ontology/PROV-O_highlighted_terms.html
author kbelhajj
Mon, 13 Aug 2012 15:41:50 +0100
changeset 4332 430db2dd07f7
permissions -rw-r--r--
Add a HTML document with terms highlighted in the turtle examples using <strong>
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.0//EN' 'http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/DTD/xhtml-rdfa-1.dtd'>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" dir="ltr" typeof="bibo:Document">
<head xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#">
    <title>PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</title>
    <meta content="text/html;charset=utf-8" http-equiv="Content-Type" />

    <style type="text/css">
      /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/owl.css */
      .RFC2119 {
        text-transform: lowercase;
        font-style: italic;
      }
      .nonterminal {
          font-weight: bold;
          font-family: sans-serif;
          font-size: 95%;
      }
      #abstract br {
         /* doesn't work right SOMETIMES 
         margin-bottom: 1em;   */
      }
      .name {
          font-family: monospace;
      }
      .buttonpanel {
          margin-top: 1ex;
          margin-bottom: 1ex;
          padding-left: 1ex;
          padding-right: 1ex;
          padding-top: 1ex;
          padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
          border: 1px dotted black; 
      }
      .grammar {
          margin-top: 1ex;
          margin-bottom: 1ex;
          padding-left: 1ex;
          padding-right: 1ex;
          padding-top: 1ex;
          padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
          border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
          font-family: monospace;
      }
      .image {
          text-align: center;
      }
      .centered {
          text-align: center;
          padding-top: 4ex;
          padding-bottom: 4ex;
      }
      .centered table {
          margin: 0 auto;
          text-align: left;
      }
      .caption {
          font-weight: bold;
      }
      .indent {
          margin-left: 20px;
      }
      .atrisknote {
          padding: 5px;
          margin-top: 10px;
          margin-bottom: 10px;
          border: solid 2px blue;
          background-color: #FFA;
      }
      .atrisknotehead {
          font-style: italic; 
      }

      /* Stying the examples. */

      .anexample:before {
          content: "Example:";
          font-family: sans-serif;
          font-size: 1.6ex;
          font-weight: bold;
      }
      .anexample {
          margin-top: 1ex;
          margin-bottom: 1ex;
          padding-left: 1ex;
          padding-right: 1ex;
          padding-top: 1ex;
          padding-bottom: 0.6ex;
          border: 1px dashed #2f6fab;
          background-color: #f9f9f9;
      }
      .anexample table {
          background-color: #f9f9f9;
      }

      /* Styling the parts in the functional-style syntax. */

      div.fss {
          margin-top: 10px; 
          margin-bottom: 10px; 
          margin-left: 20px; 
          margin-right: 20px; 
          font-family: monospace;
      }
      table.fss {
          margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
          padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
          width: 100%;
      }
      table.fss caption.fss {
          font-size: 1.5ex;
          font-weight: bold;
          text-align: left;
          padding-left: 10px;
      }
      table.fss td:first-child {
          font-family: monospace;
          padding-left: 20px;
          padding-right: 20px;
          width: 60%;
      }

      /* Styling the parts in the RDF syntax. */

      div.rdf{
          margin-top: 10px; 
          margin-bottom: 10px; 
          margin-left: 20px; 
          margin-right: 20px; 
          font-family: monospace;
      }
      table.rdf {
          margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
          padding: 0px 0px 0px 0px; 
          width: 100%;
      }
      table.rdf caption.rdf {
          font-size: 1.5ex;
          font-weight: bold;
          text-align: left;
          padding-left: 10px;
      }
      table.rdf td:first-child {
          font-family: monospace;
          padding-left: 20px;
          padding-right: 20px;
          width: 60%;
      }

      /* Styling the XML syntax. */

      div.xmlsyn {
          margin-top: 10px; 
          margin-bottom: 10px; 
          margin-left: 20px; 
          margin-right: 20px; 
          font-family: monospace;
      }
      div.axioms {
          margin-top: 10px; 
          margin-bottom: 10px; 
          margin-left: 20px; 
          margin-right: 20px; 
      }

      /* Other styles. */

      table.complexity td {
          text-align: center;
      }
      table.allname td {
         font-family: monospace;
      }
      table.canonicalparsing {
          margin-left: 20px;
          border-style: none;
      }
      table.canonicalparsing td {
          vertical-align: top;
          padding: 2px 2px 2px 2px;
      }
      table.canonicalparsing td.two {
          padding-left: 30px;
      }

      /* The following are classes for templates used in the editing process. */

      .review {
          padding: 5px;
          border: solid 1px black;
          margin-left: 10%;
          margin-top: 10px;
          margin-bottom: 10px;
          background-color: #FFA;
          font-size: smaller;
      }
      .reviewauthor {
          font-size: smaller;
          font-style: italic;
      }
      .ednote {
          padding: 5px;
          border: solid 1px black;
          margin-top: 10px;
          margin-bottom: 10px;
      }
      .ednotehead {
         font-weight: bold;
      }

      /* override mediawiki's beautiful DL styling... */
      dl {
          background: white;
          width: 100%;
          border: none;
          margin-top: 0;
          margin-bottom: 0;
          padding-top: 0;
          padding-bottom: 0;
      }

      div {
          margin-top: 0;
          margin-bottom: 0;
      }
      #fulltitle {
        font-size: 140%; 
        font-weight: bold;
      }

      .xml {
       color: red
      }

      .rdbms{
      color: red
      }

      /* just copying from wiki, so it stays through TR. Currently
        affects Primer, at least */
      pre {
        background-color:#F9F9F9;
        border:1px dashed #2F6FAB;
        color:black;
        line-height:1.1em;
        padding:1em;
      }
    </style>

    <style type="text/css">
      /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/Primer.css . */

      /* define a class "noprint" for sections which don't get printed */  
      .noprint { display: none; }

      /* our syntax menu for switching */
      div.syntaxmenu {
        border: 1px dotted black;
        padding:0.5em;
        margin: 1em; 
      }

      @media print {
         div.syntaxmenu { display:none; }
      }

      /* use tab-like headers for syntax examples */
      div.exampleheader {
        font-size: 90%;
        float: left;
        background: #F9F9F9;
        color: #2F6FAB;
        border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
        border-bottom: 0px;
        padding-top: 2px;
      }

      div.exampleheader span.exampleheader {
        background: #F9F9F9;
        padding-top: 0px;
        padding-right: 10px;
        padding-left: 10px;
        padding-bottom: 3px;
        padding-top: 0px;
      }

      /* Also copy MediaWiki style here, so it will not look different when exported */
      div.fssyntax pre, div.rdfxml pre, div.owlxml pre, div.turtle pre, div.manchester pre  {
        background-color: #F9F9F9;
        border: 1px dashed #2F6FAB;
        color: black;
        line-height: 1.1em;
        padding: 1em;
        clear: both;
        margin-left: 0em;
      }
      /* (further styles directly embedded in header template) */
    </style>

    <style type="text/css">
      /* prov:wasDerivedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/rec.css . */

      /* Style for a "Recommendation" */

      /*
         Copyright 1997-2003 W3C (MIT, ERCIM, Keio). All Rights Reserved.
         The following software licensing rules apply:
         http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software */

      /* $Id: base.css,v 1.25 2006/04/18 08:42:53 bbos Exp $ */

      body {
        padding: 2em 1em 2em 70px;
        margin: 0;
        font-family: sans-serif;
        color: black;
        background: white;
        background-position: top left;
        background-attachment: fixed;
        background-repeat: no-repeat;
      }
      :link { color: #00C; background: transparent }
      :visited { color: #609; background: transparent }
      a:active { color: #C00; background: transparent }

      a:link img, a:visited img { border-style: none } /* no border on img links */

      a img { color: white; }        /* trick to hide the border in Netscape 4 */
      @media all {                   /* hide the next rule from Netscape 4 */
        a img { color: inherit; }    /* undo the color change above */
      }

      th, td { /* ns 4 */
        font-family: sans-serif;
      }

      h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 { text-align: left }
      /* background should be transparent, but WebTV has a bug */
      h1, h2, h3 { color: #005A9C; background: white }
      h1 { font: 170% sans-serif }
      h2 { font: 140% sans-serif }
      h3 { font: 120% sans-serif }
      h4 { font: bold 100% sans-serif }
      h5 { font: italic 100% sans-serif }
      h6 { font: small-caps 100% sans-serif }

      .hide { display: none }

      div.head { margin-bottom: 1em }
      div.head h1 { margin-top: 2em; clear: both }
      div.head table { margin-left: 2em; margin-top: 2em }

      p.copyright { font-size: small }
      p.copyright small { font-size: small }

      @media screen {  /* hide from IE3 */
      a[href]:hover { background: #ffa }
      }

      pre { margin-left: 2em }
      /*
      p {
        margin-top: 0.6em;
        margin-bottom: 0.6em;
      }
      */
      dt, dd { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0 } /* opera 3.50 */
      dt { font-weight: bold }

      pre, code { font-family: monospace } /* navigator 4 requires this */

      ul.toc, ol.toc {
        list-style: disc;     /* Mac NS has problem with 'none' */
        list-style: none;
      }

      @media aural {  
        h1, h2, h3 { stress: 20; richness: 90 }
        .hide { speak: none }
        p.copyright { volume: x-soft; speech-rate: x-fast }
        dt { pause-before: 20% }
        pre { speak-punctuation: code } 
      }

      /*body {
        background-image: url(http://lode.sourceforge.net/img/LODELogo.png);
      }*/
    </style>

    <style type="text/css">
      /* prov:wasQuotedFrom http://speronitomcat.web.cs.unibo.it:8080/LODE/extra.css . */

      body {
          text-align: justify;    
      }

      h1 {
          line-height: 110%;    
      }

      .hlist {
          border: 1px solid navy;
          padding:5px;
          background-color: #F4FFFF; 
      }

      .hlist li {
          display: inline;
          display: inline-table;
          list-style-type: none;
          padding-right: 20px;
          
      }

      .entity {
          border: 1px solid navy;
          margin:5px 0px 5px 0px;
          padding: 5px;    
      }

      .type-c {
          cursor:help;
          color:orange;
      }

      .type-op {
          cursor:help;
          color:navy;    
      }

      .type-dp {
          cursor:help;
          color:green;    
      }

      .type-ap {
          cursor:help;
          color:maroon;    
      }

      .type-ni {
          cursor:help;
          color:brown;    
      }

      .logic {
          color:purple;
          font-weight:bold;    
      }

      h3 {
          margin-top: 3px;
          padding-bottom: 5px;
          border-bottom: 1px solid navy;
      }

      h2 {
          margin-top:40px;    
      }

      .dotted {
          border-bottom: 1px dotted gray;
      }

      dt {
          margin-top:5px;
      }

      .description {
          border-top: 1px dashed gray;
          border-bottom: 1px dashed gray;
          background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
          margin-top:5px;
          padding-bottom:5px;
      }

      .description dl {
          background-color: rgb(242, 243, 244);
      }

      .description ul {
          padding-left: 12px;
          margin-top: 0px;
      }

      .backlink {
          font-size:10pt;
          text-align:right;
          float:right;
          color:black;
          padding: 2px;
          border: 1px dotted navy;
          background-color: #F4FFFF;
      }

      .imageblock {
         text-align: center;
      }

      .imageblock img {
         border:1px solid gray;
      }

      .endnote {
         margin-top: 40px;
         border-top: 1px solid gray;
         padding-top: 10px;
         text-align: center;
         color:gray;
         font-size:50%;
      }
    </style>
    
<!--  link rel="provenance" href="http://www.w3.org/2007/08/pyRdfa/extract?format=turtle&uri=http://aquarius.tw.rpi.edu/prov-wg/prov-o"/  -->


    
<!--  
      === NOTA BENE ===
      For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
      out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
      -->


   
<!--  From DM  -->

   <style type="text/css">
      .note { font-size:small; margin-left:50px }
       table { text-align: center; vertical-align: middle }
   </style>

   <style type="text/css">
      /* This CSS written by Tim Lebo for PROV-O HTML (all other CSS was taken from elsewhere) */
      table.qualified-forms {
         width: 75%;
      }
      ul.hlist {
         margin: 20px;
      }
      table {
         margin: 20px; 
         border:1px solid navy;
         background-color: #F4FFFF;
      }
      table th {
         background-color: LightGoldenRodYellow;
      }
      table tr {
         padding: 2px;
         border: 1px solid navy;
      }
      table td {
         text-align: left;
         padding-top: 5px;
         padding-bottom: 5px;
         padding-left: 15px;
         padding-right: 15px;
      }
      table td.prov-attribute {
         width: 20%
      }
      table.prov-detail a:visited {
          color:black; text-decoration:none; 
      }
      table.prov-detail a:link {
          color:black; text-decoration:none; 
      }
      .component-entities-activities {
         border:1px solid gray;
         background-color: #FFD4D4
      }
      .component-agents-responsibility {
         border:1px solid gray;
         background-color: #CCD9EE;
      }
      .component-derivations {
         border:1px solid gray;
         background-color: #CCEED9;
      }
      .component-collections {
         border:1px solid gray;
         background-color: #CED4D4;
      }
      .component-alternate {
         border:1px solid gray;
         background-color: #F4FFD9;
      }
      .component-annotations {
         border:1px solid gray;
         background-color: #FCE1CE;
      }
      span.repeated {
         font-family: monospace;
      }
      a.qname {
         font-family: monospace;
      }
      strong.crossreference {
         padding-right: 15px;
      }
      div.feature-at-risk {
         color: red;
      }
     </style>

     
     
   
    
  <style type="text/css">
/*****************************************************************
 * ReSpec CSS
 * Robin Berjon (robin at berjon dot com)
 * v0.05 - 2009-07-31
 *****************************************************************/


/* --- INLINES --- */
em.rfc2119 { 
    text-transform:     lowercase;
    font-variant:       small-caps;
    font-style:         normal;
    color:              #900;
}

h1 acronym, h2 acronym, h3 acronym, h4 acronym, h5 acronym, h6 acronym, a acronym,
h1 abbr, h2 abbr, h3 abbr, h4 abbr, h5 abbr, h6 abbr, a abbr {
    border: none;
}

dfn {
    font-weight:    bold;
}

a.internalDFN {
    color:  inherit;
    border-bottom:  1px solid #99c;
    text-decoration:    none;
}

a.externalDFN {
    color:  inherit;
    border-bottom:  1px dotted #ccc;
    text-decoration:    none;
}

a.bibref {
    text-decoration:    none;
}

code {
    color:  #ff4500;
}


/* --- WEB IDL --- */
pre.idl {
    border-top: 1px solid #90b8de;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #90b8de;
    padding:    1em;
    line-height:    120%;
}

pre.idl::before {
    content:    "WebIDL";
    display:    block;
    width:      150px;
    background: #90b8de;
    color:  #fff;
    font-family:    initial;
    padding:    3px;
    font-weight:    bold;
    margin: -1em 0 1em -1em;
}

.idlType {
    color:  #ff4500;
    font-weight:    bold;
    text-decoration:    none;
}

/*.idlModule*/
/*.idlModuleID*/
/*.idlInterface*/
.idlInterfaceID, .idlDictionaryID {
    font-weight:    bold;
    color:  #005a9c;
}

.idlSuperclass {
    font-style: italic;
    color:  #005a9c;
}

/*.idlAttribute*/
.idlAttrType, .idlFieldType, .idlMemberType {
    color:  #005a9c;
}
.idlAttrName, .idlFieldName, .idlMemberName {
    color:  #ff4500;
}
.idlAttrName a, .idlFieldName a, .idlMemberName a {
    color:  #ff4500;
    border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
    text-decoration: none;
}

/*.idlMethod*/
.idlMethType {
    color:  #005a9c;
}
.idlMethName {
    color:  #ff4500;
}
.idlMethName a {
    color:  #ff4500;
    border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
    text-decoration: none;
}

/*.idlParam*/
.idlParamType {
    color:  #005a9c;
}
.idlParamName {
    font-style: italic;
}

.extAttr {
    color:  #666;
}

/*.idlConst*/
.idlConstType {
    color:  #005a9c;
}
.idlConstName {
    color:  #ff4500;
}
.idlConstName a {
    color:  #ff4500;
    border-bottom:  1px dotted #ff4500;
    text-decoration: none;
}

/*.idlException*/
.idlExceptionID {
    font-weight:    bold;
    color:  #c00;
}

.idlTypedefID, .idlTypedefType {
    color:  #005a9c;
}

.idlRaises, .idlRaises a.idlType, .idlRaises a.idlType code, .excName a, .excName a code {
    color:  #c00;
    font-weight:    normal;
}

.excName a {
    font-family:    monospace;
}

.idlRaises a.idlType, .excName a.idlType {
    border-bottom:  1px dotted #c00;
}

.excGetSetTrue, .excGetSetFalse, .prmNullTrue, .prmNullFalse, .prmOptTrue, .prmOptFalse {
    width:  45px;
    text-align: center;
}
.excGetSetTrue, .prmNullTrue, .prmOptTrue { color:  #0c0; }
.excGetSetFalse, .prmNullFalse, .prmOptFalse { color:  #c00; }

.idlImplements a {
    font-weight:    bold;
}

dl.attributes, dl.methods, dl.constants, dl.fields, dl.dictionary-members {
    margin-left:    2em;
}

.attributes dt, .methods dt, .constants dt, .fields dt, .dictionary-members dt {
    font-weight:    normal;
}

.attributes dt code, .methods dt code, .constants dt code, .fields dt code, .dictionary-members dt code {
    font-weight:    bold;
    color:  #000;
    font-family:    monospace;
}

.attributes dt code, .fields dt code, .dictionary-members dt code {
    background:  #ffffd2;
}

.attributes dt .idlAttrType code, .fields dt .idlFieldType code, .dictionary-members dt .idlMemberType code {
    color:  #005a9c;
    background:  transparent;
    font-family:    inherit;
    font-weight:    normal;
    font-style: italic;
}

.methods dt code {
    background:  #d9e6f8;
}

.constants dt code {
    background:  #ddffd2;
}

.attributes dd, .methods dd, .constants dd, .fields dd, .dictionary-members dd {
    margin-bottom:  1em;
}

table.parameters, table.exceptions {
    border-spacing: 0;
    border-collapse:    collapse;
    margin: 0.5em 0;
    width:  100%;
}
table.parameters { border-bottom:  1px solid #90b8de; }
table.exceptions { border-bottom:  1px solid #deb890; }

.parameters th, .exceptions th {
    color:  #fff;
    padding:    3px 5px;
    text-align: left;
    font-family:    initial;
    font-weight:    normal;
    text-shadow:    #666 1px 1px 0;
}
.parameters th { background: #90b8de; }
.exceptions th { background: #deb890; }

.parameters td, .exceptions td {
    padding:    3px 10px;
    border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
    vertical-align: top;
}

.parameters tr:first-child td, .exceptions tr:first-child td {
    border-top: none;
}

.parameters td.prmName, .exceptions td.excName, .exceptions td.excCodeName {
    width:  100px;
}

.parameters td.prmType {
    width:  120px;
}

table.exceptions table {
    border-spacing: 0;
    border-collapse:    collapse;
    width:  100%;
}

/* --- TOC --- */
.toc a {
    text-decoration:    none;
}

a .secno {
    color:  #000;
}

/* --- TABLE --- */
table.simple {
    border-spacing: 0;
    border-collapse:    collapse;
    border-bottom:  3px solid #005a9c;
}

.simple th {
    background: #005a9c;
    color:  #fff;
    padding:    3px 5px;
    text-align: left;
}

.simple th[scope="row"] {
    background: inherit;
    color:  inherit;
    border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
}

.simple td {
    padding:    3px 10px;
    border-top: 1px solid #ddd;
}

.simple tr:nth-child(even) {
    background: #f0f6ff;
}

/* --- DL --- */
.section dd > p:first-child {
    margin-top: 0;
}

.section dd > p:last-child {
    margin-bottom: 0;
}

.section dd {
    margin-bottom:  1em;
}

.section dl.attrs dd, .section dl.eldef dd {
    margin-bottom:  0;
}

/* --- EXAMPLES --- */
pre.example {
    border-top: 1px solid #ff4500;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #ff4500;
    padding:    1em;
    margin-top: 1em;
}

pre.example::before {
    content:    "Example";
    display:    block;
    width:      150px;
    background: #ff4500;
    color:  #fff;
    font-family:    initial;
    padding:    3px;
    font-weight:    bold;
    margin: -1em 0 1em -1em;
}

/* --- EDITORIAL NOTES --- */
.issue {
    padding:    1em;
    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
    border: 1px solid #f00;
    background: #ffc;
}

.issue::before {
    content:    "Issue";
    display:    block;
    width:  150px;
    margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
    font-weight:    bold;
    border: 1px solid #f00;
    background: #fff;
    padding:    3px 1em;
}

