to
+a
+decision.
+A
+<dfn id="FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objection
+</dfn>
+to
+a
+group
+decision
+is
+one
+that
+the
+reviewer
+requests
+that
+the
+Director
+consider
+as
+part
+of
+evaluating
+the
+related
+decision
+(e.g.,
+in
+response
+to
+a
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+request
+to
+advance
+</a>
+a
+technical
+report).
+<strong>
+Note:
+</strong>
+In
+this
+document,
+the
+term
+"Formal
+Objection"
+is
+used
+to
+emphasize
+this
+process
+implication:
+Formal
+Objections
+receive
+Director
+consideration.
+The
+word
+"objection"
+used
+alone
+has
+ordinary
+English
+connotations.
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+who
+registers
+a
+Formal
+Objection
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+cite
+technical
+arguments
+and
+propose
+changes
+that
+would
+remove
+the
+Formal
+Objection;
+these
+proposals
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+be
+vague
+or
+incomplete.
+Formal
+Objections
+that
+do
+not
+provide
+substantive
+arguments
+or
+rationale
+are
+unlikely
+to
+receive
+serious
+consideration
+by
+the
+Director.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+record
+of
+each
+Formal
+Objection
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+<a href="#confidentiality-change">
+publicly
+available
+</a>.
+A
+Call
+for
+Review
+(of
+a
+document)
+to
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+identify
+any
+Formal
+Objections.
+</p>
+<h4 id="formal-address">
+3.3.3
+Formally
+Addressing
+an
+Issue
+</h4>
+<p>
+In
+the
+context
+of
+this
+document,
+a
+group
+has
+formally
+addressed
+an
+issue
+when
+it
+has
+sent
+a
+public,
+substantive
+response
+to
+the
+reviewer
+who
+raised
+the
+issue.
+A
+substantive
+response
+is
+expected
+to
+include
+rationale
+for
+decisions
+(e.g.,
+a
+technical
+explanation,
+a
+pointer
+to
+charter
+scope,
+or
+a
+pointer
+to
+a
+requirements
+document).
+The
+adequacy
+of
+a
+response
+is
+measured
+against
+what
+a
+W3C
+reviewer
+would
+generally
+consider
+to
+be
+technically
+sound.
+If
+a
+group
+believes
+that
+a
+reviewer's
+comments
+result
+from
+a
+misunderstanding,
+the
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+seek
+clarification
+before
+reaching
+a
+decision.
+</p>
+<p>
+As
+a
+courtesy,
+both
+Chairs
+and
+reviewers
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+set
+expectations
+for
+the
+schedule
+of
+responses
+and
+acknowledgments.
+The
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+reply
+to
+a
+reviewer's
+initial
+comments
+in
+a
+timely
+manner.
+The
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+set
+a
+time
+limit
+for
+acknowledgment
+by
+a
+reviewer
+of
+the
+group's
+substantive
+response;
+a
+reviewer
+cannot
+block
+a
+group's
+progress.
+It
+is
+common
+for
+a
+reviewer
+to
+require
+a
+week
+or
+more
+to
+acknowledge
+and
+comment
+on
+a
+substantive
+response.
+The
+group's
+responsibility
+to
+respond
+to
+reviewers
+does
+not
+end
+once
+a
+reasonable
+amount
+of
+time
+has
+elapsed.
+However,
+reviewers
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+realize
+that
+their
+comments
+will
+carry
+less
+weight
+if
+not
+sent
+to
+the
+group
+in
+a
+timely
+manner.
+</p>
+<p>
+Substantive
+responses
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+be
+recorded.
+The
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+maintain
+an
+accurate
+summary
+of
+all
+substantive
+issues
+and
+responses
+to
+them
+(e.g.,
+in
+the
+form
+of
+an
+issues
+list
+with
+links
+to
+mailing
+list
+archives).
+</p>
+<h4 id="WGChairReopen">
+3.3.4
+Reopening
+a
+Decision
+When
+Presented
+With
+New
+Information
+</h4>
+<p>
+The
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+reopen
+a
+decision
+when
+presented
+with
+new
+information,
+including:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+additional
+technical
+information,
+</li>
+<li>
+comments
+by
+email
+from
+participants
+who
+were
+unable
+to
+attend
+a
+scheduled
+meeting,
+</li>
+<li>
+comments
+by
+email
+from
+meeting
+attendees
+who
+chose
+not
+to
+speak
+out
+during
+a
+meeting
+(e.g.,
+so
+they
+could
+confer
+later
+with
+colleagues
+or
+for
+cultural
+reasons).
