discovery-api/Overview.src.html
author Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
Wed, 03 Oct 2012 02:40:46 +0200
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<!DOCTYPE html>
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<!--
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  THIS IS THE WORKING VERSION OF THE CURRENT SPECIFICATION!
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  This specification is built using ReSpec.js <http://dev.w3.org/2009/dap/ReSpec.js/documentation.html>
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  From time to time it's necessary to HTML5 Tidy this document using the tool @ <http://w3c.github.com/tidy-html5/>.
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  The command used to format this document (Overview.src.html) is as follows (replacing all = signs with - signs!):
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  @> tidy ==new-blocklevel-tags section ==char-encoding utf8 ==tidy-mark no ==indent yes ==indent-spaces 2 ==indent-attributes yes ==wrap 120 ==fix-bad-comments yes -m Overview.src.html
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  To publish a new compiled version (Overview.html), we need to open this file (Overview.src.html) in any web browser.
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  Once it has loaded we press 'Ctrl + Shift + S' (or 'Cmd' + 'Shift' + 'S' on Mac) and then select
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  'Save as HTML (Source)' from the resulting menu.
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  We then replace Overview.html with the produced HTML source of this process.
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  Next we run HTML5 Tidy over our new Overview.html file with the following command (replacing all = signs with - signs!):
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  @> tidy ==new-blocklevel-tags section ==char-encoding utf8 ==tidy-mark no ==indent yes ==indent-spaces 2 ==indent-attributes yes ==wrap 120 ==hide-comments yes -m Overview.html
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  Now the specification is ready to be published :)
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-->
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<html>
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  <head>
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    <title>
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      Network Service Discovery
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    </title>
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    <meta http-equiv='Content-Type'
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          content='text/html; charset=utf-8'>
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    <script type="text/javascript"
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          class='remove'>
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var respecConfig = {
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          specStatus:   "ED",
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          //publishDate:  "2012-10-09",
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          shortName:    "discovery-api",
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          edDraftURI:   "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/dap/raw-file/tip/discovery-api/Overview.html",
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          previousMaturity: "FPWD",
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          previousPublishDate: "2012-08-07",
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          editors: [
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            {
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              name:       "Rich Tibbett",
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              //url:        "http://richt.me/",
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              company:    "Opera Software ASA",
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              companyURL: "http://opera.com/"
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            },
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            {
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              name:       "Clarke Stevens",
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              //url:      "",
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              company:    "CableLabs",
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              companyURL: "http://cablelabs.com/"
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            }
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          ],
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          noIDLIn:      true,
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          wg:           "Device APIs Working Group",
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          wgURI:        "http://www.w3.org/2009/dap/",
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          wgPublicList: "public-device-apis",
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          wgPatentURI:  "http://www.w3.org/2004/01/pp-impl/43696/status"
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      };
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    </script>
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    <script src='http://www.w3.org/Tools/respec/respec-w3c-common'
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          type="text/javascript"
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          class='remove'
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          async="">
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</script>
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    <style type="text/css">
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/* Custom ReSpec CSS (by Rich Tibbett) */
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      /* Add better spacing to sections */
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      section, .section { margin-bottom: 2em; }
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      /* Reduce note & issue render size */
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      .note, .issue { font-size:0.8em; }
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      /* Add addition spacing to <ol> and <ul> for rule definition */
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      ol.rule li, ul.rule li { padding:0.6em; }
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      pre.widl { border: solid thin; background: #EEEEEE; color: black; padding: 0.5em 1em; position: relative; }
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      pre.widl :link, pre.widl :visited { color: #000; background: transparent; }
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      pre.widl:before { content: "IDL"; font: bold small sans-serif; padding: 0.5em; background: white; position: absolute; top: 0; margin: -1px 0 0 -4em; width: 1.5em; border: thin solid; border-radius: 0 0 0 0.5em }
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      div.example { border: solid thin red; background: #F7DFE5; color: black; padding: 0.5em 1em; position: relative; margin: 1em 0 1em 4.6em; width: auto; }
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      div.example:before { content: "EXAMPLE"; font: bold small sans-serif; padding: 0.5em; background: red; color: white; position: absolute; top: 0; margin: -1px 0 0 -7.6em; width: 5em; border: thin solid red; border-radius: 0 0 0 0.5em }
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      dl.domintro { color: green; margin: 2em 0 2em 2em; padding: 0.5em 1em; border: none; background: #DDFFDD; }
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      hr + dl.domintro, div.impl + dl.domintro { margin-top: 2.5em; margin-bottom: 1.5em; }
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      dl.domintro dt, dl.domintro dt * { color: black; text-decoration: none; }
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      dl.domintro dd { margin: 0.5em 0 1em 2em; padding: 0; }
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      dl.domintro dd p { margin: 0.5em 0; }
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      dl.domintro code {font-size: inherit; font-style: italic; }
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      dl.domintro:before { display: table; margin: -1em -0.5em 0.5em auto; width: auto; content: 'This box is non-normative. Implementation requirements are given below this box.'; color: red; border: solid 2px; background: white; padding: 0 0.25em; }
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      table { border-collapse:collapse; border-style:hidden hidden none hidden }
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      table thead { border-bottom:solid }
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      table tbody th:first-child { border-left:solid }
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      table td, table th { border-left:solid; border-right:solid; border-bottom:solid thin; vertical-align:top; padding:0.2em }
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    </style>
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  </head>
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  <body>
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    <section id='abstract'>
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      <p>
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        This specification defines a mechanism for an HTML document to discover and subsequently communicate with
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        <abbr title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol">HTTP</abbr>-based services advertised via common discovery protocols
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        within the current network.
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      </p>
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    </section>
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    <section id='sotd'>
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      <p>
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        This document represents the early consensus of the group on the scope and features of the proposed API.
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      </p>
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    </section>
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    <section class="informative">
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      <h3>
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        Introduction
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      </h3>
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      <p>
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        To enable Web pages to connect and communicate with Local-networked Services provided over HTTP, this
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        specification introduces the <a href="#navigatornetworkservice"><code>NavigatorNetworkService</code></a>
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        interface.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        Using this <abbr title="Application Programming Interface">API</abbr> consists of requesting a well-known
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        service type, known by developers and advertised by Local-networked Devices. User authorization, where the user
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        connects the web page to one or more discovered services, is expected before the web page is able to interact
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        with any Local-networked Services.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        A web page creates a request to obtain connectivity to services running in the network by specifying a
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        well-known discovery service type that it wishes to interact with.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        The user agent, having captured all advertised services on the network from the <a>service discovery
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        mechanisms</a> included in this recommendation, attempts to match the requested service type to a discovered
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        service according to the processing described herein.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        If a service connectivity request is successful then the Web page is provided with the necessary information to
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        communicate with the authorized Local-networked Service. If the request fails then the Web page will receive an
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        error callback containing an error code describing the cause of Local-networked Service connectivity failure.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        Once connected to a Local-networked Service the Web page can send requests and receive responses to the
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        Local-networked Service via the messaging format and appropriate channel inferred from the service type
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        authorized via the provided API. The Web page, once connected, can also receive service-pushed events, in the
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        messaging format supported by the Local-networked Device, if such event subscription functionality is provided
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        by the connected Local-networked Service.
