Overview.src.html
author Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
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<!doctype html>
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<html lang=en-US>
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<meta charset=utf-8>
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<title>Web Notifications</title>
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<style>
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 pre.idl { border:solid thin; background:#eee; color:#000; padding:0.5em 1em }
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 pre.idl :link, pre.idl :visited { color:inherit; background:transparent }
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 pre code { color:inherit; background:transparent }
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 pre.css { border: solid 0.0625em; background: #FFFFEE; color: black; padding: 0.5em 1em; }
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 .example { margin-left:1em; padding-left:1em; border-left:double; color:#222; background:#fcfcfc }
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 .note { margin-left:2em; font-weight:bold; font-style:italic; color:#008000 }
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 p.note::before { content:"Note: " }
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 p.XXX::before { content:"Issue: " }
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 dl.switch { padding-left:2em }
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 dl.switch > dt { text-indent:-1.5em }
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 dl.switch > dt:before { content:'\21AA'; padding:0 0.5em 0 0; display:inline-block; width:1em; text-align:right; line-height:0.5em }
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 dl.domintro { color: green; margin: 2em 0 2em 2em; padding: 0.5em 1em; border: none; background: #DDFFDD; }
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 dl.domintro dt, dl.domintro dt * { color: black; text-decoration: none; }
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 dl.domintro dd { margin: 0.5em 0 1em 2em; padding: 0; }
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 dl.domintro:before { display: table; margin: -1em -0.5em -0.5em auto; width: auto; content: 'This box is non-normative. Implementation requirements are given below this box.'; color: red; border: solid 2px; background: white; padding: 0 0.25em; }
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 em.ct { text-transform:lowercase; font-variant:small-caps; font-style:normal }
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 dfn { font-weight:bold; font-style:normal }
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 code { color:orangered }
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 code :link, code :visited { color:inherit }
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 hr:not(.top) { display:block; background:none; border:none; padding:0; margin:2em 0; height:auto }
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 table { border-collapse:collapse; border-style:hidden hidden none hidden }
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 table thead { border-bottom:solid }
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 table tbody th:first-child { border-left:solid }
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 table td, table th { border-left:solid; border-right:solid; border-bottom:solid thin; vertical-align:top; padding:0.2em }
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 .warning { color: red; background: transparent; font-weight: bolder; font-style: italic; }
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 .warning p:first-child { margin-top: 0; }
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 .warning p:last-child { margin-bottom: 0; }
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 .warning:before { font-style: normal; }
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 p.warning:before { content: '\26A0 Warning! '; }
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 @media print {
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   [data-anolis-spec]::after { content:"[" attr(data-anolis-spec) "]"; font-size:.6em; vertical-align:super; text-transform:uppercase }
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 }
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</style>
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<link rel=stylesheet href="http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-[STATUS]">
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<div class=head>
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<!-- logo -->
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<h1>Web Notifications</h1>
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<h2 class="no-num no-toc">[LONGSTATUS] [DATE: 01 Jan 1901]</h2>
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<dl>
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 <dt>This Version:
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 <dd class=dontpublish><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/notifications/raw-file/tip/Overview.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/notifications/raw-file/tip/Overview.html</a>
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 <dd class=publish><a href="[VERSION]">[VERSION]</a>
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 <dt class=publish>Latest Version:
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 <dd class=publish><a href="[LATEST]">[LATEST]</a>
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 <dt class=publish>Latest Editors Draft:
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 <dd class=publish><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/notifications/raw-file/tip/Overview.html">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/notifications/raw-file/tip/Overview.html</a>
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 <dt class=dontpublish>Participate:</dt>
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 <dd class=dontpublish>Send feedback to
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  <a href="mailto:public-web-notification@w3.org">public-web-notification@w3.org</a>
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  (<a href=http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/>archives</a>)
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 <dt>Version History:
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 <dd><a href="http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/notifications/shortlog">http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/notifications/shortlog</a></dd>
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 <dt>Previous Version:</dt>
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 <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-notifications-20110301/">http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/WD-notifications-20110301/</a>
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 <dt>Editors:
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 <dd><a href="http://annevankesteren.nl/">Anne van Kesteren</a>
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 (<a href="http://www.opera.com/">Opera Software ASA</a>)
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 &lt;<a href="mailto:annevk@annevk.nl">annevk@annevk.nl</a>&gt;</dd>
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 <dd>John Gregg (<a href="http://www.google.com/">Google</a>)
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 &lt;<a href="mailto:johnnyg@google.com">johnnyg@google.com</a>>
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</dl>
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<!-- copyright -->
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</div>
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<hr>
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<h2 class="no-num no-toc">Abstract</h2>
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<p>Web notifications defines an API for end-user notifications. A
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notification allows alerting the user outside the context of a web page of
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an occurrence, such as the delivery of email.