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+record
+that
+a
+decision
+has
+been
+reopened,
+and
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+do
+so
+upon
+request
+from
+a
+group
+participant.
+</p>
+<h3 id="Votes">
+3.4
+Votes
+</h3>
+<p>
+A
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+only
+conduct
+a
+vote
+to
+resolve
+a
+<em>
+substantive
+issue
+</em>
+after
+the
+Chair
+has
+determined
+that
+all
+available
+means
+of
+<a href="#Consensus">
+reaching
+consensus
+</a>
+through
+technical
+discussion
+and
+compromise
+have
+failed,
+and
+that
+a
+vote
+is
+necessary
+to
+break
+a
+deadlock.
+In
+this
+case
+the
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+record
+(e.g.,
+in
+the
+minutes
+of
+the
+meeting
+or
+in
+an
+archived
+email
+message):
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+an
+explanation
+of
+the
+issue
+being
+voted
+on;
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+decision
+to
+conduct
+a
+vote
+(e.g.,
+a
+simple
+majority
+vote)
+to
+resolve
+the
+issue;
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+outcome
+of
+the
+vote;
+</li>
+<li>
+any
+Formal
+Objections.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+In
+order
+to
+vote
+to
+resolve
+a
+substantive
+issue,
+an
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+a
+group
+<a href="#participant">
+participant
+</a>.
+Each
+organization
+represented
+in
+the
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+have
+at
+most
+one
+vote,
+even
+when
+the
+organization
+is
+represented
+by
+several
+participants
+in
+the
+group
+(including
+Invited
+Experts).
+For
+the
+purposes
+of
+voting:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+A
+Member
+or
+group
+of
+<a href="#MemberRelated">
+related
+Members
+</a>
+is
+considered
+a
+single
+organization.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+</a>
+is
+considered
+an
+organization.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+Unless
+the
+charter
+states
+otherwise,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+vote.
+</p>
+<p>
+If
+a
+participant
+is
+unable
+to
+attend
+a
+vote,
+that
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+authorize
+anyone
+at
+the
+meeting
+to
+act
+as
+a
+<dfn id="proxy">
+proxy
+</dfn>.
+The
+absent
+participant
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+inform
+the
+Chair
+in
+writing
+who
+is
+acting
+as
+proxy,
+with
+written
+instructions
+on
+the
+use
+of
+the
+proxy.
+For
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group,
+see
+the
+related
+requirements
+regarding
+an
+individual
+who
+attends
+a
+meeting
+as
+a
+<a href="#mtg-substitute">
+substitute
+</a>
+for
+a
+participant.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+vote
+for
+other
+purposes
+than
+to
+resolve
+a
+substantive
+issue.
+For
+instance,
+the
+Chair
+often
+conducts
+a
+"straw
+poll"
+vote
+as
+a
+means
+of
+determining
+whether
+there
+is
+consensus
+about
+a
+potential
+decision.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+also
+vote
+to
+make
+a
+process
+decision.
+For
+example,
+it
+is
+appropriate
+to
+decide
+by
+simple
+majority
+whether
+to
+hold
+a
+meeting
+in
+San
+Francisco
+or
+San
+Jose
+(there's
+not
+much
+difference
+geographically).
+When
+simple
+majority
+votes
+are
+used
+to
+decide
+minor
+issues,
+the
+minority
+are
+<em class="rfc2119">
+not
+required
+</em>
+to
+state
+the
+reasons
+for
+their
+dissent,
+and
+the
+group
+is
+<em class="rfc2119">
+not
+required
+</em>
+to
+record
+individual
+votes.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+group
+charter
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+include
+formal
+voting
+procedures
+(e.g.,
+quorum
+or
+threshold
+requirements)
+for
+making
+decisions
+about
+substantive
+issues.
+</p>
+<p>
+Procedures
+for
+<a href="#ACVotes">
+Advisory
+Committee
+votes
+</a>
+are
+described
+separately.
+</p>
+<h3 id="WGAppeals">
+3.5
+Appeal
+of
+a
+Chair's
+Decision
+</h3>
+<p>
+Groups
+resolve
+issues
+through
+dialog.
