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+<title>8 Advisory Committee Reviews, Appeals, and Votes</title>
+<link rel="contents" href="cover.html#toc" />
+<link rel="next" href="events.html" />
+<link rel="previous" href="tr.html" />
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+<p>[<a accesskey="n" rel="Next" href="events.html">next chapter</a>] &nbsp;
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+[<a accesskey="c" rel="Contents" href="cover.html#toc">contents</a>]</p>
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+<h1>W3C Process Document</h1>
+<h2>8 <a name="ReviewAppeal" id="ReviewAppeal">Advisory Committee Reviews,
+Appeals, and Votes</a></h2>
+<div class="toc">
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline3"><a href="#ACReview" class="tocxref">8.1 Advisory Committee
+<ul class="toc">
+<li class="tocline4"><a href="#ACReviewStart" class="tocxref">8.1.1 Start of a
+Review Period</a></li>
+<li class="tocline4"><a href="#ACReviewAfter" class="tocxref">8.1.2 After the
+Review Period</a></li>
+<li class="tocline3"><a href="#ACAppeal" class="tocxref">8.2 Appeal by Advisory
+Committee Representatives</a></li>
+<li class="tocline3"><a href="#ACVotes" class="tocxref">8.3 Advisory Committee
+<!-- this is for html2ps -->
+<p>This section describes how the Advisory Committee reviews proposals from the
+Director and how Advisory Committee representatives appeal W3C decisions and
+decisions by the Director. A <a name="def-w3c-decision" id=
+"def-w3c-decision">W3C decision</a> is one where the Director (or the
+Director's delegate) has exercised the role of assessing consensus after an
+<a href="#ACReview">Advisory Committee review</a> of an <a href=
+"activities.html#ActivityProposal">Activity Proposal</a>, after a <a href=
+"tr.html#cfr">Call for Review of a Proposed Recommendation</a>, after a
+<a href="tr.html#cfr-edited">Call for Review of a Proposed Recommendation</a>,
+after a <a href="tr.html#proposed-rescinded-rec">Proposal to Rescind a W3C
+Recommendation</a>, and after a <a href="processdoc.html#GAProcess">Proposed
+Process Document</a> review.</p>
+<h3>8.1 <a name="ACReview" id="ACReview">Advisory Committee Reviews</a></h3>
+<p>The Advisory Committee reviews:</p>
+<li>proposals for <a href="activities.html#ActivityCreation">new</a>, <a href=
+"activities.html#ActivityModification">modified</a>, and <a href=
+"activities.html#ActivityExtension">extended Activities</a>,</li>
+<li><a href="groups.html#CharterReview">new and modified Working and Interest
+<li><a href="tr.html#cfr">Proposed Recommendations</a>, <a href=
+"tr.html#cfr-edited">Proposed Edited Recommendations</a>, <a href=
+"tr.html#proposed-rescinded-rec">Proposal to Rescind a Recommendation</a>,
+<li><a href="processdoc.html#GAProcess">Proposed changes to the W3C
+<h4>8.1.1 <a name="ACReviewStart" id="ACReviewStart">Start of a Review
+<p>Each Advisory Committee review period begins with a Call for Review from the
+Team to the Advisory Committee. The <a name="reviewform" id="reviewform">review
+form</a> describes the proposal, raises attention to deadlines, estimates when
+the decision will be available, and includes other practical information. Each
+Member organization <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> send one review, which
+<span class="rfc2119">MUST</span> be returned by its Advisory Committee
+<p>The Team <span class="rfc2119">MUST</span> provide two channels for Advisory
+Committee review comments:</p>
+<li>an archived <a href="comm.html#Team-only">Team-only</a> channel; this is
+the default channel for reviews.</li>
+<li>an archived <a href="comm.html#Member-only">Member-only</a> channel.</li>
+<p>Reviewers <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> send information to either or
+both channels. They <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> also share their reviews
+with other Members on the <a href="organization.html#ACCommunication">Advisory
+Committee discussion list</a>.</p>
+<p>A Member organization <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> modify its review
+during a review period (e.g., in light of comments from other Members).</p>
+<h4>8.1.2 <a name="ACReviewAfter" id="ACReviewAfter">After the Review
+<p>After the review period, the Director <span class="rfc2119">MUST</span>
+announce to the Advisory Committee the level of support for the proposal
+(<a href="policies.html#def-Consensus">consensus</a> or <a href=
+"policies.html#def-Dissent">dissent</a>). The Director <span class=
+"rfc2119">MUST</span> also indicate whether there were any Formal Objections,
+with attention to <a href="comm.html#confidentiality-change">changing
+confidentiality level</a>. This <a href="#def-w3c-decision">W3C decision</a> is
+generally one of the following:</p>
+<li>The proposal is approved, possibly with <a href=
+"tr.html#minor-change">minor changes</a> integrated.</li>
+<li>The proposal is approved, possibly with <a href=
+"tr.html#substantive-change">substantive changes</a> integrated. In this case
+the Director's announcement <span class="rfc2119">MUST</span> include rationale
+for the decision to advance the document despite the proposal for a substantive
+<li>The proposal is returned for additional work, with a request to the
+initiator to <a href="policies.html#formal-address">formally address</a>
+certain issues.</li>
+<li>The proposal is rejected.</li>
+<p>This document does not specify time intervals between the end of an Advisory
+Committee review period and the <a href="#def-w3c-decision">W3C decision</a>.
+This is to ensure that the Members and Team have sufficient time to consider
+comments gathered during the review. The Advisory Committee <span class=
+"rfc2119">SHOULD NOT</span> expect an announcement sooner than <span class=
+"time-interval">two weeks</span> after the end of a Proposed Recommendation
+review period. If, after <span class="time-interval">three weeks</span>, the
+Director has not announced the outcome, the Director <span class=
+"rfc2119">SHOULD</span> provide the Advisory Committee with an update.</p>
+<h3>8.2 <a name="ACAppeal" id="ACAppeal">Appeal by Advisory Committee
+<p>Advisory Committee representatives <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> appeal
+certain decisions, though appeals are only expected to occur in extraordinary
+<p>When Advisory Committee review immediately precedes a decision, Advisory
+Committee representatives <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> only appeal when
+there is <a href="policies.html#def-Dissent">dissent</a>. These decisions
+<li><a href="tr.html#rec-publication">Publication of a Recommendation</a> or
+<a href="tr.html#publication-rescinded-rec">Publication of a Rescinded
+<li><a href="activities.html#ActivityProposal">Activity creation</a>, <a href=
+"activities.html#ActivityModification">modification</a>, or <a href=
+<li><a href="groups.html#cfp">Working or Interest Group creation</a> or
+<a href="groups.html#charter-extension">extension</a>,</li>
+<li>Changes to the <a href="processdoc.html#GAProcess">W3C process</a>.</li>
+<p>Advisory Committee representatives <span class="rfc2119">MAY</span> always
+appeal the following decisions:</p>
+<li><a href="activities.html#ActivityTermination">Activity closure</a>,</li>
+<li><a href="groups.html#charter-extension">Working or Interest Group
+extension</a> or <a href="groups.html#GeneralTermination">closure</a>,</li>
+<li><a href="tr.html#cfi">Call for Implementations</a>, <a href=
+"tr.html#cfr">Call for Review of a Proposed Recommendation</a>, <a href=
+"tr.html#cfr-edited">Call for Review of an Edited Recommendation</a>, or
+<a href="tr.html#proposed-rescinded-rec">Proposal to Rescind a
+<li>the Director's intention to sign a <a href="liaisons.html#mou">Memorandum
+of Understanding</a> with another organization.</li>
+<p>In all cases, an appeal <span class="rfc2119">MUST</span> be initiated
+within <span class="time-interval">three weeks</span> of the decision.</p>
+<p>An Advisory Committee representative initiates an appeal by sending a
+request to the Team (explained in detail in the <a href=
+"">New Member Orientation</a>). The Team
+<span class="rfc2119">MUST</span> announce the appeal process to the Advisory
+Committee and provide an address for comments from Advisory Committee
+representatives. The archive of these comments <span class=
+"rfc2119">MUST</span> be Member-visible. If, within <span class=
+"time-interval">one week</span> of the Team's announcement, 5% or more of the
+Advisory Committee support the appeal request, the Team <span class=
+"rfc2119">MUST</span> organize an appeal vote asking the Advisory Committee to
+approve or reject the decision. <!-- Voting procedure to be determined --></p>
+<h3>8.3 <a name="ACVotes" id="ACVotes">Advisory Committee Votes</a></h3>
+<p>The Advisory Committee votes in <a href=
+"organization.html#AB-TAG-elections">elections for seats on the TAG or Advisory
+Board</a>, and in the event of a formal appeal of a <a href=
+"#def-w3c-decision">W3C decision</a>. Whenever the Advisory Committee votes,
+each Member or group of <a href="organization.html#MemberRelated">related
+Members</a> has one vote. In the case of <a href=
+"organization.html#AB-TAG-elections">Advisory Board and TAG elections</a>, "one
+vote" means "one vote per available seat".</p>
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