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      </p>
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      <div class="example">
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        <p>
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          Example of requesting a DNS-SD advertised service:
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        </p>
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        <hr>
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        <pre class="highlight">
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function showServices( services ) {
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  // Show a list of all the services provided to the web page
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  for(var i = 0, l = services.length; i &lt; l; i++) console.log( services[i].name );
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}
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navigator.getNetworkServices('zeroconf:_boxee-jsonrpc._tcp', showServices);
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</pre>
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      </div>
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      <div class="example">
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        <p>
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          Example of requesting a UPnP advertised service, also handling error conditions:
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        </p>
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        <hr>
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        <pre class="highlight">
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function showServices( services ) {
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  // Show a list of all the services provided to the web page
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  for(var i = 0, l = services.length; i &lt; l; i++) console.log( services[i].name );
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}
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function error( e ) {
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  console.log( "Error occurred: " + e.code );
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}
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navigator.getNetworkServices('upnp:urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ContentDirectory:1', showServices, error);
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</pre>
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      </div>
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      <div class="example">
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        <p>
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          Example of requesting either a DNS-SD or UPnP advertised service:
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        </p>
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        <hr>
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        <pre class="highlight">
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function showServices( services ) {
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  // Show a list of all the services provided to the web page (+ service type)
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  for(var i = 0, l = services.length; i &lt; l; i++)
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     console.log( services[i].name + '(' + services[i].type + ')' );
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}
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navigator.getNetworkServices([
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  'zeroconf:_boxee-jsonrpc._tcp',
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  'upnp:urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:ContentDirectory:1'
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], showServices);
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</pre>
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      </div>
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      <p>
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        For more detailed examples see the <a href="#examples">Examples</a> section.
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      </p>
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    </section>
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    <section id='conformance'>
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      <p>
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        Requirements phrased in the imperative as part of algorithms (such as "strip any leading space characters" or
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        "return false and abort these steps") are to be interpreted with the meaning of the key word ("must", "should",
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        "may", etc) used in introducing the algorithm.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        Some conformance requirements are phrased as requirements on attributes, methods or objects. Such requirements
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        are to be interpreted as requirements on user agents.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        Conformance requirements phrased as algorithms or specific steps MAY be implemented in any manner, so long as
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        the end result is equivalent. (In particular, the algorithms defined in this specification are intended to be
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        easy to follow, and not intended to be performant.)
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        The only conformance class defined by this specification is a <dfn>user agent</dfn>.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        User agents MAY impose implementation-specific limits on otherwise unconstrained inputs, e.g. to prevent denial
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        of service attacks, to guard against running out of memory, or to work around platform-specific limitations.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        When support for a feature is disabled (e.g. as an emergency measure to mitigate a security problem, or to aid
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        in development, or for performance reasons), user agents MUST act as if they had no support for the feature
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        whatsoever, and as if the feature was not mentioned in this specification. For example, if a particular feature
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        is accessed via an attribute in a Web IDL interface, the attribute itself would be omitted from the objects
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        that implement that interface - leaving the attribute on the object but making it return null or throw an
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        exception is insufficient.
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      </p>
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      <section>
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        <h3>
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          Dependencies
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        </h3>This specification relies on several other underlying specifications.
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        <dl>
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          <dt>
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            HTML
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          </dt>
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          <dd>
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            Many fundamental concepts from HTML are used by this specification. [[!HTML5]]
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          </dd>
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          <dt>
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            WebIDL
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          </dt>
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          <dd>
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            The IDL blocks in this specification use the semantics of the WebIDL specification. [[!WEBIDL]]
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          </dd>
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        </dl>
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      </section>
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    </section>
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    <section>
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      <h3>
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        Terminology
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      </h3>
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      <p>
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        The construction "a <code>Foo</code> object", where <code>Foo</code> is actually an interface, is sometimes
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        used instead of the more accurate "an object implementing the interface <code>Foo</code>".
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        The term DOM is used to refer to the API set made available to scripts in Web applications, and does not
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        necessarily imply the existence of an actual <code>Document</code> object or of any other <code>Node</code>
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        objects as defined in the DOM Core specifications. [[!DOM4]]
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        An IDL attribute is said to be <em>getting</em> when its value is being retrieved (e.g. by author script), and
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        is said to be <em>setting</em> when a new value is assigned to it.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        A <dfn>valid service type</dfn> is a string that begins with <code>upnp:</code> or <code>zeroconf:</code>
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        followed by one or more characters in the ranges U+0021, U+0023 to U+0027, U+002A to U+002B, U+002D to U+002E,
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        U+0030 to U+0039, U+0041 to U+005A, U+005E to U+007E.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        A <a>valid service type</a> provided in the <code>type</code> attribute of the <a href=
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        "#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"><code>getNetworkServices()</code></a> method will be matched against the
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        services currently contained in the <a>list of available service records</a> according to the algorithms
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        defined in this specification.
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      </p>
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      <p>
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        A <dfn>user-agent generated callback url</dfn> is a Local-network accessible URL endpoint that a <a>user
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        agent</a> generates and maintains for receiving HTTP NOTIFY requests from UPnP Event sources. It is only
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        required when the user agent implements UPnP Service Discovery as defined in this specification.
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      </p>
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    </section>
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    <section>
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      <h2>
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        Requesting networked services
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      </h2>
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      <pre class="widl">
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[Supplemental, NoInterfaceObject]
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interface <dfn id="navigatornetworkservice">NavigatorNetworkService</dfn> {
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  // Obtain a Local-networked Service
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  void <a href="#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices">getNetworkServices</a>( in any type,
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                           in <a href=
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"#navigatornetworkservicesuccesscallback">NavigatorNetworkServiceSuccessCallback</a> successCallback,
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                           in optional <a href=
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"#navigatornetworkserviceerrorcallback">NavigatorNetworkServiceErrorCallback</a> errorCallback );
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};
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<a class="externalDFN"
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     href=
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     "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/timers.html#navigator">Navigator</a> implements <a href=
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     "#navigatornetworkservice">NavigatorNetworkService</a>;
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[Callback=FunctionOnly, NoInterfaceObject]
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interface <dfn id="navigatornetworkservicesuccesscallback">NavigatorNetworkServiceSuccessCallback</dfn> {
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  void handleEvent( in <a href="#networkservices">NetworkServices</a> services );
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};
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[NoInterfaceObject]
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interface <dfn id="navigatornetworkserviceerror">NavigatorNetworkServiceError</dfn> {
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  const unsigned short <a href="#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied">PERMISSION_DENIED_ERR</a> = 1;
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  const unsigned short <a href="#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-unknown_type_prefix">UNKNOWN_TYPE_PREFIX_ERR</a> = 2;
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  readonly attribute unsigned short <a href="#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code">code</a>;
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};
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[Callback=FunctionOnly, NoInterfaceObject]
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interface <dfn id="navigatornetworkserviceerrorcallback">NavigatorNetworkServiceErrorCallback</dfn> {
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  void handleEvent( in <a href="#navigatornetworkserviceerror">NavigatorNetworkServiceError</a> error );
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};
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</pre>
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      <section>
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        <h2>
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          Methods
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        </h2>
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        <dl class="domintro">
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          <dt>
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            <var title="">window</var> . <code title="dom-navigator"><a href=
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            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/timers.html#navigator">navigator</a></code> .
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            <code title="dom-navigator-getNetworkServices"><a href=
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            "#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices">getNetworkServices</a></code> ( <var title="">type</var> , <var title=
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            "">successCallback</var> [, <var title="">errorCallback</var> ] )
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          </dt>
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          <dd>
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            <p>
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              Prompts the user to select one or more discovered network services that have advertised support for the
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              requested service type.