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<h2 class="no-num no-toc" id="sotd">Status of this document</h2>
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<p><em>This section describes the status of this document at the time of its
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publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current
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W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be
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found in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/">W3C technical reports index</a>
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at http://www.w3.org/TR/.</em>
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<p>This is the [DATE: 3 August 2002] [LONGSTATUS] of Web Notifications.
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Please send comments to
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<a href="mailto:public-web-notification@w3.org">public-web-notification@w3.org</a>
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(<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/">archived</a>).
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<p>This document was developed by the
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<a href="http://www.w3.org/2010/web-notifications/">Web Notification Working Group</a>.
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The Working Group expects to advance this Working Draft to Recommendation Status.
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<p>Publication as a Working Draft does not imply endorsement by the W3C
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Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or
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obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this
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document as other than work in progress.
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<p>This document was produced by a group operating under the
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<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/">5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy</a>.
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W3C maintains a
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<a rel="disclosure" href="http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/45313/status">public list of any patent disclosures</a>
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made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also
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includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual
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knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains
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<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#def-essential">Essential Claim(s)</a>
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must disclose the information in accordance with
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<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy-20040205/#sec-Disclosure">section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy</a>.
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1
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<h2 class="no-num no-toc">Table of contents</h2>
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<!-- toc -->
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<h2>Introduction</h2>
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<p>This specification provides an API to display notifications to alert
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users outside the context of a web page. It does not specify exactly how a
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user agent should display these notifications; the best presentation depends
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on the device where the user agent is run. When this specification refers
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to displaying notifications on the "desktop", it generally refers to some
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static display area outside the web page, but may take several forms,
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including:
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<ul>
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 <li>A corner of the user's display.
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 <li>An area within the chrome of the user agent.
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 <li>The "home" screen of a mobile device.
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</ul>
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<p>This specification does not define exactly how the user agent should
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display the notification, and the API is designed to be flexible with
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respect to presentation options.
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<p>This specification is designed to be compatible with existing
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notification platforms as much as possible, but also to be
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platform-independent. Since the common platforms do not provide the same
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functionality, this spec will indicate what events are guaranteed and
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which are not. In particular, notifications as specified here only can
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contain text and icon content. In the future, notifications generated from
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web content may wish to contain web content themselves, but that is outside
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the scope of this document.
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<p>In general, the event model for notifications is best-effort; while the
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<code>Notification</code> object offers a <code title>click</code> event,
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applications may enhance their functionality by listening for that event,
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but <em>must not depend on receiving it</em>, in case the underlying
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notification platform does not provide that capability.
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<h2>Conformance</h2>
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<p>All diagrams, examples, and notes in this specification are
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non-normative, as are all sections explicitly marked non-normative.
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Everything else in this specification is normative.
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<p>The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", <!--"SHALL", "SHALL
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NOT",--> "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
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"OPTIONAL" in the normative parts of this specification are to be
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interpreted as described in RFC2119. For readability, these words do
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not appear in all uppercase letters in this specification.
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<span data-anolis-ref>RFC2119</span>
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<h3>Security</h3>
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<p>Notifications should only be presented when the user has indicated they
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are desired; without this they could create a negative experience for the
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user.
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<h2>Terminology</h2>
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<p>Most terminology used in this specification is from DOM and HTML.
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<span data-anolis-ref>DOM</span>
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<span data-anolis-ref>HTML</span>
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<h2>Model</h2>
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<p>A <dfn title=concept-notification>notification</dfn> allows alerting the
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user outside the context of a web page of an occurrence, such as the
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delivery of email.
