ontology/releases/CR-prov-o-20121211/Overview.html
author Paul Groth <p.t.groth@vu.nl>
Fri, 07 Jun 2013 20:21:19 +0200
changeset 6412 600c6fd1fdb4
parent 5149 e3ed2fa889f1
permissions -rw-r--r--
minor updates to address dong's comments
     1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
     2 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.0//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/DTD/xhtml-rdfa-1.dtd'>
     3 <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" dir="ltr" typeof="bibo:Document">
     4 <head xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
     5     <title>PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</title>
     6     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" />
     7 
     8     <style type="text/css">
     9       /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/owl.css */
    10       .RFC2119 {
    11         text-transform: lowercase;
    12         font-style: italic;
    13       }
    14       .nonterminal {
    15           font-weight: bold;
    16           font-family: sans-serif;
    17           font-size: 95%;
    18       }
    19       #abstract br {
    20          /* doesn't work right SOMETIMES 
    21          margin-bottom: 1em;   */
    22       }
    23       .name {
    24           font-family: monospace;
    25       }
    26       .buttonpanel {
    27           margin-top: 1ex;
    28           margin-bottom: 1ex;
    29           padding-left: 1ex;
    30           padding-right: 1ex;
    31           padding-top: 1ex;
    32           padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
    33           border: 1px dotted black; 
    34       }
    35       .grammar {
    36           margin-top: 1ex;
    37           margin-bottom: 1ex;
    38           padding-left: 1ex;
    39           padding-right: 1ex;
    40           padding-top: 1ex;
    41           padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
    42           border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
    43           font-family: monospace;
    44       }
    45       .image {
    46           text-align: center;
    47       }
    48       .centered {
    49           text-align: center;
    50           padding-top: 4ex;
    51           padding-bottom: 4ex;
    52       }
    53       .centered table {
    54           margin: 0 auto;
    55           text-align: left;
    56       }
    57       .caption {
    58           font-weight: bold;
    59       }
    60       .indent {
    61           margin-left: 20px;
    62       }
    63       .atrisknote {
    64           padding: 5px;
    65           margin-top: 10px;
    66           margin-bottom: 10px;
    67           border: solid 2px blue;
    68           background-color: #FFA;
    69       }
    70       .atrisknotehead {
    71           font-style: italic; 
    72       }
    73 
    74       /* Stying the examples. */
    75 
    76       .anexample:before {
    77           content: "Example:";
    78           font-family: sans-serif;
    79           font-size: 1.6ex;
    80           font-weight: bold;
    81       }
    82       .anexample {
    83           margin-top: 1ex;
    84           margin-bottom: 1ex;
    85           padding-left: 1ex;
    86           padding-right: 1ex;
    87           padding-top: 1ex;
    88           padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
    89           border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
    90           background-color: #f9f9f9;
    91       }
    92       .anexample table {
    93           background-color: #f9f9f9;
    94       }
    95 
    96       /* Styling the parts in the functional-style syntax. */
    97 
    98       div.fss {
    99           margin-top: 10px; 
   100           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   101           margin-left: 20px; 
   102           margin-right: 20px; 
   103           font-family: monospace;
   104       }
   105       table.fss {
   106           margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   107           padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   108           width: 100%;
   109       }
   110       table.fss caption.fss {
   111           font-size: 1.5ex;
   112           font-weight: bold;
   113           text-align: left;
   114           padding-left: 10px;
   115       }
   116       table.fss td:first-child {
   117           font-family: monospace;
   118           padding-left: 20px;
   119           padding-right: 20px;
   120           width: 60%;
   121       }
   122 
   123       /* Styling the parts in the RDF syntax. */
   124 
   125       div.rdf{
   126           margin-top: 10px; 
   127           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   128           margin-left: 20px; 
   129           margin-right: 20px; 
   130           font-family: monospace;
   131       }
   132       table.rdf {
   133           margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   134           padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   135           width: 100%;
   136       }
   137       table.rdf caption.rdf {
   138           font-size: 1.5ex;
   139           font-weight: bold;
   140           text-align: left;
   141           padding-left: 10px;
   142       }
   143       table.rdf td:first-child {
   144           font-family: monospace;
   145           padding-left: 20px;
   146           padding-right: 20px;
   147           width: 60%;
   148       }
   149 
   150       /* Styling the XML syntax. */
   151 
   152       div.xmlsyn {
   153           margin-top: 10px; 
   154           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   155           margin-left: 20px; 
   156           margin-right: 20px; 
   157           font-family: monospace;
   158       }
   159       div.axioms {
   160           margin-top: 10px; 
   161           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   162           margin-left: 20px; 
   163           margin-right: 20px; 
   164       }
   165 
   166       /* Other styles. */
   167 
   168       table.complexity td {
   169           text-align: center;
   170       }
   171       table.allname td {
   172          font-family: monospace;
   173       }
   174       table.canonicalparsing {
   175           margin-left: 20px;
   176           border-style: none;
   177       }
   178       table.canonicalparsing td {
   179           vertical-align: top;
   180           padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
   181       }
   182       table.canonicalparsing td.two {
   183           padding-left: 30px;
   184       }
   185 
   186       /* The following are classes for templates used in the editing process. */
   187 
   188       .review {
   189           padding: 5px;
   190           border: solid 1px black;
   191           margin-left: 10%;
   192           margin-top: 10px;
   193           margin-bottom: 10px;
   194           background-color: #FFA;
   195           font-size: smaller;
   196       }
   197       .reviewauthor {
   198           font-size: smaller;
   199           font-style: italic;
   200       }
   201       .ednote {
   202           padding: 5px;
   203           border: solid 1px black;
   204           margin-top: 10px;
   205           margin-bottom: 10px;
   206       }
   207       .ednotehead {
   208          font-weight: bold;
   209       }
   210 
   211       /* override mediawiki's beautiful DL styling... */
   212       dl {
   213           background: white;
   214           width: 100%;
   215           border: none;
   216           margin-top: 0;
   217           margin-bottom: 0;
   218           padding-top: 0;
   219           padding-bottom: 0;
   220       }
   221 
   222       div {
   223           margin-top: 0;
   224           margin-bottom: 0;
   225       }
   226       #fulltitle {
   227         font-size: 140%; 
   228         font-weight: bold;
   229       }
   230 
   231       .xml {
   232        color: red
   233       }
   234 
   235       .rdbms{
   236       color: red
   237       }
   238 
   239       /* just copying from wiki, so it stays through TR. Currently
   240         affects Primer, at least */
   241       pre {
   242         background-color:#F9F9F9;
   243         border:1px dashed #2F6FAB;
   244         color:black;
   245         line-height:1.1em;
   246         padding:1em;
   247       }
   248     </style>
   249 
   250     <style type="text/css">
   251       /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/Primer.css . */
   252 
   253       /* define a class "noprint" for sections which don't get printed */  
   254       .noprint { display: none; }
   255 
   256       /* our syntax menu for switching */
   257       div.syntaxmenu {
   258         border: 1px dotted black;
   259         padding:0.5em;
   260         margin: 1em; 
   261       }
   262 
   263       @media print {
   264          div.syntaxmenu { display:none; }
   265       }
   266 
   267       /* use tab-like headers for syntax examples */
   268       div.exampleheader {
   269         font-size: 90%;
   270         float: left;
   271         background: #F9F9F9;
   272         color: #2F6FAB;
   273         border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
   274         border-bottom: 0px;
   275         padding-top: 2px;
   276       }
   277 
   278       div.exampleheader span.exampleheader {
   279         background: #F9F9F9;
   280         padding-top: 0px;
   281         padding-right: 10px;
   282         padding-left: 10px;
   283         padding-bottom: 3px;
   284         padding-top: 0px;
   285       }
   286 
   287       /* Also copy MediaWiki style here, so it will not look different when exported */
   288       div.fssyntax pre, div.rdfxml pre, div.owlxml pre, div.turtle pre, div.manchester pre  {
   289         background-color: #F9F9F9;
   290         border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
   291         color: black;
   292         line-height: 1.1em;
   293         padding: 1em;
   294         clear: both;
   295         margin-left: 0em;
   296       }
   297       /* (further styles directly embedded in header template) */
   298     </style>
   299 
   300     <style type="text/css">
   301       /* prov:wasDerivedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/rec.css . */
   302 
   303       /* Style for a "Recommendation" */
   304 
   305       /*
   306          Copyright 1997-2003 W3C (MIT, ERCIM, Keio). All Rights Reserved.
   307          The following software licensing rules apply:
   308          http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software */
   309 
   310       /* $Id: base.css,v 1.25 2006/04/18 08:42:53 bbos Exp $ */
   311 
   312       body {
   313         padding: 2em 1em 2em 70px;
   314         margin: 0;
   315         font-family: sans-serif;
   316         color: black;
   317         background: white;
   318         background-position: top left;
   319         background-attachment: fixed;
   320         background-repeat: no-repeat;
   321       }
   322       :link { color: #00C; background: transparent }
   323       :visited { color: #609; background: transparent }
   324       a:active { color: #C00; background: transparent }
   325 
   326       a:link img, a:visited img { border-style: none } /* no border on img links */
   327 
   328       a img { color: white; }        /* trick to hide the border in Netscape 4 */
   329       @media all {                   /* hide the next rule from Netscape 4 */
   330         a img { color: inherit; }    /* undo the color change above */
   331       }
   332 
   333       th, td { /* ns 4 */
   334         font-family: sans-serif;
   335       }
   336 
   337       h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 { text-align: left }
   338       /* background should be transparent, but WebTV has a bug */
   339       h1, h2, h3 { color: #005A9C; background: white }
   340       h1 { font: 170% sans-serif }
   341       h2 { font: 140% sans-serif }
   342       h3 { font: 120% sans-serif }
   343       h4 { font: bold 100% sans-serif }
   344       h5 { font: italic 100% sans-serif }
   345       h6 { font: small-caps 100% sans-serif }
   346 
   347       .hide { display: none }
   348 
   349       div.head { margin-bottom: 1em }
   350       div.head h1 { margin-top: 2em; clear: both }
   351       div.head table { margin-left: 2em; margin-top: 2em }
   352 
   353       p.copyright { font-size: small }
   354       p.copyright small { font-size: small }
   355 
   356       @media screen {  /* hide from IE3 */
   357       a[href]:hover { background: #ffa }
   358       }
   359 
   360       pre { margin-left: 2em }
   361       /*
   362       p {
   363         margin-top: 0.6em;
   364         margin-bottom: 0.6em;
   365       }
   366       */
   367       dt, dd { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0 } /* opera 3.50 */
   368       dt { font-weight: bold }
   369 
   370       pre, code { font-family: monospace } /* navigator 4 requires this */
   371 
   372       ul.toc, ol.toc {
   373         list-style: disc;     /* Mac NS has problem with 'none' */
   374         list-style: none;
   375       }
   376 
   377       @media aural {  
   378         h1, h2, h3 { stress: 20; richness: 90 }
   379         .hide { speak: none }
   380         p.copyright { volume: x-soft; speech-rate: x-fast }
   381         dt { pause-before: 20% }
   382         pre { speak-punctuation: code } 
   383       }
   384 
   385       /*body {
   386         background-image: url(http://lode.sourceforge.net/img/LODELogo.png);
   387       }*/
   388     </style>
   389 
   390     <style type="text/css">
   391       /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/extra.css . */
   392 
   393       body {
   394           text-align: justify;    
   395       }
   396 
   397       h1 {
   398           line-height: 110%;    
   399       }
   400 
   401       .hlist {
   402           border: 1px solid navy;
   403           padding:5px;
   404           background-color: #F4FFFF; 
   405       }
   406 
   407       .hlist li {
   408           display: inline;
   409           display: inline-table;
   410           list-style-type: none;
   411           padding-right: 20px;
   412           
   413       }
   414 
   415       .entity {
   416           border: 1px solid navy;
   417           margin:5px 0px 5px 0px;
   418           padding: 5px;    
   419       }
   420 
   421       .type-c {
   422           cursor:help;
   423           color:orange;
   424       }
   425 
   426       .type-op {
   427           cursor:help;
   428           color:navy;    
   429       }
   430 
   431       .type-dp {
   432           cursor:help;
   433           color:green;    
   434       }
   435 
   436       .type-ap {
   437           cursor:help;
   438           color:maroon;    
   439       }
   440 
   441       .type-ni {
   442           cursor:help;
   443           color:brown;    
   444       }
   445 
   446       .logic {
   447           color:purple;
   448           font-weight:bold;    
   449       }
   450 
   451       h3 {
   452           margin-top: 3px;
   453           padding-bottom: 5px;
   454           border-bottom: 1px solid navy;
   455       }
   456 
   457       h2 {
   458           margin-top:40px;    
   459       }
   460 
   461       .dotted {
   462           border-bottom: 1px dotted gray;
   463       }
   464 
   465       dt {
   466           margin-top:5px;
   467       }
   468 
   469       .description {
   470           border-top: 1px dashed gray;
   471           border-bottom: 1px dashed gray;
   472           background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
   473           margin-top:5px;
   474           padding-bottom:5px;
   475       }
   476 
   477       .description dl {
   478           background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
   479       }
   480 
   481       .description ul {
   482           padding-left: 12px;
   483           margin-top: 0px;
   484       }
   485 
   486       .backlink {
   487           font-size:10pt;
   488           text-align:right;
   489           float:right;
   490           color:black;
   491           padding: 2px;
   492           border: 1px dotted navy;
   493           background-color: #F4FFFF;
   494       }
   495 
   496       .imageblock {
   497          text-align: center;
   498       }
   499 
   500       .imageblock img {
   501          border:1px solid gray;
   502       }
   503 
   504       .endnote {
   505          margin-top: 40px;
   506          border-top: 1px solid gray;
   507          padding-top: 10px;
   508          text-align: center;
   509          color:gray;
   510          font-size:50%;
   511       }
   512     </style>
   513     
   514 <!--  link rel="provenance" href="http://www.w3.org/2007/08/pyRdfa/extract?format=turtle&uri=http://aquarius.tw.rpi.edu/prov-wg/prov-o"/  -->
   515 
   516 
   517     
   518 <!--  
   519       === NOTA BENE ===
   520       For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
   521       out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
   522       -->
   523 
   524 
   525    
   526 <!--  From DM  -->
   527 
   528    
   529    
   530 <!--  From DM  -->
   531 
   532    <style type="text/css">
   533       .note { font-size:small; margin-left:50px }
   534        table { text-align: center; vertical-align: middle }
   535 
   536       table.thinborder {
   537          border-width: 1px;
   538          border-spacing: 0px;
   539          border-style: none;
   540          border-color: gray;
   541          border-collapse: collapse;
   542       }
   543       table.thinborder th {
   544          border-width: 1px;
   545          padding: 0px;
   546          border-style: solid;
   547          border-color: gray;
   548       }
   549       table.thinborder td {
   550          border-width: 1px;
   551          padding: 2px;
   552          border-style: solid;
   553          border-color: gray;
   554          background-color: rgb(246,246,246);
   555       }
   556    </style>
   557 
   558    <style type="text/css">
   559       /* This CSS written by Tim Lebo for PROV-O HTML (all other CSS was taken from elsewhere) */
   560       table.qualified-forms {
   561          width: 75%;
   562       }
   563       ul.hlist {
   564          margin: 20px;
   565       }
   566       table {
   567          margin: 20px; 
   568          border:1px solid navy;
   569          background-color: #F4FFFF;
   570       }
   571       table th {
   572          background-color: LightGoldenRodYellow;
   573       }
   574       table tr {
   575          padding: 2px;
   576          border: 1px solid navy;
   577       }
   578       table td {
   579          text-align: left;
   580          padding-top: 5px;
   581          padding-bottom: 5px;
   582          padding-left: 15px;
   583          padding-right: 15px;
   584       }
   585       table td.prov-attribute {
   586          width: 20%
   587       }
   588       table.prov-detail a:visited {
   589           color:black; text-decoration:none; 
   590       }
   591       table.prov-detail a:link {
   592           color:black; text-decoration:none; 
   593       }
   594       .component-entities-activities {
   595          border:1px solid gray;
   596          background-color: #FFD4D4
   597       }
   598       .component-agents-responsibility {
   599          border:1px solid gray;
   600          background-color: #CCD9EE;
   601       }
   602       .component-derivations {
   603          border:1px solid gray;
   604          background-color: #CCEED9;
   605       }
   606       .component-collections {
   607          border:1px solid gray;
   608          background-color: #CED4D4;
   609       }
   610       .component-alternate {
   611          border:1px solid gray;
   612          background-color: #F4FFD9;
   613       }
   614       .component-annotations {
   615          border:1px solid gray;
   616          background-color: #FCE1CE;
   617       }
   618       span.repeated {
   619          font-family: monospace;
   620       }
   621       a.qname {
   622          font-family: monospace;
   623       }
   624       strong.crossreference {
   625          padding-right: 15px;
   626       }
   627       div.feature-at-risk {
   628          color: red;
   629       }
   630      </style>
   631 
   632      
   633      
   634    
   635     
   636   <!-- The following was quoted from http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/css/respec.css -->
   637 <style type="text/css">
   638 
   639 /*****************************************************************
   640  * ReSpec CSS
   641  * Robin Berjon (robin at berjon dot com)
   642  * v0.05 - 2009-07-31
   643  *****************************************************************/
   644 
   645 
   646 /* --- INLINES --- */
   647 em.rfc2119 { 
   648     text-transform:     lowercase;
   649     font-variant:       small-caps;
   650     font-style:         normal;
   651     color:              #900;
   652 }
   653 
   654 h1 acronym, h2 acronym, h3 acronym, h4 acronym, h5 acronym, h6 acronym, a acronym,
   655 h1 abbr, h2 abbr, h3 abbr, h4 abbr, h5 abbr, h6 abbr, a abbr {
   656     border: none;
   657 }
   658 
   659 dfn {
   660     font-weight:    bold;
   661 }
   662 
   663 a.internalDFN {
   664     color:  inherit;
   665     border-bottom:  1px solid #99c;
   666     text-decoration:    none;
   667 }
   668 
   669 a.externalDFN {
   670     color:  inherit;
   671     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ccc;
   672     text-decoration:    none;
   673 }
   674 
   675 a.bibref {
   676     text-decoration:    none;
   677 }
   678 
   679 code {
   680     color:  #ff4500;
   681 }
   682 
   683 
   684 /* --- WEB IDL --- */
   685 pre.idl {
   686     border-top: 1px solid #90b8de;
   687     border-bottom: 1px solid #90b8de;
   688     padding:    1em;
   689     line-height:    120%;
   690 }
   691 
   692 pre.idl::before {
   693     content:    "WebIDL";
   694     display:    block;
   695     width:      150px;
   696     background: #90b8de;
   697     color:  #fff;
   698     font-family:    initial;
   699     padding:    3px;
   700     font-weight:    bold;
   701     margin: -1em 0 1em -1em;
   702 }
   703 
   704 .idlType {
   705     color:  #ff4500;
   706     font-weight:    bold;
   707     text-decoration:    none;
   708 }
   709 
   710 /*.idlModule*/
   711 /*.idlModuleID*/
   712 /*.idlInterface*/
   713 .idlInterfaceID, .idlDictionaryID {
   714     font-weight:    bold;
   715     color:  #005a9c;
   716 }
   717 
   718 .idlSuperclass {
   719     font-style: italic;
   720     color:  #005a9c;
   721 }
   722 
   723 /*.idlAttribute*/
   724 .idlAttrType, .idlFieldType, .idlMemberType {
   725     color:  #005a9c;
   726 }
   727 .idlAttrName, .idlFieldName, .idlMemberName {
   728     color:  #ff4500;
   729 }
   730 .idlAttrName a, .idlFieldName a, .idlMemberName a {
   731     color:  #ff4500;
   732     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
   733     text-decoration: none;
   734 }
   735 
   736 /*.idlMethod*/
   737 .idlMethType {
   738     color:  #005a9c;
   739 }
   740 .idlMethName {
   741     color:  #ff4500;
   742 }
   743 .idlMethName a {
   744     color:  #ff4500;
   745     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
   746     text-decoration: none;
   747 }
   748 
   749 /*.idlParam*/
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   801 .excGetSetTrue, .prmNullTrue, .prmOptTrue { color:  #0c0; }
   802 .excGetSetFalse, .prmNullFalse, .prmOptFalse { color:  #c00; }
   803 
   804 .idlImplements a {
   805     font-weight:    bold;
   806 }
   807 
   808 dl.attributes, dl.methods, dl.constants, dl.fields, dl.dictionary-members {
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   811 
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   842 .attributes dd, .methods dd, .constants dd, .fields dd, .dictionary-members dd {
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   846 table.parameters, table.exceptions {
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   853 table.exceptions { border-bottom:  1px solid #deb890; }
   854 
   855 .parameters th, .exceptions th {
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   863 .parameters th { background: #90b8de; }
   864 .exceptions th { background: #deb890; }
   865 
   866 .parameters td, .exceptions td {
   867     padding:    3px 10px;
   868     border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
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   871 
   872 .parameters tr:first-child td, .exceptions tr:first-child td {
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   874 }
   875 
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   879 
   880 .parameters td.prmType {
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   883 
   884 table.exceptions table {
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   886     border-collapse:    collapse;
   887     width:  100%;
   888 }
   889 
   890 /* --- TOC --- */
   891 .toc a {
   892     text-decoration:    none;
   893 }
   894 
   895 a .secno {
   896     color:  #000;
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   898 
   899 /* --- TABLE --- */
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   918 
   919 .simple td {
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   922 }
   923 
   924 .simple tr:nth-child(even) {
   925     background: #f0f6ff;
   926 }
   927 
   928 /* --- DL --- */
   929 .section dd > p:first-child {
   930     margin-top: 0;
   931 }
   932 
   933 .section dd > p:last-child {
   934     margin-bottom: 0;
   935 }
   936 
   937 .section dd {
   938     margin-bottom:  1em;
   939 }
   940 
   941 .section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd {
   942     margin-bottom:  0;
   943 }
   944 
   945 /* --- EXAMPLES --- */
   946 pre.example {
   947     border-top: 1px solid #ff4500;
   948     border-bottom: 1px solid #ff4500;
   949     padding:    1em;
   950     margin-top: 1em;
   951 }
   952 
   953 pre.example::before {
   954     content:    "Example";
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   956     width:      150px;
   957     background: #ff4500;
   958     color:  #fff;
   959     font-family:    initial;
   960     padding:    3px;
   961     font-weight:    bold;
   962     margin: -1em 0 1em -1em;
   963 }
   964 
   965 /* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
   966 .issue {
   967     padding:    1em;
   968     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
   969     border: 1px solid #f00;
   970     background: #ffc;
   971 }
   972 
   973 .issue::before {
   974     content:    "Issue";
   975     display:    block;
   976     width:  150px;
   977     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
   978     font-weight:    bold;
   979     border: 1px solid #f00;
   980     background: #fff;
   981     padding:    3px 1em;
   982 }
   983 
   984 .note {
   985     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
   986     padding:    1em;
   987     border: 2px solid #cff6d9;
   988     background: #e2fff0;
   989 }
   990 
   991 .note::before {
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   996     font-weight:    bold;
   997     border: 1px solid #cff6d9;
   998     background: #fff;
   999     padding:    3px 1em;
  1000 }
  1001 
  1002 /* --- Best Practices --- */
  1003 div.practice {
  1004     border: solid #bebebe 1px;
  1005     margin: 2em 1em 1em 2em;
  1006 }
  1007 
  1008 span.practicelab {
  1009     margin: 1.5em 0.5em 1em 1em;
  1010     font-weight: bold;
  1011     font-style: italic;
  1012 }
  1013 
  1014 span.practicelab   { background: #dfffff; }
  1015 
  1016 span.practicelab {
  1017     position: relative;
  1018     padding: 0 0.5em;
