cover.html
author Ralph Swick <swick+git@w3.org>
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 10:35:44 -0400
branchPP-20150428
changeset 163 8afe5da258a5
parent 161 a349a1fad124
child 165 ac35a25720eb
permissions -rw-r--r--
Update TAG charter reference to current (204) TAG charter
Fix broken IDs
Drop ID for non-existant W3CChair definition
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<!DOCTYPE html>
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<html lang="en">
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  <head>
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    <meta content="text/html; charset=utf-8" http-equiv="content-type">
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    <meta name="keywords" content="W3C, World Wide Web, WWW, Consortium, process, Team, Recommendation, Advisory Committee,
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Advisory Board, Working Group, Coordination Group, Interest Group, W3C Activity, Workshop, Symposium, charter, Activity Proposal,Working Draft, Process Document, Candidate Recommendation, Director, Proposed Recommendation, Last Call, Submission request">
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    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/base.css">
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    <title>World Wide Web Consortium Process Document</title>
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    <style type="text/css">
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     .about { margin-left: 3em; margin-right: 3em; font-size: .83em}
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     table { margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto }
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     .diagram { text-align: center; margin: 2.5em 0 }
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      .issue:before {content: "Issue: "}
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      .issue {border: 2px dashed red; background-color: #ffa;}
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      .issue .issue {background-color: #fcc;}
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      .rfc2119 {font-variant:small-caps}
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</style> <!--[if lt IE 9]><script src='undefined://www.w3.org/2008/site/js/html5shiv.js'></script><![endif]-->
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  </head>
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  <body>
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    <div class="head"><a href="http://www.w3.org/"><img alt="W3C" src="https://www.w3.org/Icons/w3c_home" height="48" width="72"></a>
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      <h1>Proposed World Wide Web Consortium Process Document</h1>
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      <h2 class="notoc">Proposed Process 28 April 2015</h2>
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      <dl>
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        <dt>This version - permanent URI:</dt>
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        <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/2015/04/Process-20150428/">http://www.w3.org/2015/04/Process-20150428/</a></dd>
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        <dt>Latest Editor's version:</dt>
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        <dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/cover.html">https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/default/cover.html</a></dd>
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        <dt>Latest operative version:</dt>
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        <dd><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/">http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/</a> (<a href="diff-20140801">diffs</a>)</dd>
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        <dt>Previous version:</dt>
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	<dd><a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/raw-file/68f2be460152/cover.html"
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	       >3 March 2015</a></dd>
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        <dt>Editor:</dt>
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        <dd>Charles McCathie Nevile, <a style="color:black" href="http://yandex.com"><span style="color: red;">Y</span>andex</a>—<a style="color:black"
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            href="http://yandex.ru"><span style="color: red;">Я</span>ндекс</a></dd>
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        <dt>Previous editor:</dt>
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        <dd>Ian Jacobs, <a href="http://www.w3.org/">W3C</a></dd>
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      </dl>
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      <p class="copyright"><a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Copyright">Copyright</a> © 1996-2015 <a href="/"><abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr></a><sup>®</sup>
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        (<a href="http://www.csail.mit.edu/"><abbr title="Massachusetts Institute of Technology">MIT</abbr></a>, <a href="http://www.ercim.eu/"><abbr
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            title="European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics">ERCIM</abbr></a>, <a href="http://www.keio.ac.jp/">Keio</a>,
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        <a href="http://ev.buaa.edu.cn/">Beihang</a>), All Rights Reserved. W3C <a href="/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#Legal_Disclaimer">liability</a>,
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        <a href="/Consortium/Legal/ipr-notice#W3C_Trademarks">trademark</a>, <a rel="Copyright" href="/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">document
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          use</a> and <a rel="Copyright" href="/Consortium/Legal/copyright-software">software licensing</a> rules apply. Your interactions
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        with this site are in accordance with our <a href="/Consortium/Legal/privacy-statement#Public">public</a> and <a href="/Consortium/Legal/privacy-statement#Members">Member</a>
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        privacy statements.</p>
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      <hr></div>
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    <h2 class="notoc"><a id="abstract">Abstract</a></h2>
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    <p>The mission of the World Wide Web Consortium (<abbr>W3C</abbr>) is to lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing
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      common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its interoperability. The W3C Process Document describes the organizational
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      structure of the W3C and the processes related to the responsibilities and functions they exercise to enable W3C to accomplish its
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      mission. This document does not describe the internal workings of the Team or W3C's public communication mechanisms.</p>
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    <p>For more information about the W3C mission and the history of W3C, please refer to <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/">About W3C</a>
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      [<a href="#ref-mission">PUB15</a>].</p>
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    <h2 class="notoc" id="status">Status of this Document</h2>
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    <p>W3C, including all existing chartered groups, follows the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Process/">most recent operative
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        Process Document</a> announced to the Membership.</p>
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    <p>This draft of the W3C Process Document is presented for
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    Advisory Committee Review and adoption by the W3C. This document
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    has been produced following the W3C Advisory Committee Last Call
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    review of the proposed update to the W3C Process.</p>
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    <p>W3C Advisory Committee Members are invited to send formal
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    review comments to the W3C Team until 28 May 2015 using the
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    <a href="https://www.w3.org/2002/09/wbs/33280/Process201505/">Call
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    for Review form</a>. To comment, aside from Advisory Committee
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    comments, send email to
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    <a href="mailto:public-w3process@w3.org">public-w3process@w3.org</a>
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    (<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-w3process">public
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    archive</a>) or to
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    <a href="mailto:process-issues@w3.org">process-issues@w3.org</a>
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    (<a href="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Member/process-issues">Member-only
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    archive</a>).</p>
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    <p>This document has been produced by the W3C Advisory Board in
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    accordance with Section 12 of the
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    <a href="http://www.w3.org/2014/Process-20140801/#GAProcess">current
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    (2014) W3C Process</a>.  Development of this document is done in
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    the Advisory Board's Process Task Force (which anyone may join)
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    working within the
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    <a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/">Revising W3C
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    Process Community Group</a>.</p>
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    <p>This document is based on the 3 March review draft which was proposed to the Advisory Committee as a "last call" for an update to the
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     <a href="http://www.w3.org/2014/Process-20140801/">1 August 2014 Process</a>.</p>
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    <p>Sections have been renumbered, with the most notable change from the current Operative version being that section numbers 5 and above
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      in this draft correspond to section numbers higher by 1 in the August 2014 Process.</p>
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    <p>In <em>this draft</em> <a href="http://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/issues/152">ISSUE-152</a> has been resolved, by
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      allowing a Working Group to propose editorial corrections directly as a Proposed Recommendation. A <a href="#changes">change history</a>
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      (compared to the 2014 Process Document) forms part of this draft. A <a href="https://www.w3.org/community/w3process/track/">Public Issue Tracker</a> and <a href="https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/AB/">detailed
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        changelogs</a> are available online.</p>
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    <h2 class="notoc" id="pp">Relation of Process Document to Patent Policy</h2>
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    <p>W3C Members' attention is called to the fact that provisions of the Process Document are binding on Members per the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">Membership
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        Agreement</a> [<a href="#ref-member-agreement">PUB6</a>]. The Patent Policy <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C
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        Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>] is incorporated by normative reference as a part of the Process Document,
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      and is thus equally binding.</p>
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    <p>The Patent Policy places additional obligations on Members, Team, and other participants in W3C. The Process Document does not
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      restate those requirements but includes references to them. The Process Document and Patent Policy have been designed so that they may
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      evolve independently.</p>
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    <p>In the Process Document, the term "participant" refers to an individual, not an organization.</p>
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    <h2 class=".notoc">Conformance and specialized terms</h2>
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    <p>The terms <em class="rfc2119">must</em>, <em class="rfc2119">must not</em>, <em class="rfc2119">should</em>, <em class="rfc2119">should
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        not</em>, <em class="rfc2119">required</em>, and <em class="rfc2119">may</em> are used in accordance with <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt">RFC
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        2119</a> [<a href="#ref-RFC2119">RFC2119</a>]. The term <dfn><em class="rfc2119">not required</em></dfn> is equivalent to the term
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      <em class="rfc2119">may</em> as defined in RFC 2119.&nbsp;</p>
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    <p>Some terms have been capitalized in this document (and in other W3C materials) to indicate that they are entities with special
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      relevance to the W3C Process. These terms are defined herein, and readers should be aware that the ordinary (English) definitions are
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      incomplete for purposes of understanding this document.</p>
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    <div class="toc" role="navigation">
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      <h2 class="notoc" id="toc">Table of Contents</h2>
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      <div class="noprint">
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        <ul class="toc">
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Intro" class="tocxref">1 Introduction</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Organization" class="tocxref">2 Members, Advisory Committee, Team, Advisory Board, Technical
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              Architecture Group</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Policies" class="tocxref">3 General Policies for W3C Groups</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#dissemination" class="tocxref">4 Dissemination Policies</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#GAGeneral" class="tocxref">5 Working Groups and Interest Groups</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Reports" class="tocxref">6 W3C Technical Report Development Process</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#ReviewAppeal" class="tocxref">7 Advisory Committee Reviews, Appeals, and Votes</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#GAEvents" class="tocxref">8 Workshops and Symposia</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Liaisons" class="tocxref">9 Liaisons</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Submission" class="tocxref">10 Member Submission Process</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#GAProcess" class="tocxref">11 Process Evolution</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#references" class="tocxref">12 References</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#acks" class="tocxref">13 Acknowledgments</a></li>
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          <li class="tocline2"><a href="#changes" class="tocxref">14 Changes</a></li>
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        </ul>
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      </div>
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    </div>
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    <div class="longtoc">
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      <div class="noprint">
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        <h3 class="notoc" id="fulltoc">Expanded table of contents</h3>
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      </div>
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      <ul class="toc">
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Intro">1 Introduction</a></li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Organization">2 Members, Advisory Committee, Team, Advisory Board, Technical Architecture Group</a>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#Members">2.1 Members</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#MemberBenefits">2.1.1 Rights of Members</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#MemberRelated">2.1.2 Related Members</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#AC">2.1.3 Advisory Committee (AC)</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#Team">2.2 The W3C Team</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#TeamSubmission">2.2.1 Team Submissions</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#AB">2.3 Advisory Board (AB)</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#ABParticipation">2.3.1 Advisory Board Participation</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#TAG">2.4 Technical Architecture Group (TAG)</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#tag-participation">2.4.1 Technical Architecture Group Participation</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#AB-TAG-participation">2.5 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Participation</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#AB-TAG-constraints">2.5.1 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Participation
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                    Constraints</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#AB-TAG-elections">2.5.2 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Elections</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#AB-TAG-vacated">2.5.3 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Vacated Seats</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Policies">3 General Policies for W3C Groups</a>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#ParticipationCriteria">3.1 Individual Participation Criteria</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#coi">3.1.1 Conflict of Interest Policy</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#member-rep">3.1.2 Individuals Representing a Member Organization</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#GeneralMeetings">3.2 Meetings</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#Consensus">3.3 Consensus</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#managing-dissent">3.3.1 Managing Dissent</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#WGArchiveMinorityViews">3.3.2 Recording and Reporting Formal Objections</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#formal-address">3.3.3 Formally Addressing an Issue</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#WGChairReopen">3.3.4 Reopening a Decision When Presented With New Information</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#Votes">3.4 Votes</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#WGAppeals">3.5 Appeal of a Chair's Decision</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#resignation">3.6 Resignation from a Group</a></li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#dissemination">4 Dissemination Policies</a>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#confidentiality-levels">4.1 Confidentiality Levels</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#confidentiality-change">4.1.1 Changing Confidentiality Level</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#GAGeneral">5 Working Groups and Interest Groups</a>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#ReqsAllGroups">5.1 Requirements for All Working and Interest Groups</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#GroupsWG">5.2 Working Groups and Interest Groups</a>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#group-participation">5.2.1 Working Group and Interest Group Participation Requirements</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#WGCharterDevelopment">5.2.2 Working Group and Interest Group Charter Development</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#CharterReview">5.2.3 Advisory Committee Review of a Working Group or Interest Group Charter</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#cfp">5.2.4 Call for Participation in a Working Group or Interest Group</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#charter-extension">5.2.5 Working Group and Interest Group Charter Extension</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#WGCharter">5.2.6 Working Group and Interest Group Charters</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#GeneralTermination">5.2.8 Working Group and Interest Group Closure</a></li>