.note {
    margin: 1em 0em 0em;
    padding:    1em;
    border: 2px solid #cff6d9;
    background: #e2fff0;
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  <body style="display: inherit;"><div class="head"><p><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img width="72" height="48" alt="W3C" src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" /></a></p><h1 id="title" class="title">PROV-O: The PROV Ontology</h1><h2 id="w3c-working-draft-24-july-2012"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Working Draft 24 July 2012</h2><dl><dt>This version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120724/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120724/</a></dd><dt>Latest published version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</a></dd><dt>Latest editor's draft:</dt><dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/Overview.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/Overview.html</a></dd><dt>Previous version:</dt><dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120503/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/WD-prov-o-20120503/</a></dd><dt>Editors:</dt><dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/TimLebo">Timothy Lebo</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
<dd><a href="http://cci.case.edu/cci/index.php/Satya_Sahoo">Satya Sahoo</a>, Case Western Reserve University, USA</dd>
<dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/instances/Deborah_L_McGuinness">Deborah McGuinness</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
<dt>Authors:</dt><dd><span>(In alphabetical order)</span></dd>
<dd><a href="http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Khalid_Belhajjame">Khalid Belhajjame</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
<dd><a href="http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jcheney/">James Cheney</a>, University of Edinburgh, UK</dd>
<dd><a href="http://homepages.abdn.ac.uk/dcorsar/pages/">David Corsar</a>, University of Aberdeen, UK</dd>
<dd><a href="http://www.oeg-upm.net/index.php/en/phdstudents/28-dgarijo">Daniel Garijo</a>, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain</dd>
<dd><a href="http://soiland-reyes.com/stian/">Stian Soiland-Reyes</a>, University of Manchester, UK</dd>
<dd><a href="http://tw.rpi.edu/web/person/StephanZednik">Stephan Zednik</a>, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA</dd>
<dd><a href="http://users.ox.ac.uk/~zool0770/">Jun Zhao</a>, University of Oxford, UK</dd>
</dl><p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 2011-2012 <a href="http://www.w3.org/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym></a><sup>®</sup> (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><acronym title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><acronym title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</acronym></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>), All Rights Reserved. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>, <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document use</a> rules apply.</p><hr /></div>

    <div id="abstract" class="introductory section"><h2>Abstract</h2>
         <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) expresses the PROV Data Model using the OWL2 Web Ontology Language (OWL2). It provides a set of classes, properties, and restrictions that can be used to represent and interchange provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. 
It can also be specialized to create new classes and properties to model provenance information for different applications and domains.
        </p>

        <p style="text-align: center;">The namespace for all PROV-O terms is <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</span>.
        </p>

        <p style="text-align: center;">The OWL encoding of the PROV Ontology is available <a href="prov-20120724.owl">here</a>.
        </p>

    </div><div class="introductory section" id="sotd"><h2>Status of This Document</h2><p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/"><acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> technical reports index</a> at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em></p>
      <h4 id="last-call">Last Call</h4>
      <p>This is the third public release of the PROV-DM document.
      This is a Last Call Working Draft. The design is not expected to change significantly, going forward, and now is the key time for external review.</p>

      <p>This specification identifies two  <a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi">features at risk</a>: <a href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> and  <a href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> might be removed from PROV-O if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. These two OWL properties are based on the PROV <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention">Mentions</a> feature.</p>


      <h4 id="prov-family-of-specifications">PROV Family of Specifications</h4>
      This document is part of the PROV family of specifications, a set of specifications defining various aspects that are necessary to achieve the vision of inter-operable
      interchange of provenance information in heterogeneous environments such as the Web.  The specifications are:
      <ul>
      <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/">PROV-DM</a>, the PROV data model for provenance (this document);</li>
      <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a>, a set of constraints applying to the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">PROV-CONSTRAINTS</a></cite>];</li>
      <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/">PROV-N</a>, a notation for provenance aimed at human consumption [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-N">PROV-N</a></cite>];</li>
      <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">PROV-O</a>, the PROV ontology, an OWL2 ontology allowing the mapping of PROV to RDF [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-O">PROV-O</a></cite>];</li>
      <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/">PROV-AQ</a>, the mechanisms for accessing and querying provenance [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-AQ">PROV-AQ</a></cite>]; </li>
      <li> <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/">PROV-PRIMER</a>, a primer for the PROV data model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>].</li>
      </ul>
      <h4 id="how-to-read-the-prov-family-of-specifications">How to read the PROV Family of Specifications</h4>
      <ul>
      <li>The primer is the entry point to PROV offering an introduction to the provenance model.</li>
      <li>The Linked Data and Semantic Web community should focus on PROV-O defining PROV classes and properties specified in an OWL2 ontology. For further details, PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS specify the cons
      traints applicable to the data model, and its interpretation. </li>
      <li>Developers seeking to retrieve or publish provenance should focus on PROV-AQ.</li>
      <li>Readers seeking to implement other PROV serializations
      should focus on PROV-DM and PROV-CONSTRAINTS.  PROV-O and PROV-N offer examples of mapping to RDF and text, respectively.</li>
      </ul>
    <p>This document was published by the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/">Provenance Working Group</a> as a Last Call Working Draft. This document is intended to become a <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to <a href="mailto:public-prov-comments@w3.org">public-prov-comments@w3.org</a> (<a href="mailto:public-prov-comments-request@w3.org?subject=subscribe">subscribe</a>, <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-prov-comments/">archives</a>). The Last Call period ends 18 September 2012. All feedback is welcome.</p><p>Publication as a Working Draft does not imply endorsement by the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.</p><p>This is a Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.</p><p>This document was produced by a group operating under the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>. <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> maintains a <a rel="disclosure" href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/46974/status">public list of any patent disclosures</a> made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a> must disclose the information in accordance with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> Patent Policy</a>.</p></div><div id="toc" class="section"><h2 class="introductory">Table of Contents</h2><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#introduction" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-o-at-a-glance" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3. </span>The PROV-O Ontology Description</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#description-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference for PROV-O classes and properties</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</a></li></ul></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#prov-o-owl-profile" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">A. </span>PROV-O OWL Profile</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#names-of-inverse-properties" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">B. </span>Names of inverse properties</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#acknowledgements" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D. </span>References</a><ul class="toc"><li class="tocline"><a href="#normative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</a></li><li class="tocline"><a href="#informative-references" class="tocxref"><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</a></li></ul></li></ul></div>
  
 
    

     <div id="introduction" class="section">    
         
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">1. </span>Introduction</h2>  
         <p>The PROV Ontology (PROV-O) defines the OWL2 Web Ontology Language encoding of the PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>]. This document describes the set of classes, properties, and restrictions that constitute the PROV Ontology. This ontology specification provides the foundation to implement provenance applications in different domains that can represent, exchange, and integrate provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts. Together with the PROV Access and Query [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PAQ">PROV-PAQ</a></cite>] and PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>], this document forms a framework for provenance information interchange in domain-specific Web-based applications.
         </p>
        <p>
         PROV-O is lightweight so that it can be adopted in the widest range of applications. With the exception of <a href="#prov-o-owl-profile">five axioms</a>, PROV-O conforms to the OWL-RL profile [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL-2-PRIMER">OWL-2-PRIMER</a></cite>]. The PROV Ontology classes and properties are defined such that they can not only be used directly to represent provenance information, but also can be specialized for modeling application-specific provenance details in a variety of domains. Thus, the PROV Ontology is expected to be both directly usable in applications as well as serve as a <i>reference model</i> for creating domain-specific provenance ontologies and thereby facilitates interoperable provenance modeling. To demonstrate the use of PROV-O classes and properties, this document uses an example provenance scenario similar to the one introduced in the PROV-Primer [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-PRIMER">PROV-PRIMER</a></cite>].
        </p>
         <p> The PROV Data Model [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-PROV-DM">PROV-DM</a></cite>] introduces a set of concepts to represent provenance information in a variety of application domains. This document maps the PROV Data Model to PROV Ontology using the OWL2 ontology language [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL2-RDF-BASED-SEMANTICS">OWL2-RDF-BASED-SEMANTICS</a></cite>]. 
        </p>

        <p> We briefly introduce some of the OWL2 modeling terms that will be used to describe the PROV Ontology. An OWL2 <i>instance</i> is an individual object in a domain of discourse, for example a person named Alice or a car, and a set of individuals sharing a set of additional characteristics is called a <i>class</i>. Person and Car are examples of classes representing the set of individual persons and cars respectively. The OWL2 object properties are used to link individuals, classes, or create a property hierarchy. For example, the object property &quot;hasOwner&quot; can be used to link car with person. The OWL2 datatype properties are used to link individuals or classes to data values, including XML Schema datatypes [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">XMLSCHEMA11-2</a></cite>].   
        </p>
        <p>The key words &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="must">must</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="must not">must not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="required">required</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="shall">shall</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="shall not">shall not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="should not">should not</em>&quot;, &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="recommended">recommended</em>&quot;,  &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="may">may</em>&quot;, and       &quot;<em class="rfc2119" title="optional">optional</em>&quot; in this document are to be interpreted as described in [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RFC2119">RFC2119</a></cite>].</p>
    </div>



   <div id="prov-o-at-a-glance" class="section">
      
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">2. </span>PROV-O at a glance</h2>

      <p>PROV-O users may only need to use parts of the entire ontology, depending on their needs and according to how much detail they want to include in their provenance information. For this, the PROV-O terms (classes and properties) are grouped into three categories to provide an incremental introduction to the ontology: Starting Point terms, Expanded terms, and terms for Qualifying relationships.
      </p>

      <div id="prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
         <p><strong>Starting Point classes and properties</strong> provide the basis for the rest of the PROV Ontology and thus it is recommended that readers become comfortable with how to apply these terms before continuing to the remaining categories. These terms are used to create simple provenance descriptions that can be elaborated using terms from other categories. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
         
<div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li>
      <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

      </div>

      <div id="prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
         <p><strong>Expanded classes and properties</strong> provide additional terms that can be used to relate classes in the Starting Point category. The terms in this category are applied in the same way as the terms in the Starting Point category. Many of the terms in this category are subclasses or subproperties of those in the Starting Point category. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
         
<div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li>
      <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

      </div>

      <div id="prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">
         <p><strong>Qualified classes and properties</strong> provide elaborated information about binary relations asserted using Starting Point and Expanded properties. The terms in this category are applied using a pattern that differs from those in the Starting Point and Expanded categories. While the relations from the previous two categories are applied as direct, binary assertions, the terms in this category are used to provide additional attributes of the binary relations. The pattern used in this category allows users to provide elaborate details that are not available using only Starting Point and Expanded terms. The classes and properties in this category are listed below and are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
         
<div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li>
      <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Source">prov:Source</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#activity">prov:activity</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#agent">prov:agent</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#entity">prov:entity</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

      </div>

      <div>
       
      </div>

   </div> 
<!--  PROV-O at a glance  -->




    <div id="description" class="section">
      
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">3. </span>The PROV-O Ontology Description</h2>       
      <p>This section introduces the terms in each of the following categories:
      </p>     
      <ul>
         <li><a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
         <li><a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
         <li><a href="#description-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
      </ul>

     <div id="description-starting-point-terms" class="section">
      <h3><span class="secno">3.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
       <p>The Starting Point category is a small set of classes and properties that can be used to create simple, initial provenance descriptions.
         Three classes provide a basis for the rest of PROV-O:  
       </p>
         <ul>
            <li>An <a href="#Entity" class="qname">prov:Entity</a> is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary.  
            </li>
            <li>An <a href="#Activity" class="qname">prov:Activity</a> is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.  
            </li>
            <li>An <a href="#Agent" class="qname">prov:Agent</a> is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. 
            </li>
         </ul> 
      <p>The three primary classes relate to one another and to themselves using the properties shown in the following figure.</p>

      <p>Activities <strong>start</strong> and <strong>end</strong> at particular points in time (described using properties 
      <a class="qname" href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a> and <a class="qname" href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>, respectively) 
      and during their lifespan can  <strong>use</strong> and <strong>generate</strong> a variety of Entities (described with 
      <a class="qname" href="#used">prov:used</a> and <a class="qname" href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>, respectively). 
      For example, a blog writing activity may use a particular dataset and generate a bar chart. 
      By applying usage and generation, one can construct provenance chains comprising both Activities and Entities.
      </p>

      <p>In addiition, we can say that an Activity <a class="qname" href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
      another Activity to provide some dependency information without explicitly providing the activities' start and end times. 
      A <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> relation between Activities suggests that the informed Activity used an Entity that was generated by the informing 
      Activity, but the Entity itself is not interesting or is unknown. 
      So, the <span class="repeated">prov:wasInformedBy</span> property allows the assertion of provenance chains comprising only Activities.
      </p>

      <p>Provenance chains comprising only Entities can be formed using the <a class="qname" href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> property.
         A derivation is a transformation of one entity into another. For example, if the Activity that created the bar chart is not interesting or is unknown,
          then we can say that the bar chart <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> the dataset.
         Arbitrary RDF properties can be used to describe the fixed aspects of an Entity that are interesting to a particular application (for example, 
         the file size and format of the dataset, or the aspect ratio of the bar chart).
      </p>

      <p>An Agent can be responsible for an Activity or an Entity, which is described using the properties <a class="qname" href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> and <a class="qname" href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>, respectively. Agents can also be responsible for other Agents' actions. In this case, the Agent that influenced an Activity or Entity <a class="qname" href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> another Agent that also bears some responsibility for the resulting Activity or Entity.

      </p><div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="starting-points-figure">
            
<!--  When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/  -->

            
<!-- img src="prov-o-diagrams/Starting-points-terms.png" -->

            <img alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/starting-points.svg" />
            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#starting-points-figure">Figure 1</a>. The three Starting Point classes and the properties that relate them.</div>
      </div>

        <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-simple-1" id="narrative-example-simple-1">
           <p>
            <a href="#narrative-example-simple-1">Example 1</a>: The following PROV-O describes the resources involved when creating a chart about crime statistics. The example uses only Starting Point terms and serves as a basis for elaboration that will be described in subsequent sections. In the example, Derek performs an aggregation of some government crime data, grouping by national regions that are described in a separate dataset by a civil action group.
           </p> 
           <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/ontology/khalid-jun-dropbox/eg16-journalism-simple-without-comments.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

:bar_chart
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrationActivity;
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
.

:illustrationActivity 
   a prov:Activity; 
   prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
   prov:wasInformedBy     :aggregationActivity;
.

:aggregatedByRegions
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :aggregationActivity;
.

:aggregationActivity
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:startedAtTime    &quot;2011-07-14T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
   prov:used              :crimeData;
   prov:used              :nationalRegionsList;
   prov:endedAtTime      &quot;2011-07-14T02:02:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:crimeData
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :government;
.
:nationalRegionsList 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :civil_action_group;
.

:aggregatedByRegions prov:wasAttributedTo :derek .
:bar_chart           prov:wasAttributedTo :derek .

:derek
   a prov:Agent;
   a foaf:Person;
   foaf:givenName &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
   foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :natonal_newspaper_inc;
.

:national_newspaper_inc 
   a prov:Agent;
   a prov:Organization;
   foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
. 

:government         a prov:Organization, foaf:Organization .
:civil_action_group a prov:Organization, foaf:Organization .</pre>
        </div>

      <p>The example states that the agent <code>ex:derek</code> was associated with two 
      activities: <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>. The 
      activity <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code> used 
      the entities <code>ex:crimeData</code> (a crime statistics dataset) and <code>ex:nationalRegionsList</code> (a list of national regions), and 
      generated a new entity, <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>, that aggregates the statistics in
       <code>ex:crimeData</code> according to the regions in <code>ex:nationalRegionsList</code>. 
      The <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code> entity was then used by the <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code> activity, 
      to generate a new entity <code>ex:chart1</code> that depicts the aggregated statistics.
      </p>

      <p> The example also states that the activity <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code> was 
      informed by the activity <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code>. Indeed, the former used
       the entity <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>, which was generated by the latter.
      </p>

      <p> Because the agent <code>ex:derek</code> was associated with the activities 
      <code>ex:aggregationActivity</code> and <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>, the entities 
      generated by these activities, i.e., <code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code> and <code>ex:chart1</code>, were 
      attributed to him.
      </p>

      <p>Finally, the example states that the agent <code>ex:derek</code> acted on behalf of the organization <code>ex:national_newspaper_inc</code>.
      </p>   

      <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="narrative-example-simple-1-figure">
            <img alt="Illustration of Derek making a bar chart from some aggregated government data." style="width: 90%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/starting-points-example.svg" />
            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#narrative-example-simple-1-figure">Figure 2</a>. The three Starting Point classes and the properties that relate them.</div>
      </div>

     </div> 
<!--  Starting Points  in PROV-O  -->


     <div id="description-expanded-terms" class="section">
      <h3><span class="secno">3.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>

      <p>The terms introduced in this section provide additional ways to describe the provenance among Entities, Activities, and Agents. 
         The additional terms are illustrated in the following figure and can be separated into five different categories.</p>

      <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="expanded-terms-figure">
            <img alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" style="width: 60%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/expanded.svg" />
            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-terms-figure">Figure 3</a>. The expanded terms build upon those in the Starting Points section. <br />
            The domain of <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> (<span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:Agent</span> or <span class="repeated">prov:InstantaneousEvent</span>) is not illustrated.</div>
      </div>


     <p>The <strong>first</strong> category extends the <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point terms</a> with subclasses, subproperties, and one superproperty.</p>

     <p>Three subclasses of Agent (<a class="qname" href="#Person">prov:Person</a>, <a class="qname" href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>, and 
      <a class="qname" href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>) and
      Three subclasses of Entity are provided (<a class="qname" href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>, <a class="qname" href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>, 
      and <a class="qname" href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>). 
      </p>

      <p>
      A <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> is an Entity that provides a structure (e.g. set, list, etc.) to some constituents (which are themselves Entities). 
      The <span class="repeated">prov:Collection</span> class can be used to express the provenance of the collection itself: 
      e.g. who maintains the collection (attribution), which members it contains as it evolves, and how it was assembled. 
      The <a class="qname" href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> property is used to assert membership in a collection.
      </p>

      <div id="description-bundle">
         <p>
         A <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> is a named set of provenance descriptions, which may itself have provenance. 
         The named provenance descriptions may be expressed as PROV-O or in some other form.
         The subclass of Bundle that contains PROV-O assertions is not provided by PROV-O, since it is more appropriate to do so using other recommendations, 
         standards, or technologies. In any case, a Bundle of PROV-O assertions is an abstract set of RDF triples, and adding or removing a triple creates a distinct 
         Bundle of PROV-O assertions.
         </p>
      </div>

      <p>A <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> is an entity that represents a set of actions or steps intended by one or more agents to achieve some goals. 
      </p>


     <p>
      More general and more specific properties are also provided by the expanded terms. More generally, the property 
      <a class="qname" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> is a superproperty that relates any influenced Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other 
      influencing Entity, Activity, or Agent that had an effect on its characteristics. 

      More specifically, three subproperties of <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> are provided for certain kinds of derivation among Entities: 
      <a class="qname" href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> cites a potentially larger Entity (such as a book, blog, or image) from which a new Entity was created
      by repeating some or all of the original, 
      <a class="qname" href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> indicates that the derived Entity contains substantial content from the original Entity 
      (e.g., two editions of a book), and 
      <a class="qname" href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> cites an older Entity produced by some agent with direct experience and 
      knowledge about the topic (such as a reading from a sensor, or a journal written during an historical event). 
      </p>
     
     <p>The <strong>second</strong> category relates Entities according to their levels of abstraction, where some Entities may present more specific aspects than their more general counterparts. 
      While <a class="qname" href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> links a more specific Entity to a more general one (e.g., today's BBC news home page versus BBC's news home page on any day), <a class="qname" href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> links Entities that present aspects of the same thing, but not necessarily the same aspects or at the same time (e.g., the serialization of a document in different formats).
    <a class="qname" href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> is a special type of <span class="repeated">prov:specializationOf</span> whose subject presents as an aspect a particular <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> in which its more general Entity was described (<a class="qname" href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> is used to cite the Bundle in which the generalization was mentioned).
     </p>
     
      <div class="note">
      <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:mentionOf</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:asInBundle</span> properties are &quot;<a href="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi">at risk</a>&quot; and may be removed from this specification based on feedback. Please send feedback to public-prov-comments@w3.org.</p>

      <p>These two properties are used to encode the PROV-DM's <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention">Mention construct</a>, which might be removed from PROV if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. 
      </p></div>

      <p>
      The <strong>third</strong> category allows further description of Entities. The property <a class="qname" href="#value">prov:value</a> holds a literal value for the Entity. For example, the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of a quote could be a string of the sentences stated, or the <span class="repeated">prov:value</span> of an Entity involved in a numeric calculation could be the xsd:integer four.
       The property <a class="qname" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> can be used to describe the <a class="qname" href="#Location">prov:Location</a> of any 
      Entity, Activity, Agent, or <a class="qname" href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a> 
      (i.e., generation, usage, or invalidation of an entity and the starting or ending of an activity). 
      The properties used to describe instances of <span class="repeated">prov:Location</span> are outside the scope of PROV-O; 
      reuse of other existing vocabulary is encouraged.
      </p>

 
      <p>The <strong>fourth</strong> category describes the lifetime of an Entity beyond being <strong>generated</strong> by an Activity and <strong>used</strong> by other Activities. For example, a painting could not have been displayed before it was painted, and it could not be sold after it was destroyed by fire. 
      Similar to how Activities have start and end times, an Entity may be bound by points in time for which it was generated or is no longer usable. 
The properties <a class="qname" href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a> and <a class="qname" href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> can be used to bound the starting and ending moments of an Entity's existence. The Activities that led to the generation or invalidation of an Entity can be provided using <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <a class="qname" href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>, respectively. 
<a class="qname" href="#generated">prov:generated</a> and <a class="qname" href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> are the inverses of <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span>, respectively, and are defined to facilitate Activity-as-subject as well as Entity-as-subject descriptions. 
      </p>

      <p>The <strong>fifth</strong> category describes the lifetime of an Activity beyond its start and end times and predecessor Activities.  
      Activities may also be started or ended by Entities, which are described using the properties <a class="qname" href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> and <a class="qname" href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>, respectively. Since Entities may start or end Activities, and Agents may be Entities, then Agents may also start or end Activities.
      </p>

        <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-1" id="narrative-example-expanded-1">
           <p>We illustrate below the use of the expanded terms using the crime file example from the previous section as reference. Derek then published a post about
         his work with the aggregated file.
            </p> 
            <p>   
               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 2</a>:
            </p>

            <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt1.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix my:   &lt;http://example.org/my#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

:bundlePost {

   :bundlePost a prov:Bundle .

