touchevents.html
author shepazu <schepers@w3.org>
Fri, 28 Jan 2011 22:13:56 -0500
changeset 9 8171bbe11ccc
parent 8 3349d49e5f46
child 10 bad00fb0d663
permissions -rw-r--r--
changed floats to longs; clarified definitions; added editors Moon, Brubeck; tidied ReSpec code; fixed credits; revised touchcancel event
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<!DOCTYPE html>
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<html>
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  <head>
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    <title>Touch Events Specification</title>
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    <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html;charset=utf-8'/>
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    <!-- 
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      === NOTA BENE ===
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      For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
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      out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
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     -->
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    <script src='http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/js/respec.js' class='remove'></script>
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    <script class='remove'>
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      var respecConfig = {
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          // specification status (e.g. WD, LCWD, NOTE, etc.). If in doubt use ED.
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          specStatus:           "ED",
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          // the specification's short name, as in http://www.w3.org/TR/short-name/
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          shortName:            "touch-events",
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          // if your specification has a subtitle that goes below the main
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          // formal title, define it here
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          // subtitle   :  "an excellent document",
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          // if you wish the publication date to be other than today, set this
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          // publishDate:  "2009-08-06",
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          // if the specification's copyright date is a range of years, specify
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          // the start date here:
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          // copyrightStart: "2005"
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          // if there is a previously published draft, uncomment this and set its YYYY-MM-DD date
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          // and its maturity status
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          // previousPublishDate:  "1977-03-15",
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          // previousMaturity:  "WD",
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          // if there a publicly available Editor's Draft, this is the link
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          edDraftURI:           "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/webevents/raw-file/tip/touchevents.html",
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          // if this is a LCWD, uncomment and set the end of its review period
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          // lcEnd: "2009-08-05",
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          // if you want to have extra CSS, append them to this list
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          // it is recommended that the respec.css stylesheet be kept
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          extraCSS:             ["http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-TR.css", "http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css"],
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          // editors, add as many as you like
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          // only "name" is required
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          editors:  [
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              { name: "Doug Schepers", url: "http://schepers.cc/",
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                company: "W3C", companyURL: "http://w3.org/" },
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              { name: "Sangwhan Moon",
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                company: "Opera Software ASA", companyURL: "http://www.opera.com/" },
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              { name: "Matt Brubeck",
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                company: "Mozilla", companyURL: "http://www.mozilla.org/" },
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          ],
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          // authors, add as many as you like. 
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          // This is optional, uncomment if you have authors as well as editors.
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          // only "name" is required. Same format as editors.
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          //authors:  [
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          //    { name: "Your Name", url: "http://example.org/",
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          //      company: "Your Company", companyURL: "http://example.com/" },
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          //],
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          // name of the WG
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          wg:           "Web Events Working Group",
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          // URI of the public WG page
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          wgURI:        "http://www.w3.org/2010/webevents/",
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          // name (with the @w3c.org) of the public mailing to which comments are due
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          wgPublicList: "public-webevents",
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          // URI of the patent status for this WG, for Rec-track documents
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          // !!!! IMPORTANT !!!!
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          // This is important for Rec-track documents, do not copy a patent URI from a random
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          // document unless you know what you're doing. If in doubt ask your friendly neighbourhood
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          // Team Contact.
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          wgPatentURI:  "http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/45559/status",
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      };
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    </script>
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    <style>
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      .event {
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        font-family: monospace;
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        color: #459900;
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      }
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    </style>
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  </head>
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  <body>
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    <section id='abstract'>
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      The Touch Interface specification defines a set of low-level events that represent one or more points of contact with a touch-sensitive surface, and changes of those points with respect to the surface and any DOM elements displayed upon it (e.g. for touch screens) or associated with it (e.g. for drawing tablets without displays).  It also addresses pen-tablet devices, such as drawing tablets, with consideration toward stylus capabilities.
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    </section>
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    <section>
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      <h2><a>TouchPoint</a> Interface</h2>
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      <p>This interface defines an individual point of contact for a touch event.</p>
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      <dl title='interface TouchPoint' class='idl'>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long identifier</dt>
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        <dd>
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          an identification number unique to each touch point, per session
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute EventTarget target</dt>
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        <dd>
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          the original proximal event target for this touch point 
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long screenX</dt>
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        <dd>
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          x-coordinate of point relative to the screen
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long screenY</dt>
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        <dd>
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          y-coordinate of point relative to the screen
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long clientX</dt>
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        <dd>
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          x-coordinate of point relative to the viewport, excluding any scroll offset
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long clientY</dt>
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        <dd>
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          y-coordinate of point relative to the viewport, excluding any scroll offset
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long pageX</dt>
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        <dd>
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          x-coordinate of point relative to the viewport, including any scroll offset
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long pageY</dt>
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        <dd>
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          y-coordinate of point relative to the viewport, including any scroll offset
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long radiusX</dt>
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        <dd>
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          the radius of the ellipse which most closely circumscribes the touching area (e.g. finger, stylus) along the x-axis, in pixels of the same scale as <a>screenX</a>; <code>1</code> if no value is known.  This attribute may not be available on all user agents or platforms.
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute long radiusY</dt>
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        <dd>
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          the radius of the ellipse which most closely circumscribes the touching area (e.g. finger, stylus) along the y-axis, in pixels of the same scale as <a>screenY</a>; <code>1</code> if no value is known.  This attribute may not be available on all user agents or platforms.