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              </ul>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Reports">6 W3C Technical Report Development Process</a>
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            <li><a href="#rec-advance">6.1 W3C Technical Reports</a>
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                <li><a href="#recs-and-notes" id="return-to-wg">6.1.1 Recommendations and Notes</a></li>
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                <li><a href="#maturity-levels">6.1.2 Maturity Levels</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li><a href="#requirements-and-definitions">6.2 General requirements and definitions</a>
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                <li><a href="#general-requirements">6.2.1 General requirements for Technical Reports</a></li>
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                <li><a href="#transition-reqs">6.2.2 Advancement on the Recommendation Track</a>
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                  <ul class="toc">
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                    <li><a href="#substantive-change">6.2.2.1 Substantive Change</a></li>
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                  </ul>
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                </li>
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                <li><a href="#doc-reviews">6.2.3 Reviews and Review Responsibilities</a>
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                  <ul class="toc">
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                    <li><a href="#wide-review">6.2.3.1 Wide Review</a></li>
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                  </ul>
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                </li>
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                <li><a href="#implementation-experience">6.2.4 Implementation Experience</a> </li>
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                <li><a href="#correction-classes">6.2.5 Classes of Changes to a Recommendation</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li><a href="#working-draft">6.3 Working Draft</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li><a href="#first-wd">6.3.1 First Public Working Draft</a></li>
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                <li><a href="#revised-wd">6.3.2 Revising Public Working Drafts</a></li>
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                <li><a href="#tr-end">6.3.3 Stopping work on a specification</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li><a href="#candidate-rec" id="cfi">6.4 Candidate Recommendation</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li><a href="#revised-cr">6.4.1 Revising a Candidate Recommendation</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li> <a href="#rec-pr" id="cfr">6.5 Proposed Recommendation</a></li>
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            <li> <a href="#rec-publication">6.6 W3C Recommendation</a></li>
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            <li><a href="#rec-modify">6.7 Modifying a W3C Recommendation</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li><a href="#errata">6.7.1 Errata Management</a></li>
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                <li><a href="#revised-rec" id="cfr-edited">6.7.2 Revising a Recommendation</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li><a href="#Note">6.8 Publishing a Working Group or Interest Group Note</a></li>
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            <li><a href="#rec-rescind">6.9 Rescinding a W3C Recommendation</a></li>
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            <li><a href="#further-reading">Further reading</a></li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#ReviewAppeal">7 Advisory Committee Reviews, Appeals, and Votes</a>
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          <ul class="toc">
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#ACReview">7.1 Advisory Committee Reviews</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#ACReviewStart">7.1.1 Start of a Review Period</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#ACReviewAfter">7.1.2 After the Review Period</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#ACAppeal">7.2 Appeal by Advisory Committee Representatives</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#ACVotes">7.3 Advisory Committee Votes</a></li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#GAEvents">8 Workshops and Symposia</a></li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Liaisons">9 Liaisons</a></li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#Submission">10 Member Submission Process</a>
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          <ul class="toc">
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#SubmissionRights">10.1 Submitter Rights and Obligations</a>
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              <ul class="toc">
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#SubmissionScope">10.1.1 Scope of Member Submissions</a></li>
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                <li class="tocline4"><a href="#SubmissionReqs">10.1.2 Information Required in a Submission Request</a></li>
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              </ul>
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            </li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#TeamSubmissionRights">10.2 Team Rights and Obligations</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#SubmissionYes">10.3 Acknowledgment of a Submission Request</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#SubmissionNo">10.4 Rejection of a Submission Request</a></li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#GAProcess">11 Process Evolution</a></li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#references">12 References</a>
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          <ul class="toc">
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#public-refs">12.1 Public Resources</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#member-refs">12.2 Member-only Resources</a></li>
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            <li class="tocline3"><a href="#other-refs">12.3 Other References</a></li>
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          </ul>
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        </li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#acks">13 Acknowledgments</a></li>
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        <li class="tocline2"><a href="#changes">14 Changes</a></li>
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      </ul>
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    </div>
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    <main>
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      <h2 id="Intro">1 Introduction</h2>
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      <p>Most W3C work revolves around the standardization of Web technologies. To accomplish this work, W3C follows processes that promote
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        the development of high-quality standards based on the <a href="#Consensus">consensus</a> of the Membership, Team, and public. W3C
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        processes promote fairness, responsiveness, and progress: all facets of the W3C mission. This document describes the processes W3C
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        follows in pursuit of its mission.</p>
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      <p>Here is a general overview of how W3C standardizes a Web technology. In many cases, the goal of this work is a <a href="#RecsW3C">W3C
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          Recommendation</a>, the W3C equivalent of a Web standard.</p>
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      <ol>
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        <li>People generate interest in a particular topic (e.g., Web services). For instance, Members express interest in the form of <a href="#Submission">Member
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            Submissions</a>, and the <a href="#Team">Team</a> monitors work inside and outside of W3C for signs of interest. Also, W3C is
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          likely to organize a <a href="#GAEvents">Workshop</a> to bring people together to discuss topics that interest the W3C community.</li>
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        <li>When there is enough interest in a topic (e.g., after a successful Workshop and/or discussion on an <a href="#ACCommunication">Advisory
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            Committee mailing list</a>), the Director announces the development of a proposal for one or more new <a href="#WGCharterDevelopment">Interest
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            Group or Working Group charters</a>, depending on the breadth of the topic of interest. W3C Members <a href="#CharterReview">review</a>
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          the proposed charters. When there is support within W3C for investing resources in the topic of interest, the Director approves
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          the group(s) and they begin their work.</li>
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        <li>There are three types of Working Group participants: <a href="#member-rep">Member representatives</a>, <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited
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            Experts</a>, and <a href="#Team">Team representatives</a>. Team representatives both contribute to the technical work and help
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          ensure the group's proper integration with the rest of W3C. The <a href="#WGCharter">Working Group charter</a> sets expectations
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          about each group's deliverables (e.g., <a href="#Reports">technical reports</a>, test suites, and tutorials).</li>
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        <li>Working Groups generally create specifications and guidelines that undergo cycles of revision and review as they <a href="#rec-advance">advance
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            to W3C Recommendation</a> status. The W3C process for producing these technical reports includes significant review by the
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          Members and public, and requirements that the Working Group be able to show implementation and interoperability experience. At the
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          end of the process, the Advisory Committee reviews the mature technical report, and if there is support, W3C publishes it as a <a
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            href="#RecsW3C">Recommendation</a>.</li>
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      </ol>
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      <p>The Process Document promotes the goals of quality and fairness in technical decisions by encouraging <a href="#Consensus">consensus</a>,
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        requiring reviews (by both Members and public) as part of the <a href="#Reports">technical report development process</a>, and
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        through an <a href="#ACAppeal">appeal process</a> for the Advisory Committee.</p>
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      <p>The other sections of the Process Document:</p>
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      <ol>
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        <li>set forth <a href="#Policies">policies</a> for participation in W3C groups,</li>
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        <li>establish two permanent groups within W3C: the <a href="#TAG">Technical Architecture Group (TAG)</a>, to help resolve
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          Consortium-wide technical issues; and the <a href="#AB">Advisory Board (AB)</a>, to help resolve Consortium-wide non-technical
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          issues, and to manage the <a href="#GAProcess">evolution of the W3C process</a>, and</li>
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        <li>describe other interactions between the <a href="#Members">Members</a> (as represented by the <a href="#AC">W3C Advisory
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            Committee</a>), the Team, and the general public.</li>
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      </ol>
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      <h2 id="Organization">2 Members, Advisory Committee, Team, Advisory Board, Technical Architecture Group</h2>
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      <p>W3C's mission is to lead the Web to its full potential. W3C <a href="#Members">Member</a> organizations provide resources to this
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        end, and the W3C <a href="#Team">Team</a> provides the technical leadership and organization to coordinate the effort.</p>
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      <h3 id="Members">2.1 Members</h3>
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      <p>W3C Members are primarily represented in W3C processes as follows:</p>
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      <ol>
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        <li>The <a href="#AC">Advisory Committee</a> is composed of one representative from each Member organization (refer to the <a href="#Member-only">Member-only</a>
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          list of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/ACList">current Advisory Committee representatives</a> [<a href="#ref-current-ac">MEM1</a>]).
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          The Advisory Committee:
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          <ul>
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            <li>reviews plans for W3C at each <a href="#ACMeetings">Advisory Committee meeting</a>;</li>
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            <li>reviews formal proposals from the W3C Director: <a href="#CharterReview">Charter Proposals</a>, <a href="#RecsPR">Proposed
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   359
                Recommendations</a>, and <a href="#GAProcess">Proposed Process Documents</a>.</li>
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   360
            <li>elects the <a href="#AB">Advisory Board</a> participants other than the Advisory Board Chair.</li>
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            <li>elects 5 of the 9 participants on the <a href="#TAG">Technical Architecture Group</a>.</li>
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   362
          </ul>
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   363
          Advisory Committee representatives have <a href="#ACAppeal">appeal</a> powers for some processes described in this document.</li>
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   364
        <li>Representatives of Member organizations participate in <a href="#GAGeneral">Working Groups and Interest Groups</a> and author
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   365
          and review <a href="#Reports">technical reports</a>.</li>
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   366
      </ol>
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   367
      <p id="MemberSubscription">W3C membership is open to all entities, as described in "<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/join">How to
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   368
          Join W3C</a>" [<a href="#ref-join-w3c">PUB5</a>]; (refer to the public list of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Member/List">current
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   369
          W3C Members</a> [<a href="#ref-current-mem">PUB8</a>]). Organizations subscribe according to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">Membership
140
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   370
          Agreement</a> [<a href="#ref-member-agreement">PUB6</a>]. The <a href="#Team">Team</a> <em class="rfc2119">must</em> ensure that
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   371
        Member participation agreements remain <a href="#Team-only">Team-only</a> and that no Member receives preferential treatment within
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   372
        W3C.</p>
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   373
      <p id="IndividualParticipation">W3C does not have a class of membership tailored to, or priced for individuals. However, an individual
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   374
        <em class="rfc2119">may</em> join W3C as an Affiliate Member. In this case the same restrictions pertaining to <a href="#MemberRelated">related
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   375
          Members</a> apply when the individual also <a href="#member-rep">represents</a> another W3C Member.</p>
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   376
      <h4 id="MemberBenefits">2.1.1 Rights of Members</h4>
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   377
      <p>Each Member organization enjoys the following rights and benefits:</p>
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   378
      <ul>
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   379
        <li>A seat on the <a href="#AC">Advisory Committee</a>;</li>
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   380
        <li>Access to <a href="#Member-only">Member-only</a> information;</li>
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   381
        <li>The <a href="#Submission">Member Submission</a> process;</li>
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   382
        <li>Use of the W3C Member logo on promotional material and to publicize the Member's participation in W3C. For more information,
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   383
          please refer to the Member logo usage policy described in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">New Member Orientation</a>
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   384
          [<a href="#ref-new-member">MEM4</a>].</li>
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diff changeset
   385
      </ul>
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   386
      <p>Furthermore, representatives of Member organizations participate in W3C as follows:</p>
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   387
      <ul>
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   388
        <li>In <a href="#GAGeneral">Working Groups and Interest Groups</a>.</li>
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   389
        <li>In <a href="#GAEvents">Workshops and Symposia</a>;</li>
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   390
        <li>On the Team, as <a href="#fellows">W3C Fellows</a>.</li>
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diff changeset
   391
      </ul>
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   392
      <p>In the case (described in paragraph 5g of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">Membership
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diff changeset
   393
          Agreement</a>), where a Member organization is itself a consortium, user society, or otherwise has members or sponsors, the
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   394
        organization's paid staff and Advisory Committee representative exercise all the rights and privileges of W3C membership. In
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   395
        addition, the Advisory Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">may</em> designate up to four (or more at the Team's
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   396
        discretion) individuals who, though not employed by the organization, <em class="rfc2119">may</em> exercise the rights of <a href="#member-rep">Member
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diff changeset
   397
          representatives</a>. These individuals <em class="rfc2119">must</em> disclose their employment affiliation when participating in
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   398
        W3C work. Provisions for <a href="#MemberRelated">related Members</a> apply. Furthermore, these individuals are expected to
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   399
        represent the broad interests of the W3C Member organization and not the parochial interests of their employers.</p>
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diff changeset
   400
      <p>The rights and benefits of W3C membership are contingent upon conformance to the processes described in this document. The vast
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   401
        majority of W3C Members faithfully follow the spirit as well as the letter of these processes. When serious and/or repeated
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   402
        violations do occur, and repeated attempts to address these violations have not resolved the situation, the Director <em class="rfc2119">may</em>
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diff changeset
   403
        take disciplinary action. Arbitration in the case of further disagreement is governed by paragraph 19 of the Membership Agreement.