   :derek
      a prov:Person, prov:Agent, foaf:Person; ## Typically prov:Agent will be inferred from prov:Person
      foaf:givenName      &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
      foaf:mbox           &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
      prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
   .

   :national_newspaper_inc 
      a prov:Organization, prov:Agent;       ## Typically prov:Agent will be inferred from prov:Organization
      foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
   .

   :postEditor 
      a prov:SoftwareAgent, prov:Agent;      ## Typically prov:Agent will be inferred from prov:SoftwareAgent
      foaf:name &quot;Post Editor 3000&quot;;
   .   

   :aggregatedByRegions
      a prov:Entity;
      prov:atLocation &lt;file://Users/aggr.txt&gt;;
   .
   
   :more-crime-happens-in-cities
    a prov:Location, sioc:Post, prov:Entity;
    sioc:latest_version :post9821v2;
    sioc:previous_version :post9821v1;
   .

   ## Version 1 of the post
   
   :post9821v1
      a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
      prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
      prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;  ## PERMALINK to the (latest revision of the) post
      my:snapshotContent  :postContent0;                  ## Snapshot with the content of this version
      sioc:title &quot;More crime happens in cities&quot;^^xsd:string;
      prov:hadPrimarySource :aggregatedByRegions;         ## This version of the post used the file &quot;aggregatedByRegions&quot; as a primary source. 
                                                          ## Since the author stated that he based his post in the file, 
                                                          ## the system used this relationship to keep the attribution clear.
      prov:wasAttributedTo   :derek;
      prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   .

   ## Version 2 of the post

   :post9821v2
      a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
      prov:atLocation       :more-crime-happens-in-cities;  ## PERMALINK to the (latest revision of the) post
      my:snapshotContent    :postContent1;                  ## Snapshot with the content of this version
      prov:wasRevisionOf    :post9821v1;
      prov:alternateOf      :post9821v1;
      prov:wasAttributedTo  :derek;
   .

   :publicationActivity1123 
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:wasStartedAt      &quot;2011-07-16T01:01:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:wasEndedAt        &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek,
                             :postEditor;
      prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;   
      prov:generated         :post9821v1;
      prov:wasStartedBy      :derek;
      prov:wasEndedBy        :derek
   .
}</pre> 
        </div>
         
         <p>
         Agent <code>ex:derek</code>, acting again on behalf of the <code>:national_newspaper_inc</code> organization, 
         publishes a post about his recent changes to the aggregated file (<code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>) using the tool <code>ex:postEditor</code>. Since he is the one who started and ended the publishing activity (<code>ex:publicationActivity1123</code>), that information
         is recorded as well. The post produced by <code>ex:derek</code> (<code>ex:post9821v1</code>) includes a permanent link where the content of the latest version is shown
         (<code>ex:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>) plus a snapshot of the content of the current version (<code>ex:postContent0</code>). Derek also adds additional metadata of the post, like the title.
         </p>
         <p>
         However, shortly after having published the post, Derek detects a typo. He does not want to record the activity that led to the new version, so he just creates a new version and 
         summarizes the changes in a revision of the original post (<code>ex:post9821v2</code>). This revision is also an alternate of the original post, 
         since they are both forms of the long-standing blog.
         Thus, the permalink to the latest version (<code>ex:more-crime-happens-in-cities</code>) remains the same in the new revision, but a different URL is given for its snapshot (<code>ex:postContent1</code>).
         </p>        

         <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="expanded-example-illustration-1">

               <img alt="PROV-O Starting Point terms" style="width: 95%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 60em" src="diagrams/expanded-terms-example-bundlePost.svg" />

               <div class="figcaption"><a href="#expanded-example-illustration-1">Figure 4</a>. 
                  An illustration of the PROV-O assertions in <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1">Example 3</a>, where Derek publishes a two versions of a blog for the National Newspaper, Inc.
               </div>
         </div>


 
       <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-1-a" id="narrative-example-expanded-1-a">
           <p>Shortly after Derek's post publication, Monica adapts the text for a wider audience in a new post (<code>ex:post9822</code>). This version is a specialization of the original post,
         and an alternate of the version modified by Derek. Since the provenance produced by the activities of Derek and Monica correspond to different user views, the system
         automatically publish it in different <a class="qname" href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>s (<code>ex:bundlePost and ex:bundlePost1</code>).
            </p>        
            <p>   
               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-1-a">Example 3</a>:
            </p>
            <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt1_a.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix my:   &lt;http://example.org#my&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

:bundlePost1 {

   :bundlePost1 a prov:Bundle .

   :monica
      a prov:Person, prov:Agent, foaf:Person;
      foaf:givenName &quot;Monica&quot;^^xsd:string;
      foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:monica@example.org&gt;
   .

   ## Rephrasing of the post in a new resource for a different audience

   :post9822
      a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
      prov:atLocation       :more-crime-happens-in-cities-for-dummies; ## PERMALINK to the (latest revision of the) post
      my:snapshotContent    :postContent2;                             ## Snapshot with the content of this version
      prov:alternateOf      :post9821v2;                               ## This post is an alternate of the second version modified by Derek.
      prov:specializationOf :more-crime-happens-in-cities;             ## This post is an specialization of the post initially created by Derek.
      prov:wasInfluencedBy  :aggregatedByRegions;                      ## If the file hadn't existed, Monica would have not written the post. 
                                                                       ## However the file is not what Monica used as primary source for writting the new post,
                                                                       ## so we can't consider the post to have &quot;been derived from&quot; it.
      sioc:title &quot;More crime happens in cities (for dummies)&quot;^^xsd:string;
      prov:wasAttributedTo :monica;
   .
}</pre> 
        </div>
         
         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-2" id="narrative-example-expanded-2">
            <p>Some time passes by, and John writes his own conclusions quoting the previous two posts:
            </p> 
            <p>   
               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-2">Example 4</a>:
            </p>
            <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt2.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

:bundlePost2 {

   :bundlePost2 
      a prov:Bundle;
      prov:hasAnnotation :noteMadeByParser;
   .
   
   :john 
      a prov:Agent;
   .
   
   # Rows of the post quoting post :post9821v1

   :quote1
      a prov:Entity;
      prov:value &quot;Analysis of the datasets demonstrate that there is more crime&quot;;
      prov:wasQuotedFrom :post9821v1.
      
   # Rows of the post quoting post :post9821v2

   :quote2
      a prov:Entity;
      prov:value &quot;In sumary, there are clearly more crimes in the country&quot;;
      prov:wasQuotedFrom :post9821v2.
   
   :publicationActivity1123
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:used :quote1,
                :quote2,
                :aggregatedByRegions;
      prov:generated :post19201.
   
   :post19201
      a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
      prov:wasAttributedTo   :john;
      prov:wasDerivedFrom    :post9821v1, 
                             :post9821v2;
      prov:wasGeneratedBy    :publicationActivity1123;
      prov:hadPrimarySource :aggregatedByRegions;
   .
}</pre> 
         </div>
         
         <p>
         Agent <code>ex:John</code> also names the URI of the original source (<code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>). All the provenance statements related to his post
         are grouped in a new <span class="repeated">prov:Bundle</span> (<code>ex:bundlePost2</code>).
         
         Unfortunately, there is a problem in the servers where <code>:post19201</code> is being stored, and all the data related to the post is lost. Thus, the system
         invalidates the entity automatically and notifies John about the error.
         </p>        
         
         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-expanded-3" id="narrative-example-expanded-3">
            <p>   
               <a href="#narrative-example-expanded-3">Example 5</a>:
            </p>
            <pre class="example" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-25-extended-crime-file-example/rdf/extended-crime-file-pt4.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

:post19201
   a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
   prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;2012-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:wasInvalidatedBy :hard_disk_failure;
.

:hard_disk_failure
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasEndedAt &quot;2012-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.</pre>
         </div>
     </div>


<!--  incorporate https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/rev/e3ecc51f4598  -->

     <div id="description-qualified-terms" class="section">
       <h3><span class="secno">3.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
       <p>The Qualified Terms category is for users who wish to provide further details about the provenance-related influence among
         Entities, Activities, and Agents.  The terms in this category are the result of
         applying the <strong>Qualification Pattern</strong> [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-LD-Patterns-QR">LD-Patterns-QR</a></cite>] to the simple (unqualified)
         relations available in the <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Starting Point</a> and 
         <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">Expanded</a> categories.  
      The Qualification Pattern consists of restating the unqualified
         relation by using an intermediate class that represents the influence between two resources. 
      This new instance, in turn, can be annotated with additional descriptions about the influence relationship between the two resources cited. 
      The following two tables list the influence relations that can be qualified using the Qualification Pattern, along with the properties used to qualify them. 

      For example, the second row of the first table indicates that to elaborate how an <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span>
      <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> a particular <span class="repeated">prov:Entity</span>, one creates an instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>.
      While the <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> cites the influencing entity with the <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property,
      the influenced <span class="repeated">prov:Activity</span> cites the <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> with the property <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span>.
      This structure is illustrated in <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4a</a> below.
      </p>

      <div style="padding: 10px" id="qualified-forms-starting-point">
         <p>Seven <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Starting Point</a> relations that can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
         </p>
         <div style="text-align: center">
            <table class="qualified-forms">
  <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 1</a>: Qualification Property and Influence Class used to qualify a Starting-point Property.</caption>
  <tbody><tr>
    <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
    <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
    <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
    <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
    <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
    <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Attribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  </tr>
</tbody></table>

         </div>
      </div>

      <div style="padding: 10px" id="qualified-forms-expanded">
         <p>Six <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Expanded</a> relations that can be further described using the Qualification Pattern.
         </p>
         <div style="text-align: center">
            <table class="qualified-forms">
  <caption><a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 2</a>: Qualification Property and Influence Class used to qualify an Expanded Property.</caption>
  <tbody><tr>
    <th><span title="Influenced Class">Influenced Class</span></th>
    <th><span title="Unqualified Influence">Unqualified Influence</span></th>
    <th><span title="Qualification Property">Qualification Property</span></th>
    <th><span title="Qualified Influence">Qualified Influence</span></th>
    <th><span title="Influencer Property">Influencer Property</span></th>
    <th><span title="Influencing Class">Influencing Class</span></th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Source" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source">prov:Source</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Quotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Revision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision">prov:Revision</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlproperty" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a></td>
    <td><a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a></td>
  </tr>
</tbody></table>

         </div>
      </div>


      <p>
       The qualification classes and properties shown in the previous two tables can also be found in the <a href="#cross-reference">cross reference</a> 
        in the next section of this document. 

         All influence classes (e.g. <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>) are extensions of 
         <a href="#Influence" class="qname">prov:Influence</a> and either 
         <a href="#EntityInfluence" class="qname">prov:EntityInfluence</a>, 
         <a href="#ActivityInfluence" class="qname">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>, or
         <a href="#AgentInfluence" class="qname">prov:AgentInfluence</a>, which determine the property to use to cite the influencing resource (either
         <a href="#entity" class="qname">prov:entity</a>,
         <a href="#activity" class="qname">prov:activity</a>, or
         <a href="#agent" class="qname">prov:agent</a>, respectively).

         </p><div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-1" id="narrative-example-qualified-1">
            <p>
               <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-1">Example 6</a>:
            </p>
            <p>
               For example, given the unqualified statement:
               </p><pre class="example">:e1 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1;
.

:a1 a prov:Activity .</pre>
            <p></p>
         </div>

         <p>One can find that <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="qname">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> 
            can be qualified using the qualification property <a href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="qname">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> 
            and the class <a href="#Generation" class="qname">prov:Generation</a> (a subclass of <a href="#ActivityInfluence" class="qname">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>). 
            From this, the influence relation above can be restated with the <em>qualification pattern</em> as:
         </p>

         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-2" id="narrative-example-qualified-2">
            <p>
               <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-2">Example 7</a>:
            </p>
            <pre class="example">:e1 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy      :a1;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen; # Add the qualification
.

:a1 a prov:Activity .

:e1Gen 
   a prov:Generation;
   prov:activity :a1;               # Cite the influencing Activity.
   ex:foo :bar;                     # Add additional attributes about the influence relation.
.</pre>
         </div>

         <p>
            The asserter can thus attach additional properties to <code>:e1Gen</code> to describe the generation of <code>:e1</code> by <code>:a1</code>.
         </p>

         <p>
            As can be seen in this example, qualifying an influence relation provides a second form (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:qualifiedGeneration :e1Gen</code>) to express an equivalent influence relation 
            (e.g. <code>:e1 prov:wasGeneratedBy :a1</code>).
            It is correct and acceptable for an implementer to use either qualified or unqualified forms as they choose (or both), 
            and a consuming application should be prepared to recognize either form. 
            Consuming applications <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> recognize both qualified and unqualified forms, and treat the qualified form as implying the unqualified form.
            Because the qualification form is more verbose, the unqualified form should be favored in cases where additional properties are not provided.
            When the qualified form is expressed, including the equivalent unqualified form can facilitate PROV-O consumption, and is thus encouraged.
        </p>
            
<!--  To simplify client queries, 
            any qualified relation SHOULD be accompanied by the equivalent unqualified statement. 
            Unqualified properties SHOULD NOT have the equivalent qualified form
            asserted unless it adds additional information.  -->


      <p>In addition to the previous two tables, <a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a> 
         illustrates the classes and properties needed to apply the qualification pattern to the thirteen unqualified influence relations. 

         For example, while <a href="#qualifiedUsage" class="qname">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>, 
         <a href="#Usage" class="qname">prov:Usage</a>, and <a href="#entity" class="qname">prov:entity</a> are used to qualify 
         <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relations, 
   
         <a href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="qname">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>, <a href="#Association" class="qname">prov:Association</a>, 
         and <a href="#agent" class="qname">prov:agent</a> are used to qualify <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> 
         relations. This pattern applies to the eleven other influence relations that can be qualified.
      </p>

      <p>In subfigure <strong>a</strong> the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property and references an instance of 
      <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> relation between the Activity and Entity. 
      The <span class="repeated">prov:entity</span> property is used to cite the Entity that was used by the Activity. 
      In this case, the time that the Activity used the Entity is provided using the <a class="qname" href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a> property and a literal 
      <span class="repeated">xsd:dateTime</span> value. The <span class="repeated">prov:atTime</span> property can be used to describe any 
      <a class="qname" href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a> (including 
      <a class="qname" href="#Start">prov:Start</a>, 
      <a class="qname" href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>, 
      <a class="qname" href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>, 
      <a class="qname" href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>, and
      <a class="qname" href="#End">prov:End</a>).
      </p>

      <p>Similarly in subfigure <strong>j</strong>, the <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
      <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property and references an instance of 
      <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span>, which in turn provides attributes of the 
      <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> relation between the Activity and Agent. The 
      <span class="repeated">prov:agent</span> property is used to cite the Agent that influenced the Activity. 
      In this case, the plan of actions and steps that the Agent used to achieve its goals is provided using the 
      <a class="qname" href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a> property and an instance of <a class="qname" href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>. Further, the 
      <a class="qname" href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> property and <a class="qname" href="#Role">prov:Role</a> 
      class can be used to describe the function that the agent served with respect to the Activity. 
      Both <span class="repeated">prov:Plan</span> and <span class="repeated">prov:Role</span> are left to be extended by applications.
      </p>

       <div class="figure" style="text-align: center;" id="qualified-terms-figure">
            
<!--  When publishing to w3c: replace prov-o-diagrams/ with diagrams/  -->

            
<!-- img src="prov-o-diagrams/Qualified-Association.png" -->

            <img alt="Express association between an activity and an agent using a binary relationship and an alternatie qualified relationship" style="width: 70%; min-width: 25em; max-width: 70em" src="diagrams/qualified-patterns.svg" />
            <div class="figcaption"><a href="#qualified-terms-figure">Figure 4</a>: 
            Illustration of the properties and classes to use (<span style="color: blue">in blue</span>)
            to qualify the 
            <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">starting point</a> and 
            <a href="#description-expanded-terms">expanded</a> influence relations (<strong>dotted black</strong>). <br />
            <a href="#Quotation">Quotation</a>, <a href="#Revision">Revision</a>, and <a href="#Source">Source</a> 
             are omitted because they are special forms of <a href="#Derivation">Derivation</a> and follow the same pattern as subfigure <strong>g</strong>.</div>
       </div>




      <p>The following two examples show the result of applying the Usage and Association patterns to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
      </p>

      <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-3" id="narrative-example-qualified-3">
         <p>
            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-3">Example 8</a>:
         </p>
          <div class="exampleOuter">
             <div><b>Qualified Usage</b></div>
               <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedUsage</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:used</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Usage</span> cites the data used (<code>ex:aggregatedByRegions</code>) and the time the activity used it (<code>2011-07-14T03:03:03Z</code>).
             </p>
                <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

ex:illustrationActivity 
   a prov:Activity;                   ## (Using Starting Point terms)
   prov:used ex:aggregatedByRegions;  ## The aggregated data was used to create the chart.
.

ex:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .

ex:illustrationActivity    
   prov:qualifiedUsage  [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity ex:aggregatedByRegions;                ## Qualification: The aggregated data was used 
      prov:atTime &quot;2011-07-14T03:03:03Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;  ## at a particular time when creating the chart.
   ];
.</pre>
          </div>
      </div>

      <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-4" id="narrative-example-qualified-4">
         <p>
            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-4">Example 9</a>:
         </p>
        <div class="exampleOuter">
           <div><b>Qualified Association</b></div>
            <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span> property parallels the 
            <span class="repeated">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span> property to provide an additional description about the <code>ex:illustrationActivity</code> that Derek influenced. 
            The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Association</span> cites the influencing agent (<code>ex:derek</code>) that followed the instructions (<code>ex:tutorial_blog</code>). 
            Further, Derek served the role of illustrationist during the activity.
            </p>
              <pre class="example">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

ex:illustrationActivity             
   a prov:Activity;                  ## (Using Starting Point terms)
   prov:wasAssociatedWith ex:derek;  ## Derek was responsible for the chart making in some way.
.

ex:derek a prov:Agent .

ex:illustrationActivity
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [       ## Qualification: What plan (or recipe, instructions) 
      a prov:Association;            ## did Derek follow when creating the graphical chart?
      prov:agent   ex:derek
      prov:hadPlan ex:tutorial_blog;
      prov:hadRole ex:illustrationist;
   ];
.

ex:tutorial_blog   a prov:Plan, prov:Entity .
ex:illustrationist a prov:Role .</pre>
        </div>
      </div>


       <p>This section finishes with two more examples of qualification as applied to the chart-making example from <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.
       </p>


      <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-5" id="narrative-example-qualified-5">
         <p>
            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-5">Example 10</a>:
         </p>
        <div class="exampleOuter">
           <div><b>Qualified Generation</b></div>
            <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedGeneration</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>ex:chart1</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Generation</span> cites the time (2011-07-14T15:52:14Z) that the activity (<code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>) generated the chart (<code>ex:chart1</code>).
            </p>
              <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

ex:chart1 
   a prov:Entity;                                ## (Using Starting Point terms)
   prov:wasGeneratedBy ex:illustrationActivity;  ## The chart was generated in an illustration activity.
.

ex:illustrationActivity a prov:Activity .

ex:chart1
   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation;
      prov:activity ex:illustrationActivity;             ## Qualification: The chart was 
      prov:atTime &quot;2011-07-14T15:52:14Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;  ## generated at a particular time.
   ];
.</pre>
        </div>
      </div>

      <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#narrative-example-qualified-6" id="narrative-example-qualified-6">
         <p>
            <a href="#narrative-example-qualified-6">Example 11</a>:
         </p>
        <div class="exampleOuter">
           <div><b>Qualified Derivation</b></div>
            <p>The <span class="repeated">prov:qualifiedDerivation</span> property parallels the <span class="repeated">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span> property to provide an additional description to <code>ex:chart1</code>. The instance of <span class="repeated">prov:Derivation</span> cites the activity (<code>ex:illustrationActivity</code>) and the Usages and Generations that the activity conduced to create the chart (<code>ex:chart1</code>).
            </p>
              <pre class="example">@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.org#&gt; .

ex:chart1
   a prov:Entity;                               ## (Using Starting Point terms)
   prov:wasDerivedFrom ex:aggregatedByRegions;  ## The chart was derived from the aggregate.
.

ex:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .

ex:chart1
   prov:qualifiedDerivation   [           
      a prov:Derivation;
      prov:entity        ex:aggregatedByRegions;  ## Qualification: additional information about the derivation:
      prov:hadUsage      ex:usage;                ## Which activity derived the aggregate?
      prov:hadActivity   ex:activity;             ## What did the activity use to derive the aggregate?
      prov:hadGeneration ex:generation;           ## How did the activity generate the derived aggregate?
   ];
.</pre>
        </div>
      </div>

     </div>


    </div>

 

   <div id="cross-reference" class="section"> 
<!--  class='informative'  -->

      
<!--  prov:tracedTo [ prov:wasGeneratedBy [ a prov:Activity; 
           dcterms:description "python eg-24-prov-o-html-examples.py http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/ontology/ProvenanceOntology.owl" ] ] ]  -->

      
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">4. </span>Cross reference for PROV-O classes and properties</h2>
      <p>This section provides details for each class and property defined by the PROV Ontology, grouped by the categories described above:
      </p>     
      <ul>
         <li><a href="#cross-reference-starting-point-terms">Starting Point Terms</a></li>
         <li><a href="#cross-reference-expanded-terms">Expanded Terms</a></li>
         <li><a href="#cross-reference-qualified-terms">Qualified Terms</a></li>
      </ul>

      <p>
      The superscripts <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup> and <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup> denote that a property is an OWL <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Object_Properties">object property</a> or <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-syntax/#Data_Properties">data property</a>, respectively.
      </p>

      <p>Each PROV-O term in this cross reference links to the corresponding PROV-DM concept. The PROV-DM's table 
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#prov-dm-to-prov-o-and-prov-n">Cross-References to PROV-O and PROV-N</a> 
         provides an overview of the correspondences between PROV-O and PROV-DM.