  1019     top: -1.5em;
  1020 }
  1021 
  1022 p.practicedesc {
  1023     margin: 1.5em 0.5em 1em 1em;
  1024 }
  1025 
  1026 @media screen {
  1027     p.practicedesc {
  1028         position: relative;
  1029         top: -2em;
  1030         padding: 0;
  1031         margin: 1.5em 0.5em -1em 1em;
  1032     }
  1033 }
  1034 
  1035 /* --- SYNTAX HIGHLIGHTING --- */
  1036 pre.sh_sourceCode {
  1037   background-color: white;
  1038   color: black;
  1039   font-style: normal;
  1040   font-weight: normal;
  1041 }
  1042 
  1043 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_keyword { color: #005a9c; font-weight: bold; }           /* language keywords */
  1044 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_type { color: #666; }                            /* basic types */
  1045 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_usertype { color: teal; }                             /* user defined types */
  1046 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_string { color: red; font-family: monospace; }        /* strings and chars */
  1047 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_regexp { color: orange; font-family: monospace; }     /* regular expressions */
  1048 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_specialchar { color:   #ffc0cb; font-family: monospace; }  /* e.g., \n, \t, \\ */
  1049 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_comment { color: #A52A2A; font-style: italic; }         /* comments */
  1050 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_number { color: purple; }                             /* literal numbers */
  1051 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_preproc { color: #00008B; font-weight: bold; }       /* e.g., #include, import */
  1052 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_symbol { color: blue; }                            /* e.g., *, + */
  1053 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_function { color: black; font-weight: bold; }         /* function calls and declarations */
  1054 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_cbracket { color: red; }                              /* block brackets (e.g., {, }) */
  1055 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_todo { font-weight: bold; background-color: #00FFFF; }   /* TODO and FIXME */
  1056 
  1057 /* Predefined variables and functions (for instance glsl) */
  1058 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_predef_var { color: #00008B; }
  1059 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_predef_func { color: #00008B; font-weight: bold; }
  1060 
  1061 /* for OOP */
  1062 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_classname { color: teal; }
  1063 
  1064 /* line numbers (not yet implemented) */
  1065 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_linenum { display: none; }
  1066 
  1067 /* Internet related */
  1068 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_url { color: blue; text-decoration: underline; font-family: monospace; }
  1069 
  1070 /* for ChangeLog and Log files */
  1071 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_date { color: blue; font-weight: bold; }
  1072 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_time, pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_file { color: #00008B; font-weight: bold; }
  1073 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_ip, pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_name { color: #006400; }
  1074 
  1075 /* for Prolog, Perl... */
  1076 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_variable { color: #006400; }
  1077 
  1078 /* for LaTeX */
  1079 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_italics { color: #006400; font-style: italic; }
  1080 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_bold { color: #006400; font-weight: bold; }
  1081 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_underline { color: #006400; text-decoration: underline; }
  1082 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_fixed { color: green; font-family: monospace; }
  1083 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_argument { color: #006400; }
  1084 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_optionalargument { color: purple; }
  1085 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_math { color: orange; }
  1086 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_bibtex { color: blue; }
  1087 
  1088 /* for diffs */
  1089 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_oldfile { color: orange; }
  1090 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_newfile { color: #006400; }
  1091 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_difflines { color: blue; }
  1092 
  1093 /* for css */
  1094 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_selector { color: purple; }
  1095 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_property { color: blue; }
  1096 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_value { color: #006400; font-style: italic; }
  1097 
  1098 /* other */
  1099 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_section { color: black; font-weight: bold; }
  1100 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_paren { color: red; }
  1101 pre.sh_sourceCode .sh_attribute { color: #006400; }
  1102 
  1103 </style>
  1104 
  1105 <style type="text/css">
  1106 /* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
  1107 .pending {
  1108     padding:    1em;
  1109     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
  1110     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1111     background: #BFEFFF;
  1112 }
  1113 
  1114 .pending::before {
  1115     content:    "Pending Review";
  1116     display:    block;
  1117     width:  150px;
  1118     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
  1119     font-weight:    bold;
  1120     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1121     background: #fff;
  1122     padding:    3px 1em;
  1123 }
  1124 
  1125 
  1126 .resolved {
  1127     padding:    1em;
  1128     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
  1129     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1130     background: #9BCD9B;
  1131 }
  1132 
  1133 .resolved::before {
  1134     content:    "Resolved";
  1135     display:    block;
  1136     width:  150px;
  1137     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
  1138     font-weight:    bold;
  1139     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1140     background: #fff;
  1141     padding:    3px 1em;
  1142 }
  1143 
  1144 
  1145 .inference {
  1146     padding:    1em;
  1147     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
  1148     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1149     background: #fff;
  1150 }
  1151 
  1152 .inference::before {
  1153     content:    "Inference";
  1154     display:    block;
  1155     width:  150px;
  1156     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
  1157     font-weight:    bold;
  1158     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1159     background: #fff;
  1160     padding:    3px 1em;
  1161 }
  1162 
  1163 .unamedconstraint {
  1164     padding:    1em;
  1165     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
  1166     border: 1px solid #00f;
  1167     background: #fff;
  1168 }
  1169 
  1170 
  1171 .unamedconstraint::before {
  1172     content:    "Constraint";
  1173     display:    block;
  1174     width:  150px;
  1175     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
  1176     font-weight:    bold;
  1177     border: 1px solid #00f;
  1178     background: #fff;
  1179     padding:    3px 1em;
  1180 }
  1181 
  1182 
  1183 
  1184 .constraint {
  1185     padding:    1em;
  1186     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
  1187     border: 1px solid #00f;
  1188     background: #fff;
  1189 }
  1190 
  1191 .constraint[id]::before {
  1192     content:    "Constraint: " attr(id);
  1193     width:  380px;  /* How can we compute the length of "Constraint: " attr(id) */
  1194 }
  1195 
  1196 
  1197 .constraint::before {
  1198     content:    "Constraint";
  1199     display:    block;
  1200     width:  150px;
  1201     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
  1202     font-weight:    bold;
  1203     border: 1px solid #00f;
  1204     background: #fff;
  1205     padding:    3px 1em;
  1206 }
  1207 
  1208 
  1209 
  1210 .conditional {
  1211     color: blue;
  1212 }
  1213 
  1214 .grammar {
  1215     margin-top: 1ex;
  1216     margin-bottom: 1ex;
  1217     padding-left: 1ex;
  1218     padding-right: 1ex;
  1219     padding-top: 1ex;
  1220     padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
  1221     border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
  1222     font-family: monospace;
  1223 }
  1224 .nonterminal {
  1225     font-weight: bold;
  1226     font-family: sans-serif;
  1227     font-size: 95%;
  1228 }
  1229 
  1230 .name {
  1231     font-family: monospace;
  1232 }
  1233 
  1234 
  1235 .xmpl {
  1236     padding:    1em;
  1237     margin: 1em 0em 0em;
  1238     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1239     background: #fff;
  1240 }
  1241 
  1242 .xmpl::before {
  1243     content:    "Example";
  1244     display:    block;
  1245     width:  150px;
  1246     margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
  1247     font-weight:    bold;
  1248     border: 1px solid #f00;
  1249     background: #fff;
  1250     padding:    3px 1em;
  1251 }
  1252 
  1253 /* added prov-wg lebot  */
  1254 
  1255 .hlist {
  1256     border: 1px solid navy;
  1257     padding:5px;
  1258     background-color: #F4FFFF; 
  1259 }
  1260 
  1261 .hlist li {
  1262     display: inline;
  1263     display: inline-table;
  1264     list-style-type: none;
  1265     padding-right: 20px;
  1266     
  1267 }
  1268 </style><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-CR" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /></head>
  1269   <body style="display: inherit;"><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" alt="W3C" /></a></p><h1 class="title" id="title">PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</h1><h2 id="w3c-candidate-recommendation-11-december-2012"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Candidate Recommendation 11 December 2012</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/</a></dd>
  1270 <dt>Latest published version:</dt>
  1271 <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</a></dd>
  1272       <dt>Implementation report:</dt>
  1273       <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov-implementations.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/reports/prov
  1274 -implementations.html</a></dd>
  1275 
  1276 <dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120724/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120724/</a></dd><dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/TimLebo">Timothy Lebo</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
  1277 <dd><a href="http://cci.case.edu/cci/index.php/Satya_Sahoo">Satya Sahoo</a>, Case Western Reserve University, USA</dd>
  1278 <dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/Deborah_L_McGuinness">Deborah McGuinness</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
  1279 <dt>Contributors:</dt><dd><span>(In alphabetical order)</span></dd>
  1280 <dd><a href="http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Khalid_Belhajjame">Khalid Belhajjame</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
  1281 <dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh, UK</dd>
  1282 <dd><a href="http://homepages.abdn.ac.uk/dcorsar/pages/">David Corsar</a>, University of Aberdeen, UK</dd>
  1283 <dd><a href="http://www.oeg-upm.net/index.php/en/phdstudents/28-dgarijo">Daniel Garijo</a>, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain</dd>
  1284 <dd><a href="http://soiland-reyes.com/stian/">Stian Soiland-Reyes</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
  1285 <dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/web/person/StephanZednik">Stephan Zednik</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
  1286 <dd><a href="http://users.ox.ac.uk/~zool0770/">Jun Zhao</a>, University of Oxford, UK</dd>
  1287 </dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2011-2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr /></div>
  1288 
  1289     <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
  1290          <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) expresses the PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] using the OWL2 Web Ontology Language (OWL2) [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW">OWL2-OVERVIEW</a></cite>]. It provides a set of classes, properties, and restrictions that can be used to represent and interchange provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. 
  1291 It can also be specialized to create new classes and properties to model provenance information for different applications and domains.
  1292         The <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/">PROV Document Overview</a> describes the overall state of PROV, and should be read before other PROV documents.
  1293         </p>
  1294 
  1295 
  1296         <p style="text-align: center;">The namespace for all PROV-O terms is <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</span>.
  1297         </p>
  1298 
  1299         <p style="text-align: center;">The OWL encoding of the PROV Ontology is available <a href="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov-o">here</a>.
  1300         </p>
  1301     </div><div id="sotd" class="introductory section"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
  1302       <h4 id="prov-family-of-documents">PROV Family of Documents</h4>
  1303       This document is part of the PROV family of documents, a set of documents defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
  1304       interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  These documents are:
  1305       <ul>
  1306       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-overview-20121211/">PROV-OVERVIEW</a> (To be published as Note), an overview of the PROV family of documents [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW">PROV-OVERVIEW</a></cite>];</li>
  1307       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-primer-20121211/">PROV-PRIMER</a> (To be published as Note), a primer for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>];</li>
  1308       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-o-20121211/">PROV-O</a> (Candidate Recommendation), the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF (this document);</li>
  1309       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/">PROV-DM</a> (Candidate Recommendation), the PROV data model for provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>];</li>
  1310       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-n-20121211/">PROV-N</a> (Candidate Recommendation), a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>];</li>
  1311       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-constraints-20121211/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a> (Candidate Recommendation), a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>];</li>
  1312       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-aq-20120619/">PROV-AQ</a> (To be published as Note), the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
  1313       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-xml-20121211/">PROV-XML</a> (To be published as Note),  an XML schema for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>].</li>
  1314 
  1315       </ul>
  1316       <h4 id="how-to-read-the-prov-family-of-documents">How to read the PROV Family of Documents</h4>
  1317       <ul>
  1318       <li>[<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-OVERVIEW">PROV-OVERVIEW</a></cite>] overviews the PROV family of documents. </li>
  1319       <li>The primer [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>] is the entry point to PROV offering an introduction to the provenance model.</li>
  1320       <li>The Linked Data and Semantic Web community should focus on PROV-O defining PROV classes and properties specified in an OWL2 ontology. For further details, [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>] specify the constraints applicable to the data model, and its interpretation. </li>
  1321       <li>The XML community should focus on [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>] defining an XML schema for PROV. Further details can also be found in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].</li>
  1322       <li>Developers seeking to retrieve or publish provenance should focus on [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>].</li>
  1323       <li>Readers seeking to implement other PROV serializations
  1324       should focus on [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] and [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>].  PROV-O, [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>], and [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-XML">PROV-XML</a></cite>] offer examples of mapping to RDF, text, and XML, respectively.</li>
  1325       </ul>
  1326 
  1327       <h4 id="please-comment-by-january-31--2013">Please Comment By January 31, 2013</h4>
  1328 
  1329       The Provenance Working Group seeks to gather experience from <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvImplementations">implementations</a> in order to increase confidence in the specifications and meet specific <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/wiki/ProvCRExitCriteria">exit criteria</a>. This document will remain a Candidate Recommendation until at least 31 January 31, 2013. After that date, when and if the exit criteria are met, the group intends to request <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr.html#RecsPR">Proposed Recommendation</a> status.
  1330 
  1331 
  1332     <p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a Candidate Recommendation. This document is intended to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:public-prov-comments@w3.org">public-prov-comments@w3.org</a> (<a href="mailto:public-prov-comments-request@w3.org?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>). <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publishes a Candidate Recommendation to indicate that the document is believed to be stable and to encourage implementation by the developer community. This Candidate Recommendation is expected to advance to Proposed Recommendation no earlier than 31 January 2013. All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a Candidate Recommendation does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.</p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status" rel="disclosure">public list of any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#compliance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Compliance with this Document</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#notations" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Notational Conventions</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#namespaces" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Namespaces</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-o-at-a-glance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>The PROV-O Ontology Description</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference for PROV-O classes and properties</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#owl-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>PROV-O OWL Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#inverse-names" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Names of inverse properties</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#changes-since-wd-prov-o-20120724" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Changes since WD-prov-o-20120724</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">E. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">E.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">E.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
  1333   
  1334  
  1335     
  1336 
  1337 
  1338 
  1339 
  1340      <div id="introduction" class="section">    
  1341          
  1342 <!-- OddPage -->
  1343 <h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</h2>  
  1344          <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) defines the OWL2 Web Ontology Language encoding of the PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]. This document describes the set of classes, properties, and restrictions that constitute the PROV Ontology. This ontology specification provides the foundation to implement provenance applications in different domains that can represent, exchange, and integrate provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. Together with the PROV Access and Query [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>] and PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>], this document forms a framework for provenance information interchange in domain-specific Web-based applications.
  1345          </p>
  1346         <p>
  1347          PROV-O is a lightweight ontology that can be adopted in a wide range of applications. 
  1348          With the exception of <a href="#owl-profile">five axioms</a>, PROV-O conforms to the OWL-RL profile [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-PRIMER">OWL2-PRIMER</a></cite>]. 
  1349          The PROV Ontology classes and properties are defined such that they can not only be used directly to represent provenance information, 
  1350          but also can be specialized for modeling application-specific provenance details in a variety of domains. 
  1351          Thus, the PROV Ontology is expected to be both directly usable in applications as well as serve as a <i>reference model</i> 
  1352          for creating domain-specific provenance ontologies and thereby facilitates interoperable provenance modeling. 
  1353          To demonstrate the use of PROV-O classes and properties, this document uses an example provenance scenario similar to the one introduced in the PROV-Primer [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>].
  1354         </p>
  1355          <p> The PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] introduces a set of concepts to represent provenance information in a variety of application domains. This document maps the PROV Data Model to PROV Ontology using the OWL2 ontology language [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW">OWL2-OVERVIEW</a></cite>]. 
  1356         </p>
  1357 
  1358         <p> We briefly introduce some of the OWL2 modeling terms that will be used to describe the PROV Ontology. 
  1359          An OWL2 <i>instance</i> is an individual object in a domain of discourse, for example a person named Alice or a car named KITT. 
  1360          A set of individuals sharing common characteristics constitutes a <i>class</i>.
  1361 
  1362          Person and Car are examples of classes representing the set of individual persons and cars respectively. 
  1363          The OWL2 object properties are used to link individuals, classes, or create a property hierarchy. 
  1364          For example, the object property &quot;hasOwner&quot; can be used to link car with person. 
  1365          The OWL2 datatype properties are used to link individuals or classes to data values, including XML Schema datatypes [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].   
  1366         </p>
  1367 
  1368     <div id="compliance" class="section">    
  1369        <h3><span class="secno">1.1 </span>Compliance with this Document</h3>  
  1370       <p>For the purpose of compliance, the normative sections of this document are 
  1371          <a href="#compliance">Section 1.1</a>, 
  1372          <a href="#notations">Section 1.2</a>,
  1373          <a href="#description">Section 3</a>,
  1374          <a href="#cross-reference">Section 4</a>, and
  1375          <a href="#inverse-names">Appendix B</a>
  1376       </p>
  1377       <ul>
  1378          <li>Information in tables is normative if it appears in a normative section.</li>
  1379          <li>All figures and diagrams are informative.</li>
  1380          <li>All examples are informative.</li>
  1381       </ul>
  1382     </div>
  1383 
  1384     <div id="notations" class="section">    
  1385        <h3><span class="secno">1.2 </span>Notational Conventions</h3>  
  1386 
  1387         <p>The key words &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="must not">must not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="required">required</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="shall">shall</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="shall not">shall not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>&quot;,  &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>&quot;, and       &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>&quot; in this document are to be interpreted as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
  1388     </div>
  1389 
  1390       <div class="informative section" id="namespaces">
  1391          <h3><span class="secno">1.3 </span>Namespaces</h3><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
  1392          <p>The following namespace prefixes are used throughout this document.
  1393 
  1394          </p><div style="text-align: left;">
  1395             <table class="thinborder" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
  1396             <caption id="namespace-table"><a href="#namespace-table">Table 1</a>: Prefix and Namespaces used in this specification</caption> 
  1397 <!--  Table 1 -->
  1398 
  1399             <tbody><tr><td><a><b>prefix</b></a></td><td><b>namespace IRI</b></td> <td><b>definition</b></td></tr>
  1400 
  1401             <tr><td><a>rdf</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#</td><td>The RDF namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-CONCEPTS">RDF-CONCEPTS</a></cite>]</td></tr>
  1402 
  1403             <tr><td><a>xsd</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2000/10/XMLSchema#</td><td>XML Schema Namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>]</td></tr>
  1404 
  1405             <tr><td><a>owl</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#</td><td>The OWL namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-OVERVIEW">OWL2-OVERVIEW</a></cite>]</td></tr>
  1406 
  1407             <tr><td><a>prov</a></td><td>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</td>
  1408                 <td>The PROV namespace [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]</td></tr>
  1409 
  1410             <tr><td><a>(others)</a></td><td>(various)</td><td>All other namespace prefixes are used in examples only. <br /> 
  1411                   In particular, IRIs starting with &quot;http://example.com&quot; represent<br /> some application-dependent IRI [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-IRI">IRI</a></cite>]</td></tr>
  1412             </tbody></table>
  1413          </div>
  1414       </div>
  1415    </div>
  1416 
  1417    <div id="prov-o-at-a-glance" class="informative section">
  1418       
  1419 <!-- OddPage -->
  1420 <h2><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</h2><p><em>This section is non-normative.</em></p>
  1421 
  1422       <p>PROV-O users may only need to use parts of the entire ontology, depending on their needs and according to how much detail they want to include in their provenance information. For this, the PROV-O terms (classes and properties) are grouped into three categories to provide an incremental introduction to the ontology: Starting Point terms, Expanded terms, and terms for Qualifying relationships.