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   404
        Refer to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/09/discipline">Guidelines for Disciplinary Action</a> [<a href="#ref-discipline-gl">MEM14</a>].</p>
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   405
      <h4 id="MemberRelated">2.1.2 Related Members</h4>
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diff changeset
   406
      <p>In the interest of ensuring the integrity of the consensus process, Member involvement in some of the processes in this document is
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diff changeset
   407
        affected by related Member status. As used herein, two Members are related if:</p>
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diff changeset
   408
      <ol>
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   409
        <li>Either Member is a subsidiary of the other, or</li>
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diff changeset
   410
        <li>Both Members are subsidiaries of a common entity, or</li>
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diff changeset
   411
        <li>The Members have an employment contract or consulting contract that affects W3C participation.</li>
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diff changeset
   412
      </ol>
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   413
      <p>A <em>subsidiary</em> is an organization of which effective control and/or majority ownership rests with another, single
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diff changeset
   414
        organization.</p>
141
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diff changeset
   415
      <p>Related Members <em class="rfc2119">must</em> disclose these relationships according to the mechanisms described in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">New
140
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diff changeset
   416
          Member Orientation</a> [<a href="#ref-new-member">MEM4</a>].</p>
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   417
      <h4 id="AC">2.1.3 Advisory Committee (AC)</h4>
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diff changeset
   418
      <p>When an organization joins W3C (see "<a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/join">How to Join W3C</a>" [<a href="#ref-join-w3c">PUB5</a>]),
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   419
        it <em class="rfc2119">must</em> name its Advisory Committee representative as part of the Membership Agreement. The <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">New
140
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diff changeset
   420
          Member Orientation</a> explains how to subscribe or unsubscribe to Advisory Committee mailing lists, provides information about
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   421
        Advisory Committee meetings, explains how to name a new Advisory Committee representative, and more. Advisory Committee
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   422
        representatives <em class="rfc2119">must</em> follow the <a href="#coi">conflict of interest policy</a> by disclosing information
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   423
        according to the mechanisms described in the New Member Orientation. See also the additional roles of Advisory Committee
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diff changeset
   424
        representatives described in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].</p>
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   425
      <p>Additional information for Members is available at the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/">Member Web site</a> [<a href="#ref-member-web">MEM6</a>].</p>
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   426
      <h5 id="ACCommunication">2.1.3.1 Advisory Committee Mailing Lists</h5>
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   427
      <p>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> provide two mailing lists for use by the Advisory Committee:</p>
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diff changeset
   428
      <ol>
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diff changeset
   429
        <li>One for official announcements (e.g., those required by this document) from the Team to the Advisory Committee. This list is
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diff changeset
   430
          read-only for Advisory Committee representatives.</li>
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diff changeset
   431
        <li>One for discussion among Advisory Committee representatives. Though this list is primarily for Advisory Committee
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diff changeset
   432
          representatives, the Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> monitor discussion and <em class="rfc2119">should</em> participate in
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   433
          discussion when appropriate. Ongoing detailed discussions <em class="rfc2119">should</em> be moved to other appropriate lists
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   434
          (new or existing, such as a mailing list created for a <a href="#GAEvents">Workshop</a>).</li>
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diff changeset
   435
      </ol>
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   436
      <p>An Advisory Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">may</em> request that additional individuals from their organization be
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diff changeset
   437
        subscribed to these lists. Failure to contain distribution internally <em class="rfc2119">may</em> result in suspension of
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diff changeset
   438
        additional email addresses, at the discretion of the Team.</p>
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   439
      <h5 id="ACMeetings">2.1.3.2 Advisory Committee Meetings</h5>
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   440
      <p>The Team organizes a <a href="#ftf-meeting">face-to-face meeting</a> for the Advisory Committee <span class="time-interval">twice
163
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   441
          a year</span>. The Team appoints the Chair of these meetings (generally the CEO). At each Advisory
140
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   442
        Committee meeting, the Team <em class="rfc2119">should</em> provide an update to the Advisory Committee about:</p>
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diff changeset
   443
      <dl>
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   444
        <dt><em>Resources</em></dt>
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diff changeset
   445
        <dd>
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diff changeset
   446
          <ul>
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diff changeset
   447
            <li>The number of Full and Affiliate W3C Members.</li>
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diff changeset
   448
            <li>An overview of the financial status of W3C.</li>
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diff changeset
   449
          </ul>
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diff changeset
   450
        </dd>
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   451
        <dt><em>Allocations</em></dt>
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   452
        <dd>
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diff changeset
   453
          <ul>
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   454
            <li>The allocation of the annual budget, including size of the Team and their approximate deployment.</li>
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   455
            <li>A list of all activities (including but not limited to Working and Interest Groups) and brief status statement about each,
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diff changeset
   456
              in particular those started or terminated since the previous Advisory Committee meeting.</li>
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   457
            <li>The allocation of resources to pursuing <a href="#Liaisons">liaisons</a> with other organizations.</li>
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diff changeset
   458
          </ul>
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diff changeset
   459
        </dd>
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diff changeset
   460
      </dl>
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   461
      <p>Each Member organization <em class="rfc2119">should</em> send one <a href="#member-rep">representative</a> to each Advisory
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   462
        Committee meeting. In exceptional circumstances (e.g., during a period of transition between representatives from an organization),
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   463
        the meeting Chair <em class="rfc2119">may</em> allow a Member organization to send two representatives to a meeting.</p>
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   464
      <p>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> announce the date and location of each Advisory Committee meeting no later than at the end
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   465
        of the previous meeting; <span class="time-interval">one year's</span> notice is preferred. The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
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   466
        announce the region of each Advisory Committee meeting at least <span class="time-interval">one year</span> in advance.</p>
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   467
      <p>More information about <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Meeting/">Advisory Committee meetings</a> [<a href="#ref-ac-meetings">MEM5</a>]
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   468
        is available at the Member Web site.</p>
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   469
      <h3 id="Team">2.2 The W3C Team</h3>
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diff changeset
   470
      <p>The Team consists of the Director, CEO, W3C paid staff, unpaid interns, and W3C Fellows. <dfn id="fellows">W3C Fellows</dfn> are
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   471
        Member employees working as part of the Team; see the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Recruitment/Fellows">W3C Fellows
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   472
          Program</a> [<a href="#ref-fellows">PUB32</a>]. The Team provides technical leadership about Web technologies, organizes and
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   473
        manages W3C activities to reach goals within practical constraints (such as resources available), and communicates with the Members
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diff changeset
   474
        and the public about the Web and W3C technologies.</p>
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diff changeset
   475
      <p>The Director and CEO <em class="rfc2119">may</em> delegate responsibility (generally to other individuals in the Team) for any of
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diff changeset
   476
        their roles described in this document.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   477
      <p>The <dfn id="def-Director">Director</dfn> is the lead technical architect at W3C. His responsibilities are identified throughout
161
a349a1fad124 missing '.' noted by MNot
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parents: 160
diff changeset
   478
        this document in relevant places. Some key ones include: assessing <a href="#def-Consensus" id="DirectorDecision">consensus</a>
153
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diff changeset
   479
        within W3C for architectural choices, publication of <a href="#Reports">technical reports</a>, and chartering new Groups;
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diff changeset
   480
        appointing group <a href="#GeneralChairs">Chairs</a>; "tie-breaker" for <a href="#WGAppeals">appeal of a Working Group decision</a>
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diff changeset
   481
        and deciding on the outcome of formal objections; the Director is generally Chair of the <a href="#TAG">TAG</a>.</p>
140
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diff changeset
   482
      <p>Team administrative information such as Team salaries, detailed budgeting, and other business decisions are <a href="#Team-only">Team-only</a>,
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diff changeset
   483
        subject to oversight by the Host institutions.</p>
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diff changeset
   484
      <p><strong>Note:</strong> W3C is not currently incorporated. For legal contracts, W3C is represented by four <dfn id="hosts">"Host"
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diff changeset
   485
          institutions</dfn>: Beihang University, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (<abbr>ERCIM</abbr>),
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diff changeset
   486
        Keio University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (<abbr>MIT</abbr>). Within W3C, the Host institutions are governed by
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   487
        hosting agreements; the Hosts themselves are not W3C Members.</p>
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diff changeset
   488
      <h4 id="TeamSubmission">2.2.1 Team Submissions</h4>
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diff changeset
   489
      <p>Team members <em class="rfc2119">may</em> request that the Director publish information at the W3C Web site. At the Director's
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   490
        discretion, these documents are published as "Team Submissions". These documents are analogous to <a href="#Submission">Member
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
   491
          Submissions</a> (e.g., in <a href="#SubmissionScope">expected scope</a>). However, there is no additional Team comment. The <a href="#DocumentStatus">document
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   492
          status section</a> of a Team Submission indicates the level of Team consensus about the published material.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   493
      <p>Team Submissions are <strong>not</strong> part of the <a href="#Reports">technical report development process</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   494
      <p>The list of <a href="http://www.w3.org/TeamSubmission/">published Team Submissions</a> [<a href="#ref-team-submission-list">PUB16</a>]
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diff changeset
   495
        is available at the W3C Web site.</p>
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diff changeset
   496
      <h3 id="AB">2.3 Advisory Board (AB)</h3>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   497
      <p>Created in March 1998, the Advisory Board provides ongoing guidance to the Team on issues of strategy, management, legal matters,
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diff changeset
   498
        process, and conflict resolution. The Advisory Board also serves the Members by tracking issues raised between Advisory Committee
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diff changeset
   499
        meetings, soliciting Member comments on such issues, and proposing actions to resolve these issues. The Advisory Board manages the <a
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   500
          href="#GAProcess">evolution of the Process Document</a>. The Advisory Board hears appeals of <a href="#SubmissionNo">Member
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diff changeset
   501
          Submission requests</a> that are rejected for reasons unrelated to Web architecture; see also the <a href="#TAG">TAG</a>.</p>
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diff changeset
   502
      <p>The Advisory Board is <strong>not</strong> a board of directors and has no decision-making authority within W3C; its role is
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diff changeset
   503
        strictly advisory.</p>
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diff changeset
   504
      <p>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> make available a mailing list for the Advisory Board to use for its communication,
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diff changeset
   505
        confidential to the Advisory Board and Team.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   506
      <p>The Advisory Board <em class="rfc2119">should</em> send a summary of each of its meetings to the Advisory Committee and other
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   507
        group Chairs. The Advisory Board <em class="rfc2119">should</em> also report on its activities at each <a href="#ACMeetings">Advisory
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diff changeset
   508
          Committee meeting</a>.</p>
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diff changeset
   509
      <p>Details about the Advisory Board (e.g., the list of Advisory Board participants, mailing list information, and summaries of
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   510
        Advisory Board meetings) are available at the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/ab/">Advisory Board home page</a> [<a href="#ref-ab-home">PUB30</a>].</p>
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diff changeset
   511
      <h4 id="ABParticipation">2.3.1 Advisory Board Participation</h4>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   512
      <p>The Advisory Board consists of nine elected participants and a Chair. The Team appoints the Chair of the <a href="#AB">Advisory
163
8afe5da258a5 Update TAG charter reference to current (204) TAG charter
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parents: 161
diff changeset
   513
          Board</a>, who is generally the CEO.</p>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   514
      <p>The remaining nine Advisory Board participants are elected by the W3C Advisory Committee following the <a href="#AB-TAG-elections">AB/TAG
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   515
          nomination and election process</a>.</p>
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diff changeset
   516
      <p>With the exception of the Chair, the terms of all Advisory Board participants are for <span class="time-interval">two years</span>.
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diff changeset
   517
        Terms are staggered so that each year, either four or five terms expire. If an individual is elected to fill an incomplete term,
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   518
        that individual's term ends at the normal expiration date of that term. Regular Advisory Board terms begin on 1 July and end on 30
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   519
        June.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   520
      <h3 id="TAG">2.4 Technical Architecture Group (TAG)</h3>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   521
      <p>Created in February 2001, the mission of the TAG is stewardship of the Web architecture. There are three aspects to this mission:</p>
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diff changeset
   522
      <ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   523
        <li>to document and build consensus around principles of Web architecture and to interpret and clarify these principles when
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diff changeset
   524
          necessary;</li>
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diff changeset
   525
        <li>to resolve issues involving general Web architecture brought to the TAG;</li>
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diff changeset
   526
        <li>to help coordinate cross-technology architecture developments inside and outside W3C.</li>
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diff changeset
   527
      </ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   528
      <p>The TAG hears appeals of <a href="#SubmissionNo">Member Submission requests</a> that are rejected for reasons related to Web
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   529
        architecture; see also the <a href="#AB">Advisory Board</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   530
      <p>The TAG's scope is limited to technical issues about Web architecture. The TAG <em class="rfc2119">should not</em> consider
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   531
        administrative, process, or organizational policy issues of W3C, which are generally addressed by the W3C Advisory Committee,
163
8afe5da258a5 Update TAG charter reference to current (204) TAG charter
Ralph Swick <swick+git@w3.org>
parents: 161
diff changeset
   532
        Advisory Board, and Team. Please refer to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/10/27-tag-charter">TAG charter</a> [<a href="#ref-tag-charter">PUB25</a>]
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   533
        for more information about the background and scope of the TAG, and the expected qualifications of TAG participants.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   534
      <p>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> make available two mailing lists for the TAG:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   535
      <ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   536
        <li>a public discussion (not just input) list for issues of Web architecture. The TAG will conduct its public business on this list.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   537
        <li>a <a href="#Member-only">Member-only</a> list for discussions within the TAG and for requests to the TAG that, for whatever
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   538
          reason, cannot be made on the public list.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   539
      </ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   540
      <p>The TAG <em class="rfc2119">may</em> also request the creation of additional topic-specific, public mailing lists. For some TAG
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   541
        discussions (e.g., an appeal of a <a href="#SubmissionNo">rejected Member Submission request</a>), the TAG <em class="rfc2119">may</em>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   542
        use a list that will be <a href="#Member-only">Member-only</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   543
      <p>The TAG <em class="rfc2119">should</em> send a summary of each of its <a href="#GeneralMeetings">meetings</a> to the Advisory
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   544
        Committee and other group Chairs. The TAG <em class="rfc2119">should</em> also report on its activities at each <a href="#ACMeetings">Advisory
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   545
          Committee meeting</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   546
      <p>When the TAG votes to resolve an issue, each TAG participant (whether appointed, elected, or the Chair) has one vote; see also the
163
8afe5da258a5 Update TAG charter reference to current (204) TAG charter
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parents: 161
diff changeset
   547
        section on <a href="http://www.w3.org/2004/10/27-tag-charter#Voting">voting in the TAG charter</a> [<a href="#ref-tag-charter">PUB25</a>]
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   548
        and the general section on <a href="#Votes">votes</a> in this Process Document.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   549
      <p>Details about the TAG (e.g., the list of TAG participants, mailing list information, and summaries of TAG meetings) are available
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   550
        at the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2001/tag/">TAG home page</a> [<a href="#ref-tag-home">PUB26</a>].</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   551
      <h4 id="tag-participation">2.4.1 Technical Architecture Group Participation</h4>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   552
      <p>The TAG consists of eight elected or appointed participants and a Chair. The Team appoints the Chair of the TAG, who is generally
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   553
        the <a href="#def-Director">Director</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   554
      <p>Three TAG participants are appointed by the Director. Appointees are <em class="rfc2119">not required</em> to be on the W3C Team.