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<p>Each <span title=concept-notification>notification</span> has a
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<dfn>title</dfn>. For specification simplicity each
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<span title=concept-notification>notification</span> also has a
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<dfn>title direction</dfn> and <dfn>body direction</dfn>, both of which are
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initially "<code title>auto</code>".
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<p>Each <span title=concept-notification>notification</span> <em>can</em>
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have an associated <dfn>body</dfn>, <dfn>tag</dfn>, and <dfn>icon URL</dfn>.
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<h3>Permission</h3>
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<p><span title=concept-notification>Notifications</span> can only be
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displayed if the user (or user agent on behalf of the user) has granted
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<dfn>permission</dfn>. The <span>permission</span> to display
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<span title=concept-notification>notifications</span> for a given
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<span data-anolis-spec=origin>origin</span> can be one of three strings:
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<dl>
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 <dt>"<code title>default</code>"
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 <dd><p>This is equivalent to "<code title>denied</code>", but the user has
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 made no explicit choice thus far.
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 <dt>"<code title>denied</code>"
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 <dd><p>This means the user does not want
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 <span title=concept-notification>notifications</span>.
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 <dt>"<code title>granted</code>"
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 <dd><p>This means <span title=concept-notification>notifications</span> can
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 be displayed.
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</dl>
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<p class=note>There is no equivalent to "<code title>default</code>"
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meaning "<code title>granted</code>". In that case
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"<code title>granted</code>" is simply returned as there would be no reason
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for the application to ask for <span>permission</span>.
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<h3>Notification lists</h3>
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<p>The user agent must keep a <dfn>list of pending notifications</dfn> and
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a <dfn>list of active notifications</dfn>.
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<h3>Showing a notification</h3>
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<p>The <dfn>show steps</dfn> for a given <var title>notification</var> are:
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<ol>
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 <li><p>If <span>permission</span> for the current
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 <span data-anolis-spec=origin>origin</span> is not
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 "<code title>granted</code>", cancel any ongoing
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>fetch</span> for
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 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>icon URL</span>,
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>queue a task</span> to
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 <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span> named
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 <code title>error</code> on <var title>notification</var>, and terminate
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 these steps.
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 <li><p>If there is a <span title=concept-notification>notification</span>
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 in the <span>list of pending notifications</span> or the
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 <span>list of active notifications</span> whose <span>tag</span> equals
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 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>tag</span>, run the
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 <span>replace steps</span> and terminate these steps.
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 <li><p>If the device allows notifications to be displayed immediately
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 without limitations on the number of concurrent notifications, run
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 the <span>display steps</span> and terminate these steps.
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 <li><p>If the device has limitations on the number of concurrent
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 notifications, either immediately call to a notifications platform which
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 natively supports queueing, or append <var title>notification</var> to the
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 <span>list of pending notifications</span>.
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</ol>
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<h3>Closing a notification</h3>
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<p>When a <span title=concept-notification>notification</span> is closed,
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either by the underlying notifications platform or by the user, the
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<span>close steps</span> for it must be run.
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<p>The <dfn>close steps</dfn> for a given <var title>notification</var> are:
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<ol>
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 <li><p>If <var title>notification</var> is neither in the
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 <span>list of pending notifications</span> nor in the
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 <span>list of active notifications</span>, terminate these steps.
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 <li><p><span data-anolis-spec=html>Queue a task</span> to remove
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 <var title>notification</var> from either the
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 <span>list of pending notifications</span> or the
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 <span>list of active notifications</span>, and
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 <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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 named <code title>close</code> on <var title>notification</var>.
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</ol>
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<h3>Pending notifications</h3>
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<p>Whenever the <span>list of pending notifications</span> is not empty, the
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user agent must wait and monitor changes in the available notification space
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on the device.
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<p>When the available display space changes on the device such that a new
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notification can be displayed, for example due to a previous notification
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being dismissed, the user agent should run the <span>display steps</span>
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for the first <span title=concept-notification>notification</span> in the
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<span>list of pending notifications</span> and then remove it from the
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<span>list of pending notifications</span>.
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<h3>Displaying notifications</h3>
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<p>The <dfn>display steps</dfn> for a given <var title>notification</var>
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are:
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<ol>
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 <li><p>If the notification platform supports icons and
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 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>icon URL</span> has not yet been
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html title=fetch>fetched</span>,
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>fetch</span> it and wait for the resource to be
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 fully downloaded.
