ontology/PROV-O_highlighted_terms.html
author kbelhajj
Mon, 13 Aug 2012 15:41:50 +0100
changeset 4332 430db2dd07f7
permissions -rw-r--r--
Add a HTML document with terms highlighted in the turtle examples using <strong>
     1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
     2 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.0//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/DTD/xhtml-rdfa-1.dtd'>
     3 <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" dir="ltr" typeof="bibo:Document">
     4 <head xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
     5     <title>PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</title>
     6     <meta content="text/html;charset=utf-8" http-equiv="Content-Type" />
     7 
     8     <style type="text/css">
     9       /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/owl.css */
    10       .RFC2119 {
    11         text-transform: lowercase;
    12         font-style: italic;
    13       }
    14       .nonterminal {
    15           font-weight: bold;
    16           font-family: sans-serif;
    17           font-size: 95%;
    18       }
    19       #abstract br {
    20          /* doesn't work right SOMETIMES 
    21          margin-bottom: 1em;   */
    22       }
    23       .name {
    24           font-family: monospace;
    25       }
    26       .buttonpanel {
    27           margin-top: 1ex;
    28           margin-bottom: 1ex;
    29           padding-left: 1ex;
    30           padding-right: 1ex;
    31           padding-top: 1ex;
    32           padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
    33           border: 1px dotted black; 
    34       }
    35       .grammar {
    36           margin-top: 1ex;
    37           margin-bottom: 1ex;
    38           padding-left: 1ex;
    39           padding-right: 1ex;
    40           padding-top: 1ex;
    41           padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
    42           border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
    43           font-family: monospace;
    44       }
    45       .image {
    46           text-align: center;
    47       }
    48       .centered {
    49           text-align: center;
    50           padding-top: 4ex;
    51           padding-bottom: 4ex;
    52       }
    53       .centered table {
    54           margin: 0 auto;
    55           text-align: left;
    56       }
    57       .caption {
    58           font-weight: bold;
    59       }
    60       .indent {
    61           margin-left: 20px;
    62       }
    63       .atrisknote {
    64           padding: 5px;
    65           margin-top: 10px;
    66           margin-bottom: 10px;
    67           border: solid 2px blue;
    68           background-color: #FFA;
    69       }
    70       .atrisknotehead {
    71           font-style: italic; 
    72       }
    73 
    74       /* Stying the examples. */
    75 
    76       .anexample:before {
    77           content: "Example:";
    78           font-family: sans-serif;
    79           font-size: 1.6ex;
    80           font-weight: bold;
    81       }
    82       .anexample {
    83           margin-top: 1ex;
    84           margin-bottom: 1ex;
    85           padding-left: 1ex;
    86           padding-right: 1ex;
    87           padding-top: 1ex;
    88           padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
    89           border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
    90           background-color: #f9f9f9;
    91       }
    92       .anexample table {
    93           background-color: #f9f9f9;
    94       }
    95 
    96       /* Styling the parts in the functional-style syntax. */
    97 
    98       div.fss {
    99           margin-top: 10px; 
   100           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   101           margin-left: 20px; 
   102           margin-right: 20px; 
   103           font-family: monospace;
   104       }
   105       table.fss {
   106           margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   107           padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   108           width: 100%;
   109       }
   110       table.fss caption.fss {
   111           font-size: 1.5ex;
   112           font-weight: bold;
   113           text-align: left;
   114           padding-left: 10px;
   115       }
   116       table.fss td:first-child {
   117           font-family: monospace;
   118           padding-left: 20px;
   119           padding-right: 20px;
   120           width: 60%;
   121       }
   122 
   123       /* Styling the parts in the RDF syntax. */
   124 
   125       div.rdf{
   126           margin-top: 10px; 
   127           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   128           margin-left: 20px; 
   129           margin-right: 20px; 
   130           font-family: monospace;
   131       }
   132       table.rdf {
   133           margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   134           padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
   135           width: 100%;
   136       }
   137       table.rdf caption.rdf {
   138           font-size: 1.5ex;
   139           font-weight: bold;
   140           text-align: left;
   141           padding-left: 10px;
   142       }
   143       table.rdf td:first-child {
   144           font-family: monospace;
   145           padding-left: 20px;
   146           padding-right: 20px;
   147           width: 60%;
   148       }
   149 
   150       /* Styling the XML syntax. */
   151 
   152       div.xmlsyn {
   153           margin-top: 10px; 
   154           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   155           margin-left: 20px; 
   156           margin-right: 20px; 
   157           font-family: monospace;
   158       }
   159       div.axioms {
   160           margin-top: 10px; 
   161           margin-bottom: 10px; 
   162           margin-left: 20px; 
   163           margin-right: 20px; 
   164       }
   165 
   166       /* Other styles. */
   167 
   168       table.complexity td {
   169           text-align: center;
   170       }
   171       table.allname td {
   172          font-family: monospace;
   173       }
   174       table.canonicalparsing {
   175           margin-left: 20px;
   176           border-style: none;
   177       }
   178       table.canonicalparsing td {
   179           vertical-align: top;
   180           padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
   181       }
   182       table.canonicalparsing td.two {
   183           padding-left: 30px;
   184       }
   185 
   186       /* The following are classes for templates used in the editing process. */
   187 
   188       .review {
   189           padding: 5px;
   190           border: solid 1px black;
   191           margin-left: 10%;
   192           margin-top: 10px;
   193           margin-bottom: 10px;
   194           background-color: #FFA;
   195           font-size: smaller;
   196       }
   197       .reviewauthor {
   198           font-size: smaller;
   199           font-style: italic;
   200       }
   201       .ednote {
   202           padding: 5px;
   203           border: solid 1px black;
   204           margin-top: 10px;
   205           margin-bottom: 10px;
   206       }
   207       .ednotehead {
   208          font-weight: bold;
   209       }
   210 
   211       /* override mediawiki's beautiful DL styling... */
   212       dl {
   213           background: white;
   214           width: 100%;
   215           border: none;
   216           margin-top: 0;
   217           margin-bottom: 0;
   218           padding-top: 0;
   219           padding-bottom: 0;
   220       }
   221 
   222       div {
   223           margin-top: 0;
   224           margin-bottom: 0;
   225       }
   226       #fulltitle {
   227         font-size: 140%; 
   228         font-weight: bold;
   229       }
   230 
   231       .xml {
   232        color: red
   233       }
   234 
   235       .rdbms{
   236       color: red
   237       }
   238 
   239       /* just copying from wiki, so it stays through TR. Currently
   240         affects Primer, at least */
   241       pre {
   242         background-color:#F9F9F9;
   243         border:1px dashed #2F6FAB;
   244         color:black;
   245         line-height:1.1em;
   246         padding:1em;
   247       }
   248     </style>
   249 
   250     <style type="text/css">
   251       /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/Primer.css . */
   252 
   253       /* define a class "noprint" for sections which don't get printed */  
   254       .noprint { display: none; }
   255 
   256       /* our syntax menu for switching */
   257       div.syntaxmenu {
   258         border: 1px dotted black;
   259         padding:0.5em;
   260         margin: 1em; 
   261       }
   262 
   263       @media print {
   264          div.syntaxmenu { display:none; }
   265       }
   266 
   267       /* use tab-like headers for syntax examples */
   268       div.exampleheader {
   269         font-size: 90%;
   270         float: left;
   271         background: #F9F9F9;
   272         color: #2F6FAB;
   273         border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
   274         border-bottom: 0px;
   275         padding-top: 2px;
   276       }
   277 
   278       div.exampleheader span.exampleheader {
   279         background: #F9F9F9;
   280         padding-top: 0px;
   281         padding-right: 10px;
   282         padding-left: 10px;
   283         padding-bottom: 3px;
   284         padding-top: 0px;
   285       }
   286 
   287       /* Also copy MediaWiki style here, so it will not look different when exported */
   288       div.fssyntax pre, div.rdfxml pre, div.owlxml pre, div.turtle pre, div.manchester pre  {
   289         background-color: #F9F9F9;
   290         border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
   291         color: black;
   292         line-height: 1.1em;
   293         padding: 1em;
   294         clear: both;
   295         margin-left: 0em;
   296       }
   297       /* (further styles directly embedded in header template) */
   298     </style>
   299 
   300     <style type="text/css">
   301       /* prov:wasDerivedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/rec.css . */
   302 
   303       /* Style for a "Recommendation" */
   304 
   305       /*
   306          Copyright 1997-2003 W3C (MIT, ERCIM, Keio). All Rights Reserved.
   307          The following software licensing rules apply:
   308          http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software */
   309 
   310       /* $Id: base.css,v 1.25 2006/04/18 08:42:53 bbos Exp $ */
   311 
   312       body {
   313         padding: 2em 1em 2em 70px;
   314         margin: 0;
   315         font-family: sans-serif;
   316         color: black;
   317         background: white;
   318         background-position: top left;
   319         background-attachment: fixed;
   320         background-repeat: no-repeat;
   321       }
   322       :link { color: #00C; background: transparent }
   323       :visited { color: #609; background: transparent }
   324       a:active { color: #C00; background: transparent }
   325 
   326       a:link img, a:visited img { border-style: none } /* no border on img links */
   327 
   328       a img { color: white; }        /* trick to hide the border in Netscape 4 */
   329       @media all {                   /* hide the next rule from Netscape 4 */
   330         a img { color: inherit; }    /* undo the color change above */
   331       }
   332 
   333       th, td { /* ns 4 */
   334         font-family: sans-serif;
   335       }
   336 
   337       h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 { text-align: left }
   338       /* background should be transparent, but WebTV has a bug */
   339       h1, h2, h3 { color: #005A9C; background: white }
   340       h1 { font: 170% sans-serif }
   341       h2 { font: 140% sans-serif }
   342       h3 { font: 120% sans-serif }
   343       h4 { font: bold 100% sans-serif }
   344       h5 { font: italic 100% sans-serif }
   345       h6 { font: small-caps 100% sans-serif }
   346 
   347       .hide { display: none }
   348 
   349       div.head { margin-bottom: 1em }
   350       div.head h1 { margin-top: 2em; clear: both }
   351       div.head table { margin-left: 2em; margin-top: 2em }
   352 
   353       p.copyright { font-size: small }
   354       p.copyright small { font-size: small }
   355 
   356       @media screen {  /* hide from IE3 */
   357       a[href]:hover { background: #ffa }
   358       }
   359 
   360       pre { margin-left: 2em }
   361       /*
   362       p {
   363         margin-top: 0.6em;
   364         margin-bottom: 0.6em;
   365       }
   366       */
   367       dt, dd { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0 } /* opera 3.50 */
   368       dt { font-weight: bold }
   369 
   370       pre, code { font-family: monospace } /* navigator 4 requires this */
   371 
   372       ul.toc, ol.toc {
   373         list-style: disc;     /* Mac NS has problem with 'none' */
   374         list-style: none;
   375       }
   376 
   377       @media aural {  
   378         h1, h2, h3 { stress: 20; richness: 90 }
   379         .hide { speak: none }
   380         p.copyright { volume: x-soft; speech-rate: x-fast }
   381         dt { pause-before: 20% }
   382         pre { speak-punctuation: code } 
   383       }
   384 
   385       /*body {
   386         background-image: url(http://lode.sourceforge.net/img/LODELogo.png);
   387       }*/
   388     </style>
   389 
   390     <style type="text/css">
   391       /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/extra.css . */
   392 
   393       body {
   394           text-align: justify;    
   395       }
   396 
   397       h1 {
   398           line-height: 110%;    
   399       }
   400 
   401       .hlist {
   402           border: 1px solid navy;
   403           padding:5px;
   404           background-color: #F4FFFF; 
   405       }
   406 
   407       .hlist li {
   408           display: inline;
   409           display: inline-table;
   410           list-style-type: none;
   411           padding-right: 20px;
   412           
   413       }
   414 
   415       .entity {
   416           border: 1px solid navy;
   417           margin:5px 0px 5px 0px;
   418           padding: 5px;    
   419       }
   420 
   421       .type-c {
   422           cursor:help;
   423           color:orange;
   424       }
   425 
   426       .type-op {
   427           cursor:help;
   428           color:navy;    
   429       }
   430 
   431       .type-dp {
   432           cursor:help;
   433           color:green;    
   434       }
   435 
   436       .type-ap {
   437           cursor:help;
   438           color:maroon;    
   439       }
   440 
   441       .type-ni {
   442           cursor:help;
   443           color:brown;    
   444       }
   445 
   446       .logic {
   447           color:purple;
   448           font-weight:bold;    
   449       }
   450 
   451       h3 {
   452           margin-top: 3px;
   453           padding-bottom: 5px;
   454           border-bottom: 1px solid navy;
   455       }
   456 
   457       h2 {
   458           margin-top:40px;    
   459       }
   460 
   461       .dotted {
   462           border-bottom: 1px dotted gray;
   463       }
   464 
   465       dt {
   466           margin-top:5px;
   467       }
   468 
   469       .description {
   470           border-top: 1px dashed gray;
   471           border-bottom: 1px dashed gray;
   472           background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
   473           margin-top:5px;
   474           padding-bottom:5px;
   475       }
   476 
   477       .description dl {
   478           background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
   479       }
   480 
   481       .description ul {
   482           padding-left: 12px;
   483           margin-top: 0px;
   484       }
   485 
   486       .backlink {
   487           font-size:10pt;
   488           text-align:right;
   489           float:right;
   490           color:black;
   491           padding: 2px;
   492           border: 1px dotted navy;
   493           background-color: #F4FFFF;
   494       }
   495 
   496       .imageblock {
   497          text-align: center;
   498       }
   499 
   500       .imageblock img {
   501          border:1px solid gray;
   502       }
   503 
   504       .endnote {
   505          margin-top: 40px;
   506          border-top: 1px solid gray;
   507          padding-top: 10px;
   508          text-align: center;
   509          color:gray;
   510          font-size:50%;
   511       }
   512     </style>
   513     
   514 <!--  link rel="provenance" href="http://www.w3.org/2007/08/pyRdfa/extract?format=turtle&uri=http://aquarius.tw.rpi.edu/prov-wg/prov-o"/  -->
   515 
   516 
   517     
   518 <!--  
   519       === NOTA BENE ===
   520       For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
   521       out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
   522       -->
   523 
   524 
   525    
   526 <!--  From DM  -->
   527 
   528    <style type="text/css">
   529       .note { font-size:small; margin-left:50px }
   530        table { text-align: center; vertical-align: middle }
   531    </style>
   532 
   533    <style type="text/css">
   534       /* This CSS written by Tim Lebo for PROV-O HTML (all other CSS was taken from elsewhere) */
   535       table.qualified-forms {
   536          width: 75%;
   537       }
   538       ul.hlist {
   539          margin: 20px;
   540       }
   541       table {
   542          margin: 20px; 
   543          border:1px solid navy;
   544          background-color: #F4FFFF;
   545       }
   546       table th {
   547          background-color: LightGoldenRodYellow;
   548       }
   549       table tr {
   550          padding: 2px;
   551          border: 1px solid navy;
   552       }
   553       table td {
   554          text-align: left;
   555          padding-top: 5px;
   556          padding-bottom: 5px;
   557          padding-left: 15px;
   558          padding-right: 15px;
   559       }
   560       table td.prov-attribute {
   561          width: 20%
   562       }
   563       table.prov-detail a:visited {
   564           color:black; text-decoration:none; 
   565       }
   566       table.prov-detail a:link {
   567           color:black; text-decoration:none; 
   568       }
   569       .component-entities-activities {
   570          border:1px solid gray;
   571          background-color: #FFD4D4
   572       }
   573       .component-agents-responsibility {
   574          border:1px solid gray;
   575          background-color: #CCD9EE;
   576       }
   577       .component-derivations {
   578          border:1px solid gray;
   579          background-color: #CCEED9;
   580       }
   581       .component-collections {
   582          border:1px solid gray;
   583          background-color: #CED4D4;
   584       }
   585       .component-alternate {
   586          border:1px solid gray;
   587          background-color: #F4FFD9;
   588       }
   589       .component-annotations {
   590          border:1px solid gray;
   591          background-color: #FCE1CE;
   592       }
   593       span.repeated {
   594          font-family: monospace;
   595       }
   596       a.qname {
   597          font-family: monospace;
   598       }
   599       strong.crossreference {
   600          padding-right: 15px;
   601       }
   602       div.feature-at-risk {
   603          color: red;
   604       }
   605      </style>
   606 
   607      
   608      
   609    
   610     
   611   <style type="text/css">
   612 /*****************************************************************
   613  * ReSpec CSS
   614  * Robin Berjon (robin at berjon dot com)
   615  * v0.05 - 2009-07-31
   616  *****************************************************************/
   617 
   618 
   619 /* --- INLINES --- */
   620 em.rfc2119 { 
   621     text-transform:     lowercase;
   622     font-variant:       small-caps;
   623     font-style:         normal;
   624     color:              #900;
   625 }
   626 
   627 h1 acronym, h2 acronym, h3 acronym, h4 acronym, h5 acronym, h6 acronym, a acronym,
   628 h1 abbr, h2 abbr, h3 abbr, h4 abbr, h5 abbr, h6 abbr, a abbr {
   629     border: none;
   630 }
   631 
   632 dfn {
   633     font-weight:    bold;
   634 }
   635 
   636 a.internalDFN {
   637     color:  inherit;
   638     border-bottom:  1px solid #99c;
   639     text-decoration:    none;
   640 }
   641 
   642 a.externalDFN {
   643     color:  inherit;
   644     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ccc;
   645     text-decoration:    none;
   646 }
   647 
   648 a.bibref {
   649     text-decoration:    none;
   650 }
   651 
   652 code {
   653     color:  #ff4500;
   654 }
   655 
   656 
   657 /* --- WEB IDL --- */
   658 pre.idl {
   659     border-top: 1px solid #90b8de;
   660     border-bottom: 1px solid #90b8de;
   661     padding:    1em;
   662     line-height:    120%;
   663 }
   664 
   665 pre.idl::before {
   666     content:    "WebIDL";
   667     display:    block;
   668     width:      150px;
   669     background: #90b8de;
   670     color:  #fff;
   671     font-family:    initial;
   672     padding:    3px;
   673     font-weight:    bold;
   674     margin: -1em 0 1em -1em;
   675 }
   676 
   677 .idlType {
   678     color:  #ff4500;
   679     font-weight:    bold;
   680     text-decoration:    none;
   681 }
   682 
   683 /*.idlModule*/
   684 /*.idlModuleID*/
   685 /*.idlInterface*/
   686 .idlInterfaceID, .idlDictionaryID {
   687     font-weight:    bold;
   688     color:  #005a9c;
   689 }
   690 
   691 .idlSuperclass {
   692     font-style: italic;
   693     color:  #005a9c;
   694 }
   695 
   696 /*.idlAttribute*/
   697 .idlAttrType, .idlFieldType, .idlMemberType {
   698     color:  #005a9c;
   699 }
   700 .idlAttrName, .idlFieldName, .idlMemberName {
   701     color:  #ff4500;
   702 }
   703 .idlAttrName a, .idlFieldName a, .idlMemberName a {
   704     color:  #ff4500;
   705     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
   706     text-decoration: none;
   707 }
   708 
   709 /*.idlMethod*/
   710 .idlMethType {
   711     color:  #005a9c;
   712 }
   713 .idlMethName {
   714     color:  #ff4500;
   715 }
   716 .idlMethName a {
   717     color:  #ff4500;
   718     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
   719     text-decoration: none;
   720 }
   721 
   722 /*.idlParam*/
   723 .idlParamType {
   724     color:  #005a9c;
   725 }
   726 .idlParamName {
   727     font-style: italic;
   728 }
   729 
   730 .extAttr {
   731     color:  #666;
   732 }
   733 
   734 /*.idlConst*/
   735 .idlConstType {
   736     color:  #005a9c;
   737 }
   738 .idlConstName {
   739     color:  #ff4500;
   740 }
   741 .idlConstName a {
   742     color:  #ff4500;
   743     border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
   744     text-decoration: none;
   745 }
   746 
   747 /*.idlException*/
   748 .idlExceptionID {
   749     font-weight:    bold;
   750     color:  #c00;
   751 }
   752 
   753 .idlTypedefID, .idlTypedefType {
   754     color:  #005a9c;
   755 }
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  1153 
  1154 
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  1179 
  1180 
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  1204 
  1205 
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  1223 
  1224 /* added prov-wg lebot  */
  1225 
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  1230 }
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  1239 </style><link href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-WD" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" charset="utf-8" /></head>
  1240   <body style="display: inherit;"><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" alt="W3C" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" /></a></p><h1 id="title" class="title">PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</h1><h2 id="w3c-working-draft-24-july-2012"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Working Draft 24 July 2012</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120724/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120724/</a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</a></dd><dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/Overview.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/Overview.html</a></dd><dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120503/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120503/</a></dd><dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/TimLebo">Timothy Lebo</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
  1241 <dd><a href="http://cci.case.edu/cci/index.php/Satya_Sahoo">Satya Sahoo</a>, Case Western Reserve University, USA</dd>
  1242 <dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/Deborah_L_McGuinness">Deborah McGuinness</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
  1243 <dt>Authors:</dt><dd><span>(In alphabetical order)</span></dd>
  1244 <dd><a href="http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Khalid_Belhajjame">Khalid Belhajjame</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
  1245 <dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh, UK</dd>
  1246 <dd><a href="http://homepages.abdn.ac.uk/dcorsar/pages/">David Corsar</a>, University of Aberdeen, UK</dd>
  1247 <dd><a href="http://www.oeg-upm.net/index.php/en/phdstudents/28-dgarijo">Daniel Garijo</a>, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain</dd>
  1248 <dd><a href="http://soiland-reyes.com/stian/">Stian Soiland-Reyes</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
  1249 <dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/web/person/StephanZednik">Stephan Zednik</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
  1250 <dd><a href="http://users.ox.ac.uk/~zool0770/">Jun Zhao</a>, University of Oxford, UK</dd>
  1251 </dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2011-2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr /></div>
  1252 
  1253     <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
  1254          <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) expresses the PROV Data Model using the OWL2 Web Ontology Language (OWL2). It provides a set of classes, properties, and restrictions that can be used to represent and interchange provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. 