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   555
        The Director <em class="rfc2119">may</em> appoint <a href="#fellows">W3C Fellows</a> to the TAG.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   556
      <p>The remaining five TAG participants are elected by the W3C Advisory Committee following the <a href="#AB-TAG-elections">AB/TAG
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   557
          nomination and election process</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   558
      <p>With the exception of the Chair, the terms of all TAG participants are for <span class="time-interval">two years</span>. Terms are
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   559
        staggered so that each year, either two or three elected terms, and either one or two appointed terms expire. If an individual is
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   560
        appointed or elected to fill an incomplete term, that individual's term ends at the normal expiration date of that term. Regular TAG
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   561
        terms begin on 1 February and end on 31 January.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   562
      <h3 id="AB-TAG-participation">2.5 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Participation</h3>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   563
      <p>Advisory Board and TAG participants have a special role within W3C: they are elected by the Membership and appointed by the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   564
        Director with the expectation that they will use their best judgment to find the best solutions for the Web, not just for any
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   565
        particular network, technology, vendor, or user. Advisory Board and TAG participants are expected to participate regularly and
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   566
        fully. Advisory Board and TAG participants <em class="rfc2119">should</em> attend <a href="#ACMeetings">Advisory Committee
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   567
          meetings</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   568
      <p>An individual participates on the Advisory Board or TAG from the moment the individual's term begins until the term ends or the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   569
        seat is <a href="#AB-TAG-vacated">vacated</a>. Although Advisory Board and TAG participants do not advocate for the commercial
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   570
        interests of their employers, their participation does carry the responsibilities associated with Member representation, Invited
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   571
        Expert status, or Team representation (as described in the section on the <a href="#AB-TAG-elections">AB/TAG nomination and
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
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parents: 140
diff changeset
   572
          election process</a>). See also the licensing obligations on TAG participants in <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">section
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   573
          3</a> of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>],
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diff changeset
   574
        and the claim exclusion process of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Exclusion">section 4</a>.</p>
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diff changeset
   575
      <h4 id="AB-TAG-constraints">2.5.1 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Participation Constraints</h4>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   576
      <p>Given the few seats available on the Advisory Board and the TAG, and in order to ensure that the diversity of W3C Members is
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   577
        represented:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   578
      <ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   579
        <li>A Member organization is permitted at most one participant on the TAG except when having more than one participant is caused by
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   580
          a change of affiliation of an existing participant. At the completion of the next regularly scheduled election for the TAG, the
142
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parents: 141
diff changeset
   581
          Member organization <em class="rfc2119">must</em> have returned to having at most one participant.</li>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   582
        <li>A Member organization is permitted at most one participant on the AB.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   583
        <li>An individual <em class="rfc2119">must not</em> participate on both the TAG and the AB.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   584
      </ul>
142
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parents: 141
diff changeset
   585
      <p>If, for whatever reason, these constraints are not satisfied (e.g., because an AB participant changes jobs), one participant <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
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parents: 141
diff changeset
   586
        cease AB participation until the situation has been resolved. If after <span class="time-interval">30 days</span> the situation has
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parents: 141
diff changeset
   587
        not been resolved, the Chair will declare one participant's seat to be vacant. When more than one individual is involved, the <a href="#random">verifiable
a2fae0c1cafd missed a couple of 'must's before
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parents: 141
diff changeset
   588
          random selection procedure</a> described below will be used to choose one person for continued participation.</p>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   589
      <h4 id="AB-TAG-elections">2.5.2 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Elections</h4>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   590
      <p>The Advisory Board and a portion of the Technical Architecture Group are elected by the Advisory Committee. An election begins when
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   591
        the Team sends a Call for Nominations to the Advisory Committee. Any Call for Nominations specifies the number of available seats,
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   592
        the deadline for nominations, and the address where nominations are sent. The Director <em class="rfc2119">should</em> announce
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   593
        appointments no later than the start of a nomination period, and generally as part of the Call for Nominations.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   594
      <p>Each Member (or group of <a href="#MemberRelated">related Members</a>) <em class="rfc2119">may</em> nominate one individual. A
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   595
        nomination <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be made with the consent of the nominee. In order for an individual to be nominated as a
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   596
        Member representative, the individual <em class="rfc2119">must</em> qualify for <a href="#member-rep">Member representation</a>
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
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parents: 140
diff changeset
   597
        and the Member's Advisory Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">must</em> include in the nomination the (same) <a href="#member-rep-info">information
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   598
          required for a Member representative in a Working Group</a>. In order for an individual to be nominated as an Invited Expert, the
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   599
        individual <em class="rfc2119">must</em> provide the (same) <a href="#inv-expert-info">information required for an Invited Expert
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   600
          in a Working Group</a> and the nominating Advisory Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">must</em> include that
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   601
        information in the nomination. In order for an individual to be nominated as a Team representative, the nominating Advisory
153
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diff changeset
   602
        Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">must</em> first secure approval from Team management. A nominee is <em class="rfc2119">not
026871e07a84 Simpler requirements on dependencies in charter, link to horizontal groups
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diff changeset
   603
          required</em> to be an employee of a Member organization, and <em class="rfc2119">may</em> be a <a href="#fellows">W3C Fellow</a>.
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   604
        Each nomination <em class="rfc2119">should</em> include a few informative paragraphs about the nominee.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   605
      <p>If, after the deadline for nominations, the number of nominees is:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   606
      <ul>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   607
        <li>Equal to the number of available seats, those nominees are thereby elected. This situation constitutes a tie for the purposes of
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   608
          assigning <a href="#short-term">short terms</a>.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   609
        <li>Less than the number of available seats, Calls for Nominations are issued until a sufficient number of people have been
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   610
          nominated. Those already nominated do not need to be renominated after a renewed call.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   611
        <li>Greater than the number of available seats, the Team issues a Call for Votes that includes the names of all candidates, the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   612
          number of available seats, the deadline for votes, and the address where votes are sent.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   613
      </ul>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   614
      <p>When there is a vote, each Member (or group of <a href="#MemberRelated">related Members</a>) <em class="rfc2119">may</em> vote
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   615
        for as many candidates as there are available seats; see the section on <a href="#ACVotes">Advisory Committee votes</a>. Once the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   616
        deadline for votes has passed, the Team announces the results to the Advisory Committee. The candidates with the most votes are
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   617
        elected to the available seats. In case of a tie where there are more apparent winners than available seats (e.g., three candidates
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   618
        receive 10 votes each for two seats), the <a href="#random">verifiable random selection procedure</a> described below will be used
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   619
        to fill the available seats.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   620
      <p id="short-term">The shortest term is assigned to the elected individual who received the fewest votes, the next shortest to the
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
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diff changeset
   621
        elected individual who received the next fewest, and so on. In the case of a tie among those eligible for a short term, the <a href="#random">verifiable
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   622
          random selection procedure</a> described below will be used to assign the short term.</p>
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
   623
      <p>Refer to <a href="http://www.w3.org/2002/10/election-howto">How to Organize an Advisory Board or TAG election</a> [<a href="#ref-election-howto">MEM15</a>]
140
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diff changeset
   624
        for more details.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   625
      <h5 id="random">2.5.2.1 Verifiable Random Selection Procedure</h5>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   626
      <p>When it is necessary to use a verifiable random selection process (e.g., in an AB or TAG election, to "draw straws" in case of a
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   627
        tie or to fill a short term), W3C uses the random and verifiable procedure defined in <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2777.txt">RFC
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   628
          2777</a> [<a href="#ref-RFC2777">RFC2777</a>]. The procedure orders an input list of names (listed in alphabetical order by family
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   629
        name unless otherwise specified) into a "result order."</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   630
      <p>W3C applies this procedure as follows:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   631
      <ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   632
        <li>When N people have tied for M (less than N) seats. In this case, only the names of the N individuals who tied are provided as
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   633
          input to the procedure. The M seats are assigned in result order.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   634
        <li>After all elected individuals have been identified, when N people are eligible for M (less than N) short terms. In this case,
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   635
          only the names of those N individuals are provided as input to the procedure. The short terms are assigned in result order.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   636
      </ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   637
      <h4 id="AB-TAG-vacated">2.5.3 Advisory Board and Technical Architecture Group Vacated Seats</h4>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   638
      <p>An Advisory Board or TAG participant's seat is vacated when either of the following occurs:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   639
      <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   640
        <li>the participant <a href="#resignation">resigns</a>, or</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   641
        <li>the Chair asks the participant to <a href="#resignation">resign</a>.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   642
      </ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   643
      <p>When an Advisory Board or TAG participant changes affiliations, as long as <a href="#AB-TAG-constraints">Advisory Board and TAG
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   644
          participation constraints</a> are respected, the individual <em class="rfc2119">may</em> continue to participate until the next
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   645
        regularly scheduled election for that group. Otherwise, the seat is vacated.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   646
      <p>Vacated seats are filled according to this schedule:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   647
      <ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   648
        <li>When an appointed TAG seat is vacated, the Director <em class="rfc2119">may</em> re-appoint someone immediately, but no later
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   649
          than the next regularly scheduled election.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   650
        <li>When an elected seat on either the AB or TAG is vacated, the seat is filled at the next regularly scheduled election for the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   651
          group unless the group Chair requests that W3C hold an election before then (for instance, due to the group's workload). The group
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   652
          Chair <em class="rfc2119">should not</em> request an exceptional election if the next regularly scheduled election is fewer than
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   653
          three months away.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   654
      </ul>
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diff changeset
   655
      <h2 id="Policies">3 General Policies for W3C Groups</h2>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   656
      <p>This section describes general policies for W3C groups regarding participation, meeting requirements, and decision-making. These
141
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diff changeset
   657
        policies apply to <span id="participant">participants</span> in the following groups: <a href="#AC">Advisory Committee</a>, <a href="#ABParticipation">Advisory
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   658
          Board</a>, <a href="#tag-participation">TAG</a>, <a href="#wgparticipant">Working Groups</a>, and <a href="#igparticipant">Interest
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   659
          Groups</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   660
      <h3 id="ParticipationCriteria">3.1 Individual Participation Criteria</h3>
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diff changeset
   661
      <p>There are three qualities an individual is expected to demonstrate in order to participate in W3C:</p>
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diff changeset
   662
      <ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   663
        <li>Technical competence in one's role</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   664
        <li>The ability to act fairly</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   665
        <li>Social competence in one's role</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   666
      </ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   667
      <p>Advisory Committee representatives who nominate individuals from their organization for participation in W3C activities are
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   668
        responsible for assessing and attesting to the qualities of those nominees.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   669
      <p>See also the participation requirements described in <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Disclosure">section 6</a>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   670
        of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   671
      <h4 id="coi">3.1.1 Conflict of Interest Policy</h4>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   672
      <p>Individuals participating materially in W3C work <em class="rfc2119">must</em> disclose significant relationships when those
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   673
        relationships might reasonably be perceived as creating a conflict of interest with the individual's role at W3C. These disclosures
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   674
        <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be kept up-to-date as the individual's affiliations change and W3C membership evolves (since, for
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   675
        example, the individual might have a relationship with an organization that joins or leaves W3C). Each section in this document that
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   676
        describes a W3C group provides more detail about the disclosure mechanisms for that group.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   677
      <p>The ability of an individual to fulfill a role within a group without risking a conflict of interest is clearly a function of the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   678
        individual's affiliations. When these affiliations change, the individual's assignment to the role <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   679
        evaluated. The role <em class="rfc2119">may</em> be reassigned according to the appropriate process. For instance, the Director <em
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   680
          class="rfc2119">may</em> appoint a new group Chair when the current Chair changes affiliations (e.g., if there is a risk of
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   681
        conflict of interest, or if there is risk that the Chair's new employer will be over-represented within a W3C activity).</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   682
      <p>The following are some scenarios where disclosure is appropriate:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   683
      <ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   684
        <li>Paid consulting for an organization whose activity is relevant to W3C, or any consulting compensated with equity (shares of
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   685
          stock, stock options, or other forms of corporate equity).</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   686
        <li>A decision-making role/responsibility (such as participating on the Board) in other organizations relevant to W3C.</li>
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diff changeset
   687
        <li>A position on a publicly visible advisory body, even if no decision making authority is involved.</li>
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diff changeset
   688
      </ul>
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diff changeset
   689
      <p>Individuals seeking assistance on these matters <em class="rfc2119">should</em> contact the Team.</p>
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diff changeset
   690
      <p>Team members are subject to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/06-conflictpolicy">W3C Team conflict of interest policy</a> [<a
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diff changeset
   691
          href="#ref-coi">PUB23</a>].</p>
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diff changeset
   692
      <h4 id="member-rep">3.1.2 Individuals Representing a Member Organization</h4>
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diff changeset
   693
      <p>Generally, individuals representing a Member in an official capacity within W3C are employees of the Member organization. However,
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diff changeset
   694
        an Advisory Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">may</em> designate a non-employee to represent the Member. Non-employee
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   695
        Member representatives <em class="rfc2119">must</em> disclose relevant affiliations to the Team and to any group in which the
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   696
        individual participates.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   697
      <p>In exceptional circumstances (e.g., situations that might jeopardize the progress of a group or create a <a href="#coi">conflict
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diff changeset
   698
          of interest</a>), the <a href="#def-Director">Director</a> <em class="rfc2119">may</em> decline to allow an individual
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diff changeset
   699
        designated by an Advisory Committee representative to participate in a group.</p>
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diff changeset
   700
      <p>A group charter <em class="rfc2119">may</em> limit the number of individuals representing a W3C Member (or group of <a href="#MemberRelated">related
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diff changeset
   701
          Members</a>).</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   702
      <h3 id="GeneralMeetings">3.2 Meetings</h3>
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diff changeset
   703
      <p>W3C groups (including the <a href="#ACMeetings">Advisory Committee</a>, <a href="#AB">Advisory Board</a>, <a href="#TAG">TAG</a>,
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   704
        and <a href="#GroupsWG">Working Groups</a>) <em class="rfc2119">should</em> observe the meeting requirements in this section.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   705
      <p>W3C distinguishes two types of meetings:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   706
      <ol>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   707
        <li>A <dfn id="ftf-meeting">face-to-face meeting</dfn> is one where most of the attendees are expected to participate in the same
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   708
          physical location.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   709
        <li>A <dfn id="distributed-meeting">distributed meeting</dfn> is one where most of the attendees are expected to participate from
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   710
          remote locations (e.g., by telephone, video conferencing, or <abbr title="Internet Relay Chat">IRC</abbr>).</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   711
      </ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   712
      <p>A Chair <em class="rfc2119">may</em> invite an individual with a particular expertise to attend a meeting on an exceptional basis.