+Individuals
+who
+disagree
+strongly
+with
+a
+decision
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+register
+with
+the
+Chair
+any
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objections
+</a>
+(e.g.,
+to
+a
+decision
+made
+as
+the
+result
+of
+a
+<a href="#Votes">
+vote
+</a>
+).
+</p>
+<p>
+When
+group
+participants
+believe
+that
+their
+concerns
+are
+not
+being
+duly
+considered
+by
+the
+group,
+they
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+ask
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>
+(for
+representatives
+of
+a
+Member
+organization,
+via
+their
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative)
+to
+confirm
+or
+deny
+the
+decision.
+<ins class="diff-new">This
+is
+a
+</ins><dfn><ins class="diff-new">
+Group
+Decision
+Appeal
+</ins></dfn>.
+The
+participants
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+also
+make
+their
+requests
+known
+to
+the
+<a href="#TeamContact">
+Team
+Contact
+</a>.
+The
+Team
+Contact
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+inform
+the
+Director
+when
+a
+group
+participant
+has
+raised
+concerns
+about
+due
+process.
+</p>
+<p>
+Any
+requests
+to
+the
+Director
+to
+confirm
+a
+decision
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+include
+a
+summary
+of
+the
+issue
+(whether
+technical
+or
+procedural),
+decision,
+and
+rationale
+for
+the
+objection.
+All
+counter-arguments,
+rationales,
+and
+decisions
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+recorded.
+</p>
+<p>
+Procedures
+for
+<a href="#ACAppeal">
+Advisory
+Committee
+appeals
+</a>
+are
+described
+separately.
+</p>
+<h3 id="resignation">
+3.6
+Resignation
+from
+a
+Group
+</h3>
+<p>
+A
+W3C
+Member
+or
+Invited
+Expert
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+resign
+from
+a
+group.
+On
+written
+notification
+from
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+or
+Invited
+Expert
+to
+the
+team,
+the
+Member
+and
+their
+representatives
+or
+the
+Invited
+Expert
+will
+be
+deemed
+to
+have
+resigned
+from
+the
+relevant
+group.
+See
+section
+4.2.
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+]
+for
+information
+about
+obligations
+remaining
+after
+resignation
+from
+certain
+groups.
+</p>
+<section id="chapterDissemination">
+<h2 id="dissemination">
+4
+Dissemination
+Policies
+</h2>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+is
+responsible
+for
+managing
+communication
+within
+W3C
+and
+with
+the
+general
+public
+(e.g.,
+news
+services,
+press
+releases,
+managing
+the
+Web
+site
+and
+access
+privileges,
+and
+managing
+calendars).
+Members
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+solicit
+review
+by
+the
+Team
+prior
+to
+issuing
+press
+releases
+about
+their
+work
+within
+W3C.
+</p>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+makes
+every
+effort
+to
+ensure
+the
+persistence
+and
+availability
+of
+the
+following
+public
+information:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+<a href="#Reports">
+W3C
+technical
+reports
+</a>
+whose
+publication
+has
+been
+approved
+by
+the
+Director.
+Per
+the
+Membership
+Agreement,
+W3C
+technical
+reports
+(and
+software)
+are
+available
+free
+of
+charge
+to
+the
+general
+public;
+(refer
+to
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">
+W3C
+Document
+License
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-doc-license">
+PUB18
+</a>
+]).
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/mission">
+mission
+statement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-mission">
+PUB15
+</a>
+]
+that
+explains
+the
+purpose
+and
+mission
+of
+W3C,
+the
+key
+benefits
+for
+Members,
+and
+the
+organizational
+structure
+of
+W3C.
+</li>
+<li>
+Legal
+documents,
+including
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">
+Membership
+Agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-member-agreement">
+PUB6
+</a>
+])
+and
+documentation
+of
+any
+legal
+commitments
+W3C
+has
+with
+other
+entities.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+Process
+Document.
+</li>
+<li>
+Public
+results
+of
+W3C
+activities
+and
+<a href="#GAEvents">
+Workshops
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+To
+keep
+the
+Members
+abreast
+of
+W3C
+meetings,
+Workshops,
+and
+review
+deadlines,
+the
+Team
+provides
+them
+with
+a
+regular
+(e.g.,
+weekly)
+news
+service
+and
+maintains
+a
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/participate/eventscal">
+calendar
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-calendar">
+<del class="diff-old">MEM3
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">PUB36
+</ins>
+</a>
+]
+of
+official
+W3C
+events.