  1423       </p>
  1424 
  1425       <div id="prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
  1426          <p><strong>Starting Point classes and properties</strong> provide the basis for the rest of the PROV Ontology and thus it is recommended that readers become comfortable with how to apply these terms before continuing to the remaining categories. These terms are used to create simple provenance descriptions that can be elaborated using terms from other categories. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
  1427          
  1428 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
  1429   <ul class="hlist">
  1430     <li>
  1431       <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  1432     </li>
  1433     <li>
  1434       <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  1435     </li>
  1436     <li>
  1437       <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  1438     </li>
  1439   </ul>
  1440 </div>
  1441 
  1442 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
  1443   <ul class="hlist">
  1444     <li class="object-property">
  1445       <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
  1446     </li>
  1447     <li class="datatype-property">
  1448       <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
  1449     </li>
  1450     <li class="datatype-property">
  1451       <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
  1452     </li>
  1453     <li class="object-property">
  1454       <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
  1455     </li>
  1456     <li class="object-property">
  1457       <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
  1458     </li>
  1459     <li class="object-property">
  1460       <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
  1461     </li>
  1462     <li class="object-property">
  1463       <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
  1464     </li>
  1465     <li class="object-property">
  1466       <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
  1467     </li>
  1468     <li class="object-property">
  1469       <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
  1470     </li>
  1471   </ul>
  1472 </div>
  1473 
  1474       </div>
  1475 
  1476       <div id="prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
  1477          <p><strong>Expanded classes and properties</strong> provide additional terms that can be used to relate classes in the Starting Point category. The terms in this category are applied in the same way as the terms in the Starting Point category. Many of the terms in this category are subclasses or subproperties of those in the Starting Point category. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
  1478          
  1479 <div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
  1480   <ul class="hlist">
  1481     <li>
  1482       <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
  1483     </li>
  1484     <li>
  1485       <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  1486     </li>
  1487     <li>
  1488       <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
  1489     </li>
  1490     <li>
  1491       <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
  1492     </li>
  1493     <li>
  1494       <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
  1495     </li>
  1496     <li>
  1497       <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
  1498     </li>
  1499     <li>
  1500       <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
  1501     </li>
  1502   </ul>
  1503 </div>
  1504 
  1505 <div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
  1506   <ul class="hlist">
  1507     <li class="object-property">
  1508       <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
  1509     </li>
  1510     <li class="object-property">
  1511       <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
  1512     </li>
  1513     <li class="object-property">
  1514       <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
  1515     </li>
  1516     <li class="datatype-property">
  1517       <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
  1518     </li>
  1519     <li class="object-property">
  1520       <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
  1521     </li>
  1522     <li class="object-property">
  1523       <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
  1524     </li>
  1525     <li class="object-property">
  1526       <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
  1527     </li>
  1528     <li class="object-property">
  1529       <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
  1530     </li>
  1531     <li class="datatype-property">
  1532       <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
  1533     </li>
  1534     <li class="object-property">
  1535       <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
  1536     </li>
  1537     <li class="datatype-property">
  1538       <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
  1539     </li>
  1540     <li class="object-property">
  1541       <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
  1542     </li>
  1543     <li class="object-property">
  1544       <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
  1545     </li>
  1546     <li class="object-property">
  1547       <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
  1548     </li>
  1549     <li class="object-property">
  1550       <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
  1551     </li>
  1552     <li class="object-property">
  1553       <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
  1554     </li>
  1555   </ul>
  1556 </div>
  1557 
  1558       </div>
  1559 
  1560       <div id="prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
  1561          <p><strong>Qualified classes and properties</strong> provide elaborated information about binary relations asserted using Starting Point and Expanded properties. The terms in this category are applied using a pattern that differs from those in the Starting Point and Expanded categories. While the relations from the previous two categories are applied as direct, binary assertions, the terms in this category are used to provide additional attributes of the binary relations. The pattern used in this category allows users to provide elaborate details that are not available using only Starting Point and Expanded terms. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
  1562          
  1563 <div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
  1564   <ul class="hlist">
  1565     <li>
  1566       <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
  1567     </li>
  1568     <li>
  1569       <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
  1570     </li>
  1571     <li>
  1572       <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
  1573     </li>
  1574     <li>
  1575       <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
  1576     </li>
  1577     <li>
  1578       <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
  1579     </li>
  1580     <li>
  1581       <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
  1582     </li>
  1583     <li>
  1584       <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
  1585     </li>
  1586     <li>
  1587       <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
  1588     </li>
  1589     <li>
  1590       <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
  1591     </li>
  1592     <li>
  1593       <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
  1594     </li>
  1595     <li>
  1596       <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
  1597     </li>
  1598     <li>
  1599       <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  1600     </li>
  1601     <li>
  1602       <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
  1603     </li>
  1604     <li>
  1605       <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
  1606     </li>
  1607     <li>
  1608       <a href="#PrimarySource">prov:PrimarySource</a>
  1609     </li>
  1610     <li>
  1611       <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
  1612     </li>
  1613     <li>
  1614       <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
  1615     </li>
  1616     <li>
  1617       <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
  1618     </li>
  1619     <li>
  1620       <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
  1621     </li>
  1622     <li>
  1623       <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
  1624     </li>
  1625   </ul>
  1626 </div>
  1627 
  1628 <div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
  1629   <ul class="hlist">
  1630     <li class="object-property">
  1631       <a href="#activity">prov:activity</a>
  1632     </li>
  1633     <li class="object-property">
  1634       <a href="#agent">prov:agent</a>
  1635     </li>
  1636     <li class="datatype-property">
  1637       <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
  1638     </li>
  1639     <li class="object-property">
  1640       <a href="#entity">prov:entity</a>
  1641     </li>
  1642     <li class="object-property">
  1643       <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
  1644     </li>
  1645     <li class="object-property">
  1646       <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
  1647     </li>
  1648     <li class="object-property">
  1649       <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
  1650     </li>
  1651     <li class="object-property">
  1652       <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
  1653     </li>
  1654     <li class="object-property">
  1655       <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
  1656     </li>
  1657     <li class="object-property">
  1658       <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
  1659     </li>
  1660     <li class="object-property">
  1661       <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
  1662     </li>
  1663     <li class="object-property">
  1664       <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
  1665     </li>
  1666     <li class="object-property">
  1667       <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
  1668     </li>
  1669     <li class="object-property">
  1670       <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
  1671     </li>
  1672     <li class="object-property">
  1673       <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
  1674     </li>
  1675     <li class="object-property">
  1676       <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
  1677     </li>
  1678     <li class="object-property">
  1679       <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
  1680     </li>
  1681     <li class="object-property">
  1682       <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
  1683     </li>
  1684     <li class="object-property">
  1685       <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
  1686     </li>
  1687     <li class="object-property">
  1688       <a href="#qualifiedPrimarySource">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a>
  1689     </li>
  1690     <li class="object-property">
  1691       <a href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
  1692     </li>
  1693     <li class="object-property">
  1694       <a href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
  1695     </li>
  1696     <li class="object-property">
  1697       <a href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
  1698     </li>
  1699     <li class="object-property">
  1700       <a href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
  1701     </li>
  1702     <li class="object-property">
  1703       <a href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
  1704     </li>
  1705   </ul>
  1706 </div>
  1707 
  1708       </div>
  1709 
  1710       <div>
  1711        
  1712       </div>
  1713 
  1714    </div> 
  1715 <!--  PROV-O at a glance  -->
  1716 
  1717 
  1718 
  1719 
  1720     <div id="description" class="section">
  1721       
  1722 <!-- OddPage -->
  1723 <h2><span class="secno">3. </span>The PROV-O Ontology Description</h2>       
  1724       <p>This section introduces the terms in each of the following categories:
  1725       </p>     
  1726       <ul>
  1727          <li><a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
  1728          <li><a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
  1729          <li><a href="#description-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
  1730       </ul>
  1731 
  1732      <div id="description-starting-point-terms" class="section">
  1733       <h3><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
  1734        <p>The Starting Point category is a small set of classes and properties that can be used to create simple, initial provenance descriptions.
  1735          Three classes provide a basis for the rest of PROV-O:  
  1736        </p>
  1737          <ul>
  1738             <li>An <a class="qname" href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a> is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary.  
  1739             </li>
  1740             <li>An <a class="qname" href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a> is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.  
  1741             </li>
  1742             <li>An <a class="qname" href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a> is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. 
  1743             </li>
  1744          </ul> 
  1745       <p>The three primary classes relate to one another and to themselves using the properties shown in the following figure.</p>
  1746 
  1747       <p>Activities <strong>start</strong> and <strong>end</strong> at particular points in time (described using properties 
  1748       <a href="#startedAtTime" class="qname">prov:startedAtTime</a> and <a href="#endedAtTime" class="qname">prov:endedAtTime</a>, respectively) 
  1749       and during their lifespan can  <strong>use</strong> and <strong>generate</strong> a variety of Entities (described with 
  1750       <a href="#used" class="qname">prov:used</a> and <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="qname">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>, respectively). 
  1751       For example, a blog writing activity may use a particular dataset and generate a bar chart. 
  1752       By expressing usage and generation, one can construct provenance chains comprising both Activities and Entities.
  1753       </p>
  1754 
  1755       <p>In addition, we can say that an Activity <a href="#wasInformedBy" class="qname">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
  1756       another Activity to provide some dependency information without explicitly providing the activities' start and end times. 
  1757       A <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> relation between Activities suggests that the informed Activity used an Entity that was generated by the informing 
  1758       Activity, but the Entity itself is unknown or is not of interest. 
  1759       So, the <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> property allows the construction of provenance chains comprising only Activities.
  1760       </p>
  1761 
  1762       <p>Provenance chains comprising only Entities can be formed using the <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> property.
  1763          A derivation is a transformation of one entity into another. For example, if the Activity that created the bar chart is not known or is not of interest,
  1764           then we can say that the bar chart <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> the dataset.
  1765          Arbitrary RDF properties can be used to describe the fixed aspects of an Entity that are interesting within a particular application (for example, 
  1766          the file size and format of the dataset, or the aspect ratio of the bar chart).
  1767       </p>
  1768 
  1769       <p>While the properties <span class="repeated">prov:used</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span>, 
  1770          <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span>, and <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> can be used to construct provenance chains among 
  1771          Activities and Entities, Agents may also be ascribed responsibility for any Activity or Entity within a provenance chain. 
  1772          An Agent's responsibility for an Activity or Entity is described using the properties <a href="#wasAssociatedWith" class="qname">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> and 
  1773          <a href="#wasAttributedTo" class="qname">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>, respectively. 
  1774          Agents can also be responsible for other Agents' actions. In this case of delegation, the influencing Agent <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" class="qname">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> 
  1775          another Agent that also bears responsibility for the influenced Activity or Entity.
  1776 
  1777       </p><div id="starting-points-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
  1778             
  1779 <!--  When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/  -->
  1780 
  1781             
  1782 <!-- img src="prov-o-diagrams/Starting-points-terms.png" -->
  1783 
  1784             <img src="diagrams/starting-points.svg" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" />
  1785             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#starting-points-figure">Figure 1</a>. 
  1786             The three Starting Point classes and the properties that relate them.<br />
  1787             The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals,<br />
  1788             Activities as blue rectangles, and Agents as orange pentagons.<br />
  1789             The responsibility properties are shown in pink.
  1790             </div>
  1791       </div>
  1792 
  1793         <div id="narrative-example-simple-1" about="#narrative-example-simple-1" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  1794            <p>
  1795             <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">Example 1</a>: The following PROV-O describes the resources involved when creating a chart about crime statistics. The example uses only Starting Point terms and serves as a basis for elaboration that will be described in subsequent sections. In the example, Derek performs an aggregation of some government crime data, grouping by national regions that are described in a separate dataset by a civil action group.
  1796            </p> 
  1797            <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/ontology/khalid-jun-dropbox/eg16-journalism-simple-without-comments.ttl" class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  1798 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  1799 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  1800 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  1801 
  1802 :bar_chart
  1803    a prov:Entity;
  1804    prov:wasGeneratedBy  :illustrationActivity;
  1805    prov:wasDerivedFrom  :aggregatedByRegions;
  1806    prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
  1807 .
  1808 
  1809 :derek
  1810    a foaf:Person, prov:Agent;
  1811    foaf:givenName       &quot;Derek&quot;;
  1812    foaf:mbox            &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  1813    prov:actedOnBehalfOf :natonal_newspaper_inc;
  1814 .
  1815 
  1816 :national_newspaper_inc 
  1817    a foaf:Organization, prov:Agent;
  1818    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  1819 .
  1820 
  1821 :illustrationActivity 
  1822    a prov:Activity; 
  1823    prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;
  1824    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
  1825    prov:wasInformedBy     :aggregationActivity;
  1826 .
  1827 
  1828 :aggregatedByRegions
  1829    a prov:Entity;
  1830    prov:wasGeneratedBy  :aggregationActivity;
  1831    prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
  1832 .
  1833 
  1834 :aggregationActivity
  1835    a prov:Activity;
  1836    prov:startedAtTime    &quot;2011-07-14T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1837    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
  1838    prov:used              :crimeData;
  1839    prov:used              :nationalRegionsList;
  1840    prov:endedAtTime      &quot;2011-07-14T02:02:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1841 .
  1842 
  1843 :crimeData
  1844    a prov:Entity;
  1845    prov:wasAttributedTo :government;
  1846 .
  1847 :government a foaf:Organization, prov:Agent .
  1848 
  1849 :nationalRegionsList 
  1850    a prov:Entity;
  1851    prov:wasAttributedTo :civil_action_group;
  1852 .
  1853 :civil_action_group a foaf:Organization, prov:Agent .</pre>
  1854         </div>
  1855 
  1856       <p>The example states that the agent <code>:derek</code> was associated with two 
  1857       activities: <code>:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>:illustrationActivity</code>. The 
  1858       activity <code>:aggregationActivity</code> used 
  1859       the entities <code>:crimeData</code> (a crime statistics dataset) and <code>:nationalRegionsList</code> (a list of national regions), and 
  1860       generated a new entity, <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> that aggregates the statistics in
  1861        <code>:crimeData</code> according to the regions in <code>:nationalRegionsList</code>. 
  1862       The <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> entity was then used by the <code>:illustrationActivity</code> activity, 
  1863       to generate a new entity <code>:bar_chart</code> that depicts the aggregated statistics.
  1864       </p>
  1865 
  1866       <p> The example also states that the activity <code>:illustrationActivity</code> was 
  1867       informed by the activity <code>:aggregationActivity</code>. Indeed, the former used
  1868        the entity <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code>, which was generated by the latter.
  1869       </p>
  1870 
  1871       <p> Because the agent <code>:derek</code> was associated with the activities 
  1872       <code>:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>:illustrationActivity</code>, the entities 
  1873       generated by these activities, i.e., <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> and <code>:bar_chart</code>, were also 
  1874       attributed to him.
  1875       </p>
  1876 
  1877       <p>Finally, the example states that the agent <code>:derek</code> acted on behalf of the organization <code>:national_newspaper_inc</code>.
  1878       </p>   
  1879 
  1880       <div id="narrative-example-simple-1-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
  1881             <img src="diagrams/starting-points-example.svg" style="width: 90%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="Illustration of Derek making a bar chart from some aggregated government data." />
  1882             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#narrative-example-simple-1-figure">Figure 2</a>. 
  1883             A graphical illustration of the PROV-O in <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">Example 1</a>, 
  1884             showing how the three Starting Point classes relate.<br />
  1885             The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals, Activities as blue rectangles,<br />
  1886             and Agents as orange pentagons. The responsibility properties are shown in pink.
  1887             </div>
  1888       </div>
  1889 
  1890      </div> 
  1891 <!--  Starting Points  in PROV-O  -->
  1892 
  1893 
  1894      <div id="description-expanded-terms" class="section">
  1895       <h3><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
  1896 
  1897       <p>The terms introduced in this section provide additional ways to describe the provenance among Entities, Activities, and Agents.
  1898          The additional terms are illustrated in the following figure and can be separated into five different categories.</p>
  1899 
  1900       <div id="expanded-terms-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
  1901             <img src="diagrams/expanded.svg" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" />
  1902             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-terms-figure">Figure 3</a>.
  1903             The expanded terms build upon those in the <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Points section</a>.<br />
  1904             The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals, Activities as blue rectangles, and Agents as orange pentagons.<br />
  1905             The domain of <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> (<span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Agent</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:InstantaneousEvent</span>) is not illustrated.
  1906             </div>
  1907       </div>
  1908 
  1909 
  1910      <p>The <strong>first</strong> category extends the <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point terms</a> with subclasses, subproperties, and a superproperty.</p>
  1911 
  1912      <p>Three subclasses of Agent (<a href="#Person" class="qname">prov:Person</a>, <a href="#Organization" class="qname">prov:Organization</a>, and
  1913       <a href="#SoftwareAgent" class="qname">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>) and
  1914       three subclasses of Entity are provided (<a href="#Collection" class="qname">prov:Collection</a>, <a href="#Bundle" class="qname">prov:Bundle</a>,
  1915       and <a href="#Plan" class="qname">prov:Plan</a>).
  1916       </p>
  1917 
  1918       <p>
  1919       A <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> is an Entity that provides a structure (e.g. set, list, etc.) to some constituents (which are themselves Entities).
  1920       The <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> class can be used to express the provenance of the collection itself:
  1921       e.g. who maintained the collection, which members it contained as it evolved, and how it was assembled.
  1922       The <a href="#hadMember" class="qname">prov:hadMember</a> property is used to assert membership in a collection.
  1923       </p>
  1924 
  1925       <div id="description-bundle">
  1926          <p>
  1927          A <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> is a named set of provenance descriptions, which may itself have provenance.
  1928          The named set of provenance descriptions may be expressed as PROV-O or any other form.
  1929          The subclass of Bundle that names a set of PROV-O assertions is not provided by PROV-O, since it is more appropriate to do so using other recommendations,
  1930          standards, or technologies. In any case, a Bundle of PROV-O assertions is an abstract set of RDF triples, and adding or removing a triple creates a new distinct
  1931          Bundle of PROV-O assertions.
  1932          </p>
  1933       </div>
  1934 
  1935       <p>A <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> is an entity that represents a set of actions or steps intended by one or more agents to achieve some goals.
  1936       </p>
  1937 
  1938 
  1939      <p>
  1940       More general and more specific properties are also provided by the expanded terms. More generally, the property
  1941       <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="qname">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> is a superproperty that relates any influenced Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other
  1942       influencing Entity, Activity, or Agent that had an effect on its characteristics.
  1943 
  1944       Three subproperties of <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> are also provided for certain kinds of derivation among Entities:
  1945       <a href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> cites a potentially larger Entity (such as a book, blog, or image) from which a new Entity was created
  1946       by repeating some or all of the original,
  1947       <a href="#wasRevisionOf" class="qname">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> indicates that the derived Entity contains substantial content from the original Entity
  1948       (e.g., two editions of a book), and
  1949       <a href="#hadPrimarySource" class="qname">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> cites a preceding Entity produced by some agent with direct experience and
  1950       knowledge about the topic (such as a reading from a sensor, or a journal written during an historical event).
  1951       </p>
  1952    
  1953      <p>The <strong>second</strong> category of expanded terms relates Entities according to their levels of abstraction, where some Entities may present more specific aspects than their more general counterparts.
  1954       While <a href="#specializationOf" class="qname">prov:specializationOf</a> links a more specific Entity to a more general one (e.g., today's BBC news home page versus BBC's news home page on any day), <a href="#alternateOf" class="qname">prov:alternateOf</a> links Entities that present aspects of the same thing, but not necessarily the same aspects or at the same time (e.g., the serialization of a document in different formats or a backup copy of a computer file).
  1955      </p>
  1956    
  1957       <p>
  1958       The <strong>third</strong> category of expanded terms allows further description of Entities. The property <a href="#value" class="qname">prov:value</a>
  1959       provides a literal value that is a direct representation of an entity.
  1960       For example, the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of a quote could be a string of the sentences stated, or the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of an Entity involved in a numeric calculation could be the xsd:integer four.
  1961       The property <a href="#atLocation" class="qname">prov:atLocation</a> can be used to describe the <a href="#Location" class="qname">prov:Location</a> of any
  1962       Entity, Activity, Agent, or <a href="#InstantaneousEvent" class="qname">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  1963       (i.e., the starting or ending of an activity or the generation, usage, or invalidation of an entity).
  1964       The properties used to describe instances of <span class="repeated">prov:Location</span> are outside the scope of PROV-O;
  1965       reuse of other existing vocabulary is encouraged.
  1966       </p>
  1967 
  1968 
  1969       <p>The <strong>fourth</strong> category of expanded terms describes the lifetime of an Entity beyond being <strong>generated</strong> by an Activity and <strong>used</strong> by other Activities. For example, a painting could not have been displayed before it was painted, and it could not be sold after it was destroyed by fire.
  1970       Similar to how Activities have start and end times, an Entity may be bound by points in time for which it was generated or is no longer usable.
  1971 The properties <a href="#generatedAtTime" class="qname">prov:generatedAtTime</a> and <a href="#invalidatedAtTime" class="qname">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> can be used to bound the starting and ending moments of an Entity's existence. The Activities that led to the generation or invalidation of an Entity can be provided using <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy" class="qname">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>, respectively.
  1972 <a href="#generated" class="qname">prov:generated</a> and <a href="#invalidated" class="qname">prov:invalidated</a> are the inverses of <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span>, respectively, and are defined to facilitate Activity-as-subject as well as Entity-as-subject descriptions.
  1973       For more about inverses, see the non-normative <a href="#inverse-names">Appendix B</a>.
  1974       </p>
  1975 
  1976       <p>The <strong>fifth</strong> category of expanded terms describes the lifetime of an Activity beyond its start and end times and predecessor Activities.