      </p>

      <p>
         The qualification classes and properties shown in <a href="#qualified-forms-starting-point">Table 2</a> and 
         <a href="#qualified-forms-expanded">Table 3</a> of the previous section can also be found in each entry of this cross reference.
         If the property can be qualified, the <strong>can be qualified with</strong>
         header indicates the qualifying property and influence class that should be used.
         Conversely, the <strong>qualifies</strong> headers in the listings for qualification terms indicate the unqualified property that they qualify.
         In the OWL file iteself, the annotation properties <span class="qname repeated">prov:qualifiedForm</span> and <span class="qname repeated">prov:unqualifiedForm</span>
         provide the same linkages between the unqualified properties and their qualifiying terms.
      </p>

      <div id="cross-reference-starting-point-terms" class="section">
         <h3><span class="secno">4.1 </span>Starting Point Terms</h3>
         <p>The classes and properties that provide a basis for all other PROV-O terms are discussed in <a href="#description-starting-point-terms">Section 3.1</a>.</p>
         
<div class="prov-starting-point owl-classes at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li>
      <a href="#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div class="prov-starting-point owl-properties at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#used">prov:used</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" class="prov-starting-point owl-classes crossreference">

  <div class="entity" id="Activity">
    <h3 id="class--prov-activity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Activity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" class="dotted">prov:Activity</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>An activity is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Activity">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Activity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:graduation
   a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Activity</strong>, :Graduation;
   prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-15T13:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:used          :ms_smith;
   prov:generated     :doctor_smith;
   prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-15T14:30:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.
:ms_smith     a prov:Entity .
:doctor_smith a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#startedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime">prov:startedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#invalidated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#generated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#endedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime">prov:endedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
        , <a href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Activity" title="prov-dm">Activity</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Agent">
    <h3 id="class--prov-agent-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Agent"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" class="dotted">prov:Agent</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>An agent is something that bears some form of responsibility for an activity taking place, for the existence of an entity, or for another agent's activity. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Agent">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Agent.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com#&gt; .

:derek
   a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Agent</strong>, prov:Person;
   foaf:givenName      &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
   foaf:mbox           &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
   foaf:homePage       &lt;http://derek.example.com&gt;;
   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :national_newspaper_inc;
.

:national_newspaper_inc
   a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Agent</strong>, prov:Organization;
   foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
. 
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Organization" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Person" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person">prov:Person</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#SoftwareAgent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Entity">
    <h3 id="class--prov-entity-----------------back-to-starting-point-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Entity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" class="dotted">prov:Entity</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>An entity is a physical, digital, conceptual, or other kind of thing with some fixed aspects; entities may be real or imaginary. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Entity">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Entity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart 
   a <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:Entity</strong>;
   dcterms:title &quot;Aggregated statistics from the crime file&quot;^^xsd:string;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
.

:derek a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#alternateOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#invalidatedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
        , <a href="#mentionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#value" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value">prov:value</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#asInBundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#generatedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#alternateOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#invalidated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#generated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#mentionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Collection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Plan" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Bundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-entity" title="prov-dm">entity</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>
</div>
<div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="prov-starting-point owl-properties crossreference">
  <div class="entity" id="actedOnBehalfOf">
    <h3 id="property--prov-actedonbehalfof-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" class="dotted">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to an agent (by itself or by another agent) to carry out a specific activity as a delegate or representative, while the agent it acts on behalf of retains some responsibility for the outcome of the delegated work.

For example, a student acted on behalf of his supervisor, who acted on behalf of the department chair, who acted on behalf of the university; all those agents are responsible in some way for the activity that took place but we do not say explicitly who bears responsibility and to what degree.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-actedOnBehalfOf">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_actedOnBehalfOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:derek
   a prov:Agent;
   foaf:givenName &quot;Derek&quot;^^xsd:string;
   foaf:mbox      &lt;mailto:derek@example.org&gt;;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</strong> :national_newspaper_inc; 
.

:national_newspaper_inc 
   a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
   foaf:name &quot;National Newspaper, Inc.&quot;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>An object property to express the accountability of an agent towards another agent. The subordinate agent acted on behalf of the responsible agent in an actual activity. </p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-delegation" title="prov-dm">delegation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="endedAtTime">
    <h3 id="property--prov-endedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#endedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:endedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-endedAtTime">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#endedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_endedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:geneSequencing
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:endedAtTime</strong>   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
:lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity ended. See also prov:startedAtTime.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-End" title="prov-dm">End</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="startedAtTime">
    <h3 id="property--prov-startedattime-dp-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#startedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:startedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-startedAtTime">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#startedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_startedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:geneSequencing
   a prov:Activity;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:startedAtTime</strong> &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
   prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:drosophilaSample-84  a prov:Entity .
:lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an activity started. See also prov:endedAtTime.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Start" title="prov-dm">Start</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="used">
    <h3 id="property--prov-used-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#used"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" class="dotted">prov:used</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-used">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_used.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:sortActivity
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:used       :datasetA;
   prov:generated  :datasetB;
.

:datasetA a prov:Entity.
:datasetB a prov:Entity.

# See qualified Usage for example on how the role of :datasetA can be described for this Activity
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>A prov:Entity that was used by this prov:Activity. For example, :baking prov:used :spoon, :egg, :oven .</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Usage" title="prov-dm">Usage</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasAssociatedWith">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasassociatedwith-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasAssociatedWith"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" class="dotted">prov:wasAssociatedWith</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>An activity association is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasAssociatedWith">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasAssociatedWith.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrating
   a prov:Activity; 
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasAssociatedWith</strong> :derek;
.

:derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>An prov:Agent that had some (unspecified) responsibility for the occurrence of this prov:Activity.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Association" title="prov-dm">Association</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasAttributedTo">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasattributedto-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasAttributedTo"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" class="dotted">prov:wasAttributedTo</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasAttributedTo">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasAttributedTo.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:geneSequencing
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:startedAtTime &quot;2012-04-25T01:30:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:used              :drosophilaSample-84;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :lab-technician-GH-32;
   prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2012-04-25T03:40:00Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:drosophilaSample-84  
   a prov:Entity;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasAttributedTo</strong> :lab-technician-FE-56;
.

:lab-technician-GH-32 a prov:Agent .
:lab-technician-FE-56 a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Attribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribution" title="prov-dm">attribution</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasDerivedFrom">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasderivedfrom-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasDerivedFrom"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" class="dotted">prov:wasDerivedFrom</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into another, a construction of an entity into another, or an update of an entity, resulting in a new one.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasDerivedFrom">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasDerivedFrom.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart 
   a prov:Entity, ex:Barchart;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasDerivedFrom</strong> :aggregatedByRegions;
.

:aggregatedByRegions
   a prov:Entity, ex:Dataset;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Derivation" title="prov-dm">Derivation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasGeneratedBy">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasgeneratedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasGeneratedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasGeneratedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasGeneratedBy">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasGeneratedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart
   a prov:Entity;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasGeneratedBy</strong> :illustrating;
.

:illustrating a prov:Activity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasInformedBy">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasinformedby-op-----------------back-to-starting-point-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasInformedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasInformedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-starting-point-owl-terms-at-a-glance">starting-point properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Communication is the exchange of an entity by two activities, one activity using the entity generated by the other.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasInformedBy">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInformedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:writing-celebrity-gossip 
   a prov:Activity;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:wasInformedBy</strong> :voicemail-interception;
.

:voicemail-interception a prov:Activity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>An activity a2 is dependent on or informed by another activity a1, by way of some unspecified entity that is generated by a1 and used by a2.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Communication" title="prov-dm">Communication</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

</div>

      </div>

      <div id="cross-reference-expanded-terms" class="section">
         <h3><span class="secno">4.2 </span>Expanded Terms</h3>
         <p>The additional terms used to describe relations among Starting Point classes are discussed in <a href="#description-expanded-terms">Section 3.2</a>.</p>
         
<div class="prov-expanded owl-classes at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li>
      <a href="#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Location">prov:Location</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Organization">prov:Organization</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Person">prov:Person</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#SoftwareAgent">prov:SoftwareAgent</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div class="prov-expanded owl-properties at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#generated">prov:generated</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#generatedAtTime">prov:generatedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#influenced">prov:influenced</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#value">prov:value</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" class="prov-expanded owl-classes crossreference">

  <div class="entity" id="Bundle">
    <h3 id="class--prov-bundle-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Bundle"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" class="dotted">prov:Bundle</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A bundle is a named set of provenance descriptions, and is itself an Entity, so allowing provenance of provenance to be expressed.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Bundle">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Bundle.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
@prefix alice:   &lt;http://example.com/alice#&gt; .
@prefix bob:     &lt;http://example.com/bob#&gt; .
@prefix my:      &lt;http://example.com/my#&gt; .
@prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Let us consider two entities :report1 and :report2.

:report1
   a my:Report, prov:Entity;
   my:version &quot;1&quot;;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T10:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:report2
   a my:Report, prov:Entity;
   my:version &quot;2&quot;;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-25T11:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :report1;
.

# Let us assume that Bob observed the creation of :report1. 
# A first bundle can be expressed.
 
bob:bundle1 {
   :report1
      a my:Report, prov:Entity;
      my:version &quot;1&quot;;
      prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T10:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   .
}

# In contrast, Alice observed the creation of :report2 
# and its derivation from :report1.
 
alice:bundle2 {
   :report1 a prov:Entity .
   :report2
      a my:Report, prov:Entity;
      my:version &quot;2&quot;;
      prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-25T11:00:01&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:wasDerivedFrom :report1;
   .
}

# The first bundle contains the descriptions corresponding to Bob 
# observing the creation of :report1.
 
bob:bundle1
   a prov:Bundle;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-24T10:30:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :Bob;
.

# In contrast, the second bundle is attributed to Alice who observed 
# the derivation of :report2 from :report1.
 
alice:bundle2
   a prov:Bundle;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-25T11:15:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :Alice;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>Note that there are kinds of bundles (e.g. handwritten letters, audio recordings, etc.) that are not expressed in PROV-O, but can be still be described by PROV-O.</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#asInBundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle">prov:asInBundle</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-bundle-entity" title="prov-dm">bundle-entity</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Collection">
    <h3 id="class--prov-collection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Collection"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" class="dotted">prov:Collection</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Collection">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Collection.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
@prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:todays-us-supreme-court
   a prov:Collection, :RobertsCourt;

   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation;
      
      # The generation is being qualified to be imprecise;
      # prov:generatedAtTime and prov:atTime specify exact instants in time.
      dcterms:date &quot;2012&quot;^^xsd:gYear; 
   ];                                 

   prov:hadMember
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   

   prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;

   dcterms:description :copied-string;
.

:copied-string
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
                 S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;;
   prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
.

:page-by-seat
   a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
   prov:specializationOf &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_seat&gt;;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-08-31T12:51&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:page-by-composition
   a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
   prov:specializationOf &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_court_composition&gt;;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-16T14:33&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>has subclass</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#EmptyCollection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection">prov:EmptyCollection</a>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-collection" title="prov-dm">collection</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="EmptyCollection">
    <h3 id="class--prov-emptycollection-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#EmptyCollection"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection" class="dotted">prov:EmptyCollection</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>An empty collection is a collection without members.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-EmptyCollection">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EmptyCollection" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_EmptyCollection.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.org/&gt; .

:member1 a prov:Entity .
:member2 a prov:Entity .

:c a prov:EmptyCollection . # The collection is believed to not contain members.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Collection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Location">
    <h3 id="class--prov-location-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Location"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location" class="dotted">prov:Location</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Location">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Location.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# A Location can be a path or a geographical location.

:post9821 
   a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
   prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation;
      prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
      prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
      prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
   ];
.

:publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity.
:more-crime-happens-in-cities a prov:Location.
&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location. 
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-location" title="prov-dm">attribute-location</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Organization">
    <h3 id="class--prov-organization-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Organization"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization" class="dotted">prov:Organization</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Organization are social institutions such as companies, societies etc.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Organization">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Organization" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Organization.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:boogle 
   a prov:Agent, prov:Organization;
   foaf:name &quot;Boogle&quot;;
. 
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Person">
    <h3 id="class--prov-person-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Person"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person" class="dotted">prov:Person</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Agents of type Person are people.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Person">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Person" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Person.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;
   a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
   foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="SoftwareAgent">
    <h3 id="class--prov-softwareagent-----------------back-to-expanded-classes">
      Class: <a href="#SoftwareAgent"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent" class="dotted">prov:SoftwareAgent</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A software agent is running software.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-SoftwareAgent">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#SoftwareAgent" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_SoftwareAgent.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Googlebot is Google's web crawling bot; 
# it can initiate and participate in web-crawling activities.

:googlebot
   a prov:SoftwareAgent;
   rdfs:label &quot;Googlebot&quot;^^xsd:string;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-agent" title="prov-dm">agent</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>
</div>
<div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="prov-expanded owl-properties crossreference">
  <div class="entity" id="alternateOf">
    <h3 id="property--prov-alternateof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#alternateOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" class="dotted">prov:alternateOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>Two alternate entities present aspects of the same thing. These aspects may be the same or different, and the alternate entities may or may not overlap in time.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-alternateOf">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_alternateOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:london_forecast_0412 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
.

:london_forecast_0413 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
.

:london_forecast 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
.

## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast

:london_forecast_0412  
   prov:alternateOf      :london_forecast_0413;
   prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-alternate" title="prov-dm">alternate</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="asInBundle">
    <h3 id="property--prov-asinbundle-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#asInBundle"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle" class="dotted">prov:asInBundle</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>The mention of an Entity in a Bundle (containing a description of this Entity) is another Entity that is a specialization of the former and that presents the Bundle as a further additional aspect. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-asInBundle">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_asInBundle.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix tool: &lt;http://example.com/tool/&gt; .
@prefix perf: &lt;http://example.com/performance/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:run2 {
   :activity_2
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:startedAtTime &quot;2011-11-17T10:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2011-11-17T17:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
      prov:wasAssociatedWith :bob;
   .
}

tool:analysis_01 {
   tool:bob-2011-11-17
      a prov:Agent;
      prov:mentionOf  :bob;
      prov:asInBundle :run2;
      perf:rating     perf:very-slow;
   .
}

# This is inferred from prov:mentionOf
tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:specializationOf :bob . 

# This is inferred from prov:specializationOf
tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:alternateOf      :bob . 
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>When :x prov:mentionOf :y and :y is described in Bundle :b, the triple :x prov:asInBundle :b is also asserted to cite the Bundle in which :y was described.</p>
      </div>
      <div class="comment  feature-at-risk"><p>The prov:mentionOf and prov:asInBundle properties are &quot;at risk&quot; (http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi) and may be removed from this specification based on feedback. Please send feedback to public-prov-comments@w3.org.

These two properties are used to encode the PROV-DM's Mention construct (http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention), which might be removed from PROV if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. </p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Bundle" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle">prov:Bundle</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention" title="prov-dm">mention</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="atLocation">
    <h3 id="property--prov-atlocation-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#atLocation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" class="dotted">prov:atLocation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A location can be an identifiable geographic place (ISO 19112), but it can also be a non-geographic place such as a directory, row, or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as by a coordinate, address, landmark, and so forth.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-atLocation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_atLocation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# A Location can be a path or a geographical location.

:post9821 
   a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;   
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :publicationActivity1123;
   prov:atLocation     :more-crime-happens-in-cities;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation;
      prov:activity    :publicationActivity1123;
      prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
      prov:atLocation &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt;;
   ];
.

:publicationActivity1123      a prov:Activity .
:more-crime-happens-in-cities a prov:Location .
&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Madrid&gt; a prov:Location .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The Location of any resource.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Location" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location">prov:Location</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-location" title="prov-dm">attribute-location</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="generated">
    <h3 id="property--prov-generated-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#generated"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" class="dotted">prov:generated</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-generated">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_generated.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:proteinDigestion
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:generated :peptideSample1;
.

:peptideSample1 a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#influenced" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced">prov:influenced</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has inverse</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="generatedAtTime">
    <h3 id="property--prov-generatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#generatedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:generatedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-generatedAtTime">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generatedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_generatedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# A widget was generated 1:35:23 PM on April 3, 2012 UTC

:widget-789532
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-04-03T13:35:23Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

# The above statement is equivalent to:
# :widget-789532 prov:qualifiedGeneration [ prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T13:35:23Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime ] .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was completely created and is available for use.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadMember">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadmember-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadMember"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" class="dotted">prov:hadMember</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A collection is an entity that provides a structure to some constituents, which are themselves entities. These constituents are said to be member of the collections.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadMember">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadMember.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:todays-us-supreme-court
   a prov:Collection, :RobertsCourt;
   dcterms:description [
      a prov:Entity;
      prov:value 
         &quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;;
      prov:wasQuotedFrom :page-by-composition;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation;
      
      # Since we need to be imprecise, we can't use prov:generatedAtTime or prov:atTime
      dcterms:date &quot;2012&quot;^^xsd:gYear;
   ];

   prov:wasDerivedFrom :the-first-us-supreme-court;

   prov:hadMember
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/John_Glover_Roberts,_Jr.&gt;,
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Antonin_Scalia&gt;, 
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anthony_Kennedy&gt;, 
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Clarence_Thomas&gt;, 
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ruth_Bader_Ginsburg&gt;,
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Stephen_Breyer&gt;,     
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Samuel_Alito&gt;,      
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Sonia_Sotomayor&gt;,  
      &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Elena_Kagan&gt;;   
.

:page-by-seat
   a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
   prov:specializationOf 
      &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_seat&gt;;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2011-08-31T12:51&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:page-by-composition
   a prov:Entity, :WikipediaPage;
   prov:specializationOf 
      &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_court_composition&gt;;
   prov:generatedAtTime &quot;2012-05-16T14:33&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Collection" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection">prov:Collection</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-collection" title="prov-dm">collection</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadPrimarySource">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadprimarysource-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadPrimarySource"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" class="dotted">prov:hadPrimarySource</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A primary source for a topic refers to something produced by some agent with direct experience and knowledge about the topic, at the time of the topic's study, without benefit from hindsight.

Because of the directness of primary sources, they 'speak for themselves' in ways that cannot be captured through the filter of secondary sources. As such, it is important for secondary sources to reference those primary sources from which they were derived, so that their reliability can be investigated.

A primary source relation is a particular case of derivation of secondary materials from their primary sources. It is recognized that the determination of primary sources can be up to interpretation, and should be done according to conventions accepted within the application's domain.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadPrimarySource">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadPrimarySource.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix foaf:    &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix lang:    &lt;http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-3/&gt; .
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
@prefix frbr:    &lt;http://purl.org/vocab/frbr/core#&gt; .
@prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

## Having an primary source is a particular case of derivation.

&lt;http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/996&gt;
   a prov:Entity, frbr:Work;
   dcterms:title          &quot;Don Quixote&quot;;
   prov:wasAttributedTo   :ormsby;
   dcterms:language       lang:eng;
   prov:hadPrimarySource &lt;http://cultura.linkeddata.es/BNE/resource/C1001/XX2197892&gt;;
.

