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W3C Process Document

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8 Advisory Committee Reviews, +Appeals, and Votes

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This section describes how the Advisory Committee reviews proposals from the +Director and how Advisory Committee representatives appeal W3C decisions and +decisions by the Director. A W3C decision is one where the Director (or the +Director's delegate) has exercised the role of assessing consensus after an +Advisory Committee review of an Activity Proposal, after a Call for Review of a Proposed Recommendation, after a +Call for Review of a Proposed Recommendation, +after a Proposal to Rescind a W3C +Recommendation, and after a Proposed +Process Document review.

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8.1 Advisory Committee Reviews

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The Advisory Committee reviews:

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8.1.1 Start of a Review +Period

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Each Advisory Committee review period begins with a Call for Review from the +Team to the Advisory Committee. The review +form describes the proposal, raises attention to deadlines, estimates when +the decision will be available, and includes other practical information. Each +Member organization MAY send one review, which +MUST be returned by its Advisory Committee +representative.

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The Team MUST provide two channels for Advisory +Committee review comments:

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  1. an archived Team-only channel; this is +the default channel for reviews.
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  3. an archived Member-only channel.
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Reviewers MAY send information to either or +both channels. They MAY also share their reviews +with other Members on the Advisory +Committee discussion list.

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A Member organization MAY modify its review +during a review period (e.g., in light of comments from other Members).

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8.1.2 After the Review +Period

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After the review period, the Director MUST +announce to the Advisory Committee the level of support for the proposal +(consensus or dissent). The Director MUST also indicate whether there were any Formal Objections, +with attention to changing +confidentiality level. This W3C decision is +generally one of the following:

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  1. The proposal is approved, possibly with minor changes integrated.
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  3. The proposal is approved, possibly with substantive changes integrated. In this case +the Director's announcement MUST include rationale +for the decision to advance the document despite the proposal for a substantive +change.
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  5. The proposal is returned for additional work, with a request to the +initiator to formally address +certain issues.
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  7. The proposal is rejected.
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This document does not specify time intervals between the end of an Advisory +Committee review period and the W3C decision. +This is to ensure that the Members and Team have sufficient time to consider +comments gathered during the review. The Advisory Committee SHOULD NOT expect an announcement sooner than two weeks after the end of a Proposed Recommendation +review period. If, after three weeks, the +Director has not announced the outcome, the Director SHOULD provide the Advisory Committee with an update.

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8.2 Appeal by Advisory Committee +Representatives

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Advisory Committee representatives MAY appeal +certain decisions, though appeals are only expected to occur in extraordinary +circumstances.

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When Advisory Committee review immediately precedes a decision, Advisory +Committee representatives MAY only appeal when +there is dissent. These decisions +are:

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Advisory Committee representatives MAY always +appeal the following decisions:

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In all cases, an appeal MUST be initiated +within three weeks of the decision.

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An Advisory Committee representative initiates an appeal by sending a +request to the Team (explained in detail in the New Member Orientation). The Team +MUST announce the appeal process to the Advisory +Committee and provide an address for comments from Advisory Committee +representatives. The archive of these comments MUST be Member-visible. If, within one week of the Team's announcement, 5% or more of the +Advisory Committee support the appeal request, the Team MUST organize an appeal vote asking the Advisory Committee to +approve or reject the decision.

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8.3 Advisory Committee Votes

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The Advisory Committee votes in elections for seats on the TAG or Advisory +Board, and in the event of a formal appeal of a W3C decision. Whenever the Advisory Committee votes, +each Member or group of related +Members has one vote. In the case of Advisory Board and TAG elections, "one +vote" means "one vote per available seat".

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