  1977       Activities may also be started or ended by Entities, which are described using the properties <a href="#wasStartedBy" class="qname">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
  1978       and <a href="#wasEndedBy" class="qname">prov:wasEndedBy</a>, respectively. Since Entities may start or end Activities, and Agents may be Entities,
  1979       then Agents may also start or end Activities.
  1980       </p>
  1981 
  1982         <div id="narrative-example-expanded-1" about="#narrative-example-expanded-1" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  1983            <p>The following examples illustrate the expanded terms by elaborating the <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">crime chart example</a> from the previous section.
  1984               After aggregating the dataset and creating the chart, Derek published a post to exhibit his work.
  1985            </p>
  1986            <p>
  1987               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 2</a>:
  1988            </p>
  1989 
  1990            <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt1.ttl" class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  1991 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  1992 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  1993 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  1994 @prefix my:   &lt;http://www.example.org/vocab#&gt; .
  1995 @prefix :     &lt;http://www.example.org#&gt; .
  1996 @base         &lt;http://www.example.com/derek-bundle.ttl&gt; .
  1997 
  1998 &lt;&gt; 
  1999    a prov:Bundle, prov:Entity;
  2000    prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor;
  2001    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-07-16T02:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2002 .
  2003 
  2004 :derek
  2005    a prov:Person, prov:Agent; ## prov:Agent is inferred from prov:Person
  2006    foaf:givenName       &quot;Derek&quot;;
  2007    foaf:mbox            &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  2008    prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
  2009 .
  2010 
  2011 :national_newspaper_inc 
  2012    a prov:Organization, prov:Agent;        ## prov:Agent is inferred from prov:Organization
  2013    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  2014 .
  2015 
  2016 :postEditor 
  2017    a prov:SoftwareAgent, prov:Agent;       ## prov:Agent is inferred from prov:SoftwareAgent
  2018    foaf:name &quot;Post Editor 3000&quot;;
  2019 .   
  2020 
  2021 :more-crime-happens-in-cities
  2022    a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
  2023    sioc:latest_version   :post9821v2;
  2024    sioc:previous_version :post9821v1;
  2025 .
  2026 
  2027 ## Version 1 of the post
  2028 
  2029 :post9821v1
  2030    a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;   
  2031    prov:specializationOf  :more-crime-happens-in-cities; ## PERMALINK to the latest revision.
  2032    sioc:title             &quot;More crime happens in cities&quot;;
  2033    prov:value             &quot;I was currius...&quot;;            ## The text of this version (with a typo).
  2034    prov:generatedAtTime   &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2035    prov:wasGeneratedBy    :publicationActivity1123;
  2036    prov:wasInfluencedBy   :aggregatedByRegions; ## This blog was influenced by Derek's data analysis.
  2037    prov:hadPrimarySource  :crimeData;           ## Derek's blog derives from the crime data originally
  2038                                                 ## gathered by the government.
  2039    prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;2011-07-16T02:02:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2040 .
  2041 
  2042 :publicationActivity1123 
  2043    a prov:Activity;
  2044    prov:startedAtTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2045    prov:wasStartedBy      :derek;
  2046    prov:wasAssociatedWith :postEditor;
  2047    prov:generated         :post9821v1;
  2048    prov:endedAtTime       &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2049    prov:wasEndedBy        :derek;
  2050 .
  2051 
  2052 :aggregatedByRegions
  2053    a prov:Entity;
  2054    prov:atLocation &lt;file://Users/aggr.txt&gt;;
  2055 .
  2056 &lt;file://Users/aggr.txt&gt; a prov:Location .
  2057 
  2058 :crimeData
  2059    a prov:Entity;
  2060    prov:wasAttributedTo :government;
  2061 .
  2062 :government 
  2063    a prov:Organization, prov:Agent;
  2064 .
  2065 
  2066 ## Version 2 of the post
  2067 
  2068 :post9821v2
  2069    a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
  2070    prov:specializationOf :more-crime-happens-in-cities; ## PERMALINK to the latest revision.
  2071    prov:value            &quot;I was curious...&quot;;            ## The text of this version (with fixed typo).
  2072    prov:generatedAtTime  &quot;2011-07-16T02:02:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2073    prov:wasRevisionOf    :post9821v1;
  2074    prov:alternateOf      :post9821v1;
  2075 .</pre>
  2076         </div>
  2077       
  2078          <p>Agent <code>:derek</code>, acting again on behalf of the <code>:national_newspaper_inc</code> organization,
  2079          used the <code>:postEditor</code> tool to publish a post about his recent data analysis <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code>.
  2080          The blog editing tool tracked Derek's actions as PROV-O assertions and published them as a Bundle (the current file <code>&lt;&gt;</code>).
  2081          The tool recorded that <code>:derek</code> started and ended the publishing activity (<code>:publicationActivity1123</code>)
  2082          that generated the post <code>:post9821v1</code>. The post
  2083          included a permanent link where the content of the latest version is available
  2084          (<code>:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>) in addition to a textual snapshot of the current version (using prov:value).
  2085          Derek also included additional domain-specific descriptions of the post, such as its title.
  2086          </p>
  2087 
  2088          <p>Shortly after publishing the post, Derek noticed a typographical error in his narrative.
  2089          Because the fix would be minimal, he did not record the activity that led to the new version.
  2090          Instead, he related the new version (<code>:post9821v2</code>) as a revision of the previous (<code>:post9821v1</code>).
  2091          Since both versions of the blog are forms of the long-standing blog permalink <code>:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>,
  2092          the revisions are alternates of one another and each is a <a href="#specializationOf" class="qname">prov:specializationOf</a> of <code>:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>.
  2093          </p>     
  2094 
  2095          <div id="expanded-example-illustration-1" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
  2096 
  2097                <img src="diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost.svg" style="width: 95%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" />
  2098 
  2099                <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-example-illustration-1">Figure 4</a>.
  2100                   An illustration of the PROV-O assertions in <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 2</a>, where Derek<br />
  2101                   published two versions of a blog for the National Newspaper, Inc.<br />
  2102                   The diagrams in this document depict Entities as yellow ovals, Activities as blue rectangles,<br />
  2103                   and Agents as orange pentagons. The responsibility properties are shown in pink.
  2104                </div>
  2105          </div>
  2106 
  2107 
  2108 
  2109        <div id="narrative-example-expanded-2" about="#narrative-example-expanded-2" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2110            <p>Shortly after Derek published his blog post, Monica adapted the text for a wider audience in a new post (<code>:post9822</code>).
  2111             This rewrite is an alternate, abbreviated view of the same topic that Derek wrote about and was created from his original text.
  2112             Since the provenance produced by the activities of Derek and Monica corresponded to different user views, the system
  2113             automatically published it in a different <a href="#Bundle" class="qname">prov:Bundle</a>.
  2114             The tool also asserted provenance about the bundle that it produced (e.g., the date of creation, its creator, and the fact that it Derek's bundle was used).
  2115             Because a bundle is a kind of entity, all provenance assertions that can be made about entities can also be made about bundles.
  2116             The use of bundles enables the creation of provenance of provenance.
  2117             </p>     
  2118             <p>
  2119                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-2">Example 3</a>:
  2120             </p>
  2121             <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt1_a.ttl" class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2122 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2123 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  2124 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2125 @prefix :     &lt;http://www.example.org#&gt; .
  2126 @base         &lt;http://www.example.com/monica-bundle.ttl&gt; .
  2127 
  2128 &lt;&gt;
  2129    a prov:Bundle, prov:Entity;
  2130    prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor;
  2131    prov:wasDerivedFrom  &lt;http://www.example.com/derek-bundle.ttl&gt; .
  2132    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-07-16T03:03:03Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2133 .
  2134 
  2135 :monica
  2136    a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
  2137    foaf:givenName &quot;Monica&quot;;
  2138    foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:monica@example.org&gt;;
  2139 .
  2140 
  2141 ## Revised post for a different audience is a new resource.
  2142 
  2143 :post9822
  2144    a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
  2145    sioc:title &quot;More crime happens in cities (for dummies)&quot;;
  2146    prov:wasAttributedTo  :monica,
  2147                          :postEditor;
  2148    prov:alternateOf      :more-crime-happens-in-cities;    ## This post is an alternate of Derek's blog.
  2149    prov:value            &quot;A quick overview of Derek's...&quot;; ## Snapshot with the content of this version
  2150    prov:wasRevisionOf    :post9821v2;                      ## Monica rewrote Derek's version 2 to create hers.
  2151 .</pre>
  2152         </div>
  2153       
  2154          <div id="narrative-example-expanded-3" about="#narrative-example-expanded-3" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2155             <p>After some time, John wrote his own conclusions in his own post (<code>:post19201</code>) quoting the previous two posts. 
  2156                Each quote that John makes (<code>:quote_from_monica</code> and <code>:quote_from_derek</code>) is a new entity derived from the 
  2157                previous blogs and is annotated with the time that the quote was taken.
  2158                The provenance of John's blog notes that his post is the result of the quotes that he took from Derek and Monica.
  2159                The blog post is also derived from Derek's <code>:aggregatedByRegions</code> dataset because John inspected it and found a 
  2160                concern that he discusses in his blog. All the provenance statements related to John's post are grouped in a new <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span>.
  2161             </p>
  2162             <p>
  2163                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-3">Example 4</a>:
  2164             </p>
  2165             <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt2.ttl" class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2166 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2167 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  2168 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2169 @prefix :     &lt;http://www.example.org#&gt; .
  2170 @base         &lt;http://www.example.com/john-bundle.ttl&gt; .
  2171 
  2172 &lt;&gt; 
  2173    a prov:Bundle, prov:Entity;
  2174    prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor;
  2175    prov:wasDerivedFrom &lt;http://www.example.com/derek-bundle.ttl&gt;,
  2176                        &lt;http://www.example.com/monica-bundle.ttl&gt;;
  2177    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-08-08T08:08:08Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2178 .
  2179 
  2180 :publicationActivity1124
  2181    a prov:Activity;
  2182    prov:wasAttributedTo :postEditor,
  2183                         :john;
  2184    prov:generated :post19201;
  2185 .
  2186 
  2187 :post19201
  2188    a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
  2189    prov:wasAttributedTo :john;
  2190    prov:value &quot;I'm not so sure that...&quot;;
  2191    prov:wasDerivedFrom :quote_from_derek,
  2192                        :quote_from_monica,
  2193                        :aggregatedByRegions;
  2194    prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1124;
  2195 .
  2196 
  2197 :john 
  2198    a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
  2199    foaf:name &quot;John&quot;;
  2200 .
  2201 
  2202 :quote_from_derek
  2203    a prov:Entity;
  2204    prov:value &quot;Analysis of the datasets demonstrates that there is more crime.&quot;;
  2205    prov:wasQuotedFrom   :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
  2206    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-08-08T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2207 .
  2208    
  2209 :quote_from_monica
  2210    a prov:Entity;
  2211    prov:value &quot;In summary, there are clearly more crimes in the country.&quot;;
  2212    prov:wasQuotedFrom   :post9822;
  2213    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-08-08T02:02:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2214 .</pre>
  2215          </div>
  2216       
  2217    
  2218          <div id="narrative-example-expanded-4" about="#narrative-example-expanded-4" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2219             <p>Unfortunately, there was a problem in the servers where <code>:post19201</code> was being stored, and all the data related to the post was lost permanently.
  2220             Thus, the system invalidated the entity automatically and notified John about the error.
  2221             </p>     
  2222             <p>
  2223                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-4">Example 5</a>:
  2224             </p>
  2225             <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt4.ttl" class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2226 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2227 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  2228 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2229 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2230 
  2231 :post19201
  2232    a sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
  2233    prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;2012-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2234    prov:wasInvalidatedBy :hard_disk_failure;
  2235 .
  2236 
  2237 :hard_disk_failure
  2238    a prov:Activity;
  2239    prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2240 .</pre>
  2241          </div>
  2242      </div>
  2243 
  2244 
  2245 <!--  incorporate https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/rev/e3ecc51f4598  -->
  2246 
  2247      <div id="description-qualified-terms" class="section">
  2248        <h3><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
  2249 
  2250        <p>The Qualified Terms category is the result of
  2251          applying the <strong>Qualification Pattern</strong> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-LD-Patterns-QR">LD-Patterns-QR</a></cite>] to the simple (unqualified)
  2252          relations available in the <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Starting Point</a> and 
  2253          <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Expanded</a> categories.  
  2254          The terms in this category are for users who wish to provide further details about the provenance-related influence among
  2255          Entities, Activities, and Agents.
  2256        </p>
  2257 
  2258        <p>The Qualification Pattern restates an unqualified influence 
  2259          relation by using an intermediate class that represents the influence between two resources. 
  2260          This new instance, in turn, can be annotated with additional descriptions of the influence that one resource had upon another.
  2261          The following two tables list the influence relations that can be qualified using the Qualification Pattern, along with the properties used to qualify them. 
  2262 
  2263          For example, the second row of the first table indicates that to elaborate how an <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span>
  2264          <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> a particular <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span>, one creates an instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>
  2265          that indicates the influencing entity with the <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property.
  2266          Meanwhile, the influenced <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> indicates the <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> with the property 
  2267          <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span>.
  2268          The resulting structure that qualifies the an Activity's usage of an Entity is illustrated in <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4a</a> below.
  2269        </p>
  2270 
  2271       <div id="qualified-forms-starting-point" style="padding: 10px">
  2272          <p>Seven <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point</a> relations can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
  2273             They are listed in the following normative table.
  2274          </p>
  2275          <div style="text-align: center">
  2276             <table class="qualified-forms">
  2277   <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 2</a>: Qualification Property and Qualified Influence Class used to qualify a Starting-point Property.</caption>
  2278   <tbody><tr>
  2279     <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
  2280     <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
  2281     <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
  2282     <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
  2283     <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
  2284     <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
  2285   </tr>
  2286   <tr>
  2287     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2288     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" class="owlproperty">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a></td>
  2289     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2290     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a></td>
  2291     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" href="#Delegation" class="owlclass">prov:Delegation</a></td>
  2292     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
  2293   </tr>
  2294   <tr>
  2295     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2296     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used" class="owlproperty">prov:used</a></td>
  2297     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2298     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedUsage</a></td>
  2299     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" href="#Usage" class="owlclass">prov:Usage</a></td>
  2300     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2301   </tr>
  2302   <tr>
  2303     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2304     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith" class="owlproperty">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a></td>
  2305     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2306     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a></td>
  2307     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" href="#Association" class="owlclass">prov:Association</a></td>
  2308     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
  2309   </tr>
  2310   <tr>
  2311     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2312     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo" class="owlproperty">prov:wasAttributedTo</a></td>
  2313     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2314     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a></td>
  2315     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" href="#Attribution" class="owlclass">prov:Attribution</a></td>
  2316     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
  2317   </tr>
  2318   <tr>
  2319     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2320     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="owlproperty">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a></td>
  2321     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2322     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a></td>
  2323     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlclass">prov:Derivation</a></td>
  2324     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2325   </tr>
  2326   <tr>
  2327     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2328     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a></td>
  2329     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2330     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a></td>
  2331     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlclass">prov:Generation</a></td>
  2332     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
  2333   </tr>
  2334   <tr>
  2335     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2336     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInformedBy</a></td>
  2337     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2338     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a></td>
  2339     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" href="#Communication" class="owlclass">prov:Communication</a></td>
  2340     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
  2341   </tr>
  2342 </tbody></table>
  2343 
  2344          </div>
  2345       </div>
  2346 
  2347       <div id="qualified-forms-expanded" style="padding: 10px">
  2348          <p>Seven <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded</a> relations can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
  2349             They are listed in the following normative table.
  2350          </p>
  2351          <div style="text-align: center">
  2352             <table class="qualified-forms">
  2353   <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 3</a>: Qualification Property and Qualified Influence Class used to qualify an Expanded Property.</caption>
  2354   <tbody><tr>
  2355     <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
  2356     <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
  2357     <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
  2358     <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
  2359     <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
  2360     <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
  2361   </tr>
  2362   <tr>
  2363     <td style="text-align: center">
  2364         <a title="provEntity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a> or
  2365         <a title="provActivity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a> or
  2366         <a title="provAgent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>    </td>
  2367     <td><a title="provwasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a></td>
  2368     <td style="text-align: center">
  2369         <a title="provEntity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a> or
  2370         <a title="provActivity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a> or
  2371         <a title="provAgent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>    </td>
  2372     <td><a title="provqualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a></td>
  2373     <td><a title="provInfluence" href="#Influence" class="owlclass">prov:Influence</a></td>
  2374     <td><a title="provinfluencer" href="#influencer" class="owlproperty">prov:influencer</a></td>
  2375   </tr>
  2376   <tr>
  2377     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2378     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource" class="owlproperty">prov:hadPrimarySource</a></td>
  2379     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2380     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedPrimarySource" href="#qualifiedPrimarySource" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a></td>
  2381     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#PrimarySource" href="#PrimarySource" class="owlclass">prov:PrimarySource</a></td>
  2382     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2383   </tr>
  2384   <tr>
  2385     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2386     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasEndedBy</a></td>
  2387     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2388     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" href="#qualifiedEnd" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedEnd</a></td>
  2389     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" href="#End" class="owlclass">prov:End</a></td>
  2390     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2391   </tr>
  2392   <tr>
  2393     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2394     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a></td>
  2395     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2396     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a></td>
  2397     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" href="#Invalidation" class="owlclass">prov:Invalidation</a></td>
  2398     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
  2399   </tr>
  2400   <tr>
  2401     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2402     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="owlproperty">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a></td>
  2403     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2404     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" href="#qualifiedQuotation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a></td>
  2405     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation" href="#Quotation" class="owlclass">prov:Quotation</a></td>
  2406     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2407   </tr>
  2408   <tr>
  2409     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2410     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf" class="owlproperty">prov:wasRevisionOf</a></td>
  2411     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2412     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" href="#qualifiedRevision" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedRevision</a></td>
  2413     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision" href="#Revision" class="owlclass">prov:Revision</a></td>
  2414     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2415   </tr>
  2416   <tr>
  2417     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2418     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasStartedBy</a></td>
  2419     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2420     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" href="#qualifiedStart" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedStart</a></td>
  2421     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" href="#Start" class="owlclass">prov:Start</a></td>
  2422     <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
  2423   </tr>
  2424 </tbody></table>
  2425 
  2426          </div>
  2427       </div>
  2428 
  2429 
  2430       <p>The qualification classes and properties shown in the previous two tables can also be found in the normative <a href="#cross-reference">cross reference</a> 
  2431         in the next section of this document. 
  2432 
  2433          All influence classes (e.g. <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>) are extensions of 
  2434          <a class="qname" href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a> and either 
  2435          <a class="qname" href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>, 
  2436          <a class="qname" href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>, or
  2437          <a class="qname" href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>, which determine the property used to cite the influencing resource (either
  2438          <a class="qname" href="#entity">prov:entity</a>,
  2439          <a class="qname" href="#activity">prov:activity</a>, or
  2440          <a class="qname" href="#agent">prov:agent</a>, respectively). 
  2441          Because <span class="repeated">prov:Influence</span> is a broad relation, its most specific subclasses (e.g. <span class="repeated">prov:Communication</span>, 
  2442          <span class="repeated">prov:Delegation</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:End</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:Revision</span>, etc.) should be used when applicable.
  2443 
  2444          </p><div id="narrative-example-qualified-1" about="#narrative-example-qualified-1" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2445             <p>
  2446                <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-1">Example 6</a>:
  2447             </p>
  2448             <p>
  2449                For example, given the unqualified statement:
  2450                </p><pre class="example">:e1 
  2451    a prov:Entity;
  2452    prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1;
  2453 .
  2454 
  2455 :a1 a prov:Activity .</pre>
  2456             <p></p>
  2457          </div>
  2458 
  2459          <p>One can find that <a class="qname" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> 
  2460             can be qualified using the qualification property <a class="qname" href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>,
  2461             the class <a class="qname" href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a> (a subclass of <a class="qname" href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>),
  2462             and the property <a class="qname" href="#activity">prov:activity</a>.
  2463             From this, the influence relation above can be restated with the <em>qualification pattern</em> as:
  2464          </p>
  2465 
  2466          <div id="narrative-example-qualified-2" about="#narrative-example-qualified-2" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2467             <p>
  2468                <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-2">Example 7</a>:
  2469             </p>
  2470             <pre class="example">:e1 
  2471    a prov:Entity;
  2472    prov:wasGeneratedBy      :a1;
  2473    prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen; # Add the qualification.
  2474 .
  2475 
  2476 :e1Gen 
  2477    a prov:Generation;
  2478    prov:activity            :a1;    # Cite the influencing Activity.
  2479    ex:foo                   :bar;   # Describe the Activity :a1's influence upon the Entity :e1.
  2480 .
  2481 
  2482 :a1 a prov:Activity .</pre>
  2483          </div>
  2484 
  2485          <p>
  2486             The asserter can thus attach additional properties to <code>:e1Gen</code> to describe the generation of <code>:e1</code> by <code>:a1</code>.
  2487          </p>
  2488 
  2489          <p>
  2490             As can be seen in this example, qualifying an influence relation provides a second form (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen</code>) to express an equivalent influence relation 
  2491             (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1</code>).
  2492             It is correct and acceptable for an implementer to use either qualified or unqualified forms as they choose (or both), 
  2493             and a consuming application should be prepared to recognize either form. 
  2494             Consuming applications <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> recognize both qualified and unqualified forms, and treat the qualified form as implying the unqualified form.
  2495             Because the qualification form is more verbose, the unqualified form should be favored in cases where additional properties are not provided.