  1255 It can also be specialized to create new classes and properties to model provenance information for different applications and domains.
  1256         </p>
  1257 
  1258         <p style="text-align: center;">The namespace for all PROV-O terms is <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</span>.
  1259         </p>
  1260 
  1261         <p style="text-align: center;">The OWL encoding of the PROV Ontology is available <a href="prov-20120724.owl">here</a>.
  1262         </p>
  1263 
  1264     </div><div class="introductory section" id="sotd"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
  1265       <h4 id="last-call">Last Call</h4>
  1266       <p>This is the third public release of the PROV-DM document.
  1267       This is a Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected to change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time for external review.</p>
  1268 
  1269       <p>This specification identifies two  <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi">features at risk</a>: <a href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> and  <a href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> might be removed from PROV-O if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. These two OWL properties are based on the PROV <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention">Mentions</a> feature.</p>
  1270 
  1271 
  1272       <h4 id="prov-family-of-specifications">PROV Family of Specifications</h4>
  1273       This document is part of the PROV family of specifications, a set of specifications defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
  1274       interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  The specifications are:
  1275       <ul>
  1276       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/">PROV-DM</a>, the PROV data model for provenance (this document);</li>
  1277       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a>, a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>];</li>
  1278       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/">PROV-N</a>, a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>];</li>
  1279       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">PROV-O</a>, the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-O">PROV-O</a></cite>];</li>
  1280       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/">PROV-AQ</a>, the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
  1281       <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/">PROV-PRIMER</a>, a primer for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>].</li>
  1282       </ul>
  1283       <h4 id="how-to-read-the-prov-family-of-specifications">How to read the PROV Family of Specifications</h4>
  1284       <ul>
  1285       <li>The primer is the entry point to PROV offering an introduction to the provenance model.</li>
  1286       <li>The Linked Data and Semantic Web community should focus on PROV-O defining PROV classes and properties specified in an OWL2 ontology. For further details, PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS specify the cons
  1287       traints applicable to the data model, and its interpretation. </li>
  1288       <li>Developers seeking to retrieve or publish provenance should focus on PROV-AQ.</li>
  1289       <li>Readers seeking to implement other PROV serializations
  1290       should focus on PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS.  PROV-O and PROV-N offer examples of mapping to RDF and text, respectively.</li>
  1291       </ul>
  1292     <p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a Last Call Working Draft. This document is intended to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:public-prov-comments@w3.org">public-prov-comments@w3.org</a> (<a href="mailto:public-prov-comments-request@w3.org?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>). The Last Call period ends 18 September 2012. All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a Working Draft does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.</p><p>This is a Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a rel="disclosure" href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status">public list of any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-o-at-a-glance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>The PROV-O Ontology Description</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference for PROV-O classes and properties</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-o-owl-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>PROV-O OWL Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#names-of-inverse-properties" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Names of inverse properties</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
  1293   
  1294  
  1295     
  1296 
  1297      <div id="introduction" class="section">    
  1298          
  1299 <!-- OddPage -->
  1300 <h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</h2>  
  1301          <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) defines the OWL2 Web Ontology Language encoding of the PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]. This document describes the set of classes, properties, and restrictions that constitute the PROV Ontology. This ontology specification provides the foundation to implement provenance applications in different domains that can represent, exchange, and integrate provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. Together with the PROV Access and Query [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PAQ">PROV-PAQ</a></cite>] and PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>], this document forms a framework for provenance information interchange in domain-specific Web-based applications.
  1302          </p>
  1303         <p>
  1304          PROV-O is lightweight so that it can be adopted in the widest range of applications. With the exception of <a href="#prov-o-owl-profile">five axioms</a>, PROV-O conforms to the OWL-RL profile [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL-2-PRIMER">OWL-2-PRIMER</a></cite>]. The PROV Ontology classes and properties are defined such that they can not only be used directly to represent provenance information, but also can be specialized for modeling application-specific provenance details in a variety of domains. Thus, the PROV Ontology is expected to be both directly usable in applications as well as serve as a <i>reference model</i> for creating domain-specific provenance ontologies and thereby facilitates interoperable provenance modeling. To demonstrate the use of PROV-O classes and properties, this document uses an example provenance scenario similar to the one introduced in the PROV-Primer [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>].
  1305         </p>
  1306          <p> The PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] introduces a set of concepts to represent provenance information in a variety of application domains. This document maps the PROV Data Model to PROV Ontology using the OWL2 ontology language [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-RDF-BASED-SEMANTICS">OWL2-RDF-BASED-SEMANTICS</a></cite>]. 
  1307         </p>
  1308 
  1309         <p> We briefly introduce some of the OWL2 modeling terms that will be used to describe the PROV Ontology. An OWL2 <i>instance</i> is an individual object in a domain of discourse, for example a person named Alice or a car, and a set of individuals sharing a set of additional characteristics is called a <i>class</i>. Person and Car are examples of classes representing the set of individual persons and cars respectively. The OWL2 object properties are used to link individuals, classes, or create a property hierarchy. For example, the object property &quot;hasOwner&quot; can be used to link car with person. The OWL2 datatype properties are used to link individuals or classes to data values, including XML Schema datatypes [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].   
  1310         </p>
  1311         <p>The key words &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="must not">must not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="required">required</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="shall">shall</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="shall not">shall not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>&quot;,  &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>&quot;, and       &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>&quot; in this document are to be interpreted as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
  1312     </div>
  1313 
  1314 
  1315 
  1316    <div id="prov-o-at-a-glance" class="section">
  1317       
  1318 <!-- OddPage -->
  1319 <h2><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</h2>
  1320 
  1321       <p>PROV-O users may only need to use parts of the entire ontology, depending on their needs and according to how much detail they want to include in their provenance information. For this, the PROV-O terms (classes and properties) are grouped into three categories to provide an incremental introduction to the ontology: Starting Point terms, Expanded terms, and terms for Qualifying relationships.
  1322       </p>
  1323 
  1324       <div id="prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
  1325          <p><strong>Starting Point classes and properties</strong> provide the basis for the rest of the PROV Ontology and thus it is recommended that readers become comfortable with how to apply these terms before continuing to the remaining categories. These terms are used to create simple provenance descriptions that can be elaborated using terms from other categories. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
  1326          
  1327 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
  1328   <ul class="hlist">
  1329     <li>
  1330       <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  1331     </li>
  1332     <li>
  1333       <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  1334     </li>
  1335     <li>
  1336       <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  1337     </li>
  1338   </ul>
  1339 </div>
  1340 
  1341 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
  1342   <ul class="hlist">
  1343     <li class="object-property">
  1344       <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
  1345     </li>
  1346     <li class="datatype-property">
  1347       <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
  1348     </li>
  1349     <li class="datatype-property">
  1350       <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
  1351     </li>
  1352     <li class="object-property">
  1353       <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
  1354     </li>
  1355     <li class="object-property">
  1356       <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
  1357     </li>
  1358     <li class="object-property">
  1359       <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
  1360     </li>
  1361     <li class="object-property">
  1362       <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
  1363     </li>
  1364     <li class="object-property">
  1365       <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
  1366     </li>
  1367     <li class="object-property">
  1368       <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
  1369     </li>
  1370   </ul>
  1371 </div>
  1372 
  1373       </div>
  1374 
  1375       <div id="prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
  1376          <p><strong>Expanded classes and properties</strong> provide additional terms that can be used to relate classes in the Starting Point category. The terms in this category are applied in the same way as the terms in the Starting Point category. Many of the terms in this category are subclasses or subproperties of those in the Starting Point category. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
  1377          
  1378 <div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
  1379   <ul class="hlist">
  1380     <li>
  1381       <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
  1382     </li>
  1383     <li>
  1384       <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  1385     </li>
  1386     <li>
  1387       <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
  1388     </li>
  1389     <li>
  1390       <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
  1391     </li>
  1392     <li>
  1393       <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
  1394     </li>
  1395     <li>
  1396       <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
  1397     </li>
  1398     <li>
  1399       <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
  1400     </li>
  1401   </ul>
  1402 </div>
  1403 
  1404 <div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
  1405   <ul class="hlist">
  1406     <li class="object-property">
  1407       <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
  1408     </li>
  1409     <li class="object-property">
  1410       <a href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a>
  1411     </li>
  1412     <li class="object-property">
  1413       <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
  1414     </li>
  1415     <li class="object-property">
  1416       <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
  1417     </li>
  1418     <li class="datatype-property">
  1419       <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
  1420     </li>
  1421     <li class="object-property">
  1422       <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
  1423     </li>
  1424     <li class="object-property">
  1425       <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
  1426     </li>
  1427     <li class="object-property">
  1428       <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
  1429     </li>
  1430     <li class="object-property">
  1431       <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
  1432     </li>
  1433     <li class="datatype-property">
  1434       <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
  1435     </li>
  1436     <li class="object-property">
  1437       <a href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a>
  1438     </li>
  1439     <li class="object-property">
  1440       <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
  1441     </li>
  1442     <li class="datatype-property">
  1443       <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
  1444     </li>
  1445     <li class="object-property">
  1446       <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
  1447     </li>
  1448     <li class="object-property">
  1449       <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
  1450     </li>
  1451     <li class="object-property">
  1452       <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
  1453     </li>
  1454     <li class="object-property">
  1455       <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
  1456     </li>
  1457     <li class="object-property">
  1458       <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
  1459     </li>
  1460   </ul>
  1461 </div>
  1462 
  1463       </div>
  1464 
  1465       <div id="prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
  1466          <p><strong>Qualified classes and properties</strong> provide elaborated information about binary relations asserted using Starting Point and Expanded properties. The terms in this category are applied using a pattern that differs from those in the Starting Point and Expanded categories. While the relations from the previous two categories are applied as direct, binary assertions, the terms in this category are used to provide additional attributes of the binary relations. The pattern used in this category allows users to provide elaborate details that are not available using only Starting Point and Expanded terms. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
  1467          
  1468 <div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
  1469   <ul class="hlist">
  1470     <li>
  1471       <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
  1472     </li>
  1473     <li>
  1474       <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
  1475     </li>
  1476     <li>
  1477       <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
  1478     </li>
  1479     <li>
  1480       <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
  1481     </li>
  1482     <li>
  1483       <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
  1484     </li>
  1485     <li>
  1486       <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
  1487     </li>
  1488     <li>
  1489       <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
  1490     </li>
  1491     <li>
  1492       <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
  1493     </li>
  1494     <li>
  1495       <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
  1496     </li>
  1497     <li>
  1498       <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
  1499     </li>
  1500     <li>
  1501       <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
  1502     </li>
  1503     <li>
  1504       <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  1505     </li>
  1506     <li>
  1507       <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
  1508     </li>
  1509     <li>
  1510       <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
  1511     </li>
  1512     <li>
  1513       <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
  1514     </li>
  1515     <li>
  1516       <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
  1517     </li>
  1518     <li>
  1519       <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
  1520     </li>
  1521     <li>
  1522       <a href="#Source">prov:Source</a>
  1523     </li>
  1524     <li>
  1525       <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
  1526     </li>
  1527     <li>
  1528       <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
  1529     </li>
  1530   </ul>
  1531 </div>
  1532 
  1533 <div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
  1534   <ul class="hlist">
  1535     <li class="object-property">
  1536       <a href="#activity">prov:activity</a>
  1537     </li>
  1538     <li class="object-property">
  1539       <a href="#agent">prov:agent</a>
  1540     </li>
  1541     <li class="datatype-property">
  1542       <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
  1543     </li>
  1544     <li class="object-property">
  1545       <a href="#entity">prov:entity</a>
  1546     </li>
  1547     <li class="object-property">
  1548       <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
  1549     </li>
  1550     <li class="object-property">
  1551       <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
  1552     </li>
  1553     <li class="object-property">
  1554       <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
  1555     </li>
  1556     <li class="object-property">
  1557       <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
  1558     </li>
  1559     <li class="object-property">
  1560       <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
  1561     </li>
  1562     <li class="object-property">
  1563       <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
  1564     </li>
  1565     <li class="object-property">
  1566       <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
  1567     </li>
  1568     <li class="object-property">
  1569       <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
  1570     </li>
  1571     <li class="object-property">
  1572       <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
  1573     </li>
  1574     <li class="object-property">
  1575       <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
  1576     </li>
  1577     <li class="object-property">
  1578       <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
  1579     </li>
  1580     <li class="object-property">
  1581       <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
  1582     </li>
  1583     <li class="object-property">
  1584       <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
  1585     </li>
  1586     <li class="object-property">
  1587       <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
  1588     </li>
  1589     <li class="object-property">
  1590       <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
  1591     </li>
  1592     <li class="object-property">
  1593       <a href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
  1594     </li>
  1595     <li class="object-property">
  1596       <a href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
  1597     </li>
  1598     <li class="object-property">
  1599       <a href="#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a>
  1600     </li>
  1601     <li class="object-property">
  1602       <a href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
  1603     </li>
  1604     <li class="object-property">
  1605       <a href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
  1606     </li>
  1607     <li class="object-property">
  1608       <a href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
  1609     </li>
  1610   </ul>
  1611 </div>
  1612 
  1613       </div>
  1614 
  1615       <div>
  1616        
  1617       </div>
  1618 
  1619    </div> 
  1620 <!--  PROV-O at a glance  -->
  1621 
  1622 
  1623 
  1624 
  1625     <div id="description" class="section">
  1626       
  1627 <!-- OddPage -->
  1628 <h2><span class="secno">3. </span>The PROV-O Ontology Description</h2>       
  1629       <p>This section introduces the terms in each of the following categories:
  1630       </p>     
  1631       <ul>
  1632          <li><a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
  1633          <li><a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
  1634          <li><a href="#description-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
  1635       </ul>
  1636 
  1637      <div id="description-starting-point-terms" class="section">
  1638       <h3><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
  1639        <p>The Starting Point category is a small set of classes and properties that can be used to create simple, initial provenance descriptions.
  1640          Three classes provide a basis for the rest of PROV-O:  
  1641        </p>
  1642          <ul>
  1643             <li>An <a href="#Entity" class="qname">prov:Entity</a> is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary.  
  1644             </li>
  1645             <li>An <a href="#Activity" class="qname">prov:Activity</a> is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.  
  1646             </li>
  1647             <li>An <a href="#Agent" class="qname">prov:Agent</a> is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. 
  1648             </li>
  1649          </ul> 
  1650       <p>The three primary classes relate to one another and to themselves using the properties shown in the following figure.</p>
  1651 
  1652       <p>Activities <strong>start</strong> and <strong>end</strong> at particular points in time (described using properties 
  1653       <a class="qname" href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a> and <a class="qname" href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>, respectively) 
  1654       and during their lifespan can  <strong>use</strong> and <strong>generate</strong> a variety of Entities (described with 
  1655       <a class="qname" href="#used">prov:used</a> and <a class="qname" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>, respectively). 
  1656       For example, a blog writing activity may use a particular dataset and generate a bar chart. 
  1657       By applying usage and generation, one can construct provenance chains comprising both Activities and Entities.
  1658       </p>
  1659 
  1660       <p>In addiition, we can say that an Activity <a class="qname" href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
  1661       another Activity to provide some dependency information without explicitly providing the activities' start and end times. 
  1662       A <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> relation between Activities suggests that the informed Activity used an Entity that was generated by the informing 
  1663       Activity, but the Entity itself is not interesting or is unknown. 
  1664       So, the <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> property allows the assertion of provenance chains comprising only Activities.
  1665       </p>
  1666 
  1667       <p>Provenance chains comprising only Entities can be formed using the <a class="qname" href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> property.
  1668          A derivation is a transformation of one entity into another. For example, if the Activity that created the bar chart is not interesting or is unknown,
  1669           then we can say that the bar chart <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> the dataset.
  1670          Arbitrary RDF properties can be used to describe the fixed aspects of an Entity that are interesting to a particular application (for example, 
  1671          the file size and format of the dataset, or the aspect ratio of the bar chart).
  1672       </p>
  1673 
  1674       <p>An Agent can be responsible for an Activity or an Entity, which is described using the properties <a class="qname" href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> and <a class="qname" href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>, respectively. Agents can also be responsible for other Agents' actions. In this case, the Agent that influenced an Activity or Entity <a class="qname" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> another Agent that also bears some responsibility for the resulting Activity or Entity.
  1675 
  1676       </p><div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="starting-points-figure">
  1677             
  1678 <!--  When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/  -->
  1679 
  1680             
  1681 <!-- img src="prov-o-diagrams/Starting-points-terms.png" -->
  1682 
  1683             <img alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/starting-points.svg" />
  1684             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#starting-points-figure">Figure 1</a>. The three Starting Point classes and the properties that relate them.</div>
  1685       </div>
  1686 
  1687         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-simple-1" id="narrative-example-simple-1">
  1688            <p>
  1689             <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">Example 1</a>: The following PROV-O describes the resources involved when creating a chart about crime statistics. The example uses only Starting Point terms and serves as a basis for elaboration that will be described in subsequent sections. In the example, Derek performs an aggregation of some government crime data, grouping by national regions that are described in a separate dataset by a civil action group.