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            </p>
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            <p>
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              The <var title="">type</var> argument contains one or more <a>valid service type</a> tokens that the web
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              page would like to interact with.
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            </p>
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            <p>
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              If the user accepts, the <var title="">successCallback</var> is invoked, with one or more <a href=
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              "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects as its argument.
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            </p>
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            <p>
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              If the user declines, the <var title="">errorCallback</var> (if any) is invoked.
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            </p>
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          </dd>
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        </dl>
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        <div>
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          <p>
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            When the <dfn id="dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"
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               title="dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"><code>getNetworkServices(type, successCallback[,
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               errorCallback])</code></dfn> method is called, the <a>user agent</a> MUST run the following steps:
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          </p>
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          <ol class="rule">
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            <li>Let <var>requested control types</var> be initially set to an empty array.
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            </li>
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            <li>If <var>type</var> is an array consisting of one or more <a>valid service type</a> tokens, then let
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            <var>requested control types</var> by the value of <var>type</var>, removing any non-<a>valid service
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            type</a> tokens from the resulting array.
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            </li>
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            <li>If <var>type</var> is a string consisting of one <a>valid service type</a> token, then let
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            <var>requested control types</var> be an array containing one item with a value of <var>type</var>.
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            </li>
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            <li>If <var>requested control types</var> is an array that contains at least one or more <a title=
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            "valid service type">valid service type</a> tokens then continue to the step labeled <em>process</em>
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            below. Otherwise, the <a>user agent</a> MUST <a href=
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            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
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                  class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to invoke <var>errorCallback</var>, if it is provided and is an
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                  object of type <code>Function</code>, with a new <a href=
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                  "#navigatornetworkserviceerror"><code>NavigatorNetworkServiceError</code></a> object whose <a href=
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                  "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code"><code>code</code></a> attribute has the numeric value 2
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                  (<a href=
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                  "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-unknown_type_prefix"><code>UNKNOWN_TYPE_PREFIX_ERR</code></a>) as
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                  its argument, abort any remaining steps and return.
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            </li>
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            <li>
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              <em>Process</em>: Let <var>services found</var> be an empty array.
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            </li>
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            <li>For each <var>available service</var> in the <a>list of available service records</a> run the following
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            steps:
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              <ol class="rule">
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                <li>For each <var>requested control type</var> in <var>requested control types</var>: If <var>available
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                service</var>'s <code>type</code> attribute equals the <var>requested control type</var> then let <var>
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                  matched service</var> equal the value of <var>available service</var> and continue at the step
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                  labeled <var>attach</var> below.
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                </li>
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                <li>Continue at the next <var>available service</var>.
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                </li>
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                <li>
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                  <em>Attach</em>: If <var>matched service</var> is not empty then run the following steps:
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                  <ol class="rule">
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                    <li>Let <var>new service object</var> be a new <a href=
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                    "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> object, mapping the parameters of <var>matched
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                    service</var> to this new object where possible.
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                    </li>
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                    <li>Append <var>new service object</var> to the <var>services found</var> array.
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                    </li>
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                  </ol>
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                </li>
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              </ol>
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            </li>
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            <li>If <var>services found</var> is an empty array, then the <a>user agent</a> MUST <a href=
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            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
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                  class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to invoke <var>errorCallback</var>, if it is provided and is an
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                  object of type <code>Function</code>, with a new <a href=
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                  "#navigatornetworkserviceerror"><code>NavigatorNetworkServiceError</code></a> object whose <a href=
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                  "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code"><code>code</code></a> attribute has the numeric value 1
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                  (<a href=
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                  "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied"><code>PERMISSION_DENIED_ERR</code></a>) as its
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                  argument, abort any remaining steps and return.
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            </li>
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            <li>Return, and run the remaining steps asynchronously.
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            </li>
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            <li>Optionally, e.g. based on a previously-established user preference, for security reasons, or due to
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            platform limitations, the <a>user agent</a> MAY <a href=
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            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
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                  class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to invoke <var>errorCallback</var>, if it is provided and is an
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                  object of type <code>Function</code>, with a new <a href=
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                  "#navigatornetworkserviceerror"><code>NavigatorNetworkServiceError</code></a> object whose <a href=
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                  "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code"><code>code</code></a> attribute has the numeric value 1
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                  (<a href=
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                  "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied"><code>PERMISSION_DENIED_ERR</code></a>) as its
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                  argument, abort any remaining steps and return.
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            </li>
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            <li>The <a>user agent</a> MUST prompt the user in a user-agent-specific manner for permission to provide
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            the <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/browsers.html#entry-script"
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                  class="externalDFN">entry script</a>'s <a href=
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                  "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/origin-0.html#origin"
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                  class="externalDFN">origin</a> with an array of <a href=
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                  "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects representing the user-authorized subset of
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                  <var>services found</var>.
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              <p>
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                If the user grants permission to access one or more networked services then the <a>user agent</a>
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                SHOULD include an "ongoing local-network communication" indicator.
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              </p>
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              <p>
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                If the user denies permission, then the <a>user agent</a> MUST <a href=
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                "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
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                   class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to invoke <var>errorCallback</var>, if it is provided and is an
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                   object of type <code>Function</code>, with a new <a href=
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                   "#navigatornetworkserviceerror"><code>NavigatorNetworkServiceError</code></a> object whose <a href=
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                   "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code"><code>code</code></a> attribute has the numeric value 1
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                   (<a href=
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                   "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied"><code>PERMISSION_DENIED_ERR</code></a>) as its
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                   argument, abort any remaining steps and return.
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              </p>
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              <p>
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                If the user never responds, this algorithm stalls on this step.
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              </p>
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            </li>
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            <li>Let <var>services</var> be the array of one or more <a href=
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            "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects for which the user granted permission.
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            </li>
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            <li>For each Object <var>service</var> in <var>services</var>, run the following sub-steps:
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              <ol class="rule">
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                <li>Add the <var>service</var>'s <code>url</code> parameter to the <a>entry script origin's
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                  <abbr title="Uniform Resource Locator">URL</abbr> whitelist</a>.
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                </li>
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                <li>If <var>service</var>'s <code>type</code> parameter begins with the DOMString "<code>upnp:</code>"
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                and the <var>service</var>'s <code>eventsUrl</code> parameter is not empty then <a>setup a UPnP Events
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                Subscription</a> for <var>service</var>.
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                </li>
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              </ol>
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            </li>
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            <li>Let <var>services manager</var> be a new <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a>
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            object.
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            </li>
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            <li>Set <var>services manager</var>'s <a href=
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            "#dom-networkservices-servicesavailable"><code>servicesAvailable</code></a> attribute to the number of
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            items currently found in the <a>list of available service records</a> whose <code>type</code> property
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            matches any of the tokens requested in <var>requested control types</var>.
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            </li>
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            <li>Add <var>services</var> to the <var>services manager</var> object as its collection of <a>indexed
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            properties</a>.
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            </li>
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            <li>Set <var>services manager</var>'s <a href="#dom-networkservices-length"><code>length</code></a>
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            attribute to the number of items in <var>services</var>.
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            </li>
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            <li>Add <var>services manager</var> to the <a>list of active service managers</a>.