  2496             When the qualified form is expressed, including the equivalent unqualified form can facilitate PROV-O consumption, and is thus encouraged.
  2497         </p>
  2498             
  2499 <!--  To simplify client queries, 
  2500             any qualified relation SHOULD be accompanied by the equivalent unqualified statement. 
  2501             Unqualified properties SHOULD NOT have the equivalent qualified form
  2502             asserted unless it adds additional information.  -->
  2503 
  2504 
  2505       <p>In addition to the previous two tables, <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a> 
  2506          illustrates the classes and properties needed to apply the qualification pattern to ten of the fourteen qualifiable influence relations. 
  2507 
  2508          For example, while <a class="qname" href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>, 
  2509          <a class="qname" href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>, and <a class="qname" href="#entity">prov:entity</a> are used to qualify 
  2510          <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relations, 
  2511    
  2512          <a class="qname" href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>, <a class="qname" href="#Association">prov:Association</a>, 
  2513          and <a class="qname" href="#agent">prov:agent</a> are used to qualify <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> 
  2514          relations. This pattern applies to the twelve other influence relations that can be qualified.
  2515       </p>
  2516 
  2517       <p>In subfigure <strong>a</strong> the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property and references an instance of 
  2518       <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relation between the Activity and Entity. 
  2519       The <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property is used to cite the Entity that was used by the Activity. 
  2520       In this case, the time that the Activity used the Entity is provided using the <a href="#atTime" class="qname">prov:atTime</a> property and a literal 
  2521       <span class="repeated">xsd:dateTime</span> value. The <span class="repeated">prov:atTime</span> property can be used to describe any 
  2522       <a href="#InstantaneousEvent" class="qname">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a> (including 
  2523       <a href="#Start" class="qname">prov:Start</a>, 
  2524       <a href="#Generation" class="qname">prov:Generation</a>, 
  2525       <a href="#Usage" class="qname">prov:Usage</a>, 
  2526       <a href="#Invalidation" class="qname">prov:Invalidation</a>, and
  2527       <a href="#End" class="qname">prov:End</a>).
  2528       </p>
  2529 
  2530       <p>Similarly in subfigure <strong>j</strong>, the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
  2531       <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property and references an instance of 
  2532       <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the 
  2533       <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> relation between the Activity and Agent. The 
  2534       <span class="repeated">prov:agent</span> property is used to cite the Agent that influenced the Activity. 
  2535       In this case, the plan of actions and steps that the Agent used to achieve its goals is provided using the 
  2536       <a href="#hadPlan" class="qname">prov:hadPlan</a> property and an instance of <a href="#Plan" class="qname">prov:Plan</a>. Further, the 
  2537       <a href="#hadRole" class="qname">prov:hadRole</a> property and <a href="#Role" class="qname">prov:Role</a> 
  2538       class can be used to describe the function that the agent served with respect to the Activity. 
  2539       Both <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:Role</span> are left to be extended by applications.
  2540       </p>
  2541 
  2542        <div id="qualified-terms-figure" style="text-align: center;" class="figure">
  2543             
  2544 <!--  When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/  -->
  2545 
  2546             
  2547 <!-- img src="prov-o-diagrams/Qualified-Association.png" -->
  2548 
  2549             <img src="diagrams/qualified-patterns.svg" style="width: 70%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 70em" alt="Express association between an activity and an agent using a binary relationship and an alternatie qualified relationship" />
  2550             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a>: 
  2551             Illustration of the properties and classes to use (<span style="color: blue">in blue</span>)
  2552             to qualify the 
  2553             <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">starting point</a> and 
  2554             <a href="#description-expanded-terms">expanded</a> influence relations (<strong>dotted black</strong>). <br />
  2555             The diagrams in this document depict Entities as ovals, Activities as rectangles, and Agents as pentagons.
  2556             <a href="#Quotation">Quotation</a>, <a href="#Revision">Revision</a>, and <a href="#PrimarySource">PrimarySource</a> 
  2557              are omitted because they are special forms of <a href="#Derivation">Derivation</a> and follow the same pattern as subfigure <strong>g</strong>.</div>
  2558        </div>
  2559 
  2560 
  2561 
  2562 
  2563       <p>The following two examples show the result of applying the Usage and Association patterns to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
  2564       </p>
  2565 
  2566       <div id="narrative-example-qualified-3" about="#narrative-example-qualified-3" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2567          <p>
  2568             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-3">Example 8</a>:
  2569          </p>
  2570           <div class="exampleOuter">
  2571              <div><b>Qualified Usage</b></div>
  2572                <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>:illustrationActivity</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> cites the data used (<code>:aggregatedByRegions</code>) and the time the activity used it (<code>2011-07-14T03:03:03Z</code>).
  2573              </p>
  2574                 <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2575 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2576 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2577 
  2578 :illustrationActivity 
  2579    a prov:Activity;                ## Using Starting Point terms,
  2580    prov:used :aggregatedByRegions; ##   the illustration activity used the aggregated data (to create the bar chart).
  2581 .
  2582 
  2583 :aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
  2584 
  2585 :illustrationActivity      
  2586    prov:qualifiedUsage [                                ## Qualify how the :illustrationActivity
  2587       a prov:Usage;                                     ##   used
  2588       prov:entity :aggregatedByRegions;                 ##     the Entity :aggregatedByRegions
  2589 
  2590       prov:atTime &quot;2011-07-14T03:03:03Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; ## Qualification: The aggregated data was used 
  2591                                                         ##   at a particular time to create the bar chart..
  2592    ];
  2593 .</pre>
  2594           </div>
  2595       </div>
  2596 
  2597       <div id="narrative-example-qualified-4" about="#narrative-example-qualified-4" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2598          <p>
  2599             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-4">Example 9</a>:
  2600          </p>
  2601         <div class="exampleOuter">
  2602            <div><b>Qualified Association</b></div>
  2603             <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
  2604             <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property to provide an additional description about the <code>:illustrationActivity</code> that Derek influenced. 
  2605             The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span> cites the influencing agent (<code>:derek</code>) that followed the instructions (<code>:tutorial_blog</code>). 
  2606             Further, Derek served the role of <code>:illustrationist</code> during the activity.
  2607             </p>
  2608               <pre class="example">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2609 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2610 
  2611 :illustrationActivity
  2612    a prov:Activity;                ## Using Starting Point terms,
  2613    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;  ##   the illustration activity was associated with Derek in some way.
  2614 .
  2615 
  2616 :derek a prov:Agent .
  2617 
  2618 :illustrationActivity
  2619    prov:qualifiedAssociation [       ## Qualify how the :illustrationActivity
  2620       a prov:Association;            ##   was associated with
  2621       prov:agent   :derek            ##     the Agent Derek.
  2622 
  2623       prov:hadRole :illustrationist; ## Qualification: The role that Derek served.
  2624       prov:hadPlan :tutorial_blog;   ## Qualification: The plan (or recipe, instructions)
  2625                                      ##   that Derek followed when creating the graphical chart.
  2626    ];
  2627 .
  2628 
  2629 :tutorial_blog   a prov:Plan, prov:Entity .
  2630 :illustrationist a prov:Role .</pre>
  2631         </div>
  2632       </div>
  2633 
  2634 
  2635        <p>This section finishes with two more examples of qualification as applied to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
  2636        </p>
  2637 
  2638 
  2639       <div id="narrative-example-qualified-5" about="#narrative-example-qualified-5" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2640          <p>
  2641             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-5">Example 10</a>:
  2642          </p>
  2643         <div class="exampleOuter">
  2644            <div><b>Qualified Generation</b></div>
  2645             <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedGeneration</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>:bar_chart</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Generation</span> cites the time (2011-07-14T15:52:14Z) that the activity (<code>:illustrationActivity</code>) generated the chart (<code>:bar_chart</code>).
  2646             </p>
  2647               <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2648 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2649 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2650 
  2651 :bar_chart
  2652    a prov:Entity;                              ## Using Starting Point terms,
  2653    prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrationActivity;  ##   the chart was generated in an illustration activity.
  2654 .
  2655 
  2656 :illustrationActivity a prov:Activity .
  2657 
  2658 :bar_chart
  2659    prov:qualifiedGeneration [                           ## Qualify how the :bar_chart
  2660       a prov:Generation;                                ##   was generated by
  2661       prov:activity :illustrationActivity;              ##     the Activity :illustrationActivity.
  2662 
  2663       prov:atTime &quot;2011-07-14T15:52:14Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; ## Qualification: The Activity generated
  2664                                                         ##   the bar_chart at a particular time.
  2665    ];
  2666 .</pre>
  2667         </div>
  2668       </div>
  2669 
  2670       <div id="narrative-example-qualified-6" about="#narrative-example-qualified-6" typeof="prov:Entity" class="exampleOuter" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2671          <p>
  2672             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-6">Example 11</a>:
  2673          </p>
  2674         <div class="exampleOuter">
  2675            <div><b>Qualified Derivation</b></div>
  2676            <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedDerivation</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> 
  2677               property to provide an additional description to <code>:bar_chart</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Derivation</span> 
  2678               cites the activity (<code>:illustrationActivity</code>) and the Usages and Generations that the activity conduced to create the <code>:bar_chart</code>.
  2679            </p>
  2680            <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2681 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2682 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2683 
  2684 :bar_chart
  2685    a prov:Entity;                             ## Using Starting Point terms,
  2686    prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;  ##   the chart was derived from the aggregated dataset.
  2687 .
  2688 
  2689 :aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
  2690 
  2691 :bar_chart
  2692    prov:qualifiedDerivation [                      ## Qualify
  2693       a prov:Derivation;                           ##   how :bar_chart was derived from
  2694       prov:entity        :aggregatedByRegions;     ##     the dataset Entity :aggregatedByRegions.
  2695 
  2696       prov:hadActivity   :aggregating_activity;    ## Qualification: The activity that derived the :bar_chart.
  2697       prov:hadUsage      :use_of_aggregatedData;   ## Qualification: How the activity used :aggregatedByRegions.
  2698       prov:hadGeneration :generation_of_bar_chart; ## Qualification: How the activity generated the :bar_chart.
  2699    ];
  2700 .</pre>
  2701         </div>
  2702       </div>
  2703 
  2704      </div>
  2705 
  2706 
  2707     </div>
  2708 
  2709  
  2710 
  2711    <div id="cross-reference" class="normative section">
  2712       
  2713 <!--  prov:tracedTo [ prov:wasGeneratedBy [ a prov:Activity; 
  2714            dcterms:description "python eg-24-prov-o-html-examples.py http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/ProvenanceOntology.owl" ] ] ]  -->
  2715 
  2716       
  2717 <!-- OddPage -->
  2718 <h2><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference for PROV-O classes and properties</h2>
  2719       <p>This section provides details for each class and property defined by the PROV Ontology, grouped by the categories described above:
  2720       </p>     
  2721       <ul>
  2722          <li><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
  2723          <li><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
  2724          <li><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
  2725       </ul>
  2726 
  2727       <p>
  2728       The superscripts <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup> and <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup> denote that a property is an OWL <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Object_Properties">object property</a> or <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Data_Properties">data property</a>, respectively.
  2729       </p>
  2730 
  2731       <p>Each PROV-O term in this cross reference links to the corresponding PROV-DM concept. The PROV-DM's table 
  2732          <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#prov-dm-to-prov-o-and-prov-n">Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</a> 
  2733          provides an overview of the correspondences between PROV-O and PROV-DM.
  2734 
  2735       </p>
  2736 
  2737       <p>
  2738          The qualification classes and properties shown in <a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 2</a> and 
  2739          <a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 3</a> of the previous section can also be found in each entry of this cross reference.
  2740          If the property can be qualified, the <strong>can be qualified with</strong>
  2741          header indicates the qualifying property and influence class that should be used.
  2742          Conversely, the <strong>qualifies</strong> headers in the listings for qualification terms indicate the unqualified property that they qualify.
  2743          In the OWL file iteself, the annotation properties <span class="qname repeated">prov:qualifiedForm</span> and <span class="qname repeated">prov:unqualifiedForm</span>
  2744          provide the same linkages between the unqualified properties and their qualifiying terms.
  2745       </p>
  2746 
  2747       <p>Most examples shown in this cross reference are encoded using the Turtle RDF serialization. 
  2748          When it is convenient to do so (e.g., when an example describes a <span class="qname repeated">prov:Bundle</span>), it may use the [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-TRIG">TRIG</a></cite>] syntax. 
  2749          Although this document does not specify how to encode Bundles in RDF, TriG's named graph construct is used only to illustrate the concept of 
  2750          creating a named set of PROV assertions. Note that <a href="#compliance">all examples are non-normative</a>.
  2751       </p>
  2752 
  2753       <div id="cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="section">
  2754          <h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
  2755          <p>The classes and properties that provide a basis for all other PROV-O terms are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
  2756          
  2757 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
  2758   <ul class="hlist">
  2759     <li>
  2760       <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  2761     </li>
  2762     <li>
  2763       <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  2764     </li>
  2765     <li>
  2766       <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  2767     </li>
  2768   </ul>
  2769 </div>
  2770 
  2771 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
  2772   <ul class="hlist">
  2773     <li class="object-property">
  2774       <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
  2775     </li>
  2776     <li class="datatype-property">
  2777       <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
  2778     </li>
  2779     <li class="datatype-property">
  2780       <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
  2781     </li>
  2782     <li class="object-property">
  2783       <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
  2784     </li>
  2785     <li class="object-property">
  2786       <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
  2787     </li>
  2788     <li class="object-property">
  2789       <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
  2790     </li>
  2791     <li class="object-property">
  2792       <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
  2793     </li>
  2794     <li class="object-property">
  2795       <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
  2796     </li>
  2797     <li class="object-property">
  2798       <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
  2799     </li>
  2800   </ul>
  2801 </div>
  2802 
  2803          <div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes crossreference" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  2804 
  2805   <div id="Activity" class="entity">
  2806     <h3 id="class--prov-activity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
  2807       Class: <a href="#Activity"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</span></a>
  2808       <span class="backlink">
  2809          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
  2810       </span>
  2811     </h3>
  2812     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity</p>
  2813     <div class="definition"><p>An activity is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.</p>
  2814     </div>
  2815 
  2816     <div about="#example-for-class-Activity" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  2817       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity"></span>
  2818       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2819       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Activity.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2820 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2821 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2822 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2823 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  2824 
  2825 :graduation
  2826    a prov:Activity, :Graduation;
  2827    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-15T13:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2828    prov:used          :ms_smith;
  2829    prov:generated     :doctor_smith;
  2830    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-15T14:30:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2831 .
  2832 :ms_smith     a prov:Entity .
  2833 :doctor_smith a prov:Entity .
  2834 </pre>
  2835     </div>
  2836 
  2837     <dl class="description">
  2838       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  2839 
  2840       <dt></dt>
  2841       <dd>
  2842         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2843         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2844         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2845         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2846         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime" href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  2847         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2848         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2849         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2850         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" href="#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2851         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime" href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  2852         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2853         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2854         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2855         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used">prov:used</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2856       </dd>
  2857 
  2858       <dt></dt>
  2859       <dd>
  2860         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2861       </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
  2862       <dd>
  2863         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2864         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2865         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2866         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity" href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2867         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#activity">prov:activity</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2868       </dd>
  2869 
  2870       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  2871       <dd>
  2872         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Activity">Activity</a>      </dd>
  2873     </dl>
  2874   </div>
  2875 
  2876   <div id="Agent" class="entity">
  2877     <h3 id="class--prov-agent-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
  2878       Class: <a href="#Agent"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</span></a>
  2879       <span class="backlink">
  2880          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
  2881       </span>
  2882     </h3>
  2883     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent</p>
  2884     <div class="definition"><p>An agent is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. </p>
  2885     </div>
  2886 
  2887     <div about="#example-for-class-Agent" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  2888       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent"></span>
  2889       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2890       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Agent.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2891 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2892 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2893 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2894 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2895 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com#&gt; .
  2896 
  2897 :derek
  2898    a prov:Agent, prov:Person;
  2899    foaf:givenName      &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2900    foaf:mbox           &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  2901    foaf:homePage       &lt;http://derek.example.com&gt;;
  2902    prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
  2903 .
  2904 
  2905 :national_newspaper_inc
  2906    a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
  2907    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  2908 . 
  2909 </pre>
  2910     </div>
  2911 
  2912     <dl class="description">
  2913       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  2914 
  2915       <dt></dt>
  2916       <dd>
  2917         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2918         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2919       </dd>
  2920 
  2921       <dt></dt>
  2922       <dd>
  2923         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2924       </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
  2925       <dd>
  2926         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2927         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#agent">prov:agent</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2928         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2929         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2930       </dd>
  2931 
  2932       <dt>has subclasses</dt>
  2933       <dd>
  2934         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization" href="#Organization" class="owlclass">prov:Organization</a>
  2935         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person" href="#Person" class="owlclass">prov:Person</a>
  2936         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent" href="#SoftwareAgent" class="owlclass">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
  2937       </dd>
  2938 
  2939       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  2940       <dd>
  2941         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
  2942     </dl>
  2943   </div>
  2944 
  2945   <div id="Entity" class="entity">
  2946     <h3 id="class--prov-entity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
  2947       Class: <a href="#Entity"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</span></a>
  2948       <span class="backlink">
  2949          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
  2950       </span>
  2951     </h3>
  2952     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity</p>
  2953     <div class="definition"><p>An entity is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary. </p>
  2954     </div>
  2955 
  2956     <div about="#example-for-class-Entity" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  2957       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity"></span>
  2958       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2959       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Entity.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2960 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2961 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2962 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  2963 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2964 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  2965 
  2966 :bar_chart 
  2967    a prov:Entity;
  2968    dcterms:title &quot;Aggregated statistics from the crime file&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2969    prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
  2970 .
  2971 
  2972 :derek a prov:Agent .
  2973 </pre>
  2974     </div>
  2975 
  2976     <dl class="description">
  2977       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  2978 
  2979       <dt></dt>
  2980       <dd>
  2981         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2982         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2983         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value" href="#value">prov:value</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  2984         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2985         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2986         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2987         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2988         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2989         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2990         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2991         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime" href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  2992         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2993         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2994         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2995         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2996         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedPrimarySource" href="#qualifiedPrimarySource">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2997         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  2998         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime" href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  2999         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3000       </dd>
  3001 
  3002       <dt></dt>
  3003       <dd>
  3004         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3005       </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
  3006       <dd>
  3007         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3008         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3009         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3010         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3011         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3012         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3013         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3014         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3015         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" href="#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3016         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3017         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity">prov:entity</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3018         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3019         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used">prov:used</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3020       </dd>
  3021 
  3022       <dt>has subclasses</dt>
  3023       <dd>
  3024         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" href="#Collection" class="owlclass">prov:Collection</a>
  3025         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan" href="#Plan" class="owlclass">prov:Plan</a>
  3026         , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" href="#Bundle" class="owlclass">prov:Bundle</a>
  3027       </dd>
  3028 
  3029       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3030       <dd>
  3031         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-entity">entity</a>      </dd>
  3032     </dl>
  3033   </div>
  3034 </div>
  3035 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties crossreference" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  3036   <div id="actedOnBehalfOf" class="entity">
  3037     <h3 id="property--prov-actedonbehalfof-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3038       Property: <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3039       <span class="backlink">
  3040          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3041       </span>
  3042     </h3>
  3043     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf</p>
  3044     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to an agent (by itself or by another agent) to carry out a specific activity as a delegate or representative, while the agent it acts on behalf of retains some responsibility for the outcome of the delegated work.
  3045 
  3046 For example, a student acted on behalf of his supervisor, who acted on behalf of the department chair, who acted on behalf of the university; all those agents are responsible in some way for the activity that took place but we do not say explicitly who bears responsibility and to what degree.</p>
  3047     </div>
  3048 
  3049     <div about="#example-for-property-actedOnBehalfOf" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3050       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf"></span>
  3051       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3052       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_actedOnBehalfOf.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3053 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3054 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3055 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  3056 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3057 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3058 
  3059 :derek
  3060    a prov:Agent;
  3061    foaf:givenName &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
  3062    foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  3063    prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc; 
  3064 .
  3065 
  3066 :national_newspaper_inc 
  3067    a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
  3068    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  3069 .
  3070 </pre>
  3071     </div>
  3072 
  3073     <div class="description">
  3074       <div class="comment "><p>An object property to express the accountability of an agent towards another agent. The subordinate agent acted on behalf of the responsible agent in an actual activity. </p>
  3075       </div>
  3076       <dl>
  3077 
  3078         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3079         <dd>
  3080           <ul>
  3081             <li>
  3082               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3083             </li>
  3084           </ul>
  3085         </dd>
  3086 
  3087         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3088         <dd>
  3089           <ul>
  3090             <li>
  3091               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  3092             </li>
  3093           </ul>
  3094         </dd>
  3095 
  3096         <dt>has range</dt>
  3097         <dd>
  3098           <ul>
  3099             <li>
  3100               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  3101             </li>
  3102           </ul>
  3103         </dd>
  3104 
  3105         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3106         <dd>
  3107           <ul>
  3108             <li>
  3109               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" href="#Delegation" class="owlclass">prov:Delegation</a>
  3110             </li>
  3111             <li>
  3112               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3113             </li>
  3114           </ul>
  3115         </dd>
  3116 
  3117       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3118       <dd>
  3119          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-delegation">delegation</a>      </dd>
  3120 
  3121       </dl>
  3122     </div>
  3123   </div>
  3124 
  3125   <div id="endedAtTime" class="entity">
  3126     <h3 id="property--prov-endedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3127       Property: <a href="#endedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  3128       <span class="backlink">
  3129          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3130       </span>
  3131     </h3>
  3132     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime</p>
  3133     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have been ended by an entity, known as trigger. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to a trigger entity that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
  3134     </div>
  3135 
  3136     <div about="#example-for-property-endedAtTime" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3137       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime"></span>
  3138       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3139       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_endedAtTime.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3140 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3141 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3142 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3143 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3144 
  3145 :geneSequencing
  3146    a prov:Activity;
  3147    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3148    prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
  3149    prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
  3150    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3151 .