#### The English version book is a translation that is based on the original Spanish book

&lt;http://cultura.linkeddata.es/BNE/resource/C1001/XX2197892&gt;
    a prov:Entity, frbr:Work;
    prov:wasAttributedTo :cervantes;
    dcterms:language     lang:spa;
.

:cervantes
   a prov:Person;
   foaf:name &quot;Miguel de Cervantes&quot;;
.

:ormsby
   a prov:Person;
   foaf:name &quot;John Ormsby&quot;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Source" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source">prov:Source</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-primary-source" title="prov-dm">primary-source</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="influenced">
    <h3 id="property--prov-influenced-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#influenced"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" class="dotted">prov:influenced</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Influence is the capacity an entity, activity, or agent to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of usage, start, end, generation, invalidation, communication, derivation, attribution, association, or delegation. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-influenced">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_influenced.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix w3:   &lt;http://example.com/w3/&gt; .
@prefix tr:   &lt;http://example.com/tech-report/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# prov:influenced is a top-level property that links any
# Entity, Activity, or Agent to any other 
# Entity, Activity, or Agent that it had an effect upon.

w3:Consortium 
   a prov:Agent;
   prov:influenced tr:WD-prov-dm-20111215;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has inverse</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#generated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated">prov:generated</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#invalidated" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated">prov:invalidated</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-influence" title="prov-dm">influence</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="invalidated">
    <h3 id="property--prov-invalidated-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#invalidated"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" class="dotted">prov:invalidated</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-invalidated">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_invalidated.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:Swissair_Flight_111_crash 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:used        &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
   prov:invalidated :the-Painter;
.

:the-Painter 
   a prov:Entity, :Painting;
   rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
   
   # Inferred from prov:invalidated
   prov:wasInvalidatedBy :Swissair_Flight_111_crash;   
.

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
   a prov:Agent;
   foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#influenced" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced">prov:influenced</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has inverse</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="invalidatedAtTime">
    <h3 id="property--prov-invalidatedattime-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#invalidatedAtTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime" class="dotted">prov:invalidatedAtTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-invalidatedAtTime">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_invalidatedAtTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:the-Painter 
   a prov:Entity, :Painting;
   rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
   prov:invalidatedAtTime &quot;1998-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an entity was invalidated (i.e., no longer usable).</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="mentionOf">
    <h3 id="property--prov-mentionof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#mentionOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf" class="dotted">prov:mentionOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>The mention of an Entity in a Bundle (containing a description of this Entity) is another Entity that is a specialization of the former and that presents the Bundle as a further additional aspect. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-mentionOf">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_mentionOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix tool: &lt;http://example.com/tool/&gt; .
@prefix perf: &lt;http://example.com/performance/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:run2 {
   :activity_2
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:startedAtTime &quot;2011-11-17T10:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:endedAtTime   &quot;2011-11-17T17:00:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
      prov:wasAssociatedWith :bob;
   .
}

tool:analysis_01 {
   tool:bob-2011-11-17
      a prov:Agent;
      prov:mentionOf  :bob;
      prov:asInBundle :run2;
      perf:rating     perf:very-slow;
   .
}

# This is inferred from prov:mentionOf
tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:specializationOf :bob . 

# This is inferred from prov:specializationOf
tool:bob-2011-11-17 prov:alternateOf      :bob . 
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>When :x prov:mentionOf :y and :y is described in Bundle :b, the triple :x prov:asInBundle :b is also asserted to cite the Bundle in which :y was described.</p>
      </div>
      <div class="comment "><p>prov:asInBundle is used to cite the Bundle in which the generalization was mentioned.</p>
      </div>
      <div class="comment  feature-at-risk"><p>The prov:mentionOf and prov:asInBundle properties are &quot;at risk&quot; (http://www.w3.org/2005/10/Process-20051014/tr#cfi) and may be removed from this specification based on feedback. Please send feedback to public-prov-comments@w3.org.

These two properties are used to encode the PROV-DM's Mention construct (http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention), which might be removed from PROV if implementation experience reveals problems with supporting this construct. </p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#specializationOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf">prov:specializationOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-mention" title="prov-dm">mention</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="specializationOf">
    <h3 id="property--prov-specializationof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#specializationOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" class="dotted">prov:specializationOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>An entity that is a specialization of another shares all aspects of the latter, and additionally presents more specific aspects of the same thing as the latter. In particular, the lifetime of the entity being specialized contains that of any specialization. Examples of aspects include a time period, an abstraction, and a context associated with the entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-specializationOf">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_specializationOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:london_forecast_0412 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-12T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
.

:london_forecast_0413 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy [
      a prov:Activity;
      prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-13T00:00:00-04:00&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
.

:london_forecast 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :bbc;
.

## :london_forecast_0412 and :london_forecast_0413 are both 
## specialization of the more general entity :london_forecast

:london_forecast_0412  
   prov:alternateOf      :london_forecast_0413;
   prov:specializationOf :london_forecast;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#alternateOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf">prov:alternateOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#mentionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf">prov:mentionOf</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-specialization" title="prov-dm">specialization</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="value">
    <h3 id="property--prov-value-dp-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#value"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value" class="dotted">prov:value</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-7"><p>The main value (if there is one) of a structured value.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-value">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#value" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_value.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:copied-string
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value 
      &quot;&quot;&quot;2010–present: A. Scalia A. Kennedy C. Thomas R.B. Ginsburg 
         S. Breyer S. Alito S. Sotomayor E. Kagan&quot;&quot;&quot;&quot;;
   prov:wasQuotedFrom 
      &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Justices_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States_by_court_composition&gt;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>Provides a value for an Entity.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-value" title="prov-dm">attribute-value</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasEndedBy">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasendedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasEndedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasEndedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasEndedBy">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasEndedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:experiment 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasEndedBy :inconsistentResult;
   prov:qualifiedEnd [
      a prov:End;
      prov:entity     :inconsistentResult;
      prov:atTime    &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:atLocation :scienceLab_003;
   ];
.

:inconsistentResult a prov:Entity .
:scienceLab_003     a prov:Location .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-End" title="prov-dm">End</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasInvalidatedBy">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasinvalidatedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasInvalidatedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasInvalidatedBy">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInvalidatedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:the-Painter 
   a prov:Entity, :Painting;
   rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;
   prov:wasInvalidatedBy :Swissair_Flight_111_crash;
.

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
   a prov:Agent;
   foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
.

:Swissair_Flight_111_crash 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:used &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasQuotedFrom">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasquotedfrom-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasQuotedFrom"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" class="dotted">prov:wasQuotedFrom</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A quotation is the repeat of (some or all of) an entity, such as text or image, by someone who may or may not be its original author. Quotation is a particular case of derivation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasQuotedFrom">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasQuotedFrom.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bl-dagstuhl
   a prov:Entity;

   prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;During the workshop, it became clear to me that the consensus
   based models (which are often graphical in nature) can not only be
   formalized but also be directly connected to these database focused
   formalizations. I just needed to get over the differences in syntax.
   This could imply that we could have nice way to trace provenance across
   systems and through databases and be able to understand the
   mathematical properties of this interconnection.&quot;&quot;&quot;;

   prov:wasQuotedFrom 
      &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt;;
.

&lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt; 
   a prov:Entity;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>An entity is derived from an original entity by copying, or 'quoting', some or all of it.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Quotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-quotation" title="prov-dm">quotation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasRevisionOf">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasrevisionof-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasRevisionOf"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" class="dotted">prov:wasRevisionOf</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>A revision is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. The implication here is that the resulting entity contains substantial content from the original. Revision is a particular case of derivation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasRevisionOf">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasRevisionOf.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix sioc: &lt;http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:post9821v1
   a prov:Entity, sioc:Post;
   prov:wasRevisionOf :post9821;
   rdfs:comment &quot;:post9821v1 is a post, which is a revision of the original post :post9821.&quot;;
.    
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>A revision is a derivation that revises an entity into a revised version.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Revision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-revision" title="prov-dm">revision</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasStartedBy">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasstartedby-op-----------------back-to-expanded-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasStartedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasStartedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-expanded-owl-terms-at-a-glance">expanded properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-5"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasStartedBy">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasStartedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Use prov:qualifiedStart to see when and where the activity was started

:experiment
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasStartedBy :researcher;
.

:researcher a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that initiated the activity.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlproperty" href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Start" title="prov-dm">Start</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

</div>

      </div>

      <div id="cross-reference-qualified-terms" class="section">
         <h3><span class="secno">4.3 </span>Qualified Terms</h3>
         <p>The terms used to qualify the Starting Point and Expanded properties are discussed in <a href="#description-qualified-terms">Section 3.3</a>.</p>
         
<div class="prov-qualified owl-classes at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li>
      <a href="#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Association">prov:Association</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#End">prov:End</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Role">prov:Role</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Source">prov:Source</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Start">prov:Start</a>
    </li>
    <li>
      <a href="#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div class="prov-qualified owl-properties at-a-glance">
  <ul class="hlist">
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#activity">prov:activity</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#agent">prov:agent</a>
    </li>
    <li class="datatype-property">
      <a href="#atTime">prov:atTime</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#entity">prov:entity</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#influencer">prov:influencer</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
    </li>
    <li class="object-property">
      <a href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

         <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" class="prov-qualified owl-classes crossreference">

  <div class="entity" id="ActivityInfluence">
    <h3 id="class--prov-activityinfluence-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#ActivityInfluence"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence" class="dotted">prov:ActivityInfluence</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence</p>
    <div class="editors definition"><p>ActivityInfluence provides additional descriptions of an Activity's binary influence upon any other kind of resource. Instances of ActivityInfluence use the prov:activity property to cite the influencing Activity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-ActivityInfluence">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_ActivityInfluence.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy      :illustrating;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration :making-bar-chart;
. 

:making-bar-chart
   a prov:Generation, 
     prov:ActivityInfluence;  ## Instances of Generation, Invalidation and Communication qualify
   prov:activity :illustrating; ## the influence of an Activity (cited by prov:activity)
   rdfs:comment &quot;Ended up with bar chart as line chart looked ugly.&quot;@en;
.

:illustrating a prov:Activity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>It is not recommended that the type ActivityInfluence be asserted without also asserting one of its more specific subclasses.</p>
    </dd>
    <dd class="comment"><p>ActivityInfluence is intended to be a general subclass of Influence of an Activity. It is a superclass for more specific kinds of Influences (e.g. Generation, Communication, and Invalidation).</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="AgentInfluence">
    <h3 id="class--prov-agentinfluence-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#AgentInfluence"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence" class="dotted">prov:AgentInfluence</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence</p>
    <div class="editors definition"><p>AgentInfluence provides additional descriptions of an Agent's binary influence upon any other kind of resource. Instances of AgentInfluence use the prov:agent property to cite the influencing Agent.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-AgentInfluence">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_AgentInfluence.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrating
    a prov:Activity; 
    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
    prov:qualifiedAssociation [
       a prov:Association, 
         prov:AgentInfluence; ## Instances of Generation, Invalidation and Communication qualify
       prov:agent   :derek;   ## the influence of an Agent (cited by prov:agent)
       prov:hadRole :illustrationist
    ];
.

:derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .

:illustratonist a prov:Role .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>AgentInfluence is intended to be a general subclass of Influence of an Agenty. It is a superclass for more specific kinds of Influences (e.g. Association, Attribution, Delegation).</p>
    </dd>
    <dd class="comment"><p>It is not recommended that the type AgentInfluence be asserted without also asserting one of its more specific subclasses.</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Attribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Association">
    <h3 id="class--prov-association-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Association"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" class="dotted">prov:Association</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>An activity association is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Association">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Association.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrating
    a prov:Activity; 
    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek, 
                           :steve;
    prov:qualifiedAssociation [
        a prov:Association;
        prov:agent   :derek;
        prov:hadRole :illustrationist;
    ];
    prov:qualifiedAssociation [
        a prov:Association;
        prov:agent   :steve;
        prov:hadRole :stylist;
        prov:hadPlan :style-guide;
        rdfs:comment &quot;Steve helped Derek conform with the publisher's style guide.&quot;@en;
    ];
.

:derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .
:steve a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .

:illustratonist a prov:Role .
:stylist        a prov:Role .

:style-guide a prov:Plan, prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Association provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasAssociatedWith relation from an prov:Activity to some prov:Agent that had some responsiblity for it. For example, :baking prov:wasAssociatedWith :baker; prov:qualifiedAssociation [ a prov:Association; prov:agent :baker; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#AgentInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadPlan" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Association" title="prov-dm">Association</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Attribution">
    <h3 id="class--prov-attribution-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Attribution"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" class="dotted">prov:Attribution</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.

When an entity e is attributed to agent ag, entity e was generated by some unspecified activity that in turn was associated to agent ag. Thus, this relation is useful when the activity is not known, or irrelevant.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Attribution">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Attribution.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Fallingwater&gt;
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Edgar_J._Kaufmann&gt;,
                        &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Frank_Lloyd_Wright&gt;,
                        :western-Pennsylvania-Conservancy;
   prov:qualifiedAttribution [
      a prov:Attribution;
      prov:agent &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Edgar_J._Kaufmann&gt;;
      ex:hadRole :owner;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedAttribution [
      a prov:Attribution;
      prov:agent &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Frank_Lloyd_Wright&gt;;
      ex:hadRole :architect;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedAttribution [
      a prov:Attribution;
      prov:agent :western-Pennsylvania-Conservancy;
      ex:hadRole :conserver;
   ];
.

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Edgar_J._Kaufmann&gt;  a prov:Person, prov:Agent .
&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Frank_Lloyd_Wright&gt; a prov:Person, prov:Agent .
:western-Pennsylvania-Conservancy a prov:Organization, prov:Agent . 
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Attribution provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasAttributedTo relation from an prov:Entity to some prov:Agent that had some responsible for it. For example, :cake prov:wasAttributedTo :baker; prov:qualifiedAttribution [ a prov:Attribution; prov:entity :baker; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#AgentInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribution" title="prov-dm">attribution</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Communication">
    <h3 id="class--prov-communication-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Communication"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" class="dotted">prov:Communication</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Communication is the exchange of an entity by two activities, one activity using the entity generated by the other.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Communication">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Communication.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:writing-celebrity-gossip 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasInformedBy          :voicemail-interception;
   prov:qualifiedCommunication :informing-the-journalist;
.

:informing-the-journalist 
   a prov:Communication;
   prov:activity   :voicemail-interception;
   ex:mediaType &quot;email&quot;;
.

:voicemail-interception a prov:Activity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Communication provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasInformedBy relation from an informed prov:Activity to the prov:Activity that informed it. For example, :you_jumping_off_bridge prov:wasInformedBy :everyone_else_jumping_off_bridge; prov:qualifiedCommunication [ a prov:Communication; prov:activity :everyone_else_jumping_off_bridge; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#ActivityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Communication" title="prov-dm">Communication</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Delegation">
    <h3 id="class--prov-delegation-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Delegation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" class="dotted">prov:Delegation</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to an agent (by itself or by another agent) to carry out a specific activity as a delegate or representative, while the agent it acts on behalf of retains some responsibility for the outcome of the delegated work.

For example, a student acted on behalf of his supervisor, who acted on behalf of the department chair, who acted on behalf of the university; all those agents are responsible in some way for the activity that took place but we do not say explicitly who bears responsibility and to what degree.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Delegation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Delegation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .
  
:policySale
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :insuranceAgent_Frank;
.

:insuranceAgent_Frank
   a prov:Person;
   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :insuranceCompany_A;
   prov:qualifiedDelegation [
      a prov:Delegation;
      prov:agent        :insuranceCompany_A;
      ex:rewardScheme   &quot;commission&quot;;
   ];
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Delegation provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:actedOnBehalfOf relation from a performing prov:Agent to some prov:Agent for whom it was performed. For example, :mixing prov:wasAssociatedWith :toddler . :toddler prov:actedOnBehalfOf :mother; prov:qualifiedDelegation [ a prov:Delegation; prov:entity :mother; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#AgentInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-delegation" title="prov-dm">delegation</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Derivation">
    <h3 id="class--prov-derivation-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Derivation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" class="dotted">prov:Derivation</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into another, an update of an entity resulting in a new one, or the construction of a new entity based on a pre-existing entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Derivation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Derivation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# The simplest (and least detailed) form of derivation.
:bar_chart 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;  
.

# The simple form can be accompanied by a qualified form:
# which provides more details about how :bar_chart was 
# derived from :aggregatedRegions.

:bar_chart
   a prov:Entity;
   
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;  
   prov:qualifiedDerivation [                  
      a prov:Derivation;                      
      prov:entity      :aggregatedByRegions;  
      :foo :bar;          
                          
      # Derivations can cite the influencing Activity in doing the derivation.
      prov:hadActivity   :illustration_activity;

      # They can also cite the Usage and Generation that the Activity 
      # performed to generate :bar_chart.
      prov:hadUsage      :how_illustration_activity_used_data;
      prov:hadGeneration :bar_chart_generation;
   ];
.

:illustration_activity 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :derek;
.

:bar_chart_generation
   a prov:Generation, prov:InstantaneousEvent;
   prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T00:00:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

:how_illustration_activity_used_data
   a prov:Usage;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Derivation provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasDerivedFrom relation from some derived prov:Entity to another prov:Entity from which it was derived. For example, :chewed_bubble_gum prov:wasDerivedFrom :unwrapped_bubble_gum; prov:qualifiedDerivation [ a prov:Derivation; prov:entity :unwrapped_bubble_gum; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#hadUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Derivation" title="prov-dm">Derivation</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="End">
    <h3 id="class--prov-end-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#End"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" class="dotted">prov:End</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-End">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_End.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# End can be used to qualify wasEndedBy with time and location information

:experiment 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasEndedBy :inconsistentResult;
   prov:qualifiedEnd [
      a prov:End;
      prov:entity     :inconsistentResult;
      prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:atLocation :scienceLab_003;
   ];
.
   
:inconsistentResult a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:End provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasEndedBy relation from some ended prov:Activity to an prov:Entity that ended it. For example, :ball_game prov:wasEndedBy :buzzer; prov:qualifiedEnd [ a prov:End; prov:entity :buzzer; :foo :bar; prov:atTime '2012-03-09T08:05:08-05:00'^^xsd:dateTime ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a>  <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>        , <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-End" title="prov-dm">End</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="EntityInfluence">
    <h3 id="class--prov-entityinfluence-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#EntityInfluence"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence" class="dotted">prov:EntityInfluence</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence</p>
    <div class="editors definition"><p>EntityInfluence provides additional descriptions of an Entity's binary influence upon any other kind of resource. Instances of EntityInfluence use the prov:entity property to cite the influencing Entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-EntityInfluence">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_EntityInfluence.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:sortActivity
   a prov:Activity;
   <strong class="highlighted_term" style="color:#330099">prov:used</strong> :datasetA;
   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage, 
        prov:EntityInfluence; ## Instances of Start, End, Usage, Derivation, and Invalidation
      prov:entity  :datasetA; ## qualify the influenced of an Entity (cited by prov:entity).
      prov:hadRole :inputToBeSorted;
   ];
   prov:generated :datasetB;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>It is not recommended that the type EntityInfluence be asserted without also asserting one of its more specific subclasses.</p>
    </dd>
    <dd class="comment"><p>EntityInfluence is intended to be a general subclass of Influence of an Entity. It is a superclass for more specific kinds of Influences (e.g. Usage, Derivation, Source).</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Source" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source">prov:Source</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Revision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Quotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Generation">
    <h3 id="class--prov-generation-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Generation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" class="dotted">prov:Generation</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Generation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Generation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix bbc:  &lt;http://www.bbc.co.uk/&gt; .
@prefix eg:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bbcNews2012-04-03 
   a prov:Entity, eg:DailyNews;
   rdfs:comment &quot;&quot;&quot;The BBC news home page on 2012-04-03 contained a reference 
                   to a given news item, but the BBC news home page on 
                   the next day did not.&quot;&quot;&quot;;

   prov:wasGeneratedBy :publishingActivity;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation, prov:InstantaneousEvent;
      prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T00:00:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:activity :publishingActivity;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedInvalidation [
      a prov:Invalidation, prov:InstantaneousEvent;
      prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T23:59:59Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
.

:publishingActivity 
   a prov:Activity;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Generation provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasGeneratedBy relation from a generated prov:Entity to the prov:Activity that generated it. For example, :cake prov:wasGeneratedBy :baking; prov:qualifiedGeneration [ a prov:Generation; prov:activity :baking; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#ActivityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a>  <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadGeneration">prov:hadGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Influence">
    <h3 id="class--prov-influence-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Influence"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence" class="dotted">prov:Influence</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Influence is the capacity an entity, activity, or agent to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of usage, start, end, generation, invalidation, communication, derivation, attribution, association, or delegation. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Influence">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Influence.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix my:   &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Although a domain extension (e.g. ':wasConductedBy') is not defined by PROV-O,
# the relation between a surgery and an agent can still be qualified
# by reusing prov:Influence and one of its three subclasses 
# (depending on the type of influencer):
# AgentInfluence, EntityInfluence, and ActivityInfluence.

my:wasConductedBy rdfs:subPropertyOf prov:wasAssociatedWith .