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            </li>
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            <li>The <a>user agent</a> MUST <a href=
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            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
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                  class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to invoke <var>successCallback</var> with <var>services
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                  manager</var> as its argument.
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            </li>
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          </ol>
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          <p>
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            The <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#task-source"
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               class="externalDFN">task source</a> for these <a href=
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               "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#concept-task"
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               class="externalDFN">tasks</a> is the <a href=
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               "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#user-interaction-task-source"
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   500
               class="externalDFN">user interaction task source</a>.
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diff changeset
   501
          </p>
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   502
          <p>
239
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diff changeset
   503
            When a <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> object is provided to a Web page, the
250
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   504
            <a>user agent</a> MUST add the <code>url</code> property to the <dfn>entry script origin's URL
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   505
            whitelist</dfn>. This list enables the Web page to override and initiate cross-site resource requests
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   506
            towards these URLs, and any sub-resources of these URLs, within the current <a href=
239
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   507
            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/browsers.html#entry-script"
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   508
               class="externalDFN">entry script</a>'s <a href=
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diff changeset
   509
               "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/origin-0.html#origin"
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   510
               class="externalDFN">origin</a> via various existing mechanisms (e.g. Web Sockets, Server-Sent Events,
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   511
               Web Messaging, XMLHttpRequest).
180
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   512
          </p>
239
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diff changeset
   513
          <p>
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   514
            If the user navigates away from the current browsing context, the <a>user agent</a> <em class=
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   515
            "ct">MUST</em> remove all previously whitelisted urls from the <a>entry script origin's URL whitelist</a>.
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   516
            There is no persistence to network service selections provided to a web page. It is not possible to access
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diff changeset
   517
            a previously white-listed networked service without the necessary user authorization in all of the
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diff changeset
   518
            following cases:
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diff changeset
   519
          </p>
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diff changeset
   520
          <ul>
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   521
            <li>If the current script is reloaded at any point in the same or different window.
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diff changeset
   522
            </li>
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diff changeset
   523
            <li>if the current script reinvokes the <a href=
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   524
            "#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"><code>getNetworkServices()</code></a> method at any point in its
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diff changeset
   525
            execution.
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diff changeset
   526
            </li>
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diff changeset
   527
            <li>If the user navigates forward or back in their history to reload the current page.
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diff changeset
   528
            </li>
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diff changeset
   529
            <li>If a script is running in a different origin.
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diff changeset
   530
            </li>
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diff changeset
   531
          </ul>
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   532
        </div>
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   533
      </section>
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   534
      <section>
239
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diff changeset
   535
        <h3>
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diff changeset
   536
          Error Handling
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diff changeset
   537
        </h3>
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diff changeset
   538
        <dl class="domintro">
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diff changeset
   539
          <dt>
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   540
            <var title="">error</var> . <code title="dom-NavigatorNetworkServiceError-code"><a href=
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   541
            "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code">code</a></code>
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diff changeset
   542
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   543
          <dd>
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diff changeset
   544
            <p>
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   545
              Returns the current error's error code. At the current time, this will be <code>1</code> or
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   546
              <code>2</code>, for which the corresponding error constants <a href=
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diff changeset
   547
              "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied"><code>PERMISSION_DENIED_ERR</code></a> and <a href=
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   548
              "#dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-unknown_type_prefix"><code>UNKNOWN_TYPE_PREFIX_ERR</code></a> are
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diff changeset
   549
              defined.
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diff changeset
   550
            </p>
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diff changeset
   551
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   552
        </dl>
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diff changeset
   553
        <p>
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diff changeset
   554
          The <dfn id="dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code"
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   555
             title="dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-code"><code>code</code></dfn> attribute of a <a href=
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diff changeset
   556
             "#navigatornetworkserviceerror"><code>NavigatorNetworkServiceError</code></a> object <em class=
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diff changeset
   557
             "ct">MUST</em> return the code for the error, which will be one of the following:
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diff changeset
   558
        </p>
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diff changeset
   559
        <dl>
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diff changeset
   560
          <dt>
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diff changeset
   561
            <dfn id="dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied"
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diff changeset
   562
                title="dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-permission_denied"><code>PERMISSION_DENIED_ERR</code></dfn>
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diff changeset
   563
                (numeric value 1)
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diff changeset
   564
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   565
          <dd>
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diff changeset
   566
            The user or user agent denied the page permission to access any services.
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diff changeset
   567
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   568
          <dt>
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diff changeset
   569
            <dfn id="dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-unknown_type_prefix"
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diff changeset
   570
                title="dom-navigatornetworkserviceerror-unknown_type_prefix"><code>UNKNOWN_TYPE_PREFIX_ERR</code></dfn>
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diff changeset
   571
                (numeric value 2)
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diff changeset
   572
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   573
          <dd>
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diff changeset
   574
            No <a>valid service type</a> tokens were provided in the method invocation.
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diff changeset
   575
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   576
        </dl>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   577
      </section>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   578
    </section>
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diff changeset
   579
    <section>
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diff changeset
   580
      <h2>
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diff changeset
   581
        Obtaining networked services
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diff changeset
   582
      </h2>
180
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   583
      <p>
239
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diff changeset
   584
        The <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> interface is the top-level response object from
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diff changeset
   585
        a call to <a href="#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"><code>getNetworkServices()</code></a> and provides access
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diff changeset
   586
        to a set of user-authorized <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects for the given
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diff changeset
   587
        request.
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   588
      </p>
239
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diff changeset
   589
      <pre class="widl">
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   590
[NoInterfaceObject]
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   591
interface <dfn id="networkservices">NetworkServices</dfn> {
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   592
  readonly attribute unsigned long    <a href="#dom-networkservices-length">length</a>;
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   593
  getter <a href="#networkservice">NetworkService</a> (unsigned long index);
239
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diff changeset
   594
  <a href="#networkservice">NetworkService</a>? <a href=
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diff changeset
   595
"#dom-networkservices-getservicebyid">getServiceById</a>(DOMString id);
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   596
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   597
  readonly attribute unsigned long    <a href="#dom-networkservices-servicesavailable">servicesAvailable</a>;
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   598
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   599
  // event handler attributes
239
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diff changeset
   600
           attribute <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/webappapis.html#eventhandler"
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diff changeset
   601
     class="externalDFN">EventHandler</a>     <a href="#dom-networkservices-onserviceavailable">onserviceavailable</a>;
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diff changeset
   602
           attribute <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/webappapis.html#eventhandler"
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diff changeset
   603
     class="externalDFN">EventHandler</a>     <a href=
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diff changeset
   604
     "#dom-networkservices-onserviceunavailable">onserviceunavailable</a>;
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   605
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   606
};
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   607
239
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diff changeset
   608
<a href="#networkservices">NetworkServices</a> implements <a href=
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diff changeset
   609
"http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/domcore/raw-file/tip/Overview.html#interface-eventtarget"
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diff changeset
   610
     class="externalDFN">EventTarget</a>;
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   611
</pre>
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   612
      <section>
239
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diff changeset
   613
        <h2>
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diff changeset
   614
          Attributes
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diff changeset
   615
        </h2>
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   616
        <dl class="domintro">
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   617
          <dt>
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   618
            <code title="dom-networkservices-length"><a href="#dom-networkservices-length">length</a></code>
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   619
          </dt>
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   620
          <dd>
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   621
            <p>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   622
              Returns the current number of items in the current object's collection of <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   623
              "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects.