  3152 
  3153 :drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
  3154 :lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
  3155 </pre>
  3156     </div>
  3157 
  3158     <div class="description">
  3159       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity ended. See also prov:startedAtTime.</p>
  3160       </div>
  3161       <dl>
  3162 
  3163         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3164         <dd>
  3165           <ul>
  3166             <li>
  3167               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3168             </li>
  3169           </ul>
  3170         </dd>
  3171 
  3172         <dt>has range</dt>
  3173         <dd>
  3174           <ul>
  3175             <li>
  3176               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  3177             </li>
  3178           </ul>
  3179         </dd>
  3180 
  3181         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3182         <dd>
  3183           <ul>
  3184             <li>
  3185               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" href="#End" class="owlclass">prov:End</a>
  3186             </li>
  3187             <li>
  3188               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" href="#atTime" class="owlproperty">prov:atTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  3189             </li>
  3190           </ul>
  3191         </dd>
  3192 
  3193       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3194       <dd>
  3195          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-End">End</a>      </dd>
  3196 
  3197       </dl>
  3198     </div>
  3199   </div>
  3200 
  3201   <div id="startedAtTime" class="entity">
  3202     <h3 id="property--prov-startedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3203       Property: <a href="#startedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  3204       <span class="backlink">
  3205          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3206       </span>
  3207     </h3>
  3208     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime</p>
  3209     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have been started by an entity, known as trigger. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to a trigger entity that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
  3210     </div>
  3211 
  3212     <div about="#example-for-property-startedAtTime" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3213       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime"></span>
  3214       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3215       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_startedAtTime.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3216 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3217 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3218 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3219 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3220 
  3221 :geneSequencing
  3222    a prov:Activity;
  3223    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3224    prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
  3225    prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
  3226    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3227 .
  3228 
  3229 :drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
  3230 :lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
  3231 </pre>
  3232     </div>
  3233 
  3234     <div class="description">
  3235       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity started. See also prov:endedAtTime.</p>
  3236       </div>
  3237       <dl>
  3238 
  3239         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3240         <dd>
  3241           <ul>
  3242             <li>
  3243               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3244             </li>
  3245           </ul>
  3246         </dd>
  3247 
  3248         <dt>has range</dt>
  3249         <dd>
  3250           <ul>
  3251             <li>
  3252               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  3253             </li>
  3254           </ul>
  3255         </dd>
  3256 
  3257         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3258         <dd>
  3259           <ul>
  3260             <li>
  3261               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" href="#Start" class="owlclass">prov:Start</a>
  3262             </li>
  3263             <li>
  3264               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" href="#atTime" class="owlproperty">prov:atTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  3265             </li>
  3266           </ul>
  3267         </dd>
  3268 
  3269       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3270       <dd>
  3271          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Start">Start</a>      </dd>
  3272 
  3273       </dl>
  3274     </div>
  3275   </div>
  3276 
  3277   <div id="used" class="entity">
  3278     <h3 id="property--prov-used-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3279       Property: <a href="#used"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3280       <span class="backlink">
  3281          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3282       </span>
  3283     </h3>
  3284     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used</p>
  3285     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
  3286     </div>
  3287 
  3288     <div about="#example-for-property-used" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3289       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used"></span>
  3290       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3291       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_used.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3292 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3293 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3294 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3295 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3296 
  3297 :sortActivity
  3298    a prov:Activity;
  3299    prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3300    prov:used       :datasetA;
  3301    prov:generated  :datasetB;
  3302 .
  3303 
  3304 :datasetA a prov:Entity.
  3305 :datasetB a prov:Entity.
  3306 
  3307 # See qualified Usage for example on how the role of :datasetA can be described for this Activity
  3308 </pre>
  3309     </div>
  3310 
  3311     <div class="description">
  3312       <div class="comment "><p>A prov:Entity that was used by this prov:Activity. For example, :baking prov:used :spoon, :egg, :oven .</p>
  3313       </div>
  3314       <dl>
  3315 
  3316         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3317         <dd>
  3318           <ul>
  3319             <li>
  3320               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3321             </li>
  3322           </ul>
  3323         </dd>
  3324 
  3325         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3326         <dd>
  3327           <ul>
  3328             <li>
  3329               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3330             </li>
  3331           </ul>
  3332         </dd>
  3333 
  3334         <dt>has range</dt>
  3335         <dd>
  3336           <ul>
  3337             <li>
  3338               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  3339             </li>
  3340           </ul>
  3341         </dd>
  3342 
  3343         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3344         <dd>
  3345           <ul>
  3346             <li>
  3347               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" href="#Usage" class="owlclass">prov:Usage</a>
  3348             </li>
  3349             <li>
  3350               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3351             </li>
  3352           </ul>
  3353         </dd>
  3354 
  3355       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3356       <dd>
  3357          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Usage">Usage</a>      </dd>
  3358 
  3359       </dl>
  3360     </div>
  3361   </div>
  3362 
  3363   <div id="wasAssociatedWith" class="entity">
  3364     <h3 id="property--prov-wasassociatedwith-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3365       Property: <a href="#wasAssociatedWith"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3366       <span class="backlink">
  3367          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3368       </span>
  3369     </h3>
  3370     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith</p>
  3371     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>An activity association is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity.</p>
  3372     </div>
  3373 
  3374     <div about="#example-for-property-wasAssociatedWith" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3375       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith"></span>
  3376       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3377       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasAssociatedWith.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3378 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3379 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3380 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3381 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3382 
  3383 :illustrating
  3384    a prov:Activity; 
  3385    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
  3386 .
  3387 
  3388 :derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .
  3389 </pre>
  3390     </div>
  3391 
  3392     <div class="description">
  3393       <div class="comment "><p>An prov:Agent that had some (unspecified) responsibility for the occurrence of this prov:Activity.</p>
  3394       </div>
  3395       <dl>
  3396 
  3397         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3398         <dd>
  3399           <ul>
  3400             <li>
  3401               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3402             </li>
  3403           </ul>
  3404         </dd>
  3405 
  3406         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3407         <dd>
  3408           <ul>
  3409             <li>
  3410               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3411             </li>
  3412           </ul>
  3413         </dd>
  3414 
  3415         <dt>has range</dt>
  3416         <dd>
  3417           <ul>
  3418             <li>
  3419               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  3420             </li>
  3421           </ul>
  3422         </dd>
  3423 
  3424         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3425         <dd>
  3426           <ul>
  3427             <li>
  3428               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" href="#Association" class="owlclass">prov:Association</a>
  3429             </li>
  3430             <li>
  3431               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3432             </li>
  3433           </ul>
  3434         </dd>
  3435 
  3436       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3437       <dd>
  3438          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Association">Association</a>      </dd>
  3439 
  3440       </dl>
  3441     </div>
  3442   </div>
  3443 
  3444   <div id="wasAttributedTo" class="entity">
  3445     <h3 id="property--prov-wasattributedto-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3446       Property: <a href="#wasAttributedTo"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3447       <span class="backlink">
  3448          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3449       </span>
  3450     </h3>
  3451     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo</p>
  3452     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
  3453     </div>
  3454 
  3455     <div about="#example-for-property-wasAttributedTo" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3456       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo"></span>
  3457       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3458       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasAttributedTo.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3459 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3460 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3461 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3462 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3463 
  3464 :geneSequencing
  3465    a prov:Activity;
  3466    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3467    prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
  3468    prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
  3469    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3470 .
  3471 
  3472 :drosophilaSample-84  
  3473    a prov:Entity;
  3474    prov:wasAttributedTo :lab-technician-FE-56;
  3475 .
  3476 
  3477 :lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
  3478 :lab-technician-FE-56 a prov:Agent .
  3479 </pre>
  3480     </div>
  3481 
  3482     <div class="description">
  3483       <div class="comment "><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
  3484       </div>
  3485       <dl>
  3486 
  3487         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3488         <dd>
  3489           <ul>
  3490             <li>
  3491               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3492             </li>
  3493           </ul>
  3494         </dd>
  3495 
  3496         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3497         <dd>
  3498           <ul>
  3499             <li>
  3500               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  3501             </li>
  3502           </ul>
  3503         </dd>
  3504 
  3505         <dt>has range</dt>
  3506         <dd>
  3507           <ul>
  3508             <li>
  3509               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  3510             </li>
  3511           </ul>
  3512         </dd>
  3513 
  3514         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3515         <dd>
  3516           <ul>
  3517             <li>
  3518               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3519             </li>
  3520             <li>
  3521               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" href="#Attribution" class="owlclass">prov:Attribution</a>
  3522             </li>
  3523           </ul>
  3524         </dd>
  3525 
  3526       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3527       <dd>
  3528          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-attribution">attribution</a>      </dd>
  3529 
  3530       </dl>
  3531     </div>
  3532   </div>
  3533 
  3534   <div id="wasDerivedFrom" class="entity">
  3535     <h3 id="property--prov-wasderivedfrom-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3536       Property: <a href="#wasDerivedFrom"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3537       <span class="backlink">
  3538          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3539       </span>
  3540     </h3>
  3541     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom</p>
  3542     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into another, a construction of an entity into another, or an update of an entity, resulting in a new one.</p>
  3543     </div>
  3544 
  3545     <div about="#example-for-property-wasDerivedFrom" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3546       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom"></span>
  3547       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3548       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasDerivedFrom.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3549 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3550 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3551 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3552 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
  3553 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3554 
  3555 :bar_chart 
  3556    a prov:Entity, ex:Barchart;
  3557    prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
  3558 .
  3559 
  3560 :aggregatedByRegions
  3561    a prov:Entity, ex:Dataset;
  3562 .
  3563 </pre>
  3564     </div>
  3565 
  3566     <div class="description">
  3567       <div class="comment "><p>The more specific subproperties of prov:wasDerivedFrom (i.e., prov:wasQuotedFrom, prov:wasRevisionOf, prov:hadPrimarySource) should be used when applicable.</p>
  3568       </div>
  3569       <dl>
  3570 
  3571         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3572         <dd>
  3573           <ul>
  3574             <li>
  3575               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3576             </li>
  3577           </ul>
  3578         </dd>
  3579 
  3580         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3581         <dd>
  3582           <ul>
  3583             <li>
  3584               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  3585             </li>
  3586           </ul>
  3587         </dd>
  3588 
  3589         <dt>has range</dt>
  3590         <dd>
  3591           <ul>
  3592             <li>
  3593               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  3594             </li>
  3595           </ul>
  3596         </dd>
  3597 
  3598         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  3599         <dd>
  3600           <ul>
  3601             <li>
  3602               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource" class="owlclass">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
  3603             </li>
  3604             <li>
  3605               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="owlclass">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
  3606             </li>
  3607             <li>
  3608               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf" class="owlclass">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
  3609             </li>
  3610           </ul>
  3611         </dd>
  3612 
  3613         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3614         <dd>
  3615           <ul>
  3616             <li>
  3617               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlclass">prov:Derivation</a>
  3618             </li>
  3619             <li>
  3620               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3621             </li>
  3622           </ul>
  3623         </dd>
  3624 
  3625       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3626       <dd>
  3627          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Derivation">Derivation</a>      </dd>
  3628 
  3629       </dl>
  3630     </div>
  3631   </div>
  3632 
  3633   <div id="wasGeneratedBy" class="entity">
  3634     <h3 id="property--prov-wasgeneratedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3635       Property: <a href="#wasGeneratedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3636       <span class="backlink">
  3637          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3638       </span>
  3639     </h3>
  3640     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy</p>
  3641     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
  3642     </div>
  3643 
  3644     <div about="#example-for-property-wasGeneratedBy" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3645       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy"></span>
  3646       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3647       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasGeneratedBy.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3648 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3649 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3650 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3651 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3652 
  3653 :bar_chart
  3654    a prov:Entity;
  3655    prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrating;
  3656 .
  3657 
  3658 :illustrating a prov:Activity .
  3659 </pre>
  3660     </div>
  3661 
  3662     <div class="description">
  3663       <dl>
  3664 
  3665         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3666         <dd>
  3667           <ul>
  3668             <li>
  3669               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3670             </li>
  3671           </ul>
  3672         </dd>
  3673 
  3674         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3675         <dd>
  3676           <ul>
  3677             <li>
  3678               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  3679             </li>
  3680           </ul>
  3681         </dd>
  3682 
  3683         <dt>has range</dt>
  3684         <dd>
  3685           <ul>
  3686             <li>
  3687               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3688             </li>
  3689           </ul>
  3690         </dd>
  3691 
  3692         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3693         <dd>
  3694           <ul>
  3695             <li>
  3696               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlclass">prov:Generation</a>
  3697             </li>
  3698             <li>
  3699               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3700             </li>
  3701           </ul>
  3702         </dd>
  3703 
  3704       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3705       <dd>
  3706          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Generation">Generation</a>      </dd>
  3707 
  3708       </dl>
  3709     </div>
  3710   </div>
  3711 
  3712   <div id="wasInformedBy" class="entity">
  3713     <h3 id="property--prov-wasinformedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3714       Property: <a href="#wasInformedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3715       <span class="backlink">
  3716          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3717       </span>
  3718     </h3>
  3719     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy</p>
  3720     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Communication is the exchange of an entity by two activities, one activity using the entity generated by the other.</p>
  3721     </div>
  3722 
  3723     <div about="#example-for-property-wasInformedBy" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3724       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy"></span>
  3725       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3726       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInformedBy.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3727 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3728 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3729 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3730 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3731 
  3732 :writing-celebrity-gossip 
  3733    a prov:Activity;
  3734    prov:wasInformedBy :voicemail-interception;
  3735 .
  3736 
  3737 :voicemail-interception a prov:Activity .
  3738 </pre>
  3739     </div>
  3740 
  3741     <div class="description">
  3742       <div class="comment "><p>An activity a2 is dependent on or informed by another activity a1, by way of some unspecified entity that is generated by a1 and used by a2.</p>
  3743       </div>
  3744       <dl>
  3745 
  3746         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3747         <dd>
  3748           <ul>
  3749             <li>
  3750               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3751             </li>
  3752           </ul>
  3753         </dd>
  3754 
  3755         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3756         <dd>
  3757           <ul>
  3758             <li>
  3759               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3760             </li>
  3761           </ul>
  3762         </dd>
  3763 
  3764         <dt>has range</dt>
  3765         <dd>
  3766           <ul>
  3767             <li>
  3768               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  3769             </li>
  3770           </ul>
  3771         </dd>
  3772 
  3773         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3774         <dd>
  3775           <ul>
  3776             <li>
  3777               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" href="#Communication" class="owlclass">prov:Communication</a>
  3778             </li>
  3779             <li>
  3780               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  3781             </li>
  3782           </ul>
  3783         </dd>
  3784 
  3785       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3786       <dd>
  3787          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Communication">Communication</a>      </dd>
  3788 
  3789       </dl>
  3790     </div>
  3791   </div>
  3792 
  3793 </div>
  3794 
  3795       </div>
  3796 
  3797       <div id="cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="section">
  3798          <h3><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
  3799          <p>The additional terms used to describe relations among Starting Point classes are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
  3800          
  3801 <div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
  3802   <ul class="hlist">
  3803     <li>
  3804       <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
  3805     </li>
  3806     <li>
  3807       <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  3808     </li>
  3809     <li>
  3810       <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
  3811     </li>
  3812     <li>
  3813       <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
  3814     </li>
  3815     <li>
  3816       <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
  3817     </li>
  3818     <li>
  3819       <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
  3820     </li>
  3821     <li>
  3822       <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
  3823     </li>
  3824   </ul>
  3825 </div>
  3826 
  3827 <div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
  3828   <ul class="hlist">
  3829     <li class="object-property">
  3830       <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
  3831     </li>
  3832     <li class="object-property">
  3833       <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
  3834     </li>
  3835     <li class="object-property">
  3836       <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
  3837     </li>
  3838     <li class="datatype-property">
  3839       <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
  3840     </li>
  3841     <li class="object-property">
  3842       <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
  3843     </li>
  3844     <li class="object-property">
  3845       <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
  3846     </li>
  3847     <li class="object-property">
  3848       <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
  3849     </li>
  3850     <li class="object-property">
  3851       <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
  3852     </li>
  3853     <li class="datatype-property">
  3854       <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
  3855     </li>
  3856     <li class="object-property">
  3857       <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
  3858     </li>
  3859     <li class="datatype-property">
  3860       <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
  3861     </li>
  3862     <li class="object-property">
  3863       <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
  3864     </li>
  3865     <li class="object-property">
  3866       <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
  3867     </li>
  3868     <li class="object-property">
  3869       <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
  3870     </li>
  3871     <li class="object-property">
  3872       <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
  3873     </li>
  3874     <li class="object-property">
  3875       <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
  3876     </li>
  3877   </ul>
  3878 </div>
  3879 
  3880          <div class="prov-expanded owl-classes crossreference" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  3881 
  3882   <div id="Bundle" class="entity">
  3883     <h3 id="class--prov-bundle-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  3884       Class: <a href="#Bundle"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle">prov:Bundle</span></a>
  3885       <span class="backlink">
  3886          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  3887       </span>
  3888     </h3>
  3889     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle</p>
  3890     <div class="definition"><p>A bundle is a named set of provenance descriptions, and is itself an Entity, so allowing provenance of provenance to be expressed.</p>
  3891     </div>
  3892 
  3893     <div about="#example-for-class-Bundle" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3894       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle"></span>
  3895       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3896       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Bundle.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3897 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3898 @prefix my:      &lt;http://example.com/my#&gt; .
  3899 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/#&gt; .
  3900 @base &lt;http://www.example.com/example.ttl&gt; .
  3901 
  3902 &lt;&gt; # A provenance file located at http://www.example.com/example.ttl
  3903    a prov:Bundle;
  3904    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T09:30:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3905    prov:wasAttributedTo :bob;
  3906 .
  3907 
  3908 :report1
  3909    a my:Report, prov:Entity;
  3910    my:version &quot;1&quot;;
  3911    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T01:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3912    prov:wasAttributedTo :bob;
  3913 .
  3914 </pre>
  3915     </div>
  3916 
  3917     <dl class="description">
  3918     <dd class="comment"><p>Note that there are kinds of bundles (e.g. handwritten letters, audio recordings, etc.) that are not expressed in PROV-O, but can be still be described by PROV-O.</p>
  3919     </dd>
  3920 
  3921       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  3922       <dd>
  3923         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  3924       </dd>
  3925 
  3926       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3927       <dd>
  3928         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-bundle-entity">bundle-entity</a>      </dd>
  3929     </dl>
  3930   </div>
  3931 
  3932   <div id="Collection" class="entity">
  3933     <h3 id="class--prov-collection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  3934       Class: <a href="#Collection"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</span></a>
  3935       <span class="backlink">
  3936          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  3937       </span>
  3938     </h3>
  3939     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection</p>
  3940     <div class="definition"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
  3941     </div>
  3942 
  3943     <div about="#example-for-class-Collection" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  3944       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection"></span>
  3945       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3946       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Collection.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3947 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3948 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  3949 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3950 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3951 @prefix ex:      &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
  3952 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3953 
  3954 :todays-us-supreme-court
  3955    a prov:Collection, :RobertsCourt;
  3956 
  3957    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  3958       a prov:Generation;
  3959       
  3960       # The generation is being qualified to be imprecise;
  3961       # prov:generatedAtTime and prov:atTime specify exact instants in time.
  3962       dcterms:date &quot;2012&quot;^^xsd:gYear; 
  3963    ];                                 
  3964 
  3965    prov:hadMember
  3966       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
  3967       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
  3968       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
  3969       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
  3970       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
  3971       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
  3972       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
  3973       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
  3974       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   
  3975 
  3976    prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;
  3977 
  3978    dcterms:description :copied-string;
  3979 .
  3980 
  3981 :copied-string
  3982    a prov:Entity;
  3983    prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
  3984                  S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  3985    prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
  3986 .
  3987 
  3988 :page-by-seat
  3989    a prov:Entity, ex:WikipediaPage;
  3990    prov:specializationOf &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-seat&gt;;
  3991    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-08-31T12:51&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3992 .
  3993 
  3994 :page-by-composition
  3995    a prov:Entity, ex:WikipediaPage;
  3996    prov:specializationOf &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-composition&gt;;
  3997    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-16T14:33&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3998 .
  3999 </pre>
  4000     </div>
  4001 
  4002     <dl class="description">
  4003 
  4004       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4005       <dd>
  4006         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4007       </dd>
  4008       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4009 
  4010       <dt></dt>
  4011       <dd>
  4012         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4013       </dd>
  4014 
  4015       <dt>has subclass</dt>
  4016       <dd>
  4017         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection" href="#EmptyCollection" class="owlclass">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
  4018       </dd>
  4019 
  4020       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4021       <dd>
  4022         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-collection">collection</a>      </dd>
  4023     </dl>
  4024   </div>
  4025 
  4026   <div id="EmptyCollection" class="entity">
  4027     <h3 id="class--prov-emptycollection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4028       Class: <a href="#EmptyCollection"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</span></a>
  4029       <span class="backlink">
  4030          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4031       </span>
  4032     </h3>
  4033     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection</p>
  4034     <div class="definition"><p>An empty collection is a collection without members.</p>
  4035     </div>
  4036 
  4037     <div about="#example-for-class-EmptyCollection" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4038       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection"></span>
  4039       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4040       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_EmptyCollection.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4041 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org/&gt; .