  1690            </p> 
  1691            <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/ontology/khalid-jun-dropbox/eg16-journalism-simple-without-comments.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  1692 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  1693 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  1694 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  1695 
  1696 :bar_chart
  1697    a prov:Entity;
  1698    prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrationActivity;
  1699    prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
  1700 .
  1701 
  1702 :illustrationActivity 
  1703    a prov:Activity; 
  1704    prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;
  1705    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
  1706    prov:wasInformedBy     :aggregationActivity;
  1707 .
  1708 
  1709 :aggregatedByRegions
  1710    a prov:Entity;
  1711    prov:wasGeneratedBy :aggregationActivity;
  1712 .
  1713 
  1714 :aggregationActivity
  1715    a prov:Activity;
  1716    prov:startedAtTime    &quot;2011-07-14T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1717    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
  1718    prov:used              :crimeData;
  1719    prov:used              :nationalRegionsList;
  1720    prov:endedAtTime      &quot;2011-07-14T02:02:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1721 .
  1722 
  1723 :crimeData
  1724    a prov:Entity;
  1725    prov:wasAttributedTo :government;
  1726 .
  1727 :nationalRegionsList 
  1728    a prov:Entity;
  1729    prov:wasAttributedTo :civil_action_group;
  1730 .
  1731 
  1732 :aggregatedByRegions prov:wasAttributedTo :derek .
  1733 :bar_chart           prov:wasAttributedTo :derek .
  1734 
  1735 :derek
  1736    a prov:Agent;
  1737    a foaf:Person;
  1738    foaf:givenName &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
  1739    foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  1740    prov:actedOnBehalfOf :natonal_newspaper_inc;
  1741 .
  1742 
  1743 :national_newspaper_inc 
  1744    a prov:Agent;
  1745    a prov:Organization;
  1746    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  1747 . 
  1748 
  1749 :government         a prov:Organization, foaf:Organization .
  1750 :civil_action_group a prov:Organization, foaf:Organization .</pre>
  1751         </div>
  1752 
  1753       <p>The example states that the agent <code>ex:derek</code> was associated with two 
  1754       activities: <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>. The 
  1755       activity <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code> used 
  1756       the entities <code>ex:crimeData</code> (a crime statistics dataset) and <code>ex:nationalRegionsList</code> (a list of national regions), and 
  1757       generated a new entity, <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>, that aggregates the statistics in
  1758        <code>ex:crimeData</code> according to the regions in <code>ex:nationalRegionsList</code>. 
  1759       The <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code> entity was then used by the <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code> activity, 
  1760       to generate a new entity <code>ex:chart1</code> that depicts the aggregated statistics.
  1761       </p>
  1762 
  1763       <p> The example also states that the activity <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code> was 
  1764       informed by the activity <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code>. Indeed, the former used
  1765        the entity <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>, which was generated by the latter.
  1766       </p>
  1767 
  1768       <p> Because the agent <code>ex:derek</code> was associated with the activities 
  1769       <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>, the entities 
  1770       generated by these activities, i.e., <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code> and <code>ex:chart1</code>, were 
  1771       attributed to him.
  1772       </p>
  1773 
  1774       <p>Finally, the example states that the agent <code>ex:derek</code> acted on behalf of the organization <code>ex:national_newspaper_inc</code>.
  1775       </p>   
  1776 
  1777       <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="narrative-example-simple-1-figure">
  1778             <img alt="Illustration of Derek making a bar chart from some aggregated government data." style="width: 90%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/starting-points-example.svg" />
  1779             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#narrative-example-simple-1-figure">Figure 2</a>. The three Starting Point classes and the properties that relate them.</div>
  1780       </div>
  1781 
  1782      </div> 
  1783 <!--  Starting Points  in PROV-O  -->
  1784 
  1785 
  1786      <div id="description-expanded-terms" class="section">
  1787       <h3><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
  1788 
  1789       <p>The terms introduced in this section provide additional ways to describe the provenance among Entities, Activities, and Agents. 
  1790          The additional terms are illustrated in the following figure and can be separated into five different categories.</p>
  1791 
  1792       <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="expanded-terms-figure">
  1793             <img alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/expanded.svg" />
  1794             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-terms-figure">Figure 3</a>. The expanded terms build upon those in the Starting Points section. <br />
  1795             The domain of <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> (<span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Agent</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:InstantaneousEvent</span>) is not illustrated.</div>
  1796       </div>
  1797 
  1798 
  1799      <p>The <strong>first</strong> category extends the <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point terms</a> with subclasses, subproperties, and one superproperty.</p>
  1800 
  1801      <p>Three subclasses of Agent (<a class="qname" href="#Person">prov:Person</a>, <a class="qname" href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>, and 
  1802       <a class="qname" href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>) and
  1803       Three subclasses of Entity are provided (<a class="qname" href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>, <a class="qname" href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>, 
  1804       and <a class="qname" href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>). 
  1805       </p>
  1806 
  1807       <p>
  1808       A <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> is an Entity that provides a structure (e.g. set, list, etc.) to some constituents (which are themselves Entities). 
  1809       The <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> class can be used to express the provenance of the collection itself: 
  1810       e.g. who maintains the collection (attribution), which members it contains as it evolves, and how it was assembled. 
  1811       The <a class="qname" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> property is used to assert membership in a collection.
  1812       </p>
  1813 
  1814       <div id="description-bundle">
  1815          <p>
  1816          A <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> is a named set of provenance descriptions, which may itself have provenance. 
  1817          The named provenance descriptions may be expressed as PROV-O or in some other form.
  1818          The subclass of Bundle that contains PROV-O assertions is not provided by PROV-O, since it is more appropriate to do so using other recommendations, 
  1819          standards, or technologies. In any case, a Bundle of PROV-O assertions is an abstract set of RDF triples, and adding or removing a triple creates a distinct 
  1820          Bundle of PROV-O assertions.
  1821          </p>
  1822       </div>
  1823 
  1824       <p>A <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> is an entity that represents a set of actions or steps intended by one or more agents to achieve some goals. 
  1825       </p>
  1826 
  1827 
  1828      <p>
  1829       More general and more specific properties are also provided by the expanded terms. More generally, the property 
  1830       <a class="qname" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> is a superproperty that relates any influenced Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other 
  1831       influencing Entity, Activity, or Agent that had an effect on its characteristics. 
  1832 
  1833       More specifically, three subproperties of <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> are provided for certain kinds of derivation among Entities: 
  1834       <a class="qname" href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> cites a potentially larger Entity (such as a book, blog, or image) from which a new Entity was created
  1835       by repeating some or all of the original, 
  1836       <a class="qname" href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> indicates that the derived Entity contains substantial content from the original Entity 
  1837       (e.g., two editions of a book), and 
  1838       <a class="qname" href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> cites an older Entity produced by some agent with direct experience and 
  1839       knowledge about the topic (such as a reading from a sensor, or a journal written during an historical event). 
  1840       </p>
  1841      
  1842      <p>The <strong>second</strong> category relates Entities according to their levels of abstraction, where some Entities may present more specific aspects than their more general counterparts. 
  1843       While <a class="qname" href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> links a more specific Entity to a more general one (e.g., today's BBC news home page versus BBC's news home page on any day), <a class="qname" href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> links Entities that present aspects of the same thing, but not necessarily the same aspects or at the same time (e.g., the serialization of a document in different formats).
  1844     <a class="qname" href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> is a special type of <span class="repeated">prov:specializationOf</span> whose subject presents as an aspect a particular <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> in which its more general Entity was described (<a class="qname" href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> is used to cite the Bundle in which the generalization was mentioned).
  1845      </p>
  1846      
  1847       <div class="note">
  1848       <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:mentionOf</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:asInBundle</span> properties are &quot;<a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi">at risk</a>&quot; and may be removed from this specification based on feedback. Please send feedback to public-prov-comments@w3.org.</p>
  1849 
  1850       <p>These two properties are used to encode the PROV-DM's <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention">Mention construct</a>, which might be removed from PROV if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. 
  1851       </p></div>
  1852 
  1853       <p>
  1854       The <strong>third</strong> category allows further description of Entities. The property <a class="qname" href="#value">prov:value</a> holds a literal value for the Entity. For example, the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of a quote could be a string of the sentences stated, or the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of an Entity involved in a numeric calculation could be the xsd:integer four.
  1855        The property <a class="qname" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> can be used to describe the <a class="qname" href="#Location">prov:Location</a> of any 
  1856       Entity, Activity, Agent, or <a class="qname" href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a> 
  1857       (i.e., generation, usage, or invalidation of an entity and the starting or ending of an activity). 
  1858       The properties used to describe instances of <span class="repeated">prov:Location</span> are outside the scope of PROV-O; 
  1859       reuse of other existing vocabulary is encouraged.
  1860       </p>
  1861 
  1862  
  1863       <p>The <strong>fourth</strong> category describes the lifetime of an Entity beyond being <strong>generated</strong> by an Activity and <strong>used</strong> by other Activities. For example, a painting could not have been displayed before it was painted, and it could not be sold after it was destroyed by fire. 
  1864       Similar to how Activities have start and end times, an Entity may be bound by points in time for which it was generated or is no longer usable. 
  1865 The properties <a class="qname" href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a> and <a class="qname" href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> can be used to bound the starting and ending moments of an Entity's existence. The Activities that led to the generation or invalidation of an Entity can be provided using <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <a class="qname" href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>, respectively. 
  1866 <a class="qname" href="#generated">prov:generated</a> and <a class="qname" href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> are the inverses of <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span>, respectively, and are defined to facilitate Activity-as-subject as well as Entity-as-subject descriptions. 
  1867       </p>
  1868 
  1869       <p>The <strong>fifth</strong> category describes the lifetime of an Activity beyond its start and end times and predecessor Activities.  
  1870       Activities may also be started or ended by Entities, which are described using the properties <a class="qname" href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> and <a class="qname" href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>, respectively. Since Entities may start or end Activities, and Agents may be Entities, then Agents may also start or end Activities.
  1871       </p>
  1872 
  1873         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-1" id="narrative-example-expanded-1">
  1874            <p>We illustrate below the use of the expanded terms using the crime file example from the previous section as reference. Derek then published a post about
  1875          his work with the aggregated file.
  1876             </p> 
  1877             <p>   
  1878                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 2</a>:
  1879             </p>
  1880 
  1881             <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt1.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  1882 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  1883 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  1884 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  1885 @prefix my:   &lt;http://example.org/my#&gt; .
  1886 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  1887 
  1888 :bundlePost {
  1889 
  1890    :bundlePost a prov:Bundle .
  1891 
  1892    :derek
  1893       a prov:Person, prov:Agent, foaf:Person; ## Typically prov:Agent will be inferred from prov:Person
  1894       foaf:givenName      &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
  1895       foaf:mbox           &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  1896       prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
  1897    .
  1898 
  1899    :national_newspaper_inc 
  1900       a prov:Organization, prov:Agent;       ## Typically prov:Agent will be inferred from prov:Organization
  1901       foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  1902    .
  1903 
  1904    :postEditor 
  1905       a prov:SoftwareAgent, prov:Agent;      ## Typically prov:Agent will be inferred from prov:SoftwareAgent
  1906       foaf:name &quot;Post Editor 3000&quot;;
  1907    .   
  1908 
  1909    :aggregatedByRegions
  1910       a prov:Entity;
  1911       prov:atLocation &lt;file://Users/aggr.txt&gt;;
  1912    .
  1913    
  1914    :more-crime-happens-in-cities
  1915     a prov:Location, sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
  1916     sioc:latest_version :post9821v2;
  1917     sioc:previous_version :post9821v1;
  1918    .
  1919 
  1920    ## Version 1 of the post
  1921    
  1922    :post9821v1
  1923       a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
  1924       prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
  1925       prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;  ## PERMALINK to the (latest revision of the) post
  1926       my:snapshotContent  :postContent0;                  ## Snapshot with the content of this version
  1927       sioc:title &quot;More crime happens in cities&quot;^^xsd:string;
  1928       prov:hadPrimarySource :aggregatedByRegions;         ## This version of the post used the file &quot;aggregatedByRegions&quot; as a primary source. 
  1929                                                           ## Since the author stated that he based his post in the file, 
  1930                                                           ## the system used this relationship to keep the attribution clear.
  1931       prov:wasAttributedTo   :derek;
  1932       prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1933    .
  1934 
  1935    ## Version 2 of the post
  1936 
  1937    :post9821v2
  1938       a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
  1939       prov:atLocation       :more-crime-happens-in-cities;  ## PERMALINK to the (latest revision of the) post
  1940       my:snapshotContent    :postContent1;                  ## Snapshot with the content of this version
  1941       prov:wasRevisionOf    :post9821v1;
  1942       prov:alternateOf      :post9821v1;
  1943       prov:wasAttributedTo  :derek;
  1944    .
  1945 
  1946    :publicationActivity1123 
  1947       a prov:Activity;
  1948       prov:wasStartedAt      &quot;2011-07-16T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1949       prov:wasEndedAt        &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  1950       prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek,
  1951                              :postEditor;
  1952       prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;   
  1953       prov:generated         :post9821v1;
  1954       prov:wasStartedBy      :derek;
  1955       prov:wasEndedBy        :derek
  1956    .
  1957 }</pre> 
  1958         </div>
  1959          
  1960          <p>
  1961          Agent <code>ex:derek</code>, acting again on behalf of the <code>:national_newspaper_inc</code> organization, 
  1962          publishes a post about his recent changes to the aggregated file (<code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>) using the tool <code>ex:postEditor</code>. Since he is the one who started and ended the publishing activity (<code>ex:publicationActivity1123</code>), that information
  1963          is recorded as well. The post produced by <code>ex:derek</code> (<code>ex:post9821v1</code>) includes a permanent link where the content of the latest version is shown
  1964          (<code>ex:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>) plus a snapshot of the content of the current version (<code>ex:postContent0</code>). Derek also adds additional metadata of the post, like the title.
  1965          </p>
  1966          <p>
  1967          However, shortly after having published the post, Derek detects a typo. He does not want to record the activity that led to the new version, so he just creates a new version and 
  1968          summarizes the changes in a revision of the original post (<code>ex:post9821v2</code>). This revision is also an alternate of the original post, 
  1969          since they are both forms of the long-standing blog.
  1970          Thus, the permalink to the latest version (<code>ex:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>) remains the same in the new revision, but a different URL is given for its snapshot (<code>ex:postContent1</code>).
  1971          </p>        
  1972 
  1973          <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="expanded-example-illustration-1">
  1974 
  1975                <img alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" style="width: 95%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost.svg" />
  1976 
  1977                <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-example-illustration-1">Figure 4</a>. 
  1978                   An illustration of the PROV-O assertions in <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 3</a>, where Derek publishes a two versions of a blog for the National Newspaper, Inc.
  1979                </div>
  1980          </div>
  1981 
  1982 
  1983  
  1984        <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-1-a" id="narrative-example-expanded-1-a">
  1985            <p>Shortly after Derek's post publication, Monica adapts the text for a wider audience in a new post (<code>ex:post9822</code>). This version is a specialization of the original post,
  1986          and an alternate of the version modified by Derek. Since the provenance produced by the activities of Derek and Monica correspond to different user views, the system
  1987          automatically publish it in different <a class="qname" href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>s (<code>ex:bundlePost and ex:bundlePost1</code>).
  1988             </p>        
  1989             <p>   
  1990                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1-a">Example 3</a>:
  1991             </p>
  1992             <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt1_a.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  1993 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  1994 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  1995 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  1996 @prefix my:   &lt;http://example.org#my&gt; .
  1997 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  1998 
  1999 :bundlePost1 {
  2000 
  2001    :bundlePost1 a prov:Bundle .
  2002 
  2003    :monica
  2004       a prov:Person, prov:Agent, foaf:Person;
  2005       foaf:givenName &quot;Monica&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2006       foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:monica@example.org&gt;
  2007    .
  2008 
  2009    ## Rephrasing of the post in a new resource for a different audience
  2010 
  2011    :post9822
  2012       a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
  2013       prov:atLocation       :more-crime-happens-in-cities-for-dummies; ## PERMALINK to the (latest revision of the) post
  2014       my:snapshotContent    :postContent2;                             ## Snapshot with the content of this version
  2015       prov:alternateOf      :post9821v2;                               ## This post is an alternate of the second version modified by Derek.
  2016       prov:specializationOf :more-crime-happens-in-cities;             ## This post is an specialization of the post initially created by Derek.
  2017       prov:wasInfluencedBy  :aggregatedByRegions;                      ## If the file hadn't existed, Monica would have not written the post. 
  2018                                                                        ## However the file is not what Monica used as primary source for writting the new post,
  2019                                                                        ## so we can't consider the post to have &quot;been derived from&quot; it.
  2020       sioc:title &quot;More crime happens in cities (for dummies)&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2021       prov:wasAttributedTo :monica;
  2022    .
  2023 }</pre> 
  2024         </div>
  2025          
  2026          <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-2" id="narrative-example-expanded-2">
  2027             <p>Some time passes by, and John writes his own conclusions quoting the previous two posts:
  2028             </p> 
  2029             <p>   
  2030                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-2">Example 4</a>:
  2031             </p>
  2032             <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt2.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2033 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2034 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  2035 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2036 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2037 
  2038 :bundlePost2 {
  2039 
  2040    :bundlePost2 
  2041       a prov:Bundle;
  2042       prov:hasAnnotation :noteMadeByParser;
  2043    .
  2044    
  2045    :john 
  2046       a prov:Agent;
  2047    .
  2048    
  2049    # Rows of the post quoting post :post9821v1
  2050 
  2051    :quote1
  2052       a prov:Entity;
  2053       prov:value &quot;Analysis of the datasets demonstrate that there is more crime&quot;;
  2054       prov:wasQuotedFrom :post9821v1.
  2055       
  2056    # Rows of the post quoting post :post9821v2
  2057 
  2058    :quote2
  2059       a prov:Entity;
  2060       prov:value &quot;In sumary, there are clearly more crimes in the country&quot;;
  2061       prov:wasQuotedFrom :post9821v2.
  2062    
  2063    :publicationActivity1123
  2064       a prov:Activity;
  2065       prov:used :quote1,
  2066                 :quote2,
  2067                 :aggregatedByRegions;
  2068       prov:generated :post19201.
  2069    
  2070    :post19201
  2071       a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
  2072       prov:wasAttributedTo   :john;
  2073       prov:wasDerivedFrom    :post9821v1, 
  2074                              :post9821v2;
  2075       prov:wasGeneratedBy    :publicationActivity1123;
  2076       prov:hadPrimarySource :aggregatedByRegions;
  2077    .
  2078 }</pre> 
  2079          </div>
  2080          
  2081          <p>
  2082          Agent <code>ex:John</code> also names the URI of the original source (<code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>). All the provenance statements related to his post
  2083          are grouped in a new <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> (<code>ex:bundlePost2</code>).
  2084          
  2085          Unfortunately, there is a problem in the servers where <code>:post19201</code> is being stored, and all the data related to the post is lost. Thus, the system
  2086          invalidates the entity automatically and notifies John about the error.
  2087          </p>        
  2088          
  2089          <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-3" id="narrative-example-expanded-3">
  2090             <p>   
  2091                <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-3">Example 5</a>:
  2092             </p>
  2093             <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt4.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2094 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2095 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  2096 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2097 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2098 
  2099 :post19201
  2100    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
  2101    prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;2012-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2102    prov:wasInvalidatedBy :hard_disk_failure;
  2103 .