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   624
            </p>
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   625
          </dd>
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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parents:
diff changeset
   626
          <dt>
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   627
            <code title="dom-networkservices-servicesavailable"><a href=
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diff changeset
   628
            "#dom-networkservices-servicesavailable">servicesAvailable</a></code>
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   629
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   630
          <dd>
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   631
            <p>
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   632
              Returns the current number of items matching one of the app-requested <a>valid service type</a> tokens in
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   633
              the <a>list of available service records</a>.
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   634
            </p>
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diff changeset
   635
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   636
        </dl>
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diff changeset
   637
        <div>
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   638
          <p>
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diff changeset
   639
            The <dfn id="dom-networkservices-length"><code>length</code></dfn> attribute MUST return the number of
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   640
            <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects represented by the collection.
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   641
          </p>
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   642
          <p>
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   643
            The <dfn id="dom-networkservices-servicesavailable"><code>servicesAvailable</code></dfn> attribute MUST
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   644
            return the number of services in the <a>list of available service records</a> whose <code>type</code>
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   645
            attribute matches any of the <a>valid service type</a> tokens that was initially used to create the current
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   646
            <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object.
239
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   647
          </p>
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   648
        </div>
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   649
      </section>
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   650
      <section>
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   651
        <h2>
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   652
          Methods
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   653
        </h2>
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   654
        <dl class="domintro">
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   655
          <dt>
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   656
            <code title="networkservices-getter"><a href="#networkservices">services</a></code> [ <var title=
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   657
            "">index</var> ]
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   658
          </dt>
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   659
          <dd>
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   660
            <p>
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   661
              Returns the specified <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> object.
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   662
            </p>
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   663
          </dd>
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   664
          <dt>
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   665
            <code title="networkservices-getter"><a href="#networkservices">services</a></code> . <code title=
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   666
            "dom-networkservices-getservicebyid"><a href=
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   667
            "#dom-networkservices-getservicebyid">getServiceById</a></code> ( <var title="">id</var> )
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   668
          </dt>
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   669
          <dd>
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   670
            <p>
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   671
              Returns the <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> object with the given identifier,
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   672
              or null if no service has that identifier.
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diff changeset
   673
            </p>
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diff changeset
   674
          </dd>
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   675
        </dl>
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   676
        <p>
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   677
          A <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object represents the current collection of one
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   678
          or more <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects. A <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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   679
          "#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object is <span>immutable</span> meaning that it cannot
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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   680
          be modified.
239
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diff changeset
   681
        </p>
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diff changeset
   682
        <p class="note">
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diff changeset
   683
          Each service in a <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object thus has an index; the
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diff changeset
   684
          first has the index 0, and each subsequent service is numbered one higher than the previous one.
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diff changeset
   685
        </p>
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diff changeset
   686
        <p>
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diff changeset
   687
          The <a href=
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diff changeset
   688
          "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/infrastructure.html#supported-property-indices"
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diff changeset
   689
             class="externalDFN">supported property indices</a> of <a href=
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diff changeset
   690
             "#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> objects at any instant are the numbers from zero to
250
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diff changeset
   691
             the number of the <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects in the collection
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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   692
             minus one.
239
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diff changeset
   693
        </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   694
        <p>
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diff changeset
   695
          To <a href=
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diff changeset
   696
          "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/infrastructure.html#determine-the-value-of-an-indexed-property"
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   697
             class="externalDFN">determine the value of an indexed property</a> for a given index <var>index</var> in a
250
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diff changeset
   698
             <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object the user agent MUST return the <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   699
             "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> object that represents the <var>index</var>th item in
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   700
             the collection.
239
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diff changeset
   701
        </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   702
        <p>
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diff changeset
   703
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservices-getservicebyid"><code>getServiceById(id)</code></dfn> method <em class=
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   704
          "ct">MUST</em> return the first <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> object in the
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   705
          collection whose <a href="#dom-networkservice-id"><code>id</code></a> attribute is equal to the value of the
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   706
          <var>id</var> argument provided. When no <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   707
          match the given argument, the method MUST return null.
239
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diff changeset
   708
        </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   709
        <p>
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diff changeset
   710
          Services available within the local network can connect and disconnect at different times during the
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diff changeset
   711
          execution of a web page. A <a>user agent</a> can inform a web page when the state of networked services
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diff changeset
   712
          matching the requested <a>valid service type</a> change. Web pages can use this information to enable in-page
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diff changeset
   713
          experiences for communicating the state of networked services with the ability to change the particular
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diff changeset
   714
          service or set of services the page is connected to by re-invoking the <a href=
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diff changeset
   715
          "#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"><code>getNetworkServices()</code></a> method.
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diff changeset
   716
        </p>
180
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diff changeset
   717
      </section>
239
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diff changeset
   718
      <section>
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diff changeset
   719
        <h2>
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diff changeset
   720
          Events
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diff changeset
   721
        </h2>
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diff changeset
   722
        <p>
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diff changeset
   723
          The following are the event handlers (and their corresponding event handler event types) that <em class=
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diff changeset
   724
          "ct">MUST</em> be supported, as IDL attributes, by all objects implementing the <a href=
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diff changeset
   725
          "#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> interface:
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diff changeset
   726
        </p>
243
220f3226b2a1 Apply pub rules to proposed Working Draft update
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diff changeset
   727
        <table border="1">
239
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diff changeset
   728
          <thead>
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diff changeset
   729
            <tr>
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diff changeset
   730
              <th>
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diff changeset
   731
                <span title="event handlers">Event handler</span>
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diff changeset
   732
              </th>
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diff changeset
   733
              <th>
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diff changeset
   734
                <span>Event handler event type</span>
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diff changeset
   735
              </th>
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diff changeset
   736
            </tr>
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diff changeset
   737
          </thead>
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diff changeset
   738
          <tbody>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   739
            <tr>
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diff changeset
   740
              <td>
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diff changeset
   741
                <dfn id="dom-networkservices-onserviceavailable"
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diff changeset
   742
                    title="dom-NetworkServices-onserviceavailable"><code>onserviceavailable</code></dfn>
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diff changeset
   743
              </td>
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diff changeset
   744
              <td>
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diff changeset
   745
                <a href="#event-serviceavailable"><code>serviceavailable</code></a>
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diff changeset
   746
              </td>
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diff changeset
   747
            </tr>
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diff changeset
   748
            <tr>
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diff changeset
   749
              <td>
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   750
                <dfn id="dom-networkservices-onserviceunavailable"
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diff changeset
   751
                    title="dom-NetworkServices-onserviceunavailable"><code>onserviceunavailable</code></dfn>
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   752
              </td>
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   753
              <td>
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   754
                <a href="#event-serviceunavailable"><code>serviceunavailable</code></a>
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   755
              </td>
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   756
            </tr>
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   757
          </tbody>
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   758
        </table>
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   759
      </section>
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   760
    </section>
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   761
    <section>
239
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   762
      <h2>
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   763
        Communicating with a networked service
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   764
      </h2>
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   765
      <p>
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   766
        The <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> interface is used to provide a set of connection
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        information for an HTTP service endpoint and if available, service events, running on a networked device.
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   768
      </p>
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   769
      <pre class="widl">
180
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   770
[NoInterfaceObject]
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   771
interface <dfn id="networkservice">NetworkService</dfn> {
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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   772
  readonly attribute DOMString        <a href="#dom-networkservice-id">id</a>;
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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   773
  readonly attribute DOMString        <a href="#dom-networkservice-name">name</a>;
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   774
  readonly attribute DOMString        <a href="#dom-networkservice-type">type</a>;
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   775
  readonly attribute DOMString        <a href="#dom-networkservice-url">url</a>;
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diff changeset
   776
  readonly attribute DOMString        <a href="#dom-networkservice-config">config</a>;
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   777
191
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   778
  readonly attribute boolean          <a href="#dom-networkservice-online">online</a>;
180
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   779
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   780
  // event handler attributes
239
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   781
           attribute <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/webappapis.html#eventhandler"
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   782
     class="externalDFN">EventHandler</a>     <a href="#dom-networkservice-onserviceonline">onserviceonline</a>;
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   783
           attribute <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/webappapis.html#eventhandler"
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   784
     class="externalDFN">EventHandler</a>     <a href="#dom-networkservice-onserviceoffline">onserviceoffline</a>;
191
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   785
239
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   786
           attribute <a href="http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/multipage/webappapis.html#eventhandler"
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   787
     class="externalDFN">EventHandler</a>     <a href="#dom-networkservice-onnotify">onnotify</a>;
180
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   788
};
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diff changeset
   789
239
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   790
<a href="#networkservice">NetworkService</a> implements <a href=
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   791
"http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/domcore/raw-file/tip/Overview.html#interface-eventtarget"
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   792
     class="externalDFN">EventTarget</a>;
180
ee3a89da06e1 First draft of Networked Service Discovery and Messaging
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diff changeset
   793
</pre>
239
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   794
      <section>
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   795
        <h2>
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   796
          Attributes
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   797
        </h2>
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   798
        <dl class="domintro">
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   799
          <dt>
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   800
            <var title="">service</var> . <code title="dom-networkservice-id"><a href=
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   801
            "#dom-networkservice-id">id</a></code>
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diff changeset
   802
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   803
          <dd>
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   804
            <p>
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   805
              A unique identifier for the given user-selected service instance.
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diff changeset
   806
            </p>
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diff changeset
   807
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   808
          <dt>
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   809
            <var title="">service</var> . <code title="dom-networkservice-name"><a href=
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   810
            "#dom-networkservice-name">name</a></code>
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diff changeset
   811
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   812
          <dd>
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diff changeset
   813
            <p>
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   814
              The name of the user-selected service.
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diff changeset
   815
            </p>
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diff changeset
   816
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   817
          <dt>
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   818
            <var title="">service</var> . <code title="dom-networkservice-type"><a href=
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diff changeset
   819
            "#dom-networkservice-type">type</a></code>
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diff changeset
   820
          </dt>
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   821
          <dd>
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   822
            <p>
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   823
              The <a>valid service type</a> token value of the user-selected service.
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diff changeset
   824
            </p>
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diff changeset
   825
          </dd>
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   826
          <dt>
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   827
            <var title="">service</var> . <code title="dom-networkservice-url"><a href=
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diff changeset
   828
            "#dom-networkservice-url">url</a></code>
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diff changeset
   829
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   830
          <dd>
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   831
            <p>
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   832
              The control URL endpoint (including any required port information) of the user-selected control service
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diff changeset
   833
              that has been added to the <a>entry script origin's URL whitelist</a>.
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diff changeset
   834
            </p>
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diff changeset
   835
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   836
          <dt>
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   837
            <var title="">service</var> . <code title="dom-networkservice-config"><a href=
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diff changeset
   838
            "#dom-networkservice-config">config</a></code>
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diff changeset
   839
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   840
          <dd>
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diff changeset
   841
            <p>
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diff changeset
   842
              The configuration information associated with the service depending on the requested service type.
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diff changeset
   843
            </p>
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diff changeset
   844
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   845
        </dl>
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diff changeset
   846
        <p>
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diff changeset
   847
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservice-id"><code>id</code></dfn> attribute is a unique identifier for the service.
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   848
          The same service provided at different times or on different objects MUST have the same <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   849
          "#dom-networkservice-id"><code>id</code></a> value.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   850
        </p>
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diff changeset
   851
        <p>
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diff changeset
   852
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservice-name"><code>name</code></dfn> attribute represents a human-readable title for
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diff changeset
   853
          the service.
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diff changeset
   854
        </p>
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diff changeset
   855
        <p>
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diff changeset
   856
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservice-type"><code>type</code></dfn> attribute reflects the value of the <a>valid
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diff changeset
   857
          service type</a> of the service.
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diff changeset
   858
        </p>
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diff changeset
   859
        <p>
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diff changeset
   860
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservice-url"><code>url</code></dfn> attribute is an <a href=
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diff changeset
   861
          "http://www.w3.org/TR/html5/urls.html#absolute-url"
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diff changeset
   862
             class="externalDFN">absolute URL</a> pointing to the root HTTP endpoint for the service that has been
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diff changeset
   863
             added to the <a>entry script origin's URL whitelist</a>. Web pages can subsequently use this value for
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diff changeset
   864
             implicit cross-document messaging via various existing mechanisms (e.g. Web Sockets, Server-Sent Events,
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diff changeset
   865
             Web Messaging, XMLHttpRequest).
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diff changeset
   866
        </p>
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diff changeset
   867
        <p>
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diff changeset
   868
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservice-config"><code>config</code></dfn> attribute provides the raw configuration
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diff changeset
   869
          information extracted from the given network service.
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diff changeset
   870
        </p>
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diff changeset
   871
      </section>
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diff changeset
   872
      <section>
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diff changeset
   873
        <h3>
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diff changeset
   874
          States
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diff changeset
   875
        </h3>
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diff changeset
   876
        <dl class="domintro">
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diff changeset
   877
          <dt>
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diff changeset
   878
            <var title="">service</var> . <code title="dom-networkservice-online"><a href=
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diff changeset
   879
            "#dom-networkservice-online">online</a></code>
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diff changeset
   880
          </dt>
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diff changeset
   881
          <dd>
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diff changeset
   882
            <p>
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diff changeset
   883
              Returns <code>true</code> if the service is reporting that it is accessible on the local network or
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diff changeset
   884
              <code>false</code> if the service is reporting that it is no longer accessible (temporarily or
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diff changeset
   885
              permanently) on the local network.
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diff changeset
   886
            </p>
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diff changeset
   887
          </dd>
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diff changeset
   888
        </dl>
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diff changeset
   889
        <p>
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diff changeset
   890
          The <dfn id="dom-networkservice-online"><code>online</code></dfn> attribute indicates whether the service is
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diff changeset
   891
          reporting itself as being either <var>online</var>, and therefore accessible on the local network, in which
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diff changeset
   892
          case this attribute will return <code>true</code> or, <var>offline</var>, and therefore not accessible on the
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diff changeset
   893
          local network, either temporarily or permanently, in which case this attribute will return
240
4bb39c70f008 Minor editorial updates
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diff changeset
   894
          <code>false</code>. This attribute MUST default to <code>true</code>.
239
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diff changeset
   895
        </p>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   896
      </section>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   897
      <section>
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diff changeset
   898
        <h3>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   899
          Events
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   900
        </h3>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   901
        <p>
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diff changeset
   902
          The following are the event handlers (and their corresponding event handler event types) that <em class=
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diff changeset
   903
          "ct">MUST</em> be supported, as IDL attributes, by all objects implementing the <a href=
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diff changeset
   904
          "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> interface:
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diff changeset
   905
        </p>
243
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parents: 241
diff changeset
   906
        <table border="1">
239
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   907
          <thead>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   908
            <tr>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   909
              <th>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   910
                <span title="event handlers">Event handler</span>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   911
              </th>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   912
              <th>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   913
                <span>Event handler event type</span>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   914
              </th>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   915
            </tr>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   916
          </thead>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   917
          <tbody>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   918
            <tr>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   919
              <td>
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diff changeset
   920
                <dfn id="dom-networkservice-onnotify"
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diff changeset
   921
                    title="dom-NetworkService-onnotify"><code>onnotify</code></dfn>
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diff changeset
   922
              </td>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   923
              <td>
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diff changeset
   924
                <a href="#event-notify"><code>notify</code></a>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   925
              </td>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   926
            </tr>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   927
            <tr>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   928
              <td>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   929
                <dfn id="dom-networkservice-onserviceonline"
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diff changeset
   930
                    title="dom-NetworkService-onserviceonline"><code>onserviceonline</code></dfn>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   931
              </td>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   932
              <td>
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diff changeset
   933
                <a href="#event-serviceonline"><code>serviceonline</code></a>
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diff changeset
   934
              </td>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   935
            </tr>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   936
            <tr>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   937
              <td>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   938
                <dfn id="dom-networkservice-onserviceoffline"
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diff changeset
   939
                    title="dom-NetworkService-onserviceoffline"><code>onserviceoffline</code></dfn>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   940
              </td>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   941
              <td>
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diff changeset
   942
                <a href="#event-serviceoffline"><code>serviceoffline</code></a>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   943
              </td>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   944
            </tr>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
   945
          </tbody>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   946
        </table>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   947
      </section>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   948
    </section>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   949
    <section>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   950
      <h2>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   951
        Service Discovery
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   952
      </h2>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   953
      <p>
243
220f3226b2a1 Apply pub rules to proposed Working Draft update
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parents: 241
diff changeset
   954
        A <a>user agent</a> conforming to this specification MAY implement <abbr title=
220f3226b2a1 Apply pub rules to proposed Working Draft update
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 241
diff changeset
   955
        "Simple Service Discovery Protocol">SSDP</abbr> [[!UPNP-DEVICEARCH11]] and Zeroconf [[!DNS-SD]] + [[!MDNS]]
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   956
        <dfn>service discovery mechanisms</dfn> - the requirements detailed in this section of the specification - to
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   957
        enable Web pages to request and connect with HTTP services running on networked devices, discovered via either
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   958
        mechanism, through this API. When a <a>user agent</a> implements either of these <a>service discovery
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   959
        mechanisms</a>, then it MUST conform to the corresponding algorithms provided in this section of the
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   960
        specification.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   961
      </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
   962
      <p>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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diff changeset
   963
        This section presents how the results of these two <a>service discovery mechanisms</a> will be matched to
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   964
        requested service types, how the user agent stores available and active services, how their properties are
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
   965
        applied to any resulting <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   966
      </p>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   967
      <p>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   968
        It is expected that user agents will perform these <a>service discovery mechanisms</a> asynchronously and
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   969
        periodically update the <a>list of available service records</a> as required. The timing of any <a>service
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   970
        discovery mechanisms</a> is an implementation detail left to the discretion of the implementer (e.g. by
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   971
        continuously monitoring the network as a background process or on invocation of this API from a Web page).
239
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   972
      </p>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   973
      <p>
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diff changeset
   974
        The <dfn>list of available service records</dfn> is a single dynamic internal lookup table within user agents
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   975
        that is used to track all the services that have been discovered and are available in the current network at
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   976
        any given time. At any point during the running of either of the two <a>service discovery mechanisms</a> then
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   977
        existing entries within this table can be updated, entries can be added and entries can be removed as the
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   978
        status of networked services changes according to the rules defined in this specification.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   979
      </p>
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   980
      <p>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   981
        The <dfn>list of active service managers</dfn> is an internal list within user agents that is used to track all
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   982
        <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> objects currently being shared with any web pages
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   983
        at the current time. Each <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object in the <a>list of
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   984
        active service managers</a> represents a collection of one or more <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   985
        "#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects - known as its <dfn>indexed properties</dfn>.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   986
        <a href="#networkservice"><code>NetworkService</code></a> objects are attached as the <a>indexed properties</a>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
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parents: 243
diff changeset
   987
        of a <a href="#networkservices"><code>NetworkServices</code></a> object as part of the <a href=
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   988
        "#dom-navigator-getnetworkservices"><code>getNetworkServices()</code></a> algorithm.
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   989
      </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   990
      <p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   991
        The rule for <dfn>adding an available service</dfn> is the process of adding a new service or updating an
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   992
        existing service in the <a>list of available service records</a> that is generally available on the user's
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
   993
        current network. This rule takes one argument, <var>network service record</var>, and consists of running the
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   994
        following steps:
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   995
      </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   996
      <ol class="rule">
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   997
        <li>Let <var>new service registration flag</var> be <code>true</code>.
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parents: 238
diff changeset
   998
        </li>
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diff changeset
   999
        <li>For each <var>existing service record</var> in the current <a>list of available service records</a>, run
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parents: 238
diff changeset
  1000
        the following sub-steps:
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
  1001
          <ol class="rule">
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diff changeset
  1002
            <li>If the <var>existing service record</var>'s <code>id</code> property does not equal <var>network
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
  1003
            service record</var>'s <code>id</code> property then abort any remaining sub-steps and continue at the next
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
  1004
            available <var>existing service record</var>.
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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parents: 238
diff changeset
  1005
            </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
  1006
            <li>Set <var>new service registration flag</var> to <code>false</code>.
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
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diff changeset
  1007
            </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1008
            <li>Replace the value of <var>existing service record</var> in the current <a>list of available service
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1009
            records</a> with the value of <var>network service record</var>.
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1010
            </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1011
          </ol>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1012
        </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1013
        <li>If <var>new service registration flag</var> is set to <code>true</code> then add <var>network service
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1014
        record</var> to the <a>list of available service records</a> as a new item.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1015
        </li>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1016
        <li>For each <var>service manager</var> in the <a>list of active service managers</a> run the following steps:
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1017
          <ol class="rule">
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1018
            <li>Let <var>service type in current service manager flag</var> be <code>false</code>.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1019
            </li>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1020
            <li>For each <var>active service</var> in <var>service manager</var> run the following steps:
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1021
              <ol class="rule">
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1022
                <li>If <var>network service record</var>'s <code>type</code> property does not equal <var>active
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1023
                service</var>'s <code>type</code> attribute then abort any remaining sub-steps for this <var>active
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1024
                service</var> and continue at the next available <var>active service</var>.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1025
                </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1026
                <li>Set the <var>service type in current service manager flag</var> to <code>true</code>.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1027
                </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1028
                <li>If the <var>new service registration flag</var> is set to <code>false</code>, the <var>network
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1029
                service record</var>'s <code>id</code> property equals the <var>active service</var>'s <code>id</code>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1030
                attribute and <var>active service</var>'s <a href="#dom-networkservice-online"><code>online</code></a>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1031
                attribute is currently set to <code>false</code> then set <var>active service</var>'s <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1032
                "#dom-networkservice-online"><code>online</code></a> attribute to <code>true</code> and then <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1033
                "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1034
                      class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to dispatch a newly created event with the name <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1035
                      "#event-serviceonline"><code>serviceonline</code></a> that uses the <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1036
                      "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/domcore/raw-file/tip/Overview.html#event"
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1037
                      class="externalDFN"><code>Event</code></a> interface, which does not bubble, is not cancellable,
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1038
                      and has no default action, at the current <var>active service</var> object.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1039
                </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1040
              </ol>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1041
            </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1042
            <li>If the <var>new service registration flag</var> is set to <code>true</code> and the <var>service type
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1043
            in current service manager flag</var> is also set to <code>true</code> then increment <var>service
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1044
            manager</var>'s <a href="#dom-networkservices-servicesavailable"><code>servicesAvailable</code></a>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1045
            attribute by <code>1</code> and then <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1046
            "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1047
                  class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to dispatch a newly created event with the name <a href=
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1048
                  "#event-serviceavailable"><code>serviceavailable</code></a> that uses the <a href=
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1049
                  "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/domcore/raw-file/tip/Overview.html#event"
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1050
                  class="externalDFN"><code>Event</code></a> interface, which does not bubble, is not cancellable, and
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1051
                  has no default action, at the current <var>service manager</var> object.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1052
            </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1053
          </ol>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1054
        </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1055
      </ol>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1056
      <p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1057
        The rule for <dfn>removing an available service</dfn> is the general process of removing a service from the
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1058
        <a>list of available service records</a> that has left the user's current network or has otherwise expired.