:conductingSurgery_1
   a prov:Activity;
   
   # This unqualified influence is unknown in PROV, 
   # but would be a subproperty of wasAssociatedWith.
   my:wasConductedBy :bob;     
   
   # Even though PROV systems do not understand my:wasConductedBy, 
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [ 
      # they can recognize that the unknown relation 
      # is being qualified with a prov:hadRole.
      a prov:Association,     
        prov:AgentInfluence,   # Inferred
        prov:Influence;        # Inferred
      prov:agent   :bob;       # The object of my:wasConductedBy
      prov:hadRole :surgeon;
   ];
.

:bob       a prov:Agent .
my:surgeon a prov:Role .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Influence provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasInfluencedBy relation from some influenced Activity, Entity, or Agent to the influencing Activity, Entity, or Agent. For example, :stomach_ache prov:wasInfluencedBy :spoon; prov:qualifiedInfluence [ a prov:Influence; prov:entity :spoon; :foo :bar ] . Because prov:Influence is a broad relation, the more specific relations (Communication, Delegation, End, etc.) should be used when applicable.</p>
    </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        , <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#ActivityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#AgentInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-influence" title="prov-dm">influence</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="InstantaneousEvent">
    <h3 id="class--prov-instantaneousevent-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#InstantaneousEvent"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent" class="dotted">prov:InstantaneousEvent</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>The PROV data model is implicitly based on a notion of instantaneous events (or just events), that mark transitions in the world. Events include generation, usage, or invalidation of entities, as well as starting or ending of activities. This notion of event is not first-class in the data model, but it is useful for explaining its other concepts and its semantics.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-InstantaneousEvent">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_InstantaneousEvent.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix bbc:  &lt;http://www.bbc.co.uk/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bbcNews2012-04-03 
   a prov:Entity, :DailyNews;
   rdfs:comment &quot;&quot;&quot;The BBC news home page on 2012-04-03 contained 
                   a reference to a given news item, but the BBC news 
                   home page on the next day did not.&quot;&quot;&quot;;

   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation, prov:InstantaneousEvent;
      prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T00:00:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedInvalidation [
      a prov:Invalidation, prov:InstantaneousEvent;
      prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T23:59:59Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   ];
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instantaneous event, or event for short, happens in the world and marks a change in the world, in its activities and in its entities. The term 'event' is commonly used in process algebra with a similar meaning. Events represent communications or interactions; they are assumed to be atomic and instantaneous.</p>
    </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#atLocation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt>has subclasses</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Invalidation">
    <h3 id="class--prov-invalidation-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Invalidation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" class="dotted">prov:Invalidation</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Invalidation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Invalidation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix wgs:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:the-Painter 
   a prov:Entity, :Painting;
   rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;

   prov:wasInvalidatedBy :swissair_Flight_111_crash;
   prov:qualifiedInvalidation [
      a prov:Invalidation;
      prov:activity    :swissair_Flight_111_crash;
      prov:atTime      &quot;1998-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;;
      prov:atLocation  &lt;http://purl.org/twc/location/Swissair-Flight-111-crash&gt;;
   ];
. 

&lt;http://purl.org/twc/location/Swissair-Flight-111-crash&gt;
   a prov:Location;
   wgs:lat   44.409167;
   wgs:long -63.973611;
.

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt; 
   a prov:Agent;
   foaf:depiction &lt;http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Pablo_picasso_1.jpg&gt;;
.

:swissair_Flight_111_crash 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:used          &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Swissair_Flight_111&gt;;
   prov:startedAtTime &quot;1998-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;;
   prov:atLocation    &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Atlantic_ocean&gt;;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Invalidation provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasInvalidatedBy relation from an invalidated prov:Entity to the prov:Activity that invalidated it. For example, :uncracked_egg prov:wasInvalidatedBy :baking; prov:qualifiedInvalidation [ a prov:Invalidation; prov:activity :baking; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#ActivityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a>  <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Plan">
    <h3 id="class--prov-plan-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Plan"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan" class="dotted">prov:Plan</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A plan is an entity that represents a set of actions or steps intended by one or more agents to achieve some goals.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Plan">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Plan.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrating 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:qualifiedAssociation :steve-checking-style-guide;
.

:steve-checking-style-guide
   a prov:Association;
   prov:agent   :steve;
   prov:hadPlan :style-guide;
   rdfs:comment &quot;Steve followed the publisher's style guide&quot;@en;
. 

:style-guide
   a prov:Plan, prov:Entity;
   rdfs:comment &quot;Use blue graphs for positive spin, red for negative&quot;@en;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>There exist no prescriptive requirement on the nature of plans, their representation, the actions or steps they consist of, or their intended goals. Since plans may evolve over time, it may become necessary to track their provenance, so plans themselves are entities. Representing the plan explicitly in the provenance can be useful for various tasks: for example, to validate the execution as represented in the provenance record, to manage expectation failures, or to provide explanations.</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadPlan" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPlan">prov:hadPlan</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Association" title="prov-dm">Association</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Quotation">
    <h3 id="class--prov-quotation-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Quotation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation" class="dotted">prov:Quotation</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A quotation is the repeat of (some or all of) an entity, such as text or image, by someone who may or may not be its original author. Quotation is a particular case of derivation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Quotation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Quotation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:dagstuhl-quote
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value   &quot;why would people record and share provenance in the first place?&quot;;
   prov:wasQuotedFrom &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt;;
   prov:qualifiedQuotation [
      a prov:Quotation;
      prov:entity     &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt;;
      ex:fromSection 2;
   ];
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/luc-moreau&gt;;
.

&lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop/&gt; 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/paul-groth&gt;;
.

&lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/luc-moreau&gt; a prov:Person, prov:Agent .
&lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/paul-groth&gt; a prov:Person, prov:Agent .

</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Quotation provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasQuotedFrom relation from some taken prov:Entity from an earlier, larger prov:Entity. For example, :here_is_looking_at_you_kid prov:wasQuotedFrom :casablanca_script; prov:qualifiedQuotation [ a prov:Quotation; prov:entity :casablanca_script; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-quotation" title="prov-dm">quotation</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Revision">
    <h3 id="class--prov-revision-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Revision"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision" class="dotted">prov:Revision</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A revision is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. The implication here is that the resulting entity contains substantial content from the original. Revision is a particular case of derivation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Revision">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Revision.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:draft2 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasRevisionOf    :draft1;
   prov:qualifiedRevision [
      a prov:Revision;
      prov:entity        :draft1;
      ex:peerReviewed     false;
   ];

   prov:wasAssociatedWith :edward;
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [
      a prov:Association;
      prov:agent          :edward;
      prov:hadRole        :editor;
   ];
.

:draft1 a prov:Entity .

:edward 
   a prov:Person, prov:Agent;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Revision provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasRevisionOf relation from some newer prov:Entity to an earlier prov:Entity. For example, :draft_2 prov:wasRevisionOf :draft_1; prov:qualifiedRevision [ a prov:Revision; prov:entity :draft_1; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-revision" title="prov-dm">revision</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Role">
    <h3 id="class--prov-role-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Role"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Role" class="dotted">prov:Role</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Role</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A role is the function of an entity or agent with respect to an activity, in the context of a usage, generation, invalidation, association, start, and end.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Role">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Role" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Role.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:divideActivity 
   a prov:Activity;   
   prov:used :variableA, :variableB;

   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity  :variableA;
      prov:hadRole :dividend;          
   ];
   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity  :variableB;
      prov:hadRole :divisor;          
   ];

   prov:generated :result_112234;
.

:variableA 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value 10;
.
:variableB 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value 2;
.

:dividend a prov:Role.
:divisor  a prov:Role.

:result_112234 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value 5;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :divideActivity;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-role" title="prov-dm">attribute-role</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Source">
    <h3 id="class--prov-source-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Source"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source" class="dotted">prov:Source</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>A primary source for a topic refers to something produced by some agent with direct experience and knowledge about the topic, at the time of the topic's study, without benefit from hindsight.

Because of the directness of primary sources, they 'speak for themselves' in ways that cannot be captured through the filter of secondary sources. As such, it is important for secondary sources to reference those primary sources from which they were derived, so that their reliability can be investigated.

A primary source relation is a particular case of derivation of secondary materials from their primary sources. It is recognized that the determination of primary sources can be up to interpretation, and should be done according to conventions accepted within the application's domain.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Source">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Source.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:myPost 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:hadOriginalSource :donQuixote;
   prov:qualifiedSource [
      a prov:Source;
      prov:entity :donQuixote;
      :confidenceValue &quot;6&quot;^^xsd:integer;
      rdfs:comment &quot;&quot;&quot;Not sure if Don Quixote was the original source, 
                      so asserting a confidence value of 6 out of 10.&quot;&quot;&quot;;
   ];
.

:donQuixote a prov:Entity.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Source provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:hadPrimarySource relation from some secondary prov:Entity to an earlier, primary prov:Entity. For example, :blog prov:hadPrimarySource :newsArticle; prov:qualified [ a prov:Source; prov:entity :newsArticle; :foo :bar ] .</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-primary-source" title="prov-dm">primary-source</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Start">
    <h3 id="class--prov-start-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Start"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" class="dotted">prov:Start</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Start">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Start.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Start can be used to qualify wasStartedBy with time and location information.

:experiment
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasStartedBy :researcher;
   prov:qualifiedStart [
      a prov:Start;
      prov:entity    :researcher;
      prov:atTime    &quot;2011-07-06T01:48:36Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:atLocation :scienceLab_003;
   ];
.

:researcher a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Start provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:wasStartedBy relation from some started prov:Activity to an prov:Entity that started it. For example, :foot_race prov:wasStartedBy :bang; prov:qualifiedStart [ a prov:Start; prov:entity :bang; :foo :bar; prov:atTime '2012-03-09T08:05:08-05:00'^^xsd:dateTime ] .</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadActivity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>        , <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a>  <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>        , <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Start" title="prov-dm">Start</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="Usage">
    <h3 id="class--prov-usage-----------------back-to-qualified-classes">
      Class: <a href="#Usage"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" class="dotted">prov:Usage</span></a>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified classes</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage</p>
    <div class="definition"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-class-Usage">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/class_Usage.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:sortActivity 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:startedAtTime  &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime; 
   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity    :datasetA;         ## The entity used by the prov:Usage
      prov:hadRole   :inputToBeSorted;  ## the role of the entity in this prov:Usage        
   ];
   prov:generated :datasetB;
.

:datasetA        a prov:Entity .
:datasetB        a prov:Entity .
:inputToBeSorted a prov:Role .

## Expressing the above using starting-point terms
## the role of :datasetA cannot be expressed

:sortActivity
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:startedAtTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
   prov:used       :datasetA;
   prov:generated  :datasetB;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <dl class="description">
    <dd class="comment"><p>An instance of prov:Usage provides additional descriptions about the binary prov:used relation from some prov:Activity to an prov:Entity that it used. For example, :keynote prov:used :podium; prov:qualifiedUsage [ a prov:Usage; prov:entity :podium; :foo :bar ].</p>
    </dd>

      <dt>is subclass of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
        , <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
      </dd>
      <dt>described with properties:</dt><dd></dd>

      <dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadRole" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd><dt></dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#atTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime">prov:atTime</a>  <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>        , <a href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>  <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>      </dd>

      <dt>in range of</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="#hadUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadUsage">prov:hadUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
        <a href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
        <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Usage" title="prov-dm">Usage</a>      </dd>
    </dl>
  </div>
</div>
<div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="prov-qualified owl-properties crossreference">
  <div class="entity" id="activity">
    <h3 id="property--prov-activity-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#activity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" class="dotted">prov:activity</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-3"><p>ActivityInfluence provides additional descriptions of an Activity's binary influence upon any other kind of resource. Instances of ActivityInfluence use the prov:activity property to cite the influencing Activity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-activity">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_activity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:making-bar-chart
   a prov:Generation, 
     prov:ActivityInfluence;
   prov:activity :illustrating;
   rdfs:comment &quot;Ended up with bar chart as line chart looked ugly.&quot;@en;
.

:illustrating a prov:Activity .

:bar_chart 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrating;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration :making-bar-chart;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The property used by an prov:ActivityInfluence to cite the prov:Activity that influenced an Entity, Activity, or Agent. It can be used to refer to the activity involved in generating an entity, informing another activity, or starting another activity.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#ActivityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence">prov:ActivityInfluence</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="agent">
    <h3 id="property--prov-agent-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#agent"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" class="dotted">prov:agent</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-3"><p>AgentInfluence provides additional descriptions of an Agent's binary influence upon any other kind of resource. Instances of AgentInfluence use the prov:agent property to cite the influencing Agent.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-agent">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_agent.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:world_flight_1937
   a prov:Activity;

   prov:wasAssociatedWith &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Amelia_Earhart&gt;,
                          &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Purdue_University&gt;,
                          &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Lockheed_Aircraft_Company&gt;;
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [
      a prov:Association;
      prov:agent   &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Amelia_Earhart&gt;;
      prov:hadRole :pilot;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [
      a prov:Association;
      prov:agent   &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Purdue_University&gt;;
      prov:hadRole :financer;
   ];
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [
      a prov:Association;
      prov:agent   &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Lockheed_Aircraft_Company&gt;;
      prov:hadRole :plane_builder;
   ];

   rdfs:seeAlso &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart#1937_world_flight&gt;;
.

&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Amelia_Earhart&gt;            a prov:Person,       prov:Agent .
&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Purdue_University&gt;         a prov:Organization, prov:Agent .
&lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Lockheed_Aircraft_Company&gt; a prov:Organization, prov:Agent .

</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The property used by a prov:AgentInfluence to cite the Agent that influenced an Entity, Activity, or Agent. It can be used to express the agent involved in being responsible for an activity, being attributed to an entity, starting or ending an activity, or being responsible for another subordinate agent in an activity.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#AgentInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence">prov:AgentInfluence</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="atTime">
    <h3 id="property--prov-attime-dp-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#atTime"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" class="dotted">prov:atTime</span></a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>The PROV data model is implicitly based on a notion of instantaneous events (or just events), that mark transitions in the world. Events include generation, usage, or invalidation of entities, as well as starting or ending of activities. This notion of event is not first-class in the data model, but it is useful for explaining its other concepts and its semantics.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-atTime">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atTime" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_atTime.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:Timearticle20120430_publication
   a prov:InstantaneousEvent;
   prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-30T20:40:40&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
. 
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The time at which an InstantaneousEvent occurred, in the form of xsd:dateTime.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#InstantaneousEvent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#InstantaneousEvent">prov:InstantaneousEvent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#invalidatedAtTime" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidatedAtTime">prov:invalidatedAtTime</a> <sup title="data property" class="type-dp">dp</sup>
      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="entity">
    <h3 id="property--prov-entity-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#entity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" class="dotted">prov:entity</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-3"><p>EntityInfluence provides additional descriptions of an Entity's binary influence upon any other kind of resource. Instances of EntityInfluence use the prov:entity property to cite the influencing Entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-entity">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_entity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:myPost 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:hadOriginalSource :donQuixote;
   prov:qualifiedSource [
      a prov:Source;
      prov:entity :donQuixote;
      # Other attributes of the relationship
   ];
.

:donQuixote a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The property used by an prov:EntityInfluence to cite the Entity that was influenced by an Entity, Activity, or Agent. It can be used to refer to the entity involved in deriving another entity, being quoted or revised from, being the source of another entity, or being used in an activity. </p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#influencer" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer">prov:influencer</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#EntityInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence">prov:EntityInfluence</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadActivity">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadactivity-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadActivity"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity" class="dotted">prov:hadActivity</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>An activity is something that occurs over a period of time and acts upon or with entities; it may include consuming, processing, transforming, modifying, relocating, using, or generating entities.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadActivity">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadActivity.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# The activity that which used, generated, invalidated 
# or was responsible for the entity. In this qualified Derivation 
# prov:hadActivity references the activity that generated the bar chart.

:bar_chart
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :make_bar_chart;
   prov:qualifiedDerivation [
      a prov:Derivation;
      prov:entity      :aggregatedByRegions;
      prov:hadActivity :make_bar_chart; # references same activity as prov:wasGeneratedBy
   ];
.

:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
:make_bar_chart      a prov:Activity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The _optional_ Activity of an Influence, which used, generated, invalidated, or was the responsibility of some Entity. This property is _not_ used by ActivityInfluence (use prov:activity instead).</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Activity" title="prov-dm">Activity</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadGeneration">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadgeneration-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadGeneration"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadGeneration" class="dotted">prov:hadGeneration</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadGeneration</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadGeneration">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadGeneration" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadGeneration.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart   
   prov:wasDerivedFrom   :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:qualifiedDerivation [
      a prov:Derivation;
      prov:entity        :aggregatedByRegions;
      prov:hadGeneration :illustration;
   ];
.

:illustration   
   a prov:Generation, 
     prov:InstantaneousEvent;
   prov:atTime &quot;2012-04-03T00:00:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.

## An alternative way to express some of the above information

:bar_chart   
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrationActivity;
.

:illustrationActivity   
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:endedAtTime &quot;2012-04-03T00:00:01Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The _optional_ Generation involved in an Entity's Derivation.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadPlan">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadplan-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadPlan"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPlan" class="dotted">prov:hadPlan</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPlan</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A plan is an entity that represents a set of actions or steps intended by one or more agents to achieve some goals.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadPlan">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPlan" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadPlan.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrating
   a prov:Activity; 
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek, 
                          :steve;
   prov:qualifiedAssociation :steve-checking-style-guide;
.

:steve-checking-style-guide
   a prov:Association;
   prov:agent   :steve;
   prov:hadRole :stylist;
   prov:hadPlan :style-guide;
   rdfs:comment &quot;Steve followed the style guide&quot;@en;
.

:style-guide
   a prov:Plan, prov:Entity;
   rdfs:comment &quot;Use blue graphs for positive spin, red for negative&quot;@en;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The _optional_ Plan adopted by an Agent in Association with some Activity. Plan specifications are out of the scope of this specification.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Plan" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan">prov:Plan</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Association" title="prov-dm">Association</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadRole">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadrole-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadRole"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole" class="dotted">prov:hadRole</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-1"><p>prov:hadRole references the Role (i.e. the function of an entity with respect to an activity), in the context of a usage, generation, association, start, and end.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadRole">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadRole.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:divideActivity 
   a prov:Activity;   

   prov:used         :variableA;
   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity    :variableA;
      prov:hadRole   :dividend;          
   ];
   
   prov:used         :variableB;
   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity    :variableB;
      prov:hadRole   :divisor;          
   ];
.
   
:variableA a prov:Entity .
:variableB a prov:Entity .

:dividend a prov:Role .
:divisor  a prov:Role .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The _optional_ Role that an Entity assumed in the context of an Activity. For example, :baking prov:used :spoon; prov:qualified [ a prov:Usage; prov:entity :spoon; prov:hadRole roles:mixing_implement ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Role" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Role">prov:Role</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribute-role" title="prov-dm">attribute-role</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="hadUsage">
    <h3 id="property--prov-hadusage-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#hadUsage"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadUsage" class="dotted">prov:hadUsage</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadUsage</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-hadUsage">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadUsage" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_hadUsage.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:digestedProteinSample1
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :proteinSample;
   prov:qualifiedDerivation [
      a prov:Derivation;
      prov:hadUsage [
         a prov:Usage;
         :treatmentEnzyme :Trypsin;
      ];
   ];
.

:proteinSample a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>The _optional_ Usage involved in an Entity's Derivation.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Usage" title="prov-dm">Usage</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="influencer">
    <h3 id="property--prov-influencer-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#influencer"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer" class="dotted">prov:influencer</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-7"><p>This property is used as part of the qualified influence pattern. Subclasses of prov:Influence use these subproperties to reference the resource (Entity, Agent, or Activity) whose influence is being qualified.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-influencer">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_influencer.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrationActivity 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:qualifiedUsage         :usage_1;
   prov:qualifiedAssociation   :association_1;
   prov:qualifiedCommunication :communication_1;
.

:usage_1
   a prov:Usage;
   prov:entity     :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:influencer :aggregatedByRegions; # Inferred
.

:association_1
   a prov:Association;
   prov:agent      :derek;
   prov:influencer :derek; # - - - - - - - Inferred
.

:communication_1
   a prov:Communication;
   prov:activity   :aggregationActivity;
   prov:influencer :aggregationActivity; # Inferred
.