+Members
+are
+encouraged
+to
+send
+schedule
+and
+event
+information
+to
+the
+Team
+for
+inclusion
+on
+this
+calendar.
+</p>
+<h3>
+4.1
+Confidentiality
+Levels
+</h3>
+<p>
+There
+are
+three
+principal
+levels
+of
+access
+to
+W3C
+information
+(on
+the
+W3C
+Web
+site,
+in
+W3C
+meetings,
+etc.):
+public,
+Member-only,
+and
+Team-only.
+</p>
+<p>
+While
+much
+information
+made
+available
+by
+W3C
+is
+public,
+<dfn id="Member-only">
+"Member-only"
+information
+</dfn>
+is
+available
+to
+authorized
+parties
+only,
+including
+representatives
+of
+Member
+organizations,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>,
+the
+Advisory
+Board,
+the
+TAG,
+and
+the
+Team.
+For
+example,
+the
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+charter
+</a>
+of
+some
+Working
+Groups
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+specify
+a
+Member-only
+confidentiality
+level
+for
+group
+proceedings.
+</p>
+<p id="Team-only">
+"Team-only"
+information
+is
+available
+to
+the
+Team
+and
+other
+authorized
+parties.
+</p>
+<p>
+Those
+authorized
+to
+access
+Member-only
+and
+Team-only
+information:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+treat
+the
+information
+as
+confidential
+within
+W3C,
+</li>
+<li>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+use
+reasonable
+efforts
+to
+maintain
+the
+proper
+level
+confidentiality,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+not
+</em>
+release
+this
+information
+to
+the
+general
+public
+or
+press.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+provide
+mechanisms
+to
+protect
+the
+confidentiality
+of
+Member-only
+information
+and
+ensure
+that
+authorized
+parties
+have
+proper
+access
+to
+this
+information.
+Documents
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+clearly
+indicate
+whether
+they
+require
+Member-only
+confidentiality.
+Individuals
+uncertain
+of
+the
+confidentiality
+level
+of
+a
+piece
+of
+information
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+contact
+the
+Team.
+</p>
+<p>
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+authorize
+Member-only
+access
+to
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>
+and
+other
+individuals
+employed
+by
+the
+Member
+who
+are
+considered
+appropriate
+recipients.
+For
+instance,
+it
+is
+the
+responsibility
+of
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+and
+other
+employees
+and
+official
+representatives
+of
+the
+organization
+to
+ensure
+that
+Member-only
+news
+announcements
+are
+distributed
+for
+internal
+use
+only
+within
+their
+organization.
+Information
+about
+Member
+mailing
+lists
+is
+available
+in
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">
+New
+Member
+Orientation
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h4 id="confidentiality-change">
+4.1.1
+Changing
+Confidentiality
+Level
+</h4>
+<p>
+As
+a
+benefit
+of
+membership,
+W3C
+provides
+some
+Team-only
+and
+Member-only
+channels
+for
+certain
+types
+of
+communication.
+For
+example,
+Advisory
+Committee
+representatives
+can
+send
+<a href="#ACReview">
+reviews
+</a>
+to
+a
+Team-only
+channel.
+However,
+for
+W3C
+processes
+with
+a
+significant
+public
+component,
+such
+as
+the
+technical
+report
+development
+process,
+it
+is
+also
+important
+for
+information
+that
+affects
+decision-making
+to
+be
+publicly
+available.
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+need
+to
+communicate
+Team-only
+information
+to
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+the
+public.
+Similarly,
+a
+Working
+Group
+whose
+proceedings
+are
+Member-only
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+make
+public
+information
+pertinent
+to
+the
+technical
+report
+development
+process.
+</p>
+<p>
+This
+document
+clearly
+indicates
+which
+information
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+available
+to
+Members
+or
+the
+public,
+even
+though
+that
+information
+was
+initially
+communicated
+on
+Team-only
+or
+Member-only
+channels.
+Only
+the
+Team
+and
+parties
+authorized
+by
+the
+Team
+change
+the
+level
+of
+confidentiality
+of
+this
+information.
+When
+doing
+so:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+use
+a
+version
+of
+the
+information
+that
+was
+expressly
+provided
+by
+the
+author
+for
+the
+new
+confidentiality
+level.