  2104 
  2105 :hard_disk_failure
  2106    a prov:Activity;
  2107    prov:wasEndedAt &quot;2012-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2108 .</pre>
  2109          </div>
  2110      </div>
  2111 
  2112 
  2113 <!--  incorporate https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/rev/e3ecc51f4598  -->
  2114 
  2115      <div id="description-qualified-terms" class="section">
  2116        <h3><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
  2117        <p>The Qualified Terms category is for users who wish to provide further details about the provenance-related influence among
  2118          Entities, Activities, and Agents.  The terms in this category are the result of
  2119          applying the <strong>Qualification Pattern</strong> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-LD-Patterns-QR">LD-Patterns-QR</a></cite>] to the simple (unqualified)
  2120          relations available in the <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Starting Point</a> and 
  2121          <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Expanded</a> categories.  
  2122       The Qualification Pattern consists of restating the unqualified
  2123          relation by using an intermediate class that represents the influence between two resources. 
  2124       This new instance, in turn, can be annotated with additional descriptions about the influence relationship between the two resources cited. 
  2125       The following two tables list the influence relations that can be qualified using the Qualification Pattern, along with the properties used to qualify them. 
  2126 
  2127       For example, the second row of the first table indicates that to elaborate how an <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span>
  2128       <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> a particular <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span>, one creates an instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>.
  2129       While the <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> cites the influencing entity with the <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property,
  2130       the influenced <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> cites the <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> with the property <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span>.
  2131       This structure is illustrated in <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4a</a> below.
  2132       </p>
  2133 
  2134       <div style="padding: 10px" id="qualified-forms-starting-point">
  2135          <p>Seven <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point</a> relations that can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
  2136          </p>
  2137          <div style="text-align: center">
  2138             <table class="qualified-forms">
  2139   <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 1</a>: Qualification Property and Influence Class used to qualify a Starting-point Property.</caption>
  2140   <tbody><tr>
  2141     <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
  2142     <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
  2143     <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
  2144     <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
  2145     <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
  2146     <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
  2147   </tr>
  2148   <tr>
  2149     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2150     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a></td>
  2151     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a></td>
  2152     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a></td>
  2153     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a></td>
  2154     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2155   </tr>
  2156   <tr>
  2157     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2158     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a></td>
  2159     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a></td>
  2160     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a></td>
  2161     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2162     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2163   </tr>
  2164   <tr>
  2165     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2166     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a></td>
  2167     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a></td>
  2168     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a></td>
  2169     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a></td>
  2170     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2171   </tr>
  2172   <tr>
  2173     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2174     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a></td>
  2175     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a></td>
  2176     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Attribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a></td>
  2177     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a></td>
  2178     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  2179   </tr>
  2180   <tr>
  2181     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2182     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a></td>
  2183     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a></td>
  2184     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a></td>
  2185     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2186     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2187   </tr>
  2188   <tr>
  2189     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2190     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a></td>
  2191     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a></td>
  2192     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a></td>
  2193     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a></td>
  2194     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2195   </tr>
  2196   <tr>
  2197     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2198     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a></td>
  2199     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a></td>
  2200     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a></td>
  2201     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a></td>
  2202     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2203   </tr>
  2204 </tbody></table>
  2205 
  2206          </div>
  2207       </div>
  2208 
  2209       <div style="padding: 10px" id="qualified-forms-expanded">
  2210          <p>Six <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded</a> relations that can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
  2211          </p>
  2212          <div style="text-align: center">
  2213             <table class="qualified-forms">
  2214   <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 2</a>: Qualification Property and Influence Class used to qualify an Expanded Property.</caption>
  2215   <tbody><tr>
  2216     <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
  2217     <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
  2218     <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
  2219     <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
  2220     <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
  2221     <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
  2222   </tr>
  2223   <tr>
  2224     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2225     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a></td>
  2226     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a></td>
  2227     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Source" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source">prov:Source</a></td>
  2228     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2229     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2230   </tr>
  2231   <tr>
  2232     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2233     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a></td>
  2234     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a></td>
  2235     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a></td>
  2236     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2237     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2238   </tr>
  2239   <tr>
  2240     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2241     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a></td>
  2242     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a></td>
  2243     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a></td>
  2244     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a></td>
  2245     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2246   </tr>
  2247   <tr>
  2248     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2249     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a></td>
  2250     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a></td>
  2251     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Quotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a></td>
  2252     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2253     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2254   </tr>
  2255   <tr>
  2256     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2257     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a></td>
  2258     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a></td>
  2259     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Revision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision">prov:Revision</a></td>
  2260     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2261     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2262   </tr>
  2263   <tr>
  2264     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  2265     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a></td>
  2266     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a></td>
  2267     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a></td>
  2268     <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
  2269     <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  2270   </tr>
  2271 </tbody></table>
  2272 
  2273          </div>
  2274       </div>
  2275 
  2276 
  2277       <p>
  2278        The qualification classes and properties shown in the previous two tables can also be found in the <a href="#cross-reference">cross reference</a> 
  2279         in the next section of this document. 
  2280 
  2281          All influence classes (e.g. <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>) are extensions of 
  2282          <a href="#Influence" class="qname">prov:Influence</a> and either 
  2283          <a href="#EntityInfluence" class="qname">prov:EntityInfluence</a>, 
  2284          <a href="#ActivityInfluence" class="qname">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>, or
  2285          <a href="#AgentInfluence" class="qname">prov:AgentInfluence</a>, which determine the property to use to cite the influencing resource (either
  2286          <a href="#entity" class="qname">prov:entity</a>,
  2287          <a href="#activity" class="qname">prov:activity</a>, or
  2288          <a href="#agent" class="qname">prov:agent</a>, respectively).
  2289 
  2290          </p><div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-1" id="narrative-example-qualified-1">
  2291             <p>
  2292                <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-1">Example 6</a>:
  2293             </p>
  2294             <p>
  2295                For example, given the unqualified statement:
  2296                </p><pre class="example">:e1 
  2297    a prov:Entity;
  2298    prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1;
  2299 .
  2300 
  2301 :a1 a prov:Activity .</pre>
  2302             <p></p>
  2303          </div>
  2304 
  2305          <p>One can find that <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="qname">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> 
  2306             can be qualified using the qualification property <a href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="qname">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> 
  2307             and the class <a href="#Generation" class="qname">prov:Generation</a> (a subclass of <a href="#ActivityInfluence" class="qname">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>). 
  2308             From this, the influence relation above can be restated with the <em>qualification pattern</em> as:
  2309          </p>
  2310 
  2311          <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-2" id="narrative-example-qualified-2">
  2312             <p>
  2313                <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-2">Example 7</a>:
  2314             </p>
  2315             <pre class="example">:e1 
  2316    a prov:Entity;
  2317    prov:wasGeneratedBy      :a1;
  2318    prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen; # Add the qualification
  2319 .
  2320 
  2321 :a1 a prov:Activity .
  2322 
  2323 :e1Gen 
  2324    a prov:Generation;
  2325    prov:activity :a1;               # Cite the influencing Activity.
  2326    ex:foo :bar;                     # Add additional attributes about the influence relation.
  2327 .</pre>
  2328          </div>
  2329 
  2330          <p>
  2331             The asserter can thus attach additional properties to <code>:e1Gen</code> to describe the generation of <code>:e1</code> by <code>:a1</code>.
  2332          </p>
  2333 
  2334          <p>
  2335             As can be seen in this example, qualifying an influence relation provides a second form (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen</code>) to express an equivalent influence relation 
  2336             (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1</code>).
  2337             It is correct and acceptable for an implementer to use either qualified or unqualified forms as they choose (or both), 
  2338             and a consuming application should be prepared to recognize either form. 
  2339             Consuming applications <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> recognize both qualified and unqualified forms, and treat the qualified form as implying the unqualified form.
  2340             Because the qualification form is more verbose, the unqualified form should be favored in cases where additional properties are not provided.
  2341             When the qualified form is expressed, including the equivalent unqualified form can facilitate PROV-O consumption, and is thus encouraged.
  2342         </p>
  2343             
  2344 <!--  To simplify client queries, 
  2345             any qualified relation SHOULD be accompanied by the equivalent unqualified statement. 
  2346             Unqualified properties SHOULD NOT have the equivalent qualified form
  2347             asserted unless it adds additional information.  -->
  2348 
  2349 
  2350       <p>In addition to the previous two tables, <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a> 
  2351          illustrates the classes and properties needed to apply the qualification pattern to the thirteen unqualified influence relations. 
  2352 
  2353          For example, while <a href="#qualifiedUsage" class="qname">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>, 
  2354          <a href="#Usage" class="qname">prov:Usage</a>, and <a href="#entity" class="qname">prov:entity</a> are used to qualify 
  2355          <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relations, 
  2356    
  2357          <a href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="qname">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>, <a href="#Association" class="qname">prov:Association</a>, 
  2358          and <a href="#agent" class="qname">prov:agent</a> are used to qualify <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> 
  2359          relations. This pattern applies to the eleven other influence relations that can be qualified.
  2360       </p>
  2361 
  2362       <p>In subfigure <strong>a</strong> the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property and references an instance of 
  2363       <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relation between the Activity and Entity. 
  2364       The <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property is used to cite the Entity that was used by the Activity. 
  2365       In this case, the time that the Activity used the Entity is provided using the <a class="qname" href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a> property and a literal 
  2366       <span class="repeated">xsd:dateTime</span> value. The <span class="repeated">prov:atTime</span> property can be used to describe any 
  2367       <a class="qname" href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a> (including 
  2368       <a class="qname" href="#Start">prov:Start</a>, 
  2369       <a class="qname" href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>, 
  2370       <a class="qname" href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>, 
  2371       <a class="qname" href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>, and
  2372       <a class="qname" href="#End">prov:End</a>).
  2373       </p>
  2374 
  2375       <p>Similarly in subfigure <strong>j</strong>, the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
  2376       <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property and references an instance of 
  2377       <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the 
  2378       <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> relation between the Activity and Agent. The 
  2379       <span class="repeated">prov:agent</span> property is used to cite the Agent that influenced the Activity. 
  2380       In this case, the plan of actions and steps that the Agent used to achieve its goals is provided using the 
  2381       <a class="qname" href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a> property and an instance of <a class="qname" href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>. Further, the 
  2382       <a class="qname" href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> property and <a class="qname" href="#Role">prov:Role</a> 
  2383       class can be used to describe the function that the agent served with respect to the Activity. 
  2384       Both <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:Role</span> are left to be extended by applications.
  2385       </p>
  2386 
  2387        <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="qualified-terms-figure">
  2388             
  2389 <!--  When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/  -->
  2390 
  2391             
  2392 <!-- img src="prov-o-diagrams/Qualified-Association.png" -->
  2393 
  2394             <img alt="Express association between an activity and an agent using a binary relationship and an alternatie qualified relationship" style="width: 70%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 70em" src="diagrams/qualified-patterns.svg" />
  2395             <div class="figcaption"><a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a>: 
  2396             Illustration of the properties and classes to use (<span style="color: blue">in blue</span>)
  2397             to qualify the 
  2398             <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">starting point</a> and 
  2399             <a href="#description-expanded-terms">expanded</a> influence relations (<strong>dotted black</strong>). <br />
  2400             <a href="#Quotation">Quotation</a>, <a href="#Revision">Revision</a>, and <a href="#Source">Source</a> 
  2401              are omitted because they are special forms of <a href="#Derivation">Derivation</a> and follow the same pattern as subfigure <strong>g</strong>.</div>
  2402        </div>
  2403 
  2404 
  2405 
  2406 
  2407       <p>The following two examples show the result of applying the Usage and Association patterns to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
  2408       </p>
  2409 
  2410       <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-3" id="narrative-example-qualified-3">
  2411          <p>
  2412             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-3">Example 8</a>:
  2413          </p>
  2414           <div class="exampleOuter">
  2415              <div><b>Qualified Usage</b></div>
  2416                <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> cites the data used (<code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>) and the time the activity used it (<code>2011-07-14T03:03:03Z</code>).
  2417              </p>
  2418                 <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2419 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2420 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2421 
  2422 ex:illustrationActivity 
  2423    a prov:Activity;                   ## (Using Starting Point terms)
  2424    prov:used ex:aggregatedByRegions;  ## The aggregated data was used to create the chart.
  2425 .
  2426 
  2427 ex:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
  2428 
  2429 ex:illustrationActivity    
  2430    prov:qualifiedUsage  [
  2431       a prov:Usage;
  2432       prov:entity ex:aggregatedByRegions;                ## Qualification: The aggregated data was used 
  2433       prov:atTime &quot;2011-07-14T03:03:03Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;  ## at a particular time when creating the chart.
  2434    ];
  2435 .</pre>
  2436           </div>
  2437       </div>
  2438 
  2439       <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-4" id="narrative-example-qualified-4">
  2440          <p>
  2441             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-4">Example 9</a>:
  2442          </p>
  2443         <div class="exampleOuter">
  2444            <div><b>Qualified Association</b></div>
  2445             <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
  2446             <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property to provide an additional description about the <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code> that Derek influenced. 
  2447             The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span> cites the influencing agent (<code>ex:derek</code>) that followed the instructions (<code>ex:tutorial_blog</code>). 
  2448             Further, Derek served the role of illustrationist during the activity.
  2449             </p>
  2450               <pre class="example">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2451 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2452 
  2453 ex:illustrationActivity             
  2454    a prov:Activity;                  ## (Using Starting Point terms)
  2455    prov:wasAssociatedWith ex:derek;  ## Derek was responsible for the chart making in some way.
  2456 .
  2457 
  2458 ex:derek a prov:Agent .
  2459 
  2460 ex:illustrationActivity
  2461    prov:qualifiedAssociation [       ## Qualification: What plan (or recipe, instructions) 
  2462       a prov:Association;            ## did Derek follow when creating the graphical chart?
  2463       prov:agent   ex:derek
  2464       prov:hadPlan ex:tutorial_blog;
  2465       prov:hadRole ex:illustrationist;
  2466    ];
  2467 .
  2468 
  2469 ex:tutorial_blog   a prov:Plan, prov:Entity .
  2470 ex:illustrationist a prov:Role .</pre>
  2471         </div>
  2472       </div>
  2473 
  2474 
  2475        <p>This section finishes with two more examples of qualification as applied to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
  2476        </p>
  2477 
  2478 
  2479       <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-5" id="narrative-example-qualified-5">
  2480          <p>
  2481             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-5">Example 10</a>:
  2482          </p>
  2483         <div class="exampleOuter">
  2484            <div><b>Qualified Generation</b></div>
  2485             <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedGeneration</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>ex:chart1</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Generation</span> cites the time (2011-07-14T15:52:14Z) that the activity (<code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>) generated the chart (<code>ex:chart1</code>).
  2486             </p>
  2487               <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2488 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2489 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2490 
  2491 ex:chart1 
  2492    a prov:Entity;                                ## (Using Starting Point terms)
  2493    prov:wasGeneratedBy ex:illustrationActivity;  ## The chart was generated in an illustration activity.
  2494 .
  2495 
  2496 ex:illustrationActivity a prov:Activity .
  2497 
  2498 ex:chart1
  2499    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  2500       a prov:Generation;
  2501       prov:activity ex:illustrationActivity;             ## Qualification: The chart was 
  2502       prov:atTime &quot;2011-07-14T15:52:14Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;  ## generated at a particular time.
  2503    ];
  2504 .</pre>
  2505         </div>
  2506       </div>
  2507 
  2508       <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-6" id="narrative-example-qualified-6">
  2509          <p>
  2510             <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-6">Example 11</a>:
  2511          </p>
  2512         <div class="exampleOuter">
  2513            <div><b>Qualified Derivation</b></div>
  2514             <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedDerivation</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>ex:chart1</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Derivation</span> cites the activity (<code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>) and the Usages and Generations that the activity conduced to create the chart (<code>ex:chart1</code>).
  2515             </p>
  2516               <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2517 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2518 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .
  2519 
  2520 ex:chart1
  2521    a prov:Entity;                               ## (Using Starting Point terms)
  2522    prov:wasDerivedFrom ex:aggregatedByRegions;  ## The chart was derived from the aggregate.
  2523 .
  2524 
  2525 ex:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
  2526 
  2527 ex:chart1
  2528    prov:qualifiedDerivation   [           
  2529       a prov:Derivation;
  2530       prov:entity        ex:aggregatedByRegions;  ## Qualification: additional information about the derivation:
  2531       prov:hadUsage      ex:usage;                ## Which activity derived the aggregate?
  2532       prov:hadActivity   ex:activity;             ## What did the activity use to derive the aggregate?
  2533       prov:hadGeneration ex:generation;           ## How did the activity generate the derived aggregate?
  2534    ];
  2535 .</pre>
  2536         </div>
  2537       </div>
  2538 
  2539      </div>
  2540 
  2541 
  2542     </div>
  2543 
  2544  
  2545 
  2546    <div id="cross-reference" class="section"> 
  2547 <!--  class='informative'  -->
  2548 
  2549       
  2550 <!--  prov:tracedTo [ prov:wasGeneratedBy [ a prov:Activity; 
  2551            dcterms:description "python eg-24-prov-o-html-examples.py http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/ProvenanceOntology.owl" ] ] ]  -->
  2552 
  2553       
  2554 <!-- OddPage -->
  2555 <h2><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference for PROV-O classes and properties</h2>
  2556       <p>This section provides details for each class and property defined by the PROV Ontology, grouped by the categories described above:
  2557       </p>     
  2558       <ul>
  2559          <li><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
  2560          <li><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
  2561          <li><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
  2562       </ul>
  2563 
  2564       <p>
  2565       The superscripts <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup> and <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup> denote that a property is an OWL <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Object_Properties">object property</a> or <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Data_Properties">data property</a>, respectively.
  2566       </p>
  2567 
  2568       <p>Each PROV-O term in this cross reference links to the corresponding PROV-DM concept. The PROV-DM's table 
  2569          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#prov-dm-to-prov-o-and-prov-n">Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</a> 
  2570          provides an overview of the correspondences between PROV-O and PROV-DM.
  2571 
  2572       </p>
  2573 
  2574       <p>
  2575          The qualification classes and properties shown in <a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 2</a> and 
  2576          <a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 3</a> of the previous section can also be found in each entry of this cross reference.
  2577          If the property can be qualified, the <strong>can be qualified with</strong>
  2578          header indicates the qualifying property and influence class that should be used.
  2579          Conversely, the <strong>qualifies</strong> headers in the listings for qualification terms indicate the unqualified property that they qualify.
  2580          In the OWL file iteself, the annotation properties <span class="qname repeated">prov:qualifiedForm</span> and <span class="qname repeated">prov:unqualifiedForm</span>
  2581          provide the same linkages between the unqualified properties and their qualifiying terms.