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   713
        This person is a meeting guest, not a group <a href="#participant">participant</a>. Meeting guests do not have <a href="#Votes">voting
139
eb7f42988a56 Preparing for publication today
charles
parents: 138
diff changeset
   714
          rights</a>. It is the responsibility of the Chair to ensure that all meeting guests respect the chartered <a href="#confidentiality-levels">level
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   715
          of confidentiality</a> and other group requirements.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   716
      <p>Meeting announcements <em class="rfc2119">should</em> be sent to all appropriate group mailing lists, i.e., those most relevant to
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   717
        the anticipated meeting participants.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   718
      <p>The following table lists requirements for organizing a meeting:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   719
      <table border="1">
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   720
        <tbody>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   721
          <tr>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   722
            <th><br>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   723
            </th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   724
            <th>Face-to-face meetings</th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   725
            <th>Distributed meetings</th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   726
          </tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   727
          <tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   728
            <th>Meeting announcement (before)</th>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   729
            <td><span class="time-interval">eight weeks<sup>*</sup></span></td>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   730
            <td><span class="time-interval">one week<sup>*</sup></span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   731
          </tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   732
          <tr>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   733
            <th>Agenda available (before)</th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   734
            <td><span class="time-interval">two weeks</span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   735
            <td><span class="time-interval">24 hours</span> (or longer if a meeting is scheduled after a weekend or holiday)</td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   736
          </tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   737
          <tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   738
            <th>Participation confirmed (before)</th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   739
            <td><span class="time-interval">three days</span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   740
            <td><span class="time-interval">24 hours</span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   741
          </tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   742
          <tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   743
            <th>Action items available (after)</th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   744
            <td><span class="time-interval">three days</span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   745
            <td><span class="time-interval">24 hours</span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   746
          </tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   747
          <tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   748
            <th>Minutes available (after)</th>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   749
            <td><span class="time-interval">two weeks</span></td>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   750
            <td><span class="time-interval">48 hours</span></td>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   751
          </tr>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   752
        </tbody>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   753
      </table>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   754
      <p><sup>*</sup> To allow proper planning (e.g., travel arrangements), the Chair is responsible for giving sufficient advance notice
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   755
        about the date and location of a meeting. Shorter notice for a meeting is allowed provided that there are no objections from group
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   756
        participants.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   757
      <h3 id="Consensus">3.3 Consensus</h3>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   758
      <p>Consensus is a core value of W3C. To promote consensus, the W3C process requires Chairs to ensure that groups consider all
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   759
        legitimate views and objections, and endeavor to resolve them, whether these views and objections are expressed by the active
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   760
        participants of the group or by others (e.g., another W3C group, a group in another organization, or the general public). Decisions
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   761
        <em class="rfc2119">may</em> be made during meetings (<a href="#ftf-meeting">face-to-face</a> or <a href="#distributed-meeting">distributed</a>)
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   762
        as well as through email. <strong>Note:</strong> The Director, CEO, and COO have the role of assessing consensus within the
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   763
        Advisory Committee.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   764
      <p>The following terms are used in this document to describe the level of support for a decision among a set of eligible individuals:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   765
      <ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   766
        <li><dfn id="def-Consensus">Consensus</dfn>: A substantial number of individuals in the set support the decision and nobody in the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   767
          set registers a <a href="#FormalObjection">Formal Objection</a>. Individuals in the set may abstain. Abstention is either an
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   768
          explicit expression of no opinion or silence by an individual in the set. <dfn id="def-Unanimity">Unanimity</dfn> is the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   769
          particular case of consensus where all individuals in the set support the decision (i.e., no individual in the set abstains).</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   770
        <li><dfn id="def-Dissent">Dissent</dfn>: At least one individual in the set registers a <a href="#FormalObjection">Formal Objection</a>.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   771
      </ol>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   772
      <p>By default, the set of individuals eligible to participate in a decision is the set of group participants. The Process Document
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   773
        does not require a quorum for decisions (i.e., the minimal number of eligible participants required to be present before the Chair
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   774
        can call a question). A charter <em class="rfc2119">may</em> include a quorum requirement for consensus decisions.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   775
      <p>Where unanimity is not possible, a group <em class="rfc2119">should</em> strive to make consensus decisions where there is
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   776
        significant support and few abstentions. The Process Document does not require a particular percentage of eligible participants to
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   777
        agree to a motion in order for a decision to be made. To avoid decisions where there is widespread apathy, (i.e., little support and
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   778
        many abstentions), groups <em class="rfc2119">should</em> set minimum thresholds of active support before a decision can be
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   779
        recorded. The appropriate percentage <em class="rfc2119">may</em> vary depending on the size of the group and the nature of the
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   780
        decision. A charter <em class="rfc2119">may</em> include threshold requirements for consensus decisions. For instance, a charter
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   781
        might require a supermajority of eligible participants (i.e., some established percentage above 50%) to support certain types of
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   782
        consensus decisions.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   783
      <h4 id="managing-dissent">3.3.1 Managing Dissent</h4>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   784
      <p>In some cases, even after careful consideration of all points of view, a group might find itself unable to reach consensus. The
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   785
        Chair <em class="rfc2119">may</em> record a decision where there is dissent (i.e., there is at least one <a href="#FormalObjection">Formal
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   786
          Objection</a>) so that the group may make progress (for example, to produce a deliverable in a timely manner). Dissenters cannot
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   787
        stop a group's work simply by saying that they cannot live with a decision. When the Chair believes that the Group has duly
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   788
        considered the legitimate concerns of dissenters as far as is possible and reasonable, the group <em class="rfc2119">should</em>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   789
        move on.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   790
      <p>Groups <em class="rfc2119">should</em> favor proposals that create the weakest objections. This is preferred over proposals that
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   791
        are supported by a large majority but that cause strong objections from a few people. As part of making a decision where there is
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   792
        dissent, the Chair is expected to be aware of which participants work for the same (or <a href="#MemberRelated">related</a>) Member
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   793
        organizations and weigh their input accordingly.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   794
      <h4 id="WGArchiveMinorityViews">3.3.2 Recording and Reporting Formal Objections</h4>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   795
      <p>In the W3C process, an individual may register a Formal Objection to a decision. A <dfn id="FormalObjection">Formal Objection</dfn>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   796
        to a group decision is one that the reviewer requests that the Director consider as part of evaluating the related decision (e.g.,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   797
        in response to a <a href="#rec-advance">request to advance</a> a technical report). <strong>Note:</strong> In this document, the
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   798
        term "Formal Objection" is used to emphasize this process implication: Formal Objections receive Director consideration. The word
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   799
        "objection" used alone has ordinary English connotations.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   800
      <p>An individual who registers a Formal Objection <em class="rfc2119">should</em> cite technical arguments and propose changes that
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   801
        would remove the Formal Objection; these proposals <em class="rfc2119">may</em> be vague or incomplete. Formal Objections that do
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   802
        not provide substantive arguments or rationale are unlikely to receive serious consideration by the Director.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   803
      <p>A record of each Formal Objection <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be <a href="#confidentiality-change">publicly available</a>. A
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   804
        Call for Review (of a document) to the Advisory Committee <em class="rfc2119">must</em> identify any Formal Objections.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   805
      <h4 id="formal-address">3.3.3 Formally Addressing an Issue</h4>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   806
      <p>In the context of this document, a group has formally addressed an issue when it has sent a public, substantive response to the
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   807
        reviewer who raised the issue. A substantive response is expected to include rationale for decisions (e.g., a technical explanation,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   808
        a pointer to charter scope, or a pointer to a requirements document). The adequacy of a response is measured against what a W3C
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   809
        reviewer would generally consider to be technically sound. If a group believes that a reviewer's comments result from a
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   810
        misunderstanding, the group <em class="rfc2119">should</em> seek clarification before reaching a decision.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   811
      <p>As a courtesy, both Chairs and reviewers <em class="rfc2119">should</em> set expectations for the schedule of responses and
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   812
        acknowledgments. The group <em class="rfc2119">should</em> reply to a reviewer's initial comments in a timely manner. The group <em
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   813
          class="rfc2119">should</em> set a time limit for acknowledgment by a reviewer of the group's substantive response; a reviewer
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   814
        cannot block a group's progress. It is common for a reviewer to require a week or more to acknowledge and comment on a substantive
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   815
        response. The group's responsibility to respond to reviewers does not end once a reasonable amount of time has elapsed. However,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   816
        reviewers <em class="rfc2119">should</em> realize that their comments will carry less weight if not sent to the group in a timely
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   817
        manner.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   818
      <p>Substantive responses <em class="rfc2119">should</em> be recorded. The group <em class="rfc2119">should</em> maintain an accurate
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   819
        summary of all substantive issues and responses to them (e.g., in the form of an issues list with links to mailing list archives).</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   820
      <h4 id="WGChairReopen">3.3.4 Reopening a Decision When Presented With New Information</h4>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   821
      <p>The Chair <em class="rfc2119">may</em> reopen a decision when presented with new information, including:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   822
      <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   823
        <li>additional technical information,</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   824
        <li>comments by email from participants who were unable to attend a scheduled meeting,</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   825
        <li>comments by email from meeting attendees who chose not to speak out during a meeting (e.g., so they could confer later with
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   826
          colleagues or for cultural reasons).</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   827
      </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   828
      <p>The Chair <em class="rfc2119">should</em> record that a decision has been reopened, and <em class="rfc2119">must</em> do so upon
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   829
        request from a group participant.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   830
      <h3 id="Votes">3.4 Votes</h3>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   831
      <p>A group <em class="rfc2119">should</em> only conduct a vote to resolve a <em>substantive issue</em> after the Chair has
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   832
        determined that all available means of <a href="#Consensus">reaching consensus</a> through technical discussion and compromise have
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   833
        failed, and that a vote is necessary to break a deadlock. In this case the Chair <em class="rfc2119">must</em> record (e.g., in the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   834
        minutes of the meeting or in an archived email message):</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   835
      <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   836
        <li>an explanation of the issue being voted on;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   837
        <li>the decision to conduct a vote (e.g., a simple majority vote) to resolve the issue;</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   838
        <li>the outcome of the vote;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   839
        <li>any Formal Objections.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   840
      </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   841
      <p>In order to vote to resolve a substantive issue, an individual <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be a group <a href="#participant">participant</a>.