+In
+Calls
+for
+Review
+and
+other
+similar
+messages,
+the
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+remind
+recipients
+to
+provide
+such
+alternatives.
+</li>
+<li>
+The
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+not
+</em>
+attribute
+the
+version
+for
+the
+new
+confidentiality
+level
+to
+the
+author
+without
+the
+author's
+consent.
+</li>
+<li>
+If
+the
+author
+has
+not
+conveyed
+to
+the
+Team
+a
+version
+that
+is
+suitable
+for
+another
+confidentiality
+level,
+the
+Team
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+make
+available
+a
+version
+that
+reasonably
+communicates
+what
+is
+required,
+while
+respecting
+the
+original
+level
+of
+confidentiality,
+and
+without
+attribution
+to
+the
+original
+author.
+</li>
+</ol>
+</section>
+<section id="ChapterGroups">
+<h2 id="GAGeneral">
+5
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</h2>
+<p id="GAGroups">
+This
+document
+defines
+two
+types
+of
+groups:
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+<a href="#GroupsWG">
+Working
+Groups.
+</a>
+Working
+Groups
+typically
+produce
+deliverables
+(e.g.,
+<a href="#rec-advance">
+Recommendation
+Track
+technical
+reports
+</a>,
+software,
+test
+suites,
+and
+reviews
+of
+the
+deliverables
+of
+other
+groups).
+There
+are
+additional
+participation
+requirements
+described
+in
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#GroupsIG">
+Interest
+Groups.
+</a>
+The
+primary
+goal
+of
+an
+Interest
+Group
+is
+to
+bring
+together
+people
+who
+wish
+to
+evaluate
+potential
+Web
+technologies
+and
+policies.
+An
+Interest
+Group
+is
+a
+forum
+for
+the
+exchange
+of
+ideas.
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+Interest
+Groups
+do
+not
+publish
+<a href="#RecsW3C">
+Recommendation
+Track
+technical
+reports
+</a>
+;
+see
+information
+about
+<a href="#WGNote">
+maturity
+levels
+for
+Interest
+Groups
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h3 id="ReqsAllGroups">
+5.1
+Requirements
+for
+All
+Working
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+</h3>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+have
+a
+charter.
+Requirements
+for
+the
+charter
+depend
+on
+the
+group
+type.
+All
+group
+charters
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+be
+public
+(even
+if
+other
+proceedings
+of
+the
+group
+are
+<a href="#Member-only">
+Member-only
+</a>
+).
+<del class="diff-old">Existing
+charters
+that
+are
+not
+yet
+public
+must
+be
+made
+public
+when
+next
+revised
+or
+extended
+(with
+attention
+to
+changing
+confidentiality
+level
+).
+</del>
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+have
+a
+<dfn id="GeneralChairs">
+Chair
+</dfn>
+(or
+co-Chairs)
+to
+coordinate
+the
+group's
+tasks.
+The
+Director
+appoints
+(and
+re-appoints)
+Chairs
+for
+all
+groups.
+The
+Chair
+is
+a
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representative
+</a>,
+a
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+representative
+</a>,
+or
+an
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Expert
+</a>
+(invited
+by
+the
+Director).
+The
+requirements
+of
+this
+document
+that
+apply
+to
+those
+types
+of
+participants
+apply
+to
+Chairs
+as
+well.
+The
+<a href="/Guide/chair-roles">
+role
+of
+the
+Chair
+<del class="diff-old">[MEM14]
+</del>
+</a>
+is
+described
+in
+the
+<del class="diff-old">Member
+guide
+</del>
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Guide/">
+<ins class="diff-chg">Art
+of
+Consensus
+</ins>
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-guide">
+<del class="diff-old">MEM9
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">PUB37
+</ins>
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+have
+a
+<dfn id="TeamContact">
+Team
+Contact
+</dfn>,
+who
+acts
+as
+the
+interface
+between
+the
+Chair,
+group
+participants,
+and
+the
+rest
+of
+the
+Team.
+The
+<a href="/Guide/staff-contact">
+role
+of
+the
+Team
+Contact
+</a>
+is
+described
+in
+the
+Member
+guide.
+The
+Chair
+and
+the
+Team
+Contact
+of
+a
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+not
+</em>
+be
+the
+same
+individual.