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute float force</dt>
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        <dd>
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          a relative value of pressure applied, in the range <code>0</code> to <code>1</code>, where <code>0</code> is no pressure, and <code>1</code> is the highest level of pressure the touch device is capable of sensing; <code>0</code> if no value is known.  This attribute may not be available on all user agents or platforms.  In environments where <a>force</a> is available, the absolute pressure represented by the <a>force</a> attribute, and the sensitivity in levels of pressure, may vary.
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute boolean altKey</dt>
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        <dd>
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          <code>true</code> if the alt (Alternate) key modifier is activated; otherwise <code>false</code>
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute boolean ctrlKey</dt>
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        <dd>
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          <code>true</code> if the ctrl (Control) key modifier is activated; otherwise <code>false</code>
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute boolean shiftKey</dt>
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        <dd>
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          <code>true</code> if the shift (Shift) key modifier is activated; otherwise <code>false</code>
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        </dd>
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      </dl>
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      <p class="issue" id="issue-inkml"><strong>Issue:</strong> Consider aligning with "channels" and values from <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/InkML/#channelContents">Ink Markup Language (InkML)</a>.</p>
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      <p class="issue" id="issue-timestamp"><strong>Issue:</strong> Should each touchpoint have its own timestamp?</p>
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      <p class="issue" id="issue-units"><strong>Issue:</strong> What are units of radiusX/radiusY?  CSS Pixels?</p>
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    </section>
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    <section>
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      <h2><a>TouchList</a> Interface</h2>
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      <p>This interface defines a list of individual points of contact for a touch event.</p>
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      <dl title='interface TouchList' class='idl'>
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        <dt>readonly attribute unsigned long length</dt>
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        <dd>
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          returns the number of touchpoints in the list
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        </dd>
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        <dt>caller getter <a>TouchPoint</a> item (in unsigned long <a>index</a>)</dt>
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        <dd>
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          returns the touchpoint with index <a>index</a> from the list, sorted in order from latest to earliest
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        </dd>
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        <dt>caller getter object identifiedPoint (in long <a>identifier</a>)</dt>
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        <dd>
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          returns the first touchpoint with long <a>identifier</a> from the list
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        </dd>
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      </dl>
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    </section>
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    <section>
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      <h2><a>TouchEvent</a> Interface</h2>
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      <p>This interface defines the <a>touchstart</a>, <a>touchend</a>, <a>touchmove</a>, <a>touchenter</a>, <a>touchleave</a>, and <a>touchcancel</a> event types.</p>
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      <dl title='interface TouchEvent : UIEvent' class='idl'>
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        <!-- <dt>readonly attribute views::AbstractView view</dt>
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        <dd>
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          The <code>view</code> attribute identifies the <code>AbstractView</code> from which the event was generated.
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        </dd> -->
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        <dt>readonly attribute <a>TouchList</a> touches</dt>
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        <dd>
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          a list of <a>TouchPoint</a>s for every point of contact currently touching the surface
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute <a>TouchList</a> targetTouches</dt>
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        <dd>
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          a list of <a>TouchPoint</a>s for every point of contact currently touching the surface, which started on the same target
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        </dd>
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        <dt>readonly attribute <a>TouchList</a> changedTouches</dt>
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        <dd>
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          a list of <a>TouchPoint</a>s for every point of contact which contributed to the event
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        </dd>
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      </dl>
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      <p class="issue" id="issue-preventDefault"><strong>Issue:</strong> define behavior of preventDefault() method.</p>
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      <section>
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        <h3 id="event-touchstart">The <dfn class="event">touchstart</dfn> event</h3>
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        <p>A user agent must dispatch this event type when the user places a touch point on the touch surface.</p>
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      </section>
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      <section>
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        <h3 id="event-touchend">The <dfn class="event">touchend</dfn> event</h3>
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        <p>A user agent must dispatch this event type when the user removes a touch point from the touch surface.</p>
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      </section>
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      <section>
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        <h3 id="event-touchmove">The <dfn class="event">touchmove</dfn> event</h3>
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        <p>A user agent must dispatch this event type when the user moves a touch point along the touch surface, even outside the interactive area of the <a>target</a> element.</p>
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      </section>
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      <section>
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        <h3 id="event-touchenter">The <dfn class="event">touchenter</dfn> event</h3>
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        <p>A user agent must dispatch this event type when a touch point moves onto the interactive area defined by a DOM element on which it did not originate.  Events of this type must not bubble.</p>
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      </section>
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      <section>
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        <h3 id="event-touchleave">The <dfn class="event">touchleave</dfn> event</h3>
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        <p>A user agent must dispatch this event type when a touch point moves off the interactive area defined by a DOM element.  Events of this type must not bubble.</p>
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      </section>
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      <section>
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        <h3 id="event-touchstart">The <dfn class="event">touchcancel</dfn> event</h3>
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        <p>A user agent must dispatch this event type when a <a>TouchPoint</a> has been disrupted in an implementation-specific manner, such as by moving outside the bounds of the UA window.  A user agent may also dispatch this event type when the user places more touch points on the touch surface than the device or implementation is configured to store, in which case the earliest touch point in the list should be removed.</p>
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      </section>
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    </section>
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    <section class='appendix'>
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      <h2>Acknowledgements</h2>
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      <p>
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8171bbe11ccc changed floats to longs; clarified definitions; added editors Moon, Brubeck; tidied ReSpec code; fixed credits; revised touchcancel event
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        Many thanks to the WebKit engineers for developing the model used as a basis for this spec, Neil Roberts (SitePen) for his summary of WebKit touch events, Peter-Paul Koch (PPK) for his writeups and suggestions, Robin Berjon for developing the <a href="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/documentation.html">ReSpec.js spec authoring tool</a>, and the WebEvents WG for their many contributions.</a>
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      </p>
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    </section>
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  </body>
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