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 <li><p>If <span data-anolis-spec=html title=fetch>fetching</span>
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 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>icon URL</span> failed for some
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 reason or the image format is not supported,
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>queue a task</span> to
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 <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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 named <code title>error</code> on <var title>notification</var> and terminate
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 these steps.
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 <li><p><span data-anolis-spec=html>Queue a task</span> to display
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 <var title>notification</var> on the device (e.g. by calling the
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 appropriate notification platform), append <var title>notification</var> to the
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 <span>list of active notifications</span>, and
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 <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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 named <code title>show</code> on <var title>notification</var>.
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</ol>
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<h3>Replacing a notification</h3>
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<p>The <dfn>replace steps</dfn> for replacing an <var title>old</var>
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<span title=concept-notification>notification</span> with a
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<var title>new</var> one are:
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<ol>
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 <li><p>If the notification platform supports icons and
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 <var title>new</var>'s <span>icon URL</span> has not yet been
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html title=fetch>fetched</span>,
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>fetch</span> it and wait for the resource to be
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 fully downloaded.
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 <li><p>If <span data-anolis-spec=html title=fetch>fetching</span>
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 <var title>new</var>'s <span>icon URL</span> failed for some
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 reason or the image format is not supported,
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>queue a task</span> to
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 <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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 named <code title>error</code> on <var title>new</var> and terminate
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 these steps.
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 <li><p>If <var title>old</var> is in the
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 <span>list of pending notifications</span>,
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 <span data-anolis-spec=html>queue a task</span> to replace
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 <var title>old</var> with <var title>new</var>, in the same position, in
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 the <span>list of pending notifications</span>, and
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 <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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 named <code title>close</code> on <var title>old</var>.
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 <li>
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  <p>Otherwise,
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  <span data-anolis-spec=html>queue a task</span> to replace
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  <var title>old</var> with <var title>new</var>, in the same position, in
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   374
  the <span>list of active notifications</span>,
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   375
  <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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  named <code title>close</code> on <var title>old</var>, and
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   377
  <span data-anolis-spec=dom title=concept-event-fire>fire an event</span>
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  named <code title>show</code> on <var title>new</var>.
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   379
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   380
  <p>If the notification platform does not support replacement this
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   381
  requirement may be addressed by removal and addition instead.
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   382
</ol>
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   383
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   384
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   385
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   386
<h2>API</h2>
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   387
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   388
<p>A <span title=concept-notification>notification</span> is represented by
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a <code>Notification</code> object and can be created by its
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   390
<span title=dom-Notification>constructor</span>.
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   391
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<pre class="idl">[<span title=dom-Notification>Constructor</span>(DOMString <var title>title</var>, optional <span>NotificationOptions</span> <var title>options</var>)]
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interface <dfn>Notification</dfn> : <span data-anolis-spec=dom>EventTarget</span> {
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  static readonly attribute <span>NotificationPermission</span> <span title=dom-Notification-permission>permission</span>;
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  static void <span title=dom-Notification-requestPermission>requestPermission</span>(<span>NotificationPermissionCallback</span> <var title>callback</var>);
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   396
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   397
  [TreatNonCallableAsNull] attribute <span data-anolis-spec=html>Function</span>? <span title=handler-onclick>onclick</span>;
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   398
  [TreatNonCallableAsNull] attribute <span data-anolis-spec=html>Function</span>? <span title=handler-onshow>onshow</span>;
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   399
  [TreatNonCallableAsNull] attribute <span data-anolis-spec=html>Function</span>? <span title=handler-onerror>onerror</span>;
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   400
  [TreatNonCallableAsNull] attribute <span data-anolis-spec=html>Function</span>? <span title=handler-onclose>onclose</span>;
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   401
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   402
  void <span title=dom-Notification-close>close</span>();
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   403
};
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   404
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   405
dictionary <dfn>NotificationOptions</dfn> {
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   406
  <span>NotificationDirection</span> titleDir;
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   407
  DOMString body;
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   408
  <span>NotificationDirection</span> bodyDir;
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   409
  DOMString tag;
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   410
  DOMString iconUrl;
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   411
};
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   412
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   413
enum <dfn>NotificationPermission</dfn> {
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   414
  "default",
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   415
  "denied",
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   416
  "granted"
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   417
};
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   418
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   419
callback <dfn>NotificationPermissionCallback</dfn> = void (<span>NotificationPermission</span> <var title>permission</var>);
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   420
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   421
enum <dfn>NotificationDirection</dfn> {
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   422
  "auto",
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   423
  "ltr",
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   424
  "rtl"
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   425
};</pre>
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   426
8
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   427
<p class=XXX>Web IDL is
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   428
<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-script-coord/2012AprJun/0222.html">not yet updated</a>
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   429
to allow for static attributes.
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diff changeset
   430
1
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   431
<p>The
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   432
<dfn title=dom-Notification><code>Notification(<var title>title</var>, <var title>options</var>)</code></dfn>
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   433
constructor must run these steps:
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   434
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   435
<ol>
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   436
 <li><p>Let <var title>notification</var> be a new
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   437
 <span title=concept-notification>notification</span> represented by a
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   438
 <code>Notification</code> object.
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   439
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   440
 <li><p>Set <var title>notification</var>'s <span>title</span> to
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   441
 <var title>title</var>,
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   442
 <span data-anolis-spec=webidl title="convert a DOMString to a sequence of Unicode characters">converted to Unicode</span>.
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   443
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   444
 <li><p>If <var title>options</var> is not omitted and its
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   445
 <code title>titleDir</code> member is not null, set
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   446
 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>title direction</span> to
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   447
 <code title>titleDir</code>.
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   448
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   449
 <li><p>If <var title>options</var> is not omitted and its
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   450
 <code title>body</code> is not null, set <var title>notification</var>'s
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   451
 <span>body</span> to <code title>body</code>,
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   452
 <span data-anolis-spec=webidl title="convert a DOMString to a sequence of Unicode characters">converted to Unicode</span>.
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   453
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   454
 <li><p>If <var title>options</var> is not omitted and its
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   455
 <code title>bodyDir</code> member is not null, set
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   456
 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>body direction</span> to
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   457
 <code title>bodyDir</code>.
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   458
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   459
 <li><p>If <var title>options</var> is not omitted and its
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   460
 <code title>tag</code> is not null, set <var title>notification</var>'s
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   461
 <span>tag</span> to <code title>tag</code>.
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   462
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   463
 <li><p>If <var title>options</var> is not omitted and its
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   464
 <code title>iconUrl</code> is not null, set <var title>notification</var>'s
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   465
 <span>icon URL</span> to <code title>iconUrl</code>.
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   466
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   467
 <li><p>Return <var title>notification</var>, but continue running these
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   468
 steps asynchronouusly.
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   469
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   470
 <li><p>If the notification platform supports icons, the user agent may
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   471
 start <span data-anolis-spec=html title=fetch>fetching</span>
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   472
 <var title>notification</var>'s <span>icon URL</span> at this point.
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   473
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   474
 <li><p>Run the <span>show steps</span> for <var title>notification</var>.
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   475
</ol>
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   476
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   477
<p>The static
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   478
<dfn title=dom-Notification-permission><code>permission</code></dfn>
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   479
attribute must return <span>permission</span>.
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   480
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
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   481
<p>The static
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   482
<dfn title=dom-Notification-requestPermission><code>requestPermission(<var title>callback</var>)</code></dfn>
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   483
method must run these steps:
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   484
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diff changeset
   485
<ol>
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   486
 <li><p>Return, but continue running these steps asynchronously.
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diff changeset
   487
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
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   488
 <li><p>Let <var title>permission</var> be <span>permission</span>.
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   489
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
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diff changeset
   490
 <li><p>If <var title>permission</var> is "<code title>default</code>",
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   491
 ask the user whether showing notifications for the current
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
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   492
 <span data-anolis-spec=origin>origin</span> is acceptable. If it is, set
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diff changeset
   493
 <var title>permission</var> to "<code title>granted</code>", or
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   494
 "<code title>denied</code>" otherwise.
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   495
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   496
 <li><p><span data-anolis-spec=html>Queue a task</span> to set
9
13eb4cb483c5 use permission concept
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 8
diff changeset
   497
 <span>permission</span> to <var title>permission</var> and invoke
13eb4cb483c5 use permission concept
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 8
diff changeset
   498
 <var title>callback</var> with <var title>permission</var> as single
13eb4cb483c5 use permission concept
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 8
diff changeset
   499
 argument.
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   500
</ol>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   501
8
f06ff848e6c0 mention the problem with the permission model used; mention the static attribute problem
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 7
diff changeset
   502
<p class=warning>In designing the platform notifications are the one
f06ff848e6c0 mention the problem with the permission model used; mention the static attribute problem
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 7
diff changeset
   503
instance thus far where asking the user upfront makes sense. Specifications
f06ff848e6c0 mention the problem with the permission model used; mention the static attribute problem
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 7
diff changeset
   504
for other APIs should not use this pattern and instead employ one of the
f06ff848e6c0 mention the problem with the permission model used; mention the static attribute problem
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 7
diff changeset
   505
<a href="http://robert.ocallahan.org/2011/06/permissions-for-web-applications_30.html">many more suitable alternatives</a>.
f06ff848e6c0 mention the problem with the permission model used; mention the static attribute problem
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 7
diff changeset
   506
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   507
<p>The following are the <span data-anolis-spec=html>event handlers</span>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   508
(and their corresponding
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   509
<span data-anolis-spec=html title="event handler event type">event handler event types</span>)
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   510
that must be supported as attributes by the <code>Notification</code> object.
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   511
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   512
<table>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   513
 <thead>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   514
  <tr>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   515
   <th><span data-anolis-spec=html title="event handlers">event handler</span>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   516
   <th><span data-anolis-spec=html>event handler event type</span>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   517
 <tbody>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   518
  <tr>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   519
   <td><dfn title=handler-onclick><code>onclick</code></dfn>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   520
   <td><code title=event-click>click</code>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   521
  <tr>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   522
   <td><dfn title=handler-onshow><code>onshow</code></dfn>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   523
   <td><code title=event-show>show</code>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   524
  <tr>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   525
   <td><dfn title=handler-onerror><code>onerror</code></dfn>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   526
   <td><code title=event-error>error</code>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   527
  <tr>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   528
   <td><dfn title=handler-onclose><code>onclose</code></dfn>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   529
   <td><code title=event-close>close</code>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   530
</table>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   531
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   532
<p>The <dfn title=dom-Notification-close><code>close()</code></dfn> method
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   533
must run the <span>close steps</span> for the
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   534
<span title=concept-notification>notification</span>.
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   535
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   536
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   537
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   538
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   539
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   540
<h2>Rendering</h2>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   541
4
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   542
<p>This section is written in terms equivalent to those used in the
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   543
Rendering section of HTML. <span data-anolis-ref>HTML</span>
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   544
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   545
<!-- keep this in sync with
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   546
     http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/#text-rendered-in-native-user-interfaces -->
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   547
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   548
<p>User agents are expected to honor the Unicode semantics of the text of a
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   549
<span title=concept-notification>notification</span>'s <span>title</span>
5
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   550
and <span>body</span>. Each is expected to be treated as an independent set
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   551
of one or more bidirectional algorithm paragraphs when displayed, as defined
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   552
by the bidirectional algorithm's rules P1, P2, and P3, including, for
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   553
instance, supporting the paragraph-breaking behaviour of
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   554
U+000A LINE FEED (LF) characters. For each paragraph of the
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   555
<span>title</span> and <span>body</span>, the
4
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   556
<span title=concept-notification>notification</span>'s
5
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   557
<span>title direction</span> and <span>body direction</span> respectively
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   558
provide the higher-level override of rules P2 and P3 if they have a value
ce7609323bc7 bidi: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-web-notification/2012Jun/0003.html
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 4
diff changeset
   559
other than "<code title>auto</code>".
4
efe6a33eaa55 add some shaky text on bidi
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 3
diff changeset
   560
<span data-anolis-ref>BIDI</span>
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   561
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   562
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   563
<h2>Examples</h2>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   564
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   565
<h3>Using events</h3>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   566
13
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   567
<p><code>Notification</code> objects dispatch events during their lifecycle,
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   568
which developers can use to generate desired behaviors.
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   569
13
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   570
<p>The <code title=event-show>show</code> event dispatches when the
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   571
<span title=concept-notification>notification</span> is shown to the user
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   572
&mdash; this may be at some time after the notification is created in the
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   573
case of limited display space and a queue.
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   574
13
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   575
<p>In the following example, this event is used to guarantee that regardless
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   576
of when the notification is shown, it is displayed for only 15 seconds.
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   577
13
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   578
<pre class="example">var notification = new Notification("New Email Received", { iconUrl: "mail.png" })
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   579
notification.onshow = function() { setTimeout(notification.close(), 15000) }</pre>
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   580
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   581
<p>The <code title=event-close>close</code> events dispatches when the
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   582
notification is dismissed by the user. Developers may use this event to
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   583
perform actions when notifications are acknowledged.
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   584
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   585
<p>In the following example, when a meeting reminder notification is
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   586
acknowledged, the application suppresses other forms of reminders.
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   587
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   588
<pre class="example">var notification = new Notification("Meeting about to begin", { iconUrl: "calendar.gif", body: "Room 101" })
e6822fd2e4f2 fix examples using event handlers
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 12
diff changeset
   589
notification.onclose = function(event) { cancelReminders(event) }</pre>
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   590
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   591
7
5f2b3a2f7c6c tag is not an attribute anymore, strictly speaking
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 6
diff changeset
   592
<h3 id="tags-example">Using the <code title>tag</code> member for multiple instances</h3>
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   593
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   594
<p>Web applications frequently operate concurrently in multiple instances, such as when a
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   595
	user opens a mail application in multiple browser tabs.  Since the desktop is a shared
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   596
	resource, Web Notifications provides a way for these instances to easily coordinate, by
7
5f2b3a2f7c6c tag is not an attribute anymore, strictly speaking
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 6
diff changeset
   597
	using the <code title>tag</code> member.
1
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   598
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   599
<p>Notifications which represent the same conceptual event can be tagged in the same way,
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   600
	and when both are shown, the user will only receive one notification.
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   601
      </p>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   602
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   603
<pre class="example" title="">Instance 1                                   | Instance 2
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   604
                                             |
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   605
// Instance notices there is new mail.       |
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   606
new Notification("New mail from John Doe",   |
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   607
                 { tag: 'message1' });       |
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   608
                                             |
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   609
                                             |  // Slightly later, this instance notices
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   610
                                             |  // there is new mail.
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   611
                                             |  new Notification("New mail from John Doe",
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   612
                                             |                   { tag: 'message1' });</pre>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   613
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   614
<p>
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   615
	The result of this situation, if the user agent follows the algorithms here, is a <strong>single</strong> notification "New mail from John Doe".
0f513d43130e alternative Anolis draft with a few text improvements as well as the permission model
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   616
7
5f2b3a2f7c6c tag is not an attribute anymore, strictly speaking
Anne van Kesteren <annevk@opera.com>
parents: 6
diff changeset
   617
<h3>Using the <code title>tag</code> member for a single instance</h3>
1
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<p>The <code title>tag</code> member can also be used by a single instance of an application to keep its
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	notifications as current as possible as state changes.
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<p>For example, if Alice is using a chat application with Bob, and Bob sends multiple
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	messages while Alice is idle, the application may prefer that Alice not see a
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	desktop notification for each message.
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<pre class="example">// Bob says "Hi"
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new Notification("Bob: Hi", { tag: 'chat_Bob' });
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// Bob says "Are you free this afternoon?"
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new Notification("Bob: Hi / Are you free this afternoon?", { tag: 'chat_Bob' });</pre>
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<p>The result of this situation is a <em>single</em> notification; the second one
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	replaces the first having the same tag.  In a platform that queues notifications
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	(first-in-first-out), using the tag allows the notification to also maintain its
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	position in the queue.  Platforms where the newest notifications are shown first,
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	a similar result could be achieved using the
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	<code title=dom-Notification-close>close()</code> method.
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<h2 class=no-num>References</h2>
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<div id=anolis-references></div>
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<h2 class=no-num>Acknowledgments</h2>
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<p>Thanks to
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Aharon (Vladimir) Lanin,
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Alex Russell,
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Doug Turner,
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Drew Wilson,
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Edward O'Connor,
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Ian Hickson,
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James Graham,
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Jon Lee, and
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Jonas Sicking
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for being awesome.