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   842
        Each organization represented in the group <em class="rfc2119">must</em> have at most one vote, even when the organization is
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   843
        represented by several participants in the group (including Invited Experts). For the purposes of voting:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   844
      <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   845
        <li>A Member or group of <a href="#MemberRelated">related Members</a> is considered a single organization.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   846
        <li>The <a href="#Team">Team</a> is considered an organization.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   847
      </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   848
      <p>Unless the charter states otherwise, <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited Experts</a> <em class="rfc2119">may</em> vote.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   849
      <p>If a participant is unable to attend a vote, that individual <em class="rfc2119">may</em> authorize anyone at the meeting to act
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   850
        as a <dfn id="proxy">proxy</dfn>. The absent participant <em class="rfc2119">must</em> inform the Chair in writing who is acting
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   851
        as proxy, with written instructions on the use of the proxy. For a Working Group or Interest Group, see the related requirements
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   852
        regarding an individual who attends a meeting as a <a href="#mtg-substitute">substitute</a> for a participant.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   853
      <p>A group <em class="rfc2119">may</em> vote for other purposes than to resolve a substantive issue. For instance, the Chair often
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   854
        conducts a "straw poll" vote as a means of determining whether there is consensus about a potential decision.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   855
      <p>A group <em class="rfc2119">may</em> also vote to make a process decision. For example, it is appropriate to decide by simple
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   856
        majority whether to hold a meeting in San Francisco or San Jose (there's not much difference geographically). When simple majority
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   857
        votes are used to decide minor issues, the minority are <em class="rfc2119">not required</em> to state the reasons for their
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   858
        dissent, and the group is <em class="rfc2119">not required</em> to record individual votes.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   859
      <p>A group charter <em class="rfc2119">should</em> include formal voting procedures (e.g., quorum or threshold requirements) for
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   860
        making decisions about substantive issues.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   861
      <p>Procedures for <a href="#ACVotes">Advisory Committee votes</a> are described separately.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   862
      <h3 id="WGAppeals">3.5 Appeal of a Chair's Decision</h3>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   863
      <p>Groups resolve issues through dialog. Individuals who disagree strongly with a decision <em class="rfc2119">should</em> register
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   864
        with the Chair any <a href="#FormalObjection">Formal Objections</a> (e.g., to a decision made as the result of a <a href="#Votes">vote</a>).</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   865
      <p>When group participants believe that their concerns are not being duly considered by the group, they <em class="rfc2119">may</em>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   866
        ask the <a href="#def-Director">Director</a> (for representatives of a Member organization, via their Advisory Committee
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   867
        representative) to confirm or deny the decision. The participants <em class="rfc2119">should</em> also make their requests known to
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   868
        the <a href="#TeamContact">Team Contact</a>. The Team Contact <em class="rfc2119">must</em> inform the Director when a group
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   869
        participant has raised concerns about due process.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   870
      <p>Any requests to the Director to confirm a decision <em class="rfc2119">must</em> include a summary of the issue (whether technical
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   871
        or procedural), decision, and rationale for the objection. All counter-arguments, rationales, and decisions <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   872
        be recorded.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   873
      <p>Procedures for <a href="#ACAppeal">Advisory Committee appeals</a> are described separately.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   874
      <h3 id="resignation">3.6 Resignation from a Group</h3>
146
8cff7cc60e30 A process that lets members resign from groups! ISSUE-151
charles
parents: 145
diff changeset
   875
      <p>A W3C Member or Invited Expert <em class="rfc2119">may</em> resign from a group. On written notification from an Advisory
8cff7cc60e30 A process that lets members resign from groups! ISSUE-151
charles
parents: 145
diff changeset
   876
        Committee representative or Invited Expert to the team, the Member and their representatives or the Invited Expert will be deemed to
8cff7cc60e30 A process that lets members resign from groups! ISSUE-151
charles
parents: 145
diff changeset
   877
        have resigned from the relevant group. See section 4.2. of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent
8cff7cc60e30 A process that lets members resign from groups! ISSUE-151
charles
parents: 145
diff changeset
   878
          Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>] for information about obligations remaining after resignation from certain
8cff7cc60e30 A process that lets members resign from groups! ISSUE-151
charles
parents: 145
diff changeset
   879
        groups.</p>
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   880
      <section id="chapterDissemination">
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   881
        <h2 id="dissemination">4 Dissemination Policies</h2>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   882
        <p>The Team is responsible for managing communication within W3C and with the general public (e.g., news services, press releases,
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   883
          managing the Web site and access privileges, and managing calendars). Members <em class="rfc2119">should</em> solicit review by
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   884
          the Team prior to issuing press releases about their work within W3C.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   885
        <p>The Team makes every effort to ensure the persistence and availability of the following public information:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   886
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   887
          <li><a href="#Reports">W3C technical reports</a> whose publication has been approved by the Director. Per the Membership
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
   888
            Agreement, W3C technical reports (and software) are available free of charge to the general public; (refer to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/copyright-documents">W3C
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   889
              Document License</a> [<a href="#ref-doc-license">PUB18</a>]).</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   890
          <li>A <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/mission">mission statement</a> [<a href="#ref-mission">PUB15</a>] that explains the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   891
            purpose and mission of W3C, the key benefits for Members, and the organizational structure of W3C.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   892
          <li>Legal documents, including the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Agreement/Member-Agreement">Membership Agreement</a> [<a
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   893
              href="#ref-member-agreement">PUB6</a>]) and documentation of any legal commitments W3C has with other entities.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   894
          <li>The Process Document.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   895
          <li>Public results of W3C activities and <a href="#GAEvents">Workshops</a>.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   896
        </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   897
        <p>To keep the Members abreast of W3C meetings, Workshops, and review deadlines, the Team provides them with a regular (e.g.,
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   898
          weekly) news service and maintains a <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Eventscal">calendar</a> [<a href="#ref-calendar">MEM3</a>]
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   899
          of official W3C events. Members are encouraged to send schedule and event information to the Team for inclusion on this calendar.</p>
157
ea08eed91c75 Correct review end-date, add links for diffs, markup (validation) fixes.
Ralph Swick <swick+git@w3.org>
parents: 156
diff changeset
   900
        <h3 id="confidentiality-levels">4.1 Confidentiality Levels</h3>
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   901
        <p>There are three principal levels of access to W3C information (on the W3C Web site, in W3C meetings, etc.): public, Member-only,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   902
          and Team-only.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   903
        <p>While much information made available by W3C is public, <dfn id="Member-only">"Member-only" information</dfn> is available to
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   904
          authorized parties only, including representatives of Member organizations, <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited Experts</a>, the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   905
          Advisory Board, the TAG, and the Team. For example, the <a href="#WGCharter">charter</a> of some Working Groups may specify a
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   906
          Member-only confidentiality level for group proceedings.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   907
        <p id="Team-only">"Team-only" information is available to the Team and other authorized parties.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   908
        <p>Those authorized to access Member-only and Team-only information:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   909
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   910
          <li><em class="rfc2119">must</em> treat the information as confidential within W3C,</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   911
          <li><em class="rfc2119">must</em> use reasonable efforts to maintain the proper level confidentiality, and</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   912
          <li><em class="rfc2119">must not</em> release this information to the general public or press.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   913
        </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   914
        <p>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> provide mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of Member-only information and ensure
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   915
          that authorized parties have proper access to this information. Documents <em class="rfc2119">should</em> clearly indicate
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   916
          whether they require Member-only confidentiality. Individuals uncertain of the confidentiality level of a piece of information <em
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   917
            class="rfc2119">should</em> contact the Team.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   918
        <p>Advisory Committee representatives <em class="rfc2119">may</em> authorize Member-only access to <a href="#member-rep">Member
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   919
            representatives</a> and other individuals employed by the Member who are considered appropriate recipients. For instance, it is
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   920
          the responsibility of the Advisory Committee representative and other employees and official representatives of the organization
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   921
          to ensure that Member-only news announcements are distributed for internal use only within their organization. Information about
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   922
          Member mailing lists is available in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Intro">New Member Orientation</a>.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   923
        <h4 id="confidentiality-change">4.1.1 Changing Confidentiality Level</h4>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   924
        <p>As a benefit of membership, W3C provides some Team-only and Member-only channels for certain types of communication. For example,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   925
          Advisory Committee representatives can send <a href="#ACReview">reviews</a> to a Team-only channel. However, for W3C processes
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   926
          with a significant public component, such as the technical report development process, it is also important for information that
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   927
          affects decision-making to be publicly available. The Team <em class="rfc2119">may</em> need to communicate Team-only information
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   928
          to a Working Group or the public. Similarly, a Working Group whose proceedings are Member-only <em class="rfc2119">must</em> make
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   929
          public information pertinent to the technical report development process.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   930
        <p>This document clearly indicates which information <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be available to Members or the public, even
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   931
          though that information was initially communicated on Team-only or Member-only channels. Only the Team and parties authorized by
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   932
          the Team change the level of confidentiality of this information. When doing so:</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   933
        <ol>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   934
          <li>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> use a version of the information that was expressly provided by the author for the new
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   935
            confidentiality level. In Calls for Review and other similar messages, the Team <em class="rfc2119">should</em> remind
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   936
            recipients to provide such alternatives.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   937
          <li>The Team <em class="rfc2119">must not</em> attribute the version for the new confidentiality level to the author without the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   938
            author's consent.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   939
          <li>If the author has not conveyed to the Team a version that is suitable for another confidentiality level, the Team <em class="rfc2119">may</em>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   940
            make available a version that reasonably communicates what is required, while respecting the original level of confidentiality,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   941
            and without attribution to the original author.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   942
        </ol>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   943
      </section>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   944
      <section id="ChapterGroups">
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
   945
        <h2 id="GAGeneral">5 Working Groups and Interest Groups</h2>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   946
        <p id="GAGroups">This document defines two types of groups:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   947
        <ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   948
          <li><a href="#GroupsWG">Working Groups.</a> Working Groups typically produce deliverables (e.g., <a href="#rec-advance">Recommendation
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   949
              Track technical reports</a>, software, test suites, and reviews of the deliverables of other groups). There are additional
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
   950
            participation requirements described in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].</li>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   951
          <li><a href="#GroupsIG">Interest Groups.</a> The primary goal of an Interest Group is to bring together people who wish to
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   952
            evaluate potential Web technologies and policies. An Interest Group is a forum for the exchange of ideas.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   953
        </ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   954
        <p>Interest Groups do not publish <a href="#RecsW3C">Recommendation Track technical reports</a>; see information about <a href="#WGNote">maturity
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   955
            levels for Interest Groups</a>.</p>
155
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charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
   956
        <h3 id="ReqsAllGroups">5.1 Requirements for All Working and Interest Groups</h3>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   957
        <p>Each group <em class="rfc2119">must</em> have a charter. Requirements for the charter depend on the group type. All group
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   958
          charters <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be public (even if other proceedings of the group are <a href="#Member-only">Member-only</a>).
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   959
          Existing charters that are not yet public <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be made public when next revised or extended (with
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   960
          attention to <a href="#confidentiality-change">changing confidentiality level</a>).</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   961
        <p>Each group <em class="rfc2119">must</em> have a <dfn id="GeneralChairs">Chair</dfn> (or co-Chairs) to coordinate the group's
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   962
          tasks. The Director appoints (and re-appoints) Chairs for all groups. The Chair is a <a href="#member-rep">Member representative</a>,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   963
          a <a href="#Team">Team representative</a>, or an <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited Expert</a> (invited by the Director). The
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   964
          requirements of this document that apply to those types of participants apply to Chairs as well. The <a href="/Guide/chair-roles">role
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   965
            of the Chair [MEM14]</a> is described in the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Guide/">Member guide</a> [<a href="#ref-guide">MEM9</a>].</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   966
        <p>Each group <em class="rfc2119">must</em> have a <dfn id="TeamContact">Team Contact</dfn>, who acts as the interface between the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   967
          Chair, group participants, and the rest of the Team. The <a href="/Guide/staff-contact">role of the Team Contact</a> is described
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   968
          in the Member guide. The Chair and the Team Contact of a group <em class="rfc2119">should not</em> be the same individual.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   969
        <p>Each group <em class="rfc2119">must</em> have an archived mailing list for formal group communication (e.g., for meeting
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   970
          announcements and minutes, documentation of decisions, and <a href="#FormalObjection">Formal Objections</a> to decisions). It is
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   971
          the responsibility of the Chair and Team Contact to ensure that new participants are subscribed to all relevant mailing lists.
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   972
          Refer to the list of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Member/Mail/">group mailing lists</a> [<a href="#ref-mailing-lists">MEM2</a>].</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   973
        <p>A Chair <em class="rfc2119">may</em> form task forces (composed of group participants) to carry out assignments for the group.
143
2d9feee90110 Found some more musts and shoulds to mark. And a couple of other typos.