  4042 
  4043 :c a prov:EmptyCollection . # The collection is believed to not contain members.
  4044 </pre>
  4045     </div>
  4046 
  4047     <dl class="description">
  4048 
  4049       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4050       <dd>
  4051         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" href="#Collection" class="owlclass">prov:Collection</a>
  4052       </dd>
  4053       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4054 
  4055       <dt></dt>
  4056       <dd>
  4057         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
  4058     </dl>
  4059   </div>
  4060 
  4061   <div id="Location" class="entity">
  4062     <h3 id="class--prov-location-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4063       Class: <a href="#Location"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location">prov:Location</span></a>
  4064       <span class="backlink">
  4065          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4066       </span>
  4067     </h3>
  4068     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location</p>
  4069     <div class="definition"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
  4070     </div>
  4071 
  4072     <div about="#example-for-class-Location" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4073       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location"></span>
  4074       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4075       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Location.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4076 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4077 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4078 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4079 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  4080 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4081 
  4082 # A Location can be a path or a geographical location.
  4083 
  4084 :post9821 
  4085    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
  4086    prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
  4087    prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
  4088    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  4089       a prov:Generation;
  4090       prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
  4091       prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
  4092       prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
  4093    ];
  4094 .
  4095 
  4096 :publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity.
  4097 :more-crime-happens-in-cities a prov:Location.
  4098 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location. 
  4099 </pre>
  4100     </div>
  4101 
  4102     <dl class="description">
  4103 
  4104       <dt>in range of</dt>
  4105       <dd>
  4106         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4107       </dd>
  4108 
  4109       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4110       <dd>
  4111         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-attribute-location">attribute-location</a>      </dd>
  4112     </dl>
  4113   </div>
  4114 
  4115   <div id="Organization" class="entity">
  4116     <h3 id="class--prov-organization-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4117       Class: <a href="#Organization"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization">prov:Organization</span></a>
  4118       <span class="backlink">
  4119          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4120       </span>
  4121     </h3>
  4122     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization</p>
  4123     <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Organization are social institutions such as companies, societies etc.</p>
  4124     </div>
  4125 
  4126     <div about="#example-for-class-Organization" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4127       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization"></span>
  4128       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4129       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Organization.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4130 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4131 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4132 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4133 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4134 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4135 
  4136 :<acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> 
  4137    a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
  4138    foaf:name &quot;World Wide Web Consortium&quot;;
  4139 . 
  4140 </pre>
  4141     </div>
  4142 
  4143     <dl class="description">
  4144 
  4145       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4146       <dd>
  4147         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  4148       </dd>
  4149       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4150 
  4151       <dt></dt>
  4152       <dd>
  4153         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
  4154 
  4155       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4156       <dd>
  4157         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
  4158     </dl>
  4159   </div>
  4160 
  4161   <div id="Person" class="entity">
  4162     <h3 id="class--prov-person-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4163       Class: <a href="#Person"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person">prov:Person</span></a>
  4164       <span class="backlink">
  4165          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4166       </span>
  4167     </h3>
  4168     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person</p>
  4169     <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Person are people.</p>
  4170     </div>
  4171 
  4172     <div about="#example-for-class-Person" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4173       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person"></span>
  4174       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4175       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Person.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4176 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4177 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4178 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4179 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4180 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4181 
  4182 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;
  4183    a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
  4184    foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
  4185 .
  4186 </pre>
  4187     </div>
  4188 
  4189     <dl class="description">
  4190 
  4191       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4192       <dd>
  4193         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  4194       </dd>
  4195       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4196 
  4197       <dt></dt>
  4198       <dd>
  4199         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
  4200 
  4201       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4202       <dd>
  4203         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
  4204     </dl>
  4205   </div>
  4206 
  4207   <div id="SoftwareAgent" class="entity">
  4208     <h3 id="class--prov-softwareagent-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4209       Class: <a href="#SoftwareAgent"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</span></a>
  4210       <span class="backlink">
  4211          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4212       </span>
  4213     </h3>
  4214     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent</p>
  4215     <div class="definition"><p>A software agent is running software.</p>
  4216     </div>
  4217 
  4218     <div about="#example-for-class-SoftwareAgent" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4219       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent"></span>
  4220       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4221       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_SoftwareAgent.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4222 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4223 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4224 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4225 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4226 
  4227 # Googlebot is Google's web crawling bot; 
  4228 # it can initiate and participate in web-crawling activities.
  4229 
  4230 :googlebot
  4231    a prov:SoftwareAgent;
  4232    rdfs:label &quot;Googlebot&quot;^^xsd:string;
  4233 .
  4234 </pre>
  4235     </div>
  4236 
  4237     <dl class="description">
  4238 
  4239       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4240       <dd>
  4241         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  4242       </dd>
  4243       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4244 
  4245       <dt></dt>
  4246       <dd>
  4247         <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>        , <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>      </dd>
  4248 
  4249       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4250       <dd>
  4251         <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-agent">agent</a>      </dd>
  4252     </dl>
  4253   </div>
  4254 </div>
  4255 <div class="prov-expanded owl-properties crossreference" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  4256   <div id="alternateOf" class="entity">
  4257     <h3 id="property--prov-alternateof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4258       Property: <a href="#alternateOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4259       <span class="backlink">
  4260          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4261       </span>
  4262     </h3>
  4263     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf</p>
  4264     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Two alternate entities present aspects of the same thing. These aspects may be the same or different, and the alternate entities may or may not overlap in time.</p>
  4265     </div>
  4266 
  4267     <div about="#example-for-property-alternateOf" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4268       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf"></span>
  4269       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4270       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_alternateOf.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4271 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4272 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4273 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4274 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4275 
  4276 :bbc a prov:Agent .
  4277 
  4278 :london_forecast_0412 
  4279    a prov:Entity;
  4280    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  4281    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  4282       a prov:Activity;
  4283       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4284    ];
  4285    prov:alternateOf :london_forecast_043;
  4286 .
  4287 
  4288 :london_forecast_0413 
  4289    a prov:Entity;
  4290    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  4291    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  4292       a prov:Activity;
  4293       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4294    ];
  4295    prov:alternateOf :london_forecast_0412;
  4296 .
  4297 
  4298 ## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
  4299 ## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast
  4300 
  4301 :london_forecast 
  4302    a prov:Entity;
  4303    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  4304 .
  4305 
  4306 :london_forecast_0412
  4307    prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
  4308 .
  4309 :london_forecast_0413
  4310    prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
  4311 .
  4312 </pre>
  4313     </div>
  4314 
  4315     <div class="description">
  4316       <dl>
  4317 
  4318         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4319         <dd>
  4320           <ul>
  4321             <li>
  4322               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4323             </li>
  4324           </ul>
  4325         </dd>
  4326 
  4327         <dt>has range</dt>
  4328         <dd>
  4329           <ul>
  4330             <li>
  4331               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4332             </li>
  4333           </ul>
  4334         </dd>
  4335 
  4336         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  4337         <dd>
  4338           <ul>
  4339             <li>
  4340               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf" class="owlclass">prov:specializationOf</a>
  4341             </li>
  4342           </ul>
  4343         </dd>
  4344 
  4345       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4346       <dd>
  4347          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-alternate">alternate</a>      </dd>
  4348 
  4349       </dl>
  4350     </div>
  4351   </div>
  4352 
  4353   <div id="atLocation" class="entity">
  4354     <h3 id="property--prov-atlocation-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4355       Property: <a href="#atLocation"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4356       <span class="backlink">
  4357          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4358       </span>
  4359     </h3>
  4360     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation</p>
  4361     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
  4362     </div>
  4363 
  4364     <div about="#example-for-property-atLocation" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4365       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation"></span>
  4366       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4367       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_atLocation.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4368 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4369 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4370 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4371 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  4372 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4373 
  4374 # A Location can be a path or a geographical location.
  4375 
  4376 :post9821 
  4377    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
  4378    prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
  4379    prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
  4380    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  4381       a prov:Generation;
  4382       prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
  4383       prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
  4384       prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
  4385    ];
  4386 .
  4387 
  4388 :publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity .
  4389 :more-crime-happens-in-cities        a prov:Location .
  4390 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location .
  4391 </pre>
  4392     </div>
  4393 
  4394     <div class="description">
  4395       <div class="comment "><p>This property has multiple RDFS domains to suit multiple OWL Profiles. See <a href="#owl-profile">PROV-O OWL Profile</a>.</p>
  4396       </div>
  4397       <div class="comment "><p>The Location of any resource.</p>
  4398       </div>
  4399       <dl>
  4400 
  4401         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4402         <dd>
  4403           <ul>
  4404             <li>
  4405               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  4406                or <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlclass">prov:Agent</a>
  4407                or <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4408                or <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent" href="#InstantaneousEvent" class="owlclass">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  4409             </li>
  4410           </ul>
  4411         </dd>
  4412 
  4413         <dt>has range</dt>
  4414         <dd>
  4415           <ul>
  4416             <li>
  4417               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location" href="#Location" class="owlclass">prov:Location</a>
  4418             </li>
  4419           </ul>
  4420         </dd>
  4421 
  4422       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4423       <dd>
  4424          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-attribute-location">attribute-location</a>      </dd>
  4425 
  4426       </dl>
  4427     </div>
  4428   </div>
  4429 
  4430   <div id="generated" class="entity">
  4431     <h3 id="property--prov-generated-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4432       Property: <a href="#generated"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4433       <span class="backlink">
  4434          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4435       </span>
  4436     </h3>
  4437     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated</p>
  4438     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
  4439     </div>
  4440 
  4441     <div about="#example-for-property-generated" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4442       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated"></span>
  4443       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4444       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_generated.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4445 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4446 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4447 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4448 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4449 
  4450 :proteinDigestion
  4451    a prov:Activity;
  4452    prov:generated :peptideSample1;
  4453 .
  4454 
  4455 :peptideSample1 a prov:Entity .
  4456 </pre>
  4457     </div>
  4458 
  4459     <div class="description">
  4460       <dl>
  4461 
  4462         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4463         <dd>
  4464           <ul>
  4465             <li>
  4466               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" href="#influenced" class="owlclass">prov:influenced</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4467             </li>
  4468           </ul>
  4469         </dd>
  4470 
  4471         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4472         <dd>
  4473           <ul>
  4474             <li>
  4475               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  4476             </li>
  4477           </ul>
  4478         </dd>
  4479 
  4480         <dt>has range</dt>
  4481         <dd>
  4482           <ul>
  4483             <li>
  4484               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4485             </li>
  4486           </ul>
  4487         </dd>
  4488 
  4489         <dt>has inverse</dt>
  4490         <dd>
  4491           <ul>
  4492             <li>
  4493               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
  4494             </li>
  4495           </ul>
  4496         </dd>
  4497 
  4498       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4499       <dd>
  4500          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Generation">Generation</a>      </dd>
  4501 
  4502       </dl>
  4503     </div>
  4504   </div>
  4505 
  4506   <div id="generatedAtTime" class="entity">
  4507     <h3 id="property--prov-generatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4508       Property: <a href="#generatedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  4509       <span class="backlink">
  4510          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4511       </span>
  4512     </h3>
  4513     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime</p>
  4514     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
  4515     </div>
  4516 
  4517     <div about="#example-for-property-generatedAtTime" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4518       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime"></span>
  4519       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4520       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_generatedAtTime.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4521 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4522 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4523 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4524 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4525 
  4526 # A widget was generated 1:35:23 PM on April 3, 2012 UTC
  4527 
  4528 :widget-789532
  4529    a prov:Entity;
  4530    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-04-03T13:35:23Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4531 .
  4532 
  4533 # The above statement is equivalent to:
  4534 # :widget-789532 prov:qualifiedGeneration [ prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T13:35:23Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime ] .
  4535 </pre>
  4536     </div>
  4537 
  4538     <div class="description">
  4539       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was completely created and is available for use.</p>
  4540       </div>
  4541       <dl>
  4542 
  4543         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4544         <dd>
  4545           <ul>
  4546             <li>
  4547               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4548             </li>
  4549           </ul>
  4550         </dd>
  4551 
  4552         <dt>has range</dt>
  4553         <dd>
  4554           <ul>
  4555             <li>
  4556               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  4557             </li>
  4558           </ul>
  4559         </dd>
  4560 
  4561         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  4562         <dd>
  4563           <ul>
  4564             <li>
  4565               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlclass">prov:Generation</a>
  4566             </li>
  4567             <li>
  4568               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" href="#atTime" class="owlproperty">prov:atTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  4569             </li>
  4570           </ul>
  4571         </dd>
  4572 
  4573       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4574       <dd>
  4575          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Generation">Generation</a>      </dd>
  4576 
  4577       </dl>
  4578     </div>
  4579   </div>
  4580 
  4581   <div id="hadMember" class="entity">
  4582     <h3 id="property--prov-hadmember-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4583       Property: <a href="#hadMember"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4584       <span class="backlink">
  4585          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4586       </span>
  4587     </h3>
  4588     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember</p>
  4589     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
  4590     </div>
  4591 
  4592     <div about="#example-for-property-hadMember" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4593       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember"></span>
  4594       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4595       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadMember.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4596 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4597 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4598 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  4599 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4600 @prefix ex:      &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
  4601 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4602 
  4603 :todays-us-supreme-court
  4604    a prov:Collection, ex:RobertsCourt;
  4605    dcterms:description [
  4606       a prov:Entity;
  4607       prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg S. 
  4608                   Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  4609       prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
  4610    ];
  4611    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  4612       a prov:Generation;
  4613       
  4614       # Since we need to be imprecise, we can't use prov:generatedAtTime or prov:atTime
  4615       dcterms:date &quot;2012&quot;^^xsd:gYear;
  4616    ];
  4617 
  4618    prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;
  4619 
  4620    prov:hadMember
  4621       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
  4622       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
  4623       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
  4624       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
  4625       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
  4626       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
  4627       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
  4628       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
  4629       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   
  4630 .
  4631 
  4632 :page-by-seat
  4633    a prov:Entity, ex:WikipediaPage;
  4634    prov:specializationOf &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-seat&gt;;
  4635    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-08-31T12:51&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4636 .
  4637 
  4638 :page-by-composition
  4639    a prov:Entity, ex:WikipediaPage;
  4640    prov:specializationOf &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-composition&gt;;
  4641    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-16T14:33&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4642 .
  4643 </pre>
  4644     </div>
  4645 
  4646     <div class="description">
  4647       <dl>
  4648 
  4649         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4650         <dd>
  4651           <ul>
  4652             <li>
  4653               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4654             </li>
  4655           </ul>
  4656         </dd>
  4657 
  4658         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4659         <dd>
  4660           <ul>
  4661             <li>
  4662               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" href="#Collection" class="owlclass">prov:Collection</a>
  4663             </li>
  4664           </ul>
  4665         </dd>
  4666 
  4667         <dt>has range</dt>
  4668         <dd>
  4669           <ul>
  4670             <li>
  4671               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4672             </li>
  4673           </ul>
  4674         </dd>
  4675 
  4676       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4677       <dd>
  4678          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-collection">collection</a>      </dd>
  4679 
  4680       </dl>
  4681     </div>
  4682   </div>
  4683 
  4684   <div id="hadPrimarySource" class="entity">
  4685     <h3 id="property--prov-hadprimarysource-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4686       Property: <a href="#hadPrimarySource"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4687       <span class="backlink">
  4688          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4689       </span>
  4690     </h3>
  4691     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource</p>
  4692     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A primary source for a topic refers to something produced by some agent with direct experience and knowledge about the topic, at the time of the topic's study, without benefit from hindsight.
  4693 
  4694 Because of the directness of primary sources, they 'speak for themselves' in ways that cannot be captured through the filter of secondary sources. As such, it is important for secondary sources to reference those primary sources from which they were derived, so that their reliability can be investigated.
  4695 
  4696 A primary source relation is a particular case of derivation of secondary materials from their primary sources. It is recognized that the determination of primary sources can be up to interpretation, and should be done according to conventions accepted within the application's domain.</p>
  4697     </div>
  4698 
  4699     <div about="#example-for-property-hadPrimarySource" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4700       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource"></span>
  4701       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4702       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadPrimarySource.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4703 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4704 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4705 @prefix foaf:    &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4706 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4707 @prefix lang:    &lt;http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-3/&gt; .
  4708 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  4709 @prefix frbr:    &lt;http://purl.org/vocab/frbr/core#&gt; .
  4710 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4711 
  4712 ## Having an primary source is a particular case of derivation.
  4713 
  4714 &lt;http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/996&gt;
  4715    a prov:Entity, frbr:Work;
  4716    dcterms:title          &quot;Don Quixote&quot;;
  4717    prov:wasAttributedTo   :ormsby;
  4718    dcterms:language       lang:eng;
  4719    prov:hadPrimarySource &lt;http://cultura.linkeddata.es/BNE/resource/C1001/XX2197892&gt;;
  4720 .
  4721 
  4722 #### The English version book is a translation that is based on the original Spanish book
  4723 
  4724 &lt;http://cultura.linkeddata.es/BNE/resource/C1001/XX2197892&gt;
  4725     a prov:Entity, frbr:Work;
  4726     prov:wasAttributedTo :cervantes;
  4727     dcterms:language     lang:spa;
  4728 .
  4729 
  4730 :cervantes
  4731    a prov:Person;
  4732    foaf:name &quot;Miguel de Cervantes&quot;;
  4733 .
  4734 
  4735 :ormsby
  4736    a prov:Person;
  4737    foaf:name &quot;John Ormsby&quot;;
  4738 .
  4739 </pre>
  4740     </div>
  4741 
  4742     <div class="description">
  4743       <dl>
  4744 
  4745         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4746         <dd>
  4747           <ul>
  4748             <li>
  4749               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="owlclass">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4750             </li>
  4751           </ul>
  4752         </dd>
  4753 
  4754         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4755         <dd>
  4756           <ul>
  4757             <li>
  4758               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4759             </li>
  4760           </ul>
  4761         </dd>
  4762 
  4763         <dt>has range</dt>
  4764         <dd>
  4765           <ul>
  4766             <li>
  4767               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4768             </li>
  4769           </ul>
  4770         </dd>
  4771 
  4772         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  4773         <dd>
  4774           <ul>
  4775             <li>
  4776               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedPrimarySource" href="#qualifiedPrimarySource" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4777             </li>
  4778             <li>
  4779               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#PrimarySource" href="#PrimarySource" class="owlclass">prov:PrimarySource</a>
  4780             </li>
  4781           </ul>
  4782         </dd>
  4783 
  4784       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4785       <dd>
  4786          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-primary-source">primary-source</a>      </dd>
  4787 
  4788       </dl>
  4789     </div>
  4790   </div>
  4791 
  4792   <div id="influenced" class="entity">
  4793     <h3 id="property--prov-influenced-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4794       Property: <a href="#influenced"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced">prov:influenced</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4795       <span class="backlink">
  4796          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4797       </span>
  4798     </h3>
  4799     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced</p>
  4800     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Influence is the capacity of an entity, activity, or agent to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of usage, start, end, generation, invalidation, communication, derivation, attribution, association, or delegation.</p>
  4801     </div>
  4802 
  4803     <div about="#example-for-property-influenced" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4804       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced"></span>
  4805       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4806       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_influenced.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4807 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4808 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4809 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4810 @prefix w3:   &lt;http://example.com/w3/&gt; .
  4811 @prefix tr:   &lt;http://example.com/tech-report/&gt; .
  4812 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4813 
  4814 # prov:influenced is a top-level property that links any
  4815 # Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other 
  4816 # Entity, Activity, or Agent that it had an effect upon.
  4817 
  4818 w3:Consortium 
  4819    a prov:Agent;
  4820    prov:influenced tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215;
  4821 .
  4822 </pre>
  4823     </div>
  4824 
  4825     <div class="description">
  4826       <dl>
  4827 
  4828         <dt>has inverse</dt>
  4829         <dd>
  4830           <ul>
  4831             <li>
  4832               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
  4833             </li>
  4834           </ul>
  4835         </dd>
  4836 
  4837         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  4838         <dd>
  4839           <ul>
  4840             <li>
  4841               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" href="#generated" class="owlclass">prov:generated</a>
  4842             </li>
  4843             <li>
  4844               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" href="#invalidated" class="owlclass">prov:invalidated</a>
  4845             </li>
  4846           </ul>
  4847         </dd>
  4848 
  4849       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4850       <dd>
  4851          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-influence">influence</a>      </dd>
  4852 
  4853       </dl>
  4854     </div>
  4855   </div>
  4856 
  4857   <div id="invalidated" class="entity">
  4858     <h3 id="property--prov-invalidated-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4859       Property: <a href="#invalidated"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4860       <span class="backlink">
  4861          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4862       </span>
  4863     </h3>
  4864     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated</p>
  4865     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
  4866     </div>
  4867 
  4868     <div about="#example-for-property-invalidated" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4869       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated"></span>
  4870       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4871       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_invalidated.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4872 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4873 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4874 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4875 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4876 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
  4877 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4878 
  4879 :swissair_Flight_111_crash 
  4880    a prov:Activity;
  4881    prov:used        &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
  4882    prov:invalidated :the-Painter;
  4883 .
  4884 
  4885 :the-Painter 
  4886    a prov:Entity, ex:Painting;
  4887    rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
  4888    prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
  4889    
  4890    # Inferred from prov:invalidated
  4891    prov:wasInvalidatedBy :swissair_Flight_111_crash;   
  4892 .
  4893 
  4894 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
  4895    a prov:Agent;
  4896    foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
  4897 .
  4898 </pre>
  4899     </div>
  4900 
  4901     <div class="description">
  4902       <dl>
  4903 
  4904         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4905         <dd>
  4906           <ul>
  4907             <li>
  4908               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" href="#influenced" class="owlclass">prov:influenced</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  4909             </li>
  4910           </ul>
  4911         </dd>
  4912 
  4913         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4914         <dd>
  4915           <ul>
  4916             <li>
  4917               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  4918             </li>
  4919           </ul>
  4920         </dd>
  4921 
  4922         <dt>has range</dt>
  4923         <dd>
  4924           <ul>
  4925             <li>
  4926               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4927             </li>
  4928           </ul>
  4929         </dd>
  4930 
  4931         <dt>has inverse</dt>
  4932         <dd>
  4933           <ul>
  4934             <li>
  4935               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
  4936             </li>
  4937           </ul>
  4938         </dd>
  4939 
  4940       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4941       <dd>
  4942          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Invalidation">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
  4943 
  4944       </dl>
  4945     </div>
  4946   </div>
  4947 
  4948   <div id="invalidatedAtTime" class="entity">
  4949     <h3 id="property--prov-invalidatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4950       Property: <a href="#invalidatedAtTime"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  4951       <span class="backlink">
  4952          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4953       </span>
  4954     </h3>
  4955     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime</p>
  4956     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
  4957     </div>
  4958 
  4959     <div about="#example-for-property-invalidatedAtTime" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  4960       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime"></span>
  4961       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4962       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_invalidatedAtTime.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4963 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4964 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4965 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4966 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
  4967 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4968 
  4969 :the-Painter 
  4970    a prov:Entity, ex:Painting;
  4971    rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
  4972    prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
  4973    prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;1998-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;;
  4974 .
  4975 </pre>
  4976     </div>
  4977 
  4978     <div class="description">
  4979       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was invalidated (i.e., no longer usable).</p>
  4980       </div>
  4981       <dl>
  4982 
  4983         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4984         <dd>
  4985           <ul>
  4986             <li>
  4987               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  4988             </li>
  4989           </ul>
  4990         </dd>
  4991 
  4992         <dt>has range</dt>
  4993         <dd>
  4994           <ul>
  4995             <li>
  4996               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  4997             </li>
  4998           </ul>
  4999         </dd>
  5000 
  5001         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5002         <dd>
  5003           <ul>
  5004             <li>
  5005               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" href="#Invalidation" class="owlclass">prov:Invalidation</a>
  5006             </li>
  5007             <li>
  5008               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" href="#atTime" class="owlproperty">prov:atTime</a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  5009             </li>
  5010           </ul>
  5011         </dd>
  5012 
  5013       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5014       <dd>
  5015          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Invalidation">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
  5016 
  5017       </dl>
  5018     </div>
  5019   </div>
  5020 
  5021   <div id="specializationOf" class="entity">
  5022     <h3 id="property--prov-specializationof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5023       Property: <a href="#specializationOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5024       <span class="backlink">
  5025          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5026       </span>
  5027     </h3>
  5028     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf</p>
  5029     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>An entity that is a specialization of another shares all aspects of the latter, and additionally presents more specific aspects of the same thing as the latter. In particular, the lifetime of the entity being specialized contains that of any specialization. Examples of aspects include a time period, an abstraction, and a context associated with the entity.</p>
  5030     </div>
  5031 
  5032     <div about="#example-for-property-specializationOf" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5033       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf"></span>
  5034       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5035       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_specializationOf.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5036 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5037 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5038 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5039 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5040 
  5041 :london_forecast_0412 
  5042    a prov:Entity;
  5043    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  5044    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  5045       a prov:Activity;
  5046       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5047    ];
  5048 .
  5049 
  5050 :london_forecast_0413 
  5051    a prov:Entity;
  5052    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  5053    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  5054       a prov:Activity;
  5055       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5056    ];
  5057 .
  5058 
  5059 :london_forecast 
  5060    a prov:Entity;
  5061    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  5062 .
  5063 
  5064 ## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
  5065 ## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast
  5066 
  5067 :london_forecast_0412  
  5068    prov:alternateOf      :london_forecast_0413;
  5069    prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
  5070 .
  5071 </pre>
  5072     </div>
  5073 
  5074     <div class="description">
  5075       <dl>
  5076 
  5077         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5078         <dd>
  5079           <ul>
  5080             <li>
  5081               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf" class="owlclass">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5082             </li>
  5083           </ul>
  5084         </dd>
  5085 
  5086         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5087         <dd>
  5088           <ul>
  5089             <li>
  5090               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5091             </li>
  5092           </ul>
  5093         </dd>
  5094 
  5095         <dt>has range</dt>
  5096         <dd>
  5097           <ul>
  5098             <li>
  5099               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5100             </li>
  5101           </ul>
  5102         </dd>
  5103 
  5104       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5105       <dd>
  5106          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-specialization">specialization</a>      </dd>
  5107 
  5108       </dl>
  5109     </div>
  5110   </div>
  5111 
  5112   <div id="value" class="entity">
  5113     <h3 id="property--prov-value-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5114       Property: <a href="#value"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value">prov:value</span></a> <sup class="type-dp" title="data property">dp</sup>
  5115       <span class="backlink">
  5116          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5117       </span>
  5118     </h3>
  5119     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value</p>
  5120     <div class="definition def-from-7"><p>The main value (if there is one) of a structured value.</p>
  5121     </div>
  5122 
  5123     <div about="#example-for-property-value" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5124       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value"></span>
  5125       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5126       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_value.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5127 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5128 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5129 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5130 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5131 
  5132 :copied-string
  5133    a prov:Entity;
  5134    prov:value 
  5135       &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
  5136          S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  5137    prov:wasQuotedFrom 
  5138       &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/wikipedia/us-supreme-court-by-composition&gt;;
  5139 .
  5140 </pre>
  5141     </div>
  5142 
  5143     <div class="description">
  5144       <div class="comment "><p>Provides a value for an Entity.</p>
  5145       </div>
  5146       <dl>
  5147 
  5148         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5149         <dd>
  5150           <ul>
  5151             <li>
  5152               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5153             </li>
  5154           </ul>
  5155         </dd>
  5156 
  5157       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5158       <dd>
  5159          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-attribute-value">attribute-value</a>      </dd>
  5160 
  5161       </dl>
  5162     </div>
  5163   </div>
  5164 
  5165   <div id="wasEndedBy" class="entity">
  5166     <h3 id="property--prov-wasendedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5167       Property: <a href="#wasEndedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5168       <span class="backlink">
  5169          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5170       </span>
  5171     </h3>
  5172     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy</p>
  5173     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have been ended by an entity, known as trigger. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to a trigger entity that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
  5174     </div>
  5175 
  5176     <div about="#example-for-property-wasEndedBy" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5177       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy"></span>
  5178       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5179       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasEndedBy.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5180 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5181 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5182 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5183 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5184 
  5185 :experiment 
  5186    a prov:Activity;
  5187    prov:wasEndedBy :inconsistentResult;
  5188    prov:qualifiedEnd [
  5189       a prov:End;
  5190       prov:entity     :inconsistentResult;
  5191       prov:atTime    &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5192       prov:atLocation :scienceLab_003;
  5193    ];
  5194 .
  5195 
  5196 :inconsistentResult a prov:Entity .
  5197 :scienceLab_003     a prov:Location .
  5198 </pre>
  5199     </div>
  5200 
  5201     <div class="description">
  5202       <div class="comment "><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity.</p>
  5203       </div>
  5204       <dl>
  5205 
  5206         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5207         <dd>
  5208           <ul>
  5209             <li>
  5210               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5211             </li>
  5212           </ul>
  5213         </dd>
  5214 
  5215         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5216         <dd>
  5217           <ul>
  5218             <li>
  5219               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  5220             </li>
  5221           </ul>
  5222         </dd>
  5223 
  5224         <dt>has range</dt>
  5225         <dd>
  5226           <ul>
  5227             <li>
  5228               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5229             </li>
  5230           </ul>
  5231         </dd>
  5232 
  5233         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5234         <dd>
  5235           <ul>
  5236             <li>
  5237               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" href="#End" class="owlclass">prov:End</a>
  5238             </li>
  5239             <li>
  5240               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" href="#qualifiedEnd" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5241             </li>
  5242           </ul>
  5243         </dd>
  5244 
  5245       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5246       <dd>
  5247          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-End">End</a>      </dd>
  5248 
  5249       </dl>
  5250     </div>
  5251   </div>
  5252 
  5253   <div id="wasInvalidatedBy" class="entity">
  5254     <h3 id="property--prov-wasinvalidatedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5255       Property: <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5256       <span class="backlink">
  5257          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5258       </span>
  5259     </h3>
  5260     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy</p>
  5261     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
  5262     </div>
  5263 
  5264     <div about="#example-for-property-wasInvalidatedBy" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5265       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy"></span>
  5266       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5267       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInvalidatedBy.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5268 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5269 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5270 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5271 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  5272 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5273 
  5274 :the-Painter 
  5275    a prov:Entity, :Painting;
  5276    rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
  5277    prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
  5278    prov:wasInvalidatedBy :Swissair_Flight_111_crash; #The painting was destroyed in an airplane crash
  5279 .
  5280 
  5281 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
  5282    a prov:Agent;
  5283    foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
  5284 .
  5285 
  5286 :Swissair_Flight_111_crash 
  5287    a prov:Activity;
  5288    prov:used &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
  5289 .
  5290 </pre>
  5291     </div>
  5292 
  5293     <div class="description">
  5294       <dl>
  5295 
  5296         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5297         <dd>
  5298           <ul>
  5299             <li>
  5300               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5301             </li>
  5302           </ul>
  5303         </dd>
  5304 
  5305         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5306         <dd>
  5307           <ul>
  5308             <li>
  5309               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5310             </li>
  5311           </ul>
  5312         </dd>
  5313 
  5314         <dt>has range</dt>
  5315         <dd>
  5316           <ul>
  5317             <li>
  5318               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  5319             </li>
  5320           </ul>
  5321         </dd>
  5322 
  5323         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5324         <dd>
  5325           <ul>
  5326             <li>
  5327               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" href="#Invalidation" class="owlclass">prov:Invalidation</a>
  5328             </li>
  5329             <li>
  5330               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5331             </li>
  5332           </ul>
  5333         </dd>
  5334 
  5335       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5336       <dd>
  5337          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Invalidation">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
  5338 
  5339       </dl>
  5340     </div>
  5341   </div>
  5342 
  5343   <div id="wasQuotedFrom" class="entity">
  5344     <h3 id="property--prov-wasquotedfrom-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5345       Property: <a href="#wasQuotedFrom"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5346       <span class="backlink">
  5347          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5348       </span>
  5349     </h3>
  5350     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom</p>
  5351     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A quotation is the repeat of (some or all of) an entity, such as text or image, by someone who may or may not be its original author. Quotation is a particular case of derivation.</p>
  5352     </div>
  5353 
  5354     <div about="#example-for-property-wasQuotedFrom" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5355       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom"></span>
  5356       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5357       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasQuotedFrom.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5358 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5359 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5360 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5361 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5362 
  5363 :bl-dagstuhl
  5364    a prov:Entity;
  5365 
  5366    prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;During the workshop, it became clear to me that the consensus
  5367    based models (which are often graphical in nature) can not only be
  5368    formalized but also be directly connected to these database focused
  5369    formalizations. I just needed to get over the differences in syntax.
  5370    This could imply that we could have nice way to trace provenance across
  5371    systems and through databases and be able to understand the
  5372    mathematical properties of this interconnection.&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  5373 
  5374    prov:wasQuotedFrom &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-workshop&gt;;
  5375 .
  5376 
  5377 &lt;http://purl.org/twc/page/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-workshop&gt;
  5378    a prov:Entity;
  5379 .
  5380 </pre>
  5381     </div>
  5382 
  5383     <div class="description">
  5384       <div class="comment "><p>An entity is derived from an original entity by copying, or 'quoting', some or all of it.</p>
  5385       </div>
  5386       <dl>
  5387 
  5388         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5389         <dd>
  5390           <ul>
  5391             <li>
  5392               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="owlclass">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5393             </li>
  5394           </ul>
  5395         </dd>
  5396 
  5397         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5398         <dd>
  5399           <ul>
  5400             <li>
  5401               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5402             </li>
  5403           </ul>
  5404         </dd>
  5405 
  5406         <dt>has range</dt>
  5407         <dd>
  5408           <ul>
  5409             <li>
  5410               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5411             </li>
  5412           </ul>
  5413         </dd>
  5414 
  5415         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5416         <dd>
  5417           <ul>
  5418             <li>
  5419               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" href="#qualifiedQuotation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5420             </li>
  5421             <li>
  5422               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation" href="#Quotation" class="owlclass">prov:Quotation</a>
  5423             </li>
  5424           </ul>
  5425         </dd>
  5426 
  5427       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5428       <dd>
  5429          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-quotation">quotation</a>      </dd>
  5430 
  5431       </dl>
  5432     </div>
  5433   </div>
  5434 
  5435   <div id="wasRevisionOf" class="entity">
  5436     <h3 id="property--prov-wasrevisionof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5437       Property: <a href="#wasRevisionOf"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5438       <span class="backlink">
  5439          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5440       </span>
  5441     </h3>
  5442     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf</p>
  5443     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A revision is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. The implication here is that the resulting entity contains substantial content from the original. Revision is a particular case of derivation.</p>
  5444     </div>
  5445 
  5446     <div about="#example-for-property-wasRevisionOf" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5447       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf"></span>
  5448       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5449       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasRevisionOf.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5450 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5451 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5452 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5453 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  5454 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5455 
  5456 :post9821v1
  5457    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
  5458    prov:wasRevisionOf :post9821;
  5459    rdfs:comment &quot;:post9821v1 is a post, which is a revision of the original post :post9821.&quot;;
  5460 .    
  5461 </pre>
  5462     </div>
  5463 
  5464     <div class="description">
  5465       <div class="comment "><p>A revision is a derivation that revises an entity into a revised version.</p>
  5466       </div>
  5467       <dl>
  5468 
  5469         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5470         <dd>
  5471           <ul>
  5472             <li>
  5473               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="owlclass">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5474             </li>
  5475           </ul>
  5476         </dd>
  5477 
  5478         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5479         <dd>
  5480           <ul>
  5481             <li>
  5482               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5483             </li>
  5484           </ul>
  5485         </dd>
  5486 
  5487         <dt>has range</dt>
  5488         <dd>
  5489           <ul>
  5490             <li>
  5491               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5492             </li>
  5493           </ul>
  5494         </dd>
  5495 
  5496         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5497         <dd>
  5498           <ul>
  5499             <li>
  5500               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision" href="#Revision" class="owlclass">prov:Revision</a>
  5501             </li>
  5502             <li>
  5503               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" href="#qualifiedRevision" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5504             </li>
  5505           </ul>
  5506         </dd>
  5507 
  5508       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5509       <dd>
  5510          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-revision">revision</a>      </dd>
  5511 
  5512       </dl>
  5513     </div>
  5514   </div>
  5515 
  5516   <div id="wasStartedBy" class="entity">
  5517     <h3 id="property--prov-wasstartedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5518       Property: <a href="#wasStartedBy"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</span></a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5519       <span class="backlink">
  5520          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5521       </span>
  5522     </h3>
  5523     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy</p>
  5524     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have been started by an entity, known as trigger. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to a trigger entity that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
  5525     </div>
  5526 
  5527     <div about="#example-for-property-wasStartedBy" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5528       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy"></span>
  5529       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5530       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasStartedBy.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5531 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5532 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5533 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5534 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5535 
  5536 # Use prov:qualifiedStart to see when and where the activity was started
  5537 
  5538 :experiment
  5539    a prov:Activity;
  5540    prov:wasStartedBy :researcher;
  5541 .
  5542 
  5543 :researcher a prov:Agent .
  5544 </pre>
  5545     </div>
  5546 
  5547     <div class="description">
  5548       <div class="comment "><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that initiated the activity.</p>
  5549       </div>
  5550       <dl>
  5551 
  5552         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5553         <dd>
  5554           <ul>
  5555             <li>
  5556               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlclass">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5557             </li>
  5558           </ul>
  5559         </dd>
  5560 
  5561         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5562         <dd>
  5563           <ul>
  5564             <li>
  5565               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlclass">prov:Activity</a>
  5566             </li>
  5567           </ul>
  5568         </dd>
  5569 
  5570         <dt>has range</dt>
  5571         <dd>
  5572           <ul>
  5573             <li>
  5574               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlclass">prov:Entity</a>
  5575             </li>
  5576           </ul>
  5577         </dd>
  5578 
  5579         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5580         <dd>
  5581           <ul>
  5582             <li>
  5583               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" href="#Start" class="owlclass">prov:Start</a>
  5584             </li>
  5585             <li>
  5586               <a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" href="#qualifiedStart" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup class="type-op" title="object property">op</sup>
  5587             </li>
  5588           </ul>
  5589         </dd>
  5590 
  5591       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5592       <dd>
  5593          <a title="prov-dm" href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/CR-prov-dm-20121211/Overview.html#term-Start">Start</a>      </dd>
  5594 
  5595       </dl>
  5596     </div>
  5597   </div>
  5598 
  5599 </div>
  5600 
  5601       </div>
  5602 
  5603       <div id="cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="section">
  5604          <h3><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
  5605          <p>The terms used to qualify the Starting Point and Expanded properties are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
  5606          
  5607 <div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
  5608   <ul class="hlist">
  5609     <li>
  5610       <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
  5611     </li>
  5612     <li>
  5613       <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
  5614     </li>
  5615     <li>
  5616       <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
  5617     </li>
  5618     <li>
  5619       <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
  5620     </li>
  5621     <li>
  5622       <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
  5623     </li>
  5624     <li>
  5625       <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
  5626     </li>
  5627     <li>
  5628       <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
  5629     </li>
  5630     <li>
  5631       <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
  5632     </li>
  5633     <li>
  5634       <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
  5635     </li>
  5636     <li>
  5637       <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
  5638     </li>
  5639     <li>
  5640       <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
  5641     </li>
  5642     <li>
  5643       <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  5644     </li>
  5645     <li>
  5646       <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
  5647     </li>
  5648     <li>
  5649       <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
  5650     </li>
  5651     <li>
  5652       <a href="#PrimarySource">prov:PrimarySource</a>
  5653     </li>
  5654     <li>
  5655       <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
  5656     </li>
  5657     <li>
  5658       <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
  5659     </li>
  5660     <li>
  5661       <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
  5662     </li>
  5663     <li>
  5664       <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
  5665     </li>
  5666     <li>
  5667       <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
  5668     </li>
  5669   </ul>
  5670 </div>
  5671 
  5672 <div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
  5673   <ul class="hlist">
  5674     <li class="object-property">
  5675       <a href="#activity">prov:activity</a>
  5676     </li>
  5677     <li class="object-property">
  5678       <a href="#agent">prov:agent</a>
  5679     </li>
  5680     <li class="datatype-property">
  5681       <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
  5682     </li>
  5683     <li class="object-property">
  5684       <a href="#entity">prov:entity</a>
  5685     </li>
  5686     <li class="object-property">
  5687       <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
  5688     </li>
  5689     <li class="object-property">
  5690       <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
  5691     </li>
  5692     <li class="object-property">
  5693       <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
  5694     </li>
  5695     <li class="object-property">
  5696       <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
  5697     </li>
  5698     <li class="object-property">
  5699       <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
  5700     </li>
  5701     <li class="object-property">
  5702       <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
  5703     </li>
  5704     <li class="object-property">
  5705       <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
  5706     </li>
  5707     <li class="object-property">
  5708       <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
  5709     </li>
  5710     <li class="object-property">
  5711       <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
  5712     </li>
  5713     <li class="object-property">
  5714       <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
  5715     </li>
  5716     <li class="object-property">
  5717       <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
  5718     </li>
  5719     <li class="object-property">
  5720       <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
  5721     </li>
  5722     <li class="object-property">
  5723       <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
  5724     </li>
  5725     <li class="object-property">
  5726       <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
  5727     </li>
  5728     <li class="object-property">
  5729       <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
  5730     </li>
  5731     <li class="object-property">
  5732       <a href="#qualifiedPrimarySource">prov:qualifiedPrimarySource</a>
  5733     </li>
  5734     <li class="object-property">
  5735       <a href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
  5736     </li>
  5737     <li class="object-property">
  5738       <a href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
  5739     </li>
  5740     <li class="object-property">
  5741       <a href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
  5742     </li>
  5743     <li class="object-property">
  5744       <a href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
  5745     </li>
  5746     <li class="object-property">
  5747       <a href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
  5748     </li>
  5749   </ul>
  5750 </div>
  5751 
  5752          <div class="prov-qualified owl-classes crossreference" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
  5753 
  5754   <div id="ActivityInfluence" class="entity">
  5755     <h3 id="class--prov-activityinfluence-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
  5756       Class: <a href="#ActivityInfluence"><span class="dotted" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</span></a>
  5757       <span class="backlink">
  5758          back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
  5759       </span>
  5760     </h3>
  5761     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence</p>
  5762     <div class="editors definition"><p>ActivitiyInfluence is the capacity of an activity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of generation, invalidation, communication, or other.</p>
  5763     </div>
  5764 
  5765     <div about="#example-for-class-ActivityInfluence" typeof="prov:Entity" class="example">
  5766       <span rel="dcterms:subject" resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence"></span>
  5767       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5768       <pre rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_ActivityInfluence.ttl" property="prov:value">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5769 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5770 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .