intro.html
author charles
Fri, 16 Dec 2016 17:11:17 +0100
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parent 103 5508dec95a6a
permissions -rw-r--r--
Update status for new editor's draft.
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<!DOCTYPE html">
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<html lang="en">
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  <head>
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    <meta charset="utf-8">
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<link rel="stylesheet" href="style/default.css" type="text/css">
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<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href=
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"http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/base.css">
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<title>1 Introduction</title>
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<link rel="contents" href="cover.html#toc">
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<link rel="next" href="organization.html">
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    <style type="text/css">
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      .rfc2119 {font-variant:small-caps}
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</style> <link href="https://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/TR/W3C-ED" rel="stylesheet">
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    <!--[if lt IE 9]><script src='undefined://www.w3.org/2008/site/js/html5shiv.js'></script><![endif]-->
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</head>
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<body>
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<div class="noprint">
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<div class="navbar"><map name="navbar-top" title="Navigation Bar" id=
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"navbar-top">
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<p>[<a accesskey="n" rel="Next" href="organization.html">next chapter</a>]
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&nbsp; [<a accesskey="c" rel="Contents" href="cover.html#toc">contents</a>]</p>
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<hr></map></div>
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</div>
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<h1>Editor's draft proposed new W3C Process Document</h1>
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<h2>1 <a name="Intro" id="Intro">Introduction</a></h2>
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<div class="toc"></div>
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<!--NewPage-->
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<!-- this is for html2ps -->
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<p>Most W3C work revolves around the standardization of Web technologies. To
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accomplish this work, W3C follows processes that promote the development of
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high-quality standards based on the <a href=
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"policies.html#Consensus">consensus</a> of the Membership, Team, and public.
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W3C processes promote fairness, responsiveness, and progress: all facets of the
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W3C mission. This document describes the processes W3C follows in pursuit of
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its mission.</p>
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<p>Here is a general overview of how W3C standardizes a Web technology. In many
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cases, the goal of this work is a <a href="tr.html#RecsW3C">W3C
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Recommendation</a>, the W3C equivalent of a Web standard.</p>
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<ol>
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<li>People generate interest in a particular topic (e.g., Web services). For
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instance, Members express interest in the form of <a href=
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"submission.html#Submission">Member Submissions</a>, and the <a href=
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"organization.html#Team">Team</a> monitors work inside and outside of W3C for
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signs of interest. Also, W3C is likely to organize a <a href=
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"events.html#GAEvents">Workshop</a> to bring people together to discuss topics
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that interest the W3C community. This was the case, for example, with Web
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services.</li>
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<li>When there is enough interest in a topic (e.g., after a successful Workshop
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and/or discussion on an <a href="organization.html#ACCommunication">Advisory
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Committee mailing list</a>), the Director announces the <a href=
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"activities.html#ActivityDevelopment">development of a proposal for a new
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Activity</a> or <a href="groups.html#WGCharterDevelopment">Working Group
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charter</a>, depending on the breadth of the topic of interest. An <a href=
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"activities.html#ActivityProposal">Activity Proposal</a> describes the scope,
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duration, and other characteristics of the intended work, and includes the
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charters of one or more <a href="groups.html#GAGeneral">Working Groups,
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Interest Groups, and possibly Coordination Groups</a> to carry out the work.
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W3C Members <a href="activities.html#ActivityCreation">review each Activity
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Proposal</a> and the associated Working Group charters. When there is support
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within W3C for investing resources in the topic of interest, the Director
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approves the new Activity and groups get down to work. For the Web Services
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Activity, the initial Activity Proposal called for one Working Group to work on
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Web Services Architecture and one to work on a language for Web Services
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Description. The Activity Proposal also incorporated an existing Working Group
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(from another Activity) working on XML Protocols.</li>
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<li>There are three types of Working Group participants: <a href=
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"policies.html#member-rep">Member representatives</a>, <a href=
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"groups.html#invited-expert-wg">Invited Experts</a>, and <a href=
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"organization.html#Team">Team representatives</a>. Team representatives both
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contribute to the technical work and help ensure the group's proper integration
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with the rest of W3C. The <a href="groups.html#WGCharter">Working Group
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charter</a> sets expectations about each group's deliverables (e.g., <a href=
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"tr.html#Reports">technical reports</a>, test suites, and tutorials).</li>
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<li>Working Groups generally create specifications and guidelines that undergo
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cycles of revision and review as they <a href="tr.html#rec-advance">advance to
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W3C Recommendation</a> status. The W3C process for producing these technical
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reports includes significant review by the Members and public, and requirements
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that the Working Group be able to show implementation and interoperability
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experience. At the end of the process, the Advisory Committee reviews the
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mature technical report, and if there is support, W3C publishes it as a
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<a href="tr.html#RecsW3C">Recommendation</a>.</li>
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</ol>
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<p>The Process Document promotes the goals of quality and fairness in technical
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decisions by encouraging <a href="policies.html#Consensus">consensus</a>,
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requiring reviews (by both Members and public) as part of the <a href=
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"#Recs">technical report development process</a>, and through an <a href=
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"acreview.html#ACAppeal">appeal process</a> for the Advisory Committee.</p>
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<p>The other sections of the Process Document:</p>
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<ol>
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<li>set forth <a href="policies.html#Policies">policies</a> for participation
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in W3C groups,</li>
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<li>establish two permanent groups within W3C: the <a href=
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"organization.html#TAG">Technical Architecture Group (TAG)</a>, to help resolve
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Consortium-wide technical issues; and the <a href=
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"organization.html#AB">Advisory Board (AB)</a>, to help resolve Consortium-wide
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non-technical issues, and to manage the <a href=
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"processdoc.html#GAProcess">evolution of the W3C process</a>, and</li>
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<li>describe other interactions between the <a href=
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"organization.html#Members">Members</a> (as represented by the <a href=
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"organization.html#AC">W3C Advisory Committee</a>), the Team, and the general
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public.</li>
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</ol>
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<div class="noprint">
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<div class="navbar"><map name="navbar-bottom" title="Navigation Bar" id=
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"navbar-bottom">
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<hr>
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<p>[<a accesskey="n" rel="Next" href="organization.html">next chapter</a>]
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&nbsp; [<a accesskey="c" rel="Contents" href="cover.html#toc">contents</a>]</p>
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</map></div>
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</div>
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</body>
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</html>