  2582       </p>
  2583 
  2584       <div id="cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="section">
  2585          <h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
  2586          <p>The classes and properties that provide a basis for all other PROV-O terms are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
  2587          
  2588 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
  2589   <ul class="hlist">
  2590     <li>
  2591       <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  2592     </li>
  2593     <li>
  2594       <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  2595     </li>
  2596     <li>
  2597       <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  2598     </li>
  2599   </ul>
  2600 </div>
  2601 
  2602 <div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
  2603   <ul class="hlist">
  2604     <li class="object-property">
  2605       <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
  2606     </li>
  2607     <li class="datatype-property">
  2608       <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
  2609     </li>
  2610     <li class="datatype-property">
  2611       <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
  2612     </li>
  2613     <li class="object-property">
  2614       <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
  2615     </li>
  2616     <li class="object-property">
  2617       <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
  2618     </li>
  2619     <li class="object-property">
  2620       <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
  2621     </li>
  2622     <li class="object-property">
  2623       <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
  2624     </li>
  2625     <li class="object-property">
  2626       <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
  2627     </li>
  2628     <li class="object-property">
  2629       <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
  2630     </li>
  2631   </ul>
  2632 </div>
  2633 
  2634          <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" class="prov-starting-point owl-classes crossreference">
  2635 
  2636   <div class="entity" id="Activity">
  2637     <h3 id="class--prov-activity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
  2638       Class: <a href="#Activity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" class="dotted">prov:Activity</span></a>
  2639       <span class="backlink">
  2640          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
  2641       </span>
  2642     </h3>
  2643     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity</p>
  2644     <div class="definition"><p>An activity is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.</p>
  2645     </div>
  2646 
  2647     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Activity">
  2648       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  2649       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2650       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Activity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2651 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2652 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2653 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2654 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  2655 
  2656 :graduation
  2657    a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Activity</strong>, :Graduation;
  2658    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-15T13:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2659    prov:used          :ms_smith;
  2660    prov:generated     :doctor_smith;
  2661    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-15T14:30:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2662 .
  2663 :ms_smith     a prov:Entity .
  2664 :doctor_smith a prov:Entity .
  2665 </pre>
  2666     </div>
  2667 
  2668     <dl class="description">
  2669       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  2670 
  2671       <dt></dt>
  2672       <dd>
  2673         <a href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2674         , <a href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2675         , <a href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2676         , <a href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2677         , <a href="#startedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  2678         , <a href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2679         , <a href="#invalidated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2680         , <a href="#generated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2681         , <a href="#endedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  2682         , <a href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2683         , <a href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2684         , <a href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2685         , <a href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2686         , <a href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2687       </dd>
  2688 
  2689       <dt></dt>
  2690       <dd>
  2691         <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2692       </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
  2693       <dd>
  2694         <a href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2695         <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2696         <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2697         <a href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2698         <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2699       </dd>
  2700 
  2701       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  2702       <dd>
  2703         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Activity" title="prov-dm">Activity</a>      </dd>
  2704     </dl>
  2705   </div>
  2706 
  2707   <div class="entity" id="Agent">
  2708     <h3 id="class--prov-agent-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
  2709       Class: <a href="#Agent"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" class="dotted">prov:Agent</span></a>
  2710       <span class="backlink">
  2711          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
  2712       </span>
  2713     </h3>
  2714     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent</p>
  2715     <div class="definition"><p>An agent is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. </p>
  2716     </div>
  2717 
  2718     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Agent">
  2719       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  2720       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2721       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Agent.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2722 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2723 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2724 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2725 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2726 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com#&gt; .
  2727 
  2728 :derek
  2729    a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Agent</strong>, prov:Person;
  2730    foaf:givenName      &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2731    foaf:mbox           &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  2732    foaf:homePage       &lt;http://derek.example.com&gt;;
  2733    prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
  2734 .
  2735 
  2736 :national_newspaper_inc
  2737    a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Agent</strong>, prov:Organization;
  2738    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  2739 . 
  2740 </pre>
  2741     </div>
  2742 
  2743     <dl class="description">
  2744       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  2745 
  2746       <dt></dt>
  2747       <dd>
  2748         <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2749         , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2750       </dd>
  2751 
  2752       <dt></dt>
  2753       <dd>
  2754         <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2755       </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
  2756       <dd>
  2757         <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2758         <a href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2759         <a href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2760         <a href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2761       </dd>
  2762 
  2763       <dt>has subclasses</dt>
  2764       <dd>
  2765         <a class="owlclass" href="#Organization" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
  2766         , <a class="owlclass" href="#Person" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person">prov:Person</a>
  2767         , <a class="owlclass" href="#SoftwareAgent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
  2768       </dd>
  2769 
  2770       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  2771       <dd>
  2772         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
  2773     </dl>
  2774   </div>
  2775 
  2776   <div class="entity" id="Entity">
  2777     <h3 id="class--prov-entity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
  2778       Class: <a href="#Entity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" class="dotted">prov:Entity</span></a>
  2779       <span class="backlink">
  2780          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
  2781       </span>
  2782     </h3>
  2783     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity</p>
  2784     <div class="definition"><p>An entity is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary. </p>
  2785     </div>
  2786 
  2787     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Entity">
  2788       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  2789       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2790       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Entity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2791 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2792 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2793 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  2794 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2795 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  2796 
  2797 :bar_chart 
  2798    a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Entity</strong>;
  2799    dcterms:title &quot;Aggregated statistics from the crime file&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2800    prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
  2801 .
  2802 
  2803 :derek a prov:Agent .
  2804 </pre>
  2805     </div>
  2806 
  2807     <dl class="description">
  2808       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  2809 
  2810       <dt></dt>
  2811       <dd>
  2812         <a href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2813         , <a href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2814         , <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2815         , <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2816         , <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2817         , <a href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2818         , <a href="#alternateOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2819         , <a href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2820         , <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2821         , <a href="#invalidatedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  2822         , <a href="#mentionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2823         , <a href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2824         , <a href="#value" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value">prov:value</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  2825         , <a href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2826         , <a href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2827         , <a href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2828         , <a href="#asInBundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2829         , <a href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2830         , <a href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2831         , <a href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2832         , <a href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2833         , <a href="#generatedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  2834       </dd>
  2835 
  2836       <dt></dt>
  2837       <dd>
  2838         <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2839       </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
  2840       <dd>
  2841         <a href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2842         <a href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2843         <a href="#alternateOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2844         <a href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2845         <a href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2846         <a href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2847         <a href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2848         <a href="#invalidated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2849         <a href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2850         <a href="#generated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2851         <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2852         <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2853         <a href="#mentionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2854         <a href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2855       </dd>
  2856 
  2857       <dt>has subclasses</dt>
  2858       <dd>
  2859         <a class="owlclass" href="#Collection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  2860         , <a class="owlclass" href="#Plan" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
  2861         , <a class="owlclass" href="#Bundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
  2862       </dd>
  2863 
  2864       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  2865       <dd>
  2866         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-entity" title="prov-dm">entity</a>      </dd>
  2867     </dl>
  2868   </div>
  2869 </div>
  2870 <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="prov-starting-point owl-properties crossreference">
  2871   <div class="entity" id="actedOnBehalfOf">
  2872     <h3 id="property--prov-actedonbehalfof-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  2873       Property: <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" class="dotted">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2874       <span class="backlink">
  2875          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  2876       </span>
  2877     </h3>
  2878     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf</p>
  2879     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to an agent (by itself or by another agent) to carry out a specific activity as a delegate or representative, while the agent it acts on behalf of retains some responsibility for the outcome of the delegated work.
  2880 
  2881 For example, a student acted on behalf of his supervisor, who acted on behalf of the department chair, who acted on behalf of the university; all those agents are responsible in some way for the activity that took place but we do not say explicitly who bears responsibility and to what degree.</p>
  2882     </div>
  2883 
  2884     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-actedOnBehalfOf">
  2885       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  2886       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2887       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_actedOnBehalfOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2888 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2889 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2890 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  2891 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2892 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  2893 
  2894 :derek
  2895    a prov:Agent;
  2896    foaf:givenName &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
  2897    foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
  2898    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</strong> :national_newspaper_inc; 
  2899 .
  2900 
  2901 :national_newspaper_inc 
  2902    a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
  2903    foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
  2904 .
  2905 </pre>
  2906     </div>
  2907 
  2908     <div class="description">
  2909       <div class="comment "><p>An object property to express the accountability of an agent towards another agent. The subordinate agent acted on behalf of the responsible agent in an actual activity. </p>
  2910       </div>
  2911       <dl>
  2912 
  2913         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  2914         <dd>
  2915           <ul>
  2916             <li>
  2917               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2918             </li>
  2919           </ul>
  2920         </dd>
  2921 
  2922         <dt>has domain</dt>
  2923         <dd>
  2924           <ul>
  2925             <li>
  2926               <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  2927             </li>
  2928           </ul>
  2929         </dd>
  2930 
  2931         <dt>has range</dt>
  2932         <dd>
  2933           <ul>
  2934             <li>
  2935               <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  2936             </li>
  2937           </ul>
  2938         </dd>
  2939 
  2940         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  2941         <dd>
  2942           <ul>
  2943             <li>
  2944               <a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
  2945             </li>
  2946             <li>
  2947               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  2948             </li>
  2949           </ul>
  2950         </dd>
  2951 
  2952       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  2953       <dd>
  2954          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-delegation" title="prov-dm">delegation</a>      </dd>
  2955 
  2956       </dl>
  2957     </div>
  2958   </div>
  2959 
  2960   <div class="entity" id="endedAtTime">
  2961     <h3 id="property--prov-endedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  2962       Property: <a href="#endedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:endedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  2963       <span class="backlink">
  2964          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  2965       </span>
  2966     </h3>
  2967     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime</p>
  2968     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
  2969     </div>
  2970 
  2971     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-endedAtTime">
  2972       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  2973       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  2974       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_endedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  2975 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  2976 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  2977 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  2978 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  2979 
  2980 :geneSequencing
  2981    a prov:Activity;
  2982    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2983    prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
  2984    prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
  2985    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:endedAtTime</strong>   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  2986 .
  2987 
  2988 :drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
  2989 :lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
  2990 </pre>
  2991     </div>
  2992 
  2993     <div class="description">
  2994       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity ended. See also prov:startedAtTime.</p>
  2995       </div>
  2996       <dl>
  2997 
  2998         <dt>has domain</dt>
  2999         <dd>
  3000           <ul>
  3001             <li>
  3002               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3003             </li>
  3004           </ul>
  3005         </dd>
  3006 
  3007         <dt>has range</dt>
  3008         <dd>
  3009           <ul>
  3010             <li>
  3011               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  3012             </li>
  3013           </ul>
  3014         </dd>
  3015 
  3016         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3017         <dd>
  3018           <ul>
  3019             <li>
  3020               <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
  3021             </li>
  3022             <li>
  3023               <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  3024             </li>
  3025           </ul>
  3026         </dd>
  3027 
  3028       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3029       <dd>
  3030          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-End" title="prov-dm">End</a>      </dd>
  3031 
  3032       </dl>
  3033     </div>
  3034   </div>
  3035 
  3036   <div class="entity" id="startedAtTime">
  3037     <h3 id="property--prov-startedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3038       Property: <a href="#startedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:startedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  3039       <span class="backlink">
  3040          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3041       </span>
  3042     </h3>
  3043     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime</p>
  3044     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
  3045     </div>
  3046 
  3047     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-startedAtTime">
  3048       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3049       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3050       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_startedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3051 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3052 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3053 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3054 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3055 
  3056 :geneSequencing
  3057    a prov:Activity;
  3058    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:startedAtTime</strong> &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3059    prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
  3060    prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
  3061    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3062 .
  3063 
  3064 :drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
  3065 :lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
  3066 </pre>
  3067     </div>
  3068 
  3069     <div class="description">
  3070       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity started. See also prov:endedAtTime.</p>
  3071       </div>
  3072       <dl>
  3073 
  3074         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3075         <dd>
  3076           <ul>
  3077             <li>
  3078               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3079             </li>
  3080           </ul>
  3081         </dd>
  3082 
  3083         <dt>has range</dt>
  3084         <dd>
  3085           <ul>
  3086             <li>
  3087               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  3088             </li>
  3089           </ul>
  3090         </dd>
  3091 
  3092         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3093         <dd>
  3094           <ul>
  3095             <li>
  3096               <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
  3097             </li>
  3098             <li>
  3099               <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  3100             </li>
  3101           </ul>
  3102         </dd>
  3103 
  3104       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3105       <dd>
  3106          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Start" title="prov-dm">Start</a>      </dd>
  3107 
  3108       </dl>
  3109     </div>
  3110   </div>
  3111 
  3112   <div class="entity" id="used">
  3113     <h3 id="property--prov-used-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3114       Property: <a href="#used"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" class="dotted">prov:used</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3115       <span class="backlink">
  3116          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3117       </span>
  3118     </h3>
  3119     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used</p>
  3120     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
  3121     </div>
  3122 
  3123     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-used">
  3124       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3125       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3126       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_used.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3127 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3128 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3129 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3130 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3131 
  3132 :sortActivity
  3133    a prov:Activity;
  3134    prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3135    prov:used       :datasetA;
  3136    prov:generated  :datasetB;
  3137 .
  3138 
  3139 :datasetA a prov:Entity.
  3140 :datasetB a prov:Entity.
  3141 
  3142 # See qualified Usage for example on how the role of :datasetA can be described for this Activity
  3143 </pre>
  3144     </div>
  3145 
  3146     <div class="description">
  3147       <div class="comment "><p>A prov:Entity that was used by this prov:Activity. For example, :baking prov:used :spoon, :egg, :oven .</p>
  3148       </div>
  3149       <dl>
  3150 
  3151         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3152         <dd>
  3153           <ul>
  3154             <li>
  3155               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3156             </li>
  3157           </ul>
  3158         </dd>
  3159 
  3160         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3161         <dd>
  3162           <ul>
  3163             <li>
  3164               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3165             </li>
  3166           </ul>
  3167         </dd>
  3168 
  3169         <dt>has range</dt>
  3170         <dd>
  3171           <ul>
  3172             <li>
  3173               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3174             </li>
  3175           </ul>
  3176         </dd>
  3177 
  3178         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3179         <dd>
  3180           <ul>
  3181             <li>
  3182               <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
  3183             </li>
  3184             <li>
  3185               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3186             </li>
  3187           </ul>
  3188         </dd>
  3189 
  3190       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3191       <dd>
  3192          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Usage" title="prov-dm">Usage</a>      </dd>
  3193 
  3194       </dl>
  3195     </div>
  3196   </div>
  3197 
  3198   <div class="entity" id="wasAssociatedWith">
  3199     <h3 id="property--prov-wasassociatedwith-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3200       Property: <a href="#wasAssociatedWith"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" class="dotted">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3201       <span class="backlink">
  3202          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3203       </span>
  3204     </h3>
  3205     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith</p>
  3206     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>An activity association is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity.</p>
  3207     </div>
  3208 
  3209     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasAssociatedWith">
  3210       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3211       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3212       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasAssociatedWith.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3213 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3214 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3215 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3216 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3217 
  3218 :illustrating
  3219    a prov:Activity; 
  3220    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasAssociatedWith</strong> :derek;
  3221 .
  3222 
  3223 :derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .
  3224 </pre>
  3225     </div>
  3226 
  3227     <div class="description">
  3228       <div class="comment "><p>An prov:Agent that had some (unspecified) responsibility for the occurrence of this prov:Activity.</p>
  3229       </div>
  3230       <dl>
  3231 
  3232         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3233         <dd>
  3234           <ul>
  3235             <li>
  3236               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3237             </li>
  3238           </ul>
  3239         </dd>
  3240 
  3241         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3242         <dd>
  3243           <ul>
  3244             <li>
  3245               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3246             </li>
  3247           </ul>
  3248         </dd>
  3249 
  3250         <dt>has range</dt>
  3251         <dd>
  3252           <ul>
  3253             <li>
  3254               <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  3255             </li>
  3256           </ul>
  3257         </dd>
  3258 
  3259         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3260         <dd>
  3261           <ul>
  3262             <li>
  3263               <a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a>
  3264             </li>
  3265             <li>
  3266               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3267             </li>
  3268           </ul>
  3269         </dd>
  3270 
  3271       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3272       <dd>
  3273          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Association" title="prov-dm">Association</a>      </dd>
  3274 
  3275       </dl>
  3276     </div>
  3277   </div>
  3278 
  3279   <div class="entity" id="wasAttributedTo">
  3280     <h3 id="property--prov-wasattributedto-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3281       Property: <a href="#wasAttributedTo"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" class="dotted">prov:wasAttributedTo</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3282       <span class="backlink">
  3283          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3284       </span>
  3285     </h3>
  3286     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo</p>
  3287     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
  3288     </div>
  3289 
  3290     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasAttributedTo">
  3291       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3292       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3293       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasAttributedTo.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3294 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3295 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3296 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3297 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3298 
  3299 :geneSequencing
  3300    a prov:Activity;
  3301    prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3302    prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
  3303    prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
  3304    prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3305 .
  3306 
  3307 :drosophilaSample-84  
  3308    a prov:Entity;
  3309    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasAttributedTo</strong> :lab-technician-FE-56;
  3310 .
  3311 
  3312 :lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
  3313 :lab-technician-FE-56 a prov:Agent .
  3314 </pre>
  3315     </div>
  3316 
  3317     <div class="description">
  3318       <div class="comment "><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
  3319       </div>
  3320       <dl>
  3321 
  3322         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3323         <dd>
  3324           <ul>
  3325             <li>
  3326               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3327             </li>
  3328           </ul>
  3329         </dd>
  3330 
  3331         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3332         <dd>
  3333           <ul>
  3334             <li>
  3335               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3336             </li>
  3337           </ul>
  3338         </dd>
  3339 
  3340         <dt>has range</dt>
  3341         <dd>
  3342           <ul>
  3343             <li>
  3344               <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  3345             </li>
  3346           </ul>
  3347         </dd>
  3348 
  3349         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3350         <dd>
  3351           <ul>
  3352             <li>
  3353               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3354             </li>
  3355             <li>
  3356               <a class="owlclass" href="#Attribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
  3357             </li>
  3358           </ul>
  3359         </dd>
  3360 
  3361       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3362       <dd>
  3363          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribution" title="prov-dm">attribution</a>      </dd>
  3364 
  3365       </dl>
  3366     </div>
  3367   </div>
  3368 
  3369   <div class="entity" id="wasDerivedFrom">
  3370     <h3 id="property--prov-wasderivedfrom-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3371       Property: <a href="#wasDerivedFrom"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" class="dotted">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3372       <span class="backlink">
  3373          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3374       </span>
  3375     </h3>
  3376     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom</p>
  3377     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into another, a construction of an entity into another, or an update of an entity, resulting in a new one.</p>
  3378     </div>
  3379 
  3380     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasDerivedFrom">
  3381       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3382       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3383       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasDerivedFrom.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3384 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3385 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3386 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3387 @prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
  3388 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3389 
  3390 :bar_chart 
  3391    a prov:Entity, ex:Barchart;
  3392    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasDerivedFrom</strong> :aggregatedByRegions;
  3393 .
  3394 
  3395 :aggregatedByRegions
  3396    a prov:Entity, ex:Dataset;
  3397 .
  3398 </pre>
  3399     </div>
  3400 
  3401     <div class="description">
  3402       <dl>
  3403 
  3404         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3405         <dd>
  3406           <ul>
  3407             <li>
  3408               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3409             </li>
  3410           </ul>
  3411         </dd>
  3412 
  3413         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3414         <dd>
  3415           <ul>
  3416             <li>
  3417               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3418             </li>
  3419           </ul>
  3420         </dd>
  3421 
  3422         <dt>has range</dt>
  3423         <dd>
  3424           <ul>
  3425             <li>
  3426               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3427             </li>
  3428           </ul>
  3429         </dd>
  3430 
  3431         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  3432         <dd>
  3433           <ul>
  3434             <li>
  3435               <a class="owlclass" href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
  3436             </li>
  3437             <li>
  3438               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
  3439             </li>
  3440             <li>
  3441               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
  3442             </li>
  3443           </ul>
  3444         </dd>
  3445 
  3446         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3447         <dd>
  3448           <ul>
  3449             <li>
  3450               <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
  3451             </li>
  3452             <li>
  3453               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3454             </li>
  3455           </ul>
  3456         </dd>
  3457 
  3458       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3459       <dd>
  3460          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Derivation" title="prov-dm">Derivation</a>      </dd>
  3461 
  3462       </dl>
  3463     </div>
  3464   </div>
  3465 
  3466   <div class="entity" id="wasGeneratedBy">
  3467     <h3 id="property--prov-wasgeneratedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3468       Property: <a href="#wasGeneratedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3469       <span class="backlink">
  3470          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3471       </span>
  3472     </h3>
  3473     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy</p>
  3474     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
  3475     </div>
  3476 
  3477     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasGeneratedBy">
  3478       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3479       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3480       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasGeneratedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3481 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3482 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3483 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3484 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3485 
  3486 :bar_chart
  3487    a prov:Entity;
  3488    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasGeneratedBy</strong> :illustrating;
  3489 .
  3490 
  3491 :illustrating a prov:Activity .
  3492 </pre>
  3493     </div>
  3494 
  3495     <div class="description">
  3496       <dl>
  3497 
  3498         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3499         <dd>
  3500           <ul>
  3501             <li>
  3502               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3503             </li>
  3504           </ul>
  3505         </dd>
  3506 
  3507         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3508         <dd>
  3509           <ul>
  3510             <li>
  3511               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3512             </li>
  3513           </ul>
  3514         </dd>
  3515 
  3516         <dt>has range</dt>
  3517         <dd>
  3518           <ul>
  3519             <li>
  3520               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3521             </li>
  3522           </ul>
  3523         </dd>
  3524 
  3525         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3526         <dd>
  3527           <ul>
  3528             <li>
  3529               <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
  3530             </li>
  3531             <li>
  3532               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3533             </li>
  3534           </ul>
  3535         </dd>
  3536 
  3537       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3538       <dd>
  3539          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>
  3540 
  3541       </dl>
  3542     </div>
  3543   </div>
  3544 
  3545   <div class="entity" id="wasInformedBy">
  3546     <h3 id="property--prov-wasinformedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
  3547       Property: <a href="#wasInformedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasInformedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3548       <span class="backlink">
  3549          back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
  3550       </span>
  3551     </h3>
  3552     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy</p>
  3553     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Communication is the exchange of an entity by two activities, one activity using the entity generated by the other.</p>
  3554     </div>
  3555 
  3556     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasInformedBy">
  3557       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3558       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3559       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInformedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3560 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3561 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3562 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3563 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3564 
  3565 :writing-celebrity-gossip 
  3566    a prov:Activity;
  3567    <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasInformedBy</strong> :voicemail-interception;
  3568 .
  3569 
  3570 :voicemail-interception a prov:Activity .
  3571 </pre>
  3572     </div>
  3573 
  3574     <div class="description">
  3575       <div class="comment "><p>An activity a2 is dependent on or informed by another activity a1, by way of some unspecified entity that is generated by a1 and used by a2.</p>
  3576       </div>
  3577       <dl>
  3578 
  3579         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  3580         <dd>
  3581           <ul>
  3582             <li>
  3583               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3584             </li>
  3585           </ul>
  3586         </dd>
  3587 
  3588         <dt>has domain</dt>
  3589         <dd>
  3590           <ul>
  3591             <li>
  3592               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3593             </li>
  3594           </ul>
  3595         </dd>
  3596 
  3597         <dt>has range</dt>
  3598         <dd>
  3599           <ul>
  3600             <li>
  3601               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  3602             </li>
  3603           </ul>
  3604         </dd>
  3605 
  3606         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  3607         <dd>
  3608           <ul>
  3609             <li>
  3610               <a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
  3611             </li>
  3612             <li>
  3613               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3614             </li>
  3615           </ul>
  3616         </dd>
  3617 
  3618       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3619       <dd>
  3620          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Communication" title="prov-dm">Communication</a>      </dd>
  3621 
  3622       </dl>
  3623     </div>
  3624   </div>
  3625 
  3626 </div>
  3627 
  3628       </div>
  3629 
  3630       <div id="cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="section">
  3631          <h3><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
  3632          <p>The additional terms used to describe relations among Starting Point classes are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
  3633          
  3634 <div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
  3635   <ul class="hlist">
  3636     <li>
  3637       <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
  3638     </li>
  3639     <li>
  3640       <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  3641     </li>
  3642     <li>
  3643       <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
  3644     </li>
  3645     <li>
  3646       <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
  3647     </li>
  3648     <li>
  3649       <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
  3650     </li>
  3651     <li>
  3652       <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
  3653     </li>
  3654     <li>
  3655       <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
  3656     </li>
  3657   </ul>
  3658 </div>
  3659 
  3660 <div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
  3661   <ul class="hlist">
  3662     <li class="object-property">
  3663       <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
  3664     </li>
  3665     <li class="object-property">
  3666       <a href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a>
  3667     </li>
  3668     <li class="object-property">
  3669       <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
  3670     </li>
  3671     <li class="object-property">
  3672       <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
  3673     </li>
  3674     <li class="datatype-property">
  3675       <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
  3676     </li>
  3677     <li class="object-property">
  3678       <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
  3679     </li>
  3680     <li class="object-property">
  3681       <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
  3682     </li>
  3683     <li class="object-property">
  3684       <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
  3685     </li>
  3686     <li class="object-property">
  3687       <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
  3688     </li>
  3689     <li class="datatype-property">
  3690       <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
  3691     </li>
  3692     <li class="object-property">
  3693       <a href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a>
  3694     </li>
  3695     <li class="object-property">
  3696       <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
  3697     </li>
  3698     <li class="datatype-property">
  3699       <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
  3700     </li>
  3701     <li class="object-property">
  3702       <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
  3703     </li>
  3704     <li class="object-property">
  3705       <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
  3706     </li>
  3707     <li class="object-property">
  3708       <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
  3709     </li>
  3710     <li class="object-property">
  3711       <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
  3712     </li>
  3713     <li class="object-property">
  3714       <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
  3715     </li>
  3716   </ul>
  3717 </div>
  3718 
  3719          <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" class="prov-expanded owl-classes crossreference">
  3720 
  3721   <div class="entity" id="Bundle">
  3722     <h3 id="class--prov-bundle-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  3723       Class: <a href="#Bundle"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" class="dotted">prov:Bundle</span></a>
  3724       <span class="backlink">
  3725          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  3726       </span>
  3727     </h3>
  3728     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle</p>
  3729     <div class="definition"><p>A bundle is a named set of provenance descriptions, and is itself an Entity, so allowing provenance of provenance to be expressed.</p>
  3730     </div>
  3731 
  3732     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Bundle">
  3733       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3734       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3735       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Bundle.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3736 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3737 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3738 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3739 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  3740 @prefix alice:   &lt;http://example.com/alice#&gt; .
  3741 @prefix bob:     &lt;http://example.com/bob#&gt; .
  3742 @prefix my:      &lt;http://example.com/my#&gt; .
  3743 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3744 
  3745 # Let us consider two entities :report1 and :report2.
  3746 
  3747 :report1
  3748    a my:Report, prov:Entity;
  3749    my:version &quot;1&quot;;
  3750    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T10:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3751 .
  3752 
  3753 :report2
  3754    a my:Report, prov:Entity;
  3755    my:version &quot;2&quot;;
  3756    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-25T11:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3757    prov:wasDerivedFrom :report1;
  3758 .
  3759 
  3760 # Let us assume that Bob observed the creation of :report1. 
  3761 # A first bundle can be expressed.
  3762  
  3763 bob:bundle1 {
  3764    :report1
  3765       a my:Report, prov:Entity;
  3766       my:version &quot;1&quot;;
  3767       prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T10:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3768    .
  3769 }
  3770 
  3771 # In contrast, Alice observed the creation of :report2 
  3772 # and its derivation from :report1.
  3773  
  3774 alice:bundle2 {
  3775    :report1 a prov:Entity .
  3776    :report2
  3777       a my:Report, prov:Entity;
  3778       my:version &quot;2&quot;;
  3779       prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-25T11:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3780       prov:wasDerivedFrom :report1;
  3781    .
  3782 }
  3783 
  3784 # The first bundle contains the descriptions corresponding to Bob 
  3785 # observing the creation of :report1.
  3786  
  3787 bob:bundle1
  3788    a prov:Bundle;
  3789    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T10:30:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3790    prov:wasAttributedTo :Bob;
  3791 .
  3792 
  3793 # In contrast, the second bundle is attributed to Alice who observed 
  3794 # the derivation of :report2 from :report1.
  3795  
  3796 alice:bundle2
  3797    a prov:Bundle;
  3798    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-25T11:15:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3799    prov:wasAttributedTo :Alice;
  3800 .
  3801 </pre>
  3802     </div>
  3803 
  3804     <dl class="description">
  3805     <dd class="comment"><p>Note that there are kinds of bundles (e.g. handwritten letters, audio recordings, etc.) that are not expressed in PROV-O, but can be still be described by PROV-O.</p>
  3806     </dd>
  3807 
  3808       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  3809       <dd>
  3810         <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3811       </dd>
  3812 
  3813       <dt>in range of</dt>
  3814       <dd>
  3815         <a href="#asInBundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3816       </dd>
  3817 
  3818       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3819       <dd>
  3820         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-bundle-entity" title="prov-dm">bundle-entity</a>      </dd>
  3821     </dl>
  3822   </div>
  3823 
  3824   <div class="entity" id="Collection">
  3825     <h3 id="class--prov-collection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  3826       Class: <a href="#Collection"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" class="dotted">prov:Collection</span></a>
  3827       <span class="backlink">
  3828          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  3829       </span>
  3830     </h3>
  3831     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection</p>
  3832     <div class="definition"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
  3833     </div>
  3834 
  3835     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Collection">
  3836       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3837       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3838       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Collection.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3839 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3840 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  3841 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3842 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3843 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3844 
  3845 :todays-us-supreme-court
  3846    a prov:Collection, :RobertsCourt;
  3847 
  3848    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  3849       a prov:Generation;
  3850       
  3851       # The generation is being qualified to be imprecise;
  3852       # prov:generatedAtTime and prov:atTime specify exact instants in time.
  3853       dcterms:date &quot;2012&quot;^^xsd:gYear; 
  3854    ];                                 
  3855 
  3856    prov:hadMember
  3857       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
  3858       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
  3859       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
  3860       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
  3861       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
  3862       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
  3863       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
  3864       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
  3865       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   
  3866 
  3867    prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;
  3868 
  3869    dcterms:description :copied-string;
  3870 .
  3871 
  3872 :copied-string
  3873    a prov:Entity;
  3874    prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
  3875                  S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  3876    prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
  3877 .
  3878 
  3879 :page-by-seat
  3880    a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
  3881    prov:specializationOf &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_seat&gt;;
  3882    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-08-31T12:51&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3883 .
  3884 
  3885 :page-by-composition
  3886    a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
  3887    prov:specializationOf &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_court_composition&gt;;
  3888    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-16T14:33&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  3889 .
  3890 </pre>
  3891     </div>
  3892 
  3893     <dl class="description">
  3894 
  3895       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  3896       <dd>
  3897         <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  3898       </dd>
  3899       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  3900 
  3901       <dt></dt>
  3902       <dd>
  3903         <a href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  3904       </dd>
  3905 
  3906       <dt>has subclass</dt>
  3907       <dd>
  3908         <a class="owlclass" href="#EmptyCollection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
  3909       </dd>
  3910 
  3911       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  3912       <dd>
  3913         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-collection" title="prov-dm">collection</a>      </dd>
  3914     </dl>
  3915   </div>
  3916 
  3917   <div class="entity" id="EmptyCollection">
  3918     <h3 id="class--prov-emptycollection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  3919       Class: <a href="#EmptyCollection"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection" class="dotted">prov:EmptyCollection</span></a>
  3920       <span class="backlink">
  3921          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  3922       </span>
  3923     </h3>
  3924     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection</p>
  3925     <div class="definition"><p>An empty collection is a collection without members.</p>
  3926     </div>
  3927 
  3928     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-EmptyCollection">
  3929       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3930       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3931       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_EmptyCollection.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3932 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.org/&gt; .
  3933 
  3934 :member1 a prov:Entity .
  3935 :member2 a prov:Entity .
  3936 
  3937 :c a prov:EmptyCollection . # The collection is believed to not contain members.
  3938 </pre>
  3939     </div>
  3940 
  3941     <dl class="description">
  3942 
  3943       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  3944       <dd>
  3945         <a class="owlclass" href="#Collection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  3946       </dd>
  3947       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  3948 
  3949       <dt></dt>
  3950       <dd>
  3951         <a href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>
  3952     </dl>
  3953   </div>
  3954 
  3955   <div class="entity" id="Location">
  3956     <h3 id="class--prov-location-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  3957       Class: <a href="#Location"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location" class="dotted">prov:Location</span></a>
  3958       <span class="backlink">
  3959          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  3960       </span>
  3961     </h3>
  3962     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location</p>
  3963     <div class="definition"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
  3964     </div>
  3965 
  3966     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Location">
  3967       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  3968       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  3969       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Location.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  3970 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  3971 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  3972 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  3973 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  3974 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  3975 
  3976 # A Location can be a path or a geographical location.
  3977 
  3978 :post9821 
  3979    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
  3980    prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
  3981    prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
  3982    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  3983       a prov:Generation;
  3984       prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
  3985       prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
  3986       prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
  3987    ];
  3988 .
  3989 
  3990 :publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity.
  3991 :more-crime-happens-in-cities a prov:Location.
  3992 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location. 
  3993 </pre>
  3994     </div>
  3995 
  3996     <dl class="description">
  3997 
  3998       <dt>in range of</dt>
  3999       <dd>
  4000         <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4001       </dd>
  4002 
  4003       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4004       <dd>
  4005         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-location" title="prov-dm">attribute-location</a>      </dd>
  4006     </dl>
  4007   </div>
  4008 
  4009   <div class="entity" id="Organization">
  4010     <h3 id="class--prov-organization-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4011       Class: <a href="#Organization"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization" class="dotted">prov:Organization</span></a>
  4012       <span class="backlink">
  4013          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4014       </span>
  4015     </h3>
  4016     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization</p>
  4017     <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Organization are social institutions such as companies, societies etc.</p>
  4018     </div>
  4019 
  4020     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Organization">
  4021       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4022       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4023       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Organization.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4024 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4025 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4026 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4027 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4028 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4029 
  4030 :boogle 
  4031    a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
  4032    foaf:name &quot;Boogle&quot;;
  4033 . 
  4034 </pre>
  4035     </div>
  4036 
  4037     <dl class="description">
  4038 
  4039       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4040       <dd>
  4041         <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  4042       </dd>
  4043       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4044 
  4045       <dt></dt>
  4046       <dd>
  4047         <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>
  4048 
  4049       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4050       <dd>
  4051         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
  4052     </dl>
  4053   </div>
  4054 
  4055   <div class="entity" id="Person">
  4056     <h3 id="class--prov-person-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4057       Class: <a href="#Person"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person" class="dotted">prov:Person</span></a>
  4058       <span class="backlink">
  4059          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4060       </span>
  4061     </h3>
  4062     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person</p>
  4063     <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Person are people.</p>
  4064     </div>
  4065 
  4066     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Person">
  4067       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4068       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4069       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Person.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4070 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4071 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4072 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4073 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4074 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4075 
  4076 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;
  4077    a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
  4078    foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
  4079 .
  4080 </pre>
  4081     </div>
  4082 
  4083     <dl class="description">
  4084 
  4085       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4086       <dd>
  4087         <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  4088       </dd>
  4089       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4090 
  4091       <dt></dt>
  4092       <dd>
  4093         <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>
  4094 
  4095       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4096       <dd>
  4097         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
  4098     </dl>
  4099   </div>
  4100 
  4101   <div class="entity" id="SoftwareAgent">
  4102     <h3 id="class--prov-softwareagent-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
  4103       Class: <a href="#SoftwareAgent"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent" class="dotted">prov:SoftwareAgent</span></a>
  4104       <span class="backlink">
  4105          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
  4106       </span>
  4107     </h3>
  4108     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent</p>
  4109     <div class="definition"><p>A software agent is running software.</p>
  4110     </div>
  4111 
  4112     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-SoftwareAgent">
  4113       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4114       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4115       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_SoftwareAgent.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4116 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4117 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4118 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4119 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4120 
  4121 # Googlebot is Google's web crawling bot; 
  4122 # it can initiate and participate in web-crawling activities.
  4123 
  4124 :googlebot
  4125    a prov:SoftwareAgent;
  4126    rdfs:label &quot;Googlebot&quot;^^xsd:string;
  4127 .
  4128 </pre>
  4129     </div>
  4130 
  4131     <dl class="description">
  4132 
  4133       <dt>is subclass of</dt>
  4134       <dd>
  4135         <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  4136       </dd>
  4137       <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>
  4138 
  4139       <dt></dt>
  4140       <dd>
  4141         <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>
  4142 
  4143       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4144       <dd>
  4145         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
  4146     </dl>
  4147   </div>
  4148 </div>
  4149 <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="prov-expanded owl-properties crossreference">
  4150   <div class="entity" id="alternateOf">
  4151     <h3 id="property--prov-alternateof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4152       Property: <a href="#alternateOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" class="dotted">prov:alternateOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4153       <span class="backlink">
  4154          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4155       </span>
  4156     </h3>
  4157     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf</p>
  4158     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Two alternate entities present aspects of the same thing. These aspects may be the same or different, and the alternate entities may or may not overlap in time.</p>
  4159     </div>
  4160 
  4161     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-alternateOf">
  4162       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4163       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4164       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_alternateOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4165 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4166 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4167 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4168 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4169 
  4170 :london_forecast_0412 
  4171    a prov:Entity;
  4172    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  4173    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  4174       a prov:Activity;
  4175       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4176    ];
  4177 .
  4178 
  4179 :london_forecast_0413 
  4180    a prov:Entity;
  4181    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  4182    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  4183       a prov:Activity;
  4184       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4185    ];
  4186 .
  4187 
  4188 :london_forecast 
  4189    a prov:Entity;
  4190    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  4191 .
  4192 
  4193 ## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
  4194 ## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast
  4195 
  4196 :london_forecast_0412  
  4197    prov:alternateOf      :london_forecast_0413;
  4198    prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
  4199 .
  4200 </pre>
  4201     </div>
  4202 
  4203     <div class="description">
  4204       <dl>
  4205 
  4206         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4207         <dd>
  4208           <ul>
  4209             <li>
  4210               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4211             </li>
  4212           </ul>
  4213         </dd>
  4214 
  4215         <dt>has range</dt>
  4216         <dd>
  4217           <ul>
  4218             <li>
  4219               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4220             </li>
  4221           </ul>
  4222         </dd>
  4223 
  4224         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  4225         <dd>
  4226           <ul>
  4227             <li>
  4228               <a class="owlclass" href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
  4229             </li>
  4230           </ul>
  4231         </dd>
  4232 
  4233       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4234       <dd>
  4235          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-alternate" title="prov-dm">alternate</a>      </dd>
  4236 
  4237       </dl>
  4238     </div>
  4239   </div>
  4240 
  4241   <div class="entity" id="asInBundle">
  4242     <h3 id="property--prov-asinbundle-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4243       Property: <a href="#asInBundle"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle" class="dotted">prov:asInBundle</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4244       <span class="backlink">
  4245          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4246       </span>
  4247     </h3>
  4248     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle</p>
  4249     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>The mention of an Entity in a Bundle (containing a description of this Entity) is another Entity that is a specialization of the former and that presents the Bundle as a further additional aspect. </p>
  4250     </div>
  4251 
  4252     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-asInBundle">
  4253       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4254       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4255       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_asInBundle.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4256 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4257 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4258 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4259 @prefix tool: &lt;http://example.com/tool/&gt; .
  4260 @prefix perf: &lt;http://example.com/performance/&gt; .
  4261 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4262 
  4263 :run2 {
  4264    :activity_2
  4265       a prov:Activity;
  4266       prov:startedAtTime &quot;2011-11-17T10:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4267       prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2011-11-17T17:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
  4268       prov:wasAssociatedWith :bob;
  4269    .
  4270 }
  4271 
  4272 tool:analysis_01 {
  4273    tool:bob-2011-11-17
  4274       a prov:Agent;
  4275       prov:mentionOf  :bob;
  4276       prov:asInBundle :run2;
  4277       perf:rating     perf:very-slow;
  4278    .
  4279 }
  4280 
  4281 # This is inferred from prov:mentionOf
  4282 tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:specializationOf :bob . 
  4283 
  4284 # This is inferred from prov:specializationOf
  4285 tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:alternateOf      :bob . 
  4286 </pre>
  4287     </div>
  4288 
  4289     <div class="description">
  4290       <div class="comment "><p>When :x prov:mentionOf :y and :y is described in Bundle :b, the triple :x prov:asInBundle :b is also asserted to cite the Bundle in which :y was described.</p>
  4291       </div>
  4292       <div class="comment  feature-at-risk"><p>The prov:mentionOf and prov:asInBundle properties are &quot;at risk&quot; (http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi) and may be removed from this specification based on feedback. Please send feedback to public-prov-comments@w3.org.
  4293 
  4294 These two properties are used to encode the PROV-DM's Mention construct (http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention), which might be removed from PROV if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. </p>
  4295       </div>
  4296       <dl>
  4297 
  4298         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4299         <dd>
  4300           <ul>
  4301             <li>
  4302               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4303             </li>
  4304           </ul>
  4305         </dd>
  4306 
  4307         <dt>has range</dt>
  4308         <dd>
  4309           <ul>
  4310             <li>
  4311               <a class="owlclass" href="#Bundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
  4312             </li>
  4313           </ul>
  4314         </dd>
  4315 
  4316       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4317       <dd>
  4318          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention" title="prov-dm">mention</a>      </dd>
  4319 
  4320       </dl>
  4321     </div>
  4322   </div>
  4323 
  4324   <div class="entity" id="atLocation">
  4325     <h3 id="property--prov-atlocation-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4326       Property: <a href="#atLocation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" class="dotted">prov:atLocation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4327       <span class="backlink">
  4328          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4329       </span>
  4330     </h3>
  4331     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation</p>
  4332     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
  4333     </div>
  4334 
  4335     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-atLocation">
  4336       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4337       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4338       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_atLocation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4339 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4340 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4341 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4342 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  4343 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4344 
  4345 # A Location can be a path or a geographical location.
  4346 
  4347 :post9821 
  4348    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
  4349    prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
  4350    prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
  4351    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  4352       a prov:Generation;
  4353       prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
  4354       prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
  4355       prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
  4356    ];
  4357 .
  4358 
  4359 :publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity .
  4360 :more-crime-happens-in-cities a prov:Location .
  4361 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location .
  4362 </pre>
  4363     </div>
  4364 
  4365     <div class="description">
  4366       <div class="comment "><p>The Location of any resource.</p>
  4367       </div>
  4368       <dl>
  4369 
  4370         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4371         <dd>
  4372           <ul>
  4373             <li>
  4374               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  4375                or <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
  4376                or <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4377                or <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  4378             </li>
  4379           </ul>
  4380         </dd>
  4381 
  4382         <dt>has range</dt>
  4383         <dd>
  4384           <ul>
  4385             <li>
  4386               <a class="owlclass" href="#Location" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location">prov:Location</a>
  4387             </li>
  4388           </ul>
  4389         </dd>
  4390 
  4391       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4392       <dd>
  4393          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-location" title="prov-dm">attribute-location</a>      </dd>
  4394 
  4395       </dl>
  4396     </div>
  4397   </div>
  4398 
  4399   <div class="entity" id="generated">
  4400     <h3 id="property--prov-generated-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4401       Property: <a href="#generated"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" class="dotted">prov:generated</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4402       <span class="backlink">
  4403          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4404       </span>
  4405     </h3>
  4406     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated</p>
  4407     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
  4408     </div>
  4409 
  4410     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-generated">
  4411       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4412       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4413       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_generated.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4414 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4415 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4416 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4417 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4418 
  4419 :proteinDigestion
  4420    a prov:Activity;
  4421    prov:generated :peptideSample1;
  4422 .
  4423 
  4424 :peptideSample1 a prov:Entity .
  4425 </pre>
  4426     </div>
  4427 
  4428     <div class="description">
  4429       <dl>
  4430 
  4431         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4432         <dd>
  4433           <ul>
  4434             <li>
  4435               <a class="owlclass" href="#influenced" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced">prov:influenced</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4436             </li>
  4437           </ul>
  4438         </dd>
  4439 
  4440         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4441         <dd>
  4442           <ul>
  4443             <li>
  4444               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  4445             </li>
  4446           </ul>
  4447         </dd>
  4448 
  4449         <dt>has range</dt>
  4450         <dd>
  4451           <ul>
  4452             <li>
  4453               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4454             </li>
  4455           </ul>
  4456         </dd>
  4457 
  4458         <dt>has inverse</dt>
  4459         <dd>
  4460           <ul>
  4461             <li>
  4462               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
  4463             </li>
  4464           </ul>
  4465         </dd>
  4466 
  4467       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4468       <dd>
  4469          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>
  4470 
  4471       </dl>
  4472     </div>
  4473   </div>
  4474 
  4475   <div class="entity" id="generatedAtTime">
  4476     <h3 id="property--prov-generatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4477       Property: <a href="#generatedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:generatedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  4478       <span class="backlink">
  4479          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4480       </span>
  4481     </h3>
  4482     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime</p>
  4483     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
  4484     </div>
  4485 
  4486     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-generatedAtTime">
  4487       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4488       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4489       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_generatedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4490 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4491 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4492 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4493 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4494 
  4495 # A widget was generated 1:35:23 PM on April 3, 2012 UTC
  4496 
  4497 :widget-789532
  4498    a prov:Entity;
  4499    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-04-03T13:35:23Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4500 .
  4501 
  4502 # The above statement is equivalent to:
  4503 # :widget-789532 prov:qualifiedGeneration [ prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T13:35:23Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime ] .
  4504 </pre>
  4505     </div>
  4506 
  4507     <div class="description">
  4508       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was completely created and is available for use.</p>
  4509       </div>
  4510       <dl>
  4511 
  4512         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4513         <dd>
  4514           <ul>
  4515             <li>
  4516               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4517             </li>
  4518           </ul>
  4519         </dd>
  4520 
  4521         <dt>has range</dt>
  4522         <dd>
  4523           <ul>
  4524             <li>
  4525               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  4526             </li>
  4527           </ul>
  4528         </dd>
  4529 
  4530         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  4531         <dd>
  4532           <ul>
  4533             <li>
  4534               <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
  4535             </li>
  4536             <li>
  4537               <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  4538             </li>
  4539           </ul>
  4540         </dd>
  4541 
  4542       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4543       <dd>
  4544          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>
  4545 
  4546       </dl>
  4547     </div>
  4548   </div>
  4549 
  4550   <div class="entity" id="hadMember">
  4551     <h3 id="property--prov-hadmember-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4552       Property: <a href="#hadMember"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" class="dotted">prov:hadMember</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4553       <span class="backlink">
  4554          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4555       </span>
  4556     </h3>
  4557     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember</p>
  4558     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
  4559     </div>
  4560 
  4561     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadMember">
  4562       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4563       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4564       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadMember.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4565 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4566 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4567 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  4568 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4569 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4570 
  4571 :todays-us-supreme-court
  4572    a prov:Collection, :RobertsCourt;
  4573    dcterms:description [
  4574       a prov:Entity;
  4575       prov:value 
  4576          &quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;;
  4577       prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
  4578    ];
  4579    prov:qualifiedGeneration [
  4580       a prov:Generation;
  4581       
  4582       # Since we need to be imprecise, we can't use prov:generatedAtTime or prov:atTime
  4583       dcterms:date &quot;2012&quot;^^xsd:gYear;
  4584    ];
  4585 
  4586    prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;
  4587 
  4588    prov:hadMember
  4589       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
  4590       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
  4591       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
  4592       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
  4593       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
  4594       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
  4595       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
  4596       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
  4597       &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   
  4598 .
  4599 
  4600 :page-by-seat
  4601    a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
  4602    prov:specializationOf 
  4603       &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_seat&gt;;
  4604    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-08-31T12:51&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4605 .
  4606 
  4607 :page-by-composition
  4608    a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
  4609    prov:specializationOf 
  4610       &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_court_composition&gt;;
  4611    prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-16T14:33&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  4612 .
  4613 </pre>
  4614     </div>
  4615 
  4616     <div class="description">
  4617       <dl>
  4618 
  4619         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4620         <dd>
  4621           <ul>
  4622             <li>
  4623               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4624             </li>
  4625           </ul>
  4626         </dd>
  4627 
  4628         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4629         <dd>
  4630           <ul>
  4631             <li>
  4632               <a class="owlclass" href="#Collection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
  4633             </li>
  4634           </ul>
  4635         </dd>
  4636 
  4637         <dt>has range</dt>
  4638         <dd>
  4639           <ul>
  4640             <li>
  4641               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4642             </li>
  4643           </ul>
  4644         </dd>
  4645 
  4646       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4647       <dd>
  4648          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-collection" title="prov-dm">collection</a>      </dd>
  4649 
  4650       </dl>
  4651     </div>
  4652   </div>
  4653 
  4654   <div class="entity" id="hadPrimarySource">
  4655     <h3 id="property--prov-hadprimarysource-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4656       Property: <a href="#hadPrimarySource"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" class="dotted">prov:hadPrimarySource</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4657       <span class="backlink">
  4658          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4659       </span>
  4660     </h3>
  4661     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource</p>
  4662     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A primary source for a topic refers to something produced by some agent with direct experience and knowledge about the topic, at the time of the topic's study, without benefit from hindsight.
  4663 
  4664 Because of the directness of primary sources, they 'speak for themselves' in ways that cannot be captured through the filter of secondary sources. As such, it is important for secondary sources to reference those primary sources from which they were derived, so that their reliability can be investigated.
  4665 
  4666 A primary source relation is a particular case of derivation of secondary materials from their primary sources. It is recognized that the determination of primary sources can be up to interpretation, and should be done according to conventions accepted within the application's domain.</p>
  4667     </div>
  4668 
  4669     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadPrimarySource">
  4670       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4671       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4672       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadPrimarySource.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4673 @prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4674 @prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4675 @prefix foaf:    &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4676 @prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4677 @prefix lang:    &lt;http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-3/&gt; .
  4678 @prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
  4679 @prefix frbr:    &lt;http://purl.org/vocab/frbr/core#&gt; .
  4680 @prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4681 
  4682 ## Having an primary source is a particular case of derivation.
  4683 
  4684 &lt;http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/996&gt;
  4685    a prov:Entity, frbr:Work;
  4686    dcterms:title          &quot;Don Quixote&quot;;
  4687    prov:wasAttributedTo   :ormsby;
  4688    dcterms:language       lang:eng;
  4689    prov:hadPrimarySource &lt;http://cultura.linkeddata.es/BNE/resource/C1001/XX2197892&gt;;
  4690 .
  4691 
  4692 #### The English version book is a translation that is based on the original Spanish book
  4693 
  4694 &lt;http://cultura.linkeddata.es/BNE/resource/C1001/XX2197892&gt;
  4695     a prov:Entity, frbr:Work;
  4696     prov:wasAttributedTo :cervantes;
  4697     dcterms:language     lang:spa;
  4698 .
  4699 
  4700 :cervantes
  4701    a prov:Person;
  4702    foaf:name &quot;Miguel de Cervantes&quot;;
  4703 .
  4704 
  4705 :ormsby
  4706    a prov:Person;
  4707    foaf:name &quot;John Ormsby&quot;;
  4708 .
  4709 </pre>
  4710     </div>
  4711 
  4712     <div class="description">
  4713       <dl>
  4714 
  4715         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4716         <dd>
  4717           <ul>
  4718             <li>
  4719               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4720             </li>
  4721           </ul>
  4722         </dd>
  4723 
  4724         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4725         <dd>
  4726           <ul>
  4727             <li>
  4728               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4729             </li>
  4730           </ul>
  4731         </dd>
  4732 
  4733         <dt>has range</dt>
  4734         <dd>
  4735           <ul>
  4736             <li>
  4737               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4738             </li>
  4739           </ul>
  4740         </dd>
  4741 
  4742         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  4743         <dd>
  4744           <ul>
  4745             <li>
  4746               <a class="owlclass" href="#Source" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source">prov:Source</a>
  4747             </li>
  4748             <li>
  4749               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4750             </li>
  4751           </ul>
  4752         </dd>
  4753 
  4754       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4755       <dd>
  4756          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-primary-source" title="prov-dm">primary-source</a>      </dd>
  4757 
  4758       </dl>
  4759     </div>
  4760   </div>
  4761 
  4762   <div class="entity" id="influenced">
  4763     <h3 id="property--prov-influenced-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4764       Property: <a href="#influenced"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" class="dotted">prov:influenced</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4765       <span class="backlink">
  4766          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4767       </span>
  4768     </h3>
  4769     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced</p>
  4770     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Influence is the capacity an entity, activity, or agent to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of usage, start, end, generation, invalidation, communication, derivation, attribution, association, or delegation. </p>
  4771     </div>
  4772 
  4773     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-influenced">
  4774       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4775       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4776       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_influenced.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4777 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4778 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4779 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4780 @prefix w3:   &lt;http://example.com/w3/&gt; .
  4781 @prefix tr:   &lt;http://example.com/tech-report/&gt; .
  4782 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4783 
  4784 # prov:influenced is a top-level property that links any
  4785 # Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other 
  4786 # Entity, Activity, or Agent that it had an effect upon.
  4787 
  4788 w3:Consortium 
  4789    a prov:Agent;
  4790    prov:influenced tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215;
  4791 .
  4792 </pre>
  4793     </div>
  4794 
  4795     <div class="description">
  4796       <dl>
  4797 
  4798         <dt>has inverse</dt>
  4799         <dd>
  4800           <ul>
  4801             <li>
  4802               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
  4803             </li>
  4804           </ul>
  4805         </dd>
  4806 
  4807         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  4808         <dd>
  4809           <ul>
  4810             <li>
  4811               <a class="owlclass" href="#generated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</a>
  4812             </li>
  4813             <li>
  4814               <a class="owlclass" href="#invalidated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
  4815             </li>
  4816           </ul>
  4817         </dd>
  4818 
  4819       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4820       <dd>
  4821          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-influence" title="prov-dm">influence</a>      </dd>
  4822 
  4823       </dl>
  4824     </div>
  4825   </div>
  4826 
  4827   <div class="entity" id="invalidated">
  4828     <h3 id="property--prov-invalidated-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4829       Property: <a href="#invalidated"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" class="dotted">prov:invalidated</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4830       <span class="backlink">
  4831          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4832       </span>
  4833     </h3>
  4834     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated</p>
  4835     <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
  4836     </div>
  4837 
  4838     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-invalidated">
  4839       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4840       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4841       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_invalidated.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4842 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4843 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4844 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4845 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  4846 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4847 
  4848 :Swissair_Flight_111_crash 
  4849    a prov:Activity;
  4850    prov:used        &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
  4851    prov:invalidated :the-Painter;
  4852 .
  4853 
  4854 :the-Painter 
  4855    a prov:Entity, :Painting;
  4856    rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
  4857    prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
  4858    
  4859    # Inferred from prov:invalidated
  4860    prov:wasInvalidatedBy :Swissair_Flight_111_crash;   
  4861 .
  4862 
  4863 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
  4864    a prov:Agent;
  4865    foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
  4866 .
  4867 </pre>
  4868     </div>
  4869 
  4870     <div class="description">
  4871       <dl>
  4872 
  4873         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  4874         <dd>
  4875           <ul>
  4876             <li>
  4877               <a class="owlclass" href="#influenced" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced">prov:influenced</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4878             </li>
  4879           </ul>
  4880         </dd>
  4881 
  4882         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4883         <dd>
  4884           <ul>
  4885             <li>
  4886               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  4887             </li>
  4888           </ul>
  4889         </dd>
  4890 
  4891         <dt>has range</dt>
  4892         <dd>
  4893           <ul>
  4894             <li>
  4895               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4896             </li>
  4897           </ul>
  4898         </dd>
  4899 
  4900         <dt>has inverse</dt>
  4901         <dd>
  4902           <ul>
  4903             <li>
  4904               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
  4905             </li>
  4906           </ul>
  4907         </dd>
  4908 
  4909       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4910       <dd>
  4911          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
  4912 
  4913       </dl>
  4914     </div>
  4915   </div>
  4916 
  4917   <div class="entity" id="invalidatedAtTime">
  4918     <h3 id="property--prov-invalidatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4919       Property: <a href="#invalidatedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:invalidatedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  4920       <span class="backlink">
  4921          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4922       </span>
  4923     </h3>
  4924     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime</p>
  4925     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
  4926     </div>
  4927 
  4928     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-invalidatedAtTime">
  4929       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  4930       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  4931       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_invalidatedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  4932 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  4933 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  4934 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  4935 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  4936 
  4937 :the-Painter 
  4938    a prov:Entity, :Painting;
  4939    rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
  4940    prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
  4941    prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;1998-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;;
  4942 .
  4943 </pre>
  4944     </div>
  4945 
  4946     <div class="description">
  4947       <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was invalidated (i.e., no longer usable).</p>
  4948       </div>
  4949       <dl>
  4950 
  4951         <dt>has domain</dt>
  4952         <dd>
  4953           <ul>
  4954             <li>
  4955               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  4956             </li>
  4957           </ul>
  4958         </dd>
  4959 
  4960         <dt>has range</dt>
  4961         <dd>
  4962           <ul>
  4963             <li>
  4964               http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
  4965             </li>
  4966           </ul>
  4967         </dd>
  4968 
  4969         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  4970         <dd>
  4971           <ul>
  4972             <li>
  4973               <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
  4974             </li>
  4975             <li>
  4976               <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  4977             </li>
  4978           </ul>
  4979         </dd>
  4980 
  4981       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  4982       <dd>
  4983          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
  4984 
  4985       </dl>
  4986     </div>
  4987   </div>
  4988 
  4989   <div class="entity" id="mentionOf">
  4990     <h3 id="property--prov-mentionof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  4991       Property: <a href="#mentionOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf" class="dotted">prov:mentionOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  4992       <span class="backlink">
  4993          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  4994       </span>
  4995     </h3>
  4996     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf</p>
  4997     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>The mention of an Entity in a Bundle (containing a description of this Entity) is another Entity that is a specialization of the former and that presents the Bundle as a further additional aspect. </p>
  4998     </div>
  4999 
  5000     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-mentionOf">
  5001       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5002       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5003       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_mentionOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5004 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5005 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5006 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5007 @prefix tool: &lt;http://example.com/tool/&gt; .
  5008 @prefix perf: &lt;http://example.com/performance/&gt; .
  5009 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5010 
  5011 :run2 {
  5012    :activity_2
  5013       a prov:Activity;
  5014       prov:startedAtTime &quot;2011-11-17T10:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5015       prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2011-11-17T17:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
  5016       prov:wasAssociatedWith :bob;
  5017    .
  5018 }
  5019 
  5020 tool:analysis_01 {
  5021    tool:bob-2011-11-17
  5022       a prov:Agent;
  5023       prov:mentionOf  :bob;
  5024       prov:asInBundle :run2;
  5025       perf:rating     perf:very-slow;
  5026    .
  5027 }
  5028 
  5029 # This is inferred from prov:mentionOf
  5030 tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:specializationOf :bob . 
  5031 
  5032 # This is inferred from prov:specializationOf
  5033 tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:alternateOf      :bob . 
  5034 </pre>
  5035     </div>
  5036 
  5037     <div class="description">
  5038       <div class="comment "><p>When :x prov:mentionOf :y and :y is described in Bundle :b, the triple :x prov:asInBundle :b is also asserted to cite the Bundle in which :y was described.</p>
  5039       </div>
  5040       <div class="comment "><p>prov:asInBundle is used to cite the Bundle in which the generalization was mentioned.</p>
  5041       </div>
  5042       <div class="comment  feature-at-risk"><p>The prov:mentionOf and prov:asInBundle properties are &quot;at risk&quot; (http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi) and may be removed from this specification based on feedback. Please send feedback to public-prov-comments@w3.org.
  5043 
  5044 These two properties are used to encode the PROV-DM's Mention construct (http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention), which might be removed from PROV if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. </p>
  5045       </div>
  5046       <dl>
  5047 
  5048         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5049         <dd>
  5050           <ul>
  5051             <li>
  5052               <a class="owlclass" href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5053             </li>
  5054           </ul>
  5055         </dd>
  5056 
  5057         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5058         <dd>
  5059           <ul>
  5060             <li>
  5061               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5062             </li>
  5063           </ul>
  5064         </dd>
  5065 
  5066         <dt>has range</dt>
  5067         <dd>
  5068           <ul>
  5069             <li>
  5070               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5071             </li>
  5072           </ul>
  5073         </dd>
  5074 
  5075       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5076       <dd>
  5077          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention" title="prov-dm">mention</a>      </dd>
  5078 
  5079       </dl>
  5080     </div>
  5081   </div>
  5082 
  5083   <div class="entity" id="specializationOf">
  5084     <h3 id="property--prov-specializationof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5085       Property: <a href="#specializationOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" class="dotted">prov:specializationOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5086       <span class="backlink">
  5087          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5088       </span>
  5089     </h3>
  5090     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf</p>
  5091     <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>An entity that is a specialization of another shares all aspects of the latter, and additionally presents more specific aspects of the same thing as the latter. In particular, the lifetime of the entity being specialized contains that of any specialization. Examples of aspects include a time period, an abstraction, and a context associated with the entity.</p>
  5092     </div>
  5093 
  5094     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-specializationOf">
  5095       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5096       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5097       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_specializationOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5098 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5099 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5100 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5101 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5102 
  5103 :london_forecast_0412 
  5104    a prov:Entity;
  5105    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  5106    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  5107       a prov:Activity;
  5108       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5109    ];
  5110 .
  5111 
  5112 :london_forecast_0413 
  5113    a prov:Entity;
  5114    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  5115    prov:wasGeneratedBy [
  5116       a prov:Activity;
  5117       prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5118    ];
  5119 .
  5120 
  5121 :london_forecast 
  5122    a prov:Entity;
  5123    prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
  5124 .
  5125 
  5126 ## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
  5127 ## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast
  5128 
  5129 :london_forecast_0412  
  5130    prov:alternateOf      :london_forecast_0413;
  5131    prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
  5132 .
  5133 </pre>
  5134     </div>
  5135 
  5136     <div class="description">
  5137       <dl>
  5138 
  5139         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5140         <dd>
  5141           <ul>
  5142             <li>
  5143               <a class="owlclass" href="#alternateOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5144             </li>
  5145           </ul>
  5146         </dd>
  5147 
  5148         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5149         <dd>
  5150           <ul>
  5151             <li>
  5152               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5153             </li>
  5154           </ul>
  5155         </dd>
  5156 
  5157         <dt>has range</dt>
  5158         <dd>
  5159           <ul>
  5160             <li>
  5161               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5162             </li>
  5163           </ul>
  5164         </dd>
  5165 
  5166         <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
  5167         <dd>
  5168           <ul>
  5169             <li>
  5170               <a class="owlclass" href="#mentionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a>
  5171             </li>
  5172           </ul>
  5173         </dd>
  5174 
  5175       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5176       <dd>
  5177          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-specialization" title="prov-dm">specialization</a>      </dd>
  5178 
  5179       </dl>
  5180     </div>
  5181   </div>
  5182 
  5183   <div class="entity" id="value">
  5184     <h3 id="property--prov-value-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5185       Property: <a href="#value"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value" class="dotted">prov:value</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
  5186       <span class="backlink">
  5187          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5188       </span>
  5189     </h3>
  5190     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value</p>
  5191     <div class="definition def-from-7"><p>The main value (if there is one) of a structured value.</p>
  5192     </div>
  5193 
  5194     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-value">
  5195       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5196       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5197       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_value.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5198 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5199 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5200 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5201 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5202 
  5203 :copied-string
  5204    a prov:Entity;
  5205    prov:value 
  5206       &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
  5207          S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  5208    prov:wasQuotedFrom 
  5209       &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_court_composition&gt;;
  5210 .
  5211 </pre>
  5212     </div>
  5213 
  5214     <div class="description">
  5215       <div class="comment "><p>Provides a value for an Entity.</p>
  5216       </div>
  5217       <dl>
  5218 
  5219         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5220         <dd>
  5221           <ul>
  5222             <li>
  5223               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5224             </li>
  5225           </ul>
  5226         </dd>
  5227 
  5228       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5229       <dd>
  5230          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-value" title="prov-dm">attribute-value</a>      </dd>
  5231 
  5232       </dl>
  5233     </div>
  5234   </div>
  5235 
  5236   <div class="entity" id="wasEndedBy">
  5237     <h3 id="property--prov-wasendedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5238       Property: <a href="#wasEndedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasEndedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5239       <span class="backlink">
  5240          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5241       </span>
  5242     </h3>
  5243     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy</p>
  5244     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
  5245     </div>
  5246 
  5247     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasEndedBy">
  5248       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5249       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5250       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasEndedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5251 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5252 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5253 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5254 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5255 
  5256 :experiment 
  5257    a prov:Activity;
  5258    prov:wasEndedBy :inconsistentResult;
  5259    prov:qualifiedEnd [
  5260       a prov:End;
  5261       prov:entity     :inconsistentResult;
  5262       prov:atTime    &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
  5263       prov:atLocation :scienceLab_003;
  5264    ];
  5265 .
  5266 
  5267 :inconsistentResult a prov:Entity .
  5268 :scienceLab_003     a prov:Location .
  5269 </pre>
  5270     </div>
  5271 
  5272     <div class="description">
  5273       <div class="comment "><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity.</p>
  5274       </div>
  5275       <dl>
  5276 
  5277         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5278         <dd>
  5279           <ul>
  5280             <li>
  5281               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5282             </li>
  5283           </ul>
  5284         </dd>
  5285 
  5286         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5287         <dd>
  5288           <ul>
  5289             <li>
  5290               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  5291             </li>
  5292           </ul>
  5293         </dd>
  5294 
  5295         <dt>has range</dt>
  5296         <dd>
  5297           <ul>
  5298             <li>
  5299               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5300             </li>
  5301           </ul>
  5302         </dd>
  5303 
  5304         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5305         <dd>
  5306           <ul>
  5307             <li>
  5308               <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
  5309             </li>
  5310             <li>
  5311               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5312             </li>
  5313           </ul>
  5314         </dd>
  5315 
  5316       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5317       <dd>
  5318          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-End" title="prov-dm">End</a>      </dd>
  5319 
  5320       </dl>
  5321     </div>
  5322   </div>
  5323 
  5324   <div class="entity" id="wasInvalidatedBy">
  5325     <h3 id="property--prov-wasinvalidatedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5326       Property: <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5327       <span class="backlink">
  5328          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5329       </span>
  5330     </h3>
  5331     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy</p>
  5332     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
  5333     </div>
  5334 
  5335     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasInvalidatedBy">
  5336       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5337       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5338       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInvalidatedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5339 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5340 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5341 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5342 @prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
  5343 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5344 
  5345 :the-Painter 
  5346    a prov:Entity, :Painting;
  5347    rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
  5348    prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
  5349    prov:wasInvalidatedBy :Swissair_Flight_111_crash;
  5350 .
  5351 
  5352 &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
  5353    a prov:Agent;
  5354    foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
  5355 .
  5356 
  5357 :Swissair_Flight_111_crash 
  5358    a prov:Activity;
  5359    prov:used &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
  5360 .
  5361 </pre>
  5362     </div>
  5363 
  5364     <div class="description">
  5365       <dl>
  5366 
  5367         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5368         <dd>
  5369           <ul>
  5370             <li>
  5371               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5372             </li>
  5373           </ul>
  5374         </dd>
  5375 
  5376         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5377         <dd>
  5378           <ul>
  5379             <li>
  5380               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5381             </li>
  5382           </ul>
  5383         </dd>
  5384 
  5385         <dt>has range</dt>
  5386         <dd>
  5387           <ul>
  5388             <li>
  5389               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  5390             </li>
  5391           </ul>
  5392         </dd>
  5393 
  5394         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5395         <dd>
  5396           <ul>
  5397             <li>
  5398               <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
  5399             </li>
  5400             <li>
  5401               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5402             </li>
  5403           </ul>
  5404         </dd>
  5405 
  5406       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5407       <dd>
  5408          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
  5409 
  5410       </dl>
  5411     </div>
  5412   </div>
  5413 
  5414   <div class="entity" id="wasQuotedFrom">
  5415     <h3 id="property--prov-wasquotedfrom-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5416       Property: <a href="#wasQuotedFrom"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" class="dotted">prov:wasQuotedFrom</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5417       <span class="backlink">
  5418          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5419       </span>
  5420     </h3>
  5421     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom</p>
  5422     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A quotation is the repeat of (some or all of) an entity, such as text or image, by someone who may or may not be its original author. Quotation is a particular case of derivation.</p>
  5423     </div>
  5424 
  5425     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasQuotedFrom">
  5426       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5427       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5428       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasQuotedFrom.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5429 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5430 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5431 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5432 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5433 
  5434 :bl-dagstuhl
  5435    a prov:Entity;
  5436 
  5437    prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;During the workshop, it became clear to me that the consensus
  5438    based models (which are often graphical in nature) can not only be
  5439    formalized but also be directly connected to these database focused
  5440    formalizations. I just needed to get over the differences in syntax.
  5441    This could imply that we could have nice way to trace provenance across
  5442    systems and through databases and be able to understand the
  5443    mathematical properties of this interconnection.&quot;&quot;&quot;;
  5444 
  5445    prov:wasQuotedFrom 
  5446       &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt;;
  5447 .
  5448 
  5449 &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt; 
  5450    a prov:Entity;
  5451 .
  5452 </pre>
  5453     </div>
  5454 
  5455     <div class="description">
  5456       <div class="comment "><p>An entity is derived from an original entity by copying, or 'quoting', some or all of it.</p>
  5457       </div>
  5458       <dl>
  5459 
  5460         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5461         <dd>
  5462           <ul>
  5463             <li>
  5464               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5465             </li>
  5466           </ul>
  5467         </dd>
  5468 
  5469         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5470         <dd>
  5471           <ul>
  5472             <li>
  5473               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5474             </li>
  5475           </ul>
  5476         </dd>
  5477 
  5478         <dt>has range</dt>
  5479         <dd>
  5480           <ul>
  5481             <li>
  5482               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5483             </li>
  5484           </ul>
  5485         </dd>
  5486 
  5487         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5488         <dd>
  5489           <ul>
  5490             <li>
  5491               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5492             </li>
  5493             <li>
  5494               <a class="owlclass" href="#Quotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
  5495             </li>
  5496           </ul>
  5497         </dd>
  5498 
  5499       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5500       <dd>
  5501          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-quotation" title="prov-dm">quotation</a>      </dd>
  5502 
  5503       </dl>
  5504     </div>
  5505   </div>
  5506 
  5507   <div class="entity" id="wasRevisionOf">
  5508     <h3 id="property--prov-wasrevisionof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5509       Property: <a href="#wasRevisionOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" class="dotted">prov:wasRevisionOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5510       <span class="backlink">
  5511          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5512       </span>
  5513     </h3>
  5514     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf</p>
  5515     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A revision is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. The implication here is that the resulting entity contains substantial content from the original. Revision is a particular case of derivation.</p>
  5516     </div>
  5517 
  5518     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasRevisionOf">
  5519       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5520       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5521       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasRevisionOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5522 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5523 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5524 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5525 @prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
  5526 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5527 
  5528 :post9821v1
  5529    a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
  5530    prov:wasRevisionOf :post9821;
  5531    rdfs:comment &quot;:post9821v1 is a post, which is a revision of the original post :post9821.&quot;;
  5532 .    
  5533 </pre>
  5534     </div>
  5535 
  5536     <div class="description">
  5537       <div class="comment "><p>A revision is a derivation that revises an entity into a revised version.</p>
  5538       </div>
  5539       <dl>
  5540 
  5541         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5542         <dd>
  5543           <ul>
  5544             <li>
  5545               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5546             </li>
  5547           </ul>
  5548         </dd>
  5549 
  5550         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5551         <dd>
  5552           <ul>
  5553             <li>
  5554               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5555             </li>
  5556           </ul>
  5557         </dd>
  5558 
  5559         <dt>has range</dt>
  5560         <dd>
  5561           <ul>
  5562             <li>
  5563               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5564             </li>
  5565           </ul>
  5566         </dd>
  5567 
  5568         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5569         <dd>
  5570           <ul>
  5571             <li>
  5572               <a class="owlclass" href="#Revision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
  5573             </li>
  5574             <li>
  5575               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5576             </li>
  5577           </ul>
  5578         </dd>
  5579 
  5580       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5581       <dd>
  5582          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-revision" title="prov-dm">revision</a>      </dd>
  5583 
  5584       </dl>
  5585     </div>
  5586   </div>
  5587 
  5588   <div class="entity" id="wasStartedBy">
  5589     <h3 id="property--prov-wasstartedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
  5590       Property: <a href="#wasStartedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasStartedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5591       <span class="backlink">
  5592          back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
  5593       </span>
  5594     </h3>
  5595     <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy</p>
  5596     <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
  5597     </div>
  5598 
  5599     <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasStartedBy">
  5600       <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
  5601       <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
  5602       <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasStartedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
  5603 @prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
  5604 @prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
  5605 @prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
  5606 @prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  5607 
  5608 # Use prov:qualifiedStart to see when and where the activity was started
  5609 
  5610 :experiment
  5611    a prov:Activity;
  5612    prov:wasStartedBy :researcher;
  5613 .
  5614 
  5615 :researcher a prov:Agent .
  5616 </pre>
  5617     </div>
  5618 
  5619     <div class="description">
  5620       <div class="comment "><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that initiated the activity.</p>
  5621       </div>
  5622       <dl>
  5623 
  5624         <dt>has super-properties</dt>
  5625         <dd>
  5626           <ul>
  5627             <li>
  5628               <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5629             </li>
  5630           </ul>
  5631         </dd>
  5632 
  5633         <dt>has domain</dt>
  5634         <dd>
  5635           <ul>
  5636             <li>
  5637               <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
  5638             </li>
  5639           </ul>
  5640         </dd>
  5641 
  5642         <dt>has range</dt>
  5643         <dd>
  5644           <ul>
  5645             <li>
  5646               <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
  5647             </li>
  5648           </ul>
  5649         </dd>
  5650 
  5651         <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
  5652         <dd>
  5653           <ul>
  5654             <li>
  5655               <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
  5656             </li>
  5657             <li>
  5658               <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
  5659             </li>
  5660           </ul>
  5661         </dd>
  5662 
  5663       <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
  5664       <dd>
  5665          <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Start" title="prov-dm">Start</a>      </dd>
  5666 
  5667       </dl>
  5668     </div>
  5669   </div>
  5670 
  5671 </div>
  5672 
  5673       </div>
  5674 
  5675       <div id="cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="section">
  5676          <h3><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
  5677          <p>The terms used to qualify the Starting Point and Expanded properties are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
  5678          
  5679 <div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
  5680   <ul class="hlist">
  5681     <li>
  5682       <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
  5683     </li>
  5684     <li>
  5685       <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
  5686     </li>
  5687     <li>
  5688       <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
  5689     </li>
  5690     <li>
  5691       <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
  5692     </li>
  5693     <li>
  5694       <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
  5695     </li>
  5696     <li>
  5697       <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
  5698     </li>
  5699     <li>
  5700       <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
  5701     </li>
  5702     <li>
  5703       <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
  5704     </li>
  5705     <li>
  5706       <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
  5707     </li>
  5708     <li>
  5709       <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
  5710     </li>
  5711     <li>
  5712       <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
  5713     </li>
  5714     <li>
  5715       <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
  5716     </li>
  5717     <li>
  5718       <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
  5719     </li>
  5720     <li>
  5721       <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
  5722     </li>
  5723     <li>
  5724       <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
  5725     </li>
  5726     <li>
  5727       <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
  5728     </li>
  5729     <li>
  5730       <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
  5731     </li>
  5732     <li>
  5733       <a href="#Source">prov:Source</a>
  5734     </li>
  5735     <li>
  5736       <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
  5737     </li>
  5738     <li>
  5739       <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
  5740     </li>
  5741   </ul>
  5742 </div>
  5743 
  5744 <div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
  5745   <ul class="hlist">
  5746     <li class="object-property">
  5747       <a href="#activity">prov:activity</a>
  5748     </li>
  5749     <li class="object-property">
  5750       <a href="#agent">prov:agent</a>
  5751     </li>
  5752     <li class="datatype-property">
  5753       <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
  5754     </li>
  5755     <li class="object-property">
  5756       <a href="#entity">prov:entity</a>
  5757     </li>
  5758     <li class="object-property">
  5759       <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
  5760     </li>
  5761     <li class="object-property">
  5762       <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
  5763     </li>
  5764     <li class="object-property">
  5765       <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
  5766     </li>
  5767     <li class="object-property">
  5768       <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
  5769     </li>
  5770     <li class="object-property">
  5771       <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
  5772     </li>
  5773     <li class="object-property">
  5774       <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
  5775     </li>
  5776     <li class="object-property">
  5777       <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
  5778     </li>
  5779     <li class="object-property">
  5780       <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
  5781     </li>
  5782     <li class="object-property">
  5783       <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
  5784     </li>
  5785     <li class="object-property">
  5786       <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
  5787     </li>
  5788     <li class="object-property">
  5789       <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
  5790     </li>
  5791     <li class="object-property">
  5792       <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
  5793     </li>
  5794     <li class="object-property">
  5795       <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
  5796     </li>
  5797     <li class="object-property">
  5798       <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
  5799     </li>
  5800     <li class="object-property">
  5801       <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">