:aggregationActivity a prov:Activity .  
:derek               a prov:Agent .
:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>Subproperties of prov:influencer are used to cite the object of an unqualified PROV-O triple whose predicate is a subproperty of prov:wasInfluencedBy (e.g. prov:used, prov:wasGeneratedBy). prov:influencer is used much like rdf:object is used.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent">prov:agent</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity">prov:entity</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity">prov:activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-influence" title="prov-dm">influence</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedAssociation">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedassociation-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedAssociation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedAssociation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>An activity association is an assignment of responsibility to an agent for an activity, indicating that the agent had a role in the activity. It further allows for a plan to be specified, which is the plan intended by the agent to achieve some goals in the context of this activity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedAssociation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedAssociation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrating
    a prov:Activity; 
    prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek, 
                           :steve;
    prov:qualifiedAssociation [
        a prov:Association;
        prov:agent   :derek;
        prov:hadRole :illustrationist;
        rdfs:comment &quot;Derek made the illustration&quot;@en
    ];
    prov:qualifiedAssociation [
        a prov:Association;
        prov:agent   :steve;
        prov:hadRole :stylist;
        prov:hadPlan :style-guide;
        rdfs:comment &quot;Steve helped Derek conform with the publisher's style guide.&quot;@en 
    ];
    prov:qualifiedAssociation [
        a prov:Association;
        prov:agent   :derek;
        prov:hadRole :stylist;
        rdfs:comment &quot;But Derek also did some styling of his own.&quot;@en 
    ] .

:derek a prov:Person, prov:Agent .
:steve a prov:Person, prov:Agent .

:illustratonist a prov:Role .
:stylist        a prov:Role .

:style-guide a prov:Plan, prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Activity prov:wasAssociatedWith Agent :ag, then it can qualify the Association using prov:qualifiedAssociation [ a prov:Association;  prov:agent :ag; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Association" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association">prov:Association</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Association" title="prov-dm">Association</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedAttribution">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedattribution-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedAttribution"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedAttribution</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Attribution is the ascribing of an entity to an agent.

When an entity e is attributed to agent ag, entity e was generated by some unspecified activity that in turn was associated to agent ag. Thus, this relation is useful when the activity is not known, or irrelevant.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedAttribution">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedAttribution.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

## When the role of the agent is not known or does not matter:

:nationalRegionsList 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :civil_action_group;
.

:civil_action_group a prov:Agent .

## If we want to express the role of the agent:

:nationalRegionsList 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:qualifedAttribution [
      a prov:Attribution;
      prov:agent :civil_action_group;
      ex:hadRole :owner;
   ]
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Entity prov:wasAttributedTo Agent :ag, then it can qualify how it was  using prov:qualifiedAttribution [ a prov:Attribution;  prov:agent :ag; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Attribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution">prov:Attribution</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-attribution" title="prov-dm">attribution</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedCommunication">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedcommunication-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedCommunication"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedCommunication</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Communication is the exchange of an entity by two activities, one activity using the entity generated by the other.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedCommunication">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedCommunication.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:writing-celebrity-gossip 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :journalist;
   prov:wasInformedBy   :voicemail-interception;
   prov:qualifiedCommunication [
      a prov:Communication;
      prov:activity :voicemail-interception;
      rdfs:comment &quot;&quot;&quot;The journalist was informed by the private 
                      investigator, but we don't know how or what he was told.&quot;&quot;&quot;@en;
   ];
.

:voicemail-interception 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo :private-investigator;
.

:private-investigator a prov:Agent .
:journalist           a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Activity prov:wasInformedBy Activity :a, then it can qualify how it was Inform[ed] using prov:qualifiedCommunication [ a prov:Communication;  prov:activity :a; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>can be qualified with</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Communication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication">prov:Communication</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Communication" title="prov-dm">Communication</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedDelegation">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifieddelegation-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedDelegation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedDelegation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to an agent (by itself or by another agent) to carry out a specific activity as a delegate or representative, while the agent it acts on behalf of retains some responsibility for the outcome of the delegated work.

For example, a student acted on behalf of his supervisor, who acted on behalf of the department chair, who acted on behalf of the university; all those agents are responsible in some way for the activity that took place but we do not say explicitly who bears responsibility and to what degree.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedDelegation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedDelegation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:traffic-stop
    a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :chauffeur, 
                          :traffic-officer-34;
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [
      a prov:Association;
      prov:agent :chauffeur;
      
      # The chauffeur was the one violating traffic rules.
      ex:hadRole :violator; 
   ];
   prov:qualifiedAssociation [
      a prov:Association;
      prov:agent :traffic-officer-34;
      
      # The officer was the one enforcing the traffic rules.
      ex:hadRole :enforcer; 
   ];
.

:chauffeur       
   a prov:Person;
   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :celebrity-in-car;
   prov:qualifiedDelegation [
      a prov:Delegation;
      prov:agent :celebrity-in-car;
      
      # The celebrity employed the chauffeur during the enforcement.
      ex:hadRole :employer; 
   ];
.

:traffic_officer_34 
   a prov:Person;
   prov:actedOnBehalfOf :city-of-Paris;
   prov:qualifiedDelegation [
      a prov:Delegation;
      prov:agent :city-of-Paris;
      
      # The city of Paris employed the officer during the enforcement.
      ex:hadRole :employer; 
   ];
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Agent prov:actedOnBehalfOf Agent :ag, then it can qualify how with prov:qualifiedResponsibility [ a prov:Responsibility;  prov:agent :ag; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Delegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation">prov:Delegation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-delegation" title="prov-dm">delegation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedDerivation">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedderivation-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedDerivation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedDerivation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A derivation is a transformation of an entity into another, an update of an entity resulting in a new one, or the construction of a new entity based on a pre-existing entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedDerivation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedDerivation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart
   prov:wasDerivedFrom :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:qualifiedDerivation [
      a prov:Derivation;
      prov:entity :aggregatedByRegions; 
      
      ## More details about the activity underpinning the derivation        
      prov:hadGeneration :illustration; 
   ];
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Entity prov:wasDerivedFrom Entity :e, then it can qualify how it was derived using prov:qualifiedDerivation [ a prov:Derivation;  prov:entity :e; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Derivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation">prov:Derivation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Derivation" title="prov-dm">Derivation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedEnd">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedend-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedEnd"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedEnd</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>End is when an activity is deemed to have ended. The activity no longer exists after its end. Any usage, generation, or invalidation involving an activity precedes the activity's end. An end may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that terminated the activity, or to an activity, known as ender that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedEnd">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedEnd.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

## The end of the experiment might have been triggered by this inconsistent result

:experiment 
   a prov:Acticity;
   prov:wasEndedBy :inconsistentResult;
   prov:qualifiedEnd [
      a prov:End;
      prov:entity     :inconsistentResult;
      prov:atTime     &quot;2011-07-16T01:52:02Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:atLocation :scienceLab003;
   ];
.

:inconsistentResult a prov:Entity.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Activity prov:wasEndedBy Entity :e1, then it can qualify how it was ended using prov:qualifiedEnd [ a prov:End;  prov:entity :e1; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#End" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End">prov:End</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-End" title="prov-dm">End</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedGeneration">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedgeneration-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedGeneration"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedGeneration</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Generation is the completion of production of a new entity by an activity. This entity did not exist before generation and becomes available for usage after this generation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedGeneration">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedGeneration.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bar_chart
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :illustrating;
   prov:qualifiedGeneration [
      a prov:Generation;
      prov:activity :illustrating;
      rdfs:comment &quot;Ended up with bar chart as line chart looked ugly.&quot;@en;
   ];
.

:illustrating a prov:Activity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Activity prov:generated Entity :e, then it can qualify how it did performed the Generation using prov:qualifiedGeneration [ a prov:Generation;  prov:entity :e; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Generation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation">prov:Generation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Generation" title="prov-dm">Generation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedInfluence">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedinfluence-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedInfluence"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedInfluence</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Influence is the capacity an entity, activity, or agent to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of usage, start, end, generation, invalidation, communication, derivation, attribution, association, or delegation. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedInfluence">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedInfluence.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix my:   &lt;http://example.com/ontology#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Although a domain extension (e.g. ':wasConductedBy') is not defined by PROV-O,
# the relation between a surgery and an agent can still be qualified
# by reusing prov:Influence and one of its three subclasses 
# (depending on the type of the influencing object):
# AgentInfluence, EntityInfluence, and ActivityInfluence.

:conductingSurgery_1
   a prov:Activity;
   
   # This unqualified influence is unknown in PROV, 
   # this would be a subproperty of wasAssociatedWith
   prov:wasInfluencedBy :bob;  
   prov:qualifiedInfluence [   
      # Even though PROV systems do not understand :wasConductedBy, 
      a prov:Influence;      # Inferred
      prov:agent   :bob;     # The object of :wasConductedBy
      prov:hadRole :surgeon;
   ];
.

:bob       a prov:Agent .
my:surgeon a prov:Role .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>Because prov:qualifiedInfluence is a broad relation, the more specific relations (qualifiedCommunication, qualifiedDelegation, qualifiedEnd, etc.) should be used when applicable.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Influence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence">prov:Influence</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedQuotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedStart" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart">prov:qualifiedStart</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedSource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource">prov:qualifiedSource</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedGeneration" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedAttribution" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedCommunication" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedDelegation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedAssociation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedRevision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision">prov:qualifiedRevision</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedEnd" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd">prov:qualifiedEnd</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedDerivation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedUsage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage">prov:qualifiedUsage</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInfluencedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-influence" title="prov-dm">influence</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedInvalidation">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedinvalidation-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedInvalidation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Invalidation is the start of the destruction, cessation, or expiry of an existing entity by an activity. The entity is no longer available for use (or further invalidation) after invalidation. Any generation or usage of an entity precedes its invalidation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedInvalidation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedInvalidation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:the-Painter 
   a prov:Entity, :Painting;
   rdfs:label &quot;Le Peintre&quot;@fr, &quot;The Painter&quot;@en;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://dbpedia.org/resource/Pablo_Picasso&gt;;

   prov:wasInvalidatedBy :swissair_Flight_111_crash;
   prov:qualifiedInvalidation [
      a prov:Invalidation;
      prov:activity    :swissair_Flight_111_crash;
      prov:atTime      &quot;1998-09-02T01:31:00Z&quot;;
      prov:atLocation  &lt;http://purl.org/twc/location/Swissair-Flight-111-crash&gt;;
   ];
. 
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Entity prov:wasInvalidatedBy Activity :a, then it can qualify how it was invalidated using prov:qualifiedInvalidation [ a prov:Invalidation;  prov:activity :a; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Invalidation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation">prov:Invalidation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Invalidation" title="prov-dm">Invalidation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedQuotation">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedquotation-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedQuotation"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedQuotation</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A quotation is the repeat of (some or all of) an entity, such as text or image, by someone who may or may not be its original author. Quotation is a particular case of derivation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedQuotation">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedQuotation.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix my:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab/my#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:bl-dagstuhl
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:value &quot;&quot;&quot;During the workshop, it became clear to me that the consensus
   based models (which are often graphical in nature) can not only be
   formalized but also be directly connected to these database focused
   formalizations. I just needed to get over the differences in syntax.
   This could imply that we could have nice way to trace provenance across
   systems and through databases and be able to understand the
   mathematical properties of this interconnection.&quot;&quot;&quot;;
   prov:wasQuotedFrom 
     &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop&gt;;
   prov:qualifiedQuotation [
      a prov:Quotation;
      prov:entity 
        &lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop&gt;;
      my:fromSection 1;
   ];
.


&lt;http://thinklinks.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/thoughts-from-the-dagstuhl-principles-of-provenance-workshop&gt; 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasAttributedTo &lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/paul-groth&gt;;
.

&lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/luc-moreau&gt; a prov:Person, prov:Agent .
&lt;http://data.semanticweb.org/person/paul-groth&gt; a prov:Person, prov:Agent .

</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Entity prov:wasQuotedFrom Entity :e, then it can qualify how using prov:qualifiedQuotation [ a prov:Quotation;  prov:entity :e; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Quotation" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation">prov:Quotation</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasQuotedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-quotation" title="prov-dm">quotation</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedRevision">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedrevision-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedRevision"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedRevision</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A revision is a derivation for which the resulting entity is a revised version of some original. The implication here is that the resulting entity contains substantial content from the original. Revision is a particular case of derivation.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedRevision">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedRevision.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:draft2 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasRevisionOf :draft1;
   prov:qualifiedRevision [
      a prov:Revision;
      prov:entity :draft1
   ];
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :eddie;
.

:draft1 a prov:Entity .
:eddie  a prov:Person, prov:Agent, prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Entity prov:wasRevisionOf Entity :e, then it can qualify how it was  revised using prov:qualifiedRevision [ a prov:Revision;  prov:entity :e; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Revision" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision">prov:Revision</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasRevisionOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf">prov:wasRevisionOf</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-revision" title="prov-dm">revision</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedSource">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedsource-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedSource"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedSource</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>A primary source for a topic refers to something produced by some agent with direct experience and knowledge about the topic, at the time of the topic's study, without benefit from hindsight.

Because of the directness of primary sources, they 'speak for themselves' in ways that cannot be captured through the filter of secondary sources. As such, it is important for secondary sources to reference those primary sources from which they were derived, so that their reliability can be investigated.

A primary source relation is a particular case of derivation of secondary materials from their primary sources. It is recognized that the determination of primary sources can be up to interpretation, and should be done according to conventions accepted within the application's domain.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedSource">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedSource.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt; .
@prefix prov:    &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :        &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:temperatureDisplay
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:hadPrimarySource :sensorReading20120510;
   prov:qualifiedSource [
      a prov:Source;
      prov:entity        :sensorReading20120510;
      ex:precisionLoss true;
      rdfs:comment &quot;The displayed temperature does not show the full precision available in the reading.&quot;;
   ];
.

:sensorReading20120510 
   a prov:Entity;
   prov:wasGeneratedBy :temperatureSensor;
.
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Entity prov:hadOriginalSource Entity :e, then it can qualify how using prov:qualifiedSource [ a prov:Source; prov:entity :e; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Source" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source">prov:Source</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#hadPrimarySource" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource">prov:hadPrimarySource</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-primary-source" title="prov-dm">primary-source</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedStart">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedstart-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedStart"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedStart</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Start is when an activity is deemed to have started. The activity did not exist before its start. Any usage or generation involving an activity follows the activity's start. A start may refer to an entity, known as trigger, that set off the activity, or to an activity, known as starter, that generated the trigger.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedStart">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedStart.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

# Start can be used to qualify wasStartedBy with time and location information

:experiment
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasStartedBy :researcher;
   prov:qualifiedStart [
      a prov:Start;
      prov:entity    :researcher;
      prov:atTime    &quot;2011-07-06T01:48:36Z&quot;^^xsd:dateTime;
      prov:atLocation :scienceLab_003;
   ];
.

:researcher a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Activity prov:wasStartedBy Entity :e1, then it can qualify how it was started using prov:qualifiedStart [ a prov:Start;  prov:entity :e1; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Start" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start">prov:Start</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Start" title="prov-dm">Start</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="qualifiedUsage">
    <h3 id="property--prov-qualifiedusage-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#qualifiedUsage"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" class="dotted">prov:qualifiedUsage</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Usage is the beginning of utilizing an entity by an activity. Before usage, the activity had not begun to utilize this entity and could not have been affected by the entity.</p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-qualifiedUsage">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_qualifiedUsage.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix ex:   &lt;http://example.com/vocab#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:newsPublication
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:used                    :tsunami_image;
   prov:qualifiedUsage [
      a prov:Usage;
      prov:entity               :tsunami_image;
      ex:hasCopyrightPermission :licensedUse;  
      ex:hasOwner               :reuters;
   ];
.

:tsunami_image a prov:Entity .
:reuters       a prov:Agent .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>If this Activity prov:used Entity :e, then it can qualify how it used it using prov:qualifiedUsage [ a prov:Usage; prov:entity :e; :foo :bar ].</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has super-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#qualifiedInfluence" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Usage" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage">prov:Usage</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>qualifies</dt>
      <dd>
        <a class="owlproperty" href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-Usage" title="prov-dm">Usage</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="entity" id="wasInfluencedBy">
    <h3 id="property--prov-wasinfluencedby-op-----------------back-to-qualified-properties">
      Property: <a href="#wasInfluencedBy"><span title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" class="dotted">prov:wasInfluencedBy</span></a> <sup title="object property" class="type-op">op</sup>
      <span class="backlink">
         back to <a href="#prov-qualified-owl-terms-at-a-glance">qualified properties</a>
      </span>
    </h3>
    <p><strong class="crossreference">IRI:</strong>http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy</p>
    <div class="definition def-from-2"><p>Influence is the capacity an entity, activity, or agent to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of another by means of usage, start, end, generation, invalidation, communication, derivation, attribution, association, or delegation. </p>
    </div>

    <div class="example" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#example-for-property-wasInfluencedBy">
      <span resource="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" rel="dcterms:subject"></span>
      <strong class="crossreference">Example</strong>
      <pre property="prov:value" resource="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/examples/eg-24-prov-o-html-examples/rdf/create/rdf/property_wasInfluencedBy.ttl" rel="prov:wasQuotedFrom">@prefix rdfs: &lt;http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#&gt; .
@prefix xsd:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt; .
@prefix owl:  &lt;http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#&gt; .
@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .
@prefix :     &lt;http://example.com/&gt; .

:illustrationActivity 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:used              :aggregatedByRegions;
   prov:wasAssociatedWith :derek;
   prov:wasInformedBy     :aggregationActivity;
.

:illustrationActivity 
   a prov:Activity;
   prov:wasInfluencedBy :aggregatedByRegions, # prov:wasInfluencedBy is a superproperty of
                        :derek,               # many of the direct binary
                        :aggregationActivity; # PROV-O properties.
.

:aggregationActivity a prov:Activity .  
:derek               a prov:Agent .
:aggregatedByRegions a prov:Entity .
</pre>
    </div>

    <div class="description">
      <div class="comment "><p>Because prov:wasInfluencedBy is a broad relation, the more specific relations (prov:wasInformedBy, prov:actedOnBehalfOf, prov:endedBy, etc.) should be used when applicable.</p>
      </div>
      <dl>

        <dt>has domain</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has range</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#Activity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity">prov:Activity</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Agent" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent">prov:Agent</a>
               or <a class="owlclass" href="#Entity" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity">prov:Entity</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

        <dt>has sub-properties</dt>
        <dd>
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#hadMember" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember">prov:hadMember</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasStartedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy">prov:wasStartedBy</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasGeneratedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasEndedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy">prov:wasEndedBy</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasAttributedTo" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo">prov:wasAttributedTo</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasAssociatedWith" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasInformedBy" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy">prov:wasInformedBy</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#wasDerivedFrom" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="owlclass" href="#used" title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used">prov:used</a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </dd>

      <dt>PROV-DM term</dt>
      <dd>
         <a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/default/model/releases/WD-prov-dm-20120724/Overview.html#term-influence" title="prov-dm">influence</a>      </dd>

      </dl>
    </div>
  </div>

</div>

      </div>

   </div>

    
<!-- section class="appendix">
          <h2>Changes Since First Public Working Draft</h2>
          <ul>
          <li>2012-01-18: hadParticipant was replaced with wasAssociatedWith. Restyled domain/range diagrams.</li>
          <li>2012-01-17: Recipe changed to Plan, linked to Association
              (formerly Control)</li>
          <li>2012-01-16: Added Agent subclasses Person, Organization
          and SoftwareAgent
          <li>2012-01-16: Added alternateOf and specializationOf
         <li>2012-01-18: Replaced wasControlledBy with wasAssociatedWith relation
        <li>2012-01-19: Added wasStartedBy and wasEndedBy relations
          </ul>  
    </section -->


    <div class="appendix section" id="prov-o-owl-profile">
      
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">A. </span>PROV-O OWL Profile</h2>

      <p>To encourage widespread adoption, PROV-O's design is intentionally minimal and lightweight. 
      Because the OWL 2 RL profile is aimed at RDF applications that require scalable reasoning without sacrificing too much expressive power [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-OWL-2-PRIMER">OWL-2-PRIMER</a></cite>], 
      it served as a baseline for all axioms included in PROV-O. The PROV-O axioms that do not suit the OWL 2 RL profile are listed in 
      <a href="#owl-rl-violations">Table 3</a>. 

      All five use an anonymous <em>class union</em> for the domain or range of a property, while OWL 2 RL requires the classes to be explicitly named. 
      Although introducing &quot;placeholder&quot; classes would have suited the
      OWL 2 RL profile, these additional &quot;abstract&quot; classes would have been irrelevant 
      to the modeling of provenance information, increased the size of PROV-O unnecessarily, and exposed a potential to confuse users.
      All five axioms listed in the following table <em>use a non-superclass expression in a position that requires a superclass expression</em> 
      and do not conform to the OWL 2 RL Profile.
      </p>


<!--  The following table is generated by executing the following from a checked out version of http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/file/tip/ontology
        java -jar bin/profilechecker.jar ProvenanceOntology.owl OWL2RLProfile 2>&1 | python bin/rlplus-justify.py
 -->

<div style="text-align: center">
  <table id="owl-rl-violations">
    <caption><a href="#owl-rl-violations">Table 3</a>: All OWL Axioms in PROV-O that do not conform to the OWL-RL profile.</caption>
    <tbody><tr>
      <th>Non OWL-RL PROV-O Axiom
    </th></tr>
    <tr>
      <td><a class="qname" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a> rdfs:domain <span class="name">[ (prov:Activity prov:Agent prov:Entity prov:InstantaneousEvent) ]</span></td>
    </tr> 
<!--  1  -->


    <tr>
      <td><a class="qname" href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a> rdfs:domain <span class="name">[ (prov:Delegation prov:Derivation prov:Start) ]</span></td>
    </tr> 
<!--  3  -->


    <tr>
      <td><a class="qname" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> rdfs:range <span class="name">[ (prov:Activity prov:Agent prov:Entity) ]</span></td>
    </tr> 
<!--  2  -->


    <tr>
      <td><a class="qname" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a> rdfs:domain <span class="name">[ (prov:Activity prov:Agent prov:Entity) ]</span></td>
    </tr> 
<!--  5  -->


    <tr>
      <td><a class="qname" href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a> rdfs:domain <span class="name">[ (prov:Association prov:End prov:Generation prov:Invalidation prov:Start prov:Usage) ]</span></td>
    </tr> 
<!--  4  -->


  </tbody></table>
</div>
         <p>
         To provide guidance for OWL 2 RL environments that ignore the union domain axioms, some 
         property domains or ranges have also been defined with the closest
         common superclass for the classes in the union, as shown in the following table.
         </p>

         <div style="text-align: center">
           <table id="owl-rl-extra-domains">
             <caption><a href="#owl-rl-extra-domains">Table 4</a>: Intersecting OWL2 RL compatible domains/ranges</caption>
             <tbody><tr>
               <th>Property</th> <th>Direction</th> <th>Domain/range</th>
             </tr>
             <tr>
               <td><a class="qname" href="#atLocation">prov:atLocation</a></td>
               <td>rdfs:domain</td>
               <td>(implied: <span class="name">owl:Thing</span>)</td>
             </tr>
             <tr>
               <td><a class="qname" href="#hadActivity">prov:hadActivity</a></td>
               <td>rdfs:domain</td>
               <td><a class="qname" href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a></td>
             </tr> 

             <tr>
               <td><a class="qname" href="#hadRole">prov:hadRole</a></td>
               <td>rdfs:domain</td>
               <td><a class="qname" href="#Influence">prov:Influence</a></td>
             </tr> 

             <tr>
               <td><a class="qname" href="#wasInfluencedBy">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a></td>
               <td>rdfs:domain / rdfs:range</td>
               <td>(implied: <span class="name">owl:Thing</span>)
             </td></tr> 
           </tbody></table>
         </div>

         <p>
         Multiple RDFS domains and ranges [<cite><a class="bibref" rel="biblioentry" href="#bib-RDF-SCHEMA">RDF-SCHEMA</a></cite>] for a property are 
         <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/#ch_range">interpreted as an intersection</a>,
         and thus the above do not provide any additional
         information in an OWL 2 DL or OWL 2 Full profile, which also understands
         the unions. The more general domain should not be
         interpreted as saying, e.g., 
         &quot;<span class="qname">prov:hadActivity</span> can be used with any <span class="qname">prov:Influence</span>&quot;, 
         but as 
         &quot;Anything using <span class="qname">prov:hadActivity</span> is (at least) a prov:Influence&quot;. 
         </p>
    </div>

    <div class="appendix section" id="names-of-inverse-properties">
      
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">B. </span>Names of inverse properties</h2>
      <p>To maximize interoperability, PROV-O intentionally avoids defining too many properties' inverses. 
         In fact, it only defines two (<a href="#generated" class="qname">prov:generated</a> and <a href="#invalidated" class="qname">prov:invalidated</a>). 
        When all inverses are defined for all properties, modelers may choose from two logically equivalent properties when making each assertion. 
      Although the two options may be logically equivalent, developers consuming the assertions may need to exert extra effort to handle both 
      (e.g., by either adding an OWL reasoner or writing code and queries to handle both cases). 
      This extra effort can be reduced by preferring one inverse over another.
      </p>

     <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#inverse-names-example-1">
        <p>For example, the first PROV-O statement (below) could just as easily be asserted as the second statement. 
            But if a client queries using <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> when <span class="repeated">:hadDerivation</span> 
            was used in the assertion, no results will be returned unless OWL reasoning is applied (or the size of the query is doubled).
        </p>
        <pre class="example">&lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/&gt;  prov:wasDerivedFrom &lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/&gt; .

   # These two statements are equivalent if prov:wasDerivedFrom is an inverse of :hadDerivation.
   # But extra effort is required to handle both cases (if one is not already using OWL reasoning).
   # We cannot assume that everybody is using OWL reasoning.
   # We do not want people to write more code and query than necessary.

&lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/&gt;     :hadDerivation  &lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/&gt;  .</pre>
     </div>

   <p>So, PROV-O avoids this situation by encouraging modelers to use one property instead of its inverse; the preferred property to use is the one defined in the PROV-O ontology. Those asserting and querying for the preferred property avoid the need for OWL reasoning, additional code, and larger queries while maintaining the same level of interoperability.
   </p>

   <p>However, the <strong>absence</strong> of defined inverses can lead to a <strong>different</strong> risk to interoperability. 
      Because modelers are free to create their own properties to suit their needs, 
      they may be motivated to assert the inverse of any PROV-O property defined herein.
   </p>

     <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#inverse-names-example-2">
        <p>For example, since PROV-O does not define the inverse of <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a>, 
         and if three developers would rather model their assertions in the opposite direction, the following set of assertions might be found in the future web of provenance. 
         These assertions are not in an interoperable form without the use of an OWL reasoner, additional code, or larger queries.
        </p>
        <pre class="example"># If PROV-O's properties' inverses are not defined, modelers may be motivated to introduce their own inverse property name.
# The following three statements are equivalent if their predicates are all inverses of prov:wasDerivedFrom.

&lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/&gt;    my:hadDerivation  &lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/&gt;  .
&lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/&gt;  your:ledTo          &lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/&gt;  .
&lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/&gt; their:derivedTo      &lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/&gt;  .</pre>
     </div>

   <p>To balance these two interoperability risks, this document reserves the names of the PROV-O inverses.
      The name of a property's inverse is determined by appending the value of its <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#inverse</span> 
      annotation to the PROV namespace (<span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#</span>). 
      Modelers wishing to use inverses of the properties defined by PROV-O <em class="rfc2119" title="should">should</em> use those reserved by this document.
   </p>

     <div xmlns:prov="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#" class="exampleOuter" typeof="prov:Entity" about="#inverse-names-example-3">
        <p>For example, the same three modelers above that defined <code>my:hadDerivation</code>, <code>your:ledTo</code>, and <code>their:derivedTo</code> should instead look for the <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#inverse</span> annotation on <a href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="qname">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a> to determine that they should use the property <span class="repeated">http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadDerivation</span>. 
        </p>
        <pre class="example">@prefix prov: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt; .

# Each PROV-O property is annotated with the local name of its inverse.

prov:wasDerivedFrom
   a owl:AsymmetricProperty, owl:IrreflexiveProperty, owl:ObjectProperty;
   rdfs:isDefinedBy &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#&gt;;
   prov:inverse     &quot;hadDerivation&quot;;
   rdfs:domain  prov:Entity;
   rdfs:range   prov:Entity;
.

# Instead of defining their own, modelers should use the
# recommended inverse local name within the PROV namespace:

&lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/&gt; prov:hadDerivation &lt;http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/&gt;  .

# Following this recommendation avoids a proliferation of inverse definitions, 
# while encouraging the use of one inverse over another.
# This increases interoperability.</pre>
     </div>

      <p>The following table lists the recommended inverse names that should be used if a modeler does not want to use the recommended PROV-O property. 
      For convenience, <a href="inverses-20120724.owl">this file</a> lists the resulting inverse properties.
      </p>

<div id="inverse-names-table">
<table class="inverse-names">
 <caption><a href="#inverse-names-table">Table 5</a>: Names of inverses</caption>
 <tr>
 <th>Domain</th>
 <th>PROV-O Property</th>
 <th>Recommended inverse name</th>
 <th>Range</th>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlproperty">prov:Agent</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#actedOnBehalfOf" href="#actedOnBehalfOf" class="owlproperty">prov:actedOnBehalfOf</a></td>
 <td>prov:hadDelegate</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlproperty">prov:Agent</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#ActivityInfluence" href="#ActivityInfluence" class="owlproperty">prov:ActivityInfluence</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#activity" href="#activity" class="owlproperty">prov:activity</a></td>
 <td>prov:activityOfInfluence</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#AgentInfluence" href="#AgentInfluence" class="owlproperty">prov:AgentInfluence</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#agent" href="#agent" class="owlproperty">prov:agent</a></td>
 <td>prov:agentOfInfluence</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlproperty">prov:Agent</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#alternateOf" href="#alternateOf" class="owlproperty">prov:alternateOf</a></td>
 <td>prov:alternateOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#asInBundle" href="#asInBundle" class="owlproperty">prov:asInBundle</a></td>
 <td>prov:contextOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Bundle" href="#Bundle" class="owlproperty">prov:Bundle</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td>union</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#atLocation" href="#atLocation" class="owlproperty">prov:atLocation</a></td>
 <td>prov:locationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Location" href="#Location" class="owlproperty">prov:Location</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#EntityInfluence" href="#EntityInfluence" class="owlproperty">prov:EntityInfluence</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#entity" href="#entity" class="owlproperty">prov:entity</a></td>
 <td>prov:entityOfInfluence</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#generated" href="#generated" class="owlproperty">prov:generated</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasGeneratedBy</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence" href="#Influence" class="owlproperty">prov:Influence</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadActivity" href="#hadActivity" class="owlproperty">prov:hadActivity</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasActivityOfInfluence</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlproperty">prov:Derivation</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadGeneration" href="#hadGeneration" class="owlproperty">prov:hadGeneration</a></td>
 <td>prov:generatedAsDerivation</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlproperty">prov:Generation</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Collection" href="#Collection" class="owlproperty">prov:Collection</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadMember" href="#hadMember" class="owlproperty">prov:hadMember</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasMemberOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" href="#Association" class="owlproperty">prov:Association</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPlan" href="#hadPlan" class="owlproperty">prov:hadPlan</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasPlanOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Plan" href="#Plan" class="owlproperty">prov:Plan</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadPrimarySource" href="#hadPrimarySource" class="owlproperty">prov:hadPrimarySource</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasPrimarySourceOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence" href="#Influence" class="owlproperty">prov:Influence</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadRole" href="#hadRole" class="owlproperty">prov:hadRole</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasRoleIn</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Role" href="#Role" class="owlproperty">prov:Role</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlproperty">prov:Derivation</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#hadUsage" href="#hadUsage" class="owlproperty">prov:hadUsage</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasUsedInDerivation</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" href="#Usage" class="owlproperty">prov:Usage</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influenced" href="#influenced" class="owlproperty">prov:influenced</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasInfluencedBy</td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence" href="#Influence" class="owlproperty">prov:Influence</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#influencer" href="#influencer" class="owlproperty">prov:influencer</a></td>
 <td>prov:hadInfluence</td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#invalidated" href="#invalidated" class="owlproperty">prov:invalidated</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasInvalidatedBy</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#mentionOf" href="#mentionOf" class="owlproperty">prov:mentionOf</a></td>
 <td>prov:hadMention</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAssociation" href="#qualifiedAssociation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAssociation</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedAssociationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Association" href="#Association" class="owlproperty">prov:Association</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedAttribution" href="#qualifiedAttribution" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedAttribution</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedAttributionOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Attribution" href="#Attribution" class="owlproperty">prov:Attribution</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedCommunication" href="#qualifiedCommunication" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedCommunication</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedCommunicationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Communication" href="#Communication" class="owlproperty">prov:Communication</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlproperty">prov:Agent</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDelegation" href="#qualifiedDelegation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDelegation</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedDelegationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Delegation" href="#Delegation" class="owlproperty">prov:Delegation</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedDerivation" href="#qualifiedDerivation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedDerivation</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedDerivationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Derivation" href="#Derivation" class="owlproperty">prov:Derivation</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedEnd" href="#qualifiedEnd" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedEnd</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedEndOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#End" href="#End" class="owlproperty">prov:End</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedGeneration" href="#qualifiedGeneration" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedGeneration</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedGenerationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Generation" href="#Generation" class="owlproperty">prov:Generation</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInfluence" href="#qualifiedInfluence" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInfluence</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedInfluenceOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Influence" href="#Influence" class="owlproperty">prov:Influence</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedInvalidation" href="#qualifiedInvalidation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedInvalidation</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedInvalidationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Invalidation" href="#Invalidation" class="owlproperty">prov:Invalidation</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedQuotation" href="#qualifiedQuotation" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedQuotation</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedQuotationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Quotation" href="#Quotation" class="owlproperty">prov:Quotation</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedRevision" href="#qualifiedRevision" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedRevision</a></td>
 <td>prov:revisedEntity</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Revision" href="#Revision" class="owlproperty">prov:Revision</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedSource" href="#qualifiedSource" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedSource</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedSourceOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Source" href="#Source" class="owlproperty">prov:Source</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedStart" href="#qualifiedStart" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedStart</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedStartOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Start" href="#Start" class="owlproperty">prov:Start</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#qualifiedUsage" href="#qualifiedUsage" class="owlproperty">prov:qualifiedUsage</a></td>
 <td>prov:qualifiedUsingActivity</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Usage" href="#Usage" class="owlproperty">prov:Usage</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#specializationOf" href="#specializationOf" class="owlproperty">prov:specializationOf</a></td>
 <td>prov:generalizationOf</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#used" href="#used" class="owlproperty">prov:used</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasUsedBy</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAssociatedWith" href="#wasAssociatedWith" class="owlproperty">prov:wasAssociatedWith</a></td>
 <td>prov:wasAssociateFor</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlproperty">prov:Agent</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasAttributedTo" href="#wasAttributedTo" class="owlproperty">prov:wasAttributedTo</a></td>
 <td>prov:contributed</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Agent" href="#Agent" class="owlproperty">prov:Agent</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom" href="#wasDerivedFrom" class="owlproperty">prov:wasDerivedFrom</a></td>
 <td>prov:hadDerivation</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasEndedBy" href="#wasEndedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasEndedBy</a></td>
 <td>prov:ended</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasGeneratedBy" href="#wasGeneratedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasGeneratedBy</a></td>
 <td>prov:generated</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td>union</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInfluencedBy" href="#wasInfluencedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInfluencedBy</a></td>
 <td>prov:influenced</td>
 <td>union</td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInformedBy" href="#wasInformedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInformedBy</a></td>
 <td>prov:informed</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasInvalidatedBy" href="#wasInvalidatedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasInvalidatedBy</a></td>
 <td>prov:invalidated</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasQuotedFrom" href="#wasQuotedFrom" class="owlproperty">prov:wasQuotedFrom</a></td>
 <td>prov:quotedAs</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasRevisionOf" href="#wasRevisionOf" class="owlproperty">prov:wasRevisionOf</a></td>
 <td>prov:hadRevision</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Activity" href="#Activity" class="owlproperty">prov:Activity</a></td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasStartedBy" href="#wasStartedBy" class="owlproperty">prov:wasStartedBy</a></td>
 <td>prov:started</td>
 <td><a title="http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#Entity" href="#Entity" class="owlproperty">prov:Entity</a></td>
 </tr>
</table>
</div>




       </div>


    <div class="appendix section" id="acknowledgements">
      
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">C. </span>Acknowledgements</h2>
      <p>Thanks to the members of the Provenance Working Group for their feedback throughout the development of the PROV Ontology and this documentation page. We also thank the developers of the tools that helped create the PROV-O ontology and portions of this page. Without these great tools, developing PROV-O would have been much less of a pleasure.</p>
      <ul>
         <li>Stanford's <a href="http://protege.stanford.edu/">Protege</a> for editing the ontology.</li>
         <li>Dave Beckett's <a href="http://librdf.org/raptor/">rapper</a> for the many serialization checks of so many examples.</li>
         <li>Alvaro Graves' <a href="http://alangrafu.github.com/lodspeakr/">LODSpeaKr</a> for constructing portions of this page with SPARQL queries of PROV-O.</li>
         <li>Cosmin Basca's <a href="http://packages.python.org/SuRF/">SuRF</a> and Ivan Herman's <a href="https://github.com/RDFLib">rdflib</a> for easing the construction of this page's cross reference section.</li>
         <li>Silvio Peroni's <a href="http://lode.sourceforge.net/">LODE</a> for the CSS styling of this page's cross reference section.</li>
         <li>Robin Berjon's <a href="http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/documentation.html">respec</a> for handling the <acronym title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</acronym> styling.</li>
      </ul>
    </div>

  

<div id="references" class="appendix section">
<!-- OddPage -->
<h2><span class="secno">D. </span>References</h2><div id="normative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">D.1 </span>Normative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-OWL-2-PRIMER">[OWL-2-PRIMER]</dt><dd>Pascal Hitzler, Markus Krötzsch, Bijan Parsia, Peter F. Patel-Schneider, Sebastian Rudolph <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-primer/"><cite>OWL 2 Web Ontology Language Primer</cite></a>. modified 27 October 2009, accessed July 03 2012 URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-primer/">http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-primer/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-OWL2-RDF-BASED-SEMANTICS">[OWL2-RDF-BASED-SEMANTICS]</dt><dd>Michael Schneider. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-owl2-rdf-based-semantics-20091027/"><cite>OWL 2 Web Ontology Language:RDF-Based Semantics.</cite></a> 27 October 2009. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-owl2-rdf-based-semantics-20091027/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2009/REC-owl2-rdf-based-semantics-20091027/</a> 
</dd><dt id="bib-RFC2119">[RFC2119]</dt><dd>S. Bradner. <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt"><cite>Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels.</cite></a> March 1997. Internet RFC 2119.  URL: <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt</a> 
</dd><dt id="bib-XMLSCHEMA11-2">[XMLSCHEMA11-2]</dt><dd>Henry S. Thompson; et al. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/"><cite>W3C XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) 1.1 Part 2: Datatypes.</cite></a>. 5 April 2012. W3C Recommendation URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-xmlschema11-2-20120405/</a>
</dd></dl></div><div id="informative-references" class="section"><h3><span class="secno">D.2 </span>Informative references</h3><dl class="bibliography"><dt id="bib-LD-Patterns-QR">[LD-Patterns-QR]</dt><dd>Leigh Dodds and Ian Davis <a href="http://patterns.dataincubator.org/book/qualified-relation.html"><cite>Qualified Relation</cite></a>. modified 31 May 2012, accessed June 01 2012 URL: <a href="http://patterns.dataincubator.org/book/qualified-relation.html">http://patterns.dataincubator.org/book/qualified-relation.html</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-AQ">[PROV-AQ]</dt><dd>Graham Klyne and Paul Groth (eds.) Luc Moreau, Olaf Hartig, Yogesh Simmhan, James Meyers, Timothy Lebo, Khalid Belhajjame, and Simon Miles <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/"><cite>Provenance Access and Query</cite></a>. 2011, Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-aq/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-CONSTRAINTS">[PROV-CONSTRAINTS]</dt><dd>James Cheney, Paolo Missier, and Luc Moreau (eds.) <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/"><cite>Constraints of the PROV Data Model</cite></a>. 2011, Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-constraints/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-DM">[PROV-DM]</dt><dd>Luc Moreau, Paolo Missier<a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111018/"><cite>The PROV Data Model and Abstract Syntax Notation</cite></a>. 18 October 2011. W3C Working Draft. (Work in progress.) URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111018/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-prov-dm-20111018/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-N">[PROV-N]</dt><dd>Luc Moreau and Paolo Missier (eds.) James Cheney, Stian Soiland-Reyes <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/"><cite>PROV-N: The Provenance Notation</cite></a>. 2011, Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-n/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-O">[PROV-O]</dt><dd>Timothy Lebo, Satya Sahoo and Deborah McGuinness (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, James Cheney, David Corsar, Daniel Garijo, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/"><cite>Provenance Formal Model</cite></a>. 2011, Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-o/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-PAQ">[PROV-PAQ]</dt><dd>Graham Klyne and Paul Groth <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/paq/prov-aq.html"><cite>Provenance Access and Query</cite></a>. 2011, Work in progress. URL: <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/paq/prov-aq.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/prov/raw-file/tip/paq/prov-aq.html</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-PROV-PRIMER">[PROV-PRIMER]</dt><dd>Yolanda Gil and Simon Miles (eds.) Khalid Belhajjame, Helena Deus, Daniel Garijo, Graham Klyne, Paolo Missier, Stian Soiland-Reyes, and Stephan Zednik <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/"><cite>Prov Model Primer</cite></a>. 2011, Working Draft. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/">http://www.w3.org/TR/prov-primer/</a>
</dd><dt id="bib-RDF-SCHEMA">[RDF-SCHEMA]</dt><dd>Dan Brickley; Ramanathan V. Guha. <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/"><cite>RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema.</cite></a> 10 February 2004. W3C Recommendation. URL: <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210/</a> 
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