charles
parents: 142
diff changeset
   974
          The scope of these assignments <em class="rfc2119">must not</em> exceed the scope of the group's charter. A group <em class="rfc2119">should</em>
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   975
          document the process it uses to create task forces (e.g., each task force might have an informal "charter"). Task forces do not
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   976
          publish <a href="#Reports">technical reports</a>; the Working Group <em class="rfc2119">may</em> choose to publish their results
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   977
          as part of a technical report.</p>
155
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charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
   978
        <h3>5.2 <dfn id="GroupsWG">Working Groups</dfn> and <dfn id="GroupsIG">Interest Groups</dfn></h3>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   979
        <p>Although Working Groups and Interest Groups have different purposes, they share some characteristics, and so are defined together
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   980
          in the following sections.</p>
155
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charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
   981
        <h4>5.2.1 <dfn id="group-participation">Working Group and Interest Group Participation Requirements</dfn></h4>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   982
        <p>There are three types of individual <dfn id="wgparticipant">participants in a Working Group</dfn>: <a href="#member-rep">Member
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
   983
            representatives</a>, <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited Experts</a>, and <a href="#Team">Team representatives</a> (including
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   984
          the <a href="#TeamContact">Team Contact</a>).</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   985
        <p>There are four types of individual <dfn id="igparticipant">participants in an Interest Group</dfn>: the same three types as for
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   986
          Working Groups plus, for an Interest Group where the only <a href="#ig-mail-only">participation requirement is mailing list
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   987
            subscription</a>, <dfn id="public-participant-ig">public participants</dfn>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   988
        <p>Except where noted in this document or in a group charter, all participants share the same rights and responsibilities in a
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   989
          group; see also the <a href="#ParticipationCriteria">individual participation criteria</a>.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   990
        <p>A participant <em class="rfc2119">must</em> represent at most one organization in a Working Group or Interest Group.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   991
        <p>An individual <em class="rfc2119">may</em> become a Working or Interest Group participant at any time during the group's
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   992
          existence. See also relevant requirements in <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-join">section 4.3</a> of the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   993
          <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   994
        <p>On an exceptional basis, a Working or Interest Group participant <em class="rfc2119">may</em> designate a <dfn id="mtg-substitute">substitute</dfn>
153
026871e07a84 Simpler requirements on dependencies in charter, link to horizontal groups
charles
parents: 152
diff changeset
   995
          to attend a <a href="#GeneralMeetings">meeting</a> and <em class="rfc2119">should</em> inform the Chair. The substitute <em class="rfc2119">may</em>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   996
          act on behalf of the participant, including for <a href="#Votes">votes</a>. For the substitute to vote, the participant <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   997
          inform the Chair in writing in advance. As a courtesy to the group, if the substitute is not well-versed in the group's
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   998
          discussions, the regular participant <em class="rfc2119">should</em> authorize another participant to act as <a href="#proxy">proxy</a>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
   999
          for votes.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1000
        <p>To allow rapid progress, Working Groups are intended to be small (typically fewer than 15 people) and composed of experts in the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1001
          area defined by the charter. In principle, Interest Groups have no limit on the number of participants. When a Working Group grows
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1002
          too large to be effective, W3C <em class="rfc2119">may</em> split it into an Interest Group (a discussion forum) and a much
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1003
          smaller Working Group (a core group of highly dedicated participants).</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1004
        <p>See also the licensing obligations on Working Group participants in <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">section
139
eb7f42988a56 Preparing for publication today
charles
parents: 138
diff changeset
  1005
            3</a> of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>],
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1006
          and the patent claim exclusion process of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Exclusion">section 4</a>.</p>
155
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charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1007
        <h5>5.2.1.1 <dfn id="member-rep-wg">Member Representative</dfn> in a Working Group</h5>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1008
        <p>An individual is a Member representative in a Working Group if all of the following conditions are satisfied:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1009
        <ul>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1010
          <li>the Advisory Committee representative of the Member in question has designated the individual as a Working Group participant,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1011
            and</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1012
          <li>the individual qualifies for <a href="#member-rep">Member representation</a>.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1013
        </ul>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1014
        <p><dfn id="member-rep-info">To designate an individual as a Member representative in a Working Group</dfn>, an Advisory Committee
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1015
          representative <em class="rfc2119">must</em> provide the Chair and Team Contact with all of the following information, in
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1016
          addition to any other information required by the <a href="#cfp">Call for Participation</a> and charter (including the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1017
          participation requirements of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>]):</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1018
        <ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1019
          <li>The name of the W3C Member the individual represents and whether the individual is an employee of that Member organization;</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1020
          <li>A statement that the individual accepts the participation terms set forth in the charter (with an indication of charter date
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1021
            or version);</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1022
          <li>A statement that the Member will provide the necessary financial support for participation (e.g., for travel, telephone calls,
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1023
            and conferences).</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1024
        </ol>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1025
        <p>A Member participates in a Working Group from the moment the first Member representative joins the group until either of the
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1026
          following occurs:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1027
        <ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1028
          <li>the group closes, or</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1029
          <li>the Member <a href="#resignation">resigns</a> from the Working Group; this is done through the Member's Advisory Committee
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1030
            representative.</li>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1031
        </ul>
155
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charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1032
        <h5>5.2.1.2 <dfn id="member-rep-ig">Member Representative</dfn> in an Interest Group</h5>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1033
        <p>When the participation requirements exceed <a href="#ig-mail-only">Interest Group mailing list subscription</a>, an individual
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1034
          is a Member representative in an Interest Group if all of the following conditions are satisfied:</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1035
        <ul>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1036
          <li>the Advisory Committee representative of the Member in question has designated the individual as an Interest Group
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1037
            participant, and</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1038
          <li>the individual qualifies for <a href="#member-rep">Member representation</a>.</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1039
        </ul>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1040
        <p>To designate an individual as a Member representative in an Interest Group, the Advisory Committee representative <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1041
          follow the instructions in the <a href="#cfp">Call for Participation</a> and charter.</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1042
        <p>Member participation in an Interest Group ceases under the same conditions as for a Working Group.</p>
155
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charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1043
        <h5>5.2.1.3 <dfn id="invited-expert-wg">Invited Expert in a Working Group</dfn></h5>
140
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1044
        <p>The Chair <em class="rfc2119">may</em> invite an individual with a particular expertise to participate in a Working Group. This
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1045
          individual <em class="rfc2119">may</em> represent an organization in the group (e.g., if acting as a liaison with another
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1046
          organization).</p>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1047
        <p>An individual is an Invited Expert in a Working Group if all of the following conditions are satisfied:</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1048
        <ul>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1049
          <li>the Chair has designated the individual as a group participant,</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1050
          <li>the Team Contact has agreed with the Chair's choice, and</li>
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1051
          <li>the individual has provided the <a href="#inv-expert-info">information required of an Invited Expert</a> to the Chair and
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1052
            Team Contact.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1053
        </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1054
        <p>To designate an individual as an Invited Expert in a Working Group, the Chair <em class="rfc2119">must</em> inform the Team
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1055
          Contact and provide rationale for the choice. When the Chair and the Team Contact disagree about a designation, the <a href="#def-Director">Director</a>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1056
          determines whether the individual will be invited to participate in the Working Group.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1057
        <p><dfn id="inv-expert-info">To be able to participate in a Working Group as an Invited Expert</dfn>, an individual <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1058
          do all of the following:</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1059
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1060
          <li>identify the organization, if any, the individual represents as a participant in this group,</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1061
          <li>agree to the terms of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Legal/collaborators-agreement">invited expert and
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1062
              collaborators agreement</a> [<a href="#ref-invited-expert">PUB17</a>],</li>
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
  1063
          <li>accept the participation terms set forth in the charter (including the participation requirements of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">section
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1064
              3</a> (especially 3.4) and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Disclosure">section 6</a> (especially
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1065
            6.10) of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>]).
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1066
            Indicate a specific charter date or version,</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1067
          <li>disclose whether the individual is an employee of a W3C Member; see the <a href="#coi">conflict of interest policy</a>,</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1068
          <li>provide a statement of who will provide the necessary financial support for the individual's participation (e.g., for travel,
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1069
            telephone calls, and conferences), and</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1070
          <li>if the individual's employer (including a self-employed individual) or the organization the individual represents is not a W3C
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1071
            Member, indicate whether that organization intends to join W3C. If the organization does not intend to join W3C, indicate
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1072
            reasons the individual is aware of for this choice.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1073
        </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1074
        <p>The Chair <em class="rfc2119">should not</em> designate as an Invited Expert in a Working Group an individual who is an employee
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1075
          of a W3C Member. The Chair <em class="rfc2119">must not</em> use Invited Expert status to circumvent participation limits imposed
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1076
          by the <a href="#WGCharter">charter</a>.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1077
        <p>An Invited Expert participates in a Working Group from the moment the individual joins the group until any of the following
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1078
          occurs:</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1079
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1080
          <li>the group closes, or</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1081
          <li>the Chair or Director withdraws the invitation to participate, or</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1082
          <li>the individual <a href="#resignation">resigns</a>.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1083
        </ul>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1084
        <h5>5.2.1.4 <dfn id="invited-expert-ig">Invited Expert in an Interest Group</dfn></h5>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1085
        <p>When the participation requirements exceed <a href="#ig-mail-only">Interest Group mailing list subscription</a>, the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1086
          participation requirements for an Invited Expert in an Interest Group are the same as those for an <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1087
            Expert in a Working Group</a>.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1088
        <h5>5.2.1.5 <dfn id="team-rep-wg">Team Representative in a Working Group</dfn></h5>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1089
        <p>An individual is a Team representative in a Working Group when so designated by W3C management.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1090
        <p>A Team representative participates in a Working Group from the moment the individual joins the group until any of the following
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1091
          occurs:</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1092
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1093
          <li>the group closes, or</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1094
          <li>W3C management changes Team representation by sending email to the Chair, cc'ing the group mailing list.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1095
        </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1096
        <p>The Team participates in a Working Group from the moment the Director announces the creation of the group until the group closes.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1097
        <h5>5.2.1.6 <dfn id="team-rep-ig">Team Representative in an Interest Group</dfn></h5>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1098
        <p>When the participation requirements exceed <a href="#ig-mail-only">Interest Group mailing list subscription</a>, an individual
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1099
          is a Team representative in an Interest Group when so designated by W3C management.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1100
        <h4>5.2.2 <dfn id="WGCharterDevelopment">Working Group and Interest Group Charter Development</dfn></h4>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1101
        <p>W3C creates a charter based on interest from the Members and Team. The Team <em class="rfc2119">must</em> notify the Advisory
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1102
          Committee when a charter for a new Working Group or Interest Group is in development. This is intended to raise awareness, even if
154
c7f0dddfc5eb AC reps can provide feedback (i.e. negative, not just support) for charters in development
charles
parents: 153
diff changeset
  1103
          no formal proposal is yet available. Advisory Committee representatives <em class="rfc2119">may</em> provide feedback on the <a
c7f0dddfc5eb AC reps can provide feedback (i.e. negative, not just support) for charters in development
charles
parents: 153
diff changeset
  1104
            href="#ACCommunication">Advisory Committee discussion list</a>.</p>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1105
        <p>W3C <em class="rfc2119">may</em> begin work on a Working Group or Interest Group charter at any time.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1106
        <h4>5.2.3 <dfn id="CharterReview">Advisory Committee Review of a Working Group or Interest Group Charter</dfn></h4>
163
8afe5da258a5 Update TAG charter reference to current (204) TAG charter
Ralph Swick <swick+git@w3.org>
parents: 161
diff changeset
  1107
        <p>The Director <em class="rfc2119">must</em> solicit <a href="#ACReview">Advisory Committee review</a> of every new or
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1108
          substantively modified Working Group or Interest Group charter. The Director is <em class="rfc2119">not required</em> to solicit
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1109
          Advisory Committee review prior to a charter extension or for minor changes. The review period <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1110
          at least four weeks.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1111
        <p>The Director's Call for Review of a substantively modified charter <em class="rfc2119">must</em> highlight important changes
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1112
          (e.g., regarding deliverables or resource allocation) and include rationale for the changes.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1113
        <h4>5.2.4 <dfn id="cfp">Call for Participation in a Working Group or Interest Group</dfn></h4>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1114
        <p>After Advisory Committee review of a Working Group or Interest Group charter, the Director <em class="rfc2119">may</em> issue a
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1115
          Call for Participation to the Advisory Committee. Charters <em class="rfc2119">may</em> be amended based on review comments
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1116
          before the Director issues a Call for Participation. </p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1117
        <p>For a new group, this announcement officially creates the group. The announcement <em class="rfc2119">must</em> include a
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1118
          reference to the <a href="#WGCharter">charter</a>, the name(s) of the group's <a href="#GeneralChairs">Chair(s)</a>, and the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1119
          name of the <a href="#TeamContact">Team Contact</a>.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1120
        <p>After a Call for Participation, any <a href="#member-rep">Member representatives</a> and <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1121
            Experts</a> <em class="rfc2119">must</em> be designated (or re-designated).</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1122
        <p>Advisory Committee representatives <em class="rfc2119">may</em> <a href="#ACAppeal">appeal</a> creation or substantive
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1123
          modification of a Working Group or Interest Group charter.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1124
        <h4>5.2.5 <dfn id="charter-extension">Working Group and Interest Group Charter Extension</dfn></h4>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1125
        <p>To extend a Working Group or Interest Group charter with no other substantive modifications, the Director announces the extension
143
2d9feee90110 Found some more musts and shoulds to mark. And a couple of other typos.
charles
parents: 142
diff changeset
  1126
          to the Advisory Committee. The announcement <em class="rfc2119">must</em> indicate the new duration. The announcement <em class="rfc2119">must</em>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1127
          also include rationale for the extension, a reference to the <a href="#WGCharter">charter</a>, the name(s) of the group's <a href="#GeneralChairs">Chair(s)</a>,
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1128
          the name of the <a href="#TeamContact">Team Contact</a>, and instructions for joining the group.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1129
        <p>After a charter extension, Advisory Committee representatives and the Chair are <em class="rfc2119">not required</em> to
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1130
          re-designate <a href="#member-rep">Member representatives</a> and <a href="#invited-expert-wg">Invited Experts</a>.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1131
        <p>Advisory Committee representatives <em class="rfc2119">may</em> <a href="#ACAppeal">appeal</a> the extension of a Working Group
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1132
          or Interest Group charter.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1133
        <h4>5.2.6 <dfn id="WGCharter">Working Group and Interest Group Charters</dfn></h4>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1134
        <p>A Working Group or Interest Group charter <em class="rfc2119">must</em> include all of the following information.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1135
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1136
          <li>The group's mission (e.g., develop a technology or process, review the work of other groups);</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1137
          <li>The scope of the group's work and criteria for success;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1138
          <li>The duration of the group (typically from six months to two years);</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1139
          <li>The nature of any deliverables (technical reports, reviews of the deliverables of other groups, or software), expected
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1140
            milestones, and the process for the group participants to approve the release of these deliverables (including public
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1141
            intermediate results). A charter is <em class="rfc2119">not required</em> to include the schedule for a review of another
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1142
            group's deliverables;</li>
143
2d9feee90110 Found some more musts and shoulds to mark. And a couple of other typos.
charles
parents: 142
diff changeset
  1143
          <li>Any dependencies by groups within or outside of W3C on the deliverables of this group. For any dependencies, the charter <em
2d9feee90110 Found some more musts and shoulds to mark. And a couple of other typos.
charles
parents: 142
diff changeset
  1144
              class="rfc2119">must</em> specify the mechanisms for communication about the deliverables;</li>
153
026871e07a84 Simpler requirements on dependencies in charter, link to horizontal groups
charles
parents: 152
diff changeset
  1145
          <li>Any dependencies of this group on other groups within or outside of W3C. Such dependencies include interactions with <a href="http://www.w3.org/Guide/Charter.html#horizontal-review">W3C
026871e07a84 Simpler requirements on dependencies in charter, link to horizontal groups
charles
parents: 152
diff changeset
  1146
              Horizontal Groups</a>;</li>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1147
          <li>The <a href="#confidentiality-levels">level of confidentiality</a> of the group's proceedings and deliverables;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1148
          <li>Meeting mechanisms and expected frequency;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1149
          <li>If known, the date of the first <a href="#ftf-meeting">face-to-face meeting</a>. The date of the first face-to-face meeting
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1150
            of a proposed group <em class="rfc2119">must not</em> be sooner than <span class="time-interval">eight weeks</span> after the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1151
            date of the proposal.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1152
          <li>Communication mechanisms to be employed within the group, between the group and the rest of W3C, and with the general public;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1153
          <li>An estimate of the expected time commitment from participants;</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1154
          <li>The expected time commitment and level of involvement by the Team (e.g., to track developments, write and edit technical
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1155
            reports, develop code, or organize pilot experiments).</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1156
          <li>Intellectual property information. What are the intellectual property (including patents and copyright) considerations
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1157
            affecting the success of the Group? In particular, is there any reason to believe that it will be difficult to meet the
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1158
            Royalty-Free licensing goals of section 2 of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1159
              href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>]?</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1160
        </ul>
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
  1161
        <p>See also the charter requirements of <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Licensing">section 2</a> and <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Obligations">section
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1162
            3</a> of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1163
        <p id="ig-charter-participation">An Interest Group charter <em class="rfc2119">may</em> include provisions regarding participation,
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1164
          including specifying that the <dfn id="ig-mail-only">only requirement for participation (by anyone) in the Interest Group is
141
9879d992ac84 link the 30 sept review darft in the changes section
charles
parents: 140
diff changeset
  1165
            subscription to the Interest Group mailing list</dfn>. This type of Interest Group <em class="rfc2119">may</em> have <a href="#public-participant-ig">public
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1166
            participants</a>.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1167
        <p>A charter <em class="rfc2119">may</em> include additional voting procedures, but those procedures <em class="rfc2119">must not</em>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1168
          conflict with the <a href="#Votes">voting requirements</a> of the Process Document.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1169
        <p>A charter <em class="rfc2119">may</em> include provisions other than those required by this document. The charter <em class="rfc2119">should</em>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1170
          highlight whether additional provisions impose constraints beyond those of the W3C Process Document (e.g., limits on the number of
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1171
          individuals in a Working Group who represent the same Member organization or group of <a href="#MemberRelated">related Members</a>).</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1172
        <h4>5.2.8 <dfn id="GeneralTermination">Working Group and Interest Group Closure</dfn></h4>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1173
        <p>A Working Group or Interest Group charter specifies a duration for the group. The Director, subject to <a href="#ACAppeal">appeal</a>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1174
          by Advisory Committee representatives, <em class="rfc2119">may</em> close a group prior to the date specified in the charter in
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1175
          any of the following circumstances:</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1176
        <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1177
          <li>There are insufficient resources to produce chartered deliverables or to maintain the group, according to priorities
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1178
            established within W3C.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1179
          <li>The group produces chartered deliverables ahead of schedule.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1180
        </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1181
        <p>The Director closes a Working Group or Interest Group by announcement to the Advisory Committee.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1182
        <p>Closing a Working Group has implications with respect to the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1183
            Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1184
      </section>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1185
      <h2 id="Reports">6 W3C Technical Report Development Process</h2>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1186
      <p>The W3C technical report development process is the set of steps and requirements followed by W3C <a href="#GroupsWG">Working
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1187
          Groups</a> to standardize Web technology. The W3C technical report development process is designed to </p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1188
      <ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1189
        <li>support multiple specification development methodologies</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1190
        <li>maximize <a href="#def-Consensus" rel="glossary" title="Definition of Consensus"><span class="dfn-instance">consensus</span></a>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1191
          about the content of stable technical reports</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1192
        <li>ensure high technical and editorial quality</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1193
        <li>promote consistency among specifications</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1194
        <li>facilitate royalty-free, interoperable implementations of Web Standards, and</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1195
        <li>earn endorsement by W3C and the broader community.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1196
      </ul>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1197
      <p>See also the licensing goals for W3C Recommendations in <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy#sec-Licensing">section
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1198
          2</a> of the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>].
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1199
      </p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1200
      <h3 id="rec-advance">6.1 W3C Technical Reports</h3>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1201
      <p>Please note that <dfn>publishing</dfn> as used in this document refers to producing a version which is listed as a W3C Technical
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1202
        Report on its <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/">Technical Reports page http://www.w3.org/TR</a>.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1203
      <p>This chapter describes the formal requirements for publishing and maintaining a W3C Recommendation or Note.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1204
      <p>Typically a series of Working Drafts are published, each of which refines a document under development to complete the scope of
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1205
        work envisioned by a Working Group's charter. For a technical specification, once review suggests the Working Group has met their
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1206
        requirements satisfactorily for a new standard, there is a Candidate Recommendation phase. This allows the entire W3C membership to
143
2d9feee90110 Found some more musts and shoulds to mark. And a couple of other typos.
charles
parents: 142
diff changeset
  1207
        provide feedback on whether the specification is appropriate as a W3C Recommendation, while the Working Group formally collects
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1208
        implementation experience to demonstrate that the specification works in practice. The next phase is a Proposed Recommendation, to
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1209
        finalize the review of W3C Members. If the Director determines that W3C member review supports a specification becoming a standard,
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1210
        W3C publishes it as a Recommendation.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1211
      <p>Groups may also publish documents as W3C Notes, typically either to document information other than technical specifications, such
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1212
        as use cases motivating a specification and best practices for its use, or to clarify the status of work that is abandoned. </p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1213
      <p>Some W3C Notes are developed through successive Working Drafts, with an expectation that they will become Notes, while others are
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1214
        simply published. There are few formal requirements to publish a document as a W3C Note, and they have no standing as a
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1215
        recommendation of W3C but are simply documents preserved for historical reference.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1216
      <p>Individual Working Groups and Interest Groups may adopt additional processes for developing publications, so long as they do not
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1217
        conflict with the requirements in this chapter.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1218
      <h4 id="recs-and-notes">6.1.1 Recommendations and Notes</h4>
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1219
      <p>W3C follows these steps when advancing a technical report to Recommendation.</p>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1220
      <ol>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1221
        <li>Publication of the <a href="#first-wd">First Public Working Draft</a>,</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1222
        <li>Publication of zero or more revised <a href="#revised-wd">Public Working Drafts</a>.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1223
        <li>Publication of a <a href="#last-call">Candidate Recommendation</a>.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1224
        <li>Publication of a <a href="#rec-pr">Proposed Recommendation</a>.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1225
        <li>Publication as a <a href="#rec-publication">W3C Recommendation</a>.</li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1226
        <li>Possibly, Publication as an <a href="#rec-edited">Edited Recommendation</a></li>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1227
      </ol>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1228
      <p>
157
ea08eed91c75 Correct review end-date, add links for diffs, markup (validation) fixes.
Ralph Swick <swick+git@w3.org>
parents: 156
diff changeset
  1229
        <svg xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 450 60" height="5em" width="45em">
140
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1230
          <g id="ToFPWD" stroke="black" fill="black">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1231
            <a xlink:href="#first-wd"><text font-size="8" font-family="Times,serif" y="38" x="66" text-anchor="start" stroke="none">First WD</text></a>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1232
            <path d="M66,40h33"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1233
            <polygon points="98,36 108,40 98,44"></polygon> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1234
          <g id="nodeWD">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1235
            <ellipse ry="18" rx="38" cy="40" cx="147" stroke="black" fill="none"></ellipse>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1236
            <a xlink:href="#RecsWD"><text font-size="14" font-family="Times,serif" y="44" x="147" text-anchor="middle">WD</text></a> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1237
          <g id="repeatWD" stroke="black">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1238
            <path d="M128,24C123,14 129,4 147,4 158,4 165,8 167,14" fill="none" stroke-dasharray="6 1"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1239
            <polygon points="170,14 166,24 164,13"></polygon> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1240
          <g class="edge" id="toCR" stroke="black" fill="black">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1241
            <path d="M185,40h31"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1242
            <polygon points="211,36 221,40 211,44"></polygon> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1243
          <g id="nodeCR">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1244
            <ellipse ry="18" rx="38" cy="40" cx="260" stroke="black" fill="none"></ellipse>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1245
            <a xlink:href="#RecsCR"><text font-size="14" font-family="Times,serif" y="44" x="260" text-anchor="middle">CR</text></a> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1246
          <g class="edge" id="repeatCR" stroke="black" fill="black">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1247
            <path d="M242,24C238,14 244,4 260,4 271,4 277,8 279,14" stroke-dasharray="5 3" fill="none"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1248
            <polygon points="282,14 277,24 275,13"></polygon> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1249
          <g id="backToWD" stroke="#666" fill="#666">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1250
            <path d="M190,47h34" stroke-dasharray="4 4"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1251
            <polygon points="190,45 183,47 190,49"></polygon> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1252
          <g class="edge" id="ToPR" stroke="black" fill="black">
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1253
            <path d="M298,40h27"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1254
            <polygon points="324,36 334,40 324,44"></polygon> </g>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1255
          <g id="nodePR">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1256
            <ellipse ry="18" rx="28" cy="40" cx="363" stroke="black" fill="none"></ellipse>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1257
            <a xlink:href="#RecsPR"><text font-size="14" font-family="Times,serif" y="44" x="363" text-anchor="middle">PR</text></a> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1258
          <g id="BackToCR" stroke="#aaa" fill="#aaa">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1259
            <path d="M301,47h38" stroke-dasharray="2 5"></path>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1260
            <polygon points="301,45 296,47 301,49"></polygon> </g>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1261
          <g id="ToRec" stroke="black" fill="black">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1262
            <path d="M391,40h20"></path>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1263
            <polygon points="404,36 414,40 404,44"></polygon> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1264
          <g id="nodeRec">
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1265
            <ellipse ry="18" rx="28" cy="40" cx="443" stroke="black" fill="none"></ellipse>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1266
            <a xlink:href="#RecsW3C"><text font-size="14" font-family="Times,serif" y="44" x="443" text-anchor="middle">REC</text></a> </g>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1267
        </svg> </p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1268
      <p>W3C <em class="rfc2119">may</em> <a href="#tr-end">end work on a technical report</a> at any time.</p>
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1269
      <p>The Director <em class="rfc2119">may</em> decline a request to advance in maturity level, requiring a Working Group to conduct
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1270
        further work, and <em class="rfc2119">may</em> require the specification to return to a lower <a href="#maturity-levels">maturity
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1271
          level</a>. The Director <em class="rfc2119">must</em> inform the <a href="#AC">Advisory Committee</a> and Working Group Chairs
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1272
        when a Working Group's request for a specification to advance in maturity level is declined and the specification is returned to a
8826b6bccaec Hopefully cleaned linebreaks, which hopefully makes the HTMLdiff a little less horrible
charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1273
        Working Group for further work.</p>
155
5789e30470d4 Renumber 6-15, tweak revision diagram, prepare status for publishing this version, fix change list
charles
parents: 154
diff changeset
  1274
      <h4 id="maturity-levels">6.1.2 Maturity Levels</h4>
140
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1275
      <dl>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1276
        <dt id="RecsWD">Working Draft (WD)</dt>
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charles
parents: 139
diff changeset
  1277
        <dd>A Working Draft is a document that W3C has published for review by the community, including W3C Members, the public, and other
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diff changeset
  1278
          technical organizations. Some, but not all, Working Drafts are meant to advance to Recommendation; see the <a href="#DocumentStatus">document
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diff changeset
  1279
            status section</a> of a Working Draft for the group's expectations. Any Working Draft not, or no longer, intended to advance to
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diff changeset
  1280
          Recommendation <em class="rfc2119">should</em> be published as a Working Group Note. Working Drafts do not necessarily represent
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diff changeset
  1281
          a consensus of the Working Group, and do not imply any endorsement by W3C or its members beyond agreement to work on a general
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diff changeset
  1282
          area of technology.</dd>
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diff changeset
  1283
        <dt id="RecsCR">Candidate Recommendation (CR)</dt>
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diff changeset
  1284
        <dd class="changed">A Candidate Recommendation is a document that satisfies the Working Group's technical requirements, and has
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diff changeset
  1285
          already received wide review. W3C publishes a Candidate Recommendation to
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diff changeset
  1286
          <ul>
143
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diff changeset
  1287
            <li>signal to the wider community that it is time to do a final review</li>
140
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diff changeset
  1288
            <li>gather <a href="#implementation-experience">implementation experience</a></li>
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diff changeset
  1289
            <li>begin formal review by the Advisory Committee, who <em class="rfc2119">may</em> recommend that the document be published as
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diff changeset
  1290
              a W3C Recommendation, returned to the Working Group for further work, or abandoned.</li>
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diff changeset
  1291
            <li>Provide an exclusion opportunity as per the <a href="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/Patent-Policy">W3C Patent Policy</a> [<a
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parents: 139
diff changeset
  1292
                href="#ref-patentpolicy">PUB33</a>]. A Candidate Recommendation under this process corresponds to the "Last Call Working
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diff changeset
  1293
              Draft" discussed in the Patent Policy.</li>
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diff changeset
  1294
          </ul>
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diff changeset
  1295
        </dd>
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diff changeset
  1296
        <dd><strong>Note:</strong> Candidate Recommendations are expected to be acceptable as Recommendations. Announcement of a different
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diff changeset
  1297
          next step <em class="rfc2119">should</em> include the reasons why the change in expectations comes at so late a stage.</dd>
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diff changeset
  1298
        <dt id="RecsPR">Proposed Recommendation</dt>
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diff changeset
  1299
        <dd>A Proposed Recommendation is a document that has been accepted by the W3C Director as of sufficient quality to become a W3C
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diff changeset
  1300
          Recommendation. This phase establishes a deadline for the Advisory Committee review which begins with Candidate Recommendation.
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diff changeset
  1301
          Substantive changes <em class="rfc2119">must</em> not be made to a Proposed Recommendation except by publishing a new Working
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diff changeset
  1302
          Draft or Candidate Recommendation.</dd>
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diff changeset
  1303
        <dt id="RecsW3C">W3C Recommendation (REC)</dt>
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diff changeset
  1304
        <dd>A W3C Recommendation is a specification or set of guidelines or requirements that, after extensive consensus-building, has
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diff changeset
  1305
          received the endorsement of W3C Members and the Director. W3C recommends the wide deployment of its Recommendations as standards
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diff changeset
  1306
          for the Web. The W3C Royalty-Free IPR licenses granted under the Patent Policy apply to W3C Recommendations.</dd>
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