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1059
        This rule takes one argument, <var>service identifier</var>, and consists of running the following steps:
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1060
      </p>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1061
      <ol class="rule">
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1062
        <li>For each <var>existing service record</var> in the current <a>list of available service records</a>, run
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1063
        the following sub-steps:
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1064
          <ol class="rule">
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1065
            <li>If the <var>existing service record</var>'s <code>id</code> property does not match <var>service
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1066
            identifier</var> then skip any remaining sub-steps for the current <var>existing service record</var> and
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1067
            continue at the next available <var>existing service record</var>.
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1068
            </li>
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1069
            <li>If the <var>existing service record</var>'s <code>type</code> property begins with the DOMString
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1070
            "<code>upnp:</code>" and <var>existing service record</var>'s <code>eventsURL</code> property is set then
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1071
            run the rule to <a>terminate an existing UPnP Events Subscription</a>, if one is currently active (as a
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1072
            result of having previously called <a>setup a UPnP Events Subscription</a> against the current
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1073
            <var>existing service record</var>).
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1074
            </li>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1075
            <li>For each <var>service manager</var> in the <a>list of active service managers</a> run the following
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1076
            steps:
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1077
              <ol class="rule">
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1078
                <li>Let <var>service type in current service manager flag</var> be <code>false</code>.
239
7e34654692fc HTML5 Tidy on Network Service Discovery spec markup
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 238
diff changeset
  1079
                </li>
250
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1080
                <li>For each <var>active service</var> in <var>service manager</var> run the following steps:
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1081
                  <ol class="rule">
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1082
                    <li>If <var>existing service record</var>'s <code>type</code> property does not equal the
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1083
                    <var>active service</var>'s <code>type</code> attribute then abort any remaining sub-steps for this
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1084
                    <var>active service</var> and continue at the next available <var>active service</var>.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1085
                    </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1086
                    <li>Set the <var>service type in current service manager flag</var> to <code>true</code>.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1087
                    </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1088
                    <li>If <var>existing service record</var>'s <code>id</code> property equals the <var>active
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1089
                    service</var>'s <code>id</code> attribute and <var>active service</var>'s <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1090
                    "#dom-networkservice-online"><code>online</code></a> attribute is currently set to
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1091
                    <code>true</code> then set <var>active service</var>'s <a href="#dom-networkservice-online"><code>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1092
                      online</code></a> attribute to <code>false</code> and then <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1093
                      "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1094
                          class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to dispatch a newly created event with the name <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1095
                          "#event-serviceoffline"><code>serviceoffline</code></a> that uses the <a href=
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1096
                          "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/domcore/raw-file/tip/Overview.html#event"
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1097
                          class="externalDFN"><code>Event</code></a> interface, which does not bubble, is not
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1098
                          cancellable, and has no default action, at the current <var>active service</var>.
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1099
                    </li>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1100
                  </ol>
8b912f2bb9c7 Updates to Service Discovery & Messaging according to feedback @ http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-device-apis/2012Oct/0005.html
Rich Tibbett <richt@opera.com>
parents: 243
diff changeset
  1101
                </li>
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  1102
                <li>If the <var>service type in current service manager flag</var> is set to <code>true</code> then
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  1103
                decrement <var>service manager</var>'s <a href=
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  1104
                "#dom-networkservices-servicesavailable"><code>servicesAvailable</code></a> attribute by <code>1</code>
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  1105
                and then <a href=
239
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  1106
                "http://www.whatwg.org/specs/web-apps/current-work/complete/webappapis.html#queue-a-task"
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  1107
                      class="externalDFN">queue a task</a> to dispatch a newly created event with the name <a href=
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diff changeset
  1108
                      "#event-serviceunavailable"><code>serviceunavailable</code></a> that uses the <a href=
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  1109
                      "http://dvcs.w3.org/hg/domcore/raw-file/tip/Overview.html#event"
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  1110
                      class="externalDFN"><code>Event</code></a> interface, which does not bubble, is not cancellable,
250
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  1111
                      and has no default action, at the current <var>service manager</var> object.
239
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  1112
                </li>
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  1113
              </ol>
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  1114
            </li>
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  1115
            <li>Remove <var>existing service record</var> from the current <a>list of available service records</a>.
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  1116
            </li>
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  1117
          </ol>
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  1118
        </li>
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  1119
      </ol>
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  1120
      <p>
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  1121
        User agents SHOULD expire a service record from the <a>list of available service records</a> when its
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  1122
        <code>expiryTimestamp</code> attribute exceeds the current UTC timestamp. When this condition is met the
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  1123
        <a>user agent</a> SHOULD run the rule for <a>removing an available service</a>, passing in the expired service
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  1124
        record's <code>id</code> attribute as the only argument.
239
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diff changeset
  1125
      </p>
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  1126
      <section>
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  1127
        <h4>
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  1128
          Zeroconf (<abbr title="Multicast DNS">mDNS</abbr> + <abbr title="Domain Name System">DNS</abbr>-<abbr title=
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diff changeset
  1129
          "Service Discovery">SD</abbr>)
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diff changeset
  1130
        </h4>
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  1131
        <p>
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  1132
          For each DNS response received from a user-agent-initiated Multicast DNS Browse for <abbr title=
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  1133
          "DNS Pointer Record">PTR</abbr> records with the name <code>_services._dns-sd._udp</code> on the resolved
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  1134
          recommended automatic browsing domain [[!MDNS]], the <a>user agent</a> MUST run the following steps:
239
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diff changeset
  1135
        </p>
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diff changeset
  1136
        <ol class="rule">
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  1137
          <li>Let <var>service mDNS responses</var> be an array of PTR records received by issuing a Multicast DNS
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  1138
          Browse for PTR records with the name of the current discovered service type.
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diff changeset
  1139
          </li>
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  1140
          <li>For each Object <var>service mDNS response</var> in <var>service mDNS responses</var>, run the following
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diff changeset
  1141
          steps:
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  1142
            <ol>
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parents: