ldp.html
author sspeiche
Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:22:40 -0500
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parent 479 c116a0ec33d8
child 481 beb136ede044
permissions -rw-r--r--
Updated LDPC DELETE language and cleanup todos
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<!DOCTYPE html>
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<!-- 
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	TODO: Search for them within this document.
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	TODO: Once companion documents (best practices, primer) have URLs, link to them.  Search on "companion".
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	TODO: Stabilize membership* names
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	TODO: Once the membership* names stabilize, take a pass through for "membership consistent value", membership-constant-URI
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     and see if there is a friendlier way to phrase it.
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	TODO: Paging intro: add 3rd example showing header linkage amongst pages and (HEAD on) the base resource.
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     Maybe also insert HEAD on base as new first example instead of relying on text alone.
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	TODO: The ReSpec SPARQL QUERY link is http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-sparql-query/ , which has highlighted text
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	referring readers to SPARQL 1.1.  Which normative reference do we want? http://www.w3.org/TR/sparql11-query/ Ask Sandro
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	TODO: Add new "discovery of server capabilities" non-norm section
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 Various pre-LC comments:
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    - TODO: (now 6.2.7) 5.2.5.1 For a given triple T with a subject C of the LDPC and predicate of ldp:containsRelation, 
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	  5.2.5.2 For a given triple T with a subject C of the LDPC and predicate of ldp:containedByRelation, 
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	  5.2.10 Some LDPC's have membership object's that are not directly URIs minted upon LDPC member creation, 
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	  (JohnA) I found these particularly hard to read.  And I perpetrated the SortCollation paragraphs.  
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	  Links to examples might be an 80-20 solution. 
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	- TODO: 5.3.1: I'd change the link to the example ("as in the example") to refer the concrete example #, I think example 9. 
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	  Currently does not work when printing.
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 Misc during LC comments:
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    - TODO: #1 Should update example in 5.1.3 to be more clear on what the request vs base URI is.  Also example is missing ldp:nextPage.
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       http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-ldp/2013Aug/0002.html
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 -->
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<html>
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  <head>
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    <title>Linked Data Platform 1.0</title>
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    <!-- Changed by: , 07-Feb-2014 -->
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    <meta http-equiv='Content-Type' content='text/html;charset=utf-8'/>
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    <!-- 
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      === NOTA BENE ===
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      For the three scripts below, if your spec resides on dev.w3 you can check them
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      out in the same tree and use relative links so that they'll work offline,
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     -->
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    <script src='https://www.w3.org/Tools/respec/respec-w3c-common' class='remove' async></script> 
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    <script class='remove'>
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      var respecConfig = {
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          // specification status (e.g. WD, LCWD, NOTE, etc.). If in doubt use ED.
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          specStatus:           "ED",
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          // the specification's short name, as in http://www.w3.org/TR/short-name/
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          shortName:            "ldp",
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          // if your specification has a subtitle that goes below the main
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          // formal title, define it here
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          // subtitle   :  "an excellent document",
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          // if you wish the publication date to be other than today, set this
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          publishDate:  "",
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          // if the specification's copyright date is a range of years, specify
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          // the start date here:
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          // copyrightStart: "2005"
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          // if there is a previously published draft, uncomment this and set its YYYY-MM-DD date
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          // and its maturity status
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          previousPublishDate:  "2013-07-30",
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          previousMaturity:  	"LC",
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          previousURI: 			"http://www.w3.org/TR/2013/WD-ldp-20130730/",
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          // if there a publicly available Editor's Draft, this is the link
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          edDraftURI:           "http://www.w3.org/2012/ldp/hg/ldp.html",
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          // if this is a LCWD, uncomment and set the end of its review period
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          lcEnd: "2013-09-02",
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          // Only include h1 and h2 level
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          maxTocLevel: 2,
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          // if you want to have extra CSS, append them to this list
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          // it is recommended that the respec.css stylesheet be kept
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          //extraCSS:             ["https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/ldpwg/css/respec.css"],
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          // editors, add as many as you like
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          // only "name" is required
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          editors:  [
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              { name: "Steve Speicher", url: "http://stevespeicher.blogspot.com",
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                company: "IBM Corporation", companyURL: "http://ibm.com/" },
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              { name: "John Arwe", url: "https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/mydeveloperworks/groups/service/html/allcommunities?userid=120000CAW7",
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                company: "IBM Corporation", companyURL: "http://ibm.com/" },
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			  {name: "Ashok Malhotra", url: "mailto:ashok.malhotra@oracle.com",
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			    company: "Oracle Corporation", companyURL: "http://www.oracle.com" },
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          ],
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          // authors, add as many as you like. 
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          // This is optional, uncomment if you have authors as well as editors.
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          // only "name" is required. Same format as editors.
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          //authors:  [
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          //    { name: "Your Name", url: "http://example.org/",
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          //      company: "Your Company", companyURL: "http://example.com/" },
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          //],
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          // name of the WG
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          wg:           "Linked Data Platform Working Group",
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          // URI of the public WG page
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          wgURI:        "http://www.w3.org/2012/ldp",
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          // name (without the @w3c.org) of the public mailing to which comments are due
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          wgPublicList: "public-ldp-comments",
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          // URI of the patent status for this WG, for Rec-track documents
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          // !!!! IMPORTANT !!!!
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          // This is important for Rec-track documents, do not copy a patent URI from a random
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          // document unless you know what you're doing. If in doubt ask your friendly neighbourhood
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          // Team Contact.
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          wgPatentURI:  "http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/55082/status",
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          doRDFa: "1.1",
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			localBiblio:  {
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				"HTTPBIS-SEMANTICS": {
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					title:    "Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content"
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				,   href:     "http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics/"
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				,   authors:  [
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						"R. Fielding"
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					,   "J. Reschke"
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					]
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				,   status:   "In Last Call"
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				,   publisher:  "IETF"
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				},
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				"RFC2817": {
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					title:    "Upgrading to TLS Within HTTP/1.1"
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				,   href:     "http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2817"
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				,   authors:  [
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						"R. Khare"
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					,   "S. Lawrence"
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					]
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				,   status:   "Proposed Standard"
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				,   publisher:  "IETF"
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				},
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				"RFC5005": {
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					title:    "Feed Paging and Archiving"
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				,   href:     "http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5005"
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				,   authors:  [
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						"M. Nottingham"
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					]
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				,   status:   "Proposed Standard"
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				,   publisher:  "IETF"
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				}
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			},
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      };
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    </script>
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    <style type="text/css">
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    	div.rule {padding-top: 1em;}
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    	div.ldp-issue-open {
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	    	border-color: #E05252;
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			background: #FBE9E9;
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			padding: 0.5em;
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			margin: 1em 0;
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			position: relative;
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			clear: both;
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			border-left-width: .5em;
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			border-left-style: solid;
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    	}
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    	div.ldp-issue-pending {
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	    	border-color: #FAF602;
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			background: #F7F6BC;
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			padding: 0.5em;
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			margin: 1em 0;
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			position: relative;
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			clear: both;
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			border-left-width: .5em;
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			border-left-style: solid;
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    	}
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    	div.ldp-issue-closed {
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	    	border-color: #009900;
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			background: #BCF7CF;
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			padding: 0.5em;
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			margin: 1em 0;
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			position: relative;
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			clear: both;
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			border-left-width: .5em;
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			border-left-style: solid;
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    	}
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    	div.ldp-issue-title {
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    	    color: #E05252;
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    	    padding-right: 1em;
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            min-width: 7.5em;
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    	}
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		.atrisk {
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			padding:    1em;
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			margin: 1em 0em 0em;
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			border: 1px solid #f00;
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			background: #ffc;
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		}
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		.atrisktext {
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			/* content:    "Feature At Risk"; */
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			display:    block;
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			width:  150px;
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			margin: -1.5em 0 0.5em 0;
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			font-weight:    bold;
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			border: 1px solid #f00;
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			background: #fff;
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			padding:    3px 1em;
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		}
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		.normal { 
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			font-weight: normal;
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			font: normal 100% sans-serif;
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		}
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		.indented { 
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			margin-left: +3em;
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		}
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		tr:nth-of-type(odd),.oddrow { 
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			background:#F2F2F2; /* light grey, just enough to differentiate from white */
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		}
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		td { 
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			padding:0 +1ex 0 +1ex; /* add a bit of space from rule/edge to text */
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		}
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    </style>
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    <style type="text/css" media="all">
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    	code {
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    	    font-weight:bold;
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			font-size:larger;
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    	}
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		 /* ReSpec uses color ff4500 for code elements, which does not print well on some black & white printers
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		    and is a little hard to read for some folks even on-line. 
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			The default code font size was also somewhat too small/hard to read.
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		*/
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    </style>
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  </head>
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<body>
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<section id='abstract'>
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This document describes a set of best practices and simple approach for a read-write Linked Data architecture, based on
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HTTP access to web resources that describe their state using the <abbr title="Resource Description Framework">RDF</abbr>
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data model.
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</section>
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<section class="informative" id="intro">
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<h1>Introduction</h1>
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	<p>This specification describes the use
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	of HTTP for accessing, updating, creating and deleting resources from
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	servers that expose their resources as Linked Data.  It provides clarifications
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	and extensions of the rules of Linked Data [[LINKED-DATA]]:</p>
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	<ol>
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		<li>Use URIs as names for things</li>
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		<li>Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names</li>
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		<li>When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards
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			(RDF*, <abbr title="SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language">SPARQL</abbr>)
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		</li>
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		<li>Include links to other URIs, so that they can discover more things</li>
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	</ol>
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	<p>This specification discusses standard HTTP and RDF techniques  
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	used when constructing clients and servers that 
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	create, read, and write <a title="Linked Data Platform Resource">Linked Data Platform Resources</a>.
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	A companion document discusses best practices that you 
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	should use, and anti-patterns you should avoid, when constructing these clients and servers.
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	</p> 
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	<p>This specification provides a widely re-usable pattern to deal with large resources.  
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	Depending on the server’s capabilities, a GET request on a <a title="Paged resource">resource</a> can
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	be redirected to a <a title="Single-page resource">subset of the resource (one page)</a>, that provides access to subsequent pages 
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	(see <a href="#ldpr-Paging" class="sectionRef"></a>). 
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	</p>
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	<p>This specification defines a special type of <a>Linked Data Platform Resource</a>: a 
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	<a title="Linked Data Platform Container">Container</a>.  Containers are very useful 
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	in building application models involving collections of resources, often homogeneous ones. 
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	For example, universities offer a collection of classes 
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	and have a collection of faculty members, each faculty member teaches a collection of courses, and so on. 
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	This specification discusses how to work with containers.  Resources can be added to containers  
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	using standard HTTP operations like 
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	POST (see <a href="#ldpc-HTTP_POST" class="sectionRef"></a>).</p>
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	<p>The intention of this specification is to enable additional rules and layered groupings of rules as 
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	additional specifications.  The scope is intentionally narrow to provide a set of key rules for 
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	reading and writing Linked Data that most, if not all, other specifications will depend upon and 
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	implementations will support.</p>
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	<p>For context and background, it could be useful to read <a href="#bib-LDP-UCR">Linked Data Platform Use Case and Requirements</a> [[LDP-UCR]] 
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	and <a href="#base-specs" class="sectionRef"></a>.</p>
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</section>
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<section id="terms">
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<h1>Terminology</h1>
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<p>Terminology is based on W3C's Architecture of the World Wide Web [[WEBARCH]] and Hyper-text Transfer Protocol [[HTTP11]].
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</p>
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  <dl class="glossary">
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	<dt>Link</dt>
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	<dd>A relationship between two resources when one resource (representation) refers to the other resource by means
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		of a URI [[WEBARCH]].
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		<p></p></dd>
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	<dt>Linked Data</dt>
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	<dd>As defined by Tim Berners-Lee [[LINKED-DATA]].<p></p></dd>
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	<dt>Client</dt>
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	<dd>A program that establishes connections for the purpose of sending requests [[HTTP11]].<p></p></dd>
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	<dt>Server</dt>
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	<dd>An application
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		program that accepts connections in order to service requests by
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		sending back responses. 
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		<p>Any given program may be capable of being
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		both a client and a server; our use of these terms refers only to
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		the role being performed by the program for a particular
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		connection, rather than to the program's capabilities in general.
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		Likewise, any server may act as an origin server, proxy, gateway,
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		or tunnel, switching behavior based on the nature of each request
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		[[HTTP11]]. </p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform Resource</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform Resource">LDPR</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>A HTTP resource whose state is represented in any way that conforms to the simple lifecycle
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		patterns and conventions in <a href="#ldpr" class="sectionRef"></a>.<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform RDF Resource</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RR</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>An <a title="Linked Data Platform Resource">LDPR</a> whose state is represented in RDF, corresponding to
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	an RDF <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf11-concepts/#dfn-named-graph">named graph</a> [[rdf11-concepts]].
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	<p></p></dd>	
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform Binary Resource</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform Binary Resource">LDP-BR</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>A <a title="Linked Data Platform Resource">LDPR</a> whose state is <em>not</em> represented in RDF.
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	These are binary or text documents that do not have useful RDF representations.
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform Container</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform Container">LDPC</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>An LDPR representing a collection of <a title="Membership">member</a> resources and/or <a title="Containment">contained</a>
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	documents (information resources [[!WEBARCH]])
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	that responds to client requests for creation, modification, and/or enumeration of its members and documents, 
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	and that conforms to the simple lifecycle
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	patterns and conventions in <a href="#ldpc" class="sectionRef"></a>.
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform Basic Container</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform Basic Container">LDP-BC</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>A <a title="Linked Data Platform Container">LDPC</a> that uses a single pre-defined predicate to link to both
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	its <a title="Containment">contained</a> and <a title="Membership">member</a> documents (information resources) [[!WEBARCH]].
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform Direct Container</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform Direct Container">LDP-DC</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>A <a title="Linked Data Platform Container">LDPC</a> that has the flexibility of choosing what form its 
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	<a title="Membership triples">membership triples</a> take, and allows <a title="Membership">members</a> to be 
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	any resources [[!WEBARCH]], not only documents.
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Linked Data Platform Indirect Container</dfn> (<abbr title="Linked Data Platform Indirect Container">LDP-IC</abbr>)</dt>
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	<dd>A <a title="Linked Data Platform Container">LDPC</a> that is similar to a <a title="Linked Data Platform Direct Container">LDP-DC</a>
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	and is capable of accepting creation requests that result in <a title="Membership">members</a> being added based
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	on the content of its <a title="Containment">contained</a> documents rather than the URIs assigned to those documents.
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Membership</dfn></dt>
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	<dd>The relationship linking an LDP-RR (LDPCs are also LDP-RRs) and its member LDPRs.  
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	There often is a linked LDPC that assists with managing the member LDPRs.<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Membership triples</dfn></dt>
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	<dd>A set of triples in an LDPC's state that lists its members.
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		A container's membership triples all have one of the following patterns:
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		<table class="indented">
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		<tr>
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		<td style="background:#DDDDDD"> <var>membership-constant-URI</var> </td>
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		<td style="background:#FFFFFF"> <var>membership-predicate</var> </td>
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		<td style="background:#CCFFFF"> <var>member-derived-URI</var> </td>
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		</tr>
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		<tr>
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		<td style="background:#CCFFFF"> <var>member-derived-URI</var> </td>
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		<td style="background:#FFFFFF"> <var>membership-predicate</var> </td>
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		<td style="background:#DDDDDD"> <var>membership-constant-URI</var> </td>
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		</tr>
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		</table>
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		The difference between the two is simply which position member-derived-URI occupies, which is usually
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		driven by the choice of <var>membership-predicate</var>.  Most predicates have a natural forward direction
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		inherent in their name, and existing vocabularies contain useful examples that read naturally in
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		each direction.  <code>ldp:member</code> and <code>dcterms:isPartOf</code> are representative examples.
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		<p>
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		Each container exposes properties (see <a href="#ldpc-general" class="sectionRef"></a>)
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		that allow clients to determine which pattern it
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		uses, what the actual <var>membership-predicate</var> and <var>membership-constant-URI</var> values are, 
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		and (for containers that allow the creation of new members) what value is used
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		for the <var>member-derived-URI</var> based on the client's input to the 
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		creation process.</p>
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Membership predicate</dfn></dt>
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	<dd>The predicate of all a LDPC's <a title="Membership triples">membership triples</a>.
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Containment</dfn></dt>
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	<dd>The relationship binding an LDPC to LDPRs whose lifecycle it controls and is aware of.  The
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	lifecycle of the contained LDPR is limited by the lifecycle of the containing LDPC;
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	that is, a contained LDPR cannot be created (through LDP-defined means) before its containing LDPC exists.
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	<p></p></dd>
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	<dt><dfn>Containment triples</dfn></dt>
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	<dd>
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	A set of triples in an LDPC's state, maintained by the LDPC, that lists documents created by the LDPC but not yet deleted.
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	These triples <strong>always</strong> have the form: <var>( LDPC URI, ldp:contains , document-URI )</var>.
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	<p></p></dd>
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diff changeset
   386
474
a074b88f9b68 ACTION-132: Use Prefer in place of non-member properties resource
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diff changeset
   387
	<dt><dfn>Empty-container triples</dfn></dt>
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diff changeset
   388
	<dd>
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diff changeset
   389
	The portion of an LDPC's state that would be present when the container is empty.  Currently, this definition
a074b88f9b68 ACTION-132: Use Prefer in place of non-member properties resource
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diff changeset
   390
	is equivalent to all the LDPC's triples minus its containment triples and minus its membership
a074b88f9b68 ACTION-132: Use Prefer in place of non-member properties resource
John Arwe
parents: 473
diff changeset
   391
	triples, but if future versions of LDP define additional classes of triples then this definition
a074b88f9b68 ACTION-132: Use Prefer in place of non-member properties resource
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parents: 473
diff changeset
   392
	would expand to subtract out those classes as well.
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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diff changeset
   393
	<p></p></dd>
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   394
	
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   395
	<dt><dfn>Paged resource</dfn></dt>
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   396
	<dd>A LDP-RR whose representation may be too large to fit in a single HTTP response, for which an
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   397
	LDP server offers a sequence of single-page <a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a>.  
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   398
	When the representations of the sequence's resources
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   399
	are combined by a client, the client has a (potentially incomplete or incoherent) copy of the paged resource's
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   400
	state.  If a paged resource <var>P</var> is a LDP-RR and is broken into a sequence of pages
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   401
	(single-page resources) <var>P<sub>1</sub>, P<sub>2</sub>, ...,P<sub>n</sub></var>,
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   402
	the representation of each <var>P<sub>i</sub></var> contains
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   403
	a subset of the triples in <var>P</var>.
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   404
	LDP allows paging of resources other than <a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a>, 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
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diff changeset
   405
	but does not specify how clients combine
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   406
	their representations.  See <a href="#ldpr-Paging" class="sectionRef"></a> for additional details.  For readers
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
   407
	familiar with paged feeds [[RFC5005]], a paged resource is similar to a logical feed.
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   408
	Any resource could be considered to be a paged resource consisting of exactly one page, 
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   409
	although there is no known advantage in doing so.
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   410
	<p></p></dd>
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   411
	
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   412
	<dt><dfn>Single-page resource</dfn></dt>
464
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diff changeset
   413
	<dd>One of a sequence of related <a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
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parents: 463
diff changeset
   414
	<var>P<sub>1</sub>, P<sub>2</sub>, ...,P<sub>n</sub></var>, 
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   415
	each of which contains a subset of the state
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   416
	of another resource <var>P</var>.  <var>P</var> is called the paged resource.
412
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   417
	For readers
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
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parents: 414
diff changeset
   418
	familiar with paged feeds [[RFC5005]], a single-page resource is similar to a feed document and the same
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   419
	coherency/completeness considerations apply.
413
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parents: 412
diff changeset
   420
	<a href="#ldpr-pagingGET-sequences-change">LDP provides no guarantees that the sequence is stable</a>.
416
166375df8bf8 Various editorial and validation fixes
sspeiche
parents: 415
diff changeset
   421
	<p>
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   422
	Note: the choice of terms was designed to help authors and readers clearly differentiate between
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   423
	the <a title="Paged resource"><em>resource being paged</em></a>, and the 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
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parents: 393
diff changeset
   424
	<a title="Single-page resource"><em>individual page resources</em></a>, 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   425
	in cases where both are mentioned in
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   426
	close proximity.  
225
3836f2670382 Added term page resource
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parents: 224
diff changeset
   427
	<p></p></dd>
3836f2670382 Added term page resource
sspeiche
parents: 224
diff changeset
   428
	
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   429
	<dt><dfn>first page link</dfn></dt>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   430
	<dd>A link to the first <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   431
	of a <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a> <var>P</var>.  Syntactically, a
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   432
	HTTP <code>Link &lt;<var>P<sub>1</sub></var>&gt;; rel='first'</code>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   433
	header [[!RFC5988]].
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   434
	<p></p></dd>
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   435
	
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   436
	<dt><dfn>next page link</dfn></dt>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   437
	<dd>A link to the next <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> 
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   438
	of a <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a> <var>P</var>.  Syntactically, a
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   439
	HTTP <code>Link &lt;<var>P<sub>i</sub></var>&gt;; rel='next'</code>
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
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parents: 414
diff changeset
   440
	header [[!RFC5988]] where the target URI is <var>P<sub>i=2...n</sub></var>.
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   441
	<p></p></dd>
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   442
	
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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diff changeset
   443
	<dt><dfn>last page link</dfn></dt>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   444
	<dd>A link to the last <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a>
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   445
	of a <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a> <var>P</var>.  Syntactically, a
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   446
	HTTP <code>Link &lt;<var>P<sub>n</sub></var>&gt;; rel='last'</code>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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diff changeset
   447
	header [[!RFC5988]].
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   448
	<p></p></dd>
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   449
	
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   450
	<dt><dfn>previous page link</dfn></dt>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   451
	<dd>A link to the previous <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> 
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   452
	of a <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a> <var>P</var>.  Syntactically, a
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parents: 410
diff changeset
   453
	HTTP <code>Link &lt;<var>P<sub>i</sub></var>&gt;; rel='prev'</code>
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
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parents: 414
diff changeset
   454
	header [[!RFC5988]] where the target URI is <var>P<sub>i=1...n-1</sub></var>.
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
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parents: 21
diff changeset
   455
	<p></p></dd>
175
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   456
	
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parents:
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   457
  </dl>
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
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parents: 21
diff changeset
   458
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
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diff changeset
   459
<section id="conventions">
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diff changeset
   460
<h2>Conventions Used in This Document</h2>
12
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parents:
diff changeset
   461
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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   462
	<p>Sample resource representations are provided in <code>text/turtle</code>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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parents:
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   463
		format [[TURTLE]].</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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   464
	<p>Commonly used namespace prefixes:</p>
93
598be81efe5f Expanded on wording for 4.3 to be more consistent
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parents: 92
diff changeset
   465
	<pre style="word-wrap: break-word; white-space: pre-wrap;">	@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
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parents: 451
diff changeset
   466
	@prefix foaf:     &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt;.
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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parents:
diff changeset
   467
	@prefix rdf:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&gt;.
42
2aeef316040a ISSUE-25 made changes for composition model
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parents: 40
diff changeset
   468
	@prefix ldp:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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parents:
diff changeset
   469
	@prefix xsd:     &lt;http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#&gt;.</pre>
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parents:
diff changeset
   470
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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   471
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
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diff changeset
   472
    
71
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diff changeset
   473
<section id='conformance'>
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   474
72
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diff changeset
   475
<p>The status of the sections of Linked Data Platform 1.0 (this document) is as follows:</p>
71
5a2794d3ab13 ISSUE-31 Added a more complete conformance section, motived by SPARQL 1.1
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   476
<ul>
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
John Arwe
parents: 462
diff changeset
   477
  <li>1. Introduction: <b>non-normative</b></li>
222
1db581afd1ec Added informative section 4.1 , therefore shifting all sections by one 4.1->4.2, etc
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parents: 221
diff changeset
   478
  <li>2. Terminology: <b>normative</b></li>
71
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   479
  <li>3. Conformance: <b>normative</b></li>
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   480
  <li>4. Linked Data Platform Resources: <b>normative</b></li>
5a2794d3ab13 ISSUE-31 Added a more complete conformance section, motived by SPARQL 1.1
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   481
  <li>5. Linked Data Platform Containers: <b>normative</b></li>
194
b6d66196a02d Fixed biblirefs, consistency items and moved editor todo into comments
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diff changeset
   482
  <li>6. HTTP Header Definitions: <b>normative</b></li>
463
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parents: 462
diff changeset
   483
  <li>A. Acknowledgements: <b>non-normative</b></li> 
234
992015a0d3cd Setting all LC status items for prep for publication
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parents: 233
diff changeset
   484
  <li>B.1 Normative references: <b>normative</b></li>
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
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parents: 462
diff changeset
   485
  <li>B.2 Non-normative references: <b>non-normative</b></li>
71
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diff changeset
   486
</ul>
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   487
447
f7f6d5fe3313 Fix up conformance section to use new LDP client section
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parents: 443
diff changeset
   488
<p>A conforming <b><dfn>LDP client</dfn></b> is a conforming HTTP client [[!HTTP11]] that follows the rules defined by LDP in
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   489
<a href="#ldpclient" class="sectionRef"></a>.
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   490
</p>
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   491
447
f7f6d5fe3313 Fix up conformance section to use new LDP client section
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parents: 443
diff changeset
   492
<p>A conforming <b><dfn>LDP server</dfn></b> is a conforming HTTP server [[!HTTP11]] that follows the rules defined by LDP in 
372
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   493
<a href="#ldpr" class="sectionRef"></a> when it is serving LDPRs, and also
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   494
<a href="#ldpc" class="sectionRef"></a> when it is serving LDPCs.
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   495
LDP does not constrain its behavior when serving other HTTP resources.
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parents: 370
diff changeset
   496
</p>
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parents: 69
diff changeset
   497
</section>
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diff changeset
   498
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
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diff changeset
   499
<section id="ldpclient">
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   500
<h1>Linked Data Platform Clients</h1>
438
5fc5b459c993 Removed redudant reqs that have been moved to 4. Linked Data Platform Clients
sspeiche
parents: 437
diff changeset
   501
<p>All of the following are conformance rules for <a title="LDP server">LDP Clients</a>.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   502
</p>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   503
<section><h2>General</h2>
470
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   504
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   505
	<section id="ldp-cli-multitype"><h2 class="normal">In the absence of special knowledge of the application or domain, 
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   506
		<a title="LDP client">LDP clients</a> MUST assume that any LDP-RR can have multiple values for <code>rdf:type</code>.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   507
	</h2></section> <!-- Was 4.3.5 / #ldpr-4_3_5 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   508
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   509
	<section id="ldpr-cli-typeschange"><h2 class="normal">In the absence of special knowledge of the application or domain, 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   510
		<a title="LDP client">LDP clients</a> MUST assume that the <code>rdf:type</code> values
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   511
		of a given LDP-RR can change over time.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   512
	</h2></section> <!-- Was 4.3.6 / #ldpr-4_3_6 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   513
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   514
	<section id="ldpr-cli-openpreds"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP client">LDP clients</a> SHOULD always assume that the set of predicates for a
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   515
		LDP-RR of a particular type at an arbitrary server is open, in the
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   516
		sense that different resources of the same type may not all have the
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   517
		same set of predicates in their triples, and the set of predicates that
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   518
		are used in the state of any one LDP-RR is not limited to any pre-defined
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   519
		set.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   520
	</h2></section> <!-- Was 4.5.3 / #ldpr-ldpr-4_5_3 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   521
	
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   522
	<section id="ldpr-cli-preservetriples"><h2 class="normal">
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   523
		A <a title="LDP client">LDP client</a> MUST preserve all triples retrieved from an LDP-RR using HTTP <code>GET</code> that
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   524
		it doesn’t change whether it understands the predicates or not, when
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   525
		its intent is to perform an update using HTTP <code>PUT</code>.  The use of HTTP
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   526
		<code>PATCH</code> instead of HTTP <code>PUT</code> for update avoids this burden for clients
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   527
		[[RFC5789]].
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   528
	</h2></section> <!-- Was 4.5.5 / #ldpr-ldpr-4_5_5 -->
470
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   529
	
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   530
	<section id="ldpr-cli-can-hint"><h2 class="normal">
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   531
		<a title="LDP client">LDP clients</a> MAY 
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   532
		provide LDP-defined hints that allow servers to optimize the content of responses.
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   533
		<a href="#prefer-parameters" class="sectionRef"></a> defines hints that apply to 
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   534
		<a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a>.
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   535
	</h2></section> 
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   536
	
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   537
	<section id="ldpr-cli-hints-ignorable"><h2 class="normal">
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   538
		<a title="LDP client">LDP clients</a> MUST 
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   539
		be capable of processing responses formed by an LDP server that ignores hints,
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   540
		including LDP-defined hints.
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   541
	</h2></section> 
eb040e50a66f ACTION-126: Add Prefer header, adjusted for TallTed's results
John Arwe
parents: 469
diff changeset
   542
	
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   543
</section>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   544
</section> <!-- Client constraints -->
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   545
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   546
<section id="ldpr">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   547
<h1>Linked Data Platform Resources</h1>
222
1db581afd1ec Added informative section 4.1 , therefore shifting all sections by one 4.1->4.2, etc
sspeiche
parents: 221
diff changeset
   548
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   549
<section class="informative" id="ldpr-informative">
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   550
<h2>Introduction</h2>
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 21
diff changeset
   551
	<p>Linked Data Platform Resources (<dfn><abbr title="Linked Data Platform Resources">LDPRs</abbr></dfn>) are HTTP resources
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   552
		that conform to the simple patterns and conventions in this section.
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   553
		HTTP requests to access, modify, create or delete LDPRs are accepted
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   554
		and processed by <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a>. Most LDPRs are domain-specific resources
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   555
		that contain data for an entity in some domain, which could be
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   556
		commercial, governmental, scientific, religious, or other.</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   557
	<p>Some of the rules defined in this document provide
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 21
diff changeset
   558
		clarification and refinement of the base Linked Data rules [[LINKED-DATA]];
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   559
		others address additional needs.</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   560
	<p>The rules for Linked Data Platform Resources address basic
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   561
		questions such as:</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   562
	<ul>
231
38d1a7faf1c4 Various editorial comments from PA
sspeiche
parents: 230
diff changeset
   563
		<li>What resource representations should be used?</li>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   564
		<li>How is optimistic collision detection handled for updates?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   565
		<li>What should client expectations be for changes to linked-to resources,
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   566
				such as type changes?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   567
		<li>What can servers do to ease the burden of constraints for resource
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   568
				creation?</li>
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   569
		<li>How	do I GET the representation of a large resource broken up into pages?</li>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   570
	</ul>
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
John Arwe
parents: 462
diff changeset
   571
	<p>Additional non-normative guidance is available in the <a
439
28beff0a4f89 Updated reference to LDP BPG editor's draft and added ref to LDP-UCR
sspeiche
parents: 438
diff changeset
   572
			href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/ldpwg/raw-file/default/ldp-bp/ldp-bp.html"
28beff0a4f89 Updated reference to LDP BPG editor's draft and added ref to LDP-UCR
sspeiche
parents: 438
diff changeset
   573
			class="external"
28beff0a4f89 Updated reference to LDP BPG editor's draft and added ref to LDP-UCR
sspeiche
parents: 438
diff changeset
   574
			title="LDP Best Practices and Guidelines"
28beff0a4f89 Updated reference to LDP BPG editor's draft and added ref to LDP-UCR
sspeiche
parents: 438
diff changeset
   575
			rel="nofollow">LDP Best Practices and Guidelines editor's draft</a> that addresses
37
3e92cccfe6a3 edits to 4., 4.1.2, 4.1.6, http method support (aside from GET on LDPRs, and HEAD, HTTP governs), 5.2.1 clarify, 5.3.2/5.3.3 allow 3xx
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 33
diff changeset
   576
		questions such as:</p>
3e92cccfe6a3 edits to 4., 4.1.2, 4.1.6, http method support (aside from GET on LDPRs, and HEAD, HTTP governs), 5.2.1 clarify, 5.3.2/5.3.3 allow 3xx
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 33
diff changeset
   577
	<ul>
3e92cccfe6a3 edits to 4., 4.1.2, 4.1.6, http method support (aside from GET on LDPRs, and HEAD, HTTP governs), 5.2.1 clarify, 5.3.2/5.3.3 allow 3xx
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 33
diff changeset
   578
		<li>What literal value types should be used?</li>
3e92cccfe6a3 edits to 4., 4.1.2, 4.1.6, http method support (aside from GET on LDPRs, and HEAD, HTTP governs), 5.2.1 clarify, 5.3.2/5.3.3 allow 3xx
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 33
diff changeset
   579
		<li>Are there some typical vocabularies that should be reused?</li>
3e92cccfe6a3 edits to 4., 4.1.2, 4.1.6, http method support (aside from GET on LDPRs, and HEAD, HTTP governs), 5.2.1 clarify, 5.3.2/5.3.3 allow 3xx
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 33
diff changeset
   580
	</ul>
373
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
   581
	<p>The following sections define the conformance rules for LDP servers when serving LDPRs.
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   582
		This document also explains <a href="#ldpr-Paging">how a server paginates an LDP-RR's representation</a> if it gets too big.
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
John Arwe
parents: 462
diff changeset
   583
		Companion non-normative documents describe additional guidelines for use when interacting with LDPRs. 
373
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
   584
	</p>
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   585
	<p>An LDP server manages two kinds of <a title="Linked Data Platform Resources">LDPRs</a>, those resources who whose state 
461
64c0ca32c9e6 Cleanup from Action-123 add LDPR-RR and LDPR-BR
John Arwe
parents: 460
diff changeset
   586
	is represented using RDF (LDP-RR) and those using other formats (LDP-BR).  LDP-RRs have the unique
64c0ca32c9e6 Cleanup from Action-123 add LDPR-RR and LDPR-BR
John Arwe
parents: 460
diff changeset
   587
	quality that their representation is based on RDF, which addresses a number of use cases from web metadata, open data 
64c0ca32c9e6 Cleanup from Action-123 add LDPR-RR and LDPR-BR
John Arwe
parents: 460
diff changeset
   588
	models, machine processable information, and automated processing by software agents [[!RDF-CONCEPTS]].  LDP-BRs are almost anything
64c0ca32c9e6 Cleanup from Action-123 add LDPR-RR and LDPR-BR
John Arwe
parents: 460
diff changeset
   589
	on the Web today: images, HTML pages, word processing documents, spreadsheets, etc. and LDP-RRs hold 
64c0ca32c9e6 Cleanup from Action-123 add LDPR-RR and LDPR-BR
John Arwe
parents: 460
diff changeset
   590
	metadata associated with LDP-BRs in some cases.
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   591
	</p>
451
f68e4a59fba1 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 450
diff changeset
   592
    <figure id="fig-ldpr-types">
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   593
        <img src="images/ldpr1.png" alt="Sample separation of Linked Data Platform Resource" />
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   594
        <figcaption>Samples of different types of LDPRs</figcaption>
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   595
    </figure>
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   596
    <p>The LDP-BRs and LDP-RRs are simply sub-types of LDPRs, as illustrated in <a href="#fig-ldpr-class"></a>.</p>  
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   597
    <figure id="fig-ldpr-class">
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   598
       <img src="images/ldpr2.png" alt="Class Diagram of Linked Data Platform Resource" />
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   599
       <figcaption>Class relationship of types of LDPRs</figcaption>
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   600
     </figure>
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   601
	
222
1db581afd1ec Added informative section 4.1 , therefore shifting all sections by one 4.1->4.2, etc
sspeiche
parents: 221
diff changeset
   602
</section>
1db581afd1ec Added informative section 4.1 , therefore shifting all sections by one 4.1->4.2, etc
sspeiche
parents: 221
diff changeset
   603
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   604
<section id="ldpr-general">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   605
<h2>General</h2>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   606
		
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   607
	<section id="ldpr-gen-http"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST at least be HTTP/1.1 conformant servers [[!HTTP11]].
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   608
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.1 / #ldpr-4_2_1 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   609
	
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   610
	<section id="ldpr-gen-rdf"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST provide an RDF representation for <a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a>. 
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   611
	The HTTP <code>Request-URI</code> of the LDP-RR is typically the subject of most triples in the response.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   612
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.2 / #ldpr-4_2_2 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   613
	
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   614
	<section id="ldpr-gen-binary"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY host a mixture of LDPRs, <a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a>
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   615
	and <a title="Linked Data Platform Binary Resource">LDP-BRs</a>. For example, it
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   616
		is common for <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> to need to host binary or text resources
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   617
		that do not have useful RDF representations.</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.3 / #ldpr-4_2_3 -->
69
0f9825dea52b Updating some simple formatting, reorganizing open issues and todos
sspeiche
parents: 68
diff changeset
   618
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   619
	<section id="ldpr-gen-reusevocab"><h2 class="normal"><a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a> SHOULD reuse existing vocabularies instead of creating
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 21
diff changeset
   620
		their own duplicate vocabulary terms.  In addition to this general rule, some specific cases are
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 21
diff changeset
   621
		covered by other conformance rules.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   622
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.4 / #ldpr-4_2_4 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   623
	
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   624
	<section id="ldpr-gen-reusevocabsuchas"><h2 class="normal"><a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a> predicates SHOULD use standard vocabularies such as Dublin Core
188
8eaaca309617 Various editorial clean up items from editor todo list
sspeiche
parents: 187
diff changeset
   625
		[[!DC-TERMS]], RDF [[!RDF-CONCEPTS]] and RDF Schema [[!RDF-SCHEMA]], whenever
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 21
diff changeset
   626
		possible.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   627
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.4.1 / #ldpr-4_2_4_1 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   628
	
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   629
	<section id="ldpr-gen-atleast1rdftype"><h2 class="normal"><a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RRs</a> representations SHOULD have at least one <code>rdf:type</code>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   630
		set explicitly.  This makes the representations much more useful to
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   631
		client applications that don’t support inferencing.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   632
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.5 / #ldpr-4_2_5 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   633
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   634
	<section id="ldpr-gen-etags"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP server</a> responses MUST use entity tags (either 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   635
		weak or strong ones) as response <code>ETag</code> header values.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   636
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.8 / #ldpr-4_2_8 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   637
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   638
	<section id="ldpr-gen-linktypehdr"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a>
434
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   639
		exposing LDPRs 
149
3f5f825f1155 issue-57 How can a client determine that it is in communication with an LDP server?
John Arwe
parents: 134
diff changeset
   640
		MUST advertise their LDP support by exposing a HTTP <code>Link</code> header
454
4a28a15ee8fd ACTION-120 (complete) Updated LDPC general, GET and POST sections
sspeiche
parents: 453
diff changeset
   641
		with a target URI of <code>http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#Resource</code>, and
402
935e1e08d2bb Fix some typos around paging, move to single quotes for link relations per 5988
John Arwe
parents: 395
diff changeset
   642
		a link relation type of <code>type</code> (that is, <code>rel='type'</code>)
149
3f5f825f1155 issue-57 How can a client determine that it is in communication with an LDP server?
John Arwe
parents: 134
diff changeset
   643
		in all responses to requests made 
434
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   644
		to the LDPR's HTTP <code>Request-URI</code>. 
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   645
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.10 / #ldpr-4_2_10 -->
454
4a28a15ee8fd ACTION-120 (complete) Updated LDPC general, GET and POST sections
sspeiche
parents: 453
diff changeset
   646
	
4a28a15ee8fd ACTION-120 (complete) Updated LDPC general, GET and POST sections
sspeiche
parents: 453
diff changeset
   647
	<!-- TODO: Is this RDFResource or just Resource?  Language gets odd in section #ldpc-post-createrdf , where it says "then the server MUST create
4a28a15ee8fd ACTION-120 (complete) Updated LDPC general, GET and POST sections
sspeiche
parents: 453
diff changeset
   648
	an LDPR".  If client sent a JPEG and type=#RDFResource, what should the server do?  If the more generic #Resource, seems to catch
4a28a15ee8fd ACTION-120 (complete) Updated LDPC general, GET and POST sections
sspeiche
parents: 453
diff changeset
   649
	what is intended -->
434
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   650
	<blockquote>
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   651
		<p>
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   652
		Note: 
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   653
		The HTTP <code>Link</code> header is the method by which servers assert their support for the LDP specification 
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   654
		on a specific resource in a way that clients can inspect dynamically at run-time.   
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   655
		This is <strong>not</strong> equivalent to the
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   656
		presence of a <var>(subject-URI, <code>rdf:type</code>, <code>ldp:Resource</code>)</var> triple in an RDF resource.
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   657
		The presence of this header asserts that the server complies with the LDP specification's constraints on 
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   658
		HTTP interactions with LDPRs, that is
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   659
		it asserts that the resource <a href="#ldpr-gen-tags">has Etags</a>, <a href="#ldpr-gen-rdf">has an RDF representation</a>, and so on,
434
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   660
		which is not true of all Web resources served as RDF media types.
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   661
		</p>
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   662
		<p>
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   663
		Note: 
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   664
		<a href="#ldpr-gen-binary">A LDP server can host a mixture of LDPRs and other resources</a>, and therefore there is no implication
192
221002315344 Removed 4.1.5 and various formatting issues
sspeiche
parents: 191
diff changeset
   665
		that LDP support advertised on one HTTP <code>Request-URI</code> means that other 
221002315344 Removed 4.1.5 and various formatting issues
sspeiche
parents: 191
diff changeset
   666
		resources on the same server are also LDPRs.  Each HTTP <code>Request-URI</code> needs to be 
434
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   667
		individually inspected, in the absence of outside information.
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   668
		</p>
83b656184387 Action-122 close ISSUE-91, by adding that for an LDPC the link header is type=LDPC
John Arwe
parents: 433
diff changeset
   669
	</blockquote>
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   670
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   671
	<section id="ldpr-gen-noinferencing"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a>
152
938e7d21cc10 issue-78 inferencing levels add 4.1.13
John Arwe
parents: 151
diff changeset
   672
		MUST NOT require LDP clients to implement inferencing in order to recognize the subset
215
da72115eb40b Various updates per review of Raul
sspeiche
parents: 213
diff changeset
   673
		of content defined by LDP.  Other specifications built on top of LDP may require clients
188
8eaaca309617 Various editorial clean up items from editor todo list
sspeiche
parents: 187
diff changeset
   674
		to implement inferencing [[!RDF-CONCEPTS]].  The practical implication is that all content defined by LDP
152
938e7d21cc10 issue-78 inferencing levels add 4.1.13
John Arwe
parents: 151
diff changeset
   675
		must be explicitly represented. 
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   676
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.11 / #ldpr-4_2_11 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   677
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   678
	<section id="ldpr-gen-defbaseuri"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST assign the default 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   679
		base-URI for [[!RFC3987]] relative-URI resolution to be the HTTP 
224
39ca65760446 Removed 5.4.8.1 and added 4.2.12 to better handle base/rel URI
sspeiche
parents: 223
diff changeset
   680
		<code>Request-URI</code> when the resource already exists, and to the URI of the created resource when the request results 
39ca65760446 Removed 5.4.8.1 and added 4.2.12 to better handle base/rel URI
sspeiche
parents: 223
diff changeset
   681
		in the creation of a new resource.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   682
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.12 / #ldpr-4_2_12 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   683
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   684
	<section id="ldpr-gen-pubclireqs"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST 
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   685
		publish any constraints on <a title="LDP client">LDP clients’</a> ability to 
402
935e1e08d2bb Fix some typos around paging, move to single quotes for link relations per 5988
John Arwe
parents: 395
diff changeset
   686
		create or update LDPRs, by adding a Link header with <code>rel='describedby'</code> 
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   687
		[[!POWDER-DR]] to all responses to requests which fail due to violation of 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   688
		those constraints.  For example, a server that refuses resource creation 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   689
		requests via HTTP PUT, POST, or PATCH would return this <code>Link</code> header on its 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   690
		4xx responses to such requests.
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   691
		The same <code>Link</code> header MAY be provided on other responses.  LDP neither 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   692
		defines nor constrains the representation of the link's target resource; 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   693
		as stated in [[POWDER-DR]], the target might (or might not) be a POWDER 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   694
		document.  Natural language constraint documents are therefore permitted, 
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   695
		although machine-readable ones facilitate better client interactions.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   696
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.13 / #ldpr-4_2_13 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   697
	
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   698
	<section id="ldpr-page-large"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD allow clients to retrieve large LDP-RRs in
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   699
		pages.
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   700
		See <a href="#ldpr-Paging" class="sectionRef"></a> for additional requirements associated with <a title="Paged resource">paged resources</a>.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   701
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.14 / #ldpr-4_2_14 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   702
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   703
	<section id="ldpr-split-any"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY 
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   704
		treat any resource (LDP-RR or not) as a <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a>. 
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   705
		See <a href="#ldpr-Paging" class="sectionRef"></a> for additional details.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   706
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.2.15 / #ldpr-4_2_15 -->
152
938e7d21cc10 issue-78 inferencing levels add 4.1.13
John Arwe
parents: 151
diff changeset
   707
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   708
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   709
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   710
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_GET">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   711
<h2>HTTP GET</h2>
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   712
	<section id="ldpr-get-must"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST support the HTTP <code>GET</code> Method for LDPRs.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   713
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.3.1 / #ldpr-4_3_1 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   714
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   715
	<section id="ldpr-get-options"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST support the HTTP response headers defined in 
228
ec118c66c122 Moved 4.7.2 (from HEAD) to 4.3.2 (GET), shifted rest of GET section by one
sspeiche
parents: 227
diff changeset
   716
		<a href="#ldpr-HTTP_OPTIONS" class="sectionRef"></a>.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   717
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.3.2 / #ldpr-4_3_2 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   718
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   719
	<section id="ldpr-get-turtle"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST provide a <code>text/turtle</code>
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   720
		representation of the requested <a title="Linked Data Platform RDF Resource">LDP-RR</a> [[!TURTLE]].
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   721
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.3.3 / #ldpr-4_3_3 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   722
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   723
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   724
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   725
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_POST">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   726
<h2>HTTP POST</h2>
479
c116a0ec33d8 Resolved a few editoral TODO's
John Arwe
parents: 477
diff changeset
   727
	<p>
c116a0ec33d8 Resolved a few editoral TODO's
John Arwe
parents: 477
diff changeset
   728
		Per [HTTP11], this HTTP method is optional and 
c116a0ec33d8 Resolved a few editoral TODO's
John Arwe
parents: 477
diff changeset
   729
		this specification does not require <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> to support it.
c116a0ec33d8 Resolved a few editoral TODO's
John Arwe
parents: 477
diff changeset
   730
		When a LDP server chooses to support this method, 
c116a0ec33d8 Resolved a few editoral TODO's
John Arwe
parents: 477
diff changeset
   731
		this specification imposes the following new requirements for LDPRs.
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   732
	</p>
479
c116a0ec33d8 Resolved a few editoral TODO's
John Arwe
parents: 477
diff changeset
   733
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   734
	<p>Clients can create LDPRs via <code>POST</code> (<a href="#ldpc-HTTP_POST" class="sectionRef"></a>) or
215
da72115eb40b Various updates per review of Raul
sspeiche
parents: 213
diff changeset
   735
		<code>PUT</code> (<a href="#ldpc-HTTP_PUT" class="sectionRef"></a>) to a LDPC, see those 
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   736
		sections for more details.  Any server-imposed constraints on LDPR creation or update  
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   737
		<a href="#ldpr-gen-pubclireqs">must be advertised</a> to clients.
480
96f2d9c4a742 Updated LDPC DELETE language and cleanup todos
sspeiche
parents: 479
diff changeset
   738
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   739
	</p>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   740
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   741
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   742
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_PUT">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   743
<h2>HTTP PUT</h2>
475
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   744
	<p>
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   745
		Per [HTTP11], this HTTP method is optional and 
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   746
		this specification does not require <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> to support it.
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   747
		When a LDP server chooses to support this method, 
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   748
		this specification imposes the following new requirements for LDPRs.
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   749
	</p>
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   750
		
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   751
	<p>
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   752
		Any server-imposed constraints on LDPR creation or update  
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   753
		<a href="#ldpr-gen-pubclireqs">must be advertised</a> to clients.
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   754
	</p>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   755
		
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   756
	<section id="ldpr-put-replaceall"><h2 class="normal">If a HTTP <code>PUT</code> is accepted on an existing resource, 
389
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   757
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   758
		replace the entire persistent state of the identified resource with
61
2f8a2d58e65c ISSUE-11 - 4.4.1 Relaxed the MUST ignore dc:modified/creator to MAY
sspeiche
parents: 60
diff changeset
   759
		the entity representation in the body of the request. 
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   760
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY ignore server managed properties such as <code>dcterms:modified</code> 
61
2f8a2d58e65c ISSUE-11 - 4.4.1 Relaxed the MUST ignore dc:modified/creator to MAY
sspeiche
parents: 60
diff changeset
   761
		and <code>dcterms:creator</code> if they are not under
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   762
		client control. Any <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> that wish
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   763
		to support a more sophisticated merge of data provided by the client
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   764
		with existing state stored on the server for a resource MUST use HTTP
192
221002315344 Removed 4.1.5 and various formatting issues
sspeiche
parents: 191
diff changeset
   765
		<code>PATCH</code>, not HTTP <code>PUT</code>.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   766
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.5.1 / #ldpr-4_5_1 -->
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   767
		
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   768
	<section id="ldpr-put-servermanagedprops"><h2 class="normal">
389
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   769
		If an otherwise valid HTTP <code>PUT</code> request is received 
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   770
		that attempts to change triples the server does not allow clients to modify, 
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   771
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST 
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   772
		respond with a 4xx range status code (typically
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   773
		409 Conflict). 
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   774
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD provide a corresponding response body containing
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   775
		information about which triples could not be
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   776
		persisted.
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   777
		The format of the 4xx response body is not constrained by LDP.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   778
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.5.1.1 / #ldpr-4_5_1_1 -->
389
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   779
	<blockquote>
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
John Arwe
parents: 462
diff changeset
   780
		Non-normative note: Clients might provide triples equivalent to those already in the resource's state,
389
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   781
		e.g. as part of a GET/update representation/PUT sequence, and those PUT requests are intended to work as long as the 
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   782
		server-controlled triples are identical on the GET response and the subsequent PUT request.
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   783
	</blockquote>
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   784
		
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   785
	<section id="ldpr-put-precond"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP client">LDP clients</a> SHOULD use the HTTP <code>If-Match</code>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   786
		header and HTTP <code>ETags</code> to ensure it isn’t
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   787
		modifying a resource that has changed since the client last retrieved
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   788
		its representation. <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD require the HTTP <code>If-Match</code> header and HTTP <code>ETags</code>
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   789
		to detect collisions. <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST respond with status code 412
122
14197f56039e Issue-74 resolution - 428 precondition required
John Arwe
parents: 120
diff changeset
   790
		(Condition Failed) if <code>ETag</code>s fail to match when there are no other
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   791
		errors with the request [[!HTTP11]].  <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> that require conditional requests MUST respond with status code 428
122
14197f56039e Issue-74 resolution - 428 precondition required
John Arwe
parents: 120
diff changeset
   792
		(Precondition Required) when the absence of a precondition is the only reason for rejecting the request [[!RFC6585]].
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   793
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.5.2 / #ldpr-4_5_2 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   794
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   795
	<section id="ldpr-put-failed"><h2 class="normal">
389
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   796
		If an otherwise valid HTTP <code>PUT</code> request is received that contains triples the server 
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   797
		chooses not to persist, e.g. unknown content,
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   798
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST respond with an appropriate 4xx range status code
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   799
		[[HTTP11]].  
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   800
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD provide a corresponding response body containing
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   801
		information about which triples could not be
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   802
		persisted.
f1dbb042137b Resolve ACTION-109 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for ignoring triples on PUT
John Arwe
parents: 388
diff changeset
   803
		The format of the 4xx response body is not constrained by LDP.
416
166375df8bf8 Various editorial and validation fixes
sspeiche
parents: 415
diff changeset
   804
		<!-- TODO: MUST respond with Link rel='describedBy' as in 4.2.13 -->
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   805
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.5.4 / #ldpr-4_5_4 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   806
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   807
	<section id="ldpr-put-create"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY choose to allow the creation of new resources using HTTP <code>PUT</code>.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   808
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.5.6 / #ldpr-4_5_6 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   809
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   810
	<section id="ldpr-put-simpleupdate"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD allow clients to update resources without
33
3c8c101f3f97 2012-12-28 - Fixed Typos. Separated some compound rules like 4.1.5. Rewording for clarity: 4.1.10,
John Arwe <johnarwe@us.ibm.com>
parents: 21
diff changeset
   811
		requiring detailed knowledge of server-specific constraints.  
451
f68e4a59fba1 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 450
diff changeset
   812
		This is a consequence of the requirement to enable simple creation and modification of LDPRs.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   813
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.5.7 / #ldpr-4_5_7 -->	
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   814
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   815
		
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   816
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_DELETE">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   817
<h2>HTTP DELETE</h2>
475
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   818
	<p>
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   819
		Per [HTTP11], this HTTP method is optional and 
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   820
		this specification does not require <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> to support it.
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   821
		When a LDP server chooses to support this method, 
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   822
		this specification imposes the following new requirements for LDPRs.
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   823
	</p>
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   824
		
192
221002315344 Removed 4.1.5 and various formatting issues
sspeiche
parents: 191
diff changeset
   825
	<p>Additional requirements on HTTP <code>DELETE</code> of LDPRs within containers can be found in
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   826
	<a href="#ldpc-HTTP_DELETE" class="sectionRef"></a>.
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
   827
	</p>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   828
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   829
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   830
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_HEAD">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   831
<h2>HTTP HEAD</h2>
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   832
	<p>Note that certain LDP mechanisms, such as <a href="#ldpr-Paging">paging</a>, rely on HTTP headers, and HTTP generally requires that
192
221002315344 Removed 4.1.5 and various formatting issues
sspeiche
parents: 191
diff changeset
   833
		<code>HEAD</code> responses include the same headers as <code>GET</code> responses.  
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   834
		Thus, implementers should also carefully read sections <a href="#ldpr-HTTP_GET"></a> 
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   835
		and <a href="#ldpr-HTTP_OPTIONS"></a>.</p>
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   836
	<section id="ldpr-head-must"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST support the HTTP <code>HEAD</code> method.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   837
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.7.1 / #ldpr-4_7_1 -->
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   838
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   839
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   840
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_PATCH">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   841
<h2>HTTP PATCH</h2>
475
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   842
	<p>
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   843
		Per [HTTP11], this HTTP method is optional and 
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   844
		this specification does not require <a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> to support it.
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   845
		When a LDP server chooses to support this method, 
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   846
		this specification imposes the following new requirements for LDPRs.
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   847
	</p>
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   848
		
e36ed82a31a7 Put final stake in heart of 'informative' (waves to Sandro), update boilerplate for readability per Arnaud
John Arwe
parents: 474
diff changeset
   849
	<p>
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   850
		Any server-imposed constraints on LDPR creation or update  
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   851
		<a href="#ldpr-gen-pubclireqs">must be advertised</a> to clients.
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   852
	</p>	
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   853
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   854
	<section id="ldpr-patch-create"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD NOT allow clients to create new resources using <code>PATCH</code>.
393
8197019f4604 ACTION-110 Update spec to reflect 10/21 resolution for normative changes to align vanilla/chocolate
John Arwe
parents: 389
diff changeset
   855
		<a href="#ldpc-HTTP_POST"><code>POST</code> (to an LDPC)</a> and/or <a href="#ldpr-HTTP_PUT"><code>PUT</code></a> should be used as the standard way to create new LDPRs.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   856
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.8.3 / #ldpr-4_8_3 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   857
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   858
	<section id="ldpr-patch-acceptpatch"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> that support <code>PATCH</code> MUST
158
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   859
		include an <code>Accept-Patch</code> HTTP response header [[!RFC5789]] on HTTP <code>OPTIONS</code>
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   860
		requests, listing patch document media type(s) supported by the server.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   861
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.8.4 / #ldpr-4_8_4 -->
186
a3471f4667d8 Removed closed issues that required no new spec changes: 50, 56, 16, 19, 17
sspeiche
parents: 185
diff changeset
   862
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   863
</section>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
   864
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   865
<section id="ldpr-HTTP_OPTIONS">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   866
<h2>HTTP OPTIONS</h2>
158
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   867
	<p>This specification imposes the following new requirements on HTTP <code>OPTIONS</code> for LDPRs 
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   868
		beyond those in [[!HTTP11]].  Other sections of this specification, for example 
167
ae4592939639 issue-80 Add Accept-Post
John Arwe
parents: 158
diff changeset
   869
		<a href="#ldpr-HTTP_PATCH">PATCH</a>,
ae4592939639 issue-80 Add Accept-Post
John Arwe
parents: 158
diff changeset
   870
		<a href="#header-accept-post">Accept-Post</a>
ae4592939639 issue-80 Add Accept-Post
John Arwe
parents: 158
diff changeset
   871
		and <a href="#ldpr-paging-HTTP_OPTIONS">Paging</a>,
158
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   872
		add other requirements on <code>OPTIONS</code> responses.
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   873
		</p>
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   874
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   875
	<section id="ldpr-options-must"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST support the HTTP <code>OPTIONS</code> method.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   876
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.9.1 / #ldpr-4_9_1 -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   877
		
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   878
	<section id="ldpr-options-allow"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST indicate their support for HTTP Methods by
158
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   879
		responding to a HTTP <code>OPTIONS</code> request on the LDPR’s URL with the HTTP
192
221002315344 Removed 4.1.5 and various formatting issues
sspeiche
parents: 191
diff changeset
   880
		Method tokens in the HTTP response header <code>Allow</code>.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   881
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.9.2 / #ldpr-4_9_2 -->
158
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   882
		
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   883
</section>
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
   884
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   885
<section id="ldpr-Paging">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   886
<h2>Paging</h2>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   887
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   888
<section class="informative" id="ldpr-PagingIntro">
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
John Arwe
parents: 462
diff changeset
   889
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
   890
<h3>Introduction</h3>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   891
	<p>It sometimes happens that a
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   892
		resource is too large to reasonably transmit its representation in a
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   893
		single HTTP response.  
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   894
		To address this problem, servers should support a technique called Paging.  
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   895
		When a client retrieves such a resource, the server redirects the client to a "first page" resource, and includes in its response
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   896
		a link to the next part of the resource's state, all at a URLs of the server's choosing.
448
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   897
		The triples in the representation of the <a title="Single-page resource">each page of an LDPR</a>
72e366f1195f ACTION-123 Added concepts of LDP-RDF-Resource and LDP-Binary-Resource
sspeiche
parents: 447
diff changeset
   898
		are typically a subset of the triples from the <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a>.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   899
	</p>
372
d85ca5c8cb68 Preparing for profiles - conformance section updates; add link to IETF draft
John Arwe
parents: 370
diff changeset
   900
	<p><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> may respond to requests for a
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   901
		resource by redirecting to the first page of the resource and, with that, returning 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   902
		a <code>Link &lt;next-page-URL&gt;;type='next'</code> header containing the URL for the next page.
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   903
		Clients inspect each response for the link header to see if additional pages
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   904
		are available; paging does not affect the choice of HTTP status code.
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   905
		Note that paging is lossy, as described in [[RFC5005]], and so (as stated there)
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   906
		clients should not make any assumptions about a set of pages being a complete or 
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   907
		coherent snapshot of a resource's state.</p>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   908
	<p>
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   909
		Looking at an example resource representing Example Co.'s customer
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   910
		relationship data, identified by the URI <code>http://example.org/customer-relations</code>,
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   911
		we’ll split the response across two pages.  
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   912
		The client 
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   913
		retrieves <code>http://example.org/customer-relations</code>, and
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   914
		the server responds with <a href="#atrisk-333">status code <code>333 (Returning Related)</code></a>, 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   915
		a <code>Location: http://example.org/customer-relations?page1</code> HTTP response header,
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   916
		and the following representation:
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   917
	</p>
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   918
419
afe7bcda2e56 + ids on remaining examples
Eric Prud'hommeaux <eric@w3.org>
parents: 418
diff changeset
   919
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-page1"># The following is the representation of
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   920
#    http://example.org/customer-relations?page1
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   921
#    Requests on the URI will result in responses that include the following HTTP header
402
935e1e08d2bb Fix some typos around paging, move to single quotes for link relations per 5988
John Arwe
parents: 395
diff changeset
   922
#       Link: &lt;http://example.org/customer-relations?p=2&gt;; rel='next'
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   923
#    This Link header is how clients discover the URI of the next page in sequence,
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   924
#    and that the resource supports paging.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   925
@prefix rdf: &lt;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&gt;.
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   926
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   927
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt;.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   928
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   929
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   930
@base &lt;http://example.org/customer-relations&gt;.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   931
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   932
&lt;&gt;
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   933
   a o:CustomerRelations;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   934
   dcterms:title "The customer information for Example Co.";
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   935
   o:client &lt;#JohnZSmith&gt;, &lt;#BettyASmith&gt;, &lt;#JoanRSmith&gt;. 
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   936
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   937
&lt;#JohnZSmith&gt;
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   938
   a foaf:Person;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   939
   o:status o:ActiveCustomer;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   940
   foaf:name "John Z. Smith".
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   941
&lt;#BettyASmith&gt;
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   942
   a foaf:Person;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   943
   o:status o:PreviousCustomer;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   944
   foaf:name "Betty A. Smith".
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   945
 &lt;#JoanRSmith&gt;
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   946
   a foaf:Person;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   947
   o:status o:PotentialCustomer;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   948
   foaf:name "Joan R. Smith".</pre>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   949
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   950
	<p>
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   951
		Because the server includes a <code>Link: &lt;http://example.org/customer-relations?p=2&gt;; rel='next'</code>
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   952
		response header, and the status code is 3xx (<code>333 (Returning Related)</code> in this case), 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   953
		the client knows that more data exists and where to find it.
232
c38de2977a87 Editorial changes from feedback from Sergio
sspeiche
parents: 231
diff changeset
   954
		The server determines the size of the pages using application specific methods not defined
402
935e1e08d2bb Fix some typos around paging, move to single quotes for link relations per 5988
John Arwe
parents: 395
diff changeset
   955
		within this specificiation. The next page link's target URI is also
232
c38de2977a87 Editorial changes from feedback from Sergio
sspeiche
parents: 231
diff changeset
   956
		defined by the server and not this specification.
c38de2977a87 Editorial changes from feedback from Sergio
sspeiche
parents: 231
diff changeset
   957
	</p>
c38de2977a87 Editorial changes from feedback from Sergio
sspeiche
parents: 231
diff changeset
   958
	<p>
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   959
		The following example is the result of retrieving
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   960
		the next page; 
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
   961
		the server responds with status code <code>200 (OK)</code> and the following representation:
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   962
	</p>
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   963
419
afe7bcda2e56 + ids on remaining examples
Eric Prud'hommeaux <eric@w3.org>
parents: 418
diff changeset
   964
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-page2"># The following is the representation of
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   965
#  http://example.org/customer-relations?p=2
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   966
#
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   967
#  There is no "next" Link in the server's response, so this is the final page.
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   968
#
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   969
@prefix rdf: &lt;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&gt;.
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   970
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   971
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt;.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   972
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   973
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   974
@base &lt;http://example.org/customer-relations&gt;.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   975
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   976
&lt;&gt;
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   977
   o:client &lt;#GlenWSmith&gt;, &lt;#AlfredESmith&gt;. 
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   978
 
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   979
&lt;#GlenWSmith&gt;
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   980
   a foaf:Person;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   981
   o:status o:ActiveCustomer, o:GoldCustomer;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   982
   foaf:name "Glen W. Smith".
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   983
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   984
&lt;#AlfredESmith&gt;
198
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   985
   a foaf:Person;
8afbf5c571e1 Updated LDPR paging section with new non-container example
sspeiche
parents: 194
diff changeset
   986
   o:status o:ActiveCustomer, o:BronzeCustomer;
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   987
   foaf:name "Alfred E. Smith".
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
   988
 </pre>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   989
	<p>
215
da72115eb40b Various updates per review of Raul
sspeiche
parents: 213
diff changeset
   990
		In this example, there are only two customers provided in the
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
   991
		final page.  To indicate this is the last page, the server omits the <code>Link: rel='next'</code> 
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
   992
		header in its response.
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
   993
	</p>
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   994
	<p>
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   995
		As mentioned above, retrieving all the pages offered by a server gives no guarantee to a client
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   996
		that it knows the entire state of the server.  For example, after the server constructs the
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   997
		the first page representation, another
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   998
		actor could delete <code>client#BettyASmith</code> from the server.  
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
   999
	</p>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
  1000
</section>
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
  1001
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1002
<section id="ldpr-PagingGET">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1003
<h3>HTTP GET</h3>
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1004
	<p>In addition to the requirements set forth in <a href="#ldpr-HTTP_GET" class="sectionRef"></a> on HTTP <code>GET</code>, 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1005
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> that support paging must 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1006
		also follow the requirements in this section for all <a title="Paged resource">paged resources</a>
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1007
		and their associated <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resources</a>.
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1008
	</p>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
  1009
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1010
	<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-sequences-change"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1011
		add <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resources</a> to a 
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1012
		<a title="Paged resource">paged resource's</a> sequence over time,
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1013
		but SHOULD only add pages to the end of a sequence.
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1014
		</h2><!-- Was 4.10.2.1 / #ldpr-pagingGET-sequences-change -->
463
ae72388dbb82 start action-127 paging use of [23]xx response code; also changed 'informative' to 'non-normative' so sandro is happy[ier]
John Arwe
parents: 462
diff changeset
  1015
		<blockquote>Non-normative note: 
414
a5d0c19a9474 remote-only respec whining
John Arwe
parents: 413
diff changeset
  1016
		As a result, clients retrieving any <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> several times can observe its place in the sequence
413
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1017
		change as the state of the <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a> changes.
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1018
		For example, a nominally last page's server might provide a
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1019
		<a>next page link</a> when the page is retrieved.  Similar situations arise when the page sequence crosses server boundaries; 
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1020
		server A might host the initial portion of a sequence that links to the last page server A is aware of,  
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1021
		hosted on server B, and server B might extend the sequence of pages.
55af75032d16 Fix respec messages that only show up on remote server, hit paging examples to remove appearance of inlining
John Arwe
parents: 412
diff changeset
  1022
		</blockquote>
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1023
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1024
		<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-first-allowed-onpages"><h2 class="normal">
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1025
			<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY provide 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1026
			a <a>first page link</a> when responding to 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1027
			requests with any <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1028
		</h2></section><!-- Was 4.10.2.1.1 / #ldpr-pagingGET-sequences-change -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1029
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1030
		<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-last-allowed-onpages"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1031
			provide a <a>last page link</a>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1032
			in responses to <code>GET</code> requests with any <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1033
		</h2></section><!-- Was 4.10.2.1.3 / #ldpr-pagingGET-last-allowed-onpages -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1034
	</section>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1035
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1036
	<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-next-reqd"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST
412
b5f309858d98 Resolve ACTION-113 Update spec to reflect 11/04 resolution to remove 303 and have client use first/next links to detect paging
John Arwe
parents: 410
diff changeset
  1037
		provide a <a>next page link</a>
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1038
		in responses to <code>GET</code> requests with any <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1039
		<em>other than the final page</em>
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1040
		as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1041
		This is the mechanism by which clients can discover the URL of the next page. 
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1042
	</h2><!-- Was 4.10.2.2 / #ldpr-pagingGET-next-reqd-change -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1043
	
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1044
		<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-lastnext-prohibited"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST NOT
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1045
			provide a <a>next page link</a>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1046
			in responses to <code>GET</code> requests with the final <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1047
			as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1048
			This is the mechanism by which clients can discover the end of the page sequence
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1049
			as currently known by the server.  
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1050
		</h2></section><!-- Was 4.10.2.2.1 / #ldpr-pagingGET-lastnext-prohibited -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1051
		
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1052
		<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-prev-allowed"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MAY
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1053
			provide a <a>previous page link</a>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1054
			in responses to <code>GET</code> requests with any <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1055
			<em>other than the first page</em>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1056
			as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1057
			This is one mechanism by which clients can discover the URL of the previous page.  
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1058
		</h2></section><!-- Was 4.10.2.2.2 / #ldpr-pagingGET-prev-allowed -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1059
		
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1060
		<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-firstprev-prohibited"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST NOT
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1061
			provide a <a>previous page link</a>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1062
			in responses to <code>GET</code> requests with the <em>first</em> <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> 
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1063
			as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1064
			This is one mechanism by which clients can discover the beginning of the page sequence
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1065
			as currently known by the server.  
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1066
		</h2></section><!-- Was 4.10.2.2.3 / #ldpr-pagingGET-firstprev-prohibited -->
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1067
	</section>
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1068
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1069
	<section id="ldpr-pagingGET-page-type-reqd"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> MUST
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1070
		provide an HTTP <code>Link</code>
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1071
		header whose target URI is <code>http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#Page</code>, and whose link relation type is <code>type</code> [[!RFC5988]]
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1072
		in responses to <code>GET</code> requests with any <a title="Single-page resource">single-page resource</a> 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1073
		as the <code>Request-URI</code>.
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1074
		This is one mechanism by which clients know that the resource is one of a sequence of pages.  
435
e9efbc3a3ba8 First attempt at correcting section ordering and anchors
sspeiche
parents: 434
diff changeset
  1075
	</h2></section><!-- Was 4.10.2.4 / #ldpr-pagingGET-page-type-reqd -->
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1076
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1077
	<div class="atrisk" id="atrisk-333"><p class="atrisktext">Feature At Risk</p>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1078
		<p>The LDP Working Group proposes incorporation of the features described in the next compliance clause.</p>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1079
		<ul>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1080
		<li><p>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1081
		A <a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-tag/2013Dec/0041.html">TAG discussion</a> has started,
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1082
		whose goal is to reduce the need for two request-response round trips down to one when retrieving what 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1083
		turns out to be the first page of a paged resource, by defining a new
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1084
		HTTP response code in the <code>2xx</code> or <code>3xx</code> class that would allow a server to
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1085
		respond to <code>GET request-uri</code> requests with the representation of the first page 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1086
		(whose URI is <code>first-page-uri</code>, not <code>request-uri</code>) of a multi-page response.
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1087
		</p></li>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1088
		<li><p>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1089
		For the purposes of drafting this section, we assume that the 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1090
		new code's value is <code>333 (Returning Related)</code>,
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1091
		<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-tag/2014Jan/0023.html">an LDP extrapolation from TAG discussions,</a>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1092
		and its definition is given by 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1093
		<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-tag/2014Jan/0015.html">Henry Thompson's strawman</a>, with the substitution of 333 for 2xx.
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1094
		Note: nothing prevents servers or clients from using <code>303 See Other</code> responses to 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1095
		requests for <a title="Paged resource">paged resources</a>.  The only significant difference between 303 and 333 responses
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1096
		is the extra round trip required for the client to retrieve the representation of the first page when using 303.
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1097
		</p></li>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1098
		<li><p>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1099
		Once LDP is a
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1100
		Candidate Recommendation, the LDP WG will make an assessment based on the status at IETF,
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1101
		working with the W3C Director, to either use the newly defined response code 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1102
		as documented in this section or to revert to a classic 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1103
		<code>303</code> response pattern.
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1104
		</p></li>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1105
		</ul>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1106
	</div>
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1107
		
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1108
	<section id="ldpr-status-code"><h2 class="normal"><a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> SHOULD respond 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1109
		with HTTP status code <code>333 (Returning Related)</code> 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1110
		to successful <code>GET</code> requests with any <a title="Paged resource">paged resource</a> 
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1111
		as the <code>Request-URI</code>, although any appropriate code MAY be used.
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1112
	</h2></section>
134
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
  1113
</section>
917946ac571e ISSUE-33 Moved 5.1.3 Paging (LDPC) to 4.8 (LDPR)
sspeiche
parents: 130
diff changeset
  1114
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1115
<section id="ldpr-paging-HTTP_OPTIONS">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1116
<h3>HTTP OPTIONS</h3>
158
8af0b25f2748 issue-32 MUST support OPTIONS
John Arwe
parents: 152
diff changeset
  1117
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1118
	<p>In addition to the requirements set forth in 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1119
		<a href="#ldpr-HTTP_OPTIONS" class="sectionRef"></a> on HTTP <code>OPTIONS</code>, 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1120
		<a title="LDP server">LDP servers</a> that support paging must also 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1121
		follow the requirements in this section for all <a title="Paged resource">paged resources</a>.
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1122
		Note that LDP only requires enough from <code>OPTIONS</code> 
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1123
		for discovery of paging support on a resource, which is considerably
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1124
		less than is required for HTTP <code>GET</code>.  
480
96f2d9c4a742 Updated LDPC DELETE language and cleanup todos
sspeiche
parents: 479
diff changeset
  1125
		This lowers server implementation effor	t.
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1126
	</p>
464
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1127
	
77fd28c9eb94 action-127 use tag [23]xx status code for paging; also change paging to be for LDP-RRs as a consequence of issue-89 vocab changes
John Arwe
parents: 463
diff changeset
  1128
	<!-- TODO: This section is empty - looks weird, and it is linked to from other sections -->
395
0408e1e5bbf8 ACTION-105: Update spec to reflect 9/30 resolution moving Paging links to HTTP headers (partial: does not include sort criteria changes yet)
John Arwe
parents: 393
diff changeset
  1129
174
72ce83f4ec7f issue-58 actions 88,89 (new predicates)
John Arwe
parents: 173
diff changeset
  1130
</section> <!-- h3 -->
72ce83f4ec7f issue-58 actions 88,89 (new predicates)
John Arwe
parents: 173
diff changeset
  1131
72ce83f4ec7f issue-58 actions 88,89 (new predicates)
John Arwe
parents: 173
diff changeset
  1132
</section> <!-- h2 -->
72ce83f4ec7f issue-58 actions 88,89 (new predicates)
John Arwe
parents: 173
diff changeset
  1133
72ce83f4ec7f issue-58 actions 88,89 (new predicates)
John Arwe
parents: 173
diff changeset
  1134
</section> <!-- h1 -->
72ce83f4ec7f issue-58 actions 88,89 (new predicates)
John Arwe
parents: 173
diff changeset
  1135
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1136
<section id="ldpc">
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1137
<h1>Linked Data Platform Containers</h1>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1138
333
3c2aaaea1f73 Fixed vanishing section ref problem
sspeiche
parents: 331
diff changeset
  1139
<section class="informative" id="ldpc-informative">		
466
7b840138bdf1 editorial cleanup; substantive hits to ldpc delete, remove reqt for direct containers to materialize insertedContentRelation (since it's value is fixed)
John Arwe
parents: 465
diff changeset
  1140
<h2>Introduction</h2>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1141
	<p>Many HTTP applications and sites have organizing
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1142
		concepts that partition the overall space of resources into smaller
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1143
		containers. Blog posts are grouped into blogs, wiki pages are grouped
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1144
		into wikis, and products are grouped into catalogs. Each resource
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1145
		created in the application or site is created within an instance of
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1146
		one of these container-like entities, and users can list the existing
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1147
		artifacts within one. Containers answer some basic questions, which
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1148
		are:</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1149
	<ol>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1150
		<li>To which URLs can I POST to create new resources?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1151
		<li>Where can I GET a list of existing resources?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1152
		<li>How	is the order of the container entries expressed?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1153
		<li>How do I get information about the members along with the container?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1154
		<li>How	can I ensure the resource data is easy to query?</li>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1155
	</ol>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1156
	<p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1157
		This document defines the representation and behavior of containers
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1158
		that address these issues. The set of members of a container is
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1159
		defined by a set of triples in its representation (and state) called
373
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1160
		the <a title="Membership triples">membership triples</a> that follow a consistent pattern
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1161
		(see the linked-to definition for the possible patterns). 
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1162
		The membership triples of a container all
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1163
		have the same predicate, called the membership predicate, 
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1164
		and either the subject or the object is also a consistent value
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1165
		– the remaining position of the membership
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1166
		triples (the one that varies) define the members of the container. 
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1167
		In the simplest cases, the
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1168
		consistent value will be the LDPC resource's URI, but it does not
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1169
		have to be. The membership predicate is also variable and will often
453
a70c321daf12 ACTION-120 (Part 3) Added ldp:member
sspeiche
parents: 452
diff changeset
  1170
		be a predicate from the server application vocabulary or the <code>ldp:member</code> predicate.
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1171
	</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1172
	<p>This document includes a set of guidelines for
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1173
		creating new resources and adding them to the list of
104
78fd14175304 ISSUE-59 5.3.2 limited rdf:type of ldp:Container, removed 5.6.3, reworded 5.6.2, updated 1.
sspeiche
parents: 102
diff changeset
  1174
		members of a container. It goes on to explain how to learn about a set of related
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1175
		resources, regardless of how they were created or added to the container's membership.
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1176
		It also defines behavior when resources created using a container are later deleted;
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1177
		deleting containers removes membership information and
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1178
		possibly performs some cleanup tasks on unreferenced member resources.</p>
104
78fd14175304 ISSUE-59 5.3.2 limited rdf:type of ldp:Container, removed 5.6.3, reworded 5.6.2, updated 1.
sspeiche
parents: 102
diff changeset
  1179
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1180
	<p>The following illustrates a very simple
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1181
		container with only three members and some information about the
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1182
		container (the fact that it is a container and a brief title):</p>
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1183
419
afe7bcda2e56 + ids on remaining examples
Eric Prud'hommeaux <eric@w3.org>
parents: 418
diff changeset
  1184
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-simple"># The following is the representation of
449
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1185
#    http://example.org/c1/
309
ea3cce737943 Get examples to validate, per http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-ldp-wg/2013Aug/0002.html and messages that came up once those noted were fixed.
John Arwe
parents: 274
diff changeset
  1186
<!-- @base is here only so it's easier to paste into validators for checking -->
449
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1187
# @base &lt;http://example.org/c1/&gt;
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1188
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1189
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1190
72
73a5766e4794 ISSUE-29 - Use relative URIs in examples
sspeiche
parents: 71
diff changeset
  1191
&lt;&gt;
449
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1192
   a ldp:Container, ldp:BasicContainer;
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1193
   dcterms:title "A very simple container";
467
0eed67a3db4e Simplified some of the container examples
sspeiche
parents: 466
diff changeset
  1194
   ldp:contains &lt;r1&gt;, &lt;r2&gt;, &lt;r3&gt;.</pre>
449
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1195
 
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1196
   	<figure id="fig-ldpc-basic">
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1197
        <img src="images/ldpc-basic.png" alt="Sample Linked Data Platform Basic Container" />
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1198
        <figcaption>Sample of Linked Data Platform Basic Container</figcaption>
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1199
    </figure>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1200
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1201
	<p>This example is very straightforward - the
467
0eed67a3db4e Simplified some of the container examples
sspeiche
parents: 466
diff changeset
  1202
	membership and containment predicate are both <code>ldp:contains</code> and the other
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1203
	consistent membership value is the container's
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1204
	URI, occurring in the subject position of the triples. 
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1205
	A POST to this container will create a new resource
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1206
	and add it to the list of members by adding a new membership triple
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1207
	to the container.  This type of container is also refered to as
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1208
	<a title="Linked Data Platform Basic Container">LDP Basic Container</a>.</p>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1209
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1210
	<p>Sometimes it is useful to use a subject
373
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1211
	other than the container itself as the consistent membership value, and/or to use
467
0eed67a3db4e Simplified some of the container examples
sspeiche
parents: 466
diff changeset
  1212
	a  predicate from an application's domain model as the membership predicate. Let's
88
a02636c16f05 Fixed typo in new text
sspeiche
parents: 87
diff changeset
  1213
	start with a domain resource for a person's net worth, as illustrated below:</p>
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1214
			
233
37842c77d995 Fixed dup id problem in example
sspeiche
parents: 232
diff changeset
  1215
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-membership-partial"># The following is a partial representation of
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1216
#   http://example.org/netWorth/nw1
309
ea3cce737943 Get examples to validate, per http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-ldp-wg/2013Aug/0002.html and messages that came up once those noted were fixed.
John Arwe
parents: 274
diff changeset
  1217
<!-- @base is here only so it's easier to paste into validators for checking -->
ea3cce737943 Get examples to validate, per http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-ldp-wg/2013Aug/0002.html and messages that came up once those noted were fixed.
John Arwe
parents: 274
diff changeset
  1218
# @base &lt;http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/&gt;
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1219
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1220
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1221
&lt;&gt;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1222
   a o:NetWorth;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1223
   o:netWorthOf &lt;http://example.org/users/JohnZSmith&gt;;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1224
   o:asset 
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1225
      &lt;assetContainer/a1&gt;,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1226
      &lt;assetContainer/a2&gt;;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1227
   o:liability 
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1228
      &lt;liabilityContainer/l1&gt;,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1229
      &lt;liabilityContainer/l2&gt;,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1230
      &lt;liabilityContainer/l3&gt;.
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1231
</pre>
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1232
	<p>From this example, there is a <code>rdf:type</code> of <code>o:NetWorth</code> indicating the
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1233
	resource represents an instance of a person's net worth and <code>o:netWorthOf</code> predicate indicating 
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1234
	the associated person.  There are two sets of same-subject, same-predicate pairings; one for assets and
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1235
	one for liabilities.  It would be helpful to be able to associate these multi-valued sets using a URL
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1236
	for them to assist with managing these, this is done by associating containers with them as 
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1237
	illustrated in the 3 examples below:
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1238
	</p>
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1239
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1240
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-membership-full"># The following is an elaborated representation of LDPR
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1241
#   http://example.org/netWorth/nw1
309
ea3cce737943 Get examples to validate, per http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-ldp-wg/2013Aug/0002.html and messages that came up once those noted were fixed.
John Arwe
parents: 274
diff changeset
  1242
<!-- @base is here only so it's easier to paste into validators for checking -->
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1243
# @base &lt;http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/&gt;.
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1244
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
231
38d1a7faf1c4 Various editorial comments from PA
sspeiche
parents: 230
diff changeset
  1245
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1246
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1247
&lt;&gt;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1248
   a o:NetWorth;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1249
   o:netWorthOf &lt;http://example.org/users/JohnZSmith&gt;;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1250
   o:asset 
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1251
      &lt;assetContainer/a1&gt;,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1252
      &lt;assetContainer/a2&gt;;
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1253
   o:liability 
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1254
      &lt;liabilityContainer/l1&gt;,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1255
      &lt;liabilityContainer/l2&gt;,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1256
      &lt;liabilityContainer/l3&gt;.
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1257
</pre>
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1258
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1259
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-membership-subj"># The following is an elaborated representation of LDPC
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1260
#   http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/assetContainer/
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1261
<!-- @base is here only so it's easier to paste into validators for checking -->
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1262
# @base &lt;http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/assetContainer/&gt;
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1263
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1264
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1265
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1266
&lt;&gt;
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1267
   a ldp:Container, ldp:DirectContainer;
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1268
   dcterms:title "The assets of JohnZSmith";
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1269
   ldp:containerResource &lt;&gt;;
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1270
   ldp:containsRelation o:asset;
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1271
   ldp:contains &lt;a1&gt;, &lt;a2&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1272
</pre>
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1273
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1274
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-membership-full-liabcont"># The following is an elaborated representation of LDPC
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1275
#   http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/liabilityContainer/
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1276
<!-- @base is here only so it's easier to paste into validators for checking -->
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1277
# @base &lt;http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/liabilityContainer/&gt;
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1278
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1279
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1280
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1281
&lt;&gt;
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1282
   a ldp:Container, ldp:DirectContainer;
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1283
   dcterms:title "The liabilities of JohnZSmith";
415
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1284
   ldp:containerResource &lt;&gt;;
12864dde579d Resolve ACTION-112 Update spec to reflect 10/28 resolution for Issue-81 part 1: new predicate names
John Arwe
parents: 414
diff changeset
  1285
   ldp:containsRelation o:liability;
460
1f6e06fd7272 typo: added missing brackets in example 7
Arnaud Le Hors <lehors@us.ibm.com>
parents: 459
diff changeset
  1286
   ldp:contains &lt;l1&gt;, &lt;l2&gt;, &lt;l3&gt;.
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1287
</pre>
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1288
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1289
	<p>The essential structure of the container is
373
0562f8c4d4d4 Cleanup of known cases where text assumed "normal" membership triple pattern, did not consider the flipped/MO cases
John Arwe
parents: 372
diff changeset
  1290
	the same, but in this example, the consistent membership value (still in the subject position) is not the
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1291
	container itself – it is a separate net worth resource. The
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1292
	membership predicates are <code>o:asset</code> and <code>o:liability</code> – predicates
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1293
	from the domain model. A POST of an asset representation to the asset container will create a new
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1294
	asset and add it to the list of	members by adding a new membership triple
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1295
	to the resource and containment triple to the container. You might wonder why
87
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1296
	<code>http://example.org/netWorth/nw1</code> isn't made a container itself and POST
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1297
	the new asset directly there. That would be a fine design if <code>http://example.org/netWorth/nw1</code>
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1298
	had only assets, but if it has separate predicates for assets and liabilities,
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1299
	that design will not work because it is unspecified to which predicate the POST
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1300
	should add a membership triple. Having separate <code>http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/assetContainer/</code> 
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1301
	and <code>http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/liabilityContainer/</code> container
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1302
	resources allows both assets and liabilities to be created.
671fe85a872b Inserted examples 2&3, a more complete NetWorth resource
sspeiche
parents: 86
diff changeset
  1303
	</p>
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1304
	<p>This type of container is refered to as an <a title="Linked Data Platform Direct Container">LDP Direct Container</a>.  An
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1305
	 <a title="Linked Data Platform Basic Container">LDP Basic Container</a> is a constrained form of 
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1306
	 <a title="Linked Data Platform Direct Container">LDP Direct Container</a> where the 
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1307
	 membership predicate is <code>ldp:contains</code> and the container resource is the container itself.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1308
	</p>
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1309
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1310
	<p>As seen in the <a href="#ldpc-ex-membership-subj"><code>assetContainer/</code> example</a>, 
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1311
	clients cannot correctly guess
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1312
	at the membership triples, so the example includes this information in
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1313
	triples whose subject is the LDPC resource itself.
12
a3be44430b37 ISSUE-8 rename from LDBP to LDP and add remainder of open issues
sspeiche
parents:
diff changeset
  1314
	</p>
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1315
	
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1316
	<p>Alternatively, servers may provide the net worth resource and supporting containers in a single response
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1317
	representations.  When doing this, a preference would be for RDF formats that support multiple named graphs, one
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1318
	named graph for the net worth resource and then two others for asset and liability containers.  This allows for
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1319
	the membership triples to be represented with the named graph for the net worth resource, while the containment triples
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1320
	would be represented within the liability and asset containers [[rdf11-concepts]].  Generally, the membership triples belong
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1321
	to the representation of a LDP-RR and the containment triples belong to the representation of the LDPC.
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1322
	</p>
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1323
	
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1324
	<p>Additionally, we could extend our net worth example to include a container for
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1325
	advisors (people) that have managed the assets and liabilities.  We have decided
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1326
	to identify these advisors with URLs that contain a fragment (hash) to represent
462
3a7f9b05bad8 proofing through 454
John Arwe
parents: 461
diff changeset
  1327
	these real-world resources, not the documents that describe them.</p>
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1328
	
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1329
<pre class="example" id="ldpc-ex-membership-full"># The following is an elaborated representation of
456
6130538abdf0 ACTION-124 LDPR-RR as named graphs
sspeiche
parents: 454
diff changeset
  1330
#   http://example.org/netWorth/nw1
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1331
# Adding o:advisor but eaving off o:asset and o:liability for brevity.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1332
<!-- @base is here only so it's easier to paste into validators for checking -->
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1333
# @base &lt;http://example.org/netWorth/nw1/&gt;
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1334
@prefix ldp: &lt;http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#&gt;.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1335
@prefix dcterms: &lt;http://purl.org/dc/terms/&gt;.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1336
@prefix foaf: &lt;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/&gt;.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1337
@prefix o: &lt;http://example.org/ontology/&gt;.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1338
&lt;&gt;
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1339
   a o:NetWorth;
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1340
   o:netWorthOf &lt;http://example.org/users/JohnZSmith&gt;;
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1341
   o:advisor
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1342
   	 &lt;advisorContainer/bob#me&gt;,
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1343
   	 &lt;advisorContainer/marsha#me&gt;.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1344
   	 
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1345
&lt;advisorContainer/&gt;
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1346
   a ldp:Container, ldp:IndirectContainer;
465
26eb1d6d4fd6 fixing things found proofing SS updates and a few of Arnaud's email comments
John Arwe
parents: 464
diff changeset
  1347
   dcterms:title "The asset advisors of JohnZSmith";
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1348
   ldp:containerResource &lt;&gt;;
465
26eb1d6d4fd6 fixing things found proofing SS updates and a few of Arnaud's email comments
John Arwe
parents: 464
diff changeset
  1349
   ldp:containsRelation o:advisor;
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1350
   ldp:insertedContentRelation foaf:primaryTopic;
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1351
   ldp:contains
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1352
   	 &lt;advisorContainer/bob&gt;,
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1353
   	 &lt;advisorContainer/marsha&gt;.
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1354
</pre>	
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1355
	
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1356
	<p>To handle this type of indirection, the triple with predicate of <code>ldp:insertedContentRelation</code> and object of 
468
f960af656afb Simplified some of the container examples
sspeiche
parents: 467
diff changeset
  1357
	<code>foaf:primaryTopic</code> informs clients that when POSTing to this container, they need to include a triple of the
462
3a7f9b05bad8 proofing through 454
John Arwe
parents: 461
diff changeset
  1358
	form <code>(&lt;&gt;, foaf:primaryTopic, topic-URI)</code> to inform the server which URI to use 
3a7f9b05bad8 proofing through 454
John Arwe
parents: 461
diff changeset
  1359
	(<code>topic-URI</code>) in the new membership triple.</p>
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1360
	
462
3a7f9b05bad8 proofing through 454
John Arwe
parents: 461
diff changeset
  1361
	<p>This type of container is also referred to as an <a title="Linked Data Platform Indirect Container">LDP Indirect Container</a>. 
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1362
	It is similar to a an <a title="Linked Data Platform Direct Container">LDP Direct Container</a> 
468
f960af656afb Simplified some of the container examples
sspeiche
parents: 467
diff changeset
  1363
	but it provides an indirection to add (via a create request) as member any resource, 
462
3a7f9b05bad8 proofing through 454
John Arwe
parents: 461
diff changeset
  1364
	such as a URI representing a real-world object,
3a7f9b05bad8 proofing through 454
John Arwe
parents: 461
diff changeset
  1365
	that is different from the document that is created.</p>
449
623bbfdea989 ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 448
diff changeset
  1366
452
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1367
	<p><a href="#fig-ldpc-types"></a> illustrates the 3 types: Basic, Direct and Indirect, along
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1368
	with their relationship to types of LDPRs.  It is not expected that there will be a container
c4b538b7e57f ACTION-120 (Part 2) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect) to LDPC intro
sspeiche
parents: 451
diff changeset
  1369
	with a <code>rdf:type</code> solely of <code>ldp:Container</code>.</p>
450
e8d84dbc86dc ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added concepts of containers (basic, direct and indirect)
sspeiche
parents: 449
diff changeset
  1370
	
e8d84dbc86dc ACTION-120 (Part 1) Added conce