+</p>
+<p>
+Each
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+have
+an
+archived
+mailing
+list
+for
+formal
+group
+communication
+(e.g.,
+for
+meeting
+announcements
+and
+minutes,
+documentation
+of
+decisions,
+and
+<a href="#FormalObjection">
+Formal
+Objections
+</a>
+to
+decisions).
+It
+is
+the
+responsibility
+of
+the
+Chair
+and
+Team
+Contact
+to
+ensure
+that
+new
+participants
+are
+subscribed
+to
+all
+relevant
+mailing
+lists.
+Refer
+to
+the
+list
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Member/Mail/">
+group
+mailing
+lists
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-mailing-lists">
+MEM2
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+form
+task
+forces
+(composed
+of
+group
+participants)
+to
+carry
+out
+assignments
+for
+the
+group.
+The
+scope
+of
+these
+assignments
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+not
+</em>
+exceed
+the
+scope
+of
+the
+group's
+charter.
+A
+group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+document
+the
+process
+it
+uses
+to
+create
+task
+forces
+(e.g.,
+each
+task
+force
+might
+have
+an
+informal
+"charter").
+Task
+forces
+do
+not
+publish
+<a href="#Reports">
+technical
+reports
+</a>
+;
+the
+Working
+Group
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+choose
+to
+publish
+their
+results
+as
+part
+of
+a
+technical
+report.
+</p>
+<h3>
+5.2
+<dfn id="GroupsWG">
+Working
+Groups
+</dfn>
+and
+<dfn id="GroupsIG">
+Interest
+Groups
+</dfn>
+</h3>
+<p>
+Although
+Working
+Groups
+and
+Interest
+Groups
+have
+different
+purposes,
+they
+share
+some
+characteristics,
+and
+so
+are
+defined
+together
+in
+the
+following
+sections.
+</p>
+<h4>
+5.2.1
+<dfn id="group-participation">
+Working
+Group
+and
+Interest
+Group
+Participation
+Requirements
+</dfn>
+</h4>
+<p>
+There
+are
+three
+types
+of
+individual
+<dfn id="wgparticipant">
+participants
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</dfn>:
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representatives
+</a>,
+<a href="#invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Experts
+</a>,
+and
+<a href="#Team">
+Team
+representatives
+</a>
+(including
+the
+<a href="#TeamContact">
+Team
+Contact
+</a>
+).
+</p>
+<p>
+There
+are
+four
+types
+of
+individual
+<dfn id="igparticipant">
+participants
+in
+an
+Interest
+Group
+</dfn>:
+the
+same
+three
+types
+as
+for
+Working
+Groups
+plus,
+for
+an
+Interest
+Group
+where
+the
+only
+<a href="#ig-mail-only">
+participation
+requirement
+is
+mailing
+list
+subscription
+</a>,
+<dfn id="public-participant-ig">
+public
+participants
+</dfn>.
+</p>
+<p>
+Except
+where
+noted
+in
+this
+document
+or
+in
+a
+group
+charter,
+all
+participants
+share
+the
+same
+rights
+and
+responsibilities
+in
+a
+group;
+see
+also
+the
+<a href="#ParticipationCriteria">
+individual
+participation
+criteria
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+A
+participant
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+represent
+at
+most
+one
+organization
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+or
+Interest
+Group.
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+become
+a
+Working
+or
+Interest
+Group
+participant
+at
+any
+time
+during
+the
+group's
+existence.
+See
+also
+relevant
+requirements
+in
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-join">
+section
+4.3
+</a>
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+].
+</p>
+<p>
+On
+an
+exceptional
+basis,
+a
+Working
+or
+Interest
+Group
+participant
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+designate
+a
+<dfn id="mtg-substitute">
+substitute
+</dfn>
+to
+attend
+a
+<a href="#GeneralMeetings">
+meeting
+</a>
+and
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+inform
+the
+Chair.
+The
+substitute
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+act
+on
+behalf
+of
+the
+participant,
+including
+for
+<a href="#Votes">
+votes
+</a>.
+For
+the
+substitute
+to
+vote,
+the
+participant
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+inform
+the
+Chair
+in
+writing
+in
+advance.
+As
+a
+courtesy
+to
+the
+group,
+if
+the
+substitute
+is
+not
+well-versed
+in
+the
+group's
+discussions,
+the
+regular
+participant
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+</em>
+authorize
+another
+participant
+to
+act
+as
+<a href="#proxy">
+proxy
+</a>
+for
+votes.
+</p>
+<p>
+To
+allow
+rapid
+progress,
+Working
+Groups
+are
+intended
+to
+be
+small
+(typically
+fewer
+than
+15
+people)
+and
+composed
+of
+experts
+in
+the
+area
+defined
+by
+the
+charter.
+In
+principle,
+Interest
+Groups
+have
+no
+limit
+on
+the
+number
+of
+participants.
+When
+a
+Working
+Group
+grows
+too
+large
+to
+be
+effective,
+W3C
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+split
+it
+into
+an
+Interest
+Group
+(a
+discussion
+forum)
+and
+a
+much
+smaller
+Working
+Group
+(a
+core
+group
+of
+highly
+dedicated
+participants).
+</p>
+<p>
+See
+also
+the
+licensing
+obligations
+on
+Working
+Group
+participants
+in
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">
+section
+3
+</a>
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+],
+and
+the
+patent
+claim
+exclusion
+process
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Exclusion">
+section
+4
+</a>.
+</p>
+<h5>
+5.2.1.1
+<dfn id="member-rep-wg">
+Member
+Representative
+</dfn>
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</h5>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+is
+a
+Member
+representative
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+if
+all
+of
+the
+following
+conditions
+are
+satisfied:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+of
+the
+Member
+in
+question
+has
+designated
+the
+individual
+as
+a
+Working
+Group
+participant,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+individual
+qualifies
+for
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representation
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+<dfn id="member-rep-info">
+To
+designate
+an
+individual
+as
+a
+Member
+representative
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</dfn>,
+an
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+provide
+the
+Chair
+and
+Team
+Contact
+with
+all
+of
+the
+following
+information,
+in
+addition
+to
+any
+other
+information
+required
+by
+the
+<a href="#cfp">
+Call
+for
+Participation
+</a>
+and
+charter
+(including
+the
+participation
+requirements
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+]):
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
+The
+name
+of
+the
+W3C
+Member
+the
+individual
+represents
+and
+whether
+the
+individual
+is
+an
+employee
+of
+that
+Member
+organization;
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+statement
+that
+the
+individual
+accepts
+the
+participation
+terms
+set
+forth
+in
+the
+charter
+(with
+an
+indication
+of
+charter
+date
+or
+version);
+</li>
+<li>
+A
+statement
+that
+the
+Member
+will
+provide
+the
+necessary
+financial
+support
+for
+participation
+(e.g.,
+for
+travel,
+telephone
+calls,
+and
+conferences).
+</li>
+</ol>
+<p>
+A
+Member
+participates
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+from
+the
+moment
+the
+first
+Member
+representative
+joins
+the
+group
+until
+either
+of
+the
+following
+occurs:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+group
+closes,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+Member
+<a href="#resignation">
+resigns
+</a>
+from
+the
+Working
+Group;
+this
+is
+done
+through
+the
+Member's
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<h5>
+5.2.1.2
+<dfn id="member-rep-ig">
+Member
+Representative
+</dfn>
+in
+an
+Interest
+Group
+</h5>
+<p>
+When
+the
+participation
+requirements
+exceed
+<a href="#ig-mail-only">
+Interest
+Group
+mailing
+list
+subscription
+</a>,
+an
+individual
+is
+a
+Member
+representative
+in
+an
+Interest
+Group
+if
+all
+of
+the
+following
+conditions
+are
+satisfied:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+of
+the
+Member
+in
+question
+has
+designated
+the
+individual
+as
+an
+Interest
+Group
+participant,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+individual
+qualifies
+for
+<a href="#member-rep">
+Member
+representation
+</a>.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+To
+designate
+an
+individual
+as
+a
+Member
+representative
+in
+an
+Interest
+Group,
+the
+Advisory
+Committee
+representative
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+follow
+the
+instructions
+in
+the
+<a href="#cfp">
+Call
+for
+Participation
+</a>
+and
+charter.
+</p>
+<p>
+Member
+participation
+in
+an
+Interest
+Group
+ceases
+under
+the
+same
+conditions
+as
+for
+a
+Working
+Group.
+</p>
+<h5>
+5.2.1.3
+<dfn id="invited-expert-wg">
+Invited
+Expert
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+</dfn>
+</h5>
+<p>
+The
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+invite
+an
+individual
+with
+a
+particular
+expertise
+to
+participate
+in
+a
+Working
+Group.
+This
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+may
+</em>
+represent
+an
+organization
+in
+the
+group
+(e.g.,
+if
+acting
+as
+a
+liaison
+with
+another
+organization).
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+individual
+is
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+if
+all
+of
+the
+following
+conditions
+are
+satisfied:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+Chair
+has
+designated
+the
+individual
+as
+a
+group
+participant,
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+Team
+Contact
+has
+agreed
+with
+the
+Chair's
+choice,
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+individual
+has
+provided
+the
+<a href="#inv-expert-info">
+information
+required
+of
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+</a>
+to
+the
+Chair
+and
+Team
+Contact.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+To
+designate
+an
+individual
+as
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+in
+a
+Working
+Group,
+the
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+</em>
+inform
+the
+Team
+Contact
+and
+provide
+rationale
+for
+the
+choice.
+When
+the
+Chair
+and
+the
+Team
+Contact
+disagree
+about
+a
+designation,
+the
+<a href="#def-Director">
+Director
+</a>
+determines
+whether
+the
+individual
+will
+be
+invited
+to
+participate
+in
+the
+Working
+Group.
+</p>
+<p>
+To
+<del class="diff-old">be
+able
+to
+</del>
+<dfn id="inv-expert-info">
+participate
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+as
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+</dfn>,
+an
+individual
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+<del class="diff-old">do
+all
+of
+the
+following:
+</del>
+</em>:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+identify
+the
+organization,
+if
+any,
+the
+individual
+represents
+as
+a
+participant
+in
+this
+group,
+</li>
+<li>
+agree
+to
+the
+terms
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/collaborators-agreement">
+invited
+expert
+and
+collaborators
+agreement
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-invited-expert">
+PUB17
+</a>
+],
+</li>
+<li>
+accept
+the
+participation
+terms
+set
+forth
+in
+the
+charter
+(including
+the
+participation
+requirements
+of
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">
+section
+3
+</a>
+(especially
+3.4)
+and
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Disclosure">
+section
+6
+</a>
+(especially
+6.10)
+of
+the
+<a href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">
+W3C
+Patent
+Policy
+</a>
+[
+<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">
+PUB33
+</a>
+<del class="diff-old">]).
+Indicate
+</del>
+<ins class="diff-chg">]),
+indicating
+</ins>
+a
+specific
+charter
+date
+or
+version,
+</li>
+<li>
+disclose
+whether
+the
+individual
+is
+an
+employee
+of
+a
+W3C
+Member;
+see
+the
+<a href="#coi">
+conflict
+of
+interest
+policy
+</a>,
+</li>
+<li>
+provide
+a
+statement
+of
+who
+will
+provide
+the
+necessary
+financial
+support
+for
+the
+individual's
+participation
+(e.g.,
+for
+travel,
+telephone
+calls,
+and
+conferences),
+and
+</li>
+<li>
+if
+the
+individual's
+employer
+(including
+a
+self-employed
+individual)
+or
+the
+organization
+the
+individual
+represents
+is
+not
+a
+W3C
+Member,
+indicate
+whether
+that
+organization
+intends
+to
+join
+W3C.
+If
+the
+organization
+does
+not
+intend
+to
+join
+W3C,
+indicate
+reasons
+the
+individual
+is
+aware
+of
+for
+this
+choice.
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p>
+The
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+should
+not
+</em>
+designate
+as
+an
+Invited
+Expert
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+an
+individual
+who
+is
+an
+employee
+of
+a
+W3C
+Member.
+The
+Chair
+<em class="rfc2119">
+must
+not
+</em>
+use
+Invited
+Expert
+status
+to
+circumvent
+participation
+limits
+imposed
+by
+the
+<a href="#WGCharter">
+charter
+</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+An
+Invited
+Expert
+participates
+in
+a
+Working
+Group
+from
+the
+moment
+the
+individual
+joins
+the
+group
+until
+any
+of
+the
+following
+occurs:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+the
+group
+closes,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+Chair
+or
+Director
+withdraws
+the
+invitation
+to
+participate,
+or
+</li>
+<li>
+the
+individual
+<a href="#resignation">
+resigns
+</a>.
+</li>